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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, May 15, 1857, Image 2

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It -liTH
TOILY apjpeal,
MAY 15, 1857
Democratic Xoralflations.
Of Shelby.
Of Tipton.
Ia .view of the importance of a general at
tendance of the Democracy of Shelby, at their
County Convention oa Monday next, we would
take this occasion to urge our friends generally
to turn eat on that occasion and by their prea
ence and counsel aid in the selection of men of
their choice to represent them in the Ltgisla
tore. The present is a most important crisis
in the history of parties in Tennessee, and not
oaly oar best but our strongest and most popu
lar men should be called on to take the lead
and secHre a lasting victory to our cause. Th
legislation of the next session of the Legisla
tare will also be of a most important ami in
teresiiag character, thus imposing upon the
people the necessity of acting -.nth judgment
in the selection of their Representatives.
We trost that there -will be a general turn-out
of the Democracy at this Convention.
The Xttow-Kething Conventions which as
setaMfed ac Soaerville yesterday put in nemina
tM the following gentlemen : William H
Stemeks, of Madison county, for Congress
A."H. Dwjslass, of Shelby, for Senator from
Tayette asd Shelby; and R. F. Loo.vey,
Shelby, for jefttt Representative from Tipton,
Payette and Shelby.
Mr. Stephens H a gesMeaan of fine talents,
asd a asost bitter, unrelenting and uncompro
BiisiSE hater of Democracy, fully coming up
to the present "American aad Whig '-' standard
of hostility to the "common enemy" against
-whom it is almost a religion for its opponents
to-war. Mr Stephens was the nominee of
the Whig party for Congress in 1S55, but ile
eHswd the nomination to prevent division in bis
camp, a poo the signal being made of .dissatis
faction by a distinguished citizen of Fayette
'cetsstj. The Democracy fully believe that
-.wttk Wm. T. Avert, they can elect Mr.
"Stephens to enjoy the Bweets of private life,
aod to " pray' for Rome " on his farm in
It wilt be seen from Mr. EcDER's'card that
fee Is cBstraioed to decline the very flattering
HoaiisatieR for Mayor which was tendered to
Mm .by the citizen's meeting on Wednesday
evening. While we regret this determination,
oa the part of a gentleman who would have
made the city ao able and efficient Executive
c fliccr and whose election we believe would
-have feilewed spm the nomination, it is due
to Mr Elder to state that his name was used
agaisst Ms consent.
It bebooves the friends of an independent
swKioation to look around them and select
eseae efficient, worthy and capable man to oc
csspy ttee poaiti&n. There are m2ny such in the
cljy, and it earely cannot be a difficult matter
-t prevail upon such a one to accept the post.
There is bo time to loose, however, and we
weedd, therefore, be glad to see prompt and en
ergetic actios. Let the proper steps to secure
a candidate be taken immediately.
A subscriber writing from Camden, complains
that his paper is received so irregularly that
sMcfa of its interest is lost Frequently it fails
iA reach him at all, and never in due season,
i" These constant complaints are not only vexa
., tiexs, bnt the fact that they can be justly made
is Tery prejudicial to our interests as newe
ffeper o. Oar subscriber threatens to stop
,TJts paper, unless it can be coaveyed to him
&$Me regalariy, and we certainly could make
0 ebjectioB if be did; The fault is not ours.
' 'lt Is that of the Post Office officials.
- Bj-we-by, it may be said with confidence
that ia respect to its reliame mail facilities,
-v Arkaasas is Eaore neglected than any State of
which we have any knowledge; and no class
of men suffer more from this neglect than pro
prieters of newspapers. We are aware that
the present Post Master General ia not respon
alble for this State of affairs. It existed before
he went into office ; but can we not ask, with
the utmost eon6dea.ee, for a speedy application
t the proper remedy ? The people of the valley
of the Mississippi, whose necessities are well
Icaewnfto him. were much gratified at,
lection by the new President, because they had
an abiding confidence tbattheirinterests wcpld
respected and attended to -by him. Ve
hpe and believe that be will verify the
Sdeace reposed in him, by overhauling the
f ' wbeie postal system of this section and making
auch amendments as our necessities require.
Col. Aveky is not only acceptable in the
highest degree of the people to this .District,
. bt it is zaaLifest frt m the following that his
. -'npsaination has given satisfaction to our friends
Woherlocalities :
w W. T- Avekt of Memphis. The numerous
t -ji8Konal friends .of the above named gentleman,
-IB mis vicmn, "ill oc iuuiicu tu icaui ui3
f ' Ife ba recsived the nomination for Congress in
'- r Ms4tcict. Col. Aveo' s one of those Old
Ltne Whigs who, while the oldWhig party had
a name to livej stood py fts 'flag, although that
flag had been, torn to ribbons in the many fierce
battles against the Democracy through which
" .it had. been borne by the gallant leaders of the
Whlg-fercee. But when a midnight order came
LA by stealth, and enveloped the great body of his
jsgr'pariyjJjLiir jdatk. mantle of mystery, under
t-wifrraoniott'tfeaspn to me constitution, he
S-vefristytpJoiioviintb trainpf the captor; and
. T turhing.-scor'kfjiJJy and- contemptuously away
iSrfroniiiSSproffered embraces of the vile prosti-
'SiS.cSvf? - .: I n V. ..: :
scgtQ aimseiinuer me democratic ban
ivrekTin tobe' revenged UDontheeleatrnrrr
. of nis arst love, ana most truy nas tie been
reveoeed. as the broken lances of those Kuow
. jyotb& knights whom he met and overcame on
"v -miny a battle field, amply testify. In the nom
''iriaUoc of Col. Avefy, the Dembcracy of his
Ct, ""district have testified, in a befitting manner,
j. itieir appreciation oi iuo vtiuiuic aiu mey re
s celve from the Old-Line Whigs In their late
fiercely contested battles with the enemies of
the Constitution. We heartily congratulate
both him and them upon the occasion. With
sach a gallant leader their success is certain
tJioVty SpringM Democrat.
' We copy the following from the Nash
vllle Union, of Tuesday:
Andrew .wxkg for congress We re
ceived a telegraphic dispatch from a friend In
'Clarksville last night, informing us that the
Democratic Convention which met at that
place yesterday, nominated the Hon. Andrew
.41 Ewing as oar candidate for Congress in this
The same dispatch informs us that Racdle
W. MacGavock, Esq., was nominated by the
convention of delegates from the counties of
Davidsn, Robertson and Montgomery, as the
Democratic candidate to represent mose coun
fe ties in the lower branch of the next Legis-
vSTrtie Cenainrtal rnnrMiftnn Tmmlnafe1 Wm
A3r'aartes, Esq., as the'Democratic candidate
&- ;ior aenaier iruuj uie cuuhucb oi iiuuerjsoD,
n 'Msntgomery and Stewart.
. . We trust taat Mr. Jawing will not decline a
, nomination so unanimously tendered him.
Messrs. Quarles and MacGavock will be high
ly acceptable totheir ptrty, infusing new
energy and coefjdenxe in the coptet -before
them. '"
The Aaeaisd Dallai-CUraodon Treaty Action
cf th United States Ecnatb. '
From the iAnloaPost, AprUJSl
The American newspapers, which appear to
possess Borne extraordinary mean? of fathom
ingttie mysteries or diplomacy, nave recently
nublished the amended version of the Dallas-
Clarendon treate. The object of that -treaty,
it is well known, was to settle in a friendly
manner the-various qaestions wnicH nave arisen
between the two countries relative to central
America. The American Minister at the Court
of St. James applied himself to the task In a
most considerate and conciliatory spirit, and
the treaty, as uriginally prepared, was credita
ble to the moderation and justice ol bom con
tracting parties. But the Senate of the Uni
ted States possesses the power of confirming,
reieclim:. or altering treaties, and mis power
(if we are to accept the version of our cotem
poraries) appears to have been exercised by
tbat body in a spirit not altogether so friendly
to this country as we iu tngland nave a rigut
to expect. The general scheme of the treaty
was to settle the boundaries of the States
of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, to set apart
a territory for the Mosquito Indians, and to
provide for me appointment oi commissioneia
of the treatv into ef-
rrK Hr article three the Mosquito Indians
within the teiritory limited to them were to be
empowered to make laws and to exercise the
ordinary powers of government with respect
to all persons wHhin the same, or " to such
persons who had connected themselves with
Th. Senate have introduced words which
qualify the clausby excluding Britieh influ
enri. .i nroision which seems to be unnccessa
rr?r,A fmnolite when the lone: connection which
has subsisted between England and the King of
Mosquito is considered. Next, the clause
whicb proposed to confirm all bona fide grants
made ty the government of Mosquito of lands
"heretofore possessed by the said Indians and
lying beyond the limits of tbo prescribed terri
tory." is struck out, and also the article by
which Great Britain and the United Stales
were to bind themselves in case the republics
of Nicaragua and Costa Rica should refuse to
accept the arrangements mane oy me treaty
not to propose nor consent ta any other arrange
ments more favorable to the refusing party or
parties. These alterations may not be very
Important in themselves ; but they nevertheless
-. 1 - , i .
