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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, January 02, 1870, Image 2

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1 tent by mll to RUhncrlbom, one rr, 10;
on quarter, f 2 SO; ls thn odc quarter, $1
xr month; with SraDAT EmnoN. Ml a year.
Bet vert by otrrtern anywhere in the city and
aubcrbe at Twinm-rivi Caxrs per week
Sunday edition Included.
Publlnhed erery Wednesday mGrninK.U sent .
to KgbscTibera at Mia year; to clnba of two
oc more 12 a year.
hvf no traveling acnt. Rem 1 llano
Mot be by draft or postofflee erder. Mone
at th riak of the sender.
In the Paily Affkal, tl per square. 20 cent i
par line, or 10 oenu per 'lne, according SB
plaoa. In the Wkilt. one-half the ratea of
the Daiat. Adverti-menU Inserted In the
BrsnaT ArriAL. are ehanmd one-alxth ad
dltlonal above ratea. Terms: Cash In ad- '.
ontatnlng important KItre, solicited from
any part of the Globe. Writer's name anrt
ddress required on every communication a
private gnaran tees of cond faith
JAN. 2. 1870
There was never a nomination
made by a partisan convention in this
city so thoroughly approved by Front
etreet as Uiat of Mr. Johnson. In
fact, for many years, this gentleman
was deemed the very impersonation
of the virtues and idiosyncrasies of
the ancient "Froat Row." He be
came a manufacturer not very long
ago, but has never lost his identity
as an honest, energetic tradesman.
On the afternoon, when the nomina
tion of Mr. Johnson was announced,
all the old cotton merchants, gro
cery and hardware dealers, as they
collected in little knots and w-andered
away to their homes, congratulated
one another that a true representative
man of the morals and energies ol
Front street would surely become the
city's Chief Magistrate. David
Townsend or Victor M. Murphy
would not present more perfectly in
hie own person the peculiarities and
honest worth of Memphis tradesmen
than Mr. Johnson, the Democratic
white man's candidate. It is sought,
as we are advised, to consolidate Use
vote of North Memphis with that ol
the Loyal Lcagues-in behalf of Mr.
Walker. The scheme fails in it
very announcement. North Memphis
cannot be induced, on any terms or in
behal! of any candidate, to affiliate
with Sodom. Rotten Row and Hell's-half-Acre.
Irishmen, in their original
homes, in Cork, on the banks of the
Shannon, in the hills of Killarney.
and the daughters of Irishmen.are th
fairest, whitest of all the children o
Adam. They will never mix with
Cuffee in social life or at the bailot
box ; and this fusion of two races,
which is now sought to be effected on
the universal sulfrage Walker plat
lorm.can never be accomplished while j
the instincts of Irishmen remain unim
paired. The eK-ction of Mr. Joun
bon is, therefore, certain, if there lie
no regular negro-nominated candi
date in the field, and if a Radical as
pirant draw off the savage vote Mr.
Walker is helpless and hopeless.
We hear now of "the people's
ticket " the people's candidate for
Mayor. What prodigious friends o:
the people it n-akes some men to Tun
for office! No sooner does Mr. Close
Fist become a candidate, or Mr.
Surly seek an office, than he "is all
smiles, liberality and kindne- a
wonderful friend of the people a peo
ple's man a people's candidate, out
and out. But, beat him, and he is Mr.
Close Fist or Mr. Surly again, in a
moment. His liberality and philan
thropy vanish in a twinkling into
thin air. II any man, who was not
always a generous and liberal man
before he became a candidate, tells
you he is a people's man the moment
he does so, don't believe a word ot it.
His selfishness crops out as plainly,
when he becomes an office-hunter, as
it e er did when he was a money
hunter. It is all the same advantage
to himself, he seeks, and not that ot
the public. Ninety-nine times in a
hundred, the best man you can find
for an office is one who is fair, sincere,
honest and straight-forward in his
conduct, always and everywhere,
without making any pretensions of
extraordinary liberality whatsoever.
It is only the man whose worth is
above his pretensions, that is fit to be
elected for any office in the gift of
the people. We want a man who is
careful about his promises, wd keeps
them; who has principles, and acts on
them; who does not vaunt his superi-!
ority, but shown it by his integrity in
ail the relations of life. That is all we
ask of any man, for all have the same ;
...... ' , ,
right to take care of themselves, and
but few are able or willing to do more.
W never saw a people's man yet i
who bad halt as much soul in hiui as
gi impulse to the brain of any com
mon miser. Our city is in difficulties,
and we .. ant th best man to get us
out. That will do more for the people
than all the gifts and smiles and liber
alities of all the dear people's men in
the world. Probably the best men we
bave to fill the public offices are the
ery men who take the least pains to
wia popular cr.
Tax friends of Colonel Walker
are playing the gome of brag on a
large scale. He has more and
higher compliments now than were
ver thought of before in his life. We
have no disposition to say a word
against him as a private gentleman,
and shall not permit ourselves to do
so. Bui we confess to some surprise
at the extravagant laudation of hi
friends, which, it seems to have been
so necessary be should become a can
didate in order to bring ouL How it.
ahould be that a geutleman of such
high pretensions has lived among us
ao lonu without half his extraordinary
merits having become kuown to the
public passes comprehension. And
ow that they are disclosed, the lac;
that he is to get the Radical and M
fro vote, is singular commentary
n a remarkable fact. He does not
believe In bis heart thaSjpjegro euf
i anv boou to the publie. But
he runs as the universal suffrage can-'
sjidate, which aooounts somewhat for !
the milk in th cocoauut. We suppose
he will get the votes of the universal
uflrage Decx-rat, of the Radicals, j
sb4 of afrgsoss. That to j
all he can fount on, notwithstanding
the high-sounding pretensions with
which his name is put forth The
anti-negro Rufflrage men and Old Line
Whigs and Democrats will outnumber
those three classes two to one. And
with the Kelp of the friends of John
son, who desire good city govern
ment, and know his peculiar fitness
for the Mayoralty, we do not hesitate
to express the opinion that Mr. John
son will be easily elected. But
Walkeb is one of our oldest and
most wily political managers. And
it may be expected that neither he
nor his friends will leave any stone
unturned. The friends of Mr. John
son must go to work, lie will not
lack votes, if all our citizens who have
the be-t interests of the city at heart
will make the necessary exertions.
Let them go to work. There is back
bone enough in the Old Line Whigs,
Democrats and anti-negro suffrage
men now combined as the Democratic
party of Memphis to elect by an over
whelming majority any man they
ideas. Let tbem do it. The election
is next Thursday
to waste.
Submission to party discipline is
absolutely necessary to party success.
When Raymond left the Radical
party to assist at Philadelphia in the
ibrmation of a Conservative party, he
was ruled out by his former asso
ciates, and though he repented and
went back to the heathenism and
deviltry of Radicalism, was never
forgiven, trusted, or consulted. He
was rigidly excluded from party af
filiation, because it was found neces
sary so to do in order that Radicalism
might solidly confront the Democratic
party, which, like the Whig and
other parties, has always been held
together by the motto that " whoso is
not for us is against us." The Demo
cratic party of Memphis, in Conven
tion assembled, have nominated John
Johnson for Mayor. The Democrat
who votes against him, or ues his in
fluence against him, should be ruled
out as in contumacy and open viola
tion of the most sound and solid of
Democratic doctrines. If discipline
be not now enforced, stringently and
strictly enforced, we may as well give
up and consent to take our chances to
secure from a mob, without principles
or party organization, a city govern
ment worthy our future, and fitted to
lead us out of present financial trouble.
