Newspaper Page Text
THE MEMPHIS APPEAL MAY 11, 1873.
MMHIS APPEAL M HAY ORM, MAY II, 28J" We have ever contended, ami still c,iifcin.ti.u-ly believe, that no people r:in le legislated into morality, and we have, therefore, l 2cu gratified to see the l.iird f aldcrmeu has repealed BM ordinance closing barber-shops on Kun dav. The same ordinance which closes the barber-shops on Sunday would, if enforced, prevent the publication of the newspapers, and the people of Memphis cannot dispense with the St may Ap peal. We believe it is due to our phy sical comfort as a people, as well as to -ur profession and education as a moral and christian nation, that the Sabbath day should I consecrated to rest aud observed as a holiday, especially set apart by Divine as well as by social law. But State lawsand city ordinance ure frequently so unwise, impolitic, stringent, and sweeping, that it needs but ue step further to make them bris tle with penalties for the crime of being absent from church. There is great con trariety of opinion even among profess ors of religion as to the observance o! the Sabbath. There has been a marked cbange in public sentiment within the lifetime of people who have now reached mature yean. Twenty years ago, a large share of the people who now con stantly make use of the horse-cars on Sunday would have been shocked at K.e thought of such a desecration of tht day as they now witness and, indeed, participate in. It would have seemed to them a desecration, then; it does not seem so to them, now. Why, they . nnnot tell. Ten years ago religious de nominations opposed the opening oi public libraries on Sunday. Opposition i--is no longer made to a custom everywhere adopted, and which is now considered at the means of promoting morality. In tlie city of Cincinnati nearly all the evangelical clergy have reversed theii former opinions upon the same matter; whereas, some years since, they united in opposing the opening of public libra rics there; if these libraries should now i closed, they would join a petition foi their reopening. Such being the actua. . ondition of things as respects Sabbat) observance in the minds of christiat people generally, they are at loss for s principle to guide them in testing wha1 is and what is not proper to be done M tba. Sabbath. They were sincere in thei: dinner views in respect to the use Di street-cars and in respect to the use oi libraries: they are sincere in their pres ent views, yet they cannot state upot what principle they may justify tht change. The same Puritaui cal spirit which would close barber-shojis on Sunday wouk. also prevent the running of street tars, steamboats, railroad-cars, ant. would close betr-gardens, cigar-stands ami soda-fountains. The natural pug uaeity of the American people, whicl. resents every unnecessary restriction upon their jersonal liberty, causes then to circumvent or violate above all oth trs a law which holds the most insult ing menaces over them, and whicl taxes their ingenuity aud gratifies thei vanity to evade. These laws are fre qiiently too stringent even for a couutr town or village, and particularly unwiw and impolitic in their application to large cities. Where there are large aggrega tions of population, there must ueces sarily be a more busy competition foi ; lie means of living, and consequently inure abject joverty and destitution. The poor of the country havt seasons of rest throughout the year, auu for a greater portion of the time can livt at almost one-half the cost the poor o, the city are subjected to. The city labor er aud mechanic must toil unceasingly to eke out a livelihood, and to them thert is no rest save tin the days set apart h divine decree. What innocent recreatlot they can Indulge on those days, not at -solutely offensive to sound morality, snould be left free to them, as well t. make life tolerable and the day welcome as to preserve the sanitary conditions e-seutial alike to the existence ami pro gress of communities. fill. I BOM HEALTH or TEA'S EtKEt. We have heretofore been in the habit of considering Missouri aud Pennsyl auia the two great iron States of the American I'niou, but events are daily takiug plaoe which go to show that two of the southern States, Alabama ana Tennessee, are not inferior to either v'. them in natural iron resources. Thou-i-auds of tons of iron ore are shipped from near Birmingham, Alabama, to Indiana aud Ohio for the purpose of being madt into pig iron. The Louisville, Nashville aud Great Southern road, which passe through Birmingham, is now doing a heavy business in the shipment of this ore. This fact will not appear strange when we stale at what prices iron ore is now selling at St. Louis, Cincinnati and and Pittsburg. It is our purpose, bow ever, in this article to speak more jiar ticularly of the iron regions of Tennes see, including those on the Tennessee river, which are nearest Memphis. The i.