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The B&ichmosad Whiff* POLITIC IL. Extract from the .Massage of' the Governor of South Carolina. Among tin: interesting events wlitch have oc curred since your adjournment in d n-ct refer ence and in connexion v. tit our relations to the Fed'ml (jfo\arnuiept, is a letter bearing date the 14'liof Juno, l:>31, winch the President oi the United S ates thought p viper to address I ■ a portion efthc citizns oi tins State; ami tip ca«e which was presented under lhe TiirtfTLnw, for adjudication, at the September term ut tin District Court i f the United S ates. The first of these events presented the extra ordinary anomaly ofthe l’rc.-iih nt of flic IJpi'eii States, taking rides in the s'r.fe of tiie doin*'S'ic parties in u State, in viol; t <m of those prutci pies of public duty, which were so ably ex pounded and so steadfastly adhered to, by the greatest i f his predecessors, save one. It would huve been well, if this morti'ying circumstance had stopped hero. but. in according to one party, i lie praise tii which their attachment to the Union doubtless enti l 'd them, he seems to have coii stdereil it as lus duty, in denouncing the o'her. to impute to them d“-igi:s unfriendly to the Union, and to accompany these ue< laintims w dh a threat of ttic nuiitarv power of the General Governnment against the S.a'.c tf Sou-h Carv lina. 1 snoula as IP'le consult your dignity ns my ; own, by going into a formal defence of our' •State from these charges, win th r originated u ] endorsed by the high authority by which thc\ were on this occasion avouched. But as the disorganizes agmtirl v. hose‘‘plan of disor.fin izalmn an insurmountable barrier wi u'd be pre sented, by ilie performance rf high ;.nd sucreii duties, which uiust and will, ill ai 1 hazards, be performed,” can onlv be the pul 1 c au'horuies oi South Carolina, whom she hus c! >t!u:d with her sovereignty, and w!io would act m ohcdienct to her sovereign will, it certainly is worthy <>i a. dispassionate consideration, how ftr a »ove reign party to the compact el Union, can,whilst acting on her sovereignty on a di- put. <1 ques tion of delegated power, be coerced into sub mission to the Governor, ut erented hy the com-; pact, by tlie nppi.cition of mi! tary f< rce on tin j part of ilie Executive of the Confederacy, wliei ail the other departments of the Federal Gov! ernment. could not ol right exercise this power. ; It is rendeiing no more than.jus iee !-> the good people of this State, to declare that neither treason n-T rebellion, pi ivy conspiracy nor po polar tumult bus, in one single instance or on. single moment, been thought of ns a remedy for their grievances. They have always looked in the last resort to ti e peaceful, yet v rci-'r authority of their own State fur redress. I would indeed be arguing rn utter ignorance in fho Chief Magi-t rate if the Confederacy, that, with Iho.-t- - vi ids before luni.tlie imputed , “plan i f disorganization," th. old have (illusion! to any tiling . Ise, but ihe affirmation of our State of her sovereign rigid to interpose for tin preservation of her reserved rights, in thecn.-c of n coniiuu. d, pa!pab!c and dangerous v;.,l i tion of the compact. With tins interpret «l on,; in what spirit it behoves you to meet this' threat, and to repel ths charge on which it i founded in a manner worthy of the people whom you represent, is a question I subnet to your •consideration and the sensibi i'y with which 1 nrn sure you will always cherish ev: ry thing connected with the honor of our ht .te. The empty menace itself, utterly repugnant, ns it is, to every just understanding ol .he tri e il.nr. c ter of our C nl'.deiacy and genius of our Go vernment, might have been Mide cf. nr of con sideration, if it did not n ark, by unariinrr an,j portentous token:-, t'ue inevitable teedcuLy o’ consolidation to m.ht .ty de-poHsm. The result <>f the issue made up in the Uni •tod States District Court, with the view oi try mg the constitutionality of .ho la iff law, yen have long since b. en made acquainted witn |.v public rumor. Ti e utter hrpdessness ot ob taining relief, fr. in il.e ii-jus ice aid unconsi: tutionahty ol this I. \v, through the Courts oil the United States, Inns been si.meic n: ly d, moil 6tratcd, by the nb in d nn rkcry w | j. h aiti-n.lre ! this trial. There were, In wcv, r, some cvcnrsl which rnaiked the history nr.d progress of th case, that are especially worthy of vc.nr notice. ! Although o jury trial v. as. t om i.hiy, accord.-u to the d< fondants, (which however the Attorney of the United States, resolutely re isted,) \ et ' the Judge did not p. nmt the tn. ts cf the cu«=e to go to the jury. He d* c ded ti n', under th. I general isssne, (t!.e only p!ra by wl.ii li the trial; by jury could be secun (!,.) i> was not compete nt for the defendants to show he con; id. r;:;n f;>r which the bond was givon, pi> H al the notoriou; 1 O' II was g.vi II feu •dutirsiinder the tariff act of IJJ28, wn* i>( t suf fered to be made to appear to the jury. TIm •decision, in contravention of (bo r.t ubljghri law of Soutli Carolina, in feet deprived the de fendnnts of the giccl and inestimable right of jury trial, which is as essential to public fiber!\ •in protect ng properly Irrm fraudulent viola tions, as in preserving th > personal freedom oi our cit'zens. 1 submit to you the pre p>irty ot (passing such a dechrnw ry statute, guarded bv appropriate penalties, if necessary, as bfinil guarantee to every citizen in each and ev< r\ court within the limps of the S ale of Soutli ‘Carolina, the right in an net ion of debt rn bond, in < rr ti,e plea i f tho g. m ra! i-sur, to give i h> consult raiirn of the In mi. in < vi< rr.ee btfnr* tl»c jury. It urn her bc!om;s (o ibn age nor is prciallv to tfir times m v. i sell we five,that tie great, right ».f jury • ml, 11; i i eui eent s.