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nriTT-Tn M3BMPBCIS 3E)A.rL.lT AJPPEAL SUyTDAY, JTJUY 4, 1859.
1 " .... , f 1 ... , .. .1.. - , - 1 - - Ali - & J STT" " WWW v--'Tb- 5a Sjijwal. EtTIDENTS OF THE TFAR, rJUHI THE WHISPER IS THE TDILHRIES TO TEE CAJW05TADIXO AT SOLFERIXO. We UU raonslag prtat our readui irith an accurate and well arranged map ot the Beat af war, by aid of which they may readily trrnfer tUnd the Qcveae&ti cf hYe artaies new in con tention upon Italian tatt If this map be pre md. It wfil be fennd to and jTeatly to the Interest with which the news arming by each Earoptan ateamer wBl be read. In order that the reader may be cad: thoroughly con versant with the whole deUUe of the war, we pretest a brief barton ef the events connected Rlth It, which we hSTt prepared with each care and labor. TKZ AWTKIDIXTS. After the battle of Waterloo bad utterly broken the power of Beasparte, the alHet who bad fought -against France set tejribcT In what was somewhat blisphemosily styled a " Holy ABtan'r." Tfcey laid off various por tions cf Eurefw that bad fallen lata their binds by the events of the war, and settled by what powen these porttene should be govern ed. In doing this the will of the natfamaHUei, the feelitca and desires of the masses of the people concerned, were never consulted. As sheep are allotted to a shepherd, so were vast portions of territory, with the teeJi tebaMtiEg ibem, turned ever to the paternal care, or -e extortion and despottc tyrsBoy of their rUera, This "beir" assodaUon, as a safe guard aiainst what it termed the grxtpug am b.Uon of Fraaee, placed XoaAardy aad Veni- t-a, portions of Italy, in the hands of Austria. Not satisfied with Ue rich territory thus placed n Ler poseetaioB, Austria in the count of years since that tint, succeeded In maldng Teaties with the tiiiHer tedepesdest Italian powers bv which she obtained the Brlrilere of raiTch.D? her amies into their territory, and of subduing; any attempt an the part of their subjects to oUaln free or coHtttuttesal inttt tuUons. This power she sat only obtalsed but exercised, and thus her territory was prac tically greatly enlarged, and her power cradaal '. assosted areportioM sot ceatea plated by the " Holy ADUoee." The coadact of Atsstrta toward those whoa JyfcrMtrarv power had made her subjects, was ha-sh and oTerbeariac, aad the prood and refined Ite'lass burned to throw off the giHta: vote of the rode, overbearing Germans. Piedmont, au Independent power, bad the spirit to assume a higher course of action, and the Sardlnlas gorersaect, asousaiBg free lBsttts tires aad nUkHsUBg eoBtttaioatl rigaU, became the hope of that portion of the ItaHass thit sighed for delireraaee front a hated f or e m yoke. la the proportion that Italy looked to Sard, me, for de!tversee, Austria regarded it with rratred and suep.ciee. The Kin; of Sar d.ma, Victor Emanee! is a man of personal cc-crage aad a warn lover of eaaststatioBal gcrernme at; his pAitJoa was one of bo email faculty, but he was aUy seconded la his re sistance to despotic aggressiM by his minister, Count Cavour, a ssanof genius, energy, aad consistent demotion to liberal artaeiples. tbz WBisna IV THX TCILXXIXS. The strides which Aaetrla was gradually making toward the entire dominion of Maly, and the discontent eageadered thereby ia the1 country, at length reached a paiat at which other parts of Europe were eoseeetted ta give i! attention. A f eeKng that Austria was pur S'rg a course fiaagM with danger extended Sm'A to the priadpal garerateatal powers, t ilea the uaeaay aad isahtfal state af thJaas was brougot tea pout on the ant day of the Treses, rear by Loots Xapoleoa saying, at the ftr.it: ball ef aew year day,ts the Aaotriaa A "assadoT at the Fraack coatt. Coast Hub- r I :erret, Mr. Anaaosador, that the reta 4 "5 r.f mr goraraaxa with that of the Em- - F-ancis Joseph should be as bad aa they -e " This uaeapetted teateace, uttered ia the -J. . cf f eatrei'y as a eimale pataiag observa- .ee ,ecl oti from court to court and from sauktl "o tr arket thraaghout the whole af Europe, and Ti: rid a respaaac whoieoar coEHaereial Teta- - ' existed ia 11k reasoteet cities of Jae world. Tt ' nooey atsrket ant feht the power of the &1 ' stocks fefi. Ihe popular joarBsls c- t . tiere expressed alarm, and aatsctpated a t Atsi enatfal war. Gorernmente showed deeply thay felt the iaatosace of the few r et" yapoleoa, by inereasiBg their arseies Ci. aavtes, and acxussalatiBg Btatortaes of -.-a- Aaetxia, hewerer, dW not appareatly i.'v these words as pootessing the oataous vir: afs m then by every oee else she did ; : rr- withdraw her minister from the couit cf iYtrre. Tass forbearaace was only appa ret , iha. powrr cossssiarfd with the utmost c-mT j saerease her ansiee, aad to threw irmi-nse boCies of soldiery iato Italy. XTTOBTS AT J'ACiriCATIGK. Tsder Hieee tlrcamitsneet, a family uaioB ierwers the gaveraaseats of France and Sar Ix, in the persons of Priace Xapaleon and 'it Prtueess GsothiMe, showed how events were proceedfeg. Sardinia aow began raptdiy to lt3, and har attitude toucan Austria assumed aatjgnssfae appearaaca. Ftanceapreceeded o strescthan her armameate with a degree of r.-cr indif stive of coming events af bo cob- n rbaraeter. The posrttes af the allied re i -re, Fraace aad Sudsnis, and ot Austria, ' -e sow clear aad evident, aad England pro t. --''i w.th sail erne sctirrty, through the min ' -a.cn of Lard Oswiey, to eadeaver to pro- ' .a It'ay sach amefioratiaBS in tte aseof .t- : 'wer by Austria, and sucha desntte ex-j- u r. f what they rr quired from fte alKes, ls tliOuM eaable her to eoaetruet a basis :oi peaceful nsgattation. At -hf oo-aeat she believad herself ea the - .Lt c: sai-fesdiag, Eagmads eaerts were r-'nlied by Bswsha atspfisf; forward as a -earemaking power, aad iiauhlss; thet Hie - 't n diapate abosM be saajssttted to a C .-:.,.-( of the representatives of .4he Earo :rS rrnments. Austria had uhsna her- il.-diapoeei U U-toa to the Ussier af Ea- gUr-dtf good efcoa, her yeaag msasith aeed '33uient Isngaage jeapecting Laaia Napobon, - - i the German people at targe became an te .v.. excited against the French The pre iosa' Tar a Cfacrea did not, therefore, meet vix a very saarm reception on the port of . S".l ScseruAic cossaees. I..s the Blatters la dispute ehseU be. re--i j s Casn;ii m was at length eoasidered ee -."i, when -rarw diaataWy arose from Aue ' i demanding that, befare going Into COB-r-ees, Ka'dlsna (hould reduce ber armies to i thy were la at the cammeaeemeat of ..spate. autdsBto aataraliy dimaaded that i disemea, Austria also ehosW withdraw irms sad men she hud thrown iato Itab -;tvugRse af the dimcusty. Aestafc w .' not Ustesta the proposal, but nlH f ti' .: upr. it that Sardinia should disarm. T e tnglish 6everamet, which bad shewed ,3 faro-able to Austria, found it Boeeesary c .tf one that power that unless she apt sd to i m. in caaaecaon with the dtsarmlag af Zt . 'nia and Frar.ee, she rouMpiaer bersevf ) . w ong peattiaa. AaatrU repHed to this - arirsuce only by seadeng an arhttrary r -xens to es rotate to dssars wmWa three :rs, o? she weald be cMseaered as havisg fTL. bed a just cause far war. This proceed - - t-ttrely aNenated Eagttsh sympathy from AB Wtt was rw laeeHabk. ' aTBE JLLLMKCX. . rre sad Ssrdrais dedsred their sympa- i.th oaateaeed Iulr, and their hvten- i t freetafthit country froea the Aottrtsn ,T-r. and leavtegher to form berseet iato as - r- deBtaatieD. Bosh forfrnsaentewatai. tivowed any personal or ambttloas views, a- .clared their iBteaOoa of deliveriag r ie frsmlhe perpetual aageraf HaHnn - street enar revoUtk. England aad Pras- . . ... . i-i 1 . 