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gj)c Constitutional &X\)i&.
AIK. C f,AY—Hie present rietcs of public affairs, and his probable course in the Senate. Tho election of Mr. Cloy to tho Senate of tho V. States, at any time* nn event of interest, is at this crisis, (for we think it may justly ho soalcnomi natod) an incident of high and national import. Closely associated with public affairs for more Ilian 30 years, at the head of tbo ministry for four years of that period, the acknowledged loader of a great party in the country and which in the body of whieh ho has become a member is almost a ma jority, and giPed with talents which in a Delibera tive Assembly assure to their possessor, vast influ ence—Mr. Clay’s election to the Senate, is, we re. peat, an ovent of no small consequence, who'.lior viewed in refe.renco to party, or to those monsuros •f policy which divide tho country. We aro prone to exaggerate tlio importance of events in which wo are supposed to have a ■hare, ami hence tho vmnity of the late Mr. (■ilos, and of the living editor of tho (Inquirer, was constantly investing every alight political in nidont with which it had to do, with tho name •nd dignity of a national crisis. We aro almost afraid ef the term, and the ridicule which its men. tion provokes, yot do we foar, that it is toe truly end strictly applicable to the present condition of pablic affairs. For some years, a feeling of dissa tisfaction with its Government has been manifest ed in tho Southorn States, which fomented bv De magoguos, and foilod in tho redress it sought for grievances, real or supposed, lias finally developed a spirit inimical to the perpetuity of the Union, Inconsistent with tho equal rights nnd weight of the niombors of tho Federal Compact, and reso lute to overthrow a system of lawB coeval with the Government, and approved by tho American poo plo, or to secede from the Union. To withhold the demands of tlio discontented, is accordin^o their threats, to overthrow tho Union of the States; to yield at discretion to them, is to place the Govern, nient of that Union at the mercy of uny State which has a purpose to accomplish, and may chooso refcori lo monnre and intimidation, to accomplish it. To accede or to refuse absolutely, is attended ^ith almost equal danger. It is for the wisdom of Congress to choose some middle course, which may reconcile concession to the discontented, to tho rights and majesty of tho Union, and tho alienated affections of the South, to their Government.— This task so full of honor, of peril and of diffi culty, must be met at the approaching session of Congress. It cannot bo postponed. It cannot be • vaded. It must be met, and we trust it will be mot, with such solemnity, as a question of life or death ought to inspire. That spirit which formed the Union can now only save it— mutual conciliation and concession. The great duty of conforming the Tariff to the reduced neces sities of the Treasury, and of reconciling tho eon Aiding wishes and interests of tho two great divi. ■ions of the Union, so long at war in relation to its provisions, will of itself render the approaching eossion of Congress memorable, either for a sue cess which will entitle it to tho gratitude of gene, ration* to come, or for a failure which will convert that gratitude into reproaches. Illustrious will history and posterity deem that man, whoso wis dom shall devise, and eloquence enforce, the means of retrieving tho American confederacy from tho dangers with which cupidity on the one hand, and violonro and sactional jealousy on the other, have environed it. Wo have long preached up the con ciliation which is indispensable to a fortunate con clusion of the Tariff question. Wo have depreca ted Conventions, which incapablo of shedding new light, have no oilier tondency but to inflame, to counteract and to harden tho obduracy of opinion But in despite of the unfriendly influence of the lato Tariff and Anti-Tariff Conventions, a spirit has widely gone forth in tho Union among all •lassos of opinion, which peremptorily demands that the Tariff should be considered with reference not so much to the interests of the manufacturer or tho Treasury, the North or the South, as the existence and durability of the Union, and from this spirit, wo hope every thing. / It is manifest tliat the subject of Internal Im pTovomcnt, is closely allied to the Tariff; Congress would never havo had tho boldness to impose taxes ► fur tho purposo of making improvements, or lay duties with the single view of creating a surplus ir. tho Treasury, thus to he applied. Tho necessities of manufactures, by increasing the Tariff, have caused an excess in the Treasury, and this excess, not wanted for other purposes, has been applied to Roads and Canals. When there ceases to he an excess therefore, tho exercise of tho disputed power of improvement will ceaso with it, and the modification of tho Tariff" to the standard of reve nue, or in other words to tho necessities of tho (Jovornment in tho maintenance of the army, navy and civil list, will foreclose the constitution, al dispute^ pacify our neighbour’s apprehensions for state rights, and terminate Mr. 1*. I*. Harbour’s hair splitting. We repeat, that it has never been avowed, that no man durst avow, tho propriety of creating a revenue by direction or indirection, by taxes or duties, for the purpose of making roads and canals. When then, as