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Tlse Richmond wa&iia-.
_ Tar ALABAMA. The Legiskiturc of Alabama assembled on Mon. day, tho ISth November, at Tuscaloosa. We on. Hex two extracts irom (sov, Moorc’s IVlecsa^et on the l . S. Bank, and the Tariff, ipicstions on which every development of public sentiment is now Interesting. “ 1 ho Bank of the Tinted States, is a company j bank, in which four fifths of the stock is owned by individuals. There aro twenty five directors, twen ty of which aro chosen by the individual stock holders, the remaining live by tho President of the United States, the numbers chosen by the individ uals is at all times sufficient to control the diicction of the bank. It is therefore a separate interest, and liable to all tho objections of other company banks, and much more alarming in a government, because ot its ramifications throughout tiie union, in defi ance of state authorities. These d.rectcr.s have chartered authority at their discretion, to establish at any point or points, in your .State, a branch, or branches of a mis-named United States Bank, no other than a powerful monied institution for tho emolument, and under the direction, of a fen individuals of different States and nations. Where are your State rights when twenty five men, pri vate citizens, have a right thus to trample upon your authority? Collectors of tariff duties are of ficers of Government, and tho tax which they oolloct is for public use, hut the national banking tax collectors are private citizens, not material of what nation or country, collecting a tax within th-c lim its of your State, probably against its consent, and for their own aggrandizement. J respectfully submit to your consideration, the propriety of mak ing a strong, and decided expression against the policy of re-chartering tho Bank of tho United States, especially on its present principles and with its present powers, and discountenancing (for that is the limit of your State right) the establishment of other branches in the Stale of Alabama. #*«*** it is unnecessary, m 1.11s uay io prouiicc arj^uinenl to prove to citizens of Alabama, that duties on ar ticles of foreign, for the purpose of protecting do mestic manufactures, operate partially* on the citi zens of the United Slates, unjustly and oppresively on those of our section, and that as a state we ought to be decidedly opposed to the policy of the Aiuorican System. It would seem folly to oppose argument to the absurd idea, that the imposi tion of a tax or duty on ary species of fabric, will not enhance its price to the consumer: and until this he true, we are sufferers, and cannot favor the j policy. There is, however, much diversity of opin ion, on the subject of the extent to which wo may ' legit imately oppose the existing tariff. There are some who believe that, as a sovereign State, we' have a right to determine as to the constitutional!- ■ ty of a taritf law, and having decided it to iie un constitutional to declare it inoperative and void in the State, and resist the execution of the law._ Others are of opinion, that the justice of our cause, set forth by sober argument in remonstrance or memorial, will ultimately’succeed in alleviatin'' our grievances, and should this fail, they believe there is yet anctlier course to be pursued, which ought to precede the arbitrary exercise of Stale sover eignty. The idea of States being politiciallv unit ed, implies a federal government, and to preserve a healthy action of the system of the Union, it is necessary that this government should have the power to make certain general laws. The legisla tive powers of the government of these United •States, are vested in a Congress, the federal eon constitution defines the powers of Congress, also designates the objects of legislation. If Coti'Tcss therefore, enact ti law on a subject designated, with -in the pule-of fliC'r authority as prescribed by the .constitution, it is binding on the different states of ■tile confederation, otherwise it is unconstitutional and not binding. Further to illustrate the idea: The constitnUon vests in Congress the power “to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excis es,” it also prescribestbat “all duties, imports ami excises, shall be uniform throughout the United ♦States.”—It' Congress, therefore, enact a law, to lay sind collect duties which are uniform thinghout the United St ifee, the law is within the prescribed powers ami binding on the StaN-s: but if the du iViesIk: not uniform throughout the United States, ;thc law authorising their collection is unconstitu tional and not binding on the Sta'"s. Hut Congress by the enactment of the law have said, that the duties arc uniform throughout the I nited Sintra, (othoiwise they bad not the power to enact the law) and therefore constitutional.i J Jut the State of Alabama says t he duties are .not. uniform throughout the United Stutc-e, and there fore the law is not constitutional. Here is the issue. How is it to he tri d? I think not. bv battle in the fir ! reso rt. The judical power of the United States is: vested in a federal, supreme, and-other inferior court:- and extends to “all cases in law and equity arming under th constitution, the laws ol the United states, Xc,” Hut this ease arises under the constitution, or laws of the United Stales, therefore this case is cognizable by the : Federal, supreme or other inferior court*. Itut the federal court dsicides the