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2T*K (TOftgHtUtCOHtll SSlIjfff* B'riiltiij Elevating, •Sprit G. A SMALL Sl!i\ SKOM TIIK tSovril. From (he Charleston Cili/ Gazette of March 31 “ A v.w.Uama TIo.N.— It is (*0111 ill only limited that* much caucus-sing, in small knots, is now going on in our city, for Clay and Calhoun, respectively and jointly.—The friends of the two, havo put out their several feelers, and, it is shrewdly hinted, that they have grappled in the chirk. They have, it is said, recognized, ns a good speech, that of Dulf (• rcen, when lie said, that the friends of ( atuoun and day might meet on neutral ground without any compromise ol their respective prin ciples—such as they are. The hint was too broad not to have been understood; and once understood, les ext re mites tosechenu. The poles are made to embrace with a strange fraternity, putting the loves even of Jacobinism out of countenance. We do not pretend to vouch for the authenticity of this c/i dit. It is a theme of the corners—and, in this w ay has met our cars; but it is by no means unex pected, and, certainly, not of such extremo wonder ment as to occason an extravagant degreeof sur prise. I lie parties have made strange summer.setts before; and, for a longtime past, the billings and cooings of thvir respective organs, have been absolutely excruciating. They have forborne ull attack upon one another, and each appears to con aider iiis old opposer, as really-, a somewhat cleverer personage than it was bis wont, of old, to consid er him. He- finds him now a “marvellous proper man," and, his loves, like those of (jueen Anne, have removed the hump from the hack, and the crook from the leg, and made the deadly foe, the bosom mate. Well—what next? Nous rerrons.” And why- not? When the Tariff question shall ha\e been adjusted as we devoutly wish and firmly believe will shortly lie the ease, what is there of principle in conflict between the friends of Mr. ( lay and Mr. ( alhoun to prevent their joining in displacing the present, corrupt party- in power?— W ith us names are of little weight; nullification in embryo as an abstract opinion—without the pro bability of any question arising to call it into ac tion, becomes a harmless theory, and may amuse an idle hour of our professors of rhetoric, instead of being as now the spirit stirring tlismo of the active spirits of the age and country. It would he puerile in the extreme to keepupthe distinctions ot party- for an abstraction. It must necessarily, in spill! of all attempts to keep it alive anil active, sink into oblivion, while other subjects connected w itIi tlie business of lile will take its place and become the watch-words of party. Nor aro wc more governed by the names of persons. Wc have supported no man lor the sake ol the man or op posed any from mere personal hostility'. We op. posed the election of General Jackson ’tis true from a firm conviction of his utter disqualification for the office of President of the United States, but wc wero still more opposed to him because of the principle involved in the precedent of making a mere military leader the chief civil magistrate of a Republic, whose institutions are based upon max ims ot right reason, and not on violence and ag gression. Could we have believed it possible that the vote received by General Jackson in 1821 was an evidence of the confidence of the people in his integrity and ability to perform the duties of the office, and not founded in that servile and vulgar admiration of military glory which had so often lc.l to the destruction of other governments, much of the bitterness of our opposition had been spared —instead of viewing his election as the first step to wards a military despotism, wc should have looked upon it as the ordinary case of a mistake on the part of the people of the talents of a public agent, and which would he corrected before any vital evil could be inflicted, as soon as the error was discovered by his subsequent misconduct. As it is, so wide-spread—so blinded—so grovelling—so deaf and senseless to the misdeeds of the idol—is this man-worship, that nothing short of the coali tion—aj'e coalition—of all, who have the good of country at heart, can prostrate the Dagon. In comparison with this, our preference for men we hold as light as the down upon the feather be fore us:—to effect this, wo would cheerfully sacri fice the political hopes of the dearest friend we have on earth. The citizens of Portsmouth have authorised the Trustees of that town to subscribe £>50,000 to the Portsmouth and Roanoke Rail-road. The Now York Courier and Enquirer says:— “On the subject of Minister to Kngland, wc learn, that Mr. Stevenson will brobahly be no. initiated to succeed Mr. Van Ruren.but not until about the close of the session.” The commencement of the University of Penn, sylvania took place on the 24th of last month. The degree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred on 13(i young gentlemen. Our state furnished her usual quota of graduates—nearly one third of the whole number. The following is a list of the grad, uates from Virginia. John Cyrus Mercer, Joshua Monton, Moses A. Levy, George Cobh, James F. Young, Daniel S. Gecn, William S. Jefferies, William I). Chris tian, James M. Austin, Joseph V. Hobson, Richard Scott Blackburn, George K. Birchett, Robert W, Lindsay, Francis T. Grady, George N. Kenno,. Win. llenrv Howard. David Pattcson, William II, Twytnnn, Francis II. Deane, Iverson L. Twvman. Daynlinm Baylor, Clifford Cabell, Nathan Flctchl cr, W illiarm, Baird, V\ illiuni F. Alexander, Samue <*. Ilenkel, Orlando S. Jones, Leonard Henley, William Mills, Jr.. Philip Turpin, Thomas II. Vc. n.i'nle, Albert (J. Wortham, Samuel Taylor, Tho. mas M. Jackson, Thomas J,. Hunter, Julius C J,ranch, Peter I ield Gay, George .Mason, W illiam L. Gatewood, Joseph t owan, W illitim R. Savage, V aleiitinn \ . ( on way, Henry G. Jackson, John L Dixon, James II. Brander—15. Extract of a letter dated Green Bay, Feb. 7, 1832. I nut sorry to inform you of a distressing occur rence which took place at Fort Howard this morn ing. A soldier named Doyle, of F Company, 5tl Jnlantrv, was found to he intoxicated, and was sent to the guard house by Lieutenant A. B. Foster; un on Doyles arrival at Lieutenant Foster’s quarters lie ran across the Parade to the guard room, then seized a loaded musket—returned to L*. Ps quar tors, rushed by one of tho guard who had been pre vioiisly placed over him, ascended the stairs, open ed the door, presented his musket and fired. Tin ball passed through the body of Lieut. Fostrr am broke his left arm, and in about three minutes In expired from his u minds, lie will he interred to jtorrow. 