Newspaper Page Text
xTrrxi rcLonjio bexittasctji to the
,tici kttst z Xicunuii, oraunii thx
-SSPStrTOSS iriLI. JIOT BOLD TSEMtELTCS I-
c "OXstrxx roE aht losses that mat oocitb.
M E MPHIS.
TUESDAY KOBKIKO, DECK2BES 9, 1857.
ME. OBBKH'S SPEECH.
We publish this nornlng tbs coat-lading per-
-s of Mr. Greek's speech In reply to air.
T oLt. We regard tbia first effort of Mr.
t; seek as a aast complete triamtih. He Mis
Little GtaBt5 t every blow as vdth the
b of HaacBtKs. It rtmimls us forcibly of
- me cf tare sledge hammer licks elt oet by
Mr Di?o-wWraself araliwt the BlekRe
r licana when the Kansas biH was nn4er ehs-1
c-,3,oC. Mr. DwoiAsx-m fea, or probably
it- already feast", that a'cettvBat with Bimo--lia
is n a warfare with Black Repablicans.
l'i will find bobs Dirrdi in bis wo ranks,
wLo, araed with the saered weapens of truth
TTindjJe, wlH prove mre than nal ee
f .-ants. He Is evideMly in a fatee pestllen,
sts :s rvidesc frets his prerloas coarse on this
rsUoB.weh Mr. Green fereiWyatHl tri
jPhanUy exposes. In aadWoa to the proofs
iured by Mr. Gsxex, we hare fweseat an ex--2r'
fro a sfeech of Mr. Dooslas, delivered
a,S?niisef4,I.iwte,Ust bw. In that
s !, tae sa!:
- t iuu the Kansas Question he had little 14
bit His octeiens on tbat tjuetion were .ill
, ,,. sod be had Bethbte to adr", except that
8 isequeac expeneaxre am itat t v.-
. i a . i i. .. j .. ...
f - .,i hm In the carreclMli OC UK jwCHjeB'
i I .ft,-. - ....... ft r ru 1 -Wl T ,11 .El-
: Lid s ottea airated in the Seau aBi be-
He ipoke t Vrw and thfjttttct f
jt late pviBgtbe people an onportotuty at ex
. essine their heoest cobvIcUobs en the subject
f slavery consmoai BMMier, vjr mr
r' a conetiialseisaJ eotvrenhon so t
. . fLal sad isat other xmttarlant mMrx csa
. uitti ttu. fatare of the now State of
Tk. Mnl of that beaatif al Tenf -
. v would soon sneak r tht election of dele-
ki-es to tie mTtUOR. We woW sooa
a.e, he had bo doubt, a tree aad qiiet expres
e -i of opinloB, by means of the ective fran
t .,. frB titit sileat. but must cerUiH weapon
, r f r. wlt the baHot box. SkenlJ ikt
of tint nedt ef itttiiw; lie jnudi rrxt
-unaon ilavtry in tAat errstBry, Mtadlr aJ
i lUnaMy rete fo tztreite the rieklt etmrU
cin by tte ste 0 uenrrlf, noes wsr
find fe.r aloor. irffl r( we rotr iretfuy
Ii is evideat from this that Mr. Detrsus
Limself at that flme recarded slavery as the
oJv material question in is ree. It is endeBt
ts -reover, that he rerardea the Coastituttoaal
C : ventio, then'abcxjt to be elected, as both
: - jal and regular, but which he Is bow disposed
t set aside. It has Be ver been supposed, until
-is labors of the Leeeoptoa ConTentioB teres!
ra'od, and the Coastitatton of KaAeas ws
'ramed, that there was any great qjeatioc in
zsjue there wh4chwotd bs permhted longer to
l xact that Territory and the Union, other
a an the asatiien .of sUvary. There might,!
:tfd, be a difference of ofialon relative to
s? tUetueot.of other aesiioas, bat not so
r;r?at or so ttal as to defeat the admission ef
Knsii into th- Ualofl as speedity as the jheople
n. gUt coBseiit to settle the slavery its. The
s.iverj- oW sHm has always been hM as para
c unt to aW-ofeer by all writers aBd epeakers
v. the svayect, and consequently it has been
common to epeak ef the Censtitation as settled
u its previsions when the slavery question
gucold be settled. Mr. Dihjglas in the
s-irech we have qoted, falls btto that style ef
verbiafe. He, evldentlr . never dreamed, last
s mwrf'loWger districting the eeontry with
Kaasas aiiirs, after thu people eho ild be in
t to a fair expreaiioa )f sniSSo for or
Tb- eear0f the ojpearls of the Eaaras
Csstitatia tBft&tafi uie ef the evasim
j ., tigh atait it, beeaase the entire Constita
r.cn was-. ant sabmitted, is that they are net
si: isfied with the attatioc yet. They hope to
mike it an astrameet of party or personal ad
vantage, as loos as it can be coatfrrced. Mr.
D Ji. clas eroa Jeaies that the eUery quest oe
Las bees fakir submitted, becaase the right ef
In-- owners, ef staves bow in Kansas has been
secured eipfcWy a right which Mr. Doae
i as oagtffw'be hhe laet aan to deny, becaase
he staatts pledged to the dectsin ef taeS.
jreme Court ef the United States, aad in the
red Seett case, H is held clearly that the
iiet.it to csvqy steves late a Territory of the
I . '.td Stages aad te liold them as property,
ti'i never be isBaaired. Mr. Doct, there -f
, e, in aaaaasfag' ibis pesttwa, placss htassckf
direct- opfoottion to the CestMatie,as caa
s r ied by-Ae Sap-reme Oeart. This dttemss
is a most awkward oae, for a maa who has
bhertebeeatrastedand belered by the Sooth
er i DeaaKrsey. It is directly ideatteal with
t' - positioa ef the BUck Reaablicans , and we
cannot waader tint the latter are einsing
patis to his late efforts! How ed to reaVct
that he wb so lately beWly coatroated and
ccnqi.ered-aese' esc odes to she Oanetttattoa,
stoald Bwbe werlsteg with limn, if net for
tie 8bm eed, at least with the saese neaas !
HEWS rSOH KiSSAS.
Erery ajr seems to add to the cesplicatieB
cf aifaira ia Kaaeae. The ceavecatiee ef the
i, - k Leglalatare by arctiag Govraer Stanton
i. is given a uew and fresh lupalse to the trea
eoiable ranehiaaMosB ef Jim Lake and his
A rorreseoBdentf the St. Loals AareMtaan
wnUi g frees "Wastoart, aadsr date of the ISth
aLSt., gays :
Haviag jaet arrived is this aoatiehiag town,
f . cm the siat ef GeverRaeat in Kaaeae, I has
' a to give yaa a few Hems relative to affairs in
'be Territory, whfchmay not be tmiatereitieg
o your Baaay readers.. On -the l&h last., the
Legislature passed a WH taking frea the Gov
ernor the power ceaf erred eipoa him by the or
.iite act relative to the taHHia, and creating
Jim Lae, Major General of the Territory,
w:h afee AsslsUnt Brigadier Generals, and
. ving them eole aathority to call eathe militta
at any aad all times they mieht deem it neces
sary. This at was vetoed by Acting Gover
ror Ptakton", bt passed by the Legislature by
a wo-tMres rote over the veto. Anoth'r act
yiseed by them miking it a penal offi.se for
any pei-v to act as Commifsioiwr of Election
on the 2ls) Gen. Laxe, as JSIajer Geoe
r '1. caused the Legislature te a'aemole in joint
t u- ventiea yeaterday raonung, (17th) and read
to them Jh Presidentfs message, which was
received with groans aod.hissii by thathonor
aols () body. An fixpress passed through
iii s Place yesterday from Fort Ecoit to the
C 'veraor, asking for aid to enable the pro
Biavery seen to BMlhtala possesahMi of their
bmes in that vicinity, as a large party of Ab-
cUionists from Black. Point had gone there
ar d driven off aM the peaceable sattbrs In the
Oiate vUey who favored las pro-slavery
pirty ; take posscrak)! of their stock and left
Ihim to shift for tnemseives as cem mty
m irht. Thl fact we learurd from Hen. J
WiiLiAMS, ABSoala'e Jatice-of tho Territory
f r thf Pert Seett district. The Jatfge xmeim-
r . is atsetbat Jbtaxtoj: had ordered oaelton-
, Dracooas frem Leavea worth to their as
s.s-.afice. What the Batere.or extent of tie
d sturjeaee ssay be, It is impoHtbie to slate.
I Heed, there are se many raicors afloat it ii
imposslBie almestto get a correct version of
the matter. Major DtRrxs, recently apptiet
ed to succeed Stantos, in the Secretaryship of
tie TeriitorT, U in L-comptoa now. AH are
aatioaety wttUng to see hie eearse relative to
th aefreswra. List openly dsnes tue lov
craateat. AM blame STAXTO.-r taach, and many
; ading Fret-State men in Kansas .agree that
j s is the worst more ever made by Itie tTee
: lite party. .AKhoegh a Northern man ray-
s-lf, yet I eaaaot sympithixe or feel for mea
wbo wHl altow an aaarieciBied, dissototo man
like :LAarr4oecome their leader. There l
::.,:Ch troabk .kjte er" on' the 21st, a a tbe
rrf-9tntr psrty swear the Pre Slavery party
!hail Bet veto ea that day.
feg- Tbe aaaaal report of Lieut.-Geseral
Scott oa she condition and the wants ef tbe
Army is a brief, business-Hie deeutaent. He
refers te thetoeessaBt Indisn wars; the har-
ashg duty thereby impestd apes toe Army ;
he inadequate force employed ; ana reeom
mends aa'tBcreasmg of the Army by the addl
1 ion of oneieglmeBt of horse and three rrgi-
menu ot foot ; aisolie ptisimew.
nartieular arnB ef th service, ss teading to
promote mMMary eftciency. A revision of Ibe
Vrmv ruiatioBS and the infaBtry tacties in
me is aieo raeoiDteended, and euggestioas re
garding the physical comfort and merat eleva-
on of & traeps are made.
rrs- The Washington 0oie has taken
; .Mtietfjtfee correetnes ef weh we ceraMaHy
i epalleaByeBere. nisseiaiii5s.
They who are Bet ferare agaicst as, aad
should be so regarded :
Aa honest dlfcrenee ef opieJoa . .as to
whether tiff Kansa Cenvertion ebouH have
hbmiUed toropalratiSc.tientbe whole or
fie great eenl l Sf.fhT "
'rTmed br them na bt leceted ; but the ea
TDsaratic press wit! tvoW .,o Democrat
-. iJattolw-aiWWtt BackR,rbKc..U
.afi, iTolataon even.rcta moment
us JflWltctfl,er to adept even for a
4?7ry purpsieihe wretched sophistries
and finitleat ippeals cf Tbe enemy, may be
safely regarded as Uie , rellmlaary steps cf a
VASHKGXOX ITSHS. -We
clip, Uie following items'fromlhe W-tsn-
Ington correcpotKlenee of tBeBaUlmorer.Ssi
in afternoon riarier famishes an account of
Bvell-tlBd crirnpHrne-nt to Governor Brown,
the Postmaster li-nerai, a no. uts rarsiiy. vu
Sstnrdar erealn-lhr wrre serenaded at bis
TreaHencfj-ntarSeretitsi street, by aome forty er
fifty centiemco,.tioKy viMMJCfiiropi iuc yui
vv liners' Dana wait in aiic.i-
aoee ar.t discoursed most eloquent music to the
.night. The pirty having beenpnnted into the
bouse, after -me uaaai inmcuane or coDfiras
ulatiens. theiliniqf hall was thrown open, and
a splendid collation spread before the guest.
Ttut rhalrf. litmera and viands were freelv d-
ousted, and Uie Jv"orth-et Tiavirg been pro-fV
nosed. Dr. Lleb, of Illinois, ross to replT.
lie pledged his section of coantryiin. support
rtf nom?Tev aa retiresented bv the adminis
tration, and fully confirmed the high reputation
which be has earned upon me stump, xue
Southern preas was (oasted, and Mr- Birgy,of ,
iifs city, was called for. He declared that the
South ere press would always be with the
voices tht cauld alter and the hands thtt
could crn out ibe noble ssotimttU proclaimed
by bis friend from Illinois. Col. Stvaee, in i
la &Lie ana eionoeai inywa
toast in ttonor of Tennessae. Mr. McDowell,
ef Penfeylvanla. represeated the Keystone
Stole, la an excellent speech, and a most ap
propriate toag. Other toasts were given and
responoed to ay rteqaeat jrtuim,
waosa we jnay instance janse mwi
ttaets, Mr. Roaiaeoa, of Ohio, and Mr. Wood-
gathered in lie adjacent parlors Vnd drw1g
reotas, lent to tbe scaae ttat wMeh Is
detlvad oaiy iraai rne lair. .
