Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY MORNING. JANUARY 9, 1857.
THE CASE SYSTEM
Will be strictly observed by the proprietors
ef this paper 1b future. Every name will be
erased at the expiration of the time subscribed
far, unless renewed in advance. In doing this,
we knew we shall hare ts erase many a good
hut we cab stake ae exception to the
rale we have adapted. Long experience has
taught us that this is the only safe and legiti
Bate way of conducting our bufiuess.
It is difficult to conceive upon what principle
Southern Know-Noth'ng journals persist in
their unjust assaults upon our patriotic Presi
dent, with so little color of pretext or founds
tie fer their slanderous charges. It is certainly
true that bo President ever satin the Executive
chair who has adhered so strictly and uniformly
to the State .Rights strict construction of the
Cestitntion, and who has, at the same time,
so aWy vindicated the position of the South,
and bo boHly and effectively rebuked the trea
son of the Abolitionists to our institutions.
Mr. Piebce's only offense has beea his prefer
ence for some men as his advisers, who have
bee charged with an ultra devotion to South
em Rights, and whom these malevolent parti
sane, therefore, faisly charge with disunionism.
The people of the South will sot be disposed to
held hiss to a strict account for such an error,
if error it be. But error it is sot. Jeitemox
Davis, Ine chief of these " ultra" men, as the
apposition style them, is one of the very ablest
beads of the War Ofice that any President has
ever placed in that position. If he" has ben
wHra in the defense of the rights of the South,
it was when the South needed just such men to
lead on her hosts and give directioa to her sen
lira eat it was at a time When "uKraists" from
the other section of the Union were menacing
the existence of our cherished institutions, and
wfeen blow must be met with blow, and assault
wtth anly resistance. It was at a time, too,
when firaoess on the part of the South was ne
cessary to her very salvation. The true-hearted
people of the Sooth will be sore likely to visit
with their reprobation those who revile Mr.
Piebce fer his a filiation with such men, than
te spurn from their confidence the baldest and
strictest State Rights President that ever sat in
the Executive chair.
Thos. BoTERs,Esq.,oAeof the founders of the
Nashville JmerUen, has made all the necessa
ry arrangements to commence the publication
of a political journal in Gallatin Tennessee, in
connection with G. S. Gkay, Esq., to be called
" the &iitf." "The Examintr" will be
a strictly independent paper, with Democratic
proclivities, aud wilt be issued early during the
next month. Mr. Boyers is one of the most
taleatod, able and industrious newspaper wri
ters that ever belonged to the Editorial corps
f Tennessee, and withal he is independent in
his opinions and bold in Jhe avowal of them.
."We most cordially welcome his re-entrance in
to the fraternity, and hope that his enterprise
will prove as profitable to himself as we know
it will be useful and entertaining to the public
, AH IXTEBESTIKG LEGAL POKT.
A large space in the journals of Illinois, says
the Washington Uien, is now devoted to the
diecossioa of the eligibility of Col. Bisseli. to
the oftce of Governor of that State, to which
place be was elected last month by a plurality
vote. There is a clause in the Constitution of
his State requiring him, en entering upon the
duties of his office, to take, in addition to "the
oath to support the Constitution of the United
States, and the oath to support the Constitution
of lOiaoM, an oath that, since theyearl84S,he
has not been engaged, directly or indirectly, in
a eWei, the probable result of which might have
been death ; that be has not acted as principal
or second in a duel ; that he has not sent a chal
lenge, and that he has not accepted one. His
affair with Col. Davis in 1850 is fresh in the
minds of many. What he will do whether he
will refrain from accepting the office, or defi
antly render himself liable to an indictment for
perjury is a matter of curious speculation
among both his political friends and enemies at
c, in which we must confess that we have
share. It seems to open a new phase in
potttics. Yet we cannot but think it clear thai
no man who is ineligible to an oftce can be
made eligible by the mere act of being elected
te it by the votes of a plurality of his fellow
citizens, and that the Supreme Court of Illinois
will so decide if the case should be brought be
We see it stated in some of our eastern
exchanges, that Mr. Nicholson will probably
retire from the Union on the incoming of the
Administration. It is stated that arrange-
- meats have already been made for the- transfer
of the Union to other parties. In some quar
ters, Harney, of the Louisville Democrat, and
1btbr, of the Richmond Enquirer, are spoken
of as probable successors to the present Editor
of the Union. Of course these are only ru
mors, and we give them for what they are
There was a report at Panama at the
time the Illinois passengers came over, to the
effect that Walker had fully sustained him
self, and defeated his enemies at all points.
There was nothing of this kind in the Panama
or Asninwall papers, and we know not how
meek faith to put in the rumor.
It is stated in the New York Scientific
.fmtrican that the cause of the burning of the
steamship Knoxville, was the spontaneous com
bastion of greasy cotton waste.
Fseii Washinoton. " Ion," the intelligent
correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, writes
from Washington, under date of the 29th ult.,
The fine weather is very favorable to the ex
pected gathering of politicians, office-seekers,
speculators and others at the federal metropo
lis, mere nave been fewer strangers here than
' usual so far this season. The presence of Mr.
Buchanan will draw a crowd, and retain it too,
as long as patriotism and party services will
pay hotel and boarding houae bills.
be programme, political and personal, of
the next administration, is substantially fixed.
There are strong indications of the organiza
tion of a cabinet upon national and conserva
tive principles. Several of them might already
be named, with a reasonable degree of cer
tainty. That the Union will be conducted as
the organ of the administration by Mr. Apple-
ton, now editor or tue Eastern -ireus, is also
The session of Congress for business purposes
is expected to commence on Aionuay next.
me time is long enougn lor action on some
subjects, but too short for a full discussion of
The Dallas and Clarendon Convention will
net, I am quite certain, be disposed of by the
Senate at this -session. It will come, as a mat
ter el course, before tne senate at tneir pecial
session, which, as usual, will be held after the
4h of March. Even then it is quite uncertain
how it will be disposed of. No other solution
of the Nicaraguan question can be expected
to occur in the meantime, nor can any better
' one be anticipated, cither fer the interests of
the parties to the convention or for the pros
perity of Central America.
The moral effect of the treat', pending its
consideration, will be adverse to Walker's
movement, and its ratification will be death
Some movement is about to be made in Con
press in favor of a project for a railroad to the
Pacific Circumstances have occurred which
go to favor the scheme. The policy of giving
away the public lands in aid of private land
laoaopoties in the new States and Territories
begins to be doubted ; and the question occurs
whether it will not be better to appropriate a
large body of the lands to the great and truly
national object of a communication by railroad
between the Mississippi and the Pacific.
HS. BTJCHAK AK'S POLICY.
It is an en'ire mistake to assume that tha
po'.icy of Mr. Buchanan as President is to be
ifirm) from the oniBions wnica may nc ex
pressed by any journal or by any individual.
The following judicious and pertinent remarks
of the Lancaster Intelligenctr furnish a full and
satisfactory answer to the comments of those
journals which have fallen into this mistake :
From the Lancaster InteUtgtncer. j
ATr. Buchanan's Pol'CT. Some of our
friends at Richmond, and L other parts of the
South, seem to be unnecessarily excited In re
ference to what may or may iot be the policy
of the incoming administration as it regards
slavery, squatter sovereignty. &c. The speech
of Senator aider, in wnicn, oy wuat we con
ceive to be a forced and unnatural construction
of his language, he is represented as advocating
heretical principles: and a recent article in the
PeiiKtyhanian eulogistic of Col. Benton, are
made the subject of an elaborate criticism in
the EnoviiTtr of Tuesday last : and fears are
entertained by the editors that Mr. Buchanan
endorses these views of Senator Bigler and the
Now. without assuming: to speak for Mr.
Buchanan, or to promulge his views on the
topics treated of in the Enquirer, we neverthe
less venture to assert that Governor Bigler, and
nobodv else, is responsible for what he said on
the floor of the Senate ; and, further, that nei
ther the Penmgltaniau nor any other news
paper, speaks by authority of tha President
e:ect Mr. Buchanan is now, what be has been
for the last thirty years or more, a uiorougn
coim:, State-riqhts constitutional Democratic
statesman or me jenersou anu jact-suu o-.ji-and
in Lis administration of the government
will be actuated, we have not a doubt, by a de-
termination to do equal and
exact justice to
His course of
every portion of the Union.
policy will know do North, no South, no Eist,
no West. The Constitution will be his compass
and his chart. By it, and it alone, will he seek
to guide the ship of State ; and of his ektli as a
nilrvt at the helm, and the lofty patriotism with
which he will be actuated, no one who is per
sonally acquainted with tne man can nave a
solitary doubt The Enquirer may, therefore,
well reiterate its expression of " Implicit confi
dence in the President elect." This confidence,
we venture to anticipate and predict, will not
be shaken during the next Presidential terra by
any act of his. His course of policy, we doubt
not, will be alike satisfactory to his friends and
the lovers of the Union in Virginia and Penn
sylvania, in Georgia and Indiana. But that
policy has not yet been adumbrated, except irr
his endorsement of the Cincinnati platform and
in his letter accepting the nomination.