-.f. gunrd r f our p.J. i< a! au.i < .v : fibrri<< <-i; be rtudered alii g- tlr r uniivii ding, bv (hr mm* perversion of an r.iiilir il m-wi* (>Y ; !r- -! . wh’rh thr Fimp icify <1 !i - « uu.j 1 -..x, ,\ f;,rfl,*7 of judicature is ever., v.fi re mfi.vii.g. The Congress of ’ i: ■ i•*. ;! ■ r _ ,Y* , are aware, udjuu.i.ed n • |.» vl* 0p .r(p . without adopt irg any mi d lit a i,.n . ; j <„, calculate d to imtig ; <• th.it s-. *i. »,f ,M , tutionai and onr<|iial taxi'ion, o! ..s ;,n ij v.c V( bo loudly nndj is y c-implem. !. \\ liilst we p'uisr, it bfCom t:.- In •_urvrv 'the ground upon wb.cb wo e'nnr?_J»‘ v. p |, ■ ■t the evil itself, totally ah trnew d from afi r n •iderations conntctcd wi (* the liberty cf i, country, the mr.onchi 1v r.\p. rimer t.| 0, r vi King yrnr. affords im lr> ,-ii to s if j»j. overwhelming and di.a-h ii rfi r ,nr I'ri r. gradu *11 y sinking under tins frig!; f, I j Mr;, v s we begin now to f»li will* necoirra'fd v.*!>'f.i’v. The price and demand f- r our staples, are c;.ri stamly dimini.-I.irg. the soufeen and rcv.ar-is . t our industry are drying t*p. r:.i ir.sr yr f om ' bert either*--, dislieart* nod and p * r r,rc (urn :’ their eyes to tie irnmrn > vr-l'ry if «j o \y, gr, where th -y hope to find, in •!,<• pml fic ftrtifi-v with which find has bic.-scd that rcgo-s->me j compensation for the exactions <f an unkir.r and unjust government. To a future Vgc, it will be n sn'jert of n> much wonder end scrutiny, how the pfiintatioi States in this confederacy ror.fl, for ten y ars, have borne the exhau ti. g p'r. r • cf the pre srnt system of tawtwn, as i! if row to ns to contemplate any of- he pas- mtr.enuis if ! • r • utipersTilioii and igpoiaucc. To n.-k<- •< lit -, miliar, let us lock to the great FAurcf« of ♦ j,,.j '^production of the Ai.ai.tic scclicn cf ( ur cor One source exists *n the manufret tiring t ates north of the Potoninc. the otln-rin the gncullurul Slates south of this line, it him » rii proved, by a course of reasoning, approx’ uatiug tis near to demonstra i<>n ns this sub j* et will permit, that both sections arc en gaged in producing precisely the same pro ducts; that if broadcloths, coarse cottons, end haidwnre, are manufictnred by the Corns, sp ndi. s, and forges of the North, tho anic articles are uinnufactured by the plough, ■ho -pade.iMi.l the hoes of iln* si'iilh, and tha* tiie oi: y ditlcrcmce exists in iho mod*? of elabo ration and prodiict'oli. In i no word, that our i cotton, rice a; d tobacco, return to our shores, :il er paying a most valuable tribute to our j corinni rci-tl marine, in the shape of tlie very articles it m reliant! ze which l have onumera— : ted. It is v. h n tin* exchangeable value ol I these | ro ludion* reaches us, tin t the inequality "f th*s sys.eni begins to act with paralysing | nj'isticc. Th'i products of northern industry, conic into market perfrctly unburdened. whilst I '»ur products, the results of cur own labor, are | burdened tv.th an aitr gn tux of 4:' per c*'nt. | an Rs-essment which falls with ••ltrr*st unmiti gated sevciify upon us. Hut, because we cons’inie, wo ur** iusul i iglv to! !, that this i; a perfectly equal system! Hut even in >he char ge'1 f of eons .rr.e s, ibis proposition is utterly unfounded. We I; >ve no manufactures among ourselves, to refund to us. in an ougwe; i u ratio, the taxes we pay on our consumption, nor are the* languishing souiccs < f cu r indo.-t y. invigorated an* true iti d bv the vast and f-js t lining disbursements of gov-runient, w lich miitbrmly set ;u a more fulunate (*nd favorite direi to is. The h*g.-la'inn of Congress, ha.-, in off ct placed tho markets of the South under a ban essentially colonial by taxing almost to the extent ot prohibition, our trade with oilier nations; and it i, no answer to this argument .o say, that lho sane system * x tls by law in 'lie inanutac ming Mta'es, when the character of the primary productions of ’both teciionj, c eat s the difference and the odious and oppres sive distinction. To suppose that a section of country, strictiy agricultaral, and emplovtng an expensive slave labor can sustain a system Idee tins, wi; hc*ut in the end,sinking into ti e poverty. 11xisry, nnu fcUDjeclion ol colonics, won.<1 be to eh.so our ■•yea lo the uniform experience of nli history, from the ra.lio-t ages i f t!i.* world Are we bound to submit to‘.his inpts ic* ?— Our St. o has sa d, no! That tins svstotu is inflicted upon us, in violation of the compact of Union, and that our ob- dcoco to t!.e m.consti tutional laws which enforce the?.-. violation-, presents a more question or rime cud exp.dtcn cy, a fleeted, and properly ; fl'rcted, bv n< r pro found and habitual a'lachment to the Un on._ It is impossible, however, that the duties \vl i< h wo owe to our po.-t. rity, if «e are insensible of those whrcli belong to our.elves, cm permit a much longer postponement of th s question. From 1825 to 1830, tire S ate of S >uth < ,.r olina, under tho pressure of the usurps lions of tiic Genera! Governm lit, ha.- been by n st ndv •advance in pul lie opinion, gradu. i!v trav llinir up to the afli-malim of tl n great cot x’rvative doctrines ol State in • rposition. sol. nm’y nssert eil by the States c.f Virginia a• d Ketitockv. and ut your la.-tsess on deliberately thus niliim erl by yourselves, “that Iho several acts of the Congress of the United States now of force, imposing duties on imports for the protection of domestic manufactures, have been, and are, d> liberate and highly dangerous and oppressive violations of tho constitutional compact, and that whenever any Stale, which is suffering under this oppression, shall lo.