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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, March 18, 1831, Image 4

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MIL IHJRGESS’ SPEECH.
On thr Mission to Russia.
In tii*’ Homo of Representniivos*. on the 7th Feb.
JTr- BURGESS resumed Ins Speech on the Russian
Mission—from which \vc make the following ex
tracts:—
(After n number of quotations from treaties upon |
♦ he laws of. Nations*, establishing that n Minister i
ron-rcsidcnt could not he admitted, and was no Min
ister in fact, Mr II. continued:)
Sir what is the mission invalid in this eftso oy i
Mr. Secretary Van Burcn: and what the diplomatic
character of the Minister now under consideration?
This gentleman was, by order of the Executive,
carried out from Norfolk to Ritsssia in a national ship,
with every circumstance of high respect, and at a
cuSt of not IcRs than £10,000 tor bis passage* Me
arrived at St. Petersburg; was presented to his Ini- ,
per ml Majesty, the Emp. ror of Russia; exhibited his
credentials; was accredited ns Envoy Extraordinary j
end Minister Plenipotentiary of tlm United Elates at i
'bat Court; retired and took his departure from the
Russian terreoriei*, all in the short space often days- j
Tt m contended bv gentlemen, who support this appro-;
priatmn. that be is our minister tl so, tie must be!
ntir minister non resident at the Court of St. Peters
burg; for it is too much to say, that stopping 10 days j
at. ttint city, would make him. in legal acceptation,
resident, there, but that six months residence in Eng
land will not render him legally n non-resident at Pe
ferpburgh. If, then, ho i nn be our minister at all,
lie must be our non-resident. Minister, lie has been
to St Petershurgb, to be accredited there by lus Ini- j
penal Majesty; nnd by form of being thus accredited,
wo are gravely told by the Secretary of Statu, that
be has acquired the rights, and powers of Minister
of the United States, wherever lie may choose to re
h\)o. Sir. will nations admit this kind uf non-resident,
tois migratory mission, this diplomatic gossipping?
Tins doctrine of 'no locality,’ so essential in the Se
cretary's constitutional creed, to the existence of a
national road, he will find does not belong to the
charter of a resident public Minister, and rdally has
rjo place among nations, out of the cabinet., so adroit
ly conducted by himself. * * * *
Ha t tins gentleman two sets of credentials, two
' emissions, r.nd did he exhibit them both to the
Emperor*—Did he in fact tell Ins Majesty, ‘Your
Fit nuttier is too hot; your winter will be too cold. The
fur which has warmed a bear, may warm a Russian
monarch, but tt can never warm me My constitu
tion is worn out in the public service. I hIiill be sick
— J am >uck. I must resi e elsewhere, any where, in
England, tn France, in a mere genial climate than
that of your majesty’s capital.” It is too much to b**
supposed. ev»»n of Mr. Randolph. If» presented his
AT credentials and commission. IBs EESEW MERE
credentials and commission were retained for use
when he should arrive, I know not wnere, but cer
tainly elsewhere.
Sir, our law hn-> beeh evaded; the Constitution has
been evaded, the laws of nations have been evaded;
the President, the Senate and our imperial Friend,
have been deceived; &, the Minister himself,suffering
himself to be made a parly to this imposition, has fall
en into the devices of the Secretary; has been bv Imn
got oat of the country on a mission, illegal, void nnd
nugatory; and is now, the deplorable dupe of Slate
artifice, cruising about Europe like some contraband
trader, under a double commission, nnd with two sets
of papers.
Will it he contended by the supporters of thin
appropriation, that this gentleman will, after months
of recess from the public service at the Russian Court,
-•■turn t hither, and by yeitrs of efficient labour, efface
all memory of this interval of idleness and neglect?—
What cause, sir, have we to believe he will ever re
turn to St. Pctersburgli? Observe wlint the Secre
tary lias tohl us in the Message: “If, ns it is to be ho
ped, the.improve;•sent ofhis ttcn.liU should be such n«
to justify him in doing so, he will repair to Si. IVter
burgh, rerume the discharge ofhis official dm j
This does not affirm that he wdl rclcrn; it affirms
<hat “it is to he hoped lie may he well enough to do
so." According lo the Mr-sspne. q want o? health
took him away from that Court. Different reasons
worn given for those facts, by the official papers
ISy the Richmond Official the summer lient compelled
hh» departure; by the Official m this City, the ap
ffroaching cold of the then coming winter drove him
to eeelc a more genial climate. In Russia summer is
said to burst from the frozen bosom of Winter, like «
phret of flame from Mount 1 Iecla; and to spread its
wanning, blazing, burning influence at once over the
whole region. At times, so immense is the temper
h'tnre, that the pine ffrsrests tnke lire from (he heat
of the atmosphere. I have read a Russian travel
ler, who pays v«'gb!ation 13 so rapid, that, on a sod
f fra wed not more than one loot /loop, the ground is
ploughed, the wheat sown, grown, ripened'and har
vested in s>x weeks. Winter comes on the country
ftV SnmnvT r.imn, extinguishing nt once the hmt ot
the turned earth, by throwing down and spreadim*
not one vast sheet of snow, from Crotipfadt to Kntn
(schaika. Tlie genial and joyous airs of Spring, the
pober ami gladsome sunshines and shades of Aiitumn,
known under the Italian skies ot Virginia, have ne
ver visited, and never can visit a Russian donate.
