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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, August 10, 1830, Image 2

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7\j the Ur ply of the Fourth Auditor.
Having thus disposed ol the first question, (with
its appendage.) I come now to the second, which is.
Have ( in any instance acted dishonestly or dishon
orably, either in the business of my agency, or in
my subsequent attempts to settle my accounts' Here
\ve are brought, for a moment, to our Auditor’s re
plies to my answers to the old charges of his hon
orable friend the Secretary, which I snail very briefly
despatch. And, (passing by, for the present, the
charge about “reproducing” my claim for additional
clerk hire, &c ) his first charge, or rather insinua
tion, against me was, that I had made “requisitions
upon the Department in the early part of May, 1826,
for a considerable amount of money, when the month
ly returns for April shewed that I had in my hands
large balances applicable to the same pbjects for
which my requisitions were drawn”—which led him
to write me a letter requesting an explanation, to
which he says, “no satisfactory answer was given.”
Now our Auditor, on the contrary, admits that my
explanation was, or ought to have been, satisfacto
ry. At least, he admits what I may fairly argue is
exactly equivalent; for he says, “Mr King’s state
ment in relation to the derangement of the
different heads of appropriation in his accounts,
is substantially true.” He admits, also, that the
practice of the Department was as I have represen
ted it to have been; and he admits that “the agents |
nre not much to be blamed for accounting in this way.|
when they are positively instructed to do so." In
deed, the practice of the Department, and agents to
gether, in this particular, was well known to all about
the Government, except our honorable Secretary him
self, if he was ignorant of it. I say if he was ig- i
uorant of it, because I see (by the printed Documents
accompanying the President’s Message at the com- i
mencenicnt of the last session,) that our Auditor made i
a report to him, in which he says, “When agents!
have called for mouoy under heads of appropriation !
which were exhausted, former Secretaries have not
hesitated to send them money under other heads ”— i
“For instance, an agent asks for $10,009 under “Pay |
of the Navy,” it is sent to him under “Provisions,”
it is intended to be applied, and actually is applied
to “Pay.” &c. (Doc. p 269 ) And I find further,
that the Bourd of Navy Commissioners, also, made a
report to our Secretary, dated the 31st oi March.
1C29 (not long before the “early part of May, 1829,”)
in which they state the same practice still more clear
ly, and give an illustration of it hat ought to have
struck Ins eye, in these words: “To this paper,"
(a document referred to.) “the Commissioners res
pcctruny invite your particular attention. It shows
that while agents have ostensibly large balances in
their hands under certain heads of appropriations,
they have made overpayments under others nearly
counterbalancing them ” ‘The Agent at Norfolk
had, by his last return, balances on hand $103,248,33;
but he had overpaid, under other heads of appropri
ation, $92,259.41, thus making the actual balance of
money only $10,988,92.” (see Doc. p. 248-9.) If,
then, our Secretary wan ignorant of the practice on
this point, it was not, surely, for want of ample and
particular instruction; and if he was not satisGed with
my explanation, all must now agree that ho ought to
have been
Our Secretary’s next charge against me, was, that
my monthly returns to the Navy Department had ne
ver agreed with my quarterly returns to the Trea
sury Department and my answer to it was, that un
der the old practice, (whatever may be tho case un
der ihe new.) they could not, and ought not, to have
agreed in their statements of disbursements, for the
plain reason that partial payments on allotments, and
on continuing contracts, appearing in the monthly,
but not appearing in the quarterly returns, neces
sarily occasioned differences between them; and« I
nd-Jed »is », th it . nose partial payments could
not appear in the quarterly returns, although receipts
were, of course, taken for them, because the De
partment,4^ save itself from the intolerable trouble
of examining so many separate receipts, required its
agents to send up vouchers for the wlu>lo
sums, which could obtained when the work
m hand, or other business was completed.” Now,
our Auditor admits that my statement on this point
is substantially jus:—though he does it, of course, in
his own way His words are, “In this statement,
also, t .ere is some truth. The practice in relation
to allotments is, in general, as tie states;” and “advan
ces lo some extent to dealers and contractors were
doubtless made by him.” Those admissions are ob
viously quite enough for my purpose. “But,” he adds,
“this practice is in direct violath*! of laws.” Vet no
more so, I presume, than the derangement of the
heads, by the same authority, which he admits exoa
erated me from the former charge. The truth is
the observance of the strict letter of the law on this
point, was, probably, found impossible. At any rate,
it must be obvious, that the instructions of my supe
riors were necessarily my law in my subordinate a- :
gency Indeed, he is constrained to admit as much; .
al hough he still affects to doubt whether they ever
gave me any instructions not to send up my receipts !
