;JBY M'CLANAHAW & DILL.
SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 11, 1862.
VOLUME xm; NO. 234.
hf j H JLOSiilCU
-t-Jtuy, gm-Woeldy and "Wicly
romm a. xskxlakahan benjamtk p. dhjl
TJader tha Crai and-sty) of
wa attars huh;k, ar etharwir. tboae
W -'- -
1? or mi, of utMcnitiotu
a1? par ntetrta
TH wty wr saoatB.
. W y per monnm
Wailj t:ilea of Advertising.
net eai !4uwe of tee Hb or leak ear ina-rfc. a l Oa
GEXKRAL ORDER So. 13.
riacaevw, mx oeirdo rsa, loos.
A otw, aeae9c4'.irnd oncers awl si;ate
Xi. aotoag ' g t" re.iuwn a, batauot o eapu)fi of I
u-trarnpo pnd rt. im wbo nae -bioniea In nMlve
TikheMs-.tt1.YM7 vi.H reprl fbim. J M) t llwi.- 7
tpeetive rgieeu t at Jaetson aai CI nt n er vt-y wiU
be rMa-eet u i hi tew sad pnoiabed aeew ma-ly
Oaaear. sod men it id bear la msil tba p. n shmeat
y be salea a4 artielea. earriea wl h it forferittie -f
aey. ete, Al. officers of (be Coofe-la ate States Array
tlFttTNt Mr bal eorw.lcn ffietxs : alae all Khei.
iff isrtV'M o other 3 ate cmr, am r ijwted t
anest ai Mha m- a. ans ta -n tferm eeer to the con
t tet Wirn MtfMt s.iitUT r.atis, n ho vctH
wea saler tn th'i rost 'AH Mrens ss
prrtwdtogmi d4lv-ios d-rtei sre esfatled Vo s
A HHo! shvata w4i b pabliUlirf at osea for
HcrarBtMs tsr pnnc.
2j orir cf Bi:eiie. no?rl IiOTT TlUH!AN.
POWHATrA.S iii 1- JR.
- vmt- . a ' k " i
&P. K IAL UKD&RS So. 12.
AlKiSARTEKS MSTSfCT )F THK MIS-)
JirceOK, MM., Soptomber 10, legs. 5
THE loTor-lBe seeero! win li rbU?h& for
tk MontUteB of all hum K iht eeaeera in I
of' Brgikiir-Gtertl BoseUs.
11. rt- UOOZ.
ADJUTANT AMU lS3P.TOH-Sf4sRALS I
. OrFlOK J.
RICHMC.VD T., Septesioar th. )
tt TIT 0OMM
J. V-,adb u
narll ..1 tfaeer re
0OMMAVDSR3 of Artny rrrpi. rsetaeat
Jiee w Jl jaahe to tab office month
yecllre (nnau-ii oa tbe fera far
tae aseeuou expreieed c
OHu ii-b charge 'ef eepi H Id. fact kin wil mkr
ai aan ae oa Uw sat cad :Kb or eaah moota
jmai aa at ta tiara at tse rret8itu.g leryie aawl g
ie araamaar at .a.ertato. tErritya ia eaap at tb. dat
f la jaaari : tte aaaiaer anroHad aid. saeeDied du
'fl r plod far wsteh repoit Ix taa.it, the nnmber
- HTf.a.1 m regtatestt, and He Vu retaining in
A dj it Let and Xapertnr OeneraL
K M. HOOE.
A. Ai'J ita t ijcpyral.
District or the iTiississippi.
HiUa44MJtTHBS jACKSO.f, Mixiitlppl,
September 19, lstig. J
Oaafral Ardori Fo. 4
I Ta f aeut ate th earoUmeot nd orgamiatlon ef eon
cut ate m enroumon: nna orgamzauon oi eon I
cti t witadB tbe M let la aooordaneo with tbe
ae arf'a(no' the 16tn April. Iwz, -ad the order
at TtfwrMkitomn t tbe Hea. Seoretary of Wa in relt,
taaa tbieuto. aJl jaUMary eoatsaBders and provot mar
aak arc hereby reqaired to tk prompt and eserg-etie
3aanaia ta-oBrott as4 forward, ail toon.cripu to their
full uftedcamfn of iaructios.
UalULii af ta artMtia. eiTfi aagMratei and loyal o tl
aaaa t rea.auar to aid ia be ezeetMioB of f e law
aBd o forward liata of penor.a eobjoet to cotueritH doty
T.nidiac whbia their reapectire dbitricu and farijtdlc
II Military coxaciaoders and proTOet m rtba s art
attrtictaa to rarnin iuta or coweripu residing
la tbeir rtrarcttTe inrilieions, who ah all net have
heoa already eorollrd ia roapliasce with thelaw to the
tdjataat fnerl' otBee at there headquarter.
Ill Catertp4i who rare been eoro.led to erganita
ttoa of parthina raagen, raitw-a with la tbe ihatti of tbta
aTaailet rfaee the 16th of April IMS and eonzeripte who
bum enrrtted te any rerlme t, battaUioii, or coapaay
rose- tae Klet at July. 162, 111. in seoordaaee with the
of the fSerrtary cf War of Aagaot letb, 1862,
1 r .1 ananr abr of a euairaii.iriosed offierr who will
a aVuer ptiye roll of each coceriet coetainicg
cf the aoriod dariac which and the eotapaa in
i be Buty bay rred. and a it&ta&seat of vounty
faal aad etaahtae isHied.
No enaipUa to tboi o reqsirera' nU will be recog
aaaad aaWi twiod oa written astherity hitherto given
ay ah i1 Wa- OepanawBt. or by tbe gewral eomraandlsit
i la. 1 1 1 1, or the ttnb tktaxu. of wntea It U compOKd
JtarecaW Brteaaiai Gone-aJ KueeLz&.
R. H. HOOB
District ol the iTtisi!ipiii.
MeaDQUaRTZKS, JiCKeON, Miastedp -1, 1
September 8, lbGS. j
Ararat OraVer Xo. 2.1
f fa prerTe order among millt y peraena, and to
J pr reat iasavwper iBtereeerse w.a ine enemy, oy
.alaher Lid, a. or eold era, the fo lowl't, peraoua will act
'teeapirarUy ax ynwft hi -r ball at t;i polata dealg
TVoki-rg asd Wur-e ooBty, 34Ut!j!rpt, Captain
Jaefceoa asd Hted- enoaty. Mli-alppl, Jas. D. Staart.
Jtelat Helena pariah, LoaMiana, Jode O. W. Martin.
Saint Taataay parieh, Looiaiaaa, Jam L B aoc
Tjiriagtaa riii. LoaMaiw, T. G. Davidson.
3Mea afe parish. Loswiaaa, K. A. Uoater.
rart Maaaaa. Ixmlwajia John a Mil er.
ili r ttdn mrbtfa. LeaMaaa, D. O Hanlee.
Weot raMaaa pa tab, I-owWana J. II. OoWas.
Aooeerfea parWi, IaUaaB?Cptaa SaMel Bard.
Adca coanty, MieHippl, a. K. Farra.
.Jefferson eoaoty, Mtnwaappi. IloWel Uinda,
CMfeora? aBBy, HAu ypl .
''yVUkiaaoB coanty Miiuiiieippl, J. H. Simt. .
3fi.twMi eoanty, MiraUitlppi. Dr. II J."MoKle.
T&BM(ha euonty. Mi aixippL R. II. Forrester.
Tsrao eoaaty, MlmwppL 11. C Tyler.
XL KsftfaklJaw having -been -sbolta&rd, the dutiea of
fwavart asantbal- abeye named, will be confined
stt'ct' wfthia tbeir proper mllita y jurisdiction, la
ooatttTaatt Tth tbe esftoaH of war, sad tbe following
aralaloB 1 war
Arnete V A boaoever shall raliere the enemy with
m vic.Xi! or aamnnition, or ahall knowingly bar
bar ar pi oteel an eaesiy, sbali aaffar death, or ench other
yajihai.nl aa shall be ordered by the aedtenee of a court
ArtMk ST. Wkoevw "ball bo convicted of holding
tswraapoa-teare with, or giving ia'.eiligenee to, the
vseaay, rltarar dlreeMy or indlreatay. ah -H auffrf death, or
saab other p Mehatoat as abeU be' ordered by tbe sen
.teaox of a i-ourt martlaL
Artioie Sti All public storas akea Is the eaeay'i
ap, town, fen or magaaeea, whether of artHiery,
K-uaaiUoii, e.atatag, forage, of 'prerlftona, shall be t e
wans.1 far the terviee of tbe Coafmlerate States; lor the
Bg4ei of which the eo amandine officer la to be
ArtMft i Every officer er provost saraeal. to whote
harce pr-OTBers ball be eommltted, shall within
. iweaty tear boara RfVr aneh commitment or S4 toon aa
Im ahaM we relieved from hi. guard, mak report 1 wri
BC M n ooaunaading offlcw, of their sasaea, tbeir
orlaiir aad tbe sasaes of tbe officers who committed
tfceav, en toe penalty of being pouu-bed for dlsebediente
.er segiect, at tbe discretion of a reart martial.