-e ail reasonable in.no i f reJ.ess from the wisdom nnd justice ot the federal government, it \viil be its right and duly, to interpose in its sov. reinn capacity, for tho purpose of arresting the progress if the evils occasioned by the said unconstitutional O'-Li. I ins tight of interposition, bo it called what it may,‘ state rights, veto, nullification, or by any other name, rests on facts historically as certain as our revolution itself, nnd on doduc. lions as simple and demonstrative as those of any political & rnrral truth whatsoe ver.” ft results in fact from the character >>< the ►'over, ign parties to the compact, the relation they bear to each other, the nature of the compact ond the rescr vat ion by and to e ach of the parties of all pow era not d< legated to the government created by the compact. There is no where to be found, a more masterly and comprehensive -ummary of the«e doctrines, than is contained '.n the opinion of tire tormrr v*’n ‘ratJo chief justice cf tho slate of i’i iihm !i run, r.rnl which was unanimously concurred tr, t»v the whole bench cf tho supreme court of ihat U'ate. lie declared, in the case of C lib tt, that ‘the Constitution cf the United Sra'cs is Federal; it is a league, or treaty, made by the itul vidti al States as one party, nnd n!J the S'ates n: neither par'y. Win n two nation? differ about the meaning of any clause, sentence, or word in a treaty, neither has nn exclusive riirht to de cide it, they endeavor to adjust the iuii*t>*r by negotiation, but it it earner be thus a. complish* cd, each has a rig! t to retain its own inter pretation. until a reference be had to tho me diation of other na:ions, an arbitration, or the file or war. There is no jir.;visi« n in the Con ditution, that in such a case the opinion of he Judges of liio Supri me Court of the United State?, shail control and be conclu.-ive. neither ■nn the Congress, by a law.cm fl riiiat power. I’here appears to be a def. cf m this matter: i; s n casus on.i-ms, which ought in some way o he remidied.” i I hr* casts omissus who li Ibis enlightened juris? supposes to exist, is - no of the in fist eon ! o*rvn?iv * parrs of our win ly system. It was a w ise nml mnsW rly ou i-sion — because it It f the ulterior sovonignty of tbn Slates untouched. In the language of him who founded and re formed our system, “if tho two depar'ments should clnim, each, ihc same obj» c's of power, where is the umpire to decide between them.? In cases of little urgency or importance, the ; prudence of both parties will keep them alool | from the qucsiionable ground; but if it. neither 1 can he avoided or compromised, n convention < f I the Slates must be called, to ascribe the doub' I In! power to that department which they may l think best T1 i’, unquestionably, cm he the J only peaceable yet sovereign mode ofnr'aitrs j fion between sovereigns, who carried into the compact equal powers,and retai-.• J equal rights <-f sovereignty. But, ns it req ure3 an npplica Imn on the part of two thirds ot the Stales to Congress, for the ca'-l of a c invention, and a* n j minority could n» v r, oven *n cases involvin'' ; - be m - t il ’grant l-ri .:d:cs of t he compner, pTO • <t reference to this urn irage by tbis pto it f llnws. * -af tIk- onty moth t I 'oinjicjlit it j '"-’ha re? rorjcc i~. by the c-x'-rcise of tut r-n- Tt right (f i •! rp -1(ion or ,S:»:o v-to. r.s-- rn d n j 'he Rosolu i-ms of Virginia, ' f,r the purpose I ■}' n treating the progress, of the evil of usurpa lir.n." The oxer- i. c ,.f this right. I believe, belon". 1 :o a ft :tc in my m ule ;n which ,he thinks pro per »n exert h^r over, igrd v, ci h-r in corven i ion or in h.-r J.-gi la ive cnpieiiy. The f->rm. r I may, in ra<c- • 1 great rn men' ami importance be ihc in i-t ' 11f 1;-11 and imp isirig, as t j.p r-ps? | impos' d bv tiif- i-nrnediate end nntior.tr.tiv j-r-ntriioii of ihc pcopl •• I believe that ?-> for roin t!:<• oxer -, e of Urns right being li.-blc to ab'.se, ih" salutary rh< < k it •* o-.lr! '.fll-rd, would u't be C"-n enoorrh ,;i(, ov,;i wen,_ •ng influence & p t oewgc o!:!;eg n ru' rr - • r - i inert over: bo Hates, an-J 1 h <> |-r,| divi-ion.^ sub- j si.-ting in them. Ilur, a t*-r n?',i« n- t h-ox rci.x <>t this right iofmitoly 1 to hr dr-'aded than •ho legislative 11 tirpations of in'erested and • ert;onal rn-j-riiics in the national hgislatnre. 1 aitogeih'-r irreoponsib'e fa the minorities that are oppressed? A S»,i?e. in this rot f- dcrncy. oau no ii-o-T. bn r - ; fi v nf a rr_ < voh. or rebellion. u. ieh arr - s by her own sovereign rn fherdy. the <*p r’Jjon of an uncon stjtn'i -n'il l.i.v v. ij n i.-- r !»»othan an inrle- 1 nd- rf nr can id t„ .Wv , f r„_ < belhop and rr - dt, w! • » r-j,rf t».« op,"a!ion ' -f :.i: < =-.cn:»i.i .-.art - f j. tr at? whi'h ims beer »..fiucred. by the n'hor contracting parly._ • v i.-yn i, is admitted that the Constitution is t HBBMBHIMHi compact between independent sovereigns who ’ have appointed no cumnni umpire to decide upon tho rights they have reserved t»» them selves, and when it is moreover conceded, that an ouconstilational law, involving nil invasion of these rights, is noil and void, it must fo'l >w as a manifest deduction, that a State has, not only the right, blit is in duty bound, in the language of your own resolution,“to interpose, in ns sovereign eup*cily, tor the purpose ot arr< sting the progress of tho evil occasioned by the -aid m oons itutional acts ” This wo are told, would make tho Un:on e in r<* rope • fsntui. 'I'o this, it may be answer ed, iIm' this o’.j«*etion is applicable to the con sequences we dedt.ee Iron its structure. Thai J j it is a c' nfederam and not a consol date*. l government, and it is enough that Tvo have, by its adoptioti, preferred liking tho security of feebleness in the government cf tho federal league, lor ail purposes of internal oppression, to • ho certainty of a con-cdidnted despotism. O.i this g-eat right of S.ato interpo ition, depends not alone tiio liberty and happiness. hut I t!ie very ex:rt nee of the South. Without this check, the Constitution so far from being a source of seen rity would be one of oppress! n, and n<>t worth to us the paper on which it was written —h'or, if a numeric! ! majority m Con gress, wi*h a supple ftah ral judiciary nt its back, are to he, a lone, the expounders ol liio Cons’t tut inn, is i: not obvious t!i t thev have the pow er of making this instrument, by construction, what tliev please? May they not, af er pillaging one section of the Union, to enrich anot. er, interfere iv tli the domestic policy i f the States, & tiia! too, in a form to ns. the most pmt'-ntofsly pe lions that tlie imagination can possibly riui c ivc? Whilst ivc look back to the pages • f h’s tory, and see what the love of power and what fanaticism have done, where is the man who '.vil! have the daring prosump ion to 1 f. the veil ot futurity and say, vi liat they are not ca pable o f doi n g? It ,3 only by the recognition nnd rxTr*ise, if need be, of this effective chuck, that we can hoprj to preservo the federative character cf our national government. Without it. the work ol encroachment will go steadily cii; cases o! usurpation today will beceme preced-rts, furnishing rcknowledgcd principles of ado inis tra'ioii In morrow, until the rights of tho Slates are sw allowed up in a vast and iireversible des pot i-m. '* iiiist i aii« iinis explicit in afrinnirg tne unquestionable existence of this right ofinter ;:<'silinn, and that too in a form nr* inconsistent vvi.f*. our just hb’igriticms to the Ll'ion, (for w<> ■h' l’ i o u | girioinj to tlio Union, excepting th:nc n* c. . Tily resulting from *irtd founded on iim iimvcrs «•> imyc clearly delegated,) I would, so far troiii r cun*nitthat you should now interpose sf»is sovereign power rather suggest 'he expediency of suspending its exercise at the present moment. If no force be referred to the objection cf now acting in virtue of tins high function, for the* immediate ntitu Ilitur of the tariff within our limits, to thus*? divisions which Laie so un happily existed among the good people of this Stnt.}, ns t<* the cou rtutionul character and probable c fR ary ot' tins remedy, bt t.iie fact tt<;it each hour is diminishing these dip rences, vt bringing t he va t bi dy of tlio people nto grea ter I ariuony, and accord in regard ng tk’sfortnol resistance to be as conservative m us ;ln.ractci as,it would prove peaceful in its opciat.un, much may be found in wimt has transpired sn :c your adjournment, to indicate the policy of our pans ingand awaiting the progress of even's, which must be decisive of this interesting question in all i:s fr me consequences of ulterior relations. Public opinion demands, that seme nod fica tion shou d be made of the tariff, by (.'undress, at its next session. This duty, even if that bo dj was utterly regardless of the just complaints of an overburdened people, cannot be evaded, from tiie circumstance of the probable extin guishment of the public debt on the let of Jan uary, U>33. without permitting a surplus to cc cumiilatc iti the Treasury, not necessary for t lie public wants. We are bound to wait until wo ?eo, what this body w 11 do, when tliry shall net have a single pretext tor denying us the bles sings of tree trade and light, taxation. iJc- ides, by every sentiment of kindness ai d comity towards those delugates from the other free i rade portions of the Union, who, in the recent oonvention, at Philadelphia, have so zealously and patriotically cooperated in tlie effort to obtain for our country blessings so essent al to its liber’y and happiness, v. e are bound to take no attitude, during the present session of Go 'gross, that wii! proven’ a calm, peaceful, and sa nfac lorv adjust into t of this great question, which w ll be suhin.tted to its deliberations, under c reams? anecs so solemn, nut hurt' ative and impo sing. W e n1111 not put at hazard a good came, hy premature action. We have tlio mor<d force of a pi.tent pub’ic opinion, operating in our bahaif. Oi.e of ilie most re. pectable assemblies ever convened, to winch I have already referred t rmed by delegate.' from 13 States, has respond ed to the justice c four complaints. It bis,-n off cf, and substantially decided, that the taritl is a violation cf the compact, and has expressly declared that the system itee’f”is distinguished by every thaiacleris'i?, that mav define n tyranny the most odious.” If, after this decision incur favor, end the appeal of this assembly, relief does not erfme from -‘this tyranny the inn's’ odious,” may we not say, in the' language, ami on the authority of this assembly itself, **why s .nuld we, who are i s victims, not stand on our I ' char'ered Rights?” mi wu o„iupy a position in winch wrh out comnrornittmir our honor, wo can pan?p, survey the whole ground before us. and collect our moral forces for the slriiggle which will c me on, if we do not obtain our rights under the constitution The Tariff must he rr.ndifii <F, so say oven those who have hreu rioting in the excesses of this'legal ised system o! pillage But how? VV ill rhe mo l firaiion be consummated by throwing the whole burthen of th. impost system on those articles, which in the ete,u can one rc ial exchanges of the wm.d. purchase our s tapir j aud by relieving those uncles consumed but not man.' ii.actued m the Tariff States, from all burthen or exaction whatsoever? I hs, indeed, woukl fix the system upon J,'.^"ane"IJ,,a"1'1" a form the mosi potentially <|7* 1'. would he in effect to decree that the revenue of the l. nited M ites shall be levied on the production* of the noth, so mog as we continue nr impoit in rxtrhni.zo lot out O'vn Staples, and when this c ased from the enure antnmu iron of our foreign trade that our fate should be •rr vir-ittly sealed, in hopcles* ruin. To guard the public mind aganst the contingency so eminently pe-ilous as such a mod fu n t inn of the imor«i system would be. is woitliy ol all Ihc vigilance you'can exert for the protection of the liberty and happiness <d he people wh ur.yn:, represent. Oar stand cannot oe too early or rt cid-. dlv taken, that no adjustment of the a.' ' ,,n "> South ( iroliua, which dree no r. fW an crp,;,! S),t ;m of burdens throughout cur i.... i,ir> ,md wh.r h not hy virtue of the clearly o'ete cfi j o*vt*r§ r, \up Con.MiMilion expressly IcvirrJ (, r plC ' "f revenue-- and that whil-t we ask for m r •c.m-. no ex, I imv-j advantages we w! 1 submit to no e< elusive iivpo i:ioi >, li Cl cum -ta-w .-S have placed us in the van of ihefoti c fir I ice 1 race and a tlricl con-| ruction of a written i '.iistitii'ioii, we ought to recollect tl>at lltepo-tion it .-r.f •«.*•> With It its duties an I ohlig Pious which v.c r enrtot violate Without dishonor or abandon withe it In indulging in Mwsc reflection* which 1 have ventitr I , !r" ' |o vm r v,e v, whil-t I have not feared, I have I F I- br,,\ ,Insei,*,b e 'he rcsponsiiiih.ia, they mvol.e - > ' tl :• rcfi?fiJaiicni nf knowing thfil my drfiri ,r, ,11 he sepphed by a higher portion of m’ell Wr ;'b cb •v.