- ivt ry of iron ore in such abund ance at the Iron mountain and Pilot knob in Missouri, and the utilization of these ores have done more to make St. Louis the great manufacturing city, which she undoubtedly is, than any other cause. The Iron Mountain eom jiauy sells ore this year at Caromielet at ten dollars per ton; last year at five dollars and fifty cents, and this ore is worth at Pittslnirg sixteen dollars pet ten. The average price of Lake Supe rior ore, at Cleveland, Ohio, the great entrtpot for their supply, were, for 1871, eight dollars; and for Ikl 1, eight dollars and a half; find for VU twelve dollars per tou. The demand for ore from the Iron mountain is greater than the sup ply. The amount supplied by that com pany during last y. ar was three hun dred and seventy-one thousand four hundred and seventy-four tons. The demand for iron and for iron ore is increasing constantly, and there is every prospect that the increase will ! greater rather than ditniuished. These facts are given to show how valu able are iron ore banks when having i be means of transportation. We ha v. in tour counties in Middle Tennessee, u: Wayne, Lawrence, Lewis aud Hickman, ore banks fully equal to the Iron mountain in Missouri, and suffici ently abundant to last for centuries. Very few of these ore banks are now used, because of the difficulty of reach ing thei n. They are not on the line of any railroad, and are at some distance from the Tennessee river. Ore is now delivered from these ore banks at fur naces near them at two dollars per ton, which i eight dollars a ton less than the Iron mountain tire is sold fur at Carondelet. With a railroad this ore might 1 transited even to Carondelet at four dollars a ton for transportation, thus mak ing it four dollars per ton cheaper at that ioint than the Iron mountain ore. At Cincinnati and Pittsburg the tuflereuce would be still more in favor of the Tennessee ore. The ore in these four counties, if put into market, would ! be worth more than the whole amount of taxable property in Tennessee is at this time. The wealth of those coun ties in minerals is truly fabulous. Not only iron, but marble abounds in the Tennessee river counues. The success of the Iron Mountain railroad U owing to the Iron mountain ore, and the same auses which made that a rich and pow erful corporation, controlling many oi the railroads in the southern and u , tern States, will make a railroad through the Tennessee river counties also stroug and p.wenui. iuis ucu n giou lies within one hundred aud twenty miles of Memphis, and in the course Of time will, if the people of this city ap preciate their true interests, do as much to build up Memphis as the Iron mouu taiu and ten Iron Mountain railroads are now doing and have done for St. Louis. It has been said that "commerce is king,'' and it may soon be said that "iron is king of commerce' Teuuessee may place herself in the front rank of iron States, aud whenever she does so tier taxable property will be computed by billions instead of millions. The same line of policy which has made Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York and other States prosperous and jww erful may and will make Ten nessee so, but the only question is, will our people, and, especially, our men of capital, adopt this policy. Providence has placed the meaus at our disposal, and if we do not use them the fault lies at our own doors. To make a great city or a prosierou8 country we must have manufacturing establishments, and to get these we should have cheap raw material. We have here in Memphis cotton of the finest quality, in abund ance; we have shown how we can get iron much cheaper than it is at St. Louis, for this iron may be brought here from Wayne and Hickman counties at three dollars per ton for transportation ; arrangements can be made to secure to this city cheap coal, and if we get a railroad to Kansas City we can get very, very cheap provisions. When thest things are done we may hope to see Memphis a great manufacturing city, aud West Tennessee a highly prosper ous country. OrB INDIAN POI.I1Y. While we have ever had full faith in the wisdom of speedy and decisive retribu tive justice as the best policy of our gov ernment in its dealings with the recal citrant and rebellious dwellers of our western wilds, we have always believed that there was much to be said in theirde- fense, if not in justification of their fear ful and bloody deeds of vengeanct aud retaliation. We give President Grant the credit of meaning w ell In the institution of his policy with the Indi aus, and believe if his intentions toward that wild, proud and barbarous race,hac been carried out in the spirit in which it was conceived, there would be peace along our western frontier to-day, and the brave General Can by would be still a liviug man; but Genera! Grant has been unfoituuateiu the choice of instruments to execute his designs. His evil