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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-WEDNESDAY, FEBBXJABY 5. 1873.
1IEHP1IIS APPEAL WKltt'ESDAY MOUMNti, riB.5, 1V- THE Will. 91. oi Tilt: rut urn The Tennessee Legislature, during the two day. Um exhibited uior and more disposition to carry forward puhlic business than at any preceding t i me. Four week have been exhausts in doing nothing. But we are rejoicet to see the T iigMi Shearing the way for the performance of those duties oi it-cislation upon the important interests of the State for which they are asaem i.lari Hiiro tl.f onranixation of tht i.-sislature. members seemed to b smitten with ft andden paralyala; bst thev have now gone to work in good . .meat. A hill has been introducec rediatrictine the Congressional dia tricts. It will require a week's discus- n to ret rid of this troublesome ques tion. It will take two weeka to discuss .ii-t .r,,i rew. the revenue bill. It will require another week to agree 190a I wise and judicious school system. Bo it will be seen, our legislators will haw to act with energy, and dispatch ,iae rapidly, or they will not be able to dispose of the important questions which have been confided to them. The questions to be settled involve lasting result for good or ill to the State and people, according to the disposition mH. of them bv the bodv which is called to pass upon them. They art such ankiects as should command the hiufcost fluidities of statesmanship for m their solution and adjustment, and acted upom after the most earnest and mature deliberation. hue a working ana ex ecutive body, in the common sense of the term, is always to le commended and rapid dispatch of rmataaai ia gaw- ally desirable in the ordinary avocations of life, hasten .-1'iwlv should ever be the motto of the legislator Hasty legiaation is a fruitful and dan gerous source of evil ; hence, every sub ject of legislative action should receive the careful consideration its importance may demand. We trust that the Legis lature tnaaas work, earnest work. for the good of the State during the short time allowed by the consti tution. If thev defer action on the - -haul bill until the end of the session. everything will be hurried through without that calm reflection which shoal i always characterize wise legislation. We earnestly hope, that under no cir cumstances, will the Legislature of Ten nessee pass any law requiring a new election. The people want a lull in the tempest of polities. Elections at best are necessary evils. They should be held only at long intervals, and then everybody should be required to vote, in order that irood men, and the choice of the tax-paying people might be selected. In the name of the people, we protest against the passage of any law which will impose new elections of any sort. For five years the people of Tennessee have been kept in a state of unprofitable speculation about elec tions. There is other business which needs attention. An elec tion in Tennessee during the present year would be an intolerable nuisance. 1 he people have had a surfeit of elec tions. For several years they have given their time, their money and their mind to advance the aspirations of am bitious office-seekers, and they want re-j-ose. In the name of the press of Ten nessee we protest against the pasaage of any law which requires an election. The newspapers of the State would like, for one year at least, to be emancipated from the quai serfdom in which so many journals are held by the bustling, busy, pushing politicians of their neigh borhood, who use them, advertise in them gratis, monopolize their space, de lude their unfortunate proprietors, who, in a great many cases, are tumbled headlong into insolven cy, with the golden promises of candidates still sounding in their long and credulous ears. "If citizens cannot be immediately released from the feudal service which is demanded of them by local candidates, the blessed - inimatiun so much to be desired may be hastened if newspapers will only lead the way. and give these managing politicians to understand that the busi ness of the printer is hereafter to be something better than merely working for the interests of the selfish and greedy, and neglecting their own. A little moral courage on the part of the press will effect this: and when it be gins to be generally exerted, we shall expect ft better and a brighter political dav." rec her States, Gene: we hope will .t.-jaof our citizen.-. FaruJeureauutft- tious display he cannot expect from an impoverished pecatie. We also hope he will settle the Louisiana muddle before he leave- on this tour, and that in all other ways which may be opened to him he will conciliata the people of the South, and dispose them toward even a kindly greeting af him. the rmoriTH of cvTTobt wills. If the Southern people fail to consult their own interest by refusing to engage in manufacturing, the fault will not be charged upon the A 1 peal. From day to day we intend to show that the vital want of the Booth i a mere Intelligent and liberal application of capital to the production of the varied staples and the establishment of new manufactures. In vestments in this branch of business are most profitable; but even if they did not directly bring more than a mod erate interest, indirectly they would in sure very large profits, !n the increased business resulting, in the additional im migration, in the multiplication of thrifty products, in the retention of money for local tra ie and enterprise, and in the enhancement of real estate values on solid grounds. Had the mill ions of dollars squandered by our people since the war, been devoted to founding a new factory In Mem phis, It would have employed ten or fifteen hundred people, increased confidence in the future of the city, and have earned a fair return to all con cerned. Build up manufacturing estab lishments, for which there is a paying field right here, and fortunes would he made where they are now lost, and pub lic morality would be promoted. To show the great profit made by cotton mills, we give the following statement of the Petersburg, Virginia, mills. They were closed one month dtftiug the past year, for the purpose of putting in a new water-wheel, but the annual statement for 1S72 is as follows : PROFIT AND LOSS. In account with the Petersburg Cotton mill. iijji V-igustll. vigostM. Aurust S Ai.c'.s! 31. August 31. tOCOM ... -.nt :il. August &i. To b.