1 h: s j rfrrunatc w nmsin neairai,Du mm e Afc were left ia reeUeih-lr s- e . v be power af the sword. xraaxBT skvjlses. A' iUs momeataheHalnn territory of An -j. mr,-liited of XaBbardy, the gorerameBtef . was situated at Man, and at TeaWa, w tin aoreDeat t veatce. lass linm- . -Venittan territory, as It is called, n se arrrea tram oaresnss. ay me nm inw, w Sows from Lake Maggtere, as will be t'- bv referring to the map. TkeHBeeftbe r was therefare the eae to be defended fr Jbe Serdieaans, but that eoentry eoald net s -w rr.ore taan a nun si iiu.mwn arm - ar-r s, an nasi, aad waaJd erieeatly bs an tz prey to its powerful enemy, unless sup- r'l fcyosearsssor mate, iiwsstiearij V ?' policy far Aaatria to pesaee ewn r Sardiniu, take stb strong phees, and u entire serrate, before the French - M present ia force. On thto abvious f en ' actio Austria operated her array be Tici&v at three points an she aem Lof April, the day after the exeerisieaef the tin e I'lys' notice. The tavaefnf aamr of UuTiass consisted of a hundred mutteenty b-i!dnd uieu. The Sardinians desareye) the fcr of Baslelora r ad retreated ' Tte next day the Asatnans in great ieeee o: Jt4 Luke Mag.iore, oebarktsg at Aomiu The rediaontese or SsratniaBs for the i terras are aeel to describe the same sn t :r Kiag . rm of Sardinia also inetodei aisiit brft'iels jofMortara asnVKayan, b.3g uwU ta dtfesi aad ttiiyen occupied by the Austrlaas. 1VWt (hese things were proceeding, the Italian patriot OaribaHl, bad given in bis allecUnee to the King ef Sardisia, and called upon the Italians to rise in insurrection. Tuscany revolted from Ha Crank Dake, and declared' Victor Emanuel diets tor. Buteia made a treaty wtmtheal Ue jrfjiBg countenance to the warj t1i Tvuirtraona into Sarml . , . .j. . . n,Vt ixi ltTItlT. t By a hesitation which can 8y be accounted for br dirided or uncertain councils in the Austrian caap, the army that had se easBy entered and occupied the enemy's country, that bad the stresgbeU et Alessandria within reach, and Turin, the capital, at but a short distance, barely reacted the river Po, when the plan of eSesilre operattena was'abandoned and they commenced a retreat. Previous to retrograding, the Sardinians and Aushriaas came in ceeHsien at Trassinette, aa the Fa, where the latter made an unsuccessful attempt to cross ; they effected a crossing, however near Cambis. The state of the weither ex tremely wet waa unfavorable to the Austri an:, and by means of the canals for irrigation cut from the Tidno, the Sardinians laid a con siderable portion of the country occupied by them under water. These things were among the influences that caused the retreat. ' On the 10th ef May the Paw Sriitr an nounced that Napoleon in person would pro ceed to the seat of war ; the Empress Bugeaie sras made Regent ef France. The same eve Biec Napoleon left Paris aad proceeded to 9e- noa, where bs was greeted with a aettllaBt te eepbon; he was visited there by the Khsgef SardtBta. BATTLX OT NONTISItXe. After various mevemeMs ef the ssnsassiag armies, they came into ceHislen at MsoiebeBo ea tte 2ath ef May, ard a battle was feajsht whichUstej four hours. The Aastrians uaaer Gen. StadieB, atUcked the outposts of the French, under Gen. d'HHHers. The Miter bad sewn hundred men left dead en she nefd. ussoBg wttem was uen. ceureu ikahumu less was reported to be, In a, two taeusaad. The Austrian! retreated after tte baHleJ About the same time, Garibaldi began tomake blmselt heard. He drove back such Austrlaas as be found spaa Ms route, both at Come aad at Cats tries ta. rALESTaa. We next hear ef tte Serdaeins, under the IsHsediaU command of Meter Emanuel, f ere lac the passage ef the river Sesla, and cap turing Palestra, taking a large number of Aus trian prisoners. The King commenced the at tack, which be conducted with a display ef peronal bravery that awakened among bis treofahlrdegsee of earhuilnfai.rfeat dis played ttsett in a measfesUtiea ot heroic conduct, which has raised greatly theeeUma Uen in which Hettau courage had been beM. The Austrians made two desperate attempts to retake Palestra. Five hundred of thek sol diers were drowned in the TktBodurteg the battle. THE APJTiAN KXCaOSS THE TKIKO. On the ad ef June, the French threw their bridges across the Tkine, at Turbigo, and crossed to the Leebardy, or Austrian, side ef the river. Thus the Austrians, who had crossed theTYdae with such high expecta tions, were driven back in fall retreat, and tte foot of their enemy was on what they ceesei- ered to be their own sett. These events streactheaed greatir the bands of the ItaJsan patriots, and iaeurrectioae against the Aua- trians spread rapidly from eKy to city, ever the whole of Lombardy. In tte AaVutsc sea tte French took thirty-are Austrian vessels ; the prises were valued at twenty ssHtinns ef dollars. BATTLE Or MAGLNTA. lite Freach sew being athe Lombardy side et the river, had the dty ef Milan atraf gat be fore them. To eater those walls was the la-, mediate object of Napoleon's aiahHtoa, etety French soldier burned for the aehitvemeat The Austrians had an equal desire to keep so proud a victory from their grcep,ad dalhaj, the 3rd, 4th aad 5th of June, cemssaadel by Gyulai,they ceateeted tte groaad was perse- veriag courage. At TarMge asm DusTalssa, there was bard aghtiag. Napoleaai ia Oris ea gagemest was 1 his Srst battle. The Imperial Guards and Sardinians were barely pressed m ; their situation was one of extreme daS- cutty, they being opposed by an ovetwhllnasit force. Blood tewed ia horrid streams, pri vets were hewed down, otteers were rapidly : picked osT, Generals were tumatod from their ' horses, but the Emperor was coat aad uaufc maved. Theaitoatienfa which be was pteeeav was, however, extremely critical, the Frsaeh farce actually engaged was about being anr ro undid and cut osT, when Gen. MeMahoa ar- rived on the Betf, saved the Emperor, and: snatched from tte Austrians the victory they thought within their grasp. Ths troops under Gen. Canrobert turned the left wing ef tte Austrians, throwing it upon their center; This ef course caused eonfosioBaBd disorder, and at this critical moment, Gen. Me Makes who bad received ao orders, but bad come up on hearing the Bring charged them wrth-imsist- tale fury, put them to the route, and reeeued Napoleon and bis soldiers from the Imminent dancer which threatened them. He succeeded in securing tte village ot Msgesta, tte key of ths petition, street by street and bouse by bouse. For his gaHantry, and for the oppor tune aid so courageously rendered, Gen. fc- Mahon was created Duke of Magenta and Marshal ef France. The destruction af We was great, and a large amount of spoils was secured bytheaWes. Amoag the dead was Geo. Espisaese, who died at the bead of Ms di- visisa. The morning after this engagement, the Austrians under Hesse again attacked the bridge at Magenta ; the effort resetted In can- sidersak loss and availed nothing; tte French and SsrdiaiaBs bad won the victory. xrLAV EjrrxaEC. This victory opened the way to MHaa to tte ceuaeeror, and scarcely had the smuke cleared away from the battle 6eJdtwhea the asseloipal authorities et that andest city appeared and efered the altegteace of the city to Victor FJmamrel, who issued a prodassaaea to the people caHlag upon ibem to take up arme agaiast their oppressors. The Setuniaes aad French catered Milan amid maasfestaUoas of the awst intense aathuataam, aad while there GurabaUi who in the neighborhood of the toVes was punatag a highly successful and brilliant series ef eatnisiuu agaiast the enemy had an interview with Napeiiaa. The dty was ia a frenxy of psy at their rlbiration, and the autherrtiee of many other places Itbe rated by the reeuvUof 'he battle of Magenta, seatia their adbesioa to the alliens! cause. aad to the goeerameat of Ktasg Victor Cms noel. battle ar KALEsstara. While these amreeable msaafsstattons were pr-cisding, the baaliiisi msde a staaoat she towa of MVispaatsllasldhsh' way betweea MikaaadLadt. Oa June 8 the Austrian rear guard aad the Ff eaeh