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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, December 09, 1831, Image 2

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The B&ichmosad Whiff*
POLITIC IL.
Extract from the .Massage of' the Governor
of South Carolina.
Among tin: interesting events wlitch have oc
curred since your adjournment in d n-ct refer
ence and in connexion v. tit our relations to the
Fed'ml (jfo\arnuiept, is a letter bearing date
the 14'liof Juno, l:>31, winch the President oi
the United S ates thought p viper to address I ■
a portion efthc citizns oi tins State; ami tip
ca«e which was presented under lhe TiirtfTLnw,
for adjudication, at the September term ut tin
District Court i f the United S ates.
The first of these events presented the extra
ordinary anomaly ofthe l’rc.-iih nt of flic IJpi'eii
States, taking rides in the s'r.fe of tiie doin*'S'ic
parties in u State, in viol; t <m of those prutci
pies of public duty, which were so ably ex
pounded and so steadfastly adhered to, by the
greatest i f his predecessors, save one. It would
huve been well, if this morti'ying circumstance
had stopped hero. but. in according to one party,
i lie praise tii which their attachment to the Union
doubtless enti l 'd them, he seems to have coii
stdereil it as lus duty, in denouncing the o'her.
to impute to them d“-igi:s unfriendly to the
Union, and to accompany these ue< laintims w dh
a threat of ttic nuiitarv power of the General
Governnment against the S.a'.c tf Sou-h Carv
lina.
1 snoula as IP'le consult your dignity ns my ;
own, by going into a formal defence of our'
•State from these charges, win th r originated u ]
endorsed by the high authority by which thc\
were on this occasion avouched. But as the
disorganizes agmtirl v. hose‘‘plan of disor.fin
izalmn an insurmountable barrier wi u'd be pre
sented, by ilie performance rf high ;.nd sucreii
duties, which uiust and will, ill ai 1 hazards, be
performed,” can onlv be the pul 1 c au'horuies oi
South Carolina, whom she hus c! >t!u:d with her
sovereignty, and w!io would act m ohcdienct
to her sovereign will, it certainly is worthy <>i
a. dispassionate consideration, how ftr a »ove
reign party to the compact el Union, can,whilst
acting on her sovereignty on a di- put. <1 ques
tion of delegated power, be coerced into sub
mission to the Governor, ut erented hy the com-;
pact, by tlie nppi.cition of mi! tary f< rce on tin j
part of ilie Executive of the Confederacy, wliei
ail the other departments of the Federal Gov!
ernment. could not ol right exercise this power. ;
It is rendeiing no more than.jus iee !-> the good
people of this State, to declare that neither
treason n-T rebellion, pi ivy conspiracy nor po
polar tumult bus, in one single instance or on.
single moment, been thought of ns a remedy
for their grievances. They have always looked
in the last resort to ti e peaceful, yet v rci-'r
authority of their own State fur redress. I
would indeed be arguing rn utter ignorance
in fho Chief Magi-t rate if the Confederacy,
that, with Iho.-t- - vi ids before luni.tlie imputed ,
“plan i f disorganization," th. old have (illusion!
to any tiling . Ise, but ihe affirmation of our
State of her sovereign rigid to interpose for tin
preservation of her reserved rights, in thecn.-c
of n coniiuu. d, pa!pab!c and dangerous v;.,l i
tion of the compact. With tins interpret «l on,;
in what spirit it behoves you to meet this'
threat, and to repel ths charge on which it i
founded in a manner worthy of the people whom
you represent, is a question I subnet to your
•consideration and the sensibi i'y with which 1
nrn sure you will always cherish ev: ry thing
connected with the honor of our ht .te. The
empty menace itself, utterly repugnant, ns it is,
to every just understanding ol .he tri e il.nr. c
ter of our C nl'.deiacy and genius of our Go
vernment, might have been Mide cf. nr of con
sideration, if it did not n ark, by unariinrr an,j
portentous token:-, t'ue inevitable teedcuLy o’
consolidation to m.ht .ty de-poHsm.
The result <>f the issue made up in the Uni
•tod States District Court, with the view oi try
mg the constitutionality of .ho la iff law, yen
have long since b. en made acquainted witn |.v
public rumor. Ti e utter hrpdessness ot ob
taining relief, fr. in il.e ii-jus ice aid unconsi:
tutionahty ol this I. \v, through the Courts oil
the United States, Inns been si.meic n: ly d, moil
6tratcd, by the nb in d nn rkcry w | j. h aiti-n.lre !
this trial. There were, In wcv, r, some cvcnrsl
which rnaiked the history nr.d progress of th
case, that are especially worthy of vc.nr notice. !
Although o jury trial v. as. t om i.hiy, accord.-u
to the d< fondants, (which however the Attorney
of the United States, resolutely re isted,) \ et '
the Judge did not p. nmt the tn. ts cf the cu«=e
to go to the jury. He d* c ded ti n', under th. I
general isssne, (t!.e only p!ra by wl.ii li the trial;
by jury could be secun (!,.) i> was not compete nt
for the defendants to show he con; id. r;:;n f;>r
which the bond was givon, pi> H al the notoriou; 1
O' II was g.vi II feu
•dutirsiinder the tariff act of IJJ28, wn* i>( t suf
fered to be made to appear to the jury. TIm
•decision, in contravention of (bo r.t ubljghri
law of Soutli Carolina, in feet deprived the de
fendnnts of the giccl and inestimable right of
jury trial, which is as essential to public fiber!\
•in protect ng properly Irrm fraudulent viola
tions, as in preserving th > personal freedom oi
our cit'zens. 1 submit to you the pre p>irty ot
(passing such a dechrnw ry statute, guarded bv
appropriate penalties, if necessary, as bfinil
guarantee to every citizen in each and ev< r\
court within the limps of the S ale of Soutli
‘Carolina, the right in an net ion of debt rn bond,
in < rr ti,e plea i f tho g. m ra! i-sur, to give i h>
consult raiirn of the In mi. in < vi< rr.ee btfnr*
tl»c jury. It urn her bc!om;s (o ibn age nor is
prciallv to tfir times m v. i sell we five,that tie
great, right ».f jury • ml, 11; i i eui eent s.-.f.
gunrd r f our p.J. i< a! au.i < .v : fibrri<< <-i;
be rtudered alii g- tlr r uniivii ding, bv (hr mm*
perversion of an r.iiilir il m-wi* (>Y ; !r- -! .
wh’rh thr Fimp icify <1 !i - « uu.j 1 -..x, ,\ f;,rfl,*7
of judicature is ever., v.fi re mfi.vii.g.
