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THE SITUS' D A. Y MORNING APPEAL DECEMBER 34, 1871.
SI'S DAI APPEAL the has WM ar VTiCiAL JOURNAL OF THE CITY. SUNDAY -ORNIMB. DEC. 24, 1871 IDE !!, JOHN JOHNSON. the eorsTY rmm The Savannah (Georgia) -Vest pays a high compliment to the wonderful progress made in the lone and charac ter of the country newspaper press during the last ten years. "Previous to the war the country paper was a curi ous admixture of bad typography, stale Tieae and positive mediocrity. The country editor was generally some tagged -out compositor, who, weary of the constant drudgery of his profession, retired to some conve nient village, and, with the aid of a font of long primer and a brass galley, installed himself unceremoniously in the chair editorial, and proceeded to astonish the innocent inhabitants. In vigorous, hut detective English, he made it a point to parade his poverty, and his editorial efforts varied between pathetic appeals for dues and conde scending oflers to receive provisions for subscriptions. He manifested little intelligence, and no energy, and the idea of buckling down to work and making a buttnesi of his profession never entered his Bohemias brain." He was content to eke out a precari ous livelihood which, through the charities of some and the carelessness of others, he usually managed to do. He was not precisely a mendicant, bat his capital went no further than a certain capacity to write invidious and disgusting puffs. He had no busi ness tact and no political principle, and the business of his office, if it had any, generally took care of itself. He kept no accounts, and his advertising rates were fixed to suit each customer. An advertisement was never refused at any price, on the ground that it was so much saved, and would econo mise labor. Take him all in all, the country editor was a good-natured fraud, shiftless, indifferent and al ways hard-run. There were, of course, some exceptions, but the average coun try editor was pretty much as we have Dortraved him. But the scepter of the country editor is now swayed by men who understand and love thPir nrnfeseion. and who, tor thesake of success, are willing to conform to aa moat tTBctiBP conditions. The majority of them conduct their busi nees with tact, energy and tireless in iinatrv. nnd are the real exponents of public opinion. This great improvement in the ap pearance and ability of the country press has also produced a correspond ing increase in their circulation. Near ly every gKd citizen now read? nis county paper. This is a movement in the right direction, as a country pa per contains much valuable informa tion that cannot be had elsewhere. Even.- citiz-n should read his county paper because it is neceasBary to do so, to intelligently understand anything of passing events. A news paper reader knows the minute he talks to a man who is not a reader ; and the draft that such people make, by way of inquiry, upon the well-in-formed, is not only large, but it is of ten perplexing. There art none so ignorant or so sordid that they do not desire to know what is going on, to be posted up in regard to his town, his county, his State, his nation, and of the world. This is necessary to shield him from the charge of negligence, or what is worse, an ignorance that is to he attributed to sordid love of money. A man not thus read up, pointed, and fortified at all points, is scarcely fit for business. He Is the material upon which sharpers in trade expect to make experimental cheats and swin dles, and hood winkings. This sort of thing is most detestable. We have ovrselve been bored frequently be yond endurance almost by the persist ent questions of such persons about matters that had already been printed, and about which they should know all that we could, if they would read their own county paper. No business man can succeed without a daily newspaper, and a farmer without a weekly paper, published in his own county, is like a ship at sea without a rudder. the rrws. In tfce Otthrxv for January, m.XMBEBTBI r It -was one of the divine teachings of the blessed Founder of the Chris tian religion to remember the poor. ' Charity," saith he, "is a cloak that covereth a multitue of sins;" and on to-morrow, a day sacred to the mem ory of His birth, this divine precept should doubly be borne in mind, and influence our actions. Those whom God hath blessed with health and a fair share of the good things of this life, should gratefully remember the poor, who perhaps more deserving, are destitute of the blessings we enjoy. Let us, then, whose hearts are filled with gladness, whose paths are strewn with good tilings, let us follow the ex ample ol Him who was meek, and lowly ol heart," remember the poor, bearing in mind that the smalint charity, even to the giving of " a cup of cold water" Is not without its re ward. While our people areprepat- lirg to make the hearts of their own chil dren, already warm and com tor table around the rousing Christmas fire, happy by giving them, not the necessaries of life, but costly frippery and finery and unprofitable trumpery and tnwh, they should not forget that there are thousands of children in our midst homeless, clotheless and suffer ina- with ld and hunger. No one tuts but little idea of the torture occa sioned by the nipping and eager air et last week. We have been told that frequently women and children were seen running after the coal carts and picking up the nuggets of coal which were shaken out as the vehicles jolted over the pavement. Their forms, fn scanty or ragged attire, with ashy onatexions, hovered like ghosts about the way which the carts had taken, gathering up fnto their ragged aprons the means of bringing a little warmth into their dreary and frosty homes. In other places they were to be seen hooking out from barrels of rubbish set on the sidewalks such chance bits of coal aa hunnened to be there. Such a scene it eaougn to wring the heart of a stoic Let every one do something for the poor tomorrow; to alleviate the ufVrinirs of those without shelter- food, clothes or fuel. Neglected chil dren are the nursery of crime. Wher ever is seen swarms of starved, ill used, homeless, little ones, in due time will heaven an abundant popu latioo Of thieves, prostitutes, beggars and murderers. To-day, with th chimes of the church bells sounding in our ears, reminding us ol the birth of Him who came to bring peace and wood will upon the earth, will not those who seek ways to promote the irrowth ol His kingdom, set about to m umsb little ones from the fate .ht la uirelv before them, unless an arm be stretched out to save? They have found gold in the bed of th. Missouri river near St. Josepb Mome sharp fellow has hind to sell and .ii ihe irold is In the speculation he .,nim..lates. (Southern people hove been once victimized by this dodge It will win Doamore. t nrUtiin. Jewelers' and Typo- zrapbical unions of New York have .ainMim with the Interna- iis. Hoar's bill has infused fresh force and energy Into this association from the pen of W. M. Bosenblari, u" the caption, "The Jews, what we are coming to," we find an article that Is full of interesting information In regard to a people of whom but little is known, though politically and commercially toe are of us. Mr. Rosenblatt divides the ancient race In the United States Into three divisions reformers or radicals, conservatives and ortho dox. Among the first are most ot tno American, the Bohemian and the German Jews; in the second a few of tW each of these nationalities, a sprinkling of Polish and Portugese, who furnish meet ot the orthodox, the Poles betas especially tenacious of oi customs and observances, bigoted and impatient of any connection cr inter course with Gentiles a state of mind, our author says, due altogether to the intolerance and persecutions to which the Polish Jews (except those of Polish Prussia) have ever been subjected. The English, French and Dutch Jewe are too few and too uninfluential to merit separate mark or consideration. The Polish Jews, who resemble in every respect those of their co-religtonists from the south of Russia, emigrate by thousands every year from Austria, Rus sia and Prussia, They are gen erally, as a consequence of the brutal hate to which they are subjected, ig norant and bigoted, and stick with unparalleled tenacity to all the forms, ceremonies, feasts and fasts of the "law;" they have their schools for the study of the Talmud, in which Rabbis of acknowledged learning and piety preside. The language spoken by the Polish Jews is a patim of German and Hebrew, which is here spoken for convenience, and not, as in Russia and Austria, from a pious determina tion, though all circulars, cards and notices necessarily growing out of their social condition are printed in this jargon ; and in the latter, one ol their number, in some respects a re markable man, founded a newspaper, desiring thereby to enlighten and ele vate them. Mr. Rosenblatt says "the religious services of the Polish Jews are well worth observing. They are characterized, as one would expect them to be, by a noisy devotion, which is intolerant ol criticism, which is exaggerated like the devotion of a barbarous people, which substitutes physical demonstrations for that re pose which they cannot comprehend, and which renders hideous and sense less the mcst beautiful and significant ceremonies." How this may be, we, of course, have" no means of knowing, but we e us peel from the langusge and the leanings of Mr. Rosenblatt, as a radical or reformer, that it is as highly colored as a descrip tion of the liberalising tendencies of the reformers would be if they were described by one of the sorely persecuted Polish Jews, of whom he further remarks that between them and the rest mere is a rar more uis tinct line drawn than between the Germans, Bohemians, English, French or Americans. He says that " gener ally they are regarded by their co religionists with contempt for their ignorance, bigotry and vicious haMts; and there is even a dislike that bor ders on hatred shown them, for the reason that the whole race is judged by them and has to bear the impu'a- tion of resembling them." How unjust and how Illiberal this Is all fair- minded persons will realize when the condition of the Polish Jew is remem bered, and the heart-rending persecu