h»r partial payments, at the ends of the ouarterB, as I i
have stated. It is. however, quite certain that they
did so; and I have the old Accountant and Fourth j
Auditor o letters, and remarks in Reconcilements, to I
K.uvv.i .uosi umpiy. wnenever it may become neces
eary. At present, for the full satisfaction of the pub
jic on this point, I -submu a note which appears in q
reconcilement from the 1st of January to the 31st of
December, IS'20,.-ent to me from the Fourth Audi
tor’s olTice shortly slier the last date, (which was
nearly two years before the first requiring of month
Iy returns,) in tiiQ^e Words: “With the view of being
able to ascertain correctly the state of the Ageiu’s ac
counts, he is requested to introduce into his summa
ry 8 column for moneys advanced on account, to
herrallcr accounted for, accompanied by an Abstract
exhibiting such advances, to whom advanced, and
for what particular purpose All payments for allot
ments must also be included in the said abstract._
When the payments atc completed, then the power
o- Attorney or other vouchers to be transmitted to
this '(Bee as heretofore directed” (Signed) Con
stant Freeman, 4th Auditor. 'Phis, I presume, will
be allowed to be a perfect authority both for my
statements, and for my practice according I may
add, too. that it appears by a note at the foot of the
reconcilement, that several vouchers for payments,
on account, which.it seems, I had inadvertedly sent |
up. not withstanding the Department’s previous di
rections alluded to, were actually returned to me. to
be kept back till the proper lima, agreeably to the
ordi-r. Moreover,as to the motive or reason which
I as-ugned for the order. I find it stated in a letter
from the same 4th Auditor, dated tlie 2d March, 181$;
that “the arrangement.’’ (in relation to allotments At
least,) “was intended to save much trouble in the
examination and adjustment of both the agents’ and
Por.-e e accounts st this ..fijee ’• My answer, on
this point, then, must now be regarded as absoUrCelv
complete. J
For the rest, although tha Secretary hat said, “it it tCarcelv
necessary to remark” ,hat these monthly and quarterly return,
“should agree,” our Auditor m defending bun avail,* mv on
mer. adm.l.tha, “the.e may w„bout bUma to*the agent be
small discrepance,” be-.ween lbPm (|, ,hj# ^ k * ;
orable friend, or is it hacking out?” Surelv these nartnvr.
should agree ”) Rut he unmedutely adds: “whenever the»
_lif«re*ly or dishonestly, it is time for Govern*
me,.t to secure its ow n .merest by a change of Agent. ” ye,
if the reason which I have g,vPn fn, thetf? liiK„gne-m lf
right one. .< -« easy to we that they may have been large a.
well a, small, w.thnut any fault i„ ,bp Xg4nf, or a„T "
the Government for thcr size.mast Obv,o,„|y have depended,
m general, u,xm Ihe amnut.t of partial payment, on allotment*
a"fl contracts—that is, ,n fact on ihe amount of the bust
ne», of the agency Moreover, tha, Ihr,w wh,ch appMred
my return* were ento-lv innocent, maybe readdv inferred from ’
the fact that although ihey had ex„ed, a, we «£? from
the first requiring of the monthly ones n 1822, they were never
regarded as either strange or alarmm,,, hv any or Au
rfitor before the oreseo, a. tothe particular ins'anc* of the
discrepancy of $d5 000 oeiwe-n mv monthly and quarterly re
tu ns for June, to whim he allude, our Auditor apparerilv
forge's that the actual rtrscrepancv be’ween *hem, dednetme
the payment : nn account in the abstract of Advance* not
$45,noo, but f JO,883 96; and, correcting the error against my
all, already mentioned, of $3,990 99, would have been only
[17,103—which even he could not have considered as a very
arge one. 1 mutt add here—a fact to which I beg the seeder’s
particular attention—that the synopsis of these discrepancies,
>• it is published, contains a gross and wilful slander uj>on the
acting clerk who drew and certified the body of it, but could
not, and would not sign any one of the notes by another aulher
appended to it, but only the last by himself; and yet the doc
ument has been edited in such a manner as to make it appear
that he had actually signed the whole. An examination of the
santsrvaucc itself, (Doc B p 0.') with an extract from a letter
which I have lately received from the gentleman concerned,
[see D.) will explain and expose this fraud upon the public as .
it deserves
The last charge of our Secretary was, that I had been in the
Nabitof making extravagant requisitions, or drafts upon the
Department, for more money than was wanting for the service
here, for some year* before my removal; and that, in particular, |
I had made overdrmflsof this kind between the first of May and !