EtlOW ms careiui ana ueuuciaie uiauuzi m
which the Senate has endeavored to counteract
British influence, not only in the Mosquito ter
ritory, but in Central America generally. In
the senerate articles which follow the treaty
an alteration has been made which will permit
the extension of slavery to the Bay islands, a
colony which great Britain, by a recent con
vention, nas ceded totne repuonc oi iionuuras.
The clause, as it originally stood, was, that
the Islands and their inhabitants ot uuatap
Sic., situated in the Bay of Honduras, having
by a convention dated in 1S5S, been constituted
and declared a free territory under the public
of Honduras, "the two contracting parties
mutually engage to recognize and respecK-in
all future time, the independence and rights of
the said free territory as part cf the republic
or Honduras."
The convention between England and Hon
duras expressly declared that slavery should
never exist in the " said free territory." The
Senate, however, has introduced words which
provide that the governments of England and
the united states may recognize the sovereign'
ty of the Bay Islands in Honduras without be
ing bound by the express condition of the con
vention-wbich prohibits slavery in those islands.
No one can be surprised thatVhen the Supreme
.court of me United states solemnly pronoun
es a decision which proclaims that no free
man of color can be a citizen of the American
Republic, the Senate should endeavor, by every
ingenious artifice, to promote the extension of
Slavery in a region bu icibdic inu su msigniu
cant as the Bay islands territory. It rests
with the government of England to determine
whether it will permit the so emu engagement
into which it has entered with Honduras to be
ignored at the dictation of the Senate.
It would in reality seem that the South has
embarked in a career which must ere IoEg be
fatal to the permanency of the Union. The
decision of the Supreme 'Court altogether ig
nores, not only'' the articles of confederation,
bat the constitution of all the Northern States.
In" Massaehosetts t has been decided that all
persons of color descended from African slaves,
by the Constitution of 1780 were mae citizens
of the State, and that such of tbem as haye
bad the necessary qualifications have held and
exercised the elective franchise from that time
to the present. The same principle has been
acted upon in New York, New Hampshire,
Rhode Island and New Jersey.
What position will the free colored popula
tion in those States bold for the future 1 They
must either remain outlaws, paying taxes, but
invested with no political rights, or pass over
to Canada, where, under English laws, they
will enjoy ample protection and ample free
dom. dt is truly melancholy to witness the
Judiciary and Senate of a great nation influ
enced by a chronic policy which must degrade
the name of republic in the eyes of every
Christian people. It may be admitted that
slavery is a curse, an involuntary legacy, a
damnoia heredilat, which the Southern States
cannot readily remove or easily get rid of; but
that they should endeavor to extend the system
into the free North, and endeavor to introduce,
it into a few islands on the coast of Central
America, most afford -matter .of deep and last
ing regret to everj- one who wishs well to the
United States themselves. Before the Decla
ration of Independence the free black possessed
the rights of a British subject; but under'a re
public, however useful he may be as a member
of society, he-is consigned to political slavery
to hopeless atra abject political degredation.
This contrast cannot fail to be9uggestive.as
well as instructive.
Flagrant Violation, of the Central
Frem the Aosasta CeastitationzHit, Uajr 6
By an express provision of the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty of 18o0, England agreed not to oc
cupy, colonize or lortity, any portion of the
territory of the Central American 'States; but
comioueu, notwiiusianuipg tiiia express
treaty stipulation, to exercise rights of sover
eignty in the Bay Islands, and to assert a right
of protectorate over the Musquito Territory.
The Government of this country protested
against the interpretation of the treaty by which
England thus retained the foothold she bad ac-.
quired in Central America, and after months
of discussion the points in controversy between
the two countries in reference' to the Clayton
Bulwer treaty and the affairs of Central Amer
ica genarally, were settled by the negotiation
of a new treaty. In the meantime, before this
latter treaiy was signed, a treaty was entered
into bettveen England and th'e Republic of Hon
duras, by which the Bay Islands were declared
to be a part ot the territory of Honduras, and
were erected into a free territory under the
sovereignty of that RepubIicMifo government
of England engaging to jecognizeand respect
its independence. ' This treaty was exhibited,
during the negotiations between Lord Claren
don and Mr. Dallas, as conclusive evidence
that England had determined finally and for
ever to abandon all pretentions to the rights of
sovereignty, and to desist from the exercise of
f uch rights in every portion of Central America.
The assertion and exercise of rights of sover
eignty by Great Britain, in Central America,
was the great point in dispute between her and
the United States, and her abandonment of these
rights was the great inducement for the nego
tiation and final ratification by the Senate of
the Dallas-Clarendon treaty her Convention
with Honduras, having been made by separate
articles, a part of that treaty ''with the same
force and validity as if it had been inserted
word for word" in it. The following are the
articles of the Dallas-Clarendon treaty by
which England pledged her faith to the United
States, to observe, in good faith, the treaty stip
ulations witn tne itepuouc ot Honduras:
"Art. 2. That the islands and their inhabit
ants of Ruatan, Bona coa, Utila, Barbarett, He
Una and Moral, situated in the Bay of Hondu
ras, and known as the Bay Islands, having been
by a Convention bearing date the day of
icwu, ueiweeu uer uciutiiic iuajesiy and
the Republic of Honduras, constituted and de
clared a free territory under the sovereignty of
the said Republic of Honduras; the two con
tracting parties do hereby mutually engage to"
recognize and respect in an tuture time the in
dependence and rights of the said free territory
as a part of the Republic of Honduras.
" Art. 3. The present separate article shall
have the same force and validity as if they
. J l 1 , 7 1 L . .
had been lnsertea, wora tor worn, in cue treaty
between her Britanic Majesty and the -United
States of America, signed this day."
There is no ambiguity in the language of
these articles. By them England birfds herself
to the United States, as she had previously
bound herself to the Republic of Honduras.
" to recognize and respect in all future time the
indevendence and mhU of tne said free territory
as a part of Oie Republic of Honduras." In all
the discussions unon the treaty in this countrc.
!in the Senate and in the public press, it was
claimed by mose. advocating us ratification,
that under this stipulation, England would
abandon the Bay Islands and all control over
tbem, and such would have been the necessary
A result of a fair construction and honest obser- i
vanee of the treaty, by that Government, The J
Intelligence contained in the following letter to
the New York Herald, dated Belize, Honduras,
April 1, 1857, shows bow little reliance can be
placed in the fidelity of England to her treaty
obligations, and fully justifies the opposition
n this country to the ratification of the Dallas
H. Clarendon treaty! v "
" Since my last,Mr. Stevenson, her Majes-.
ty's, late superintendent of the British settle
ment in- Honduras, nas lerc unuer ui rao
favorable circumstances. Mr. Seymour, his
successor, arrived in the Brilisn brig or war
Arab, a few days'ago. He arrived late m me
day. came asbore ouietiy. -anu went io iue
Kovernment house, rne next morning ne em
on board, and left officially, under a saiute
from the brir. and another from Fort Georg
At twelve o'clock that day he was sworn into
office by the acting Chief Justice, supported
by all the assistant Judges, surrounded by the
iioard of iiaeistrates, an oi mc (mum. um-
eers, and a very large attendance or our cm
T.n all of'our merchants Tespects
ble and influential inhabitants. The next day
he embarked on board of the brig Arab, and
nren Anvch in Rn.itan. xchtre he wasiworn tnio
the office of Lieutenant Governor of the colony
of the Bav Iilandt. On his return hereb.e was
aluted. and entered on his duties as bu
perintendent of the settlement. His visit to
Ruatan .lon't seem to fat or the giving up those
Islands to Honduras.
It i.i not necessary to amplify upon this con
duct of the British Government, in Tiolding the
nay Islands and exercising control over tbem
as a uritisn coiony, auer Boienum guaiaiiicc
ing their independence, and formally recogni
zmg'thsra as a part of the territory of Honda
ras. Itia an open, plain, flagrant, and insult
ins violation of the Dallas-Clarendon treaty.
