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B’h(‘ 3Cat*s*isiosh! YYiiflii'*
l»KI.I\iil!K\T l.\\ |>s \i l>l I nK * ( IfKII'K t>K Vlit<l|\l\, ) M-i n-li a?ili, lKt:‘. ^ 'rile (5. tid.il \sscnihly, at its I ite session, ha. v»i>t: made some material changes in l!ie laws " ^ 1* relate to lands ret nr nod us delinquent tor non payment ol taxes, the following abstract is pub. lished lor the benefit of all persons concerned. In tliv e .mities /•« ixl ot the Alleghany mountains, (xii nolr I,) all arrearages whatsoever, prior to 1KU. inclusive, whether due on lands heretofore forfeited to the Literary I'uml; on lauds sold in 18Hi and redeemed by the State; or on lands nuuu. ally returned as delinquent since that time, are Jnrrnr »«lim/nistril. The taxes in arroar on town lots are in like manner released. In respect to the counties HY.t/ of the Allegha. "V. ««/e a,) the regulations and enactments aro materially different. I. I lie lands and lots which were heretofore forfeited to the President and l>ireclor* of the l.iteriry i'tmd are exonerated from all arrears in c isos wiiere the taxes and damages together line at the time of forfeiture, (l*t.'» and l*lf»,) do not exceed y dollars. If the taxes and damage* exceed that sum, the lands so vested in the I.itera ry I'end miv he redeemed at any time before the 1st April, 1*3 I, by paying the sum due at t he period ol forfeit lire, with six per cent u in per annum th 'reon, up to the time of redemption. Ihit these provisions ot the law, have this important qitalili. ration, to wit: that neither the relinquishment of »axe* and damages, when less than twenty dollars, nor the right of redemption, where that sum is exceeded, can operate to deprive any actual, hi mil f ih occupant, claiming under the ('oniniouwealth’s grant, and having paid his taxes, of any of the rights and privileges secured to him bv the art of M April, 1831, and the acts of 10th and l’Jth March. 1H3*> These several acts do in fact transfer to the nr. tn.il occupant all the claim ol the ('ouiunmwealth or Literary fund, previously acquired hy forfeit, ure. It will therefore he expedient for all persons whose lands have hoon vested in the l.ierarv Fund, to make strict enquiry into all interfering'claims, before they exercise the right of redemption. 2. I lie lands and lots which were sold in L8Iti, and afterwards redeemed hy the Stale, are exon crated from all arrears, in eat es where the taxes and damages for which they were sold do not to. gellier exceed twenty dollars on each tract or lot; and where they exceed that sum, the proprietor may nevertheless redeem at anytime he loro the 1st April, 1*31. •I. I lie lands and lots not embraced in either of the two (ire.ling classes, hut which have been annually returned as delinquent, up to the year 1831, inclusive, arc; exonerated from all arrears in r ises w here the. taxes, r.rrlnsirr of iliinuif'ca, shall not exceed /rn dollars on each tract or lot. If the taxes exceed that sum, they may in like manner he paid, anil the lauds and lots so returned as delin quent, he redeemed at any time before the 1st A pril, 1*34. So, likewise, may the lands and lots lying west of the Alleghany, which may he re. turned ns delinquent for the years 1*3:* and 1*33, be redeemed by payment at the Treasury at any tune berore the said 1st Apt il, 1*31. Mosaics the rcliiiqiishmeut of all taxes nnd da. mages,when amounting to less than the sums above stated, and besides , also t he privilege of redemp tion which is given until the 1st April, 1831, there arc other remedial provisions in force, hy w hich the proprietors may he relieved on application to the courts of tho counties where the lands arc situated. 1. Upon proof hy tho applicant that lie is a honnfide purchaser hy deed of conveyance recorded helore the 1st April, 1*31, or under a de cree m chancery; or that lie derives title from such purchaser, the purchase money having alt been paid. 2. that in I lie years of delinquency there was property siinicioiit on the premises liable to distress; or 3. That the taxes have cither been paid to some person authorised to collect them, or that they were erroneously charged. Proof of pay ment, or of erroneous charge, may l.e submitted to the Auditor, without the intervention of the Court. I lie taxes for 1831, and all other arrearages whatsoever, on lands and lots lying Hast of The Alleghany, having been released hy the Legisla ture, the collectors arc rcynired hereafter to make sale of so much of any delirtjiient tract or lot, os ,r,H I"’ sufficient to tlixcharf'e the to r of the current year. I Ids information is particularly important to nnii-residents, and persons whose residence is remote Irom their lauds. For their convenience, the Legislature has authorised them to pay their taxes into the treasury in each year at. any time helore the 1st id August; ot which payment the Auditor will advise the collectors. The operation of the system of selling lands for taxes, annually accruing, being suspended in ihe Trans.Alleghany* District, until the Jst April, 1831. the delinquent lists for that district will be- i fore that period he returned to this office as hereto, fore, and the lands and lots so returned may be redeemed. In all eases of redemption, tho Login, lature has reduced the damages from ten to "six per centum per annum. 1 he attention of all persons interested cannot he too earnestly invited to the several important provisions ot which the foregoing is designed as a summary. It is believed that the Legislature has indicated the permanent policy of the State upon this difficult subject, and il must he acknowledged that a liberal anxiety has been manifested to so. | cure the rights of non-residents, as far as consist. ♦ Ml with the just and paramount claims of actual and hona fide holders, who have settled their lands under grants from tin1 ( 'ommonweallh, mid have regularly paid their taxes. JA.*l ris 11E ATIF, Auditor of I irffiuift. P- S.—The lists of lands and lots returned de linquont from 1H-JI to lH,3I, inclusive, and not ex. onerated hy law, and the lists of lands and lots winch have been forfeited to the Literary Fund, o«. are now redeemable under the restrictions and limitations herein before stated, will be pub. lislied and circulated as soon as practicable. ISotr 1.