wo most sangnincly be lieve will be the case at so early a day, the Tariff is now modelled to tho standard of J81G, not only will the country he vid of that fruitful and inter minable theme of constitutional disputation, and ctatn right disquisition, birt of its equally prolific associate, Internal Improvement, also. O con summation devoutly to be wished! O event, al * most too happy to bo hoped tor! Other qu. diorrs there artr of great, but subordi nate interest to these, which contribute to enhance the importance of the session of Congress at hand; among which may probably he included that of rcchartering tho Rank of the V. States. Rut that which will attract, (from the superior interest taken in man to principle**-,', the most earnest, at. tention, will be the movements of parties, the de velopment of ministerial corruption, attacks and defences of tiro ad minis'ration, and that train of subterranean events which vvjM be put in motion to influence tho election of a President. The closermss of that event, tho pressoce of tho leaders on the scene of action, the nearly balanced strength and inveteracy of pirties, arc too well calculated to increase, inn&cad of to>diminish, as is so Hesira. hie, the absorbing and impro|*er interest? C'ith which j the PresidesrUa.1 struggle is regarded. Such are ihe Circumstance*, feebly sketched, of country and party, undvr which Henry (May re sume* a seat after an interval of twenty years, in the KcnsAo of tho IT. States. In that body l.o first acquired » national fame, and in that body we nothing«d*ubt, he will give himself now claims to the admiration and applause of hi* country._ Whether viewed itvvefereneo to party,, or to coen , try, or in a double aspect, his return to Congrc** at such a time, and hearing such a relation to tho polities of the day, is an extremely interesting uvont. His ability to do much good, few will have the affectation, or the injustice to deny; that there never was the timo, when tho public tranquillity more earnestly, more importunately, invoked the help of tho patriot and tho wise, will bo still more universally concodod. What then are Mr. Clay’s views, and wliut stand will hs tako upon the prom, incut topics which agitato the country? These questions wo believe ourselves aide to answer. Wo do not correspond with Mr. Clay, fur we dotest the miserable vanity which is gratified by writing to or getting a letter from a great man—liut from sentiments which \VC havo heard him express years hack, from circumstances, and from circuit, one information, of a later dato, wo feel authori sed to form and express an opinion of the course lie is prepared to follow in Congress. If wo aro challenged for moro explicit aalhority, wo shall refer the catechist to that which will briefly deter mine our correctness or incorrectness—the history of the next session of Congress—and that must suffice Uiin. ^ ° averred during tho last spring, that Mr. Clay’s disposition with regard to tho Tariff, was wilfully misunderstood by his enemies, and mali ciously misrepresented. Those enemies had re presented him ns disposed to carry tho Tariff vet higher—ns having staked his political fortunos upon tho American System, which as it stilted their pur poses to interpret it, laid tho South at the Tect of the Tariff Stales, proposed an increase of tho Ta rifl to the total prohibition of import, and rejected nil concession to the demands of the enemies of the System. \\ hero was the evidence of their as sertions? It did not exist. That spirit of misre presentation, fear and malignity, which had so long dogged tho heels of Ilonry Clny, dictated the accu. Ration, and relied for credibility, upon the prejudi ces it had already excited against him, not upon any evidence it was able to exhibit. We knew that in 1827, Mr. Clay bad privately declared the most ardent wish to see the Tartff sottlcd upon a basis which would restore national cordiality; we knew that in 1829, ho lrid avowed a similar wish at Co lumbus or Cincinnati: wo knew that if bo was a Patriot, ho nmiit prefer tlie countinunnce of tlie Union, to the Tariff, however right in principle, or to its benefits, however considerable in amount. Upon these declarations ®f Mr. Clay, made withal, at a time and place, when he could not be suspect ed of a design to produce political effect, and which were therefore obliged to bo received as sin cere—upon these data, we repelled the charge of his enemies, and announced him to be animated with the most conciliatory spirit towards tho South, and anxiously solicitous to new model the Tariff in such a way, as while the .principle of protection should he recognized and preserved, such conces sions should be made to tho South as their wishes, interests or prejudices, (or whatsoever prompted them) required, and which the approaching libera tion of tho Exchequer from the pressure of the National Debt, permitted. VVe felt some delicacy at this step, for we had no authority from Mr. Clay for it, and knew its hazird to him and to ourselves —to him as committing him is degree, to senti ments which might injure him: to oursclvos, as ex posing us to be rebuked as meddlesomo. Ilow was this annunciation received by Mr. Clay’s enemies7 Did our venerable neighbor rejoice at the accession of such help as Mr. Clay’s, to effect his darling wish of getting rid of the oppression of tho Tariff? Far from it. He hated the Tariff much, hut Henry Clay more, and he infinitely preferred, and would now prefer, to bear tho burthens of tho Tariff, galling as ho scents to feel them, to the removal of tho unworthy prejudices enter tained of Mr. Clay in tho South, which he has so diligently fostered, and tho removal of which would be the necessary effect of Mr. Clay’s assist ance in bringing down the Tariff to the standard of the popular wish in Virginia.