The question now is what will the government
of the United States do? Will it submit with
a patient shrug, to this infraction of me treaty
ami to the manifest policy of England of which
it is but a part, to obtain a controling influence
in the Slates ef Central America? Will it
permit England to hold the Bay Islands only
thirty or forty miles from the coast of Hondu
ras and fortify herself in this position where
she can control the transit route across tne
Isthmus, and eflectuallycheck the growing
influence of the United States in Central Amer-
ICS, VI Will IbdUlugaiC LU6 tiatj, t.iwu &
land interprets to Justify her usurpations? If
our government acquiesces in the British inter
pretation of the Dallas-Clarendon treaty, by
which it retains the Bay Islands and exercises
sovereientv over tbem. that treaty is even more
or will it abrogate the treaty, which bng-
objectionable than the Clayton-Bulwer Conven
tion, the blunders of which it pretended to
coirect. Neither of these treaties ought ever
to have been ratified both were blunders as
great as. any ever committed in our diplomacy,
and we shall be rejoiced, if the Dallas-Clarendon
treaty is defeated as the Clayton-Bulwer
was. and practically annulled, by an irrecon
citable difference between the parties to it,
unon its construction.
Since the above was in type, we hav re
ceived by telegraph the gratifying intelligence
that Encland has rejected the Dallas-Claren
don treaty as amended by the Senate of the
United States. She, it would seem, has bedli
taking time by the forelock, in sending a new
Lieutenant Governor to her colony of the Bay
Islands. Her Convention with Honduras still.
exists in unimpaired force, and her occupation
of the Bay Islands; as a British colony even
if the Dallas-Clarendon treaty is rejected, is a.
flagrant violation of her treaty stipulations
with that Republic.
ThaHational Hotel Halady.
From the Washington States.
The New York Academy of Medicine held
its regular meeting on the .evening -of the, Gth
inst, in the chapel of the University, and -a
la"rge attendance was present.
Dr. Mott informed the meeting that Dr.
Wynne, from Baltimore, was present, who
wpuld communicate certain interesting infor
mation tdthe Academy concerning the sickness
at thn National Hotel, Washington. He (Dr.
.M.) felt great interest in the subject, and -was
verydesiroiia to hear Dr. Wynne. He was
gure'-all the members entertained the same
feeling. He was not at all satisfied with the
repdrts and explanations that bad beretofore
been offered. We at distance hardly knew
what judgment to form, upon this interesting
subject. Facts and 'information, therefore.
would be very acceptable, by which they might
come to some definite conclusion.
Dr. Wynne was c6rdially received by Ihe
Academy, and occupied their 'attention for
nearly an hour, in first briefly detailing the
facts as they have alreacy been stated by the
press, and then upon those deduced a theory
referring the cause of the disease to life offen
sive effluvia arising from the sewer, and also
the bad ventilation to which the house was
subjected', especially in cold weather. Several
examples given by Dr. Wynne, from medical
history, proved that precisely such a disease
has often been produced in establishments, hos
pitals, armies, &.c, from putrid effluvia. He
stated that Dr. C. T. Jackson, of Boston, who
was at Washington during the prevalence of
the disease, very justly remarks tht "no
chemical qr reliable medical evidence ;bas yet
been adduced to prove that any of the persons
who were sick with this disease had taken
poison of any kiid into their stomachs." Now
the question arises, can disease, .presenting
the. characteristics of. the one just Tlescrlbed,
be produced by putrid exhalations arfsing.from
deficient ventilation? If 8oJwithout thejlab
duction of new evidence, the endemic must be
attributed to this cause. " '
Doctor, afterwards Sir John Pringle, the
President of the Royal Society, than whom no
man of his day was a more acute observer, in
his observations on the diseases of the English'
troops in Flanders, says that whenever the
marBU, near which the arm' was station,
was foul with animal impurities," thesoldier'a
were invariably seized with bowel TrriVition,
amounting even to dysentery. This observa
tion made by this, distinguished army surgeon,
has been corroborated by the experience of
every one having the medical care of bodies of
garrisoned or field troops since his day. The
experience of our own army in Florida, and
more recently in Mexico, shoVs the great
prevalence and malignity of bowel affections
among those who are subjected to putrid exha
lations. Nor is this confined to those who are
confined to the wretched nnarter nf fhe nnl.
diers of an army in the lime of war, offo the
ill-ventilated apartments of, the more wretched
i i r. i i i . i ...
in populous luwiis, oui uuen invauea uicliuxu
rious dwellings of the more opulent classes.
Dr. Rigby, in his' evidence before the health
of towns commission, says mat be .has often
been enabled to detect, by the senseof smell,
the poisonous exhalations from sewers in the
more fashionable parts of London. He cor si-
ders the sense of smell as very important to
physician. A crafty nurse, says he, may hide
much from the eye, but she can conceal but
little from the nose of a medical man who is
atall experienced in these matters. He is
clear in attributing an attack of puerperal
fever which seized the inmates of the Lying-in
Hospital under his charge to defective sewer
age and ventilation. Dr. Dray, cf King's Col
lege, is equaiiy positive in tracing consumption
to the same cause, and Dr. Southwo'od Smith
bears ample testimony of its power to produce
There are instances in whlch.tbe attacks
from this cause assume each one or the other
of these forms, and others in which two or
more are conjoined. This was especially the
case in the Croydon epidemic which occurred
. . n .- . r r i ....
in iodz. mr. uranger, wno was Bent by the
iioard of Health to investigate the cause of
the outbreak, and who, among other like
causes, attributed the epidemic to the aflluvia
which escaped from the gully-boles of the old
sewers, says: Besides the attacks of fever,
there was a large amount of diarrhea. Mr.
Thompson had fifty cases in his practice, all
eviaentiy attributable to and lor.mng a part or
the epidemic. In the Croydon epidemic, a
leading characteristic of ail the cases of fever
was diarrhea, and Dr. Granger savs that, in
this outbreak, gastric disturbance, traceable
to putrid iffiuvia. was uniformly present. A;
case, nearly allied to this, is that quoted by'
: ui- I. n
iuiisiisuii, in uib ttuiK on poisons, or me
school at Clapbam.
- ' ' f
Future of Memphis. The Little Rock
Gazette, of the 9th inst., has the following
" They had a glorious time of it at Mem
phis on the 1st and 2d inst. 30,000 people
were in attendance. Some magnificent speeches
Mayor Miles, of Charleston, made one of
the best of the season. It was a proud day
ior mcmpnis sue is last becoming the city
that wise heads predicted years ago she would
be. It was only lat evening, we were reading
uiai most reauaoie or dooks, wdicp can be
read and re-read with interest Mrs. Mowatt's
autobiography, when we came across her trip
from Orleans with the immortal Clay ; and bis
prediction to her of the future of Memphis, as
they passed there, are being rapidly fulfilled.
Our railroad between that city and this, is
bound to be built now the right sort of spirit
is abroad, and the right sort of men are en
gaged in it."
The same paper has the iollowicg in refer
ence to the crops:
" We"are gratified to learn from several gen
tlemen from various portions of the north and
western part of this -State, that although the
hard freeze in April injured the crops of wheat,
theybelieve a full half crop will be made. Un
til that dreadful spelfof weather, the prospect
never before was so good for a heavy crop."
g" A correspondent writes to us :
To Prevent Mursaix in Cattle. Keep
the trough in which .you feed -well supplied
with salt, -sulphur, ashes, and copperas, well
mixed, and you will find your cattle free from
blind Btaggers and murrain.
From thf IxulM-lUe Courts'.
The election in this State In Ati'rnni next is
of the utmost importance, as it will decide the
political complexion ot the Mate for years to
come. The great victory achieved by the De
mocracy and Old-Line' Whigs in November is
calculated to produce too much confidence in
their ranks, and it behooves them to buckle on
their armor for a gallant fight, and by another
victory yet more overwhelming crush out the
last vestige of the miserable party that still
curses the Commonwealth.
Members for the Legislature are to be
elected, and by them a United States Senator
to succeed the Hon. John B. Thompson, a pub
lie printer, cc. j state treasurer and ten con-
fressmen are also to be chosen by the people,
f the Democracy work with vigor and hearty
good will there Is no question of their obtain
ing a handsome majority in the Legislature,
even against tne snametui political gerryman
dering of the State by the Know-Nothings. For
State Treasurer, Mr. Garrard will be elected
by a large majority over Jones, the Know-
INotbing candidate.
The delegation in the last Congress stood
six Know-Nothlngs to four Democrats. The
next delegation is likely to be at the worst
seven Democrats to three Know-Nothlngs, but
we nave goon grounds ror hoping lor a better
result than this.
In the first district the Hon. Henry C. Bur
nett has been' nominated by the J)emocratic
party for re-election. No person has been an
nounced as the opposition candidate. He will
be returned by several thousand majority.
In the second district Dr. Samuel 0. Peyton,
Democrat, and James L. Johnson, Fillmore
Whig, are the candidates. TheJatter is under
stood to be put for.yird as their "champion by
the Know-Nothings, which will give him too
much dead weight to carry, strong as he is
conceded to be. Mr. Johnson has served in
Congress, and is a respectable, clever gentle
man, although in very bad company just now.
