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THE SUNDAY MOENING APPEAL- FEBRUARY 20, 1870.
THE DAILY APPEA L I Mot by mail to subscribers, one year, tlo IX month. $6 0t; leaa than six months, $1 per month; wIHispsdat Edition, 112 a year, Served by r 8 triers anywhere in the city and nubnrtv. t ivraxn-nva Cbhts per week; Sunday edition inclnded. THE WEEKLY APPEAL, IViblished every Wednesday morning, la aent to subscriber at 12 50 a year; to clubs of two or more, 12 a year. We have no traveling agents. Remittance mast be by draft or postoffice order. Money at the risk of the Render. ADVERTISING RATES, In the Daily Arer.Ai. 1 per square, Ml cents per line, or 10 cents per line, according to place. In the Wmir, one-bait the rates of t ue Daily. Advertisements inserted In the Kcndat Appeal, are charged one-sixth ad ditional to above rates. Terms: Cash In ad vance. CO R R ESPONDENCE, Containing Important HEWS, solicited from enypsJrol the Globe. Writer' name and address required on every communication a private guarantees of good faith. SI MHV APPEAL OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE CITY. F. A. TYLER, - - EDITOR. FEB. 20, 1870. SUNDAY MORNING, DEMOCRATIC TICKET. For Skerf. MARCUS J. WRIGHT. County Trustee A. WOODWARD. For Tax-Collector W. D. STRA TTOK. County Oaurt Off JAMES REILLY. Clerk Criminal Court W.T.AVERY. (Jerk 1st Circuit Court D. T. REA YES. Clerk 2d Circuit Court P. D. BO YLE. aerk id Circuit OoHt....J. He BROOKS. Constable Otfi dr. Dist P. KEARXS. Magistrates Htk Civ.Dist...T. FLEMISO. W. L. STEWART. Constable ith Civ. Dist...J. W. RAMSEY. Convention Proceedings. that thirty millions of this sum should The Convention on Thursday met at the taken' from intenial taxation and usual hour. The first resolution offered : twentv millions relieved by the reduction was one by Mr. Sanfple, that the Old Tes- j of frrT on importations, lament Scriptures shall never be excluded j A New York dispatch of vesterdsv from the common schools, which lies owr , saT3. ..The furjeni of Dominicus S. Yoor undei the rules. The following was .adopt- who waH hot on Sulljay last, took ed as an amendment to Art. I, Sec 32, of j plaoe from nls late rejaence, on President the Constitution: Xo law of a general I stpeetj opposit0 CarroU Park. Every natureshall go into effect until the fortieth street in the neighborhood was crowded, .lay after its passage, unless such law or Tu)) ppie of an cUa were out to wit iu prenmble shall declare that the public ueas th0 ceremonies. Carriage after car welfare requires that it should take effect j rjage mi-ed by, leaving their human toner. in louowing was aaopiea as mourning freight on the sidewalk in an amendment to Art. XI, Sec. 3: " The ! irvllt 0f the door. All classes were Legislature shall have the right, at any represented. Women with children, time, by law. to submit to the people the 0ij ,nen and young, merchants and question of calling a Convention to alter, mechanics, all were present to pay reform or abolish this Constitution, and the last tribute of respect to the deceased, when, upon such submission, a majority For over two hours the crowd filed past, of all the votes cast shall be in favor of j taking a last look at the face of the dead, said proposition, then delegates shall be i The casket was placed on the sidewalk h '-en and the Convention shall assemble j for this purpose. The indignation amoLg in such mode and manner as shall be pre- : the people was intense, scribed." Thefollowingamendmenttothis , The excitement is so great in Brooklyn lies over under the rules: "Provided that j tnat a policeman this morning took load nothing contained in this section shall be j t-d revolvers from two boys on their way construed so as to deprive the people in j to school. They stated that they had their sover, iirn capacity from exercising been advised to arm themselves, owiug the inherent right to alter, reform, change i t,j the prevalence of crime in the city, or abolish this Constitution, as declared a Washington dispatch of the 17th says in the Bill ol Rights, independent of any that a gentleman, who is fully posted and l- .nsli.tive authority." well qualified for the work, is preparing The following w as adopted as section I ;..r the press a full history of the Union of article XI: The Legislature shall have raeiiie railroad, and the Credit Mobilier, no power to change the names of persons j which will disclose many startling facts. or to pass acts adopting or legitimating ' ne item, which I have received in round persons, but shall, by general laws, con- ! about way, is that it has been estab ler this jwwer on the courts." The fol- ! lished bv the affidavit of one of the di- lowing was adopted, to iollow section lit A homestead in the possession of each bead of a family and the improvements ; thereon to the value, in all, of one thou- j sand dollars, shall be exempt from sale un- ; der legal process during the life of such I head of a family, to inure to ch&benont of i the widow, and shall be exempt during the minority of their children occupying the same., nor shall said property lie alien- i ated. with, nt the joint consent of hits- band aud wile when that relation exists. . bk exemption shall uot affect debts con tracted before the adoption of this Con stitution, nor debts contracted for the purchase or improvement of said lot, nor public taxes. The following was also adopted : "The intermarriage eil white persons with negroes, mulattoes, or persons of mixed blood, descended from a negro to the third generation, inclusive, is pro hibited, and no w hite jierson and negro sha 1 be al lowed to live together as man and wife. The Legislature shall enforce this section by appropriate legislation." The loliowing was adopted as an inde 1 wndeut section : "The lic-nen! Assembly shall haei power to enact laws for the protection and preservation of game ami fish with in the stale, slid such laws may be enacted for and applied and enforced in particular counties or geographical dis tricts, designated by the General Assem bly." The Convention now took up amend ments promised by the Judiciary Com mittee to article VII, in the third section, which reads as follows: " There shall lie Treasurer, aud the Comptroller of the Treasury, .ipxinled for the State, by the joint vole of ith Houses of the General Assembly, who shall hold his or their office for two years." Section .". was stricken out, and the fol lowing inserted: " Klectious foi Judicial and other civil officers shall be held on the first Thursday in August. Isto, and forever thereafter on the first Thursday in August next preced ing the expiration ot their respective terms of service." The term of each officer so elected shall Ik.' computed from the first day of SeptemlK-r next succeeding his election. The term of office of the Governor and of other executive oihcers shall be com puted from the loth of January next after the election of the Governor. No appointment or election to fill a va emney shall be made for a riod extend ing beyond the unexpired term. Kvery officer shall bold his office until his successor is elected or appointed and qualified. No special election shall be held to fill a vacancy in the office of Judge or Dis tjict Attorney but at the "time of the biennial election for civil officers." The article as to-the election of Sheriff is to remain as in existing Constitution. An amendment proposing to make eou pons of debt - t d before 1S61 a lender for taxes after ! "7 1 lies over. An amend ment prohibiting Legislature or Conven tion from ratifying amendments to I'nited States Constitution, unless such bodies were elected after the time when Congress shall have proposed such amendmeuu, was laid over. Telegrams. From New York yesterday we learn that Henry Sweetscr, one of the most versatile and beat known of the younger member of the ires of New York, died suddenly in his thirty-third year. Mr. Sweetaer waa a native of Massachusetts and a graduate of Yale College. He as formerly one of the publishers of the Round Tmbit, and has latterly been con nected with the World. A dispatch from Havbayeatrdy says: The schooner Herald, from NMaau, re cenliv landed a party 5f thirty-six fili buster ai Oibson, under the command of n.oml i; ,cKvtui!a Tt.ev were attacked bv the