—'flic following comities and towns are situated I'j'itf id the Alleghany iiimiutaivis, viz: Accomack, Albemarle, Alleghany, Amelia, Am. Iicrst, Augusta, IF it ti, Bedford, Berkeley, Bole, toirl, Brunswick, Buckingham, (ktmphcll, Caro, line, Charles City, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Cul. I'eper, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, Elizabeth City, E-s. x, Fairfax, Fauquier. Fluvanna, Franklin, Frederick, (iloiiccstrr, (ioocliland, (irccnsville, Halifax, Hampshire, Hanover, Hardy, Henrico, Henry, Isle <d’ Wight, .Fames City, Jefferson hmg lieorge, King &. (Jiiecn, King William! Lancaster, Loudoun, Louisa, Lunenburg, .Modi, son, M 11hews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Morgan, Nauseuiond, Nelson, New Kent, Norfolk Conn! ly, Norfolk Borough, Northampton, Northum berland, Nottoway, Orange, Page, Patrick, Pen. dlclon, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, Prince (ieorge, Prime William,' Richmond Cieiii'y, Richmond City, Rockbridge, Buckingham, Shenandoah, Southampton, Spot), i \ Ivania. St ill'..id, Surry, Sussex, Warwick, Weslinorfiland and York. Nofr 2.—The following counties are situated FV-,/ nt f||(. Alleghany mountains viz; Brooke, < a hell, : ayette, Floyd, foies, Cray von, Uteriibri. c, II irrismi, Jackson, Kanawha, !*•»•, F,.-wis, Lo. g <n. Ma-on. Monongalia, Monroe, Montgomery, Nicholas, Ohio. Preston, Pocahontas, Randolph' Bissell, Scon, Smyth, Ta/. well, IN ler, Wasli.no ton, W yl lie Wood, 1 r Tun conn Has of Fayette, Floyd, Jackson, Smyth and Pigcjnvn ... recently 'created. Fslilor-. of newspapers, especially in the large northern ami e .-t, m .•■iti-s. would pro',ably oblige . many of their p i»ron|,y note h,g (|l0 foVe.roimr , abstract. ” * ' Tlie London Medical and Surgical Jmirnnl has a long article on Cholera, wbicl, the writer m I Sists that “there is no A«i»;ic Cmdera in the conn, try, l>ut llio common epole oje disease, and that ' this disease is not. contagions.” \-,d Hie Times r says, lucre is not a in in to be met with on the F'lx ehango who nu.v believe*' that the cholera is in LafitiOri. i.xlrait from (hr feriitu ii of jrlr. tU/<’ l.Il'jlfy oj Kric York, .yiurch 13. Sir. I wish it to lie distinctly understood nod ciiHMiihcrcd l*v the House, I hat I do nut hold my>elt responsible for ihi* ml reduction of the sulyect of the patty polities of New York. It I is not a *t.b|<'ci < f w Inch I am particularly proud. M V lioiioriitih ei'ileagucs lie Hi t =• k«* tin? ereiiil, oi ills* r«M,|., t (’t;« sing the cii'lam, mid giving in In* I louse a peep behind lilt.* scenes j and. it •nettin g ill, principle* and m.ii iiimiiv ol • tiii: paitv'' i> exhibited here, it is uu fault ol •nre Standing, Sir. ns between the belligerent par ties upon a noti'ral ground, I (latter inys* It th.l I am ilia si'uat on to judge 'it ween ' liem at least will: imp i nil if y. I lind something to con demn upon both sides. l'’or w u.e I dissent Imm • me of the o|>:u oils expressed by my h oi.ir Id colleague woo first iiihlres.-a d ;|ic House, (Mr Root.) I must I •• permitted to say that | do not j-stit) orappu void the warmth and violence o' he personal at'ack made upon him by our • tln r inun)Mib|e colleiigues It may out be im proper. under the ••ircuin.'tHiices, to sln*w to the I It.use tip* po’it eal a" it ode m which mv honor able colle.i gue ( dr Root) s’a ids to **? lie par! v," and more pari*i*u!arly to certain mating, rs and lenders a* A bony, w hom ihe House has ••••a d designa eil as the “Albany Reg1 ney”—a mat •er perfectly u* der.st< od by nil who have any knowledge of the prc-eni aspet t ot e.trursin N**w \ oric. It is well Ui own that ibis honorable gen tleman lias man tested some rc*tlc.s-iic4H and mi •wienc#* under the p«mty mseipi.ixr. which is there rigidly enforced against all, and which it is a’tempo d to apply to him lie stands erect. like the stubborn o ik, amt wi'l not h ml, with willowy suppleness, to every wind of doctrine winch it happens to hethe particular inter st of “the party" to advance. The p silion of that honorable gcntlen an ri minds me, Kir, of an mi ecdoic ef an old sobber of Ihe revolution who, bemg Imsi'y engaged iii loading and tiring at tip* enemy, w itimut waiting for orders, was asked to what regiment <>r company lie belonged?* **Tn nolle,’'answered the soldier,* I am fight j- t tl|, mv ow> iiook.” Ko my honorable colleague, unwilling to nilmii to tlie* drilling ot the Re. g ncy leaders, has taken the fl.-ld upon “his own honk;' ami tin* will set veto cxp'niu the eetn. bined attack made upon him by hi*: able and bol ter d sci: lim-d colleagues. And, Kir, witlmtit in tending to i*npugn the motives of either of the honorable g»*nileinen, 1 will ask them to ex amine their own hearts, and see whether in this assault upon that nid ve ernn republican, with the citoKKssEn object of protecting the ehn rncter of our Legislature, nml t he State, some other mo'ivc may not be found lorki.-g there; anti whether they ar>* not fluttering IIkuim l\es, that by attacking and attempt ng To undermine the character and standing of their colleague, they are rendering an acceptable service to tlieir Regency friends at Albany. I know that the gentleman has made himself obnoxious to the pariy, nml that the Philistines are upon him ; bn* 'tie result may prove that he is not yet shorn "fins strength. h>r he may ye' rise in hi might, and break ns.-under the green withes by which “the party” now seek 'o hind him. Two of my c.dl lagues. Sir, have spoken of the safety fund system in New York, and it ha been m ole u prominent cause of complaint ngiinst the honorab'e geiuleman who first ad dressed the chair. (Mr Root) that he should have assailed this system. 