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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPKAL - -TUESDAY, JANUARY dS, 1S73
ttEMPHIS APPEAL TUESDAY MKKMM.. .1 AN. M. THE PROPER LIMITS OF BEFOBH IN TEKKES8EE. There is danger that the aggressive spirit of reform may become rather de structive of public good than of public evils. It U not to be presumed that memliers of the Legislature, however learned and experienced, are capable of reforming every objectionable feature of o ir existing government. It is enough if the greater, more glaring grievances incident to courts of iuatice and the multiplicity of place-holders be reme died. Sweeping, sudden changes are infinitely more dangerous and costly to the public thau any evils remedied. An excess of economy is quite as dangerous as the lavish wasteful n ess of our city government or of that which adventurers from every i lime practiced when Urownlow reigned Half the people encountered upon the streets of this goodly city live upon the public. Federal power bus exhausted ingenuity In breeding loafers and be- tting iopular idleness. The same men wuo collect taxes for States and count;- should discharge these offices for the central government. Many great aud benefit-entire forms are easily practicable and of such unquestioned necessity that commonplace statesman ship easily comprehends and effects them. But when it is proposed to sweep away the whole judi cial system of Tennessee in order that one set of men may go out aud another go into office, the people will never assent. If this be done by one body of partizans, under the thin guise of reform, the same course will be adopted when the "ins" are "outs,'' and government and courts alike will become as farcical as they would be corrupt and unworthy. When the sev eral Judges and Chancellors were con vened not very long ago at Nashville, we remember that it was asserted by the ablest of them that the Legislature had exhausted its authority over the subject when it created a Court of Rec ord. A Chancellor installed or Circuit Judge was an immovable fixture save for reasons defined by the State's organic law. To remove him, save as pointed out by the Constitution, was beyond the scope of legislative power. So with the officers of these courts. Any other con dition of facts would work palpable in justice. The Clerk's office pays nothing for two years, and if he or the judicial officer could be ejected because the Chancellor or Judge had rendered an opinion disagreeable to the law-making power, there would be little security for Kpular freedom. Judges and Chancellors have a tenure-of-office which the Legis lature cannot well disturb, and if other wise, the judiciary of the State might be the.uiierable tools of the statute breed ing jeti!enoe, which a rash, destruc tive, imrapable Legislature sometimes becomes. It is said that the people of this cVuuty are weary of taxation, and restive under burdens imposed, one thousand per cent, greater than were ever known lfore. They would gladly have three men, instead of thirty, dis charging local legislative duties for Shelby county. This reform may be accomplished if it be made operative in each county in the State; but whether1 the Legislature that breathed breath into the IkkIv of that lifeless institution at I'.artlt :t is mvested with the high pre- j rogative of kicking it out of existence ! we are not accurately advised. Some learned limb of the law is letter quali-; fled to ilisewsi these knotty questions j than ourselves or the great body of those learned and accomplished gentlemen who shape the State's fortunes at Nash ville. Give as three Magistrates in each county instead of an army of Magis- t rates to shape local laws; make jury trials in civil cases elective by litigants at their cost; absolve courts from the necessity for resort to juries in misde- ous and profitable. It is time our Rep resentatives from the West and the Southwest should look more closely to our interests, and if needs lie form an alliance offensive and defensive to se cure in these respects a proper recog nition of the wants and necessities of these States, as well as their equal rights to their full proportion of nation al currency and public appropriations We have no desire to cultivate or de- vcIod sectional feelinus upon any of these questions, but we do demand just ice and a just apportionment. The im provement of Western rivers, and every other measure calculated to develop the vast resources of the West, will also add to the commercial prosperity of the East as much of our surplus must find a market in Eastern States and an outlet through Eastern port. But the great difficulty is, they seek to confine us to the old and wealthy cities aud ports of New York, Boston and Philadelphia, to make us entirely dependent on them for capital as well as market and outlet, and combine to defeat every measuie look ing toward securing a shorter, cheaper and more direct route by water to the Atlantic at some Southern port. It is time our representatives should give them to understand that the great and growing West and Southwest will re main no longer mere "hewers of wood anil drawers of water" for Eastern capi talists; that their interests must also be consulted aud respected, and the wants of her millions of agriculturists, me chanics and manufacturers provided for as well as those of the East. The States west of the Alleghany Mountains and drained by the Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri, and their tributaries, and the Southern and Southwestern States identified with them in interest, have the power. What is needed is to com bine and utilize it, and all that is de sired can be obtained. SEWARD AND NAPOLEON. THE It its railway bers of the DEADHEADED. in all the States for companies to furnish mem Legislature, while actually LESISLATUBE is customary in the public service, "passes" over their roads. Generally when this is done nothing is said or thought of it. It is not supposed to subject the law giver to any obligation to serve the company, and if the company neglected it, the law-giver would only deem it an omission of an act of generosity to which State legislators with small pay for great services, are entitled. No member of the Assembly