voluntet rs. 1 " - - iho killed MUii and captured four of the expedition. The piujonere were executed at Halguin on the 14th inklant It i refuted that the urvivora are in the Sierra Sacarrena lu a famished condition, and as the outlet of the Sierra i guarded the capture ofthe entire exjdition ia considered certain. a band of Chinese insurgents have sp in the sagiua jurisdiction, em tne 5th instant they burned the Penita ware houses, together with 30u hogsheads; of -ugar. and killed the clerks and ware housemen. Sugar is ti r tit and quoted at 'i(gi8?4 reals. A London dispatch of yesterday says that n the House of Lords to-day the !ord Chancellor moved the first reading f the judges." jurisdiction bill, and ar jued at length the necessity for its ii:icirueut. Lord Cairn es questioned the isdom of some details, but approved of it as a whole. After some remarks by Uirds Westbury, Roiuilley and Ritsdale, he House adjourned. In the Commons Mr. Buxton gave notice of an inquiry as . what action, if any, the Government proposed to take in regard to the revised : raiisl.it ien of the Bible. A motion was made for the appointment ol a select com mittee to inquire into the expenses of the Abyssinian war. Mr. Bruce, the Home im relary, referred to the reports of the ill treatment of O'lHinovau Rossa, and de nied that the punishment of flogging had been inflicted on prisoners in lsGK. The Senate on Thursday passed the Mississippi bill just as it came from the House, imposiag the same fundamental 'jouditious that were in the bill to admit Virginia. It will be laid before the Pres ident to-morrow for his signature By Monday it is expected that the Senators and members will be admitted. Thus far, a 'es "ot appear that any oljeetions will i be made to the colored Senator, Revels, . aking his seat. A Washington dispatch to the Louis ville Courier- Journal , of Friday, saysthat owing to advices received from New Hampshire and Connecticut, regarding the probable suedes of the Democratic party in the spring elections, several im portant consultations have leon held by leading Republicans here to see what could be done to save the day. The first movement was to get Mr. Dawes to pub lish a letter that he was still the friend of the Administration, notwithstanding his recent speeches, and the next has been an important result reached by the Ways and and Means Committee, a: their meeting to-day, by which it was agreed to reduce taxation for the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1S70, and ending July 1, 1871, fifty millions of dollars. The committee voted rectors ofthe I'nion Pacific Railroad, who was at the same time a director of the Credit Mobilier. that up to June, 18oS, the profits of the Credit Mobilier amounted to the enormous sum of 982,G0O,O00, w ith out the expenditure of one dollar of t heir own, all the capital being furnished by the Government and the public, who botigl.: first mortgage bonds. r.i:rouK the Legislature of Wiscon sin bill is now pending to restrict the pardoning jwwer in murder cases, which provides that no person con victed and sentenced to the Peniten liary for life shall be paidmed except 'n application signed by a majority ol the leTil voters of the county in which the crime was- committed. The Superintendent of Kreedmen's Schools, writing from Charleston, says .South Carolina last year appropriated 2lHJ,000 to aid freednien in becoming land owners; that 4u,UK) acres have thereby come into their possession, and that the Government will recom mend an appropriation this year of j loo,lXi for similar purposes. A.uir.L is being prepared for pre sentation to Congress providing for greater security for life on steamboats. It is elaborate in detail as to the con struction of hulls, decks, engines, provision of life boats, tarpaulins for covering merchandise secured in packages, requiring more carelul guard, examination and license of all oihcers, and affixing penalties lor neglect. What will poor men think of the tariff, when they remember that tea, coffee and sugar, which are articles of necessity they cannot do without, pay iiA0tIM of the revenue, while all other articles combined pay only fl 05,000,000? If the ioor consume three-fourths of the tea, cotice and su gar consumed in the country, do they not nay three-fourths of the tax of lifty-five millions? So much for the "protection" of the rich on which the present tariff policy is based. An application for a writ of manda mus has been made lefore Chief Jus tice CAKTKJi.-of the District of Colum bia, by an " ex-rebel," and resident of Georgetown, who claims a right to vote under Andrew Johnson's am nesty of July 4, IK08. The Board of Registration refused to enter his name on the poll list. The application will soon be heard, and it will be deter mined whether Confederate soldiers have the right to vote under the laws of that district. Tin: "march of mind" that the " march of Kadical principles is the march of intelligence "is the boast of nt rthem Kadical journals. This is remarkably illustratwl in the proceed ings of the Southern Hudical Legisla tures, which are often brought to a pause by unintelligible bills sent from one to the other by the Engrossing Clerks of the Houses,. The " intelli gence" column halts very often in South Carolina, Georgia and Missis sippi. SchiKil loys, of the old type, do better in writing rfnd spelling than the new governors know how to do. Wt published a few days ago a memorial to the State Convention, signed by a hundred names of mer chants and other intelligent gentle- men, oe.su u-s unas it-pi twining a . . . n . , - hundred more, which appeals to the members of the Convention to recon sider their action and "place mer chandizing on au equality with all other honorable and useful avocations with respect to taxation." The fact tlmt suchh petition should have be-1 come necessary, is remarkable. Was it not evident enough that the com mercial interests of the State should be fostered rather than repressed? Clin any doubt that commerce and agriculture must thrive together, if at all? Can one be injured without the other? Can any man gi vo a reason why one should be taxed more than the other, when one is as benefical as the other? The reason iclty it is done is one which puts us to shame. It is be cause the merchants are numerically in the minority, and their enterprise has gifen them something of which they can be readily plundered. If they were, like the farmers, in the majority, we should not hear of such inequality, injustice antl oppression. Wr. hope tlte State Convention will listen to the arguments which have tn urged on its attention by the Memphis memorialists, among whom will be found as many men of sense as the Convention contains, men of sound and practical judgments as to business matters, aud some among whom have worthily tilled stations of h gh inifiortanee and eminence. Ex perience has demonstrated that dis crimination against merchants strikes ai. the welfare of all classes, and of oth ers even more than the merchants themselves, who will sell high enough ti match the taxes laid on them. Those States where commerce is freest have thrived the most, and yield without oppression to the citizen the largest revenue. The policy pur sued by this State against the mer ctiants, resulting from the numerical majority of other classes, it may be, has kept it back, while other States, more liberal, have gone forward and outgrown it. Equal taxation of all property, and all classes, should now be fixed in our Constitution, and re raain there as a principle not to be de parted from forever. Permanency and stability, of all interests, is the f rst want even of an agricultural, as well as of a commercial people. The legislature should not have the pow er, as majorities may sway it, to dis criminate injuriously and practically against any laudable business. Nashville, February 19, 3 p.m., 1870. T. A'. Nelson, President Chamber of Com merce: We have passed this proposition in the Constitution: The portion of a merchant's capital ased in the pur chase of merchandise sold by him to non-residents, and sent beyond the State, shall not be taxed at a rate higher than the cul vaivrein tax on property. Stephens and Ueiskell. The above dispatch to the President of the Chamber of Commerce, takes