-U. of cotton nect To bL of supplies uec t To bal. of par-roll aee'l. To bal. of insurance ac-'t. To bal. of interest see 'I.. To bal. of expense arcl.. To bal. of rent account To bal. of earned down '.y6 H 17,94 M 1 J0 'ST um w ti,l Klskwhike wc sul li.li an article from the Montgomery Advertiser and Mail, toueMatg the organisation of the legal Legislature of Alabama, which event, after three months" expenditure of time and money, has at last been ac complished. The two parties are equally divided, the presiding officer of either House t Radicals having a controlling vote. Our contemporary scathingly and deservedly rebukes the Radicals for the delay occasioned to the public busi ness and the expense attaching to this delay, and draws a rather gloomy pic ture of what is to follow. In this we hope it will be disappointed. Governor Lewis must aee that his best policy even from a political standpoint, is to act only for the best interests of the peo ple, and he should know that the man or men who continue in wrongdoing are sure, sooner or later, to come to a fearful reckoning and retribution. We hear much talk of the want of fac tories, mills and workshops. We never can have either until our people learn that "tall oaks from little acorns grow There ia not to-day in Tennessee a large and thriving mill or factory that is not the result of growth, of slow growth and patient labor. Beginning with perhaps little if any capital, all our prosperous manufacturing undertakings have grown by the diligence and labor of their own ers, who have been content to work up a market for their products only so fast as they could supply them. Herein lies the secret of success. It is just possible to start a large concern whose products cannot be sold as fast as manufactured, and thereby defeat the very objects had in view. Will capitalists think of this, and unite to help deserving mechanics? ARKANSAS. Colonel Bocage Says the Hopeileld con vention of the 17th ia a Failure It Won't Do ( olonel Allen An te. August.,;. August at August SL L Uai.ofBunul'naec t.SUT,titi 41 By yai.of wasteaccoui;-. By bal. of exchange.. 1,411 W S13K.U3 S August Br bal. brought down. i 3D,3j3 3b CHAS. II. fT II BERT, Age 11 1 I'etersburg Cotton Mills. ASSETS. cash on hand $H,9tt: 41 Hills receivable 1.W ' Itae bv Individuals li.SC W amount at inventory . 13,042 Si L1A Bills payable Due to Individuals. Excess of assets... I BERT, ton Mills. I n another part of this issue we pub lish several eommunications and arti cles on Arkansas railroads. One oi them tells us ' all about the Cairo and Fulton road, which is now making such fearful inroads on the commerce and trade of Memphis ; another tells of the li-:tppointment of Colonel Bocage at the Hopefield Convention of the seven teenth, and of his throwing himself into the arms of Colonel Allen, Presi dent of the Cairo and Fulton road, and other capitalists of St. Louis ; an other urges the construction of the Meniphi. Pine Bluff and rthreve port railroad, in connection with the Little Rock Raiiroad Company, and yet another would have it constructed on the line mapped out in the charter of the Shrveport road, published by us a few daya since. To ail of these articles and the suggestions they contain we have only to rejoin that we unwillingly bear testimony to the effects Injurious to our trade, growing out of the comple tion of the Cairo and Fulton road. have been urging the con-truction of the Shreveport road fur three years past, and are ludiflerent as to where it is built or by whom, if only work is com menced immediately. What we want is raiiroad communication with Xhreve port. Our interests are languishing and -uttering for want of it. As to the Lit tle Rook railroad, we can only say in extenuation of the complaints of our correspondent, that Mr. Greenlaw is now, and has been fur more than a year past, endeavoring to put it in first class condition; that in doing so he has already expended a fortune and an amount of labor that would havo put any other man in bis grave. In pres et!' , of Lis almost superhuman energy and bio efforts, and his desire to continue until he has ac complished the completion of his her -ulean task, we do uot think that it would be fair or just to assail him. Whatever any other man can do Green law can, and we hope he will have the Rood will and earnest support of all readers of the A weal. I FHAS. W. 1 Agent i'elerebur This miii has been for several years under the superintendence of Mr. James Fitzpatrick, who has large experience iu the business, and is furnished in the best style with machinery of American man ufacture. It runs one hundred looms and three thousand and twenty-four spindles. The net profit of thirty thou sand three hundred and fifty-three dol lars and thirty-six cents is equivalent to twenty-five per cent, on the capital stook. We have heard of no cotton mill anywhere which has shown such a favorable exhibit. The nearest approach to it is the famous Augusta Georeia mill, which runs five hundred looms, aud which showed a profit two years j ago of twenty per cent , and this with out any expense of rent. If this item was expunged from the ac count of the Petersburg mill it would further increa-e the profit by- two and one-half per cent. The reports we have heard of the Northern mills represent their profits to be from four to six per cent., for six months during the current year; or at the rate of eight to twelve per cent per annum. The fig ures we have given seem to establish this important fact that the nearer the mills are to the cotton-fields the greater are the profits. At Memphis, near the source of production, convenient to the greatest cotton-growing region on earth, there is every facility for building and operating cotton mills; and we earnest ly invite the attention of Southern and Northern capitalists to the subject. If any Southern cotton-mill is not in a prosperous condition, the fault is not in the locality, but in bad management. We agree with the New Orleans Time that, in considering whether the cotton tax shall be refunded, the sole question for Congress to decide is whether the tax was unequal and un constitutional. Should this be deter mined i rn.be affirmative, the return of the sums unjustly collected should fol low as a matter of course. It is not for Congress to make too nice a scrutiny as to the distribution of the amount. That could easily be settled between the mer cantile