case against the. St tc: truly mid the decision establishes a part.of Bill the evil still exists. Ami (he law which op. .presses us, has been determined by the proper tribunal to be constiulior.nl. The fault is there fore in the constitution: il vests too much power in Congress. The next inquiry is. Howist.bc constitution to be amended? The instrument it self has pointed out the mode. “Congress, when-1 ever two-lh rds <*f both bouses shall deem it. neeos sary, sin. 11 propose amendments to this constitution, ] or on the application of the [legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a convention .for proposing amendments to this constitution, or on the ap|>licat?on of Hie flegislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for proposing airemhnent-, wb.icli i:i either case shall the valid So all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourth.: of the several Mate*, or by conven tion in three.fourths thereof.” Crgct! by the exist ing evil, the Slate instructs its Representatives in Congress, to endeavor to procure propositions to .nincnd the constitution; memorials and petitions i 'arc employed, ail exertions fail; n concurrence of two thirds-of both houses ennno? lie obtained. The State euct^avors by resolutions and other, •wise to procure tlr concurrence of n eonsti'ntional rumb' T of the T.eg-sv-nires of the several States, to apply fora convention-ko propose amendments; a roncurrenee of a competent number camu t be oh. tair.ed, or if constitutional projxontions of amend Tr»ent be made, the [legislatures nr Conventions of .three fourths of the several Staters, will nut ratify ikf r-opnr' d amendments. If the U.v.-'t.e uneon stitutiou'ii for want of power in Congre«;lo lay do. ties to protect domestic manufactures, in.-te a/l of to raise a r venue to support government, or for other reason, the question may be tried in like manner. Having now exhausted all the menus known to the corn-dilution, and consistent with too Union. ♦ obtnin relief from legal oppression in vain; if the evil still ex sl. and be insufferable, if is m w »t >• Slat mnvbcg'ii to calculate the value ofthi lTn’'«n (a painful lefiootion to a heart that bn* alwnvs'•beriphed a belief that its value is inca!-| cubihl-.) Il is r.ow by reverting to t'ic first prin c*o!cs of Pelf protection, th" Stale may nullify the r.rfs of Cr.pgrepr, by d daring them inoperative nrd veld within it'' limit?, and set up for itself. Rot hrf. re i* take* this step, it ought carefully to weigh the idvant'irrea of a see «s;na, against thos" of be Cnion, and sec that the former clearly pyi,noii(lcrnlcs. Having s-id t! »s much, I would submit to your honorable body, the propriety of making pome expression on t lie subjeet of the pre sent tariff, and the means which ought to borm ploved in opposing it, or procuring its modifier tion I will here also submit for your considera tion a copy of «hc address to the people of the j United States, read by Mr. Berrien fr mi the fi-. dz -afire committee to. and a -•|>»e<l by the auti-l -- tJf eonvention. | ....... i - -'r-iiiTTTiwrTCTniTnHir ANNUAL RErORT OF THE FINANCES. In‘obedience to tlio directions of the “Act to establish the Treasury Department,” tho So \ °* Lift I rousitry respectfully submits the following Keport: * T I. Or thk IVbijc Rrvkkuk akd FxrawniTURKs. Tlife receipts into tho Treasury, from all sourci-s, during tho year 1820, wero §24,827,627 38 1 lio expenditures for the same year, including payment* on account of tho public I debt, and including §0,033 38, for awards under the first article of the treaty of Ghent, wero 25,044,358 40 The balance in the Treasury on the 1st January, 1830, was 5,753 704 70 The receipts from ull sources during the year 1830, were 21844 116 51 Vi*. Customs oj goo ggj 35 Lands (Statement D) 2,320,356 11 Dividends on Hank Stock (K) 400,000 00 Incidental receipts (F) 102,368 98 Making with the balance, an aggregate of 30 599 821 30 The expenditures of the same year wore ( (■') o.j 5^5 oyj 55 Viz. Civil List, Foreign Intercourse, and Miscellaneous, 3,237,410 04 Military service, including fortifications, ordnance, Indian all airs, pensions, arming tlio militia, and internal improvement*, 6,752,688 66 . Naval service, including the gradual improvement ofllie navy, 3,239,128 63 1’uldic debt " 11,355,748 22 Leaving a balance In the Treasury, on tlio 1st January, 1831, or 6,014,539 75 The receipts of the Treasury during the three first quarters of the present year arc estimated at SO,653,577 69 Vi*. Customs 17,354,291 58 Lands (Cl) 2,479.658 90 Hank Dividends (II) 490,000 00 Incidental Receipts (if) 111,987 20 And the indemnity under the Danich Convention 217,739 95 The receipts for the fourth quarter are estimated at 7,346,735 78 (Including the Danish Convention.) - Making the total estimated receipts of tliu year 28,000,112 S7 And with the balance on the 1st January, 1831, forming an aggregate of 31,011,952 62 'J he expenditures fur the three first quarters of the prusent year aru es timated at (I) 21,159,778 97 Vix. Civil List, Foreign Intercourse, and Miscellaneous, 2,507,61 1 -Li Military service, including forlilicalions, orduaued, In dian affairs, arming the militia, and internal improve* menu 5,619,017 29 Naval service, iucludingthe gradual improvement of tlio the Navy 3,019,667 83 I’ublic debt 9,983,479 16 The expenditures for the fourth quarter, including §6,205,810 21 on ac count of the piiulic debt aro estimated, on data furnislicxl i>y tho re spective Departments, at 9,807,422 26 Making the total estimated expenditures of tho year 30 9G7 201 25 a ..,1 i„—Ik- n1.