Cnh'SS flurei. re, this gentleman can visit Russia m
Feirnmer, who'll lie has been compelled to leave if; or
ui Winter, wlwn he dares not approach it, ho can
not. roturp again to kt. Pctersbuigli. Wlint reason
had the Secretary for the hopes expressed in the
Tvlos.hflge.thnt the renovated health of Mi- Randolph
might, induce him to return? Permit me to ijoote
(rum one of hi? speeches,delivered on '.his fleer little
inriro fha.n two years 1x 0:
"Sir, what can the country do .for mo? As for
potyrr, wlnt charm can it have for one like me?—
If power had been my object, I must have been less
sagacious than my worst enemies have represented
me to be, if I hod not obtained if. * * *
Was it office? \\ hat, sir, to drudge in your labora
foriCs in the Departments, or be nt the fail of your
♦ dorp* diplomatic in Europe? (Exiled to Siberia.)—
A!a»! sir, in my condition. 0 cup of cold wafer would
be more acceptable. What can the country give me
that I do not possess in the confidence of such con
F/itucnts ns no innn pver hnci boforo? I enn fotiyp to
my old patrimonial trees where I may see the sun rise
and «rt in peace. * * * I shall retire
upon my resources—I will go hack to the bosom of
my constituents. * * Ami shall I
give up thrm and tills* And for what? For the
heartless nmus-ernrnts and vapid pleasures nnd tar
rrtshed honors of this abode of splendid misery, of
shabby soh nrlor? For a clerkship in the War Office,
or a I ORRKiiN MISSION, to donee nl tendance
■ aenoAD imtend of vr noMt:—or even for a Depart
ment itself? Sir, thirty years make sad changes in
mr>". * * * * * 1 frrl that J
hang to existence hy a ringfe hair—that the sword of
jnnnnwm if. puftpcmiea ovr mo.
Will this gen^Jernnn, flunk you, return fo Rus.-in,
JinngiiTg to existence hy n single hair? Will he tr.'iyH
from region to region of F’urepo. with this sword of
Damocles dangling over Ins head hv n fie ruun'lv
attenuated? Never, sr. never; and if he never <to
return, as hn mod certainly never will, when doe*
his mission end, if i» did not end when lie left the
Jturnnn Court? Jf this mission ever bad a legal
Winning, when, or hy wliat arts may it he ended?.
' n,toi has told us. page 55P, that all niissioas end:
’rF ’• when the Mini-ter is recalled: second, when lie
is dismissed; third, when lie has finished ())«• business
on which he was sent; and fourth, in a word, when
C pr , p-’hged to go away, on any account wlmf
evor ht3 functions cease Hy the hws of nations.
w/on1"!-!! «?nn,0t rf,n;.r'’1’ his mission was nt an end
/ . ’ f1’ awny from the court and country to
Jo has, by the Jaws ^"onT'ceasM j
Can we then "nnmpriate money for the salary of
; ’.ch a minuter? Not unless werr.alre otmelvc® i,ar- '
to this imposition: and in the name of the nation 1,
guarantee this fraudulent diplomacy.
OnHcmen may place this salary on the ground j ■
at' n quantum meruit, nti'u UT1 vis'Vst lCanu«>T(ui is;
entitled to receive lt.nnd we are bound to make the *
appropriation, because he lias performed services at ! I
Russia tor which he deserves t>> have tics compen- 1
satmn. What services was it intended he should t
perform; what in fact did he perforin; what, in so
short a time, could be perform! We arc told by the '
honorable Chairman of the Committee on Foreign <
Relations, (Mr Archer.) and no man ever doubts his ]
sandor and correctness, that Mr Randolph did pot <
perform what he was sent out to do. However <
meritorious that might be when done, lie surely 1 ]
rloes not deserve any compensation for not doing it. I]
How did this gentleman represent, when presented ;:
at that Court, the farm and body of our national j
character by his appearance, his manners, conversa-1
tion, and intercourse with the Imperial Family, the !
Court, and Foreign Ministers, then and there ropro
sentingthe various sovereignties of Europe and Asia? |
I could give the history of thit ten days, this, which i
will, in our Russian Diplomacy, be called the time j
>f Randolph; [ could give it from the most autlicn- |
tic testimonials; ent fmm rumor, bm from ihe voice
>f honorabTo intelligent men. who being there at the j
time, have since returned to this couutiy, and from |
letters with which the Russian correspondence oft
our Atlantic cities has been crowded All tiie«e
speak hut one language. > xpress but one feeling— 1
the irrepressible feeling of wounded and mortified i
patriotism. AH these, instead of finding merit in ;
this man s diplomatic achievements, look on them j
with unutterable anguish, and leave no consolation ;
under the gibes andjecrings of foreign nations, hut!
the memory of the past, when the dignified charac- :
t°r of our Republic was represented in Europe by 1
Franklin, Jay, Adam®. Ijivingstnn, Jefferson, and
Pinkney. Nothing, sir, but national pride has with- |
Itolden this narrative from the ear of the world; fori
| who would give a tongue to obloquy against his
! own country? 1 will, in silence, pass over the do- ’
I ings of ibis gentleman’s ten days of diplomacy; nor ;
i would I have alluded to them, did not his friends j
: draw on these very doings as a fund of merit, enti- |
; thng him to this compensation. The doings of ten j
days! What sir, could he do in that time? Why, |
in that time the disciples of the Russian taylor could
scarcely have reduced the rigid outline of tins man,
j into the exterior of diplomacy. lie performed per
I vices, for his country in that brief period! Cscsar,
1 with the Engle wing of pursuit; and the lion s’reugtli
1 of conquest, overrun Bytliinia and subdued the s<>n
of t he great. Mithridates in a few weeks.—This con
i queror in:gh*, in the confidence of friendship, ven- ]
tore with poetic licence, to write to his associate at.