—He did not deign to notice us directly, to he sure—hut he talk ed at us as he sometimes condescends when his dignity is momentarily relaxed or forgotten—and in that way, ho and his friend the Globe, repre sented Mr. Clay as offering the Tariff at political auction. They were eternally reproaching him for the American System—they wore pouring upon hint unintermitted torrents of denunciation for pushing that system to allcdged extremes in fur therance of his own ambition—they wero com plaining grievously of the miseries and oppressions in which that ambition had involved ono portion of tho country. One would havo imagined, that so deadly a foe of the Tariff ns our contemporary ot this city, would hnvo received with especial satisfaction, the intelligence th?.t Mr. Clay, pow erful as ho is, was disposed to co-operatc with him, to reduce the TarifT to a point which would con tent tho South—that ho had been altogether misap prehended in rolation to that subject—that he me ditated none of tho extrom© designs which his enemies had imputed to him—that there was in truth, a coincidence of wish between the South and him, though produced by different causes; on their part by opposition to the TarifT principle, on his by irzenlous and patriotic desire to heal the unhappy distractions of the country. One xrnuld have thought, we repeat, that tho discovery wc mode of Mr. Clay’s compromising spirit ought to have filled our noighbor, expiring as lie appeared under the oppression of the TarifF, with joy, with transport. Not so—The politician was too hard for the patriot. His Jacksonism, upon the ascend, cncy of which all bin personal hopes and expecta tion* depended, <6'ok the nlarm. Such a course would relievo the country it might be, from the odious TarifF; but perchance it might have another consequence, namely, the restoration of Henry Clay, the long slandered, the sorely tried, to the love and confidence of his native Slate. What wo allcdgcd last spring in relation to Mr. Clay’s sentiments on tho subject of the Tariff, we now reiterate. Wo have not seen his letter to Mr. Randall, nor any precise description of its con tents, but wc learn generally, there was such a let ter, ami that it confirmed the inferences we had previously drawn and published, from the facts which we have already put in possess!'*) of the reader. It is to inf, a matter of much personal oat iefaclton that without any communication with Mr. (May, but rensorrinj* from our ideas of his patriot ism, and his reverence for the Union, we should so truly have conjectured the state of hi* opinions and feelings. It somewhat flatters our timnvY prnpre, and confirms us in tlie correctness of the high es timate wc had formed of that patriotism. With out farther preface, wc proceed to state llm nature of Mr. (May’s sentiments 60 the prominent topics of thetimesas we understand them, and as we have no question, a short time will prove to he true; a task due to him; so systematically and malignantly misrepresented in Virginia, and to the people of this ctate, who Insides that they cannot be dev'oid of —■ J^gaEraaw»TOiarr*r.-j»rsttfc>»r=:»;irgaBzaMa intercut on tlio subject, have been so long played upon by Jacksonism, to Mr. Clay’s prejudice. TUB TARIFF. On the question of the Tariff, Air. Clay agrees with Air. Calhoun, that this session of Congress is a suitable time for such a modification as is called for by tho near approach of the payment of the Public debt. Tho modification he conceives, may he either prospective to take effect when the debt is discharged, or if there be any particular arti cle the duty on which is hurt hensome, theremiglitas to that duty, be an immediate reduction or abolition. Adequate notice in any proposed change of the Ta. rid is advantageous to merchunt and consumer! and it would not be illegitimate lor tho treaty mn king power to avail itself of any proposed distant alteration to sccuro in consideration of it, more tavorahlo terms of commercial intercourse with fo_ reign powers Hence, it would appear wiso to defer the reduction to the period of the final ox. tingiiishincnt of the public debt. As to the amount of reduction, Mr. Clay thinks it ought to be equal to the annual appropriation of ten millions to tho payment of the debt, that appro priatior. being no longer necessary when the debt shall bo paid. 