1 will briefly explain • he principles of our sa'ety fund law. and show what influence the inomed system of the State may fairly he supposed to have. Hy that law, every bank incorporation which shall be there after chartered, or whose charter shall be re newed, is required to pay into this fund the linlf of I per cent, upon its capital, for six years, am ointing in the whole to 3 per cent. Tit s' fund, thus created, is invested by the Comptrol 'er. and fn ni the avails the salaries of the three Hank Commissioners are paid, and the remain der of the annual proceed* belongs to the Banks, in proportion as they shah have contributed to the f nd. In case of the failure or solvency of a Bank com ng within the provisions of the act this fund is liatue for ti-e redemption of its not* 8. and this is all the advantage which the public derive from rhe low. Uion the expiration ot the charter of any Rank, they ate entitled to receive hock Irotn this fund the amount they have contributed, unless it shall have hern ex hausted hy the intermediate failure of a Rank. | All tlm Ranks with the provisions of this law are * entitled to charge seven i-kk cent, interest, upon al loans for a period exceeding 63 davs. If will be seep, therefore, that if i.» a"g< od bar gam for Batiks lo advance 3 per cent, in the whole, formic privilege of charging 7 j*er rent, tnr the entire term of their charier; and this 3 P r cent, to be refunded upon the expiration of •heir lernr; and it will he also seen, that the Banks all have c common interest in excluding the competition of an institution which is re" ■tticfeil to six I’Eti cent It is the duty of these Bank Commissioners, one of whom is ap pointed hy 'he Governor mid Senate, and two by the Banks themselves at least once in four months, and olteuer if required, to visit every hanking institution—to inspect their books—ns’ certain the amount of their lulls in circulation —the extent of'their discounts—and to look into all their concerns; and, in case of apprehended insolvency it is made their further duty to ap plj to the Chancellor, who may issue an injunc tion, appoint receivers,and wind up the affairs of the insolvent Bank These Bank Commis sioners, who IBve this general snperyiten.lence and power ov«he Ranks, are, from the avow ed jirmcipleifln^thc dominant party in New York, party^Tkn—for their political'axiom has been promulgated hy an honorable Senator at Hie other end of this Hall, (Mr Murry ) that “to the victor itki.oni;* the SI'OILS.’" Upon this same principle, too. when an applica tion is made to the Legislature for the iueornn ration of a now Hank, it is mule a sink rtr,\ non * hat th»- Commissioners named m tlm hiji for the distribution . f the new S ock, are p..|i ticoily oiiTiionox. The question of mere rom. potency is not mi materia', but they mist he good, sound, thoroughgoing, orthodox ropubli chus," whatsoever tin: test or standard of re ptiblicai.ism may chance to he—for the tune be ing. I In y must lie stamped “genuine*' m a particular quarter, which I will not stop now to designate. Them ••republican" Commissioners lake go..it cure, of course, ’hat the stock of the m-w (tank- does not gel into mao man,.* and the Farmers’and Mechanics’ Hank of Albany, wnicfi my honorable colleague, (Mr. Hoot) has. not inappropriately denominated the ".Mother Mink," comes in for a goodly share, as n brood ot munirv Hanks, and particularly the Broome County Hank, can testily —There is now nhoie twenty millions of hanking capital under this -iTi ty foml system, with the power of issuing Iony millions of paper corr rn-y, and discount uig to the amount of fifty Milli ons. N w. >|r, | approve of the fundamental orm '• p’es of the safety fund system. | p|„„,|(| ■' much better, if the people—the borrowers_ d.d m t have to p■ y the whole expense of main taining it. and this high premium for insurance, ’»y being compelled to pay 7, instead of fi p,.r ' ent. up hi nil loins—mid heller stiP, if it were made, as i> is easy so perceive it may be, a 'Dost powerful political machine in the hands of • paitjr. The present. Bank Commissioner* nre "'ro o| intelligence and integrity, but they are ! >arty me* , governed by parly principles, and i tingling in party warfare. An.', bv the wav. i • r. my col ogne ne>r me. (Mr. Cambrcl^ng) ■ ns inquired wlnf has hecotne nf the old F- de- \ ’a) I * a r t v ? The leaders arc principally provided j or. He will re.-ognize at least one of them, | imoitg these very Bank Commissioners —for ‘the Party" pay very promptly with ns, and the ! mw converts, laboring with proverbial 7.<al in! lie great republican vineyard, although coming ! n <r the eleventh hour, receive “every man hu i enuv." If will he manifest, Sir, that under such a ays • i* combined moneyed influence w ill ne •- sardy diffuse I'self. more or less, into eve ry opatimoiif of the Government — and, without fending any poraible disrrfpcrt to the L cgia- » l 'attire, no mnn can shut his eye# to the h\ct, tltnt with personal anil political friends about them, in the city and Country, who ure Presidents, and Cashiers, and Directors, and Attorneys, and Stockholders in out own local banks, who have a c- imnnii interest in excluding the competition of an institution restricted to six per cent., and legislating as they do, in the very centre of this moneyed power at Albany, it must have some influence m their action upon th's particular subject, iim, Sir. there is Kupcrnddcd to this, 1 he In ce and influence ofpnrty discipline, which lias been brought to hear upon this Legislative — I • power, rigid.absolute, despotic, and cotrrol I ng. and winch r qo res t f i.II, ih>.t they should go with iheir party “right or wrong".-"a com plete system of passive obedience ami n n re sistance. The e is si II another infl lenee, equal Iv potent, which was dexterously applied it. this ei«e—and that is i lie tore < f ‘:pu‘ilic opinion.” I do mu mean. Sir. the opinions of citizens ex amining the etihjoc’,'• ml in honest sincentv form ing iiuhi isfcl opinions for themselves. N.», So; I mean tin? “public opinion" manuf-ct tired by interested political manacera, and constituting a part, and no incocsid< ruble pa it, of their n7a rhinery, winch, perhaps the Mouse may be eu ro us to in derstaml. YVe have, fSir, only o.nk real, genuine, orthodox, “repuhlican" pap. r in II he Slat- , and that is I lie? Sta r pap.-r at Albany W«- look to tlie column- of the Argus to kin w i from day to day what is republ.cnm YVhatevvr <)i ioi-m is to be fjiuul there, upon men or mea sures, pro or con, is. for the day, republicanism — pure, genuine, umidullcrn ed republicanism. "The party” have neither the trouble or re p -n sihihfy of fumuig opinions for t hern-elves. Tm “public onimoii” is supplied after this wise: An article, expressing the de-iied op nion, is sent b) the manufacturers to a branch republican paper, say at Lockport, another to (Tries, another it Cooperstnwr, anotli* r to “Old Chenango,” am so of other places, ami these appearing, wit lion apparent concert, are curelully transferred anti c liec'ed in the Alive- Argus, under tin iinpo.