the sting out of the "privilege" prin ciple to some extent, so for as Mem phis is concerned, which sells more goods to other States than to our own. Nashville and Knoxville may not be sa well pleased with it. If that por tion of a merchant's capital which he uses for the benefit of non-residents should be taxed only on the ad calo- rfin principle, will somebody pfcga. tell us why the other portion which is used for the benefit of our own people should be taxed at auy higher rate? Why should not merchants be coin palled by a privilege tax to raise the prices of their goods on strangers an well as on the home folks? Does the Convention decide that non-residents are . better than residents; or that residents will bear op pression a little the most txmely? The old fashion w?.s to U.ke care of our own people first. But the Convention decides to leave our rt erchants free to sell goods to Miaafo sippians and Arkansians at a per cent, less rates than to Te'nnesseeans. This strikes us as liberality and states manship with a vengeance, particu larly directed to the home circle. Departures from sound principles al ways put legislators as well as corn icon pMfle in a quandary. The n: umbers of the Convention have no pole star, and so wander and get lost and sink into quagmires as easily as less pretentious, or even less well in formed people. Aud now, they will Hid themselves between Scylla and Caarybdis. If they tax merchants unequally on what they sell to non-residents, they will impoverish the State by driving off the profits and growth ol commerce from its limits! If they tax them out of equal proportion on articles sold for home consumption, it willlnako our own people pay the penalty of buying foods' at dearer rates from our merchants, aud induce tlicm to remove to the neighboring tc wns of other States, w here they cm escajie the onerous imposition on the issuers and consumers of Tennessee. Is it not a little amusing te see the pixnlicament in which our Nashville Solons are placing themselves, in order tc the enforcement of their "privi lege" taxing principle for want of that common sense which plain Iople have? We Ix-g leave to laugh in our sleeve. The Con vention is certainly very right in taking off the tax as to goods sold to non-residents. If now they will U.ke off the tax from goods on sale to residents, it w ill be just as right. Af ter all, there is but one right way alxnit the whole matter, and that is to ttix all alike, assessing on the capital o;" all equally so much as may be ne cessary for the purposes of the gov ernment honestly and economically administered. No other principle and n a other course of action will stanel investigation or meet the approval of intelligent or practical men. The following paragraphs, which we find in the New York World, have been written to a gentleman in New Y ork by a resident of South Carolina. They give au inside view ofthe benefits o: negro supremacy, and are a valuable argument in support of the policy of our own State Convention on the suf frage subject. The proportion of ne g,oes to whites is a little larger in S)uth Carolina than in Tennessee; but that only makes the blessings of negro supremacy more abundant. What a misfortune It would be for the State if the Convention should declare negroes ineligible to hold offices and sit on ju rias. But now, thanks to that bodv, we are likely to remain perfectly free to make Sambo Governor if we choose: The Legislature of this State is now sitting in Columbia, having in it sev-e-:ity-tlve negro, being two-thirds of the whole number; the other third is made up of adventurers from New l ugland, carpet-baggers, as they are called here putttowu as white in the catalogue, but, if thtir deeds are to mark their true color, they aru as b. ack as the blackest. These men are recent comers into tlio State. They have not the re motest interest in the South, except so tar as they can enrich themselves bv ttionopiliziosr the offices. They live generally with the negroes, and thus aie sent by their votes to the Legisla ture, a certain number of colored men bting put on the ticket with them, as many as may be necessary to pass 'junt such laws as they will dictate from time to time, to enable them to carry out their nefarious purposes. You can well imagine how it chafes the citizens of the once proud State of South Carolina to see seventy-five ne groes, field hands, many of them so ignorant they can neither write nor read, making laws, under dictation of tin- lladieal party, to govern their for mer masters, and, horribUe dictu, oc cupying the saino seats that I have seen in other days filled by Calhoun, Lowndes, Pinckney, McDuflie, Ilar per, Preston, Legare, Jlayne, Hamil ton, Cheves, Butler, Hammond, PeO gru, Earl, O'Neill, Ion, Deas, and many others of well-remembered fame. I mast give you some Idea of the dignified manner in which Instate I occasionally done in our Legislature. The other day a circus company vis ited Columbia. As is usual in other places, it paraded through the streets on the morning of the night fixed for the first performance. As the caval cade approached the State House, where "the assembled wisdom of the State"were deliberating on the destiny of the republic, one of the grave and reverend seigniors, one of our noble and good masters, hearing the "shrill trump, the spirit-stirring drum, the ear-pierciug fife," could not restrain himse'lt", so rising in his place, ad dressed the Sjieakerthus (as a reporter states) : "I say, de show is a coming. I moves dis here resolution dat dis honorable body moves to the winder to see de show poits." The motion was carried, of course, nemine contradicenie, and the mem bers of the Legislature of the proud State of South Carolina, with one con sent, immediately moved to the win dows "to see de show pa.-vs!" Such a burlesque on the name ot government as may daily be witnessed at this time in our State, the history of the world can produce no parallel to. I must not omit to remark that so' thoroughly has the ltadicul party con- -uiflJZ 1 7, ",h.t possess f of sovereign snv ay, that and uot an office in the State worth hav- intr is heid by a Sou!h Carolinian. New England men have appropriated all the influential offices the Gover- nor, Lieutenant Governor, Treasurer, ; Comptroller, Attorney General, the j Judges, Senators in Congress, aud j members of Congress, the Collector of j the Fort, Assistant Collector (a negro), the Mayor of Charleston, the City At torney, and other offices too numerous to mention, are tilled by men who emigrated from New England to profit by reconstruction alter the war, or rather, more properly speaking, from the destruction that followed the peace. The principal authorities of the State are daily deaoaaced loudly by the press, and it seems they cannot deny the charge that they are taking ad vantage of their official stations, to be movers in certain transactions by which they are tilling their pockets at the cost of the poor tax-payer, acting upon the hint given by lago to lloder- igo, "rut money in my purse, Hon estly if yon no, but put money in thy purse." In addition to this, the poor, igno rant negro legislator, by way ot let ting him come in for a share of the plunder, is put up to estimate his ser vices higher than did the educated men w ho stood, in their day, second to none in the councils of the nation, not only having the efjrontery to vote a double ier diem allowance for them selves, but to provide for its payment in yoid, and in advance. ihe imjiositions of our carpet-bag government exceed ordinary endu rance. What is to be the end 1 know not. Oppressed as the South is by agencies we cannot control, and sad dened as we ate by the memory oi'the past, how low we have fallen fromuur once high estate, we cannot look with a confident spirit from the present to the future. It is, indeed, night a dark night with us; so rayless, look which way I will, I cannot discern in any direction the faintest gleam of the coming day. I believe the only hope remaining for the South the down-trodden, insulted South to escape from the potent in fiuences of the political tinkering to which we are now so mercilessly sub jected, is by the triumph of the Demo cratic party. There must be a strotig, united etloVt, then, at the next