The Mobile ifeisfer and Montgom
! ery Mail have forsworn all partizan
I connection and affiliation with blacks,
i They will hereafter make no compro
misesor concessions. This is either a
I white man's government or the ne
! gro's. We have seen and expounded
! (his fact and this issue made from the
j ijeginning. The whole press of Missis
! sippi, with few exceptions, confessses
i its blunder in the effort made to ride
I two horses at the same time. The
; -ontest is a plain one, and we have it
hrust upon us in this city by our old
irieud, Mr. Sam. Walker, who lias
secured the solid negro vote and hopes
oecause of past deeds and fidelity, to
raw after him in his opposition to
Democracy, the Irish voters of this
ity. Never yet was there a true Em
eralder found locked in the embracis
if Sttinboor Dinah. The game can-
not win, and Mr. Valki:i:'s tiearnesB
of perception, when self-love did not
mislead him, would so instruct. He
is now committing the capita! blun
der of his life. Never before did he
falter, and that he should seek to dis
rupt his party and oppose its action
after life-long service in the ceaseless
condemnation of all who hav done
what he now would do, amazes many
who have never failed to co-operate
with him.
The Supreme Court of the United
States hesitates
L To declare the leeal tenders uncon
stitutional which almost everybody be
lieves is theconclusion necessarily reached
by that body.
2. To declare the Missouri test-oath un
constitutional a conclusion everybody
sees it also must have reached.
3. To declare the cotton tax unconsti
tutional, notwiLhstanding every uuprtju
diced man believes no other conclusion is
The New York Express says the
yourt is evidently reluctant to do its
inevitable duty, overawed by threats
in Congress, we were about to write
but does not this hesitation encourage
the Drakes and others in Congress,
to try to degrade the court V Courts
must do their duties fearlessly w 'kn
out regard to consequences, if they
expect to be respected and powerful.
A Reply to the " Avalanche'
Editorial of
Editors Appeal: The editorial in
yesterday's Acaiunehe, appealing to
my countrymen to support S. P.
Walker, Esq., and alluding to his ser
vices in behalf of my Church,waa such
that I cannot refrain from noticing it;
Mnrl tiiiwininir u T tim ii, fn.til kit, .k o
. ,. ,. . . , , . .
eulogy on the candidate of that paper,
truth and honesty compels me, after
H re-Ii li r t f -i i if -j , iii jr...r ei a nanhim in
,uj,.. , . ., TT
. . V- v li... I 1 . V u-vjci uwu
i in contained, as the facts are not fully
j or candidly given. For the good of
! my countrymen, and the welfare of
the City of Memphis, 1 must enter my
, protest.
The future Mayor of Memphis is not
to legislate for the Irish or for Ireland
neither in governmental policy or
Church discipline. The former I
turn over to the " Fenians," the latter
I respectfully leave with the Ecumen
ical Council which is now in session.
Will the editor please leave the last
matter to said Council!!! I remember
w II the attack made on the CatlnshV
Church. It was merely the mad frolic
of a crowd of mischievous
school boys. I was on the
spot ten minutes after it occurred.
I positively assert, beyond fear of con
tradiction, that neither S. P. Walker,
Esq., or Wm. H. Carroll, Esq., were
on the ground for hours thereafter, it
they were at all, unless they came im
pelled by curiosity, as a great many
did, to see what was to be seen.
There is now a gentleman in the
city who requested me to go to the
.Mayor and procure a guard of police,
out I declined on the ground that the
Church could (as it always did) protect
itself. That gentleman is an Ameri
can and a Protestant, and now re
sides in our midst.
My countrymen will not be led
astray from their duty in the premises,
no matter from what source an appeal
may be made to their passions and
prejudices. They have too exalted a
view of their duties as American
Ajr Irishman and a Catholic.
Memorial for its Annexation to the United
The following is the full text of the
memorial presented to the President
; of the United States by the people o!
British Columbia, praying for the an
nexation of that territory to the Uni
ted States:
To His Excellency the President of the
i in.-: states:
Your memorialists beg leave most
I respectfully to represent that we arc
nilents of the colony of British Co
I lutnbia, many of us British subject-,
i and all of us deeply interested in the
welfare and progress of our adopted
country; that those who are British
I subjects are penetrated with the most
I profound feelings of loyalty and devo
i tion to her Majesty and her Govern-
ment, and hope that all entertain fsfej
her feelings of the greatest attuchmerrr
and to the country; that while we
thus indulge such feelings we are con
strained by the duty we owe to our-
selves and families.
lii view oi the eon-
templated severance of the political
ties winch unite mis colony to me
There s no time ' a"., i
. luteal and commercial affinity and
connection as will insure the immedi
ate and continued prosperity and
well-being of this, our adopted home;
that this colony is now suffering great
depression, owing to its isolation,
scarcity of population and other
causes too numerous to mention; that
we view with feelings of alarm the
avowed intention of her Majesty's
Government to confederate this col
ony with the Dominion of Canada, as
we believe su-h a measure can only
lead to still further depression and ul
timate injury, for the following rea
sons, viz:
That confederation cannot give ns
protection against external enemies
or foreign foes, owing to the distance
of this colony from Ottawa; that it can
not open to us a market for the pro
duce of our lands, our forests, our
mines or our waters ; that it cannot
bring us population, our greatest need,
as the Dominion itself is suffering
from lack of it; that our connection
w ith the Dominion can satisfy no sen
timent of loyalty or devotion; that
her commercial and industrial inter
ests are opposed te ours ; that the tar
iffs of the Dominion will be the ruin
of our farmers and the commerce of
our chief cities; that we are instigahd
by every sentiment of loyalty to her
i Majesty by our attachment to the
i ia
and institutions ot Oreat Britain,
and our deep interest in the prosperity
of our adopted country, to express
our opposition to a severance from
England and a confederation with
Canada. We admit that the Domin
ion may be aggrandized by confedera
tion, but we can see no benefit, either
in the present or in the future, which
can accrue to us therefrom ; that we
desire a market for our coal and lum
ber and our fish, and this the Domin
ion seeks for the same produce of her
own soil; she can take nothing front
us and supply us nothing in return; '
that confederating this colony witii j
Canada may relieve the mother coun
Br from the trouble and expense of I
fostering and protecting this isolated,
distant colony, but it cannot free us j
from our long enduring depression,
owing to the lack of population, as '
aforesaid, and the continued want of a 1
home market for our produce.
The only remedy for the evils which
beset us we believe to be in close
union with the adjoining States and
Territories. Weare already joined by
a unity of objects and interests Near
ly all our commercial relations are
with them. They furnish the chief
markets, we have for the products of
our mines, laud and waters; they sup
ply the colony with the most of the
necessaries of life; they furnish us with
the only means of communication
with the outer world; and weare
even dependent upjn them for the
means ol learning the events in the
mother country or the Dominion of
For these reasons we earnestly de
sire the acquisition of this colony by
the United States. It would result at
once in opening to us an unrestricted
market for our product, bring an in
flux of population, and with it induce
an investment of capital in our coal
aud quartz mines, and in our forests.
It wouid insure us regular mails aud
communication with the adjoining
.-states ana territories, ana through
them with the world at large. It
would lessen the expenses of our Gov
ernment by giving us reproseutative
institutions and immediate control of
cur domestic concerns, besides giving
us protection against foreign invasion;
and with all these we would still be
uuited to a people of our own kin
dred, religion, and tongue, aud a
people who for all time must
intimately affect us in all our relations
(or weal or woe. That in view of
thee tacts we respectfully request that
your Excellency will cause this me
morial to be laid before the Govern
ment of the United States, and that
in any negotiations pending or
undertaken between your Govern
ment or that of her most gracious
Majesty for the settlement of territor
ial or other questions, you will en
deavor to induce her Majesty to con
sent to the transfer of this colony to
the L'nited States.
We believe her Majesty earnestly
desires the welfare and happiness
ol" all her people, in view of the cir
cumstances that for years she has con
sented to the animal exodus of thou
sands of her subjects to the United
States, aud that she will not let politi
cal traditions aud sentiments influ
ence her against a measure so earn
estly desired by the people of this
poor, isolated colony.
Dated British Columbia, Nov. 18, 1869.