inderd'Hiniers had as ragemeat. The panares made a meat gal lnat attack, artvtng iae Austtsasn from a wml'ei ctmetery they occupied. Ob rsacbing the river Laesbro, oa the baak of which Ma- legaaao staads, they faaad tte bridge broken, but they heroseally plaaged faato the stream, which is deep, aad gained the other side. A street fight then sasued,the Austrians arlngsasm wtadews aad losp hsles upon the stul advaae- tag sneeay. In aa boar and a half the ptaee was taken, aad the Austrlaas were aace mare la retreat. THE ABVABCE OAMBALBS xosovth. The Freseh coatlBued to advance ia the da. rtHoaot Lodi; they faaad the brUgee ova the Adda at Cassaao, Vaprio, and Lodi aH de etroyed. By means ef their pent tops they ereesed the stream at paiat where tte banks eommsnded she apposite shore. It was there fore teapessibie for the Austrians to resist their passage. The Adda was the met Hue of the Austrian defenses up to the Mlscae eastward. The country to that point is favorable for oaeesive operatisni, and the anes paebedfer. ward rapidly. The Austrians on the 16th of June were all in safety esst et the Miniee, toward the banks et whkfa rtuer the afnes pressed on wVBj undimtntibed aruer. ' la 'the meantime tidings were received that the dueat- less Garibalaa, who wss sereestne bis strength at Come, was extremely successful is his Mring attasks tte almost untrcleed ItaKaas uaaer liim whs perferssing weeawi ot eoovace nd patriotic uevotion. Kt stb the ebamptan of the Huafarians, was also an nounced as being rsady to return to bis aaiirs lane, aad to raise again the standard af aa ttessl redetence to Austria. Is the terrUories ef the Pope the spirit of liberty was fairly aresnedrendiMeHeotienarT nweumeBta were set an foot, but tke King et Sasalpia jrfwrf to accept the Dletatersbip ef av ef tbelMee of the Church. battle or SULraattae. The French advanced until wamsn a dssteaee of the MIecso, waeh river they U. tenued to cress at seme point between Mantua ' and Pesebiera, which places sre twestyne saKes distant irem eaeh -ether. As sue of the ' fartrssses ot the celebrated M strategical , square " is aHuated in each of the above' I cities, nf coarse the passage was a matter ef ' no rNgfct difficulty when an army ef two bun- dred thousand men was lying ea the aapnihe bank the Trench therefore lay awaMeu; re-! ieferacmenU and reorgs nixing before nsakieg ' the uMssard, - Tbt AuttrUna, lievetvfjpi anaaedlaBWwavv(t io- commence an ai JBek, ae.4 ea-jrHerSaJ tbe'23d af. Jus, rtr rs-croitsaitiifJat-k .ilt foarifferet j . - - - : 1 v THE SEAT OF WAR IN ITALY. ;' . r . "UBL -SR U& 1 13 - f7H fY KM I SJ II I . ""r'"!? . , v . . -. ... Rail Roads . 1 " - " ' ' "' ; ri - Mv .;' Sofrdmicms: S3 French-. peaats. The right wing was at a point three and a baU mOes south-west of Pesebiera (the reader wiH bear in BthW ttat tte top af the map is nerth aad the right hand east), and ex tended southward la the direction of the river OgKo. Self eriae is a vWsge, eight tee miles from Mantua and four oravs asttes sooth-west from Pesebiera. The whole of Thursday was spent in p eperataoas for the battle, and oa Friday the gieat straggle began at ten o'clock in tte awning. Herette Emperors of Austria and France and the King ef 6arenaia were directty apposed, aad personal pride and ani mosity wss added to the ether powerful mo tives i ia pelting each aide to straggle for the victory. We bare so recently gives the par ticulars of this great engagement, lecioduig eseripttoas graphically written by Mr. Rat atexc, of the Yew York Tissn, that we Beed sot here do mere than state shut victory rested with the allies, but it was dearly pur rbased st a vast expense ot human life. THE SIBATEStCAL KJUAEE. The defeated Austrians again crossed the Mincta ia defeat, and the line was left dear to the French, who, without being molested, crossed also. Arrived east ot the Mlneie, the allies were immediately before the celebrated "Strategical Seuare," formed by the forttta .eattenaof Peechiera at the berth-west angle, Verona at Ibe sorts -east, Legnano on the south-east, and Mantua on the south-west. The accompaayiBg map makes their situation easily aneers'ood. The presence ef these for tresses wiH change the character ot the war. The allies iasiead et pressing forward as they have done, have fcew a Sevastopol In the front that -rill compel them to endure the delay J necessary for besiegieg eaeh ot the four fortiucations. Here H is expected that the famous ride eatHtee. of which the French have boasted so highly, will sbaw what it 1x4 capable ef perforaing. It is anticipated that by Hs aid breaenes wilt be made in stone walls with a rapidity hitherto unknown. As the Strati gkal Seuare," or "Historical Seuare," for it Is known by both names, will be the theatert the next svents of .the war, wecepy from (he New York Tritsne a trans tstienrt has pubKsbed from " The School fer Staff Oftecrs," In which the Trench Professor, Demmier, treats of the "Quadrilateral," an other name for the square. rxAiie er loxsasdv. The rrefesser says: From the eommencemeat ef tte war, there has been much talk about tbls milttarr post tien, in wbleh Austria places so much confi eenee, and, wfaiefa, in fact, served her.sdsJra My in VM, in resumiag the oneasive. In eraer to give our readers an opportunity to jedge fer themselves, we will eater into some details on this sebject. The plain of Lombardy, as is well known. Is traversed tbreuchoat Its whole I'nctfa bvthat Important river, the Po. The Fe runs at a dis tance of from thirty-five to fifty miles from the last outlyers of the crest chain of the Alps, wEMea send down tpeir ramiu-aiioBs as tar as tte southern ends of the great Italian lakes, Maggiore, Oao, Isonzo and Garda. The Adda, the Qglio, the Mineio and (he Adige, are its priaeipe! affiernts on the left bank. The Adda flows out ot Lake Como ; its left bask ia commanded, throughout its course, by s rtgnt bank : It conseqaenuy aces not pre sent a reod defease aralnit an armr adraac ing from Piedmont, and so wc are not aston ished to team that, as ia ISIS, tte Austrian 7 aoannoned tale line aimoer witnotn an attempt at defense It would be the same with the Has ot the OgKo, which, Bowisg est of the Lake Isonxo, xunseafly psrallci toths Adda i but besides, -Ms river has no Important place alenz its banks, and Bewhere presents asy obstacles to the patsace of an army. Probably it will not bendefrnM, unless, perhaps, as its Junction with ths Po, where It Is crossed bv tile htrh raadffatBPiTHto'.Mt&HlV 5 Spot English Stetote Miles THE XINC10 AW THE l-O. : We come. then, to the west side ot the Qua drilateral formed by the Mtncie, with the' Adige rer Hs eastern Bank, tae raiiroau irem Milan to Verona fer Its northern, and the Pa fer its southern boundary. The four corners are occupied by Pesebiera, Mantua, Legnano and Verena. The railroad from Verona to Mantua forms the diagonal ef this Qenaxtta teral. We shall soon see the importance ef this position, situated as it is where the Tyro lean Alps and the Po approach each other, ns til the Lombard plain is reduced to a breadth of twenty-fire miles. An army advancing toward the Adriatic can not turn this position by the richt baak of ths Po without running (he risk of having its Hoc of operations cut off The enemy occupying these four places, all within one, or at most two days march ef eaeh other, can, at any moment, concentrate aH bis forces on any point tbreateaed, and, seizing bis opportunity, can crush a scattered array. Add to this thst tbs positron of Verona at the foot of the val ley of the Adige secures the communication with the Tyrol, from which, though with some diScattv, an army ran receive its prev sions. This is the bright side of the picture ; let us look at its daik tide ; and to do this we must enter into seme of the .details with retard to eaeh of the fortresses. rECHIEBA. Pesebiera