OJu Alt cerrespOBdefiee wkh tMa department wQl be
IhilJ wi h tbe district prorott marshal. Colonel James
PaqiML, attbei headonarteri.
Br eoEaauad of Bngadierieneral RosgT.tfl.
i;3 Iw R. M. HOOK. A. A. G.
SEW ORGtSIZATlo MES OVER
Bv Kop-r Rath.'ri 7 I am anthmrlted to ra'sa thW
aatts ioa to a regiaien, end rteelve Into the ar
T(on ,kc i nf'de a e lt-te six nrw conptnl-s com
boaedef saea ovr t.lrty-ne yc ai. tf age. The. will
be wga-dsei vith tbe foar pjI oompan.es a: d form
tsvaiauat I be Beaoees app Jattd cp nreeoTamen
aatteaau iae eompan. oeBeers elected Tee cotspa
sue t'sdeevd a d-r thtt wilt be otderrd to Grenada,
eViedbf Bke, avda.med ad eiripped before go-nic
Into Ou aeid. transport atlon will be fnjalshed np hi
aap UtHon e ate fto eoatpany received ttatU il nnm
becivBt six 'Beers and en litJ men,
1 bav beea la the eoaaiaand of Brigadier Gen'rtf
lr, ii,nli.r .Si. . and Maio Ge Breekln
.. . u,. a,,-, .ation of BorIibc Ureen, and to
Arm I raler for my ataeas for the dsnef assigned toe.
Kidreia tot at Grenada, Mtstyjlppi-
W. A. KAVSCRK. Mij r,
Panaaandaag 1st Hal. Butt lion Bharptfcooteri.
ntTaBEB'ii,i. NEORO BOT. naated SAIL
Kul Sab ta ubnnt teay-0Be Tear O d five feet
iu 1 at ft K'.r.Vu.Bu . c 'lor dark : hsa a few
xaarkaaaJ bk; toes lU-ansp J on 'r!,a
iaft s brawa eioth asat. a biaok eloth SHtary tap and
it. mir aam uiu iruier etotoistr.
Ite was fenaerly ownd by Dr. Uoaeley, of itexball
eeaaiy. MbtalrtJppI, and wast away with a boy named
itrrwm avtaed by forge M.eh. ef th s city.
1 will pay a rrward cf ST3 If de ivaiaa to tae In
Jaok.oo. or $90 if ledgedl- aty Jul, wlia teh laor
saaitoa as that I can cat him.
jtg J rkaen flu.
2SXth. JT. G. OIPEIMA'.
FT. UHJIS STB CRT- - MOBILE.
rPBAi" JWrT BOABDER a:e lavltea; good accoa.
X ttodaiUw bBf ffred; ecWn
THE STABS AXD STEIP,2
SBV JOHX COIXIfiS M'OABE, B..
The origin of the following lines may be
traced to tbe fact, that in 1833 the author, thou
qarte s youth, addressed some ttanaas to the
American flag, then tUdolfeed ensign of a free
sad happy people. They obtained, at tbe time,
some little popularity, more on account of the
theme than for any real merit in the production.
Some writer for the Baltimore Anusruan has re-
vived-tbem, and has taken tbe trouble to con
trast the present position of the author with his
I then entertained sentiments, and pronoiibotshiin
I nna :. 1. J ..i. -1 ,
'one who is now learned with thoee whn mU
like to see the same fla? trailing in tbe dmc at
tbe behest of a political usurBer." Th ru.Imm-
of tbe present article tafew this occasion to give
hi rmMna far tk "Oiinn." t1i. 1
'o'er tbe sfwnt of his dreams "J
O I thr m a time, bat 'twa Joaj. ajo.
In the (lavs of y ebudbeod'a veara:
Bre tbo ortb bad rokd Iht elouj uf woe
Vt'nh I g tetnu ef Mood and iuru
When I levwl to look en the un aad Mrl&ed.
O'er ttra bflls sad vata uf a bspo UsA.
am w auy u rouio nea.
Bat that lj is pan mj tir. Hud i ebBgd,
ww a urgrawM
At, tbt bsaaeris uotbi&saeiT taia
lint a 4 asd a vrortMUu rur
H Im faaoV y tfa frcnriwl breath of hut.
ji iwhw y eowarthi aBfl anavetl;
la' ay bart I laaibo aoa a l!ag-s thu'.
Am re bauw vror wjutf It vr aves.
Aye, I kiTfd It aaes. with a ebt dfch pHfe,
w icau uu kom if lame
Of tbe rietorki woa bea atb If 4eM,
Ai H flubed like an Orianma
Bat I can -e K -rrhb cold contempt,
At eur baHle fields baVH
Tern, faded, and trampled down in the Jjt,
a w uiujub vi i tie vase ail J saean.
Yef. I loTed it obc . T domtut It tuw
Tit the eariaa of fraBd f.nd imwir
And here la tbe prpiesoe of God and man,
I reeaat each word al that anoir i
Aye, that ehiWUh coaf. vrboo with ehlldbood's trt
x orurrea Hie fiorrs to be tree,
Xor dreamed it woad leek, in its sooHeu lmt,
x u ueme ine taaa to M me.
I vag of tbatbaaser aa arttesi fmg,
Saeh aa igBorant eUidbAed ri en;
Twas colla, I know "bat sow I'm s au.
.1 nave pat away csilaKeh tWiio."
And I ay to the WTeckleon, hrartteee crew
Who imtasely rare, at the North.
That year "L'mm" ia A-ad, ft reqtriem Kid,
juja wuai u Hi ptuugt worts If
Worth J Sf areery tbe dait in wbleh K it laid,
Shin, slain br toot xaurderoe bandu
And it tomb, euwrratbed by the Mara and utrlpeJ,
la tbe field "Aeelduaa" uuidL
1 ve nniQd my nosg 'tin my sfcBhoed'i lar.
1 lr. .... J
Tit iMur J rikipd m bnvkevft it.
r Fl 3 3 , f. T . J
The Bnttlc tC Coriatb
We care been p&r Hutted the hc, fer a short
time, of the Memphis Argus of the 9th instant,
wnicn contains teyeral Federal reports of the
battle of Corinth. Tbe fi.st ia a dispatch to
Uecersi baerman, as follows :
Colcmbcs, Kv., October C.
UEJ.KKAL BHERMAN: 1 take the 1 Wtv to
send you the news from Corinth to-niirht. Nr.
deubtyou are anzieus to hear from there.
woBiai uuriDurt came up witn i'rice, or
rather cut him off from Bolivar, near MMfl!fHi
1 IT II a ... .
yesteraay noon, and Sought and drove him acrs
tne ohewtiia. lo day they pressed hence from
One dispatch says that Price's cbifif of ulafT
tow toot been taheu. with all of hi dinatrnf
r : ' .. . r
uul F'"f Bmouni w over two tfiousanfl.
together with ail the enemy's djad and wonnl?
A dispatch received to-night says Price is pressed.
iime ia uu uoaoi out mat our torces nave
achieved a great victory.
Among; our wouuded are Colonels Morton
Mower and Gilbert, Among the wounded of
we eneuey are uoiowi J'ntcbard, 3d Missouri,
Colonel l)de, 18th Arkansas. Colonel McLsin.
seTerely. C lotel Johnson, 20th Arkansas, Col
onel Sogers 20th T-xas, Colon"! Martin, com
maiHlK r bn?aie, Mir James. 29th Arkansas.
and Owut-ral Martiu were killed.
Ail the prisoners we have taken were nearlv
starved, and report all the army the same.
Koskckans' report of the fieht oa Saturday
is as fotlowe :
Corinth, Miss., October 4.
To MsjorGeneral U. 5. Grant:
Your ditpatch is received teMiBtr me to follow
This mornine Price made a firee and deter
mined attack on our right. Van Dora and Lovtl
on our left. Tbe contest lasted uot haifpasi
eleven o'clock, and was very deadly to the ene
my, i. aey arove m our center som of them
penetrate to tbo Corinth House. Hamilton,
whoeo left was on tbe main line of their attack,
maintained hie ground in ail bat one spot. and
making an advance, secured the cot. to ; with two
first rate regiments, Colon 1 Sullivan gave
time to briug batteries into aetton, and saved the
day on that side
Van Dora and Lovell made a most determined
attack on the extreme right, en tbe Chewalla
road ; they were led to the attack through the
abattis two of them reached tbe diicb, th
ftber two stopped not fifty paces from it All
that grape and cannister could do was tried, but
when it reach' d this point a charge was ordered,
when it became a race between tbe 27th Ohio
and the 11th Missouri. This was too much for
the staggered cokunns many ft 11 down and
held np tbeir bands for mercy. They are badly
beaten on both fronts lelt their dead and
wtunded on the field, and are in full retreat
t Our loss, though severe, especially in officers,
is nothing like that of the enemy Brigadier
General Hacklemaa fell bravely fighting at tho
head of his brigade yesterday, shot through the
jugular vein. Colonels Jurby, Smith, Gilbert
imd Mower wounded, not mortally; General
Oglesby dangerously. The number killed I
cannot tell. Their killed and wounded are
etrewn along tbe road for five miles out, where
they had a hospital.
We have between seven hundred and one
thousand prisoners, not counting wounded.