The spirit of annexation is abroad
among the Americau people. They
are anxious to sever their connection
with Europe, and taking advantage
of the centralization idea which seems
to be prevalent to join their fortunes
to the re-United States. Does this
possible absorptiou of territory north
and south of us foreshadow uthe guth
ering of the nations?" Or is it pre
liminary to the dissolution of States,
so vainly attempted by the South?
His Letter to Gen. Thomas
Answered by a
" Avery," the East Tennessee cor-1
respondent of the Cincinnati Cummer-'
rial, (Radical,) refeoring to the resolu- i
tion to sell Oen. Thomas' portrait,
Congressman Nunn takes it upon j
himself to write Gen. Thomas a letter '
upon this subject, in which he deals !
altogether in vituperation and Bill- ,
ingsgate. Allowiug that the resolu- ;
ti.m to sell the portraits of Brownlow !
and Thomas was foolish and uncalled
for, yet there is no ground whatever
tor such a letter as unu writes to the
General. The starving and murder
ing of 30,000 Union prisoners alluded
to by the eloquent Congressman, has
notniug whatever to uo with the case.
The eople of Tennessee are not re
sponsible for all the crimes committed
auring the war, yet it would seem so
trom what JSunn has to say in his
letter about the portrait. He brings
in the whole rebellion, and accuses the
Legislature of being malignant rebels,
etc., for proposing to sell the portraits.
When we reflect that the proposition
only received eight votes, and that
the man who introduced the measure
was a soldier under Gen. Thomas, it
is difficult to see the svmptoms of re
bellion that are so plain to the lynx
eyed Nunn, if we are to believe his
Boston, Dec. 81. The United States
steamers Miantonomah and Terror
are to proceed to Portland on Monday
to receive the war vensel bearing th'e
remains of George Peabody. Two
special cars are being prepared by the
Eastern Railroad to carry the re
mains te the tow tt iiteabWy.
Written for the Appeal.
Thp following pleasing verses reached
us too late for Christmas Day. They are
not, however, unseasonable. We present
them to the "little folks:"
" Merry Christmas," lip sweet Mollle,
Mimicking her brother's tone:
Three year old, the pettrri darling
Little knows of Christmas flower,
But she laughs In gl-eful pleasure,
Pattering " ronnd with brother Joe,"
Shaking back the ringlets silken
That around her tace will flow.
"A merry Christmas, ain't It, Joey?
Ain't old Bant L'laus been round
Stuffing Mollie's socks with candles,
Sprinkling wblia with salt the ground?"
" Tis'nt saltl yu baby Mollle,"
Joey l.iughed witb bay's ho! ho!
"It comes for making balls and sliding.
Little sister, 'tis the snow."
Merry Christmas! merry Christmas!
Fainter sounds It as they go,
Lkwn the steps aad out the doorway,
Bounding, chasing through the mow,
Gathering mid the flescy whiteneS
Cheeks like .-ommer's blushing rose,
Gathering merry, happy Christmas
In eacn moment as it goes. N.
Written for the Sunday Appeal.
We welcome to the columns of the Sun
day Appeal one of ita most cherished
contributors in the person of" Esteli.e,''
who may be assured that she has the high
enteem and marked appreciation of its
readers and Editors:
We, pilgrims travel-s:ained and worn,
Have reached again on Time's highway
A wellknown landmark, and we ask,
What cheer amongst us all, to-day 7
We paased the same years, years agone,
When life was young, and roy day
Was sunshin.' to our glad young hearts,
And flowers were all along the way.
But are r still the same, and feel
This joyous season coming near,
With only one regret, and that
That " Christmas comes but once a year?"'
Oh, pale-brow'd sistr, toiling up
Around thee, mourning garments draped,
A cruel destiny, thy path
Along this march hatn darkly shaped.
E'en now. tho' shouts of gladness make
An echo from the sleeping years.
Backward thy lingering glance Is cast.
And on thy care-worn cheek are teanf.
Where Is the eager, hopeful child.
That scarce, in glad surprise, could pause
To snatch her stocking, plump and round.
Well filled with gilts from Santa Clans?
Wners i the maiden, with her wealth
Of young affeotions, glad and free.
That proudly, trusting. Iaunch'd her bark
To brave with n life's treacherous sea?
And where the wife, whose happy home.
Closed on the world's too boisterous dm.
Who felt that by her own fireside
With aim the world was all u-ithm.
And oh! the trfother, where is she,
Who on ttls ev- was wont to glide
So deftly 'long the gaping row,
Hu:i' in such mystery side by side?
Where have those chlSdlsb faces fled
Those empty corners once were theirs
And touching in its niutu appeal
That quiet low of vacant chairs?
There's a trembling on the far-off manes
That wash the by-gone's silent shore.
It b.-tngs bat to th waiting heart.
In wailing murmurs, " Nevermore."
The old mm ptoses on hts march,
Vpoo his brow s shadow lowers
He's BSMf with tho tangled skein.
That darkly threaded life's sad hours.
He's thinking of the fearless boy,
Whose dating spirit naught culd tame,
And wonders If thtt bended form
And feeb.e step are still the same?
Meridian in the manhood's strength.
With eye und lmm'd and stout of heart.
This half-way bivouac on life's maich.
Finds aim prepared again to start.
But oh! how many weary ones,
Beneath toe mantling snow this night,
Wouid robe them In Its trlendly folds.
And gladly yield th' unequal tight?
But on the morn's returning ray
A niirige on the desert waste
Thl paguant will dissolve, and bid
This startled traveler, onward, haste.
Then bickw.ird where the silent pall.
Is hanginz o'er the burled year,
A fond, regretful look will cast.
And sighing, drop an honest tear.
A tear to cherished friends who fell
Along the rugged path we've trod.
Those forms s i loved to earth, bequeathed
The spirit to its maker, God!
A tear to hopes that brightly dawn'd
To crown the advent of the year.
But lying faded, wlther'd, dead
A mournful tribute ou its bier.
But still with humble, grateful trust.
Born of the triumphs of the Past,
Will hall tach land-mark going Uotrn,
Till on the march we rr.zchllie last!
Memphis, December 24th.
Declaration of Ind pendence by the People
of Rupert's Land.
Who They are---Their Settlement And
Their Former Government.
The Seat of
War, and the
Pcssibilty of
We have already published in the
Appeal a telegraphic abstract of the
Declaration of Independence issued
by thy Provisional Government of
Rupert's Land. Tho full text has
since come to hand, and is as follows:
VnicjtE.vs, It is admitted by all men,
as a fundamental principle, that the pub
lic authority oouimauds the obedience aud
rewpeet ol all its subjects; it is also ad
mitted that the people to be governed
have the right to adopt or reject the form
of government, or refuso aliegiaucw U
thai which is proposed. In accordance
with these fuudamenttil principles, the
people of this country aaye obeyed and
respected that authority to which the cir
cumstances Kurroundiug its iuiaucy com
pelled .. it subjected. A oompauy of
adventurers, kuowu a the Hudson Bay
Company, and invested with certain
powers granted by his Majesty Charles
the Second , established itseit iu RupertU
Laud aud in the Northwest Territory, lor
trading purpose ouly. This company
cousisted of many persons, requiring a
certain couaiuuuoo; but, as thcic was a
tiuesiiou of coiiiiuurce ouly, the cousinu
liou was formed iu reference thereto; and
yet since '.hero was al that time no gov
ernment to see to the interest of a peo
ple already existing m the country, U be
came necessary fur judicial oiiicers to have
recourse in the oraucra ol'ihe Hudson Bay
Compauy they inaugurated that !-peeie
of government whicn, Elightiy modihed
by subsequent circumstances, rultd luis
couulry up lo a recent date.
