Newspaper Page Text
BY llTCLANAHAN & DILL.
FRIDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 10, 1862. VOLUME XI a, NO. 283. X3U7. XW-TVookly and WeeM By B. KsOGAXAHAN HgMlAifna 7. dux Oader tbo arm Mi atyie ol eCE.A3?AfSAll I iMMn ea eenaeea, or Uinrts, abetter. 1""erinM of cJubwonntioa, ayjrar zaaaeh....... M WaeklT aer month. 3U0 :!;. Knfes ol 1 hoi "ri o in neo .r -e- !n-rri B 01 ' GEK15RL ORDER Ko. 13. HtADQC RT-;l-8 1 JACKSOK, Mi-a. go tab K, 662. J W e5e. son omsm-i -1 a tl Ati vi vi tt XX orj gi re ibmb r, ba ta toi s a o-a.paaiei of vvum pffr4r r', M wBo ba e otif d ra uf lee wt neat a 'a my w U rafrw ism. i t-i v- lb bra c rea eed m d re te nod peai-btd tw airy miliar. m a-a H it &wvr uhbi to i n tbmen b be. rale nail urtwlt i curio M h it forfw tue 1 aa. . Al. etbrerj of 'be ( feae ate fSLler Amy b I JC' bat arm lac flcwi i tin all sb tfC . MaeSatratea h oteor S aid e , are r ,,tet?d to aneat ai at a nd ts a tae pa cer le Ibeeea) aae !B eater r- Beare-t a i ltar itauoBf. who will tVa trade- an d n th a e-t A M arsons au probe din atid deli-.e ia de rie i ar eatitied to a rr- ard of b ny d l a r efc. A nic af b eatees vr I be uablUaed at eae far Ibe Jsnn . laa ef tr pnbac By Briar f 8 gJHv '-eral LLOTD TlLCHXiS, PliWHATl'AN KL 1 K. lt 1 M'tJ i.L KDr Ks 12. SbVIBQSaRTKBS OuiTKICT P tms MIS-) si-8 tpi "Vi" f THE fo aw ar t-rf-"l eriw i aeMbh d fw . the 1 .forbti at all ra it aujr esera id bm.oh net j arar af Bdeaajar-Oeaaral Xcaaus. - . HOOK. Am start AdJaUn -Genwsl iGoneral Orders fo. O-l. AB TO TAX I AND JSP. TuK- .KALBAL'S l UrllJH V KfCMMONB .Tr- Sefrteafeer 9th. 1&C2 ) "PTT" OOHMADSRS ot Aray -rr rl-frt JL V k tt iw w i axe to tbkofSce m-Btb ) rrtaraa I tawir e-Bortivr eaMsaiB oa tbo forffli fnr ai brd aad aeeatd a$ to tae dire:tiori ezarened ut cam. tSe'ri a () of eatrsi ' f hMt MtieB wi 1 mnk tal eeVn cb ru Ct . SOtb nad autta of eaeb month tat.Bwf th- kt.teef a rvctCit g r c ti wi g tati aaaaaor at e e TtaBa etir'4li-d la earn i at lb art at baH nairi : t'e M.Br BnId & d aceep ed d ti r taw -l d lar rrMcfa reuott ii road, the number (at farna 4 te tagMBtBW, aad tbe let J reoaliuce it Br araer. laVgal pMeI4i S. COOPER, Adjt ut asd Is pwtc.r Geo-ral H M. HOi'K, a ' m t - a--l. istrict of tlie jllissisij'pi. HSXIMtlAi.THS JaCKSOH, M4MiiMip September 13, leSi- l feral OrAen M 4 JTaBaeilt atp lb eeroHMit -Bd anraniiiMten of etm neri W wiihia tbv di ict in arrordaoea wilb tbe se of oogre8 of Ifce I6tb April irfti, e1 the ordr aad auoae f aW Hon. 8retary of VTa bi rrl TBMrtaniVrae. M aaMtary eoaiBudr aad preroit mar aataja 4 biMTby roqnirrd ta t i prorapt nad eaeftfBtlc tauinart. to raraU ad forward all conkoripu to their pravprnV'd eaaap of iatrartioB tielevrt af tb- artltnv crfl BMgwtral! and loyal o tl Maw .re n-qaird to aid m br ez-carioB of t e law ad waarward lta ol perorr abpet to coarerlpt dot; rialdiBc witbia tbeir reapt-ctire dutrkn asd sriadie it a. I Militarr onaamndm and jwotoM m rha t r afLbt bafracted to rbxai-b !i-t of tatvertpta tcMing wB.ifai Mwlr ix 'p-ctiye jaridietioM, afci aball sot save r m all i lid j tairoHwi is compliance witb tbrlaw to tb adtetaat gaeral offier ai thce bfadqoartrri. Ill Oouwiapi wbo I'avn bB enroiivd la organlia a at" Bartaa nuci, raiord tritbia tbe limhi of ttila dMzn riam toe Mi bef April lr-62 and eoccripU who bwreaBroiM to any reeiaw t. batullion. or company rtaae ta -lt of July, lo6i, will, iu aeeordanc witb tbe af tbo bWretary of War of Angrnit lPth. beaeat auaT caargeaf a e-aiaiii'aioaoil officer wbo will aarr a aVtcr ptive roll, of varh roittIpt cnstaiDiBg uiiaa f tbe Bennd daring which and the eorapaa is nailia W avty borr a rved, uid a ataiaateBt of ounty jpail aad tltlat award. "o i ii giliila ta bm reqatrera ctt will te reeox iifeo I. . i bared ob writM-ii ttborMv bithetto eiTeti W tac War Departamt. or by the tfenral eaemandiBit Bva.aar Mrnmainr-C.r&B al Kuel.l S. or nap imw biwicic. m nmcu a wutwcw R. M. BOOB Aaitnt ArfHt'"' fV-"rl jDis-trict of ihe 4?iisMssiipi. HSAOOARTEha, JCKSO?T. Micsinip I, September 8. 1668. 5 gtai Order N. S-l iTe amwre order aiaong military pennnt, and to . m Teat iaap apr tawreiwirfe with be eoemy. by 1hW ntbM or aaid rr, tfc fx lawiug pernawi wiU act t r rr"r aa prorMt m r bait at t e paiata diHiig mli d. vie i TiefcbaH aad Wa res eooatr. MUrinrfppi, Captain C. A Yayk". JaoV.OB aad liiad c-anty, MtKiMlppi. J. D. Smart Salat pr LHw-wn, Judtrr O. W. Martin. SaSa TaaMny pariah, lMaoa, Ja e L B auc Ijirmeo ara. LmMmm, Q DavKlion. Kataei oofr parbdi. I aaianx. K A. UuBlpr. Port Hadaaa, IxoViaim 3n C MB tr. Baat FUeaaoa parfajb. Lonmiua. D. O Ha-dae West Frea pa b. LMwaoa J H. Costet. A' CfBiibtu pMrMh, Iiaiaaa, Captain Samuel Bard. VBasoaty. Mb-i tppt, K. Farra. jVaweaanT. Mh.txippi, Mowr4 iiiadl. t bur-Ta- enaaij Mie ppi . Wilfcnva aaaaty Mixl-hipl. J. U. Sirana Mwiuoe euuty MUrippt. Dr. M J. McEi. Tahabauha e -Baty. Mi iuMf. K H For.-p.Ur. Tasaoa oaaotr. att-wdppL H. C TyleaT 11 Martiai law barin. ores aboli-h d, tba danre or -v. arov-xt Bnwrbal above lutBM-d, will be confinrd witbia tbelr pr.r Bdwta y jari-dktjoo. In .ji atnin with tbe caatoax of war, and tbe folkiwlD(r Artasw.'a! Vbooevw aball reWave tbe enrmy witb til' a ale ir aetraanitkta. nrsball kaawincly bar-, bar ar pruiaci an wa aaali raaVr death, or aneh otbrr puldiaieBt aa nbatt be ofdpred by IM eenteoce of a conrt ArraIe5T Whoerer AiH be eonrlcted ef toldinr wm-iemt with, or giTie m trajrora i, , i liber dtrrei'y or ladltveMy, b H eaffrr death, or U. n aiabaatat aa laeJI be ordered by the ran eaeaiy,' Uaer of a .".wrt marrial , , Artie!- .Vi Ail pablic irtorei wkea te tbe enemy i rmi i.km, fort w inagawoea. . wbethr of anUlery, - r.kr in . orjravMaai. sbaH bo e tfaxtbe rerajar of t.-' 0mrtrt r tbe wajaBJioe wuiujauaasfc uwiLt IJB1. litnj "am or c" - srlb unr aball be roatnlHed. aball with D '-.4mt kun afi-r mob rautnitnvnt or aa soon ai. , rlie"4 fiosa hi guard make report i wrl - Z2retbw rjnniMiairrhfC ofBeer. of th- ir ubu, tbeir - . tbe aaawa of tb- ofieeni wbo eoainitled rWl Be penally orant iwmiifhou w uw.wthjwc ar easb-et, at tbe dWraltoa af a rourt martial 1IL AU earreapoadeare with thai d'panmrnt will hr M wi b tbe dietrirt proreat atarabai, Coieeel Jaaei O.aFaa. at tbear iwaoqoawri B eo Baaad ef Brigadier-General KaoSirs. ria-lm K M limits A. A. U. iiEvy oHGvXlZlTin n&a OVER TIIiiiTr-FlVE. I prop' " : , ,.tt Into the a- I am Qttvrtea to rt n ,T,def LaTr. r t trt, -fl re ra'n. f .. Th will C aVrHaVel b if torn a d coBt-aa el a d for . VATL T.?.Z-nm officii elee-d T-e eerapa- ZrpaVredB d-rth..wW be ddsi - d MitlVd bf a e wJ iL"tia e "orempaBy r oeired ua.U is Lum- rar-Bt ajx fSeeri and ea'iftea ibbb. 'rnZ' -Ut ore, and V SartB 1 refer I r y atae.a CM e dat f. atiisnsd me. Oaraeaaadteg 1st Un. Bait lo Bbarpatonter aeS Ifr rtTXMREB !9ib, a J KG HO HOT. named SAM O ,tid S l "boat iwenty one learr od ore feel lor dark ; nae -a few " . . l . .v . ..... bad on when bf tut a aia r - . 7 . Sf.Ww, r. oifa eoa- aWaeieloth BuMa7 oap and r7aa. He i-ok wHh blra tome other eioiDwg ,r foroerty wM tj D-. Mnaeley, of Manbai bb jaa at that I can get bba. JOHN BOBIHSON, J 'barn re .SBNSPY HOUSE 3Ir. J. fO. AOKBBUAN, wrxiarr ...MOBILE. C A- BJWWBiJ w - d . ivrr,nMAH)KES ma taTUed5od accom. ta.B Mimifl f!Tmr Lmln bj -'ore M eb of lb a City. I wT taTV ".ward ol T5 I- d. to Be ta Lis If o I aay Jatl, wltn .nch Infor- OF VtfljU.