genias has manifested itself in surrounding him with bad counsellors, who suggested the appointment to office of corrupt and wicked men, and it would seem that the corruption and wickedness increased iu ratio as the field of operation of the appointee increased in distance from the center o! government at Washington. It was so iu his appointments to places of power and responsibility in the southern States during the r rjicrimmtiim cruris of re construction, and when all the facts art known we think it will be abundantly shown that the assassination of General Canny and the wholesale murder o! hundreds of peaceful settlers in the west, may well be traced to the pernicious op eration of a policy which placed men In office who would not keep faith wit h the Indian, aud who coolly robbed him whenever they had an op portULity. We have coplea of justifica tion and excuse to interpose in behal: of the bloody villain Captain Jack, oi his no less murderous band, nor iu behalf of any tribe of Indians confeder ated with him, but we submit that gootr faith has not beeu kept with the Indians by the agents of the government, and that General Graut would act wisely h' bringiug about a reformation in his whole system of appointment, not only touching this troublous Indian question, but touching the administration of fed eral power in the whole Union, and es peeially iu the southern States, where the same tieruicious policy has resulted in the wholesale plunder of the people, in disturbing the public peace, aud in the bringing of the government and republican institutions into contempt. i: Nt SsI I I'RESH ASSOt IATIOX. The representatives of the press of Tennessee recently met at Lebanon, as is their annual custom, for the purpose of interchanging courtesies and such views touching the practice of their pro fession as might conduce to their wel fare. It was a mo-; pleasant occasion, one marked by all the generous ameni ties of the craft, aud by much of the in telligeuce and intellectual force fot which it has justly credit. Burch, of the Union and American, delivered the ora tion, and Mr. Kirby, of the Chat tanooga Times, made an impromptu speech, the matter of which is of the character that all editors and publisher would do well to lay to heart. These were the practical dishes of the "feast of reason and flow of soul." Mrs. Lide Meriwether, representing the Appeal, and the poet of the hour, presented her quota in verses that do her infinite credit and that cannot fail of a wider circula tion than even the press of Tennessee can give them. We publish them to day as the best production of this issue of the Appeal. In ryhme and reason they are not to be surpassed, aud their logic will strik. all as a force irresistible, to the point, pithy aud matter-of-fact as the most prosy could ask for. "Work, watch and wait, is the motto she has given us. It is a good one. To work is the God-appointed task of all, both men and women, ami to "watch and wait" are sound words with which to curb the impatience of eager workers, assuming more thai their attainments will sus tain. But the poem is lull of other beau ties, ami independent of its association with the ocjasiou that called it forth, must make its way to the hearts of all earnest (leople as full of the philosophy of to-day, of that which teaches inde liendence, the dignity of labor, and all that enriches the humanity of our era. It is needless to say that it was well re ceived by the members of the press and that every pajier iu the State will pub lish the poetical sermon, and carry it to the remotest confines of Tennessee; and with it will go the speech of Kirby and the oration of Burch, to tell the world that is daily being educated by the press, how newspapers should lie conducted, and what labor aud anxiety are involved in the work. OIB COMMERCIAL BEFOBTS. It is well-known to all intelligent merchants that, owing to the want of facilities and money, such as are had and are expended in other cities, the chamber of commerce fails to supply to the reporters of the press of Memphis a uniform price-list such as the St. Louis, the Chicago and the Cincinnati papers publish every day upon authority of their respective chambers of commerce or boards of trade; and, therefore, are compelled to go from house to house, and rely upon such information as mer chants may give, to make up their re ports. Our markets appear every day, therefore, as nearly right as it is possible lorus to make them after consulting those whose conflicting interests as buyers aud sellers naturally enough induce repra-.