-ing title of “pub... opiiiioi;” and thus, while the nilruit managers seem to follow, the* are. hi truth,controlling, and are the mamific. turns of “public opinio.i” Now, Sir, I r-speci the opinions o'-a party majority m the L*1 tri-la •ure of the S’a'o of New York, just io mm h a? ills proper or por'ible, to respect the opinion* of just so many rrr.pectnble men, acting undet the combined it.flu ucc of this local bank power the discipline or party, and tins tleln.-ion about I the “public opinion." At the same time, l wish I to be omlerslojd, and in all similar cases, I m si I act arc riling o the d etates of my own judg ment. I tin not derive my power from that in - ! nor.ilde body, nor nm I responsible to them. 1 am only responsible to my own immediate con I stitm-nts, nntl I nm w.ll ng to abide by their I judgment in this, and upon other matters, where I hall he called viiton to net. 1 iSir, it is not perhaps to bo wondered of, that my honorable colleagues f*el a little sensitive upon iln* subject of New York public*. We all du; and while some cmnplum of unfounded ca lumnies and slanders of all sor's, I con'o'-'S, fur one, that I think nothing is more provoking <>r unpalatable tlinn the trutu, upon points where one feels a lit le vulnerable 1 very much nd inircd,therefore, tbe tact of my honorable col l,*»6»« »v« r the way, (Mr Angel,) upon this point. I .ike a skilful and practised advocate, lie •ouehed lightly—very 1 glnly—upon the tiMj-ct of our politics and our party machinery, and dwelt, where lie could dwell wuh much more pride and pleasure, upon our commercial enter pr ®'*; our agriculture; our manufactories; and, above all, upon our grand and unparalleled sys tem ofcnnnlsnnd internal improvements, which are bringing her rich revenues, both of wealth I and glory. My honorable colleague. (Mr. Beardslev) has taken the trouble, Sir, to took back to the’juur in*1 of 1816, for the purpose of informing the House that his colleague, (Mr. Root) voted ori ginally against the charter of the Rank. I : think, sir, it argues something in favor of the ! institution it, alter sixteen years experience, | that gentleman has been able to overcome bis early prejudices, and thinks belter of the Bunk in practice, than be bad of the project in theo ry. And why, sir, since my honorable colleague took the pains to examine the ayes and noes up on that question, why did he not give us “more light,” and inform the House that the present executive of New York, w ho, my honorable col league over the way assured us, was elected by the "great Republican par’y,” voted, at the same time, for tfie Bank? Now our Executive may feel and act now, sir, under the opera'ion of the safety fund system, and upon the influ ence of party discipline, and “public opinion,” and in the neighbor hood of the “Mother Bank,” it is not in my power to state. But it. probably struck the House with some surprize, that a New York petition should have set the exam ple of looking back through a long period of fit'ecnor twenty years, to point out mconsietent opinions in relation to men or measures. Why, sir, wi'hin less than fin If that period, “The Party” have traversed every sign in the politi cal zodinr, and it was but the other day it was tbeir opinion, and the “public opinion” too. Mint one “Mister,” —>—somebody, whom it would not. now be respectful to address, except as “Your Excellency”—‘ had no feeling in com mon with the Republican Party, ’ ‘‘Ins manners were quite too summary.” 'Phis was orthodox in those days, although heterodox now. In deed, sir, I mean no disrespect to the State when I snv, that the changes and evolutions of the leaders of “The Party” have been as inpid and changeable, though less regular, than che movements in an old-fashioned country dance. It is “down outside,* and “down in the middle,” and “casting off,” and “changing partners," and “changing sides,” and ‘cliasse to the righ’,” and “chasse to the left,” and * balancing,” in a non comnrtf.al sort oi a way, and • turning bull round," and “turning all round" and in al7these whirligig movements orthodox and republican 8* ill. i ms, i oeneve. sir is a tolerabl - correct pic. tore of modern New York “republicanism ” Those who are profiting by the system, and par ticipating in the “spoils,” may lake th<- burden o it s dclence.—I do not happen to s’and in that attitude. But, sir, my honorable colleague over the wny, (Mr. Angel,) who has taken it upon himself to sing the praises of the ''republican pnr‘y«” and has told us of the mighty and wonderful things they have done, has complained, with great and becoming gravity, that other parties became so -nvious .f the name “republican”—that they li ive endeavored to filch it away from them— Us lawful owners. This reminds me of a paral. Ie| case which is said to have occurred since our arrival in Washington One of the little b.g ger girls along the avenue, who had a very im posing story, which she was turning to good account m her appeals to the charity and sym pal by of passengers, was se< n beat ing and pum melling mint hi r little beggar girl most unmerci to ly, and when a stranger interfered, and mqiii- j red into the cause of this outrage, the angry as sailant cried out, in justification,—“she stoic mv ! story.'’ Perhaps, sir, considering the profitable j business “the Party” are carrying on under the ‘‘republican” name, it is not to be wondered at, I that they should show a little jealou-y, or even j anger, if any other party should try to “»tcnr their story.” Rank Faimirks.— [* was reported yesterday on what we deem good authority, that the Burrilvillc Bank at Bnrrdvdle, It. I. had failed. Letters from ’ foyidence, state that thirty or forty tbonsaud dol lars in bills, had been presented at the Bank, from Boston, ami not paid, An unusual amount of Bur rilville Bank notes have been in circulation here during the Inst few days. The President is a lotte ry broker in Broadway. ft was also reported yesterday that the Frermnn’s Bank rU flristol had stopped payment. By the laws of Rhode Island hank stock holders are liable, but that is not always a sccurily.