1 Inis has a fine and promising youn; officer in the flower of his age been cut down !>y i hardened abandoned v.liain. I lie murderer is mi close confinement in tfr guard house, but expresses neither repentance no contrition. Lieut. Foster is much regretted by all who knev him. OFFICIAL. Department op State, ) 5th April, 1832. \ The rat Tier, lion of the Treaties of Commerr and Navigation, and of Limits, between the Uoii rd States and the Republic of Mexico have tin day been exchanged l.y the Secretary of State an tho Charge dc Affairs of the Mexican United Statci An English paper states that orders for upwards r 18,000 tons of iron rails arc now executing by th iron masters in Monmouthshire, to be exported t America. SutfmJaij fircnhiffi . Fpril 7. 'I he (’(•Itunhia Telescope, (S. C.,) insists that nothing short of tho entire am! absolute abandon ment of the principle of protection, even iuciden tally, will satisfy it, ami the ultra party for and with which it uotsand speaks. Wo would advise the Telescope, and its brother, the Mercury of Charleston, to use up all tho thunder and lightning on hand as soon as possible, as they may shortly become useless articles of merchandize. The following remarks of the U. S. Telegraph, upon the proposed Baltimore Convention, are no less just than forcible. Such is truly the party, and such arc its objects : “It is essential to a caucus or convention, to give it a character for honor, honesty, or patriotism, that it should consist« f those who ate united in the same principles and policy; the object being when it is lair, to concentrate the will of a major, ity who arc thus united, and who intend, by such concentration, to advance tho principle and policy for which they are contending, and on the success of which, they believe, the interests of the country depend. Without such laudable common object— without such union of sentiment, as it regards the principle and policy of tho government, it is impos sible not to see that the object of a caucus must be indefensible. Let us test the Baltimore Conven tion by this plain and just principle. Wo would ask its advocates to point out a single measure of public policy, or a siuglo principle of the govern, ment, in which these whom it is proposed to con vene there, are unitpd? Wo defy them to point out a singlo one. There will be convened in that assembly those who are strongly in favor, and those who are bitterly opposed, to tho tariff-—these who arc for, ami those who are against, the renewal of tho hank charter—those who are tor, and those who arc against, internal improvement—those who are for, and those who are against economy or profusion, in the public expenditure—those who are for, and those who arc against, a rigid or a limited construction of the constitution—and, finally, those who arc for, and those who are against, consolidation. Every descrip tion of political complexion, white, black, blue, and grey—every description of political tenets, or thodox and heterodox, liberal and illiberal, feder al and republican, will all bo found commingled in Ibis assemblage, which lias been called together professedly to concentrate the opinion of the party. It may be asked, bow it is possiblo for elements so various, conflicting and repugnant to unite? As contradictory as it may seem, there is one com mon point of union, and but one, without which it would be utterly impossible that there coulri he any cohesion in so heterogeneous a mass. They all agree, setting principle and policy aside, in uniting to perpetuate power in tho hands of those who now possess it—to maintain their control over the offices and honors of the country—to retain the power of bestowing jobs, contracts, and emolu ments, on their political partizans. This, and this only, is tho element of their union. It is an organized hand, whose sole object is the “spoils of victory,” and which can wheel to the right, or to the left; can take up, or lay down, political principles, just as it may suit their calculations of interest. It is trained to dis cipline, according to the most approved mode of New York tactics.” A schism has recently taken place in the Repub lican party of Now York, and is daily growing mere rancorous.—The Albany Argus and Now York Courier &. Enquirer are telling very unplea sant truths of each other. “ How pleasant ’tis to soo • Kind-"*1 a id fr:-5*?ds ngreo.” A portion of the missing money taken some months ago from the New V<>rk City Maiik, has at length been brought to light. The New York Commercial of Wednesday afternoon saj's:— “The gratifying intelligence was received this morning, that a large amount of the residue of the money stolen from the City Bank l ist summer, was found yesterday on the banks of the Schuyl kill, deeply buried in the ground, in an earthen ves sel. It was brought in the condition in which it was taken up, to the City Bank. The whole a mount of the hills is !$2ii,8l7, of which §$22,203 belong to the Bank, §$11)11 to the Messrs. Allen. The persevering zeal and extraordinary ingenuity of the officers of our police office, Messrs. Jacob Hays &• Son in particular, cannot he too highly I commended. They have been deluded very often and led round and round Philadelphia on false scents, by the accounts given by the parties to this daring villainy; hut they persisted in their purpose and have had the satisfaction of accom plishing it.” It may ho mentioned as one of the circumstan ces not he fora generally known, that the kn3’s with which the Bank locks were fraudulently opened were made in Smith’s shop, and were thrown into one of the docks as soon as they had effected the object for which they had been prepared. The thieves did not leave the hank the morning on which the robbery was committed until after the watchmen had left their posts at the usual hour. From the Norfolk fjcacon of Wednesday. Loss of tiik Ship Mkriihan, of New York.