-eiitations according therewith, and if any mistakes appear they are nottd? be laid at the door of Uie commercial editor, but must be borne by those whose interest it is to have a thoroughly correct report appear. Of late, one or two of our merchants have grumbled a little at what they considered erroneous figures, wine of them because the figures appeared at all in our com mercial report, hence this reminder of how and where we get these figures and how we make up our reports. We print what we get after most careful digestion of the whole range of prices ami pecu liar views of our merchants, and, uutil the chamber of commerce, by reporting actual sales, shall give us a price list that we can rely upon, must continue to do so. KETIRED Jt B(ii AJD XEBGTMKJI. After all, there is much beuevolence and philanthropy in the world. Almost every day we see some new develop ment of the finer feelings of human na ture. The recent legislature of Penn sylvania enacted a law w hich provides that w hen any judge shall have reached the age of sixty years, who has served fifteen years on the supreme bench, or twenty years in any of the subordinate tribunals, he may retire upou n. life pen sion equal to one-half of the salary paid him the year preceding his retirement. There is much justice in such a law. A iude la elected for a short term, aud when that is expired he is re moved for some new popular fa vorite; or, if re-elected, he passes the best years of his life in the service of the State, and fiutls nothing but poverty or unsuitable toil awaiting him in his old age. In England the judges hold their commissions during good behavior, ex cept the Ion! chancellor, who retires with the ministry upon a princely an nuity. When advancing years or dis ease renders any of the other judges un fit for further service, such jadges are retired upon a liberal pension. Such should be the law of this country. No jutige after leaving the beuch upon which he has rendered good and faithful service should be compelled iu his declining years, by necessity, to return to the bar. He has uot a fair chance in the struggle with younger anil more pushing meu, who have their business connections al ready formed. The veteran ex-judge is in a worse plight than the newly admit ted law student. The latter has no such dignity of place to sustain as the other, he can engage in any case, however small, and thus lay the foundation of a practice; but the diguit:uy fresh irom declaring the law can only walk in the inner courts of the temple. The cases he takes -must not degrade him. But the higher walks of the profession are well rilled, the chances of a lucrative practice are scanty. Moreover, the lucu brations of a judge for twenty years so mould the niiml to weigh the fat is and law iu the balance, that he tiuds it diffi cult to assume the enthusiasm so neces sary to a successful advocate. The public press is also disc ussing the subject of annuities to clergymen. A !tw days since we read au able article on this proposition in the Atlanta Herald. The office of clergyman is the highest which man can ever hope to attain on e&rth. It is he who brings the oil of balm into the households of people be reaved, and, when physic is done, doc tors the mind aud heart. 'Tis then his hand is felt upon the fevered brow, nerv ing the heart with strength aud hope. No mau who has ever filled this reme dial and refining office should ever be come a mendicant. The same noble iustiucts which wculd provide for a superannuated juJge, should se cure to a decrepid clergyman, who has worn out his life in the eaue of his Master, a regular auuuity. Truly has it beeu said that there is noth ing more saddening than the spectacle of an old and broken down minister of the gospel endeavoring to earn a liviug. If he is too proud to live upou the charities of relatives ami friends, or, if he has not these aids to fall back upon , his condition is simply frightful. Un fitted for commercial occupations, both by his past calling and his present in firmities, he finds himself forced to earn a subsistence by a species of peddling, which, though perfectly honorable, is most humiliating. Clergymen a.s a rule belong to the higher classes of society. While in active service their posi tion alone compels them to main tain a certain standard of liv ing. In only rare instances are they able to save anything from their salaries, and with a large majority it requires the closest economy to keep from getting into debt. If the pastor of a church, with an eye to the future, was to enter into any financial speculation, such as obtaining subscriptions for books or newspapers or gettiug advertisements for religious publications, his congrega tion w ould resent his course as au im putation on their liberality toward him. There is another reason which should prompt congregations to assure the future of their pastors and their pastors' families. It is that clergymen are like ly to perform their duties far more ef fectively. As at present their minds must always be tilled with fear of the fu ture. A 6evere cold, ending iu a bron chial affection, or iu consumption, may rentier them unfit for further pulpit ser vice. Old age and its infirmities must always be before them. Death, which