j Rome, "veni, viili, nici."' Should our Russia En
voy write the history of his ten days, he might, I
i without poe;ry, place nil, for which he can have:
j any claim on his country, in ns fi»w, and almost t ho!
j same \v ords: veni, nidi, abiri, would fill up the whole >
| quantum meruit of his mission.
i If it lie contended that this gentleman is entitled !
| to a prorata compensation fortbe time spent in going 1
I to Russia, and while there, as treight is apportioned
j and paid, win e a cargo is, by rasnaltv, transported a i
pact only of the voyage, i am ready to agree that
this alone is the ground on which any thing can 1
be claimed. This however, will fail, if the Mis- •
sioli he, in its inception, contnj jus gentium; (
and therefore void. It there be any part of this
mission sound and legal; if this gentleman has bc
! lieved he was, in good faith in the public service, in ■
j the name of justice let him be paid for at I that lime,
although nothing was effected beneficial to the Nation,
j On this ground I am ready to suppor*, though I can
! not move to make my modification of the motion un* !
! der consideration
i.nsi or an, i come to inquire, whether tins salary I
can be due, because this mission, and the conduct of I
the Minister under it, may be especially beneficial to I
| the Secretary of State. Was this gentleman nppoin- 1
ted with any view, or expectation that he could reti- '
I dev diplomatic services at the Court of Russia? Sure-1
i lv not. For in the first place, the performance of!
such services required his residence at the Russian
| Court. This is evident from lire m ire of those ser
I vices, :i3 may he seen from reading the ordinary in
'strtictions of all resident Ministers: I.yman’s Diploma
cy, vol. 1, page lo, 16, 17,
j _ "Among the most important general duties of Min
; isfer of tlie Fnited States in foreign countries, is that
| of trun milling to his government accurate information
of tire policy and views of the government to which
| he is accredited, anil of the character and vicissitudes
i of its important relations with other European powers.
J To acquire this information, and particularly to dis
| criminate between that which is authentic, and that
| which is spurious, reqt ires steady and impartial oh
j serration, a free though cautions correspondence with
the other Ministers of the United States abroad, and
| friendly, social rotations with the members of the dip
j Iomntlc body at the same court.
j “Tn vour correspondence with this Department, he
■ sides the current general and the particular politics
! of the country, where you are to reside, you will he
I mindfui, so far as you may find it convenient, to col
lect and transmit information of every kind, relatin'*
to the government, finances, commerce, arts, scieneetT,
ami condition of the nation, which is not already
known, and maybe made useful to our own country;
Books of travels, containing statistical, or other infor
| mation of statistical importance, historical works, not
| before in circulation, authentic maps, published bv au
; thority of the State, or distinguished by extraordinary
reputation, and publications of new and useful disco v
I erics—will always be acceptable acquisitions to this
: department.
“Among the ordinary functions of an American
Minister in Europe, is that of giving passports to the
j citizens of the United States who apply for them.
, They sometimes receive application? for such pxss
ports from the subjects of other countries, but as these
arc not regularly valid, they should be granted only
' under special circumstances, as may sometimes occur
in the case of foreigners, coming to the U. States.”
Do not these labors require tesidcnce at the Court
of his Imperial Majesty? I.ook into the published
j diplomatic correspondence of your former Ministers.
What treasures of information! What monuments of
ahil-ty, labor arid diligence!
This gentleman could not reside at the Russian cap
ital. Neither his health, Ids constitution, his age, nor
the climate, would permit such residence.— As well
might the Secretary have plucked up one of Ins pat
rimonial oaks, and transp.anted it on the banks of the
Neva, with any expectation that it might take root i
there, and live, and flourish in the slimmer heats and
| winter storms of Russia.
So utterly out of the question was all expectation of
public service from the appointment of this gentle
man, that although it must have been known that such
service couhl not be Tendered without residence, yet
hu received full permission to leave tlie court and
Umpire of Russia, and reside wherever he might
choose to reside
Mr. Randolph was, of all men, the last which n
wi.-e and judicious policy would have selected to re
present the interests of our nation at the Russian
Court, He had publicly expressed opinions concern
iȣf that Court and the Imperial l-imily , innst detain
lor;/ mid tlr^radrn"* Sutler ine to read tbe-e op e
from one of his sp«**chep, published under his
correction* and supervisal, in Gales At. Seat on’s
Register of DebatCf, v«.J. 2, part t, p. ZOl-.i.