is situated on a little Island formed bv the Mineio as it flows out of Lake Garda. This Httle place is intended to command the right flank of the! lias of the river, to keep open the communication with the like, and to protect the system et damminr, established to produce a suadrn and powerful current in the Mlaeio, cspable of sweeping away any bride e of beats which may be throws across br ths enecsy from Pesehtera to Mantua. The forti&aUorjs of the place, dating from ths time of Ibe Republic of Venice, were much improved by the French, but still have never presented ny considerable force of re sistance. The Piedmentese, attacking IV schiera in 1643 with comparatively feeble forces, were oJy a little mere than three weeks In taking It. Since then the Austrians have built ssversl detached works on the left bank of ths river, to protect the place against the commanding fire of an en'mr who should succeed In sstaMisbinc himself there. The ground between Pesebiera and Mantua that is, the, country between the little river Cblese and the Mineio form the celebrated high plateau immortalized by the marvelous exploits of Gen. Bonaparte in the campaign of 1705. It is of very difScelt access, especially on the side of the Mineio ; It presents a series et sdvaneine; positions ot exceeding great strength. The Mineio, whose current is very rapid, has broad, marshy banks, in conse quence of frequent inundations. It passes to Mantua, where it forms four artificial lakes, and falls Into the Po near Governolo, about two miles to tbs south ot Mantua. A canal, called Fbtso-Neovo, leaving the Mineio at Mantua, forms with ths Po a delta called II cVragUe, ot extreme fertility, which contri butes tsrgely to the provisioning ot tbe place. MAHTVA. Mantua is sn island is tbe middle of an ar tificial lake formed by the waters of tbe Min eio. Tbe dykes or causeway which traverse tbl slske divide tt into four p 'its the upper, middle and lower Jakes on tbe northern and eastern sides, and LakePajola, which tar rounds the city on tbe southern and western sides. Tbls last lake deserves 'he name of a marsh ratber than that of a canal, for it is very shallow, and exhales pestilential miasma whicD decimitales tbe garrison, especially in sum mer. A nsvigabie canal runs threuch the whole town and receives tbe boats coming from tbe Po and entering into tbe dock by the Porta Catenas. Tbe city proper is abut la by old fortifications ot a very irregular and very vi cious form. It contains. In about two thou sand seven hundred bouses, a po poll Hon of twenty-rive thousand lebabitants. Tbs streets are straight and ratber broad. The Pisni di Vlrgileis large and very beautiful. Five gates lead into tbe town the Porta dl Prsdella.on tbe Cremona road ; di Molina, toward the citadel ; di San Giorgo, toward the fort of that name to ths eastward; di Cerosa and di rorttllo. These two last gates furaiib access to an entrenched camp south of the town, with which the whole circumference ot tbe place Is twenty-five miles. Pour detached forts SEtrrouid the body of the place. First, tbe citadel, with tbs fine pit detirntd by Gk. v X t St Ite Kemano. forms a rrcular nentaeon. the geree ot which, dosed br a simple wall, rests ea the upper lake, here about one hundred and fifty yards wide ; the fort, or lunette, of San Giorgio is also sn the left bank of tbe Po to the eastward. These two torts are connected with the body of tbe place by causeways or dykes, very long aaa sasaew; me ion ui Piesota. at ths south-eastern extremity ot tbe Intrenched camp, and the fort di Pra delta de fend tne read to uremona. STXIXSTH Or MAMTVA. As we base seen, the principal strength of Mantua consists, not in the solidity of its works, but in the difficulty et approaching it in the midst of its marches Let us look, bow ever, at what is said of it by the engineer. Gen. Foissac Latour, who. In 1799, was able to de fend it against Gen. Vlrah only three weeks: "The great inundations and the difficulties of access rive to Mantua a fordssidable appear ance which it is far from deserriag.' The General then scientifically demon strates ttat the fertiheatioBs or MitHua aave none of tte works, none of tbe dimensions, and sons of the essential properties of a fortress, properly so ca'led j tnat it is a strong piace very badly defended on some points, and cov ered by a sheet ef stagnant and navigable water. lie dmles that tbe lakes can sapply for the lack of art in ths fortifications. In examining Ibeir Importance In defense, be shows that, supposing the besieger is" master of tbe Po, Lake Garda, and of the upper and low er Mineio, the lake favors the attack and in jures the I'efense. For, In the period of the melting of tbe snow and the great rains, tbe water rises to tbe parapets, and it Is easy for boats or swimmers to land on them. We shall not dwell upon the fact that Gen. Bonaparte lnl766 took tbe place without a reg u'ar siege, and will only remark that, with our improved artillery, and with tbe Increased ranee which has been given to our cannon, we ought to count on a speedy sateen, as it will be possible for us to bring up on tte Po our flat-bottomed gun-boats sheathed with iron plates. By bringing them up into tbe Mineio, we would penetrate into the heart of tbe place; by takin: tbe detached parts in flank or rare, n e should toon reduce them to silence. LE6KAKO. Legnano, situated oa tbe Adige, twenty miles from Verona, and nearly as farfrom Mantua, Is about as strosc as Pesebiera, but tbls place bat beside tbe advantage of a brldge-bead on both banks of tbe river which permits tbe car rison to operate with esual f ecglty on either shore. VESOKA. Verona Is tbe last and most distant ot tbe tour fortresses of tbs quadrilateral. In tbe time of our Italian wars It wss only a place of secondary Importance, being surrendered by an old bastfoned wall ; but now it 2a tbe first and most important of these four places, and of all the fortresses in Italy. As late as in IMS it was well fortified only on the eastern side toward Austria, while the western side toward Lombardy, the most im portant portion, was very much neglected. Siece then tbe Austrians have repaired this oealssioB. It is situated on the Adige and crossed by tbls river, hlch descends from the Orteler-SnHz Ihreuch a valley very difficult to be traveled. Tbe Brenner road, wnich leads into German? through tbe Tyrol debouches here from thfa valley. In their last campaign against Piedmont, tbe Austrians learned to appreciate tbe fall value of this position, and the Cabinet of Vienna has aincs then spared no expense to make Ver ona impregnable, lbs old wall bs been re paired, and a horned work has been added on tbe bights of tbe left bank ot the river, and protected in front by four cas ratted towers. Beside this, tbs whole has been surrounded by a double circuit ot detached fcrts, the Interior circle containing light and tbe exterior twelve. These last are perfectly Independent works, and defend eaeh other like our forts aboutParis. tbe raoirxcT. From what we have said we draw this con clusion: that two of the four placrs of the Quadrilateral, Pesebiera and Legnano, can present no serious resistance to our means ot attack ; that tbs third, Mantna, has already been taken by us under rlrcumstaneea Infinite ly les favorable ; and that tbs fourth, Verona strong as It may be. Is not, after all, equal to Sevastopol, while ths wintetiof iLembardy baa nothing of the rigor of that peninsular Crimea, And then wc have onotarilii Ihifortane of ; .sin , 7) I rV V" France In the service af a jast aad befy cause, and beiide, tbe htwemparaMe valor ef er array, with the worthy kaWrtter ef tte genius aad glory ef Napoleea at Ms bead. resiTiex or the nxutnesorrs. Tbe Sardinians have Invested the Pesebiera from the La go (orlate) H Garda to tbe Mtn cie. Cannoaadiag