We, therefore, respectfully advise our South
ern Democratic friuids to keep cool. The
President elect has always stood by their con
stitutional rights when assailed by Abolition
ism of every hue and grade; and, we firmly
believe, he will stand by them to the end. He
is, therefore, entitled to their generous confi
dence, even in advance of his inauguration as
the Chief Magistrate of the Republic Let
them not permit the opinions of A, B, or C,
who, we again aver, speak of their own respon
sibility, to weaken their faith in the integrity
of the President elect. If Providence spares
his life until the 4th of March next, he will
then take the oath of office and enunciate the
principles and policy which he mtenJs carry
ing out in his administration, and when he does
that we have reason to believe the Eaquirer
will be abundantly satisfied.
So far as Senator Bi?ler is concerned, we
know him to be a true-hearted conservative
Union-loving Democrat, who will stand by the
Constitution and the rights of the States in
every emergency. He is a well-tried and faith
ful Democratic statesman, ard we nave no fear
that he will prove recreant, in word or deed, to
the great principles wlfich have always been
his guiding star, and which are so dear to every
Democrat throughout the broad expanse of our
glorious Union. .
In connexion with the foregoing, says the
Washington Union, we have the approval of
Mr. Buchanan in saying that the following
extract from the Sevtksiie Democrat states
correctly his position :
"As for Kansas, Mr. Buchanan has never
expressed an opinion either one way or the
other, in favor of its coming in as a free or a
slave State. He has prudently conceived thit
it is a matter with which he has nothing to-do,
and with which he does not mean to meddle. It
is a question exclusively with the people of the
Territory, with whom he is content to leave it
for solution. He will see to it that Ihe princi
ples of the Nebraska law are carried out in
let.er and spirit, impartially, and without fear,
favor, or affection
A Leap Year Feat. A Texas exchange
says that three girls in that State last month,
went out a visiting, and returned in a week,
each with an Indian husband
Rather Crooked. The land distance from
Knoxville to Clinton in this State, is twenty
miles, and by the river one hundred and twenty
miles. So says the Knoxville Register.
ggf Speaking of Mr. Buchanan's election,
the Liverpool Tunes says :
" He has one advantage over many of those
who have gone before him of late years a
high and reputable character as a leading
American statesman ; and it will probably be
his care to preserve and strengthen the fame
which he has already acquired.
Florida. The Ltgislature of Florida ad
journed line die last Saturday.
In speaking of Mr. Mallory, there-elected
Senator, the .Fforidian says :
Like his distinguished colleague, Mr. Yules,
in all the positions be has occupied, public or
private, he has proved '-imself equal to any
enen?encv or contingency that arose, we are
pleased with our entire representation in Con
gress. They have attained honorable positions
in the history or tneir country. "
The followine elections were made by the
F. L. Villepigue, Secretary of State ; M. D.
Panv, Attorney General; T. W. Brevard, Comp
troller.; C. H. Austin, Treasurer: Win. Scott,
Clerk of the Supreme Court, to fill the vacancy
occasioned bv the resignation of Mr. Savage.
County Cocrt Judges. The Knoxville
IPAigof the 3d inst., contaius the following
in relation to County Judges:
It turns out under the new law creating
County Court Judges, that the office is one of
much more importance, than was at first sup
poses. They nave a great deal to do, and if
they are diligent and competent, tney nave it
in our power to save several thousand dollars
to the county in each year. Convinced of this
fact, the County Court of Lincoln, has given
to the Judge of that county, a salary of fif
teen HUNDRED DOLLARS.
Sudden Death. The Shrevepert South'
tcestcrn, of the 17th ult., announces the sudden
death of a citizen of Mississippi, as follows:
A Mr. Anderson Robertson, aged about sixty
years, of Pleasant Hill, DeSoto count', Miss.,
(twenty-three miles from Memphis,) was seized
with as apoplectic fit, on Monday, while stand
ing on the levee, and died. He bad been on a
visit to his children in Texas, and was on his
Remarkable Friendship. Mr. Willis, in
a letter to the Heme Journal, tells the story of
Bayard Taylors's new home in Germany:
With a German gentleman who had been
his traveling companion in the East, he had
formed one of those friendships of which we
had been speaking an inexplicable interchange
of magnetic recognition and trust They were
together in scenes far remote from both their
homes; and theiracquaintance, brief as it was,
was yet knit by unusual associations and by a
sympathy that had been reciprocally complete,
'lhey parted each to return to his own land,
but without promise of correspondence ; and it
was some time before Bayard heard frcm his
German friend. The missive, when it came,
was startling, however. It was arformal con
veyance to him of an estate, to belong to him
and to his heirs a free gift, and given irreversi
bly, as a pledge and token of friendship. The
grounds were complete, the house ftirmthed.
CuiNrsE Sugar Cane. The following we
clip from an exchange :
The Commissioner of Patents is now sending
to the several State Agricultural Societies, a
parcel pf Chinese Sugar Cane Seed raised un
der the direct supervision of the Patent office,
sufficient to plant sixteen acres, with a view of
extending the culture of this plant. It has,
since its introduction into this country, proved
itself well adapted to our geographical range
of Indian Corn. It is of easy cultivation, be
ing similar to that of maze or broom corn, but
will prosper in a much poorer soil. A corres
pondent writing to the Commissioner), speaks
of the extraordinary richness and delicious
flavor of the milk of cows which had been fed
on that description of food.
Several gentlemen have likewise recently ac
quainted the office with the fact of the success
of the Liquwrice plant, which is hardy as far
North as Connecticut. It is employed not only
for medicinal purposes, but is an important
element, they say, in preparing some of. the
best ale and porter in Great Britain.
EXTRACTS rBOH THE SPEECH 0? EOS. W.
EL ENGLISH, OF IKDIAIU.
On the nth of December a very interesting
discussion took place in th. House of Repre
sentatives, in which Mr. English, the member
of Congress from the district in Indiana oppo
site Louisville, completely cornered Hcpmhret
Marshall. The latter person indeed was
forced to repudiate the Abolitionicm of the
Louisville Journal. We regret that we have
only room for the following extracts from the
speech of Mr. English :
Mr. English. If Governor Willard ever invi
ted any man to meet him, he alwats proved
himself equal to the occasion, and he certainly
did not shrink from any contest vvithjiis politi
cal enemies wlitcii a gentleman ml;tit nonora
bly engage in. If he backed out from an asso
cialiou oil the stump with a neero, as I pre
sume he did, it was more than many of my col
league's associates would havo done.
Now, with the view of showing the position
the Democratic party of Indiana did occupy in
the late canvass, and also with the further
view of fchuwirg the position the Black Repub
lican and the Know-Nothlng parties occupied
in the same canvas, a in my State, I will read
the resolution or the Indiana Fusion Conven
tion, adopted May 1, lb58 being Ihe same
convention which nominated Mr. Morton, the
Fusion cancidate, for Governor, at the late
Jltsoletd. That we are uncompromisingly op
posed to Uie extention of slavery; and tn.it we ut
terlv repudiate the platform of principles adopt
ed by the self-styled Democratic Coventiou of
tots State, endorsmg and approvu.g tne Kansas
aud Nebraska iniquity.
Rcst'etd, That we will resist, by all proper
mean, the admission of ay slave State into
this l'ion. formed out of the Territories se
corei to freedom by the Missouri Compromise,
New, these resolutions were adopted at a
State Convention composed of Republicans and
Know-otntngs, and Uiey snow conclusively
not only the position which the Democratic
part)' occupied, but the position also of this
fusion party. The Democratic party avowed
itself in favor of tha principles and doctrines
of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, while the Re
publican party repudiated those doctrines, and
anuounced to the world that they were op
posed to the extension of slavery under any
and all circumstances, and would not vote to
admit a State if she presented herself with a
Constitution tolerating slavery, even though it
should be the unanimous wish of the people of
the Territory. And what is more, this same
man Morton, who was nominated by that Con
vention as the fusion candidate, had been a
member of the celebrated Pittsburgh Conven
tion, over which Mr. Blair presided, and was
a member of the committee on resolutions.
And, yet, sir, in a contest between this man,
covered all over with Freesoilism, and stand
ing upon the sectional platform which I have
read, and Gov. Willard, who stood upon -broad
national grounds, I regret to say that not only
the Black Republican party supported Morton,
but, m the main, the Know-Nothing party did
the same thing. And as it may be a matter of
surprise to some persons upon this floor, I will
state that in a contest of this kind, between
sectionalism upon one side, and nationalism
upon the other, involving the most vital inter
ests of the South, in a neighboring State, and
in the district adjoining the one I represent, in
th district represented by the able and distin
tinguiahed gentleman who addressed the House
the other day, Mr. II. Marshall, the Louis
ville Journal, the organ of the Know-Nothing
party in that region of country, encouraged Iiis
Know-Nothing brethren of Indiana to rush to
the rescue in aid of (Lin Abolit onist, Mor
ton, in order to defeat Willard and prostrate
the Democratic party.
Mr. H. Marshall. I merely wish to correct
a misapprehension of the gentleman in rcpre-1
senting the Louisville Journal as ay organ.