Tins ru'par ribaldry was spoken by tills man ini
open Senate; rlie Kumpean Ministers, ihe |{u sian
<Mmutters, were, or might h.iw been pres nt. 'J’he
Speech, rucli ns I have read if was published in the
newspapers, and was. doubtless, as a par* of the po
lineal transactions of the United States, transmitted
fo the Rrnpernr of Russia, by his Mmister then in
! hi® roomry. Alter this who could have selected i
this man i s an accomplished statesman, o represent
lies American Government at the Russian Court.1
with any hope or intention that he should, by his di i
pfomntic services, sustain flic dignity, advance the’
character, or subserve the interests of this Nmion. I
I’ermit me to offer one other reason why this man
could not have been appointed for any national pur
pose The peculiarities of his mind render him inr.n j
'table of any public diplomatic service. The mind, '
.ko the fountain, is known by its efFulsions. Ret me !1
carl from one of h:s speeches on Executive Patters, j
is published by him. (Gales At Seaton's Register, I
•o!. 9. n. 300. * ° m
f
'TTaving Thus, s?i\ ulsuor tootled inyseU ol some ol
lie feelings I lint have been excited bv tie* gallant and
earles* bearing of ilie gentleman fr«*m North Caro
ina, allow me to go on and question some ot liis po
i< ions
‘One of them is the durability of the Constitution.
With him nnd with father Paul (of the Constitution
•1 Venice) J say “«<» pcrprtna:'' but 1 do not bc
ieve it will be perpetual. I ain not speaki ig to the
groundlings, to the tyros and junior apprentices; but
o the grey-headed men of ihis nation, one of whom,
bless God for it, I see is now stepping forward, as (
le stepped forward in I Tt»0. to save the Republic. 1 J
speak of William I». Giles 1 speak to grey-hends; i
leads grown grey, no’ in ihe "receipt of custom” at. j
he Treasury, of tiie People’s money; not to heads :
grown grey in iirqni'v am! intrigue; not to he«os I
grown grey in pacing Pennsylvania avenue; not'
grown grey in wearing out their shoes at lev cs; not '
L*> heads grown grev (io use the words of tlie innnor |
'al Miss Kdgcworth, tlie glory and the champion of (
licr lovely sex and wretched country.) in ploughing i
the Four Acres. Am I understood?—1'here is a lit-:
Lie court., sir, of the “Gu-*tle” <»f Duhlm called the j
Four Acres; and there, backwards nnd forwards do ]
Ihe miserable attendants and satellites of power!
walk, each waiting his turn to receive tlie light of the j
groat man’s countenance: hoping the sunshine; dread- !
mg the cloudy brow. Spencer has well described the
swee's of tins life, nm! techmca'ly it is culled plough
ing tlie Four Acres Now, when a certain charac
ter, in one of her incomparable novels. Sir die—1
have forgot his name, but lie was a McSycophnnt
countier, placeman, pensioner and parasite—upbraid
ed that kind, good-hearted, wrong headed old man.
King Corny, with his wretched system o. ploughing,
the King of the bl\ck Islands (“every inch a king”)
replied, that there was one system of ploughing
worse even than his: and that, was ploughing the
Four Acres. This was a settler to the McSycopiianl.”
Was a nund hla this, fitted and provided, and reg
itlrtlcd for the labors of me Statesman and great di
plomatic Minister? Sir, when tins gentleman was at
the zenith of his intellect and m Ins most local years,
Mr Jefferson had adjudged him unqualified for such
services, as this appointment, mid ;t be n made tor
public purposes, called on him to perform.
Sir, if not lor the public service, then he must
have b«-en nppoiu Oil to presorve the mte'd not tons of
tin: Secretary of State, and th' administration car
ried an by him under tlie Presidential name, from tlie
hostility of tins ancient adversary tit al! former ad
ministrations. To ill istmte, ami confirm*this impor
tant,anti deeply interesting fact, permit me to five a
ir/c/"sketch of tlie political life of I ins singular man.
At the commencement of Washington’* adminis
tration, he was a school hoy To prove ibis fact,
anti also to lay open tlie very source and fountain of
his bitter hostility to the next President, I will read a
pfirt of one of ’ms speeches from Gales it Seaton's
Krg. vol. IT-'!) —
Wow, sir, John Q,mncy Adams coining into pow
er under th se inauspicious circum<t.iiio.:s, ami with
these suspicion* allies and connexions, lias determin
ed to become <he apostle of liberty, .if universal li
berty, a-• hts father was ab mt tin; iiiue of the forma
tion ot tne Const.tu ion, known to b* tiie ipos le of
monarchy. It is it i secret—1 was in Now Vo k
when be tins! took !ns s**fit as Vice l’r-: dent, I rccol
lent—for I was a school boy at ti»p time, attendm"
the lobby ot Congress, wiien I ought to have been «”
school—l remenincr ti.e manner in *.vutc!i my hro
tber was spurned by tin* coachman of the then Vice
President, for corning too rear tiie arms blazoned on
the seutcin on of i he Vice Ilegal carriage. Perhaps
I may have some of tins old animosity rankling in
my heart, cnnvng from a race who arc known never
to forsake a friend or forgive a foe.’