The district Is very clote, but we feel entire
confidence that Peyton will be returned by a
handsome and decisive majority.
In the third district Warren L. Underwood.
JCnow-Nothing, is a' candidate for re-election.
it is stated mat -it u. Howling, of Logan, of
kiudrid politics, has declared himself a candi
date. A convention of thaqparty will have to
settle the matter between tbS'aspirants. The
district has been largely KnowNotbing, but
an .efficient organization and bard work may
even carry it for the Democracy. It certainly
is worthy the effort which, we doubt not, will
be made to redeem it.
In the fourth district, as we have already an
nounced, the Hon. Albert G. Tatbutt has been
nominated in convention for re-election by the
Democracy. W. C. Anderson, of Boyle, is
said to be the opposition candidate. Mr. Tal-
bott made a gallant and glorious race in 1855.
He will do better now, and be returned by a
large majority. No man in the district can
come within a thousand votes of him
In the fifth district the Hon. J. H. Jewett,
dtf emocrat, the late member, is a candidate for
'Re-election. The district is largely democratic,
or, rather, largely opposed to know-noihingism,
and he win nave no set ious opposition.
In the sixth district the Hon. John M. Elli
ott. -democrat, will probably be the candidate
for re-election, although it is stated that the
claims of other aspirants will require a con
vention to harmonize the part-.. Judge JGreen,
Adams is spoUenof as the opposing candidate.
A democrat will be returned from the district
by a large majority.
In this, the seventh district, the democrats
have called a convention at La Grange on May
30tb. to nominate a candidate. The know
nothings will hold a convention a the sajne
place on the 27th of May. Humphrey Mar
shall, of course, will be the know-nothing
candidate, though there are. several others,
among them on; of the editors of theVournal,
who would like the place. He walks rough-
shod, over them, however, and none of tbem
'dare resent bis haughty and dictatorial assump
tion. Tie district gave over 2,500 majority for
it t . l. V o e . ; . - f i
tne xnow-noiuins in iojj. ma uaraiy neces
sary to recur to the fact that the bloody victory
was principally won by a lawless mob tramp
ling down all law and order and justice. There
is a majority against the, know-nothings in the
district,- if a Jair expression of sentiment is
given. We hope to see it done in August
In the eighth district the know-nothings hold
a convention in Lexington, on May 11th, to
select their champion. Roger W. Hanson and
Alexander K. Marshall, the late member, are
both working powerfully for the nomination.
The friends of each one of the aspirants are,
! . 1 I . t t U . 1 ...
oi course, cuuuuent ujai ue win oe successiui.
Pope Swigert, and the Ijrankfort clique are
working earnestly against Hanson. Richard
Johnson, of Scott, ,and S. F. J. Trabue, of
Franklin, have been spoken of as candidates
to oppose the know-nothings. The district
gave a majority for Fillmore, but thedemocrats
have strong hopes of carrying it in August."
In the ninth district the opposing candidates
are Hon. L. M. Cox, know-nothing, the late
member, and Hon. John C. Mason, democrat,
who was in Congress several years since.
Ma'son will beat him beyond ques'ion. The
district gave Bucbanan-.a large majority.
In the tenth-.distnct the democrats bave.-nom-
inaled John W. Stevenson, one"bf the very
ablest men in the State. He' will be elected by
a large majority, although the district was last
represented by a know-iiotmng. mat party
Has made no nominations as yet.
Correspondence of the Ba!:lm;rSan.
Wasuingtox, May-8, 1857.
New Granada evidently relied upon foreign
support in a conuict witn tne United States
when ehe so insolently .refuse;Ireparation for
past injuries, and reasserted what she bad once
renounced, a right to impose a. tax on the mails
of the United States and a discretionary duty
on American tonnage. The "Picayune" says
"we shall probably learn before long by what
advice, under what influence, and with what
promises, they have been encouraged to take
this extreme position." It is suggested that
they listened to the evil counsels of the Brit
ish consul, Mr. Perry:' but this hardly accounts
a .i t 11 . in. . r
ior ji, unless-.upon t,ue supposition -mac Mr.
Perry was-authorized by bis government to ex
cite a diffie'u'ty between the United States a'nd
New Granada. That is a point upon which
we are yet to be advised.
It waB made known to the United States gov
ernment about six weeks ago that the British
government bad advised iew liranada to pur
sue a conciliatory course, and bad given her to
understand that she had assumed a wrong po
sition towards tbe United States, in which she
could not be sustained. But we have recently
seen that there is a -.great difference between
i'aimerston before and falmerston after
nonular triumnh. What would have been his
policy towards this country a month before the
election and what it may be a month after it
are two very different things. But so far as
this government is at present advised, neither
England nor trance is disposed to countenance
New Granada in the attitude which she has
Mr. Bowlin was instructed to withdraw if
he could -obtain no redress, and is soon to be
here, as well as Mr. Morse. No negotiation
will probably be again tendered by the United
States; but our government will content itself
merely by providing, within the limits of tbe
existing treaty, for the security-and protection
of the transit. It is hoped that' the time- will
soon come when American commerce and tra
vel will have no further occasion for the use of
a route through this miserable country. The
Nicaragua route must be in a short time re
opened, and tms government must provide for
the opening of the Tehuantepec route. Not
many years will elapse before British and
American enterprise will establish the Hondu
ras route, and under circumstances which will
forbid its,mterruption from any cause. Ion.
. - -
i A High Toned Family Paper. It is nleas
ing to observe that the New York Ledger, while
it uevotes a targe portion ot us space to the
publication of original novelettes, is very care
ful to exclude everything of an .objectionable
nature trom us columns. Dir. iionner aims to
secure the best talent in the country. His la
test acquisition is Geo. J). Prentice, Esq., of
the Louisville Journal. Mr. Prentice is .en
gaged to edit the humorous department of the
ledger, ini.wiii not interfere witn his rela
tions wuu uis own journal, witu wuicn ne etui
retains his connection as heretofore. " We mere
ly refer to this matter as an indication of the
perseverance and enterprise of the Ledger man
in secureing eminent talent for his paper. Bos
ton Journal.
Hon. Robert J. Walker. We understand
that Governor Walker, who is now in this city,
will leave direct for Kansas on Monday even-
inrr navf r i 4 K f n (it it I n tr mfirninnf Tt ? a tita
intention to take tbe oath of "office in this city
before starting.
The official and nrivate disnatches which have
recently been received in this city from Kansas
are of a chracter not only to remove all appre
hensions founded upon the exaggerated reports
which appear, from time to time, in the eastern
journals, but to warrant tbe hope that the peo
ple ot itaqsas are aoout to consult tneir own
interests by turning a deaf eaf to mischievous
outside appeals, and by extending a generous
support to iheir new governor in his endeavors
to restore unity and harmony in a Territory
still unsettled by the divisions of sectionalism
and tbeAgitations or political fanatics. Wash
ington Union, May 9. .
g" The Augnsta Dispatch, states thatsTeven
cf the grand jurors of the last term of the' Su
preme Court of Newton county, have-died
since the adjournment of the-Court;
nmnn ti nm rurirmn
Warnino to' those who visit Mahriage-
able Giels. A case of breach or promise
of marriage has recently been tried at Roches
ter, la which the following Js given as the sub
stance of the Judge's charge to the Jury :
The Judee charged that it was not necessary
to maintain the existence of a promise of mar
riage to prove that defendant in express words
or terms made a promise to piaintiu. Any
circumstances which usually accompany par
ties while holding the relation of an engage
ment In marriage might properly be laid before
a iurv. and If sufficient to warrant the opinion
that such an engagement existed, it waB all the
law reouired. It is not necessary that there
should be a promise of marriage In direct phra
seology no formal promise is required. Fre
quent visits of the paitles retiring from the
society of others seeking to be apart by them
selves expressions of attachment walks and
occasional remarks in hearing of others, are
circumstances usually relied upon to prove that
a marriage engagement exists, and if such are
strong enough to produce conviction upon the
mind, they are all that is necessary to answer
tie law.
It Is hardly necessary to state how eaBy un
der this ruling of the court, it is to establish a
contract of marriage. . Words are not neces
sary; anyactsof behavior which might induce
others to think that two persons are-engaged
to be married, will raise the presumption that
a contract exists.
An ElopemeHt Extraordinary. Our
city was thrown into a feverish and excited
condition yesterday 'morning, by the announce
ment that a prominent member of our City
council a married man nau suddenly de
parted this section of the country, accompa
nied bv a beautitui, gay, anu aasnmg young
widow. Rumor, with its thousand busy
tongues, gave vent to its feelings, and, after a
careful investigation of the matter, we have
arrived at the conclusion that Madame Rumor
has not far deviated from the truth.