°" " 1,1 !,""c "» 'he service of ti e state: great,, r- 'I for her tn'errsts and honor you cannot cherish hat our print labors may redound to the happiness r,]1' , ' ' ■n'' I e-t-le wo reprcicnt, the muiniaimmrc } ’ •' of our state,,»d the U.dted.State*, am. • e pre* >Ma*-ort of th t Ibr.on on the very t-r-ns <1 j;, ’’ '■» »’V fervent and anxintn p aver . ns I trust we mnv without pres,.urn ion inv«.hi the rn r, .'ire a,id guaidian*hip of tint Al nighty l.eurg. tne l.ght in who e knowledge is truth, and he attribute of wli-j-e justice i* merry. „ •>A.MLS HAMILTON, Jr. i c-i.rs.TM, Nov. 2ff, 1831. ' rri --J-umi , m-<vm, ■ *. f f<Ail perrons having claims against 'l, *-'*c r.<!ate of James Henderson, dec’d, are ecjtnrcrl to present them duly authenticated to me, -n c.r before the 10th December next, as l am out to close my administration, and deliver the. .state to the I.cgatccs. 11AN( OCK LKK, Kx’rof Jn8. ffcnrlerson, dec’d. Manchester, Nov. 23th, lb31—i>aw Ct -a G-Jiit > . t/ s* i . ’ i p i©$P %24 * jrl J: . | tlionn I Thursday Keening^ £3ec. THE MESSAGE. Tho President’s Message is unusually tame ami vapid. One reads it without any sensation. It is a dull common place, slightly seasoned with a little cant, a little imperialism, and a little hypocrisy. Haw dill ere nt from the last! .Night is not more ojpesite to-day, than the spiritless narrative before m, to the artful intricacy, and dovetailed elabora tion, of tho Message of December 1S30. What diversity of stylo does tho Hero command! Tho Message possescs another quality to which w< have not adverted—wo mean modesty. Take lie following specimen: “I have heretofore recommended amendments of tie Federal Constitution giving the election of President and Vico President to the People, and limiting the service of the former to a single term. So important do I consider these changes in our fundamental law, that I cannot, in accordance with iny sense of duty, omit to press them upon tho con sideration of a new Congress. For my views more at largo, as well in relation to these points as to the disqualification of incmbors of congress to receive an office from a President in whoso election they have hail an official agency, which I proposed as a substitute, 1 refer you to my former messages.” We had an eye to this passage when we spoke of hypocrisy. What does the reader think of it? Has the—(if wo were not speaking of the Presi dent of the U. States we would say) enrontcry of these recommendations to Congress, any paral lel? A President—who volunteered ns a candidate, the pledge ofsettingthe salutary example of serving hut one term—who obtained an immense support on that ground alone—whose friends recited this pled go in their electioneering speeches and pro ductions, in the very front of all the arguments in his favor—who immediately upon his election, set to work to procure a second nomination, and whoso frank endorsed the letters which put in motion the Harrisburg Caucus, which ro-nominated him—who is at this very moment, through all his personal friends, his ininions and his pensionaries, pressing the point of his re-election by every arti fice, exertion and argument—under such circum stances, to have, the modesty tp urge upon Congress the necessity of restricting Presidential eligibility to one term, by a Constitutional amendment!! The extraordinary impudence of the tiling tempts one to laugh outright. Who does the old gentle man expect to dupe? The most stupid of the ignorant cannot be imposed upon by such shallow means. Every man will ask, if the Ilcro thinks it so essential for the public safety that the Presi dency be limited *to one term, why does ho not afford the principle the benefit of his example?— Doubtless that would prove more efficacious than a cold recommendation to Congress. What wretched imbecility! The President thinks he is preserving by this means, the consistency of the candidate, who viewed the second election of the same President with so much alarm, and who promised so faithfully, to set a good example—the example of “rotation.” If possible, the succeeding recommendation— the exclusion of Members of Congress from office— coming from him, is more farcical than the other. It is known that he has appointed more than any two of his predecessors combined: yet, as their ex clusion was one of the promises which figured in the “Reform” ho was to introduce in the Govern ment, the two superannuated imbeciles, one who wrote, the other who signed the Message, thought it incumbent to pretend a wish for Constitutional reformation in this particular! What need to spur a willing horse? If President Jackson esteem the appointment of Members of Congress, making "corruption the order of the day,” why has he ap pointed so many? O’ Wo have extracted from Gov. Hamilton’s Message, his strictures on the Tariff, as possessed it this time, of particular interest. The beauty and spirit of the composition, will compensate the read er for a perusal. \\ e are happy to observe, that ho ecoinmcnds a suspension of active proceedings, ve may say-, of war measures, until it ho seen vhat Congress will do. Jlow tcc njijiles si oim." The London papers announce that Mr. Van lin en dined with the King on the lGth October. FREE PEOPLE OF COLOUR. On Tuesday, on motion of Mr. Fisher of North ampton, so much of thc Governor’s Message as re lates to the subject of free people of color, was re ferred to a Select Committee composed of Messrs. Mrodnax, Fisher, Cobb, Wood of Albemarle, Roane, Moore, V cwton, Campbell of IJrooke, Smith of Frederick, Gholson, Drown, Stillman, and Ander son of Nottoway. XT Notwithstanding thc unfavornblo weather, by the exertions of our Mail Contractor, the Pre sident’s Messngo reached this City by nine o’clock yesterday morning. Tho Whig of yesterday, con taining it, was published at two o’clock P. M._ The Governor’s Message, which was sent to tho Legislature on Tuesday at twelve o’clock, was fur nished to our City subscribers at two o’clock of thc same day. to the KniTons op the whig. Gentlemen: One of your constant readers for ihe. last two years, and who has paid uncommon attention to parsing events since the melancholy scenes committed in Southampton, would humbly beg nave to suggest lo the good people of Virginia, a mi .ject, omitted by your numerous corrcspon. den,*, pregnant with corruption to our slaves, and of immense loss to thc farming interest. It b this in almost every neighborhood there reside persona of susp,emus character, who, it is well known, I.to by trading with negroes, and whose canning such, that 11 is impossible to convict then under the existing laws of the State. There is now an immidual, a resident of this county, who disposes of cotton without planting a seed, who sells more co n in one year than he is able to raise in four, Suftiro ir«'rc ,:,Slnv 0,1 ,er tho onft or tho other.