McPherson has reached here with his force. We
more at daylight ia the morning.
W. 8. Rosecraks, Major-Ganeral.
As containing something additional, we give
Special Dispatch to the Chicago Times. 1
Cairo, October 5. General Tuttl received a
dispatch this morning, giviug good news' from
Price made the attack with forty thousand
men. ine nznt lasted up to last erenmsr. Our
troops are said to bare acted nobly.
uenerai .Dodge sends a disD&teb to tbu nlacf 1
to prepare for a large number of wounded.
mere m no doubt tniUs battle has been a
Tery severe one.
Special Dispatch to the Chicago Timet.
Cairo, October 5 The battle on Saturday at
Corinth was one of the most severe of the war.
Price attacked our right, and Van Dora and
Lovell our left. They were .sure of suece&s' and
fought desperately. When they crossed Hatchie
they burned tbe bridge, not expecting to need it
to make good their retreat. At one time our
center was pierced, and the rebels penetrated aa
Jar aa tbe Gonnth House, in nearly the ceuter of
tho to n. They were driven out at the point of
the bayonet. Van Dorn pushed his way through
the abattis on the left, and reached tbe ditch in the
lace of a storm of grape and canister. The !7th
Ohio and 11th Missouri then made a charge, and
his column gave way. The rebels were com
pletely routed. The number lost is not knows,
but it is very great. Our loss is heavy, partic
ularly among officers. We have taken between
TOO and 1000 prisoners', not including wounded.
Another dispatch to the associated press of
the 2orth, dated Cairo, October 5th Sunday
The Mobile and Ohio railroad is not seriously
iniured. The telegraph is repaired to Corinth.
General Hurlbart marched on Sat irday to the
south sHe of Hatchie river with a largo force,
thu cuttinsr ofi Puce's, retreat. Bjsecrans
moved early this morning to renew tbe attack,
and cannonading has been heard all day in tbe
direction of tbeir forces. Pried is jn the forks of
Hatehie rirer, and between Hurlburt and Jwse-
E? Tbe Whig says that tbe eteamer Louis
D'Or left VIekabnrg' for Baton Eouge Tuesday,
with & number tff Yankee prisoners. f Butler is
to meet her there with Beren hundred of our
men, to bo exobanged,
MOKE CGCZVTERF.EIT OOXi?SE-
XVhvItiale pHjg vilarmius Counterfeiting!
From the Atlanta Confederacy, Otlcbsr .,
Wehavejaet finished examining a package
of fiftoea hundred dollars all in hundred dol
tarn bills counterfeits of tbo Confederate notes
Hoyer & Ludwig plates. They are not tbo
same that was put afloat some time ago. Theeo
bills had a number of striking points of difference,
and were easily detected by the desc iption.
The new counterfeits is far inoro accurate aiid
difficult to detect ud is very dangerous. The
previous one was a Better engraving than tbo
genuine and on better paper; this is the same
quality of paper, and tha engraving appears m
exactly like it every way mat tna amjrenoe.w
only discovered by a careful comparison, and by
a nerson wbo is used to nanaimg ana no
These fifteen bills were sent to Mr. J. T. Por
ter, a highly respectable commission merchant
in tnii cy, oya. nonse in iuoonu, whu u paun-
ase of FOtme four or nve thousand dollars, no
slid not Notice tbeir being counterfeits, nor sus
pect tbeir genuineness, till tiiey were condemned
at tbe bauc.
Tbe previous counterfeits were not tbe same
size of the genuine, and could be det cted by
measurement, as we described ; but these new
base issued are so nearly tbe same size that
measurement cannot be applied as a test. There
are, however, several points about them, which
a earuiul observer can detect.
First, On tbo left band end ot tbo bills is a
sailor standing up ; and above bis head is &
shield on which the following words are in
scribed : " Receivable in payment of all dues
except export dues." In the genuine the lotver
point of tins-shield is about the 10 lu of an inch
afore the sailor's hat. In the counterfeit ihu
point of the shield is imptrfect; thd point is not
made. If perfect, it wuuld come down lower
than tbe top of tho bat. In the genuine tbe
point is nearly over tbe center ot the sailor's
head a little to the Ieff; in the counterfeit, the
point of the shield (if it had the point) would
be over the left hand side of the sailor's hat
brim, or near wbero.the brim joins the crown of
the bat, lms d' fect in tbe point ot the shield,
and its being placed further fo the left of the
sailor's bead, and extending lower down ; and
not directly abotc the head as in the genuine, is
tbe most prominent mark ot distinction.
lhe wagon wheel this time has the proper
number or spokes and thy are dim and dark
like the genuine only a little jore s,o not light
and hnely executed, use tbe lurmer ounterteit.
The mule attached to the cotton press is also
dim, and more indistinct than the former coun
terfeit, and the harness cannot be seen, but he is
not quite so much blurred aa tho genuine. In
the genuine the left baud biiid wheel of the
waeo'i br.s the spokes cantering to the hub, at
the center of the tcagon bed or body. In the
counterfeit the bub appears to be lihind the bed
and out of fight iha point where tho spokes
converge at th hub or axle, being concealed
from tbe view by the bed of the wagon. -
Tbe signatures are a quick test to tboso who
know aKi have the run ot all ot them; but only
bankers, or men who handle money largely, can
make this a test. We may say, however, that
nearly all of them appear to te forgeries at
once, to a practiced eye. They are' cramped
and bear evidence of being slowly written, in
order tbe better to imitate tbo genuine. They
are in a heavier hand and blacker ink. A man
skilled in such matters can see at once that they
are written by an effort, and not by-a free, easy,
We have seen only one counterfeit fifty,
though several of tbem have been detected in
ibis city. They are also a superior imitation of
tne genuine co perfect are they that we are un
able to discover any striking points or "dissimi
larity none that we can describe which tbe
common reader can understand, save perhaps,
oio. The bill before us ia signed "A. W
Gray, for Treasurer" The word "for" is in
r-mall common italics, and "Treasurer" is in
small capitals; thus ,lfer TREASUKBR." In
the counterfeit, the hair liue on which the sig
nature is written, passes across the in the
word "Jof and tcuches the tops of the letters
'or." lu the genuine tbe word "for'' ia Mow
tbe liue on wb:ch the signature is written It
crosses tbe upper portion of tbe but does
not touch the "or" being above them. This is
the only distinction we are able to describe that
we think can be comprehended by readers gen
erally The mailet b made blck, th s ilor a di--ht-veled
biir;is smoothed down, tbehamle m tbo
iron box is right, and the woman's head is
iu tbe right place. All tho points of difference
are remedied, so that only an experienced person
can detect thm by their general appearance.
Now what ara the people to do? We advise
'hem to refuse every 20, 50 and 100 of tbe Hoyer
& Ludwig plates. The government has called
for tbem Let tbem be sent in and no more
Much credit ia due to CoL W. W. Clayton, of
the Georgia railroad bank agency, for detecting
the rountoifeits of the treasury notes. He was
the first to detect the former counterfeits and
also the first to detect these. The country owes
him a debt of gratitude for his skill and vigilance
in this matter.
The following police order has been issued by
General Saxton, Federal military governor of
South Carolina :
Headquarters, Beaufort, S. C, Aug. 22.
I. In tbe hope of correcting a wide-spread
and deplorable evil, the following regulations
are announced :
1st. Anv ne?ro claiming to have or charged
with having more than one wife is required to
couhne himself to, and need be. support that
one to wbotn be has been lawfully married. If
no each marriage has ever been celebrated, be
wilt select that one of his so-called wives who is
tbe mother of his children, if any he have ; and,
after a marriage service duly performed by some
minister of the Gospel, take her to himself as
bis own sole lawful wife.
2d.- Hereafter, any ol the colored people wish
ing to be united in holy wedlock will apply to
Rev. Mr. French, chaplain United States army,
or other minister, who will keep a register of
marriages and furnish the parties with a .mar
riage certificate duly authenticated.
Jsl. All negroes, male or lomale, nereaiier
living iu a 6tato of concubinage, or found un
faitbtul to their marriage vows, will be liable to
arrest and imprisonment.
II. There being on the plantations more or
lei s persons unablo to support themselves, and
having no neat relative to whom tbe duty can be
assigned of. providing for tbeir wants, a charita
ble fund will be established on each plantation,
by deducting from tbe amount due for labor
thereon euch per centage as may be found upon
trial, sufficient for the purpose
Tbe fund thus created will be placed in ine
hands of tbo superintendent, to be expended by
him for tbe beneht ot the helpless and tneudless,
in .providing them with suitable food and cloth
ing, either accoiding to the directions 01 tue sur
geons in attendance, or in obedience to thu sug
gestions of his own common sense and experi
ence. A proper account of the expenditures
under this bead will be furnished monthly to the
assistant quartermaster at these headquarters.
Ill This order will be read by the superin
tendents to the negroes on tbe plantation, and
care taken to explain its provisions so that they
may be fully understood as designed to secure
and regulate tha performance of duties which
are enjoined by the plainest dictates 01 a mere
worldly experience aa well as by the sublimer
teachings ot a living Curistianity.
By order ot
Brig -Gen. Saxton, Commanding.