——.... i..* y_ _ toon _. ■ balance, including §433,475 1.3, on account of tho indemnity under the Danish Convention, of 3 Q47 71^ 37 Which, however, includes the funds, estimated at §1,4 -0,000, heretofore reported hy this Depart, incut as not effective. ” Tlie appropriations remaining unsatisfied at the close of*lhe year, are estiiniied at §4,139,823 13 but of this amount, it is estimated bv the proper Departments, 1. That the sum of §3,423,525 87 only will ho required tor the olrjv.ctv for which they were appro priated. 11 2. That tlie sum of §501,102 78 will not lie required, and may therefore he considered as an excess of appropriation, and is proposed to ho applied, without being re-appropriated, ii. aid of the service of the year 1832, as will more fully appear when the estimates for the appropriations for that year are pre 3. That the sum of §215,191 48 will he carried to the surplus fund, cither because the objects for which it was appropriated are completed, or because these moneys will not be required for, or will be no longer applicable to them. I . Of tuf. Prni.ir D^tir. The payments on account of the public debt, during the three first quarters of the year, have amounted, as has bean already stated, 9,983 179 46 Viz; On account of principal 8,931,049 97 And of interest 1,092 429 49 And ii is estimated that the payments to be made in the -llli quarter of the year will amount to * 6,205,810 21 \ iz: On account of principal 5 90p gjq oj And of interest 297|000 00 M iking the whole amount of disbursements, on account of tho debt in J 6,189,289 67 This sum will be increased hy purchases or .stock which have been authorized, but which have not yet been fully reported. Of the amount disbursed for the debt, §10,000,000 were applied from the appropriation made for the year, under the 2d section of the Sinking Fund act of ivi7; and the remaining §6,189,289 67 wen applied, with the sanction of the President, under tho authority of tho 1st section of tlie act of 21th May, 1830. '1 lie Stocks redeemed, hy the application of -that portion of too abovo sum disbursed on account or the principal, ate ao follviva-ViZS 1. Of U e Funded Debt. Tho residue of the Five per rents, created under the Aet of the 10th of April, 1816, an payment of the United States’subscription, for the shapes owned in the Bank of the United States, 4,000 000 00 The exchanged four and a half |>er cent, per act of 3d of March, 1825, 1,53!)'336 J(j The four and a luif per cent, por act of 26th May, 1824, 5 000 000 00 Tlie li\e percent, per act of 15th May, 1820, 999 999 13 And a part of the f--iirand a half per cent, of the 2-ilh of May, 1821, 3,260*475 99 2. Of the Unfunded Debt, exclusive of §228 61, converted into 3*/>cr* rent ct/fl The old Registered Debt, 1 40 90 Treasury Notes, ^ qq Mississippi Stock, gg;-, Ai'lor these payments, the Public Debt, on tho 2.1 of January, 1832, will be as follows—via 1. Funded Debt. Three per cents, per act of the -1th of August, 1790, redeemable at the pleasure of Government, J3,296 626 21 Five | or cents, per act of 3d of March, 1821, redeemable after the '1st January, 1235, 4,735,296 *30 Five per cents, (exchanged) pcractof the 20th April, 1822, one third redeemable an.-iiiiilly after the 3,1st Decernber, 1830, 1831,,&. 1832, 56 704 77 Four and a half per cents, per aet of the 24th May, 1821, redeema ble after the Is1 day of January, 1832, 1,739 524 01 Four and a half percent, (exchanged) per act of 2Gth May, 1824, one half redeemable after the 31st day of December, 1832, tho residue after tlie.31st day of December, 1833^ 4 154 727 95 - 24.282 879 *> t 2. Unfunded Debt. ’ ’ ~1 Registered Debt, being claims registered prior to the year 1798, for services and supplies during the Revolutionary War, 27,919 85 Treasury Notes, ,7,116 00 Mississippi Stock, 4,320 09 ——- 39,355 94 Making the whole amount of She Public Debt of the Uuitcd Slates, 21,322 235 18 III. O? the Estimates of the Pubmc IIf.venue, and Expenditures for tiik year 1832. The groat commercial activity prevailing in the United Slates lias contributed not only to enlarge the rovenue from Customs for the present year beyond the estimates, hut will probably carry that rif th next year to a still higher amount. The importations for the year ending on .the 30th of September last, arc estimated at. §97,032,858, and the exports at §80,372,506, of which §02,018 233 were mes*ic, and §18,32-1,333 foreign product*-:. ’ The Duties which accrued during the first-three quarters of tho presen, year, are estimated at rl those for the fourth miarler. at §0.090.000. Some f.... ...m , ' §750,000. The receipts from the Public Lands, during the present year, it will ho perceived, have likewiso ex ceeded the estimates, and indeed have gone beyond all former example, -ft is believed that, notwitli standing the large amount of scrip and for'cited land stock that may still he absorbed in payments for lands, yet, if tho surveys now projected, be completed, tho receiptsfroin this source of revenue will not fall greatly below those of the present year. From ail the information which the Department has -been able to obtain. th« receipts into tho Trea sury during tho year 1832, may bo estimated at 30,100 000 00 Customs 20,500,000 00 Public Lands _iM>0&,l)00 00 Bank dividends, <190,000 00 Incidental receipts, including arrrears of duties and direct taxes, 110,000 00 The expenditures for the year 1832, (or all ohjcc.ls other than public debt, nrc csti ,nalcd at „ ,J 3,365,202 1C Viz: Civil, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, 2,809,481 2G Military service, including fortifications, ordnance, Indian affairs, arming tin militia, and internal improvement, 6,GJ?,/)99 '9 Naval service, including the gradual improvement of the navy, 3,907,618'71 Which, being deducted from the estimated receipts, will leave a balance of 16,731 797 81 An exhibition of the transactions of the Treasury will show that this Department has.endeavored to carry into effect the policy indicated by the laws and the views of the President in regard to the early e.