The --Don Juan" of the story is a young
man of considerable acquirements, engaged in
the wholesale liquor trade, and one of our
city Solons.
Although not taking a very active part
among our sages, be bas been looked up to as
" Sir Oracle" ' on many occasions, and has
been considered a cautious, firm, determined.
and positive diplomatist, whicb is fully sua
Btantiated by his last diplomatic act. Our
"Don," as we before said, is a married man.
and the father of a small family. His wife is
the sister-in-law of the frail widow. The
partner of "Don" in his expedition to foreign
climes is the daughter of a most worthy and
estimable steamboat captain, a gentleman of
considerable wealth. Her late husband was
the brother of her seducer's wife. After th
death of her husband who was engaged
the wholesale" liquor business, in partnership
with ner brother " jJon " became a partuer l
the firm, where an intimacy sprung up in their
business relations whicb resulted as above
stated. The parties left the city on Friday
evening, and it is supposed are now en route
for Lurotie via Jlew iort. Telegraphic dls
patches have been sent East ordering their
arrest, and daguerreotypes ot both transmitted
to the New 'York- authorities. The affair Is
one-of a most distressing character, involvin
the happiness of several families, and causin
the deepest anguish among the friends, and
;f II.. -I "? it.-
acquaintances ui uio eiupiag panics. oin
Interview Of the British Minister with
the President. The Washington correspond
entof the Philadelphia American writes
-Lord Napier bad a formal interview with the
President on Wednesday, which lasted nearly
two hours, in reference to the JJallas-Ularen
don treaty. He read Lord Clarendon's dispatch
to him on the subject, mat dispatch sets forth
that the exclusive ground for rejecting the
treaty'by the Britieh governmentus the non-con-,
firmatiou of the convention between Honduras
and Great Britain. AiUhe other amendments
made by the Senate, except that qualify ing'the
article in regard to Honduras, were accented in
their entirety and without reservation by the
British cabinet. There is, therefore, no mis
understanding as to the alleged or real point of
difficulty, x
Lord Napier endeavored with much earnest
ness, to impress the President with the belief
that-no other than friendly feelings were enter
tained towards the administration of the coun
try bj- the Ministry, and citecTexpressions from
Lord Clarendon's dispatch as justifying this
language. In conclusion, he proposed to insti
tute a new negotiation, founded-upon the con
ditional acquiescence of Honduras. This sug
gestion was properly and promptly declined by
the President, and -
mere me matter rests
the present.
England and China Lord Elgin's In
structions British Ultimatum Chines tjPrc
pafations for Defense The instructions of the
British Government to Lord Elgin, the newly
appointed envoy to China, are represented in
foreign papers to be as follows: To provide
fOtjthe establishment of a college at Pekin for
the'-ingtrctfbn of British yoith in the lan
guage, customs andypolicy of China ; to secure
the opening of eight ports, instead of five, for
consular reiidencea.and commerce; to obtain
tie right of hunting anywhere on the coast, for
the purpose of repairing or reptting Vessels ;
and the right of establishing forts at Canton,
at Shanghai, and at several other places.
These demands are much more moderate than
iyatTexpected, and 'fall very far short of what4
: is supposed to be the opjact or the war. It is
probable, therefore, that these demands conBti
tute merely the ultimatum, to be presented im
mediately, as tbe alternative to war.' China
may secure peace by yielding, at once, to these
demands, which, by the way, are to be made
in behalf of France as well as of England.
Will the Emperor of China yield? It is im
possible. The feeling of the people is so hos
tile to tbe English, that the Emperor can
make no concessions for the sake of peace. In
fact, as we have already seen, the Emperor
has issued a proclamation, which is tanta
mount to a declaration of war, and a war of
extermination. The consequence is, that, on
the other side, it will be a war for subjugation.
The armament equipped for the China seaB
will be the largest and best appointed that has
ever floated from the shores of England. It
will comprehend the effective steam flotilla
which was prepared for the destruction of
Cronstadt, and a great number of ..the best dis
ciplined troops in the world,-.. The moment the
British ultimatum, as above given, shall be re
jectedj a novel and magnificent scene of war is
to be opened ; and one, perhaps, whichis not
to end until England shall bring under her do
minion the southern provinces of China,"or
until the English shall be as completely-expelled
from China as the Purtuguese were
from Japan.
John Chinaman is not idle, meanwhile, nor
at all unaware of the designs of the "foreign
devils." With a remarkable degree of sagacity
and forecast, tbe Chinese have anticipated the
plan of the British operations as completely
as u mey nau neen otnciauy advised ot it
The river Pel-ho and the great canals were to
have been seized by the British forces, where.!
oy communication with the- interior, would
have been commanded by tbem, bat the Chi
nese have taken measures to block this came.
Chinamen by thousands will be sacrificed in
tms .war; but that, though It is sickening to
humanity, is of little moment- in the view of
tbe Chinese, who do not, as a nation, cherish
strong attacDmentno life, nor estimate it as
highly as is done in less crowded nations. Sui
cides are very common among them, and in
war tbey can stand killing as well as any peo
ple in the world. They are gradually becom
ing more skilled in artillery practice, and have
great tacimies tor casting cannon, and are
diligently preparing for the conflict. They
win not ne irigmend into a peace, and it will
require years of war and desolation to bring
China into a state of subjection like the East
indies, it is into such a war that England in
vites the United States to enter a war for the
extension .of British-dominion. Washtnzton
Stales, May 8. . -
Superficial Area of'Iowa. Accordins
to tnejrollowlng note from the Hon. B. Henn,
of Pajfiield, which we are permitted to copy,
n seems mat tne. area ox our state, in square
miles, Is, by several thousand, greater than
netore supposea. jUuritngion Jiatcli Jiye.
Fairfield, Iowa, April 25, 1857,
His Excellency, James W.Gaiitxs, Governor of lotia:
Dear Sir: While at Washington Citv. in
malting tne selections ot lands lor the Kailroad
Companies, I learned an important fact, which
I Jesire to make public- through you.
It appears, on investigation, that the area of
tbe State of Iowa is larger to the extent of
5,1C0 square miles or 3,306 250- square acres
(more than the size of the. State of Connecti
cut) than lias been heretofore computed.
Previous computations (carried into all the
public documents) have placed the area of
lowa at ou,i4 square miles, or Jssrooo
Mr. A. It. Parker, draftsman of the House
of Representatives, and a very accurate com
puter, has just finished an estimate made from
the official surveys (as far as computed) and
from official data of that portion not surveyed;
from which Jt appears that the actual area of
our StatjS is 56;C80 square miles or 35,891,200
acres exceeding, the previous computations
5,186 square-miles, orJ3,306,240 acres.
jours, respectfully,
From the Wathincton Cnlca.J , . ' '
We nublished in our issue 'of Saturday even
ing last, an extract from the report of the jury
charged to award tne prize or 2U,wu irancs
given by the Emperor annually, for a period of
nve years from 1853, as an encouragement for
the cultivation of cotton in Algeria. This re
port has been spiead before the world through
the columns of tbe official organ of the French
government, (the Paris Afbnifttir,) and will at
tract more than ordinary attention from me
fact that there is but one year left of the pe
riod in whicb the grand experiment of com
peting with the united states in the production
of cotton, is to be stimulated into a fixed reality
by the magnificent douceur of 100,000 francs.
The liberality of tbe Emperor was undoubtedly
commendable, though we must add, notwith
standing me statements to the contrary which
we find so ingeniously put forth in tbe report,
that it has resulted in demonstrating the utter
folly of all fixture attempts to convert Algeria
into a cotton-growing country. The fact so
pompously affirmed in the repflrt, that " the
planters in Algeria have obtained two. impor
tant points towards competition with the Uni
ted States quality and equal yield, according
to the quantity of ground planted." so far
from weakening our convictions on this subject.
only serve to strengthen and confirm mem ; and
sucn would be me general conviction on every
mind had the report entered into the minute
details of these cotton-growing experiments,
and candidly avowed the fact that they were
not conducted on a much larger scale than one
can see in almost every conservatory or hot
house iu Paris, where the most delicate fruits
of the tropics are grown almost inasmuch per
fection as tbey could attain under the burning
sun or their native clime, we -have before us ,
an omciai journal published in Algiers, the
"Akhbar-Journalde VAlgerie," of the 25th of.
January of the present year, Jn wffich we find
ik. jit-ci.. i- i..- u j . . t .i l .
iuc uciaua, uuiu nuiui uuuubiess iue report m
tbe Monittur was chiefly made up. of the ex
periments alluded to, and the awards cf the
prize commissioners in view, of the "two im
portant points towaros competition with the
United States," achieved by tbe cotton experi
mentalists in tbe French colony of Algeria.