thinks himself bribed by the trifling concession, and if a member refused to accept such a boon the railroad company would deem over- sensitiveness indicative of a want of confidence in one's own honesty. Many members go home at the close of each week and spend Saturday and Sunday with their constituents. The public are beneficiaries of this constant admixture of lawgiver- with constituencies. This process is carried to perfection in Con necticut, in which little State, of vast wealth and sublime energies, the law givers sleep at home almost every night. The non-voting heads of fam ilies like it, and the members of the two Houses are kept thoroughly advised of the course of popular opinion as it af fects every question discussed at Hart ford or New Haven. In this palpable good done by railways, and in this ne cessity for much travel and little pay, railways found it proper and just to concede to lawmakers the freedom of the roads. There is no concealment prac ticed by railroad superintendents in this matter, and it is only strange that the first legislative body from which a pro test emanates is one west of the Missis sippi, a country never supposed to be the abode of sublime piety. Private Correspondence Between Tlieui During the Late Civil War Sharp Words. Seward's Policy of Defiance In Pri Tate and Braggadocio in Pub Hc-U It True J The Mexican Fiasco the Salvation of the Union, and the Great Mis. take of 'apoieon. Tiik admirable, terse and vigorous letter of Mrs. Merri wether upon Colonel Kerr's Divorce Bill, published by us Sunday, has attracted very general at tention, and much of very high com mendation from even unexpected quar ters, and we should not be surprised if meanor cases, auo prupeny jusuj Irf Uwlf it compiled Colonel Kerr to and universally assessed and taxed, and i withdrawhi9 biUi or upoa his pre88ing then when mattters of imperative fiuau- ,ead to ,B defeat by , yofc cial necessity are disposed of, the Legis- j We aRree , (.orreepondentt wll08e lature should adjourn. It is a costly ! ,tt-r wiI1 found in .noth.r (nllIIrm body, and its duties are so plain and sharply defined that a protracted session will be pronounced insufferable. THE KGrTH ASD THE WEST. The presses and people of the West are awakening to a sense of the injustices practised by the Eastern men who con trol the legislation of Congress. They are beginning to see that it is only ne cessary to avow that a measure is for the relief of the South or the West aud, forthwith, there is raised a clamor aiiout expenditures by the very men who are foremost in connection with the Credit Mobilier fraud. For instance, the South asks that the unconstitu tional cotton tax shall be refunded, and the West asks for a canal system connecting the Mississippi with the Atlantic by the Tennessee and Black Warrior rivers; the South, too, asks for a National levee system, and the West for a ship canal from the lakes to the St. Lawrence and another to the Mississippi; and the members from New York raise their hands in horror ami their eyes in most sanctimonious style, as if they had never handled or even looked upon a brile; and they declaim alKMit the Erie canal, its capacity for the carrying trade of the country, when its Chief Engineer confesses that in many places it is little better than a dirty ditch, through the mud of which boati projielled by steam find it difficult to make way. There was a time, im mediately after the war, when dust was thrown in our eyes to the tune of the swelling chorus of "loyalty." Now that the feeling which originated a watchword used for all purposes by the adroit managers of the East has died out, and they can no longer prey upon us through sectional hates or animosi ties, they will have to face us with fa-ts. We take no more husks. We are entitle 1 to and must have our share of the moneys expended for public pur poses. We occupy the granary and the cotton fields of the world, and need cheap transportation. As the Kansas City Time says, this cau only be supplied by water transportation and the improvement of our Western river-, and the construction of a ship canal connecting some of our Western and Southern navigable rivers so as to reach the Atlantic coast at some good port in all seasons such a canal, for instance, as that now profosed to unite the waters of the Mis sissippi Valley with the Altimaha in Georgia, and by it with the Atlantic. Now, if a sum anything like that yearly appropriated for the improvement of Eastern harbors, aud other public im provements to facilitate Eastern com merce, was appropriated to remove obstructions and improve our Western rivers, it would soon enable our people to secure cheap transporta tion to Eastern markets without consuming the profits of the producer. The lonaiwtitiou of river transportation with the great railroad lines would also bring about great reductions in the cost by rail, and every dollar thus saved would be that much added to the profits of the producers. The main reason why farming is no longer a paying business iu the West is the exorbitant cost of transportation. Remedy this and agri cultural pursuits will again be prosper- that the reasons why Colonel Kerr's bill should be defeated are skilfully and co gently given by Mrs. Merri wether, at the same time that a little of man's in humanity to women is sketched with the dash, spirit and freedom of one who has her head full of knowledge and her heart full of sympathy. Colonel Ken must suliside on the divorce question. Mrs. Merri wether has made hercase,and the public verdict is for her and suffer ing women. Come down, Mr. Kerr; you can do it gracefully. Do it while you may. Postmaster - General Ckeswell carries hig hostility to the press to that point that he would require them to pay postage to their subscribers. The Cin cinnati Enquirer responds thus : " If the Government will guarantee that in all cases the papers aforesaid shall reach those who have subscribed for them, and that the latter's remitting money to newspapers shall not be stolen or mis laid by its agents, then we have no doubt that t he press would generally ac cept the amendment to the Postal Law proposed by the Postmaster-General. Until it does that, however, they will most respectfully object. It would lie