From this, the waters of bitterness have flown in
a stream, so abundantly on the second and Jlfth. Pre
sidents of the United States. To overthrow the
first of these, tins tnun joiued himself to lm "rcat
politic*! r vai.
lie genu into It stiii'y with Jefferson m a very few
! years.—F t lie his ever been . star without beams,
| except of a nruBign and blighting influence. Suffer
! me to illustrate tins truth bv reading from his
! speeches:
February - * «t, I^Jn — .vlr Clarke, of \ irginia,
moved t-. poatponn un i; iiie 3d of March, Mr. Ran
do'pli’s rejoin: luii to amend the Constitution of tne
United States,so that all the United States’Judges
should be removed by rhe President on the j.unt
resoiu.jon of both Houses of Congress. In repiv to
I remark made by Mr Conrad, Mr Randolph said,
‘He.(Mr Coniad) belonged to a class of men which 1
; highly resjvet, tor Urn plain reason that f belong to
I‘t myself lie says the time is approaching when
! every man engaged in agricultural pursuits, must be
anxious >o go home; and. therefore, he does not wish
, nt present to net on the resolution ! have lair! on
t your table. True! but when men. be they nirncul
turn I, mechanical, or . * 1 a :y other profession,under
i take any business, it. is their duty to go through with
| it every hazard IT the si’tuition"^ a ff.fr s war
ranted it. I should bo willing lo adjourn for two or
three months. Hut I never can agree to adjourn in
the present perilous state of affairs, and leave the
j country to a blind and fortuitous iiestmy. I mUst
j first see something like land, some foot hold, fome
nting like certainty, instead of a political chaos
without form or body Before I consent to go home.
I I must see somot.iing ok** a safe and honorable issue
to our tfitr rences w'lth foreign powers; and I mis
see—I hope an. thor thing—something like an at
tempt to bring the Consti'ntioi of ibis' people back
to tne principles on which this adn.iiiistra'iuii came
into power ”
On impairs!) affairs—
• ‘ April 5, njOO —Mr Randolph mov'd to amend
the secr.-t journal hy in.-erting in it the mess.vm of
tlo* President of th** fith of December. J'n the course
ol'i.is speech ho said, ‘I found from a conversation
with what ban been considered the head of the first
Executive department under the Uovernmen*, tint
Frnr.ee was the great obstacle to the compromise of
Spanish difference*-.; tl.ar France would not permit
Spam to come to any accommodation with os. be
cause France wanted money, and n r we inns: give
her money. From the moment 1 heard that dim a
ration, oil the objections I originally h id to the pro
cednre, were aggravated to the highest possible ,|e
gree I considered it a base prostration of the na
tional character, to excite one nation by rnonov to
bully another nation out of its property, and from
that moment, and to the last moment of my life, my
confidence in the principles of the men entertainin'
those sentiments died, never to live R^nin."
Whence this hostility? Hail he become n federalis*
anil set himself to rebuilding' the fabric which, as we
are told, be hail overthrown? Not so; for rebuilding
be had no genius, no task. The cause of his oppcni
lion was well known in those days; nor can any one
doubt, that a knowledge of it has come down to the
present Secretary of State.
When Mr. Madison came into tltc Presidency, Mr.
11 mdolpb, it not with Imn, was not against him. Mis
«n\e of change, or of opposition, or some private po
litical grief, did, in 181 —12, bring out tl is statesmen
of Roanoke in bitter hostility to this third President.
* ,e war was the great distinguished characteris
tic ol Mr Madison’s administration.—On the 2oth of
v*o\ember, Mill, the Committee of Foreign Relations
reported on tlani subject; and recommended to th
consideration of Congress six resolutions. The first
was to fill up the l inks of the then existing army.
• lie second recommended the raising of ten thousand
additional troops. H, the third, the President might
teceive fifty thousand volunteers. The fourth gave
power to the President to call out the militia. Ships
of war were to he pm in service by ttie fifth; and the
Sixth authorized private vessels to arm in their own
defence When 1 ray Mr. Randolph opposed these
resolutions, I do it merely to show his hostility to the
administration of Mr. Madison. I will read from Niles’
Register, vol. 1, p. 318, a small part of one of his
speeches on this occasion, to shew not only his hos
lillty, but also to illustrate the contempt which he has
rver felt for military men and measures:
‘No sooner was the report, laid on the table. Ilian
he vultures were flocking round their prey, the car- I
"*50 of a great military establishment—men of taint
jtl reputation, ot broken fortune (it titcy ever hud
any) anil of b.itierC'l constitutions, “choice spirits," ,
tired of ihi* ‘-(hill pursuits of civil life, ’ were t-eekin"
alter agencies and commissions; willing to dose m
gross stupidt'y over the public lire; to light tin* pub
l:c candle a* both ends. Ilonornble men undoubted
ly there were, ready to serve their country, but what
man ot spirit or self respect, would accept a commis
sion in the present army?’’
Sir, let me no' bo misunderstood. I am slating
histone fact-; Mr. Randolph's hostility to the'hen
administration; not niv own opinion of that war, or of
ht3opposition t.» it. Had I been here at that time, I
might, nave joined in that opposition; for the Repre
sentatives from Rhode Island both opposed tln*sc
resolutions; nor do I recollect tfiat tin* people of that
Sta'e ever censured them for that opposition. We
might go through the whole congressional record,
and we should tin'll Mr Randolph, at ail subsequent
thues, equally hostile to the administration of Mr.
Madison. i
When Mr. Monroe came in’o the Presidency, Mr.
Randolph was his advocate and supporter, in the
last year (1821—5) ol his administration, lie had
changed fronts. For at that time it was one of his
comnvm savings, uJfr. S'lonroc e.ame inf.) power by
uni versa! consent; anti he would go nut with eoual
unanimity." 1 will read Irnm Gales mid Seaton's
Register, vol. 2, p. 405, what he said in the Senate
(1626) concerning this ve crated patriot statesman:
14 If e (said lie) altered the (Jonstilution to guard against
that scoundrel—I will not read the name of the man;
though he may have sinned, y.-t ins hi* also imtnens- :
urably sufi -red—though not greater than him who. ’
after the event, formed the union of honest men of
all parties." Who, sir, was the man said to have
united the honest men of all parties? James Mon
roe. Such a coalition might be sure of John Ran
dolph for an adversary.