— ' , • ,l to M-v’ ' •'•guna needs a lav/ compiling dnePt T? PT0n" l° ",iV° f'n ancount of their com due I. I |,e honest and industrious man is always **** «" *» *- Hone l..,t knaves 3 ° V rl '° thc P«»nge Of a law rr, beneficial. S„ch V' 7 «■ t"»J suggest themsekes I.ditors o, the Whig, touching tho present q„es turn, would he read with pleasure by v- ,- , A Constant Keadp.x. i>£ue hent County, Nnr. %*, lsg|. Prom the Wheeling Time* of Nor. HO. • T«. CL W arrived at this place on his way to !:,kc. 'n M,R ,J- S* Srnatc on Friday even. !"g ,ast between D and 10 o’clock — Notwifhstnn.i ,hc ,a*?! the wharf Was lined with crowds ° °,,r cd'T.Cns, eager to welcome his arriva' amongst ns. He appears to he in unusual good xvi t- H,c whole of Saturday at the • • heeling Hour e, receiving the visits cf hisnume rous momls m Ibis place# GENERA*- AWfcEJBllLY. 11 OUSE OF DELEGATES. M kdnesd.w, Dec. 7. elr. Anderson of Rotetourt, presented tho iuc mori.il ut \\ in. Booth o! Rotetourt, enquiring it* Mr. Anderson was entitled to a seat in tho Legis lature—lie being surveyor of tho County at the period of his election? Mr. A. stated the circum- ! stances of the case, and his willingness to abide the decision of the House. On motion of Mr. Crockett, laid on the table. Petitions were presented—By Mr. Booker, of citizens of Amelia, praying tlm removal of free negroes—Mr. Bare, from Shenandoah, for a new election District—Mr. Chi'ton, from citizens of Fauquier, for exertions to amend the Federal Con stitution, sous to tut horizo Congress to appropriate money to reinovo the free people of color— Mr. McCulloch, from Washington and Wythe, for a new county; and Irom Uriah Bowman, for leave to erect a dam across tho North fork ot llolston_ Mr. Jordan, Irom Isle ot Wight, to amend t!ic laws concerning people of color—Mr. McMahon, from people of Rockingham, for a Lottery—Mr. Mul len, Irom Hardy, for a now Election District; and Irom citizens of Hardy, Hampshire, juid Shenan doah, for a change of Court days—Mr. Street, troni Lunenburg, for a change of Court days_Mr! Ltiud, troin citizens of Princess Anne, 'pray ti" a change ot the law relative to Back Bay and the Atlantic Ocean—Mr. Stephenson, for a now county onto! parts of Lewis, Nicliolas, and Jackson, and relative to Cleiks’ fees—Mr. McDowell, from citi zens ot Rockbridge, for tho incorporation of a Company to construct a toll-bridgo over the North Branch of James River. On motion of Mr. Mcllhancy, the Committee of Koads and Navigation were instructed to enquire I into the expediency of subscribing for 200 shares of the Leesburg and Snicker’s Gap Turnpike Com pany. Mr. Knox offered a resolution for tlm appoint ment ot a Committee to enquire into tho expedi ency of extending the jurisdiction of a single Ma gistrate from $20 to $30. Mr. Mcllhancy moved to strike out tho maxi mum, leaving tho increase of the Jurisdiction dis cretionary with the Committee—which was accept cel by the mover. mr. >\ iiiiairiH of Ilenrico, moved to amend, by subsidei mg the Judiciary for a Select Committee. Mr. lvnox said, bo was not a member of the Ju diciary Committee, while bo bad full confidence in it, for which reason he had preferred a Select ommittee. The amendment was carried; and thus amended, the resolution was passed. Mr Booker presented the memorial of John M. °f IIonrico» contesting tho eligibility of Mr. »» dliatns of Ilenrico, to hold his scat, on the ground of his being a resident of Richmond. On motion of Mr. Caldwell, the Committee of Koads and Canals were instructed to enquire into tho alterations necessary in tho laws respecting ptiMic roads and highways. Mr. Summers presented the memorial of John It. \ avvter, contesting the seat of Mr. Kelly, re turned for Monroe. On motion of Mr. Gallahor, tho Committee for Courts of Justice were instructed to enquire into tho expediency of amending or repealing the law concerning forthcoming bonds. On motion of Mr. Williams of Ilenrico, the IIouso agreed to proceed on to-morrow, by joint vote with the Senate, to the election of a Public 1 rinter lor one year. On motion of Mr. Snidow, tho Douse adjourned. .. _ „ THURSDAY, Dec. 8. iMr. .Tones of Elizabeth City presented tho peti tion ot Ko. Anderson of Williamsburg, complain ing of the conduct of the Rector and Vestry of Bruton Parish Church, Williamsburg, in refusing liberty to any Ministers, except those of the Epis copal Church, to preach in the Parish Church. Air. Jones said, ho owed to himself to say, that he did not consider the subject of the petition a proper one tor legislative enquiry; but such v.