U'lterewt, The giveru.uent thus orea
ifdwasiar from answering the Wan. s of
the ; -' and became more aud mure so
as i he t,o:'iiIaiiin increased iu uumuers
and, as ihe cuuuiry waa developed, com
merce exteuaed, until ihe preeeni day,
v. Lieu ii commiuds a p ace among tho
eou utiles; aud ibis
people, fver aci lilted
ioned priuoMcs. have
2f Tf !
by the above-men
ueneruusl' supuc
ert'iueui and noun 10 li a laiw.iul alie-
gi ace; when, contrary to tue iajy of na
; t-.s, in March, 1S69, thai said govern
ment Burrenderedaud transferred lo Cau
. ill ihe rights which il had or preleud
,.i to have in this Territory, by iraosac
liccs wiih which the people were consid
ered unworthy to be made acquainted;
Whereas, It Is generdly admitted that
a people is at liberty 10 establishany form
at government it may consider suitable
to its wania as soon as the power to which
it was subject abandon. it, or subjugates
it. without iis consent to s foreign power,
we maintain that do rUlit can be trans-
firred to such foreign power.
.Vow, thereivre, nrl, we, the represent
tattves of the people. In Counvit aoseui
bled, in Upper Furl in rv. on tba Z4ih
day of November, ISO, having invoked
the God of nations aiM, relying on ihcee
fundamental moral principles, solemnly
deilare in ihe name of the consiiiuuon
and our own names, before God and man,
that from the day on which the govern
ment we had always obeyed abandoned
us by transferring to strange pjwer the
sacred authority conftdsd to it,' the people
of Ituperl's Laird and the Northwest be
came tree and exempt ::'rom all allegiance
1 1 the iruvernmeul.
Second. That we refuse to recognize the
authority of Canada, which pretends t I
have a right to coerce u: aud impose upon
ua a despotic form of govern ment still
more contrary to our rights and interests
m British subjects than was thai govern ,
awut to tasi whiah ws tad subjected our-
selves through necessity up to a recent
nurd. That by sending an expedition
on the 1st of Snvi'mW ult., charged to
drive Mr. William McDougal and his
companions, cominir in the name
of Canada, to rule an with the
rod of despotism without previ
ous notification to that effect, we have
but acted conformably to that sacred
right which commands every ciliien to
offer energetic opposition to prevent his
coun rv from being enslaved.
fourth. Tnat w continue and shall
continue to oppose with all our strength
ihi establishing of Canadian minority in
our country, uuiter the announced form;
ami in c.tae of persisteose on (he pari of
ihe Canadian (Government to enforce its
obnoxious policy on us by force of arms,
we protest beforehand against such a un
just ani unlawful course; and we declare
ibe said Canadian Government responsi
ble before (Jod and mau fur the innumera
ble evils which may be caused by so un
warrantable a course.
Be il known, therefore, to the world in
general, and to tho Canadian Government
in particular, that as we have always
heretofore successfully defended our
eoiiutry in frequent wars with .us neigh
boring trilies of Indians, who are now on
friendly relations witb us, we are firmly
resolved in future, not less than in ihe
past, to repel all invasions from whatso
ever quarter Ihey may come; and further
more, we do declare and proclaim in the
name of the people of Rupert's Land nd
the Northwest, that we have on tho said
jAih day of November, 1W9, above men
tioned, established a Provisional Govern
ment, and bold it to be the only lawful
tuthorily now in existence in Kupert's
Land and the Northwest, which .claims
tue obedience anil respect of thti people;
ml h. it meanwhile we hold outselvea iu
readiness to enter Into such negotiation.
with the Canadian Government as may be
lavorabie for the good government and
prosperity of this people. In support of
this declaration, relying on Ihe MOtScttsa
if Divine Providence, we mutually pledge
ourselves on oalh, our lives, our fortunes,
ind our sacred honor to each oilier.
Issued at Fort Garry, this eighth day of
December, in ihe year of our Lord one
tbousaud eight hundred and sixty-nine.
(Signed) JHX BacoE, President.
Signed) Lolls KfKij., Secretary.
In the year ltJTO Charles I., of Eng
land, granted to Prince Rupert, the
Duke ot Albemarle, the Earl of Cra
ven, and thirteen others u the sole
trade and commerce of all those sea.-,
straits, bays, rivers, lakes, creeks, and
-ounds in whatsoever latitude they
shall be, that lie within the entrance
of the straits commonly called Hud
son's Straits, together with all the
lands aud territorities upon the coun
tries, coasts, and confines of the ssjsis,
bays, lakes, rivers, creeks, and sounds
f n-said." This was the origin of
the famous Hudson Bay Company.
The territory was ceded under such
conditions that the compariy were
made absolute proprietors in free arid
common socage, saving the faith, al
legiance and sovereignty due the
crown. The company had power to
make laws, constitutions and ordi
nances, and to provide pains and pen
alties tor their violation. The terri
tory comprised but a portion of its
present possessions, and is described
on English maps of 17(0 (the time
Canada was ceded to Great Britain),
in the form of a horse shoe, not in
cluding the northwest territory, the
southern boundary of th-? territorv he-
in at the northeast corner of Lake
Winnipeg, alsive latitude oi dqpNBBs
north. Until the cession of Canada
the Indian Territories on the south
ind west ot the Hudson Bay Terr ton
nad been Erench, but when Canada
secanie a colony of England the In
lian Territory became Itigiish, and
ihe company extended their claim
over the whole northwest. Rupert's
Land was recognized as included in
ihe eomiany';i charter, or rather, the
mime was extended over the portion
acquired lrom the Erench. In l:;i
the British Government granted ex -lusive
trade over the Indira territo
ries to the Northwest Company, but
.his rigiit passed, in 1838, into the
hands of ihe Hudson Bay Company.
I his is the abstract of the" title of the
company to the land in revolt.
lOmprises all that country lying north
of the L'nited States and west of Can
ada, Moose river, aud the great lakes.
I' iie country itself is de.-.Tibed by
some as an earthly paradise, and by
others as unfit for human habitation.
Emigration was contrary to the inter
ests of the Hudson Buy Company,
and they spared no pains to have the
land reported as desolate e-; possible.
In all the vast region under con
trol of the Hudson Bay Company, the
only attempt at colonization worthy
the name was that at Red River, ex
cept at one or two points in Labra
dor, nothing having been attempted
save the cultivation o tow acres
an utid the trading peam In 1812
Lord Selkirk, a Scottish peer.otitaiff d
a grant of 10,000 acres ol land in that
district of the country designated as
Red River, and which may be de
scribed as a half eclipse, the major
axis being the boundary line of the
l'nited States, commencing at the
junction of that line wiih the Like oi
the Woods, curving northwesterly so
as to touch the southern portion oi
Lake Winnipeg, and rheri curving
sooth westerly to the boundary line
Mala The drst settlers left Sligo iu
1811, and going by Hfftonsj Bay, win
tered at York, and proceeded up the
Severn River to their plai-e of destina
tion. To theseitlem lit Lord Selkirk
gave the name of Osua Beia, or O
slan's Tower. The community thrived
apace until the outbreak of hostilities
between the Northwest and the Hud
son Bay Companies in 181, when a
number of the colonists were escorted
to Canada by the Northwest Com
pany, and the rest dispersed around
the southern shores of Lake Winni
peg. They were tulzi gathered to
gether by Lord Selkirk, who demand
ed troops for the protection of his col
ony from the Governor of Lower Cau
rda, but the demand was refused.
They were more or less troubled until
the amalgamation of the two compa
nies, sine! which time they have
maintained aa existence isolated from
the world, and with Uttiu yr no emi
The present population of the coun
try consists mainly of hair-breeds and
Indians, Scotch, French, Engli.-h, and
a few Canadians and Americans. The
greater part of the French reside along
the banks of the Red River, extend
ing trom Pembina and the American
boundary line, sixty miles to Fort
Garry,afld on the Assiniboine as far as
Portage la Prairie, sixty-five miles
west ot Fort Garry, the latter river
emptying into the Red at the fort.