The Congress of ’ i: ■ i•*. ;! ■ r _ ,Y* ,
are aware, udjuu.i.ed n • |.» vl* 0p .r(p .
without adopt irg any mi d lit a i,.n . ; j <„,
calculate d to imtig ; <• th.it s-. *i. »,f ,M ,
tutionai and onr<|iial taxi'ion, o! ..s ;,n ij v.c V(
bo loudly nndj is y c-implem. !.
\\ liilst we p'uisr, it bfCom t:.- In •_urvrv
'the ground upon wb.cb wo e'nnr?_J»‘ v. p |, ■
■t the evil itself, totally ah trnew d from afi r n
•iderations conntctcd wi (* the liberty cf i,
country, the mr.onchi 1v r.\p. rimer t.| 0, r
vi King yrnr. affords im lr> ,-ii to s if j»j.
overwhelming and di.a-h ii rfi r ,nr I'ri r.
gradu *11 y sinking under tins frig!; f, I j Mr;, v s
we begin now to f»li will* necoirra'fd v.*!>'f.i’v.
The price and demand f- r our staples, are c;.ri
stamly dimini.-I.irg. the soufeen and rcv.ar-is . t
our industry are drying t*p. r:.i ir.sr yr f om '
bert either*--, dislieart* nod and p * r r,rc (urn :’
their eyes to tie irnmrn > vr-l'ry if «j o \y, gr,
where th -y hope to find, in •!,<• pml fic ftrtifi-v
with which find has bic.-scd that rcgo-s->me j
compensation for the exactions <f an unkir.r
and unjust government.
To a future Vgc, it will be n sn'jert of n>
much wonder end scrutiny, how the pfiintatioi
States in this confederacy ror.fl, for ten y ars,
have borne the exhau ti. g p'r. r • cf the pre
srnt system of tawtwn, as i! if row to ns to
contemplate any of- he pas- mtr.enuis if ! • r •
utipersTilioii and igpoiaucc. To n.-k<- •< lit
-, miliar, let us lock to the great FAurcf« of ♦ j,,.j
'^production of the Ai.ai.tic scclicn cf ( ur cor
One source exists *n the manufret tiring
t ates north of the Potoninc. the otln-rin the
gncullurul Slates south of this line, it him
» rii proved, by a course of reasoning, approx’
uatiug tis near to demonstra i<>n ns this sub
j* et will permit, that both sections arc en
gaged in producing precisely the same pro
ducts; that if broadcloths, coarse cottons,
end haidwnre, are manufictnred by the
Corns, sp ndi. s, and forges of the North, tho
anic articles are uinnufactured by the plough,
■ho -pade.iMi.l the hoes of iln* si'iilh, and tha*
tiie oi: y ditlcrcmce exists in iho mod*? of elabo
ration and prodiict'oli. In i no word, that our
i cotton, rice a; d tobacco, return to our shores,
:il er paying a most valuable tribute to our
j corinni rci-tl marine, in the shape of tlie very
articles it m reliant! ze which l have onumera—
: ted. It is v. h n tin* exchangeable value ol
I these | ro ludion* reaches us, tin t the inequality
"f th*s sys.eni begins to act with paralysing
| nj'isticc. Th'i products of northern industry,
conic into market perfrctly unburdened. whilst
I '»ur products, the results of cur own labor, are
| burdened tv.th an aitr gn tux of 4:' per c*'nt.
| an Rs-essment which falls with ••ltrr*st unmiti
gated sevciify upon us. Hut, because we
cons’inie, wo ur** iusul i iglv to! !, that this i; a
perfectly equal system! Hut even in >he char
ge'1 f of eons .rr.e s, ibis proposition is utterly
unfounded. We I; >ve no manufactures among
ourselves, to refund to us. in an ougwe; i u
ratio, the taxes we pay on our consumption,
nor are the* languishing souiccs < f cu r indo.-t y.
invigorated an* true iti d bv the vast and f-js
t lining disbursements of gov-runient, w lich
miitbrmly set ;u a more fulunate (*nd favorite
direi to is.
The h*g.-la'inn of Congress, ha.-, in off ct
placed tho markets of the South under a ban
essentially colonial by taxing almost to the
extent ot prohibition, our trade with oilier
nations; and it i, no answer to this argument
.o say, that lho sane system * x tls by law in
'lie inanutac ming Mta'es, when the character
of the primary productions of ’both teciionj,
c eat s the difference and the odious and oppres
sive distinction. To suppose that a section of
country, strictiy agricultaral, and emplovtng an
expensive slave labor can sustain a system Idee
tins, wi; hc*ut in the end,sinking into ti e poverty.
11xisry, nnu fcUDjeclion ol colonics, won.<1 be to
eh.so our ■•yea lo the uniform experience of nli
history, from the ra.lio-t ages i f t!i.* world
Are we bound to submit to‘.his inpts ic* ?—
Our St. o has sa d, no! That tins svstotu is
inflicted upon us, in violation of the compact of
Union, and that our ob- dcoco to t!.e m.consti
tutional laws which enforce the?.-. violation-,
presents a more question or rime cud exp.dtcn
cy, a fleeted, and properly ; fl'rcted, bv n< r pro
found and habitual a'lachment to the Un on._
It is impossible, however, that the duties \vl i< h
wo owe to our po.-t. rity, if «e are insensible
of those whrcli belong to our.elves, cm permit
a much longer postponement of th s question.
From 1825 to 1830, tire S ate of S >uth < ,.r
olina, under tho pressure of the usurps lions of
tiic Genera! Governm lit, ha.- been by n st ndv
•advance in pul lie opinion, gradu. i!v trav llinir
up to the afli-malim of tl n great cot x’rvative
doctrines ol State in • rposition. sol. nm’y nssert
eil by the States c.f Virginia a• d Ketitockv.
and ut your la.-tsess on deliberately thus niliim
erl by yourselves, “that Iho several acts of the
Congress of the United States now of force,
imposing duties on imports for the protection
of domestic manufactures, have been, and are,
d> liberate and highly dangerous and oppressive
violations of tho constitutional compact, and
that whenever any Stale, which is suffering
under this oppression, shall lo.-e ail reasonable
in.no i f reJ.ess from the wisdom nnd justice ot
the federal government, it \viil be its right and
duly, to interpose in its sov. reinn capacity, for
tho purpose of arresting the progress if the
evils occasioned by the said unconstitutional
O'-Li. I ins tight of interposition, bo it called
what it may,‘ state rights, veto, nullification,
or by any other name, rests on facts historically
as certain as our revolution itself, nnd on doduc.