5lh of August 1829, “amounting to about $53,427 03;** to which i
my answer was, that 1 had never made any such overdrafts, at'
any time; or to any amount; and that, in fact, from the nature
of the case, it was almost impossible that I could have done so, j
as “my requisitions had always been made in the usual and '
regular manner prescribed by the Navy Department, on esti- i
mates and bills uf particulars, furnished, for the most part, by
the Commanding Officer of the Navy Yard, (though sometimes 1
only by myself,) specifying the objects for which the money wit
wanting; and that my rwquisitions themselves had been invaria
bly signed and approved by hun ” (I should have added, also,
that with the exception of those for “pay” only, they had,
moreover, always been examined afterwards by the board of
Navy Commissioners, and approved by them, before lliey were
submitted to the Department ) And 1 further expressed my
belief that the whole money called for by my reqpisitions be
tween the 1st of May and the 5th of August 1829, had actually
been set down by the Department, to myself, and others here,
to be paid away on account of them. Now our Auditor attempts
to support bis honorable colleague in this charge against me,
and says: “For the extravagance of his requisitions for money
upon the Navy Department prior to his removal, he makes an
abort to cast the reiponsibility upon the Captain of the Yard
who approved them. At that time n.ost men had implicit con
fidence in Mr King's integrity and accuracy One Captain of
the Navy ventured to approve bills twelve years on his bare
wdrd after his removal;’' [here he repeats his refuted slander on
Com Sinclair,) 'it is not surprizing, therefore, that another
confided in his estimates and approved his requisitions, befoie
a breath of suspicion had reached him” This is kind indeed
—to the Captain of the Yard—and shows how amiably our ac
commodating Auditor can absolve a friend from observing those
regulations of the service which he can enforce with such mar
tial severity against another. But he forgets apparently, that
the estimates in which my requisitions weie founded were
made, as I have stated, “for the oiost part,” by the Captain of
the Yard himself. And although I have never sought “to cast
the responsibility" upon that officer, I cannot consent to hive
him released from hi* joint responsibility with me, in this way,
merely to oblige him—and especially when it is well
known that there has never been any particular connex
ion between the Commodore and myself, whatever correspon
dence there maybe between him and our Auditor—But it is
really a matter of no moment whether I have to answer the
accusation alone, or not, for it is evidently without the slightest
foundation in fact, a* 1 can easily shew from our Auditor's
own words and figures—with a few others, to set them right
His statement ol the amount of overdrafts stands thus:
"The whole amount drawn for by him from tho
5th May, to the 11th August, 1829, as stated in
the report of the Secretary at the Navy, was $230,189 31
Add one requisition drawn before the 5th of May,
but not received till after that date, 28,572 85
_ . 258,762 16
Remitted to Mr. King to upon these ro
quisilions $36,179 70
Remitted to Purser Fitzgerald upon re
quisilions 13,257 72
To Nash Legrand upon requisitions 24,357 8G
--123,795 23
Not sent to any person *131,966 ?B
This is a sufficient reply to Mr King's assertion that the
whole amount of the requisitions had been sent to others.”
Now, correct the statement as follows First, strike out the
debit of ^28,572 85, because it was drawn for before the 5th
or May, the first dale of the period of our inquiry; or, what
will do as well, allow me a credit for exactly the same sum
paid by me before the 5th of May, on accounts embraced in
that requisition:—Secondly, give me credit for the sum of » >out
$174,000, (including the $40,000 advances to the Government
drawn from the Bank) which I paid, as he admits himself, on
account ot my said requisitions between the 5th of May and
the 11th of August, instead of the *86,179 70 which he sets
down os remitted to me on them; Thirdly, give me Credit for
an additional sum remitted to Mr Fitzgeiald. on account of
my said requisitions, $9,970, and another additional sum re
mitted to Mr. i^egrand, about $9,000: and the corrected state
ment will stand thus:
The whole amount drawn for by'hie between the
5th ol May, and the 11th of August, 1829, $230,139 31
Paid by me on account of those requisi
tione $174,060
Remitted to Mr. Purser Fiizgereld on
account of them also, 13,257 72
Do do afterwards, 9,970
Remitted to Mr. Legrand, £4,357 88
Do. do. afterwards, about 9,000
-—-230,588 58
Overpaid en account of my requisitions, about $396 27
Now where are the overdrafts? I erred, indeed, a little, i
see, in expressing my belief that the whole amount of inv
requisitions ‘‘had been sent" to me, and others, on account of
them, for the $40,000 which 1 drew from the Bank, and paid
out on account of them, was certainly kept back from me—to
my cost. But I erred in word only, not in thought; and our
poor sophister who delights in a quibble, has obviously attempt
ed to answer the former, instead of the latter, which has been
only more fully established by his pains it is even amusing
too, to observe that he Is here at his old trick again; and,
not satisfied with having brought the claim. Claim of the
Bank into view in connexion with my account, to shew
me off as a defaulter, he it now slyly slipping it out of
sight again, in this part of the case, to make me out an over
drawer. But the knave can do nothing without his card; and
he is right no doubt, to make all the use of it he can — These
are actttlly all fhe charges (of any consequence) which have
been heretofore brought against me on account or any part of
my conduct prior to the 11th of August, 1829 Now, whether
they shew any good cause, or even decent excuse, for my remo
val from office, 1 shall leave the public to decide Sure I am
that all honorable men will at least agree with me, that they
furnish no proper apology for the slanders by winch 1 have
been assailed.
(To be continued.)