election to achieve "a consummation so de voutly to be wished." STATE NEWS. The liiclungs Knglish Opera Troupe commences at Nashville on Monday. The wheat crop of Middle Tennessee looks more promising than at' this time la-t year. They had five inches of now upon the meets of Nashville on Friday. The heaviest fall of the season. The Fayettevillo Sews is aahliahlng weekly installments ol a history of the Forty-fourth Tennessee Regiment, C. ,S. A. The Franklin Rerieic and Columbia Herald are out for A. O. P. Nicholson tor Chancellor of the Fourth Chancery Division. Captain Richard' Beard, editor of the Murfreesboro Monitor, was mar ried on Tuesday last 10 Miss Marie Iirotngoole. Mr. E. B. Luttrell, Assistant Post master at Knoxville, Teun, for the past six years, has been removed by an order from Washington. There was uothiuir of moment done i in the Sonate or House on Thursday. What affected Shelby county or Mem phis, has been given by telegraph. There is much excitement in Legis lative and Convention circles over the expose of Fletcher and Bosson's mis deeds, a report of which we publish elsewhere. Five cars of the Nashville and Northwestern Railroad fell through the trestle work, four miles west ol Johnson ville, on Wednesday last, Fortunately no person was injured. The MeMinnville New Era saysthat on Saturday night last, about twelve iniU'-i from that place, in the edge of DeKalb county, Uoodberry Kirby shot anil mortally wounded S. Cettou. They are agitating the subject of a custom-house in Nashville. We of Memphis should imitate their exam ple, and would, no doubt, if we. had anybody else for Congressman but W. J. Smith. The Carriage Vidette says: "Major Falconnet is still moving the work along lively on the Tennessee and Pa cific road between Lebanon and Car thage. The corps of engineers who are making the permanent location of the line, have crossed over Rope's hill and are within three miles of Carth agt" The Knoxville Whig suggests the names of Colonel Thomas A. R. N i son and Major I). M. Key as litting persons for the Supreme Judges for the Eastern Division. It says Major Key stands deservedly high as a man and a lawyer. His mind is broad and hi legal attainments high. " With two such men as these on the Supreme Bench," the Whig says, "our section would be highly honored." At the commencement of the Law Department of Cumberland Universi ty, the doiMif of L. li. was conferred by Judge Ureen, as the representative of the Law Faculty, on the following named gentlemen: J. V. Jefferson, C. O. Bond, J. P. Meux, C. M. Ste phens, W. B. Butler, John Beech, J. A. Trousdale, S. 15. Vance, E. L. Bul lock, Tennessee; (J. W. Wynne, W. M. Moores, Teas; F. P. Morgan, Kentutky; G. M. Williamson, Mis sissippi; J. K. I'ruett, Alabama. TWn TTanVlM Qmimr says: We un derstand that a great many of our friends in the county are going to plant large quantities of broom corn. We do not presume to dictate to the people as to what they should plant, but if we were in that business, we -should uot make a specialty of 'that crop, lor the reason that larger quan tities will be planted in Ohio, Indiana, ""nuts, uus veur man ever . . ' - - '"'. " Wi" necessarily reuuee ui . price oi orootu com m-xt year. j certain, however, that some of them ' are spiritualists, and firm believers in There are in Europe at the present i the supernatural intel igence of Plan time M8S theaters, of w hich there are chette, w hich has been known aud in France Si7, in Italy 208. in Soain i consulted bv them tierhm fmm the m Austria io, iu rrussia iti, tn Itussia 34, aud in hngland liti. ' CHINESE LABOR. An Interesting Letter from General John 6. Walker about the Chinamen he has at w irk in Texas. 'fo the Editor New Orleans Picayune: -The disorganization of the labor sys tem of the South, growing out of the rfjSSA telling the story of Southern decay in productive industry, as tne miuuie aged negroes, whose working habits were acquired under the discipline of the old system, die off or become su-peranuatetl,- we are finding none to take their places. The young ones rate their political importance too highly to waste their energies in the production of cotton and sugar. To what extent the country has been the gainer by the conversion ot this large class of producers into voters and pol iticians, is a matter of opinion, but certain it is that the material interests of the South have received a heavy blow, and we have not yet even felt its worst effects. Year by year negro laborers will grow more scarce and capricious, and pari passu the price of field work enbauce. We may, therefore, expect to see the branches and weeds of our field every year growing ranker, unless we can pro cure lalwrers of another race. Can the Caucassians supply the want? Theorists may answer affirmatively as long as they please, but Louisian ians, at least, will not be convinced against their daily experience and ob servation. Whence, then, is help to come? For one, I can see it nowhere but on the shores of Asia. Fortu nately the gold excitement in Califor nia has made us partially acquainted with the industrial and economi- cal value of the .Mongolian race. of the Mongolian race, Large numbe'rs of them, drawn to our El Dorado by the universal attraction of gold, have lor many yean been settled on the Pacific slope, j fit observatioa of them JZ miners of the precious metals, but the surface and individual mining becom ing unprofitable, these industrious peoDlc soon turned their labor to a profitable account in other avocations, and for years have supplied to Cali fornia that desideratum of all new countries cheap and abundant labor. They have built her railways, dug her irrigating and mining canals, drained her lands, reaped her golden harvests, and in tens of thousands of house holds are at this moment contributing to the daily comfort of her inhabi tants. These are the people who are waiting to be called in to our relief. Shall we accept their services? It we decide to do so, the sooner we set on foot the measures necessary to get them here, the better. Having sient two or three years on the Pacific slope, previous to the war, I had many opportunities of becoming acquainted i with John Chinaman as a tobotrer .1 cook. etc.. and since the war have boen a strong advocate for his intro duction into the South. Theory is worth little without practical demon staation, and it occurred to me that tho tiest method of impressing our people with the value of the Asiatic, was to bring him into our midst and let him speak for himself, in a lan guage that requires no interpreter that of shovel and wh-eelbarrow. The Houston and Texas Central Railway Company, after many costly and utisatisiactory experiments at the importation from this city and New York of white laborers, at my earnest nus ; stion, concluded to try the ex lienment of Chinese labor. I WW con sequently employed by them to pro eeed to California and bring to Texas ,u.. u. : ..i i:.,,. i the two hundred and fifty Chine- now at labor on the extension of their road near Calvert. On this business I reached San Francisco early in Octo ber last, and from that time to the middle of December I was engaged in overcoming the tliliicu!tis I found in the way of my success. 