lions as simple and demonstrative as those of any
political & rnrral truth whatsoe ver.” ft results in
fact from the character >>< the ►'over, ign parties
to the compact, the relation they bear to each
other, the nature of the compact ond the rescr
vat ion by and to e ach of the parties of all pow
era not d< legated to the government created
by the compact. There is no where to be
found, a more masterly and comprehensive
-ummary of the«e doctrines, than is contained
'.n the opinion of tire tormrr v*’n ‘ratJo chief
justice cf tho slate of i’i iihm !i run, r.rnl which
was unanimously concurred tr, t»v the whole
bench cf tho supreme court of ihat U'ate. lie
declared, in the case of C lib tt, that ‘the
Constitution cf the United Sra'cs is Federal;
it is a league, or treaty, made by the itul vidti
al States as one party, nnd n!J the S'ates n:
neither par'y. Win n two nation? differ about
the meaning of any clause, sentence, or word
in a treaty, neither has nn exclusive riirht to de
cide it, they endeavor to adjust the iuii*t>*r by
negotiation, but it it earner be thus a. complish*
cd, each has a rig! t to retain its own inter
pretation. until a reference be had to tho me
diation of other na:ions, an arbitration, or the
file or war. There is no jir.;visi« n in the Con
ditution, that in such a case the opinion of
he Judges of liio Supri me Court of the United
State?, shail control and be conclu.-ive. neither
■nn the Congress, by a law.cm fl riiiat power.
I’here appears to be a def. cf m this matter: i;
s n casus on.i-ms, which ought in some way
o he remidied.” i
I hr* casts omissus who li Ibis enlightened
juris? supposes to exist, is - no of the in fist eon
! o*rvn?iv * parrs of our win ly system. It was a
w ise nml mnsW rly ou i-sion — because it It f the
ulterior sovonignty of tbn Slates untouched.
In the language of him who founded and re
formed our system, “if tho two depar'ments
should clnim, each, ihc same obj» c's of power,
where is the umpire to decide between them.?
In cases of little urgency or importance, the
; prudence of both parties will keep them alool
| from the qucsiionable ground; but if it. neither
1 can he avoided or compromised, n convention < f
I the Slates must be called, to ascribe the doub'
I In! power to that department which they may
l think best T1 i’, unquestionably, cm he the
J only peaceable yet sovereign mode ofnr'aitrs
j fion between sovereigns, who carried into the
compact equal powers,and retai-.• J equal rights
<-f sovereignty. But, ns it req ure3 an npplica
Imn on the part of two thirds ot the Stales to
Congress, for the ca'-l of a c invention, and a* n
j minority could n» v r, oven *n cases involvin''
; - be m - t il ’grant l-ri .:d:cs of t he compner, pTO
• <t reference to this urn irage by tbis pto
it f llnws. * -af tIk- onty moth t I 'oinjicjlit it
j '"-’ha re? rorjcc i~. by the c-x'-rcise of tut r-n- Tt
right (f i •! rp -1(ion or ,S:»:o v-to. r.s-- rn d n
j 'he Rosolu i-ms of Virginia, ' f,r the purpose
I ■}' n treating the progress, of the evil of usurpa
lir.n."
The oxer- i. c ,.f this right. I believe, belon".
1 :o a ft :tc in my m ule ;n which ,he thinks pro
per »n exert h^r over, igrd v, ci h-r in corven
i ion or in h.-r J.-gi la ive cnpieiiy. The f->rm. r
I may, in ra<c- • 1 great rn men' ami importance
be ihc in i-t ' 11f 1;-11 and imp isirig, as t j.p r-ps?
| impos' d bv tiif- i-nrnediate end nntior.tr.tiv
j-r-ntriioii of ihc pcopl •• I believe that ?-> for
roin t!:<• oxer -, e of Urns right being li.-blc to
ab'.se, ih" salutary rh< < k it •* o-.lr! '.fll-rd, would
u't be C"-n enoorrh ,;i(, ov,;i wen,_
•ng influence & p t oewgc o!:!;eg n ru' rr - • r - i
inert over: bo Hates, an-J 1 h <> |-r,| divi-ion.^ sub- j
si.-ting in them. Ilur, a t*-r n?',i« n- t h-ox rci.x
<>t this right iofmitoly 1 to hr dr-'aded than
•ho legislative 11 tirpations of in'erested and
• ert;onal rn-j-riiics in the national hgislatnre. 1
aitogeih'-r irreoponsib'e fa the minorities that
are oppressed? A S»,i?e. in this rot f- dcrncy.
oau no ii-o-T. bn r - ; fi v nf a rr_ <
voh. or rebellion. u. ieh arr - s by her own
sovereign rn fherdy. the <*p r’Jjon of an uncon
stjtn'i -n'il l.i.v v. ij n i.-- r !»»othan an inrle- 1
nd- rf nr can id t„ .Wv , f r„_ <
belhop and rr - dt, w! • » r-j,rf t».« op,"a!ion '
-f :.i: < =-.cn:»i.i .-.art - f j. tr at? whi'h ims beer
»..fiucred. by the n'hor contracting parly._
• v i.-yn i, is admitted that the Constitution is t
HBBMBHIMHi
compact between independent sovereigns who ’
have appointed no cumnni umpire to decide
upon tho rights they have reserved t»» them
selves, and when it is moreover conceded, that
an ouconstilational law, involving nil invasion
of these rights, is noil and void, it must fo'l >w
as a manifest deduction, that a State has, not
only the right, blit is in duty bound, in the
language of your own resolution,“to interpose,
in ns sovereign eup*cily, tor the purpose ot
arr< sting the progress of tho evil occasioned by
the -aid m oons itutional acts ”
This wo are told, would make tho Un:on e
in r<* rope • fsntui. 'I'o this, it may be answer
ed, iIm' this o’.j«*etion is applicable to the con
sequences we dedt.ee Iron its structure. Thai J
j it is a c' nfederam and not a consol date*. l
government, and it is enough that Tvo have, by
its adoptioti, preferred liking tho security of
feebleness in the government cf tho federal
league, lor ail purposes of internal oppression,
to • ho certainty of a con-cdidnted despotism.