W as Mr. Van Huron ignorant of all these traits in ;
the character of this man? He knew them well —
H'J knew more; he w is fully aware that no person on
earth could be more hostilc'to military men, than this
same Mr- John Randolph. In cnnfiimati<>n of this,
I will read an extract from one of his speeches
No mao in the nation was more adverse to Gen
Jackson’s election to the Presidency than Mr. Ran
do'ph was in 1022. In that year, he sad in his letter
to the people of Charlotte—'The election of Gen.
Jackson to the Presidency is not to he (headed, AS
IT CAN IN NO EVENT POSSIBLY OCCUR
’,lie people of the United Stales have no* vet hnc»m(i
so corrupted as to choose a man of military talents to
govern the national rouncils.in opposition to the splen
did talents of Mr Crawford, or indeed of any other
good man in the country.’—.Sec letters to the venplc
in Charlotte. 1622.
“1 own a natural jealousy of military then—it
"rows out of love of country—i* is strengthened ami
, kept alive by l ho multitude of examples n history,
j ancient and modern, of the fall of Empires and the
revolution of Suites; the in sery and wretchedness
j hr Might upon the human r ic * by the ambition anti
pride of military wi-t/j ” Vide speech a"amsi Gen.
Wilkinson.
”1 am vviH.n" to give to everv man a just end
i reasonable reward for his public services, boili in pay
j and gratitude; but the military character is so rare
ly smisfied with any thing less than three: worship,
! that lam of opinion—I always was of the opin
I io-:. we could not bo too watchful of the aspiring
uud/dion of a tnilil try commander.''—Samo Speech
Tne advancement of Mr Adams to the last 1’resi
dency, awakened all Iris animosity against that gen
tleman and his venerated father Ho. therefore1? at
tached himself to the party of General Jackson; and
j especially to that gentleman; not from estr-em, re
j spect, or friendship—not from his qualities as a man,
1 a hero, or a statesman; but ns the only instrument by
; which lie could exclude Mr Ad i ms from a second
J presidential term.
( “Party, like calamity, brings mnir info company
' wiin strange bed-fellows ” Mr Randolph soon found
himself unpleasantly lodged; and before tile middle
j Of February, 1829, lie said emphatically. • T do not
j attend the inauguration; marie that, sir!'' He left (lie
j city before tliai event: but n--t until, ns rumor, the
untiring herald of distinguished personages, pin
• nounced that ho had delivered liis ominous predic
1 tion. What, was nr “A"i•#>*, sir, never trill the
i American purple again full on the shoulders of a
[ gentleman.”
j 1 do not pretend tosny, that the Sriviary regarded this pre
, diction as liteially excluding him from the succession; but could
j he quietly manage his “state affairs” white such a man was
at Koanoakc, or in Virginia, or even in the United Stales; Soon
' er, sir, would t hr for creep into ihe faun yard in the tftry tim'
or curt himself flown to steep in Ins lair, while lie snuffed ihe
huntsina'i, or heard me hciiuds in the south west breeze of die
morning Did he not quiver a' the mere name of this WAR
WICK. this King killer, and King maker; this John Randolph,
who had set up Presidents as boys set up nine pins, to knock
them flown again? Such a man, the Secretary knew, could not
he, for lie never had been quiet under any ad nmistruiinn tie
had not been satisfied with the administration of Jefferson, of
Madison, of Monroe; could tie. hr. satisfied with this —Had, only
knows whose administration ii is.
Sir. the Secretary lias waylaid, entrapped, caught, exported
exiled, and sent tins man TO PLOUGH FUR FOUR ACRKs'
, at a distance of 4,000 miles from his own patrimonial fields
and treps. The great object of Mr Van Bnren has been to gel
him out cf his wav—to send him abroad. As a minister, he
knew he could do nothing—he expected—he intended
he should do nothing -deserve nothing—receive nothin":
but the ridicule of all other nations, the pity of his own: and
the contempt of the Secretary himself and his partisans
i Ins heartless politicaiu, has, to render this tremendous
| adversary powerless at home, lured him from his indcpen.
deuce, Ihe boast and glory of his manhood, io an old age of for
eign surveillance, to come home soiled and spattered to the very
eyes in treasury dirt; to shrink info retirement and insignificance;
and he like I’iso, returned from the inglorious administration of
ins Macedonian province Shall we, sir, in aid of iliese
; schemes of this Secretary, and to put him in a condition of
quiet machination against ihe lews, ihe constitution, and the
great intcre-ts of this nation, appropriate this money, and there
by legal,7.e and sustain, this measure? I trust in God we shall
not- (’ay ihe man, if you olei'.p—for going out, for coming
home—send out a ship of war far him; it w ill add, perhaps,
less than $30,0(H) to the expenditure Let him have his $9,000
mi’.fit—the President, it has been «oid. advanced it to him Irom
his private purse—restore it to him; do not suffer ourselves to
be in debt to the Chief Magistrate of t ie Nation It is all a
bauble, a mere child’s whistle, and the people will, and must
pay dearly for this toy of thou (Secretary—hut let us he rut of
it, and of this “(bite Mission,” of its incn.ofy; if possible of
its deep ami morlifvir.g disgrace
i i tut* mure* h« inkcn, n»tr relations with HusVin mav bt* r**
deemed, restore;), and placed upon ;» safe and honorable foot
ing If no one else will do it, 1 will move logo into Coinmit
llie of the whole on the State of the T.’nion, for the sole purpose
nf moving an appropriation of $9,000 for an oat fit. and 9000
for a first year’s salary, to enable the PRESIDENT to send out
to 1'iusia an efbeient mission, <y one in all respects different from
this of the .Secretary/ For never, sir, since tin* revolution, has
there been a time, when the in'ercstsof the Untied States more
urgently required a fair; honorable, and dignified representation
in lIif ( n»irt« m Kuronp.