'I bis great reduction lie is of opini»:iit ought to bo edected by an abolition or diminution of duties on articles not coining into competition with tho produco of our agriculture, or the fa bric of our manufacturer: in other words; bo thinks the principle of protection ought to be preserved unimpaired, in its application to domestic industry; but at t!io sumo time, that no more revenue should be collected than is necessary to an economical ad ministration. Such is an outline of what wo bcliovo to be, what we are conGdcut the event will prove to be, Mr. (’lay’s opinions oi Ibis great, absorbing, agitating and dangerous question. Such wo per sonally know them to have been, several yqar« ago, so far at least as reduction was required for the restoration of national harmony. Arc these the opinions which his enemies huve escribed to him? Arc these they, which have concentrated upon him, so much ill will in tho South? No— his enemies had their own purposes to effect. To put him down, has been tliii leading object of evorv political machination since February, 1825. No met boil could be so effectual to atebieve this oh jeet, as to identify him with Southern prejudice and hostility to thcTariff; and accordingly the changes havo been rung upon the American System and Henry (’lay, with inexhaustible ingenuity and infinite variation. These are not the opinions which his enemies hr- e imputed to ATr. Cln}-, and which thus imputed, and by men who, worthily, or unworthily, enjoyed public confidence, have drawn on his head the extremity of public impro cation. But, these arc his real sentiments; the others the figments of mendacity or the misrepre sentations of personal and political hostility. That there has been a change in .Mr. Clay’s opinions since 1821, may be allodged, and need not he de nied; but it is a change of degree, not of princi ple; a change, which from the altered situation of the country, and the diminished requisitions of the Treasury, was inevitable to every man of reflec tion. To contend for the same amount of re laniio, the Public Debt being paid, as when ten millions were annually necessary for that object, would argue, not consistency, but stupidity'. This change of degree, lias Mr. Clay undergone, and no other, lie. yet contends for the principle of protection, which, an attribute of sovereignty, and certainly nc t retained by the States, belongs both by' grant and necessity', to the General Government. He yet contends for the application of protection to such articles of agricultural produce and manu facturing skill, as arc liable to he overwhelmed by foreign rivalship. Ho has changed no principle, surrendered nothing for which lie has ever con tended as such. To conform rules of Government to the over fluctuating condition of human affairs, is the great business of the Statesman^ success in which is the test of capacity, as want of it marks the pretender. We arc about to make a statement which no doubt will create surprise, hut which we believe to he absolutely and unqualifiedly, true—It is, that between Mr. Clay’s wishes in respect to the TarilT, and those of its moderate opponents in the South, there is a perfect and entire agreement. We ask no man *o believe this statement from rospecl to us—unless the future now at hand, confirm it, let it be considered as worthless. It is however, strictly, and literally so. Mr. Clay wishes to modify tho Tariff to tlio standard of the actual warts of the Treasury, meaning those expenses which cannot he dispensed with. Even the Nullifyers ask no greater reduction than this, for even they, strait forward and direct as they affect to go to their object, have not yet un dertaken to show the superior expediency of dis pensing with imposts altogether, and resorting to direct taxation to defray tho unavoidable expenses of Government. Mr. Clay only desires that tho duties may be so arranged, as to afford incidental protection; thus yielding tho point of a protecting Tariff as such, while he claims the recognition and preservation of tho princijilc of protection itself. Do^s any man in the South, set himself up as more orthodox, or more literal, on tho subject of the Tariff, than Mr. Calhoun? No one of the school of strict construction, will answer in the affirmative Yet it is certain, that in his late celebrated expo «»tion, Mr. Calhetrn, after profcss'mg his gcr>d wishes to manufactures, conceded the constitution ality and fitness also, of incidental protection; in other words, that in a Tariff, tho true and ho. nest object of which, ns weTT as the professed, was for rerennralone, it might, he right and lawful to afford protection to articles of primary, national importance. We refer the reader to the concluding part of that masterly paper for t ho truth of what we Say'. It is thus manifest, that the progress of events, and the changed condition of tho exchequer, have produced a striking coincidence of thought and view between tnen of sirpposed different schools, and a near approach to conformity ovon between extremes. We predicted that the liquidation of the public debt, worth! produce this most happy con sequence; we prt&eled that the force of events, if loft to their own operation, would modify the Tariff io the satisfaction of all parties; and hence wo in. treated the people <4 Virginia to have nothing tn do with the Convention at Philadelphia, which al though it might, would and trill claim all the merit of modification, was yd, in the language of Mr. Randolph, potent for mischief, ifnaolcnt for good. If our affection for Concent ions ever rcVires, it must bo from some good we shall see come, of thorn here, after, from none we have ever yet seen. We stake the last chance of a revival upon that at Baltimore— failing in that wc war.li our bands of them. If the Tariff shall not be modified—if tho friends of tbr Tariff shall league their forcer *r» prevent it—tc J . ' raitrr rJ.-. ... / i-^-.