—Jour. Com. The 'Acting Governor' of Michigan, who is rpiite a promising Jackson boy, hns been bound over to keep the peace, for an assault committed upon a printer.— Com. AUi COMMUNICATIONS. For thk Wmiu. A writer, under the signature of Pamunkey, made his appearance in thu Whig of the 29th ult., on the subject of Abolition of Slavery. It is high ly probable the long epistle is from the |wm» of one who has heretofore d.thhlcd in this suhjoct. It is a full.blooded ad captandum—and for uncliarita bleness to opponents in opinion, is almost without a parallel. Pamunkey says—“It was to he ex pected that some of the large slave-holders would oppose the adoption of any scheme” for the aboli tion of slavery. Indeed! and does Pamunkey ex pect to gull the small slave-holders and middling classes by making them believe the opposition to abolition comes exclusively from the rich? Will not all slave-holders perm ive, in despite of Pa. monkey, the identity of their interests? Will it j afford any relief to the owner of Imt live, that his richer neighbor of fifty has lost his also? Would not the loss generally be as severely felt l»v the owner of the small, as by the owner of the large number? And what is the fate of him who owns nothing else? Uuin and bankruptcy—stript of every thing at one “fell swoop.” Pamunkey goes, of course, on the idea, (which by the hyo is the true one,) that there is to he no /i«yfor the nlwl ished slave, lor he charges the opposition to aboli tion, to avarice, cupidity, &c. His quotations | from the Bill of Rights are amusing, and IhkcuIo j gisms on them, just. But what has the abstraction, | “that all men are, by nature, equally free and hide | pendent,” to do with this question? As understood ami intended to he used, I presume, by Pamunkey, i our slaves are already free: the laws holding them j to bondage being in contravention of this article j of the Bill of Rights. There will he no need of I an act of abolition if Pamunkey understands this j part of the Constitution aright; the remedy should | be Habeas Corpus. But Pamunkey has also quo. i ted from the Bill of Rights something about the means of “acquiring and possessing property." I hope Pamunkey docs not mean to garble this sa cred instrument, and that he will allow it to have intended to protect property as well as persons, even Irom the crusade of fanatical injustice, now waged by a combination as heterogeneous as any ever known, and for objects not less dissimilar, than the elements are discordant used to effect tuttin. l amunkoy has tlie hardihood to maintain that a “majority" may effect any measure; and yet, in the same sentence almost, he speaks of consti tutionality. Does he not know that Constitutions are intended to guard and protect minorities—to restrain unprincipled ami crusading majorities, and to limit even “patriotic currents" within certain hanks or channels? Yut, according to this sapient writer, a written Constitution is of no avail if the majority trill a measure! I will not follow Paniun. key in all his meanders; indeed, there arc some shallows I deem it unnecessary to trade through. I will, however, take a brief notice of his criti cisms on the memorial sent from the county of Hanover in opposition to abolition, which lie witti. ly designates the “Court-House" memorial and “general or<h.." \\ hy this latter military desig nation is given to the memorial in question, I am at a loss to perceive, unless to stimulate the preju dices of the Friends, who now, as ever, as far as I know, are opposed to slavery and the military profession. Hut it is a “Court-House" memorial, and “instigated, if not actually penned hy Appo mattox," according to the unchuritahlcncss of Pa munkey. lie suspects Appomattox to be the au thor because of the “ear marks," and his having “vindicated its sentiments!” A parity of reason ing (except the “ear marks") would make Paiiuin. key out the author of Jefferson. I* has also been discovered that this “Court-House Memorial" was signed hy persons of “various ages and condi tious," old men, beardless boys, &-c. Now Pa. munkey having objected to a memorial being signed by persons of “rarious ages and condi. tutus,” will you he pleased to give the exact age and eomlition which shall be acceptable to you?— Did Pamunkey ever hear of tho maxim tliut “he who lives in a glass house should throw no stones,” *r is he really ignorant of the pedigree of his favourite Simon Pure, which lie would impose upon tho public as the genuine and legitimate off spring of the county of Hanover? Might I be permitted to enquire who was its sire? Where was it written and who paid the fee for producing it? Will Pamunkey deny that it was written in the City of Richmond hy a person who is neither an inhabitant or voter in the county of Hanover, or indeed a native of the State? Yet Pamunkey, with these facts, known I presume to him, modest, ly insinuates that the “Court House" memorial as lie culls it, was not the real production of the Coun ty, but had been “instigated” if not penned by Appomattox! Ami ttltull it be objected to n paper remonstrating with the representatives of the peo ple on a subject of the most momentous character that it whs publicly read at the Court House of the people who signed it?—that it. was open to free discussion and debate? And shall it also he object ed that tho signers of.such remonstrance wore not of any particular class of persons, but that the same was signeil hy persons of “various ages and condi. tions?" Pamiinkey’s favourite was signed hy a “large and respectable class of slave-holders and slave-holders alone”—none of “various ages ami conditions,” I presume—none of various sexes, I suppose. Now, although there were various no pies of this memorial privately circulated in the county for some time, and every means used to ob tain signatures, yet but about eighty were procu red, men, women and all. Pamunkey asserts that frequent attempts have been made to confound his favorite Hanover memorial, with that of the society of Friends, and charges Apopmattox with an inac curacy in this respect. The error of Appomattox is only in this, that the memorial of the society of I' riends, came from Charles City and not from Han over, as might have been fairly presumed by Pa I munkey’s own shewing. lie says it is "well known that our worthy and talented representa tive Mr. Roane, presented the Hanover memorial, and on the same day, and at the same time, lie pre. sented the memorial of the society of Friends, not of Hanover, hut. of Virginia, and that this memo, rial was signed hy their secretary, at a general meeting held in Charles City."