M RXICO —The IS’ovv Orleans IJco of the 2flth
nit no knowledges the receipt of papers nf a In t c date
front Mexico. The most important news which they
contain is the annomieement. by a despatch from the
A!cai f* r»f !Iii’itidco to the Commandant of file de
partment of Kpitla, o,f the nitnoat total rlcfoa! of
Guerrero's pnry. and the cap'nrc of tin* chief' ]f
appears he was taken at Acapulco, on the Sonth Sea.
ami conveyed thenro to I foil ttlco on b >nrd the Sar
dinian brig C iornbo 'I in* d'*;.natch ts dated on the
*• *■ b of Januarv, and'fetes tent tiie hryfr arrived ,»n
tm* 20fb. It was transmitted h\ the c‘fr.ntardant of
K.jtit in to f.li*’ (rovern ir of Ojaea. and by Inni for
ward' d to the Minister. (fuerrero left Hnatiifcn o;j
tb** 20th for Ojaea, guarded by a strong escort. Prom
tb». rice 1c will doubtless he condticted to Mexico,
where the judgment of a council of War will
speedily decide !us fate.
]\I.\fsactii;sj;t m i;r. aim* — i i,< {ju\. trtor of,M«s
•'•achuseJf.s, in a Message to the House of Repmseu
tn lives on Thursday last, acknowledges the receipt
of $419,748 2G f*otn t he Secretary of the Treasury,
under the Act of Congress which provides for the
settlement of th* Massachusetts Claims. The fermc
ofthe Act by which Main** was separated from Mas
sachusetts proper, give one third of tins money to
that State. It will be observed that for some reason
or other, the accounting officers have cut short (a few
thousand dollars) the appropriation all weed by Con
gress,—which was $430,743 2G. Thp original'Claim
was £843.001 2d. -Jwir. Com.
iaic course ol too Richmond Enqu.rcr is truly
-ontemptible. Is it possible that the mouth piece of
i great party can he made to speak with two voices
lo thf^ aspirants f.»r power! Can U be that the Edi
or ot the Richmond Enquirer will truckle to the
edi’or of the Washington Telegraph! Such is tlie
lact. 1 ho course of i iie Enquirer, at all times tor
tuous, and twisting, is now even more sinuous than
ever. It seeks to thread the labyrinth of political
intrigue, and escape untangled, but the effort will be
a failure
U h}' should tlie sneers and rebukes of the Tele»
griiP'i bo borne with so much meekness and patience?
\v e have no disposition” says the Enquirer, “to
ash the already angry waves into fury." Precious
confession! To sustain the party then, honor is to
ho sacrificed, and independece disregarded. We had
thought the motto of the Enquirer \vas“Verite sans
peur.”
1 he hacking and filling of the Enquirer will net
answer Virginia will not consent tube managed
out el her true opinion. When was it that the^old
dominion-over acted upon the non-committal system?
Never. It is nn» in the nature of her pernio to sit
with their arms folded, and wait for the tide If the
Enquirer will not lead, it will he led —[Alex Guz.
\ mo ini a.—As far ns wo have had an opportunity
of judging, from actual observation and from infor
mation derived from oi|,er sources, public opinion in
\ irgmia, with regard to the recent correspondence
is decidedly <n favor of Mr Calhoun. Gen. Jackson
has undoubtedly fallen in the opinion of the people.
V e know this to be a fact. Mr. Van Buron suffers
under the strong suspicion of being accessary to, or
ratoer the principal, in the plot to undermine tlie re
putation of his competitor. It ,s our firm belief that:
time will continue to operate against the disunited
triumvirate, and work their downfall together.—/£.
k be National Republicans have every reason for
congratulation in their prospect of success. A very
arge number of gentlemen, who went to Washington
ast fall, as Jackson men, have returm d, impressed
with a heuef that their duty to themselves and their
country calls upon them to oppose the General’s elec
tion. Wc do not mean that they are ready to de
nounce the President and his Cabinet as imbecile and
traitorous, or to declare war upon those who uphold
i them—but satisfied that the present Executive cannot
fulfil the expectations of those who placed him in ctf
fice, and that lie is continually open to deception by
intriguing ministers, these gentlemen have come to a
conclusion that a change must be made in the Execu
tive nf the General Government, and the time has ar
rived when measures should be adopted to effect
that change.--[U. S Gax.
! CrR vnTrr»r.—Tho report is gathering strength
that Mr Randolph, our Minister no where near thcr
Court of St. Pvtersburgh, is returning home to op
pose the present administration, and particularly
lh< Lepuhhcan I’artv. ’ who exercises the functions
of Secretary of State “£l fu ISrute," as some
boi;y told Gen. .Tackson to say to Mr Calhoun
\W hear that a correspondence he'ween General
Jackson^ and General Haynes was suddenly closed
•»y ,l,,‘ former returning to the latter Ins letter, with
the simple but expressive comment “insolent”
marked upon it.—[U S Guz.