and planting interests on some equitable basis, and where disputes arose the State courts could determine as t the rights of contestants. The Philadelphia Prets ;Foraey's pa per) says the most feasible plan for the relief of the South yet projected is that proposed by a correspondent of the New York Times, who would have Congress ''authorize the issue of one hundred million dollars of bonds by the General Government, to be distributed, under suitable restrictions, among the South ern States, for the purpose of relieving in part the people from liabilities con tracted since the war for works of in ternal improvement by their respective .State governments." Railroad men are aspiring. The Senate of the United States, which meets on the fourth of March next, will have of this class Colonel Dorsey, elected from Arkansas, President of the Arkansas Central Railroad Company; Senator Jones, from Nevada, a thrifty railroad operator; Senator Patterson, from South Carolina, a railroad man in grain ; benator Mitchell, from Oregon, a railroad man per te; and Senator Bogy, from Missouri, if not precisely a railroad man, one who pushes things onward on the railroad principle. Murder Speculative Legislation Coun ty Scrip and City Indebtedness Advancing Rapidly. The Memphis, Pine Bluff and Shreveport Railroad the ttreat Want of Mem phis and Arkansas. The Cairo and Fulton Railroad The Country Through Which It Travel Its Lands, Capital and Officers Prospects, OUR RAILROAD INTERESTS. From the Pine Bluff Press.) Colonel J. W. Bocage, our city's dele gate to tne nopeneld Kail road Conven tion on the seventeenth ultimo, has re turned. He reports discouragingly of the Hopefield meeting. In fact, failing to get such satisfaction and information as he desired at Hopefield, he repaired, on hia own motion, to St. Louis and called upon Colonel Allen. He reports having had two meetings with Colonel Alien, and laid before this "Railroad King'' our city and section. Colonel Allen gave Colonel Bocage hope, and we are requested to state that in a short time a raiiroad meeting will be called. at which time Colonel Bocage will give sucn lnlormauon as be has possessed himself of. We will add that Colonel Bocage seems to be in good spirits, and believes by energetic working that we will soon hear the whistle of the locomo tive. We ahall refer again to this sub ject in our next issue. , MURDER. From the Camden Journal.) From a private letter from Lewisville, of the twenty-third instant, we learn of an atrocious murder committed on the person of one James Fisher (colored ,. bv a white man named Hammons Toe circumstances, as far as we can learn them from the letter, are aUnit these: It seems that the wife of Fisher was in the employ of Hammons, and some difference or misunderstanding springing up between Fisher's wife aud Mrs. Hammons, Fisher had concluded to take his wife away, and had so an uouueed his intentions to Hammons, at lie siime time demanding the mouev due for services rendered, whereupoi Hammons commenced cursiue am ahusiug the negro, who, for some rea son went away and was absent about un Hour, and roturnir.'-, was passinir Ham mons s nouse, when Mammon-' disc iv enug Iniu. ran out of the houe witl! 1 gun and shot him down. We give the report exactly as we get it from tne let ter, aud if the circumstances as stated te true, we hope speedv justice mav be meted out to tne A telegraphic dispatch from Wash ington yesterday informs us that Presi dent Grant, on Monday, assured a dele gation of Georgians that, "after the dote of the present session of Congress, he should, in company with several mem bers of the Cabinet, make an extend-i Southern tour, visiting New Orleans, via Richmond, Raleigh, Columbia, Charleston, Mobile, and other places. From New Orleans he will come to Memphis, but is undecided whether he will return via Knoxvilie, or Nashville and Louisville. to 'E are very much interested in cheap coal. Unless we are guaranteed fuel at rates as low as the cities competing with us, we never can establish manufactories on a large scale. The sever" winter, which we hope has closed, has proven to us the necessity for a movement that will insure us a supply of coal from Bir mingham and Chattanooga, aud, when the Paducah road is finished, from the Kentucky mines. Our citizens are now suffering from the prevalence of a coal famine, occasioned by the sinking of two hundred and fifty thousand bushels, in barges, at the mouth of V !f. We must guard against the recurrence of such accidents in future by the establish ment of yards of large capacity and a regular, trade with the mines of East Tennessee aud North Alabama. At the latter coftl is to be had at ten cents per bushel, and from the former, the Chatta nooga 7?ne Says, it can he supplied in that city at six cents per bushel, while here the average price fa sixty -ents. (Something may be done by the Legis lature to help us in this matter by speedy legislation, settling the titles to the now valuable mountain lauds in the eastern portion of the Bate, and by the insertion of a clause in the bill against railroad discriminations ;now pending ; that will compel the Chattanooga road to make rates whereby the Charleston road can afford to carry coal to Mem phis at a reasonable price. Legislation of this sort is needed, and should promptly be hal. Will not some of the members from Shelby Inquire into the matter, aud do something for our relief? There is money in it for East Tennessee. Mrs. Williams, tn to-day's Appeal, offers a reward of two hundred dollars for the arrest of Cooper aud Bach man, the murderers of Hill at Big Creek. We respectfully call the attention of the Governor and our County Court to this advertisement, and ho- they will sup plement this prompt movement of Mrs. Williams by rewards of Ave hundred doliare each. Unless "hanging is play ed out " in .sheiby county, we should strain every nerve to come up with the perpetrators of the most cold blooded murder that has ever occurred in tins vicinity. Law aad order must prevail. Unless we give the very best guarantees of safety and protection for life, we cannot expect to prosper as a community. Evil-docis mast Isj pun ished. Our authorities have utterly- failed to tell us whether Mrs. Green was murdered or committed suicide. We hope they will be more vigilant iu this case. The detective force and Sheriff's deputies have, at least, a fine opportun ity for an exhibit of their