—"Thus then on the same day, at the same time, and hy the same gen. tleinnn, and I may add, for the sums purpose, these memorials were presented to the Legislature._ flow it happened that the genuine Hanover me. inonal got into such good company, I wot not_ “birds of a feat her flock together.” The Friends’ memorial no doubt asked for a simple act of abo lition. That excellent and unsophisticated people, are opposed to slavery on priucplc; they would maintain the same principles if there were but a thousand of these people in bondage; and they have too much candor and good sense, to pretend that the owners of the slaves can ever lie paid for them. They are actuated from conscience, not po licy, which “sits above conscience.” But is it so with Pamunkey and tho motley band of crusaders enlisted in the cause of abolition? No, alas! con science cannot even restrain them from their mis chievous efforts. But the I.adirs and Gentlemen’s memorial, that delectable paper elaborated in Rich mond and circulated in Ilanover, petitions for a tax on slaves with which to create a fund to buy slaves: thus making the owner of the slave pay for his oten slave with his own money, and pay a tax gatherer into the bargain!! Was ever such a ruonstrocity proposed by men and women in their senses, to operate on themselves! They could not have been aware of tho dangerous and true character of the memorial; they must have signed it under a mo. inentary impulse and without due reflection, and will hasten to abandon it when they perceive, as I am sure they will, its baneful tendencies. Pa’mun- j key declares in conclusion, that “now is the time ! for action;” our “elections are coming on;” now is the golden opportuity; “now or never is the time to save the count ry from impending ruin.” Thus then has a new and dangerous party arisen in flic State; they will have wherever they can obtain them, their anti-slavery candidates, ami rally all their forces around them. In Henrico, tho first battle lias been fought, to tho utter route of this new parly. The Uto representative, a highly respectable man, but who unfortunately sided in some degree with the abolitionists in the Legislature, received but little more than 100 out of (iOOnnd odd votes given at the polls?—a sad omen for the “noble spirits" of Ilanover. Hanover will do her duty to crush this monster in its birth—she will not lend herself to a few men, to foster this new and dangerous canker to tli* peace and happiness of the commu. nity. CHICK A HOMINY. Charlotte Election.—Wo learn from a gentle, man who left Charlotte Court-house on Monday afternoon last, that John Randolph withdrew from the canvass on tho morning of the election. The cause was not stated, so far as we have heard hut wc presume it was owing to his ill health.—We farther learn that Capt. John ]). R chardson was re-elected to the II. of Dcbgites. though, when our informant left the court h* «■ the state of the poll had not been ascertained — Lynchburg Virginian CONGRESS. In tho Senate on Friday, Mr. Smith submitted a resolution, which was adopted, calling on the President for a copy of Lord Aberdeen's letter in answer to Mr. Harbour’s of the 27lh November, lt>28, and also so much of a letter of the 22d April, 1831, from Mr. Me Lino to Mr. Van Huron, as relates to the proposed duty on cotton. Mr. Foot’s resolution for changing tho hour of mett mg o» the Senate from 12 o’clock A. M. to 11, was passed with tin amendment, prov.ding that the change shall not take place until after the Htli in stant. The general appropriation bill was com id - ered as the unfinished business, and Mr. K.niu oc cupied the Senate for the balance of ihe day in reply to Mr Sprague. Tho Senate adjourned over to Monday. In the llousu of Representatives, Mr. Plummer from the Committee on Public Linds, reported! with amendments, the Senate bill for the relief oi Jefferson college in Mississippi, which was laid up on the table. Tho consideration of the report ol tho Committee on the Judieiary on the charges brought against the collector of the port of Wis eassut, was resumed, and Mr. Pearce continued, until the expiration of the hour, his argument for an investigation by the House. Upon ,|l0 llloi,on ot Mr V erplauck, the rule ussi^rii jn^r Fridny I'ur the consideration of private business, was suspend ed, and the internal improvement appropriation hill was taken up in a Committee of the Whole on tho state of the Union, Mr. Polk in the chair. A long debate ensued on the details of numerous amendments proposed by Mr Vonplanck, from the Committee of Ways and Means, but before they were disposed of, »lie committee rose, and the House at half past four o’clock adjourned. FOgtEHwiV. The Rhone, from Havre, which sailed 2.1 March, and the Caledonia, from Liverpool, which sailed 1st March, arrived at N. Fork on Tliurs. day these arrivals tarnish no news of any in terest. 1 lie reform hill had not yet found its wuy through the House of Commons. The Cholera creates no great anxiety in Lon don, nor does it appear that much alarm prevails in and part of the the kingdom. The disease does not seem to spread in such a manner ns to create alarm. In London, according to the Time of 29th 1'ehruary, the total number of cases is 104, and deaths G9: this considering the population and the time elapsed since the first case was reported is scarcely worthy of noticing. According to the same paper the total number of cases in the kingdom reported to the London Hoad of Health up to the 28lh rehruary, was 5,460, and the deaths 1,609. 1 he Edinburgh Mercury of 27th February says: "c have much pleasure in referring to the official re| oris in this day’s paper. From these it will be seen that there is not a single case of cholera in Haddington or Tranent; that in Musselburgh the disease is also nearly extinct, there being only two cases remaining there yesterday, and that in Edin burgh it has made no progress' at all to alarm the inhabitants. On the subject of the ratification oftho twen. ty-four articles agreed on for the separation ofRel. gium from Holland, nothing further seems to have occurred.