-.g .7-—r-rr— -1 .. wliat will it he owing hut the Convention at I’hila. dolpbia, and the counteracting Convention at Now ^ ork, the exaitoment ami the exasperation, which the 1 hilndelphia Convention produced? To return to Mr. Clay. If we have faithfully stated his opinions of the Tariff, as modified hy the circumstances o! the country, we mnv mid do, con fidently calculate upon his co-operation with Vir. giniii, to procure a reduction of its burthens. Ho. tween the wishes ot \ irginia and his, wo are appri sed of no disagreement, even in degree. She, in. l.uenccd hy a heliet ot its oppressiveness, and he bv a patriotic wish to re-establish the lost harmony of the Union, l ave, though from opposite direc tions, met at the point of conjunction. That this will beneficially atloct Mr. Clay’s presidential plus, poets m his n.’.tivo state, wo do not believe, nor is it tho purpose of these remarks, to claim such a consequence for his expected exertions in that cause, which Virginia basso much at heart. Our influential politicians, and puissant contemporary, have so long reviled .Mr. Clay, that (it is not lo lit. denied,) they have excited against him in the bo soms of tho Jackson portion of the population of Virginia, prejudices which it might cvn pass their ability to eradicate. Defamation soars on the wings of the Eagle, but truth and justice aro of a more slothful- nature. Mr. Clay is undoubtedly viewed hy many honest, people in Virginia, under tho praiseworthy representations* ami commenda ble industry of the Editor of the Enquirer, his quon dam friend—as a Catnlinc, an Arnold, or a Ilurr— a political incendiary’—a scheming mountebank—a Ccesar in ambition, who provided ho may bestride the Empire, is reckless of the means or the sacri fice. Prejudices thus artfully created, thus long cherished, thus steadily fed with nutritious aliment) thus sustained by supposed interest, will yield lo nothing but time. Even that approximation in sen timent which circumstances have produced, and of which Virginia will derive the benefit in the acces sion of Mr. Clay’s influence to her favorite measure, will lie wrested to his injury, and made the occasion of fresh slander and insinuation. Not choosing to sco that as a question of profit and loss, Mr Clay will lose more in a friendly quarter than lie can hope lo gain among his enemies, by his deter initiation to aid in modification of t lie Tariff, mis. construction will set to work to arraign his motives and impeach his disinterestedness. Nay it has al ready commenced operations. l»o it so. Mr. Clay must depend upon the consciousness or upright motivls for reward, and upon future times to ren der bin that justice, which is denied him in these. Wo shall advert in our next, to Mr. Clay’s senti ment! on other great national questions. UJ* Tho rejection of tlie Reform Bill by'the House of Lords, is the unexpected intelligence of the last arrival. London was in an uproar. The direction which events would assume, was in serutablc. The immediate prorogation of the Par liament, and the creation of new Peers enough to weigli down the hostile majority, appeared tho fa vorito speculation. Olliers anticipated a change c.f Ministry, and the introduction of a more moder ate Bill. This course, if tho King daro to tread il, is we do not doubt, most agreeable to his inclina tions, and we predict will be pursued, unless popu lar demonstrations demand, as we trust they will, “the Bill, tho whole Bill, and nothing but tho Bill.” O* The Missouri Times of the 5th, thinks Gen. Ashley elected to Congress l»y a decided majority. Ashley was opposed by Benton, and the thorongh Jacksonites, and although a moderate Jacksonian, is acceptab’o to tho opponents of tlie Adminis tration. i iLT A m«eting of tho friends of Mr. Clay at Al exandria, Louisiana, have appointed Mr. Johnson, a Senator from that State, and their Representative in Congress, Mr. Bullard, Delegates to the Balti more Convention. The meeting adopted tho fol lowing, among other Resolutions: Resolved, That this meeting highly approves of the Virtue, Patriotism, Learning, and long tried Public Services of William Wirt of Maryland, and would be pleased to have him nominated for the Vice Presidency, by the Convention. Resolved, That this meeting will approve the nomination by the Convention of any other Indi viduals, for President and Vice President, in die event that Mr. Clay and Mr. Wirt, do not in tho opinion of the Convention, combine sufficient strength to insure their election. Mr. Berrien'.—This gentleman has relumed to Georgia, ami was an invited guest to the dinner given l»y the Troup party at Milledgeville, to Ex Governor Gilmer. “Judge Berrien, (says the Charleston Courier,) in acknowledging the con gratulations upon bis return home, nindo in a set toast, addressed the company in his most happy manner. The iinprcsssion which he produced, was powerful, and was fully felt by a delighted and approving audience.” Retract of a lotlor from M illcdgevillc. ETC: an our friend* of tho Petersburg Tnlclligcn- j cor, or the author himself, furnish u* with tho three first Nos. of “Ashtmin?” Tho following paragraph is from the Trenton Union of Saturday last: “UsKxrncTRD Arrival.—Wm. N..IeiTers, Charge des Affaires to Guatemala, arrived in this city on Saturday last, and, it is said has gone fin In Wash ington, to oxplnin away the charge of forgery , brought against him.” We understand that the functionary named above, was in this City last week, and left ii '<n Saturday. I Nat. Washington, Nov. 21. The following members of tho next Congress are now in this city:' Messrs. Poindexter. Jlllis and Hill, of the Senate. • Mr. Adams, of Mass., Mr. Augustine If. Shepherd, of North Carolina, and Mr. Wayne, of Georgia. Major Ifnrtlymalii.