—Ro bert Dickey, Joseph Hopkins, Win. Robinson, Sa muel Drummond, Jack Green, and Rob-, who represent themselves as part of the crew of the Ship .Meridian, of New York, arrived here from Eliza beth City, N. (*. on Monday evening last, having left three others of the crew on board of a Canal Boat, bound to this place, who were too much fa tigued to pursue their way on foot. Robert Dick ey, stales that flic Ship Meridian, Capt. Curtis, of Now York, sailed from Charleston S. C. hound to Trieste, laden with Cotton and Rice, on Sunday the 18!h ult. On the second night out she sprung aleak, which increased so rapidly, not withstanding every clTort made to free her by keeping the pumps constantly going, that she had 7 feet water in her hold on the 20d. Hopes had, until this time, been entertained that they snould he aide to reach Cape Henry, but the leak continuing to increase it was deemed necessary for the safety of the lives of all on board, to run the ship ashore, which was ac cordingly done after sunset on the ult. on the Sand Beach, about 13 miles to the northward of Cape llattcras Light House. She grounded about 100 yards fror- the Beach. When she s! ruck, tin longboat was hoisted out, and immediately swamp ed—the small noat could not live in the surf.— Some of the crew who were expert swimmers, then swam to the beach with u line, by which those on board reached tlie si:ore in safety. During the night a heavy blow came on from N. V*’. umi the Ship went entirely to pieces. The formas!, which had been cut away just before the Ship struck, with i||,. sails and rigging, and about 60(1 bales of ( niton drifted ashore, and were saved. Cnpl. Cur tis, with the mate remained on the beach, near the property when the erew left there, on Saturday morning last. They reached Elizabeth City about 1 J o clock same night—and left there on Sunday ' morning for this place. I he ( harb-ston papers of the Ifllli ult. report ; the sailing of the Mi ridian from that port, bound i to Trieste, on Sunday 18lli. ’ Mki.wciini.v Catastrofhk.—The Ship Sarah, r Capt. 11. Columbine, was proceeding on i.< r vov <-go from Hombay for London, when in lat 33 4$ ' N. Itn 3 17 W., on the lfitli of January, a strange sail w a« discovered on the larboard bow. SSc ap. peart d to be in distress, having lost her fore-top mast, and her fore-topsail yard suspended by lifts, dangling in the wind, lee fore.rigging and her sail? much torn. As we neared her it proved a brigan. Ene of 1 .»<) tons, and appeared as deserted by her ^ crew. C pt. Columbine ordered a boat to be g,.i j ready, amt, accompanied by (be carpenter and fom seamen, repaired to the wreck. Soon alter they bad boarded her, with the exception of one mar who remained in charge of the boat, we saw them f exploring the decks of the deserted wreck, ant from it throwing into the t>oat articles of variou: J kinds. The captain lb«n gave instructions foi the boat to rciurn to tho Sarah, with certain orderi ••»r his officer*, whilst himself ami the carpenter remained upon the wreck. As the boat was pro. ..liegtcwaids the Sarah, wc saw from our poop the wreck roll several times very heavily; and she wus evidently going down, and oil a sudden no. lliiior more could he seen than her iiiaintopmast, " *'*^ "as tossed about ns the sea was rushing over her. Wo then made immediate signal for the boat to return to the brigantine, to rescue those she had h*il upon the wreck. The boat reached the destined spot, and there remained some time, in hopes ot saving those who were the victims to a raging element. Wo watched with fearful eager ness and anxiety to sec if any more were to he scon in the returning boat than the four seamen w ho were its crew, but discovered that these were all it contained. Another boat was sent with an officer, and the cutter again returned to the wreck to sec it any tiling more could lie seen of tfro un fortunate suflerers, lint nothing could lie found ex. eept the captain’s lint, which iie had probably left upon the deck. Poor Captain Coltimluno was belo ved by all on h inrd, and even the rough seamen shed tears for his late. To his passengers he had endeared himself by hi* very gentIcinuniy manners and kind and liberal treatment; and by his crew lie was regarded as a skilful seaman, and a just, kind, ami considerate commander. lie met his fate at the early ago of thirty.two. This truly un. fortunate vessel turned out to he a brigantine, the Invincible, apparently hound from Spain for Amer ica. She was more than half full of water, and the crow hail either made their escape from her in a boat, or had been taken oil' by sonic other ves sol.— U’Mlmi Luminary. The Invincible belonged to Alexandria. Disaster.—Extract from the log hook of tliu brig Treaty, arr. at N. Orleans from Philadelphia:— “March 2d, 3 men came alongside in a small boat, being part of the crew of the brig Eliza, of I.ivcr pool, Capt. John Brown, bound to Havana, which vessel they said foundered on Monday night, 20lh Eel). The Captain and part of the crew left her in the long boat, with which they parted company the same night; their names they said were Janies Aldson, John Busmcr, and John Douglass. IN THE COURT OF APPEALS. Monday, March 20th, 1S32. The Mutual Assurance Society vs. Itred's udm'x ct. al.— Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by tiie Superior Court of Chancery held in Williamsburg.—Judge Brooke presiding, delivered the opinion of the Court in this cause, reversing the decree with costs, and remanding the cause hack for further procedings. Ucvcragc vs. Simpson's adm'r, «J-e.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery held in Winchester.—Judge Brooke delivered the opinion of the Court in this cause, affirming the decree with costs. Gilliam ( lay, <f-c.