vigilance and THOS. G. BOYD. Brief Sketch of His Life, Military and Civil. From the Knoxvilie Chronicle. Those who have read the remarkable incidents in the life of Thomas G. Boyd during the past few months, as por trayed in the public press, have doubt teas imagined him to be far different from what he really is ; and those who have given their 'imagination wings would not have recognized in the quiet, gentlemanly individual who was so reg ular in his attendance at court last week, and was on such intimate rela tion with Messrs. Nelson and Cocke, as one capable of committing the crimes proven against him. Boyd is the son of a Monroe county farmer, and is about thirty-two years of age He is about the medium hight, with black hair, beard and moustache. Posseesing the most polished manners, he moved in the highest circles in society, and made many friends iu his large list of acquaintance. At the commence ment of the war he espoused the cause of the Confederacy, and entered the Third Regiment of Tennessee Infantry as a private soldier. The regiment was then commanded bv Colonel J. O. Vaughn, and when that officer was made a Brigadier, he promoted Boyd to the position of Ordnance officer on Lis staff. in which capacitv he served until the end of the war. Shortly after the sur render he married Miss Thomas, of Sul livan county, by wnom he has three children living. The devotion of his wife was strikingly manifested during the trial, and could not fail to add to his remorse when he contemplated the grief ana uwtresx sne sunered lor his sake. Soon after his marriage he located at Sweetwater, and went into the claim business with a man named Young, who wax afterward suspected of counterfeit ing, and fled the country. Bjyd con tinued in that occupation, and made money fast, the bulk of which he invest ed in real eetate and merchandizimr. His influence in the community was great, and he gave liberally to deserv ing objects, but not so lavishly as to create suspicion that his means were too easily acquired. In fact, so well did he manage his afiairs, and so unexception able was his deportment, that when the charges of fraud were first made but few gave them credence, and when they were pressed he foind no difficulty iu KiviuK tue required nail. The particulars of the transactions in which he figured so prominently are known throughout the land, and now that he has gone to expiate the errors he committed, let his fate be a warning to all who crave riches and seek to acquite them by any except legitimate means. CHICAGO. Her Municipal Complexities and Confa siea te be Carried into the Conrts-The Weather. Texas has now, and for the first time Chicago, February 3. The conflict of authority between the Mayor and the Board of Police Commissioners continues to be the absorbiug topic of interest among all classes of citizens. As mat ters stand now Captain French, in the West Division, recognizes the authority of the Mayor and Superintendent Wash burue and is supported by his sergeants and men. In the South Division both Captain Hickey, who was deposed by the Mayor, and Captain Lull, who was apjioiuieu in nis place, are exercising authority, each havimr supporters ts. In the North Di thawar. the Mavor's . . . -v appointee, uas oeen unable to secure reoognitiou from anybody, and Captain Guud continues to perioral the duties. supported by the entire force of his Di vision. To-night Mayor Medili will send into the City Council the names of two persons for Commissioners of Police in place of Reno aud Klokke wmnvaH and it is expected the Council will con firm SPECULATIVE legislation. From the Little Rock c.hz. tte.1 An act introduced bv Mr. Gallairber in the Senate, provides that "ail Treas urer s certificates outstanding on the date this act takes effect shall be re ceivable onlv for the State tax of one half of one per cent, levied for general purposes, and for all debt due the Mate. ' The third section provides: "It shall hereafter be unlawful for County Treasurers to receive from collectors of revenue Treasurer's certificates, as a set tlement in full, or in part, for anv eoun ty or special tax levied by the county courts." The bill is eminently unwor thy of enactment. The only -effect it could have would le to temporarily re duce tne value ot totate scrip, by reason of its inutility to pay taxes, and to en hance the value of county scrip until the tax-paying season ha: passed. Near ly all the tax-payers have on band more or less State scrip, which they would 1 forced to sacrifice, in order that the lit tle rings, which held the bulk of the county scrip.might make a further mar gin of ten, twenty or thirty jier cent. Two weeks ago Pulaski county scrip could be bought on the streets at from twenty-five to thirty-two cents. In con sequence of such assaults upon State scrip as Mr. Gallagher's bill, the price of county scrip has advanced to forty-five and fifty cents. City indebtedness, which, three weeks ago, could be bought at from sixty-five to seventy cents, now commands eighty-seven and a half to ninety-two and a half cents. It is gen erally believed that an effort will be made at the heel of the session to pass a bill funding outstanding State scrip in short-time bonds, with large interest. The larger holders of State scrip expect to derive an immense profit lrom these, besides what they secure in "bulling" county and city scrip. A bill, similar to the one referred to above, passed the Senate in considerable haste the other day, and it is now pending in the House. We would advise members to look well to what they are doing before acting upon or passing that bill. THE SHREVEPORT RAILROAD. From an Occasional Correspondent. Editors Appeal I notice that we are to have a new line of railroad from Memphis to Shreveport. In order to save money, would it not be well for the new company to make terms with the Little Rock Railroad Company and help put the roadbed in order? I don't know that the old Company would have help from that quarter, but I make the sug gestion with a view to help both organi zations. Memphis needs that she shall have a first-class road to Little Rock, inasing uie distance m six to seven hours; aud her future depends upon the speedy completion of a railroad to Shrevoport. More than two years ago tne ArrLiii urged mis snreveport en terpnse. We were then promised that oy 1 1 $ it wouiu tie ouilt. Where is if. It is yet in our mind's eye. Is it always to oe so.