-MXJEKar.l. ExuctTivr. Orrice, ) Jacksok, Oiteber S, IMS J . Editor MississippiANt Oxwg to the diffi cnlties which have wined in tho executFnu of the " act to create a fhnd for tl snpport of dea- tit&tetim lies ol vol u titers in this Htat," and which have delayed the distribotion of the fand by the auditor, to the virions'oounties. I havn fubmitted the whole sttbjrct to the attorney general. I herein inoioe his opinion, which you wMl please pobliah as au answer to all com mnakanons to the auditor and myself, in refer ence W said act. Very rrsjctfBlty, Joh.s J. Pirrrus. THE ATTOKSEV GEJfKAL.ii OFIMlKI. Attoknit Gbkkal's Orr.ci, ) JiCCsOK, MlMf., Odober 1, litt. j Honerabe,Jo nj Palian, Goreraor, etc : My attention has beon oalW, tiyyonref and tbf auditor, to tbe not ol tbe Jt ti of IJcmbT 16C1. entitled " an aot to areata a fund for the nut port of destitute farnilieu of volunteers in tiiisrfnt'!, and for otbrr parpuses " I im in formed tiutt the ah&jifft in BTeral counties have up to this time, failrd to make gfttlem-nts with t&e Buditerof tbe tax collected or tht-m, pcrsa ant to the direclHM.s of sstd act. I alo learn from the auditor, tat he is (vmx'antly and earn estly pressed to make the pro rata dis ribnlHin contemplated end proTided ioi m the third nee tion of the law. Kh he sad yours.!! request me to furniiih an i fEual opinion as to the uroo r atm equtttuie coiiswuction ol naid act regard Demi? n&a to trie ooeaition ot tbe oountrv. asd to the failure of trie gbenffi, in numrotu ooun- tie, to make aeUlemenls with the auditor, ovrintr to the prrseuce of the nf ray in such ferca as to to prevent, or at least to delay, the collection of said IAS. There is some anabiffaity certainly on the fare at tue act. in one or two particulars, it is dif ficult, if not impossible, by the ordinary ru'e ot construction, to reconcile its various provi ieos. Theee d.fEi-ultiM however, apply chi. fly to the formaUty or eeremot-7 to b" nbfleved is the execution of tbe act The orjct, the tine intent and m-RBisg i f tbe legislaiare, may be rradily discerned. The land nrieing- from the tax imposed by tbe ict was designed for th- support of the destitute fanilits of volunteers from this slate, ibey 'aie the .ole beueucta nes. families ot volunteers who do not utand in need of the bosnty of the JegiJatre, are not provided lor, or intended to im embraced within the provisions of the act. This it obvious fr-m the title, the general scop?, aBd the strictst construction of tbe various rectiens of the law Tbe 1st section refers specifically, lo the appli cation of the fund arisii g from tbe tax vii : For the out-port cf dea.ituie families, depen dant wholly or in part, upon the volunteers who are, or may hereafter be, mustered iiiK tho srr vice of this S ate, or ot the Confederate states etc" It ib true that the !ld section requires th- brd" of polic to make an enumeration of oil voluntteri from tbe several eounties, aiid send a crrtifid list ot them to the auditor on er bforr the Jst day of March, 1862 Whilst the whole number furni'hed by eaeh county is toba thus ascertained and reported to the auditor and made the basis of the prtf rata distribution which he is required to make to the several cmnties in the State, yet, a before remarked. oi.ly th dtstUute families of the volunteers in each county are to be the recipients of the fucd. I ii-ed not enlarge on this head There are soma other points not so easily dis- pnted of. The timi fixed by the act withiu wmco the lints, showing .be number or tIhu te-rs in each county, are to be certified .a thr ntidifor is, "on or before the 1st day ot Mirch 1602 " Tho limn app-iin ed fur the auditor to make the pro rata otstribution of th fu"d is. 'iu thir'y oajs alter settlement with the tax col lectors ' The general law which prescribes the time for the collection of State taxe, aud for settlement of satue by tbe sleriffa or uullectors with tbe auditor, and which applies to aud gov erns tbe orlfectioo aud aetth-utrnt of tha taxes imposrd by thu act is, "within thirty days atu-r tbe fiist day f July," of the fiacAl year which u on the first day of hly, 1861. But the auditor lufotms me that tbe boards of police ii several eounties have never sent up the certi d lists ot volunteers from tluur c mnties, aud that iu seven instances be has nut been furnish ed with the list of insolvent tax payer, so as to be able to determine what allowance to make to tbe sheriff tin tboae iM'Uxtii-s in settling- with tfceiu, or in making said pro rata distribution A most serious d.mcuity is thus presented, and one wl ich cannot be obviated by any rule of construction which can be applied to the erms of the aer. The medo of proceeding is very simple one, as prescribed by tbe legislature the boards ot p.Hiee are rrquired te ascertain the names of all volunteers in their respective couutirs, and furnish certified lists there if to the auditor on or bef.iro tbe first day of M&ch. Tbe auditor, withiu thirty days after settle ment with the tax collectors, W2S to make a pro rata distribution of tbe fund arising from he tax "arauog the several counties in this State, according to tbe number of v uutrer. furnished by each couuiy, aud cortind to him ai-cordiiig ta the provisions of the second ie uon " 9fcc second ction has preac .bd the mode in WL.:-jk ih police courts should prucead ., mulrA mnA tTtifl iK lit af..r.i.l TU to make and certify the lists aforesaid. Th ists tarnished within tbe time prescribed to wn: by tbe 1st of March, Jew. constitute the ouly ba.-U by which be was to be governed m determining tbe share ef esci county. Evi dently, the legislature proceeded upon the idea that tbose charged with the ex-cutioo of the pruvieioni of the act v.z: the boards of police and tbe tax colUotors would perfo-m the duties raposed upon them in the timi and mime pre. cribed, and thus thr andiuir would nuduo diffi culty in making the pro rata distribution of the fund. Hut, as we havo been from the fucts tated, not only has the time elapsed within bich the boaids of police and tbe tax collectors were to perform tbeir duties in the premise.-, bin al o withiu which tbe auditor was authorized to make the db-tribu ion. In the meantime, those counties Whusa facers have t erformed their du tws strictly, according to tbe provisions of the ai-.t, are urging tbe auditor to distribute to them tbe portion f said fund to which they mvr bd untied. .Not withstanding the act has so drii- nitely tjxed the period within which thn bsards ot police, tax collectors aud auditor were to per form tbe duties required of them yev as it Bs not Oewarrd a tar Moure of the nterest in said Taud held by those counties whose boards of po lice aud wbMo tax eoUrctors had laili d to per fnm tb dutwa ispoeed upon them, I would be vtry reluctant to advise such a courfla as would exclude lb destitute families of volunteers in tfcoae eouBiiea frost a jat participation in the bent S j of ths act. It was certainly no fault of theirs that tbe lits were not cer.ified atrd the settlements mad with the- auditor as r- quired by law. If seob a rule of corstrnetioB tfcemlS be adopted.more than two-thirds of the. counuos in tbe StateAreuld be deprived of any portion ot said fund, as the-lists from only about twenty connties wera certified to the auditor withiu tbe tina' designated. I regard tbe object of the act so praiseworthy and so saered, that I would adriia the auditor to assume any ratasnrs of responsibility, in vitw of ihe unexpected, and therefore unprovided for difficulties which exist, whisk would eif-ctuate the intention of tbe legislature. I would say, if it is possible to distribute the fund which has been paid into the'treasury, uniersaid act, even though the tax collectors in many counli-s have not settled, and Ihe time has expired within which they are authorised to settle with the au ditor, let it be distributed alike to all the coun ties as well as tbose whose tax collectors had not settled, as tbose who had Another distribution could bebereaf'er made, wh-n ihe delinaueat edflectort should settle, and then the amount hich wag on the fit it distribution allotted to those counties whose sheriffs were in default could be deducted from, or added to tbe shares to which tbose counties might be en i led. By some such equitable rule as this, the act -might . . a . a -i. - 1 : : be earned into eft 'Ct, auc me oeneocianes tit y the bounty which the legislature has provided. . . f .t : " r This courses OBtSlUe Ot me prurisiuus oi toy act I would advise, rather than sea Jhe law wholly defeated by the fault or misfortune of th hoard of Tjoliee aud collectowin some oTthe counties. As tbe matter ia pfeientod, if the law j is to be strictly interpreted and actid upon, the auditor would only be authorised to make a pro rain distribution of the whole fund collect d under the act, aud paid into tbe treasury by tha coile-ctnrs-who have settled with him, amongst the counties which bad furnished to him by the first day o-I uaren last tuu cerijufu tisia ui .. .. mt . unteers from tbose counties, tne nnraner ot ihese counties is only about twenty. I therefore discard a rule of construction which would ex clude the destitute farjdlios of volunteers jn BELIEF OP THK FAJIICIBS more than forty counties in the State from all the benefits conferred by tbe act. The postponement by the auditor of the pro rata distribution h&s boen. occasioned by tbe causes named the failure by the boards of po lice to send in tho lists of volunteers, and by tbe tax collectors in some of the counties to set tle as those, lists are tbe only banis and guide of the distribution. And now, if all the lists and settlements were completed, tbe timejias expired, within which tho auditor :s authorized to mak the distribution. This I should advise him to ctosider rather as directory, and to proceed with the distribu tion. But the diffi ultv does