-as his respect for the great right of petition, that he felt himself Constrained to present Mr. A’s memorial. The petition was read at Mr. J’s instance, but the House refused to refer it. 1 lie Speaker presented a communication with documents from the Bord of Inspectors for the Perntentiaiy, which was laid on the table and or (hired to be printed. Oil motion of Mr. Williams of Henrico, the Ilouso^procccded to the election of Public Printer, when I ho. Ritchio, Esq. received all tho votes out one. The Speaker presented a communication from the Governor, enclosing tho mcmerialof the Lcw lsburg Internal Improvement Convention, which on motion of Mr. McDowell was referred to the Committee of Roads, and on motion of Mr. McCuc ordered to he printed. ’ Mr. Stephenson presented a petition from Tho. Davis of Fayette, for remuneration for extra servi CCS. VI Mri> J>cndlcton a petition from Culpeper, and Mr. Robinson one from Page, concerning free negroes, slaves, &c. Mr. Smith of Frederick a petition from certain citizens of 1- redcrick, &c. opposing the application tor a new county. On motion of Mr Wood of Albormarlo, the IIouso agreed to proceed to-morrow by joint vote with the ben ate, to supply the vacancy in tho Court of Appeals, created by Judge’s Carr’s accepting the I otucB of \ isitor of the University. ; < >n motion of Mr. Crump the Committee of Mili tia haws was instructed to inquire into the oxpo rliency oi reducing the minimum strength of Troops of calvary to 4b, instead of the number now re quired. On motion of Mr. Bryce of Goochland, tho Committee of Finance were instructed to report a bill making a futhcr appropriation to complete the repairs ot the Senate Chamber. On motion of Mr. Barry, the Committee on the Judiciary were instructed to enquire into the ex pediency of altering the laws regulating the ad ministration of the personal assets of deceased persons, so as to place all just debts on an equal tooting in the administration of said assets, ex cept funeral expenccs and debts due from such de ceased iri the character of guardians, executors, &c. Mr Ball presented the petition of W. P. Bavlcs of Fairfax for a divorce. Mr. Newton presented a petition from West moreland, concerning tho removal of free negroes, Mr. Cabell a petition from Nelson Anderson to bo refunded rnony paid by mistako into the Trea —* J 9 Mr. McCoy from certain citizens of Tyler, con cerning the location of a road from Fishing Creek to Smithfield. Mr. Stephenson from Nicholas and Lewis, for a new counly. On motion of Mr. Rives, the Committee of Sc.ioola and Colleges were instructed to enquire into the expediency of requiring the-County Court School C ommissioners, of the several counties to be laid off into Districts in conformity with the laws now in force, and into the expediency of aug Schools’ lh<3 AnnUal aPProPriation to tho Primary Cn motion of Mr. Gallnher, so much of tho Go vcrrior'u Mossago as relates to Internal Improve, mont was referred to the Committee of Roads and Canals. On motion of Mr. Mcllhaney, so much of the .Message ns relates to the Militia, was referred to tlie Committee on Militia Laws. On motion of Mr. Wood of Albemarle, so much ot t .10 Governor’s Message as relates to the Univer* r. 'Y,’ wos rcfcrred to the Committee of .Schools and Colleges. Mr. Rrodnax offered a resolution, that tho Com mittce of Schools and Colleges bo instructed to en quire into the expediency of repealing tho laws providing Tor the appointment of School Commis sioners, an<| transferring their duties to the County Courts. J Mi. I». remarked, that tho proposition was not ntmed at the system of Piimnry Schools, but corn pained of its great incflicScy, as at present admin* istersd. 'i'he resolution was adopted—Ayes G7. G11 motion of Mr. Jones, the House agreed to proceed by joint vote with tho Senate, on "lhe 21st instant, to elect a Major General, in place of Ro. B. 1 oylor; and on the samo day, a Brigadier General. 1 1 p ace of Richard Eppes resigned. 11 motion of Mr. Lrskine, tho House adjourned. DELINQUENT LANDS. T no following is a sketch of what passod in the '>n*0 of Delegates on Tuesday, on this subject of great interest in several parts of the State: \twlifCOmn,L,n'cat'0,n was received from lha first delinone’ni'c0" of ,an^ returned been read1 f°r th° n('n Pa.vmcnt of taxes, having length toAu,'K-NER’ aft°r “dvcr,'n£ tome 1 portaiice of_tho fjjjjcct of that 1 communication to the Volley and Eastern Z. ...zY and the necessity of some measure o( iuiuiudiutu reliel, disclosed upon tho face of that report itsoll, ,J ed that tho liouso would uct upon it without ! delay. 1 1 ho law of the last session upon tho subject of the lands returned delinquent lor tho non-payment ot taxes, was designed mainly lie had understood, to subserve tho purpose of a Trans-Alleghany pol icy. Its provisions, however, whether inadvert ently or not, had extended the penalty of immo. diato forfeiture to u largo class of lands j„ tho I Valley Region. Such he was satisfied was not tho intention of the last Concrul Assembly. Ilu was not disposed upon the present occasion, to interfere with the favorite policy of tho West—but he would resist an extension of the principles of that law to tho Valley Country. The facts disclosed in tho Auditor’s Report, ex hibited the necessity of some immediate legislative provision, suspending the period of forfeiture. Ilu had not made out tho lists for many couutiea east ot tho Alleghany Mountains, and those which havo been made out for the Valley, have been loo recent ly transmitted to give any adequate notice. If no amendment of the law was made, lie was satisfied, Trom the Qases of unparalleled hardship and op pression, which ho had been presented with, in tlm course of his investigation, in less than six weeks, the table of the liouso would groan with petitions * from every part of the Valley—applications Tor ro liel, to which they would not turn a deaf ear, and whose examination would alone occupy the time oT the House until late in the spring. He preferred its reference to “a Select Commit tee, from tho importance of tho subject, and tho urgency of the relief required. MR. PRESTON agreed with tho gentleman from Hcrkeloy, (Mr. Faulkner,) in tho propriety of the suspension of tho period of forfeiture, hut not m the remarks upon the principle of the bill itself. Ho came there instructed to maintain the princi, |>!o Unit law. lie was opposed to every tiling liko \ interfering with it. The policy of that measure, ho 1 contended to be sound. He could not agreo with if the gentleman from Herkelcy, on his strictures upon the unjust and oppressive character of the law. If there were cases of hardship, the bill itself contain- * cd provisions afiordinw relief. _ MK. \\ 1L.L.1 AMS ot Harrison, did not under stand the gentleman from Berkeley, as asking for a repeal ot tho law, but only a suspension of tho lime of forfeiture. He was himself, in favor of a suspension of the time, and of its rcferonco to a Select Committee. The friends of that hill wero ir0tia^ai<1 °f a ro*exarn'nal>on of it upon principle. 