The noon traHi et cks to-aay oranguv
V. Dsaais, formerly f ihe Indian bureau, and
Mr. A Ht. interDreter. who for twenty-three
years has resided ataanset the red men of the
forest. These offirers have in charge a eem-
Mtu- eaasieting of MxteeBChtwsaaa araves or
th. Patsm trilx of Iaaiaas. all in fall costaase
J Iwirlnr iKj4r itanleateats of wartare. ror
bands of the tribe are here represented under
the toavporart lead of t'e ta-tia-suro, jjA-rts
i.svx.aura. Aa.naro-see-oe ieraaco. ana i
han-iad-i-oo, all chiefs, the former of whom
14 chosen as the head chief in council. It sp
ectra the ceaHBissioaer nroaslsed them same
ateaths since ttat at an early feriod after the
asteathUatt of Cotigreea tbev should vdtt tee
Mt at the General Govarnaant for the wmv
poee of seeing ttmr great father, the President
of toe United; .stales, tan a survey. ine pro
UcbaUdings, and view lb progress of the ea
liahlMMd whit man in erarv turt ef the coua-
try threagh allien tney psien, Doping' exert
a sslatarr lenneuce upeo raeir sueug bu. di
Msj. Denah la a!so aVcompifrfed by his la
terefUng Httle dargfater, whose eaterpHslng
spirit induced hsr to ahaac JhaJaUs aad pri
vations ot the journey.
Thie Pawnee delesaitiea reftreseat a tribe of
Tear tbeueand souls. Bat ea' of their Bernber
was ever before beyond the eastern margin ef
the Missouri river. They are generally young
br&ves "too have experienced aant service, ana
one ef them, at least, bears as trephies the
ecalps of other Indians who were found in ceo
Bid with the UaMed Sutes. la thtir Ha tile
forests their diet is buffi lo meat ami earn. Oa
the journey they have usually been sustained
en boiled fresh beef, bread and coffee, which
ther drink for the sake of tht saear with
which it is sweetened. They are, literally.
none ef the fcrest " so' far distant, indeed,
tbat they kaow bat little of spirituous liquors
nor do ther desire sach beverages.
Mejar Deeats and his party left tbe Indian
settlement eo the 10th of Xeiemher, found
.hairulty in crossing the Platte river, traveled
four lMndretUisailee in wagons, and reached
Wheeling, V.. jesterday. At Ste in the af
taraeen ther left that place, naderjbe escort of
about one Mteasaad peoole, aad in seventeen
boars aad a half they beheld the capital of their
cenatry. Ua being :nrormea ma: isey were in
the national metropolis, toe wnois par'y
chiefs struck aitd buut, with great entnueiaem
a somr to Washioston. Toese red men are
eaartered at the hotel of Mrs. Maher, where
they will be well prottdad
Alabama CovrERENCE. 5L E. Chosch.
This bely cljfd Its annual seesion at Selaa
on the 10U1 last. V. a pablish in aaeiBer eei
arnn, tue list of appoiatmente. The following
are the naaies ef the Delegates elected to the
General Conference which meets el Nashville
next Mar : Messrs. Semmers, HaraiHon, Shaf
fer, Fergueon, Koger, Mitchell, Wadsworth,
BHte, Hutchison, Oliver, Donate, eely.
A Mas Dbow.sed. We learathat a man by
the Batne cf Tyson was drowned in Uaatta
heeehee river. From some cause or other, at
the tine and place, some of t&e-eoaspany pres
eat ladaced him to believe that they were go
ing to ride hits ,oa a rail, be broke to run in
the direction e the river, the erewd following
after him, eese firii-g off gsma. He ran into
the river where the water was about waist
deen. when two cans or pistols were sired, Tv
sea at taat ume siueing aoiva into iae water.
The preeomptien is he was shet. JUtciUt
Homicide. We understand thstf on Friday
last, at New Market, I.wts Saltfaey aad Levi
MeQivia had a aght. lieadenea Pliant iater
fered. A- J. Roatt, try hsg to separate the com
batante, jerked PiUnt away ; aad George Pi
la at struck Routt oa tbe back ef the head,
with a wooden doer-bar, kaeelciag him speech
less and causing his death on the 19th. Pilaat
escaped. A pfirtr was in parsett of him at
last accounts. Democrat.
Railroad'. Tbe Huotsvills Aivteit says :
'-The ears run through from Steveasea to
Memphis in regular sraedeie time til the
breaks in tbe road having been repaired. The
Nashville and Chattanooga read is alse is r
nlog enter, slthojgh accidents of late have been
frequent apoa it"
Ok Sexc Bailesr's Sprteei. the celebrated
watering j.lice taLiaderdale county, AU.,near
twrrtxt, are to be ssm ay tbe adBMatetraters
ea the 11th ef January next.
Alabaka Lecmiatl-se This body ad
joarited ea Saturday last, tbe 19-h hut., until
the Sth of Janoarj-, and oar members arrived
heme en Tuesday of this week.
Bat little business of importance, except le
g&Nziag lew bank fluspeesfcms in the State, bad
been eeasaleted. A large number of bills have
passed a seesod readia', and iom await final
aetkm. A bill has passed tbe Seattle ordering
tbe bills of the old state uaatc aad wa Mites,
ia tbe .State Treasury, to be bemed, and will, it
is tboecht, pass the House.
A biH has oeea passed, exIeadiM; she tine
allowed for the County Tax Collectors to mtke
their final report till the 1st of May.
Weald It net be well for the Legislature to
change their time for meeting, either to the 1 it
of October er te the 1st or January, so at
avoid adjournment for tbe Holidays Tti
Col. Albest Rcst. This ealneatly iHsWh
Kuisbed gentleman passed through ear town on
Friday. - Col. Rust, we understand, is a candi
date for Congress before the Convention which
meets at Camden next spring. rVe recognize
in bim all the raialy virtues ef a true son of
Arkansas. Brave, frank, generous, chivalrous
and courteous. We record with pleasure, to
bis credit, that Arkansas never had a more
faithful or devoted Representative In Congress
upon aM occasions he has upheld her dignity
and honor, and represented her interests with
f earleeese&s and ability she can proudly claim
him as one ef herjtruest and brightest jewels.
Ptu' BTiff EMtTirriit,
We had the pleasure of a visit, on Thursday,
from Or. T. J. Melius, a vCTy intelligent citi
zen from Green cctinty. l)r Mellon tells us
that the iauaigraUi n into Greene county this
year has been very heavy. He says that at
least two hundred and fifty families have bet
tied in tbe county since toe beginning of tbe
fall, and that mostof thetn are very respects,
ble and well-to-do citizens. It is welt known
that the lands in Greene county are very neb.
hand it will doubtless become,ere long, oae of
the first counties in toe northern part of the
State. BatetviUt Bafanct.
iMMrsRATieif to NAreivEON. We learn that
Ex-Gverner Thos. L. Brew has bou:bt seve
ral lets in this place, intending to make this
his future place of residence. The immigra
tion to Napoleon ef such men as Governor
'Drew, with their families, ia as goad evidence
ai we roekl desire of the change tbat has
takes piece inlhe public mind in relation to the
future commercial Importance ef our thriving
Jtttle city. Aapefren Planltr. r
' Hox. E. A. Wake.i Candidate rca Re-election-.
We copy the annexed letter from
the ab'sve paper:
WAtaiKQTOV, D. C, December 7, 1BS7.
EotToa Wrekit Platte You wiH please
aBuotuice my name as candidate fer a seat in
the Thirty-Sixth Congres, subject to the ac
tion of tlte Democratic Ctmiention, to be heldf n
at Camden ia May next. I desire this In or
der that ray coDititueeU may be fully advised
of my wishes in this respect, and the reasons
I am anxious, as their Representative In the
ThirtyFifth Congress, to e serviceable to my
ronolii stents and advance their interests, as
well as do some credit for myself. They trill"
remember that I was the RenresenUllve ror
tfas Second Coeeresslooat District In the Thirty-Third
Corpreee, and tbat aH ay efforts and
io9aeace in Coagiees were completely de
stroyed' by the action of the Pnncetown Con-ft-wiM.
1 however submitted cheerfully to
the decree of that Coarentlon, and supported
warmly its nominee, a.wougo t was aware
that by lis action I was completely stepped
(Irt my iflarts have been what they might,)
from affecting any good -tot my cesewteeDts or
myself : still I feel it my duly (as I always
will) to dp sll in my powerto hold together as
a bbU the great Democratic party.
I regard it as peculiarly unfortunate tbat lbs
conventions and ejections in ArksBsaaare held
ata time so long before the member elect takes
'his seat, and at a time, before which the in
etuaeentcaa pOMtaJy-rffsct airy good for those
be represents.- J bad bopedtihat the last Leg
islature ef Arkansas 'wouli change the time of
boiditur said elerticn-
A Representative should always go fresh
from the people, fully advised of their condi
tion and desire. Such is not tbe case, how
ever, with the Representatives of Arkansts;
tbey do not take their seats until tbey have been
elected eighteen months. Should tbe incumbent
happen to be defeated in the Convention, he is
recarded at Washington aa having keen repudi
ated by his constituents, and consequently tbey
bare but nominal representation.
I hope my constituents wUl fally consider
iwsmauerantrrtvemsarair eaeare 'tia all
I ask ; ad should tbey give me tbe nomina
tion I wilt be left without excuse, and 1 pledge
mi self uraialifilly, should tbey endorse me.
to nee mv best 5rts to efficiently serve them
and tuard well' the Constitution.
Eepeftrrhx . X. A. WABKEX.
TtTscEOEE Wwtw The editor of the Tusk t-
gee fnion aekSbwIedges the receiptor-a-bot-tls
cfwlsemide'from grapes cultivated net r
that place. He says the article is a tpod ose.
Tbe grpe culture will one day be enlrnpertint
basinet's ia this part cf the Sottth.
KBSAEXS Or JIB. "W A LEEK, OF SHELBY,
Qi the bill for the bet'er regnlatlotf of tbe
-"nki of Tennessee, tcz,t in reply to Mr.
" Whltthorne, of Maury, and r&vfs, uf Mar
shall. Mr. Speaker, I am truly Rlad that the Sena
tor from Maory, (Mr. Whitthorae.) has re
lieved blmselr. I congratulate the Senator;
I congratulate the Senate ; and since so much
of his effort veemed specially directed at me, I
am sure Senators will agree that it Is cause of
special congratulation to myself, that the long
agony is over.
An the organ cf tbe Joint Committee on
Banks, it berame my doty and my pleasure, In
the discharge of tbat duty, to report the bill
ft Senator from Maury and the Senator
WQ1U Das oeen ICC luncmi cuui-isui
from Marshall. The bill under consideration,
rxeeptas amended in this body, Is the work of
that committee, entirely acceptable to nobody
of that committee, but taken altogether, less
objectionable than any other proposed.
The Senator from Maurv kuows very well,
for he is a member of the Joint Committee on
Banks, that among the first acts of tbat com
mittee was to appoint a sub-committee, com
posed of rentiers Mi of tbe legal profession, to
report to the committee whether in their opin-
toil we OftUiiftS Alia bj eupprfisiuii sui.eut-u tunc
charters ; and that committee, in a oaretully
prepared report, returned to us their unanimous
opinion ia writing, and wbieh I now hold In my
hand, Uuii MfV had no:. The Senator cannot
have forgotten, wnen teat report was re aa, ana
be was asked what be thought of it, his very
expressive answer, "lam afraid tftal'a to."
The hill, therefore, Is so based, assuming in
accordance with Ibe principles cf law, re.
parted by the sab-committee, ami adorned by
toe junl committee, mat toe prineipiti siocks
banks had net forfeited tbelr charter by the
mere act ef suspension but ware subject to
all the peoakiea and liabilities in their char
ters prescribed. Tbe committee did net think
this crisis in the monetary affairs ef the cmih
try ba t been produced br any actten ot uie
banks in Ternessee, and therefore thought It
most maalr to ear as thty do in the pream
ble of the bill that tbe basks in Tennessee,
ia commoa wMh the oldest banks ot the Union,
have been compelled to suspend specie ,tty.
meats, in oeaseaueaee or an uarxnecir ue
mand for roM aad silver, produced by ciiuies
outside of tbe ordinary commercial operations
ef the ceHutry.
J - 6 .I... f Ht.l. n .11 tk . .11....
tieB of Senators, aad esneciallr the Senator
from Maary, to toe niovtetoas or ton Dili
aad I bare declare aad challenge contradiction.
that there is not a siegie provision or part ot
ection in the entire Mil fitreria; saxlri-they
are all restrictive as far as we nave trie power,
and in my judgment, in aome Instances, farther
man we Dave toe power, except ey tueu volun
I reoeat. sir. I bare called acaln and .aealn
darinc tail dieewesian, to bare pointed out a
sincle clause in aay sac sectitxt of thebill fa
voring tbe banks but in vain.
It is true, this bill differs irom most of the
bills as yet offered, in this, that it recegnizes
the fact wMeh the committee beHrredtobethe
truth, tbat tbe suspension of specie payments
ay trie bancs ia Tennessee was not a criminal
act, but dsiesed,aBd Undine nally, fur tbe
Jretectiot of the people. It dots not, there
ore, contain as a leadinc feature, the pains
aad penalties of fine and impritonmefit, with
toe lulminattooe and denunciations against di
rectors and otfieers of banks usually found in
penal statutes, and which especially character
ize other bills ; but it aims in a plain way, im
perfectly, no doubt, to remedy some of tbe evils
of our present system.