—In Holland, however, the same war like spirit still prevails; extraordinary encourage merit is held out by that government to recruits, both for the navy and army, and of the Russian diplomatic agent, who, it was presumed, visited Wio Hague for the purpose of inducing the monarch to enter into the views of the other pow ers, nothing more is said than that lie dined with the king. An unusual agitation seems to pervado the peo pie of some of the principalities of Germany. In the Papal States, tranquillity has been entirely re. stored by the Austrian troops. The Paris papers state, that a duel was fought on the 26ih February, in the Hoisde Houlognc, near Paris, between the Count Leon, a natural soli of Napoleon, and Mr. Hesse, an Englishman, and Aid-de.Camp of the Duke of Wellington. The natural son of Napoleon killed the Aid-de-Camn oftho Duke of Wellington. 1 Extract of a letter from Havre of March Is/, 1832. I hear this morning that Mr. Rives has a.'ain lieeun assured that it was not the intention of this Government to propose an increase of the duty on cotton. J irom a good source in Madrid, says that Spam will certainly hack Don Miguel, in case Don Pedro invades Portugal; and that it is understood Spain will lie supported hy the three great northern powers. * rom this, and other views, it is inferred by some, that the Grey ministry cannot long stand and when it. is overthrown, that of Perier will soon follow; and that Louis Philippe will not be able lc remain long on the throne ot France; England, in the first instance, looking on, hut afterwards will take part also against her. For my part, I have only to say, e'est line opinion eomme tme autre ; hut I think Louis Philippe is not in so much danger even though the Perier policy should be set aside’ which I hope for the good of Franco may not be the caso. LIVERPOOL MARKET. (Extract ot a letter dated Liverpool, 29th Feb.) —The sales for Cotton for the past four days are about 16,000 bales, with an advance in prices of fully } per lh, hut a corresponding improvement not having taken place yesterday, in the Manchester i'-oi t’ ours *,as *efiR animation to-day; about iuOO of the foregoing are on speculation. riicre has been more doing in Wheat, the last fi-w days, and rather hotter pices obtained; in Flour, the transactions are quite limited. Present duty lbs per bbl. Tobacco, the sales of the month are 879hhds, which 217 aro of Virginia Leaf, and .>12stemmed, 62 hlids Kentucky Leaf, and 22 of stemmed; our present stock consists of 8569 lilids, against 6683 at this period last year. From the Charleston Courier, April 2. From Havana.— By the arrival of Schr. Aspasin, Capt. Groneker, from Havana, we received a file of papers of that city to the 21th ult. inclusive. Defeat oj Gen Santa Ana.—The Havana Noli, eioso of the 18th ult. contains extracts from Vera Cruz papers to the Dili March, which state that Gen. Santa Ana. on the 3d of that mouth march* ed from Vera Cruz, with a considerable force, and attacked the Government troeps, commanded hy Gen. Calderon, on llio plain of Tolome, R leagues from Vera Cruz, where Sants Ana on the 26th of Feb. had taken 200 prisoners and $20,000 in mo* nny. The Vera Cruz papers report the defeat of Santa Ana, but do not state the loss on cither sido —we have not time to give translations except of a report by a passenger who arrived at Havana, in the vessel which carried the accounts to that place. He Rnys. that on the 3d of March, Santa Ana was defeated on the plain of Tolome; he lost 300 men, including Col. Lnndero, and 450 prisoners, among whom was 45 officers—the rest of his force, con. sisting of about 1200 men, took to flight. He en tered Vera Cruz on the evening of the 4th with only two men, and it was said that ho was enden. voring to raiso a force in that city, for the purpose of its defence, he not being willihg to capitulate on the summons of the commanding General Calde ron, who was preparing to take it with 2500 men. The interior of the republic, is reported to remain tranquil under the Government. « From the N. V. Commercial Advertiser of Tuesday. FROM SMYRNA.—Wo have been favored with several letters from a friend at Smyrna. The following is an extract of one, dated January 24: “The troubles in Greece must soon come to a crisis, hut how they will end it is very difficult to I foretell. Since the assassination of Capo d’Istrias, the commission to whom the Government was confided remained unmolested: because tho people wore willing to wait for tho National Assembly, which was summoned to meet in Argos in Decern her. They met on the 19th, and it was soon seen that the Russian party had resolved to pursue the same steps as their great leader had done. There was a formidable opposition, however, and very soon commotion arose; from words they came to blows, and then to a serious battle. Culcotroni had hia trained-hand captains, with their forces a round the place of meeting, and it is said he him self strutted up and down tho Assornbly with his drawn sabre, commanding silence when on oppo. nent tried to raise his voice. A desperate fight ensued between the Capo d’Istrinns A the Greeks, who wero principally Roumcliotes. Many were slain, it is said 2 or 300. The Assembly removed to Napoli, to he under cover of the Russian vessels of war, and there proclaimed Aug. Capo d’Istrins President of Greece. The Roumcliotes retired to Mcgara, where they are raising mcr, and it is said have a force of 4,000, under some of the bravest captains (Capitani,) and the Hydriotes are joining. Affairs stood thus when the last accounts arrived. Sir Stratford Canning, the new Ambassador to the Forte, is at Napoli,” •Monday livening, •Ipril ». TIIE ALllE.MARLE ELECTION. We publish the extract of a letter from Albo. ] marie, ?. ith peculiar satisfaction. That powerful and enlightened county is true to the great cause, which she was among the first to embrace. Thero j is no Anti.Abolition party there. Division thero is but division upon the quo tnu/ioic and quo modo, not upon the quonsque. Mr. Mayo has been loll out in Henrico, and Mr. Powell in Spottsylva nia; but perhaps in neither county, under this test, rj and Mr. Powell by a small vote. A letter from 1 Albemarle says that at Oliver’s, (a precinct,) i Messrs. Nelson and Gilmer both declared