O.i this g-eat right of S.ato interpo ition,
depends not alone tiio liberty and happiness. hut
I t!ie very ex:rt nee of the South. Without this
check, the Constitution so far from being a
source of seen rity would be one of oppress! n,
and n<>t worth to us the paper on which it was
written —h'or, if a numeric! ! majority m Con
gress, wi*h a supple ftah ral judiciary nt its back,
are to he, a lone, the expounders ol liio Cons’t
tut inn, is i: not obvious t!i t thev have the pow
er of making this instrument, by construction,
what tliev please? May they not, af er pillaging
one section of the Union, to enrich anot. er,
interfere iv tli the domestic policy i f the States,
& tiia! too, in a form to ns. the most pmt'-ntofsly
pe lions that tlie imagination can possibly riui
c ivc? Whilst ivc look back to the pages • f h’s
tory, and see what the love of power and what
fanaticism have done, where is the man who
'.vil! have the daring prosump ion to 1 f. the
veil ot futurity and say, vi liat they are not ca
pable o f doi n g?
It ,3 only by the recognition nnd rxTr*ise,
if need be, of this effective chuck, that we can
hoprj to preservo the federative character cf our
national government. Without it. the work ol
encroachment will go steadily cii; cases o!
usurpation today will beceme preced-rts,
furnishing rcknowledgcd principles of ado inis
tra'ioii In morrow, until the rights of tho Slates
are sw allowed up in a vast and iireversible des
pot i-m.
'* iiiist i aii« iinis explicit in afrinnirg tne
unquestionable existence of this right ofinter
;:<'silinn, and that too in a form nr* inconsistent
vvi.f*. our just hb’igriticms to the Ll'ion, (for w<>
■h' l’ i o u | girioinj to tlio Union, excepting th:nc
n* c. . Tily resulting from *irtd founded on iim
iimvcrs «•> imyc clearly delegated,) I would,
so far troiii r cun*nitthat you should now
interpose sf»is sovereign power rather suggest
'he expediency of suspending its exercise at the
present moment.
If no force be referred to the objection cf now
acting in virtue of tins high function, for the*
immediate ntitu Ilitur of the tariff within our
limits, to thus*? divisions which Laie so un
happily existed among the good people of this
Stnt.}, ns t<* the cou rtutionul character and
probable c fR ary ot' tins remedy, bt t.iie fact
tt<;it each hour is diminishing these dip rences,
vt bringing t he va t bi dy of tlio people nto grea
ter I ariuony, and accord in regard ng tk’sfortnol
resistance to be as conservative m us ;ln.ractci
as,it would prove peaceful in its opciat.un, much
may be found in wimt has transpired sn :c your
adjournment, to indicate the policy of our pans
ingand awaiting the progress of even's, which
must be decisive of this interesting question in
all i:s fr me consequences of ulterior relations.
Public opinion demands, that seme nod fica
tion shou d be made of the tariff, by (.'undress,
at its next session. This duty, even if that bo
dj was utterly regardless of the just complaints
of an overburdened people, cannot be evaded,
from tiie circumstance of the probable extin
guishment of the public debt on the let of Jan
uary, U>33. without permitting a surplus to cc
cumiilatc iti the Treasury, not necessary for t lie
public wants. We are bound to wait until wo
?eo, what this body w 11 do, when tliry shall net
have a single pretext tor denying us the bles
sings of tree trade and light, taxation. iJc- ides,
by every sentiment of kindness ai d comity
towards those delugates from the other free
i rade portions of the Union, who, in the recent
oonvention, at Philadelphia, have so zealously
and patriotically cooperated in tlie effort to
obtain for our country blessings so essent al to its
liber’y and happiness, v. e are bound to take no
attitude, during the present session of Go 'gross,
that wii! proven’ a calm, peaceful, and sa nfac
lorv adjust into t of this great question, which
w ll be suhin.tted to its deliberations, under
c reams? anecs so solemn, nut hurt' ative and impo
sing. W e n1111 not put at hazard a good came,
hy premature action. We have tlio mor<d force of
a pi.tent pub’ic opinion, operating in our bahaif.
Oi.e of ilie most re. pectable assemblies ever
convened, to winch I have already referred
t rmed by delegate.' from 13 States, has respond
ed to the justice c four complaints. It bis,-n
off cf, and substantially decided, that the taritl
is a violation cf the compact, and has expressly
declared that the system itee’f”is distinguished
by every thaiacleris'i?, that mav define n
tyranny the most odious.” If, after this decision
incur favor, end the appeal of this assembly,
relief does not erfme from -‘this tyranny the inn's’
odious,” may we not say, in the' language, ami
on the authority of this assembly itself, **why
s .nuld we, who are i s victims, not stand on our I '
char'ered Rights?”
mi wu o„iupy a position in winch wrh
out comnrornittmir our honor, wo can pan?p,
survey the whole ground before us. and collect
our moral forces for the slriiggle which will
c me on, if we do not obtain our rights under
the constitution The Tariff must he rr.ndifii <F, so say oven
those who have hreu rioting in the excesses of this'legal
ised system o! pillage But how? VV ill rhe mo l firaiion
be consummated by throwing the whole burthen of th.
impost system on those articles, which in the ete,u
can one rc ial exchanges of the wm.d. purchase our s tapir j
aud by relieving those uncles consumed but not man.'
ii.actued m the Tariff States, from all burthen or exaction
whatsoever? I hs, indeed, woukl fix the system upon
J,'.^"ane"IJ,,a"1'1" a form the mosi potentially <|7*
1'. would he in effect to decree that the revenue of the
l. nited M ites shall be levied on the production* of the
noth, so mog as we continue nr impoit in rxtrhni.zo lot
out O'vn Staples, and when this c ased from the enure
antnmu iron of our foreign trade that our fate should be
•rr vir-ittly sealed, in hopcles* ruin.