1 n the first place Texas was a wholly uirkuovvr. country to even the Chinese who had spent years in California. I t was a bourne Boaa whence no Osteal fa traveler had ever relurntd; and, in the next place, 1 had to overcome the uufriendly in fluences of interested parties of our own race, wlio desirea monopoly in the business of Cjdniac immigration at the BooUh At length, however, by the dint f perseverance, I suc eeeded in securing the services of two hundred and tuty experienced rail road laborers for a term of three years, ami have just retained from j 1 is, after placing this advanced guard of the coming army of occupa tion on picket, anijicd with nhuvei and picks, coutenf-l and happy; at any rate lultilling thei:' contractu. It is le premier pat qui coat in busi ness as iti morals, and these two hun dred and fifty Mongolians being in your midst and finding ;ood treat ment, good food, atid good pay, will eventually attract to our railroads and other public works, and to our rich but neglected fields, a- many of their country men as we may require. At tir--t let them come for work on our railroads, terees, etc., anil very soon the loennona where they aro employed will be known to the Mongolians of OaHJornta and China, una become the nucleus of Chinese immigration. Our planters will then be able to employ, at reasonable wages, as many of that race as they require. Of all the va rieties of mankind I believe these people are the most gregarious, and now that a respectable number of them have led the way into this heretofore, to them, (Vrrtt incognita, others, w ith proper encouragement will not hesi- tale to follow. Perhaps the time has not yet come when our planters will be able to se cure a sufficient supply of these labor ers in California at the wages they cat afford to pay. But the rate of wages there is coming down since the com pletion of the Pacific railroad, and I believe, before many months, a large number of valuable hands may be em ployed, even in California, at' wages within the reach of prudeut planters. Of course, it is to the shores of Asia directly that we must go for the mil lions that the South will demand to rebuild her fallen fortunes. To bring them here in the numbers and on the terms we cau afford to pay requires organized effort. fit attendant, something may be done by iudivual effort, and it is my purpose to establish au agency in this city for the employment and importa tion from China and California of vol untary laborers, cooks, domestic ser vants, etc. At present, as I have al ready indicated, .my efforts will be mainly directed to the furnishing our railroad companies and other corpora tions and contractors on public works w ith efficient, reliable aini cheap la borers. A few words before closing as to the habits of the Chinese in California. They are abstemious in their diet, and ilrink no alcoholic liquors;-opium smoking, however, is a vice quite as prevalent as intemperate drinking is among Christians. They are inveter ate gamblers among themselves, but never allow this passion to interfere w ith their avocations. They are de voted to theatrical representations, and their theaters in San Francisco are crowded nightly. Some of their plays require a whole week, and often a month or two, to fully develop their plots. Night alter night the same au diences are seen in their places, iu tently following the lortuhes of the hero of the piece, whose whole lite, from the cradle to the grave, is acted out before the piece is concluded. As to religion, it is difficult to as certain what they believe, further than that the large majority of them are professed Buddhists. Certainly in the j natter of outward worship, it is a re- ; tigion but little exalting, as I have never seen, a Chinaman outside ol the Jihs house engaged in anything that could be construed in to au act of de- votiou. uuless the scattering to the w inds of multitudes of small bits of "Joss paper," as our train rolled out j of the depot at San Francisco could be j taken assuch. l oon imiuirv.I was told ! that lhis was a propi.iatory ottering to Joss for the success of our ouw lot tiiv, journey ucross the . continent. It is uavs of Confucius. La ike the Mahom- etaus, they are Un tond of posting up in I their houses, and in public places, short normal maxims, taken from the , writings of their sages. Even in their j stores and eountinghouscs, they have I their walls covered with colored pa I per, on which thesr- maxims are writ ! ten. Until enlightened, I supposed I them advertisements of goods and : wares on sale. The staple articles of their diet are rice, pork and fish, fresh or salted; L beef is an unknown food in China, 1 and it is only since their sojourn in I California that they have learned to i eat it. They are extremeiy fond of cabbages and sweet jMitatoes, and in lact are quite as omnivorous as the whites and blacks of this country. The nsual ration of rice, which stunds 10 them tor bread, for a lalKinng man is from a pound and a half to a pound ! and three-quarters daily. This amount of course would not be required I where they are furnished with an : abundance of vegetables. Tea is indispensable to them. The usual ration Is about two and a half j pounds per day for a hundred BBeo. Such tea as they drink costs in New York about sixty-five cents per pound. Apologizing for the length of this letter, I am, respectfully, JOIIN O. WALKKB, 50 Carondelet street. SHORT PARAGRAPHS. A divorce supplement is suggested for the Chicago papers. Rosa Bonheur said recently to an admiring visitor of hers, that for some time past she had hardly lieen able to overcome her lazinexs, and that she did not believe she would paint much more. A jeweler in Grand ltapids, Michi- rKn. receiveu, a lew days since, a hea- i T soiu ring irom tne catnoiic priest m mat city, Witntne statenit nt, " lhis Delonzs to you ; take you; take it and ask no questions." There are sivty-four prisoners in the Ohio penitentiary under sentence for life. The veteran is John Gull, from Stark county, thirty-three years a convict, now seventy; mind long since gone, and a wanderer about the yard. The Richmond nui,-er loldly and truthfully announces that the unnatu ral alliance of Vtiwinia llMniwrau with nstivp inrf imtwtrt-nil IfuHimlu ' EYV "7TI , ; 1 T. 1 nas resuneii in tneir losing me respect of Y'ankee Republicans without gain ing their affections. An overflowing honse greeted Mr. Fechter at Niblo's, Tuesday evening, on the occasion of his first appearance as "Hamlet." He had a warm recep tion, and trave the audience a truly original, if not a satisfactory, repre sentation ot the character. Jefferson, Texas, is increasing rap idly. Over a million of dollars has neen exenueu on puonc anil private Pofldfaiga stow the great tire, and ' wwewow to tne vaiue 01 f.-oo.uuo are now under contract and in course of erection. The presont population of the place is 12,000. Active operations will soon begin on the Potomac Railroad, extending from Iredencksburg to Alexandria, Va. An organization under the char ter granted by the last Legislature for this road was effected some time since by capitalists from Virginia, Wash- i ingtou and Philadelphia, among whom are Jay Cooke A Co. Mr. A. S. Richardson, Secretary of the Houston and Texas Central Rail road, has a walking stick nearly a hundred years old. It is silver-hwul-ed, and bears this inscription : " Frig ate finance, i Ana another m scription as follows: "Presented to it i .i . , m ... r. Henry ('layby the ladies of the Sea men's FrieiKis' Society, Philadelphia, March 1st, i s is' Charles D. Kirk, the well-known journali-t of Louisville, who wrote spicy letters over the signature "Se De Kay," dropped dead La Louisville about eight o'clock on Thursday night, within a few steps of his residence. I le was a favorite with the people of Louisville, and was highly esteemed by his fellow-journalists, lie was city editor of the Louisville Commercial at the time of ids deth. The two rival Chinese theaters in San Francisco, the See Yun id the lluiw C'hien Uueu, have had a row. The Hung Chien Gueu brought out :t sensasioual drama, six months long, that ftiok all the patronage from the See Yup, and the other night the Bee Yup managers mastered all the ex railroad constructors in town, and proceeded to clear out the rival estab lishment. It was partially successful. Another relation of Napoleon III has go: himself into a scrape. He is a son of Lucien Murat. He has fisti cuffed his architect, and the Emperor has determined that he shall be tried before the same tribunal that will dis pose of the ease of the princely assas sin of Victor Noir. The Emperor has issued this order because, as he says, he wishes none of his family to con sider themselves above the laws. t-resiaenr-uenerai urant is very i pnxious to nave Southern "chivalry" lieu tr eyed. Now let him send a thou sand dollar endowment to the young medical men of Bellevue Hospital, New York, w ho receutly insulted the lentale students of that institution by pelting them with "spit-balls," mock ing them with gross epithets and by throwing obscene drawings into their laps, while seated in the lecture room. Horse races, according to the old Carnival custom, recently discontin ued in Rome, will be restored to the spring festivities of this year by per mission of the Pope;and it is said this