not end bnre. Ir he should determine to adopt the rolls iu tbe ai'juttnt-gnnerar office, as containing- true lists of the volunteers from each county, at once another difficulty ar ees from ihs fact that he ban wot been furnished by the clerks of the boards of police wuh the lists of tbe-insolvent tax payers iu mauy ot tho counties, and could not therefore know what alio wane ti make on that account In yiew of all tbe ci-cumtancc of the case, I would advise that the distribution be postponed for a brief time, aud in the interim that the de linquent boards of p lice, and tax collectors be ut-d to take immediate action in the removal of the d fficaliies which prevent a distribution at tbia time It is very probable, that the ssma cause which bat operated in some c 'Untie to mak? the need of th' bounty of the act most seiiouxly felt, (I allude o the presence and tbd depredations of the enemy), has produced the very deai quen- cws which now embarrass tee auditor iu malting a distribution of tbe fand. The necessities of the destitute families ate most urgent in the very comities whose others are delinquent in the par ticulars named. I acknowledge the hesitation I vr iiiM I eel iu advising an officer eharged with the oxecution ot a law to go beyond the pro vicious of that law, or aisume the responsibility Ut executing it m a mode different from that firecrioed in the law itself, when the perform auceot it in ihBjnoae prescribed had been ren dered impossible by the failure of others to perform the preliminary duties imposed upon tuem 1f t, situated as the auditor is, and lo k irg to the oH-ct of the law, after every means hid failed in making the distribution in tho man ner described, would adopt the most convenient and equitable mode of securing to tbe destitute families ot the volunteers the benefit of the just aud humane bounty of the legislature. I would, in tbe last resort, adopt the rolls in the ad jutant-general's ofaca, and either deduct from insolvencies acordii g to tea amount al lowed by the polici courts latt year, or charge the sheriff! with the whol tax lists fir their failure to furniah the offi ;e with allowances madn hy the police courts. The general law makes it the duty of the boards ot police to meet on the 2d Monday in May, in every year, to act upon the report of insolvencies to be made by the collectors, and provides that, if they fail to meet at thar t'me. or wnhm ten days thereafter, tho collector shall present said report to the presi dent of said board, wbo shall examine the same aud make such allowances as may be authorised by law. 1 here u no difficulty at all in ascertaining tbe intuition of thn act If by reason of the causes mentioned, it hag become impossible to execute it in the manner prescribed ; and after tbe legis lature did not and could not anticipate the diffi culties which have occurred to prevent its exe cution in that manner, tbe importance af the law vroiil l an apology for executing it in the most practicable mode. I ne ourden of tbe tax has been patiently borne and promptly paid by the cit'rens, for the g od of tbe came to which it is dedica ed by the net. It will not do theu to deprive the indigent families of tho volunteers for whom it was in nded of the benefits cocferrrd by it, because be fund cannot be distributed to th eounties iu the appointed mode. Ihe question! submitted to me have presented so many difficulties I have been unable to an swer lli-rc satisfactorily with more brevity. V ury resptcttuily yours, T. J. "Wiiartos, Attorney General. Cbarlt-aton in War Tinri Aa Been by Vaahre a adr. The New York Journal of Commerce prints the following as ' the subsuui-e of a conversa tion with Mrs. Livingston, of New Yoik. who was brought from Savannah under a fltg of truce, alter a sojourn of several months in Dixi-": " Mrs. Livingston, whom I find to be a very iutel.igeut lady (and wbo is the wife of a cap tain in the Federal army) says she has been treated with uniform kindness aud respect since her detention in the South, which dates back to the cemmencement of the war. From per sonal observation, she believes Savannah may be taken, but Charleston never. She has seen sixteen forts which are already completed, and the rebels are s'-ill engaged in miking more uuraer- us ths fortifications batween Fort Sumter and the city. The rebels ay there aia to be no more New Orlotusei. There is no property except real estate, within a toztn miles of Charleston Ail the furniture, stores, andludo-d everything movable, was sent into the interior immediately a'ter the battle of James Island. Twi) provision a'ores only remain Many of the inhabitants reside abon'- three miles outside the city, in barracks similar to soldiers, and us" only the most indispens.ble and cheapest kind of furniture. No Sabbath day rervices are hold in aay of ths Charleston churches ; all the chuicb bells hat e been cast into cannon, and even the iron railings and fences have been cof- j lected together and male into cannon. It is regarded as a mistaken idea that there are Union man in the Soutb. Mrs L vingston does not belive there is one. She never saw a people so united and determined. Thers is not a lady iu the entire Confederacy who owns fifty dollar' worth of j-welry. It has voluntarily ben given f-r the came, and the proceeds have built many of their finest boats. Tho blockade is in fTct ual ; she hA3 seen three steamers enter Charleston harbor on one day and, during a short viiit at Charleston, one steamer made three trips to Natsau, New Providence, bringing medical stores enough to last an entire army a full yeiir Nothing but thauraojt common-qualities of Wtjjggaaje,cnb obtained noM Rfa very expsnsivs the pair she. wore, worth aborttwue dollar and a half, costing in Savan nah twelve dollars. Necewary provisions were i heap, but the luxuries were very expensive. A free market had bean opened in Charleston, where an j body could Dfocure, on application, three pounds of beef, and half a peck of pota toes per daj. B-sides the heavy war and State tax, evary. ratio resident of tbe UoufaJeraey ii taxed twd(illars per year for the support of the families of soldiers. The ntm ist contempt and indignation is felt for General Batl.-r, and list order is universally regaided as most infamous. Tne rebels expected to b" defeated at Hichnend, and had made all preparations for falling back upon Coluoibm, whluh placa was strongly forti fiwd. Tbe buildings for the etpitol, aud those for tbe residence of the efflsrf ef State, had been sslected All th eotton had been removed to the interior. Tha governor of Bouth Caro lina has caused all the negroes to be colonised near Greenville, some threa hundred miles in tbe interior. They are under ths supervision of ageuts appointed by the governor, and are to plant corn and potatoes for the subsistence ot the ar ny, and are to be fed and clothed by the government during the continuance of the war. Very few slaves wero to bo found in Savannah or Charleston they were so scarce aa not to be procured for servants, even whn one dollar and a had per day was offered for them. The rebels wero not sanguine of their ability to procure thelcJndepen lence and regarded it ouly a mat ter of tim. Bays eicbt and ten years of age were formed Into "Home Guards" at Charles ton aud Savannah, and had acquired u much sKiu in tea use ol arms as to be able to nit a mark formed" in tho shape and he of a man at a distance ot thirty rods. These precdeious de- xenaers, it is saia, were to mount sheds and fenses, when the cities wero invaded, and shoot feduvrn the Yankees S3T The Philadelphia P-rtsbjttrwK states that B-v Df- E J Breckinridge has fallen into the i baud of ib rebels. It has the information ' from what it considers an authentic source, but wo have no corroboration of tueh a eireum stance, though we know that be was induitri- oa ly searched for on several recent occasions IsuiivdU Journal GThe governor of New Yoikhas appointed tbe 27th proximo as a day of thanksgiving' and prayer. CONFEUE. Wltoleiatc ariuf Manning Counterfeiting From the Atlanta Confederacy, Oetober 5. j We have just finished examining a package of fiftoen huudrod dollars ail In hundred dot law bills counterfeits of tbe Confederate notes Hover & Ludwig nlatg. They sre not the samo that was nut afloat seme time ago- These bills bad a number of striking points of difference and were easily detected by tho description The new counterfeits is far more accurate and difficult to detect and is very dangerous. The Droviom ono was a better engraving than the genuine and on be-tter paper; this u the ssm qutility of paper, and the