—A Polish Patriot arrived at Poston last week and is lodging at flic ( •unmcrcial Coffee House, lfc belonged tothc army of Git hu. ania who sought refuge in Prussia, tie was impris oned, escaped, was again taken and again impris oned at Pillau. He then escaped on board of an American vessel, fie intends to return, if he can to the service of Ins country, lfc has declined pecuniary assistance.—Manx. .Jour. The following account of t.ffe Joss of the steam boat Cumberland is communicated to tJio editor ol the Cincinnati Daily Advertiser by a gentleman of that rifv who Imd just arrived from New Orleans; About t he beginning of this month, precise day not know’n, the steamboat Cumberland, bound up tlie Mississippi, with between three and four hun dred emigrants, ran into the bnnk ri a fog, when she let go lureanchor; wl»ieh not holding, she drift ed on a reef of rocks,where she broke in two, and tier boilers slipped out of ihcir beds overboard; at the sainetimct.be steninpipe bursting, the Captain’s wife and daughter were scalded, but not fatally. | Before the boat sunk, she drifted six or eight miles j down the river, which affored an opportunity to I the passengers to save themselves, with the exe.cp. I t.ipn of "(torn f.rr to e/ne” who were drowned. | Accounts varied as to the exact number. i uj.-w-z-Atrs Av.-eac_ ,-c._-jtr.'-x_* \r.a IN TilK Corill’ OF A1TFALS. Monday, Xovemiikr Idth, 1831. hincoln vs. hincnln’a cx'or—Upon nil appeal from a dnervo pronounced by tlus Superior Court of Chancery liehl iH Staunton.— Argued by B* W. Leigh for appellant, C. Johnson for appal lee. iXurell vs. Mnyhcrry.— Upon nn appeal front a judgment of the Sperior Court of Law of Bot etourt county.—Argod by L5. \V. Leigh for appel lant, and C. Johnson for uppelluo. Adjourned till to-morrow, 12 o’clock. Tuesday, Nov. 15th, 1831. Williams vs. Alexander.— Application for a su- i porsedons—rejected. Paris vs. Sylresler, tj-r.—Application for a su. porsedcas—rejected. Mutual Assurance Society vs. Vautrhdn, «J-c,— Decree reversed. Auditor vs. Pursuer.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Cnu. t of Chan cery held in Richmond.—Argued by the Attorney Coneral for the Commonwealth, W.u. 11. McFar land for nppclleu. Adjourned till to-morrow, 12 o’clock. Wednesday, Nov. ltitli. Hrent vs. Preen.—Supersedeas awarded. Itincoln vs. hincolu's c.c'or.— Decree affirmed. M. A. Society vs. IIrooks—Decroe reversed. Cocke as. Clary's comm'r.—Upon nn appeal from a dccrco pronounced !>v the Superior Court of Chancery held in Williamsburg.— Argued by !L W. Leigh for appellant, and C Johnson fo»‘ ap pellee. Adjourned till to-morrow 12 o’clock. TiimsPAY, Nov. 17th. Auditor vs. Dagger.*—Decree reversed. JXncell vs. M-njbvrru.—Judgment reversed. l> allure vs. Hold.— Upon an appeal from a de orco pronpnneed hv tlie Superior Court of Chan cery held in Staunton.—Argued by C. Johnson for appellant—No counsel appeared on behalf of the appellee. Adjourned til! to-morrow 12 o’clock. Friday, Nov. 18th. Faulk :ncr vs. Faulkner.— Upon an apnea! fioin i a judgment of the Superior Court of Law of Halifax county.—Argued by B. W. Lei-dj for am pcllant, ami C. Johnson for appellee. Adjourned till to-morrow 12 o’clock. Saturday, Nov. IDth. Faulkner vs. Faulkner’s cx'or.—Judg nent af firmed. Cocke vs. flarey'a coiiiin'r.— Decree reversed. Adjourned till Monday next 12 o’clock. At a meeting of the Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society, Nov. 1 I. l-ltl, The Committee, to whom was referred nil enqui ry into tho expediency of causing a vigorous ami general subscription, in the larger towns of tho United States, to he forthwith made !>v a personal e.ii't rei a!i their citizens-, report the following reso lutions: , Resolved, Thnt a vigorous general subscription in aid of the colonization of the free people of color in Africa, he attempted in the hu ger towns of the United States, hy a personal call on all their citi zens, in circumstances justifying their contribution. Unsolved, That the Auxiliary Societies in the Cjticsof Boston, New York, Albany, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Richmond, lie requested to carry this measure into effect in their respective cities. That to this end they cause the aimoxod Address to the public, to bo published in the newspapers and otherwise, if necessary, at tho lime tiio citizens may he called upon. That they be requested to make such cull as gen* orai as practicable, and with the least delay. That they be desired to div ide their cities into convenient wards, to appoint suitable committees to wait on the citizens, and to allow n proper com pensntion, reimbursable if required, by the Parent Society, to one or more persons, who shall devote their entire time to the object; it being recommend ed that such persons, cither in connection with the committees appointed, or alone, make such call. That the zealous friends of the cause, ha invited to pinco their names at the heads of the list [ire. sented generally to tho citizens for subscription: That the President or Secretary of the said Auxiliary Societies, bo requested to conveno them without delay, and to advise the Parent Society of tho stops taken by them. ADDRESS. American Colonization Society, \ Washington, 17th Nov. 1831. t, Fellow’ Citizens—Wc