tions they have been subjected to by Russia and Austria. How could they be otherwise than they are? we ask their brethren of other nationalities; and would it not be better to win them to reform by love than compel they to remain orthodox by a social persecution only in degree less pain ful than the political lrom which they are exiles? The Germaus, Bohemians and Americans, with a few English and French, says Rosenblatt, comprise the radical and conj servative classes. Though gener ally friendly, our author says that wherever they are in sufficient num ber they generally worship in separ ate pynagogues. The Germans are the most active and the most numerous, and it hs among them that the great agi tations of the last half century found their becinnine. The influence of their thought has ever since been ex cited powerlully upon the rest of the race, and to them belongs the honor of all that has thus far been achieved in the direction of progress. From them have come all the great Rabbis and 'reformers of the time. Of the traditionary customs of the Jews, the radicals observe hardly any. With them all minor usages are abolished. Milk and meat are eaten together with a relish, the squirrel and the rabbit and the wild duck are as olten eaten by them as by their lientne neighbors; all lasting, except upon the Day of Atonement, has fallen into oblivion, and Rosenblatt says were the festivals not very agreeable in terruptions of daily toil, some of them would undoubtedly have taken the same route, uniixe tne ortuouox, who believe in the miracles related n the old testament, the radicals are not content with disbelieving portions of the Bible, they deny the divine origin of any portion of it, and it may be Bald of thf m that they are travel ing the highway to pure Deism very fast. Their faith is simply that there is a Supreme Being, intelligent and beneficent. They retain certain forms and continue to observe many fes tivals, but it is only with a view to recall re abj scences of their race, which thus to them tind their best expression. Doctors Adler and Einhorn, of New York, and Doctor Hirach, of Philadelphia, are the lead ing radical Rabbis, but beside the-, there are many others and beyond the temples In which they preach, many and women who are rad icals, bnt who being few in num bers and too poor, are forced, to Join a conservative or orthodox syaagogue or not worship at all. The theory f the. radicals is in brief that the Ju daisim of the Bible has only one es sential fektnre, the doctrine of a sin gle individual God. Kverythiog else in the Jewish system is naessentisl; did very well in the elder Jays of the world, but will not ,-aUIy the prc- of i fee nineteenth century. Priestcraft and ritual may go and tie simple monotheistic idea remain. The conservatives, as is generally the are in greatest numbers, but Mr. Rosenblatt thinks the time is not far distani when they will be merit d with the radicals. With them every body attends public worship; thus it U they have one synagogue in every town, and in the larger cities several. They cling to the prayer book in u-e asrior.g the ortnou; x, tui puminj omit stich portions of it as are ai van ance with their peculiar doctrines They are in constant agitation, aid reforms are steadily being intro duced, the great body of the people oBly needing a bead lander to march forward In the way already blazed" hv the reformers. Dr. w ise and Dr. Lilienlhal, ol Cincinnati, both whom have frequently preached in Memphis. Dr. Hneb and Dr. Mulziener, of New York, are promi nent among the conservative clergy men With all this difference between them the Jews as a mass are noiea lor the strict observance of the laws of hospitality to their race, no matter from what clime they hail. They I nanv tiw.lheir nick, succor the uecs sitous, and welcome all asbretimu The radicals rearard the Christiana with neighborly favor and often fra ternixe with the I'uitarians, between whom and themselves there is a com man bond in the similarity ol their faith. The conservatives esteem a. good man none the less tor his being a Christian. They are,' like the rad icals, exceedingly sensitive to reflec tions upon their religion or race. The orthodox, only a few years perhaps months removed from relentless, stupid and ignorant persecution, .re gard Christians with apprehension and doubt, as it they could not believe that they live in a free republic in stead of under a despotism fatal to all free thought. Of Christ they have no uniform opinion. The radicals and conservatives regard him as Deists generally do, as a religious enthu siast or a great reformer, the esthodox having a vague or veiled idea of him. He i rarely, the .abject oi eon verna tion. When alluded to it is as "tne Hanged One." Mr. Rosenblatt says 'all expectation that they will ever came to regard him as anything but a man and a son of man E baseo in ue sire only." The; new Testament Is never read, yet no objection has ever been oflered.to its being read by the children in the public schools untU the Roman Catholic church raised the question in Cincinnati and elsewhere. a belief in the coming ol Messiah Is .nir mnudiated bv the radicals and a large portion of .the conserva tives and as a consequence all hope of a return to Jerusalem fe thrown over board. The orthodox on the contrary hold tenaciously to these doc trines. Circumcision is regarded by ail as a sanitary regulation to guard against the excesses of a climate like that of Palestine, but of doubtful bene fit in the United States, and the only reason for keeping up the practice is the desire of the parents. This ordi nance and the law which forbids in termarriage are the only barriers to a complete blending of the Jews with the Gentiles, yet, so rapid is the race of reform that Mr. Rosenblatt thinks that within fifty years we may expect to see the beginning of a movement, the grandchildren ol all who partid pate in which will not be distinguish able from the people round about them. The movement thus begun, can it take long to break down the barriers that surround the rest of the race? for it must be remembered that meantime their progress will be unln terrupted in every land which Is blessed with free institutions. Of the ancient people only their perils and their sufferines will remain and the story of the change that came over them in an enlightened age. TUB It'BSrt. s ma lasses hi saMaejshaWj pride: Thm bernJvaTd growwd, with ureal eract, be Blssassscts marched behind and by hlsstde; And ne. grana i cr. ui the ratbleta farmer-boy drew band atarnlr FP1 nub 01 Wo crowned Sing 000 IS with this fowl 00m- pare. In hi maestlc step and stately air. aimaelf at Bis loll night be presdly raised- Bacb Oiner lureej wwwj . And then around btm in e.ietenrpt m iiiM, And eonid he apeak, I'm ure he'd thai havssaia: Show me the turkey on thl farm. Iay, That from myeell the palm ean bear away. Thau tucught the tnrkey. and la grandeur tfi ; Bnt aooa nun Bla right H s aleev'e up-rolled and murder In hie eye ; With direful face he atruek one bwojj blow, . , And on the ground he laid tne turney ww, The tnrkey tell, bnt srnggied .till with death ; Bia ere a loest 01 stern And balf-upralsed. he maciy etruve Thee gave one desperate gasp, and And hsis'thls moral la Impressed on all That, a on or laic, yi Bam." ah. h.rflm. tewy t Hard wss wv . For o er my w l,,. , ... j j - Lutrona. malda, nrchlnit. each beiore a plau. Siall mingle laugh and mlith and Jollity, Untl.t at !Ml.iaU.fMflau. And loey mim iuuwi Uaypu. - And t. thct?prlDt of tUt iaoKMi bird. . . . . j An ami rav m ha. Will ye DO. siu wVi He wnoee Bweet gobble have eo oft been And cackle engence '.ain.t in.t co-torn Wblcb eprciBUcn navoc luruuiu &u mh MATTHEW LYON. Kutaekv .ai tha Atlin and Besitlan Lawt, for -all 1 liar a key land? The hapr y prents, tor their children' j Hivmiae ye pirentleM: he who wee 1 y. iir. Ing Yeateruey, your aire, now oeaa, iney uu jm- ttrleVlnflnlte to you tor their chrlatmaa Itwinv. Socoeatde world; what's happlneaa to me. emeawaw eader these Unea a moral god ontaln, whi..h w.n with eire mav eaatly dlscjver I shall not deera my veraee are In vain, If yeu WIU UeigO IO OUU IU&l iuuim w.m. Ye ' In theee etanx of an nntl -duel pen, A leaaon ih to taraeys -and u. men. A CHeUSTBLAa BY MS TO AafEBlCA, Not aa old we keep the day Wherecm the Prince of Pekoe waa born, W hoae kingdom comes not ! Liet us pray f l nnmee tills ColV morn: Let us oegln It: make oar brawllnis cease. And kill the hate that lurks behind the mask ol Petoel! Men of theSinth, If yon recall The ilelds your valor won ;n Tain, Unchecked the manly tea -a may tall Above yowr heroea s am Weep ! but remember we had f roes too, Aa sadly dear to ui aa ycurs can be to you ' Men of the Horth. whose eons and aires. Victorious in hundred ttghia, ii ither no more about your hres Tn lha tnne winlir niirhts: 11 snme von loved are mussing h?re and taaam. H o horuebold at the South bnt moarna Its vacant chair: By ail the blood that has been shed. And will be ti l contentions oeaee. Bury your anger with the dead. And be again at peac! So, wltb your musket reeling on tbe wall, Your Stateauail Be secure wuen greatest em plres (ail ! THE INSPIRATION OF WINE. KKKAT.tat ALCOKS. S?natorr Alcorn, who has allied himseJl with the reformers in the Re publican party, by his votes in tbe senate of the United States, is at the Peabpdy Hotel. He has six years be fore him in highest council chamber of an empire in which he must make his fame as a statesman or a wretched partisan. His worth will be deter mined in luture years by tbe choice he may make between the two courses now mapped out before him. He must either serve the country or seek sim ply to serve a party and himself; either devoting his energies to the at tainment of immediate personal end?, studying the coarse of ephemeral, popular prejudices, or define for him self the pathway of statesmanship that leads to substantial, enduring t-me. He will either think and act as bis reason and conscience dictate, or become the supple slave of selfish party leaders. Thus far in the senate he has acted well his part, and now that he is freed from influences that shaped his course in Missiasipni, he may become worthy of the position he occupies and serve the whole country in serving, by lib erating.the South. Having the power, because of his partisan history, to wield influence with the supreme power, at this moment, in the country, his responsibilities are great and his f conduct will be scanned more closely than that of any representative of a Southern State. In tact he is, we be lieve, the only Southern man, who in his personal history, represents the South, in the Senate of the United States. He has voted uniformly with Schurz and Trumbull, and yesterday the Appeal reported the vote in the Senate when it ap peared that Senator Alcorn led the way in advocacy of universal amnesty. VinCIKIA. A correspondent writing us from Kmory and Henry, says: "The poiit ical aspect ot this glorious common wealth is truly encouraging. The murky darkness which Radicalism for awhile threw over its fair fame has been dispersed, and the rainbow ot Democracy spans the ' ethereal bine,' giving promise of peace, happiness and lasting prosperity. The people have unfurled their proud banner, whose silken folds flutter in every breexe and fan her fair cheek. The recent election in this county Wash ington for members to tbe bouse of lelegates, was exciting, owing to the fact that several Democratic candi dates were in the race who would not withdraw and center on certain ones ail their iufluence, but remained in the race to the last. Fortunately, howev ir, the Democratic party bore off the palm of victory, The recent elections throughout the State show an immense gain for the Democratic party, and in the presidential election in la.