The Scotch settlements are also on
the Red River, extending uurth from
Winnipeg town (about a quarter ot a
mile trom Fort Garry, a usance oi
six or seven miles, the English settlers
j facing the French, on the north bank
ot the Assiniboine, but only extend
ing about hall-way irora Fort Garry
to Portage La Prairie. From Fort
Garry to Lake Winnipeg the distance
is sixty miles, and along the river,
after passing Lower Fort Garry, or
i the sione lort, Indian settlements
i straggle up to the lake to Norway
tiouse. ine portion ot territorv in
ac-Ual revolt may, therefore, be reure-
ntt.a a tangle siai.v mi es -quare,
the northern and easterly side-renre-
seuting the Assiniboine and Red Riv
ers. The farms aud lurnj houses line
both banks ol the Red and Assiui
boiue rivers, as the grants of land only
extend about a league on the prairie.
The French half-breeds are the most
numei ous; the Scotch next. The In
dian settlements are on a reserve ced
ed them, aud the inhabitants have
abandoned a nomadic life and taken
to civilized habits, many of them pos
sessing good farms and bouses.
The seat of war is at Fort Garry, or
the corner of the rectangle. When
Col. Dennis seized and tried to hold
the stone fort with two hundred
Swampy Indians, runners carried ihe
newsguuth and west, and the streams
of nsW coming down the rivers met
at the fort, which may be called the
military key to the situation. On the
7th, the day Dennis surrendered to
tiie insurgents, aud on which the
Scotch came up the river to ioiu the
insurgents, Fort Garry was garrisoned
by 600 men.
of the settlements has consisted
Council, appointed by the Hudson
Company from among the sett
but it was mild and gentle in it'
of a
and not very powerful. A number ;
settlers, who desired a stronger G iv
era ment, one which could Inflict se
vere and summary punishment upon
evil-doers without wailing lor the u
diotis action of the courts of Canada,
petitioned to be-made a crown sncof
aud also for 'annex! ion to Canada
Iu thewe petition-, lioa ever, they haO
no intention or desire that tho Gov
ernment of the country should par,
out of their own hards.
In response to thse petitions, and
as a good -peculalioi, the Dominion
Government entered into negotia
nous with the Hudsm Bay Com,:in
for the purchase of the whole North
west Territory. The price was agreed
upon, and M accordance with th
contract, the territory was to have be
come the property of ;ho Dominion
December L Of the wine., vast terri
tory only the small proviii..i-s of Red
River and Rainy were inhabited. The
rest was a "howling wilderness" or
barren waste, uninhabited save by
Indians and trappers.
Gov. McDougall was appointed by
the Canadian Government to govern
the Northwest Territory in general
and Red River in fiarticular as a ter
ritory of the Dominion. . His authori
ty was limited by tew restrictions
aud, among other extraordinary pow
ers, he was authorized to select hi
own council to assist in the Goven,
ment. He chose Ids council from hi
political friends and associate.- men
who had never been farther west than
Toronto or Hamilton, and who were
as ignorant of the settlements, the
people, and their modes of liieasthey
were of the roots of Zulu verbs.
The news that a Governor had been
appointed was received by the set
tlements with pleasure, as they expec
ted, when the Cioverno'should arrive,
they would u ertBsd to nominate tlit
Council, as had ever been the custom.
Next they heard that " the Governor
had appointed his Council from among
his friends and .nor relations," and
that the whole party ol carpetbagger
were on the way. This was not to be
thought of. This was more than they
asked for. They . therefore resolved
that they wouid not be governed by a
Council of Canadian carpetbaggers in
any event, and that they should not
be allowed to enter the Territory.
There was no Ofpasitioa to Mr. ilc
Dougall as the lawful Governor. They
are, or rather weie at first, willing to
receive him, but r.ot the council. Upon
that point they were indexible, and
McDougall's obstiuancy in refusing
the overtures to receive him if he
wouid dismiss his carpetbag retainers
j and appointa council from among the
j people, may cost Canada exactly the
amount she is to pay lor the territory,
unless she backs) out of her bargain
I and repudiates tiie whole business, iu
I eluding MjDougall.
The insurgents, according to latest
advices, are in lull posse-sion of an
the torts and country. The recetil ea
I pedition, planned and sent by Gover
! nor McDougall Iroea his hsuViBB isn
m .Minnesota, has oeen captured l
the in.-iurgci;t-, aud it is noc orobabl
that he wiil be allowed to re
peat the ex.e"i;iie'iit by the G v
emor of Minne-ola or General Han
cock. Should Canada undertake (.
conquer the Rtd River people infc
submiss.on, the ta-K would not b a
eavy one. ibosw is uo way by whi h
hi-might l.' d me, sawe by Bsodiiig
an army into the country. The esslj
route o,v whica aa ar nv can h
marched into tnat' territory, withou
passiujr over Amencaa soil, is by wa
oi Hud.-ou Bay, which is closed ten
months in thejear. The route iron.
Vork Hou-e, at the mouth of the Nei
son river, or trom Fort Sevens, at th
mouth ot ihe Severn river, is a eano.
or batteau route through a series o
lakes and rivers, broken by thirty or
forty portages, through a barren
country of rocks, nj.oras.-es and jungles,
whLha few hundred half breed sharp
shooters could defeiM against an iirmv
ot many thousand meti. The distaste?
from Vork E&ueM to Fort Garry is TiO
mike There Ls another and a shorter
(t47 miles) route by Way ol the Great
Lake from Fort William to For!
Garry. But this is more than imprac
ticabie, as it would require more than
fifty portages, aud its morasses aud
jungles affording too good shelter for
guerillas and a gueriila warfare. Mc
Dougall having been spewed out and
a provisional gjvernmenc established,
Canada is literally powerless to bring
the insurgents to terms. She cannoi
get to them lrom the Atlantic coast.
She cannot get to them lrom the pa
cific coast Out government vili
probably not allow h-r troops to Oh
inarched over our border. 'Ihe only
way that remains for Iit is to send M
expedition around Cape Horn to the
Paeitic Ocean, which, passing through
Behriug's Straits in the open Fatal
sea, tmgbt ascend Mackenzie river to
Great Slave Like; thence to Atha
basi river to Fort Assiniboine; and
lrom thence by the Sa-katchawan, to
Winnipeg Lake. This route is not
preferable to the first one mentioned,
but still it has many advantages not
possessed by the other.
Ey T. C. DeLfon. (Lipplncott's Mag )
" Good Americans, when they die,
go to Paris."
So, at least, says very good Ameri
can authority; and whether it be cor
rect yr not, vast numbers of very bad
Americana, gc there beforehand.
Even in these days of no wiled hard
times, when business is dull aud when .
every one is crying poor, the steamers
each week un more crowded than j
ever before; French fever rages as it
has never done iu ail the past years of i
"good Americans."
Perhaps these pilgrims go to get a
glimpse of their Insure state, as it was
once permitted to Moses to ascend the j
mount to view the Promised Land.
Gn a.-v bright aiVmoon of this I
! mellow late sutnmer, the queens oi i
j the demi-monde hold high carnival at
I Paris. Suleidid equipages -not in
j trequently with hjaimini panels and
drawu by horses ol laoulous value
roll noiseles-iy over the smooth
asphaite of the boulevards; the
liveries of the lacquey.-, trappings o!
the harness, the appointment ot thp
whole csiaoiisiimeac, cotuoine got
gcOUsUesS w ith tasle; auu did
Jladauie, who loumri on the lux-I
j urious cashions, have an air of j ne
I jais quoi hardly beiongiug to unexcep- j
! tiunaoic ton, none iii g.il tell but that
it pertained to the lughewt ot tne
dames who grace the green nouiiny
oi the New Empire.
Coder the arching trees of the B-iis i
de Boulogne a pair of spankiag trot
lers are "tooled" rouud the drive
with a skill that belongs rather to the i
hard palm of the professional jock !
than to the delicately veined oue j
under the tan colored gauntlet And
while the saucy ia.ee of ihe famous (,or ;
infamous) Cora who controls them is
lavtshiy generous of smiles, the lre
qucnt ui.d honors the passing inti
mate, and the ringing laugh a ti ine
overbold perhaps p. al- merrily oui.