To guard the public mind aganst the contingency so
eminently pe-ilous as such a mod fu n t inn of the imor«i
system would be. is woitliy ol all Ihc vigilance you'can
exert for the protection of the liberty and happiness <d
he people wh ur.yn:, represent. Oar stand cannot oe
too early or rt cid-. dlv taken, that no adjustment of the
a.' ' ,,n "> South ( iroliua, which dree
no r. fW an crp,;,! S),t ;m of burdens throughout cur
i.... i,ir> ,md wh.r h not hy virtue of the clearly o'ete
cfi j o*vt*r§ r, \up Con.MiMilion expressly IcvirrJ (, r plC
' "f revenue-- and that whil-t we ask for m r
•c.m-. no ex, I imv-j advantages we w! 1 submit to no e<
elusive iivpo i:ioi >,
li Cl cum -ta-w .-S have placed us in the van of ihefoti
c fir I ice 1 race and a tlricl con-| ruction of a written
i '.iistitii'ioii, we ought to recollect tl>at lltepo-tion it
.-r.f •«.*•> With It its duties an I ohlig Pious which v.c
r enrtot violate Without dishonor or abandon withe it
In indulging in Mwsc reflection* which 1 have ventitr I
, !r" ' |o vm r v,e v, whil-t I have not feared, I have I
F I- br,,\ ,Insei,*,b e 'he rcsponsiiiih.ia, they mvol.e -
> ' tl :• rcfi?fiJaiicni nf knowing thfil my drfiri
,r, ,11 he sepphed by a higher portion of m’ell Wr
;'b cb •v.°" " 1,1 !,""c "» 'he service of ti e state: great,,
r- 'I for her tn'errsts and honor you cannot cherish
hat our print labors may redound to the happiness
r,]1' , ' ' ■n'' I e-t-le wo reprcicnt, the muiniaimmrc
} ’ •' of our state,,»d the U.dted.State*, am.
• e pre* >Ma*-ort of th t Ibr.on on the very t-r-ns <1 j;,
’’ '■» »’V fervent and anxintn p aver
. ns I trust we mnv without pres,.urn
ion inv«.hi the rn r, .'ire a,id guaidian*hip of tint Al
nighty l.eurg. tne l.ght in who e knowledge is truth, and
he attribute of wli-j-e justice i* merry.
„ •>A.MLS HAMILTON, Jr.
i c-i.rs.TM, Nov. 2ff, 1831.
' rri --J-umi , m-<vm, ■ *.
f f<Ail perrons having claims against
'l, *-'*c r.<!ate of James Henderson, dec’d, are
ecjtnrcrl to present them duly authenticated to me,
-n c.r before the 10th December next, as l am
out to close my administration, and deliver the.
.state to the I.cgatccs.
11AN( OCK LKK, Kx’rof
Jn8. ffcnrlerson, dec’d.
Manchester, Nov. 23th, lb31—i>aw Ct
-a G-Jiit > . t/ s*
i . ’
i
p i©$P %24
* jrl J:
. | tlionn I
Thursday Keening^ £3ec.
THE MESSAGE.
Tho President’s Message is unusually tame ami
vapid. One reads it without any sensation. It is
a dull common place, slightly seasoned with a little
cant, a little imperialism, and a little hypocrisy.
Haw dill ere nt from the last! .Night is not more
ojpesite to-day, than the spiritless narrative before
m, to the artful intricacy, and dovetailed elabora
tion, of tho Message of December 1S30. What
diversity of stylo does tho Hero command!
Tho Message possescs another quality to which
w< have not adverted—wo mean modesty. Take
lie following specimen:
“I have heretofore recommended amendments of
tie Federal Constitution giving the election of
President and Vico President to the People, and
limiting the service of the former to a single term.
So important do I consider these changes in our
fundamental law, that I cannot, in accordance with
iny sense of duty, omit to press them upon tho con
sideration of a new Congress. For my views more
at largo, as well in relation to these points as to the
disqualification of incmbors of congress to receive
an office from a President in whoso election they
have hail an official agency, which I proposed as a
substitute, 1 refer you to my former messages.”
We had an eye to this passage when we spoke
of hypocrisy. What does the reader think of it?
Has the—(if wo were not speaking of the Presi
dent of the U. States we would say) enrontcry
of these recommendations to Congress, any paral
lel? A President—who volunteered ns a candidate,
the pledge ofsettingthe salutary example of serving
hut one term—who obtained an immense support
on that ground alone—whose friends recited this
pled go in their electioneering speeches and pro
ductions, in the very front of all the arguments
in his favor—who immediately upon his election,
set to work to procure a second nomination, and
whoso frank endorsed the letters which put in
motion the Harrisburg Caucus, which ro-nominated
him—who is at this very moment, through all his
personal friends, his ininions and his pensionaries,
pressing the point of his re-election by every arti
fice, exertion and argument—under such circum
stances, to have, the modesty tp urge upon Congress
the necessity of restricting Presidential eligibility
to one term, by a Constitutional amendment!!
The extraordinary impudence of the tiling tempts
one to laugh outright. Who does the old gentle
man expect to dupe? The most stupid of the
ignorant cannot be imposed upon by such shallow
means. Every man will ask, if the Ilcro thinks
it so essential for the public safety that the Presi
dency be limited *to one term, why does ho not
afford the principle the benefit of his example?—
Doubtless that would prove more efficacious than
a cold recommendation to Congress. What
wretched imbecility! The President thinks he is
preserving by this means, the consistency of the
candidate, who viewed the second election of the
same President with so much alarm, and who
promised so faithfully, to set a good example—the
example of “rotation.”
If possible, the succeeding recommendation—
the exclusion of Members of Congress from office—
coming from him, is more farcical than the other.
It is known that he has appointed more than any
two of his predecessors combined: yet, as their ex
clusion was one of the promises which figured in
the “Reform” ho was to introduce in the Govern
ment, the two superannuated imbeciles, one who
wrote, the other who signed the Message, thought
it incumbent to pretend a wish for Constitutional
reformation in this particular! What need to spur
a willing horse? If President Jackson esteem the
appointment of Members of Congress, making
"corruption the order of the day,” why has he ap
pointed so many?
O’ Wo have extracted from Gov. Hamilton’s
Message, his strictures on the Tariff, as possessed
it this time, of particular interest. The beauty and
spirit of the composition, will compensate the read
er for a perusal. \\ e are happy to observe, that ho
ecoinmcnds a suspension of active proceedings,
ve may say-, of war measures, until it ho seen
vhat Congress will do.
Jlow tcc njijiles si oim."
The London papers announce that Mr. Van lin
en dined with the King on the lGth October.
FREE PEOPLE OF COLOUR.
On Tuesday, on motion of Mr. Fisher of North
ampton, so much of thc Governor’s Message as re
lates to the subject of free people of color, was re
ferred to a Select Committee composed of Messrs.
Mrodnax, Fisher, Cobb, Wood of Albemarle, Roane,
Moore, V cwton, Campbell of IJrooke, Smith of
Frederick, Gholson, Drown, Stillman, and Ander
son of Nottoway.