- the ' uu .Dominion win go overwhelmingly Democratic. Vice la I irSM." 1 11 r hi 1.1 I TBI tIA We will publish to-morrow a very interesting letter on the ku-klax cases in South Carolina, written by Rev. Dr. Winkler, of Charleston, to the New York iea miner, the leading or gan of the baptist denomination in the United Slates. It is unnecessary t say that this paper is by no means trie ndly to the Democratic party, or to remind them that Dr. Winkler is one 01 the mwl uistioguisneu eiergy men in the Baptist church. It will be seen that Dr. Winkler's views of the situation in bis unfortunate State co incide with those so often expressed by as la tasMe columns, and the facta stated can be verified by the testimo ny of everyone who has been, or r si Jes, In South Carolina. We ak all our subscribers to reed this letter, and then " pats it along " among their Re publican neighbors, that they, too, may see the truth. CoxoBJKshas given Chicago the desired four millions, and Memphis has neither a postofflce, custom house, nor United states court Duuaing. These facts are significant of that force of sectional prejudice of which the south is ever the victim. Parties are so oivan: zed that the one is ever de feated because deemed the repre- ntatlve of the south, and the other triumphing, not only panders to par tisan prejudice by enacting ku klux and civil-rights bills, but, taxing us to poverty, expends nothing in our midst. Mk Mi Cheery fits In the United BaataM Senate after Bat ;'h oi March as the successor of Garrett Davis. Noah is generally accredited by the commentators of the Bible as having been the inventor ot distillation, and the first man who drank wine to ex cess. Noah could not plead youth in extenuation of his fault for he waj six hundred sears of age when ne came forth from the ark, and he cer tainly, if there is so much harm in drinking, has not added to his good character by introducing to thu world an article whicn "men pur. in tneir stomachs to steal away their brains The philosopher Frankland, however, in a letter to Abbe Morellet, would seem rather inlerentially to commend Noah's oalent. for he writes: 'Beiore Nnah. men could not arrive at the truth, because they had nothing else to drink but water; so they went astrav. deteriorated most abominably, and thus were justly exterminated by lhftverv water the v loveu to arms. I he austere t ato ienas me weigut 01 his influence to srood cheer tor he fre- ouentlv resorted to wine "to fire bis virtue." Hippocrates assures us that it does a man good to get drunk once a montn, whicn opinion is (ully sup ported by the celebrated t rench phy sician, Arnand de Villeneuve; and a late philosopher, going to a greater ex tent, insists that it is well to eet drunk daily lor the medicinal ehYct, and his theory has met witn tne most popular success of any. Horace also tell us that no poet who drinks water can write good poetry; and Athecieus as serts that Alcajias and Aristophanes wrote poetry only when they were in toxicated. Anacreon wrote bnt oi grapes and wine, while I'indar is red olent of the exhilarating liquor. Ovid's worst poems, it is well known, were written in Scythla, where no wine was made. Byron fired his muse with gin, while Pos wrote many of his poems when drunk. Flaccus be lieved that wine made us eloquent; so did Sheridan and Kotzebue assure us that tbe fishes are mute because they 'drink nothing but water. Swift per tinently inquires: "Who by disgrace or by ill fortune sunk Veels tot his soul enlivened when he's drunk?" Socrates was always drunk ; and the presence of his familiar demon, in whom he put such faith, would argue that Socrates now and then had the deliriums. Dr. Johnson, when asked what was bliss, wrote in response the following epigram : "Hermit hoar in solemn cell, Wearing out Ufa's evening gray Strike thy bosom, sace. and tell Wt.ai la buss, and whlcb the way? "Thus I spoke, and. speak lrsx, sighed BT at. W. CIjI'SKBY. An Irishman named Matthew Lyoa figured in congress at the beginning of the century. He had been a mem -lur of thn Wwlature of Vermont, and had employed himself in several man ufactories or mills, the character of which gave him a local lame. He had even been an editor; a bold, vio lent, contentious and desperate man. He never moved the previous ques tion on his mouth, and wss as tierce man, either In tne loooy or on me floor, as was ever seen. He brooked no insult, but fought his battles with out regard to conventional forms whenever passion gave to itseii tne primary esteem. His local honors were great, far more than I have re lated, and finally he was discovered as a memoer 01 congress, upuu mo floor ot the house of representatives. He made Jefferson president by his vote, when the election devolved upon the house. It is in the view that he was one 01 the first victims of the odious alien and sedition laws that I desire to pre sent his character, and also the con nection which Kentucky had with his vindication. Uis fierce opposition to tne power which had assumed to engraft upon hlirun stntut. s such odious server sions of every thins: that signified free dom, had made mm me victim 10 an of their pains and penalties. A fine which, with the costs, amounted to over one thousand dollars, under these two odious laws ol the eiaer Adams administration, was imposed upon this enterprising, but violent man. Congress, in 1840, remitted this fine for the Denenc 01 nis neire, aim jjavo them interest from 1799. He was even imprisoned, but the popular im pulse whicn reouaea tne "u viction, even thouith it was in Ver mont, sent him to the national nous-. There he was the constant participant in aepnes of turbid violence, and twice eneaeed in personal contests of phy sical force. The exeessses of the general govern ment, under the powers conferred by the alien and sedition laws, were even as great as those which it pleases tbe government of Grant to munificently bestow upon the American people at this later time. Indeed, so great was the insanity of the time, that after the election ot Mr. Lyon to congress, Mr. Bayard, ot Delaware, sought to add to his judicial persecution, one of legislative force. Mr. Bayard was one of the greatest men of the day the lather of the late distinguished sena tor, and grand father of the preseut senator 01 tbe name from that State. He introduced a resolution: "That Mathew Lyon, a member ol this house, having been convicted of being a notorious and seditious per son, and of a depraved mind, and oi wickedly, deceitlully and maliciously contriviug to defame the government of the United States, and to bring the said g iverumant and president into disrepute, etc., be, therefore, expelled this house." The article which had provoked the trial, and this resolution, though not an unmeaning one, was temperate for the provocation, though the indition ot it rtquired boldness at the time. Mathew Lyon was a bold man, and he wrote it. The letter was one of what was call ed Barlow's letters, and reads as fol lows: "Had this truth been understood with you before the recall of Monroe, befors the coming and second coming ofPinckney; had itguid.d the pens that wrote the bullying speech ol your president, and stupid answer of your senate, at the opening of congress In November last, I should probably have had no occasion to address you this letter. But we fouud him borrow ing the language of Great Britain and telling the world that, although he should succeed in treating with the French, there was no dependence to be placed on any of their engage ments ; that their religion and moral ity were at an end; that they had turned pirate plunderers ; and it would be necessary to be perpetually armed against them, though they are at peace. We wonder that the answer of both houses had not been an order to send him to a mad-house. Instead of this the senate have echoed the speech with more servility than ever George III. experienced from either house of parliament." He must have possessed some strange influence in the congress, or perhaps the antagonism of the ele ment of freedom to the terms of those laws gave to him a potler. He closed the debite on tin continuation of the i-cajoe repreese.1 the fa ling tear- When th) h'sary sage replied: "Mat, way tads, atut drtnk straw beer. WISE. I love wise! oid, brliht wine. That raakes Ihe spirit dance and thine, others may care ror water fare Bnt give mi wine. Ancliotwlne! Brave old wlnet How 11 around tne beai t do'.h twins; Poets but love h stars abjve lint I love wine. War ghtbart wine! Noble wine. Hli ot.g and sound and o d and flae. What can kits The devil despair Like brave, bright wlnef O, brave wlnt rare old vine' Ocoe ihou wast deemed a sod divine ! Had are the rhymes And aad ihe times That scoru old wine : Ho. braveold wtnel Dear old wine! Morning, noon and nUh: I'm thine! Wbat-ver may be I'll atand by