manifestly unfair to take letters and paiers and charge an advance for them, and not be responsible for tneir safe del i very . ' ' The stupid and over-righteous Sec retary of the Young Men's Christian As sociation of Sew York refused, last week to let Rev. Mr. Weiss have the use of he Lecture Hall of the Associa tion for the delivery of a series of Shakespearean lectures; and this iu an age of inquiry when all branches of the Christian Church are characterized by latitudinariauism rendered necessary by the growth and expansion of the public mind. Whoever this opponent of the divine bard may be, and no mat ter what his piety, this act should suf fice for his dismissal from office into the obscurity which better becomes him. The Weekly Appeal will be ready this morning, and may be had in wrap pers, ready for mailing, only five cents per copy. We claim for it that it is one of the lst papers in the United States, and contains as much matter ami as fresh, late and interesting, as the best of our contemporaries. The annual sub scription for it is only two dollars and a half. Merchants and business men should send it to their friends. The Corinth Sew is delighted with the prospect af the speedy completion of the direct road from that city to Sa vannah, Georgia. The road progresses slowly, it is true, but it progresses from Opeiika, Alabama. St. Louis proposes to aid this highway, and monopolize the commercial advantages resulting from its construction. Of course, Mem phis will do nothing. James Gordon Bennett, it is said, contemplates publishing a daily paper Krom trie Cincinnati Enquirer. The San Francisco i California) Bui kiin, iu its notice of the death of the fcx-Emperor JsajKileon IU, improves the opportunity to irive what it calls an important unpublished chapter of his tory conneyted with the civil war in this country. hen the late William xi Seward was in the trreat metropolis of the Pacific, the writer in the Bulletin rwas at a dinner party given to him (Mr fseward'ibv a few personal menus. At that dinner party Mr. Seward, after stat in ii the unfavorable appearance which thing wore toward the close of 1861, said: "In this desiderate emergency, 1 re ceived an autograph letter from the Em peror of the French. It was market) 'private and confidential.' It begau with expressions of personal regard for myself, and pain at the spectacle of the . r. 1. 1 . i . l. .i .. r - greai rfcepuonc iu uic tuioe- ui uissuiu tion. 'Personally,' said Napoleon, 'I could wish the cause of the Union to succeed. But the welfare of France and the force of popular opinion are par amount to individual sympathies. Our commercial interests are seriously suf fering from the prolongation of your war. My subjects appeal to me to ar rest the bloody conflict. I must obey the voice of France at whatever cost. You cannot put down the rebellion; embrace the earliest opportunity to make terms with the South. If you fail to do this I shall feel compelled, in the interests of my country in the interests of civilization to intervene with all the power at my command.' I answered Napoleon's in sulting letter immediately. I did not waste words in compliments, i same This is a family quarrel. We projose to settle it in our own way and in our own time. We do not wish the assistance of outsiders; we will not brook interfer ence. The American I nion is to lie pre served. It shall be preserved, if it takes twenty years to do it. The war is hardly ommeneed yet; tne people are just ne- ginning to warm to the work. We wish to be on trootl terms witn our neignuors we wisn especially to be on good terms with r ranee, our ancient menu and ally. But you must keep hands off. If vou presume to interfere, we will show you what a free people battling for national existence are capable of. Hitherto we have con ducted the war humanely, in accoru- ance with the codes that govern the most Christian States. Interference on your part will be the signal for a war of conquest and destruction. We will free the negroes ; we will put arms in their hands and send them forth to ravage ami plunder. We will make the south a waste and a desolation. Raise a hand against us and horrors worse than those of San Domingo will be seen from one end of the South to the other. The let ter was sent by the first steamer. The same day I telegraphed to Thurlow Weed, Archbishop Hughes and Bishop Simjwou to meet me at the Astor House the morning following, lhat evening 1 left for New lork, aud explained to these eminent gentlemen the objects of the conference ami the new danger that threatened the Union cause. I told them that they must at once go to Eu rope, to labor unofficially with the Gov ernment and ruling classes in England and on the Continent, to represent the wickedness, danger ami folly of foreign interference. Iu less tiian a week they were on their journey, reached Eurojie at a most apportuue moment Mason and Sliddell had just been seized Eng land was in a white heat of raire and did much toward convincing Europe that the proper thing aud the only thing to do was to leave us alone. And the mission cost the Government less than st veil thousand dollars." This may be true, but, if so, it is iu sig nal opposition to the open ami public po litical couise of the Government. If Mr. Seward ever wrote to Napoleon in that way, it was altogether different from his usual diplomatic tone. If there was ever a nation that drank the bitterest dregs of humiliation and shame, in the late war, so far as its foreign relations were c.oucerned. the I uited Mates was that power. Nothing but the plea of the bitterest necessity could excuse it then or modify its appearance in the eye of posterity. Captain Wilkes, in a United States vessel of war, bad the hardihood to bring a Brit ish steamer to on the high seas, and, violating the sanctity of the flag, to take from it the persons of two passen gers Messrs. Mason andSlidt-ll, Envoys abroad of the Southern Confederacy. The act was almost universally ap plauded as something heroic by the war party. The Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Welles, spoke approvingly of it 'in his annual report. The House of Congress by resolution publicly thanked Captain Wilkes. Thus we were apparently pledged to stand by Wilkes's act