XT Notwithstanding thc unfavornblo weather,
by the exertions of our Mail Contractor, the Pre
sident’s Messngo reached this City by nine o’clock
yesterday morning. Tho Whig of yesterday, con
taining it, was published at two o’clock P. M._
The Governor’s Message, which was sent to tho
Legislature on Tuesday at twelve o’clock, was fur
nished to our City subscribers at two o’clock of thc
same day.
to the KniTons op the whig.
Gentlemen: One of your constant readers for
ihe. last two years, and who has paid uncommon
attention to parsing events since the melancholy
scenes committed in Southampton, would humbly
beg nave to suggest lo the good people of Virginia,
a mi .ject, omitted by your numerous corrcspon.
den,*, pregnant with corruption to our slaves, and
of immense loss to thc farming interest. It b this
in almost every neighborhood there reside persona
of susp,emus character, who, it is well known,
I.to by trading with negroes, and whose canning
such, that 11 is impossible to convict then under
the existing laws of the State. There is now an
immidual, a resident of this county, who disposes
of cotton without planting a seed, who sells more
co n in one year than he is able to raise in four,
Suftiro ir«'rc ,:,Slnv 0,1 ,er tho onft or tho other.—
' , • ,l to M-v’ ' •'•guna needs a lav/ compiling
dnePt T? PT0n" l° ",iV° f'n ancount of their com
due I. I |,e honest and industrious man is always
**** «" *» *- Hone l..,t knaves 3
° V rl '° thc P«»nge Of a law rr, beneficial. S„ch
V' 7 «■ t"»J suggest themsekes
I.ditors o, the Whig, touching tho present q„es
turn, would he read with pleasure by
v- ,- , A Constant Keadp.x.
i>£ue hent County, Nnr. %*, lsg|.
Prom the Wheeling Time* of Nor. HO.
• T«. CL W arrived at this place on his way to
!:,kc. 'n M,R ,J- S* Srnatc on Friday even.
!"g ,ast between D and 10 o’clock — Notwifhstnn.i
,hc ,a*?! the wharf Was lined with crowds
° °,,r cd'T.Cns, eager to welcome his arriva'
amongst ns. He appears to he in unusual good
xvi t- H,c whole of Saturday at the
• • heeling Hour e, receiving the visits cf hisnume
rous momls m Ibis place#
GENERA*- AWfcEJBllLY.
11 OUSE OF DELEGATES.
M kdnesd.w, Dec. 7.
elr. Anderson of Rotetourt, presented tho iuc
mori.il ut \\ in. Booth o! Rotetourt, enquiring it*
Mr. Anderson was entitled to a seat in tho Legis
lature—lie being surveyor of tho County at the
period of his election? Mr. A. stated the circum- !
stances of the case, and his willingness to abide
the decision of the House.
On motion of Mr. Crockett, laid on the table.
Petitions were presented—By Mr. Booker, of
citizens of Amelia, praying tlm removal of free
negroes—Mr. Bare, from Shenandoah, for a new
election District—Mr. Chi'ton, from citizens of
Fauquier, for exertions to amend the Federal Con
stitution, sous to tut horizo Congress to appropriate
money to reinovo the free people of color— Mr.
McCulloch, from Washington and Wythe, for a
new county; and Irom Uriah Bowman, for leave to
erect a dam across tho North fork ot llolston_
Mr. Jordan, Irom Isle ot Wight, to amend t!ic laws
concerning people of color—Mr. McMahon, from
people of Rockingham, for a Lottery—Mr. Mul
len, Irom Hardy, for a now Election District; and
Irom citizens of Hardy, Hampshire, juid Shenan
doah, for a change of Court days—Mr. Street,
troni Lunenburg, for a change of Court days_Mr!
Ltiud, troin citizens of Princess Anne, 'pray ti"
a change ot the law relative to Back Bay and the
Atlantic Ocean—Mr. Stephenson, for a now county
onto! parts of Lewis, Nicliolas, and Jackson, and
relative to Cleiks’ fees—Mr. McDowell, from citi
zens ot Rockbridge, for tho incorporation of a
Company to construct a toll-bridgo over the North
Branch of James River.
On motion of Mr. Mcllhancy, the Committee of
Koads and Navigation were instructed to enquire
I into the expediency of subscribing for 200 shares
of the Leesburg and Snicker’s Gap Turnpike Com
pany.
Mr. Knox offered a resolution for tlm appoint
ment ot a Committee to enquire into tho expedi
ency of extending the jurisdiction of a single Ma
gistrate from $20 to $30.
Mr. Mcllhancy moved to strike out tho maxi
mum, leaving tho increase of the Jurisdiction dis
cretionary with the Committee—which was accept
cel by the mover.
mr. >\ iiiiairiH of Ilenrico, moved to amend, by
subsidei mg the Judiciary for a Select Committee.
Mr. lvnox said, bo was not a member of the Ju
diciary Committee, while bo bad full confidence in
it, for which reason he had preferred a Select
ommittee. The amendment was carried; and thus
amended, the resolution was passed.
Mr Booker presented the memorial of John M.
°f IIonrico» contesting tho eligibility of Mr.
»» dliatns of Ilenrico, to hold his scat, on the
ground of his being a resident of Richmond.
On motion of Mr. Caldwell, the Committee of
Koads and Canals were instructed to enquire into
tho alterations necessary in tho laws respecting
ptiMic roads and highways.
Mr. Summers presented the memorial of John
It. \ avvter, contesting the seat of Mr. Kelly, re
turned for Monroe.
On motion of Mr. Gallahor, tho Committee for
Courts of Justice were instructed to enquire into
tho expediency of amending or repealing the law
concerning forthcoming bonds.
On motion of Mr. Williams of Ilenrico, the
IIouso agreed to proceed on to-morrow, by joint
vote with the Senate, to the election of a Public
1 rinter lor one year.
On motion of Mr. Snidow, tho Douse adjourned.
.. _ „ THURSDAY, Dec. 8.
iMr. .Tones of Elizabeth City presented tho peti
tion ot Ko. Anderson of Williamsburg, complain
ing of the conduct of the Rector and Vestry of
Bruton Parish Church, Williamsburg, in refusing
liberty to any Ministers, except those of the Epis
copal Church, to preach in the Parish Church.
Air. Jones said, ho owed to himself to say, that
he did not consider the subject of the petition a
proper one tor legislative enquiry; but such v.-as his
respect for the great right of petition, that he felt
himself Constrained to present Mr. A’s memorial.
The petition was read at Mr. J’s instance, but the
House refused to refer it.
1 lie Speaker presented a communication with
documents from the Bord of Inspectors for the
Perntentiaiy, which was laid on the table and or
(hired to be printed.