thee, immortal Wine I Drtnk eep wowid yr ? and never faU Bow at Baccbus' ahrluc the "Hoie ln the Wall " There ever shine Old bottles of wine At Beeches' shrlue. THE IRISH ELEMENT. In consequence of the fre quent ac cidents and the obstruction to travel. t-aused bv the lanre number of street eN anri tracks in New York it is seriously contemplated to compel the gtreet railroad 00m panic- w siua me road bed ol their lines so mat me sur face of the streets ean be utilised lef other than raBroad purposes. Tne eng.neers have reported favorably upon the practicability of tbe plan, and as aerial railroads in Now York are in bad repute this seems to be the only moans left teeccommodate travel and commerce, and to do away with the exposure to life and limb now ex isting in snaking the crossings at in tersecting streets. The home loves of the Irish people in America have passed into a pro verb, and here is an American recog nition of the sentiment trom me Bos ton Women's Journal : EvvTjbody knows how thaaelf deny ing Irish people oi our country deny themselves almost every luxury to send home a little money to iroland to help a brother, sister, parent or triend to come out ti America; but it will surprise many to know that in lSilt the amount so sent was fo.buu,- WOin gold, of which l,66s,ioo was for prepared messages, uuring me lasi twenty-three years the sum of $16, 700,000 has been so disposed of, besides what wa sent though private cnan nels. When we reflect that nearly all thii vast -utn of money was earned by the hardest and most menial drud gery; that it was tne rem neart isoeo of the servants of our happy land, who ill gainsay the statement that no nation, or fragment ot a nation, on the page of history, has ever excelled the Irish in surmounting the evils ol poverty, ignorance and stupid legis lation, or more patiently worked to obtain a mole sublime result the bettering of their social and physical condition? All honor to the race that has won a renown in peace second to none ever acquired in war." SCOTTISH SONG6. upon the breach ot privilege growing out i the first rrlfflculty between Messrs. Lyon and Gr is wold, tha for mer stated it to have been a fact that he had whipped Senator Ohlpman at one time. Mr. unlpman addressed a letter to the h use, which exhibited his personal relation of the aflair in which he stated that it was a mere trivial assault, not rising to the digni ty of a fight. It is probable, however, that Lyon did whip Chipmau whan the former was a member of tha legis lature, in 1780, and the latter of the lobby. Mr. Chipman in bis commu nication says that Lyon called on him and offered htm some indignity, be cause of his (Chipmaa's) work in the lobby, where he denounced him an an "ignorant Irish puppy." He had, he said, his knife in hand, but he con cluded to turn it Into a pulling of hair, when Lyon turned himself into the arms of a Mr. Bradley, with his back towards him and indulged in kicking with two feet; whiie he (Chipman) turned the thing Into laugh by seizing Mr.-Lyon's foot, and with the aid of Bradley, laid him on me noor; wnen Lyon arose and forced a laugh by say ing, "Damn it, I will not he mad," and left the room. There must have been whisky in all this. It certainly demonstrates that of the men of tho-e days history has rather taught school children to be lieve too much of their saintly quali ties. The fact that a senator ot the United States communicated to the house of representatives that in 1785 he had participated in such a scene because of his action in the lobby, proves tbey possessed all the passions and weaknes-es of other men. Washington himself was not free from them. But upon this point I will say no more. During the debate upon the contin uation of the sedition act, which was about to expire by its own limitation, Mr. Lyon spoke, in which he said, "Had I a wish for revenge, I would vote for it. I now reside in a country," referring to Kenrucky, "where there is no danger of political persecution." Strange as it may appear, though he had moved to Kentucky, he still rep resented a district in ermont, a dis trict which after it had honored him as its representative tolerated his per secution as a ireeman. Stranger still that the host of enemies his opposi tion to the alein and sediUgi laws had engendered on the floors of congress, an inhabitancy of the State which he represented required by the constitu tion was not enforced by them against him. In view that they had previously tried to expel him, it is a wonder that they had not availed themselves of that constitutional justi fication. At the close of his speech, alter a tie vote, the speaker gave the casting vote in its favor, and the continuation of the sedition act was passed in the house, but failed in the senat , and one of the most infamous taws that was ever conceived, even it we view it in comparison with the legislation of the present d -.y, was permitted to die. On the 3J of March, 1801, he voted on tne last vote delivered in that con gress as a member oi congress from ermont, and returned to his new home in Kentucky. Kentucky was quick to adopt this vigorous son of the Emerald Isle, and honor him for his persecution. She had but recently thundered against the laws the penalties of which she suffered, in her celebrated resolutions of '99, and she caressed this represen tative of her protest, and elected him to her legislature. In 1803 she sent him to congress, and vindicated the integrity of her own resolutions ny choslng the man who was a victim to those legislative infamies against which she had rrotested. She sent him to conirrefs four times, during which he exhibited a great deal of force as a debater, and developed a taste for the general business 01 the huu-e, which made him an efficient legislator. After his return from ihe representation in Kentucky, he en gaged in building gunboats for the war of 181, at which be failed. He then went to trade with the Cherokee Indians, and was elected a delegate to congress from the territory of Arkan sas, which was then for the first time organised. His competitor, however, upon the ground of some informality, received the prima facitr . -t.tic.te and the seat. Mr. Lyon sent on to the house of representatives a written protest, intending to follow it in per son. With that view he reached a town in Arkansas, whero he was taken sick. That was the last of Mat thew Lyon. He died In August, 1822, and the fierce antagonist of the alien and sedition laws was consigned to the shadows oi a wild frontier grave. THI LAST FAIaUE. Thomas Hood, In some of hie more se rious poena tn whirfa he showed hie raw est girta has at greater length, bat with no more sclshed areas, treated of tbe subject ot the following tines, which we take trom All tbe Yea Round: All Is the gloaming, of a so den day. All In a mellow autumn long elnee saute. A small voles wan ess a eats And the list sued, and the stars grew The thin brooks hushed themselves, and ev erywhere A tenser treesae grew In leery plaees. Aad Utile eyes among the terns were wet With tears, not dew, and folding small, this handa. They gathered with no shadows In the moon-Ugbi: for tbe volee cried, "The feet of men come The peat-amoke carta where ye have lived so long And it is time to seek another dwelling. ' Saying, moreover, "Whither man's foot eom- asji The (airy ring npon tbe grass must vanish The bee mast tali, the dreamy greenness per- aa. "His breath Is vaporous In tha air around seem His heel 1 on ycur a sellings, his sharp antes Staineih with Dlcod the running brook ye drink of. "How shall ye dwell where men and women aaassaff Ho - stall pals things I nger In their shadow? cacu anaaow is a sorrow ana a siewp. Then small folk look d In one another's faces And uitia mothers srtsd abovs their bairns And all the things of elfland learnt tne trouble. For onto them the thy my dell wee dear; nearer tnan life la to a glad gtr!-mother ; Bearer than love la to a happy lover. There was no light stsewhere.in all the world There was no otner njrne unuer me oiwu iBBSkt! Here had they dwelt, here bad their days been happy. And not a rqulrrel In the boushibut knew ' sraaa, And nnt a hnlldlnz-blrd bat sans Out iond. To see their bright eyes peeping at the fledg itssa The strong deer and tha wild fowl feared them not. The eagie with his round eye watched them ealmlv When tn the moon tbey clambered to her eyile. Tbey had been friendly 1o each dying thing, L'utll t: e dying; then they knew what 101- asBwBB And watching how thirgs came and went was pleasure. a cd thten had thev named bv bannr names. Down tn the little mothftsstw born and swing nj "1 Under tue green leaf by a thread of silk Home-loviQe tender-hearted fo'fc. How could tney tear to leave for evermore The little place whose lace waa 10 familiar? Yet the volee cried, "Man comes and ma master- Te are aa silver dust around his foo'step. Wafted before blm by bis weary breathing. Aad with one volee they answered broken neariea. " Man's footsteps thicken over all the world tea, even on the uigu and m.siy places. The tall tree falls before blm everywhere, The leaves from every hill are on his face, How shal: we And a place to rest our feat? And scattered thence by a soft wind from BBBStansn. They fi 3d, they faded; but within the at last Still gleam the round rings where their feet nave fallen. more: Hereafter I'll make it a rule. believe, to have Santa Clans visit us each Christmas eve." 80 thinking, he gently extinguished the light and tripped down tbe stairs to retire tor the night. As soon as the beams of tbe bright morning sun put tbe dark ness to flight, and the stars, one by one, four little blue eyes out of sleep opened wide, and at the same moment the presents espied, then out of their neas tney sprang witn a oouno, ana the very gifts prayed for were all of them found. Tbey laughed and they cried in their Innocent glee, sad shouted for "papa" to come quick and see what presents old Santa Claus broufiht in the niirht. (just the thinzs that they wanted.) and left before light. "And now," addel Annie, in voice sort aad low, "you'll believe there's a Santa Claus, papa I know;" while dear little Willie climed up on his knee, determined no secret be tween them shouid be; and told, in soft whispers, how Annie had said that tbeir dear, Maassea aia so long ago dead, used to kaeei team and pray by the rdde) of her chair, aad that God up in heaven had answered her prayer! "Then we dot up and Dad answered oar prayers, now wasn't He dood?" "I should say He was if He sent von all these, and knew just what presents my children would please. (Weil, well, let him think so, the dear little elf, 'twould be cruel to leu mm i aid it myseii. Blind fatbei ! who caused your stern heart to relent? and the hasty word spoken so soon to repent? 