For this, Mr. Speaker, the presentation and
advocacy of this bill, it baa pleased seme gen
tlemen to draw distinctions b tve eea.jLaaocrato
hard and fl ; and K cannot ha weScape d
tbe attention of tbe Senate, tbat cerfSoiStna
ters, fer reasons duly appreciated by. myself,
have been desirous of fixing a sUttdard oLjDm
ocratic orthodoxy, and have gone sofar as to
shake over mv head, certain declaration s'and
extracts of a message of a foraer Governor of
the State a name Honored in Aennessee and
the Union with wbom I have been intimately
associated, whose confidence I enjoyed while
living, and whose memory aad principles I trust
ever to revere.
Car. Polcr. Mr. Sneiker. had but little svm
pathy, as you know, with banks, and much less
than many persons of bis own political school
woo nave oeen, by commercial and owcr pir
suils, thrown into more intimate connection.
But what does he say in this message, so often
quoted by uie beaaiorirom Maury ana toe sen
ator from Marshall be says, and Sia, too,
after the banks bad been suspended fer rears
" As far as my information enables me to
judge, our banks are believed to be in a seWent
condition, and eeatd, if rraienaWe time be jirm
tana, be prepared te resume specie payments,
without sr.eeaveMst.ce to tbemfeives or op
pression to their debtors, ine interests of toe
public in my judgment demand it."
Sj say I of tbe present condition of tbe
basks; and the committee, in preparing this
biH, believed as Gov. Polk then believed, that
unless a reasonable, time be given to the banks
to accommodate themselves to the unexpected
ceedttion of things, oppression, inconvenience
and ruin must necessarily ensue, im. alone to
tbe debtor, but to tbe merchant, tbe planter,
aad all persons directly er iaeirectlr connected
Sir, I do not stand here as the apologist er
advocate of banks. God knows I owe them
nothing in money or other ebMgatiens. I will
de them justice, it I knew it bHt the matter
ef special cooc eminent to me, U the effect ,of
legislative action apoa my constituents, the
neople merchants, cotton planters, cotton
buyers or mechanics a people who have
not unduly overtraded, and whose fault it
is not, and wbo cannot, and ought not
tj be held responsible for the state of things,
which now oppresses every interest in tbe
State. I confess, Mr. Speaker, that the people
I am charged to reprefent, have vastt interests
in the letrislation which you and 1 may pre
scribe upon this subject. Remove that people
from tbe effects f your etringeBt legislation,
aad I am careless of aH else, save-and excepU
a strict observance of the principles ef honor
and faith, which sho-ild ever govem and con
trol a Representative of Tennessee, while deal
ing with a party, whether corporation or indi
vidual, with which tbe State has entered into
solemn contract and covenant.
I will repeat to the Senator from Marshall
he will hid in me no disposition to encourage
or tolerate suspension least of all to offer in
ducements of fraud upon the part ef -tbe banks.
It may be tbat this bill does net go far enough.
I mast, however, here express ray honest con
viction, tbat but very little good can be arcom-
plisaed by our action here while evils disas
trous and irremediable may be inflicted. vI
believe to-tky, that it will be the wisest: and
safest course, for at to do as lit'Ie legislation
as possible. Ia ray judgment, (although offsr
ing this bill as the organ of the committee,)
the wiser course would be to leave the bank
and the note-holders, to apply their respective
remedies in thetr own way, and according to
law, and without anr ex port fade legislation
restricting the rights ef either.
Mr. Speaker, I know that tbe merchants
and trading people, in my part of the country,
have net enraged in trade beyond the ordinary
operations of a commercial peop'e. I know
this commercial revnlei-js is no fault of theirs;
and whether they be of political kin whether
Democrats, Whig or Know-Nothings I feel
it my duty and- my privilege to intervene in be
half of the right. And I fancy not either tbe
orthodoxy or the democracy of any man who,
deluding himself with tbe ideal conclusion that
all banks are a common curse, steps in, " like
a bull in a china ebop.' .and scatters and
breaks things for the mere fun 'of hearing It
One word in conclusion. 1 know not whether
this discussion will continue. Tbe bill before
tbe Senate, is, of course, open for, amend
ment, aBd may be materially improved. I be
lieve it will work as little mischief as any bill
bat we can adopt. It will not, ia my opinion,
do any great amount of good, except to allay a
prevailing excitement, and restore that which
is so much needed, in and out of the State
confidence. This bill is not proposed as a pa
nacea by no means. It may, and (t Is be
lieved it will do satns littl good, and at all
events will work less mischief tban any other
bill as yet proposed, and comes as near what I
believe to be demanded by tbe present exigency
as anything we can adopt.
The Issue er TatAsosrNoTEBi-rThe pro
posed issue of treasury notes by the gorern
meat, will not, it is said exceed SJ.WO.OQO, of
tbe dcBomlnatteu of $50 and upwards, "the rate
ot interestto be left in tbe discretion of tbe Sec
retary, and which, it is believed, will not exceed
three per cent, per annum. The Washington
correspondent of the New York Tiawi writes:
"The Secretary has received assnranees
from New York that this rate will command
at once all the mosey the engagements ' of the
government through tbe winter will require
over and above his current revenues from cus
toms. These revenues, he is now induced from
ceneral inqulrr to believe, will more ranldlr
recover from the effect of the late crisis, tbanj
was generally supposed on toe asembliog of
Congress. It Is also Intlaatea-triat the 'Secre
tary will employ part of tbe issue of the treas
ury notes at a nominal interest, provided
fnrther inooirv and the early prospects of a
renewed activity at the custom-bouse, and. land
offices, and tbe nature of the disbursements at
tbe West and on the Pacific, where said notes
. ,.i L. J.ait-ilil. . . medinm aI .v'rTi,t,fr4
should authorize the calculation, of tbeir having
fre rurrenev at nar with eolrf.
" The three per cent notes will at once be
plaeed with the sab-treasurers asd at ibe mint,
to be exchanged on application for gold. All
the notes will be made receivable for govern
ment dues, hat will contain no funding clause,
as tbey are to be redeemed at tbe end of tbe
Washikgtow, DecemberlS. Senator Doug
las' bill, introduced into the Senate to-day,
provides for a board of five perrons appointed
by tbe President and confirmed by the Senate,
to make enumeration of Ibe inhabitants and a
falrapportionmentof the memberacf a Conven
tion. The elec'ien to be held on. a day desig
nated by the board (net less than ninety nor
more tban one nunarea ana twenty aayB iron
the passage of tbe set,) and wbo are intrusted j
with the appointment of judges apt places of j
vntiBf. Tberotin is to te connota to rree
white male citizens of tbe United States, over
twentv-one rears of are, wbo may oe oona
fide rnhabitaats of the Territory, on the ,21st
of December, and woo f nan uave resiaeo uiree
months next before said election, in the county
in which be offers bis rote. The Convention
to assemble not less tban thirty nor more tban
rixty days after tbe election of delegates, and
the Constitution to be submitted to tbe legal
voters far their aeeeDtanee or rriecttoo. and
sinless adopted by a majority or all tbe legal
votes cast, it sball be null and void. The bill
eeenres the personal and political rights of the
people, .Deluding those ot speech and of the
The Tax or New Yosk Citt. Controller
Fiaggbasmfde bis citimatrs?rr4185S. He
wants only $;703.82 6. Aroong'the-ltems
are Education, S150.000"! 'Belifan Parement,
$20060 ; Alms-bouse,' $505 000; Interest,
$400000; Cleanlne Streets, $250,000; Lieht,
$460,000 ; Poliee. $888,000 ; Salaries, $537,000;
XAJLj I ,UW. PpV
CSKB5, cf jassoDsr,
1TKS SStTATB Ot THIS BIOTaD
tsTTitH txsTAHf, ok ins xak-
jGjM.T to XX. JWCOLAS.
It is ial3uidJI throw In tbe expression here
to let my view be known, and not as material
to tbe matter tinder consideration that the Uw
of climate bis dedicated Kansas to freedom,
meaning, thereby, that it Is net adapted to Afri
can slavery. That may be so or not. t am
not a very good judge of climate, and I do not
belfeve toe Senators present are very good
judges of tbe climate of Kansas. I do not
tntnK many or them have seen tt, or hare bid
very accurate reports of tbe range of the bar
omider and thermometer there for tbe last few
years. What I ay Is, tbat If the Uw of cli
mate is to determine toe question or slavery in
any Territory within the limits of the United
States, where the two races are thrown togeth
er, I am content to trust it to that law of cli
mate without any coercive law, without anv
Uw of Corgrrss, without any territorial law,
without any btaie law. Lit ins appeal (to my
Northern friends who believe there is so- much
noteney in the law of climate, tbe law of pro
duction, the law ot vocation, the law of pur
suit; if these be sufficient, open your Northern
states and see wDetner you win not soon nave
a few of our slaves there performing menial
service.!. Whether that be true or not, Isitnot
well to leave Kansn to the reople of Kansas,
to Ihe vi)ttrs of Kiusasf If thty are willing
to trust Ibis matter to the Uw of climate tbey
are settling It in their own way. If tbey are
determined to have a positive prohibition ot
slavery In their Constitution tbey are settling
it In their own way, In conformity with tbe
law which gave them an organic form. Those
of us wbo boasted of the rights theyhnd under
tbe law, should be tbe last to complain of the
manner In which tliey exercise these lights.
I know, hoarder, that there is on thing
greatly complained of by various persons, and
wdico is regarded nv some as a sflmeieeit rea
son why Kahim ought to be kep out fit the
union i wnin oinrrs, wno uo not go u mil ex-
tteme, express much regret on toe sttiject I
allude to tbe fact lint the whole constitution
has'riot been submitted to the popular rote. I
bold that there-was no necessity for any such
siDinmion. ir, niter toe convention expresses
their judgment, It was' proper, as a mere mat
ter or policy or prudence, to suninil any ques
tion to a separate ro;e of tbe people, they
ought to submit the real bone ot contention.
I hold, further, tbat tbe submission of the
slavery question In the manner In which It has
bee submitted, is fairer, better calculated to
collect th real will and judgment of the peo
ple, inn it, tlie 3VD0I8 constitution Dad been
submitted. Suppose tbe convention bad adopt
ed a constitution prohibiting slavery, and had
submitted it to the neople as the Senator from
Lllllools thinks tbe Uw required. If this bad
beb ilone, ami my rrteud rretn Mississippi
fMr. Brownl lived there, he would have been
comjieuea to' voie BEraiugi slavery or aamm
the . constitution. Whenever many questions
are mixed up t gelber, and tbey are all pre
sented as an entirety, neither one of them has
a fair expression of tue people who thus pass
iudct.eht on tbem. So far ts tbis prtiiclpte
known to be correct, that tbe Constitution of
Louisiana requires tbat every Jaw shall em
brace but one subject, which shall bs stated in
Mr. Bigler. That feature is in tbe new con
stitution of KaBsis.
Mr. Gr:eu. It js in -4he .constitution of
Mr. Gwin. And of GlaMfornla.
Mr. Green. It tbe matter wars investigated,
I think it Would be fsuad that itfe'tame nrovl
slon exists in many other States.;. The object
u'to-prereat "log roHing,u and to inure a
fair, buaest -expression of tbe people or their
reffreaentntrrea -wben they pass judgment on
any subject. You may put together in an im
provement appropriation bill many items,
telther one or which has sufficient intrinsic
Inerlt to receive tbe assent of Congress; but tie
Mem togetner. and peruipj you can pass an.
It the slave question had beco tied to tbe suf
frage question; the governor's qualification
question ; tbe taxation quea ion ; tbe oanicques
tion; and if I had been a ritizen of Kansas I
should bare been compelled, in order to vote
for holding negroes In Kansas, to swallow all
the objectionable features In erery other branch
of the coi stitution. To submit a single, ques
tion is th only fair way, tbe only just way, the
only simple, certain method of collecting tbe
public' will. There is uncertainty in all buetan
proceedings. The people may not come to Ihe
pSints ; tbe representatives may not do tbeir
ditty ; but we proceed on tbe idea tbat there is
a just principle involved ; anl if tbe principle
be jus and the people have fan opportunity te
carry It out, and d not carry it out; but for
feit tbeir rights, it Is their misfortune, net
ours ; and our sympathies are blunted wben we
consider that their pissonswere the sole cause
of the grievance,. 'ot which they complain.
The constitution ia not submitted to the
people of Kansas- I know the Senator under
took to prove tbat ibe- people were placed
under coercion, tbat they were compelled to
go to the pulls ami rote, aad that before they
could vete on Uie slave q iesUqojbey were core
pelled tj rote for the constitution. If tRSotffr vo
vvbow coBsmunen bad been snbmitted before.
tuey could rote for or ajainst slavery, ther;
would hare beea compelled to vote in tbe
manner u'ti.r, th a ap p.nr.imll . . I.
manner which the Senator represented as ob
jectionable, which be animadverted upon,
which be censured and condemned. It tbe
whole constitution bad been sabmitUd, the
voter, in order lo vote for slavery, would have
been compelled to iadorst every feature ot the
constitution ; and, in order to vote against it,
would bare been compelled to rote against other
features of tbe constitution, and tbtr leave
him without a S'ate government. Tbe anxie
ty lo get a State gevernment might be strng
enough to induce him to forego his ohjeelious
to other branches of the constitution, and
hence, as I before remarked, the mode of sub
mission adopted by the convention was the on
ly simple, fair, and iuet method of colleetinc
J-the popularfwill open tbe slavery question.
iu me oninnms ui iraiirorma, a prepesKien
was made to submit the slavery question to a
separate vote oUhe, people. Tbe convention
was anxious not to endanger the admission of
the State into the Uqion. They did not be
lieve a majority of the people desired slavery,
arm tuereiore tuey am not enbmit it as a set
arate question, but they eubmtt'ed the wbo.
constitution to a rote of the people ef Call
forma. It came up here, a-d we all knew
there was a great deal of complaint on. the
part of the Northern as well as Southern Sen
ators and members ia congrqaence of the lion
submission of tbe slavery question.