tohhn of exercise will be carried out into the Campagna, where it will as sume a "turfy" character. The latter locality has already witnessed the kindred innovation of an English fox hunt, and foreigners in Rome have had their "meets" and "runs" among the ruins of those classic marshes; so that the ancient fashion of equestrian ism may possibly revive in the Eternal City. Thomas M. DeWinter, a diver of considerable exjierience, met with a horrible death by suffocation, at Sa vannah, Ga.,last week, white at work in armor at a depth of twenty feet un der water. He was engaged in re moving obstructions placed in the river during the late war, and in some unknown way became entangled in such a way as to cut off his connection w ith the air pump above, and when released ami brought to the surface was found to be dead. His features presented, as u-ua! in such cases, a very unnatural and sickeuiug appear ance. Four similar deaths have oc curred during the past twelve months. On the night of the 1st inst., as we are informed by a dispatch lrom the Isthmus of Panama, a Masonic lodge in Palmira was attacked and despoiled by a party of fanatics, incited by the priesthood. About two hundred men proceeded at midnight to the Masonic temple, and after taking out all its furniture and buring it in the public square, retired for the night. The Masons, who were comparatively few, had contrived their escape during the commission ofthe outrage, the princi pal actor in which had fled to Calif, where he is likely to be taken and pun ished. Samuel Tyler, Esq., of Frederick City, Md., writes to the Baltimore Sun that he is preparing a biography of I Chief Justice laney, and says: "Aliout two years before his death the Chief Justice chose me as his biographer, for reasons which he stated to me at the time, that were more compli mentary to me than of interest to the public. After his death his executors aud his family placed in my hands all his private papers, even his private j letters to his wife, for a period of fifty i vears. But as important as these na- pen are, they by no means furnish all the facts necessary to present his char acter and his acts to the consideration of the present and future generations of men. I have, therefore, accurau- lated, by correspontlence, from time to time, with persons who had letters in regard to both public antl private matters from the Chief Justice, very iniDortJ.nt facts illustratinff his public and private character. I shall present nothinL'but truth, verified bv facts, The difficulties of my task can only be i appreciated by the historical in-t quirer," i THE DiETCHER VOLUNTEER. The followlni;, Mali, at the time of its first publication during the war, was well re ceived by the lioys " of the late C. 8. A., is republished by request of many survivors of the Moody contest who have laughed lieartll-, s. tally over the keen naikiwm. ' as A. W '. would call It. which closes the last vei e: Mi name Is .1: here dis His Hood's dims de Ven 1 saw if me veel. iieup Schneider, unt 1 j ust got rmy up In Georgia, vere all the vlht; Vaiigee sogers, so mat it mate 1 truiiipt upon de sdeam (!u ii ! Mot in-. gars, and gopmed It was In Xy' Orleans trams and vlfe. city I first heard te Cnt I vas so tilled rait Inner, my life: I irared not vor Mit n Kicki it's dail s.hn kt-J march'"! no mtdout fear. mine hat, 1 Unt Kitlned de Southern army gust a Bletcher Voluoieer. Ven I left Ny' Orleans -lty, de beoble all dit StllHUt On te I-vy vor to see us o.T, ant shook u.- by the hant: Der vlrainens shook dt-r haatkerchlei's, unt ptl us all kos1 py, Ie mens pe.-un to ceer us, unt I pecun to ry, r'en I doaeht of de peer carleos, ver uV ldetchers used tt meet. To valse rount mil de liieteher zals, to sine Itletcher souks ant dreat; But I swollo'd down do quarts of Schnapps und a gek of lat;er peer. l.nt pra t , au-s :.kf t avueral, den vas dis liieteher Viduuteer. Ven ve eot to lu a row. vere de var vas, dey sthoot us Vor dn learn as ven dey liollart, vlch vay ve hale tn ko, Do loadt our guns mil Doth Ink, do learn do zhoot htm right ; Di scharce upon d- Ya ogees ven no Yangi es vas la night. I vas i4tit o prnudt on drill a no one ever vas, L'nt ven ve shargi- on n.othink, 1 vas m-tr-r known to pau'i-; I zhoot mlns gon more times off, den none else ghoot luuder geer, De pra vest man iude army den vaa dis Die tell er Volunteer. I'nt den dey make uk dik Ion? hills to hide pehlnd unt shoot At d YngeN ven dey gooined dat v.iy. hot dat vork did not sail Jaoeup Schneider, vor my bant van sore; I (Trembled In de knes, I van so ferry hungry, nut I hat no aweltier geene; My Bologna vas all gone, unt all my schnapps vas oat, I hat eat up nil my neck, I had w:dlow'd minecrout; Unt dere vas no Dietch grocery to get some lager peer. Now vusn't dat 7.00m droublvs vor dis Uietch er Volunteer? It vor von morning earlj- de Yaigaes goomed in zigtit, f'nt de officers dolt us ve mast nrebaro vor vight: My decth did knock dogedders, tny baaut dey suikik so pai, ed to zhoot my payouet off", I vaf so ferry ltlar. I drl ma. Den de Yangi es zltools der gntaa all off. unt te palls dey gorrc so dick. I dought I must go notneveres I vas so ferry slcc ; t'nt deu de fellers laft at me, as I vent to de rear, t'nt he sdtu-k his payonet nomcveres in d!s D.etcuer Volunteer. Now you gent lemen vot t jnes do var do vight your gountry's Cues, Duke my lulvii-e, brebart yourself pr . 'ore oat dereynn gies Dake a ktipole of parrel of sour crout tint lot- 01 Bweltzer gee le, Some Bologna sausage., out, any dink eLse you bteas.-: VaAVcnyoagotobadiUedrink:t:idescl.n top- you can, " Ziitist git pehint n treat pig dxee, dat U some oflieer's Man ; Den lower town yoor knapsa k town your pack to govKi- up your re r, L'nt den you vont get vouuded like dis Dietch- er Voluuteei-. 30RRI050CLA GHA." r THE IXTEKBST OF " IM3I!!: M t -- - A straogt'r iir.ichil last Sun tlav. An, I . n.Wtls . - i- . !.!- ,-;iiii. ' To '.-ear u two iiours strnion With it barbarous soumliujr. name: 'Twa.s all ubeui tmc bMtisavN, T ttous.iD'.fs of miles alar. Who Itved ia a land of tin rkues Called ' Uorrioooola Oh 4." So well their wants h pi .-"lured That when the plates w ere passed. Each listener felt his poi -kets, ti.t KiMiitly uttt- war eat! - For ail must lend a shot ilder Topashtheror.log oir That agrrta thf aail j tjail To " llorriobt -iila eil.a."' That night th' ir wan and sorrows Lay heavy on my siul. And deep 111 meditation took III V rnlu i roll, i-augnt my mantle rasp and wild, wn with woniter, ef.iid- Till iiiaua WitUeaaii And loofein I saw a 111 A pale and puny In rag- and dir W itat cap she wa Itttptt: ii nt to U W Ith tl. -tabling " We live just (1 And main ita And we've not ereature, t forlorn, nt? I questioned. 1 gone. .'olia- she answered, ow n the street. Down in a ' rlied rtase (' 1 ' Crouched nenr ns she lay, I found a fellow-ereKlure Gapping her life away. A chair, a broken table, A bed of dirty strawpi A hearth all dark and cneerless liut these I scarcely aw, Knr the mournful atuht before me. The sad und sickeuiug show Oil ! never had I pictured A scene so full of woe. TI.'- tarnished and the naked. The b, 1 that pined for bread. Tfea ma Aioui All this Shouli Was I si To " U Ah. 110 : Wlere And I It did group that buddle-J d the dyim? bed list ress and sorrow 1 be in lauds afar, dd.-niy Ira ported The poor and wretched - 1" my door, id passed them, heedless. A thousand tim Alas! for the cold l'h it m.-el me r While ail my tdir To the sufTerius and huurv ery day, t were fjlveu far away. There's work eti.xiEh for Christiana In distant Iain's, we know; Our Lord t wi III I llltl His s"rvants i'hroogh ll tile world to go iVot ontyftrr I fie htilhen T'his Was Ilia word to them : -' el(preach the Word, hieiuniii First at Jerusalem." ( , Christians! iod ha promised 'A : '"'!..