'Twas the being who Bade you steel soi'.ty up stairs and made you His agent to answer their prayers. Sjpfua P. 6iotc. Persons are apt to take it for granted that all of our best-known Scottish songs are the production of Scottish writers. But this is tar from being a tact. The famous Scotch ballad, "Roy's Wife," was written by Mrs. Grant, an lri-h lady of Carron. Every body Is familiar with its parasct rhythm and its peculiar musical ac cent: "Roy's wife of Aldivalloch 1 Roy's wife of Aldivalloch t Wot ye, how she cheated me. As I cane o'er tbe braes oi Bulloch? "Oh ! sbe waa canty qnesn, And weel could dance the UielanU sui- .- Bow happy I, had she been mine, Or I bees Hoy ot Aldivatioch!" Miss Biamire, wbo wrote, "An' Ye Shall Walk in Silk Attire," was a Cumberland girl ; Mrs. Hamilton, who wrote "My Ain Fireside," was a native of Ireland, and Mrs. John Hun tor, the author of "My Mother Bids Me " was a Yorkshire woman. "There's Kae Lock about the House" Is olten ascribed to Burns; bat it was written by Meikle, the translator of Camoens. Bams says of iU "Ihis is one of the most beautiful rjgs in the Seoti or any other lan. sTnage." . A bat that frequently flies in time a brickbat, act, in a description of his connne ment, which possessed all the quality of indignant feeling. It would seem trom it, as if the maxim of history re peating itself, were now being verified in all its details, and it gives hope that if the great men of that time so soon after the achievement of Ameri can liberty, as-ented to the enactment of laws, which placed tbe liberty ol the citizen so much in Jeopardy, the comforts of an ordinary felon so far out of the reach of a respectable man who was in prison, merely because he chose to speak and write his senti ments, that there is some slope for the relief ol one section ol the nation from the proscription which now controls it. Mr. Lyon said to the Iriends of the alien and stditiou law on the floor: "Let these gentlemen defend the marshal in carrying me in the most contumelious and degrading manner upwards of forty miles from the door ot the jail in the county where I lived, which is a jail of the United States. Let them defend that marshal for throwing me into.a stinking cell o' about ten feet by sixteen the com mon receptacle oi thieves, murderers and runaway negroes, without any thing to keep the cold out where the light came in, and keeping me there four months, nearly one month of which without fire, not haviug the liberty to procure myself a stove, al though in a cold, Inclement season, whilst the house contained comforta ble rooms in plenty, which I could have hired had I been allowed to do it, but he refused, notwithstanding my application to him, and the en treaties of several of my friends offer ing a security of $100,0e0 for my con tinuation in the appointed room du ring the term ot my vsonfioement." He committed an assault upon Mr. Griswold, of Connecticut, at the time that the debate was proceeding upon the resolutions preferring articles of Impeachment against William Blount, a senator trom Tennessee, for con Htiiracv. which resulted in his expul sion lrom the senate. It was also when Thomas Blount, a member from .North Caroliua, and a brother of the proposed victim of an impeachment, Haired the house to excuse h m from voting npon the articles, as it was also the time when he surrendered his brother for trial, and aad a motion made to remove the bail bond upon which he was a security. Mr. Griswold. not satisfied, preeipi tatedan attack upon Mr. Lyon with a big stick, that had the appearance of a cord of wood. This" was done, as the annals state, before Mr. Lyon was en abledto resist, and which subjected kirn to several severe blows. Mr. Ly on seized a pair of t ngs dnring the melee and resisted Griswold: all this upon the floor of ccingress. Mr. Gris wold, in the contest, got uppermost. t he annals say, "Use inembers who unln now looted on with amassment at tbe scene, without an attempt to out an end to it. not around the par ties and separated them." They met again without the bar, aad, but for the doorkeeper, would have renewed the combat. This was one 0 '.he most exciting scenes that ever occurred uoon the floor of the house of repre sentatives, unless we except that of Keitt aad Grow in 1858. This later contest involved matey members. The present minister to France,, Mr. Wash burn, taking a pact in it, w hich con nected! him with .Genera' Barksdale who was killed at Gettysburg. This was only M the view that it was said, he knocked fjeaeral Barksdale down, which was published in the Repub lican press, but which Mr, Washburn repudiated when it was called to his attention. The return to our sut?it, Mr. Lyon had been cashiered from the army in the revolution, in which he was a paymaster; but it does not seem for anything venal or corrupt. He was unfortunately calculated to get into trouble. Mr. Lyon during his incum bency was guilty of a vulgar excess, which again entitled him to 11 motion for expulsion. It was not the result of natural blackguardism, bnt of that ex travagance of psssiion which made him say things which he dU not in tend. Mr. Harper, of South Carolina, brought the question to the view of the house, but it went noufurther than a mere resolution, which the house did not pass. Mr. Lyon went everywhere in Wash ington, boldly and freely speaking his sentiments in the capital, without fear of his persecutors, and it is the best encomium upon his own discharge of public duty, that he did not surrender to the prejudices ot the time the pre rogatives of a bold and tearless legis lator. Mr. Chmrnaa. of Vermont, a United States senator, was said, by Mr. Lyon, tne ttoor 01 the nouse, THE COMTnG WOMAN. The main object in life for the com ing woman will be not so much the mating as the making of herself. She will aim possibly at position, possibly at wealth surely at independence. One thing she will never be content to remain, and that is the mere mar ital appendage of a man. If progressiveness masculine as to ability, talent, and influence shine, progressiveness feminine will aspire to light as brilliant a candle in her walk of liie. She will repudiate shin ing altogether by reflected brillUncy. The coming woman will protect her self. The "big brother" will be rid ol bis responsibility ; he may go about his business. Sbe is to be a marks woman; she will send the ball to its mark with the same unerring pre cision as she now does the end of a thread through the eye of a fine cam bric needle. She will alone in the darkness safely traverse the highways and byways of the city. Bloody corpses ol imprudently forward men, young and old, will occasionally be found in her track. The coming woman will be dangerous by night. It is time. Man to the single woman has been dangerous long enough. Not that we admire or endorse the female desperado, or "Girl of the Period," but there are slill extant many mascu line natures only to be coerced into a proper respect for female honor and purity by fear of personal conse quences. She will not be deficient in nerve or weak in muscle, bhe will be a skilful driver, a daring rider, a hardy walker. Four miles per hour, up hill and down, will be her pace. Male ad oration weak in the knees will do penance. The idea of woman as the weaker sex will become old-fashioned, and finally obsolete. Physical strength in tbe matter of agility and endurance is not for men alone. The South Sea Island woman are better swimmers than the men. What woman ever tircl of dancing? A washerwoman's daily toil might lay up a dry goods clerk for a week, and perhaps tire a ploughman. Man's muscle may lift more pounds, but put that of the fe male"m training, and it runs, leaps, and climbs, as tne female mind jumps at conclusions, as quickly as, if not quicker than, that of the male. She wiil not spend her days cooped up in any house. At forty she intends being fair, healthy, vigorous, sym metrically adipose, and at tbe climax of life's attractiveness and enjoyment. At twenty she will be beantitnily un folding; at thirty, charming; at forty, magnificent. This because she puts sun, pure air and water to legiti mate, plentiful, and frequent use. No pent up, hermetrically-sealed, lathed-and-piastered, stove-heated cavern, its walls, its floors, its atmosphere permeated by the emanations of past generations, will be her den of like immurement. LippincoWt. WATER-PAOOF STARCH A patent has been recently taken out in France lor the preparation ol finish or starch tor vegetable tissues, yarns, cloths, etc., which la not solu ble in water, and which, therefore, when once applied, will remain throughout several successive wash ings. In this case, the articles in ques tion are properly starched, and then passed, at a temperature of about sixty degrees Fahrenheit, through a bath of chloride of sine, by means of which a ptnnei. Take not, O winter, cold and gray, Kat-n charm that Hammer gave, away ' ieaveossome (liver, some nodding spray Husn not each song that balled tbe morn. Kaoh lay of softening twilight born, flooding lair fields of waving cjrn. T ay not thy stern and icy spell On sparkling founts that rose and fall In meadow green or s.umberous .ell. Breathe still some gentleness along The breea-N night, aowehlll and strong. Burdened so late with sweets snd sous. Be merciful. O crowned king t 1 he violet-wreathed and odorous sp: lag. Summer, whoee hours sach richness fling. Oa land and sea and ambient air. Have passed snd left thee reigning where Nor dowtr nor bird makes sunlight fair. A few fleet beers aad thou wilt go To toe far rea ess of Ice and snow, Wnere the pale northern lightnings glow. Till than we dream of summer hours. Of murmuring realms std smiling flowers. J tnoohoeams aroppej m suvery uuwwi on tree qui ltke, on rippling seas. On rjWlsidee dark with c ueterlng treea. And broad a aids swept by song and breese. A CHRISTMAS