By an examination ot the schedule, framed
by the Kansas Convention, it will be seen that
the constitution itself is not submitted. The
Senator Is mistaken when he says that tbe con
stitution is submitted, and that the people are
required to vote for it. He says the constitu
tion receires its vitality and takes effect from
its ratification. Tbe Senator is entirely mis
taken. It never does take effect until Kansis
shall be admitted into the Union br Con?res.
"But," says the Senator, "the schedule says
the constitution is to be submitted to tbe peo
ple." Yes. For what purpoe ? For ratifica
tion. What is the meaning ot " to ratify?"
It is to Bettle, to fix. There is a part of the
constitution not settled, not fixed, and Ma. must
be ratified Thai question is to be passed upon
by the people, when they say at the polls
wuetueriuy win retain a prevision sinction
Ing African slavery, or will strike it oat.
Tbey are to settle, to fix, ratify that unsettled.
unnxea, ucrauuec part. Tbat is all tbe arti
cie provides lor. ve are not to late a mere
txprrmon, but wist take the purport of tbe
whole article. If a logician, or a judge, or a
statesman, undertakes to construe tbe meaning
of that article, be takes tbe whole of it to
gether, and bo taking It, what does he find?
That nothing is to be ratified, fixed, settled ;
but the unratified, unfixed, unsettled part,
which ia whether slavery shall be retained In
the csnstitution or not. There is to be no de
cision ph ,auy art of the cot.stitotlon, except
that which relates, to slavery.
The Senator from Illinois, however, aems to
think that each voter must first vote for the
constitution, before he can vote for or against
slavery. Tbat is another mistake. The voter
does not vote for or azainst the constita' ion.
He simply votes a ballot which is to be counted
for or against slavery. If he rotes the ballot
containing the words " constitution with slave
ry," it is to be counted In favor of slavery; but
if h votes "constitution with no slavery," it
is to oe ctramea in xaror or striKing oat ine ar
ticle in the constitulTon providing for slavery
lue oniy question snomium is, will you, or
will you not, hare in the Constitution of Kan
sas a clause.eanctioning slavery? Is the writ
ing of the word "constitution" on the ballot
to be-eonstrued as making the roter rote for
tbe constitution? Then I can show tbat. If
man In Louisiana Voted on tbe adoption of
uieir new constitution, C8 was involved in this
eernins contradiction. Tbe Constitution of
Louisiana was submitted to tbe people, under
a sci eonie wnico required, -eaen billot sball
oe endorsed 'toe eonsrrtution aftepted,7 or
the constitution rejected.1" There would be
just about'as much plausibility in aaying tbat
a voter in Louisiana was compelled to vote
nrec iirtne constitution, ana tbea ror Itr rejec
tion, or first for the constitution and then for
its acceptance, as In saving here that a man in
Kansasdslo vote first for tbe constitution and
then for or against slaverr. The mie.tinn mh.
cuiiea in Louisiana was toe acceptance or re
jection or roe coosiiruuen. mi question sub
od'ted in Kansas ii the insertion or striking out
of an article hinellooing slavery. Tbat is tbe
sole question to be deeidtd
The opposition party in Kansas I do not
Know woat tt.le tbey assume to tbemtelves
denthat tbe constitution is submitted, and tb
Senator makes an issue with tbem. Those who
live ou tbe ground, wbo know what has been
done, say that tbe whole constitution is not
submitted. I say tbere was no more neec ssity
for its submission tban there was for tbe sud-
miisiou ot tbe Constitution of Illinois. The
people of Kansas acted through tbeir repre
sentatives. Those representatives bad power
either to adopt a constitution finally,iit simply
to m ice-a proposition, ana submit it ror tbe
consideration of tbe people.
1 here la nothing novel in the positions which
I haver stated. They are in conformity with
the past action of the Government. " I have be
fore me' statements showine what States have
been admitted with an enabling act, .and those'
Emitted without any such act having been
Me roliowtng states were au-nonzea to form
consfitutliipeby ct of Congress prctiout to
their admission: Ohio, Loiisiana, Indiana, Mis
sissippi, Illinois, Alabama, Missouri, and Wis
consin. Ibe Sutes for which no eoabling act
was prev.ouily passed, aulborixing the forma
tion of a constitution, were Vermont, Tennessee.
-Maine Arkansas, Michigan, FIorida.Texas and
Iowa. I bare also a list of all tbe new States
admitted since Ihe federal Constitution went into
operation Jn 1789, showing what States were
organlred -without the previous authority of
Congress, and wbai oisiessuomiucu. uicjr tou
ititntions to a- vote of the people, after being
framed by tbeir conventions. This throws im
portant light on tbe past history of tbe Gov
ernment, and that past history Is in strict accordant-
with tbe views I have advanced.
For Vermont, the constitution was forms3
"by e. convention, in July? 1777. It was revised
dj a corrrrn;iop Aieeemoer ia, miy wiuin.
authority Of Congress. ""The corwtitutlonr
wss not ratified by tbe people." I quota frem
Thcjnpso&'j " Vfnaont,"part2, pgs 105. Tbe
application for admission was mtde February ,
S. 1791, and the State was admitted March 4,
1791, as I find from the Statutes at Large, vJ.
KSriw.iire-. .,,,.., .heo,.h lb.
j,...-v-j .-.-- .
legates of a convention, December 0,1.93;
her conalltotlon was not then i formed. My an- j
tborlty Is the appendix to the House Journal,
vo!'lpaRes 411-12. Shs was admitted June 1,
17V2; tier constitution was ma berore uongreit,
November 7, 1792, as I learn fom the House
Journal, rol. 1, page fit 1. There Is no evidence
that the constitution was submitted to a vole
cf the people.
For Tennessee, ibe constitution was formed
by a convention without authority of Cougriss,
February G, 1793, as I learn from Ameriran
State Papers, "Miscellaneous." rol. 1, pages
110 7. bbe applied for admission April 8,
1793, as Is shown by Ssnate Journal, April 11,
snd House Journal April 8, 1790 . She wis ad
mltted June 1, 1790. Tfas constitution was not
submitted to tbe people, bat It was forwarded
to tbe Secretory of State, as I learn from tbe
annals of Tennessee, pages 060-7, and tbe his
tory of Tennessee, pige 471,
ior Ohio, the constitution was formed tr a
convention, under authority of Contrrss, No
vember xu, join:, as is inotvn by the blatutei at
Large, vol 2, natris 171. 201. bbe applied for
admission January 7. 18(13, as Is shown by
Senate Journal, vol. 3. page 251. Shs was ad
mitted February 19, 1803, as I find In tbe Stat
utes at Large, vol. 2, page 2111. The constitu
tion was not submitted to tbs people, as I .urn
fiom Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio,
In Louisiana, the constitution wat formed bv
a convention January 22,1812, under authority
or Congress or tbe date of February K', 1811
I refer to the Watates at Lire, vol 2, pses
Oil. Shs was admitted April 8, 1812, and
there Is no evidence tbat the constitution was
submitted la the velee of the people.
TbeeMtHutioii of Indian was formed by a
convention June 29, 1816, under authority of
uongrtsi as i nod in tue Mamies at 1-arr.e, rol.
j. pagexov. oae was urn it led jiecember 11,
1810 I quote from the Statutes at Ltree. vol.
3, page 399. Her constitution was submitted
lo uongrrss June in, 1317, as is mown ny tbe
House Journal, second session, Tuenty-Kitir li
Congress, page ISO. There Is no evldenci Hut
tbe constitution was submitted to a vols of tbs
The constitution of Mississippi was formed
by a convention August li, 18171 again refer
to tue biatutes at Large, vol. 3, pegs 1 1.
under au'borlty ot Congress. (Statutes, vol.
3, page 31S.) Her constitution was submitted
to Congress December -I, 1817 She was
admitted December 10, 1856, ( Statute i at
Luge, vol. 3, page 472.) and there li nc evi
dence tbat tbe constitution wai submitted to a
vo'e of th people.
me ceftstiiuuon er Illinois was lorinea by a
convention August 20, 1218, under authority ot
Congress (see Statutes at Lirge, vol. 3, pag.e
428;) submitted to the House ot Representa
tives November 7, 1818, aad admitted Derimber
3, ISIS. (Statutes, vol. 3, page 530 ) There
is no evidence tbat the coattttution was sub
mitted to a vote ot the people.
The constitution ot Alabama was formed by
a convention, Au;ust 2, 1819, under authority
of Congress, (Statutes at Large, vol. 3, page
4S9;) her constitution wat submitted to tbs
House of Representatives, December 6, 1819,
and she was admitted December 14, 1819,
(Statutes at Large, vol. 3, page 638.) Ihere
is no evidence tbat the constitution wan sub
mitted to 'be people.
The constitution of Maine was formed by a
convention without authority of Congress, Oc
tober29, 1819. Her constitution was submit
ted to Congress, December 8, 1819, (See House
Journal, first session, Sixteenth Cor err si,
pages 18-81,) and she was admitted, March
15, l&JU. The c institution was submitted to a
rote of the people, as I learn from William
son's History of Maine, rol. 2, page 071.
'lbs constitution ot Missouri was formed by
a cenvention, 19ib July, 1820, under authority
of Congress, (Statutes at Large, rol. .1, page
515.) Her constitution was submitted No
vember 16. 1520. One ot ray authorities is
Mr. Lowndes's repurt, November 23. 1820,
(American State Papers, " Miscellaneous,"
-vol. 2, page 025.) The joint resolution admit
ting the State on a "certain condition,'' was
approved March 2. 1821. The eonditiiHi was
accepted, and the State admitted by proclama
tion or IBe president, or August ll, lSl. mere
is no evidence tbat the constitution w.is sub
touted to a vote of tbe people.
The constitution of Michiganwas formed by
a convention under authority of tbe ordinance
of 1787, and without tbe authority of Con
gress. It was submitted to and ratified by th
people, (see Lammon's History of Michigan,
pages 211-243 ; also, Senate DacumenU 5 aad
211, Tvnty-Fourth Coscress, first, nseian,
and Report of Committees of House of
Representatives, first session Twenty-Foorth
Congress, 330. She was admitted on the con
dition that she shoeld amend her constitution
to as lo change her boundary, (Statutes at
Large, vol. s, page -it).)
Tbe constitution of Arkansas was formed
by conreetfon without authority of Congress.
I refer to House Documents, Tweuty-Iourtb
gress. nrsrseaslon, io. 101; IS lies' Kegts-
vol. 4, pge 243, for Attorney umerars
J,. 8Ba' jgr debates, to CoWasional
rebates,'' rol. 12, parte 1 and 2 Hie was
aamUt.d' a constitution, by joint resolu-
tlan, June 15, 1836. Tbe constitution was not
submitted to the people.
The constitution of Florida was formed by a
convention without authority ot Congress, and
mamitted to tbe ieople. (See House Doc 508,
Twenty- Fifth Coagrrsj, third session, nnd Sta
tutes at Large, vol. 5, page 742 ) the was ad
mitted with a constitution. March 3. 18 15.
Tbe constitution ef Wisconsin was formed'
by a convention under authority of Cn;ress.
(S'atutes, vet. 9, page 56; txxi House Doc. 49,
TwentT-Nmth Congress, second sesaloii.) Sb
was admitted on certain conditions (Statutes,
vol. 9, page 178 ) The constitution had not
-been submitted to the people previous to her
application with a constitution. For Debates
see Coagresiional Globe and Appendii:, Twen-
ly-Aintb uoogress nm and second setaions.
Tbe constitution of lon-a was formed by a
convention on the 13th or May, 1816, without
authority ot Congress and was subnitted to
tbe people, (see lljuse Doc. lb, Twenty
Ninth Concreis, second sessioH, pn?e 17.")
She was admitted with her constitution, Mitch
The coastltu'ioti of California wati formed
by a cooveatren wHbeet authority of ("otigrejs,
and it was 'sa mltted to and ratified by the peo
ple. (See Senate Miss. Doc. 68, page 14,
Thirty-First Congress, first session.) fabe
was admitted September 9, 1850.
I have thus, as briefly as 1 could, undertaken
to show, first, that Kansas is, under tte Louisi
ana treaty, under tbe law of Congrtf s, under
tbe Kansas-Nebraska act, under thl soerii.1
pledge of tbe Dtraocratl? party in tbe CInrl.i
nati Convention entitled to adinistfoc, having
now a republican form ot government ; second,
tbat the convention was legally aad fairly
called, sanctioned by the Federal at.tliorities,
acting in comormiiy wnu tbe territorial gov
ernment, not in conflict, not in antagonism, not
in opposition. Third, I have shown tbat tbe
presumption is that the convention fairly and
truly represented tbe people and reflected tbeir
will. U.i tbu point we have beard nf broken
pledges and violated promises. We hare
heard of rows that hare not been fulfilled, but
we nare no evidence on tbe subject.