- 11 seems to me, Messrs. .di tors, that we have talked too much about this Shreveport road. Let u have work. I don't care who builds it, but Memphis should have the Shreveport railroad. If the Little Rock Railroad Company can build it, let them eommence;at once; and if not, let the new company; and if it cannot com mence, let it get out of the way for those who can. It will take money to build it, and not newspaper puffery. We have hud too much of that too many great men on paper. Let us have no more of it. Give us work. Memphis is well nigh ruined by mutual admiration business. Let us have real work hereafter. A CANDID MAN. MEMPHIS TO PINE BLUFF. From an 0,-':aMonal Correspondent. Editors Appeal I hear a good deal of talk these days in regard to railroads iu and through our State, and recently have seen several articles iu the Ap peal about two proposed roads from Memphis, one a road from Memphis to l'ine Bluff and Shreveport, another from Memphis to Jacksouport, and was much surprised to find that the Appeal rather favored building the latter, if only one could be built, but both if it could be accomplished. Now it seems very evident to me that a road from your city to Jacksonport, instead of be ing an advantage would be a decided injury to Memphis fur it would merely oe a leeder ior tue uairo and t ultou road, aud thus St. Louts would derive the bene!-. of Memphis capital, without any outlay at all. For it is natural for all to trade at the largest market ac cessible, besides St. Louis has com menced and will continue to make every effort, to secure all the tw'tf within their reach in this State. On the other hand if Memphis would turn all her attention aud aid to the com mencement and completion of the Memphis, Pine Bluff and Shreveport railroad, and have it run over the route proposed, it will be the best paving road run into Memphis, for it will bring an immense trade from Texas, and will lie a paying road from Marion all along its route, as it will ruu through the beet couutry in the State. Iu short, Mem phis is forced to build that road or lose the trade of Arkansas and Texas. I know that some will say that Memphis has the Little Rock road ; but, Messrs. Haaigaki thBvery poor opinion of Arkan-iu-. wiien, in fact, they had seen ruithrng but its very worst, for it is an Immense swamp to Madi son; then the land is poor aad unpro ductive to Cache river, and there is its bottom, aud White river bottom, then poor land again to near Little Rock; and it Is actually dangerous to ride over the roail as it is; and if you order freight by it there is no certainty when you will get it, and if we ship cotton by it we have no idea when it will get to Memphis. To give you an idea of our opinion of the road, 1 will say that if I was obliged to have certain goods in ten days from date, I would prefer to start au ox-team 1 eighty miles) to your city after them than to trust getting them in time by the Memphis and Little Rock railroad. They say that in time they will put the road on a levee and make it good. But will It not cost about as much as a new road? And if they should levee it, that swamp will still be there, and in my opinion it can never be reclaimed so that it will not over flow, for I have lived on the Missis sippi, and do uot think it possible to confine its water to the banks. So you see that the Memphis and Little Rock road will not suit Arkansas nor Mem plus. But let Memphis help to build the Pine Bluff and Snreveport road, and when people pass over it they will go i 'iick home with a different tale in their mouths. 1 would not thus trouble yon, Messrs. Editors, but I was raised in your city.and thus have kindly feelings toward her; and I think she is now in danger of los ing what will make her a great city, if sue uoes not aid and encourage the Memphis, Piae Bluff and Shreveport raiiroad. "arkansaw.7 CAIRO AND FT LTON RAILROAD. Correspondence St. LouLs Democrat. Newport, Arkansas, January 20, Arrived by engine iu a good state of bodily preservation, the first passenger and only represedtative ot the newspa per fraternity up to date, over one of the great links in the international chain, which is soon to connect St Louis commercially with Mexico and the Pacific. ROUTE. A reference to the map will show that the Cairo and Fulton railroad occupies an almost direct line between the rail road system of Texas, seeking a North ern outlet, and those on the Southern boundary of Missouri whieh run to the city of St. Louis. This route was se lected after careful and minute surveys, and a thorough examination of the country, it beicir at once the shortest. cheapest and most direct line between the term mi. In a length of three hun dred and ninety-one miles it exceeds an air-line only six and three-tenths miles; its grades are nowhere greater than fif teen feet to the mile, and for two hun dred miles the road is almost level. with track of fish-plate rail sixty pounds to the yard. The position of tue line wui ie found as valuable for local business as it appears for through business. It puts in communication fif teen of the choicest counties of the State, running close to most of the coun tyseats, anil passing the capital of the state, Little Rock , population, fifteen thousand , it will give railway facilities u nearly one hundred and forty thou sand, or one-fourth the present population of the State, who have hith erto beeu without means of communi cation, except by dirt-roads or river.in a iimate in which the winters are so mild thatstock live upon grass and sane of the bottoms the season through without be ing taken up or fed. The Indian summer iaats until the middle of January, the ground seldom freezing deeper than three inches. The reeion is free from drouths and extremes of wet and dry seasons, peculiar to more northern lati t ides. This section, as well as other parts of Arkansas, is the onlv Dart of the L nited States protected against vio lent winds. The Ozark mountains, running from the Indian Nation through ,-tiissouri to near bt. Louis, pefOrm tor this country the same office the Alps do for Italy. The mean temnerature for the year makes a showine for the nontlis of January of forty-five decrees. July and August eighty-one degrees FahreuheiL A new era has dawned upon this beautiful and productive country. The bottoms, hills and val leys, now so thinly settled, can be di rectly reached in but a few hours bv the Cairo and Eullou railroad, and