Another Counterfeit. Tho Augusta
(Ga ) Chronicle notictd a new counterfeit bill of
the green colored issue of September 2d. The
engraving of tbe counterfeit is inferior to the
genuine the portrait of Mr. Memminger in the
center being badly done. All the genuine are
latteted Hin two place the counterfeit has the
J once. Tha words "For Treasurer," following
the signature in the genuine, are left out in the
counterfeit. Tbere in the circle, an the left
baud of the genuine, are omitted in tbe spuri
ous, and wherever they appear in the latter, are
coatser than in the genuine. Tbe engravers
name dof not sppear on the counterfeit. There
are many other po juts, of difference, but tbe
above are sufficient to put the community on
13 Tha governor of New York has appointed
tha 27 th proximo as s day of thanksgiving and
.The Campaign ia itlarrlnml.
Corre pendente of the.'Es&iBinfr-J
Winchester, Vu,, September 26. A brkf
and connected narnirhre'of evetiis which have
Miceeeded since tbe-hwt battle of Manassas, may
prove interesting to your readers. Our victory
there detefmioed the policy of an immediate
movement toward Maryland. The march was
made by Leesburg, in Loudoiin, and. the passage
of the Potomac effected near that place, without
oppol ion or binderauce. Our ttocps entered
Maryland in high health aud spirits, and pro
ceeded through the lartile, highly-cuuivated and
beauuful cuuuty of Frederick to & redenck taty
handsome,' well built, and attractive, containing
a population ot seme eight ttiou'-and luniunauts
the chief town of Wwein Maryland, Fred
erick Citv is three milea distant from tbe B-lti
more aud Ohi" railroad, with u stem to Mono
cacy river bridge, which was effectually de
s Toyed by our troopsl Tho Charleston and
Ohio canal was previously tapped aud the water
drawn on. ifius these important lines ot travel
and transportation are effectually cut off -from
tbe enemy. Tbe army remained for Homo days
encamped near Frederick, and thepco took up
its liue ol march upon tho hue old " National
road" westward, in the direction of Hagerstown,
iuu county seax im rue jeruie county 01 wasn
ington, twentj -six miles distant from Frederick,
aud alio' t six miles from the .Pennsylvania hno
thua far the time had beau not. unusemliy
employed in cultivating friendly relations with
the people of our sister Maryland, which the
considerate and exemplary conduct of the army
If, 1 !' n ",V . v -
ou mucn lo'uromoie. ixenerai xeo issued a
proclamation to tbe people, of Maryland admira
ble Hi exprta i n, conciliatory, kind, and exhib
iting even cordfiu sympathy with them in tbe
wiongs they have been suffering so long and
deeply. The reception, of our army was not
enthusiastic were was no outward sign no
noisy demonstration of welcome but there was
deep feeling in many a Maryland bosom, which
will bear its fruit horeafier. On the" whole, the
conduct of our friends there, and the prudence
they exhibited, is worthy of commendation
Active measures were taken to .commence th
organization of troops and, under the active
influence of such men as Lowe aud Johnson, we
shall find things go bravely on.
When the army left Frederick an advance
into Pennsylvania was by some supposed to bo
intended, but the force was divided into several
columns, for the purpose of investing Hnrper's
Ferry, figuring the valuable stores collected
there, aud capturing a considerable force known
to be at that place. General D. II Hill and
Lengstreet continued their ronw to Hagerstown,
Uenerai Walker crossed at Point ot liocks, to
occupy .Loudon flights; General MeLaws
and Anderson proceeded toward tho Maryland
H-ghts ; and Generals Jackson, Lwton and
A P. Hill took tbeir route by way ot Williams
port and Mariinsburg to attack the Fxrry on
the west aud south. M anwhilo. the erand
army 01 Aieuieiian was loilowmg upon the rear.
.... . "
and on JbHuday mnming, the fourteenth instant
attacked General D H. Hill's command between
Middletewn and Boonesborough. (some eleven
miles west ot Jtredencs city ) ihe engagement
was severe uenerai iiiii having been rein
forced by Geueial Lontrstreet. and continued
throughout the day, our troops obstfnatelv main
taining their position. Iu this severe battle, the
loss on both sides ws heavt ; among the killed
oi our army was uenerai uarland, ot JLyuch
ourg, woo ten gallantly leadm? his brigade
This bt-ttle prevented the succour of 'Harper's
Ferry, which after soma fighting and shelling
was surrenderee iormauy on Monday morning
ihe supplies talsen were quite as large and val
uable as was expected We took eleven thou
sand three hundred prisoners of war; nearlv two
thousand negroes, nipst of them runaways; sev
eral nunarea norses and muiee; a hundred wag
ons; valuable quartermaster's stores, consisting
partly oi ooots aua suoes anu under clotbinir
many articles much needed in our army; several
thousand sacks of salt: considerable ommis-
sary (tores; twenty thousand stand of arms,
best quality; side arms and sabers ; fifty nieces
or caiinoa, tue hew-piecea choice patterns; alto
r - .... . -..
getuer a very valuable capture. Atier their
fitjbtnear Boones'koroDrli, Generals Hill and
Longstreet fell back to a desirable position near
bharpsourg, Maryland, three miles from ahep
berdstown, a n urkhing village, twelve miles
above Harper's Ferry on tbe Potomac, whither
the enemy followed. After the surrender of tbe
Ferry was ( ffjeted, General Jackson hastened
up the river to join their forces, as it was known
that the Federal army w3 in their pursuit. He
arrived at 'he grouud assigned him on Tuesday
evening, and took poeitidn on the left -wing of
our army, ot wtucu the center was occupied bv
General D H Hill, and the rieht bv General
rb b-Id ocwmpied by our armv was tho hitb
rolling ground lying between bharnsburcr and
Antietam liver; the fjre-s were drawn up in
creh cent form. General Jackson attacked tho
right wiug of the enemy on Tuesday evening
uriuia sunit-i, mm OUUUUUfU uw ngBt until
night, to be resumed at three o'clock on th
eventful morning of Wednesday, the 17th iust.
lhe battle raged long and hotly, our troops
wore bard pressed by the ovrwhelming weight
oi unmoers, ont ine nue command ol Uenerai
MoLaws reinforced his weary men by ten
o'clock, and the e.iemy at lst gave back They
were thoroughly beaten on the left wing by two
o'clock,'- and had yielded fully a inilo of their
The engagement along the entire line became
general by six oclock in the morning, and con-
3 1. ,'Tl c. T . , .
imueu uuieiuitMugiy uu atier uigui iai. xne
grand effort to break the center was resisted ob
stinately and anccesefRlly by General D. H
Hill ud his brave columns, who, borne down
upon by the weight of greatly superior num
bers, Btill held his own to the battle's close.
On our right wing tbe fight was truly desperate
Tho enemy attempted to turn the flank in order
to cut our army off from tbe only practicable
ford of the Potomac near Shepherdstown. The
conflict was doubtful and anxiety was intense.
Our troops were wearing out, reduced in nam-'
bers, the enemy still pressed upon them in
heavier numbers and fought furiuusly. At this
most perilous and critical point of time, Gen
A. Pi Hill, with bis division from Htrper's Fer
ry, came up to General Lougstreet's relief
His troops entered tbo field at three o'clock, and
by the much needed aid decided the fate of tbe
doy. That night our troop's retained the ground
occupied at morning, and additionally wht
Jackson aud McLtws b.d won upon the left
This may be considered tbe most obstinate and
thoroughly fought battle of the war Fought
upon equal ground, fought through so long a
time, our troops never have sustained themselves
more successfully. The enemy's forco was prob
ably oue hundred thousand strong, actually en
gaged, while ours did not exceed forty thousand
Iu the summary our loss in killed, (very few,)
wounded and missing reaches six or eight thou
sand; those who had the best opportunity to
judge, estimate tho enemy's at five times as
great lheir loss in killed was very heavy in
deed, our men greatly excels ttem as marks
men, and shot with deliberate aim. -But as is
usually the case, we lost heavily in officers,
killed and wounded. Generals Stark and
Branch were killed, Lawion, Espley, Wright
and others were wounded.
While too much praise cannot bo bestowed
on our officers generally for tbeir good conduct
in this great battle, the South will delight to do
the utmost honor to our great commander-in-chief,
to whoso genius and sagacity We owo the
main success. During this campaign he has
been at all times and everywhere present to
control and direct tho counsels of his subordi
nates, who have so happily carried out his judi
oious aud well conceived plans. It is no wonder
that Scott so lamented the loss of Lee to tho
Federal cause. Fortunate indeed an army with
such a chief and such a co-adjutor! The day
succeeding the battle of Sharpsburg foand our
troops on the alert and ready to. renew the ac
tion, but the onemy did not " ccme to timo." In
the evening our troops and trains were gotten
ready and crossed over tbe ford to Sherpnerdst
town, under cover 6f night, without casualty or
loss, or hinderance. The next morning the ene
my's cannon opened upon us from tbe Mary
land shore, replied to by our batteries, and this
was continued for a large part of the day. But
on the succeeding morning of Friday furious
cannonading heralded tbe. appearance of several
brigades, belonging to Porter's fine division,
(probably the best in the Federal army,) npon
ti e Marylaud shore, with evident de-rtgn to at
tempt a passage. They marched without inter
ruption a mile or two, and were suddenly fallen
upon by General A P. Hill's division, and ulti
mately repulsed with very heavy loss ou their,
and trifling loes en our side. ' '
- Subsequently there baa been no raoTemanl of
(oasequenca in eUhernry,.. Oms lies oft this
aide of tbo Potomao n-fitting, and rapidly filtlag
up with meu behind and oonscrinta. Had our
laggards been iu place on Wednesday, the sub
atanuai victory ul mat day would have f jrnuu
ated in an utter rout ot tbe enemy.