I beard tbe Senator from Illinois ileo make
remarks here touchirir wbat would be tbe final
result of the submission of the slave question ;
tbat he bad no doubt " returns" wsuld come
in, intimating tbat he believed fraudu would be
perpetrated. But eight months ttgo, who so
loud, so forcible, and eo eloquent aa tbe Sena
tor from Illiocis in denouncing the party that
Insinuated fraud I Oa wbat evident-.; is It that
be weutd insinuate that frauds wi 1 be com
mitted in tbe returns that are to come in when
the question of slavery shall be submitted. I
have no right to Impute fraud. I never will
impute fraud. Fraud is to be nrovei, not pre
turned. When tbe honorable gentleman occu
pied a place on tbe Denrn, ir an attorney bad
made an argument like tbat. be would bereadv
almost to strike his name from tbe roll of at
torneys. Is there any evidence, or are there
any facts developed in this case which would
justify him in inferring or prrsuming fraud?
None tbat I have seen, and he does us injustice
if be has it in bis possession and retains it as
a secret ; it ought to be developed ; it ought to
came befors the country in a tangible shape,
tor we are aa tnucn responsible for our action
when tbat action depends on farts as tbe
honorable Senator himself.
ibe legal presumption Is, tbat tnc represen
tative renects tbe will rr tbe represented.
Tbere ts no evidence before us conlllcting with
that legal presumption. Tbe election has not
yet taken pla.e. Is there any prep ira tion for
fraud? Hare schemes been conceded, have
plana been devised by which fraud is to be
perpetrated In tbe rotlng upon that question ?
i wu, not oeuere it in advance or Ibe tact it
self. Is it for that reason the honcrable Sera-
tor thinks tbja whole matter should Je reversed,
tbe whoie subject thrown back, and a complete
revival of tbe complication of difficulties thai
bave beset us -on our western border ? Is it
because of this anticipated fraud? I bave
-shown it cannot be because of tbe v(ant of an
enabling act, for he has voted tbe other way in
several instances, ibavesaown tuat it can
not te for tbe want yf submitting tbe whole
question to tne people, because be bas voted
tbe other way in several other irstanees. I
bave shown tbat this convection was legally
and constitutionally called. That be admits.
1 have shown that the legal presumption is, tbat
tbey rrbect tbe will or tbe peopio. Js tbere
then any rebutting evidence? There Is noth
ing else in tbe preceding part of the argument
to justify bis now separating from us, and wben
we come to ibis birurcaiefl road, dj staking me
left hand. Is there any reason why be should
do it on this simple, anticipated idea of fraud,
on which tbere is no particle of evidence before
us? No; tbe legal presumption still stands
unassailed. Tbe legal presumption is still po
tent enough to justify our action on it, and we
must act on 1'.
In tbe next place, I bave shown tbat the con-,
vrntion was under no obllgatioi, imposed
either by Uw or usage, to submit the constitu
tion to a rote of the people. Further, I bave
saown, l mink, mat a -majority or tbe states
entered tbe union wita constitutions not pre
viously submitted io tbe people. If Kansas
copied tbe example set by a mrjnrity of its
elder sisters, sorely nothing will ! urge I in
complaint against Kansas becamrf it did not
follow the mmona. It Is tin'., l beard the
Senator commending tbe rule, which be says is
found in tbs Minnesota bill.
Here I will remark tbat, as fir as I bare
examined tbe Uw &utl I bare a,'nined every
case I could I unrl, from the bejlnning-of tbe
Government, in 1789, down to th present day,
there never was a prerequisite,, 'ivea where
Congress passed an enabling act, that the re
sult cf tbe convention should be submitted to'
tbe people, save in the Mic-nesota bill. It was
not in the Ohio bill ; It was not in the Indiana
bill; it was not in the Illinois bill; It was not in
the Alabama bill; li was noMn the Mississippi
bill, i be other States were formed on tbeir
own responsibility, without an-enabling act. In
none of those enabling acts not nvn In tbe
Wisconsin bill was there a provision requir
ing tbe constitution to besubmitted to the" peo
ple. In no bill, save one, hitB.ever 'passed
Congress was any sa h proviiion contained.
If the eoirventlonof the Territory ofcKansag
deemed it proper to copy tbe exaa pie which
lODgiess naa eeij watca a majority ox eister
States had s't, I can see In Ibis no cause ot
objection to Kansas at our bands.
Agsln, I litre shown that the only questkn
!'uAwhl.hJ?."e.l ny controversy 1. sen.
arateiy suDmmea to a rair role or toe people,
About this I have no doubt or ceotrov.rsr.
n,, onIy qU(,u0D ,hat hl, been of e.
tention, (bit bas been the cause of stirring up
strife, that has been made the pretext for as
saults on dltTcrent sections of ibis Union
that one single, Important question, is sub-
miiicu iu a nir vote or me people, wbat
ths result of that rote will b it Is Impossible
for me to foretell. This much, however, I can
with propriety say: If a msjority of th peo
ple tbere ate determined not to bave African
slaves.lt would be Ml, by any scheme, by
any trick, to get up a constitution adverss to
tbe will et tin majority and bene I am glad
this slavery question ts fairly submitted. At-thi-ugti
1 greatly prrer having no constitution
al and no lepl barriers, thouxh 1 subscribe
most heartily to tbe doctrine of climate, ef !
pruuuciion, ami ot vocation, and ItliniC It In
only sound solution of Oil question within the
limits of tbe Federal Union, s'lH, my epinlun
Ii not to beset upas dictatorial t- Influence
others. H Is but my individual property j I
shall act iimn it so far as I am able. As H Is
thus submitted, it Is tbe only question of con
troversy. Who is It that complains of any
provisions In the Kansas constitution? and
wbo Is It that could eomnltl-i of a provision in
tbat constitution who did not bave a fair Oppor
tunity to ioik It otherwise-!' he I in the ma
jority? ami if be li In tlit minority, let Msg
rotnplaln and gnash his teeth In vain. Minor
ities are expected to complain ; but it 1 the
duty of minorities to submit a graeefnlly as
their feeling will wll permit If they were
the majority, they had tbe opportunity to make
it otherwise. If tbey did not choftie to exer
cise their right, It is their fault and their mis
fortune. If tb majority have exireised their
Isgal rights In an honorable, upright, awl fair
manner, they are not to be forced to give way
to a factious minority.
I bave llsti shewn there I no legal objection,
ami no prudential consideration, to prevent
tbe admission of Kansis. How, then, are we
to act on this subject? Are we lo vo back and
travel over the detail of elreuiaeunces tbat
occurred in Kansas, so far a presented in the
President's message? It is unnecessary, ex
cept so rar as they bear on tbe fairneM of this
convention, Ibe fair oppartaalty far the free
expression of the trill of tbs people. Whether
the President's reasoning be right or wrong, let
It pass. It ought to cetnmtnd lilm fer bis pa
triotism, for his disinterested view, and for Uie
sound conclusions at ubieb be arrives. With
tills commendation, and with this support,
whether be is right or wrong In si vine the law
requires tbe slave brjneh of Ibis controverted
mailer to be submitted to a vole of the people,
i iimj; not utter one worn or complaint.
There is a still creator object In view tban te
look back at the past, and find fult with this
or that proceeding which occurred in Kansas.
This is tbe President's view. Practical men
must take bold of tbe subjects and act la a
f radical manner, to effectuate the most good
a a constitutional and legal way. From all
the Investigation I have given to this subject,
I am satisfied that the good of Kansas, the
good, the peace, tbe prosperity of tbe whole
Union will be affected more or less by the de
cision tbat we make oa Ibis Hamas questiot.
It Congress keeps It open, if excitement is
still to spread through tbe land, it a system of
warfare is to be gotten up plunging tbe land in
gloom, and, perhaps, reaching to the extreme
or sueddtng nuraan blood, tbe conseq'teoces
will be on those who re open the slave qaestion,
ths Kansas question, tbe squatter sovereignty
question, or any other question connected with
tbs well-being of Kmsao. If tbere b any
question tbat can be fairly decided in Kansas,
it is the slave question. I believe that it will
be fairly decided tbere. I believe tbe constitu
tion meets tbe approbation of a majority ef
tbe people of Kansas. In regard to that, I
bave no question or doubt, and ray belief,
founded on tbe slight sources of information I
possess, is at least to be treated as a get-off to
tbe fear or fraud, and tbe allegation of im
proper irflueoces, on the part of the people or
Kansas, as alleged by the Sena tor from Illinois.
Mr. President, I bave thus giv-n ray views
of this subject. I bave elaborated no single
point. It has been ray purpose simply to
show that tbere is no obstacle in the way, and
tbat tbere are considerations why, ia conform
ity with ths past action of the cooatry, we
should admit Kansas it once. I belli ve she
bas acted as fairly as any other Territory. I
have stated the reason wby I have given my
view of the ease. Whether tbe constitution
will come up ia the one shape or the other, is a
subject about which I bare no right to express
an opinion. Whether it will come up at all,
or not, I am not able to say, though I appre
hend it will. I bave only felt bound to meet
the objections urged by. tbe Senate because I
thought tbey would have a prejudicial effect
upon tbe country, aad an exceedingly prejudi
cial effect in Kansas, where an election is to
be held on the 21st ef this month. It is true
little tbat I can say or lilUe that others ran
say, will reach Kansas before the election;
but, at least, both sides ouht to be partially
beard heard enough, at least, to compare
tbem together and see which is in coafar ratty
with Ibe Federal Constitution, and which, la ia
conformity with Ihe practice of the G rern
ment. whether I have succeeded in snowing
that the positloa I take is correct, is, af course,
for others to determine.
Letters trca Gea. Cass to Gar. Walker and
State DarARTMiar. IVoaaaber 13. 1847.
Oi AVedaesday last I received jour eetsmu
nieation of tbe 16th lest, tendering year rejie
nstien as Goferner of Kassat. Tbe resisaa
tion is accompanied by a loot; arsuaieat tm tbe
atTairs of the Territory generally, te which
you are well aware it wotitd be improper for
this Department to reply. If every officer of
the Gorntaat who feels himself caastrained
to refuse obeJience to the instructions of the
President should pursue ttrts tmasual coarse,
aad thas place on the files of tbe appropriate
Departments criticisms on tbe policy of tbe
Administration, do person knows better than
yourself to wbat coaaeqaences this might lead.
Ibe Department must either caase the charges
and arguments to be filed among the public ar
chives of the country wttbetit cootradlcUon or
reply, or it omit spend the time which ought
to be devoir d te the public service in contro
versies with subordinate officers who rasy dis
approve of the President's policy. While duty,
therefore, forbids me to enter into a controver
sial discasslon with you upon the various top
ics embraced by yettr argument, it is proper I
sho'ildraake a remark upon a single point.
You state tbat tbe President has changed his
policy In regard to Kansas. And why this al
legation ? Simply because the cenvention in
Kansas bave, in the exercise of tbe rights be
longing to them, decided tbat tbey would 'not
gubmit the whole constitution to the people,
although they submitted the all important aad
dangerous questions of slavery, which threat
ened to convulse the Union, anJ alone promi
nent in the mind of the people throughout
every State; be had not trusted tbe submission
of this mrmntous qxe-ition as a mere nullity.
Under these cir nasteneej It was his imperious
duty, and this was in strict conformity with
the instructions to take care that a fare elec
tion be held on this vital qu'siion, and thus
give pf ace to tbe Union. Had he acted in any
other manner, merely because be preferred the
submission of the constitaUea originally to
the people his responsibiii y would have been
of the gravest character. He never intimated
or expressed the opinion tbat the conven
tion were boQn.l to submit any potties of the
constitution to the people, except the question
of slavery, much less tbat portion woul.I be in
valid, without such opinion. This would have
been in opposition to tbe numerous precedents
which bave occurred sines the adoption of the
Federal Constitution by the different Slates.
Tbe question of slavery was the all absorbing
question, and you were sent to Kansas with
tbe full confidence of the President, to carry
out tbe principles ot the Kansas Nebraska
act, with tbe question whether Kansas was to
be a free or a slave State, you were not to in
terfere. You trere to secure to the people of
Kansas a free and fare election to decide the
question for themselves The President was
tberefore happy to learn from your diapatches
to this department of July 15th last, that In all
your speeches you had refrained from express
ing any opinion as to wbetaer it should be a
slave or frte'State.
Tbsr oMItBt arrant.
Tq Hon. R. J. -bTalkeb, Watblartpe-Clj.
Secretary Cass' letter to Gen. Denver was
also among ths documents presented la the
After referring to tbe cause of tbe dismissal
ot Secretary Stanton for convening the Legis
lature, he says: from these views you will
readily understand what tbe President regards
as tbe chief duty -which devolves upon ydu as
Sainton's successor. This is to preserve tbe
ace of Kansas. Every person entitl-U to
rote on tbe Coistftutlori ought to have safe ac
cess to trie polls, and to be free from all re
straints, whatever, in the cxeretse of tbe elec
tive franchise. If tbe civil power is found In
sufficient for this purpose, the troops ot the
United States should be employed in aid of it,
and it may be a wise precaution to have them
stationed in advance, wilhin re a h ot those
places where, in your judgment, their services
are likely to be required.