\1 inguishim-nt of the public debt: upwards of forty millions will have been applied to that object-front the !th of March, 1820, to l he 2d of January, 1322, inehisivc, of which about sixteen millions and a half v. ill have been drawn from the Treasury during tho present year. The occasion is deemed a propitious one to bring to the view of the Legislature.the subject of the debt, with a view to its redemption at a period not only earlier than has been heretofore anticipated, but before the termination of the present-Congress. The entire public debt, on the Sd of January next, ns has been already shown, will amount to 21,322,235 18 The amount of the receipts Into the Treasury, during the year 1832, af ter stisfying all the demands of the year, other tb n on account of tbe publ'c debt, are estimated, ns abo-ve, r.t 16,734,79? 84 To this may be added the balance in the 'f reasury on fiio 1st of Janua ry, 1-32, estimated (exclusive «f the ineffectual funds and the Danish indemnity) at* .‘1,208,276 24 From this aggregate of 17,943,074 08 after deducting the amount ef the unsatisfied approptiatbrrs, already estimated at 3,423,525 87 tliern wfif mma'ii a surplus, in tho year 1832, of 14,519,448 21 which, null s« t'oiifcrifs - booh! y.»l rge the appropriations for othor objects, may bo applied In the public debt. The interest on 'be debt, during the yen.- 1932, may hr estimated at 500,000 00 leaving for the principal in that year ,14,019,548 21 Wh^yh, being applied to” that ob* ject, will leave the total amount of tho public debt, at the close of llio i year 1832. 10.302.G8G 97 The Government, however, lias other means which, if Congress see proper, may he applied towards tho payment of the debt, viz: the shares in the Bank of the l'. Ktat-s, amounting at par to §7,000,000, hut which, as will ho presently explained, uiay bo estimated at not less than 8,000,000 00 In that event, the amount of the debt, on the 1st of January, 1833, would he but 2,302,G86 07 Which sum, together with a fair allowance for tl.*o cost of purchasing, at tho market price, the stocks not re deemable in the course of the propos ed operation, might be supplied, in the months ol January and February, 1823, by t!ic application from tho re venues ol’ that year, of a sum equal to 2-12ths of tlie amount applied front the ordinary revenues to tho debt in the year 1832—spy 2,503,258 02 It may he further observed, that, should any di minution lake place in tho estimated revenue, or should tho expenditure exceed tho estimated amount, the deficiency which either event might produce in the means of the Treasury, applicablo to the debt, would he supplied l»y the amount reserved in this estimate, for the uusatistied balances of ap propriations. For, although that stun constitutes ,i»l egal charge on tho Treasury, to he met as occa sion requires, yet, in any estimate of present means, it may ho considered rather as a nominal than a real charge. It will ho thus perceived that the Government has tho means, if properly employed, of reimbursing the whole of the pubiic debt, by purchaso or other wise, on or before the 3d of March, 1833. The moral influence which sucli an example would necessarily produce throughout the world, in removing apprehension, and inspiring new confi dence in our free institutions, cannot be question ed. Seventeen years ago, the country emerged I from an expensive war, encumbered with a debt of more than one hundred and twonty-soven mil lions, and in a comparatively defenceless state. In this short period, it has promptly repealed all the direct and internal taxes which were iiup.oacd dcr ingftke war, relying mainly upon revenue derived from imports, and sales of the public domain. From these sources, besides providing for the gen fortified, tlie naval and maritime rocources strcngth oned, & part of the debt of gratitude to the survivors of the Revolutionary War discharged. Wo have, moreovor, contributed a large share to the general improvcmcat, added to the extent of the Union by the purchase of the valuable Territory of Florida, and finally acquired tho means of extinguishing the heavy debt incurred in sustaining the late war, and all tiiat remained of the debt of the Revolution. T be anxious hope with which the people have looked forward to this period, not less than tho ; present state ot the public mind, and thu rual in terests ol the community at large, recommend the prompt application of these means to that great object, if it can be done consistently with a proper regard for other important considerations. Of these means, as has already been shewn, the shares owned by tho Government in the Hank of the United States are an indispensable part; and, that for tho reimbursements of the debt within the period contemplated, it will be necessary to effect a sale of them, for a sum not less than eight millions of dollars. 