But when a thundering demand was made by Lord Paln-.erstou, the theu British Premier, virtually under a threat of war in case of non-compliance, that we should restore Messrs. Mason and Slidell to the protection from which they had been withdrawn, Mr. Seward, as the organ of the Government, made haste to comply with it. The encour agement of the act by the Secretary of the Navy and the thanks of Congress did not deter him for one moment. It was only eating more dirt upon the part of our ijovcrument, but, with the making of a wry face, it was successfully done It was not by bullying France or defying Europe that Mr. Seward kept off foreign intervention. On the contrary, with great cunning and astuteness, he en couraged Napoleon in his Mexican scheme, knowing that it would lie a di version from the South. He gave to the French commanders in the Emperor Maximilian's army the military maps and charts of that country, whieh had been used by General Scott in his Mexi can campaign with the United States troops in 1846. Mr. Seward knew that when our war was over it would tie but a brief campaign to drive the French out of Mexico, and that in the meantime nothing would be lost by a 'Mas encour agement. This unfortunate Mexican business was the iynix fatuu that mis led Napoleon, and prevented his inter ference at an early date in favor of the South. The policy whicii is attributed to the late Secretary of State was the policy of desperation, and would, if adopted, have brought to the aid of the South the whole combiued world. It would have rendered certain the separa tion of the South from the Union, if it hail only been problematical liefore. For the result of the war we may thank the ill-starred Maximilian movement iu Mexico. JOHS V tXAYKROOKK. DEATH BY C. M. MURDER CLASSICS. List of the Victims Their Vices Painted Quotations from the Remarks of the for Their Virtues by a Free, Bold Hand. Melting and Metrical Trlbntes to Their Memory "The Evil Men Do Lives After Them," Etc. An Alphabetical Arrangement of the Names of the Applicants for rYhtlewash. Be DIkhmh the question of Narrow linnet Railroads. We are permitted to make an extract from a letter written by John S. Clay brooks, Esq., of Williamson county, Tennessee, who built the railroad from Nashville to Franklin some twenty five years ago, and which is as follows: " Since I saw you I have had the pleasure of having at wy house Colonel Hulbert, of Atlanta, Georgia, who seems to be well informed upon the sub ject of narrow-gauge roads; and it is very manifest from the statistics which he gave me, collected from Europe and elsewhere where they have been tested, that they are the roads to develop in au agricultural country, and the oufy kind that can be advantageously built and profitably sustained iu this country. The cost of construction aud the ex)ense of maintaining the wide-gauge is so great, that transportation is necessarily so high that it amounts to prohibition of transportation in a great many products even oi me larni, sucn as hay and timber, aud much greater is the possibility of preventing that of minerals, such as limestone rock (so much needed in your city to fix your streets anil enrich your worn-out lands.) The cost of the narrow-gauge, and the From the New York Herald. 1 The terrible ,and widespread ravages of that extraordinary disease called Credit Mobilier are alarming the whole nation. The epizootic was as miltl as the measles compared to it. It has al ready carried off many most distin guished victims. It did not come from Canada like the epizootic, nor from Asia like the cholera, nor from the West In dies like the yellow fever. It is believed to have started somewhere in Pennsyl vania, and, meeting with a favorable condition of the atmosphere in Wash ington, District of Columbia, stayed there, aud was developed by reason of the defective sanitary arrangements iu the political system of the capital. Great sympathy is felt for Massachusetts, so many of her distinguished citizens have been swept off. The subjoined list of deaths will be read with painful interest by the public. The notices are inserted (contrary to our usual custom) free of charge : Ames, Hoax, of Massachusetts. Died of Credit Mobilier (long and lingering illness, aged sixty-nine. 0 lofty worth whose virtues were unknown: O shining light, whose glamor was unseen; Whose latest spasm tif, gotllike work has shown W!ih' men were not, hut what they might have been. Thou loldst the truth, :ho' hid neath inuny cloaks, O concentrated essence of a Hoax. All stockholders of the Union Pacific Railroad who received a higher divi dend than seven hundred and fifty per cent are cordially invited to attend the funeral. Massachusetts papers please copy. Allev, John B., of Massachusetts. Died of C. M. (not cholera morbus was discovered with the disease too late for the physic i, aged about a century. O'er this sad wreck let mankind never dally ; Fraud knocked down every nlnepln in this Alley. This is nobody's funeral. Allison, John B., of Iowa, died of C. M. i an overdose of dividend hastened his departure), aged fifty years. Long dead to us, sweet Allison, The hoax thou cwhUlst not rally; If so soon done whv wert begun, Thou fragrant son of Alley. Remains will be embalmed. Bint-ham. John A., of Ohio, died of CM. ' supposed to have caught the fatal lutection irom uaweej, ageu sixty-two. Moan for him. welkin, he 11 wake you no more With shouts aeuinst thelt Btu-keyp lilughnm. The death belts shall boom how he garnered his store, nd gentle Hen Butler will ring 'em. Announcement of funeral hereafter. Ohio papers please copy. Brooks. Jim, of New York, died of C M. i protesting to the last that he was well in health, no remedies wen- admin istered), aged sixty-two. He chattered, chattered as he went To join the great Salt Kiver; Hoax might threat or Hoax relent, Bui he'd deuv forever. Mong well-filled "banks" his way he picked. With watered " Credits," ever, McComb might " dam," McComb convict, J Im Brooks denied forever. His funeral will have no political significance. Colfax, Smiler, of Indiana, died of C. M. ( the agonies of this poor victim were intense; to the last he insisted that it was something else liesides Credit Mobilier i, aged forty-two. A beautiful smiler