have reached a crisis deep ly momentous to the colonization of free nooplo of color in Africa. Hitherto owing to the supine* ness of the whites, tho importance of this object lias not been aoequately’ appreciated by them, while the people of color have too generally con sidered the scheme as of equivocal benefit to them Recent events have presented these points in their true lights, and an almost universal conviction now prevails, that without the most strenuous efforts, the l.tto afflicting scenes, flagrant and calamitous ns they are, will he followed by evils still more ap palling. The free people of color have awakenTuI from their slumber, to a keen sense of their •itefi tion, and aro ready in large numbers, to emigrate to the Colony of Liberia. Applications to this end, arc made to tho Hoard of Managers from va rious parts »f the Union, it is the desire of the Board to seize this propitious moment. So far as their means admit, they have arranged the fitting out of expeditions, one from New York, one from Baltimore, two from Norfolk, and one from New Orleans. These will more than absorb all their funds. Vvith sufficient means, they could now transport more than one thousand emigrants, who have announced their readiness to depart. On you, fellow citizens, it rests to decide wheth er these favorable circumstances shall he rendered subservient to the holy cause in which wo arc en gaged. Tho interesting statistical information just received from our agents, demonstrates the general health of the Colony, and lint all it needs lo attain dignity and enlarged utility, is an access ioo of number.!. To obtain the mo ms of realizing tlieso objects, you will he waited upon by authorized agents of the Beard of Managers, whan every one, is”*res pectfully requested to contribute according to his means. Many from the abundance of their re. sources, will, if is net doubted, signalize their zeal, hy liberal and munificent aids; but it is from the aggregate amount composed of the moderate con. tributions of those in the middle walks of life, tint the most decided re. nits may be expected. If every man in the United States contribute, however small the sum, according to his means, our l est hopes will he fulfilled. * >u behalf of the American (hiletnYaLon .Society. , JL R t.I RLU.Y, Sec'ry. . Coi.onv ok I,irkri>.— To the to.vn of Monrovia, new wood and stone houses were < reeled; Cald well anil .Millshnrg, and some towns for recaptured negroes, share in the general prosperity. Franc:? Dcvanny, an emancipated slave, has accumulated a property worth §20,000 Mr. Warring, another .colonist, sold goods to tiie amount of §70,000; two of the colonists own vessels, and would trade with the 1 niled States, had they a national flag. Net profits on ivory and dye woods, passing through the hands of the settlers in one year, was §.‘10,780; eight vessels traded to the Colony last year, from Philadelphia. In agriculture, every thing grows spontaneous, ly; there is no winter; one coiuinnnl spring bloom ing. There are nt schools in sucre sfiil opera lion. It is calculated that every child i'lllmco. tony drill he educated; Did from the neighboring clans now attend the schools in Liberia. Divine service and Sunday reiiools are regularly nH« rul ed. The- arc three religious sooietios, Biplist, Methodist, and Presbyterian. Meetings on the •Sabbath and week d ty eve-,ting*. Three Sw iss Missionaries reside there. The Christian religion appears to have some influence on flic surround ing tribes. The population is il.Of'f)—they have , 6 mihlia i mpanics, a fort, T> pieces of cannon ; and arms enough to arm 1,000 men. N. V. firmtgcl $t. Boston, 17tii Xov. The following is written by a respect -ble colored | man, horn and cducjitrd in this oily, i TO Tin; !'l Bf.TC.— R« presentations having been tu-T through t!i" p\,'"l m a \ ?p r* r_. ti,, city ami elsewhere, that the bettor classes of tho e<> m red population of Host on, are in favor of exei* ling revolt, revolution mid bloodshed in tho South ern Stati » o| this l it ion, by assembling in publio meetings hereto countenance illegal acts in tlioso Southern Stater, <m the part of its colored popula, Con, it has become duo to ourselves as citizens of Heston, to contradict emphatically any and all such statements as entirely destitute of truth. Thoy aie as equally injurious to the public asto ourselves, •toil deserve notice and denial. The respoctablo part ol our colored population, while they lament • lie evils of slavery, do not, have not, and will not, by any act, whether public or private, sanction or promote any acts of unhappy but misguided men, which may tend to tho horrible consequences so inueli feared, not only by tho white but respectable colored classes of this community. In justico to ourselves, we doom it proper to state these facts, and the author of this communication leaves his noiuc with tho publisher, and pledges himself to prove to any one interested in tho enquiry, tho truth ot these several assertions. <)Nr- nF MANY. The New York Journal ofConiincrce states that the arrivals ol' Flour, this year, at tlr.it port, aro ldO,yi)!> barrels fr.sw from tho western parts of tho state, than last iear. The arrivals from tho South, '■rn cities are said to bo also 11)0,009 barrels less. The receipts of Wheat nro said to !:o 700,000 bush, pis lass ilinn 1 ist year. NCW YORK MARKETS. .Saturday, Nov. If*—1 o’clock, P. 2VI. Western Flour (owing to short receipts and tha lateness of the season) has advanced; common brands to J£oJ> 2 to J '.li, and .aney brands to JjjtG.iy, and Southern Flour lta3 also rather ini. proved; 5s.