Loungers in front of cales stare a
moment after the well appointed
coach, grin at each other and wonder,
with a shrug, how long M. le Baron's
purse and piuieuce will hold out at
mat rate.
Madame tt Baronne, whirling by in
her coupe, looks iu the other direc
tion, and clenches hard her soft hand
in its perfect glove. Ste doesn't shrug
her shoulders, and her wonder is
well, somewhat different.
But the occupants of that hired fly
yonder watt h the coach with undis
guised admiration. They are the
Hon. Peter Oleum, who " hails from
theonlimiteii side of the Atlantic
Ocean" w here he is eminent in oil
and high upan directories of accident
al insurance his blooming daughter,
Crinolina, and his very" full blown
The Hon. Peter Oleums are doing
Europe. They have come over to see
it as it can ouly be seen by a red hoi
American, by an eiee'ric light. So
the Hon. Peter winks at the "old
woman," takes an accurate inventory
of every buckle, panel and spring,
aad mentally vows she shall have the
fellow to it wheu they go back in the
faU. Then the "old woman" read
ing the Hon, Peter as though he were
a patent three beet poster chuck li -much
thernat, wonders if the ladv
can be Eage iiy, and if she cooid
juite venture those averies in Fmh
wen lie.
After a little the hired fly jogs Into
the Bois,and Crinolinaspys Cora bow-,in-
aiong tho alley of the Lrdte.
V m it is her turn to make her liuie
i entory, and she suggest-", with a
h. that such an estabk-hmeut
would m.ike her oerfectly happy. Once
.u re the lion, papa win its at
tion. mamma, and remarks how lor
urn travel oI-h-s improve a girl; to
which the Hon. mamma readily as
s. n en, and cannot see w hy a young
i ly of fashion may not do in Central
Park what a young lady ot rank dix it
ine Bois de Boulogne.
An hour later, the stately coach and
natty wagon have rattled to hotels
gorgeous with bizarre splendor, and
deposited their fair, frail ix-cunauts.
Submitted to the mystic mauipula
'iona of their Jeinw.i de chmiJr
these shortly reappear completely
metamorphosed at their boxes at the
Dressed in perfection in French
ca-te color and cut combining per
tectly with complexion and form, a
trifle too dectMelee, perhaps, but with
rounded arms and perfectly moulded
ou-ts that, as yet, ted nothing of
wearing dissipation; with jewels
enough to set up a modern down
own tradesman the queens of the
le'iu-inoiule are truly the most artisti
ally and enticingly whited of sepul
chres. Dropping in a measure the
leriant port of road and promenade,
they here replace it by an assured and
easy confidence, taking the gaze of
leveled lorguettes as their royal pre
rogative to Ow the cynosure of all
And all eyes pay the tribute de
voutly. Men about town and foreign
ers with plethoric pockets analyZ"
each seperate beauty as though sh
were a Circassian, and they pachas i
many tails; pure minded reformers
look, cast up their eyes, and look
society turns up its nose and its
opera glass; makes a note of each new
yoiut in dress and jewels since last
uigiit; i hen turns to the opera again.
More than one wife changes the
bitter, vengeful look at the glittering
sin in the love, for a sad. yearning one
toward the too sleadilv leveled toranon
in the stalls below; while the would
be biases stare .so intently at the opera
that all world sees their very ear
and back hair are gazing at the aii
American mamma gives a fluttering
stare at the iorette, a regretful sigh,
and a stout nudge to her particular
Jones who has now exchanged his
litiul naps and wild starts at the cho
rus for a solid sleep while she calls
LV-linda's attention to the great
beauty of that srena. But Belinda
nas had one peep; and presently,
A lien thecrMi is through, she glances
it papa and mamma, finds them look
ing intently ar something, and screws
jp her courage aud h-r opera glas- to
M)k in the sssBBjPkttceKtiesb And B
linda looks to some purjHise. Soe
noies every fl.rt ol Ilk Cosily tan,
every foid of tiie tasteiul rihtSHI, sAJMTJI
,oiijt in cut and color. Bat specially
Lies she nole the Wonderful cviliui.
it the Queen of the Queens.
Ciiignoii! pyr.uud! coil! Insert !
cieiice and hair arusiic Uo.ucuci.i
ure HBtJ U-lore i hat miraculous crea
ion tiiatCora erecs upon BeT daswiC
r.-ud to sei the wond's fashion ! Mar
elous as Ls lier make-up in other par
l a-uiars, the hca I Ls, in more sense
uian one, its crowning point. Xo hu
naii face cou.d stand the liberties she
akes with size and shape of hesssV
garniture. Oue must bel eve thai
oaiicious ill i oiten prompts her in
vention ofauase n igiitlul novelly, ex
hibited at the opera only to flash
Kniiu pl? to pole, froui China to Japan."
Presently the opera is done, the
ooxes are cleared, aud the house
stands dark and still. Giddy Paris
ua- s'-ai tend to its thou-aud brilliant
nai'-tts, and Cora's carriage lias dashed
ner to where the delirious revels ol
ihe pelU souper will chase the hot: ,
till the dawn reels iur.o da;, iight.
Ameri.-an mamma has mounted to her
apartment au einquieme, w here h- r
lord already rounds off the broken
sleep of the opera, and, in evidence ol
ciear disgust and healnry conscience,
sounds the peaceful snore.
Bat the tender Belinda, gracefully
draped in flowing white, stands besom
her mirror, and strives to irume her
pure little lace iu tho wmdrous fash
ion ot "that horrid woman." Vain
-trife! She fails utterly, atid biows
out her candle only to dream that she
nas stunned a suiree at DelmouicoS
oy a successm! essay. And she
wakes at dawn unreireshed, but still
uuconquered oaiy to write eight
crosseil pages, ieenly illustrated v nil
a peii-drawiug of that woudertul head,
to the Clarissa. of her inmost heart,
presently dwelling at Xinety-Firsi
s n of, City.
jBhw tsetses !
At last the mellow November days
roil rouud, and Tne World once more
rides iu Central Park. The Hon. Fe
ler Oleum still more eminent in oil
and higner on accidental insurance
has returned. Faithfui to his phdge,
he sits beside his "old woman" in a
coach the exact ppsraieruttt ' of that
WliiCh she envied on the bouievuxde.
Harness, panels, blazonry, all are ex
act; aud nt Worid looks upon the
triumph with a little admirtilion and
very much envy. But now it ceases
to envy it is stunind when the
blooming Crinolina dashes round a
curve at a three-minute gait, holding
the ribbons over a pair of Morgans j
with nearly the grace of Cora herself.
The pose of the rounded figure is de
tightral, the s'! eep of the arm perfect, i
as she touches up her near hor-e her j
smile is radiant, aud she uods to n.
happy males she knows with the pret
tiest of little liiMghs. So penect is the
imitation from the flowing plume to :
the taa-color.-d gauntlet we might !
swear it was the Queen herself, trans
planted fewa tiie Bots.
And there have been other opera
nights too, aud other experiments
moi'erU. i i ssfut. hclinda hs returned,
as well, With the til leaves, and she
has brought. .vMhlier the fall fashions!
The Clarissa ul .vjr inmost heart flies ;
to her ffljbr ivu a ri-i ifceii lo her trunks.
Fashions are discussed and Paulina's
marriage; then more fashious A lele'a
engagement; and more lashious still.
i'h. u-z .. ' ! t- tossed
isule for the
iiph, oi X-itre
, K., ......... . ,
Dame hasjj.st a giaa'-',
the i t
ihitig in " na s - " isdweit upon sill h
rapture; q'ljr. - of tissue- paper arc . lid
upon new wrapping-, uiuttjtd pinched
and c.ipp-d-aud iof Ukey ae prices
IX ond prne.