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court ot Chancery held in Lynchburg.—Judge Brooke de livered the opinion of the court in this cause, af firming the decree with costs. Adjourned till to-morrow, 12 o’clock. Tuesday, March 27tli, 1832. I he orders o( yesterday were read and signed. Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o’clock. Wednesday, March 2Rth, 1832. Anderson vs. Woolfolk, ij-c—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced l»y the Superior Court ol Chancery held in Richmond.—Judge Brooke delivered the opinion of the court in this cause, reversing the decree with costs dissolving the injunction, and dismissing the hill as- to the appel lant and the trustees. Golladatj's adm'rs vs. Teifftus' adiu'rs.—Upon an appeal from a judgment of the .Superior Court of I.uw o.t Augusta ( oiinty.—Judge Biooko delivered tl'.e opinion ol the court in this cause, utiirining the judgment with damages and costs. Adjourned tili to-morrow, 11 o’clock. Tiiuksdav, March 29th, 1832. Taylor's adin'or rt. al vs. 'Thompson.—Upon an appeal from a decree, pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery held in Winchester.—Judge Brooke delivered the opinion of the Court in this cause, allirming the decree with damages and costs Ilrockriihroiii'h, *|rc. vs. Illy!he, ft. al.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Supe rior Court of Chancery held in Staunton.—The President delixcred the opinion of the court in this cause, reversing the decree with costs, and re manding the cause back lor further proceedings to be had therein. Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o’clock. Friday, March 30th, 1832. ’Taylor, ft. al. vs. Choioning.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery held in Fredericksburg.—Judge Brooke delivered tho opinion of the court in this cause, reversing the decree with costs, and remand ing the cause back for further proceedings to be bail therein. Watkins, vs. Crouch <f- Co.—Upon an ap peal from a judgment of the Superior Court of Laxv of Conchhind County.— Rule discharged. Adjourned till to-morroxv, 12 o'clock. Saturday, March 31st, 1832. Mason vs. 'Tomlinson's adin'or.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery, held in Richmond.— Dismissed by consent of the parties. ’Thomas, «jc. vs. The Commonwealth.—Appli cation for a supersedeas—rejected. Clarke vs. Johnston, ft. al.— Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery, held in Lychburg.—The President! delivered the opinion of the Court in this cause, reversing the decree with costs, and remanding the cause back, with directions. 'Turbercille's adin'or vs. llrrnard.—Upon an ap peal Irom a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery held in Fredericksburg.—The arguments in this cause were this day concluded— C. Johnson ami IJ. W. Leigh, Ksqrs., for the ap pellant, and R. Slanard and W. Jones, Ksqrs., for the appellee. llryan vs. Lojftus' adin'or.—Upon an appeal from a decree pronounced by the Superior Court of Chancery, held in Staunton—Rule against the appellant to show cause on the first day of .May next against a dismissal of this cause. Adjourned till the first day of May next. CONGRESSIONAL ANALYSIS. In 1 lie Senate, on Wednesday, the hill making appropriations to carry into effect certain Indian treaties, was reported, read thrice, and passed. At half past twelve, tho Senate went, on motion of Mr. Tazewell, into the consideration of Executive business, in which nearly three hours were spent. In the Mouse of Representatives, tho motion made by Mr. Slade, oil Tuesday, to rc-eonsidcr the I vote rejecting the resolution ollered by Mr. Arnold, directing the Committee on Internal Improvements to enquire into the expediency of constructing a National Road from Iiutfalo, in the State of Now York, 'o New Orleans, was, after a desultory dis. mission upon a point of order, ta! on u>». Mr. \r nold addressed the Mouse in a long and discursive speech, in favor of the reeoiisiilerai ion of the form er vote, and (lie adoption of his resolution. Alter a few remarks from Messrs, ('arson, Mcreer, and Rlair of Tennessee, the motion to ro-consider was lost—Yeas 74, Nays 91. The bill making appro. ; priatious for tho In li in Department, for the year IS32, was passed. The hill providing for tlic vac cination of the Indians as a prevent alive of small pox, was considered in Committee, reported wit ii amendments, and postponed not11 to-morrow. The pension hill was n. xt taken up in Committc, — Mr. Davis of .South Carolina, addressed the CoiiiuiiKee in opposition to 1 lie general prineipht of the Id!!, until the usual hour of adjournment, 'vhen he gave way to a motion Ihaf the Commit toe ri.-e, which was carried, and the Mouse ad ourn ed. In theSonrif", on Tliursd ty, the bill supplement, ary to the act for the relief of the surviving otli cersand soldi rs of the Revolution, was taken up Kad, on motion of Mr. Pool., amciub'd, so as to in elude seamen, otlieers and marines of*i he N -v v. M r W ilkins moved an nmeridnient, extending the pro visions of the bill in ‘Indian Spies.” Mr. M irci i moved to amend the amendment, by adding “boat. ■ men, wagoners, arid express riders;” which motici p was, after some discussion, rejected, and tho bil was laid on tl.o table. Mr. Webster, from tbo Sr. < c miitnitteo on the apportionment of Kepr<*. sj ol ives, under the Filth Census, made a report then on. accompanied by a bill. The general Ap. propn ttion Hdl was taken up: the ipicstion being on fh:> amendment, allowing jgM,.VI() for the ex’ pins' . ol I be re' ii rn ol’our Ministers from France an. ' hi.I, Mr. Sprague resumed and eonclud. <• speech upon the British Colonial Trad-.. Ar. r**,,t’ which iris incidentally become a mi!i. •*J| 1 "•cushion. Previous to the adjournment, notice that ho should, to-morrow, call up the Pension Ihll. lo Hie House of Representatives, tho l.i'l pro. \.u mg lor ,jl0 |,.)S«[)((!ieme|,t of cortain tri lls in. to \ uit» titles t«> bind in the territory of Arkansas, was .ui,ended, and ordered to he engrossed f< r a t hi. re.ioing, in.) hill pro\ i. ling for tlio vaccina tion ol the Indians