io that dtrectlea was beard night and day. Tbe French army, teclediBg tbe forces under the command et Prince Na poleon, were preparing to operate against Ve rona. Tbe advanced pertaoa of tbe Austrian army was la the neighborhood of Villa Franca, Gen. Neil's force eecapytae; the ViHa Itself. THE LATEST IN TELLtOENCE. Oar latest intelligence from the seat ef war was by tbe steamship jrrses, which let: Liv erpool on the 9th of tbe present mouth. From her advices we learn that the contending pew ers had agreed upon an armistice, which was signed on tbe 7th ot July, and was ta cent! see until ttelMhof August five andahahf weeks. Hopes of peace were entertained in eoaee queace of this trace, bet we see little ground for such expectations. The al lies, after so brilliant a course as tfcey bar- made, will, almost to a certainty, demand more than Austria Is Hkely to assent to while tbe has the four strong holds of the Strategical Square In her bands. It will be no ticed that we have on only one occasion dor ing our narrative noticed any naval act ef the French, a somewhat singular fact In face of all the assertions male by tbe English during tbe last year or two, that France was perilifg the peace of Europe'by her vast naval pre parations. We bare, however, indications that, if no peace is concluded, naval operations will be commenced on a large scale on the Adriatic sea, having In view the acquisition of Venice and tbe fortified places so tbe sea board. Weleam by the Jfriea'a news that a French fleet of sixty-four sail was near Ve nice, and also that a second French rquadron of ten vessels was seen bearing toward tbe same celebrated city. tlAOAHA FALL-HLOSDIM AMD ins TTnciu.riaiMtov. Fran Use BsiFaln CMltec. Jr I 1 Several causes combined to render yesterday a gala day at tbe Talis. Tbe severe lieatdrore many thither irom ice city, i oe nose compa nies, tbs woman's rights convention, and, more than am ue nnai leat oi a'sns. iiioaum, in cross inr tbe river by bis own road and pri vate conveyance these drew people together from all quarters. At 3 o'clock T. sr.. Mens. Blosdin appeared in front of tbe Falls Hotel. He took a car riage, in which, wilh his little " bogey " and and two eentlemenfriends.br rode about the village a while, and then proceeded to the river side, and catered the ineleeure. His wife soon came, and entered the grounds also. Marti tudes be ran to rather about and within the In- closure, and on tbe Canadian side of tbs river a still greater number bad collected. Sons clambered down upon :tbe rocks below, and took seats midway between tbe upper soil aad Ue roaming waters. At 4 o'clock, the fire companies came in a body and entered tbe isclosure. It is not known bow many were present, but doubtless between three and four thousand upon tbe American side, and as manymore open tbe op posite. At a little after 4, M. Blondin began a series ot interesting performances on a slack rope in tbs grove. These wire continued till a quarter before 5, when he appeared at ths end iif the rope on the American side, to tbe relief of ths spectator!, who bad melted in the sun for two hours. Tbe rope occupied its former position: M. Blondlnwas dressed in bis former style of body tiebts. Hs saased down the cable back wards, carrying bis balance pole. About 200 feet from tbe embatkment be paused, sat down ; arise again, proceeding, passed a Httle beyond tbe center, paused, sat down. Then holding Ills hat aloft, Capt, Travis, who was stationed upon tbe hUId of the Mist, about 300 ft above a polat hentaUrthe cable, shot Common Roads. ... l7. Mevntain Passes..:.-. .. Bridges . Boundaries. . i. at tt with a rifle. It is not known whether he hit the tasret or not. M. Bleed m arisiuc. : passed oa ; at about n90 feet from the oppo , site essaankmiat, paesmveat etowu, ana raw , down apoa the rape. He did not pause again I until he bad gained seHd rooting ana was eorae with cheers to his carriage. The heat was very oppressive, tte thermometer stendiag at 75 steewa ia the shade. The feat was more wonderful since It was sertormed backward, i "I ' c """" I elodiar all stoes. After refreshing bimtslf, wilh bis ft. ends, M. Btiadln appeared aaiB at tbe rope at 5i. But this time he waa did ha dark habiliments, with a false face, and very much resembled a meakey. He bad his little barrow aad bal ancing pale before him. He proceeded directly across the river, without once baletag nntil he gained land. He had to be more cautious, and eofwequentty slower. Tbe whole time em ployee! was ten minutes. The wheelbarrow is slender, made meetly ef half inch whiteweod, and nailed with small brads. The wheel 1) fifteen inches in diameter, and at its circumference four inches thick. K is carved out in the center in representation of spokes, and is groved pen the circumference surface to the depth of three inches. The axle is of wood, a ixl at its eed no more than barf aa inch in diameter. Tbe arms of the barrow are fear feet tone, made ef inch board, and are bent upward from tbe box, to which they are attached at the sides. Tbe box Is fourteen inches wide at the top, about three feet long, and at the bottom sixteen Inches. Tbe tops of the sides are irrecular, sloping toward tbe cen ter and at the ends. Tbe whole box is made ef half lac stuft, exsept the ends, which are an inch thick, and nailed with small brads. The sides of the box are ornamented with bright colored paljt. Tbe whole conveyance woM set weigh more than twenty pounds., and thirty pounds likely break box; arms or a vie. It was made by Tbomas Duncan of the the theater of this city. No man rode, as some had expected. After M. B'oodia's arrival upon the Ameri can side, the crowd dlspened. Some returned to this dry by tte Jrmtk The 6 o'clock train alone brought bo lesrttran 1,160 peneas borne. A natural Well of Ire "Wntrr Ite- nsarkable Ice Stratntn. rnea tbs Brtsra TruKrlet, April SS. A gentleman of this city, widely known as aa engineer and chemist of high rank, furnish es an account ef a remarkable stratum of ice found ia diccinc a weH in Vermont, wbieb he visited and examined last week. His descrip tion of the Ice agrees with an account given by another ot our citizens, who is a native ot the neigborhood, and who baa Inspected the well. There is seme curiosity to eee whether dog days will have any effect upon the cold spring. To tie EMtt eftU Traucript .- An article has been going tbe rounds of the papers of late, under the beading ot "Ice in the Earth." Having recently visited the spot where the iee referred to was found, I will state tbe facts as I learned them, for the benefit ot your rea Jf rs, leann; it for them to account for the phenomenon as they think proper. Tbe Utter part ot last Novtmber, Mr. Andrew TwomMy, of Brandon, Vt commenced to dig a well near his bouse, situated about a mile from is center of tbe village of Brandon, on a tol erably level plain. Having excavated to the depth of fifteen feet, through sand and gravel, tbe workmen came to ground frozen solid, threurh which they continued to excavate tbe farther distance of fifteen er sixteen feet before getting through tbe frozen ground. At the depth of forty feet, sufficient water baring been obtained, tbe wsTl' waa stoned in tne usual manner. inecnaracterorinegTouBu waa tbe same throurboat tbe whole distance. via., coarse grareland sand the frozen por tion interspersed with lumps of eleer ice. t the time the well was dug, up to the present time, ice forms In tbe well and in crusts the stone at trom fifteen to thirty feet from the sur face, and ths surface of tbe water, which Is thirty-Sre feet ' elowthe surface of ths ground, freezes over every night. On seversl occasion), when the bucket bas been left In-thewell un der the water over night, It has been found nec essary to descend the well, and, with a hatchet, cut tbe ics in order to extricate