Oil motion of Mr. Williams of Henrico, the
Ilouso^procccded to the election of Public Printer,
when I ho. Ritchio, Esq. received all tho votes
out one.
The Speaker presented a communication from
the Governor, enclosing tho mcmerialof the Lcw
lsburg Internal Improvement Convention, which
on motion of Mr. McDowell was referred to the
Committee of Roads, and on motion of Mr. McCuc
ordered to he printed. ’
Mr. Stephenson presented a petition from Tho.
Davis of Fayette, for remuneration for extra servi
CCS.
VI Mri> J>cndlcton a petition from Culpeper, and
Mr. Robinson one from Page, concerning free
negroes, slaves, &c.
Mr. Smith of Frederick a petition from certain
citizens of 1- redcrick, &c. opposing the application
tor a new county.
On motion of Mr Wood of Albormarlo, the IIouso
agreed to proceed to-morrow by joint vote with the
ben ate, to supply the vacancy in tho Court of
Appeals, created by Judge’s Carr’s accepting the
I otucB of \ isitor of the University.
; < >n motion of Mr. Crump the Committee of Mili
tia haws was instructed to inquire into the oxpo
rliency oi reducing the minimum strength of Troops
of calvary to 4b, instead of the number now re
quired.
On motion of Mr. Bryce of Goochland, tho
Committee of Finance were instructed to report
a bill making a futhcr appropriation to complete
the repairs ot the Senate Chamber.
On motion of Mr. Barry, the Committee on the
Judiciary were instructed to enquire into the ex
pediency of altering the laws regulating the ad
ministration of the personal assets of deceased
persons, so as to place all just debts on an equal
tooting in the administration of said assets, ex
cept funeral expenccs and debts due from such de
ceased iri the character of guardians, executors, &c.
Mr Ball presented the petition of W. P. Bavlcs
of Fairfax for a divorce.
Mr. Newton presented a petition from West
moreland, concerning tho removal of free negroes,
Mr. Cabell a petition from Nelson Anderson to
bo refunded rnony paid by mistako into the Trea
—* J 9
Mr. McCoy from certain citizens of Tyler, con
cerning the location of a road from Fishing Creek
to Smithfield.
Mr. Stephenson from Nicholas and Lewis, for
a new counly.
On motion of Mr. Rives, the Committee of
Sc.ioola and Colleges were instructed to enquire
into the expediency of requiring the-County Court
School C ommissioners, of the several counties to
be laid off into Districts in conformity with the
laws now in force, and into the expediency of aug
Schools’ lh<3 AnnUal aPProPriation to tho Primary
Cn motion of Mr. Gallnher, so much of tho Go
vcrrior'u Mossago as relates to Internal Improve,
mont was referred to the Committee of Roads and
Canals.
On motion of Mr. Mcllhaney, so much of the
.Message ns relates to the Militia, was referred to
tlie Committee on Militia Laws.
On motion of Mr. Wood of Albemarle, so much
ot t .10 Governor’s Message as relates to the Univer*
r. 'Y,’ wos rcfcrred to the Committee of .Schools and
Colleges.
Mr. Rrodnax offered a resolution, that tho Com
mittce of Schools and Colleges bo instructed to en
quire into the expediency of repealing tho laws
providing Tor the appointment of School Commis
sioners, an<| transferring their duties to the County
Courts. J
Mi. I». remarked, that tho proposition was not
ntmed at the system of Piimnry Schools, but corn
pained of its great incflicScy, as at present admin*
istersd.
'i'he resolution was adopted—Ayes G7.
G11 motion of Mr. Jones, the House agreed to
proceed by joint vote with tho Senate, on "lhe 21st
instant, to elect a Major General, in place of Ro. B.
1 oylor; and on the samo day, a Brigadier General.
1 1 p ace of Richard Eppes resigned.
11 motion of Mr. Lrskine, tho House adjourned.
DELINQUENT LANDS.
T no following is a sketch of what passod in the
'>n*0 of Delegates on Tuesday, on this subject of
great interest in several parts of the State:
\twlifCOmn,L,n'cat'0,n was received from lha first
delinone’ni'c0" of ,an^ returned
been read1 f°r th° n('n Pa.vmcnt of taxes, having
length toAu,'K-NER’ aft°r “dvcr,'n£ tome 1
portaiice of_tho fjjjjcct of that 1
communication to the Volley and Eastern Z. ...zY
and the necessity of some measure o( iuiuiudiutu
reliel, disclosed upon tho face of that report itsoll,
,J ed that tho liouso would uct upon it without !
delay. 1
1 ho law of the last session upon tho subject of
the lands returned delinquent lor tho non-payment
ot taxes, was designed mainly lie had understood,
to subserve tho purpose of a Trans-Alleghany pol
icy. Its provisions, however, whether inadvert
ently or not, had extended the penalty of immo.
diato forfeiture to u largo class of lands j„ tho I
Valley Region. Such he was satisfied was not tho
intention of the last Concrul Assembly. Ilu was
not disposed upon the present occasion, to interfere
with the favorite policy of tho West—but he would
resist an extension of the principles of that law
to tho Valley Country.
The facts disclosed in tho Auditor’s Report, ex
hibited the necessity of some immediate legislative
provision, suspending the period of forfeiture. Ilu
had not made out tho lists for many couutiea east
ot tho Alleghany Mountains, and those which havo
been made out for the Valley, have been loo recent
ly transmitted to give any adequate notice. If no
amendment of the law was made, lie was satisfied,
Trom the Qases of unparalleled hardship and op
pression, which ho had been presented with, in tlm
course of his investigation, in less than six weeks,
the table of the liouso would groan with petitions *
from every part of the Valley—applications Tor ro
liel, to which they would not turn a deaf ear, and
whose examination would alone occupy the time oT
the House until late in the spring.
He preferred its reference to “a Select Commit
tee, from tho importance of tho subject, and tho
urgency of the relief required.
MR. PRESTON agreed with tho gentleman
from Hcrkeloy, (Mr. Faulkner,) in tho propriety of
the suspension of tho period of forfeiture, hut not
m the remarks upon the principle of the bill itself.