- Tribctc to a (iatlnnt Young Ulna.
George D. Prentice, of the Loutsvilte Journal,
publishes-tbo following notice ef tbe death of
his eldest sen, a lieutenant-colonel in the Con
fsderate service, who was killed in the late suc
cessful attack upon Augusta, K-ntaeky
OnrrVARY. William Cdurtland Prentice died
ou Monday lost, at Augusta. .Kentucky, of
wounds received in the conflict at that p.ace on
J! D.4..-J ' IT. - i. 1 : it.
Ho perished in tne
iuo pieceuing . o-uuiuay
cause of tho rebellion.
It ia not in tha columns of a newspaper it-is
only in the family circle or in tbe hush ot soli
tude that tbo emotions of a parent over sucu
an event should have utterance. The tears of
weeping eyes and the fast-trickling drops o
bleeding hearts are not tor the public gaze. Ihe
deepest aarouies should be content to foM tbeir
somber win,;s in the soul- Jonsolata could
not come from the world's sympathy; it can be
looked lor only from uod and Ms angle time.
Nay, there-are griefs that timo itself has iw power
to allay or soothe griele that, like running
streams, are deepening their channels torever.
Win. uourtlaud freutice was no -common
young man. He was remarkable in bis powern
aud in bis tmeperameut. A model of manly
beauties, behad extraordinary intellectual energy,
a strong thirst for strange aHd curious knowledge.
aud a deep passion for all that is sublime and
baautitul in poetry and nature. Jla was gener
ous, manly, high-hearted, and of a courage that
no mortal ponl, come in what form it mitrht
conld daunt. He exulted in lookibg destruction
face to face in all its ways He loved wild aud
dangerous adventures for the very - auger's sake
His esgle spirit lived among the mountain t;rngs
and snouted bacs to the shouts ol tbe storm
Although kind, "unselfish aud humane, he wa-s
impetuous, rassiouato aud of unconquerable
prejudices. Ha was not unfrequently unjust hi
his judgments, and ho ..permitted nothintr to
stand oettveen him and the execution ot his pur
this yonnp; man, it be had always directed
bis energies muiciouslv, could have made bim
self a distinguished ornament in any profession
-i itr tt . i . , , ,
ui uiu. xie migui nave oeen an auie ana Hon
ored st&tesinan in the service of the resublic.
But an intense Southern sympathy, in spite of
tho argum nis, the remonstrances, and the en
treaties of those who dearly loved him, made
au active rebel against his country. Aud, after
a bnet bve weeks' service in the rebel rauke.m-
fell, soon to breathe out his fiery lite, receiving
. meanwhile, far away from his family, tbe kindly
ministrations o.' those against whose cause bit
strong right arm had been raised. Oh, if hehnd
fallen in his country's service, fallen with his
burning eyes fixed in love and devo'ion upou
tbe flag that for more than three-fourths of a
ccutu.y has been a star of worship to bis an
cestors, his early death, though still terrible,
might bare been borne by a father s heart, but.
alas, the reflection that he fell in armed rebel
lion against that glorious old' banner, now the
emblem of the greatest and holiest cause the
world ever knew, is full of desolation and al
most of despair.
And, yet, we shall love to think of Courtland
Prentice, that brave aud noble, thought misguid
ed youth, during the little remnantof our lives
Our love for him, undimmed by tears aud grief,
is and will remain an amaranthine flower upon
the grave ot our buried years.
The TTrsro Question in the Ariay.
The Federal officers and soldiers are begin
ning to express their opinions on the negro
policy of Lincoln. Here is one from the ranks
at Jackson, Tennessee, written to the Chicago
There has not been a very free expression of
opinion among tbe officers of the army on the
President's recent emancipation proclamation
On the other hand, there seems to be a studied
avoidance or trie question. The only excuse
that I have heard uttered was by au officer of
moderate R-'pnblican tendencies, wbo -aid the
presence of a United States array at any point
ror any lengm ot time would practically accom
plish emancipation, whatever might be the policy
of the government, and instanced tbe condition
ot things about us as a proof of tbe fact Th
proclamation could only be made opportune by
the presence of the army, and would, therefore,
have practical bearing upon the sutject The
secessionists, however, are pleased with tbe
proclamation Tocy affect to believe that it
will so stimulate the rebels as to make them in
vincible, and what has heretofore been doubtful
they pretepd to regard as certain. In tbe
meantime all parties now look anxiously to tbe
coming elections as the Hst resort to determine
tne cnuracier or mis war. 11 the people in
dorse and sustain that proclamation, then it is
war simply over the nigger, without regard to
any consideration-! of Constitution or laws, and
with little thought aa to what will be tbe condi
tion of tbe government or country after the sie
ger shall have been annihilated. The poor, in
nocent being is to be annihilated, if the war is
to 'be an abolition war, and both sides will be ex
hausted in tbe effort. Mark my words, it the
nigger is what our army is after, as- it advances
the poor nigger will be delivered from their
grasp, if by no other means, by a pass that will
take bim beyond tho jurisdiction of human
proclamations. As terrible as ibis will be, yet,
as a choice of evils with the people of tbe South,
tbe presence of the negro as a free race or tbeir
destruction, I believe they will not hesitate in
their choice under the present slate of feeling
Reception of the stebel Commissioner ma
son 111 CaltMgOW.
Unable to effect any of his proposed meas
ures with Parliament or with tho government
direct, Mr. Mason, the Southern commissioner,
has started on a tour through the kingdom, with
tho evident hope of making capital on which t
trade at the next session, if nut before. His
first appearance in bis new character has been
at Glasgow, whore, as a private letter iufbrin
me, bo was, on Tuesday last, tho guest ot a
distinguished citiz-n, and met a company in
vited especially to do him honor. The lord
provost and one of the members of Parliament
stood aloof from motives of policy, but the lat
ter invited him to dine the next day.
A meeting ot tbe chamber of commerce was
also called, as one of lhe results of tha occasion,
with tbe avowed purpose of petitioning the gov
ernment to iecogniz-j tha Southern Confederacy
I learn that Mr. Mason's reception was of the
most llatterinrr character, and that he has. so
far as Glasgow is concerned, produced an im
pression very favorable to biti cause, thua ac
complishing tbe object of his mission.. I learn,
also, that the very parties who are now most ac
tive in this movement, are tbe very ones who
beaded the deputation to Mrs. Harriet Btecher
Stowe, and also liouized Fred D.iuglasa, when
those personages respectively visite3 Glasgow
They comprise the leading abolitionists in thai
city, and we thus witness the strange spec acle
of p-ople of that class glorifying y.tbe author of
the fugitive slave law, and oco otbe firmest
supporters of the American institution that has
hitherto received their bitterest denunciation
London Cor. Wiilade'phia Inqyirfr.
'Mtonevrali" Adminlatera (tie FJacrnmcnt.
On the morning ot a recent battle near Har
per's Ferry, after a sermon by one of his chap
lains, Stonewall Jackson, who, by the way, is
an elder in the Presbyterian Church, adminis
tered the sacrament to the Churea members' in
his army. He invited all Christians, to partici
pate in this ceremony. A Baptist, the straight-
est of bis sect, thoroughly imbued with tho idea
Of close communion, was seen to hesitate ; but
the occasion, and tbe man who presided, over
came his scruples, and thus it bas happened
that tho orosnect of a fi?ht and the eloquence
of Jackson, made a Baptist forget that baptism
Is tho deor into the Uhurcn. in aii-jacKsons
army an oath is rarely uttered. .A religious en
thusiasm pervades it, wmcn mares every man a
hero. Conscieqs of tho justico o.onr cause and
imbnad with the strongest convictions of patri
otism, bis men are irresistible. In this incident,
we have an explanation of General Jackson's in
vincibility, and wa are thus enabled to understand
why his men arc all heroes ; aud-why they en
dure without a murmur tbe gerereat banisiiips
to which any troops have been gnbjaoted during
the war. When peace is restored, it will be
honor enpugh for any man to say, belonged
to the army ol Sfonowall Jackson." Rnoxeille
Wedniday, Ootober li ltUS&rr-SaHntcTffo
Snat met at 11 o'clock a. it,, Mr. Hauter ot
Virguiit, in the chair
Mr. Sparrow, from tho committee on military
unto, icpunw uaca; a resolution ot inquiry
concerning persons holding cemmissions, and
employed as clerks iu the departments, eto., to
gether with Ihe information called for by the
-a?.: . . i t t , - -
same Xiiw on tne table.
. Mt,,Hil. frpntthecommittee on judiciary, re
ported a bill to establish a court for the iaveatt-
gation of claims against tbe government.