1 a.’., IC\U<J ll,oy were fully prepared to support it. MR. l AULKNEIl thought ho had expressed » himself with sufficient distinctness, and did not perceive how the gentleman from Montgomery, (Mr. Preston) had tailed to comprehend the iruo bearing of liis remarks. The gentleman from Har rison, had rightly understood him. He sought no repeal of the law upon the present occasion. Ho meant not to interfere with the operation of that law, upon tho country West of the Alleghany Mountains. If they found tho act essential to their prosperity, ho had no wish to disturb them in tho enjoyment of all the benefits they could derive from it. What lie asked for at present, was a post ponement of the time of forfeiture, which was now near at hand. But still lie thought tho oporation of the law on the Valley Country, oppressive. There it was calculated to unsettle land titles to the same ex, tent, that its effect might he to settle. them in tho Trans-Alleghany Country. It operated beneficial ly West of the Mountains, upon the actual occu piers of the land—a class which that act intended to favor. In the Valley, its operation upon the ac tual holder and bonajide purchaser, was harsh and oppressive. There wero no largo non-resident patentees in the Valley, against whom it was no ccssary to legislate. He adverted to the operation of the law on the County of Berkeley. The list transmitted by the Auditor, and received late in October, contained t ic names of more than 1300 persons char ged with delinquency, and embraced upwards of 50,000 acres of land, and near 400 lots in towns. These delinquencies had been accruing for tho last half century, under a most wretched ami relaxed system of Revenue Laws. He was satisfied, that fully one-halt ot the delinquencies might be traced to the frauds and mistakes of De puty Sheriffs, and the mistakes and neglect of Clerks and Commissioners. It was imposing, for a paltry consideration, incredible labor, cost, and trouble upon the people. MR. PRLSIO.N' still thought, if any portion of tho Valley Country was aggrieved by the Law, they had an ample remody, and designated certain sections which he thought would afford a competent relief. Those provisions were designed to meet the very cases of hardship and oppression, alluded to by the gentleman from Berkeley. Ho, however, was not opposed to a reference. Ho repeated his cheer ful acquiescence in a suspension of tlie time of for feiture, hut expressed his determination to rosistnll encroachments upon the-principle of the hill itself.. MU. SUMMERS concurred in the remarks mafic by the gentleman from Montgomery. Ho also was instructed to sustain the principle of tho law of the last session. He was however, in favor ol suspending the time of forfeiture, although it depended upon the construction of the 21st section whether any suspension of the time was necessa ry- If the Auditor was wrong in his construction of tho section, it was not necessary—if right, then it was nocossary. It being a doubtful ease, he was in favor of the reference of the subject to a Select Committee. He was perfectly satisfied to entrust tiie subject to the charge of the gentleman from Berkeley. . The communication of the Auditor was ther* referred to a -Select Committee, composed of tho following gentlemen: Messrs. Faulkner, Preston, Williams of Harrison, Summers, Wilson of Bote- « tourt, Pendleton, Robinson, Bayse, McCuo, Persin gcr, Billingsly, and Crockett—with leave to report l»y bill or otherwise. From the U. S. 1 clegraph of Yesterday. In the Senate yesterday, the annual message of the President of the United States, was received by Mr. Donclson, lii« Secretary, which having been read, threo thousand extra copies of the men sage, and 1500 of the accompanying documents i were ordered to be printed for the use of the Sen ate. On motion of Mr. King, tho 34th rule was suspended, so far as to authorize the election of tho •Chairman of the Committee on Finance by tho Senate, in the absence of Vico President; when, on ballotting, Mr. Smith was chosen. The standing committees were then anounccd by tho chair; af ter which the Senate ndionrned. « ST A N l) ING COM M ITTEES. On Foreign Relations—Messrs- Tazewell,White, -\ King, Forsyth, and Bell. On Finance.—Messrs. Smith, Tylor, Marcy, Sils bce, and Johnston. On Commerce.— Messrs. Forsyth, Dudley, Sil*. On Manufactures.— Messrs. Diflkorson, Clay, Knight, Miller, and Seymour. On Agriculture.— Messrs. Seymour, Brown, » Moore, Hanna, and Waggnmnn. On Military Affairs.—Messrs. Benton, Barnard, Troup, Clay, and Kane. On the Militia.— Mosstp. Barnard, Frclinghuy* sen, Clayton, Prentiss, and Waggaman. On it oral Affairs.—Messrs, llayne, Tazewell, Bobbins, Webster, and Bibb. On Public Lands.—Messrs. King, Ellis, Holmes, Robinson, and Hanna. On h rivate Land Claims.—Messrs. Kane, Nau dain, Prcnt is, Buggies, and Hendricks. On Indian Affairs.—Messrs. While, Troup, Poindexter, Benton i.nd Wilkins. On Claims.—Messrs. Buggies, Bell, Naudnin, Brown and Moore. On the Judiciary.—Messrs. Marcy, Haync, Web ster, Frolinghuysen, and Grundy. On the Post Office and Post Roads.-*-Messrs. Grundy, Ellis, Hill, Ewing, and Tomlinson. On Ronds and Canals.—Messrs. Hcndrichs, Poin dexter, Hill, Mungum and Sprague. On Pensions.—Messrs. Foot, Chambers, Man gum, Buckner, and Sprague. On the District of Columbia.- —Mossrs. Cham bers, Tvlcr, Holmes, Clayton, and Miller. On the Contingent Fund.—Messrs. Knight, Dudley, and Tomlinson. On Engrossed JUills.—Messrs. Robinson, R'ving-, >nd Buckner. In the House of Representatives, Mr. Ward, of Mew \ ork, reported from the committee appointed or that purpose, that they had waited on the J I'resident, who had sta'iod, in reply to their com riunication of Congrcja being in session, that houldscn^^^messog^^i^o^tha^ay.