it. Boston, April . ' . J- u- B- Philin Herbert, the Callfsrnlan eentlemani Implicated In.the death of a waiter at WHr lard's. In Wstblegtonkbasrwipi many others, been forced by . a mob fa quit R,ermasHtot Mexteo. ' CL.irriMcs. Ths Isle EagKsh papers speak ef severe thunderstorms as hasssroeeufTed aMeifrEag mnu. Madame Marie, the veritable Jesee Morten , WMte, aas geneta Haty as tne speesai ear resfndeat ef the Ideation .Vrw. The daily war expenses tt Fraace are esti mated at 3jmp fraata, of Austria at I,- smjm tiarias, ar each a beat tym. Tne mtsbare- JW. tte kmaaasT Deeaecratic I paper la western PssnMyrvaaia, pats up the 1 name of James Baehananfar it dicttse. The total experts af specie frets Mew Tats: from tbe 1st of January ap to tte vth laetaat, have been $3oy3l6,f. At the Nsvy Yard la Washsaatoa city, oa tbe 14th lasts at, tw gunnesa ware killed and ten wounded by the bursting at a gen. KiBKAmite Coolies. Advices from Chtea state that bath at Caaten aad Wbampaa men detected ia kiejiapplae have been seised ty the people aad erueiaed. " This world is all a fleeting shew," said a priesttoaculprtteatbefrsHows. " Y"," was (be prompt reply, " but if yoave bo objection, I'd rather see tte show a Httle leagerr Tbe Deeatar (IIL) Jfegnef has belated the names of James Guthrie, ef Kentucky, aad Heratde King, of Maine, fer President and Vice President. In Oregon, lima eoesty, recently, a lad ared 16 years, shot and killed a man named LiHy. It seems that LiHy bad made seme ataaderoes statements about the boy's sister. Tbs rnasaa Bureau contemplates tte ap poiatmeat ef a local agent to reside near lb Pawnees, ia order to eaable H to exercise con trol ever them, and prevent Mare ahsealty. In the cities of New York aad Brooklyn there are mere females than males. Ia Boston there are 5,333, sad ha Phtladelphta 15,850 more. In the cenducta, seised by the Mexican Gen eral BoMes, was a box of table-silver, belong ing to our late Minister to Mexico. Mr. For syth, and ths proceeds ot the sale ef Ms bouse farnilure, carriage aad horses. Some on was telling an Irishman that some one bad eaten ten saucers of tee cream; whereupon Pat shook Ms bead. "So yea dent believe It f With a shrewd nod, Pat answer ed, "I balave in the erase, but net in the sau cers." At Arrow Ro-k, Kansas, on rat 18th of June, a negro, owned by Dr. Wm. Price, com mitted a rape on a giriltyears of age, who waa gathering Waekberries, In company vritt several other cblhksa. Great excitement pre vailed among the citizens, who eautht the ne gro and hung him. Hoget Arnett, one day, white panting with the asthma, was almost deafened by the noise of a bawling fellow, silting oysters. "The extravscant rascal ! " said Hugot; "he has wasted in twoseceade as muejb breathes woaM have served me for a month." The Pefet Goiettc of St. Petersburg pub lishes a noHcs to the inhabitants to ths effect that s veral eases of cholera bad lately ap peared in that city, and points out the best mease to be adopted to avoid tte disease. Eve ryone is re-ommfnded to beware of getting suddenly chilled when warm ; net to overload tbe s to si ash j to abstain from iced beverages, and at ths first appearance of any derange ment in the di-estlve organs to bare recourse to medical ad Tire. Wosth Kvowwc A young lady In this city, says tbe Philadelphia Afurnwj; Pott, wbHe la the country, stept on a rusty nail which ran through berssos into hey foot. The inflamma tion and pain wasverygreat,andloexjaw was apprehended. A friend er tne ramiiy mended the appHcatioo of a beet, tateo from the garden and pounded fine, to the wound. It was dose, and the effect was very beneficial. Soon the Inflamation began e subside, and by keeping oa ths crushed beet, and changing ft for a fresh one, as Hs virtue seemed to become impaired, a speedy cure was effected. Simple and eSectual remedies !tte this should bs known to every one. K3- Same editor says that the destiny of the world bangs on the smallest trifles. A Httle miff between Charlesrupafl Jind Ms love Letltia, might have 'brokesr bff a marriage which cave birth to Napoleon and tbe battle ot f Waterloo. Towuleh tbe Chicago .fivrritser says i "Tee. that is a fact. Suppose VHttle raw' had taken place, selweell Ara and Etc 1 What than? Crittenden! Ark., Land FOR SALE. FVssskriwssasruaeM ul ske 14tk tt October see If ses sate as that ttm, wia se tM so msa wasJMkeM raMOsr, eeM u xms.mU '"A ar laae laimiii (arte SdriS tea ef4r aarnt swim m Jwkssa uwiilij, nrsMy-Ss ( ruaa we mf ciIuhum sea wh OMiaSee Sim Mr iwrnum ua Vk. fcu ir !' 1?" "" muud ia wi Wat sssBh fMsn nu rub rrr t-o ail sank of ''OS I 'T .! ts Lull Bast. TWUMu e. I n aiusj. rmHKuuHUbw oa aid; u ssessewmarUTSM if xumrr Kl m ml Tm. asas milts w Xis. i. r. jressn. ABXBK JBKXIXS. Atsot rPHI BOCBLX TUEXXSTT Ka1 tae s -n. A. wmMx Ml Mt 1 13, im AMJ3SM SMKira. Male - u.t aa. W a. -k a. . . AjsinuTMr WS t, se farjo sct 'mrum ftr-nt, "'". I. B. B. OUSTS. niw m. Mmn'i bimk. I' or SnTti. AOT OnSM SCH3AB FLAXTATIOMT a WWt, SSiMl.MWreCt,rtiT (MUlilSil cUSAowssciumi, uounuiTuks. isvu.l ne WitteiSUiirt usartaer wia 60 sctlusut- . remTM. in M ! tapntoetorsn E. Je WlJLjLI&JUS. Bkek-ItUog, Wagw aad Ptow Faetwy, a T me eajswf asses am ttwvm himks. fa Smss MtijtSKteesMSBWWseM,oMi., asses. iks, sn.nat. a, bimsitsm W t Mi mi m-m ilrnil Ail wesfi sAeSMestMtSM BOOKS! BOOKS!! JUST RECEIVED BT Cleaves SslTaden On am. uasmvy avd seu uaWuaisMtKT Br rraaru Lwur, L LJl, pi rses miss Xe-axv ti aw hsiiii w tmm, set ; iar or " Psuticia jBSMI," "PliIMM, ,4 LmjH 4 r4K' Al baisrfU- ATOUOWttr tew as 'Bm itwm nieinii i m L.r-1 Smj,i1 Umu Brasnrsn Branrts, tSBS. TrMM MMHy a Omtt aarwsria nrsnr ; a au m Bar nrcatw. fa AsSss r. kambj uasjfs ajib aUAnast o. tsw t-sw Araae a Tss, Sv Anas aarrwi Brwr, ulSmil ft " Trrmm vax Ajkr arinmen. cnuaium ak lsui w litsaagsfn TSiiiiiiiiBi aaa rnnar Om MuaMU nasM tj sw rraaas at bbm- 1,690 Cortis or 1Vgo1 rer Sale, rlio w smiummImi aw wma aaa an btum X rtesr. Sasi mr s. su4i ssmv Miajan. aar ear aw tiaWMjsaa. ma tt ass MS' ia Cskmm, sSiis, r- aw tt XsasasHl ltmr nnk. Mjtl 1. HEW BOOKS, HEW BOOKS, Jast Hecelrrd by tkatcs & vadra ! T OTE MB LITnjS. LOVB MB SJsas. ST Caerras U Mslaar tt -rs. sm, use ss xttm, "Wniui Lais.' CSS., eta. U.i Si I War. A Tat tt Bliaanai By J B. in 1 1, itT ir at WUS Wnliin Siiasi Tbe raarn tt a TSiraiil Btrasa, , IsssTewr Str a aaa. Bultl B. SJOli i a SJaatnaEay. Basasssal kv PaSSa tt. auaUam TavBaaaasati ar. ckeOnsa s'l ll nisi In a iiakTi. Hi TTnilii ByM. t. aetsaa. nir WLMty ar Skatota. A H tt Baal LUa. ByXta. Siaa task. Krtr i !. SW SUjrtrara Hi ill sr. ta Urasaas Oasatal Aas Hi rial A TSnnias Tara W Ow On kT CasHla Xsny. C. a w. -fa- OttWt, Aaade XttnOUt ! X. Ba Jactt ar. Ika Scaas'a Bale Br tHe aatksr eT Tree Baa Scaat " Jual receir-4 o4 r m ' tr airU I LKAVXS A. TIMS 03?ULTQJaST.f.Y AM. ftiriHRutf itw bU3. W .:rtin rrr Scrotals, or aIatl'a Cti:, Lur-b4- m. UXjt PlMe, Wluls 4snut. all ilaraj. or tbaf Skin W of tbe Lisr 9im of ttbt- X.i4nyi wi n. Cki-Mtc 9u- Mr. ScavM Hoa. Hmtt nm, SnirvT Ctwr-a ot Vunt' DUMW, JkauntMM, JtmH, Cat istiK KmemfnaTt!'' Cbrt-nic IWivailtT fau1WlJBuf larnBjat at XmUr lajrja; rvvr, aVD4 alt iflaiai MiUaC tnm 1M mmsmsvc oa f Mte- r 1W TrsntMteM aiMrativa ks Jfrnl w ia actuc a a tiitiil mn tm taw W mm4 i'-ps-.. arninc wbuli or taaaart tnm mvvitr vt vttuum t th .