emi grants from the Eastern States and the Old World, instead of moving in the di rection of the Northwest, a country pos--essing less natural advantages and re sources, will make their homes in this, theJand of fruilfulness and salubrious cli mate, the Swizerland of the Southwest. The landowners generally find thev have too much laud, and gladly welcome the immigrant. Immigrants nowhere in the United States will be more respected and encouraged than by the citizens and landowners of this part ot the country, and nowhere are the inducements so varied and so great to those who desire to better their condition, to farmers. mechanics, laborers and caDitalists. than are ollered alona this m-eat thor- ughfare to the Southwest. There are millions of acres of land still unim proved, susceptible of a hiuh state of cultivation, much of which produces one bale of cotton, and very, very fre- iueutly one bale and a half to the acre. I'he result is apparent with cotton at seventeen cents and an upward tenden cy, on hve hundred pounds to the bale. The planter commences plowing the first of February, and cotton planted from the first of March to the mid dle of May. One hand with a one-horse plow can cultivate thir teen aeres of cotton. or ten acres of cotton and five acres of coru. rhere is at least two weeks dif ference in the time of ripening of vege tables and fruits in the central portions of Arkansas, and in the neighborhood of St. Louis, and the time via the Cairo and Fultou and Iron Mountain and St Louis railroads from little Rook to St Louis will be about twelve hours, when the roadbed is in condition to warrant the running of through express trains, and the Cairo and Fulton railroad will connect as follows: North with the St. Louis and Iron Mountain railroad three hundred and thirty-seven miles from Little Rock and four hundred and ninety miles from the Texas line; north east with the Illinois Central and Cairo and Vincennes railroads at Cairo; east and west with Memphis and Little Rock, and Little Rock and Fort Smith railroads, and Little Rock, Pine Bluff and New Orleans railroad ; south with the Mississippi, Ouachita and Red River, Southern, or Texas and Pacific, to the Pacific, and the International inroad ot Texas to Laredo and the City ot Mexico, aud terminating at Ma zatlan, Mexico, on the Pacific C( )ASt. The through and local business of this important line of railroad from St Louis Southward, and from Texas northward, o,lll ' r . ,,, ....... - -1 1 iw Miuiyni emiuciLV a single . . . - o-- Vm en, ,T ua. , John hi Donaldson, W. R. Allen, G. Marijuaad, Wm. T. Blodgst; n. smitn, 1. . Alexander Swift. Ceoree Cabot Ward. New York: I J. M. Lough borough. Little Rock. Trustee of the Bonds The Union Trust Company, 73 Broadway, New Yark. Principal office, St Louis. Agency of the company, 1 JO Broad way. New York. Capital stock, twelve minion dollars, first mortgage bom is (first lien upon, lands, railroads and equipments : seven per cent, gold, cou pons January and July, due 1891, eight million dollars. Through trains will be put on in ten days, leaving St Louis at six o'clock in the evening, in sleeper as far as White river, take breakfast at While river, ar rive at Little Rock at six o'clock in the evening. Leave Little Rock at seven o'clock in the morning, arrive at St Louis next morning at six. TOMLI2fSOS INSfTRAWCE AGENCY. PUBLICATIONS. A NEW AND VALUABLE BOOL W-Meatus. Botu a Chapxik, of thin city, wlU soon lsaue from toelr Publishing Houm Uie moat Important work published since the war. It is the Official Confederate Reports of Battles of the Late War," containing ail of the report published by order of the Confed erate Congress, and many Manuscript Reports of Important battles heretofore unpublished : the wbole arranged In chronological order With a complete Index, compiled and edited by General Mar, i s J. Wright. The work will be issued in two volumes of about 7SG pages each, and will be sold by subscription only. Agents will canvass for subscribers, but parties at a distance desiring the work can procure It by writing to the publishers, Messrs. Boyle a Chapman, enclosing subscription price for the two volumes, in plain binding, 110 00; in fun sheep, $12 00; in half morocco c loth side. 111 00. fe4 Edmund Yates' Story, A Bad Lot Will be commenced in No. 7S of the New York Fireside Companion, Oat ml JIoQilsj, January 37, ESTABLISH'D 1868. TOMLINSON'S INSURANCE AGENCY, LIQUORS. A. VACCASO. a. vaccao. c. iu:iius.t. A. YACCARO A. S. TACCAXO CO. ess stealer In LIQUORS CIGARS. ETC., Axao COTTON 'AMD' No. 17 Street. Commission Merchants, No. 324 Front Street, - Memphis f! addition u the Wine and Liquor Business X m wuicn wi uav oa eciiujW! i m city, we t twenty r .ul.te.l years la this city, we hv. - that of Catkin Factors ud u Merchants, which latter branch of Uon of our Mr. C. Dlckmann, whose long aa pertene. In that line, both In this- eity and ew -jt. was. wdl ws sees aaauaed, insure mil htlMfertlfin t.n ! wHsi mw f... ... ,,,, aaTaneas made on consign or Cotton. All cotton insured, unless A . VACCARO a CO. QUEEN INSURANCE CO. mm & L0K LIVERPOOL AND LONDON, - - $10,000,000 ASSETS IN UNITED STATES, $722,413 11. TERMS One copy . One Year Two Copies, une Year .S3 . 3 M Address GEOBVE Sl .IRO, Mew York Fireside Companion, Hi Beekman street, Mew York. VaN NOSTRAND'S ECLiECTIO ENGINEERING MAGAZINE Which commenced its Fifth Ykau Jan uary. 1S73, Is admirably adapted to meet the waul, not only of Ensineer-i. bul of all who are interested in scientific subjects, it pre sents in a convenient form the best article (with their Illustrations, selected from Euro pean and American Scientific Journals, to gether with Original Papers from leading sci entists ot our times. Issued Houtnly. at 0.1 Mr annnm. in aoWaawe single numbers 94) cents. rVrsom, who desire the Magazine from the beginning, can be supplied with Vols. 1 to VI), inclusive, neatly bound in cloth, for 120; half Turltej morocco. ju. Single volume it complete sets sun- piled. -Vol. I. cloth, as: half morocco, f7 50. Vols. II to VII. cloth, K each: half morocco, $5 each. wHent free by mail or express on receipt ot price. NOTICE TO CU BS.