Northampton Court House,)
July Oth, <
Dear Sir,—On my return to tltie place from Weldon, I found
your etteemed favour, accompanied by the papers containing
yo.tr reply to the foul aspersions of the Secretary and his worthy
associate, from which I derived great pleasure and satisfaction
The note you allude to was prepared by some one in the of
fire, and put upon the table where I wrote There can be no
difficulty in coming- to a correct conclusion as to its author Sub
•equriujl was requested to sign it and qualify to it before a
magi*tu< • instead of doing so, 1 made a note explanatory of
the cause of one of the discrepance*, which appearing too fa
yorable to your cause, 1 was told that my “services were no
longer required,” dtc.
M tr ~ „ (Signed) D. SANFORD.
Mu.rs Kuto, Esq. Norfolk.
From the J7. 7. Commercial Advertiser of Friday.
At an early hour this morning- we received the fol
lowing letter from Captain Caggeshall, of the steam
boat Chancellor Livingston:—
To the Editors of th* Commercial Advertiser.
Steamboat Chancellor Livingston, )
New Vfork, August 6. £
I received on board * he Chancellor Livingston yes
terday afternoon off Newport, several p'nssenuers
from the packet ship Manchester, from Liverpool,
July 1st, who left that vessel same morning off Block
Island, in a Vineyard Pilot Boat. The following is
a bnof notice of the death of the king, extracted
from the Sheffield Iris of 29th June, loaned me whilst
on board.
“Windsor Ca0tle. Juna 2G
“It has pleased Almighty God to take from this
world the King’s Most Excellent Majesty. His Ma
jesty expired at n quarter past 3 o’clock this morning
without pain. Signed, °
Henry Halford,
Matthew John Tierney.”
Respectfully your’s CHS. COGGESHALL.
Since the above was in type we have been obliging
ly favored ky the Messrs Harpers, with late London
papers, and by the owners of the Manchester, with e
L verponl paper of the 1st of July
The long expec-cd intelligence has thus come at
i«st; and as will be seen by fhe details below, the
King of Eng'and breathed his last at half past threft
o'clock on the morning of the 26th. This monarch
was born on the I2rh August. 1762. In 1795 he wasj
married to his cousin, the Princess Caroline of Borns-'
wick. It, was a marriage of convenience and proved
in unhappy one The only issue of their union was
the lamented Princess Charlotto. The Princor? of j
Wales lived iu retirement tor ten years, until tGOG.
when, in consequence of rumours prejudicial to her <
character, a commission was appointed to investigate i
them, who declared her innocent of any hoavy char
pee. Ou the 5th of February, 1811, a bill was pass
ed, appointing the Prince of Wales regent, under
certain restrictions, which were to last until the 1st
of February, 1812, when he became vested with the
full powers of Sovereignty. The unfortunate differ
ences between himself and his consort, and the course
he adopted of excluding her from Court, rendered
him for a time unpopular. She left England to reside
abroad. The Princess Charlotte died on the lGtli
November, 1817 On the 29 th January, 1820,
George the Third died, and his late Majesty was pro
claimed King. The name of the Princess of Wales
was struck out of the Liturgy, but no order was made
to supply its place with ‘Queen Consort.’ She de
termined to return to England, and the memorable
trial was the consequence- On finally taking the
question on the motion to insert the Queen’s name
in the Liturgy, it was lost by a vote of 310 against
209. The Coronation took place on the 19lh July,
1821 The Queen died on the 7th of August follow
ing. From the time when the excitement raised in
her favor subsided, the King lias been as popular a
sovereign w'ith his subjects as any who ever sal
upon the Throne of England, and his sufferings and
death have been sincerely deplored by the majority
of the nation. Resembling Henry the Vth in the
extravagancies of his youth, he has been more fortu
nate in the length of his reign, and conferred more
benefits on his kingdom. He died, as above mention
ed, on the 26th June, aged 68 years, and five weeks.
No change in the ministry or in the present policy
of the English Government, will probably follow this
event. Ills present Majesty, William IV (born Au
gust Sist. 1765,} has, it is said by the best authority,
expressed his full confidence in the Duke of Welling
ton. There was a report that Mr. Huskisson would
be brought again into the Cabinet. The oaths of al
legiance to King William IV. were administered in
both Houses of Parliament on the 26th Jur.e. It was
reported that the Parliament would be dissolved al
most immediately.
The London Courier of the 29lh remarks’. “We
see that some of our contemporaries are indulging in
rumors of expented changes in the government. Such
rumors cannot too soon be put to rest; and we there
fore Btatc upon the best authority, that his Majesty
took the earliest opportunity of expressing his unli
mited confidence in the Duke of Wellington, and is
determined to give the government his warmest and
most cordial support.”
The same paper says:
We understand that his Majesty has been pleased
to express his intention of being the chief mourner at
the funeral of the late King. After the last duties
have been paid to the deceased Sovereign, the King
will, probably, visit Scotland, and perhaps Ireland,
but nothing appears to have been positively fixed on
this subject.
London Gazette Extraordinary.
Whitehall, June 26.
“A Bulletin, of which the following is a copy, has
been this morning received by Secreiary Sir Robert
Peel, one of his Majesty’s principal Secretaries of
“ Windsor Oaslle, June 26.—It has pleased Almigh
ty God to take from this world the King’s Most Ex
cellent Majesty.