Z1 ° Ti,R Editors of trf. Richmond Whig.
l ou will tie so kind as to give insertion to the fallowing lines
.o your esteemed and pm.ioi ic paper, on the 17th inst., which •
is the anniversary of die Patron Saint of Ireland—and you will
confer a favour on your much obliged and humble servant,
n. ,, , . A Son of the FImeraui Isir.
Rich d. Ijth March, 1831.
IRELAND.
FAINT PATRICK’S DAY—17th March, 1831.
Oil! for the days when green Innisfail
Was a land of peace and order,
As free as the gale that swept Iter vale,
Or the surge that chafed her border.
Oh! for the days when Tara’s dome
Arose in pomp and splendour—
When no Gael need roam from his hallowed home.
And Erin had sens to defend her.
I Chi. for the days when mountain and plain
With generous wealth abounded—
And the Minstrel’s strain not wak’d in vain,
Thro’ her halls of state resounded.
01;! for the days of the Red Branch Knight—
Of die Ch<eftains blazon’d in story,
Resolv’d to fight for their country’s right—•
1 o vanquish, or die for her glory. °
0!i! far the days when Patrick show’d
To her sons die truths of Heaven!
And piety glow’d where his accents flow’d,
And vice from our Isle was driven.
Oh! for the days when from braek and wood,
At tiie breath of his mandate hurried
The venomous brood which the billowy flood
In its deep broad bosom hurried.
Oli! then w as Firm a Saintly Isle,
A ltd Christendom looked and lauded,
” hilst fraud and guile fled her virtue’s smile,
And nought but her name was applauded.
1 right, bright! the renown which in daj’sof yorP,
I ier sons had won for their nation,
V hen the cross they bore from shore to shorn
Had announced to the earth salvation.
r .... , deaths.
J'\}% '««»«*" nn VVertnvedav last, ,n the 72nd year of his
age, the Hon. Robert Whttb, of the Genera) Court of Virci
ma—a soldier of the Revolution, and, in his day, one of the
I bnnghtest ornaments of the Judiciary of the state Entering
I he army as a volunteer at the age of 16, in less than a year he
was promoted to a I.ieutenancy He served with d istinguishetl
gal.an-ry until severely wounded in 1777 in New Jersey. In
he was placed on the Bench of the General Court. In
1 , ,'!? 90 ""foHonate as to fracture again the same limb
which had been so severely wounded in the service of his conn
try In lk.;i, whilst on Ins circuit, lie was attacked ivith pa
ralysis Irwin which he never recovered. 1
OflA\VIJ\G of the Union Canal Lottery,
No. 5: J ’
17. 49, 00, 10, 34, 19, 1, 65, 59, 21.
HENRY WM. GEOGHEGAN,
IEOUSS, SIGET AND SMiltfCST
„ , FAINTER,
/icg.v leave mast rexpert/ally t > inform the inhabitants
_ the rity of Richmond, and its vicinity,
P h” has commpneed the above business, in
I S- Us various branches, and from the very great,
i encouragement received from many gentlemen for
whom lie has worked, and to whom he has also the
privilege of referring, ho is induced to offer this no
j Hce. and solicit a portion of public patronage.
Orders left, at hrs Shop, formerly occupied by J. B.
Martin. Engraver, next to .T. M Johnston’s Hard
"nre store, nnd opposite the Merchants’ Coffee
House. Main street, will be punctually attended to.
I' The public are invited to nil ni Ins Shop, and
| sop specimens of Fancy Wood, Marble, See.
1 '■ H. VV r. respoc*f,i!Jy reii-rs, by permission, (r»
I be following gentlemen for who lie bos done work,
{ for evidence of bis abilities: Mnj r Cx, irkk. Bellona
| Arsenal; Nicjxoi.as Mix.i.f, ij-q. f>h >ckoe Hill. Jticfi
; mond; and other geiitlexnen in Richmond anti the
neighborhood mar 10—lawtf
Insurance against loss or damage by~Fir<7.
'JpilE HOWARD INSURANCE COMPANY
-B. of New York will insure against logs or damage
; by I’.re, Buildings, Merchandize, Furniture, and
j other property.
WIIjTjIAM H HUBBARD. Agent.
(Mice n: the Counting Room of Hubbard Si. Card*
i e i*-1 m i mitj-in.1
* IP , 'v'^iti riov.H Winn is published twice a wer*',
l tic-'. r. « amt r ritlay?,} at five dollars per annum, payable
. in advance. ' r
y or advcrli.-in^—7”» cents a square for less) for the first
! ,r,,rrt!on. and .">0 rents for each continuance — The number of
, imenionsinust be noted on the MS otherwise the advertise
: n,r|”,s will he continued and charged accordingly
i raviotts to a discontinuance of the paper, all arrenracr?
must he pant op. And those who may wish to discontinue, will
notify the Editor? to that effect at least twenty days before the
period expires for which they subscribed
All letter? lo the Editors must he post paid, or they will
1 receive no attention
j Notes of chartered specie paying Banks of any of the States
i will be received in payment for subscription to the Wh:?t
1 though Virginia or U States Bank Notes would be preferred;
; *"'1 remittances can be made thmtieh the Post Office at the rjsV
| of Use Editors.

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