-!:'..': ' ' It A cup of pure cold wao-r. Shall rind reward in Heaven. Would you secure the biesalni. You need not seek ii far; Go Hud In youder hovel A " Borrloboola Ctha ' A correstiondent of the Cincinnati Voiiimercutl, writing from New Or-! leans, recently, says: M Here is a city in a peaceful State, where most of its : citizens are actively at workMn onej untl another oce-upation, and especiad ly are their relations with the outsio'e , world unusually large; yet few f their business men, merchants, law- vers, land-owners, and mechanics have any voice in the direction of! public affairs. The small minority of negroes control everything; they fill tne omces, anil play at tneatiminis tration of the laws. They areas unfit to fulfill their important trusts as. if your city officials were chosen from Ruektown. With all your suffering in the way of maladministration, you would not submit tg be governed by that class. Don Piatt, in an account of a recep tion at the residence of the Secretary of War, says: "I was sandwiched be tween (will not put too tine a point on it) two ticshy ladies. The crowd be hind pushed forward in immense pow er, and I found my situation tar from pleasant. 1 was warm I may say-1 was hot. The soft, yielding body be- hind me. and the soft, yielding person before acted like leafier betifhen my nose being buried in a huge ehig- non mv breathing was seriously mi that in two minutes more a coroner's iurv would have been necessary with i a verdict of died from excess of adipose and a chignon. I made a desperate effort and extricated myself by a sud den side movement that brought the two fat women together with a thud. The Baltimore American gives the following account of the suicide of a man by the name of Phillips, who took his lite under apprehension of extreme uovertv and destitution. Upon a constable entering his house j to distrain turn lor auue oui, past uue and unpaid. he remarked: " "Do what ever you please,' nd then proceeded up stairs, lie had not absented him self upward of ten minutes, when the report of a pistol rang through the house. The wife of Phillips anil the Constable immediately repaired to the attic, where a sickening sight met their gsze. Upou the floor was" stretched the dead body of the wretch ed man, and by his side a weapon known as a" 'horse pistol,' and from the manner in which his face was rent into shreds it is supposed that he shot himself in the mouth, tne bullet passing entirely through his head and imbedding itself in the ceiling. So terrible was the force or tne cnarge contained in the pistol that the entire face of the man and the greater part ' of his head were blown off. His nose and tomrue were found sucking to the ceiling, while bits of blaekened tlesh and tufts of hair bespattered the i walls." i paired. The.blo.xl rushed to my head i :r"VeVerv nroct-s- of ratiocination and I became confused. 1 was won- j ; 7o maLI t " JSLJSSt I nteingetfective. rather than intelli Fechters "Hamlet.1 The New York F.reninn J'ost of : Tuesday has the following critique uno'i the ijenorrnancf to wnicu an eyes in the great city have turned for weeks : In presenting Mr. Fechter In" let" the management of NiWo's its trumii card. There has been been theatrical circles a lively interest in the interpr actor, and therefore a audience a. the first ni; tl Dart y thi n this e-ity since Dili's present pro- duction ofthe traced v. Mr. Fechter, on appearing on the scene, was greeted w ith the most cor dial applause, lie was simply dressed in "solemn otacic, an ot an auburn tint, t personal appearance wi win B00U1 und durii ring his it of Ed- whole : wan in- performance sucn evitabie everything told in favor of the latter. In rich depth ot voice the American actor, too, is far superior to his foreign rival; and, indeed, in all those seenes which are of a solemn or supernatural character, Mr. Fetcher appeared to a disadvantage in com parison w ith his American rival. Fechter's HamU-t is strangely want ing in dignity. It is lull of passion, it introduces novel point, it lays stress on particular words, and it Is in various ways decidedly suggestive. I4ut it is lacking in grandeur. In the soliloqnies we miss the famed "natu ralness" for which Mr. Fechter w.t- -higiiiy eulogizi-d befam bis arrival here. Those soliloquies are not given as il spoken by a man in deep thought, but are declaimed to the audience in excitable manner.as if "Hamiet" were trying to convince a crowd of hearer3 rather than himself. In the scene with his mother Mr. Fechter was very effective; and in his fencing the Inst act, and his mMen at the "Kins:," he elicited spot :ut in i tck on 1 tl ap- JJiaiLse. 1UU1.CU, luiuugii'iui ni ytulaav. play he was warmly received, and - t 1. I ,1,. .ih. nt llti. anCf.. after each act was called beiore the curtain. During the evening a feeling of dis appointment was expre-sed among I those gathered in the lo'-le ; l.-iu-.- th.. ttf-rtnrinsniii All iij-krtinu.'led.'etl that Mr. Fechter produced several new points, and "rave a version of the part in many respects original ; yet, as in the case of Mr. Fechter's aebut in this city, public exijeetation had been so injudiciously hightened by exces- jivt, i,rditiin;ir-- him i:ir ion thjit no reasonabiv good acting couid have j teen or twenty y,a cha satisfied "the high anticipations fed la the ftrni lb. Boe moatoftheandienv-e. himself with Mr. Hewe t. And yet. aster ttng so many ex- f'r ' was Hewett, eeptions to Fechter's acting, it must aptfla.' - 'iJ'uf ':',', be acknowledged that it leaves in the -w iJl'P'J j ,1 mind of the spectator a yearning to j "P '.' i,,!--, j ee the man again, if not what was trtent-tiorear i Kn jw 1 . expected if cm it success in realizing j v- -' !a .'. either to the mind's eye, or to .the rVvtf.nViv' t....t;i.. .,,...-..,-- ..' i-i-t.-n ti.i. r(-c( ! vl . Ol Hi' rooi e.ienie 111 1 ijettiitj i'i,.ni - . . ..w.., .... . . . - . . :.l.. 1 M miuJir TVtncv tf Hurt- tutat mi tiiv "''".' . ..... 1 mark it still makes its mark, and every evening this week Nibto s Will he crowded bv audiences bent on com- : .u K. H,.. .......r ttj..ml.r " ' I '.tl i 1 1 -t milts i-etiut 11.'.- i. . " i.......-- The New York World says of the Tent artist's personation ot Hamlet: Mr. 1-Vchter, Derate mnova- tor, deserves eons It should not be fi uot Withstanding h risian artist who hi classic tragedy of t He eomea to the In most subtly diftlcu! with peculiar;:, tiuii'iil but of edutt they fitted him for strictly romantic n as to insure his Romanticism is no ierate treatment. gotten that he is, parentage, a Pa uever excelled in ot only of temper- ( tion, w Inch, while the a-Mimptiou of ' I S3, were not such -s in "Hamlet." I exactly the thing ; to make the reality of the Royal Dane keenlv feltxir freelv understood. And in Mr. Fechter's hands the cha takes this melo-dramatic an! Still it is boldly cono-iveil and I niously embodied. It is abe else in some degree .1 new ( n trrel as We BOSV. and c4u-utin- ly shall v.un "lucn iat jir. Kechcer iayafe3to "Hamlet, this unv met stands out clearly alter all comtiiaints have been heard that the actor ii:s his own and no other: man's idea of the creation, und pos- sesses in a remarkable degree the tal- j eut' of expression to mttke it under-: stood by others. He makes lewer "points'7 than Mr. Bxth, but when he does make them they have a ?pou taniety w hieh,if it robs the bencher- in tiie gallery of an opportunity to stamp, is nevertneiess one of the tinet evi dence's of real art. The soliloquies given in that colloquial style, wmefa j would be pleasant if it were not beset I with mannerisms of utterance, were neither argumentative nor expostula- tory; they laekatl atterty the set speech phrasing and the gesticulating to the dress circle, w hich wn grown round them and are now supposed to be a part of the'rn. In so far as he i-ould assume it he vas (as was said of Talrua in the same position) "one man among tw o thousaud silent spectators interrelating thought on cerning thedestiuy ": niortals." The crushed and abject" I ( am let"'of the first act merges into a fiercer being as the play progresses, and in such opportu nities as those offered by the friendly overtures of the " King," the taking leave of " Polonius,'' the advice to the players, anil the later and more ener getic scenes in which declamation mounts into a struggle, Mr. Fechter shows th" same quick, picturesque in stinct w hich was so marked a feature in his melodramatic impersonations. The ghost scene of the iirst act was given with an entirel y new- effect. As usually repi't eL,ti' i, the phantom walks on and oft tn a corporeal manner. By an device it is here made to sight without leaving the ah first interview Mr. Fechter painfully ingeni us fade from gat In the gave