He is mistaken in a point of fact; and when
he speaks of the paragraph from that paper to
which he has alluded which 1 never saw, but
have heard commented upon I merely desire
to say that the suggestion imputed to that jour
nal and correctly, I presume of a desire up
on the part of that journal thatjtbe Know-Nothings
of Indians should take a part in the elec
tion of Morton as against Willard, does not
fisd a response in the Know-Nothing party in
ay section of the country.
Mr. English. I have no desire to misrepre
sent the gentleman, and certainly shall not do
so intentionally, but the fact i; notorious that
in several articles preceding the election, the
Know-Nothings of Indiana were encouraged
and solicited to cast their votes for Morton as
agaist Gov. Willard. Here is ore article from
the Journal, which will do for a sample :
" State Election in Indiana. Our opin
ion is frequently asked by our American friend
in Indiana, as to the course the' ought to take
in their October election. They have better
means, and are no doubt better able, to form a
just opinion upon the subject than we are.
Nevertheless, we do not hesitate to assert our
very strong belief that, to promote the great
national cause which they and we have alike
at heait, they should icith their tchole hearts, sup
port Mr. Morton agaiuit Mr. Willard, for the
oJUt of Governor."
Such'hints as these met with a cordial re
sponse on the part of the Know-Nothing breth
ren in Indiana. Listen to the following per
emptory order issued to the faithful by the
New Albany JVi6uf, the chief organ of the
party of that State, and which is published
within four miles of the Louisville Journal :
" Let there be no clashing between the friends
of Fillmore ani Fremont, because their cause
is one cause. Let the energies of the frienJs
of each be united against Buchanan, and we
will have no more slave soil to curse our gov
ernment." I think the gentleman from Kentucky will
not make an issue with me touching this point,
that the Know-Nothings of Indiana, in accord
ance with the suggestion of the great organ of
that party in his own State, generally voted
with the Black Republican party and with the
abolitionists for this man Morton and the rest
of the fusion State ticket. And I undertake to
say that not only did the Know-Nothings of
Indiana pursue that course, but that many of
the Know-Nothings of the State of Kentucky,
in that particnlar region, sympathized with the
Black Republicans and with the abolitionists
in their contest with the national Democracy.
Mr. H. Marshall. I desire to know of the
gentleman whether, when he speaks of the
Know-Nothings of Indiana, he means the Fill
more men of mat State, and whether he means
to represent here that the Fillmore mei of the
State of Indiana cast their votes for Morton?
Mr. English. I do ; and I have the evidence
of the Nov Albany Tribune, and many other
of the Fillmore organs of Indiana, to sustain
the correctness of the assertion.
Mr. II. Marshall. I ask the gentleman wheth
er he does not know that the Hon. Richard W.
Thompson whose character is known to every
body there, and who stood at the head of the
Fillmore ticket of the State of Indiana vd
on the stump, as active an advocate of Willard's
election as the gentleman himself.
Mr. English. I do not mean to say that the
entire Know-Nothing party in Indiana voted for
Morton, but generally they 'did. I believe Mr.
Thompson did not support Willard at least
upon the stump or with his vote but, being a
national man, it is likely his sympathies were
with the Democratic party as against the Black
There were only 5,224 more vote3 cast at
the Presidential election than at the Gover
nor's election, Mr. Buchanan receiving but C91
more votes .ban Willard; the former receiv
ing 118,072 votes, and the latter 117,981.
Morton received 112,539 votes, Fremont 94,
370, and Fillmore 22.3SC, These figures show
conclusively that the. Fillmore party of Indi
... . . , .
ana. witu a very tew exceptions, voiea ior
Morton and the Republican State ticket, and
that, too, with the full knowledge mat the re
suit of that contest would have a great influ
ence, and would perhaps decide aud think it
did decide the fate of the Presidential elec
tion itself. Of the 22,286 men in that State
who voted for Fillmore, I have no idea that
over one thousand voted for Willard.
I suppose I neec not ask the gentleman
whether the Louisville Journal be the organ
of the Know-Nothing party in Kentcuky. I
will venture to ask him whether it is not gen
erally recognized an such ?
Mr. H. Marshall. It is.
Mr. English. Then I repeat my position,
that the gentleman's brethren in Indiana not
only acte I in the main, with the Abolition,
against the Democratic party not only fra
ternized with sectional men against national
men but that his brethren of the State of
Kentucky sympathized with their brethren of
Indiana, and encourageu jjuiem to stand lirra
in support of the Black Republican State
Mr. H. Marshall. In order that thi3 matter
may go to the country right, I would ask the
gentleman whether that appeal of the JburnoZ
to the Know-Nothings of Indinna to support
.morion instead or ituiara was not put upon
tbe ground tnat winara was tne biggest aboli
tionist of the two, and whether that is not
Mr. English. I can answer the latter por
tion of the gentleman's question decidedly aud
emphatically, and that is, that it is not true,
and I am surprised that the gentleman should
ask such a question
Mr. Orr. I presume no well-informed gen
tleman in the country believes it to be true.
Mr. English. .Sir, I have already read an
official resolution, which' shows a marked dif
ference between the position occupied by Gov.
Willard and the Democrat'c party, and that
occupied by Mr. Morton and the Fusion party
of that State. I have show, that the difference
is as great as could pesibly be between two
parties : tne one planting ltseir upon tne doc
trine of the, Nebraska bill, and the other repu
diating it: ore ready to carry out the will of
the people, a ad announcing tnemseives ready,
whenever th it will was fairly ascertained ana
expressed, to admit Kansas as a State, whether
wttn a constitution recognizing or not recogni
zing the Instituvlca or slavery.
TTnon the other hand, tne other party pro
claiming that they would not admit Kansas as
a State with a constitution tolerating slavery,
whether so expressed by the people of the
Territory or not. Their battle-cry was No
more slave States," "Resistance to the exten
sion of African slavery under any and all cir
Now. under this state of fads, can the gen
tleman from Kentucky see no difference between
these two parties ; and is he prepared to come
before this House and declare that he would not
toss a conner for choice between them ? Does
he consider one as sound upon the rights of the
South as the other, when one party declares
itself opposed to the extension of slavery un
der any and an circumstances mat tney will
under no state of the case, consent to the ad'
mission of any more slave States; while the
other plants itself upon the doctrine of non
intervention, of the equality of the States, and
the right of the people of a Territory to decide
what shall be the character of their own insti
tutions, whatever they may be ?
I want it to go to the country, and especially
to the people of the South, that we were en
gaged in the most fearful contest that ever was
waged in this country involving issues and in
stitutions of vital importance to them, but of
comparatively little to us yea, even repugnant
to the tastes and ideas of our people that
when "the Kansas aid fund" was contributing
its thousands; when the worst passions of the
worst men (even negroes) were aroused against
us ; when the storm of fanaticism was howling
around us, and the great army of sectionalists
was bearing down upon us like an avalanche,
there came no words of cheer to us from the
Know-Nothings of the South, but there did
come a voice from their leading organ, cheering
on iue enemy, anu encouraging tne Know
Nothings of my State to join the enemy's stand
ard. 1 want the people of the South to know
that whilst these things were going on in the
Know-Nothing camp, thousands of foreigners
by birth and Catholics, whom the Know-Noth-ings
would have you persecute, were standing
wim us in ueiense oi your constitutional rignts
and in beating back the cohorts of Black Re
EUROPE AH AFFAIRS.
The New York Tribune has the following
interesting summary of the intelligence brought
by the Euro pa :
" The Europa, which arrived on Saturday
afternoon, fails entirely to bring the expected
cuuuruiauon oi we report Drougntoytne Cana
da that a numb'er of the passengers of the lost
steamer .yonnow nail been rescued. There i
every reason no w to belie ve that this report was
founded on a misapprehtnsion, and that none
of those unfortunate passengers have escaped
The political intelligence received by this
steamer, though not startling or unexpected, is
of unusual interest. The representatives ot the
European powers are once more assembled at
the hotel of the Minister of Foreign Affairs in
Paris. By a final agreement they are to quiet
iuc siuiuia iiiiseu on tue political uorizon oy
misunderstandings and doubtful explanations
or tne recent treaty ot i-aris. inesemisunder
standings relate to the Isle of Serpents in th
Black Sea, but still more to the new froiKier
to be traced out m Bessarabia. In this last
respect the main difficulty turns upon the town
otnoigraii, me capital of me Knssian colonics
of Bessarabia. In framing the treaty of Paris.
on a chart furnished by France, the line of the
boundary was decided and drawn at a certain
distance south of the place marked as Bolrrad
but the commissioners sent to the spot find that
the existing city of Bolgrad is situated on the
Lake of Yalnouck, which has an outlet in the
Danube, and that thus if Russia should remain
in its possession she might have a flotilla mere
and establish a direct communication with th
river, to exclude her from which is the ardent
wish of England and Austria. It seems that
there is at the north of the present Bolgrad an
ancient town which is now almost in ruins, and
which, though formerly called Bolgrad, is now
known as Tolback. The commissioners of
England, Austria anJ Turkey insist that th
ruined Tolback is the snot meant bvthetreatr
and that the line should be drawn south of this
Tolback, which would give the lake and the
genuine Bolgrad to Turkey. Russia, however,
maintains her claim to the place, and in a
memorandum which we published in cxlenso on
Thursday last, clearly sets foith the point at
issue. This Russian document is written with
statesmanlike ability, and, prima facie, seems
to put the right wholly on h:rsiIe. This opinion
has also beer, shared by Louis Napoleon, the
Cabinet of Berlin, and even by Sardinia. We
as yet are destitute of a luminons and logical
statement of the o'.herside of the questions, and
I of the reasons by which Palmerston and Buol
""support and explain their viiws. Neither of
these nas yet published any omcial argument
on the subject, and from tbe reckless and violent
language of the leading haglish journals no
sound opinion can as formed.