-W um lsBau mt tt 99etmm Tt wfom Ilk kjM'-a-ii lte?rativ ltttaftiri f gptaua Sau-iiparill-v. vaVtcb i imp14! raalj far dM oauvjMaBtlar vt tht mKinc to M its BsvriCy. It M mm, witt 1W atWtio ot utaxtr UMdti BsVanlat-aktasM at Hajl la aaMtr tftW laaaTaf J auWouni -With jtSrfct CaW, ODr3BTVUamSti IS S atil.SllsaWS 9f m sgpssttiBa.il utB at ih a nrt- JBsS uTTuvsT BMSl It b TIM. Vft auTtOrTw taIU at rn tin, wtula it Tmtw tk 19 off alai'ait. asBst but Nr aa by all with ott.l-t. aaf tUmm Alarau Itasuc, m4 1 nliriy abraUpcJ ta raubawnabiiaim im country ; it rraasucasta iartKB--twammtm jroadr rtotytiiiy wtdjca .1 aaAra vik-i tm saatataat mnm jtptTttrt cars at is-AeraaUtirut rwa- tsl aW StbeMh .yaat WSfst at aUa, Lssa tegtafMy tlwU, 9B4 ami tsiis i t mtmn tw uivAljtt tt iMaitk . auuaadlar & assWT If! aft H aVSVS telltMa. mmfmmarmmt ttasa aa vmt aat at rrar-y IB WssCSl at rrfsbulivaaVaM All tau Uatt aa. laaitntar rm it arts its. a rhatrnj ; mt ia a Stmkt iMatt. San bi mm, mad Skim Pt wm sbT rrmry nmm, it M itasaaj aBjau m ema il sMt diraW- ly tat Uwar aas) Klmpj aat tWrfara tt trupm ta mw-v tss n itTiaiBi vaaa ta a tnu jr lattcu-a Mat la raMiBaf IhHe aas) umr amat, aajl totac lanftar af tw mm4, M 9skm to a rm rr tkat IsataWaaia "fa A Its 1 aa, pi pa aa ta aaat aiOaa. Aswpaaj- ta a asaaMm aurrnac att-ai iaTt aMtaza m r mt tan au-Wtt-al rttmaaia- far vlfekkk It artajwaMNt to iaaa aaat atMr isrto lutav Uva AMmmtimm tmt ata aw byaaaf wtaa ta.air' jttBaaaJau ajc-maiasvsaaua. Asd Mr aaa. aal raad it. TsSsW taaaariait aaa at Bxtvmiittr aaM ay avaas aa- Irliai mt ailaiaiii ifcinartaat tjp haA. aad aaT 'ir n rraai aiiaj af tnai raiitiaw ia ta lutiif limr af Mm asUam aa a Aitaiat.ii laasc rraitty. Wi ar at anil ta tar ta Br. Uaf. sf a alsJiiiit. N C , Dt Ta t wn. vrumm aaa aanitars Mtwuaai, risfrtaar Wn Btant; Bart aad o1r. Vrmmn- : v. a aaaata. na ; nr km. raat. mmmvm. Xtt. . mm mmr mthmn .xM9nmM.co.. atari fU xunuiXiH a- CO., wi i aaaa Hatsll Afiani Far aaia ay aa PraaWta. ,9fT XVJl. c. EIX1S, General Engraver, Nr. b MONROE STREET, Opftitt .V. 5. Brace 4 Co.' 3IEMPI1IS, TESW. rO-Waar) Cass. BaaJL Dn rtafa, Biitan. 9lacil iaesa,aai JalrU-lr BrovrnsTlIIc Female CoUcgc. 'xrSjJCT isiisn Saena MOXDAT, tka i TiB BAT Of rBSBVABT Ta Brseilaai ela ar ajsr4 by saol aaS assariaacad Taacners, aisss m nsaaoer Tka nasi i ar essuy is Tka fllli i,anl Asoarasaa aaS CaSaail are naVlial far tka vaaas Mt tka Siknl. Ika Maaaeal Diaaaasiial In usaW tka enra at Fraleaaar CkartaaBraa, wkakaanaiuAilaa A tanja i llllli a lo ika srnees taslSHic "in Xr saa da ara4tirt4a ka srsaaa aa tka am oar ar nasaaasM. rar eraajetaas. asaay same ikta. Has. akaaaa, ar to lata B. S THOVAS. 3-cr-Ur7. IMPOBTAXT TO DAIRYME1Y t.D STOCK Fi EDBILS I J.l.TIES .1. GIttltYT, O I E M E A. L, rrsnans &a tra, ttt Jlllch Cows aad Beeves for Market. ta asaaalaataiii af raua Oal Cake kaa -- kat saiaaei fliay ss 31 1 aas a la. Tawa., tmm iiisasjtmj auUuls ar rMi a trial ar aaaar aisssta tt laanaiMii OHOaks aarf Maal ansrailaaaal ky kaaa crass aaaS saaaM IJaetM SaeS, aftar aiiaatlM Bat Ma kan aaai ataa, aas saaraa tleS w ka lasirar ta any alkar arssrla tt SaaS aaar ra aaa Aa4 at Ska a an kw tasea tt as ratal at ta stark rkaisral aaS ttat SaaS Bkal aaa totmt. Ttt aa at ska essac ar J l. GA&m at cu , . IM Mass aarres. Wa ara MIUraHl fO aaai Maal, Hay Oara. 9rn, c . attkraa iiatsaaaaakssasaa. aaj ta aarsiaaanlsUaa ta suet sal eat ass ta arena ar saaal aa wlaatsts Steal Be atsdaaaasae. tka Oal Cat. aaa Mae will keen awaat aaaj lasaaB as lataa. at tarsa err Xii-Jaa a. r fuAosi a ws. PICTURES! PICTURES! LUbBsmpas! LUbegnpbs! Steel EnKravi9gN ! Sted Etvgravirigs 1 TTTE an aSTerum tt atatk o( Praaaaa Uakaevaska and I f aaai warjariaMi aa UM jor waaa. aa auaiaaa YABSif JPotice. EOf.TSI. By ta BMnfaf Xayer aad XMtrnen X A V xa cwy xiasjiia, aaat aa- nayar aa Ulasx ar raw trsu) "r-w asnar -asi7 BMaBarwp, BajaK at iwitawii jfQftlrt iTir?.?" "Ve,Mtti Msyar aarf Baanl at Aktamea aaat asaaairt ky tka Maj mr Kal4 Iran lk atlanlr,. . , "-;b RAOSH. Mayar. L K. KlCBAUOS. Ottr ettaisr. II nptl. A IM S, ISM. , uMf Trmtee'i snvo- T3T ----'- X B. VaalAMaa.aaSka laat aaa tt aaaaarr. ST, nt ess teetreea tnta lintelar'a uava mt twaj"r. Tesataaaeav ta kaat Sa. . saasa aa. OH aaalas.I- rttttti taianrMaaalal.ataataaa CMrlStaxra. mlWettyalXeaasMaal ska sstk .lay tt IBM, a cam In ka at i,m I. itrraai w tka of Skasky, aaa SAsta oe Tmataea. near tka utr aa seat aataSasMaatSuaetka rsliaiias at ika aartkrrar tart ortke i ettax iMoananaa tta SSaeaWe at w. B. OtrttALtJiitu. T rTk.aai.aa. a r . r. r re. n. F. T . nor, at AseM, losS, I MiMf aaaaa ky M. A Xarr, ka St, laaaMwi- . mmm i-o " Ta- fiMHraa 11 rtt a ntektt aa tkrrntikla - a t-aaJtaaaiBK aack llaara smart tnTrass rattt "i''..'' T sataat Fill lull" tt Ban arra raMj tka aoalk tl .r l al- exolr -t wra- mtAt- r-t- i ll akHA. at. arose seta atmuaiawatiTa. tiat-U t B. GXITTIMJ fraaUa A aexaauxaCAl, acSjcbt or rer tssokas, wasr SSiaaaaf ww ia ay sue nwm m Cissaini, Ms- sSsTa it as ii l esramre. iTr?'ta4 tmm. saAoassSMm's-Ois issn Merai. laasmaaai -tak a r AjttBsa Ajra otmaa ysaiciLisiae mum-. ssManaae; Msr Crest I sjr, Tne Ssiaii asaasna. as aaMOtta Umm, issnir w S issssi st as STm ausa - atsnaaaa tratMC ax Ota xajsbc bt jsaataatN BJ StllSI. tm mm sn MM ssnasaa rsssms se mmSS CUIAVaa a. VABHBSf Lasa IBS rsairr.lt, Osassilit a4 sTsassrally X Sit ar nasi ! j aaaa. tmrt aat stmil ay aaar ma ik Kass. tM irtytail OimImj, ssysj esuM-iSy 3fc- L", .eases a? LsaasTfuas. Bar. ftraiaTsiat. MaaV-s, rasaa, tm irtaii. Tea n layer Auy. MiaSIH ar, Ska ASuslUM tt a Tearas Wassaa. By Petal. BLOOD ponirBit AMD HEALTH EEST0REE. Da. x. MarowAXs riurAM SfJfT2! tt TOUMt. asata tram rsasB aaST-aalTr MM srarskr see aMssAraee at Ska s-sasssr Sk saasaalaai ttatot SiMM,iiMa, gaol. MraarJsSa, h saB)s.aia U. Wkia S-alllaa. Ouaaaasot Ike rlaaiTa. Bast. I saar. sasa, rasJsv Tsasisiasnis or Taaa.ir, sraassaa aa as rata, uh naraa, (aicuowa's inainaMi tw rr m 'j w " a I asssianill. lasferuara tt saa iiaaia tw , IkruM aaataaa. M MsaSMiStSkl atear ulan.ia narW wus tA iMSVrJt litoaaBaaaagi issaasilasaae lasaanrrss SMrwysse saaavaaiif i ai cIbm 11 aa4 tl SO a aaksa. MtaMWsT'S dOLrXsI yai7ioir.il psrsjsirwl tar iraaaeaaas, OanaaisHan. aa.. iffiiswi atrasalhaais ata inm aas aalika ssaaAannl, eaea Bat saeaa atirreraa, ks. laraas sa Menial I Ika In lis. H aaa ska Lsasa Bawal Oaa iliiali, IHarraMa, nyaaatlrr. Vnaa, ttnasa wojwwimi nwiarrWM a MB nuaar a I ttrt na Gaxltj uK rtt. Aaa Cak.wBaa i tflttata. Mukt-aweale, niaili, 1 HcOWT-8 amtsACH MlirHtB. Asasaaaaa,sayass- kuirr. Ka Maowsia OOrTMaW KCTSV OU Saras Otialawa'a SaiaataltBl aat la Sat i a raawa aaea laiaraallf.) fiaiara. taaraMM mmv Braaaa, (u nnt aaai m4 a8 1 I) Vasra aaa Xtrur. Ha lU Mats atstas. ttSniaWaak- canccrai Cured. MOUtaaatmaasaekaaetrtae tmtrA m Bkm SV. M au yaara. raaaias Iraai ana ta tail By yaaaa ataaav kK OraiUa Laaiaa. I i ill ilia Ta.. -Ski till njlkl I. Tatnasaats. Vlrstaia. Jaat X fuiM, Laai tear. Tta- siaaa. aaaa Bayaoiai. Bas lalaaS. Tin Baraoiai. Bia Tnalan ' Msaakala. Basatart. M C . Mtaa BaatM Maaknlaf, TSaa OaU, X c . Sarnaal Biaskiaa. Maaaatua, X. CU Cal. AnaokaHl aas r Carter, MaM-Mle. X C . ataa. aVaata C Iialnu.jMmkn, c .Mra Lavtat Aalataaa. aaaaunaa.aaarssa. 1 A Baaark. Sanal Otfata, Biaasta. Jtornrlaaaaar. Oalkaa.aa . Wat B CliaBlr, OlBlia. Oa ,aatkaBastaa.aelai Ctrda. Oa .Oal T I III I aat Jaka naaaar, HaasaaiUa. Ala rtnatatalafaalainiiMi teatraaMaal mt aka -1 - mm.r teut artU ka SarvtraM taaae aaa wtakau ta baaka tratkar Oaaaavra Xr Maaoaaa fwaanM ay stall. Aatreaa. JAB. A. CXatrsOrf. X. B.. CotisumTjflres rfo not Dttmalr. COXSUMI'TIOS syAXjaaMssBasr TalB sTJtTJawnaV ABULvSala tea aas bv- CURED. cossumptiojt l?J2? CVItBD. COSSOMITJOX CUHED. aaSStiialiaa Star ssaCMrtaa tka a Baa I awe afattassa COXSUMI'TIO.V lZZtTj, CURED. a7.taJtaTteVa tZ COXSUMPTIOX CIlltRD. AaV--aMt takWea ta BANsaW. ABBS. Baa aast T. !t-r raek. NEW TREATXBJfTl BFPFAL0 MEDICAL DISPBSSART Bja4fSJseaBAk Stsl lustaT taaS CatTa af DYSFEWIA, G EXXAAL MftlXfTl FEVER AXD A617S, A9T1WA, INCIPIENT COHWMrTW cosrm4xn or Torm axb ol AsfNiv wc aVO aMEKCtJUY USBD. DR. .IJIOS son , CORNER OF MAIN l QUAY UutTale. Xe.v York, i sa Kaa mmsy nyturiam ia Laa i af BaaWffa4 Coil-a of m -taaajanatl fraaa aekark iilaii ia aaasT atato aM ly-aatijaa of a1iaaa. tW ttrtaBat ta?y aduat ia ta mat af aywatyaa f aVtrtT yaaV taaa4Tf aas) meemtn afsctati aa laiii a jhmt aamsrane urrnmom. tar ta ear TtXTX MBN. TiU FAaiMtl LAK 3 . AaKM k at taVsW piiaaari n Wiltdiitaali aa Nrir Tart ; it 1 iajy aaafal i-astraaiiat ttif t maan.ai aar aaa caa t af awataai wtmmmm, ar mmy zmmm mt l casbtad W ta aerH aaaftaaf aaa. Ir 1 -! 