It is earnestly hoped tbat the use of tbe
mililary power may be wholly avoided. Vio
lence is always less likely to occur whet, the
means are known to be -tt hand for its prompt
suppression; but should the military force
become absolutely necessary to keep the peace,
you will find full instructions with reference to
the proper mode of employing ir, in ray com
munication to Gov. Walker. The Territorial
legislature doubtless convened on the 7th inst,
and while it remains in session, its members
are entitled to be st core and free fn their delib
erations. Its rightful action mast also be re
spected. Should it anthorize an election by
the people for any purpose, this election should
be held without interruption, bo less ihan those
authorized by the Convention. While tbe
peace of the territory shall be preserved and
freedom of election is secured, tbere need be
no fc.tr of disastrous conseq-ieaces. Tbe pub
lic journals contain reports of an Intended
movement by a portion of the residents of
Kansas, to organize a revolutionary govern
ment under the Topeka Constitution. It J
hardly probable that this report can be well
founded, but should an attempt be made and
lead to practical collision with, the territorial
authorities, the authority of the Government
must necessarily le maintained, and from
whatever quarter it is at erupted, violence with
tbe election authorized by tbe Constitutional
Convention, or that which may be authorized
by the legislature, must be related, and the
security of tbe election maintained. Your
nrmness and discretion is relied upon to give
effect to these instructions. 'It is vitally im-
punaai mat me people or Kansas, aod none
.other than the people of Kansas should bars
the f uUdetermination of tbe question now" be
fore them for their decision. It is also Im
portant tbat in securing- to them tbe protec
tion to which they are. entitled, great care'1
should be taken net to organize any illegal au
thority. No action of the Territorial Legisla
ture about to meet can interfere with the elc- h
tioos ot the 21st ot December and the 26th
cf January io the mode and mannepreaeribed!rTrtwUrtrle,1'rtb;Um,
byihe Consatutlobiionveon. - 1.
Sir. tozt obedient aerraat.
' LEWIS OA'S.
I. O. A. O. 51. C.8
WILT. Bet at thetr nnm K 1 Bak ATtnae. oa
TDKHDAT ZVIMX0, slTo'dork
Bj order ot lh a. O. drr!.1 1
Mem rms. Jorr I, VA.
TrtS oroinerelU trills tvor OKJn the cotalrr i uts
din-Meat coarse to fee parn d in oar basiwt
Wo have hrttnlor aimed at a ETtttCTXT OASII EC
St.VBSS, tat time b b-n ettraoe d to S4tao tt our ps
tnms who mullested a dlspisttlea to pslmls ts ea
rr m this dslo wi shut Mil KXTLU3.IVRLT TOO.
CASK, and sball eat depart rrra It iu any InsUee.
wo shit! bo p'eu'! to ictata tbo psirenag ot our
rrletvts on the so t -nas.
Ihooo Indented u as wM mm forwird snd eettle It
wis mvo us tbi tx?tan of snuHat enMter
ptirs k BttrrrnRB-i.
d cs 2m 315 tfalo stmt. WenpM", Tenb.
FHOIC nr pUoUtler., are all's btar KaftoVph. .
T-M..aWtUthalt .mrn'sro bor
Mfl sbot HiMetn jer. Its l-abrttblmatslto
Willi tblrk SHKbr h'odof bilr. I we- c.,t IIWr.1 Jc.
renl laoer one rt'llterios lbs nr bof In m st ror
p4atolleii, or cw Antes' bun lo J II to I (t bias stats.
Mr Pal fttneo u lun-lorpk, Ten
wera-iw oatfflSB Sll AIL.
(1(1 HM. Hall Batterl
Xi J 100 box CbwH)
S l HsjbiI
tan r-i-t neat's ntMKtcx Obsapomei
tod b is WVh-'s sobMaid oeaaspesl
in lUrrtt' Ate
4) . I.tsr Dnr
M bMs OH Hi ban ts4 Ur- WM7t
104 bete rum's sal Dnter' WhttkM
510 twee rut rn
It fcoios TooMto KetebeM
100 bem Mrte4 IKi.Kt
M srM Otrr ! Bawl;
Sen bexos IUr Oudtest
J ' riNw0rMker.
A lee, nt er, M (Mr, Totaaw, Oil , Orier..
Letauns, ReleMM. Ssrdlnes, Avs.
rersslebr J. T. VJUSt,
ta He M rrm Ber.
MISSISSIPPI AND TENNESSEE
CIIAMJE OF KCIIi:DUI.E.
OK alter THCRHHr. Deeeexber II, HT, Hie
Trslai oa IMs swed will rsw s Mlew -
The Mell 4 Tttumtte Train wM leer M atoMo dear
inn,ii.ivmsii:n n ,ih srrrre h raet
netorstsf , wMI leire Paoeta at t:fS A. nr., and srilrs
atteeDfa.sat 2 40 M.
Tbe FreMbl and -eoeeestsedelsen Trots ktr-s raaefa
U7 (ftdrs osi)!!:) al M A. MM aad arrlso at
Hetsrstnr, fiewo'Jts t 2:09 r. St., iM antre at
rtneta al 8. 00 r tt
P-rseeo Iraretleit on she AessstooMdsHeti Traoa rsa
ssM Beerir two boars aa batf n Meatsale eed re
tain os ibe same air
r, hh-Bter Trtln ntsdtTei mHIw at MtmpbH
with toe tfmpbls afid Obtrleetea KHro4 fetes X.M 1
aa eteae o eweetten with lb V. metis set IMs Baa-
read smocKerlb. It aJee seoon-to betb ways et Panola
wHb Slaretaa4f ran Ur Wewiej ptaeee: O-kUad.
Prrstea aad Grtae-le. -r e mtklec cwixeeiaMi wttft
Sum Ibrexb Camnter aad Uxiutea . IbMteo U Ibe
"rth-rn termtsl el the lll.steetpH Ceetral KlUftted fer
CanUn, Jackea aad N'"' Orleaee.
Tfereesi Tkkela fer 6rtu4a aa be oeialattl at tbe
at reaebla D pt
Tbts Is mech tbe sberteet rente, and ptwenferi teae.
lea btraiebis bj- ibe saeriMna; trare arrlee at GrMftda the
aasao creelex, barinc dartlfbt Ibe wbeie war.
X W. XKWBLU
atC23-it Oeswral SeswrUteodcot.
N E WYE A R.
Twentr-fMr TarWKa of Six's aad Sty e for tbo
Aad other parpose.
OALL AKD asr ONE AT
Geo. Pattison & Co's.
A TOVKn, spare belttmaa. caned al oarsU
Satardae aaera'Bg last, aad blrrd
a.iM)eDa. seTtsr b wtabed lo tide Into
ton 7 a few mlr-s ei baeraess. to retara sum oar ;
bat bas not jrt mad bio avsearar-ce. He was seen te
take tbe real lead ne te Hr.aad. Te- mare be rede
w4 ab-Bl six sears oM derp ebeatBat sorrel, aboet feer
teea aid a balf hatvU bik, two or lb e wbito feet, a
siasil star la aer fortbead. aad a pcalUr bnBe-w pate
on Ibe fit i4e et aer seek, neer tbe seee.l-1-r, aad ef
sprlgbUr GMTOneat Tb" thief wHI : relit Gist e
palm blBieotf err as a fraaatnar teaeaef , la not a very
brlfb'- aave rial taaa. Iu mlellect or sraoa. A liberal
reward wtJ be eirea for bH arraat aad laBanoeuieBt,
that be taarbebioarbl L JaUsoe . JUsefertbemwrerr
et Ml- Bare. KLLI3, HOWAOD i. CO.
Weetlf oltj- papers oepj-.
NEW YORK LEDGER
THB BIST f A MILT P.VPHR IK TSK WORLD J
Alt tit Favorite Writer t retained, and AVaseaea
STILL OS.EATEH ATTa tOMO.VS T09. THE NEW
ne etres!alr or THE NKTT T02C LEBGItR, le xnw
THREE HU.IBSED AD THIKTVTHeeMANS reriBS,
wbtee, is rrtatrr than that ot ear
Ten other Literary Papers ia metio.
Tbe p reflls oa Cila napar-alMe-l
caret-lalWa enable the
praprietor or TQK LEIMjisB.
to expBd sems epoe It waerti
weaNt 8 sea swasae aa? orat
nirrpebtrra'len. A. paptr wttb a osrealabVM
of eJrbatrtd Ibeaeaad
oraowtsd sMk awd-r tbe
expeuaea of TUB LltMKa
aa leie than six meetba.
AS of KtovMaad raverHe
writefer THE LS0SE& as
, X. esaaase wta be spared
la eeotH e etbera wbee peea
. to aed te THR LHeSRH'S
atsrarllswe a4 aaet a4nso
JiSM. BtlfMA B. E. .
nefHvr)HTB wrttes e l
fjr TasNbW TUHX La-
FAKTT THUS wrtt
etrlr for THE TtrtUt
STLVJJB3 OOBB. Jr..
writes owtj far TUB NKW
writes mMr lor Ibe TJ1E
NEW TORC LIDOES,
ALICE OART. Mrs. SI-
ROHaSET, and Dr. NKL
SUK writ, rer tnc WW
GEORGE D. FREXTKB.
JOHN G. HAXK, al al tbe
eaber beet wilt?r,,eeolrllc
U THE XEW TORtX US
GER. THE LEDOER as deeatrd
te POLITK LITHR ATORB,
O RIU I X A L I LI JTSTRA tKO
TS.LRS. KiATS. PORTBT.
TIIE LSDRER Is CTerr-
where aeknowttdaed la be tbo
teat family paper la tho
world-brnee Ha itraeritt-
ears- aad tsh?ari-of popa-
Tbe Proort-tor of the LED
GkU eaast'Ta'thebrst taBt.
aad br so di( taaXra tbo
best oaar la tbe eiwurr.
TlTE NEW TOKC LKD
QHR .a printed ua beaattlai
wblte rxeer, and U esspesed
ot eixbt pates, maiwg He
basdseenat. week 17 paper re
tie Uaeea. It a paMI-bd
erery Hatnrdar, aad ild at
a'l tbe nowa em ea I. eterr
rtr aad town tbeeexbnt
Ibe oet'y, iivi s Battled
fer aabefabra at $3 per as
otmt two eepl-a are aeot
fer t. Anr peraea obulo
tecfUtl sBftcribers at )l
63 each (wbtcQ la ear lewrst.
oinb rates,) end aeud ns at
$13. will be toMUed to oae
orpr free. Teran lorarUWr
InadTance. Jtddnea aH It-
ROTJ CRT BOXXER,
XEW I0RC LEDGER,
41 Attn strut, Near Tee I.
X. B Vow ie a std Mne
to a-.bMnbs, aa Ji rsJOSTH-
WQRTH'3 prw Uti. TBE
- BRIDE Of AN EVENING
wll be eumratne! la THE
' LR DQHR en the first or Jan-
" B No. S Wo have no
A tints aaltMrtaed to receive
rskolptleas tor THE LED
GER. Sacrlbre mast al
ware remit direct te aa, and
not send er pay 007 mosey to
A fclth mo-al tsna charaetera -a ererr article In THE
1.1 DGKR. In fact, th namra of its leadlsc osotrtbstors
are a anffleie nt saarasty tbat tt rtaada In marked coo
trasttoaalasaof ee-fclr pubucatteas that hare tor so
leas a time fl wdM ttts country, bet which, ortanately
for tho taerale el ear. people, are atatoet ex tset.
F. i. KUEFFXER, SI. D.,
HOVtEDPATHIC PHTSICIAX AXD SURGBOS.
wtsa-e to larorm the au-ertt of Memphis an J Its el
ruiily, that he baa located time If at tbe sonla-ast
urnerof Uttlon anl Second stmts.
Offlce hosts untllS o'clock In the marrHnr. between 13
and tat noon, and t-twe-n ( and 7 la tbe eretuss.
Reibesces Jadce Shaikee; Gov Blown. ,rxise.;
Xel-on Mitchrll, K-1.. of Charlealaa, S. C ; Dra Hftrlnz
tt Llspe, ot Phlta rtpbia.aad Dr. Caspar!, e LoBlsTiUe.
LOST I LOST!
OX the 34th last., to Hrash sTMr .a the Jflaslsslppl
and Tcsnets-e Rallrovt, a walkta, Oane bkkery
wool Trr inH of kajts, ao-t la rather abort. It baa a
surer brad with the letters RSA. en-i-rd oa K.
Alaj. an Iron ferret 00 It Tbe Sader win ba lit) er ally re
warded by leaner, it at this oOce. er letsral' t tae same
to - B. S. AKDSRSOV,
d-cST-lw Chulthetav Jllra
Aeatlt motile the Veaot
of the itiaphtt and
B. F. C. BROOKS, Proprietor.
T Operands who oontrarlate learlnt this city 10 Ihe
Cbarleslea road, the proilmlty of this Hscae to that
depot, orftra airmujra which ao other honso In thla
city can possibly cicnnxad. Thoa. who arrive ea th
eeentac trala vl I Cad tt materitHy to thetr lr.f reat te
stop at thja Hoaae. aod abonM rut tax t hem set res by
ba.tnx an omalbaa ticket. ISrsoaa who visit Keaphls,
acd Intend leaelrg on the Charleston read, may aero
taicb by rolnt lam dlately ts this llease, fines the
lateaor rare are mu.b cheaper thaa airy other boost of
. cjaal rrspecUbillty In the city.
X. B. Ooj ibtisia always rea'ly te convey passenfers
from this Ht I to say part ot the city.