At length tiie Clarissa of her inmost
hcai t te.irs heiscii away, having first
made ss a-sinai mil tor the Belinda
oi her moii tutiinate aif-ctioa to come
to Ninety first street, Ci y, m-'ii and
there to di-eiose to the Palte Jean
nette and Fauuie of bom tueir Dheel
sacred bosom- a few of the weighty
secrets alreaoy di-cussed.
Belinda goes She charms the charm
ing circle; .-he tells them much that
makes tl'eiu unspeakably ha-py, but
not as luuch as she has dLsctosed to
the Clarissa of her inmost heart. But
even from her one sacred mystery re
mains veiled.
The sea-on opens. Camphor is
shaken ouc of curtains, floors are
u axed, o rds are scattered and Society
looks to the soles of its dancing-boots,
i'heu the magic circles of the "Ger
man " trace their sacred rouuo, and
Belinda defies the proverbial contra
riety of dreams; she does stun a soiree
at Delmonico's w ith tuU head.'
How she is the cynosure of glances,
envious, admiring, imitative, inde
scn baole ! How the do wagers declare i
the child is spoiled! how the friends i
of her sacred bosom declare she can't
venture such liberties with her lace, !
poor thing!
The costume is the counterpart of j
me one sne nas ureamefi oi-
nbbou exact, every color identi
Bieu aadeeuo one thinks of
nanu-; oonee a rxnr not a word is
whispered of the slimmest of ankles;
bien decollette only a stray glance
rests upon the perfeet bust. Gloves,
ankles and necks society knows; but
the Best Boots iu the room cluster
round and strive tor an extra turn of
the " German " with that Wonderful
tlead! Xot a hair is out of place, not
a curl is disarranged, not a coil that
even a trisasl's snucasja eeuitl light
upon! It is Coia's h ad, in all its
z-ure rnuKBVejr. A'i, uet Boots!
you would not dunce the Herman "
with Cra at Detmoaico's, yet you
burn for an extra turn wiih Belinda's
a. ad. which is only a bad copy of
that ot tlie Q'l"in ol Ibe tftnirnoiide !
It is ridii'UioUH to cavil at fashion
to obj ct toan. thing bs ause i( is new
i or happens to Ik-tie- rage of the mo
ment. Hut .American women are confess-
d: y as pteity, a- bright and us pure
! as any the Kicietiesof the worid know.
When foreigners mee good specum-n-abroad,
they invariably award them
the palm ; seen at home they combine
the apiouih of the English woman
with the iiamele-s graise and vivsvity
of the French. As a rule, they err
neither on the s-de of the use frippery
of the Continental, nor of the over
sUrehed propriety of a certain class
of British female. And the reason is
simple enough. Their minds, their
cliaracttMN and very often their man
ners even are natural, r heir devel
opment is the result of nauiral causesi,
a if. i lew unwholesome restrictions.
Way then, wheu they go abroad
why, in the name of all the gods! do
they become such servile imitators of
what is so iar beneath them?
i'erhaps when they travel and of
iate i hfs bevome as ne-essary to the
American as to the Bedouin to fold
his tent they must imitate. But
then why they do not choose the
purer models ol a not too pure society
that they only iiee from the outnide,
must puzzle one who thinks a moment
on the -uliject.
The sjnhoie aim and struggle of the
French woman's life is good taste
She is rareiy a prude; seldom a 6'
esprit; she may be neither over bril
liant nor toostraigbtjai-ed; but she is
at equal
hide nei m ral as her
ncies, and she makes
war to the knife ou the Umi-moi)d.
In dress, in carriage, in style, she
strives to be its very autipodes.
Why is it, then, that the proper
American womeu will transfer into
her circle those very objectionable
featuren that even the lax French wo
man wouid unhenitatingly reject'.'
that, w hiie the latter walks demurely
through the streets oi fans in the
gravest ot dresses, and drives in the
plainest of wrappings, the former j
shows on the Avenue and in the
Park, in a costume that would iuevi- !
. tably excite c
lent, il not insult.
in the besi-goveru-d city of Europe?
Doubtle-s French society revels in ;
the wildest excesses ot fashion, man
ners and morals perhaps the French
woman goes to frigtiuul lengths of ex- j
travagance, ot eccentricity, of gallant- '
ry. But she does all that in an at-
1 mosphere so periec;iy hedged bv
tornis, so free from t suspicion of un
derworld grossness, that she can nev-
, er lie taken tor what she is not.
But certain it is, tiie American wo- !
! men imitate to such a degree that
more than half their most petted fash-
' ions are copies perhaps exaggera-
; tions of the moot glaring vagaries of !
ihe demi-momle. ihey iransplan' to
their own tlrc-idc-, and rnrurish for !
thuseol their un-u-pecting daugh
ters, many a xiniot that couid spring I
' from no soil le rank than that ot the
Neiher Fans som-limes tiiat eveu i
out Iorette the lor- ::es, tor we have
i yet to ;eam that tne laie ii not la- i
I iaenteu t liter ever male its ap-
i pcarauCe ill the Q 1 iTtler llfid.t.
it ;s a que-tion of seri.ais iintMrt to
i Atiieilc.iu mora;-, llu-; an-i, iu the
i-t and early increasing flow oi
. travel to Europe, -n.-Uid demand at
: least divideil attention with the choice
.1 the best hotel. We cau imitate
much that i- loretgn w .th marked ad
vantage. Scarcely the most stiff
ncked patriot will deny that the
Auier,i-an kitchen voud uotsuShi for
ihe introduction ot trench cookery;
; we can scarcely avr that French
: wines, a- a steady tipple, are much
niorc harimul than the "wine of the
country," iu which youngs America is
at least partial ; we Mould not kick
very much sgaitist the French ballet,
bad as the imitation may be; French
' periodicals, too, are not very much
beyond a certain class of our own in
' morals, while their manners are in
disputably better; English books and
j English clothes are certaiuly both ad
miraolc.'rf. d if young Gau Chaster re
turns home so drossid tht :ii friends
oelieve huu au Englishman even
i though Brumniagen it is only an in-
1 uocent weakness.
But it our women must imitate when
they go abroad, in Heaven's name let
these, imitate the best, w here the best
is bad. Let then discard the false
idea that any pure stream can ever
tjow lrom that impure fouutain-head
whence they fl-h their newest fashions.
Xot that our women are the sole
conyists; our men uo their share.
They Irani, while iu Paris, to give
very questionable littie suppers to un
questionable young ladies of the bal
iet; to dress as unlike Americans as
possible; to dance can-can, aud to
drink absinthe like water, aud play
rogue-et-nuii if, indeed, they did not
know tho two last when the1-' went
over. They learn, immediately on
theur return, to s.gh for Cremorne,
pine for Mabille, and dottt od " the
Derby;" to deplore the barbarity ot
new countries, and swear they cannot
live in this slow American town.
But these are small matters in the
main. Our young men come back, in
most instances, to make up, by hard
work, for the very hard olay they j
have had. Aud most of them have
;orgotten by spring the nousense they
ft ton 1 1 wheu lauding iu the autumn.
As tor the lew who come back hope
lessly ruined, they do not count for
much, for they are made of such "per
llOUS SlUtf" tl'ey VoU
idown hill I
even in Mr. I rfTrY Tsslhihn
Bus we have a teiAiier pride in our
women, while they remain such a
pride in their womanhood, in their
purity; and it is wry bitter to see
them imitate even though they dq
so iu all iunoctnee what even aim
less tashiou and in-nne rivalry of dis
play can never make them.
Though one may touch pitch and
not be dedietl, bal-am ot fir is veryapt
to stick to the fingers. So, next time
you go to Paris, dear Bdimia, look i
at Cora without a lorguette, and
"No uioru oa ta.ii ned, an' taoa lov'itt me!'
ii tba Household
and Suntay
The fact of thus mlm iftinrr tho n:
oe4t. jnt tne vwr.. Wllt.r lr ,mr jy.
meatus economy, lurestaU ail need oi
iu ss.onaries lo Cbiu t. They go home
with u reahzmg seu-e of tne true pisi
tiou of womeu. They have learued
ny experience to re-pect fnem, and to
distrust the w isdom of their own so- j
ciai regulations. r iuneeu years ago
Mr. H , who owned a huge fastens
near St. Jo-eph's Mis-ion, employed
a Chi nam in as coo., lim sun who
declared, he was a Miiiilarm in his
own eusmrry, positively refused ever
to place a chair at the tab'.e lor Mrs.