Louis Napoleon was the fitst to propose that
the dispute should be submitted to a neivdi.-lo-
mane comerence. xue cngiisn papers, and
especially me corning roti, and to some ex
tent the Timet, swore furiously that no confer
ence should taie place a decision of theirs
which is at least contradicted by the facts,
Palmerston desired that the meeting of tha
uonierencc suouiu oe in ixmaon, wuere he or
Clarendon would have presided. But Louis
Napoleon was firm, and so Count Walewjki
will preside over Lord Cowley, Count Hatzfeld,
Baron Hiibner, Count de Villa Marina, and
Count Kisseleff or Baron Brunow (at our last
advices it was not ye: decided who should rep
resent itussia,; an of these diplomits having
occupied secondary positions at the first con
ference. Whatever may be the result, it is to
be definitive. There will then be no reason for
cngland to keep a naval station in the Bospho
rus, nor for Austria to occupy the Principali
ties. It is not decided whether the Conference
shall extend its deliberations to other subjects
as. ior instance, to xveuicnatei and rvapies.
The prevailing opinion is, however, that neither
ot tnese questions will be taken into considera
The affair of Neufchatel becomes more and
more threatening. The King of Prussia, at the
recent opening of the Chambers in Berlin, spoke
firmly, but with tears in his eyes, of what he
believes to be his violated rights. The Federal
Government at Berne has published, on the
other hand, a memorandum, which is very long,
diffuse, and minute, as Swiss official documants
generally are. The Council maintains the right
of the Swiss people in general, and in special
those of the people of Neufchatel, to govern
thtmsclves without any guardians, and point
out clearly the great general and special disad
vantages resulting unavoidably from the pres
ence of a crown hoad in a republican confed
eracy. The trial o? the Roval consnirators
uili'btgin in January, and the most intelligent
opinion is, that alter the condemnation of the
conspirators, the Federal Government will use
the right of grace toward them, and the King
give up his so called historical claims,
According to.last accounts, royal order that
is, persecution, imprisonment and condemna
tions is not wholly restored io the interior of
Sicily. Palei mo, the capital, is, however, quiet.
Several continental papers lay at the door of
England the provocation of this insurrection
The acerbity prevailing in the relations be
tween England and ltusiia, prevailing In the
Cibinets as well as in the two nations, will
Grid new fuel if the news concerning the An
glo Persian war shall bo confirmed. English
troops are landing in the Gulf of Persia, and it
is stated mat uen. urouieu one or tne Dravest
commanders of the Crimean war, has received
orders from the Czar to keep himself ready
with bu,uuu men at tne first call of me auan
The number of these troops is probably exag
gerated, but it is sure that the Russian army
has beet considerably increased in Asia, as
well as the steam flotilla in the Caspian Sea.
By this means troops can be landed promptly
and in large numbers in Persia, During the
last war tbe Shah proved himself a faitbfull
ally of Russia, and the Czar can on no account
abandon mm in such a crisis as the present.
It seems likewise that Louis Nanoleon is fa
vorable to the Shah, and regards the English
invasion with displeasure. This step, taken oy
Lord Palmerston on his own responsibility, in
the absence of Pailiament, may. after all, not
be generally satisfactory to the English nation.
According to the lastaccounts Herat has capitu
lated, the Afghans having given it up to the
Persians. It was the seige of Herat which
originated the misunderstanding between Eng
land and Persia, and its possesion is an old
bone of contention between the two neighboring
Asiatic powers; the one pushed on by England,
the other by Rnssia. The city of Herat, oace
called Artakoana, was fortified by Alexander
the Great, and named after him, Alexandria.
It is situated in an angle of a chain of moun
tains formed by a western prolongation or the
Hindoo-Koosh, and running south. The place
forms a key to Sejestan, Afghanistan and wes
tern Cabul. England naturally does not wisn
to see such a fastness In the hands of a close
ally of Russia. It will, however, be impossi
ble for English troops.to relieve Herat, as a
desert of several hundred miles separates that
place from the Gulf of Persia, and on the cir-
cuitous march through Persia Proper the English
army must constantly bi, even if everywhere
victorious, more at.d more removed from its base
base operations, and necessarily become weak
ened previous even to meeting the Russians in
the environs of Teheran. If the English de
monstration means anything more than simply
to frighten the Persians, we may possibly soon
witness a new tempest in the East: a tempest
wnicn, u prolonged, may destroy the Persian
empire, or at least arrest tne advance oC .Brit
ish power northwest of the Indus.
Dialogue between the "Veiled Prophet" of the
Higher Law and an Eminent Stomp Parson.
From the wssblntton Colon.
Stump Parson. Well, my dearly-beloved
friend, the blind and stubborn spirit of Demo
cracy nas proved too strong for us. We are
badly beaten. What shall we do next disband
or rally again?
rropnet. itally again, by all means.
Stumo Parson. Under what hannrr. and
with what weapons?
rrophet. I'll tell you, my friend. We must
adopt a new name and a new set of principles.
Stump Parson. A new name and new prin
ciples! Impoisible. You have exhausted all
names and principles already. I don't miiid
cnangmg me name, but my conscience won't
permit me to change mv principles
Prophet. Pshaw 1 what has conscience to
do with principles?
Slump Parson. I'll tell you what it has to
do with principles. If it had not been for cer
tain honest, well-meaning, but simple and ig
norant people, who were governed by Bcruplea
of conscience, we should never have been able
to kick up such a dust as we have done.
Prophet. Very well ; that may be all true.
But listen to me, my friend. Conscience is a
very good thing in its way, and often helps men
out at a pinch ; but it should never stand in the
way of the perfcrmanze of a higher duty.
For example: you and I conscientiously be
lieve that slavery is the greatest curse that ever
fell on the heads of mankind.
Slump Parson. Certainly, I do ; that is to
say you understand huml
Prophet. Very well ; then, are we not con
scientiously bound to use all possible means to
pat it down?
Slump rarson. All honest means, certainly.
Prophet. Pishi All means are honest in a
good cause. You parsons make very indifferent
Eoltticians. lou are apt to stumble atstraws;
ut if you once get fairly mounted, like the beg
gar in the old proverb, you ride to the devil.
Stump Parson. Don't mention him it's
wicked out of the pulpit.
Prophet. Well, I begyour pardon. But to
the point. Believing as we do, (or as it is ne
cessary to seem to do,) that slavery is the great
est curse that everfell ontbeheads of mankind,
it follows, of course, as I said before, that all
other petty obligations, such as patriotism, jus
tice, truth, and the like ordinary every-day du
ties, are mere chaff, and the abolition of slavery
the only grain of wheat In the whole bushel.
We must therefore set the winnowing machine
to work, and blow away with all our might,
without caring what becomes of the chaff pro
vided we preserve the grain of wheat.
Stump Parson. Ah S I understand. But ought
we not to begin by demonstrating that slavery
is the greatest curse that ever fell on the heads
We should then have a clear
field before us
Prophet. Demonstration ? What is demon
stration to a dogma? And what is reason or
argument but twisting a rope for men to hang
themselves with ? The moment you attempt to
maintain a point by argument you virtually ac
knowledge it to be doubtful. No, no, my friend,
that is not my way. I prefer' one naked, un
supported dogma to all the logic and rhetoric of
Aristotle and all his disciples.
Stump Parson. All this I understand, and
have reduced to practice in my sermons. But
though I may not have resorted to argument, I
always had the highest authority to sustain me.
I hsd the Bible, the New Testamen., and the
Prophet. The Bible?
n..Lni.. oin. j.
Lie xiiuic s x uuui me uiuic la
i miht as well anneal to the
edVnd PeJanl T th. ro.n!
laws of the M
mon law, which is just what the judges please
to make it. Tbe Bible sanctions slaver', and
Slavery being the greatest curse th
on the'heads of mankind, it follow
that we must discard the liible
pnHnr Hi rMPt nF nil T,nif,ir. Th
c uiuok uist ttiu ,uc xtiuic. uf cuuuuuc ii.
Bible must go wim the Constitution,
nustVo with th nnn.titnilon.
Stump Parson. What! the commandments,
Prophet. Every shin of them.
Stump Parson. What 1 and worship graven
Prophet. Aye ;
Prophet. To be
most enneelalltr ih o-oMen
most especially me golden
sure; most espicially
,, ,, , ,, .
And commit adultery, covet
,, and bear false witnesses
or? Am not t hiif nelnnna
other men's wives
against our neighbor?