We translate the article as we find It in the
"Akhbar," for the benefit of our Southern cot
ton-growers, and we would be pleased to pub
llsb,fortbe instruction of our friends in Algeria,
any suggestions they may be pleased to trans
mit to .lis touching the closing remark of the re
port, "that the government of France would
do well togivespecial encouragement for works
tending to raciutate irrigation." ' t
In our issue of January 16 we published, with
a comment from the Monittur Algtrien of the
15th inst, the report upon the results of the
provincial fair of the cotton-growers of the
province of Algiers for the year 1856. .
These res? Its were as follows :
1. Prize of 5,000 francs and a silver medal.
One competitor.. Prize awarded."
2. Prize of 3,000 franca and a silver medaL
Two competitors. Prize reserved.
3. Priz3 of 1,000 francs and a silver medal.
Five competitors. Prize reserved. -
4. Prize of 600 francs and a silver medal.
No competitors. Prizg reserved.
5. Prize ot 400 francs and a bronze medal.
No pompetitors. Prize reserved.
6. Prize at 200 francs and a bronze medal.
Fivecotnpetitors. Prize awarded!
k Thus, a sum of 10,200 francs is expended in
-prizes, besides the silver and bronze medals.
Tjvo of these prizes drew no competitors, and
the most important was awarded to a colonist
who had no riyal to dispute his claim; and for
the second-best prize there were but two con
petitors, to neither of whom it vasTrwarded.
Thirteen competitors contended fo these
prizes, ind" but two out of that number were
entitled to. consideration. As some, recom
pense, however, for the toil and zeal of the un
successful competitors, the sum of 3,850 francs
-wiSdistriouted amongst them.
What an argument do not these facts supply
in favor of our objections to tbe abusive sys
tem of rewards and prizes 1 We do not, bow
ever, insist upon our own opinions being adopted.-'
Facts must speak for us. We must ex
press the hope, however, that the lesson which
this example conveys will not escape the en-;
lightened and attentive solicitude of the Minis
ter of War. . t
From the report at length, as published in the
Akhbar of the 16th January, 1857, we translate
the following salient passages introduced in the
decisions : k&
In summing up these impressions, the jury
conclude that the two parcels of ground Nos. 2
and 3,- containing together 3 hectares, 49 ares,
60 centares, exhibit a beautiful vegetation, and
have entirely succeeded ; that the piece No. 1,
containing 2 hectares, 22 ares being dry soil,
exhibits an average success of four-fiftns of
the whole. The aggregate, therefore, of 5 hec
tares being successful, the prize of 5,000 francs
is awarded.
In reference to the second prize the jury say,
the soil not being susceptible of irrigation, sat
isfactory results could not be expected ; and
the same cause proves the chief obstacle in tbe
other cases. The prizes cannot bs given, in the
words:juf the report, "poor nonreussile ou de
jaut'de contenance," or, as the Hibernian cor
oner once reported, after holding an inquest,
" the deceased came to his death for want of
breath." , .
The jury were Messrs. Butagne, counsellor
of the Perfeeture, President ;.TFrntie and Col
san, members of the Chamber of -Consultation ;
and Franlieu and Darru, inspectors of coloni
zation. The prizes were distributed by the
governor general. a
Ihe hectare contains a little oyer two acrrs,.
Spalding & Rogers
RESPECTFULLY announce that the
IS an Jo elflinstrels,
Under the direction of the celebrated NED DAVIS, con
sisting ot
ENLARGED rerlsed and Improved, so that It is con
fidextly claimed to be the best Band In the United
Slate, wUlbe-txMbitedat Mempls, THURSDAY, FRI
DAY and SATURDAY. MAY 14TII. 15TII an .16Tn, on
Board Ue?srs. S. & R's beautiful steamer Banjo,
wnicn tney nave re-ntteain recntrct stile, with stage,
Mndc, Saloon. Bnsbloced seats, etc , &c
Atmlsslim, SO Cents. Children and Serf ants 25 Cents.
Two Doors East of onniierc!al Hotel,
maylS-daw R. n. JOHNSON, M. D.
Than Aiiy Other Jlonsc In the Citj' of
A rYttfiHt comprises tbe largest and raost varied atsort-
J.VJL mentor jkwelrx ever octree in tne city-csn-
isllns of the atest,and most fashionable style of
Bracelets, Pins arid Ear Drops!
. ''JEROME'S " CLOCKS, of every style and pattern.
PLATED WARE Castors, CakeBatfceU, Knives, Spoons,
FANCY NOTIONS, ot every description.
Which I shall dispose ot at wholtsa.e and retail at
New York prices. THOS. J. HARRIS,
At Locte's Salesroom 2S2 Malrr street,
tay!4-ly "' - Mmphls, Tenn.
I WILL sell a bargain la three and one-half
acres of Land, wltha housecf six rooms, kitch-
en And'semnia. roovia. Tba .House la Just fin
ished, and built in the most tppnmd style, sit-
nate near Memphis, on the land formerly occupied by
Dr. E. P. "Walking, on Jackson street extended. Apply
soon ia J. n.rau mm.
Jtp29-im ;
ALL persons h-Tlnf claims against the estate of the
late ALISON E ADAMS, will please present tbem
to me. nrerierlr authenticated, far settlement. Also.
those Indebted vil'.l please call and psy.
mylz-3t JAMES ADAMS, A.m'r.
Cotton Fa ctor s,
STORE COTTON in a Fire-Proof Warehouse. Insu
rance S5 per cratlest than any house In the city.
S3" Cotton In store paced under Insumco unless In
structed to the contrary.
Cotton constxned to us on coed steam, kteland
Cat toils covered by our open policy of Insurance, unlesa
etherwise expressed In lace of Bill of Ladlnj;.
TION SUPPLIES solicited trom onr patrons.
A cents for the sale of tbe celebrated "Premium Tay
lor Cotton Gin," manufactured Jy Cleraoms, Brown
We have supplies of various shes ia store, and win
take pleasure in showing thsra to thote in want ot a"
Gin. Planters wocld do well tor.illanrl minlnalh-a
Gins before purthating elsewhere.
We esteem tham the. best Gin we have ertrseenln
quv'ltles most desirable. Tlx : speed, llxht draught and,
matliit a superior sample of Cotton.
rJl-Ma - FOWlJ-ES, MOUNT & CQ.
To THr Voters or JiriirHij I accept the en
mad upon me to run for Aldeman In ths Sixth Ward;
ant It fleeted, -will ktt the petp'.e laithtullj
mylS-te B. II. PERRY.
City Schools.
MR. It. A. IRWIN" has been appointed to SJ1 the va
cancy otcuioned by the realcnatlon of JI-. Ward.
The places ot the Mines Tncey wl 1 alto be supplied dnr
ltc their temporary wlthJrawal. Pupils are requested to
be In attendance ttt-morronr (Friday) moraine.
mylS-lt L POPS, Superintendent.
jLmid for Sale.
ELEVEN Hundred and Sixty ACrra ef Attan-
saa River Land, near Ciear Lake, entirely abase
OTernssr, (ram elxbty teone handred acres dead
eael, and In a Be condition fjr coltiTatin. For
price and terms, apply to J. HOOHE,
Wattlnsasr P. O., Prairie const;, Atkansas,
Take Notice
ALL persons lnJebted to tbe late firm of Ferzusen,
Null h. Black, either by n.te or account, are hereby
notified, that unless tbey make settteiaint of the same by
the tat day of Jane, prex., they will bi placed ia the
bands of an officer for collection.
J H, WILBUR?.', .
myl5-dtwalm ot the aforesaid firm.
For Sale.
A KEGRO HAS, a. flrst-rat Hoate Carpenter, abost
J.X. ao years or age, warranted sound and a goal work
man. Enquire at SlItTUWICE, WRAT tt CO.,
myI5-datwlw Uadisen street.
Whese sands of life bare near'y run oat discovered
While In the East Indies, a certain cere for Csnstsmp
tleo. Asthma, Broncnlt'.s, Coszbs, Colds, and General
Debility. The rsmedy was d.scoeml by him shen his
only cam, a aaugnter. was ciren no to die. Within
to do as mneh gord at p4,ibie, he wlil send to snctt or his
amkted feUaw beejs aa reqnesttd it. ton recipe, with
f nil and explicit dlrec ions for miliar, it op. and snccess-
f ally nslcit It. lie requires each applicant to enclose
hlu one abilRBZ three cents to be retnrned as postage
on the recipe, and the temin-ir to be applied to the
payment ot to is asTeritserseni. Address,
Jfe. 19 G rand street, Jersey Cy, X. J,
Has new attaioed
- Or,OTER.