Fiaced-on the calendar, and ordered to be. print
ed. . - . .
Mr. Seinmes, from the jadioiary committee, to
which was referred a resolution in reference to
phe question of letaliation' under Lincoln's kte
pruoisniairon or emancipation; preeirtited the toi-
lu-ving.as- me report generaHy concurred in by
WmiiiKAS, these States, exereisinp a rich
aoneecraieu Dy mo OlOOd 01 OUT revolutionary
forefathers, and recogrr"zd as fundamental in
. i i . ,, , . , f .
the Ameiieau " syatom of government, which Is
based en the consent of tbe eovtrned. unsolved
the compact which united them to the V irtharn
Sates and withdrew from the Union created bv
tbe Federal GonetiiutfOB; and whereas, tbe zov-
ernmeat ot tbe United States, repudiating tbe
principle on wmcn lts tounderd. in their soremu
appeal to tbe civiliz d world, imtified. tbo Amer
ican revolution, commenced tbe nresent war to
suhjugate and enslave these 8ta.tB, under the
pretixt of repressing rebellion and restoring the
TTnlnnr an1 wlioru.u ... ,t,A m-abum,Ia a .1.
, .. . . ... . uu, 4U -i.tJ ijiioc:iUtlVM Wt HIO
war for the past seventeen months the riuhu ac-
corded to belligerents by the ngageg of civilized
natrons: have" beeff stndkmsl v denied te the citi -
ze;s of these 8iates, except in cases where the
sarso have been extorted by tbe apprehension of
retaliation auu ny tne adverse Urtune of the
war: and whereas, from the' commencement
of this unholy invasion to tbe nresent mo
ment tbe invaders have inflicted inhuman mis
the people of tbeee States, exacting-
. t . t. t; ;
armed citizens, v, omen, and children, to confisca
Hwiunuin uaius, Buuiectiu? un -
tion, banishment and imprisonment: burninc-
their dwelling bouses, ravaging the land, plun
dering private property, murderine men for nre-
tended offenses, eiicouraeinEr the abduction of
Slaves uy governmentofnciaU and at govern
ment expeuse, promoting servile insurrection
by UmpenDg with slaves and protecting them
in reeisting tbeir masters, stealing works of-art
and destroyinir public libraries, euconrairmo-
aud inviting a brutal soldiery to commit out-
..- . ... - o o
isrra ou wumeti oy ce unreouKea orders 01
military commanders, and attemntiun- to ruin
cities by filling up tha entrance to their harbors
wuu stone ; and whereas, iu the same smnt of
barbarous ferocity the government of the Uni-1
teu oiates enacted a law entitled "Au act to
suppress insurrection an ! to prevent treason
aud rebellion, to seize and confiscate the proper
ty of rebels, and for other purposes" and has
announced by a proclamation issued by Abrs
tuin Lincoln, the President thereof, that in pur
suance of said law, "on the 1st day of January,
1863, all persons bold as slaves within any
tato or designated part of a State, the people
...iw,-r U .. 1 1 : t it: ' . . tY
micTicn.i auau ic in lairouiuu ttjmusfc tue Ulii"
ted States, shall bo thenceforward and forever
free," and has hereby made manifest that the
conflict has ceased to be a. war as recognized
among civilized nations ; and on the part of the
enemy baa become an invasion of an organized
horde of-murderers and plunderers breathing
hatred and revenge for the numerous defeats
sustained on legitimate battle fields, aad deter
mined if possible to exterminate, the loyal pop
ulation of these States, to transfer their property
to their enemies, and to emaac'pate their slaves
with tho atrocious design of addinEr servile in
surrection and the massacre of families to the
calamities of war; aud whereas, justice aud
humanity -require' this government to endeavor
to repress the lawl-ss practice and designs of
hw enemy oy inniottasr severe retribution:
The Congress of the Confederate States do en
act : i'nat on and after the 1st dav of January.
18t3, all commissioned and non-commissioned
ifiicers of the enemy, except -as hereinafter
m-iitioned, when captured, shall be imprisoned,
at hard labor, until the termination of the war,
or until the repnal ef tbe act af the United
S ates, hereinbefore recited, and until otherwise
determined b the President.
2 1. Lvery person who shall act as s commis
sioned of iioo-eommiesvoBed officer, oommand
iig negroes or mnlaitoes agaiast tbe Confeder
ate -states, or who shall arm, organize, train, or
prepare negroes or muhtMaes for military ser
vice, or aid tbem in any military enterprise
against ine uomeaerate states, snail, it can
tured suffer death.
Every commissioned or non-commissioned
officer of the enemy who shall incite slaves to re
bellion, or pretend to give them freedom auder
the aforementioned act of Congress and procla
motion, by abducting them er oauoiug them to
he abducted, or inducing tbem to abscond, shall,
if cap'ured, suffer death.
4. That every person charged with an offense
under thu act shall be tried by sueh military
court as the President sbali direct, aad. after
conviction, the President may commute the
punishment or pardon unconditionally or on
such terms as he may see lit.
u. that the fresident is hereby authorized to
resort to such othr retaliatory measures as ib
bis judgment may bo best cslaalated to repress
tbe atrocities of tha enemy.
Air. f nelan, irom tha same committee, sub
mitted the iollowing as tho minority report on
the same subject :
1. That if aay person, singly or in organized
bodies, ahall, under the pretence of waging war.
kill or maim, or in any wise inioro the person of
any unarmed citizen oi tne uomeuerate status,
r shall destroy , or seize, or damne-e the nron-
erty, or invade the house or domicil, or insult
the taruily ot such unarmed ci'izeu; or shall
D-Jrsuade or -force any slavo to abandon his
owner, or shall, by word or act, counsel or incite
to servile insurrection, within tho limits of the
Confederate States all such persons, If captured
by the forces ol the Uontederate States, shall be
treated as criminals, aud not as prisoners of war.
and shall be tried by a military court., ami. on
conviction, suffer death.
2. That every person pretendincr to bo -a
soldier or an officer of th Uuited States, who
hall be captured on the soil of the Confederate
States after tho 1st day of January, 1S63, shall
be presumed to have entered the territory of tha
Confederate States with intent to incite insur
rection and abet murder, and, unless satisfac
tory proof be adduced to the contrary, before tho
military court belbre which the trial shall be bad,
shall suffer death. This section shall continue
in force until the proclamation issued by Abra
ham Lincoln, dated at Washington on the 221
of September, 18o2, shall be rescinded, and the
policy therein announced shall bo abandoned,
aud no longer.
Mr. Hill said ho considered the proclamation
of the Prid nt f the United States as a mere
brutum fulmen of no practical effect, and he
l-mhtod whether it was necessary to notico it
Mr. Hill, from the same committee, presented
the following joint resolution in relation to the
future prosecution of war within the United
States in connection with the other reports :
insulted aud oppressed by a long train ot
evils, aud meoaeed by future peril, under the
government of the United States, the separate
sovereignties of the States, constituting tbe Con
federate States of America, dissolved the politi
cal connection existing between themselves and
the other sovereignties composing the United
States, and organized a distinct Confederation.
Upon its formation a war most foul and unnatu
ral was inaugurated for its destruction by the
government from which wo had separated, and
upon the pretext that the government organised
and thus created wag not the choice and offering
of the people inhabiting said States; bat was a
despotism erected by daring and ambitious dem
agogues by whom tha voice of tbe mass of our
population was silenced, and their efforts to
preserve the Federal Union paralyzed aud sup
pressed. For nearly two years has this inhuman
and unholy crusado Ireen waged agamst us.