engraving appears so exactly like it every way iDat tn oinreuce is only discoveredby a ca eful comparison, aud by a person' who is tsed to handling aud no ticit'cr it. Then- fieen Villfl were snnt to Mr J T. Por ter, a highly rsp-cUbre commission merchant in this city, by a hon in Mobile, with a pack age of some four or nm thousand dollars, lie did not notice their f isg counterft-its. nor sus pect their genuineness, tnl they were condemned at the bank. Tbe previous counterfeits were not tho same giie f thf genuine, aud could be det- cted by measurement, as we described : but thene npw ose i-,atie are so nearly the same Bine that m'easurpment cannot be applied aa a test. There are, however, several points about tbem, which a careful observer can detect.. First, Ou the left hand end of the bHls is sailor standing up; and above bis head is n shield on which the following worda are in-. scribed : " Receivable in payment of all dues except export dues." In the genuine the lo er point of this ehield is about the loch of an inch above tho sailor's bat In 'he counterfeit the point of the sbiold is imperfect; tbe point is not made. If perfect, it wiui-t come a.wn lower than the top of the bat. In the genuine the point in nearly over tbe center or the suitor's head a littlo to the left ; in the counterfeit, the point of the shield (It it had the pt int) would be over the left hand side of the sailor's hat irim.or near where tho brim j 'ins the crown of tbe hat. Thw d-fect in the patut of th shield and it being placed further to-tthe left of ihe sailor s head, and extending lower down ; and not directly aiore tho head as lu the genuine, h tbe most prominent mark of distinction. Tho wagrn" wheel this time has tha proper number ot apokes and they ftri dim aud dark like the genuine only a little more so uotlignt aud finely executed, iie the lurmer cmuterteit Tbe mule attached to the cotton press is also dim, and more indistinct than tbe former coun terfeit, and the barno-i cannot be seen, but he is not quite so much blurred as tbe g-nuine. Iu the genuine tbe left baud hind wheel of the wapoi has tin ppoke centering to the hub, at Ihe corner oj the tcagon Led or body Jn tl-e counterfeit the hub appears to be kfhindHhe bed and Out of sight the point where the'spukes converge at th hub or axle, boirg concealed from tho view by the bed of the wag in. Ihe signatures are a quick test to tbose who know and have the. run of nil of them; but only bankers, or men who handle money largely, can make this a test. We may say, however, tha nearly all of them appear -to e forgeries at once, to a practiced eye They are cramped and bear evidence of being slowly written, in order the better to imitate.iho genuine. They are in a heavier hand and blacker ink. A man skilled in such matteM can sec, at once that they are writteu by an effort, and not by a free, easy, natural hand. We have seen, only one counterfeit fifty. though several of them have beou detected iu this city Ibey are also a superior imitation ot be genuine o perfect are they that we are un able to discover any striking points or dissimi larity none that we cn describe which the common reader can understand, save perhaps one. The bill before us is sign-d "A. W Gray, for Treasurer " The wrd -f jr" is in small common italics, and "Trt-ssuter" is in small capitals; thus "fur Tkeasukkr." In the counterfeit, the hair Hue on which the jig na'ure is writteu, passes across the "in the word 'for' and touches the topi of iheflecters or lu tbe genuine the word "for ' is below tbe Hue on which the signature is writteu It crosses the upper portion f the "f," but does not touch the "or" being aboee tb-m. This ia the only distinct. on we are ante to describe that we think can be comprehended by readers gen erally The ma'let is made black, tb s alor a di -heveied hairis smoothed. down, tbobitn le in ihe Iron box is right, aud the womau's head is in the right place. All the points of difference are remedied, so that only au experienced person can detect them by their general appearance. Now what are tbe people to dt We advise them to refuse every 21), 50 aud 100 of the Hoyer &, Ludwig plates. Tbe g&vernmeut has called for tbem Let tbem be sent in and no more circulated. Much credit is due to Col. W. W. Clayton, of the Georgia railroad bank agency, for detecting the rounteifeiis of tbe treasury uotesHe was the first to det' ct tbe former counterfeits aud also the firxt to detect these. Tbe country oivts him a debt if gratitude for bis skill aud vigilance m this matier. Tbe Projrctcd ITliirriHae of t tilts. the Prince ef From the Qnebae Mercury, Sept. 27. Due of the most pluming items of European news is the description of the happy reunion of tho Q teen and her family in Germany. One of tho happiest of the parfy, we mty assume, is onr future Eng. Young gentU men are not ac customed to btardy when an agreeable young l.w it , Vi A aitr,nliiMt anil i-ri r- n. 1, fotm no ex'-eption to the rule His ruyalbigh nrs, trio i'linco ot wales arrived at Lt.'Usels some forty-eight h-mrs before tbe royal family of Denmark Visits of ceremony or etiquette were got through, aud leisure were on the hands of the happy heir to tha proudest -tnron - of P.nrnrtA A inrmftl rlemanrl nf the hatul'nf lhn Princess Alexandra bad boen mada by hr Mtj esty ot .England, on bohalt ot her sou, and for malities were thus cleared trom a meeting upon which wa,. dopondent, not only the happiness of , two jndividuifs, biesed wi-h all this fife can '-A. a Jifc-r .i m -a. ter's telegrams of the H-.h of Septemborthat "ThePrinco andPiincss Christian, of Den mark, with the Princess Alexandra, arricedhere this afternoon, aud were received with milittry honors at the railway station A reception af terwards took place at th palace. 3 " I his afternoon tbe f nice ot W alii, the Count of Flanders, tbe Dutchess of Biabant, and the royal family of Denmark, visited the citv and Zoological Gardens. Humor, as wotl as the 7tmej, and other jour nals, assigns to the princess royal the credit of bringing about this match. As this alliance has not been the work ot diplomacy, but is the result of a labor of love, we may augur, for it a happy consummation. The royal m .triages of England bavo not all been so fortuaate as that we have lately seen so suddenly termina ted, list ns hope that this-, the inauguration of which we are now contemplating, maybe no less happy, no less prosperous or virtuous, and that iu alter years, tno royal pair may command that heanfelr admiration and dovoted. loyalty which the British uation now bears torfaid its beloved and ch,rib'd nveretim. French Acquisition in Asia By the late treaty made with Cochin China, France his ac-' quired a very extensive footing iu the southeast ern peninsulaot Asiafbesides twen'y uvemilliun francs which are to be paid toward tne expenses of tha war. Cochin China is divided intd three nearly equal proportions Upper, Losviqr and Middle Aunam the last ot which nas Dten en tirely ceded to France. This includes the ex tensive and fertile province of Cumbudb, situ ated on the river of the sumshiama, andi which had been acquired by tbe Annamese government only a short time previously u is maiuiy a low country, well adapted for sugar culture ; but the other provinces acquited hava every variety of soil and climate, and will grow cotton rice, and the usual tropical productions. Gold is also . , . , , . a - r .1... 1 . A said to De lounu in tne rivers- ny me coijr a, , T-l , .. . f 1 tt . 