Which Is larser than th united circulation of any
oa art
Th LEEGER Is devoted to
polite literature,
'op.igikal tales,
&0., &.C., 4.C., 4C, iC
It'ls beantlfolly Slsstraled erery week, from ortelna!
I desizns by the best artists. Kachnsmter contains ere
or tlx beantlf nl and spirited encraTlnzs. .The great se
cret of ths LEDGER'S sntcess Is, that it employs the
best wrltsrs in the country, the proprietor sparing no
expense, not only to secnrqbnl to iioxopolize latest ot
the first order.
Tha oUowia; dtetlngnUaed writers are constantly em-
p'.o jid on the LEDGER :
'and a host of other weB-icows writers.
All tha Tales that Mrs. EMMA. D. E. N. SOUTH
tVORTS writes herealter Trill be pebitshed only 1b the
NEVV YORK LEDGER. She has withdrawn from an
other papers; FANNY FERN writes only far the NEW
writrs cniy for the NEW YORE LEDGER! The LED
GER Is published erery Saturday, and mailed to sub
scribers at two dollars per a unset; or two copies far three
dollars. Address,
Ne. U Ann street, New York
MRS. SOUTnwORTII will hereafter write, only far
thefNEW TOttE LEbGBR. See adrertUemtntat
the top Sfjilils column Now U a good ttrae to snbserrbe,
as a ntwfatfc powerfully written Tale by Mrs: Sontfc-.
worth will sbertlr be ceraBtenced in the LEDGER.
SOUTHWOIlTH will hereafter write oaly far
the NEW YORE LEDGER. See aJrertliemeot at
the top ef this column. Now Is a god tlmatosBsscrtbe,
as a new and powerfully written Tale by Mrs. South-
worth will shortly be ccmsai-nced in the LSDGBR.
TtTRS. SOUTHWORTn will hereafter write only fer
1V-L the NEW YORE LEOGGR. See advertisement at
tbe top ot this column. Svv is a zeod Unit to subscribe.
a a new and power! oily written Tate by Mrs. South-
worth will shortly be com ra-need la toe LEDGER.
TRS. SOUTlIWORTn wi I hereafter write only for
lVJ. the NEW TORE LEDGER. S advertisement at
tbe top or this column. No Is a ?ord Urn to subscribe.
as a nw and powerfully written Tale by Mrs. South-
worth -old shortly be coram need inthe LEDGER,
- TRS. SOUTHWORTIT will hereafter write. only for
1VJL the NEW YOKE LEDGER. See advertisement at
the top of this column. 2.x is a good time to subscribe.
as a new and powerfully written Tale br Mrs. South-
worth will shortly be commenced la the LEDGER.
MRS. SOUTHWORTn will hereafter write only for
the NEW YORE LEDGER. See advertisement at
the top ot this column. Now 1 1 a gtod time to sBbssrtbe,
as a s.ew and powerfully wmtea Ta'e by Mr. South-
worth will shT'li becoramtne l in the LEDGER.
XTRS SOUTHWORTn !.! hereafter write ealy far
1V1 the NEW YORE LEDt.Kil N S-wsdrerttKement at
toe Up of this column. Nw is a col t.Rjr to subferiw.
as anew and powerfully wrtiln Tai' by M s. Saoih-
wona wm snoniy oe com-aano-u in in LcmiKii.
MRS. SOUTHWORTH will bereafkr write only for
the NEW YORE LKD ;ER S- adrer iteowBt at
tbe tep ot this column. N w 1 a ir od time 'o subfe-ribe,
as a new and powerluHy written Tale by Mrs South
worth will shortly be cemmenerd In tie LEDGER.
To tlie
A.fESSRS. FLETCHER & Els E bi. e. foA their
JLYJ. 0nibuss Line, we late this ni- bod ir ifo-iain;
tha tra-eling public1 that on the arrival a- d J pirtureo'
alt mail and accommodation trains vr Ora:.ibn sas win
be in riaillnefa to convey pa.sengrrs to a-d from Hotels,
Depots and elsewhere In the city 1 M-m tr-
Wten yon arTlve In the city, ca'l r r t ' e Tit teron
Line, and the Patlcfsna boys to watt oaron hi-m -raber
the first and regular lite eslabll he ' ror he cunTeyance
of lbopnMic in Memphis. Wewr !piaatd to Walton
yon, and thankful for your patronage
OmnlDajs once at tee itirjy In. n i fb-ric-un Rail,
road Through Ticket Office, Cots; ok; iai li. i l.
myl2dawlm P. M PT.-ERoN Jc BROV
287 iVt-iCXJLXVr rrjEUnSYT.
TTTHOLESALK and retail dea:ers in Fancr and aPfaln
T sJCanaies, uakes, Fimts, Prcserres, j -illcs. etc. We
nare nuea up our aa
and are now ready to serve the cco:iug luxuries to all that
glre as a ca'.l. niyl2-dtm
Odd Fellows' Hall.
LROCCO takes pleasure in announcing to-hls patrons
and the public in s n rat that he ha. at a great
expense procured the abov- p ac . and is now ready to
serre the coolinc luxuries for abb hereijbody knows he is
famous. To add totne enterta nment cf the public he
bas engaged tbe celebralei 3ltcnanlc' Brajs Band.
rpHE-nndersIimed respect fully can the altentlon of
1 citizens aa stranzera r- rierallr to our larrr assort.
mentor SPRING snd SUMMER CLOTniNG. which can.
not oe surpassed in quality and cheapners. Always on
hand, a complete stock of Uants' Wea inc Apparrel. ICail
.Ml... V.l...l,l.,.l.. I
a.u.waiv. 11V HVUWC IV itiu. kuwi.
Corner of Madison and Front Row,
mylO-lni' Merrlman's old stand.
Fine Pictures.
TJ EMEMBER that DeSHONG'S Is the place If yon
aua luktiiucucujijic oj rtuiuitK. ilia
surpass all others in richness of tone, warmth of expres-
wuiaicicnci ot aeiaii, ana oorantss of feature.
lorQuraoiiityinereisuaqtmlloa of their superiority.
They will receive fan without, a fracture a bend with
ontlnJnry"J may-be washed en when soiled, be handled
without the face being marred. They are nceplible of
"un Tcry ocaumui ceioraBg.
W. H. DESnON3.1SI Main street, has the exetnslre
right of Memphis, for the Melaiuotjpe Patent. mlO
Cotton Seed for Sale.
O fi f. BUSHELS Cotton Sied at 60c per bushel, can
behadonappIica'bDtrtW. R. Palmer at the
Shelby Stpot, Memphis and Ohio Rat road, purchasers
lurnithlng bags. For further particulars, enquire ot
my9-lw WEBB RAWL1NG3.
THREE rooms up-stalrs. "Applr at No. 169 Main
street, between Washington asd Adams.
fitriioir gaits.
WE will wUottWEDXKtDAT, May SOtli at mr As
tkm Mart, thee
Koj. 3 and 4 IjiDfrlmmtMiteir bejond thaTeil Gate, oS,
nenundo Road, east aide. Desirable BnlMlnx Lots.
Trrai One-third (Jaah. balance la 6, 12. a ad, 13
months, with Interest, retaining lien on the property
21. U. (UIUBIA
rajIS Anc'raaud Real Eatate linkers.
jBest or in:
-TfTEwin sen that beatt!ifrlKMee only a fewslepa
II from the Gayoso S roams, aJt other coan nirnco.
cisternv&e , SO feet front on ilcOalt street, by IS feet
deep. It yea tin stind a potnt gr a' choice bone, now
strike 1 TMs proeerty meat aaifrft adraacB eqsal to
Railroad time.
Terra Tery easy! Xotes the asisftt as fetlewa:
TMrtoler S1.2SS 6fi due Oct lllh, 1067; one note dae Oet.
i7tn. 13M. rsr SI.9& Mi me note doe nth Oct.. leey
for $t 376 CS ; tbo bi laser tq cash.
aaarp i a in as in premises at VI 'eases:. a
General Aactstceers and Real Batata Brokets.
a"a duiiiujj.
ON SATURDAY Beit, 16th lBst, at Id o'ttKt a.m.