Conscious of the unity of all classes ot our peo
ple, relying upon its ultimate development in
spired by the hope that our enemies would be
come conscious of the wickedness of their war
fare and of tho folly of attempting our subjuga
tion, averse to the shedding of tbo blood, aad
with a sacred regard for human life, the Confed
erate States have conducted their defensojipon
the most humane piuciples of civiliz-id wartare;
and under the goadings of wrongs and outrages
perpetrated by our foes, that mightjastly have
invoked a policy of revengeful retaliation. The
pretence by whiob the,war was originally sought
(9 be ju?ti2s4 has long since 'peenfeduBipavsd,
, our enerniee themselves being the judge; wMfet
the sftkfenn cOnse-evatkm of attr mtiai.al temoU
baa oenviaeed the war Id that tbe btoqd-a
treasure of our cmamon cMi-itry have been uu
reservedly dedicated to its pretwrvation. But
oW reasonable hopes helve been d'Haj. p iiHed,our
desire for peaee has been eparned, mtr efforts to
avoid . human sacrifice B"BfHrcited, (Sir
recotrnition M&eejl, and our rights a an iu
dependent nation bcouWkI and daiuasi
War, tfaappeased and relent er, w stiil
weed agaiast a. The awrf-rws in filet
ed upon us by oar fees bavtban alm. st lw4lf-
abke. Our country hag been desolates, our
homes violated, oar fields laid wMte, aug alttt8
profaned, our property seised, eofmnaed, or d-
aweyed, oar erttz4as arrested, outraged, inurtwr
ed. wbllst tbe bantu at'ssr hraviut. anil b-it are
sodaefit)f- ii th sua or bleaching upon the bat-
.l flJ' rt i a . " - j
ira uou. wjt signal ana repeai-a victorMW. ana
ine generosity wmcn - ds chsrseteajval our
treaHsest.of prwonora in ikm uttequal i
so farJr -roavvakenine th ma?nsuiini
adversaries or predisposing tbeir hearts vo peaa
seenr to engender toward as a mre remorseless
raafcgwHy, to invoke tbe ereatton of larger
arm, ana. i loepire the ootaMrucUon and ener
gise toe preparation of more torribte engines of
warrare with which to aunibuata andsubdw mi
whilst tbe entire propertV of th South, bv an
legislation, has been ceatHcated and for
letted, to our foe. ItifBriated bv eMtiimal A-
feat, maddened by revengeful naaaiun. and ax-
asperated by despair, of effectirg our subjuga-
I two fbrough tbe mod of dv1Ifan warfare, our
I Knaajil fmata t ...I. 4m k 1. a I 1
I rc7u OWA W MgHV fft UUC 1ISU
the baneful fires ot servila war. kr minriiuiinr
j amongst ua four millions of negro slaves, with
1 ths design of euVctiop- an indiscriminate slan-rht-
J er of all ages, sexes, aod condition-! of oar peo-
pie. a. scaerae so strectOBSJum internal tt an
paralleled in the blackest and blood Mat masra af
savage sinre, surpasses m cruelty the moet sig
I . i- . . . r a
nal aespotism last ever disgraced the earth, and
i o main iiftj ueeurn or onr enemy to iw reo-nni
19 of the laws of God or man. the eabioc-tHan
I r.w ,1.- . .. n : L. : 1 .: - . i , r . D .-
i uiujiuiuiuii ui lasD oiue ot ummm Laon-
ioueiare oiatea. ,ve are thus confronted with
the dire alternative of slavery or death, and
must aeowe net only vrtih reference to ourselves,
but onrpoeterity. Extermination bv the slznrht
er, of a free people a preferable to their extioo
won' uy SHOjugattan. The pt& ef duty opens
uettwe us, au wa nw prepare to tread its dan
gerous track, obedient to the dread neceaeity by
nuicu we aro licoeileu. ana aUKlaineil hv an tin
faltering trust in " that God who has tin for
I sheltered ear intuit republic beneath the protect-
j "p"ueoi mi .imignty wing: i sere tore,
I Be il resolved bv the Con errs a f the Com fUwi
States, That from this day forth all rul-.a of civi-
I "zl warfare should be discharged in the inborn
defease of oar country, and our liberty, and oar
lives, against tbe leU design now openry avowed
I by the government ot the L nited States, to an
nihilate or enslave us; and that a war of exter
mination should henceforth be wared esraiost
every invader whose, hostile foot seati cross tbe
borders of these Confederate States.
Mr. Clark offered tbe following in the same
Whereas, A lontr series of atrocities, ntterlv
subversive of the principles of civilized war
fare, have recently culminated in a nroclairation
of Preiident Lincoln, declaring that all skves in
the Confederate States shall be emancipated and
forever free from and after tbe 1st dayof Janu
ary next; and whereas, it is th avowed asd
findish purpose of the government of the United
Sues, by this proclamation, vain and futile
though it be, to add to the severities and suffer
ings of the war the unspeakable horrors of a ser
vile insurrection, and the brutal massacre of tbe
whole people of the-Confederate States without
regard to age or sex ; and whereas, tbe past ef
forts of our government to iufitee iota oar ene
mies a sense of jastiee, decency asd humanity,
have proved utterly inefficacious, and are likely
to do so in the future : Now, therefore,
ne f resolved fry the Senate and House of Rrrrt-
setiUUtm tae CoftnUraU Statts of Amtnca,
1 at it is the duty ot the governmeut and neo-
ple to reconiz-s the troverumnt of tbe United
States and such of the people therein as adherer
te cft government, and coaBteBanee tbe bratal
policy thereof, in tbe chagaeter in which tbev
they have elected to assume that of a savagi,
relentless and barbarous foe ; and that in the ta
tore conduct of this war it Is the duty of tbe
government of tbe Con-federate Suites neither to
ask quarter for its sol-liers nor extend it to tha
enemy, until an awaaened or corrected seas or
decency and humanity, or tbe aline of retalia
tion shall have impelled our enemies to adcat or
practice the uage of war, whieit prevail arBwas;
Christian and civilized natious.
On motion of Mr Semmes, the documents
were ordered to be printed and made tbe special
order for to-morrow at 12 o'clock.
Tbe resolution introduced by Mr Oldham, ef
Teza, asserting that the Secretary ot War bas j
no right to appoint provost marshals or ravat
tbem with authority over citiaeus not belonging
to tbe army, and no right to restrict the exerekw
of the jurisdietum af tbe civil judicial tribunals of
tbe States of this Confederacy, was taken up.
Mr Semmes, of Louisiana, submitted a sub
stitute, asserting no ofScor of tbe Confederate
government bas such nowars
Tbe substitute was discussed at great length
aad variously amended, hut final action was da-
teired by we Senate r-eaolvtsg itoalf tato seeret
session to consider certain executive commaai-
House House met at 12 o'clock.
Mr Lyons, by consent of the House, intro
duced the following j mt resolutions :
Whereas, Abraham Lincoln, fiodiog that the
people of the Confederate states cannot be con
quered in honorable-ana civilized war, baa, by a
proeiamahoB tne most inhaaMU aad atrocious
wmeh was ever issued by any man or power
professing to be civilized, endeavored to excite
servile insurrection among us, with a view to
so j net te massacre not only our eged aud infirm
men, but our women aaa children, and has com
manded the army and navy under his command
to atd and abet htm m hie fceuiss wars, there
' 1st. Resolved, That the people of the Confed
erate States be, and they are hereby, exhorted to
kill and destroy by all mans in their power.
every officer, soldier, and sailor of tbe Lineota
ito army and navy wbo may fa foa&d within
the Confederate States, unless he.be a regular
prisoner of war.
2-1 That after the first day of January, 1663.
bo offioer of tbo Lmcol&ite army or navy ought
to be captured .alive, and if so captured, be
ought to be immediately hung.
3d. That every slave and free negro who shall,
after the 1st day of January, 1868, slay, by any
means, an officer, sailor, or soldier of the Lin-
colnite army or navy, upon satisfactory proof
thereof, shall be entitled to a boaatr af S'Ju, and
an annuity of $20 for life.
Ua. That tbe committee on tbe judiet&ry be
instructed to inquire whether any legislation be
necessary to give etleet to the loregMtfg resolu
tions, aud that it have leave to report by bill or
Referred to committee on foreign affairs.
Mr. Foote, of Tennessee, submitted a memo
rial on our river defenses, by General Henning
sen. Referred to committee on naval affairs, and
ordered to be printed.
Mrl Foote. also repotted the following resolu
tions, which were referred to tho committee oa
foreign affairs -
irnereas, Daring tbe pending war between
tbe United States and the Confederate States of
America, the good people of Califefeia and Of
gen, aud of t?e various Territories beyond the
Rocky mountains, seems iu general to have marl-1
ilested but little disposition to take an active pat t
in said war against tbeir late follew-ottizens of
the 8lavebo!ding.States of the South, infloenced,
as there is reason to believe, as well by a true
regard for justice aad humanity as by an en
lightened sense of tbeir owa true policy ; and '
tokereus.itia most manifest that the day is rw t far
db-tant when the people beyond the Rocky
mountains must inevitably become a separate
and independent republic, by force of circum
stances of a geographical and permanent char
acter impossible to be resisted, as was predicted
by Mr. Jefferson before ihe otoseof the last cen
tury, and by other distinguished American
statesmen, scarcely less saeacious, since that
period', and ichtrcas, it is obvious that the States f
and territories alluded to, by at once assertwg
their independence of the government of tbe
Uuited States, would realise great aad inestima
ble advantages, among which may be reck en erf
tha toiiowlnsr: 1. Keliei irom we onereos taxa
tion to which they are now gufjced, amcunt-
ing annually, as is supposed, dhwetly and Indi
rectly, to tbe sum of fifteen millions of dollars
2 The exclusive control and asjejment of tbeir
vast' mineral treasures, a a. permanent mo
nopoly of the navigation of the Pacific ocean.
f-and'',haa mwminuj tOths, Jipin, and th
ifwi ; and upiertas, i( is cow w-"' -'rtained
fliat far L-t turn I eouiwui-HM rtwt " f .r .'.inaeai
cafi,n by railway b-tweeu th Pc.a- md tr
Untie coasts would be along a roe- n'endine
tbMtxgn same half d. sett or more -f ihu mo
populous and wealthy Stttoa ot this Confed
eracy, AT iriffix
aMtwa m ta a toawen tl.e Canfad
L - L 1
7 "ita max, oa ejcpecu-i ch -r!y to vnvg
aw existence aionr the l'tc.hc slope i f ibis
cmtffoont, and .the States of this Confederacy:
ft it riteid hf Ike C-ngms of the Confede
rate Stales of AjMenca. Tut be h-du u ed
a eotniDii.es on the part of tbe H . . si !