>- gmierall> asked for ordinary qualities, and i for the better kinds, live Flour tins boon s- :d at the very high pi ice of ?3 l.GB to §1.75.— t'oin !Wsal is lower, b it i's valuj is unsettled. A very small stork ( I all kinds of Flour in this markat. drain—llecfipt* continue small, particularly of Wheat; the arrivals of Southern arc deficient this season a bout -It >•),'! );) bushels, niot7!)0,(lU0, as stated by a cotemporary —1 ist’silcs of Southern Wheat ill to HH eon's for Richmond, arid 95 certs for poor North Uiroliaa. Ilirloy has sold this work 'o a considerable extent a* 1 Jo to 130. Ilya and Corn declined—the t’ortner to about U0 cents for Northern, and the latter to C.”> for the old crop, and to 5.‘> to .’>(i for Southern. Of Colton, prices are with difi :u!ty sustained. The sales ot’tlio week amount to a*ami SuT) hales. In Colonial Produce or other articles no vt.rintion has occurred, or any tiling worth snecial notion, since the publica. lion ol'our 1. st Price Current.— four. J'.nq. T,'*vi' \ [ \(I m* the: 1'uicii Canal I*ottery, Vo. , Id, 31, 2, -10, 21. 45, 57. l< j: — l’!i«r sub-erd r begs leuve to in 1 *1 IV r n the . ;• >v<*r- nnr! the j uidie general ly tin t In: has misled thin : convenient and 1 «ng os’nb! .'lied hog per-!?, ru xt the Oi l Market, for the ptipose of carry ngon the hog business; and as he is determined to devote strict attention, hopes to receive a share of patronage. no 23—or 5t JO!If,I WYSE. 50 i,hds cheap O sng-.fq 10 do prim • Sr. Croix <i> 200 bags Kin pro n coffee , 3) no old Java ‘'u 40 birds W 1. end N. O. molasses 1000 tacks U;v rpo.d tisltd ?a!t . 50 do ground alum do 150 casks cut nails oUJU ibs con: try iron and plough jlnfes :>0 chosts i,ii• >• • rin 1 am! gtropuwdvr teas 2o boxes and !•* b’>U Ih i> id'-lpl it starch 40 i» ds loaf arid lump <i g.-us I‘i boxes do double relined do 10 k«vfj salt pet re In1.) O' |s Stark A rmisfeniks pin 75 do mackerel. No. I to 3 50 casks g- nmne Malaga wir« 10 rlo S Madeira do 50 boxes bunch raisins 2 bales h >ft shell almonds 50 boxes prime cheese 20 boxes seap 40 kegs Dili’s crackers 50 nests wood hexes 75 doz leading !in*s and bed cords 100 reams writing ami wrapping paper 40 boxes v. imiow glars 35 do tnliovv niuj sp'.m enridlcs 500 lb* country tanned seal leather 1500 lbs Vrrg.f: a X tton yr<rns. Al.-o—Sperm n:.d tanm r’s *il, indigo, mad dor, c'Operas, tdnm, allspice, pepger, ground i race ginger, with i vnrn tv of other good** < hem; ry «" rchnnts and d tilers will please call atid examine for ihenise'ves. JOSHUA J. FRY, Next door to Oti3, Dunlop &. Co. or' 4 — tf> Twenty Five dollars Reward* btrnyed or siolrn Ire tu Henrico ^ Com ty Co:ir»-'.otjse on Monday thO 7'!> O''-- n .'m:i!l Grey liorSc, end g ->'f '* c !J,U* bridle and blanket: the said 8S?*bid5l// "*J non e is about I 5 or 1 f> years old, with a switch tail and long tl.iri mane, he works nnd rides well, wns shod in fiont. I will give tho above reward of ”5 cld.nrs I r tlie recovery of the horse and conviction c l the thief, or five dol lars fer the recovery of the h irso,saddle and bri ll: ■ end b!a; U whenever delivered to m**, or to Mr.S'. i'sonW :i smt, n at tin- obi Market. Rich mond. JKSSE F. KEESEE. Mrnrien. Nov. 15. 18 51. eo3i* M'llK OAKKIHGK I'EMALE KCHC70G will be continued the rustling year, under the instruction oi Miss E. Junes, whose system of Ioachin" is highly approved cf The School' wii a. in mi the I5;h January next, and closer on the 15th Uef"iTil>«r following, allowing ono mot. ii's vncelion during summer. In this School, the u-or.i course of instruc tion is pipr— ■ ur.i. far i ffi-rding the be.-t Female English Ldnett'ion, u.el ding the Ruclin.enls o? Chcrnis iry. Natural I’:, 'osej }.y nml Rtiet'erio. Mis* .1. will :• i-o tTiirli plain Needle Work. Ton or <«clv h< arclc r wii betaken at Oak ridge, for wlios • hoard, toi’ion. &r- ffd.'O will he charged— payable half yearly, li i- desirable, that some of the boarde rs furnish il.r-.r own bed orid heel ing— in siidi rust s. *sv wii] lie drclncted. WILSON ALim Rowing n*cen. Nov. 1831, no 7-8tc l i»e I ict.rt icks-liiill KemaFe Seminary Q h'Micni !> l-y MISS IJOGGF, will be con s*--/ united 'lie er .-•.iog year. |; w jll he opened on ihe I5'h January, and will close on the 15tl* '•(’ Herein l e .-. w it li :• \ c: I ion of one mnnl h from ill" t •' 1 * c!' 1 .on to : lie 15'Ji of July. The pupils will tv ms; ructor n < > tl»o"taphy, Reading, Wri ting. Ariifnn fm. Logo i, Grammar, Geogra phy, with the os.- o;' the Globes, nnd the rudi-» me ft A.-i ret < my. '\ 1m price » f hoard nm* tuition w • b ' ‘.-’I -’'h one In- If payable in ndvnnco nnd 11 e l»dni? ■ at the cm! of the year, without any deduct r.n ( ii acre i:r:t of absence liom sc hook. M idi ro '1 will brie* w *h her n pair of blanv i;r i;. a p .:r . f li. . a colored co ton countcr pan , nr ! four towels, all m.vk’d, or if it i» preferred, they \c i i be furnished by me for an r'du iK ii'rl d '-rre .-I s j. Hncli yooKg Indies, n» I rmi.iiii in my I n )y during vacation, will bo I charged t l be r.op of jSin p~r month. Thero I are a Vacancies yt : to he liiicd. Letter* 1 ;»«!■ re. f> ri to mo s icu.i.l he directed to Lon* f’rci V Rest Office, L'liiisn. FKF.n K. HARRIS, • 1 reuQii k*> Nov. r5i<pr ^