as a preventive of tho small po.v, w is amende.! and ordered to bo engrossed for a t nr. reading. I ho House resumed, in Commit. t< e. bie consideration <>t the general pension bill. r. D ivis, of S.i"t!i Carolina, concluded his ro. mark* again. • the bill, when, on motion of Mr. hoate, the Committee rose, and tho House ad journed. POLITIC A JL. .From t/>r Cincinnati dinette.] “SPOILS OF VICTORY.” Mr. Senator Murcy’s avowal, in the Senate of t.ie United States, U . t, in the political contests of our country, the public ofliocs were the legitimate “s/wi/a” of the victorious party, has not called forih the reprobation that such a sentiment de serves. Tins there are too much reason to fear, proceeds (rum the fact, that its application has be. come not only familiar, but acceptable, to a large portion of our politicians. A more diabolical and desolating doctrine, cannot become prevalent in a free country. In cmp..tying tlio term “SPOILS,” Mr. Marry expressed bis notions upon the subject, most .I s. linclly and forcibly, lake \\ ebster’s detiuit ions. “1. That which is taken from others hy violence: pirliciilaly in war, tho plunder liken Iron m one. my: pillage: booty. That which is gained bv strength or cf. fort. That which is taken from another without license. “•1. The act or practico of plundering, robbery, waste. “5. Corruption: causes of corruption. “li. The slough, or cast skill of a serpent or other animal.” 1 he doctrine assumes, that different parties, in matters of government, are public enemies: it fur ther assumes, that the distribution and possession ‘■f the public offices, and not the public good, is the object fur which all parties alike contend! Is this true/ If it is, is not Marcy the first public man that durst avow it / lie is an adept iii the Van Htircn school of politics: the avowal was made iu defence of the great chief and leader of that school; it is assorted ns a leading tenet, as one upon which they mean still to aet. Before the people sanction this doctrine, hy bestowing their confidence upon its rminilgators, ought they not to examine well its foundation and its tendency: its moral fitness, its hearings upon our public insti tutions, and our social relations? I ask attention to a brief notice of these -natters. it is said, mill party divisions are unavoidable, and oven desirable in a free government.. Perhaps both these positions are correct, mid why? The first results from freedom of npini on, and the na tural diversity of men’s minds, and modes ofihink ing: the second supposes, that party contests tend to keep men on the alert, in public a 11 airs, to stimu late to laudable ambition, and to prevent public abuses, by a constant and watchful scrutiny of the ! public conduct of those in official employment.— These assumptions, neither of them, up o the proposition, that cither of the parlies aro to be esteemed public enemies, to bo treated as such, ill cases ot party defeat.—They are elevated far above a doctrine so base and grovelling. In the parly contests of our Union, no party ever hoisted a standard, and emblazoned upon it, “booty nml beauty” or the "spoils of victory.'' An attempt, in plain terms, to rally associates and ob tain assistance, with a single view to the public offices, would he received with general indignation by all parties. Yet according to Mr. Maroy, in New \ ork, this is understood to he the great ob ject ot all. It this be the tri^-h, then tIso avowed ground of political diiTereucc, is a deceptive sys tem of false pretences. The parly contests, from 1705 to 1800, with re spect to the administration of the National Go vernment, were based upon different notions of the administration of that government. Tiie .success till parly, upon obtaining possession of tha Govern ment, ascertained, that, substantially, it must he administered as they found it. They did not con sider the offices as the "Spoils of Victory.** They did not regard those who were in office as traitors to the country, to tic punished by confiscation.— True, they did not bestow public employ upon those " iio opposed and condemned them: and in the pro gress ot twenty years party contests disapnmircd, thus evincing that the government was administer ed upon right principles, because ith.nl promoted unity in public sentiment, harmony in puldic'cuuu cils. and prosperity in public ntfairs. When Mr. Adams became President, 1825, his administration did not consider ami treat tiie pub lic offices as the “Spoils of Victory '* lie and his cabinet did not hold that those who labored to drive them from public employ, ought for that exercise of the privilege of freemen, to he punished as crimi nals by depriving them of public employ, where en gaged in it. The oppos.vs of Mr. Adams anil his cabinet did not avow that their object was to ob tain the public offices, and invite the people to aid them in that object. The alleged grounds of op position were ail of a nuh'ie. character. I.et vlie subject be fairly presented. Suppose it had been distinctly made known and proclaimed to the people of Ohio, that the great object of the contest was to make “A SPOIL” of the public otli cos within that Stale. For instance, to make John \V. Campbell, District Judge; John Patterson, Mar shal; Samuel Herrick District Attorney; V.’m. Ly tle, Surveyor General: John Mcllvuitio, Indian Agent; Allan Latham, Surveyor of tho Virginia Military Lands; John Hamm and Lilian Allen Brown, Charges; Liijali Hayward, C-ominissionor of the Gem r"l Lind Offices: to give land Offices to Lirwoil, Gardiner, Dawson and Skinner, ami to give Post Offices toeertain gcn'lemcn who have obtained them, would the people have engaged in the contest? With such an object avowed, could Gen. Jackson have obtained th • vole of Ohio?— No man in his senses can suppose so. Apply the same enquiry to New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Kentucky Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and I doubt not the answer would he tlm same. Public sentimeiit would reprobate Mr. M.ir cy’s doctrine, if distinctly expressed; hot eloak ii with professions of public go >d. ami good men arc cheated to sustain it, they know not w hy. iua coni-st Ibr principle tho most honor ibl • ami high-minded men engage. If they believe an administration lias been formed, upon a b.u is lli.it tends to introduce a dangerous precedent, they ex ert t iiems'd ves to prostrate it, upon that distinct ground, that its fall may admonish others to tivoi ! the errrors o! it.