Macon Co'legiats Institute.
TD. VEREDtTH'S Thud Sex Ion will open oe the 4th
e ot Jaaaary. and eoatlnaa tlx tsentba. Aa a Oae
lecatlonfor a F-male Sehooiof hlih order, Xacta haa
ma adraataitre. Oar new lostltaiioa Is dooe ap In
new style or teachers are aa tndutrtosa, tbat laiy pn
pUafiUUti indnatileaa habits naawvea ear people
are eo ecooomlcal. tbat a airi can Dot be extraeaeani
wlthoottoetto. IWlcxloaa oar board Is to cheap, that
aoao are board nr 04t aa a rail ler of eronom- aa
lame-, wno woara uxe to bare innr hramta
Tansra. romroariea. or osae op la the most apcxari
aiyie,arerrqoei a u tire ca an early can. aadfea-
their heaia. Terms per m-mth aa fonewa :
Academic......................... ...... l.o
OH eelate... .4'00
Modern Lancuaiee.. a co
JlnsKeaPlaaoandBsoot Uslrament.... 00,"
' fJnltar;..... .................. ........... 5 0,
Board 10 CO '.J
JiQ-eitrach vrrejor Ancient Lansaaze.
uiaea. muvtrinf io ui eaa or
made exoawt la caaee-.c
ctr.ble at tie and ef tho
Session. S.J.X2EL. President.
J. J. Williams-OS, Secretary. docSi-dSar
Crisp's Gaiety Theatre.
Leescs sod JlinageT.....
Coadactor ot Orcbestra .
.w n. cbisp.
..Xr GRATTAK DAWI OJT.
Mr. B. a LKlTOTKX.
nixt bat three f the Rtxajement el
MR. EDtTI.f BOOTH.
Wbo wist. Incompliance w-tb namtreas rrqsesta at tbe
Cox Ota p psat ble (Teat iopersonalm ef " Sir OLM
TUBSDAT XVXN'INn. December tb, 8St. iR be
aetei Mrsteaier'a sreat plij or A NSW WAT TO
PAT OLD DRBT3 . Mr OCeo Ornrati. Xr. Kdwln
Booth. After wB'b tbe orertnro to le Creorl br tbe
Oeebeatra Leader, Pref . Ileealef Perfermaaco te. ae
csnde wHb tbe peastatr raree of THS X'ODr ASifOBt
To-svorrew erraKis Xr. Zdwln AMtb la oae et bis
S. B. Bee nolle I be siren ot Xr. BvAVt next
reereaeaiat e-i ef 'FJeha'd III."
rwrfqaearticetars, see bone o Skadtr. darts
"Tho Campbells are Corning!"
FIFTEEN STAR PERFORMERS !
Sx. Mights l
Commonclng Monday December 28,
OR CAT TROUPE Of UBIOI5AI.
HATs: tb beBft-r U aaaeeo a aerlea ef Ibear obasle
ad pee ler pufcraeeee a Tbe eaMaar, ea now
rxeexed, ownekeU mf -b- ol
tales, all e.r ibe ibe etnitsMW ate wmaCwe4
aTPor peHanalare oee bTe M tbe f.
CJ" Mo e aa eeaae aWa epea at (H Vehxr
Cx eara !7)t.
' .' W) 'mt
Mil) MIL AND SUPPER.
Liberty PJre ('m any Ko. 5.
A URJiXD MALL AXO SUPPER
KVii.ti.irs tr jJiViY TJr,
rftO ii lab a mtmm o-eaiel Has .Hioaoo. Ibeer
X Sftesda eSM to h -
Wksa rtsr mm a $rr teoaV ead a aasaet tsMUbbe
'MseiiTiri! r ASLBAaarr
is L eae.
Tbaessi sr. mj
GROCERIES OF ALL
TO CITT AKD COlMTRT MERCHANTS.
X8VB. rOHHTTMB. JAX0( A. BAA , Xo.
FreeM see h ret t4 two ososlaatlrea
bud. eew or tbe laxawet, f:etb aa. aed seeet aawaWe
sect or 8B30I BBIBet rrer beeexM t seta rearlrt,
wbicb Mwr eer leer to sbe town trade aed ceeaatrr
Tber are tbe aceaaa tmr ibe aele ef abeee two aead
Tra iohmo b.-ete mt Psear. tbe GaBexV' aad "allsrka
Tltte Ctlr Ml 1." tea aoppltn et wktcb lb. 7 karp een
atasrtlr ea bead, at wboteea aa4 retail.
THE FINEST AND BEST
FORSYTIIE, JA3IES0X L BBO
Xo. SS Front Row.
TTT A. HEATH & IN , Ceadr hTaaefae: arera, tate of
ire new iota, aye- er Jtemanie. ban eMMsstated
Xwera. reray.bL Jaaaeeea sl Br... X. SS Preet Bow.
tbekr aieaea. aad aadj tbeir hosae a depot Mr tee sale or
tbefr eebntd CaisH a.
bteaers Foreftbe Jaaaeeea & Be., ar be te ror-
aleei tbeae aar,alrd Caadaea t tbe trade at lower pr leeo
baa tbey eaa be hueiM at aar ether plate la ateaspMs
la fast at New Or lei as aal Baiters peters Tbo
Meiers. II -sth '1 faaae aa Balearic arera mt Oeadr, la w
kawwa. aad oaatry aValera. aadeeea etsy caaeoeaers.
weaneldfti well to can ea xsoers. Itn ae Jaaieaea tt
Br. , eef weawehtelM eewbere. etr?J- '-w3t
Honor to whom Honor is Due
IX order te emat to to pay taies, seeartty,
debtaaadasber HebahHaea. I aaa aader tbe
eceeelty er off rtax ler aal (at a aaeiiser) any
pees-rry I baveba the ct'y or vicsalty. I wCI
sell a aaaee and 14 ea AH 1 ass street, fronltet IU ea
reartheaaeef eetaree. ream lave b k lX tet. Tbe
boaa ewselaa e ltb re- atvi teeaasa'eraM and all etber
wanal'aui OrIwMi tbe W"liS Con tat, er
aaya4lKTprveTtylBoeetea-Hrreerraa all lUbi U
Mee If 1 caa Sad a p..r-baMr f -r a n pietl-a ef ibe
praperiy. Ioaiyna.lr a-.bud cah, tbe baiaaea ea
Teas alteraaUvo bas tnm a eat -f tb ered t systeas,
tadTbaeecwactadid bvrearw ,eeeti wc ibwaicUetrr
b serrah (irreefecsreeur arteeae.) .w. te be drgattrlf
aaaaetsteed, ae aoada wiU be deller.ed at Bay abet aeysH
t aa aware tbat aeaiy atiual pearaae, wbe bare
atwa a paid ibeir am, ante wwe-i tiuaetse). may be dts
aalseSed, bat mm auke ibe prise pte Beaeral, a serial
aalwa eaa be asade
la Ibe ereat mt MVtr 1 - spare attoe ef rar terms, 1
prefer l'a tketr Irad- to U'e freat aeiaeiale.
My Krrma are bereanev ceeh er aalraaV. Pasedsa't
ask credit Art Bteoa aaMac ere K meat male the
aalsr aoeef d-iBastacairTeFaoty.
Taaakf l lor paet faeora I aas, irey-ctelly,
-lv JAwKS HOTB-
STR tTEf, tra near tbe KetsparS aad
Oaerlotea Raaread Bepet. ea Saa 'ay
e.eMrr, the SSIb teal., two y -aa Hareee ,
1 h a so-rl Slrytwa yearaoM eerv larte
aod tUse'y ; Mar la tbe tarebrad and aaddl maifc. Tae
taer b a son! baeae eaK ; star tbo fweeui, and
1 1 ad teat watte
TB abare r-ward wilt b paid for tVtr deHvety to
JaaBeW Lreery Rtebe. on Adaaaa Mrret, or a liberal ro
wans bx aar itHeramauon so taat 1 oaa rt taera.
JAKSS A SEA.
Pr. eeantr, Ala , re -re nassae soau e RaaaeilTtne,
au 4T Cr-et, three aaBea fran tbo Oat rarnace.
I AM OFFSSIXG
Fine Dress Silks !
tSORTH $M FOR U.
Aad lower prsoel Silks at ewitipuodlas; jrker, and
Bibb in half peace.
MANTLES AND CLOAKS,
L5J6 THAN HALF fBI-CK.
i'lein at Figured DcLaiacs it Cashmeres,
GREATLT BELOW OUST,
And a ned-airortei stock mt MBROHAXBISE at lea
Y. G CRAWLEY,
Tit tfata ateret oaanolle Clarke's.
DB. B. I.. IiASKY,
FJiysIclaii, Surgeon and lecontber,
WasbsagasB Street, belweea Mara aad Seeaaer,
OSee bears (roan 7 te 9 a'eteek, A M., aad frjffl 3 to 4
(Artist, r. K.
rpHAXEPVL far tae load pairaeaae aerelefere ex
X teneed ae tae, I tale pta.are to bafeein aay caateta
era aad Ibe paatfet aa teaeral, taaal at te set tat- taientloa
te ware IMa etty. as has beea reparM. aad tba I aa
er T r.edy so alw ad 1 1 all easee of tateraal aad extersal
dtreaiea, aad tbat I aaa pr pand se nadertaae tbe meet
dim. a teperaUeate aad asceacbai au, aad tbat I da Bet
b e ealeatel or aay prepaiatiea ef Bercary la dtecaaea
Secret dleeaes are cared b ray oaa method, ia aaeh
astaasrasnet te laierfere wtth he baseaesaof tbepa
trat. aad tbat I do set nee aay ra -patuy la tbo treat
saeat ef the aaa-e.
For the foisswlaz eaa-s. as Reeeatttstn, AalbtHrs,
Xraralcta, X'rreea Headaebe, Faralyeta Dtspepata,
Tarplaity en tbe LI rer, Saaaal Qarratare aad Weakaee-,
tTurlde Dew-ases. Htape, Taaa ar. Albaa or tral' SwaM
lax Dara'ss,aa weal aa all dt-eaeor tbe Eie aad Bar,
AOMaanbeea. Ohasreits, Sertirt , Sareaaaerebiea, Xe..
&a. ar aay dteae that require aa entire reaalasten ot
be st-d aad aereeaa oeateea, Isie tbe Mazaeaa-Bieetfi -Iffvataueat,
which te aaiTereaHy kaawa fer Its practtea
ba.tr After a practice of teayesrs aa StaaT rbyaletaa and
Bsrecter of aereral beprta Hi Genatay. and eltbl
yea-a praerKe io tbe U ailed tuates tae reaatatwa aa a
PbyeielaB, Saraeoa aad Aeouaeber Is faSaiea-ly eslab
Baeed aa ton aofgnher raaim-at.
decSJ dawly DR. S.. L.-" ASatr.
In.WE far sale two A Xe. 1 Bunard Tables at half
watar. JAVK8 BOTD.
Christmas Gifts !
IX ear eitessire atoex will be reead taany chelce an.
TalaaMo articles ealtaKe fer tbe tut reaaoa. and M
yoa wab to Eire yasra-lt away, or obtain a plencHd
litraeas ef a frlead, we can fnrauh yea with one of
Pref. Beeatnften'e Ze-ooecraphs, ettaer la a old Locket,
rta, Sra.-iet, Rlnxs or an eiezaat cae.
r. n clabk a. co ,
de30-lw Xo. t Clark'e HarbM Block.
Forsytli, Jamesoii & Bro.
WHOLESALE GROCERS AND
Uo. 88 Front Bow,
KEXreantaBtIyoq hand a larte aad well selected
stock vf GROCERIES. A'so, exerts (er tbe sale ef
tbe CUnarffle Ccty MM and Gattexe Jf His FLOVR. All
of which we will sell low to the city trade aad Coaatry
THE BaderaUtned. win take charse ot IN
COMMERCIAL HOTEL, Memphis. Teas ,
oa the It tt o( Jsaaary mt aad wube.. la hire
fifteen er twenty Hotel a-rriBts. an-1 three or
tonr meat coou and twa pastry coeka fjr the next year,
for whkh watee will be paid taeBthly.
noTlS-tlaal G. I. MITCHELL.
VALUABLE RESIDENCE FOR REST
On Shelby Street.
I WILL on THURSDAY MORXISG next, the
Hth Inst., la front or tnyeffleo la tbe etty e(
Mnnphls, at 11 o'clock, proceed to rent to the.
hlshett bl4V:r fr the easatat; year, tSSd. at pabUe aa
tion. A VALUABLE BRICK. RB3IDRXOB aa Bhelhr
Street farraerly eceaplsd by Stmea Bradfotd, now h)
The terms andeaerirthws w01 be aaaoaaerd ea the day
o( realm r JOHX C LAXiER,
dec3S-td Cirk aad Waster.
ASITUATIOX at Ot BaSESa by eo- who has fsBee td
Ibe haslaesa f-ir aerera' yeara. and ean glee food re
esmmnidatteaii. Aay oa wtshlnz to esspeey a rasa ot
thla ktad will adJrew L P. HALL. Mesaaxi-, Teaa.
Geed rerereaees as to qaUMottea, abaracter,
LADRETH'S fiARDEJT SEED?.