“His Majesty expired at a quarter past 3 o’clock
this morning, without pain.
(Signed) “H. Halford.
In the course of Friday evening, before nine o’clock,
the physicians intimated to their Royal patient their
inability to give him further relief, and their opinion
that his last moments vvero rapidly approaching. To
this communication his majesty replied, “Gou’s will
be done!” and in a few moments after he asked,
“Where is Chichester?” The Bishop of Chichester
was instantly summoned to the royal chamber, and at
hiB hands the dying sovereign received the Sacrament,
i During the administration of this rite his majesty wa3
much less troubled by the cough than he had been
previously, and afterwards it gradually subsided, and
towards midnight he sunk into a state of apparently
quiet repose, wh.ch continued until about 3 o’clock,
when he became rather restless, and feebly expressed
a wish to have his head placed in a more elevated po
sition Previous to thrs, all the attendants had retir
ed, except Sir Matthew Tierney and Sir Wathen
Waller; and they instantly attempted to afford his
Majesty the relief he had requested: but they had
scarcely commenced the attempt when hi9 Majesty
suddenly motioned them to desist, and placing both
his hands upon Ins breast, he ejaculated, “Oh! this is
not right!—this is death!—Oh. God!—/ am dying!"
These were the last, and the only distinct woids he
uttered after having received the Holy Sacrament;
and from this time his dissolution came on so quietly
and so gradually that the physicians had some diffi
culty in ascertaining recisely at what moment he
ceased to exist. In the mean time the Bishop of Chi
chester. and all the principal members of the Royal
household, with the pages in immediate attendance,
were called in, and in their presence, without the
slightest indication of suffering, his Majesty calmly
expired. The principal persons present were the
Bishop of Chichester, the Physicians, the Marquis of
Conyngham, Sir Andrew Barnard. Sir William Kep
pel. Sir William Knighton, Sir Wathen Waller, Lord
Sirathaven, and Colonel Thornton, and when the
physicians had announced that his Majesty had ceas
ed to exist they retired—leaving the pages in atten
dance to perform the necessary attentions to the Roy
al corpse, under the superintendance of the physi
1 he body was removed from the bed to the couch
on which his Majesty usually reposed throughout his
illness, and covered with a fine linen sheet—turned
down so as to expose a part of the bust; and in this
state it was submitted to the view, not only of the
whole of the domestics of the Royal Household, but
to the out-door servants from the stables, their fami
lies and acquaintance, and the Royal tradesmon resi
dent here. They were freely admitted from about
five o’clock in the morning until after eight, by which
time several hundreds of persons had availed them
selves of the opportunity of not only seeing their do
ceased Soveieign, but of taking him by the hand;
and, according to the concurrent account of many of
them, that hand was warm and pliant three hours
after death. It is said this exhibition of the Royal
remains was strictly in accordance with a wish ex
pressed by his late Majrety on the evening praccdiim
nis dissolution ° ®
Immediately after the decease of the King, the ser
vantsof the Conyngham family wore Bont'otT to the
scat of Mr Denison (the brother of the Marchioness,)
near Dorking, in Surry; and the ladies of that family,
between eleven and tw- Sve o’clock in the forenoon]
followed in the same direction—leaving the Ca9tlc
by the private entrance, and going round by the lon<r
walk and so a way imo the great road through Bish*
Sir Henry Halford, ns soon nelhe Royal corpse had
been properly attended to. left the Castle, and pro
ceeded direct to Dtuhy.
About noon Lord Mountcbarles came down from
London, and, by virtue of some of the offices he holds
took possession of the keys of his late Majesty's val
uable wardrobe, &c.
In the evening about eight o’clock, his Royal High
ness, the Duke of Cumberland, arrived at the Castle.
a~d accompanied by some of the members of the
Household, visited the remains of his majesty. After
which, his Royal Highness immediately returned ta
his residence nf K-'w.
On Saturday evening, the Lord Chamberlain •►sued
summonses to Sir Henry Halford. Sir Matthew Tier
ney. Mr Brndie, and Mr. Nussey. to attend at tho
opening of the body of his Lte Majesty After the
P"Tf >rmance of Divine Service on Sunday morning,
to-.**- gentlemen al! arriv-shat th > Palace from town,
a- did also S'r Astley Cooper, bv whom the operation
wa- to :.c performed. Mr. O’Reilly also arrived at
the palace.
^ These gentlemen having ail assembled, Sir Astley
hooper performed the operation of openiug the body,
or the purpose of ascertaining the cause of Ins late
Majesty’s disease- The oporation occupied two
lours, and the result fully justified in every particular
■ lie expectations of the-lute King’s physicians, both as
to the complaint, which has proved fatal to the King,
ind its melancholy result- The heart was considera
bly enlarged, and adhered to the neighboring parts.
Some of the valves were ossified, and some water re
mained in the chest. The immediate cause of the
sudden demise was occasioned by the rupture of a
vessel near the stomach. This organ contained some
ounces of blood, and more was found in the bowels.