1 . - f COrnfTKBFBIT ICATKnil I'EiS giv,ej, qutHhat ,oi millions -wnomjin macoursej o'ialure- tlieyalrebra'to.ruts - Tua.gsion, it seems, 'was not lost; f jt wo learn frem Sen- jrrencn agent is to rcweamao, iub capuaiut Annam j while French priests are to bellawed the utmost liberty in teaching the H iman Cath olic religion. Tho dispute originated in cruelties shown to the missionaries from that cpuutry, after these had made considerable headway; in making converts, and, it is said, abuid the privileges they efjiyed Tinder the government Some of the Eugtish paper are speculating en the possible consequences :to their Indian .pos sessions from this pest acquisition. t I t ' The I.nat ETiTorl, mid the Vilest. From the Richmond Enquirer. Tbe proclamation of Abraham Lincoln which we published on yesterday, is the last extremity of wiukednesa which it wa left to our enemies to adopt. Their whole cuurso during the war which they are waging has been of a character to destroy any possible remains ot past sympa thies, aud to exiiuuuUh every nleasurablo feet- ing with which, we used to recall the brilliant events tbut occurred iu the period of our asso ciation with tbem We turn even from these with disrelish, because they remind us of au uuious fcssocintion ; while tha wicked war our enemjes have made upon our liberties, and the brutal, d seating invasion with which they have prosecuted it; the voices of the blood of our nub deied brethren which eiv from the eround aud the thousands who are maimed and mutilated for life all conspire to fi.e our feelings with a virtuous and inexbaustable resentment Th.s sentiment is universal ihiought ut iUi Con fed o racy, and no where is it m re buruiug and indig nant than in the regions visited by the foe. Oa the altar of their country aud iu tbeir in most souls, the citizei.s ot ibe Uoulederacy have already vowed an irrevocable oath of victory or eieruaiawar jlut they are now called upon to renindle- ineir ardor, and to display, it possib e. even- additional resolution; for Lincoln baa crowned the pyramid of his infamies with an atrocity abhoied of men, aud at which eveu de mons should shudder We have often been threatened with servile insurrection, by tbe vilest of tbe bad men wbu forced us- into teparato political life. It ha been gloated over in their most malignant mo ments, as suinetmug that was to slake their ex tremest animosity But olhers have snoken differently. Tney have talked ol "reatoriog the union,-- ana or winning back their estranged brethren. Lincoln has abounded in these hypo citical pretences. Now he shows himself as black of soul as the vilest of the train whose behests he is obeying So far as he can do so. ho ha- devoted the Southern Confederacy to th" direct destruction that cs.n befall a people. He has shown a will, and has nledcrwf himself to au endeavor, that win indeed shock the civil iejd world, but will thrill the great enemy of our race wun an uncommon joy. On and after the first f Jtnuarv next Lincoln declares that if ho cn fff. ct it, the Confederate S-ates shall bo involved in universal servile wai! This is tbe last resource r-f tho b-5iland en rsged tyrant! H s armies have been wh'pped from tbojfl-ld; whipped Eist and whipp d West, br a braVe people determined to be free Whom ho has vainly attempted to conquer, ho would now destroy. Tbe poor wretch! What SCoaatitutioDal nower Lincoln has to isjueuch a proclamation against tbose whom be ciaims as still under the Constitution, is. Of course, invisible to us. We once understood the United States C institution; but since it has come to be administered by those who have made it "the brat governmsnt the world ever saw,'' it seems to ba nothing but a carte blanche, a simple giant of absolute power. Lincoli. ia now Constitution and government. Strange that the Confederal States do cot abandon their ndependence and hasten under so beneficent a system '"the best tbe world eversaw!" Wo bail this proclamation as an evidence that Lincoln 'feels his weaknees. But, fellow-citi-z-ns of the Confederacy, it ought to add to our atrength ! If you conld not afford to be con quered before, a thousand times can v- u not afT-rd it when Lincoln ibrusts His diabolical in tentions and desires concerning you in your very faces ! If conquered, a negro race of four millions are to be your equals in ymr own h' mes. The Yankee States have, some of them, already forbidden tbe poor wretches to mitke so much as a f-mtprint 0u their soil. They will have to remain here. To bring us to this de lectable state, Lincoln proposes to make them your assassins now ! flu threat is idle, it ix true, fie has done all in tba nat that he can do in the fmure. Wherever his arras have gone. he has done bis worst. , But since he has gratu- tously uncovered to us his inmnat heart, and sines be has made a declaration that makes abo litioni8nt iu its vilest haunts roar with mainac joy, it is proper that we should make fitting response. In tbe name of the Confederate people and government, we feel perfectly authorised to re tort these demon threats with bold dehince. We ask no favors and no terms of such an en emy. Whether they come as savage or whether they come as wild beasts, wo will resist ibem with all the means God shall give ns : and, with the blessing of God, wo shall conquer in the future as in the past. The new phase the war is to assumo is not our fault A seditious negro, no matter in whoae company or under whose protection found, will die the death. His associates will be felons. too. We can take no such prisoners. To meet the war in this new front, wo must have a great army. The nPxt campaign will be the severest aud tho most terrible of the war. We must prepare for it We mut p-apare in time. Al'eady the enemy's vast new leviei are In the field drilling. We have to meet them now ; it will be still harder to meet them next year. Let na prepare at once. Albert's Jlriuaolrnm. We read in late English correspondence that Q teen Victoria is superintending the building of a noblo mausoleum, in the royal grounds at Frogmore new Windsor castle and upon & very beautiful and secluded spot This is a graceful, womanly, queenly and pious act of the affectionate wife and widow of England. The mausoleum is thus described : It consists of a central cell, with four tran septs branching north, south, east and west, with a porch adjoiuing the western transept. The whole floor is supported by brick vaults of massive work, which, at the same time, form chambers, with loop-hol- a for the purpose ot ventilation and the prevention of dajap rising to the superstructure. Th-y are entered by a small fight 'f stone steps. Ths central cell will be lighted by three semicircular-headed windows in the clearstory, which will be externally decorated with Aberdeen granite shafts and heads. The copper roof of the central ceJl (which is octago nal on plan) rises trom tbe wall bsads to the pex with a flit pitch in the manner of an Italian rampauili, and will be surmounted with a gilt cross. Under this mof will be the sarcophagus for the remains of the prince con sort. Tno reclining statue of tho priuce will be executed by Bardn Marochetti. The four tran septs are- square, and are lighted by windows similar to those in the clearstory of tha central cell, and will have pedimented copper roofs The porch, wheh will be entered by a hand some flight of stone steps, will be lighted with circular-headed thee light windows, with shafts and heads of Guen-eey granite, and tbe front will be supported by monolithic granite columns, similar to those already finished in the mauso leum of the Duchess of Kent. The whole ol the exterior will ba decorated witb Aberdeen aud Guernsey granite, and with red Mansfield and various other stones. Tbe interior wilt be in diff-rent colored marbles and stone. Tbe building is in ths Italian style, reminding one of the cam pa iili in Pisa. As ths srection stands upon a base of ooncrete six feet in t iekness, there is very ltttla probability that the symmetry of the mausoleum will be marred by settlements The erection, which is seventy feet in length and tbe same in hight, will o adorned by sev eral statues. The foundation stone, which was laid by her majesty, the Q teen, bears the fol lowing inscription "The foundation stone of this building, erected by Q-ieen Victoria in pious re membrance of her great and good husband, was laid by her on the 15th day of March, A- D 1862 "Blessed arelthey that sleep in the Lord." CP We find the following in the St Peters burg letter of tho Herald: " The speech of Casalus M. Clay, your former representative at this conrt, was read here with interest, although we do not agree witb him re specting tbe friendly diipoaitions of Napoleon III, toward the Unionr We know positively thar he had made overtures to our government with tho tacit approval of England, for a joint intervention on tho basis of the recognition ot the Southern Cm federacy, which were politely declined by Prince Gortchakoff. If I am lightly informed, the negotiations have not been quite broken off, and the two Cabinets are endeavorintr to hit noon some mesio-termtne by whteh they could offsr their mediation without irf themselves at the outsat as an BvTdenca of partialityj for on or the Other party Gcitiui; t heir Eyea Opened. The following letter indicates a disposition of returning sense and reason ou the part of tbe Northern people, especially tbe Democratic por tion of tbem : Special Correspondence, of lha Chicago Times.) Washington, September 30. The nrocJama tions recently issued by the President constitute part of a plot on tho part of the abolitionists aud iadica!s for controlling the approaching eleo ions. The President himself is either unaware of the existence of the plot, or incredulous as to its being of any cons quence at all. But it does exist, aad the chief conspirators are the well known leaders of the radical abolitionists Un conscious of tho fact, Mr. L;ucolu has been made the monument, iu tho bands of tho.