AC0MPLBTB aapply e( tho ahoee celebrated seeds,
warranted f-rsa,QJl recrirrJ aad f.r aala ahok.
saleaadretaU.br WARD & JQXES,
drttf 333 Mala -feet.
MIIVD TO TR STOPS!
ITben you are Fussing Main street
TTB ta now maktac plctr-jea tht areeqaal. If Deteet
JtjL ter, tban aay la the ttatea. Remember, be baa the
exilnslre rtgbt of this etty tar th. Meiainotype Pairat, a
alyla ot picture that WIH aerer fade. derSO
To Merchants '
TTJIIO wish to reptemfh their stock ot DRT GOODS, I
tf caa dow uo se ea uze eery ore. ec .
are fresh and la toad order, ard toast be etoeed oat la
tbe next talrtt or ststy days.
riantere ad others can De accomnxnairvi in ioe -r
sr Brket. (hy tho pair er baa.) b.eaxhed and brown
KlkjnseaUcs. Drills, triped OsttaharKa. Callcoea, D-Utnea,
Merlnces.ouK and t O. llancercoirre, uorriifli,, i iv
Utt. 3tc . down to B attons, Xeedlcs and Thread.
Mnst.aal.wVI !- wH.
CalTatlXo. 373 (west side) Main street, trr 1-TAIKS,
Ihreodoert sonU of Madlwn ttrret, oa
4er9 c3w Tr BTICPKS.
ALL persons Indebted tothe estateef W. tZ. Vaashan,
lceased. are retraested to eumo forwa-d and settle
tee ume; and aJJ thieehsTtet Oilms aralnst the ea'ate
arai present them, dary aatheat'eam, and la the time
the taw dliecta or thry wta be barred aitlnst thm.
decSe TH03. a. VATJOHAX, Admlnlatravor.
cfcC, c&O.e tiSOf
JIARE AND VALUABLE WOKE3
ALL TBE GXEAT F0ET3!
All lUc Standard Worlitrl
AN UNPRECEDENTED SALE OF
T. J. HARRIS,
Otattal Auction and Cammwxssea Mrrtkant,
ITJ MAIN 9IBZKT.
Ltti LtBTW- k BAVieaekN-.
For nis IZRtclile Klrer.
(Oa the nasi sta. of She steer )
SAX OF AR3. Jaa. DaAauteS. yaaeee.
e,' 1 ibij Baeeveaaaar wap araee rearaiar
, jl. usee asiwaiB aeaaaaaa aad BeiiTar,
eaaaaaninlac ea tbe aret rae w tbe near.
aa eanaaaataa; tasaasbiiil t
rFh!te and Little Kel Rirer Packet.
RKTfTRX .... Riri-w Taiu Uui
CsFElT AUCTI0 SUE
Splendid Holiday Gifts, &clr
T . J . HAttlViS',
trl KltS STR BET, MOMPM9.
p-At.E PravgatrpaBT. aeras
WEtXISlAT. tbe aaa lay a Jaaaaey Bx.Vt hS
e'e-oek. I wW sen la I reat ef M 0 C-yee aWi
Asrttoa Boaee, tbe aeeperiy of Was. K Teaearea.
deceawd, amsisat ef tae fcBwwta; atanaa a -.at :
Ose Sba aad Tees ea Ma a ateees, a"d a jiiiaalsj er
Stase apaaalia tbe 8,io H-am- Ab t-a ssaeeea,
oae Battr. a e SMi Watch, .ae Wardraba, aaa B k
eaae. oae Trark, aad naoa- asaa.1 ar. lew
TxM-All sees 1 aader tea awk; al ewer aS aad
aader $00 'c aaaitaa: eewr A! twelea aawsohe, wtah
aeaea aasaafacteetre .aari".
rami 9. VACMAX, Aesaaatraaar.
neext at t; taita x Aactax
W. S. WELLS' PLANTATION!
.EGKOE, STOCK, &C,
I WILL sea en THCRBAT. Bsoeeabsr Hat, emmne
bvc at IS oewek oa tb pr- eaeue tae weB-kaewa
PLAHTATWX at W. a. Wss st'aa'ed ea the 11 bis Hi
andOsaaRatr ad. kaewa aa WSuLS' TTATtwK. ees
tunat of Set ACRBS aa tbeo arpaeate traaae. sHa
tract OL-ateeBa SS acres aaa tract oa- baadred aad swea-ty-aee
(lab) acres; aad aae tract fear boaaW'ead assy
See (lo6 acre Eeeh tract baa two Irean a aaa
eeraaealawa Read, aad tae Meeaable aad OMa RaBeead.
Tbe tsa-a-.re tract aaa .beat e aereecteeeaa aad laabai
aace la aae tiaxvr. Oa the SS-acee tr-rt tare Is a
Urg dwentcaT-bsae- -baalt la aed aisle wtib kiiabsa,
aeai baaw lee-h ane cabtaa. and a Urea peedea wtab
a aeirsdrl yeaas orcaard. Akoat Se m.jm aee aader
ea lie I lull aad Ihe balance la taaa, r Tae 116-a ere
(raet baa a taw aad an-t aaJL ataates, usee., atsba,
Ave. aad a aae lecaltaa fbr a brick eard
I wai alee re, at tbe aaeae tteae aad place, tbe sleek ef
CATTLE eew. aad eareee, weekaas uea. beteee, as elf a.
bece, f artataE ateaete. waaeas. carta. carry-le. bas
Ste , beasebold aad kMcbea tannare, aad njtyaaaaf
pertanateai te a Daatai.a.
Al a, taree X KG ROBS twa warm aad oae am. T4e
man U a Bret-rate aiigaaaer. Abse, rase baibeta or
CORK. he. he.
The Laad wta be add at tl a'atoek. ar ea arrfal er the
t rata, f real BrswaeriBe. Prrn..n, aaeae; frees Mitaiats
caa leaeeaa the cars at T weeer, a. a. Bifpsib
Bteataet erery dracraalsaa wiu be pepvRd ler taeee waa
attead tae aale.
TrMJ Tae Xetreea, stack, Feraltare. Gera, Aa
wiH be auM fr CASH i ibe Lead ea eaerter aaeh t aba
balance aa mmjmml tnstslmiit or 1, 3, a aad 4 eeere, weak
soAesetl. W S. WBLLS.
A WALLACE aacUaarer.
fwe-Ti RESPBCTFtrLLT aaaenaers la Ibe ladfes Q
kjaj) I Mea-pbta aad tbe sarraaedtac eeeatey,
ifwebat aae baa retflraed la the city w tb iVy
Ttewot eetabnahBd be-aelt perBxaeatly, aad was be
hapaa'aoexe ate an o'dera la her late of bajaarst, wash
neateu aad .aapslcai Bar roaae ar. ea tae aarat
at or MoOaP street, sear tbe Gapsee Hoswe.
"Watcli Makers and Jewelers,
OORXBR OF ADAMS AXD MAIX
A XBREWMBRETObaaa.a eialed arlib Ilea
J. la lb. a Suva baetBrta MARC ITS R-IOII.
Tae baetaraa WW, beteart. r. be euadaoed aader I
tba aK.ee atyla, at tie uM ataaj. wbera tbea,
tmnmtt CBstemeaa ot Aadiu w Merato are rrapeeafauy ve
qaaaed t ell dtcat-af
THE saoecriberdlrea te aecare ibe aertla ot a steed
U cbea Gardener far the caauvt year, at tbo Baa.
lspSprtaxs. HardeasaB craaty, Iran A ataa wteb a
sratn family preferred T a saVraadladaMrtoaaBaaB,
Kberal waces wM be patd. Addreea tbe aabee er at
Graad JsaetsaA Teen., or A. H Avery Wbarfaaeater,
Meapbta. J. C. RADBLMAX,
Oeftl-lw Graad JaaeMsn.
TXpaiWBoeof. sBwilal Treat, execated te tee by
a toe, a ierirBey, aa tae iita aay or
WM aM morded la the Rrgtater'e alBee at Raieaaa ta
Bjet Xa. 3, p 116 aad lit, fer tbe parp -ee Ibsttoa set
testa, I win off-r fer aaie ta the haabeet btddir. far Saab
aa MOXDAr, Jaaaary Its. ISSt, at the raattaweH ear
ner ef Oeart Saaare. la the Gtsy of Mempas. SatXe. It
of baaek Xo 41, oa Oaoser alreet ta Snae MeoaeMa,
with haase and all isapioaeui-BIa rbereta baataalBC.
oVeal tda BBfRT BBXT 'rntatee.
Sugar, Molasses and Coffee.
- ft IlliOS Prime Caeiae Sa(an
IU IO bMa Prba Mouses;
S bag Prtave Rae tXdee;
0 easka Paee LuBdn Partes,
lax. Star Oasdeae;
baxa Prtate Seep;
ror sale lew la tbe ! ad by THOMAS TROtTT,
dertS-dct at Fraat Row.
A. VACCAE0 & CO.,
Foreign and Domestic Liquors,
TOSS. CIGARS, FRUITS, &C,"
No. 298 Main Street,
dectl-l MEatFinS.TBXK. -
BOZSd Layer aad Malaira RalsKaa Jant re
cetred aad fer acre by H. H POTTER,
173 Mala street.
"TTTB wish to hire T6 Bearo mea aad beya far the year
1 1 lows a in crra tae atseest araaea.
worked la tbe ceoaty .
A. STREET hi rs
AEOCSE AKD LOT oa the earner et Beale .
aad Laaderdale streets. The Lot la led feet
ea Bal, aadahoat 5i feet oa Laadrrdale ta
Gayeao street exlecdrd. The Base caalaras
See rooms, also kit -b-n e Beecleat, send etstera a-t
wen, and acme ahxaaaery aad rra-t ou the preeaasea.
Texms Oae-feartb ch ; baaaaee In 1. 3 aad 3 yeara,
with Interest Farther lafernaHeti eaa be bad rrtaa the
aaJerlzn-d, Poxt-oSce Battdlsc.
decl5-3w TBOS. ORIMR.
Eosewtiod Parlor Siuts.
Rosewood Parlor Saira
or Faraltare, Jatt re
celeed. rasKlax ta
prices from $369 tt fSeo., te which we IbtKc the sfeeia
attentloD of parcaaeere. Prteea Ttry lew, at tae new
asd lames ae estabtlaaaieat o
nerd MeEIKXET & GO.
A XEW style ef Bedsteads. Ttry Ka aad. basdeom,
tegrther with al the dteTerettt varieties of Freaoh,
Dlch-poat and Cottac. Bed.teadn. Great lacencrmeat s
ere offered to parchaaers tbeae Heat Hmea. at
bot4 MeKIXNET .V GO'S.
OUR assortment of rich and elecaat
, fashionable ParBMare caaaa' be ser
SI I asonl either la qaaitty ar aaxaairy
asal Particnlar atltenuea la (.Ttted to a
few arte of aaperh character, and Parlor Feraltare mas
n factored la Xew Terk and Boeteo, far oar owe ttade.
Visiters to the dry shaakt not fait ta ie.k threagh oet
new and Immense establlahsest.
Best XratlNXBT 60.
Ciicap Carpets. &c
MEDALLIuX Vetret Carpet a;
Tapestry Vrtret Carpets ;
Tapestry Braaae1 Carpeta ;
Imperial Three-Ply Carpeta ;
Zaztbh Iatraln Carpets ;
American Incrala Carpeta ;
Tapestry Veleet Stair Carpets :
Tapestry Bms-els Stair Carpets;
Twilled Stair Carpeta. H. S and 4-t yard wtee ;
Crxrab CMha. 9-4. 10 4.12 4.11 4, 1S-J aad3-4, da.
DmtreU. Fettlac. aod BocUnza ;
Satrer Plated aad Brass lair Soda.
Harlnz a very tarxa and wen asserted stock of Carpeta,
aH new and fresh, and boasat since the deettfie. we ae
neit the atteotlsn et parchaaera, and pledge oaraelTea tt
teR rsod at h very amalt pralt aad rree perft aatta
(action In alt caaea Carpeta teade aad pat dwa.
botS . McKIKNRT Ja 00.
BS0CATELI.E, Satin Delaine, Worsted Daaask, Cot
ton Dama.k, Lereand Maalla Cartalas.Traaepareat
Shades, BaftTHellands, Window Coretcee, Ceitala Baada
and Fine. Xrery artlcPi of Code sad Trtmmras. Beeea-sary.t-
decorate a Cot Uxe or Palace. DpbeesterhrC aad
Curtain Banslnr execated by aa experienced erkmaa
front Xew Tork City.
nerrtt MeKIXXET A- CO.
Pianos, ltTelbdeons, rurnitTire,
. I UATE jatt retarced,j
I with restored health, from I
1 the Xorlh. wbere J hare I
1 taken taach oaina In. ee- -
lectin a aacertar aaeortmrBt or Pasee Vsrsy... n.
peu, Ctrrtaln Goods, Shadea, ic , which I asa bw ae
crrelnx aod offtnae to all wbo p-ease to rarer me wfth
their patron tie My earneit wuh 1 te rcretea aeol ar
ttclea at rttaonshepr!rea
Iharenfa(ed?Tofesaora P. WKatLElt, wbe win
attead to all order (or tanraEandiepairtas taasraseat.
sad wal en those who rarer rce with a esB
All tola ct Mattrweei cn'e te ores-.
H. M. GR4nrVaPC4R
wrtJa J69aa i-ert.