When the operation was concluded, spices were
introduced into the body, and it was then closed.
Pour of the late King’s Pages were present, in ad
ditien to the above-named six medical gentlemen, vi2.
Messrs. Whiting, Kinnaird, Batchelor, and Loades.
Ilis Majesty William IV. arrived at St James’s
Palace a few moments before twelve o’clock on Sa
turday, and appeared to be in excellent health. The
King entered the State-room, in which the throne is
placed, about one o'clock. His Majesty was habited
in an Admiral’s uniform, and took his station at the
throne. The whole of the Members of the late
King’s Privy Council, who had arrived at the Palace,
were assembled in this apartment. Hib Majesty read
the following declaration, vis:
“I am convinced that you will fully participate in
the affliction which I am suffering on account of the
loss of a Sovereign, under whose auspices, as Regent
and as King, this country has maintained during war
its ancient reputation and glory—has enjoyed a long
period of happiness and internal peace—and has pos
sessed the friendship, respect, and confidence of fo
reign powers. ^
’’In addition to that loss which 1 sustain in com
mon with you, and with all who lived under the gov
ernment of a most beneficent and gracious King, I
have to lament the death of a beloved and affection
ate brother, with whom I have lived, from my earli
est years, in the terms of the most cordial and unin
terrupted friendship, and to whose favour and kind
ness I have been most deeply indebted.
“After having passed pay life in the service of my
country, «*nd having, I trust, uniformly acted as the
most faithful subject and servant of the king, I am
now called upon, under the dispensation of Almighty
God, to administer the Governwent of this great em
pire. I am fully sensible of the difficulties which I
have to encounter; but I possess the advantage of
having witnessed the conduct of my reverend father,
and tnv lamented and beloved brother; and I rely
with confidence Uj^ n the advice and assistance of
Parliament, and upon its zealous co-operation in my
anxious endeayars, under the blessing of Divine Pro
vidence, to maintain the reformed Religion establish
ed by law, to protect the rights and liberties, and to
promote the prosperity and happiness of all classes of
tnv Deonln
Whereupon the Lords of the Council made it their
humble request to bis Majesty that this his Majesty’s
most gracious declaration to their Lordships might
be made public, which his Majesty was pleased to or
der accordingly. James Bulleii.
While receiving this Address his Majesty was
deeply affected.
The members of the Royal Family—viz, the Duke
of Cumberland, the Duke of Sussex, the Duke of
Gloucester, and Prince Leopold, knelt before the
King, and teok the oathvof Allegiance. Their Royal
Highnesses tjieh rose, and were sworn in members of
his Majesty’s Privy Council The Archbishop of
Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, and the Archbish
op of York went through the same ceremony: the o
ther Members of his late Majesty’s Privy Council se
verally knelt before the King, took the oaths of Alle
giance. and then rose, and were resworn Members of
the Privy Council.
The Lord Chancellor administered to the King 3
oaths, the first to govern this kingdom according to
its laws and customs; the King then took the oath for
the security of the church of Scotland, and subscribed
two instruments, which were witnessed bysomoofthe
Privy Councillors.
His Majesty, in Council, then ordered the two
stamps, the one containing George R. and the other,
the initials G. R. which had been, under the author
ity of an Act of Parliament, applied to official pa
pers, as the King’s signature, to be destroyed; they
were accordingly broken in the presence.
His Majesty in Council was pleased to order that
the coinage should continue in the same state until
further orders.
The Privy CoQncil gave orders for proclaiming his
present Majesty, with the usual ceremonies, and at
the accustomed places, King of these Realms, by the
style and title of King Wiiliam the Fourth. The cer
mony to take place on Monday.
Mr Buller was the Clerk of the Privy Council in
After the rest of the Privy Councillors had retired,
the Lord Chancellor, the Archbishop of Canterbury,
the Archbishop of York, and the Bishop of London
remained, and altered the Prayer in the church ser
vice for King William and Queen Adelaide.
The Lord Mayor arrived at the Palace about 12
o clock, accompanied by Aldermen Sir P. Laurie, Sir
C. Flower, Winchester, Brown, Shaw, Copeland,
Key, Venables. Thompson, Scholey, Wood; the Re
corder; Sheriffs Richardson and Ward; Under-Sher
iffs Richardson and Young, and the Common Ser
The Rev. Dr Carey, late Bishop of Exeter, was
introduced to hi8 Majesty, and did homage on being
translated to the See of St. Asaph; as did also the
Rev. Dr. Belhell, iate Bishop of Gloucester, on be
ing translated to the See of Exeter.
The Proclamation acknowledging the new King,
having ben signed by the Privy Councillors, was sign
ed by numbers of the Nobility and Gentry, and by
the Lord Mayor and Corporation of London, and by
all who attended the Court.
The King gave as audience to the Duke of Wel
lington. when bis Grace kissed his hand, as Firet
Lord of the Treasury. The other Ministers and Offi
cers, and also the Members of the late King's House
hold, who attended the Court, kissed hands, on their
re-apppointment to office.