in favor I of Abolition; whence it appears that the contest was based upon Mr. Randolph’s substitute as th« | mode of abolition, and that Mr. Gilmer’s election is no proof which may be cited to rebut the evi dence iurnished by Air. Randolph’s re-election. ” 1 lie question is likely* to lie decided ultimately, in a contest between the yeomanry & the pioprie tors ot many slaves.” I rue—a contest bo. tween thoso on the ono hand, who when tho country is endangered, will put their wives ami children in their carriages, and cross Itock Fish Cap, and those cm the other hand, who when that emergency arrives, will have to defend tho country and protect the ricli slave-holder, against that very cause of danger which he clings to so pertina ciously. Not yrt has tho contest assumed this aspoct generally. Not yet have the small farmers and the mechanics, seen the cpicstion in its true bearing. Not yet have tho middling classes per ceived the part which interest, no less than pa. Iriosm, and the glory and happiness of their coun try, calls upon them to play on this great occa sion. But, they will perceive it; they cannot lail to perceive it; the interested alarmists, and ter rorists, cannot seal their eyes to truths as palpable as the day, and which literally cmne homo to eve ry man in tho Commonwealth. So new and weighty a question—ono which so many are inte rested to misrepresent, to oppose and defeat—can not be expected, it is not even desirable that it should succeed at once. The public mind will re quire a length of time to inaturo. There will be a struggle year after year, and alternate triumph* and reverses. Tho ultimate result, we do not doubt for a moment. In tho present state of the world, with the present and ever advancing libe ralization of opinion, with the increasing convict ion of the superior profitableness of free labor, and of the remote, but appalling consequences of doing nothing, the question can hare hut one termi. nation. Maryland who acts, but talks little, is about to demonstrate what is alone wanting to put Virginia into action—the easy practicability of abo lition. “The election is over—Gilmer and Randolph tlio return members. rl lie history of the county lias furnished no parallel in the attempt made to put down any man. '1 he canvass was conducted en tirely on Randolph’s Substitute to Goode’s Resolu tion Messrs. Gilmer and Nelson condemning its operation, but offering oilier schemes of abolition and colonization—protesting against being called the “Do Nothing Party”— Randolph and Yancey standing forward the “avowed and unflinching ad vocates of Abolition, careless as to the plan,” but inflexible as to the principle. There was in the contest no avowed Anti-Abolition party: whatever strength they may have in the county it is too small to constitute a party. They united with ’ those who fear to act rashly. The question is like ly to be decided ultimately in a contest between the yeomanry and the proprietors of many slaves. I be small slave-holders are generally in favor of abolition. At the polls at Charlottesville it was so contrived that they should he opened as Mr. Nel son closed his speech—before Mr. Randolph con cluded he was ahead 72 votes—he sunk from that moment.” [L/ 1 he Lynchburg Virginian states upon ru mor, that Mr. Randolph declined (in consequence of had health) standing for the county of Char lotte, on the morning of the election, and that Mr. Richardson, the late member, was re.chosen. The Anti-Abolitionists will be disappointed. Mr. Ran dolph’s talents wore considered essential to sujA port their cause. Quarantine has been established nt Norfolk, up- . on all vessels arriving from England, the Baltic or German Ocean. * At this time, when a combined effort has been and is now being made, to introduce into the Go vernment at Washington, the New York system of party tactics, that our readers may have a clear conception of the modus oporandi, we have given place to so much of Mr. Collier’s speech, as relates to that subject. Recent events in our own Stale, leave hut little doubt that much of the refinements and dexterity acquired in all professions and trades only by long practice, together with some of the most modern improvements in the machinery, have been import ed by the managers of the Republican party to our own soil. As the machinery thus far seems to have “worked well,” as is also said of the rotten borough system of England, it will, no doubt, be come permanently established, and the trade lift profitable without the aid of a protecting tariff. (Tj The Public arc becoming curious to learn the progress of the Committee sent to Philadelphia, to investigate the condition of the Bank of the U. States. The following is the latest information. Result ns the investigation may—honorably, or discreditably, to the Bank—the enquiry will do good, either in refuting the charges and insinua tions of adversaries, or by corroborating them, producing a reformation, “We nre informed from a sourer entitled to cre dit that the committee now sitting at. Philadelphia, are trorking men. Having provided themselves with a room at the Hotel, they devote their whole time, except what is required for meals, Ac. to the object of their mission. They declined ail invita tions, both public and private, to dine out, and pro secute thoir labours with the utmost zeal. Nothing it is said has escaped them in the progress of their examinat ion of the results of their researches, or the probable time when they will close.” The above is from the Now York Daily Adver, User. Its statement is true. The Bank 'Commit, tee have been indefatigable in their labours Iron* the moment of their arrival m ibis city. They aro engaged in the investigation about seven bourn each day, and what, will, hasty vis.ts from friends, and a glance at the newspapers, they have not a momcii o spare. Nothing has transpired as to the n mi so le investigation. A great many rumors are in circulation upon the subject, but all of th*m are vague and probably unfounded. The truth ia, v" d,!'y nrtl.,c Committee to pore over the book* of tlio institution, and to examine into the manage ment of its affairs, but that any thing can be die. covered <]i*cr<Mlit«t!>lc to tint management, or any important matter not already known to the public, we do not believe.—Philnd. Jnq.