- fir.; cion. This elfeeted, t'oei direct their efVorts to the promotion of the g( m:r. I welfare, by healing divisions, and correcting abu ses. 'Pin; idea of personal reward, never enteis their mind. They would resent, as an imuit, a suggestion lb.it they had been operated upon la private views. Tlmy would frown indignantly Iroin their presence, any one who was so poor in spoil as to intimate that what lie had done, avow. Icdly from public motives, looked in reality to a mercenary recompense, lie, who should approach them wiMi a claim for reward, and an intimation that a faithful j ;b!i • > ; v nt should be dr*/ oriel of office, that the “fSPOIL” might be confcrro upon him, would be scouted, as one proposing pi’ la/c, plun-'rr, and rubbery, to coll, ct '•liooly ’ l« i himself. Not so with those, who consider tin contests of party, as the war fire of foes to be at tended by confiscations for “SI’OI L,” nmiinst 1 hose who are defeated. Actuated by mercenary am selfish motives, tlicy know nothing of public spirit or of generous feeling: but become cruel, fierce i and reckless of every interest but their own. The I is tho direct tendency of tho docinne, and ecu H (r.ii, in progress of time, to embitter eur siiei.il u bilious, uml destroy the government, if once adopt j ud as of general application? I Of the vast body yf active and ambitious nspi. rants for public office aiol public distinetioii, in • count, v like tlie I'iiited Stales, a comparative f*u only, e in obt tin thorn.—The Ol'TS of this el i •mist always greatly outnumber tho INS. Yin objects of ambit ion with one ivm best he obtained by dispossessing those of the other, in the enjoy* nient (•! them. Or, in other words, lot the re.e e t. ion til Pre.,dent j icksoii he prevented, *iml tire ,,t liees ol all who support him are to he in do the **.s/ioH," to reward his victorious opponents. \\ , ' the contest he of the same character that it won! were the ip.iost ion one of general principles, as for i..stance, tariff and anti-taritf? fan those in otliec, who tjol tlieir bread staked on the issue, act from public principles ’ t’an the mercenary, whose eye is fixed soh ly on the ‘'snails of rictiiiconduct the rout rover v in a spirit o»hcr than one rosem. tiling too much the prowler for jirey? It", in this city, wo should h ive some dozen, more or less, who, in case of Jackson’s defeat, liavo set apart Pur theniie lves tlm Post Otlico, tho Hand offices, the Surveyor (huicral’s Otlico, the t’ollcetor’s Of fice, can Till) V feel otherwise towards tho incum bents, than as victims to lie sacrificed for I 111)1(1 aggrandizement.’ and feeling so, can Till •IN’ me«-t ' aiid ass «eiate with them is trior'll-, \ it*--- .-om | ot the sensations, which disturb even the assassin, in the presence of one lie lias marked for dost rue. I lion’ It the incumbents are conscious that the defeat of Jackson sets a mark upon them, and de. !iv\s thoir occupation and means of obtaining bread a “fc>POII/’ to some neighbor of tho mieeess. lul party, can they mingle in the society of their opponents, untouched by tho loathings that rise in men's minds, when in the society of those they believe to he plotting their destruction? Can they fail to suspect tiiat almost every opponent of as. piring talent, stand*, to them, m tho relation ol* a rival, and a secret enemy? It seems to me that it 1 is thus that the incumbents and the real and sup. posed candidates must feel: and dues nut this infuse a destructive poison into the very source of our so. cial relations? It. is well known, that, in periods and circum stances of great extremity, tho selfish principle in mail becomes all predominant ami rentiers him ku vagi* and fierce to desperation. It scorns to me. that most men in public employ, when they look upon dependent families, and arc sensible tli it tlieir bread is to ho taken trom them as “spoil” for the victors, in an election lor the President, must feel j somewhat of this savage an t fierce spirit rise in ! tlieir minds. They may ipicll it, or in ihc effort ! to do so, 11 icy may wear out tlieir lives, as did Tif. ! tin and Itailey, and the fact in either case, mav be ! forgotten by the in.my. Vet i; sinks d.’op into me in-arts ot Hie sullerers, to lie awakened to von gonnoe at a future day, when an opportunity is ol. teri-d. Jl a man seduce his neighbor's son, ser vanl, or apprcn'ioe, from liis employ, the law gives him an notion, and awards him eompens ition. It one slander another in liis trade or profession, he has a like redress; hut it' upon a change of politi. cal parties, one neighbor despoil mini her ol" the public employment by which his wife and chil l rensubsisted, the is lawful! Nay, more, ii may hanarabltj he demanded, hanorab! 1/ award, cd, honuntbl’f seized,—and the dmpailed victim lias not even a claim upon public sympathy! I never can believe that if is sound or safe doctrine. Tiic code ot modern warfare amongst civilized nations, no longer ; Hows the victor to make a " .spoil" of the private property’ of individual enemies. In days ol barbarism, this was allowable; now it is scouted and abhorred. And can i; he, that this reprobated, exploded practice ol barbaric days and savage na tions, mnv he properly introduced into the party conflicts lor political power, in a free and er.light. eiu-d, anil a Christian country? I cannot think so. Hn the cnntiiiry. I would lain rouse public indig. nation against it, wherever, whensoever or hv whoinsoever it is avowed or practised. Front tJt- National Intelligencer, Infamous ( ai.umnv.