IwasetrztsiyelSce ' '
7 Negroes,
coBststtBs; of ilm, WetcfD, Jtoja and Girls, geld hands
Sale posture. Terms Cash.
raylS-St AnettoBeor aa&Real Estate Broker
ON THCRSDAY NEXT, 21st tost., I M nil cn tba
presstaes, about 1T acres, ot Lind iwtttmr , n tit
RakMih Plaalc Road, a Wot 3 xalles f roaa tbe citr btnc i
part of tbe tract Hlit by the estate of Mr Garntt it
wmbesaedisMedsBloceDventesrt ind lata, for ".u try
Rst-ieacK, aad Mton reasonable tesras ; tfee .particular
ot which will be Eieea to-raornw.
raylS AactiesMor atd Real Estate Rro -r
ON WEDNESDAY Best, tt9tta tat t , I wttl sell on
the premises, tame 13-or 18 Ma ia tin flmaiiv a!.
duton. Al a Lot t 4 atjre Batik r Present's .et
deree near the CMtoa Factory, ib llalails cr )
toe new uajesgB roaa, Bear tree yaaaag ajce tar Geo. Mr .S.J,
Em?.; trie partieafcirs at- Tll-h trtn he sjtsec oa t-UM.r-
ow. G. B. LOCK.K.
myle Aaet'eseer asd Real Estate Br.it. r
One and all Stop and Tltinli.
WE wiB set! at a action, oa the pretBtses, on TnPR5
DAY, Jtay 21st. at II ecrek,SM acres cf ,--o-l.
jtfbtlltadrd Ot roar lots ot 3K irm'in. stntabk. t r
residtBCn thrte nllea KMlbeast iiwn theeitj, oa X-j" t
street, and freat'ng on Caatral arMHta, llai. A-.snn a
sabasrislon, a few httBdrett yarsjeeastof Col Rafcii.'3
residence, and seats, of .sirs. JoaWBdeU' red to- A
One view from the Memphis and Otrarsestea Raiir a '
aBdeoaKDK&esiiaaled m a ravreotMrt and - -at' e
neighborhood Osrf thinx or the aayastajes ! li. -w
city la brmiaef hears is a few mgcunU, SB the crr
try,-free froei dast, free from noise, bapar at home act
xxwcb ia ni jvjb.
Terms Uae tbtrd cash, ear 90 days paper, we : en
dorsed; ltalaacelQBeaBl two years, iHttwat u r-9t
Indaceseats esosgh. 'Salt a th piraBbir i aaaUi
Pleassat retreat. QiiiiiIIui;m resay at aajr Lxr r
freehBKSrcs as Canal. M. C. CATCH Jl m'.
Gteeral AaettoBeew aad Real Estate Brut. . J
Elourins Mill and Vacant
Adjoining at Auction.
I WILL sell a WEDNESDAY, May Satb, ao. ib T' -raises,
at 10 u'cck, ray latge Ftowtag MID on P (
street. The M1U his all new Machinery, aad mi c t
rate i naalBS order. It has bees a:Ui wfta. ru.ii.iu- y
rxpr sat? for a Merchant Mia, aad is capaair of m
arty banefi ef tMr per (Jar, and aa be rented for $ 2. a
per ear. MaaderoUrtiB$:tBe bastaesa, sorwi hu.;
to rent, la ray only reason tor seClBj. The Mi: X ' s
S3 H feet f otoaP.'Bar street by 165 M Jiet :e. p
cant Lot jotaiBK, Is 66H feet treat by 1S6H deep, nukus
safflcieat room for MIU parous s aad a residence.
The atave property ta tiaated between the iiam; !..
aad Charles tan and MaasablS aad Oasa Rat'road J
andon eee of the satis streets l adtrag fr.sa and -.ha
ettfT atxl only half a rails Irora taeeeatra of bosm s
Terms One third Casts, balaraca let 6 aad li in. i
Oantaaasaes will start frem say Mart, seats, aide i i t
SeBare.at IS o'clock, free of charge, for these wi.hu j
attend the sale. W. S. WELLS, Ow-..-r
A. WALLACE, Aectavnctr.
male . Negro aast RSet E.tate S..t
jxc jzl. s ouasr x o,.
Tlic Keystone of the Masonic Arcl.;
Oa tke Universal Laics and Rrindples of
By Charles Scott, A. M.,
AUTHOR of "Tbe Analogy e( Anctaat Craft Maeon-r
to Naiaral aad Revealed KUWeii" P. G.H. P . P.
G. M., E. T., Jtc., 1st.
Price $1 S3. Fee safe r.
GEO. PASagSAfy & CO .
nayia Mate street, raearif an ir i
$30, 0 Q 0
G- O O D S
C o st
.2 t
o o ?-3 : : :
WE are Do.-M5erts osr lairg-stct of Dsj Go- 'a at
Cost fer Cash.
Call soos, tt yea trite to gat great bargain, aaa) - Vap
goods. PHILIPS & WUITa.
rasy!3 2w
TO 11 LACE HAWE 10 fr
TO LEXINGTON..... ......... 12 00.
TO CANTON 16 do.
Memphis and Charleston and
Mississippi Central Railroad?.
CONNECTING coat a ot Hetty Sprtars, at the Tar,
batchia rirtr. with the DAILY SOtTTHERN MAir,
LINE to New Orleans, rta J act mo, it !,., tbe ei. repeat,
mast pleasant and qatckest reate te the abOTe-hasi. d
L-aat stagir c and the best read. The ears wlil aca be
at Oxford, stB shorter teg tats raate.
Travelers will took to their ooseiert asd pockrts. A
word to the wire U scOcteat.
S31 Fer Tickets or ttafecmatsBn apply to SIMS izCi, 2
Actnts, at the Ralrread, Stage aad Oataibss Ttck--i
See, Commercial Hotel. naylJ-d f
ivoTasa main street
WK are weekly reeeiTteg adtf Mass te ear a!reac la-c
and weHastorted steck of STAPLE and FANl'Y
DRY GOODS, to which the attestiea er th tra.:.- e
spectf uHy inrlted. L. YSST Jr. CO. .
mylS-dawlm Ne. 2ZMalaslrett
Memphis Goods.
OSNABUBGS, Cotton Yairts. Jaaa$ and'TJaieys
at the Memphis Oeisea Mills, aadof thebestqiia
We bare takes the agracy for the safe "ot these i
and r Uett orders from dealers gererBy. We ha
on hand a full supply. GRAHAM & HIL'
my!0-3m Ne.9FrootR s
COItNKR LOT WO feet on Jene's Areoo ar I
170 on Rebersen streetnear Cel. Dupree's -r i
d nee. Aio. Storehaniajiaorl L-as on vort
street. Applr at SW. 6 Court street, la
. jnjlW r. WV'WA.IStlN.
'- r-Vr. . ""
.t ?jiDtssolution. .
TnB flrxrl-orxB ARBIKRE 2b CO is this day dis'tfrrd.
by rautaTeenienL' Jos Barairra, r., baring para
cbased the interests of Messrs. HVnry O Y i -c-y
sndJehB WHkerson, wffi conllane tbe Anctloa aad Cum
mlssiea bus inns at the old stand. 33 Front Row.
"Will Always be Found In This Column
TtERSONS'wisbiBS te know -chat he Jim te sel:
X what he may want to buy for any of hia.casturSwrs,
will be sore to and it in tbe last column, ea r
PAGE. Remember that, and sare yourself
of looking; all oyer the paper.
Allbusiness entrusted to ma will he atten
fully and with dispatch.
Office Madison Street, opposite Unls
aEtna Fire and Inland IVaVis?
tion insurance Company
Hartford Fire Insurance Co.,
Charter OaJt laife Insurance Co.
POLICIES Issued on reasonable terms. Leasee eqaltav
biy adjusted asd promptly paid.
FOR. SALE Three acrrs of finely timbered LAND.
beautifullr situated for a building site, bing oajthenonh
sido of the new SI ate Line R ad, directly opposite tha
residence of J C. Lanier, Esq SaidvLot Is baaW
south by new State Line Road; east by .Part arjd Raaa
Avenue, iO feet wide ; north by Henry sCtt, JO :-ti,
west by Wm. Wade's lot.
ALSO, a beautiful BUILDING SITE.contalalDz2 3 100
acres, well timbered; situate on the northwest corner of
Central Avenue and Brawn's Avenue, directly opposita
the residence of Judge Harris.
ALSO anneBUilING LOTrcontalataz four acres.
well covered with One trees, situate on. the ncrttbsidr uf
Walker Street, near in.nrs sou gate on the-Hetnaodd
Plank Road. For tsrmalpplT to"
Memphis Land Ofice,
ap2S Opposite; Union Back.
For $2le.
raayl3-3t Mostly Hunt's Blect; No. 20.
Hats, ! Hats! natsT
TJ LACE, Drab, Pearl; While, Brown, Gray? Far Paftn,
JD Canton, Senate, Straw, Leghfirn. Braid, Silk; Fremh,
MalaKa. Canada. Nicaragua, Panama. Arsarua, &c ,
ow fer cash, J.L.TAYLOR.
be SECOb. 3
feed to cars
d IJcaia
1 V
Vast fc ,

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