-o un ecrupuloui and wicked men, of iuv stiug them with the power to rob American citVins of that right secured to tbem by tho express terms of mo yousi tution, tne right treely to express their aeuumems The approaching elections cannot be fairlv conductod unless the people are left at Kbertv tn do what they have heretofore dene, nameh : to discuss freely aud wjih-tut restraint the merit of tne reepectivo 'Candidates presented for their votes, the merits of every publ c measuro affect ing the welfare of thecmntry, aud the official conduct ot their public servants. AH this is for bidden by tbo P, tsideni's last proclamation True, the words are not plainly expressed; and the power is there conferred upon the provost niorsnais, creatures unknown to tha law, to em ploy tho odious raco ot spies, pimps, and in formers, lo watch. an listen, and sneak around the daily path of honest men, to catch up some unguarded expression which may' ba tortured into the crime of discouraging enlistments. Why, no election for any member of Coneress can ba conducted without tha fullest discussion as ta the merits of tba nub ic measures now bofore the people, and without full discussion aa to the nicial conduct of our public servants. Bat tbe slightest expression of disapproval ot any .act of any sucn public servant, or of doubt as to the wiadom of any public measure may. under this proclamation, bo tortured into tho discourage ment ot enlistments. Nnr is this the worst. The radical have de vised a punishment for this grave crime of exer cising a constitutional right Whosoever shall express freely his views on n iblic questions, and on the ofavial conduct ot his public servants, sbsll be arrested and imprisoned, and the only limit to the duration of his imprisonment shall be the arbitrary will of the chief military liffiier, who ii tha President of the United State What ! can he not have the benefit of the writ of habeas corpus to ascertain whether or not he is glly leetramed of his liberty T (For this is he purpose of that writ, and this is all that it an acomplNh ) No! The President's nrocla- mation abolishes that writ in the case of ail per sons who may ba so arrested. Ihe I'iendent has been led into doing that the doii g of which would cost Q leen Victoria hr head. No English monarch would dare to sus pend the writ of habeas corpus. Such an aet'm England would cause a revolution there. Eng- labd, as well as America, is a land of liberty ; bat it is a liberty restrained by law. The laws of boih England and America, the Constitutions of both Great Britain and the United States, sol emnly declare tho inalienable right of every chi li -u to ibis precious right, and have placed the twful power of suspending it, not in the enpri ci tus will of the Chief Magistrate, but in ihe attonal legislature alone. The ouly power in Et giaud that can f upend, or that.would dare to uspeud. the habeas corpus js the Parliament The only pewer in Ameiica that can constitu tionally suspend it is Congress. The abolition- lits have usurped that sacred function, and have perxuaded the President to exorcise it. Tt remain nfttv urifri IIia imnri.an n.nnl. - . -. .. - - ' ' - - . 1 . IGVIIVJ U decide whether they intend to be freemen or lavee; whether they intend to give up, without a struggle, to a radical faction, their inalienable rights; or whether, planting themselves on the ConstiMtion, they will demand and maintain the rights which it secures to them The courts. wherever thejudges maintain their integrity, will sustain tho position that I b ve stated above Judge Hall, in the United 8tates district eoort for the western diitrict of New York, so decided only a few days ago. The venerable and learn ed Chief Justice Taney so decided more than a year ago. Inose newipapers which best fulfill he tunr.ti ns of organs of public opioion the Cbicftpn Times, the Xatwnal Intdtigenrtr, the New York Express, the Albany Argus, and many others ot :lw most influential journals have denounced as it deserves this gigantic step toward despotism. All that is now wanting w for the American people to stand fi mlv on the Constitution, tn demand no hing that is not right, and to submit to no wrong. The i-ff irtsof the radicals are now directed to the tak of making the pnple believe that Mr. Lincoln is the government, and that to oppose the government n trras-m. The irieverend Henry Ward Beecher, in a sermou (!) in his church (!) last Sunday a setmon which was interrupted by cheers aud laugiiter said, "President Lin coln and bis Cabinet are the government" Fatal, pernicious mistake. The President is only the servant whem the people have ebosen fo administer the gotrrnment What tbe form of the government ot any country shall be, is laid down jn tba Constitu ion of that country. Oar Constitution guaran-ees to us a free republican goveram- nt, in which tho peop e are trw sover eigns, and tha President is elected in order that he may administer that government according to tho Constitution. Ouce admit the absurdity that tha President is tho government, and all is lost; our liberties B'O gone; we are no longer a republic, but a despoMsm moregrindirg than that of the most absolute monarchy. For it ia apparent that tks President has yielded to the pressure which be has not tbe firmness to resist, and is bencefoith to ba only tbo m.dinm through which tbe de crees of the abolitionists are to be communi cated to the country. The nrxt decree is said to be in tbe form of a proclamation abolishing the State government of Florida, reducing that State to tbe condition ot a territory, and appointing some of their crea tures to fl 1 its territorial offices. Tni is to be followed br similar action in the case of Smth Carolina, and than all tbe .other Southern States. St sha', if tbo ladicats are to bear sway, we are to be governed by proclamations, and thus will terminate the boasted freedom of the American lepublic No event since the beginning of the war has had such a depressing it fl teuce in regard to en listments as the emanc pation proclamation. It has diecouraged enlistments ten times mere than all ihe other causes ci-mbined. This is the uni versal testimony of ah the recruiting officers in all tbe large cities, and in all the States. I have made the matter a subj-ct of special in quiry, aud knots it to be so Therefore, tbe instigators of that proclamation ought to be at once arrested. The radicals had another object in view in persuading the President to issue the emt c pa tion procUmttion Yon will observe that it is o worded as to not emancipate the slaves, unless the war is not ended by next January ! Tnero was every prospect, before the proclama tion was issued, that Geaeral McCIellan would fallow up bis victory at Antiitam by thi destruc tion of the rebel army, the capture of Rxbmond. and the end of the war, all before tbe end of this year. He would certainly have crossed the Potomac and annihilated General Leo's army, if he had been properly reinforced since the 17th inst Bat this would not suit the radicals. They therefore procured the issue of this procla mation, which will not take rffdet if the war is ended by next January. In order to make as surance doubly sure, they hive prevented Gen- i erol McCIellan from being reinforced, and at tempted in the governors convention at Al toona, and 'are now attempting here,, to ef&ct General Mi-Clellan's removal. The result of tbeir machinations is, that it is now certain that the- war will not be over by next January. X. Mere seceaiori. Froa the Dnbnqae (Iowa) Times 1 Webavelt.outhe bes. authority, that in a eertain neighborhood in Madison county the secession ists, who have been alarmed at tba recent cap ture of some of their confederates, bava armed themselves, and swear that they will resist tbe officers of the government in any attempt to ar rest them Th'e. neighborhood ii a populous one for Central I wa, and the dominant senti ment is secession Pickets ore out nightly, watching for'the expected coming of govern ment officers. This is certainly a bad state of affairs. It is active and impudent rebellion right in the midst of one of tbe most Ieyal State n the Union, X.nto Washington G&aaip, j d. to the CuteiBBdU (.oau&ereiat WASHINGTON, Ojtober J rrom a private letter received from a friend on the Western World, attached to the blockading squadron off Porf Krtyai, I extract the liMWwrig, trotter date. of September 20: "LnstijuMay mm Ursziiaro captured a schooner laden witb -ak, gin and medicine, Itte from Nassau; she was commanded by Captain Gladding, formerly of tbe United States Navy, and wbo, within tbe test meath was caught while trying to run tba blockade with a load of cotton. The father of Captain Gladding is a prominent cmzen ot ti istot, xv I Jfp-rs of nigh ica portance were, found upon tbe prate, the nature ot which was not mud pnblc A gentleman wbo reached here last evening itiira luL-umonu, and atso lea tttereclaBdes-inely to avoid the rigid conscription acr now being e.