H. Ho would place them for Mr.
li., or any menioer of the male
Bex, but couid uot stoop so low as to
do this lor the infenor sex. Observ
ing Mrs. H one day as she was post
ing her husband's b -"as, fci gave her
a piece of his miu:!. "No good, no
d, she leadee -htee plittee soon
kit.' all zee men." f"lf women
read, write, pretty soon they will mas
ter the men."
How ditTere .tly now when they go
eagerly to Sunday schools to be taught
by women, and they are not ungrate
ful. A most admirable Methodist
lady has instituted one of those scsoois
in J-anta Cruz. It is kept in the Con
gregational Church, as the Methodist
r was not q:1it. tip to the thing.
It is in this school that little Jin
goes, and he is extremely proud of his
learning, especially of the songs he
"Thim i i
- t y -ui,
Fol, fol, awav.
On being asked by a visitor where
the land was, a scholar responded
promptly "China " As none of the
teachers understand Chinese, there
must be much tim
pUs, however, art
a knowlelsre of
ao sound corre-
always atmr
only get at their version of our ortho
dox cred! It might be eftlfv bag.
You are aware that it is a rare
thing to IbSjs CMjsmian who cannot
boih read and write his own lan
guage. This gives them a certain
power and independence. If fhev
were Uken to the .ou'h thev com d
I not be treated as the more docile race
rhs Horrible Lady Byr a Story to be Ccs
The Stewe Vied eates n rseif Wlit She
is te Prjve.
The publishers of
joiniler to her 'iii.
light through the booi
that it will be publish
the "th of January. 1
the book very secret, I
of it to be given out,
bite which is voucbsa!
dents this evening. I
rs. Stowe's re
now see day
. ind announce
d on Saturday,
"cy have kept
nd aiiow none
except ihe ttea
1 to eorrespon
i willbe set-Ti by
tsiuciion io the
lends to make
ilVLtjc,, r that
and thai i: was
a her
y him
ter of
is to mat
brief iu
of ' The True Story ol
Life ' has been one of
sion and of much invi
not thought it ncces?
my spirit and conius
right by even an arte
the" many abusive an
here and in England
that discJo-ure. Frien
taken the task tor me, j
time to time tiie sut
thing really worthy of a
e. i have
to disturb
y sen-t of
at riTnlin-'
ww . - S
t thai both
f followed
sve under
ig me from
ce of afiy
Uou wb en
came to view in tne tumult
" It appeared to me ess.
this Hirst excitemeritsbould
ure spend itself before thert
a possibility of -peaking t
pose. Xow, when aii wiu
nave spoken who can speak
to be. hoed, have said t
they can say, there seem- a
in listening calmly .:
ble, to what I have to say ii
" And, first, why have I
disclosure at all?
To this ansuer brief;
considered it my duty to mat
44 I made it in defense of
becauae I
revered friend, whose memory stod
torth in :he -. ,,: t:i- -. , ..zed worid
charged with most repul-ive crimes,
of which I certainly knew her inno
cent. " I claim and shall prove, that Lady
Byron's reputation ha- been the vic
tim of a conceited attack, bgun by
her husband during her lifetime, and
coming to its clifuax over h- r grave.
I claim, and shall prove, thai ii was
not I i ho stirred up this coutntvefsy
10. this year I !!). i -hail -how wi.o
did do it, and who is responsible ior
liringing on ine that hard duty of
making those discio-ureSf which it
appears to me ought to h.ic ut-.:
made by other-.
I claim that these Cicts were given
to me unguarded by any pr.-n, -.
.seal ot -evrc-y, fmbsn or isnptied ;
that they Weie edged wiih i ue as one
.-inter rests her siesK u ii n ao ii-r
sympathy, for tinBTL- i.
Never del I .-upsjRVe the day uid
come that i should be obliged tj u
cruel an anguish as this u ol them
ht been to me. Xeverdal 1 -upt.o-e
lhat when those kind hands,
had shel nothing but be---,
lying in the he! piesfliiess of death,
when that gentle hearr, -..rely inni
and to th? So full ot loVe, was 1vfJ
nig cold in Ihe totnb, - cvujtrj man ff:
England could be found lo casi (tie
foulest slanders on her grave, and BMM
oue in all England to raise aa effective
voice in her delense.
"I admit the feebleness of riy plea,
in point of execution. It, wa- written
in a state of exhausted health, w hen
uo labor ot the kind was s.m ior n - - -when
my hand had not etreugth to
hoid'the pen, and I was MoseS to dic
tate to auother.
"I have been told that I have no
reason to congratulate BBJrsstl on it as
a literary eflLrt. O, my brothel's aud
sisters! is cfiere itieu notniug in the
world to think of Out literary erf-.n?'.'
I ak any man with a hart in his
bosoni, if he had been obliged to tell
a story so cruel, becau-e his mother's
grave gave no rest irom skinut-r I
ask any woman who had btcn teased
to -ueh a disclosure to free a dead sls
ter's name from grossest n.-uits,
whether she wouid nave ihount of
making this w ork of bitterues.- a lite
rary success?
"Are the cries of theoppres-ed, ti:
gasps of the dying, the last prayers of
mothers are at y words, w rung like
drops of blood from the numau heart,
to be judged as literary eiiort.-?
"My fellow-country men of Aaaeri-i
ca, men of the ;;.;. I have duue youi
one act of justice of all your uittir
articles, I have read not ot.c. I -h i.,
never be troubled ia the future tune
by the remembrance o: aiy uui ud
word you have said of me,jor at tms
moment I recollect not one. i nad
sach faith in you, such pride in my
countrymen, as men with wnom,
above ail others, the cause of mom iu
eras safe and sacred, thai i was at nrsi
neit an
ot the
i ii
iulous at wn.tt I
l the Amen an
press ; aji
t ,
from the imp
hut from gri
nection couv
iu many case:
derstaudiug s
guided houoi
feel courage.
therefore, to a-n. tr iu
you a fair hearing. Now, as I have
done you this justice, will you ai-o du
tne the justice tt) hear me seriou-iy
and candidly?
' What interest have you or I, my
brother and my sister, in this short
life of ours, to utter anything out the
truth? Is not truta Letweeu man aud
man and between man aud woman
the foundation on which all things
rest? Have you not. every individual
of you who must hereafter give au ac
count yourself alone to God, an i ite
est to know the exact truih .u its
matter, and a duty to perform t-ee"'
n that truth? Hear in
while I tell you the posnqs - .
i stood, aud what was my cout-
reiatiou to it. .
"A shaim
memory hai
f July, ieti!
tan pu die
very fact that it
duction of Lc
Xo etfleient pru
article, aud the i
publishing house i
hi the world, reou
rend in
u dail
in i::
Of to-d
ing Ln
her -I
ud made up into
and thas to gem
'ho had no means e
yron but by tbese ti
ers, were b i.:' .,
e friends who kn
were a smsil selec
whom death is eve
fhev were 6-ur in n
in En
compared with the great worl
were silent. I saw these foul si
V-v'l iag into hijiury am
dieted by friends who knew h
sonaily, who, Arm in their own I
edge of her virtues anil iimi
view as
"re, aau
no idea of the width
world they were living
exigeicy oi tne crisis.
passed on and no voice w -spoke.
I gave at first a sim
for i knew instinctively that
put the first steel point ot ti
this dark cloud of slander w
kit the storm to spend itself.
I uiu
say the storm exceeded
tions, and has raged lo:
But now that there is a
secoud, to add to my t
facts and incidents as I
preper at rt t stete.'

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