came In our midst, Too lively aud fair to remain ; They stretched him on racks till the soul of Colfax Flapped up into Heaven azain. May the fate of poor Schuyler warn men of a smiler, Wiio dividends gets on the brain ! Indiana papers please copy . Dawes, Henry L., of Massachusetts, died of C. M. (he had the reputation of having a powerful constitution, but it was evidently a delusion), aged fifty- seven. Retreneher! Leader! Thou hast left us ; Plymouth Rock thy lass will feel; For a pottage-mess bereft us. Old Honesty is auagespielt. Funeral strictly private. No wake, (iarfield, James A., of Ohio, died of ('. M. (struggled hard against the dread ful epidemic, but it was no use; he caved in unexpectedly), aged only forty-two. Here rests his head upon US lap of earth, A youth to fortune and misfortune known ; Mobilier frowned upon his humble berth. And Hoax Ames henceforth marked him for bis own. Will be buried at Congressional Cem etery, Washington, District of Colum bia. . o cards. Kelley, William D., of Pennsylvania, died of C. M. (too much iron in his blood aud too little protection of him self made him an easy victim to the fell destroyer i, aged sixty. Weep not, "pig-iron," public dear, He is not dead, tho' sleeping Here; His thunder's hushed, his eye isdini, Mobilier put a head on him. His remains will be ''protected" in a metallic casket. A one-horse funeral announced hereafter. Patterson, James W., of New Hamp shire, died of C M. (his sufferings drew tears from his friends; he persisted to the entj in supposing it was a different complaint i, aged fifty years. Peacelul be t'riah's nlumber, Heep-ed he Is iu burial low ; Thl rty shares Ins coffin cutnlier, How it is yourself you know. Mourning by Senators for thirty days. A granite sarcophagus will inclose the mummy. Scofield, (Jleuni W., of Pennsylvania, died of C. M. (passed off quietly i, aged fifty-three. Hoax Ames, the Ancient Mariner, Stopped Saw Scorteld bland, He held htm with his glittering eye And with his skinnv hand. Then Scorleld did n hellish thing And it did work him wo. His (en shares clipped him on the wing, And laid the Quaker low. Pennsylvania papers please copy. Funeral at an early day. Music by the band: "Down in a coal mine." Wilson, Henry, of Massachusetts, died of C. M. (great hopes were enter tained of his recovery), aged sixty-one. His slnnings sore long time he bore, I.Ike marl vr on a rock. Till bad Hoax Ames, of sin ful games, lt;el eas.(l nil!' ! hi - -x-hk. His "sole" had ne'er Into the void been cast Had he" waxed 'firm and stick unto his "last." Nattick, Massachusetts, papers please copy. Memorial services at raneuu hall. No Irish need apply. Wilson James F., of Iowa, died of ('. M. astonished everybody, he had hitherto enjoyed such excellent health), aged forty-five. Tears, idle learsf he knew not what they meant, But counted them three dolors for a share. They blotted out a life we thought well spent- All : was ins sweetness nothing our a snare Rev. Dr. Newman will conduct the services and preach the panegyric from his campaign notes. Free list entirely suspended. Most Noted of New York Murderers. The People Incensed and Thorongnly Aroused- It is Necessary Now to Inspire Terror. LIQUORS. a. Vaciabo. . VACt AKO. C. DICKKAH. A a. VACCAKO A Jail l)i lit cry by Way of the Gallows Needed Down with the Crim inal Classes. EMIGRATION. Depopulation of France Two Million People Lost in Two Years. all the materials of our country that are dormant, and afford profitable employ- . . . . 1 1 1 i . .i . in London after the style of the New ork Herald. He is credited with say- quadruple ourpopulation from European ing tbat he is prepareoto invest one : couuines, who would nna profitable em million dollars in it, and to make it model Figures just published in the Paris Journal Officiei shows that France has lost two millions ot population during the last six years. Reporting to the President of the Republic, the Minister of the Interior says that, in virtue of the treaties of peace with Germany,one thousand six hundred and eighty-nine communes, comprising a population of one million five hundred and ninety seven thousand two hundred and thirty-eight souls, were given up by the vanquished to the victori ous country, although from this number must be deducted that of the Alsatians and Lorrainers who gave their "obtion" for France aud afterward quitted the country. That number, how- corn, i ever, now mat an me irutn is anown, is not very great, anu gives lime consoia tiou for the actual loss, which may be roundly put at a million and a half. But a graver and more ominously suggestive fact appears from these returns, that France, tiuiteindepen- cheapness with which it could do the i deutly of the cession, has within her work profitably, would at once develop present limits lost three hundred and sixty-seven mouranu oi ner population, or at the rate of one per cent, decrease In the six years. It must be remem- From the New York Herald. i As the various peoples of the world in succeeding ages nave built up forms of architecture which -tamp the men anil the era distinctively, so has language followed a similar though infinitely more gradual and delicate mutation. The history of eis'ilization, architectur ally, was more fully learned at an earlier date by the scientific inquirers than its history, philologically, be cause, in observing the form and ma terials of a column, an arch, a dome, or a wall it was not necessary to institute that deep comparison, com prehensive and minute at the same time, which the marvelous story of lan guage demands. Anything which is linguistically distinctive, therefore, of a particular epoch, should in this age of enlightenment be sifted free from all husk and chaff aud preserved for the use of posterity in neat form. Such is our intention in the present instance, so far as regards the vernacular of that popular branch of the community our murderers. Ingenious people have collected the dying wortls of great and good men with a goody goody object. This is not our particular weakness. Good men when dying may often give utterance to the keynote of their lives, but with a homicide we think it a nice psychological point that his keynote can best be taken at or about the time when he takes