-ry wrwo ritfioty e joreed, stales as foMowa : " Tae, doterjuMjatea of tbe S .a h is t Stcbt tb Notlh as lotig as tl ey hava a man tbl- to pull 1A T L a i- . . . . "SS"- au actual tnect oi in frssidents proclamation has been to make tbe people more determined. They olaim ibat tfaey w 1 1 bow he ovm nia wa men vkiatarily whr. tbey uuum not raise inree beiere. Ummt tba procla mation tbe war is'to be carried on by to- S uh with ten fold bitterness, and if President Lincoln perswis m ent jrang bit proclamation, tbe time will shortly arrive when the mluuu of th S.iuth will be permanently el., il and Luib willb the purtiou of everv Yank nri..iur taken. When reminded that the North might itrvvc, iey aexjtowiedge the taet, bnt replied that the South bad long since come to the eon. elusion that ibis time' is elose at band when tbe war will be changed to one -of extreme Av disposition of the slaves of the Southern Sa es to avau inenweiyrri ot the Vneflt of tbe nrocU- mation, wi 1 be tbe signal for ihe commencement of a general massacre The matter of proclama tion they claim bas long been well understood andxpected by them, and the policy of tbe ouumi, iu case it snouia tie issued, long since de cided upon. Officers o: experience bavo lafelv nre-ed nnon the government tbe vital neexsiity of at once filling up old regiments, as betnr the una thino- A.t-.,l a 1 , . . . . e aecuie ipeeuy anu dssistve victor v for the restoration of tbe Union : there bas been no exception to this general rule. in response, the government here has taken measures to that entl. The rebel authorities keep their experienced regirneuts full, br ami scrip ing at the point of the bayonet, knowing " a ktbch soiaier DeCOM-3 serviceable in a month, when serving in a regiment of expe rienced men, whereas no regiment ever got to gether has become as reliable aa it should be. under six month-.' or a twelve months' actual service in the field, and in the face of tbe e-i- While the componente af our new regiments are almost universally of the very best descrip tion to make capital soldiers, and are perhaps better material than those old regfiaents were originally, without as loag preliminary training as the latter had they caunot poesibly become as reliable and serviceable ai they should be when opposed to experienced troops eost-rul and ff;ciively disciplined as is in tbe army of tbe rebel Lee. Tbete is not a single army officer, or civil functionary haviug connection, duect or indirect, with the army prosecution of the war, who does not know tbis to be positively aud undeniably true. Measures should be taken instantly to remedy this defect iu our army or ganisation, by at once, taking a step to fill up old regiments. From a gentleman just from tbe vicinity of Sheptberdstown, I learn that tie rebels are mak ing extensive preparations to bold the cenntry between Winchester and Wiiliamp rt He also states that a large number of bodies of dead -rebels are laying on the Virginia aide ot the Potomac, at tbe point nf the late skirmishes, near Sbepherdstown. They are so much de composed that none care to touch them, while tbe rebel commanders assert that they have not time to Won Me themselves about dead men. The exaet number of prisoners taken by Colonel McLean in his lute reconDOtssam e to Warrentou, is 1,032, and they were all paroled on the spot. A large number of State leave to day, Air Richmond, to be exchanged, nader ebnrge of M-jur Shenck. General Hooker has so far recovered as to be able to ride bout tbe streets'. His appearance excites a good deal ef attention. It ia now known that some nine hours before Sigel's advance entered Warrentcn, Stuart, with two thousand cavalry, left that place, where they bad been engaged in enforcing tbe con scription act, and gathering tbe aatorial cap tured from bur men ia Augusta. ArTiirs are quiet with the army of McCIellan. The gunboat M mitor arrived here to-day, and is undergoing some slight repairs at the navy yard. Just previous te our lat reconnoisaanee tn WaireBton, over three thousand reb-l wounded were sent through that plac- to Culpepper Court House, I rum the battle iu Miryl-tNd. It is now established beyond doubt that L'e's report of a loss ot ouly nve thousand, n grjss'y false, ami that it amjunts to at least five times that num ber. W. HOOKER'S REPORT OP THE WILLIAMSBURG r:GHT Special Dispatch to tbe CiBcinoatl Gazette. Wasiiingtoh. October 2 Wilke's Spirit ef the Times for next Saturday contains Geue ai H-mker's official rep rt of the battle of Williams burg, there publish d for tbe first time. Thie report makes some Btartbng complaints about the failure to furnish the needed reinf Hcemeuts in that battles and adds that "history wilt not b believed when it is told that th aobla cfS -ere and men of my division were permitted te carry on this uneqpal struggle from morning until night unaided, in the presence t f more than 30 -000 troops with arms in their bands. Neverthe less it is true." AFFAIRS ON THE ROTOfaC It is reported that ths rebels are still in foree in and about Winchester, and whatever move ments they may have been making there is yet no reason for doubting that if we move they will give us battle thera. CABINET OrFICSRS AST) 7MANCIFATION. Occasional, in Forney's Press of to-day, says 8-iward gave his cordial assent to the proclama tion emancipating the slaves of rebels en the first of January. 1663. The statemeut is evidently designed to relieve Seward of tie odium i f opposition to the Presi dent; bat as the proclamation emancipates more than the slaves of rebels, "Occasional's" version does not seem much in conflict with the popular impression. He says, also, that Smith has not opposed the proclamation which is clearly a mistake. I have undoubted authority for saying he opposed it ai long as opposition was of any avail. The National Intelligencer, which bas been regarded as Seward's urgau, eipled to-day the statement made in these dispatches of the position of each of the Cabinet officers on tbe proclamation, and editorially confirms it The etiget Canard. As we bad supposed, the story about General 8igel having requested to ba relieved of bis com mand, is a fuliebosd gottsn up by soma unscru pulous scamp, who ought to b in Fort L-tfay-ette General Sigel, we learn, bas got or is get ting all the troops he is entitled to, and there baa neither been a disposition on tbe part of G-neral Halleck to snub him, nor does General Sigel feel himself sorely aggrieved, as a leged, and even if he did feel so, he is too faithful a soldier to go about among the newspaper reporters to get them to ventilate bis grievances. The coinage of tbis Sigel story is but part and parcel of the tricks and intrigues of certain po iitical and newspaper mountebanks, wbo are just now engaged in the patriotic and manfal business ot sewing tne seeos ot jealousy and at vision in the army of tbe Union. They selected Sigel to make an imaginary martyf- of, in order to it fluence the Germans of tbe North into an opposition to the administration, and to make political capital for a seditious faction; but tbe contemptib e trick will fail Chieaqo Journal Taking the Oath Every approach to tbe City Hall and the other places ou Canal street and elsewhere, where the oatb of allegiance is administered, was crowded at aa early bour tbis morning. Indeed, it was almost impossi ble to get to the Ci'y Hall, and to get within i was even more difficult. Yesterday, Lye-nm Hall was so densely packed taat tor hours peo ple could neither go -out nor in, and tho hai and excitement caused several of the ladies to faint away. In some instances tha effects were quite ludicrous, in other almost tragical Aev Oreaw PlcayuM, lit inst. .The Reverend Rerckeraa Loyally. Tne reverend B ecfrer. a ia th Wnn in I day ef snldei priests, turned Gen's pu pit iot a political hruuitics laat Sabbatl. event tr. and fed the lambs ot his flock tbe bread of ine alter tbU faafuaft : "There can bt only -two parties Knee ba phy thereby awd thoa sho stand by ths President I know it is said th- P.