-Au extra conv will be supplied gratis to every club of Ave subscrib ers, at $0 each, sent in one remittance. D. van IIMTUIIO, Publisher, US Murray st. and 27 Warren St.. New York. Important Medical Notice. Author of SI. DR. E. de F. CI RTI8, hood- Medical Essays on Marriage, En-., Begs to Inform his Southern Patient) that he has been called to NEW OKLJEAM.s to attend upon an important case there which will de tain him for in out one month in the city, and that he can be consulted at No. 9 Rampart Street, Between Canal and Custom House, Dally from 10 a.m. to 3 pan., from (i to 9 p.m. On Sundays from 11 to 2 oniv. Dr. CURTIS has devote 1 twenty years of his practice entirely to the treatment of NEKVODH DISEASES, A.RISINO FROM PHYSICAL DEBILITY, Exhausted Vitality, ABUSES OF THE SYSTEM, AND OTHERS APPERTAINING THERETO. Dr. CURTIS addresses those particularly who have placed themselves under the care of Ignorant advertising charlatans, from whom they have received no reiief, and who. In fact, have done them more harm than good. Medicine, like all other sciences. Is progressive, and every year demonstrates an advance, by a comblnatipn of remedies of great curative power. Dr. Curtis has so ar ranged his treatment that It will afford not alone immediate relief, but permanent cure. The Medical Times says: Dr. Curuss sys tem, the result of twenty years suocessfui practice, differs from all outers In general use, and commends Itself to the afflicted as the only true source of relief. Many case, pronounced Incurable have yielded success iully to the remedies emplovcd by him MANHOOD. Two Hundred Edition. Revised and corrected by the author, E de F Curtis, M.D., F.U.C.S., etc., (late Surgeon Turkish Contingent), A medical essay on the cause and cure of pre mature decline in man, showing how health la lost, and how regained. It irlves a c!er synopsis to the impediments to marriage, the treatment of exhausted vitality, etc., the re- sutLsoi iweiiiy years successlal practice CURTIf ON MAN HOOD. -There Is no mem- ber of society by whom this book will not be foui. 1 useful, whether he be parent, preceptor or clergymen. Loudon Times. CURTIS ON MANHOOD. "This book should be read by the young for Instruction, and by the afflicted for relief. It will Injure no one.' Loudon Medical Oaeette. Price, 30 cents by mail. Address the author. Dr. CURTIS, No. u Ham part sU, New Orleans. Dr. Curtis, would onne more Impress upon those pa' lent who bav. corresponded with him the necessity of a personal interview. He never leaves Ills home practice and his stay In New Orleaus is necessarily limited to one month. fe.J ROYAL INSURANCE CO. OF LIVERPOOL AND LONDON, AT a, - - - ASSETS IN UNITED STATES, $1,300,000. HAVE REOPENED AT 328 Front Street. iFAaoaaort A Clay's Old Stasd., El BRANDIES, WINES, AND- FANCY GBOCEEIES. qpHANXINO OCR CUSTOMERS AND PA X trans Car aswt favors, we hop. (or a eon - " Aii orders prom tl noance of the same. y ruled at heretofore. LAND FOR S AXE. GLOBE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. 2.58 AID 260 BROADWAY, ASSETS, $3,213,185 T- TOM GENERAL. AGENT, No. 17 Madison Street. Hem phi.., Xeun. LOSSES ADJUSTED IN MEMPHIS AND PROMPTLY PAD) STOVES A1STD TINWARE. O IV ! NOTICES. DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP CHAMP I m If" 1 -14 , wii'-' Ji' ? TWENTY DIFFBRBBTT 8I2SHS SALE OF A Valuable Plantation. ON THE FIRST MONDAY IX FEBRUARY IBatec the id day ot February I will offer at public sale, at Hernando. Km, the piauta- leny owned oy n. c Men'Haiii. tyinn a mile north of the town of rWato- I there are ijood seh.joia. churches, a mile front on the county road to .and can be subdivided ti, a.iv m. age. Contains M acres, toil acres open, about au acres cultivated tn. past year; two story dwelling, unoke house, gin-boose and All under fence, a part of which In good TKBMS One-third cash; balance in one and two years, with ten per cent, interest. lalt M. J. WK K. PROFESSIONAL. DR. H. P. CTTLER, DENTIST. US Main sc., cr. Hirst ap-stasrs Charges reesonabie. noJt) WALTER COLEMAN, ATTOBNET-AT-LAW, 0 FFICE AX1 RESIDENCE 94 MONRO E STREET, corner of Hecond. deli TSO. W. THOMPSON JSC W.TFAXJtNEK THOMPSON & FALKXEB, ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW, Ripley, Mississippi. SPECIAL and prompt attention given to collections In Tippah and adjoining counties. to Colonel R. A. Ptnson, Colonel T.B Thayer a Co.. Memphis J. P. M. TURNER. W. L. DUFF TURNER & DUFF, ATTORNE YS-AT-LAW OBc So. 39 Jaailisoa Street, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. WILL practice In the various courts held In tne city of Memphis. Special atten tion will be given to the criminal practise. T. W. BROWN. HARRT M. HILL, Late of Bolivar, T'-nnevM-.-. Brown & Hill, ATT0R ETS-AT LAW, OFFICE : No. 35 MADISON STREET lagpasto, t TeaTdMsMS. FREEMAN RANDOLPH ATTORNEY-AT-LA W, pi. a, iy aar References .L.Meachmn. Kootes v t o DR. R. L. TiASKT, PHYSICIAN, SURGEON tD 4CCOICHER. -VFKICE, S Main trai.k to accommodate. Northern-bound trains will carry cotton, sugar, tropical mms, mluciv sun mmnr. nouiiiern bouud, merchandise, jrrain, coal, etc The franchise of this road is now in the hands oi a powerful and live corpora tion, and the promptness with which it has met all its oblieatious has won the contSdeuce of the whole people in the enterprise. From present appearances, we Have e'ery assurance that the Cairo and Fulton will be furnishing us beef from the plains of the Presidio before the Christmas of 1873. the aDUointmenita. The nmtlur will then undoubtedly be lirouirht before the courts by one or the other of the par- Editors, the Memphis and Little Hock ties and a legal decision reached. railroad ia a shame and disgrace to the A cola rain has been falline early morning. since LANDS. By act of Congress, July 2b. lS6ri. a donation of land was confirmed to the company or six thousand four hundred acres to each mile of road, extending to itui. tunes uu eacii siue oi ine tracK, thus securing ten full sections to the mile, or one million nine hundred and twenty-six thousand four hundred acres upon three hundred and one miles of ruau. lheso lands are exempted from taxation until the road earns ten per tent.; and, the road being located along that portion of the State where the hilly regions of the western and northern meet the level lands of the eastern and southern pan of the State, will enable the company to accommodate all classes of buyers, for bottom, valley or hiU lands; for cotton, grain, fruit, grass, or stock growing. All this country adja cent to the route abounds in coal, iron aoid fine clay. Viae, blat k walnut, oak, ash, eherry, and jtoplar; oaks measur ing six and ten cuts to the tree, to an inexhaustible