—The following article is copied from a late No. of tho New Hampshire Patriot: “Previous to thn decision of the Supreme Court upon the Indian Question, was there not a cum. ciih Composed of Jndssen Marshall, Thompson, and Story, and Messrs, ('lav, Sergeant. Webster, Everett, and some few others? Did not .Messrs Clay, \c. urge iiji^ii the Judars the necessity of their sustaining them on the Indi an question, sololy upon pal ticalgrounds'! Did they not avow that nothing would revive their party hut a decision against (Jeorgia? Dul not Mr. Clay and his friends urge, that, the question must be decided solely in reference to politics?” Wo have seen many calumnies propagated by the abandoned presses of our country, to subserve 1 he vile purposes of party; but the above exceed. in atrocity and mischievousness .any tlint has lor along time fallen under our nolire. The inter rogatories are founded on information received from W'n ■hiaaton. W ho could have invented nlleg-i. lions so atrocious and unfounded? We do not hesitate to say that if over an offender against linth and decency merited punishment, the fahri. cater of this wholesale slander deserves to have liis ears nailed to the pillory. Really it is impos sible to read such statements wit It patience or temper. ’Phe progress of f.dse-ha©! is appalling. It is enough to destroy, and ccr^kly must impair,' the moral sense of the coir.imiiiitA^unless men of all parties shall unite to frown down the use of such weapons, in political warfare. Wo observe it sated in a letter from this city, published in a New York paper, that the above vile article etna, tinted from a certain Senator. We cannot, we will not, believe it. No man filling that high and honorable station could stoop to an act of such ag gravated baseness. Tito veteran Mathew Carey, of I'hihidclph a, has just published a series of letters addressed to the lion. vVm. Drayton, and lion. II. Middleton, of South Carolina, on the subject of tho excite merit. in relation to tho Tariff now exi ting ui that. State. lie prop-iscs that none of tho duties at or 1 ulow 2f> per cent, he touched, and that those above it lie reduced 10 per rent, annually until they rna< h that rate. The whole eoiisurnp lion of articles paying ilutv, in 1S31, i~ csl imuti-d nt XGlt. I 'J |, ,30, and the duties on them at GI7,«1D. “[.••I the worst come to the worst,” sivs the Kiehinoi.il Mnijuircr, “let both Houses of Congress he even so infatuated as to adopt .Mr. Clay’s M ill of ahouiinat ions,* we put our trust inf lie President of t lie United Slates. He will, we hope, have the moral courage to save the people from oppression, t!u: Constitution from abuse, t lie I nion itseit from] I he commotion which thr -;t:-n< it.” This oracular paragr.inh ettrutel our upline wl- m it t«rst appear'd in t!ie Kioha on l I mpiirer a week or t:.*u days ago. \\ e euuM i.mke nothing j of it then; ami it is not a v. o' t.'ie pi’iner to us ; now, alter seeing it copied, vvi'li uppirent appro hat ion, into a number m the \-!..n ii>! r..t ion ini tials. If it means any tiling, it mean* that, the I'/Mijuirer ih sires the President to exercise that power whichhe possesses, iii o\‘ I ’liie eases , to put hi« i 17« on hills v. ili( ll have pos'd < Ollgrtjs:-. |l seems to he the fas!.ion of the day to endeavor to concentrate all the powers of tho government in I lie hands of the h'.xee.it ivo. 1 I’d \v !ia! is it that he is to put his veto upon’ “Mr. ( lay s hill,” \\ liat will l*o the object ol Mr. t lay lull, or anv lull on the subject of the Tariff, which may pass • lie t wo Houses of Congress at the present session’] It will he a hill to reduce the duties on imported articles, so as more nearly In approximate the re votin'’ to tho wants of tic’ ''" 'ii’ry. ll the Ihi. ntiirer is fipposrfl to * m il a mil. and conceives it to he “a bill of abominations,’’ what lias t hat .Journal been clamoring about all this wlii! .’ After ma. king such an outcry against the Tariff, and be. coining a half-nnliitior on account of it. why '! s i'ne Fdilor of the Kiiquirer turn t und and <l< nounee in anticipation tl-.e proposed r’ducti<>n < ■ it ’ How arc “the People:” to he oppreaw! by t king off five or six millions of duties, on articles imported from abroad ’ How is the Coes’ itm i to be films, ,t l.y this operation ’ flow is the Cuiic to he i-ndangt n«/ by it' Ao /s crri ows.— Sat. In' i. n ■ ■■■ ‘"rill HI -111 I Ml—1| i - <•» *■» -v •* r • <• 144 Mi I. 4 • | In a li !'«*r u| 4). I*, i I’s, which wo find in tliu '•I'.i'ui ii ... |.|> refers tn tin form* r prcdu tiunit "j hi-, respei-ling t| ,< f,ij- tgn mil icy of’ tltu I’cricr ' i.>t ry, and p. .nr s t In' a* tcir i-. u of! s rmlnrs ti ii"t..t;o is t.i< i . ;il v. riftc;:’,-fit; i.f t!|..iu. S<» fur was I from In!, v.i s, . the ..if.hrs of Italy ''1 re s* 11 led, lli.it I >■ r• ictidl'.. • ii* r Per.or WOlllii i , rather than not bava : .ee .i• .id | ric.'s; ..ml I pi• >nHim.'((I t.< |i% aii enip ■ \ !....isi t .o de. ! .: a: mu |.| .( V.i.. tori .I Journal, I lit l lie e lit i Ml e el A i>: r lilt 11. into tin; Papal Nl 'ti » Would ee II ’.glial el" >\ .;r. Till: i litraIICO has n niai.e, and there i , tieverthetevs, no war. lie adds, t: ,;t fie said also that tin; Perier udiuitiis i rat inn w e.ild net resist, should Am tria, Kuvsia Hint Prussia insist on the re establishment oi the King, (loni of tin* .Netherlands, and on the re appoint, meid of Ivnig W .Ihaiii «>r ol tin- Pi i.. :e < t Orange to I": King of Rcigium. lie assert.