a life not hisown. We donotpropose to go back to the time, about twenty years ago, of the murder of Bill Poole by Paudheen Mc Laughlin at Stauwix Hall. There is something very' suggestive, however, in that case of an invitation to murderers of the future in his keynote as he fired his pistol: " Now, boys, sail in ! " We shall commence our quotations from the modern murder classics with that unfor tunate prophet of the murderer's Ar cadia, who learned iu his person the dis belief that overtakes prophets generally iu their own country: Hanging is played out in New York, Jack Reynolds, January 29, 1870. . Take that, you s of a b .Mi chael McAloon, August 24, 1S70. I shot him aud I could not help it. I knew that something was going to hap pen. I tlreamed I was a Prussian soldier and a lot of French were after me. Valentine Reckel, September 10, 1870. You won't marry me, aud I'll kill vou. William Marsh, Septenfber 10, 1870. I'll hnoek your d d head off John Thomas (colored), September 30, 1870. I was very drunk, and 4o not remem ber anything of it. (ieorge Woodruff, November 29, 1870. Now Iv'e got you. Abraham Jones (colored), January 1, 1871. I saw him draw a pistol ; I pulled mine aud shot him. Reddy the Blacksmith, January 2o, 1871. I am going as far as you do, and when you get off I'll give you hell. William Foster, April 26, 1871. We have a case over there. James McCawley, August 28, 1871. I'll settle with you. Daniel Foley, September 24, 1871. There's a man shot at the ladies' en trance. Edward Stokes, January 6, 1872. I was reported by him for violating the rules, and was marked for it. Jus tius Dunn, March 17, 1872. Well, I don't know that he is any worse off now than I am. James Burns, April 28, 1872. I don't care if you cut my head off. I have tloue right. Emile Andrie, June 13. 1S72. I've killed Margaret. Thomas Cobb, July 3, 1872. Bob, I didn't mean to shoot you. William J. Sharkey, September l" 1872. I ditl it with a knife, and then I threw the knife away. Garrett Landers, Sep temlier 22, 1872. I can kill any one tbat dares to cross my path. John Scannell, Novemlier 2, 1872. Judge, vou can have this i pistol) James C. King, November 18, 1872. 1 nave shot my niece ami am going to give myself up. Robert r. In ik ij. December 10, 1S72. Kill you! IM kill you a dozen times if I could. John E. Simmons, December lti, 1872. I will shoot you for this to-morrow. Marshall McGruder, January 19, 1873. l told you I'd snoot vou, and 1 did it, didn't I? Marshall McGruder, January 20, 1873. I just pulled out my pistol antl shot him. Michael Nixon, January 21, 1872. These, we imagine, should suffice for examples. There are barely one in six among the slaughters of the past three years, but there is much material for thought in these phrases that in each case are identified with a scene of vio lence, blood and death. There is no necessity for us supplementing these ejaculations with the stories of the mur ders themselves. The effect can be as simply aud accurately reached by al ways hearing in mind that close to the time of utterance of these phrases, by night or by day, there could be found a lifeless form, a white face with a horrified look, a pair of stony staring eyes antl one or more gaping wounds, with blood all clotted around their mouths. As in a mathematical proposition we may sav given the gory corpse of the victim aud the murderer's phrase, it will then be easy to place the one in the proper rela tion of time to the other. But, like grim fate, we would keep lhat figure of the murdered before the public eve until the reign ot lustjee has tieirun. Of the five and-twenty bloodstained wretches whose cold-blooded or ferocious phrases we have printed above, but two have been hanged the false prophet, Rey nolds, and tne colored man, Thomas. The student of these lines, say half a cen tury hence, should Keep this fact in mind if he wishes to glean an idea of the social state in .New ork at the present day. Now, the Herald unites with all the law-abiding people of the city in de manding that all this shall be changed It is necessary now, in the words of Danton, that terror should be inspiretl It must not be a Heigu of Terror for the peaceful citizen, but a visible terror to the criminal classes. The t ourt of Over and Jerminer, before which the un tried must, under the present law, be brought, is clearly not equal to meet ing the emergency. The .Legislature should at once set aiiout some meas ure to give New York relief from the incubus of unified murderers. A new court should be provided, aud the District Attorney might then em ploy all the assistance needed. We want a complete und speedy jail delive ry, so that we may know whether the men in the Tombs are to be banged or acquitted. Wherever conviction fol lows trial we then want to see the sent ence faithfully carrietl out. There is no other way to stem the evil we complain of. While the present slow, cumbrous, ami uncertain mode of reaching the gallows remains, we may expect that the sad literature, of which we have given a few choice specimens above, will be daily enriched. A. VACXAMO A CO. Importers and Dealers In WINES, LIQUORS CIGARS, ETC., Ai.' COTTON FAOTOHS AND Commissi cm Merchants, No. '624 Front Street, - Memphis. IN addition to the Wine and Liquor ITiiiiln In which we have been engaged tor the past twenty-five years In tbla city, we have now added that of Cotton Factors and Com mission Merchants, which latter branch ol the ban! item will receive theettpeclal atten tion of onr Mr. C. Dlckmann, whose long ex perience In that line, both in thin clt and New Orleans, will, we feel satisfied, Insure ful! satisfaction to all who may favor us wifcb their patronage. A.l.iberul advances made on consign ments of Cotton. AU cotton Insured, unless otherwise instructed, el A. VACCARO A CO. FEUCHT & LOGKHART HA YE REOPENED AT 328 Front Street (Karoasos 4 Clay's Old Stand,) DEALERS IT BRANDIES, WINES, AND FANCY GROCERIES. mHANKING OUR CUSTOMERS AND PA J. irons for past favor-, we hope for a con- Ail orders prompt uununce oi me same, lv filied an heretofore PIANOS. WEBER PIANOS! 