limit, are found all along the route. The cultivated lauds ad joining the lands of the Cairo and Ful ton company produce cotton, corn. wheat, oats, tobacco, potatoes Irish and WThe partnership heretofore existing be tween Rogers, Dandrldge A Co., Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors, .fa Front street Memphis, has this day been dissolved by mu tual consent, C. F. Dandridge and U. B. Spill - man retiring from said business, Joseph Rogers retaining possession of stock oi goods fixtures, books and accounts, and is author ised to receive and receipt for all moneys due to said firm, and hereby assumes payment of all debts dae from said Arm. JOSEPH ROUERS. C. F. DAHDRIlOE. R. B. SPILLMA Memphis. Terjn.. January 27, UfTii. lei Stockholders' Meeting. rpHE regular annual meeting of the stock 1 holders in the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad Company will be held in the town of Hopefield, Arkansas, on Saturday, loth Day or February . 1873, to elect a Board of Directors, and to transact such other business as may come before said meeting. By order of the Board of Directors. JOHN W. GOODWIW, Bec'y and Treaa. M. and L. R. R. R. Co rTO TAX PAYERS of CR1TTESDEN COUN- X 11, aka.: All those desiring to pay takes for the year l7i, are hereby notified to come forward without delav, as the omce will be Hosed on Ine astki Day of Feb., 1873, aud penalties and costs will accure from that time. I will prsueed to sell all lands and per sonal property after the afth of February next. If taxes are not paid. L. B. LEWIS, Ja30 Sheriff Crittenden county, Ark. We guarantee them not to be excelled for ta eir excellent Baking Quail ties, Economy la Ka.1 and Durability, by any tov, in use. Call aad see them before pure nasi tig. Send for pamphlet. H. WETTER & CO., SOLE AGENTS, SA.M 1'ACTI REUS OF TIN AND SHEET IRON WARE. WHOLESALE DEALERS IN TI5-PLATE, SHEET-IKON, TOMBS' MaTEKIALS, ( OAL-OIL AND LAMPS, Also, Agents for Lotze'a Hotel aad Family Ranges and Faraacca, Nos. 18 and 15 MONKOB STHHBT. UNION ST.: RESIDENCE IS tUayeKo Block., i ':S-e b'-nr lrom to lu a.m. and from :i to p.m. Special ties: Children and Female Diseases. Grad uated at the University of Berlin Uernnny , and has more than thirty years' practical ex perience. Vaccination daily at his office, be t sell l an4 4 o'-Wtp n ii s job PRiyTiyo. FRANKLIN JOB PRINTING HOUSE WHOLESALE HABDWABE-IMPORTANT TO MERCHANTS IMPORTERS AITS EXCLUSIVE WHOLESALE HARDWARE MERCHANTS, 17 Union Street, Memphis, Tena Stockholder's Meeting. UrricaoF PH'ksix I.vscaAiics Compasy i or atunra ts Txsn., 12 Madiso.n St., S- Memphis. February 1, lsTi. I A MEETING of the stockholders of this Company will be held at the Company 's office, between the hours of 11 a.m. and 1pm. cn TUESDAY, the lath Inst , for the purpo J of electlne Haven Directors, to sc: ve for t n- ensuing year. By order oi tite President. Havlnrr ehanr i onr business to exclusive wholesale, we now offer, to I arge and com pie as stock of Foreign and Domestic Hardware. -We Invite an J stock, and solicit Um patronage of all good merchants buying gooaa tn oar l Special attention given tn FUHnst Orders. lafawn 1842. Established 1842. gPBK BINDERY BOOK BOOK MAirOFACTORY S. C. TOOF, Proprietor. No. IS West Court Street, MEMPHIS, : : : TENNESSEE The attention of the Merchants and Men of Memphis, North Mississippi, anil Arkansas, is parti eularlr called to the superior facilities of this boas, for exe cuting orders for all kinds of JOB PRINTING ! fel B. y. WHITE, Jr., Secret . ry. Among the late appointmeut. made by Jfreeidt-Lit liraut for the Vienna Ex position, ia that of Dr. Anthony KsfMH ser, of New York city, aa Coturuiwsioiier on the part of the United Btatea. r m six vpnm a Trri.laftire that ri-rtn- ne deeliiied : sent th infi. ..f ,.i : A tiisnatch from Lisbon aiies tht fh state an.) Oiia- poniUve concerning , The eotu.,- h.... m.ini I Spanish ateamahip MurriUo, which sunk the appointment of a Southern man m : h i, - m, - . ".rLm J? eruurrant ship North Fleet in the State, and hai '.lone the State an incal- sweet , iieas, beans, hops anil the irrass culable injury, for 1 have often traveled ea. Peaches have not failed for thirty over the road, and have talked with i years. It is the object of the company men from a good many of the Northern j to oflfer these lands at very low figures and Western States who were looking to actual settlers of a thrifty and iu at the country, and have often heard ! dustrious character. The officers of the them say myself, and others have told 1 mail are: Thomas Allen. President; H. me of hearing Uie same, "that they had ; o. Maniuand, Vice-President; D. W. seen enough of Arkansas." And there M Williams, Treasurer: W. R. Donald is no telling, Messrs. Editors, how many j soa. Secretary; J. M. Loughborough, just like them have come to look at our ! Land Commissioner; James H. Morley. State, and, after traveling over that road j Chief Engineer. to Little Rock, turn rightabout and go Directors Thomas Allen. S. H. Laf aome, and, of coum, tell their friends lin, Elon G. Smith, L. B. Clark, W. R. LEGAL ADVERTISING, A. J. WHITE & CO., SEALERS IU AND IMPORTERS OF MDWARE & CUTLERY, Plain, Fancy and Ornamental, such as Pam phlets, Constitutions, By-Laws Blanks, Circu lars, Bill-Heads, Business and (show Cards, Letter Heads, Envelopes, shipping Tags, La ta, Receipts, Checks, Wedding Cards, Bali iicse is, invitations, FatBM and after this date, we will charge tea 1 10) eeuts per Une for the first inser tion, auu ave .3, cents per line lor each subsequent insertion of all legal advertise ments, except suoa as may be inserted 'or miriy nays or longer cotscuUvely, which wiu ws cna cou square Vance In every Instance. U. W. ALEXANDER. & 5s. anted at card rates, bv th. xnn.n, ntlng eight lines nonpareil, solid, to the are. The printer's fees to be paid In ad- t'f In itvftrv 1 ti xt siiHD Mem A.J KJ61 ts Appeal Pub. Co. at Memphis, January 31 1S7& Memphis ATalaaenev UITMOKaVPabUe Ledges. 2 ft 35. 5 ft i f o Iff. 2 Qjfe hi ! i1 i ,tt4 FrwKt St., Mempkift, Ten. PRICES UmW AS THE LOWEST A call and an examination of my ipecimens is reapeciruiiy solicited. O. TOOJ. Proptr. FOR RENT. Very Large Oilers Country Merchuts Promptly Attaiiei to. A Very W No money required aa rabU tat meals for three parsons and their servant reenlred to th. tenants, and two servants' and a large garden aad orchard and all ary out-buildings, aU in iiam wmm. ma Box 17, i