* that the ministry is prepared to make this sacrifice of the dignity of It am-”, on their princi|4e of |ieaco at all prices. In another letter he declares that, though M. 1 errier has continued to hold hi:, place IV r nearly a ve ir, it does not follow that France will submit to ihis systematic compromise of Iter dignity and of 'he principles of her Revolution. “The present lreh of the present (Government is nothing • hint o! loathed, and s|dt upon, and al.ho.ied, aim exe crated by tin- people.” “If M Perier s h '1! succeed in obtaining peace by the humiliation of Franco, then, • s sure as tiiat t!ic editors ol tliu (ilofc ara men of souse and pa. iiiutisni, tint people will i iso, will overthrow the (■ovcriiuicnt, will makcwir, will carry on tlio Ro. \olutioti, will unite il.'lgium'o France, will aid tlio cause of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland and tlcr iniiny; " ill treat .M. Perier and bis halberts with as much contempt as they displaced to the Swiss am! iw.yal (litards, w hen in July Itilll) they at tempted to oppose the progress ol freedom, and to cut down the people in the streels of Paris. “I’in.illy, as s ire as there is a Lind in Heaven who creates, rules, and controls, so sure is it that there will licit social revolution in France, if tho hopes, widics, and jiist rights of 1 .enelimen shall lie much longer r» lu.a'd—ami i. n 1 c :s something be speedily, cliccluaily, and largely and liberally uc. uiiii plishcd Ibr flic starving, the naked, the perish, mg. houseless, hcdlcss, miserahle working classes. No pitching or co' ling, no putting oil* and pro. roguing will eventually succeed. The pimple know heir situation—know the remedy for existing and ivrrpiiwcring evils; audit would he a less diilicult ask to arrest the tails of the Niagan with a tea. Iier. than to arrest the solemn, regular, and now ■upidly advancing march of public opinion.” I his is a distinct and emphatic prediction, and >v tin’ issue of events i:i Frnneu we shall lie ahlo o test the correctness of a writer whose means >: information apparently are not lo he despised, my more titan his maimer of giving them tongue. Frrnch Army <m I Xun/.—A Faria paper of lTio -Olli February lias tin: follow ing stall incuts re! 1 •ive tn tin- present condition and cost of tho Army ami Navy i>l' FY me.*: According t«i the most recent official ac^oums ilic effective force of the FYeiich army to the 1st Jan. 1832, consisted of: Infantry 276,010 Cavalry 51,000 Artillery 31,000 Engineers 8,000 Wagon Train 4,500 Veterans ] J 000 Geudannorin 16,000 Gener.ti Slatf 4,020 Total 410.000 With ilie fractions 4 12,171 The t-\ i-r-y 1.1 iliis force is set down in the Rod get at 210,1"j.OOOf. wiiieii gives tlie annual cx pense per. 607f73e; o! these 112,009 men, on. Iv 278,000 receive rations of provisions. Every ra lion of Oread lor these soldiers lO.Je, or very near. !y that in the inteiior. In t!ie Army of Africa tl:o price of the ra'ion i.- IGJ.c; a d.lii-n .. e nearly im. pereepiihle. Inihe army of the .Murea it is 20c. T ie rat ii .1 <.•' rice j>« r soldier in A ricu costs 3Jc and in the .vtoiea per soldier ljjc. The ration ol meat costs, in the Morea 20c. in Africa only lie. The ration of wine lie in both countries. Tho troops 111 tin: interior consume in the whole, wine to the amouirt of 311,000 francs, brandy to the amount of 78,000 francs, and river water, tor certain gar/isons, to (lie amount of 60,1100 francs, making altogether *178,1)00 francs of Inpiids, for the serv.ee of the inteiior. The cavalry of the French, of which the actual efleetive force is 4-1,000, mounted and dismount ed ; not including tho gendarmerie' ecrisumes an nually 501!) horses, which are purchased at the rafo nl -*!MI to 525 francs each. The artillery consumes aboii 1 3000 draft horses, at 450 fr u.cs, n i* hoi. t reck oning 571 saddle horses al 150 francs; 720 draft horses at the price of from 170 to 180 francs, nro also necessary for tho remounting tho military and engineer wagon trains. Total 9328 horses, costing 1,311.000 francs. O ir Navy Consists al present of 120 armed ves sels; t he annual maintenance of the material of which costs 4,372,000 francs; eight shins are dis posable in humour, which cost 617,700 franc:; sixteen ar«* in commission, and cost 596,300 ’runes; tastily, 135 ships in ordinary, cost 1,960,000 francs. Total of maintenance for the material of 279 ships, 7,486,000f. Tho number of individuals on board the fleet in active service or disposal is 13,00!) seamen, and 1 132 officers. Their pay and ui.iiuienunce cost 9,215,0001'. Two ships, 12 frigates, 8 corvettes, and 19 hrigs of Irani 20 to 16 goim, mid (I corvettes avsrs of 18 guns, ure the most import mt of our armed ves sels. British Aar//.—The United Service Journal of February, thus gives the stations of the ships of t^c Ur ti.-li Niivy : .* the Nore— I sail*, 171 guns, 1 I'Uiont li St :it ion — li suit, -150 guns, Plymouth Station— I I sail, • ■];! guns. S’.nth Aincrcan Station —13 sail, 110 gun*. West India and North Auiciiean Station—25 sail, I (51 guns. Mast India Station—11 sail, 3*G gun a, <’;i|.e of Hood Hope and African Station—25 s ill,3 11> gnii.-’. Med iterranein Station—1G bail, 35-1 guns. Strain Vessels at the different Stations—10 Sail, IS gulls. P icket Serviec-8 sail, 7G guns. Milling for Service—3 sail, 7 I gnus. 'I ol .1—133 sail, 3513 guns. 'flic above dacs not include Yacht*, StenmPack. rt., tendes, or v< sslcs employed on the Kcvenuo Service. The nnmnt.1 voted by parliament for the sup. I” rt ol the Navy for the year I’J.JI, wa* -L'5,'7 1,551 I r. sd., or £$20,065,218 t3. rr r»«e- m* ~ r , n. a-— -«• -_s—. z.r a?--* -•*& ■■ ■—I > m ■— a. i j . /rw. m MMHrrarraa V.2U*»Z:iV:i L»E2 5KS-: OPHCE.” J I * I»r i • more Capital* sold by I’KibFiK, inona I .ol terv ! li Tl' i’ \WfNC of the Virginia Petersburg f.otto 2 ? rv. No. 3: f> 4 15(1 37 13 30 58 10 23 56. Whole t leant 23, 33. 56 P.j/iof £1,0''0 I» ». 13, 37. fin, do. 300 Half do. 13. 23, 51, do. 200 *-r* ’. -a - . — . . , Tin *v«nn tt”Mi Who, is oM'ib-'j’’ ! twice a week, (Timirt.iys an t Kiotay*. at ill'll dollars per annum, ]/;««. an!.’ in a i vane.’. For .•rtvciti ■ 75 cent, a s/pir.ie (,.f le .) for the fcrlt insert ton. Hii.t5Uri iit.li.fe.u a riniluiiiaiirc Tl-.f limn. I>**f ol insert;f*t . iiu'.t tie i>.,».•.f />,, t},,. MS otherwise the a Iveriiseuieii's w lithe • -oiMuiuc i .n i chaired accord in*lv. Previous to a l>«r ontirtu tore of iln- paj or, *0 a near acet iiiu-t lie pa d no. Atul the e v. t o .imv wish to ill#* continue, will , tdv ti e l !., lint effect at least t v*on’\ <i i • s tie I'ne i s |H a. i e-j. r « In. V iili’B limy Ulllisr n'.rd N >'e. of r‘- »»•••. t • peen pat hi; l a. 5t* of any of the ''la'.- tj I ,- ,,’e, . .. | in | . .. > >,,| tneriptlOli In T ie W ■ ’■ • ' : r j r 1 S’ or if < !< "m.Ii”. wold.I he p • r»’- .. t .e. Mi; mi . ..a e n. I’te Itirough lint Pr.s Oli. . i • •\!i «’it n i • ■ • . i;. j :: l, cr th.ey H’ill rr.eive no at'C.iil.u).