Prophet. Comparatively so ; enly compara
tively so, my friend. They are nothing to the
greatest curse that ever fell on the heads of
mankind; and. as all men must sin some way
or other, in the choice of sins conscientious
men will take the lesser. It is better to be
without the ten commandment than that our
neighbors of me South should be saddled with
the greatest curse that ever fell on the heads
of mankind. It is for that reason we have dis
carded the Bible and the Constitution, and sub
stituted a higher law in their place. You talk
of bearing false witnesses against our neighbor.
Why, it is our duty to do so when a higher duty
presents itself. It Is our highest duty to free
the southern slaves, and if bearln: false wit
nesses against their masters will nelp us, it is
our duty to invent as many lies as possible.
Slump Parson. Ah 1 pious frauds. Now I
begin to see how you reconciled your oath to
maintain and support the Constitution with
your allegiance to the higher law.
Prophet. To be sure, to be sure ; it is as
easy as kiss your hand. You see, my friend,
I considered myself under a species of moral
duresse. One of the first objects of my life
(since I became a politiciau) has been the
abolition of slavery, and a seat in Congress
was one great step to its attainment. Now, to
gain a position so necessary to the performance
of this great paramount duty, that " compact
with hell," the Constitution, had made it ab
solutely necessary to take an oath to maintain
it. What could I do? I must either forego a
station which enabled me to exercise a more
commanding influence in ridding my coantry
of the great curse (the greatest curse you
must always bear that in mind) that ever fell
on tbe heads of mankind, or pledge myself in
the sight of Heaven to support a Constitution
which I considered a gross violation of me law
of God and the rights of nature. I consulted
my conscience, and took the o&th with a men
tal reservation that I would obey the Consti
tution whenever it did not conflict with the
higher law. Was I not right?
Slump Parson. Beyond doubt. I see it now,
though, on my conscience, I have often won
dered how you managed to swallow it.
Prophet. Very well, havingssttled the main
point, that slavery is the greatest curse that
ever icii uu iuc uciiua ui uimiaiuu. auu iu,
therefore, all necessarv means to cet "rid of it
..ii i. i 1 1. 1 i r it...
are not onlr lawful, nut nraisetvorthv. let us
proceed to lay down' the plan for the next cam
Slump Parson. I be;; pardon, but a doubt
strikes me. We of the North are free from this
curse ; it has not fallen on our heads, or, if it
did, we have shaken it o!f. We are, therefore,
not responsible for it any further than having
supplied the South with slaves; and as that wag
done by our ancestors, over whom we had no
control," I think we may fairly wash our hands
of the whole business.
Prophet. My rrood friend, your notions are
contracted into a nut-shell. You know nothing
of the boundless, illimitable, indefinable sphere
of moral responsibility. You should read
Professor Wavland. Moral responsibility has
neither latitude nor longitude, boundaries nor
dimensions. It i3 not merely confined to our
families, next-door neighbors, and dependents ;
it extends to all mankind ; and it may be as
sumed as a iirstprincipie ot a nigner law that
everv individual is morally responsible not only
for his fellow-citizens, but for the whole hu
man race, and tne entire numan race for every
individual. It is a joiut-stock company, and
each member responsible for tbe whole. Know,
sir, that anything less than universal bene vio
lence is a sin, and that acts of charity, cot
fined within a sphere which does not compre
hend the whole universe, are what the Scrip
ture iimtlv calls " filth v ra?s. " What are vn
shrinking at, my friend ? .
Siump Parson. At the burden you have jus
laid on my shoulders. I can hardly staggei
under it. The idea of being responsible for al
my fellow-creatures is appalling
But you should remember that all
your ieiiow-crertiurea aie equally responsible
for you, and that balances the account: .
Stump Jf arson, mat's true. Acreatmanv
hands make- light work : and when I come to
think of it, I shall have so many to share my
icujiuuaiuiu.j, . ". nusmci i luuiicci
it at at all. Besides, we have every reason to
believe that, so much pains i beinjr taken, every
man ior me rent ui uis ici ow-creaiures and
they for him, we shall all become perfect to- ?oney lhat had been deposited with them be
gemer, unless it should happen that every man their suspension. The Government claimed
snouiu reiy on urn ueiguuut-s responsiDimy in- mmer .an oia statute they have priority
stead of his own. over any ofher creditors in a case of insolvencv
Prophet. Oh, no daneer of that t and if there and the Coutfso"dentV J fil. u?1l
were, wnere is tne narra ot it? Hut. ( nullln? ,
out his watch,) like our members of Congress,
we have spent so much time in discussing pre -
Hmlnaries, thafwe have none left for the main
question. I have an engagement for this very
hour, and must bid you gocd morning." Meet
me here to-morrow at 9 o'clock, and we will pro
ceed at once to settle the plan of the next c?m
HICAKAOTJA GET. WALKEE.
We extract ths following from the New Or
leans Courier of the 3d Inst:
On Sunday last, two hundred and fifty emi
grants to Nicaragua sailed :n the steamer Tex
as; mey were probably orgarized into military
companies by the Major commanding, as ap
pears by the following order :
Steamer Texas, ?
Mississippi Itiver, Dec. 29, 1856. J
ORDERS So. 1.
The Major comaading has made the follow
ing appointments of officers in this detachment,
subject to the confirmation of His Excellency,
the President of Nicaragua, viz :
Company A Capi. Reynolds; first Lieu
tenant, Llnven ; Second Lieutenant, Linbacher.
Campany B Capt. Harris ; First Lieutenant
A. C. Allen.
Company C Capt. W. W. Berrlngton; First
Lieutenant, Homan; Second Lieutenant, Cor
vin. Company D Capt. E. Bently; First Lieu
Campany E Capt. H. Von Schleiht; First
Company F Capt. Kingwell; First Lieu
Who will be obeyed and respected according
ly. Lieutenants will rank according to the
rank of their cantaina.
Officers commanding rnmnanin urll! that
the roll call is observed at 7 o'clock a. m. and
at a o'clock p. m; atjwhich a commissioned of-
This order will be read to each company
at roll call. r 3
By order of Major Rob't Ellis.
WM. II. SCOTT, Adjutant.
Besides these there were many others not
embraced in any company, but only goig in
search of fame, fortune or amusement, on their
Soon after the Texas sailed, a company of
one hundred men arrived from up the river and
another from Texas. The Nicarnguan com
mittee wish to send them on at once, and make
me following appeal:
The Nicaraguan Committee of this city have
determined to make another appeal te th? peo
ple of New Orleans for aid, and to that end
have placed in tbe hands of many respectable
gentlemen, subscription lists, to gather volunta
A large number of men are now here, and
manv more "will nhnrHi srrivs TVa
... r. -
tion should be furnished them without delay
also, sunnlies for th tantin!' rmr in utt.
Unless these mem can be sent by some ves
sel to be procured by the liberality of our fel-
i low-citizens, they will be detained here a
month. It is highly desirable that they should
be able to join Walker at once. It is equally
desirable that all sorts ot supplies should be
sent to him. We hope our citizens will an
swer the call with their usual generosity
iui8 is ins great point in tne loreign policy or
tue united states, and every patriot ouuht to
i be ready to do every thing in his power to as-
, sist in tne Americanization of Central
Cotton Growing on the Mediterranean.
The Manchester (Eng.) Examiner, of a late
date, has the following article in relation to
Cotton growing on the Mediterranean :
The growing increase in the coniumption of
Cotton, and the fact that our supplies are
cuituy uerivea irom one source,expostBg u., not
only to considerable fluctuations in prices,
from good or bad seasons, but to fearful con-
sequences if, from any cause, this great source
or supply snould be Interrupted, is a subject of
auAicij iv uui iiiauui.tv.cuiin5 uueresis ; anu it
is not surprising mat they should desire to ren-
der themselves more secure and independent.;
i . ,. . . '
i uuta""K auFpucs iroin a variety ot coun-
! 2.Pr?fence to being confined chiefly to
one. Ihe imports of Cotton into Great Bri
tain last year amounted, in round numbers, to
uuu "i lue importance wnicn ne justly at
i t t ii . - - t-t . - :
' l?cu iu u"3. 8UDJe'.? VISlt Nigeria and me
snores got tne Mediterranean, to ascertain
, whether Cotton could be grown in those re- !
) eions, and his report to me Manchester Cham-1
ber ef Commerce now lies before us. Not only j
will the countries which he visited produce '
r .. r l s i ,;r . I
wu"u" "uk i e icteiveu supplies trom
Smyrna) Cyprus, Sllonica, Malta, Sicily and I
Huuuau vuiici. iiiosi oi our west inaia
islands formerly produced Cotton; wc received
I r , . n , . ... .
supplies aiso irom oiioa, at. JJomingo, uay- I
i enne- Surinam, and parts of E
' N g0 , t J a I 1S10
Cotton were chieflj-derived froi
. J - .
ooutn America. .
our supplies of !
from these sources. .
our imports tuai year irom tne united States
being 210,759 bales, and from all other coun
tries, 314,114 bales.
It is notorious that Cotton can be grown in
all countries within certain latitudes ; the real
subject for inquiry therefore should be, Beeing
that it can be grown in so many countries, why
it is grown in so lew ; anu wnerefore it is,
mat those countries which formerly supplied
us with Cotton, have ceased to grow it?