'I he stock created by the United States for their subscript ion to the Hank, having been actually paid previously to the 1st of July last, their interest in that institution lias ceased to be nominal merely, and the shares form a part of the fiscal resources applicable to the public demands. The objects connected with the early reimburse ment of the public debt, are more important than the interest of tho Government ns a mere stock holder; and it is, therefore, respectfully recom mended to Congress to authorize the sale of thoso shares for a sum net less than 8^,l>bO.OOO. A sale of so large an amount in the public mar ket couid not be expected to produce more than tho par value; and, if attempted under circumstances calculated to shake public confidence in the stabili ty o! the institution, would, in a.l probability, prove wholly abortive. For those roaoons, it ia deemed advisable to effect a sale to the Bank itself—a measure believed to be prycticable on terms satis factory both to the United Stoles, and that institu tion. In Submitting this proposition to the wisdom of Congress, it is not intended that its adoption should bo founded on any pledge for (lie renewal of tho charter of tho Hank; considering, however, the connection of the proposition with the Hank, and viewing the whole subject as a necessary part of the plans fnrtbc improvement and management of the revenue, and for tho support of public credit, the undersigned feels it Ins duty to accompany it with a frank expression of his opinions. The act oi Congress to establish the Treasury Department, makes it the duty of the Secretary of tho Treasury to .digest, and prepare plans for the support o! public credit, and for the improvement and management of the revenue. The duties en joined, as well by this act, as by the subsequent one ot the 1 Oth of May, 1800; requiring the Secre tary “to digest, prepare, and lay before Congress, at the commencement of every session, a report on the subject of finance, containing estimates of the public revenue, and public expenditures, and plans for improving or increasing the revenues, from tune to time, tor tho purpose of giving information to Congress, in adopting modes for raising the mo ney requisite to meet the public expenditures,” have ' been supposed to include not merely tho application | cl the resources of the Government; but the whole • subject of the currency and the means of preserv ing its soundness. inu unst oecrniarj r»i um ; I rcasury, in his memorable reports of January and December, 1790, recommended a National Thuik as “an institution of primary importance to the finances and of the greatest utility in the operations connected with tho support of public credit:” and various communications since made to Congress, shew that the same views were entertained of their duties by others who have succeeded him in the De partment. I nc pcrlornmce of the duties thus enjoined bv j law upon the Secretary of the Treasury, implies however, no commitment of any other Department ol the Government, each buing'lcfl free to act ac cording to the mode pointed out by the Constitution. Tho important charge confided to the Treasury Department, and on which the operations of the Government essentially depend, in tho improve ment and management of .the Revenue, and .the support of public credit: and of transferring the public funds to all parts of the United States, im perioasly requires from the Government all the fa cilities which it may constitutionally provide for these objects, and especially for regulating and pre serving a.sound currency. As curly as May, 1781, the Congress of tho Uni tod .States, convened under tho articles of Confed erntion, approved tho plan of a National Rank, sub mitted to their consideration by Mr. Morris*, then 8upcrtendenl of the Finances, and, on tho 31st of December of the same year, “from a conviction of the support which tho finances of the United Stales would receive from tho establishment of a National Rank," passed an ordinance incorporating such an institution under the name and stylo of “Tho I’res- ! merit. Director;-, and Company of the Rank of North America.” The aid afforded by that institution was acknowledged to have beer, of essential conso. I qnence during tho remaining period of the war, and i«s utility subsequent to the pence of little lc«« importance. The authority of the present Government to err-ilu an institution for the same purposes, cannot j bo loss c,car. Ft has, moreover, tho sanction of the l.xec'it:vo, Legislative, and Judicial authori ties, and ol a majority of the People of the United! ; ’ lr":" organization of the Government I to the present time. If public opinion cannot be considered tho infallible expounder, it is among tho i soundest commentators of the Constitution, ft ,sun. doubt, dly the Wisest guide ft only i ff, ctivc check to tho oto whom the nc.einist rat ion ofl|,e Constitution is confided; „n,, „ believed, that b, free and cr,light- j cned - taUs, t ic harmony, not less than the welfare. Of I,", cormnumty best promoted by receiving a. I Jrr‘-lt of public policy in which the const Puled authorities have long eon-: eurred, and m which they have been sm mined by I l, ur,e<Junrcc:,l t*I>ression of the will of tho Poo- 1 Tha indispensable necessity of sneli an insti'u- j I.on for