way to a paroxysm of fear, and in the sub sequent appeal spoke so rapidiy that he was w-areelylnteliigibie. At the conclusion of the scene, when the gh'r an j mind is of his ?nt of words not more than nail nl which would be caught by his listeners if they were not familiar with the speech. The first act, indeed, is typi cal in its vehemence, its harried ac- tion, its strong poetic and pkrtowsqneJ enthusiasm, aud aJ-o tu its impas sioned extravagances of the repre sentation. Something of impa tience mars the princely demean or, aud the attempt to mark subtle transitions of thought by changes of manner give to the charac ter at times a spasmodic anil over wrought air, especially as these changes tire made in accordance with ?tlr' iuu picture- " ms. &XJttZ3L Mr. Fechter's sense of the picturestine. cer- en at Hamlet's" execution! disposition, to assume a pose at every mental res- he principal personage is pitched above concert pitch for the sake of brilliancy, j which is generally secured. This I purely melodramatic fervor in the ! final ghost scene with his moth er, makes ot that famous epi sode almost a new affair. What must also be considered as highiy melodraniatic is the turning down of the lighis whenever the phantom ap pears. By the conjoint use of his yw n tional rs anu the sensa adjuncts, the scene was made absolutely .startling. The same may be said of the tiaal act. We miss the elegance and measured foreei'uiness of Booth, but in its place we have a feverish excitement, an im petuous action, t. vehement utterance, which cannot pause for rhetorical ef fects. We have, too, many skillful antl significant arrangements, altera tions and elisions, w hich nearly all tend to make the representation more immediately understood ty the senses. With all of these th Shake qxrean schoitr will not fail in love. The New Orleans Cijmmerckd Bul letin ofthe 17th says: " Yesterday, the anniversary of the death of Moses was solemnly ceieorareu m this city Not long since it was proposed to erect a monument to Adam. There is no prospect of the realization of the pro- position. But it seems to us that we might show our filial respect by cele- bra ting the old gentleman'3 birth- day." UilUt, dUU iurr nun. t au;i.tiuu Jl I Tilt; Late John J. Roe. The St. Louis -, . : an nouncing the death of the late Jehn J. Roe, says: The native State of John J. I New York; He was born near . on the I sth of April, 1809. Hia were not in the best of cirenm.' but had that spirit of enterprise was aio, ?nts ces, lich so distinguished the early pioneers. Six years alter the dale given, they determined to come Vt, and they settled for a time in Cincinnati. They le in Ken to Rising wn of Mr. 9 spent in rrn, attend the control lather had al training rough, and Measure, be of facilities and region mere rudi What be tucky, and then immmi to I Sun. Ind. But little is known , Roe's early life. It v. orking on h:s f.t ing school, and assi of a ferry. in wi an interest. His ei was not systematic this fact may, in a attributed to the rreat want which existed at that tim for acuuirinu auy but tin ments of knowledge laeked, however, m was, as far as could mental culture ounterbal- anced by that indomitable energy, tact and capacity which shone out so conspicuously throughout his career. Hi- pndiieetion were tor steambo:.' ingand he gained, with a lii:le ditli culiy, a -ltuat: ..a connected with thi I interest at Cincinnati. This u. j about the year lsai. He wasspe-dil5 advanced, and was soon in the com-' maud of a steamboat. He navigate 1 the Kanawha river, Virginia, and the Ohio and the tirten river, ind soon won no mall ret' u ta in n ral tr- ;ii.s w hich were built bj ritd a daugti ot Cincinnat born twochi ranked in tr rhim. In 1". IfA of Mr. Th i, and of this ter the IBM 1 j -,r Roe removed to St. Loot even then might ! coii talist. For a hort time on the Missouri, conn steamer John Oolong, frum active service lenavi-.. He nttin-d in steam commLssien ; boating 1 Der- 111 pereu, 1 ts mtegri hout tie connected ness for ftf :ge itur-de-ntifying The St i.' Uiw A Co. A Mr. Roe id -! tin G. e tlrm was dm J. Boe ty and enterprise whale West. Aiter with Mr. Kirchoval i 1 0 . 1 ami 1- too well this city to retU ;ular men he dueeoi steambctit and Mi- ny or u cnt oi the he lost a eating up as his only ns que nee. y. .rs he ted States rned about ' Meniphi ipany, and ceiinwy , ite Savings tion. .Mr. itoe was, up to the war, a large operator ir stocu. nen me A.ianii sissippi Steamboat Comp ized he was elected Pres.' company It is -upi Consideralde - of that enter business reve He was a sin chant. i""r I was ITe-iden Insurance C01 one-fourth of and St. .Louis was Vice Pre he was Presiii As-oeiation, 1 t ofthe Ci apany; he the tock Packet Co the National liink of Missouri. In S President of t Unioi Exchange. J'1 religion 1 ; -ef I with the Preshyti In jRMitical matters he b puii, but was strongly nis vievvs. I lis charities ous ana extensive, and se Deuenteti are many wno win kei.-i his memory green in gratitude and aaection. He leaves behind him an estate valued at between two anil three milhans of dollars, and w n better, tuiRtaruished name, and an example of business energy and integ rity, and social purity mid kindne . The Case of Fitz John Porter. W aajunvraar, eral Fitz John Pi hands of the I'res February !. Oen- eral fcnernun s inuorseme j ter's application for a re j penalUe?. no ral Portt t j seek nor deahw a pardon 1, but a re presejee of s -tate thai i case to the an, ami the other higi. vision ol lits caso, in new evident, iiis fr he is w illing to subm President, General Si .-secretary of War, officers. L'uder the aet of Congress paajat ISliS (,:, the President may practitt revise Court-mart ill pro thugs y reappointment of the i-trty afifc by its verdict. A u-uoiitatt places the matter before th..' senate the Lxt eusive may. wf'.i. ;. api ment, remit penalties whertijtis; has Uva done. Gen. Porter se-.-ks a wuii. o: at this time, ami ia-i-is that th" t' eminent can nt properly refuse hear the new evidence. : a ed on or ice 'y 'V- to act from an e, now at- -tion, that Of tait irope was mis ch he then e eet was still r battle, and t Long-tr field ot only a small force iu his front. It proves that an attack made by Porter at any time after General McDowell's departure would, in all probability, (it might be said with certainty, were there any such thing as absolute cer tainty in war) have resulted in a com plete repulse, with gre-at attd us- l-s sacrifice of lite, it proves that Por ters arrangements were excellent, since they enabled him to - ' iw, 1 U iting the severe sentence imposed up)n him, he, in fact, deserved great praise for his conduct on that day. Justice requires General Porter's con duct on the 30th, when, as is acknowl edged, he fought his corps most tncr getically and desperately, should be kept in mind when forming an opin ion of the transactions of the uth; especially in the light of the new evi dent now adduced. "Gkubce B. Mi Cr : r. :..'' The Demi-Mor.de Moved to Tears. The Mth in tern p Cincinnati Commercial of the slant, says: When Lucille Wes irtravs the love, mad jealous v. fully iition and horr tal sufferings of the Earl's dauirhter. Isabel Vane, Mrs. Carlyle, and Ma dame Yiuejit last, of a Saturday after noon, when the weather is fine, the eyes of the demi-monde are fastened -upon her. Yesterday afternoon, for instance, there was such a gathering of this class as is seldom seen even in the largest eities. Drejs circle, parquette and second tier were densely packed. Half of those present were women ' and fully half of them were recognized by the detectives present as fast. One who paid more attention to the audience than to the pfav teils us tha it was rather a startling scene that the latter p rest up by thi is well as that Mrters on the i a Isabel parte utter heart-bt her contemt mean and depraved seducer. Ail eyes were intently fixed upon her and as she staggered to her feet and fell into the arms of her mai l, when the interviews with her betrayer and Lord Mount Severn were over, and groaned in anguish, "My God. whv can I not die," there was a fluttering of cai chiefs ing, a one turned to flint by years of shame bowed their heads' and wept in their deep sympathy for a poor fallen woman. geared!