fa rbe part of Apr Senate, imp wer-4 ; l-a!t a
SUItta aMIM 10 tOe good p. nnle vt l.j f ,it
and Q.aftoa, aaal af tha terri'on--- at.tr ),
bodying tbe views herein pr- se:; -.;. wu c'ti d
dress, aftar bswrarrwed up u an-l su'i-obed by
joint committee on tha part f the t v. H-.-uies
at Uongress, shMl be haaqad to tne l .esi'Jeut,
wbai, if ba shall approve tbe same, be re
quested to trai8'Bit it to its proper p'h- vi d a
tiaation, aceootpauied by such a.l in n tl can-
wuaieatiotfiag be sbMt eVam right and yd uciousjj
atasarly a peri i as practicable gm
Jtesouea, further, Tact it wuid by n t at . V
improper to embody in amid address a sT-.zeatiou
of the axpa fiency of hrwv'ter etb; - :ing a
League, jprsi mmd defensive, be' ween tbe
Ueulederaiat State oi Ammic a:,! u-.-h. f said
S ates and territories beyond tbe K ,-t;y Miurav
tains aa sbill determine to asaar: th-ir s paiateee .
independence, embodvinsr such s; '.'lii'.ous in a
regard to future commercial intercou as might
pq&Te nntttagy. advantageous to :aa paruea a
Mr. CMlton. of Albjtraa. anbmitted tha f ' it
towta? jitat rafaaona ha relatiau to rat- Itaitoo: ;
HKRKAg. it is matHteat that, daaoaiiinar of
the subjugation of tha C nf derate 8tes, or J
ny of tbeoi, tbe Covg'ees ard Praaideat ot ;he r
United States have tVfiberateiv aet b -at the fi
wotk. of mcitiiar tas slave Dnotuair n of iie9ea
States to iusarrecuoa by declaring ui-:i aaaan-S
cipated from and after the & st d i t' J i-.Bary,
lms, which action ua tbe oart cf tui ai l Cua-
grass aod Prestdeat in in dsrect vioiat: n of tbe :
Conetitaoa they were awura to eupp rt in coa-
uatuatMrn-et ali law, bamtn and d ine. and
bat beeti resorted to far tha diabolical purpose
of involving th slaves atal tbeir uiu r-, em
bracing innocent women ani chuViret, in on
common ruin, and for tbe lur ber pu tisa cf j
maintaining themselves in power by catvi irg to
tae fanatical spirit of abvlitiotiam ; aad vfartas, x
each of tha S-atas of tbU Cunieoaraey bv en-
acted laws punishing- with death all ner i s en--
gaed in itaeiting V slave population to iuS'.r-"?.
rw5tkw Or rebelfiOB, and ttmre is much st inge"t-a-reaaB
for iafltctios; this paoafty upon peronip
who not only voJuatrily xa-pir m porpette-,
this borobie felour. bat. in auldituni u.era'o. -
come to devastate our land, burn oardweilings, wd
waste oar substaaea. and mnrJer our ciiizana -. to-
The.ComghtwfAe Ctm&dermtt Slates datuac'.H5
irwi so Mwg as .ha proclao.aUon ot A -rah
Lincoln, tba President of tbe Uoitr.; Sutee
dated tba 22d of Sentember. I860, lf rases t
easftacipatetbe slaves of this Confe jer r fro
aad attar tae brat day .at January, i, shal
remain unrevoked, commitssi-ii
the United States army wbo shall
cap tared, taken, or arrested within t:
b- SB zed
tin Confederacy after tba said first .
IdUi, shall be dwetatHl aad held v .
bavt entered tbe Confederate State.- :
pose of maintaining said procUmi,
i. l fF. ' I
ovreginr aoout tae result taereay c ::
of a servile insurractbn: and tbe
? ar to
bs pns- A ffi
shall in no wis" be regarded or trea :
oners of war, but as felons, and it snai
duty of tba i'leeident to came to be coaintuted LTl,
sumctent BBabar af eotm-martiata ta ttv aaii T.-'
offenders, and if condemned, to sea thar. tbpyi :'
are property executed in beinir bamred bv tba 1 ..
nw-lr tk tx AA ff
hhiii m-wrwvj ni V 'jatatati
3. Ataasreaf. That should said Lincoln's proc
lamatioB oontiaae Bsarevoked on tbe fiiit day on
Janaary 1863, the Prasidant of theaa Confede
rate S atas Bball make a (reclamation that be
will causa rbese resoiations to be strictly en
forced. Mr. RaU, of Virrfoia . atrtyed to tB-trnct
the eoasi'.iaa of ianigm atT-tin, ta whom wes T
referred the foregoing roiu:ics. to rps-t in
ibe'r steaii a bill which he submit: d, a- - iki
an art to repeats afmeftr-s of the enemy He
avidreaaed tbr. H osa aioqaeatly aad at length in
support af the bill, bat in enocluiling witudraw
bk ajajioa to iBatruet the commiito.
Esf Oar released fellofr-ciiiznns, aTTMtnl.g -M
dtmsg the Yankee occupation, have arriv -1 at 0- ;
boma. Yetardy was ajoiul day to ihi- com-:,
muuity. The old Capitol prison had riven up r ;
its unwilling inmates, aod once more tree fr -m a - -maanvea!
refiraint, ttwrv trod tbe "sacred soii",' n
t taeir nauve atota. Among tbem was tba
VfcBerahia inuiister of God, returned to bi- sor
rowing people and his vacant church; and this
honored chief irotgistrale of our town, who had
so wisely and x 1 uily protected bar iut -r-ets
aad guaided bar ciuzaux from eppreexio i nnii .
wrong; aad others, man of influence and en
ergy, business capacity, and extended sj mps.
tbtes and relations, all sadly missed and warmly
wateotaed. Soaw bad been imprisoned six
weeki ot&eas two motttbs and even longer.
Ail, though kindly treated aod as eomfortabta
as sueh circumstances would permit, were
heartily weary of jtsearcaratioB and Ft feral
With saab a aoval expeneoen, they have also
the disti action of having suffered for the ause
even more than their isteads, and exhibit tho
reality of their patriotism in tans endarii r all
things wnich aaaaa wpaa tbeta. As their fist,
we uust it may be their bast aaqnaiBtanisa with
a Yankee prison.
Washington is reported to hava ben n a
terrible stale of excitement ovw Liue. .' . proc-
htmatioB. Offioars of thw army an ! d - -.ries
of State wen resigaiag, arrets c u .. iMy
made, high officials imprisoned, a:.:, a- the
keeper of the prison express! it, n- - I ;o
y geaeraiiy. tre nave bo doub; t e iaa
e narion owes hia aaaaie- majeaty at e.i r-
deet, wbich asefnity itaoU will sea. ly
ba able to liquidate. Tba iuterst ia Ne i i
computation already Fnderiekshsrg Bun d.
Are We Prrparedf
We find the WtewHtag ia a letter fioaa J.-5.
sob, Tens., to the Chieago Times, amder da t of
September 29th :
I am of the impression that both tbe - f r
and soldiers ef the army ate tired of r oe'
they have hen aemcaaBp; here f r .-ix r. , hit
past; cartainly otttaidars are. It : . j I bo
rein forced and ordered oa during ;;. i -;s mt
weather, they would sooa be :u p s- s. of
the States of MtA-isxippi aod Alabdm. . ! ' :;ir
occupation of the Mt-siasipci C-n? . .. d
aad the Mobile aad Ohio railroad t -wa- - Mo
bile would sooa relieve tbe Mi-ss.n.u v - of
any Moclcade at Vicksburg- or any or.:-: -.. ut.
TV By is K that bo reermts or new r ro -. are
sent here I Are tha fall mettths. ib . - xd
months for military operaiioos in t ..j c ut .- to
be thrown away? When the winter ra i s set
iu, tbe bottom falls oat of tha eottntry, mili
tary movemaBts must oe attended ::; Treat
dd vantages. Now they can be per'ornt ?"tth
perfect ease. If tba gaaboatc oo tbe M - - jpi
are ready, aad the army started doru the two
railroads I have Bratiooed, they can s bo
ia Mobile asd Now Orieaas. Let i:i ..ivi a
forward movemaat gf the Army of W -.
The paragraph fe suggestive, aad .:
well if vr prepaie to meet any m-v,...
the character htcneated.
Hog Cholkk-v. We have been most --.lably
informed tbat the bog cholera, w inch oestr "j ed
so many bogs ia dirfweot parte ot the - .mitry
a few years ago, has again made its app, are nee,
and is doing great damage to the hog in.-n in
diffident sections of this and aJjoimug a;es.
One gentleman from Gainesville tetis us uu: a
planter in bis neighborhood has !'st no .v., a man
1200 to 1500 by tba cholera this ses., r. aad
that ethers have lost ia proportion; an; :u- it
was the opinion throughout that p ru-n of :4is
State, toat tt era wovkt aot be our-th :. ,ha
meat saved that waa axaectod, ow.n u .'Js.
ettse having proven so fatal.
We also saw a gent' -aan from L v rvoa, 1
who seated that the urease s. ic-.,.,...--ad
bavoe wttk' the swine in his sec-i-j i
lUiurtb of Black river, and ihs p. a
quite fearful that they would no - -ta
cure meat for their owa use. MjI .-
- t?'J '.'3,
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