STCRY. PENCIL CHIPS. Uke corns, are often it's mm its The tarn is obstinate, when in its own way. San Fran cisco has her streets by hand twteje a month. Of tha Mvanty-four United senators, fifty are lawyers. Yon "pat a head oa" a leste you apply the poegoge stamp. College "hazing" is a "new depar ture" when it starts a "Fresh," Tell not your secrets to tout servant. for ha will then be your intlsT If you have a iaithful servant, and one that yon ilka, setrvw yonrsei t . Dram fa a preventive of cholera. But it is aa incentive to choler an. By the game operation a man may contract a debt and stretch his credit. Alexia takes wall with everyone in Rieton, especially with photograph- THE BORES OF HISTORY. The prosaic form does not divest :he following of wonuertui-poetical toucn ing tenderness, attractiveness and beauty : ANNIE AND WILLIE'S PRAY ER 'Twas the eve before Christmas "good night" had been said and Annie and Willie had crept into bed ; there were tears on their pillows, and tears in their eyes, and each little blossom was heavy with sighs for to-night their stern father's command had been given, that they should .retire precisely at seven, instead of eight; for they troubled him more with questions unheard of than ever before. He had told them he thought this de lusion a sin, no such being as "Santa Claus" ever had been, and he hoped, after this, he should never mo re hear, how he scrambled down chimneys with presents each year. And this was the reason that two little heads so restlessly tossed on Jheir soft, downy beds. Eight, nine, and the clock on the steeple toiled ten ; not a word had been spoken by either till then, when Willie's sad face from the blanket did peep and whispered "Dear Annie, is you fast asleep?" "Why, no, brother Willie," a sweet voice replies, "I've tried It in vain, but I can't shut my e.-es; for, somehow, it makes me so sorry because dear papa has said there is no 'Santa Claus;' now we know there is, and it can't be denied, for he came every year before mama died; but then I've been think Ing that she used to pray, and God would hear everything mamma would say, and perhaps she asked him to send Santa Claus here, with the sacks ful I of presents he brought every year." "Well, why tan't we pay dest as mamma did then, and ask him to send him with presents ad en?" "I've been thinking so, too." And without a word more, four little bare feet bounded out on the floor, and four lit tle knees the soft carpet pressed, and two tiny hands were pressed to each breast. "Now, Willie, you know we must firmly belitve, that tbe pres ents we ask for we am sure to receive ; you must wait Just as still till I say the 'Amen,' and by that you will know that your turn has come then." "Dsar Jesus, look down on my broth er and me, and grant us the favor we are asking of Thee. I want a wax dolly, a tea-set and ring, and an ebony work-box that shuts with a spring. Bless papa, dear Jesus, and cause him to see that Santa Claus loves us far better than he. Don't let him get fretful and angry again, at dear brother Willie and Annie, Amen." "Please, Jesus, 'et Santa Taus turn down ,to night, and bring us some presents before it is ight, I want he should dive me a nice little sed, with bright, shiny runners, and ail painted yed; a box fall of tandy, a book and a toy, Amen, and then, Desus, I'll be a good boy." Their prayers being ended, they raised up their heads, and with bearts.light and cheerlul again sought their beds. Tney were soon lost in slumber, both peace ful and deep, and with fax teg in dream land were roaming in sleep. Eight, nine, and the little French clock had struck ten, ere the father had thought of his children again. He seems now to hear Annie's half suppressed sighs, and to see the big tears stand in Wil lie's blue eyes. "I was harsh with my darlings," he mentally said, "and should not have sent them so early to bed ; but then I was troubled my feel ings found vent, for bank-stock has gone down ten per cent. But of course they've forgot their troubles ere this, and that I denied them tbe thrice-asked for kiss; but just to make sure, I'll steal up to their door, for I never spoke harsh to my darlings be fore." So saying, he softly ascended the stairs, and arrived at the door to hear both of their prayers. His An nie's "bless papa" draws forth the big tears, and Willie's promise fails sweet on his ears. "Strange, strange, I'd forgotten," said he with a sigh, "how I longed, when a child, to have Christmas draw nigh. I'll atone for my harsnness, he inwardly said, "by nhanflro ia nMfiilfspH in thafihra ! T.h .trr.h that the latter raters i answering their prayers ere I sleep in tbe action ol the water in the most 7 ,Tnen he turned to the thorough manner. A bath of three an,? went down, threw ofi parts of sulphuric acid and one of wa-1 velvet slippers and silkdrwaing-gown tor may, it is said, be used instead of I -douted hat, coat and boots, and was that of chloride of sine. The liquid is out the street, a inthionaire iaong t.-. hp r acec in a tr ozn. tn whicn a -. v" itri revolving barrel is immersed, almost to its axis, and above which is a roller that is moved in the opposite direc tion by the turning of the lower one. Between tbe two the material to be impregnated is pa sed, being mois tened from below by the bath, and, in passing between the two, receiving the necessary pressure. It the mate- he until he had bought everything, from the box full of candy to the tiny gold ring; indeed, he kept adding so much to his store, that the various presents outnumbered a score, then homeward he turned with his holiday load, and with aunt Mary's aid in the nursery, 'twas stowed. Miss -dolly was seared ceneatn a pice tree, by the rial be heavy, the barrel Ues entirely , aide "J tn f h hath, ana a nair 01 rollers nxeu 1 " "e above It is used to press out the super fluous liquid. The articles are carried directly from the trough into running water, trom which they are to be re moved, pressed out, and dried. A certain major at a western fort has very long feet, and also a horse that threw every one but the major. One evening the major's servant was out on the parade ground when one of the boys spoke up and said: "1 know why the horse don't throw the ma jor!" "Why?" was asked by a dozen or more. "Well, you see that tbe to ha w ! melnr'S trot such long feet that the been whipped by him. In the debate horse thinks he is in shafts !" laid, and on it a ring, for which Annie had prayed. A soldier in uniform stood by a sled, "with bright shining runners and all painted red." There were balls, dogs and horses, books pleasing to see, and birds of all colors were perched in the tree; while Santa Claus, iacgaing, stood up in the tori as ii getting ready more presents to drop. And as the fond father the pic ture surveyed, he thought for his trouble he had amply bean paid, and he said to himself, as he brushed off a tear, "I'm happier to-night than I've been for aear. Pte enfoyed more true pleasure than ever before; what care I if bank stock falls ten per cent. MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS, or Marie, as some writers will insist on callirg her, has become one ol the greatest torments In tne wnotegaiiery oi bores. We will never, so far as we can sue, hear the last of her "beautiful persoa and graces of manner. one has been done to death in eountless lead, rs and ecsivs. Her sorrows and her crimes if she really coiiiuutteu anv have been tne constant mema 01 backs ever since ?ou aiscovereu ner to the jurious oeouie who never read history unless it is tricked out in th irarbot fiction. We confess we are utterly tired of her. In our youth we did think she was a rjersecuted and in iurcd woman, but since s.e Basso per sistently persecuted and injured us, we have arrived at the relie: inai sne deserved her fate, and 1 re only sorry that we have no power to decapitate hershsile. Then, go back to classic times, there are CLBOPATRA AND MARC ANTONY, When shall we hear the last of them ? What gnod genius or pioua priest will underta.se to lay the ghosts of the cel ebrated pair? When shall we hear the last c i the profound speculations In which our "great writers" are wont to indulge anent the probable fate of the wcrldbad ine laoy s noe oeen t trifle shorter? . Surely, we have had enough of her ; and, as it is impossible to say an original thing about her and her great admirer, it would be as well to let them both rest quietly in the school books till the crack of doom. We are willing to admit that if a taboo were placed upon the remarkable per sons who have figured in history.many of our picturesque writers would be deprived of their whole stock in tsade. We are, however, not quite sure that the world would lose much if the whole tribe resigned their pens for good. We might be deprived of a great quantity of thrice-threshed straw, but, for our own part, we could get on quite as well without it. What we realiy need is a little more of the salt or originality, and a more sparing use of mere words. It is bad enough to be obliged to read tbe ordinary lit erature ot the day, but it is really vex ing that the common topics of the hour cannot be discussed without all this troth and folly. Coming nearer to our own time, we find SAMUEL PPY8 GROWING INTO A BORE of the flist water. We can all read his diary if we please ; but having ead it for ourselves, we do not care to see it hashed up on every occasion for the people who care nothing for Peoys nor the time in which he lived. The story of his first wig has gone lrom pole to pole, and, as far as we can judge, it is likely to travel round the world, like the Wandering Jew, until the last trump summons scribbler and diarist to the great account. Pepys did not bargain for this posthumous tame, and one knows what agonies his shade must endure if it is conscious that it has become a stalkiug -horse behind which the fell writers of the hour hide their base designs on the innocent reader. Of all the bores of history, however, commend us to, or rather save us trom. THE PILGRIM FATHERS. We cannot open a book on a stall without meeting with them. These old bigots permeate all liter ature, and haunt our picture galleries, to the terror of all sensible peopie. Can we not let them rest in peace? Is it not possible to banish them for good into limbo? Hawthorne, heaven