the fiscal operations of the Government in j a i its departments, for the regulation and preserve torn of a sound currency, for tho aid of commorcielj 7^-y: m ; . ... - - ransaetiono generally, and oven for tho safuty^nnd ilility ol tho local Banks, is not doubted, and, as is believed, has been shewn in the past experience i>t tne Government, ami in tho-'goneral accommo dation and operations of the present Bank. Tlio present institution may, indeed, he considered as peculiarly tho offspring of that necessity—springing from the inconveniences which followed tho loss of tlio tir*t Bank of the l uited States, and the evils and distresses incident to the excessive, and in some instances, fraudulent issues of the local Batiks during tho war—the propriety of continuing it is to ho const, dered, not more in reference to the expediency of hetikiog generally, than in regard to tho actual state ot things and to multiplicity of State Hanks already in existence, and which can neither he dis placed nor in other manner controlled in their is sues ot paper by the General Government. 'Phis is att evil not to be submitted to; and the remedy at present applied, while it preserves a sound curren cy lor the country at large, promotes the real in terests ol the local Hanks by giving soundness tc their paper. It tlio necessity of a banking institution he con ceded or shewn, that which shall judiciously com bine the power of the Government with private enterprise, is believed to lie most efficacious.— Tito Government would thus obtain the be nefit of individual sagacity in the general man agement of tlie Hank, att'l by means of its depos. ites and share in the direction, possess the neces sary power for the prevention of abuse. It i? not intended to assert that the Bank of the U. States, as at present organised, is perfect, or that the e< sen ial objects of such an institution might not lie attained by mean!: of an entirely new one, organized upon propei principles, and with salutary limitations. It most bo ad mined, however, that the good management qf toe present Bank, the accommodation it lias given tl;y Government, and the practical benefits it has tendered the community_ whether it may or may not have accomplished all that was expected from it—and the advantages of its present emid tion, ate circumstances in its favor, entitled to great weight.and give it strong claims upon die consideration of Ccogre^s, in any future legislation upon the subject. lo these ill t y he added the kiicwleilge the present Bank has acquirer) of the tnisinoss and wants of the various portions»of this extensive country, which, being the result of time and experience, is an advantage it must necessarily possess over any new institution. It is to ho observed, moreover, that the EtcUilies of capital Kctualiy afforded by tin present institution to the agricultural, commercial, and manufacturing industry of all parts of the Union, could not he wt»b&«vvn oven hy trausterruig them to another hwtitutinc, without a seven shock to each of those interests, and to the relations of society generally. [ To be Cont nued ] FORE I« IV. The New \ ork Mercantile Advertiser states that the damage done in Nottingham and the neighbour, hood during the late riots, is estimated at A'60,00(j sterling. Asa proof of the general feeling of indignation which prevails in England against those Lords who voted against reform, we quote the following instances, which we find in our late papers. *l’he Yeomanry Cavalry commanded by Lord Msrshain, have held a meeting at which a formal resignation was agreed to—the resolution states ‘that they cannot, consistently with their duty to themselves and their country, consent to serve^under a Colonel who opposed the Reform Bill in the House of Commons a Lord Lieutenant who is in the major ity of the House ot Lords, ‘for if tumult arise, which we sorrowfully anticipate in consequence o! refusing reform to the people, we should bo be. lying our political creed should we he called out to fight against men whose cause we espouse.’ ^1 his is language too explicit to he mistaken. The Salisbury troop of Royal Vyilshire Cavalry have sent in their resignation in consequence of Lord Arundel’s vote. The following document signed by about three fourths of the First Doncaster troops of the South ern Regiment of \\ est Riding \ ocmanry Cavalry has been transmitted to Lord NVarncliff, the com mander. “Wo, the undesigned members of tho troops of \ eomanry Cavalry, with undiminished loyalty to our gracious Sovereign, with increasing Zealand auxiety tor the peace, welfare, and happiness of our country, as staunch advocates for the Reform Bili, (as passed by the Common’s IIouso of parliament,) being anxious to continue our services to our coun try at this fearful crisis of the nation’s atFairs, feci we cannot consistently continue those services un der the command of one so diametrically opposed to our sentiments and tho best interests of our coun try: We, therefore, respectfully hope that when your Lordship perceives that you have forfeited the confidence of your troops, you will also per ceive the propriety of resigning the command, that our services, however inefficient, may be continued under the command of another, whose sentiments and wishes are more in unision with our own, as well as with those of the great ma jority of tho nation.” Similar memorials arc in course of signature from the other eleven troops of Lord Wharnclitfe’s