The Court broke up at half-past four o’clock.
The King left the Palace about half-past 5 o'clock,
on hi9 return to Busby Park, escorted by a detach
ment of the Life Guards.
After the breaking up of the King’s Court, the
Cabinet Ministers re assembled at the Foreign office;
there were present. the Lord Chancellor, th« Duke of
Wellington, Earls Bathrust. Rosslyn, and Aberdeen,
Viscount Meilvillo. Lord Ellenborougb, Sir Robert
Peel, Sir George Murray, the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, and Mr. Hemes.
The Ministers remained tn deliberation about two
hours and a half, and broke up about seven o’clock
in the evening.
Ills Majesty, accompanied by the Duke of Glou
cester and the Earl of Errol, arrived at his Palace in
St. James e about twenty minutes before ten o’clock
in Monday morning, June 28th, from his residence
in Bushy Park.
At ton o’clock the firing of a double royal 9alute
announced the commencement of the ceremony of
proclaiming his Majesty King William IV Sir
G* »rgo Gayler, King of Arms, with the Heralds and
Pursuivants in their robes of office, and eight officers
of »rnis, on horseback, bearing massive silver maces,
were in attendance in the court-yard at the west end
of the palace. A detachment of the Life Guards were
drawn up opposite to the palace. The public were
admitted into the court-yard to witness the ceremony.
A few mmutes after ten o’clock the window of the
presence Chnmbcr was thrown open, and the King
came forward alone, habited iu a suit of mourning,
Swearing the Riband of the Order of the Garter.
His Maje-ty bowed gracefully fhiee times to ihe
numerous assemblage in the Court below, by whom
he was greeted with the ioudeat acclamations.
A band <-» fif 0..n trumpets, who appeared in their
»p'"ncid state dresses, immediately struck op “God
3avcthc King.” All the assemblage uncovered on
ihe appearance of b\» Majesty. Tho nnb.. e
t*rl.n!l. the DukeW Su«e*, lb. Xe „t (L '
Prmcc Leopold, Ihe Cabtoot Minister., end the great
Officers of blate, formed themselves in o a -S1
clo round the window at which his Maicstv j'
, Sir George Nsyler. as King of
station in the Court-yard, exactly underneath the
window whero the King stood, then read the D,0<,e
tarnation, announcing the decease of the late Kin”
and the accession of his present Majesty. S.r Georro
was more than once interrupted by the cheering of
the multitude. Sir George repeated the words “King
William the Fourth” in an exalted tone of voic*
and the acclamation was- then redoubted- The band
then played “ God Save the King” His Majesty
who hod been agitated during the reading of the
proclamation, bowed repeatedly, and then retired.
The procession moved from the Palace, and pro
ceeded towards the city in the following order:_Ths
Deputy High Bailiff of Westminster (Mr. Lee) with
a strong body of Officers led the way. Next:
Two videttes of the 1st LifeGuards.
one umo.
The Veterinnry Surgeon of ditto.
« °*i,r P,onier?» w«th their axes in the rest.
The Beadles of St James and St. Martin’s parishes,
in full dress, with iher staves of office
• A detachment of new police-constables.
Band of the Royal H rse Guards, in state uniforms.
^ Eight Marshals on foot.
The Knight Marshal and his attendants.
The Household troop.
State band, kettle-drums, and trumpets.
Six Pursuivants at arms on horseback.
The Heralds, mounted.
.Garter King at arms, in his splendid suscort, suppor
ted by hoi Sergants at Arms, with their.maces.
A troop of Life Guards.
In this order they proceeded slowly along tho Strand
and shortly after eleven o’clock arrived at St. Clement
D-nes Church, the York Herald was sent forward,
and knocking with his baton at the gates, deman
a,l*??ifranc5, “in,the nome of our Sovereign Lord
King William Fourth.in order to proclaim his acces
sion to the throne " The City Marshal support-d by
h,s men opened the gates just wide enough to al
low the York Herald to enter, and closing them con
ducted the Royal Herald to the Lord Mayor, who
was sitting in his state coach opposite to the Temple
gate. The Herald having delivered his message to
the Lord Mayor, his Lordship gave orders to the City
Marshal to open the gates, and the cavalcade enter
ed, Bword in hand, drums beating, trumpets sounding
and colors flying. The populace were not idle, on
this occasion; they rushed through the bar with
ternfic violence, and bore down all opposition
Having arrived at the end of Chancery lane the
King at Arms again read the proclamation. It was
received with loud cheering, waving of hats, handker
chiefs, and every other demonstration of loyalty and
affection. J
The procession then proceeded towards St. Paul’s,
tho civic authorities in their state carriages, viz:—
Two City Marshals
Lord Mayor’s Officers.
The Lord Mayor.
Carriages with the Aldermen.
The Sheriffs
t Town Clerk—Chamberlain.