-v-iident i not the govern nwwit ; th.it the CWsnuiti-iii m th fwVorntBeat- What! a d-d aheap skiu pnrctf raent the goverawotit I should tbii.h it was m. very fit one fr sosae men that I see aad heat sometimes What Is government iu oar caraa try t It is a body ot living m r, ewia.i.ed by t people to aeMBwrerpuhl affair- arxidu-)r ta lavre written in a C m-U tiiu I - ia im a dry wrifj'ig or boO Ptet.i Irut LtacwJrt. bU Cubii et, tbe heaiiti of tbe Esecsathm D-prt-m nt-. m tie- goveeiiaBuiit. i etl hv gt te lake their eh-io whether lh will go ;aiut tbeic g.vecuiBM of nut " If tneee doctrines were not a fair -niriitioa of the ef errf of the X p-rhHcan p v ty am as n e- ent expetwded by ito p lineal le,tvrs. wa a-al-J occupy no room in our e -iuains with xtiui f oa Bsecher for the purpoae of enmaaenri -g i tbem. I lire taK,lMt nnrde abuse we- fi 1 1 iu a narrow e -mpess ibe peet pUtloras t" aboli tienMaa Firet there can bo only two parties, tho who npnoid tbe jeb-ls. anel iho-es h) stand by tbe President' I this ia tra- sbbw, it b ta alwayn b-ert ti af praiitn-! partMa in this eountry. It M not asaerted that t ere are only tyro parties, bt there cm be only two pwrtiea. The im joaaibtiny of d f-xiag with th P es tent upon a fiueut-m of emMiitntioavtl rnrhc or ext9- dteney wt h int being a traitor ia hero p aaiuvety and without anaiifl -tstian owd. Mr B-echer is a asan of too much tntelligenc; njt to know that tbe statement which he nt m ki-g aa a pro-f-ttred miniater of Jeans, on the L-iro'a day, ia a palpit deducted to th saerviee ot G d. wm n it omy a deliberate Im, but a mtuooae alarelaf upon an old and b--Durable pary, whoa nem- Ders nad given a strong proofs of tnyai y a was porsfbre- fir taei to na-wiif-jst. He is om a fool. He is a lir ad if we hav nut already proven it, we wiU do eo in a manner that shall be incontrovertible, sod that will asnal- iaat.fr the language we have nsed in denonimnf this nypocniicai nMaOerer in a minuer thstt will SMttafy reeeosable men that th- who echo the sen linen ts aud ltt-Ernaee of B aeher fair oar- tisan and ektttioaewriai: purpose areas fklaeaod malicious as be. Now to tbe proofs Turn tbe alieea ion of Beech r in whatever direc ion yon p erase-, it ia on th taea of it an absurdity I; means jut thia: Tb-we cannot be two poll iical uartios in this eountr nslnaa one of tftenf is disloyal. Tne party which sap- -orte the 1 estdeut h tbe loyal nartv. n nro- foond and logical B-echer, where waa yuav- loy alty b-tore, the President iseaed his amaacipa- ttoa proeJaaiHtioal Where wae tae iotaltv et your boeoca friend Poillio. t- wrxm you hava offered your pulpit to incaleat whar yixi kn w to be treason, if yoar dootriae k correct whoa yn knew to he the foe of the govea-aaaaut whether yoar doctrine be ear roct or noiT Under this reasoning, there tut never bera a party opposed to an administration whoae avm- ners were not traitors. There ana a ear haaa a Presidential efcetioa wiUtawt one ef the candid ates was a traitor, and it ws always the de feated candidate, for tbe President is iho gov ernment, and the n n-',triri.,B is on j find sheepskin parebpaeat! Chi 7 rates sysreiga Ueeaip. One of Garibaldi's Ml yrsimrs was a uatrioti: lady, well known in I ale. Mdon M-nteavu. At Varese, during the battle with ibe Aoatrians, thirl lady bad tbe courage to cross the iake in tbe midst of a shower of ball, tn ask px rmtasion of Garibaldi to look to tha wounded. Wheat aba entered tae rooex where Garibaldi lay aMa re cei ing bis wound from Victor Emaaael's troop. she tell na her knee at his bed, bartitsr into tears. Every oe wa-t atf ctel at tne scema A little before her visit hn received Ma lame Ci rotli, tbe heroine ot P-vi, a rich wpIiw, who had fur sons, all of whom she hi sriven one after tbe other, to Gannaidi. Three or the eons have fallen hi ahffnt battle ; tan Uei is bow a pneoner, as one of Q-tHbkii's ataff A tiBogariaft, reev inrmtlM town of Urojurs. reeeutly po-nsbed a m ut whom He iMisuectl of too great intimacy with his f unity by d-ipriving- nnn or an ear, and hm stuce carnexl thi pi-a-i-ing sou9ntr ia hit pocket Sj says a Vienna paper. A new miracle is annotioced from siesly by one of ibe oh a 'eh orga-ie. The aecoaat says that a party of Predaiotibwe aldieri, qsMMtrr-d in a convent, having u. suited se. imaire ui the Vjgm Mary, tbe-omiiug of tbe eornder in wh ca m image wee aUeed, fell in, bury ing tbe aacreugious uif-nders in the ruiue .' A wild woman ot the woods ia tha latest "rn sation" in Pa'ie. Sire wis captured ia some impracticable aad uberd of place,- and has been exhibited before the b-araad sot-ieiir-a H r hair measures five feet iu length, atrd bwiaf thi- k and woolly, forms an i an me use mantle, giving her tbn epp-aranee of enbruioae i' '- r' M G'tuard, tbe French arooaat, aaejust eoaetrueted a balloon of ur th u ad tore bandted cubte meters, which can be iafLfed ia thirty raiun'es by the aerotiau. with ai the us of gas. The car rs provided with aa sppa-a U3 which "enables tbe bnilown to a ceud wad de--ceud without the tiucuni:y ot carrying ballast " Tnis balliM-H is inieuded for toe F.ench army, of which M G dtird is aernaannt-in-ehirf Tbe bank, of England director had a sarrible fright two or three warke ago nit sa acc-u it if the loss of their water-iaark.d pep r, bnt from tbe sumnwy invasion of the hal fta-room if tbe bank A e-Kre4poadeat of the Biiauug bam Pest tells tae seary thus : " Tbe directors received an aoooymowi latter, slating tbat tbe writer btd the m ans of access to their bullion room. They treated tha matter is a neax, nad took no aottew f tha lat er Another mere argent and pcric 1 tter bulwl t r-iuse ih-ra At l-OKth the tsrUrr ojfmrtml ta mwet them in the bullion rmtnt tst aay hour tkeg piutd tonafte. Tbty then CutnmuuKS. aa wita Uioir c irrespondent through tbe channel he had indi cated, appointing oeae daik and midnight hour' for the rendrsrons. A deputation trom the board, lantern in hand, repaired to tba bullion-room, locked themelTes ia, aad awaited ths arrival of tbe mysterious Mneapondeut Punctual tn tbe boor, a noise wai beard beiow. Some boards in the Dorr were, without mnch trouble, displaced, and in a sew minutes tne Guy Fawkes of ibe bank stood in tbe midst of tbe astonished directors. li s story was vary simple aad straightforward. An old drain ran au-J--r the bu lion-room, tbe exist- no ef which had become known to htm, and by means of which, be might have earned away eno. moa stuns. Ioqairy was made. Nothing had been abstract ed, and tbe directors rewarded the honesty and ingenuity of their anonymous corespondent a working man, wbo had been oj.p'o-d in repair ing tbe sewers hy a pr-eint . -syt). 1 he Slijtbeat ttufleou Aeoit. TheEigiiah pipwrs couuiu re porta ot neeents made by M. Giaiher, an sorunaet who has reached a higher etevaaon than had ever bef re been attained. On a rece t trip he -ureeaded to a hight nf fie miles and three-qatrtws (30 :t60 feet ) Approaching that point, ae observes, tbe corree-ed Darotneter re-td 10 6 i-icbet. " I ea deavoriag to read tbe wet otab. I conld not see ibe column of tbe mereary I ruob-d my eyes, then took a leus, aud aieo failed. " I en deavored te reach some brandy which was 1 lag on tbe table at shoot the distance of a foot, aud lound myself uaah4e to do so. My sight bacaiao more dim. I looked at tbe baroiasJeT an 1 saw it t.; 10 inches stilt rleereasing leinp-and jas'. notnd i . in ray book. Reading ta at this tim - ahou: 3 inches, implying a bight of ab nc - J s. as a change of an inch iu tha reading ut il- ba rometer at this ehfVH'ion takes pla-'-e on a ..:ge of bight of about 2 500 feet I ei I .i -:--g all power, and endeavored to ar u-e uivsm; oy stragigiiBg and sbakiag. I attemp ei s- -j j-v at the barometer agaia ; my bead iz.,on oae s:u. I struggled and got it right, and u ici! ou taa other, and finally fell backwards. My am, which bad been resting oa tbe table, :eu 1 -vrt by my aide. It bectme awty, and ti -any u ui, aud I sank unconseiooiy as m sleep ' The writer continued insensioi- f.r jo.ns time, but his ptaoe was taken by Mr J well, who acoded sail higher, tin; - iq i ri, di eter isbelioved to have marked only eign i.ic-i , iraplyiag that they were theu six u 1 a a .j miirJ above toe ground ! Tno. tem jcri i - then some degrees below ajro ; ou l-avia u.e surface it was fifty-nine degree.) rabreubei. I ie deACentwtw made witboot any a-cuien;. r.ge 1.3 let loeee at an eiertttion of lour mi. ed, : It doa like stones, and were taken ny cfeJ 911 ground- F. A, at- laid m 1 'u1 Pi a. et t 1 i St e 1 1 a i: U ea:h k r --1 0-.-- M - ii- w irtu vidl s as t a t ' V