bless him! took some of the gilt ofi their Puritanical gingerbread, in the "rjcarlet Letter," and we thank him for this knightly service. If we were inclined to play the part of a literary Don Quixote, we should cer tainly try whether a vigorous lance prick or two would not have frighted these grim old giants trom the stage. But we have too grim a horror of them 10 attempt the task of exorcism, and are only sorry that, for the purpose ot this article, we are obliged to admit them again before the curtain. GRACE DARLING IS ANOTHER, but a charming, bore of history. She has been rowing that old boat of hers daily, in some print or other, for the last thirty years. She must tire of the work, and no doubt the fair he roine would gladly retire from busi ness, but the literary hack finds her too valuable, and so her poor shade goes backward and forward from the wreck to the light-house as regularly as if she was expiating a crime; and so in truth she is. Her crime, in the eyes of her persecutors, is her heroism, and they will not let her rest until another victim, equally brave and in teresting, takes her piece. Had she reflected upon the possibilty of being famous, we fear the unfortunate pas sengers on the Fortaranier steamer would have gone to the bottom before she would have lifted a finger to aid them. MACAU LEY'S NEW ZEALANDER. We cannot close this article without some "allusion" more or less "bril liant" to the New Zealander, who has been such an nnconsciable time mak ing that sketch of St. Paul's. Macau ley little knew when he borrowed the gentleman from Vomey, that he had inadvertently started the poor savage upon a never-ending series of travels through the press of the world ; yet such is the mysterious dispensation ot Providence. We hear of tbe great traveler daily, and he is always trying to finish that unlucky sketch. He crops up in the most unexpected plaees, and so popu lar is he that every tyro who pots pen to paper feels called upon to look over his shoulder to see how he is get ting on. We wish to heaven he would close his portfolio, and go back to tbe land of tomahawks. We do not want him here. Perhaps, with the barba rous taste of a savage, he likes tame, and is glad to see the crowd of ad mirers who gaze in wonder at his masterly touches and bold outlines. But whether he is proud of his promi nent position of not, he is a bore of the most vulgar type and we do not thank the historian for recklessly in troducing him to the great masters of the art of chopping straw. Many a pen would no doubt be paralysed if harm came to the tiresome savage, or an of bis brethren of the company ol bores. A universal paralysis of the pen, however, would, In oar opinion, be preferable to this hashing-op of history, this continual fitting-on of the cast-ofl clothes of great writers. Had we absolute power we would certainly Interfere, to protect the pub lic lrom the men who thus systemat ically annoy them. A decree of pains and penalties should at once be issued. We would make it treason without gsgtioit of cieggy to "allude" in any way to the Pilgrim Fathers. We would fine any man who dared to mention Cleopatra, or Hero and Le ander, and we would send to the hulks or the treadmill the whole school of able editors who so persistently dis turb the peace of Marie Antoinette. Society should be preserved from the nuisance of the literary organ-grinder, and he should be compelled to go back to the plow, or some other con genial employment. A saddle-horse la not necessarily ill-tempered because he takes a fence readily. The New Fdiglaml harbors are frozen up much earlier this season than Is customary. There were lour alarms ol fire at Boston, Monday evening within forty-five minutes. Upwards of fourteen thousand heathen Chinee" are hunting lor gold in Australia, The postmaster-general ohiecra to tha establishment of a postorfice in a reian liquor snop. Pris ners in the Indiana state prison are sewed up in in bags and compelled to Doarti inemseives. He who has no opinion of his own but depends upon the opinion and taste of others, is a slave. Temperance, indeed, is a bridle of gold ; and he who uses it rightly is more like a god than a man. Politeness is like an air cushion- there may be nothing in it, but it eases our jolts wonderfully. London tines conductors of horse- cars for overcrowding the cars to the inconvenience of passengers. In England, even the Queen does not frank her letters. She uses her "head" instead of her hand. A good word is an easy obligation ; but not to speak ill requires only our silence, which costs as nothing. A fruitless pursuit after a newspa per subscription that has run out; the only way is to start rresb sga.'n. Every time the curtain falls the or chestra men go out for their lager, and the stage Itself has a "drop." Mind this It is better to accom plish perfectly a very small amount, than to half-do ten times as much. Tbe new opera house at Providence was emptied at tbe close of aa enter tainment in four and a half minutes. It Is surmised that Dickens, as a re porter did his reporting on 'Change he has furnished so many stock quota tions. The wind at Mownt Washington, rushing at the rate of a hundred miles an hour, id of course a good deal blown. Grief kru'- two hearts in closer bonds than happiness ever can ; and common suffering is a far stronger link than common joy. New York claims him now the one hundred-and-thirteen-years-old man who voted for all the presidents, saws wood, and all that. It is with narrow-souled De2tas with narrow-necked bottles; fee sa ?STfweii tney nave in tnem, tne tMPff"l cu,,L" they make in pouring oat. tot a fisiZ Nearly all slang phrase , taw et.. u.1-1- iur im 11 unf; uius tne srece saet v turn of the galvanic battery "" co-rw ,1 wrm- Aia, m.iu tko M Bortu 4A3U 1 . " uutti one Ben "steady by isrks." -qaarter acrea OUR GIRLS. Between the eras of swaidlirg bands and corsets and crinoline, there used to be a perk d of a few years when arms and limbs coold climb trees and seals hsrlghta like their pro genitors mentioned by Darwin, and muscle, smew ana oioou issue mir to hold their own. Tbe little barehead ed, tanned girl of ten years, astride a brldlelen and stddleless horse, or pad dling down th stream on a raft of her own usjfatiuetlsg, had ssesersB of pure -o joy ment, aad it was thought tt aha grew plump aad rosy, ly to bed and early te rise," and co cud sing the "Uvea'' to the tune of Yankee Doodle. She must have been far in her "teens," or out of them, before she caught a glimpse of the model young lady with tapering and a genera! air of lArrguor pervading every movement and utterance. She looked a Don the lav figure witn ad- ana lortnwiui comaiTi'-ed ssnrslf, bat with indifler "As the twig is bent the trie is inclined." Nature had a good start, and sbe would not yield to art without a hard struggle. The few ro bust women of fifty to-day are the ones whose young lives were free and as tne ssrras, wnoss atotning listed limbs nor pressed lungs, whoee impulses and inauoets were never checked or killed outright by Mrs. Grundy 's strictures. Where are the girls now who can play? and where are the clothes in which they cm enjoy play without fear and trembling? Think of trying to wade through a brook, and 10 enjoy the delleioas sensation of water run ning over bare feet and around bare ankles, when at every step one must ask, "Sue, does the lower flounces touch the water? Will tn overskirt get splashed? Is the panier too low? And are the ends of the sash tucked up? Think of try ing to climb a cherry tree, and enjoying the feat and the fruit, when every limb three tens your chignon and frizzled "topknot"! or of jumping from a beam into a hay mow whan your nether limbs are laced in high gaiters snd bound In tight bands: One would drop down as straight and inelastic as a mummy. It is unwise generosity in American children to give up these sports to the Irish and German youth, reserving tor themselves croquet acd picnics, at which elaborate toilets can be dis played and studied etiquette observed. These amusements will do for grown people; bat a child, if lelttoact out its childhood, wiil no mora choose a play that is bounced by limits and rules than would a lamb or a squirrel. We have read all the speeches made at the Boston banquet given to the Russian Duke, and the best thing whicn we can find in them was the remark of the Hon. Robert C. Win throp, who presided. Ha was con scious, he said, that there were many Sentleman better fitted than he, not y their age but by their accomplish ments, aad their youth, "for playing Oorydon to such an Alexis." Neat, was it not? But it will not do to in quire very closely into the propriety of the allusion, which Is to that Ec logue of Virgil which Lord Byron de nominated "tne noma MARK TWAtN LECTURE. Loditt arte) (rfn'lemen By request ot '.of rr. Airman of the committee, who has been very busy, and is very tired, I suppose 1 auk leave to introduce to you the lecturer of the evening, Mr. demons, otherwise Mark Twain, a gentleman whose great learning, whose historical accuracy, whose devotion to science, and wtrcse rotation for the truth laughter) are only equaled by bis moral character and his majes tic presence. Renewed laughter. I refer these vague general terms to my self. LGiggling.j I am a little op posed to the custom of ceremoniously introducing the lecttlTet to the au dience, became It eems to me unne cessary where the man has been pro perly advertised rianghter), and be sides it is very nneomtortalara for the lecturer. But where it is tha custom, an introduction ought to be ai.V, and I bait rather oiake it niyset in my w-- on. get- Wltjm legal boars, lie ro.wing sKa a"awsu: -UUILK.lJLrill l Ti In all evils which admit a r uj river, in iru patience should f?voidfi.''eivevor's Lis- it wastrs that time and attend ..??? complaints, which if properly taee as fouowe: might remove the cause. S?iMi.'i.!ck?rJ " las nana of F. Of all passions.jealousy is thanortuwsrt oor exacts the hardest service, arBnaaragrae the bitterest wages. Its serretnaaii toma to watch tbe success of our ene1111" " f.. Ka omiere; taeaea W aaetarj Vf W OSsaa C a its Attar of rose is, according Is 1 jag of Breslau, often adulterated me begian'rlg. cohol, which raises the congeal i of the attar. The adulteraUoJjJ,,J 23, tec ted by agitation with luktrici. andi