The same economic laws which govern the
production of manufactured goods, or any
other kind cf produce, equally affect the growth
of cotton. Cotton will not be grown unless it
yield a profit to the grower. It is obvious, that
tbe cultivation of cotton has become unprofita
ble in all those countries where it has ceased
to be grown ; and that there is no sufficient
prospect of profit to imiucc its growth in those
countries which can produce it.
In the year 1810, to which we have referred,
the price of upland cotton ranged from 15a. to
22d. per lb., and of West India cotton from 21d.
to 2s. 4d. per lb. There is little doubt that
these prices yielded a large-profit to the plan
ters; but, from that time, there has been a con
stant decline in the prices, and a correspond
ing decline in the imports ot Cotton from the
West Indies, and all other places, except the
United States. The growth of cotton, in these
places has been superseded by me more profit
able articles of sugar and 'coffee ; and to the
United States has been left the monopoly of
the supply of cotton to Europe, solely because
she can afford to selljit at a lower price than
The prices of cotton for common purposes
formerly ranged from 18d to 21d per lb.; the
prices for some years past have ranced from5d
rto 8d per lb. It was doubted, at one time.
whether uplands cotton could be profitably
grown below 18d per lb., antl there might have
been grounds for the coubt under the rude cul
tivation of the hoe, and when the growth was
confined chiefly to the poorer lands of Virginia
and North Carolina, where the yield was not
more than loO lbs, to 200 lb! ot clear cotton
per acre. Bat improvements have been made
ntk..lli,.....l.......i:.. .1" il - I
4ti nn. vuttuiu anu jJi c,.ii auuu ut COUun, 3S Weil
as in its manufacture. The plow has superse
ded the hoe, new and more productive kinds of
seed have been introduced, and the richer lands
or me bourn, producing 40O lbs. of clean cot
(. t,,,. Li,.u ,l ,,
Pr c" have supplanted J.e poorer soils
""rtn, so tnat it is not improbable mat
5d. to 8d. per lb. yields as large a profit to the
planter as 18d.per lb. formerlyJid. It is impor
tant to notice that North Carolfna and Virginia
could no more compete with the richer lands ot
the South than other countries, and the growth
of cotton being no longer profitable, it has
ceased in those States.
The preceding observations ws think, have
iMiTDweu tne question, wnicn nas become, not
so much where cotton can be grown, as to what
countriei we can look for supplies of an equal
quality, at the same price as can obtain it
from the United States. He importance of
the inquiry to this district chnscarcely be
overrated, and we shall take ai-early opportu
nity of pursuing it.
3?The typhoid fever is prevailing to a
considerable extent at Knoxvire in this State.
(SThe Baltimore Sun.ot tie 30th ulL,has
the following article :
What the Atlantic TtiXGRAr-H will
Accomplish. It is stated-that when the sub
marine telegraph across the octan is finished,
the transaction in stocks, the ctasing price in
consols, the state of the cotton narket, will be
Sent irom London nnH T.ivprnnnl ivirw.flatr nf
three o'clock in the afternoon, aid-will in con
sequence of the difference of tine--Bome five
hours be received in the leading Atlantic cities
of the United States before nooniforming the
basis of operations here for thatUay mother
words.the doings of the London Exchange will
b8,k".wnhere before 'change hours, and will be
r""'uoi in tne papers or me sane evening be-
joie ujej are jai(1 before the
Tranis onThe Paris Bourse l be" sent
n:all. t 1
In me nam., ,... tk- l
will "as me te eS'toll 7 ff
be one doll ar n.r-Vr - '
Ak Important Decision. On theMd inst,
m vuiiui Loort ior mis district decliled an
important legal question, so far as the interests
of the Government are concerned. The United
aisics sued xoirinrr. w;m., .,- ..kir-
"on were made by the Indian and Patent Office
oq were made bv
av,. A MA l flE - Alt , t
1 The whole amount, nearly S60 000 has been
pa'd into, the Treasury bv the trnateM of S
'V3 Co.Wash. Star. 7 3 ' '
Destruction or the University or Louis-!
ville. The Louisville Journal of the 1st1
instant gives the following account of the
burning of this University:
We regret being obliged to record the des
truction by fire yesterday of the splendid build
ings of the Medical Department of the Uni
versity of Louisville, situated at the corner of
fcigum and cnesnut streets, with moit of its
contents. The most valuable part of the li
brary and a portion of the costly apparatus
were saved. The fire, which broke out about
eight o'clock, communicated from a stove in
the chemical laboratory, and had progressed to
sucn an extent mat it was round impossible to
arrest it. The museum, the finest and most
extensive In the West probably, was totally
lost, anu it win oe a long time before it can be
r.nougn ot me apparatus, dooks, plates, gc,
were saved to enable the Faculty to complete I uMemtfroaidat. Pgrrtmor w esocnf mow vrMh y
their several courses. The Lectures will be I pvUearl:y for toe otftrm! prat-
continucd at the Louisville Marine Hospital.
The loss by the fire is estimated at fully
$100,00) with $37,000 insurance. It is con
templated by several leading citizens to call a
public meeting and raise by contribution a sum
sufficient to replace the edifice destroyed. We
have no doubt but that a magnificent building
will soon be erected, far excelling in alt its ap
pointments that so unfortunately destroyed.
The sympathy of the public is with the Faculty
of the University In their severe loss.
We understand that the Kentucky School of
Medicine has tendered to the Faculty uf the
University the use of their rooms and appara
tus : and also invited the students to their lee
tures free of charre. This is eeoereos and
The insurance was in the following offices :
iEtna of Hartford, Phoenix of Hartford,
Home of New York, aSd Franklin of Phila
delphia, $30,000; in the Monarch of London,
$5,000; and in the Howard of New York,
llitsisiippi Code Bills'.
Ihe Misslssippian says the foUewfag Code
BHIs have passed both Hoesis of the Legisla
1. An act concerning limits and divisions of
tbe State of Mississippi.
2. An act in relation to Boards of County
3. An act to prevent the corambsloa of
4. An act concerning fences and plantation
5. An act concerning escheats and other; pro-
j perty claimed by the htate.
It An n rf In ral n f Irkja 1
I 6- An act in relation to limHed partnerships,
An act relating to real estate alienations
8. Anacttorezulatethe laving ot ami wont
ing of roads, the establishment of fences and
the erection ot bridges.
9. An act to prevent the importation and
sp, eau ot certain diseases.
10. An act to prevent hunting with fire.
11. An act to prevent firing of woods, marches
12. An act to regulale the lien of Mechanics
and others for labor materials.
13. An act in relation to principals and sure
14. An act to enable creditors to release ose
or more joint debtors.
15. An act for the limitation of actions.
1G. An act concerning arbitrations and
17. An act to regulate the reae'y by attach
, luciib against uemors
I 13. An act to provide the remedy by attach
ment against ships, stoam boats and other water
19. An act concerning unlawful and forcible
entry and unlawful detainer.
I 20. An act in relation to landlord and tenant.
j 21. An actio relation to Attorneys and Coun
i seiKws at Law.
, 22. An act to whUIi Wi
23. An act enMttMi rl. fnr rnmlmmir fVw
. .. a
acts m mis code.
' 24. An act concer, in.
the Lunatic As7lnm,
25. An act concerning me writ of Habeas
Iudependeiit Fire Company No. 1.
X AT an anneal me-tiac hold last Prl-
JteggadirTiiif, for tbe garpwof cboiftiog
officers t ere the eaaiac year, tbe
-roiiowinc zeaueaiea were eaaetMi:
President Uexrv M. Paystex.
JVrman Sam Pb.t.
.lftufanf Portman Mai L Frasc
Secretary T. Baxter.
Trtaturer Amos Woodkitf.
Lomnutleeu. u. Pavxtzs, r. Baxter,
AiLts nmiuKUll .
.Tint Engineer Ceoeoz R. VASrOBSox.
Sicend Enpneer Joseph Sheet.
Captain of Hote Dexj. F. Xiixxr.
Pipe JHrettm JoH.t Staitmilib, A.
K3 Ermine StKt copy.
A TAT be ad for a f ew geatlesaea, also a goad reoat for
J.TJL a family. By apprMgtariy to
MRS. PARK AM.
J9-'B Corner Em as(e aad Third street.
A GOOD CO OIL
TV TAT be had by ape ylog to
J-VJL MRS. PARHAJf.
lanfl-lai Corner sf Exchange aad Third treet.
BAGS RIO COFPBK, for sale by
Jaa9 HANCOCK .V CUUtK.
BBLS. FLOCK, Tarieas brand, for sale br
JaaS HANCOCK & CLARK.
KKG3 NAILS, best Baatern for sale br
Jaa9 HANCOCK & CLARK.
rpBK andentened has a wt of tbe latest lasraml St.
X V als Steam Saw aad Grist H1U Machiaery, which
bo wishes to sell, either pa't for cash or art oa time. Aay
prion wishing to bay the mac -liwry, and has set a rood
si.oaiioa to put tae ami op. i wtll sen bisa, for raaay r
ob time, six or seren band.-rd acres of as rood timbered
land as is la tbe ceeuty. nine miks from Menphis, aad
two from tbe Memphis and Ohio Jtal.road. My mill has
a lO.iach cylinder and two M-iBCh bailers. IS r-t lonir.