regi ment, namely Wakefield, Pontefract, Barnsley, two Sheffield, Rothcram, Keavcton, Wentworth, Hatfield, Tickhill, and Second Doncaster. These, and other manifestations of opinion by the brave and generous yeomanry of England, must speak trumpet tongued to those Lords who have dared to deny the nation Reform. Some of the coaches which carried the accounts ol the rejection «>f the Reform Bill in the Mouse of Lords to the Provincial towns ol England and Scotland had a black banner, and on some of those was inscribed this motto “vengeance to the Lords.” OUKKENTUCKY LANDS. J f5 SlilmrrillPr nfTiiPtt liic unruione nnn -EL drnt proprietors of lands in the States of Ohio and Kentucky, for the sale thereof, and psy ""'•it of tlio taxes. All letters addressed to him at Cincinnati, or to John II. I’rico, Esq. of Richmond, post i\\id, will he duly attended to. Ho refers those to whom he may he unknown, to Chief Justice Marshall, Chapman Johnson, Charles Copland—and Sam’l. Myers, Esqrs. JAMES SOUTHGATE. P- S.—J. S. will also attend as Attorney at Law to suits in the Federal Courts at Columbus and Frankfort. no t!—w4mti &JOT1CE.—The undersigned is desirous of i. ^ odjusfing the affairs of his intestate at speedily as possible, ami tliorofore requests all persons indebted to his intestate to make pay ment, as he cannot delay I hr performance ol bit duties. He also takes this meihod of notifying all persons having .claims ngaintt his intestate, on h;s individual account, or as security for any person or persons whatever, to make known to him oil such claims w ithout delay. This notice wid be plead in bar of such claims as shall not bo made known within a reasonable time. RICHARD (J SMITH, Adm’r of Wm. Cunningham, deo'd, no 17—lnwl2tc 1,ate of Hanover county. •T###; I7.Vfi. rg^HL subscriber having roinmcnced pruning A Ins Vineyard, will have for sale from ibis time,until the first ol April cuttings from a i nine rous selection of the most choice Foreign Grape Vines, (both for wine and table use ) Upwards of twenty species ef which appear to be admi rably adapted to tins soil and climate, are thri ving extremely well, ami hid fair to become an exceedingly profitable culture. lie will have for sale a few vines with routs ol one year’s growth. The vines or cuttings shall bo label ed and packed in boxes, in such a manner as to ensure their safety, and sent to New M.ark<;t on the James River, or to Lynchburg, where they may he I irwnrded to any part of this, or the adjoin ing States with very iutlc expense, and the ul • in -.-t. car : shall be taken to have them forwarded as directed—lit: pledges biinseif when the select ion is left to him to forward none but of such kinds as thrive well in hi* own vineyard Tiie cuttings bo will sell at. twenty dollars tin thousand, or three dollars the hundred, and the vines with r ;<:ts a* ten dollars the hundred. l)i rections for planting, Ac. slnil be sent with the vines. Orders nml co/nmuniratinns on the su'ject to be directed to Tye Rover Mills, Rost Offi. e Nel son County, Virginia, where they w;l! receive immediate alt-ntu>n.—A catalogue of his vines may be had on application, n .v 7 -in-.vr.f. H. BUSHNELL. r 8^ 11 L CLUB f}<)()K — Being Original 'lairs, A &c. by various authors, edited bv the author of “The Dommime’s Lcgncv.” is re ceived by K D. SANXAY. msCKM.AAEors. Maxims ron Mauiuku Ladies—The follow ing maxims, if pursued, ivil! not only mnka the men in love with marriage, but cause them u> be good husbands The lirst is to be good yourself. To avoid all thoughts ot managing •i husband. Never t y to deceive or impose on bis understanding, nor < ive him uneasiness, but treat him vitli afioeti.itt. sincerity and respect. Remember that husbands, at best, are only men, subject like yourselves to error and frailty. He not too sanguine, tb n before marriage, or promise yourselves happiness without alloy. Should yon discev ;r any thing in his humour «*r behaviour not altogether wlinf you expected or wish pass it over, smooth your own temper, an<l try to mend his, by aitcution, cheerfulness, and good nature- Never reproach him with misfortunes, which are the accidents and ipfirniL tics of life—a burden which each has engaged to as-i.-t ihe other in supporting, and tq wlpch both parties are e qually exposed—but instpad of murmuring and roll c’iors, divide the sorrows between you; make the best of it, and it will he easier tu both. It is the inuato otliccs of the softer sex to soothe the troubles of the other, Resolve every morning to be cheerful all day, and should any thing occur to break your reso lution, salfer it not to pul yon out of temper with your husband. Dispute not with him, be the occcasi m what it may; but much sooner deny your own will or gaining the better of an argument, than ri.-k a quarrel or create a hoart buri i ig which it is impossible to sec the end of. Implicit submission in n man to his wife, iq ever disgraceful to both, but implicit submission in the wife, is what she promised at the altar, what the good will revere her for, and what iq in fact, the greatest honour she can receive. He assured a wotneu's power, as well ns her happiness, has no other foundation than her hus band's esteem and lo\c, which it is her interest by all possible means, to preserve and increase. Study therefore, his temper, and ccumnnnd your own. Enjoy with him satisfaction, share and soothe his cares, and with the utmost assiduity conceal lus infirmities. The heads .of tho sovcral parties opposed to thq re-election qf General Jackson arc now together a| Washington. Lot them remember— “That ancient maxim, ■So rife and celebrated in tho mouth* ■Of wisest men, that to the public good Private respects must yield.” Milton. A Specimen of Pennsylvania Farming.