1l 9aTa. LB - t -aunstaUfy toM BaMrt taa-. Mintaw Baarita off taatr iBaBa-aBtaantt. aNaaBa aaaaj' 1 1 UiaU ia any itstauUiv waa Uamf mtmWLm&4mtf, sfi-r mx f-ur triati ITe aauaay trill a ifWaBul ar faaBam- inz rb in ir na ai m atyad ajvaaat r-r-'i-- wttsbioa; Mm aboaa 1 iaj-f e U.mt (La baTl, WltB 1 fa Tir-iy Lktrsaj. u4 aaad fey BbraaU mm laa-viw, aitaaj 1i.ISf a cvm WAI vr Aiaa9 a, 5oa ha, ft CUK'atlltHl 1Q SO vitsafssj,-sasB liai laCrf c fl-! ; r.yarLarsm wbo aa asaisaftaai la i Aseuau tr fruai i ta jttumtL. F'T-ii- :n say part mt vaa aslat mttr ka l irsMint irv aWwardiBtt a aaat SBfBasl at Mr -aaata, r&a i rcmiruoa for ati baca ia mz., wtm wtmhm tarn vita tfce tttaswat tttaaaaat.. itad i villi- a Aa.tr-- D AMOS h. aOlf. HOSTETTER'S ST0MAGHJ1TTERS. It is a fact tbat, at some periotf, ever mem ber of tbe human family is subjeet to cbueaas or disturbance of tbe bedily fnnetiiia; but, srjtb tbe tid of a good tenie and lbs extrtiss sf plsia eommen sense, tbej bs be able so to regulate tbe sjstea as to secure uermaaeni beakb. In order to aceempBsb tats dt sited ebjeet, tbe trus eourse to pursue bt cirrtainAy iAs vbisb will produee a itairssl state of t 'lings at tne least baasrd of vital ssresgtb. and bfs. Fer ibis purpoee, Sr. BesteMer baa la tredaeed to this eeuatrr a preparssMB beuina; hie name, wnich is not a new mnWsin a batene tbat baa been tried for Tears, pvinx is tittle tiora ta aH vba bare aeed k. Tbe BIB) us operate powerfully upon tbe itsstseb. bowass, and fiver, resterins tbem to a beaasny aad vizereus setiea, and tbus, by tbe sissli pro cess of strength eniaj riaiare, tnuMs tbe sjav tern to triampb over disease. Tot tbe pure of Dysyepeia, InMgtieUu. jjaa fi, FVlalefleT, Loss of A ppetile, ar any IsbaWs Complaints, srastnc frem a uisibW lut ltm ef tbe Steasaeb er Jtwsrets, prorlnshig tjTaraps, DrseuUrj, CeUe, Chelarj. Merbus, ie 'ieaaj Buiers nave no equal. IHArraKr!, djsefiterr er &slz. ee gaeer&BT eaa trseted by new settlers, and eaused siiliayf fttly by tne eeaB ge or water aad ouet, wl ne spe eJsl j regulated by a brief ase ef Ibis prsrsAia. ipepaa, a ilisease wbieb is prtbttly mare ptTTOtewl. bs aB its various fsvmao tbaa nay otber, aad tbe eaase of wbiab nsay aKaaa be saaatboied to derugemeate af tbe if uttit organs, can be eared witbeas mil by aaisg HOSTBTTBR'S STOMACH MrTaW, as per dirrctienfl oa the bottle. Far litis antes si siasj pb jsieiaa sriD recemmend Bltaen ef seaae aaaat, tbea wiby net use aa article known to be Inm! IxbleT AH naiissbaya tbeir Bittees,asa pre vestivs ef oisease aad strengtbeaer of tbe sys tem ia general ; and among Ibem alt Skits ia not ta be Itjttnd a more besltby pesjls tbaa the Ociniana, from vbem this prapsrattsn eaaa naied, based apoa seientine expuisuixeki wssfsb bave tended to prove ibe vame of ttat great prtpafitien in tbe seale ef meoassl seiaaes. Frrrna. asb Aqux. This trybke aad pr? Tea lug disease, wbieb axes its rrJentWaa gessp oa tbe body of man, redueieg btm to a bmct saa, dow bs a sbort time, and nudtiats; bam pay sicaBy and mentally useless, aaa be drivea from tbe body by tbe use of HOOTftTXStc'S RESOWTvED BITTKRS. Further, none of tbs sbove-staaed diseases ean be eea4raead, ma ia exposed situations, if tbe Bitters are used as per cMrectiens. And as they neither eraAe nausea ar oflend the pabie, and reader ua nteisssry any ebange of diet ar inluiiiastsa of orasnary pursuits, but pretests saand aKeey and beabmy Ageetlen, the eoiafasiat ia re taovedusreedilyu is consistent with ma pro factisa of a tberesgb and luminal ours. Ttr JVsans in Athaxted Tun, wba are suSerha'; from an esfeebled eainaiitatisa and Inarm body, these Bitters are inn hiatal a aa a restorsiiye ef strength aad vigor, and seed only ba tried to be appreciated. A&d to a mother while nuntag these Battels are iadsa praauble, especially where the mother's sour Ubment ia inadequate to tbe dtmands of the ebSd, eonsteueutly her strength mast yield, and here it Is where a good tenie; inch as Hoe tetter's Stemaeb, BbM ers, is needed to imparl temporary strenxtb and vigor to the sjxtom. Ladies should by sB mesas try tdeta remedy fer all oases of debility, and, betVre so dok should ask: their pbysiesas, who, ff h- fa agqminleiiwTtb the yktue ef tbe Btvasvav wnl recnmmanil, their nee ia all eases of weajrassa. CAUTI-SS. wt eaotaaa tbe pabaa agalaattwbtt any sf the maay ImjaaaVis er eoaatxrtVHJ, rut ask fc HosrxTTxa's CxLissATxn SnuAsw Srmu, aad sea mat eaeb battle bas tbs wards 'Sn J. Hoatcttcr! Ssaoach Bltttn" blown on tbe ride sf tbe bottle, and rtuapod oa tbe 'a asp eovensr tbs eerk. and observe tbat our laatstjraai tigutore ll on the UbtL 43-Prepared and sold br HOBTA-rVJiiK 4 SHITn. PiMsbargn. Pa, and aoiet 3r" aB drugxiats, (crocen, and dealers srawaBx tbnmxbout the United States, Cajtads, RorttJa America, and Qerm&nx. Trustee's Snli. Bl i .u. Iwo.r'iAM. Wraf rwaaaaaraeaV ir v xerabrr 1, .sn Pttfaaafcai 1. ttsta. aaaSad taaarky Waa. A. Baaa toaar-rv .. . TT: avausia. I win srvcaae ta sail far aaaaa ta aba sstaaas aaaaav, ia fraot ot tka setae tt J BWaa, Bae,.aa tka tta f " aV aaTtam eurTar -jrV aariac saaajtstj . via X aat. assts ovraaami himsiis, ia use oaaaty ar aasssy, aaa utsae Tiaainia. ktsas Lot N.. 11 aa teae eaa aa ta Itaa ar lata aT tka aatoao mt Uokaat " aa. aaeaeaTitesiaatas; at apoaacla ttamm. WiaMij'a atiatu. 1U otrarr at t tuiaO-Suoa mTfwt iaai lat Ota ant k sets saaaaa la a aaka BSSO Stttt It IS IS Baetk rSBBSaat a aaaaka: I aa ttaae aa tka Taoa. Weaaiay aaaaawi aaat ttjtaaaa aaatta alsac tka ass aaaana to ika kaessaSaaS essssaaaae tea taraa. aaaaa or koa. Tka tilia ta ansoratalmtaaaawt Vat rwitt aaa oa!y aa Traacea Bkaafct ra oat aaU tar isaast ta aaaTaSj' Sitl eta lata, t win sail, st aaa aaaa liaaa aaa) state, aat terma, Twaaty saaraa or qoom i awawj. satity! tlyfl-asl J. O. TjrartaV Basils. jfust Received BY nLOCK, GUO.VAUER h. CO., Eft nets. Flka WBsttyt O U o ktas. Ptasstsaa WWarn ra mmim ai ioiii, so data, saataa Bstlarat S a ap-a sara rvaaaai Oaenaa. Ataa. a larsa ana'lsitalae BtaiSinaa4 Bra srsAika. Fast aaa tttaese Wtaaa, leasee ratal. Bttstisg Braar.-Canarm, aar . , , A. Uraa Mill ai lot tt LXATHBB, tl m Staliiiaa, wkatk wa mtjtr at lata kveat BtatkaUseBaa. - . iwwa. f arUrwewjjawaar SwMaaBsr Trust sale. T)I airtaa tt a DoaUaS Traat, Satrl tat a : XJ rsea. asarwtaa aa a r try nataaa B. Ika i aero of J tta-ae, 1 Morasses a si , Sanawftas stasaitl am; A aattiaa taa part ol uaa nty siiaaa aa s oa rto ataa o eke aasat atty aa kfca as. aa aaat aasa ac I tarry rttaak, wtravoat rlat latsoaarlrk Ika rati sarjtlat H oao to tw mrtAmr tt Boroa t tr,oit SOS root t Ikairakiaila at Tattst im 1,1 viia raa v- ra aruaonr aot tall tar laWrtmlla a1 ' lam I win .all. at iko -t- r Cia Slaak cf a r raoJ aetata ia isyfaxeaT SS W fffeaV a "ra IJ-lml JVC- ttaa, nftaaasnta, ,li(Ba i. Uaav Oiaatiasa. Miiaaaa AQi irliairSasnu, ftati, ti i taaaawaiaianBataai raatrMBMa taitam, ka aaaS Via neaeatOaUaa Mam Aaa a miB aaasaiai. Ska OSS Baakar tea taartai ai aiasytaa- -aaacaaa-i iMiUaa i ll a i aaai kMjaa aaaaaaaarll lis! laaaSI Muanusuiuaaaa af tiaaaBSfaanaV aaw. aaaka B ear aittt i i "a Oa aB tka aaaS baaaa atsara kaataa. Xnattaraat Jaami i atr yi uasi )j tmmmm aa aBaaaaal Wiiaaii i Jaas. Cmm b fiia-tiiai atj ctjr-t i ftsamM s aaya, fcy tlaa aa sf thm nilfiiil, atfa aata4 aaa- i suBbs aBBMala aa aasntak aaapa aiaBaj ta aaa ibbbiii af tvaaUBtal, aad Wf BB SSbbT lBBBBBjaMirj aaaa. a. tka was i a llaaa.tBtsBsa aa. Baa., la rko aaty at masraBaskaa, ttMtttttkwTAT , ttalsak Oav at AwaaaaL UajkMaaJ!!? SaaM a! a-asaafssvaS taajLaraatA oaaat-ea ass