'IJIT'E HAVE SECURED THE AGENCY OF fT this nnrtvaled Piano, and can now offer inducement, tso far as the quality of oar instruments is concerned, not surpassed by any house iu the North or elsewhere. Our line embraces PETERS, WEBB & GO. THE MAfHU-SHEK And we take great pride and pleasure In being able to offer to our customers such Splendid Instruments Onr friends in purchasing from us can rely on procuring the very best which a given amount of money can buy. MEREIMAN & WILLCOX, 2731 Main Street. HORSES AND MULES. FLANTERS' HORSE AND MULE MARKET, J. C. EDWARDS & CO., Prop'rs. Son. 09, 911, 912 and 913 X. Flflh .Street, ST. UlHi riiHE PUBLIC ARE AGAIN NOTIFIED I that S. s. Grant and sous are no Ion: employed by Jas. C. Edwards a ("o. In the horse and mule trade. Mr. Joseph us Jrvine being now associated as aint'iuberof said firm. We are now prepared to continue the busi ness, and pnv cash for all good horses ami mules brou-'ht to thi. market lor sale; ata. ti feed and sell on commission, at the lowest rates. Liberal c.i-h advance?, made on con sigumonts. A good assortment oi muie.sanu norses at way on hand and for sale. 1a8 J. r. EDWARDS & CO. HARDWARE. MEW PHIS DEPOT OF THE Haekett Manufacturi'g Company's Marblelzed, Enameled and Plain IKOX MAHTELS, Haekett Patent Urates, Haekett Patent Frank lin Stoves, Plain and Enameled Urates, H. EAINER, No. S42 Second St.. Memphis. Ten FURNITURE. Ames, Beattie & Co., 396 Main street, offer Bargains, Wholesale and Retail, in Furniture, Carpets, Mat tresses, Oilcloths, Window Shades, etc. The Celebrated Haekett Grate IS used by the following lamllles, who I feel inured will take pluisure in t-ivins tl-.elr opinion a to the merits 'f this Urate to any one suffering from cold rooms ihi.s freezing weather, w e. UjAIH that iney require lesw fuel.Klve out more heat and leave less ashes and are more cleanly than any grate In use. Ia the Northern Part of the Citj: O. Reder. J. B. UrilHug, William Karr, wra. Allen, Ueorge Handwerker, Dr. R. P. Bateman . .. jiiiicueii, J. f. rreiicoii. Rev. Father Walsh. Iu the Central Part of the City : Jones Baldwin, Arc'ts; Dr. Hodges, Dr. A. tuerenyi, M. B. ocuran, P. Mrnges, .Jii'igeT. w. Brown t:. C Uraham, U. M. Ureeley, C. P. Winkler, J. B. Cook. Arc U; w.a. layior, rarason k nay, Ed. Neiderer. C. F. Coun, Craft A Scales, A. F. Dods. In Southern Part of the City : E. P. Fontaine, Wm. Co'e, Ueorge Hook, Tho.-.. H. Allen, James Roosa. W. U Morse, Niles Meri weather, J. W. Anderson, james u. lonK, J. H. Smith, John F. Tin. mas, R. A. Parker, C Clarke, Dr. Hopson, Judge J. E. R. Ray. J. F. Frank, A. Murray, j. ti. ljenow, de2l Judge Archibald Wright. II. HAIXF.K. 342 SrroiKl xtrcet. MCCOMBS, EELLAR & BYRNES, HARDWARE JOBBERS, 100 and 102 North Main Street. ST, LOUIS MO. FILLET'S FAMOUS ex'' 9 WHOLESALE GROCERS. M. L. MEACHAM. J. B. riJKTOS. A. W. ROBERTS. E. E. MEACHAJt M. L. ME ACH AM & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS, AND AGENTS FOB SALT COMPANIES, No. 9 UNION STREET, Memphis, Tennessee. Have 8000 Barrels of Salt on the Levee. W T77-H SBXjXj TO EROHAKTTI ONLY . R S JVK O V FARGASON & CLAT, WHOLESALE GROCERS AND COTTON FACTORS HAVE REMOVED TO 360 Front street, cor. Gayoso and Clinton ONE SQUARE SOUTH OF OLD STAND, : MEMPHIS. WHOLESALE CLOTHING HOUSE. CLOSING OUT SALE, 231 MAIN ST, REGARDLESS OF COST! OITING TO THE ORE AT INCREASE OF OCR Wholesale Clothing Trade, We are compelled to quit the RETAIL URANCH, and hereafter devote onr attention to the EXCLUSIVE WHOLESALE CLOTHING AND DRY GOODS BUSINESS, WE WILL THEREFORE SELL OFF OUR ENTIRE RETAIL STOCK OF (LOTHLi VXD FlTRtflSHHfG GOODS REGARDLESS OF COST! To Continue for Sixty Days Only. We Mean what we Say! WALKER BROTHERS & CO. 831 Main Street, Clay Building. MANHATTAN BANE OF MEMPHIS, TEXN. No. 17 MADISON STREET DKAIJ3 IN FOREIGN AXD DOMESTIC EXCHA56E STOCKS, B03TOS, SCRIPS COTS, AJfO TRANSACTS Oeieral Banking and Cllecttw BaaiMM Taxca Paid for Non-naldents and others, and the necessary Scrips furnished at the lowest market rates." sws- Drafts for Sale on all Parts ef the CW1 llzed Ulobe, In soma to salt purchasers. J. lETT, FrmMcat. L. LETT, Tic naUsit, no Hi C. C. GRAHAM, Psesidft. J. A. HAYES, Jr Caafetor. MECHANICS AND TRADERS BANK OF MEMPHIS, No. O Madison St. DIKK4TORM : C. C. GRAHAM, J. C. F 1 7. Eli. WILLIAM HTEWART, W. C BUTLAJfD, J. A. ii A Vr.-. Jg. TRANSACTS A UEKERAL BAXKTXO and BROKERAGE Bl'SIXESS AND DEALS IJ! GOLD, SILVER, FOR eign and Domestic Exchange, UoTern ment -Securities, Stocks, Bonds, City and Uoanty Wmranm. ocl LIME. Manufacturers of the Celebrated ALABAMA LIME AND DEALERS IN Tiles Cement, Plaster, Hair, Fire Brick and Clay, Hay, Corn, Bran. 41 South Court St. WATCHES. HARDWARE AND CUTLERY. ORGILL WHOLESALE & CO. HARDWARE, 310 and 313 FKOAT STREET, Memphis. 224- MAIN STREET. -224 MONEY! MONEY! MONEY -PAID FOR WATCHES, OUM0XDS, JEWELS Y, silntirware. And all kluils of Gold and Silver articles In every condlliou. M-J.nl.ATKU. UNDERTAKERS. OAK ABE MADE SOLELY BY THE Excelsior Manufacturing Company St. Louis, Missouri. aJUIAv are doing more and 8? Itolnic it chesser A- quicker V than any stove of saxue rot. We invite the attent Ion of merchant to our stock of Foreign and Domestic Hardware. Orders promptly )led and satisfaction guaranteed. Agenta for Deering Horse Engine, Bnllette Gin, and Machinery Generally. 1842. Established 1842. A. J. WHITE & CO., DEALERS IB AND IMPORTERS OF HARDWARE & CUTLERY, o HZ M - Hz CO Ixl Z 5 o a DQ UJ s - 3 v O o H H O I : 5 M GENERAL UNDERTAKERS, OEO. U. HOLST and THEODORE W. IlOlT partnt r under firm name of GEO. H, HOLST & BRQ No. $20 Main Street, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE, ErILL give prompt aiu utlon to aJI battnwt TT in their line. 