All of the Buehiacry Is new aad in guod rsBBlBg order
saaas ior aaw ana i.nsi Mill. My Machinery nas two
Saws tbe loworoaeSlty and tbe spper oae thirty inches.
This MUl is warranted to cut oa: tbonsaal feet lasaber
per hoar. If attended to a it sbonkt be. Any person
wHbine to buy a mill can t-t a bi'tua by ealltas; oa tbe
snesenbrr. at his residence, oae aad a bait BtUos of Ral-
rixn. aneioy coasiy, T2BU.
aa9-tf D. M. SA.VBBRLrN.
fiN 3atarday errnius;, a HAIR BR CELXT. wlthRoH
J Ulajp. Ml winch is eBRrrrH "ZULIilK " TV Und
er will be llberallT rewarded by leaviuc it at the .VmtH
corner iuniii ana JacRson-sts.,
TIHS well known Hotrl, haeiae; changed btads,
fitf!l i".ouSBij amiproTtaetl wttn
K ' 1 1 1 1 1 ' "r"" .uvgllUWi-
... ' i tw ,nrniufr i. iul r , .w ..- . i
r,r.,ri.tion or Hoarders and Trarelers.
lha pablic may rest assar d that erry (sertloB will
MBaaecniSe part of tbe Proprietor to reMter this
Honseiecootl to none In Wert Tennessee. Hanni active
ami atientlTe ti reams, aBd a table always! wafebed wtih
tbe best tbe coantry affords, be coafl4eatty relies open
riving entire satlstactfea to ailw bo way taoor binTmUi
isrirraironase. w, K. BBNNRTT.
33" Baqalnr copy.
Ill AVE reoiveit lttely a -tt ltorl ecxol-hsBd BOIL
KR, also, BKICI1KN aad STAND-PIPR, which I am
amwrri-u to seu very low for cisb. The IW Ier is tw,nty
s bt feet ljng, thirty-six lncu-s diamaler. two twelve loch
naes. t. a'LEA.N, BoiWr-Mater,
Ian3l3wtw3t Opowi'e Nary Tanl. Memphis.
CHINESE SUGAR CAKE
TnK subscribers take sreat pleasare In lurormiag the
Planters, Farmrrs and Gardeners of he Sootn, tbal
tury hare secured frost tbe most reliable sources a limited
tBpply of Fresh Seed of this valuable plant, the prepertk
ot wnicn may oe orirn y lomiara cp as lOiKJws ;
1st. One acre of tbe a alts, properly cultivated, win
yiod from -100 toGOOsalkns of One syrup, equal to the
Ut New Orb-ass; and from tbe same loots, a second
crtp or exeeueni routier.
3d. Sown breaJcast r In close drills, on laul deeply
plowed or highly manured, it win yield thirty to Ally
lumnAHU wnou wi uyCTiuc jgwn iu me acre.
3d. It sarpaMes alt ether plants for soilin; (feeding
STeen) asJ fodder, on account or tbe treat an-onm r su
gary Jutes wbieh It contains and is greedily eaten by
4th. It bears repeated catting, like BjyptUn XiHet,
KTuwius oa irreT im isp.1 mijxT earn ratting.
5th. It stands drouh ranch btttet than coamen rom
retalring its gran color and ;n!dners even after the see,)
6th. Tbe tttd is excellent fer human food, when ground
1010 meat, ami isuens iwoirsiis animals very speedily
From twenty-five to 3eTeu.r-(l?e basbeis can be raised on
7th. It is so certain a crop that planters may be tare of
SBcceeillr.g with tt as a Satrar plant anywhere south 01
Maryland and not th of Hexico. If planted early in the
pesthein States, tbe seed will mature and produce ano-
lucrcrop tae same season.
Tbe seed, which has been very caref ally kept pare, from
tbs original Impor atloa, win be oflrrrd In doth pack
ages, cks otiiMuuRii ruoogn io ptsBi Bair an sere In
drills, with full directions for the cattiTaltsn, wnKh is
These packages will be lorwardrd per naff, freest post-
ase, to any ausress, OB receipt -I 31 30 for each Dockage
When not sent by man, we will furnish tbe packages at
Early orders are scHcttrd, as tbe supply of good and
reliable seed Is quite limited. ApBlictQU' Basses wM be
entered in tbe order in which thry are ree.-ived, aad tbe
V Pamphlet will be sent. loataie free. taaHwbn nr.
chtse seed, or to any prson who will enclose a three cent
Dealers in seeds and coantry raerchintt can be snnnHt.1
at a liberal disconnt tr.m retail rate, if their orders are
Addresj, with plain direction fer mallln: or shipping
, . COAXDUSR It CO.,
Jin7-d3t Memphis. Tenn.
ROSEWOOD PARLOR FURXI-
A X Ultl. . ,
FSW more sett, eorered with French Brocattlle I
verrtTlperlor will t sold "dirt" cheap. Can soon.
WlaTO.-, CIIUBcniLL & CO.
CIIANCEUY SALE OF A
Corner of Iinden and St. Martin Sts.
PURSUANT to a dcne of tb Chaocrry Oanrt at U tm
pM, reaoind 'XvtnAtr Twm. :86, la ta on ot
Ttxxais n. Pkilltpi sad wtt, Kl!tn ItdMat, Xanutt
iliGlnata 1B-1 otlien, btf A. B. XcSpaM, ', cx
?rte plitlOB to tell Srxl EikU aod SUrst, I win a
Saturday, January 31st, 1857,
la frost of siy eSJce m tat tir ot jtetnpaU, pnetei to
tell to tbe fcttant M!r,
A Valuable Lot in Sooth Xespbis,
SltaaM a tar Soatawmt ombmt ot I.liar aaa St. Jlar
tln ilmU. 3( Lot frooW SMta 9e at LtoJea
tret HK frt, ud nm socfc wttk St. Huth tin, ut
TTft Me 146 ftMtto m aOojr.
Ttrms of Salt. One-third ot parcfc? anstrlacuh;
At taeraac tlate ind Ham. la ior maw of taUtitntn.
I wl aHl to t ae atolmt MMnr for Cask, a vamoMo ra
Woana u d 3 tar, MaoziBe bt M etat.
Sale io coBBMaoc at 1 1 'dock, A. X.
JOHS C. LAXIBK,
dtcas ifawtd Cktt aaa XMttr.
Chancery Sale of Valuable Itcal
PURSUANT to i Decree of the Caaaens Court at Xos
pfcK TtJm Soimkt lono, 18M. m ta eueof
rtwey anicaiorow. Bona varaiaen akUCafaUr-
er. widow awtaur of Jam H. Caratana, OootMid, I
SATTTKDAT, JAXVAKT Met, MM,
in front of air Oce, la tke rttj of S'apali. arar-rf Io
1 to tho aUa. at 1 1 Mir, too fullowlaa Tafcawo Baal M-
iao, max bear tan okt of Xeaav.ie.ta wit: owaVMAl
of a ortaia Tract or amrai of Load, attaatoa la Bfaetar
coarty, TmaoMee, near tbe nij of Wmiahli, ksowa aad.
acMgnoMOj wa IM bmo of botaiaM eaTaym. S. IMOfor
WWoosaoy WtUiaaw, aa iota Xo. Tt ard 77, oa tee Hr
aaaoo load, kcsiaataic at a ttake oa tte Xorth kfe ot
Walker ttreet, aad tae West tide of lae Beraaado Mood,
ranaknr taraoc North wita tae law of aaat HeruaBdo
Head aixacen caaiaa aad tktrty-eewa Uaka to a atake at a
potat eppueue to where the North aide of WUUaau' At
eaae Internet the geraaailo Hood, taeaco Weat wit tae
naeof W. aad J. Barhertalot one chain aad e'-Biy-
kerealtalute the Baal aide of Orleaa etreet, thearo
Soatawltatbe Beat ttae of Orleaaa street Joartera
chaiae aad oreatr Oak to a etakr, at the earavr of
Walker ttreet, thrnce Xaat witt th Ua of W ili-r
ttroet MOt chetei aad eratT-jae IMts to ths
brjrJaalBS caataiaiaK aeeea aad oae half acres. Tho
aM oae-haif thereof hatac Uiarrcttowaed thereto ay
Jaaaea K. Carathera.
S.M Tract or Boreal of Land wffl be k Matliud loll
two eaaal aarceta, aad thr porta aBotted to Batata of
Janata H. Carathera win he aoM ia Lata or cowrertteat
at to emit aarcaaterj, a plan of which wtt heaht!tte4
1 the day of aalr.
Term of Safe Tbe abor- Bjratioord Heal Beta- wilt
ae aoUon a credit of rvfn auotha, aarchaar r to eaafc
head wtth apareoed eternity, aad a Uoa ittalaed on tha
site at ii ccttcCA. 3t.
al-dald JOnSC. LAXItK, C. k. X.