water in the usual manner. "d k-cl; toast earner of mmmmmm entry ; taence VARIOUS THINGfiSS inaanu. S l.ns Mr. Reverdy Johnson is df' the ku-klux in (South Carolina j i.ja. 1 a his son, the United States 9Vl r?"".' brings them before the bar of o waiter The Vicomte de Goutou" just appointed French embassiienoe seat Berlin, was a deputy lrom the feejcara-eri s. Pyrenees, a strong Legitimist imaffoa0aa?Jj sonal friend of the Comte de ess, m cvune bord. aoniainmg, by A clergyman down east, oppsd. tying and the introduction of instrument! aca state ot ale in the church, but overris the congregation, gave out tag's toatawaei Ailmlav mtirninv ai. tha rrnT,frjUi rxmnd ment of the service, "We wiy now fiddle and sing the following hmn." Tbe great difference between man between the feeble and the power fulthe great and the Insignificant, is energy, invincibe determination a purpose one fixed upon, and then death or victory. That quality wiil compass everything that is possiole in life, and no talent, no circumstances, no opportunities will make a man without it. in tne county of Sneiev. state of to-win Lying immediately sow .a of ana ast loming the -at-rapuja and 1 -fi art ten rail road oa which a. A. Msaa Usui new rasnaVaa. bbonued on the eaal oy ue laasss at Bedford. south by the uiceon tract, west by innae eg J. aumi and north by te Sfemaia ana L aa. .eaten railroad and the lands of Per Kins, containing two nondred end UUrtw 30) acres, last aast ot Fi met H1IL larma of .sue Oee-inird cash, naiance Is. ona and .wo jtsri, notes rjsawiisg m las-ess. Ueo retained to secure the iisssn isil pay. Aau the above described land artil e offered private aaie untu toe date s r i iias Ii1. as ipoa Luaaaue terms, and I will who a tract or wlti sell the Od tn western and nr ia acres oil lie eastern tnd, to sail, visum of parcoaeers. Fiana of tne saoeuvtaiou wit surveys thereof, may be wss at my offioe. and u not sold at private aaie, the seats will be offered st nil hi 1.- ,nra mi Tula ueeember U, uCU , ' ' -"i sinl Ssetsl i w risisy, solicitor. de 3 Chancery Sale of Real Estate a. us. N. BV-strst Chancery Ceetrt of She! by j . .cuu. .nuua loasw es u. va. James a Walt et ai. BT virtue of aa Inter. 0-1 V.ry decree Bar sale entered In tne - - , wee, and rtnewed Movesuoer Ms. 171, 1 WIU aeU.atnenUe aoeUoa, to --g--n Tiiitawf In front 01 ihe clsrx and Heeler's cfaeeZ toreenlaw mock. Second street, la the city oi Memphis, Tennessee, on In the United States, according to a recent work on dentistry, over 3,000. 000 of artificial teeth are annually made and sold to supply losses of the natural destroyed by decay; 20,0uo,UO0 of teeth are extracted in this country every year ; three tons of pare gold are annually consumed here In the manufacture of gold foil that is ex clusively used for rilling teeth, this product selling tor nearly three mil lion dollars. Tbe London Times says: "General Slckels was married at the American L-gation, by the Patriarch ot the In dies, to Udoorita Creagh, a young Spanish lady, well-known in high circles here. Generals Serrano and Schmidt, Senor de Bias , the new min ister of state; M. Bonnelli, the new French embassador ; and Visconde del Carro, the introducer of embassadors, acted as padrinos to the bride, and signed the register. A young man from the country, out walking with a young lady, cudgeled his brains for some interesting topic of conversation to amuse her with, but in vain; be could hit npon nothing until they met cows, when the swain said, with much simplicity of manner, "Now, isn't it strange what a mother ly appearance a cow has?" To which the lady replied, "I don't think it strange sir, that a cow should have a motherly appearance to a calf. " A woman out in Toledo recently went around collecting money lor the benefit of soldiers' orphans. She got ten dollars, and immediately spent it for a bonnet. When the alderman interviewed her she explained to him that orphans cared very little for bread, and they could get along com fortably eni nigh without it; but wo men must have bonnets or The maeistrate said he never at it in that light, and he put her in jail so that he could have time to think it over. Florence, the comedian, tells a cap ital story of a waiter at one oi the Lon don taverns who was sadly given to drink. A party of young men deter mined to reform him, and one day tbey read an imaginary paragraph bom the paper relating to a terrible accident, in which an Inebriate, on blowing oat a candle, was killed by taw names igniting with the fumes of his breath. Jerry pricked up his ean at tlws, aad requested that the para graph might be lead to him again, which was done, to the evident horror of the poor man, who immediately want In search of the prayer-book. Re turning with this, he expressed a de sire to take a solemn oath upon it, be moaned the fact that he had been a sorry tippler and was bringing ailf to ruin, and then swore that again, sa long as he lived, would he attempt to blow out a candle. It has bean decided to cut tbe thirty nine artielfs from the course of theo logical studies at the University of Oxford, England. The London Tele graph says: "The vote of the Oxford convention betokens tbe change tssat is passing over the church. It is full of importance as tbe feather which he trays the direction of the theological tesjesa. itMta with aU the intel lectual and theological force of the learned body that so much of our re ligious forms and institutions as are established by law may be repealed, revised, and read justed by the legisia tive authority which passed the orig inal statutes. It also declares that the time has arrived when, in the cause of religion itself, it may be desirable to widen the portals of the National Church." The Daily News regards Prcf. Kawlingson's objection to the amendment as tsaastroiigsBt argument which was attempted in its favor. He said that henceforth it weald be im possible to . distinguish between churchmen and dissenters. Can any coffswammstion be more desirable T Thttrutv, DwttniMr 28, 1871, Within legal hoars, the followlew property, lo-wlt: ite NaaMAla 11 n aa . m. w. . t iw :ci. las. lex lea 1st. mTis? i JT l.l I., ..a ,ri i r I.- W. M - -., ., u.w, i .rr. . low, 11, M. IM, - I LSI. 1S1 NX I-.7 l-A l'J. i.n w; ,,, ,7 , 11", 1U . IS. LUK LIS. 1 1.1- lia. Ill- 1 111 M 1US. IDS. HM. 1. o. . 711. 78- 77. 7S. 7TL 1m. Ti 711 1 W. tt, 7, o. so, 6s. a, , m, au. ae, IB, S, gg, is, as. ja,U.laud au, oa W. 8. ruppln's aubdiw. s.ou ana piat ci a tra..t or landseuth or i near the city of a trap his, in Shelby oasss Tenn., purchased oy said FUddia. ioone su, and conveyed tarUpSWS i.i.i auu suii sain .ois eiaBTaasn- 4Wlhe deredTT? orTEe alumii, ordinary neutral of commerce (coco dissolving one part in U which is done easily wi n!pnate of alumina cake). of water. the ap- P .cation of heal. The sosu Is best prepared in this manner: Boil one part of light rosin, one part of soda crysta's, and ten of water, till the alum is dissolved ; salt the soap out by the addition of one-third part of com mon salt; dissolve this enap cith an equal amount of good palnt-ou soap in thirty-parts of water. Th.' soap bath should be kept hot while the goods are passing through it. It la best to have three vats alongside of each other, and by a .ipecial arrange ment to keep the gjods down in the baths. Special care should be taken to hve tha fabric ttrorrangMy soaked in the alumina bath. In a note to tbe above, Drs. Hager aad Jaeobsen re mark that during the last lew years very good and cheap waterproof goods of this description have been manu factured in Berlin, which they be lieved is effected by steeptnz them first in a bath of sulphate of alumina and of copper, and then into one of water-glass and roata soap. DETECTION OF SULPHUA IN GAS Mr. Ulex gives the following method: Let a platinum basin be filled with half a litre ol water, and the basin be heated over a Bun.sen burner until all the liquid arts evap orated; the basin will be found to be coated on the outside, where it has been struck by the Same, with a dirty, greasy-IooklLg substance, which, on being washed off with pure duti Jed water and tested, proves to be sulphu ric acid. The author further points out that the glass chimneys tased with Argand gas-burners soon become coated over internally with a white snbstance, which, on being washed off with distilled water, will be found to be, on testing, sulphate of ammonia. The glass panes of a room wherein gas has been burned for 9 few evenings consecutively will, when rebbedwith the fingers of a eiean hand, impart to it a substance which, on the hand be ing rinsed in distilled water, will yield a precipitate ol sulphate of baryta with chloriss of barium, and a brick red precipitate with potassio iodide of mercury. BISMUTH IN TEXAS. One ol the more noteworthy results of the Investigations instituted under the authority of the United States genarai lata J office into the mineral products of the several States, is the discovery of the s imewhat rare metal bismuth. The specimens ia the geo logical museum were brought from Archer county, Texas, through which region it is gratifying to learn that a railroad line is now being surveyed in connection with the northern counties of the State, most of vkich have been so much infested with hostile tribes of Indians that the wonderfully rich de posits of copper and oth?r metals are us approachable and worthless. The bismuth ore Is associated te seme ex tent with copper glance, hut in sepa rate veins. Its gangue is quarts, through which it is disseminated in small metalic grains, and It only rea quires about 500 Fahrenheit to fuse them, and the melted metal is collec ted aa it runs from the furnace. An individual is told oi as doing business in one of our markets who 5 down on customers wbo don't speak properly. "What's eggs this morn ing?" asked a customer. "Eggs, of course, replied the dealer. "I mean, how do they go?" "Go where?' "Pshaw!" says the ctastowaar, getting oat of temper; '"what for eaw-sseri "Money, money, ?ir, or good indorsed credit" answered the dealer. "Dont you understand the pfJslsi Igntisain sir?" says the castoSeT "NotS vou mix and responded the mani'le it. I di, nrvt't egjt-vender. "What I as ssss price per itoaen for ycevr-efwsr' "Ah, sow yea talkF i Every body knows the story of An drocles and the lion, i