'fi' COTTON FACTORS. TORRANCE & SON, COTTON FACTORS AM) EERAL Commission Merchants 10 Jefferson Street, Titus Block, opp. Commercial Hotel ..THM No. 234 Front St., Memphis, Tenn. Orders from Country Merchants Promptly Attended to. WHOLESALE HARDWARE - IMPORTANT TO MERCHANTS IMPORTERS AITS EXCLUSIVE WHOLESALE HARDWARE MERCHANTS, 17 Union Street, Memphis, Tennessee. Having changed onr boslnem to exclusive wholesale, we now offer, to merchant only, i arge and complete stock of Foreign and Domestic Hardware. We Invite an inspection of ouj stock, and solicit the patronage or all good merchants buying goods in our market. Special ntleBtlon given to FUllna- Order. WATCHES AND JEWELRY. NEW GOODS FOR THE HOLIDAYS F. D. BARNUM & GO. WATCHMAKERS, JEWELERS MI) SILVERSMITHS, 265 MAIN STREET, CORNER COURT. We are Direct Importers of SWISS WATCHES or some of the most celebrated makers, and dealers in all grades of the AMERICAN WATCH. OFFER A STOCK OF 60LD, DIAMOND AND CORAL JEWELRY CHAINS, FRENCH CLOCKS and STEELING SILYERWARE Tamii-passed by any In Jic South. REMOVAL.. STRATTON & WELLFORD, ! COTTON FACTORS ASD Commission Jlerchants HA VI REMOVED TO 8 and 10 Court St., BETWEEN MAIN AND FRONT STH. RALPH WOEMELET. W. H. D. WIDSL RALPH W0RMELEY & CO., COTTON FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Xo. 8 CMOS STRUT, BEJll'HIS. WE shall continue tbe commlmlon bul-nt-aa at tbe above stand, where we will be happy to aee all ot oat friends, many of whom we have served for twen'y years wuuont change; and now again place oar services at their command, earnestly soliciting consign ments of Cotton, assuring them oi our con tinned efforta as heretofore to serve them faithfully, and to guard, with zealous care, their interests. Supplies furnished, and liberal advances made on consignments or Cotton. All Cotton insured, unless otherwise Instructed. ocd4w RALPH WORMELEY CO. LEMOVAIi. D. H. TOWNSEND, Cotton Factor - AND - GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANT, IT AH removed to o. 238 FROST Stre where he wlu be pleased to see all hi friends and enstomera. c3 H. W. FARLEY COTTON FACTOR AND Commission Merekanl, 132 Pearl Street, P. 0. Box 3999, : : NEW TORS. H. W. FARLEY, (late of New Orleans. LaO JAMIX A FARLEY, ) W. O. BALDWIN, Spk-tau J of Montgomery, Alabama, -HBJGNMENTS of Cofton J ders for purchase and sale future delivery promptly execute KKFKESCXIKD AT L Or. eta lor FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS. ! New Orleans by Messrs. Farley. Bi tgat .? I Montgomery, Ala., by E. H. Morrison H o I Memphis, Tenn., by wm. Bowles Son. ..III. ARK IAVAYM r naaf :t n. 1im, oil Kalialilo row- ASD OPKRATE rEKFEITXT. bered, however, that last year waa ex ceptloD&l, inheriting, as it did, all the mischievous legacies of the war, the nloyment in bringing into activity the results of delayed or prevented mar- inexhaustible beds of coal and iron in riage. the ravage 'epidemic disease. FOR RENT. A Very Fine and Very Large Residence in Oxford, Mississippi. V No money required as rent, bat meals for three perKn.s and their servant required as the rent. Seven large and handsome rooms delivered to -the tenants, and two servant.' WILL DO YOUR COOKING CHEAP AND EAST, QUICK AN O CLEAN. AI.WAF8 WARRANTED, OAK SOLD BY E. URQUH AJT & CO. Memphis, Trnnesaee. r v . .. ..I.-..U i m vtaat it ueppei suuuiu ue D , . il i f.iu .. S it ...A. , au- . . .... . 1 . . 7. . , , iuwuiA uu rtiaumuii, ouy uuuu up u uu luruiun ciiw wuicu luciHBui ioi- t rwms tLUH a large garden ana orcnaru ana all in enterprise. Such a sheet would wake , manufactories that would compete with 1 low in the train of such a conflict as neeeiwary or.t-biilldlnga, all in perfect order, up the oockueys, aud is much needed. those of the old world." I that of 1B70-71. I Address Box 17, Oxford, Mia. de dw Stockholders' Meeting. rpHK regular annual meeting of tbe stock X. holders In the Meraphli aud Little Kock hallruad Company will be held In tbe town of Hope&eld, Arkansas, on Balnrdoy, 13th Day or February , 1873, to elect a Board of Directors, and to transact such other bulnewa as may come before said anting By oraer of (he Board of Director. JOHN W. UOOMWIN, 4ec'y and Treaa. M. and L. R. u. it. Co. UNION FOUNDRY AND MACHINE SHOP CUBBINS & GUNN, Nos. 160 and 174 Adams Street, Memphis, Tennessee, Manufacturer o'C 3VIa.o42.in.erv", Steam Engines, Saw Mills, Grist Mill Shafting. Coupling?., PuUeys, Hangars, Boxes, U . ST The undersigned, Agenta of tbe abov. i fcense. solicit conMjinmfCis, and orders lor purchase and sale of contracts for future de livery of cotton. WM. BOWLES & SON, Booaa 19. MagroHa aiect. Memphis. OCEAN STEAMERS. ALT, AN LINE AGRICULTURAL. Cotton t'reaaea, Cotton Gin Gearing. Pinions, segments, Gudgeons, Bolts, etc. HOUSE WORK. Columns, Lintels, (silts. Gratings and Ventl iators, ate au Sinn or ettetasnboat warn mse i 'ItiIstk for Rrass and Iron ('satlnss and all kinds of Wroootnt-I 9r. n Wcrk solicited. TOBACCO. Cigars and Tobaccos FOR MERCHANTS. LOAN ASSOCIATION. IMMENSE assortment of the best brands of Havana Cigars and Virginia Tobaccos at greatly redaeed prices. Call and examine, at 206 JOSEPH WITKOWSKT, Mai StTMt, COTMT Of Alley, JiJlPlII8 Building and Savings Association. " On the aid Philadelphia Plan." SKCON V call on shares are due and pay able . on or belore February :t. 11S7S, at jj p.m., payable at tbe tseerecary'solfiee. No. 41 Mdi son street (basement). Parties desirous of Joining a flrst-class Association are Invited to call and procure a copy of tbe constitution aud by-laws, gratis. A VKW MOBS SHAKES KOK CALK SI 00 KAfH shark per month. The second stated monthly meeting wUl be held on MONDAY, February 8, 173, at 7 p.m. Tbe money on band will be loaned oat to tbe share-holders. TUt SHABK-H01.I1KRS Hit till" EST El) TO AT TEND ALL THI MEETINGS. Officers of the Association for 1873: G. H. JUL) AH, President. DR. A. SZERENVI, Vice-President. L. LEVY, Treasurer. B. bTURM, Secretary. Di hectors :b. Eueman, J. P. Dnke, H. C. Kteever, H. Haass, Edw, Goldsmith, Js. Nathan, J. Hchwab, Aug. Berton, H. Mssssa, Sr. L. aud E. Lenman, Attorneys, ja& TO AND FROM LIVERPOOL; BALTIMORE NORFOLj One of tbe steamers of this ni st-elass Una will be dispatched as follows: From L'pool. Prom Baltimore NORTH AMERICAN. Jan. H FebTy 5 AUSTRIAN Jan. Feb'ry 19 CASPIAN -Feb. II March a And every II days thereafter, and oTlener ff tbe service reqninw It. Passengers forwarded to and from ail tbe principal places In England, Irelandtcolland, France, Germany, Norway, Sweden and Den mark, from or to any part in the Southern and Western States. The cheapest and best mate to southern and Western slates. For passage or further Information apply to MTOH BILHLKI, General Southwestern Agent, anil) t stftM tret fcrarden Land for Sale. TEN ACRES, in high state of Poplar street turnpike, one known as ' Phlller Place," ft ear or a term oi jears. i i ser. No. I Ma its front s liis -nltivation. on mile from city, dley No.