Tatum's Patent Oil-Growd
who to &jz&Fim :
Froai Ihe la lest nsmber of the Photographic aaU Plao
Art Journal. 1
IK the whole hJatory of Art ut tbe prod art lea of Por
trait of the hisbftt oraVr, Bo tingle latpreveBMBt
ha coctrihated as aaach aa taia arw artcee. All that
ha beta dVTelopcd by acirace in the Bee of the uaur i
aad tbe icat of the ana, ao woaderfBtt aaeeeaara: is the
DasaerraoLrpe, Aatbrotjpe aad raowraab, haee beea
appropriated by th arw procroa L large panarea oa tb
stoat perfect aad dorable ot all grooada to rosatva tha
plastic toaca aad esqBiaite tint of tbe attlt3 brash.
Heat oil palatines in oil groaniU apon eaaTae, at ch aa
hat alwa a beea regarded by the ousters "f art as th
bet receptacle for cetera in oil, ate bow rradily pro raced
with all tho truth of tbe dagatiieotyp in delta-.itioa,
aad of UtIcs:. brvthiac. bluoasiag nature u color, tnce
aad expreaeiea, rrosa tbe miaiatur- sp to that of life atae,
with a facility aad durability that is sotonarlmg r l.t
tbJaaawfcf ateaat, electricity and inuUecioal prbsrtM.
Portr'its ihe of life oaay be second treat tauUda
gaerreotypr of ptraaaa deceased, with as aaach truth, aad
aceatacy as treat the lmag soliiec;.
Sittiega from tbe Urine aabject are alaaaat eattrelT di
?4aed with, aod the Oaiahcd portrait delivered la i a or
tea day rrosa the order.
The darabiiity of time oil croamd photographs U in
sored far a haadied years, if desired, aa there u i o rben
Icai or f jreiga shatter ased or latrodand that can ta any
wise affect the penaaaency or darahUUy of the pt--tnrr,
tho zroaad beiag the raaae as has beea atoat approved
aad that crdtaarwy aaed by artists ia portraiture aid
landscape; tbe whjrfer nd paints are alao the aam-.
Mr Tatana. th patentee, with a mind well store! with
scieatlac troth, and poesessiag an en viable skill .a tbo
hipber walks ef art, baa taaa, as his last acbaneawsu.
aad the libra! terats offered his tniew artists la pr seca
.tiag bis aew proces , aet only ractd credit scot at.
Battee coantry la the grat race of haaaaa progress, hat
daae great honor to bis own head, haad aad hi a t, aad
doahtleas will receive from aa obKe pore tha tewaid
dao Bis arsaoas tod and oruliaat i
hPAIl fc V K Is Ii O W
ASK the only Artists rnttw est who aathe tats aew aad
basalUal style of Portraits. Key hero tho esciastTo
rafbt tor tbe city, aad all other Portrait Blade opon caa-
vaaa by the Photographic process an hat baitatuas ut
the orbX-Ba! TA1TJX process.
Jtaay beaatiral ipxcuaeas or the crtaras of 3fetaph:s
ire oa exhibit a at tho ST AH 6AIAEBT, where Ha
tavltad ta ran sad ae for ttrfaiaeleea jaaT tat
DR. E. T. WATSOX baa rraweed his sake to So. II
Hadisca street, over A. J. woattcmrry'a.
Laths ai4 Shingles.
BORBRTIc WITT are still saskiBa Laths, aad are al
ways prepared to supply the public wtth the best ar
Ucte at ledaced pne-s- Tory are al-o BUkiaz SbiBgles,
aad will keep a sappty cobs Ian tly oa haad. MHl on Wot;
tbeBaroa. frV IB, '56-1?
OCR varied aad extrasiTe stock of Carpets can now bo
baachtat a Tory low flfure. Oar assadcxM ra-
I braces every earMly of style aad patter a, raaatna freta
I casus to 34 per yara.
WI.VSTOX. CwCRCmiX It CO
rrs are mow oSbriag tbe lancet aad best selected
stock of fianos ever breofht ta ths cttj. whaca
wiil bo sold low very I w.
Jant-lw WINSIOX, CHURCHILL k. CO.
C3" Rnqnlrer and Keenina: News copy alt the aboeo.
AND dp.jeiid in Newar St Mar's Lieerr
Maote on 1 bandar, the lat last., a large Booo
I MCLR. whi b tbe owaer caa have by provtns
(property aad payiaaj chare.
jaal-lw p Sfeega JOHK MA8tTN8T.
J. E. CHADWICK'S ABYERTiSRMEXlb'
Will Always be rsnsd iH.This CesatnH.
PBRSON3 wiabis to xaow what he has to sLr
what he nay want to bay far aay of bis ceatoiaors.
will be sare to dad it ia the last autumn, o 'he 3 BOON a
PAGE. RenMniber that, aad ease rooroeif the troasrs
of lookias; all over tbe paper.
AU basiaess rat rusted to sr. win be Attended to ears
tally aad with dispatch.
Office Madison Mrrrt, opposite Union .
IN3URAXCK, REAL KSTATK
iEtna. Fire and Inland IVavicff--
tion Insurance Comjiany,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS
Hartford Fire Insurance C.,
CAPITAL AND SCRPLUS .S0oyW.
Charter OaK Life Insurance Co.
CAPITAL AND . CRPLCS fHBLeOa.
POLIC1RS issned oa r-aaaaable terms. Looses enaita
My adjusfd and pruaiptry paid.
tUK. saLK The bt ia tat Northwest carr.rr of
Gayoso and DeSoto streets. Slat, an by a Met, contain,
ins a good fraae Uweilimr. with roar losaaiaBd bus.
Bieat, and grocery stab! on tha corner. V.B hs sal-ils.
if takes soon. Apply to J. R. OLUnrtCK.
Memphis Lnd Usnor, ifi'lVon-n., opp. Balsa Baak.
FOR SALE Aa excellent Treated Haass. coaxatBter
Nine Rooms, oa Pontotoc street. Has a gsad CUtei a at
tached. Poosrssoii arven tBxaaMfsBSrty.
FOR. SALE Soeea Acres at Land, covered with 0e
fruit Trees, wttata half a ailaof tho ctty lltslls. oa tha
Ueraaada Plaak Road. Inquire of
J. H. CHADYICK. PWlhli LandOttTcf,
FOR SALE. A Three T oars' baas of a aka s4
com mien! Kranso Dwell ins, roalainiat foar roasts.
kNcbea aad servants' room, wttk a aood weB at vraler,
ahoat AlO cbekre frail Trees, stjstat. aad aaaat sis nets
of Hae tICabie Land, aattabtr far firatnlag ebiiissi . al
wunn o&e aix a half miles of Coart Sfoar. Inasireo
J. at. CTHAPWtCK
jfisaahis LasBd fbiace.
sDlJ Oatssrito Pane nhir
A LOT OP SHX.VV aa MnaaaHa start. Jaot
North af Beat street, Th 1st haa dwobttu
duLbonee apoa it, sattaeta tor a isaiB faaim. For
f urttwr parttcaiars, laratre ef JOHN HtiWN.
GOLD PEXS! Mortoa'sl
SOU) P&fS! Bssieyr
wM.i raass! Napa's
GOU IWS ! Satcrier Point t
COUIMtXSI Short Xiao;
TOLD rJt LoBfcXiba;
COLD PKXSI Satall Sdas;
SOU faWS I Xcdiaat Stat;
SOLD FsOTS I Large 3ise;
(SOLD FCNSl Xamsaoth:
GOLD PS.VS! Sateoth aad Basr '
COLD I'KN'S 1 narraaa-d Poiaaai
J. at. JtBHKlMAX OO.
THInBLES! From No. 1 so No. ri;.
THIMBLES ! Oped aad Closed Tap;
inm D1.E.A : All wrrer,
TlilVBLaB! Steel Top;
THIMBLBSI fild Brabossed;
TIHltBLRS! Cbss'd and IHaia.
Aa excellent assortsaeat of tha ahaoa
found at oar store, aad esaocteBy at thai Nan.'
cs J. X. HMKSUCxN'&tW
WE hare for sate a few of thesa carts as sastiatseats,
whKh, by tha eBUtotr aood Briaciateaa? ihrir- r..
UoB. cotapleUiy pesale alike the jbilniinpati aad ths
nbtatnkln: no oae haayrt beea able te arm ant r iki
cause uf the BMtlos exbibltod by thesa Jokers, wlisch
seems to aet the law of eraTttAiion iIumW, i a...
Yon bare doabtleiM witueesed spiritsM BtaaifestatioBS
aad Dozsled eoar bralas to aoeoant tar the ti
here is ;oanthag eqaalty mystenoas oa which yoa ma
study a vainly te naderaaaad tha Caase uia tha knlu
ct at Sairttaallem. If jsm do aot beMero, eoaao aa4
see for yoarselrrs andow win ackaswieAm that it U th
most mysierioiu . dTtaipraent of BMCsnaieal laws yes.
hare ever seen or,neaiotofv
tfetSI X. E. JIbSERIVAN- & no.
BR0CAT-LLlC"arWDLar5, Bacnuko. Lacs Cor
taats. Gift Corneas, Basab, Tassols, WalowSbak,
owew ia every variety ot Battamaad taaar. Cat
mHaad put up In the moat aapnTtd aaaner and
oHnanhu, & co,