—Th^ Easton Cenlinel states that a neighbor, Thoinaq Sewing, raised off seven acres of land in one year, the following produce:—“80 bushels of wheat, 100 do. corn; 40 do. buckwheat, 120 do. potatoes^ 30 do. turnips, 4 tons hay, 15 loads pumpkinsj 25 weeks pasture for 4 cows.” It is stated in the Philadelphia U. S. Gazette that measures are taking among the people of colour, to raise a sum of money sufficient to erect build ings, to accommodate such persons as may emi grate to the colony of free coloured people, at Wilbcrforce in Upper Canada; and that an agent is to be sent to England, to solicit assistance foe carryipg into effect the object of that colony. A bill has been introduced into the Legislature of IJIorth Carolina, to raise a fund for the remova} of free persons of color to Liberia, (proposing to lay a tax often cents for that purpose on every black poll in the State.) Foreign Wool is now shipping from this port to England, the prices there being better than can b§ procured here, under the present rate of duty. N. Y. filer. Adv. A pretty warm contest is going on in Boston for the Mayoralty. Theodore Lyman and Mr. Well* are the opposing candidates. It is probable that the lattor will be elected. Protection of Domestic Industry.—The Legisla ture of Tennessee has reduced tliQ license fee on marrying, to fifty cents a couple. Who’s afraid? In the year 1457, a proclamation was issued by Henry the V II.: “that women should net meet to gether to bahlc apd talk, and thal men should keep their wives in their own houses,” Farmers, put wood ashes round the roots o# your peach trees, and they will safely weather the winter. Spain, it is said, has raised a force of 60,000 men, destined for the frontiers of F’rance. A woman named Taylor has been arrested ia Fhiladelph on a charge of passing counterfeit bills. In searching her husband’s lodging rooms a num ber of plates arid dies usc^ for counterfeiting wera found. The amount of duties received at the Custom House, Boston, for the fiscal year ending Septem ber 30, was §4.9 .'4,514 24, showing an excess over the year 1830 of 1,218,072 04. The dutins secured in October and November amounted to 1,058,520, showing an excess over the same months of last year of439,698 dollars.—Com. Gax. A letter from Wilmingtown, Mass, Dec. 3, says; —We have had for a week past the severest winter I have ever experienced at this season of the year; the snow is six inches deep on the level, and ia still snowing from tho northeast; the sleighing ia good. But wc mountaineers have more cold weath er than you S9 far south. Important to Underwriters—By the Act of 3^ Edward 1, cap. 4, and 4th of the same King, cap. 2, it is enacted that if a man, a dog, or a cat, epl cape alive out of any ship, such ship shall not be deemed a wreck. Un the Gth of December, 1824, the ship Dart, of Sunderland drifted into Porta mouth without a soul on hoard; a live cat however, being found in (Tie cabin, the vessel escaped becom ing a droit of the Admiralty, and was given in charge of the Sheriff, to he deliverod to the own ers.—London Paper. Five wolves and several bears have been recent ly taken, near Andover, in Maine; having commit ted great havoc among the. sheep. Louisiana.—The Legislature of Louisiana has adjourned, after a very short session. An nci was passed, the object of which is to prevent the domestic slave trade of.ihe United Sinses. It pro hibits tho importation ,of slaves into tjiat.State, sale. Every person emigrating thither, ,m Allowed to take with him all the .slaves actuallyibolonging to him at.the tune, for his own use and benefit; but he is .not allowed to sail or dispose of any of them, for the space of five years. Any citizen ef the State, is allowed ip like manner to bring any sls\vo,or slaves into the StAe which he may have purchased for his own use, in good faith, provided that the slave he not purchased in the States of Mississippi, of Alabama, or in tho territory of .Arkansas, or in Florida. But he will not b» allowed to sell or transfer any slave so purchased without the State, for the space of five years. Tho penalty for each infraction of the law, is a fine of from 500 to $1000, and the freedom of the place. Bai-timore, Dec. 9. 1 F1EATRE —Mr. Kean and JVlr. Booth ha ving been announced lo perform together in the putts of Othello and 1 ago, drew a conside rable concourse to the I lolliday street Theatre last evening. Just bofoie the risii.g of the curtain, however, the Manager came forward ur,d announced tie- violation of the engagement by the non-appearance of Mr. Booth, and read n ■'ho.t note from him. staling in substance, ns we are ii firmed, that he could not appear till after the 1 Vh ifi.-t. Tim, to the audience, v. as a sore ; disappointment, but the part of Tago was very well sustained by Mr. Archer, who undertook ;* at a moment's warning. Mr. Kean did his best arid sustained the part of Othello with distin guished success. As to Mr. Booth, unless he can fnl y and satisfactorily account for his con duct on the occasion, we should hope his ser vices will be dispensed with altogether firr th® future. * * f HIM KATUE TICKETS tor sole at the Book jB. Store uf