Ho came there instructed to maintain the princi,
|>!o Unit law. lie was opposed to every tiling liko \
interfering with it. The policy of that measure, ho 1
contended to be sound. He could not agreo with if
the gentleman from Herkelcy, on his strictures upon
the unjust and oppressive character of the law. If
there were cases of hardship, the bill itself contain- *
cd provisions afiordinw relief. _
MK. \\ 1L.L.1 AMS ot Harrison, did not under
stand the gentleman from Berkeley, as asking for
a repeal ot tho law, but only a suspension of tho
lime of forfeiture. He was himself, in favor of a
suspension of the time, and of its rcferonco to a
Select Committee. The friends of that hill wero
ir0tia^ai<1 °f a ro*exarn'nal>on of it upon principle.
1 a.’., IC\U<J ll,oy were fully prepared to support it.
MR. l AULKNEIl thought ho had expressed »
himself with sufficient distinctness, and did not
perceive how the gentleman from Montgomery,
(Mr. Preston) had tailed to comprehend the iruo
bearing of liis remarks. The gentleman from Har
rison, had rightly understood him. He sought no
repeal of the law upon the present occasion. Ho
meant not to interfere with the operation of that
law, upon tho country West of the Alleghany
Mountains. If they found tho act essential to their
prosperity, ho had no wish to disturb them in tho
enjoyment of all the benefits they could derive
from it. What lie asked for at present, was a post
ponement of the time of forfeiture, which was now
near at hand.
But still lie thought tho oporation of the law on
the Valley Country, oppressive. There it was
calculated to unsettle land titles to the same ex,
tent, that its effect might he to settle. them in tho
Trans-Alleghany Country. It operated beneficial
ly West of the Mountains, upon the actual occu
piers of the land—a class which that act intended
to favor. In the Valley, its operation upon the ac
tual holder and bonajide purchaser, was harsh and
oppressive. There wero no largo non-resident
patentees in the Valley, against whom it was no
ccssary to legislate.
He adverted to the operation of the law on the
County of Berkeley. The list transmitted by the
Auditor, and received late in October, contained
t ic names of more than 1300 persons char
ged with delinquency, and embraced upwards
of 50,000 acres of land, and near 400 lots in
towns. These delinquencies had been accruing
for tho last half century, under a most wretched
ami relaxed system of Revenue Laws. He was
satisfied, that fully one-halt ot the delinquencies
might be traced to the frauds and mistakes of De
puty Sheriffs, and the mistakes and neglect of
Clerks and Commissioners. It was imposing, for
a paltry consideration, incredible labor, cost, and
trouble upon the people.
MR. PRLSIO.N' still thought, if any portion of
tho Valley Country was aggrieved by the Law,
they had an ample remody, and designated certain
sections which he thought would afford a competent
relief. Those provisions were designed to meet the
very cases of hardship and oppression, alluded to
by the gentleman from Berkeley. Ho, however, was
not opposed to a reference. Ho repeated his cheer
ful acquiescence in a suspension of tlie time of for
feiture, hut expressed his determination to rosistnll
encroachments upon the-principle of the hill itself..
MU. SUMMERS concurred in the remarks
mafic by the gentleman from Montgomery. Ho
also was instructed to sustain the principle of tho
law of the last session. He was however, in favor
ol suspending the time of forfeiture, although it
depended upon the construction of the 21st section
whether any suspension of the time was necessa
ry- If the Auditor was wrong in his construction
of tho section, it was not necessary—if right, then
it was nocossary. It being a doubtful ease, he was
in favor of the reference of the subject to a Select
Committee. He was perfectly satisfied to entrust
tiie subject to the charge of the gentleman from
Berkeley. .
The communication of the Auditor was ther*
referred to a -Select Committee, composed of tho
following gentlemen: Messrs. Faulkner, Preston,
Williams of Harrison, Summers, Wilson of Bote- «
tourt, Pendleton, Robinson, Bayse, McCuo, Persin
gcr, Billingsly, and Crockett—with leave to report
l»y bill or otherwise.
From the U. S. 1 clegraph of Yesterday.
In the Senate yesterday, the annual message of
the President of the United States, was received
by Mr. Donclson, lii« Secretary, which having
been read, threo thousand extra copies of the men
sage, and 1500 of the accompanying documents i
were ordered to be printed for the use of the Sen
ate. On motion of Mr. King, tho 34th rule was
suspended, so far as to authorize the election of tho
•Chairman of the Committee on Finance by tho
Senate, in the absence of Vico President; when, on
ballotting, Mr. Smith was chosen. The standing
committees were then anounccd by tho chair; af
ter which the Senate ndionrned. «
ST A N l) ING COM M ITTEES.
On Foreign Relations—Messrs- Tazewell,White, -\
King, Forsyth, and Bell.
On Finance.—Messrs. Smith, Tylor, Marcy, Sils
bce, and Johnston.
On Commerce.— Messrs. Forsyth, Dudley, Sil*.
On Manufactures.— Messrs. Diflkorson, Clay,
Knight, Miller, and Seymour.
On Agriculture.— Messrs. Seymour, Brown, »
Moore, Hanna, and Waggnmnn.
On Military Affairs.—Messrs. Benton, Barnard,
Troup, Clay, and Kane.
On the Militia.— Mosstp. Barnard, Frclinghuy*
sen, Clayton, Prentiss, and Waggaman.
On it oral Affairs.—Messrs, llayne, Tazewell,
Bobbins, Webster, and Bibb.
On Public Lands.—Messrs. King, Ellis, Holmes,
Robinson, and Hanna.
On h rivate Land Claims.—Messrs. Kane, Nau
dain, Prcnt is, Buggies, and Hendricks.
On Indian Affairs.—Messrs. While, Troup,
Poindexter, Benton i.nd Wilkins.
On Claims.—Messrs. Buggies, Bell, Naudnin,
Brown and Moore.
On the Judiciary.—Messrs. Marcy, Haync, Web
ster, Frolinghuysen, and Grundy.
On the Post Office and Post Roads.-*-Messrs.
Grundy, Ellis, Hill, Ewing, and Tomlinson.
On Ronds and Canals.—Messrs. Hcndrichs, Poin
dexter, Hill, Mungum and Sprague.
On Pensions.—Messrs. Foot, Chambers, Man
gum, Buckner, and Sprague.
On the District of Columbia.- —Mossrs. Cham
bers, Tvlcr, Holmes, Clayton, and Miller.
On the Contingent Fund.—Messrs. Knight,
Dudley, and Tomlinson.
On Engrossed JUills.—Messrs. Robinson, R'ving-,
>nd Buckner.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. Ward, of
Mew \ ork, reported from the committee appointed
or that purpose, that they had waited on the J
I'resident, who had sta'iod, in reply to their com
riunication of Congrcja being in session, that
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