The troop of Life Guards commanded by Captain
Burgh, having arrived in Cheapside, the Proclamation
was again read at the end of Wood street, and next
at the Royal Exchange The band of music at the
close of each Proclamation gave the national anthem
of‘‘God save the King.” This rare and Bplendid
pageant ended about one o’clock, at which time Tem
ple-bar gate# were thrown open, to remain so, proba
bly, for some years to come.
The Peers were in attendance on the 28th. The
Marquis of Landsdowne postponed the further consid
eration of the Forgery bill to Thursday, the 1st of
On the 28th the Duke of Norfolk was sworn in a
member of the Privy Council.
Sir Herbert Taylor has been appointed by his Ma
jesty Secretary to the Privy Purse.
The arrivals at Liverpool, from June 27th to 29th
both inclusive, amounted to 157, of which upwards
of 40 were from the United States
Herald’s College, June 28
Trie Earl Marshal s Order for a General •AIouminfr
for his late Majesty King George the Fourth. °
In pursuance of an order of his Majesty in Coun
cil, the 28th of June, 18<0, these are to give publio
notice, that it is expected that all persons, upon the
present occasion of tho death of his late Majesty of
blessed memory, do put themselves into decent
mourning; the said mourning to begin on Wednesday
next, the 30th inst. Norfolk. Earl Marshall.
_ . London, June 29
Reported Changes.—'The Duke of Montrose is re
appointed Lord Chamberlain. It is said that this of
fice had been offered to the Marquis of Hertford, and
Admiral Freeman. Admiral of the Fleet, in .the
room of his Majesty.
Admiral Bickerton, General of Marines.
Sir Sidney Smith. Lieutenant General of Marines.
Lord Byron and Lord Napier, Lords of the Bed
Duke of Gordon, in the Household.
Duchess of Gordon, Miatrcs9 of the Robes.
General Macdonald, Adjutant General.
Col. G Fitzclarence, Dep. Ad. GeneraL
The accession of Hie Majesty has been hailed with
great satifaction in the city, where his presence at the
next Lord Mayor’s Day and on the opening of the
New London bridge, ia already anticipated.
At an early hour on Monday morning His Majesty
presented himself at the window of St James’ Palac-.
bofore which several thousand persons had assemble .
By some Jack in office the spectators were ordered to
be dispersed, which was speedily done by the Life
Guards. On the ai rival of the heralds le proclaim
the Accession, the King re-appeared at the window,
ahd finding a vacant space below, which previously
was crowded, with some degree of surprise said,
“What has becomo of the people?’' On being told
they had been removed.—“By whose orders?” next
inquired his Majesty. The King was so dissatisfied
with the answer as to command I he gates of the court
ynrd immediately to be re-opened, and the public to
be re admitted, who soon re-assembled in great num
bers, and cheered their Sovereign vociferously.
Agitation.—Mr. Trant presented a petition from Sir Har
couri I.ccs The Hon Member joined the reverend petitioner
in denouncing popish agitators, and expressly named the mein,
ber for Clare Mr. O’Connell did not hold himself responsible
to any one in that House for his conduct out of it. Public lib
erty could not, he thought, be maintained without agitation ho
should therefore persevere in applying the best means to attain
the desired end
Mr Doherty animadverted in very severe terms on the conduct
ofiMr O'Connell, in publicly recommending a run on the Banks.
( he remarks of the Hon Member were loudly cheered.
The words “Catholic member” having fallen from the month
of General Grosvcnor, Mr. Spring Rice rose to order, and beg
ged the house to seize this, tlie first opportunity, of stamping
with its reprobation an invidious distinction, which might oth
erwise give rise to great inconvenience in and out of the House.
The Speaker delicately enforced the check, and General Gros*
venor. with great candour, altered the offensive expression
Mr. O’Connell would abide by the rules of the House while
present, but in his conduct out of doors he disclaimed its ao
thor.ty and should pursue the course he thought most proper.
He had supported neither the oligarchy nor the ministry, and
! du' «*P«M *»«• approval of any party in that House
I.Mid Howick only hoped that ignorance of the consequences
might m some degree, palliate the most wantonly and wicked
ly misr.hievious act he had ever heard of, so he would describe
i the letter of Mr. O'Connell, to the people of Waterford, suppo
j sing that gentieman conscious of its probable effect. The peti.
non ofSir .btcourt Lees was laid on the table.
0 Ltvr.nroot., July 1.
PaoctiMATiojr op Wn.tr am IV —Yesterday His Majesty
William 4th, was proclaimen in Liverpool. At an earlv hour
the space in front of the town hall was filled by a large as
semblage of persons, who waded to witness the ceremony. At
12 o’clock his Worship the Mayor, and other members of the
Corporation, appeared, and the Town Clerk. William Statham,
Eeq proceeded in the usual manner to read the proclamation,
at the conclusion of which th* rheering was loud and enthusi
astic. A procession was then formed, which proceeded to the
comer of St George’s < hwreb, when his Majesty was agsin
proclaimed, the procession then moved onwards to 'he Custom

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