comes at any time, must frequently fill their miuds w ith dread for their wives aud children. No matter how much faith they may have in God's blessing and mercy, they know as well as we do that God works his wonders through human agencies, aud therefore, though full of hope that all may yet be well, the pastor cannot help fearing lest such hu man agencies might not be employed un til after much misery and suffering have been endured. Besides, he daih;' witness es the poverty of fellow-clergymen and the sufferings of their families; he is even compelled, out of his scanty store, to aid them, and he cannot resist the thought that some day their fate may be his. As we have remarked before, it is easy to place clergymen above the possibility of want. Let every congregation subscribe anuuallv an amount of money sufficient to insure the life of their pastor for, say five thousand dollars, and also take out au annuity policy which will secure him an income of several hundreds per an num should he fortunately survive his usefulness. It is a duty the churches owe to their clergymen, who, as a rule, serve them with earnestness, fidelity aud ability. Dr. McGikkey, whose name must be familiar to all scholars and school children in the Union, especially those of the southwest, is dead. Full of years, having almost reached the allotted three-score years and ten, he w as gath ered to his fathers, last Sunday, at Char lottesville, Virginia. He was seventy three years old. The Weekly Appeal and Somer- ville Falcon are both furuished sub scribers at club rates, by applying to Dr. I Mathes, at Somerville, or to Mr. Locke j at this office. The same arrangement 1 can be made at Greuada or here for the Sentinel, or for the Signet at Senatobia, and for the Bulletin at Bolivar, or for i the Cotton Plant at Austin. Dr. Thomas's long-promised volume ( on centenarians is at last ready for publication. i.oi isian . " The condition of Louisiana is a sad commentary on republics. It stands to day a biting sarcasm on "the laud of the free, and the home of the brave." In lietter days, ere yet, the bastard states manship of parvenues broke down the constitution, and, selling the jewels of the republic to the highest bidder, put the money in their pockets, the country would have been rouseti to clamorous in dignation if the personal liberty of the humblest citizen was infringed, or his property taken from him without due process of law. Now the people of a whole State are trampled beneath the feet of a tyrant, their liberty, their pro perty aud even their lives, taken from them without so much as the empty form of law, and the whole country looks ou with indifference while the out rage is being perpetrated. And this in the great republic of the West, the land of Washington, the sacred soil where sleep the ashes of Patrick Henry, John Ran dolph and the noble company of patri ;ts, soldiers and statesmen who conse crated then lives to the cause of popular liberty! How dare any American citi zen open his lips in criticism of acts of oppression in Europe, or any other part of the world, when the adventurer Kel logg tramples under his feet the rights and liberties of the people of a sovereign state of the Union, and in doing so is upheld and sustained by all the power and authority of the President of the United States? Is the spirit of republi can li'oerty dying out iu our people? Have we reached that point in our his tory when "necessity, the tyrant's plea," will justify in our eyes any violation ol the rights of the States, any outrage up on the vested rights of the people? Gen eral Grant reaped infamy enough iu upholding the hands of Clayton, when that Kansas jay-hawker, outraged the people of Arkansas. Will the President continue to re-invite the judgment of the people in not withdrawing the moral and material support which he yields to Kellogg iu Louisiana? The people of Louisiana cry out for aid against the tyrant Kellogg ; will General Grant hear, or will he prove to the world that republicanism in the United States is a delusion and a snare? THE IHBKE R'A BY LIDE NER I WETHER. in ante-bellum davs, when skies were peace ful. And suns were radiant, and blossoms gay ; W lien men were brave, and women fair and gracetul, And all was lovely asaBummer's day; When gallants wught for language euphon- istic To drain a bumper, or adorn "a hit, uur dashing corps of knighthood Journal istic, c'hoae for their watchword, 'Woman, W int and Wit." smoothing in sound, soft in alliteration (Xo Jarring consonants its billows break), Lulling in word, sweet in Interpretation A pleading anodyne. ' not bad to take; ' A potent draught if duusol 'debts should trou ble von, r bosom rrtend with purse or sweetheart flit: Drown all your sorrows In the trtpple W , Aud thro'w care to the winds with w omen, Wine and Wit." Wotuau! a safe step, in the right direction. To soothe vour sorrow, or Illume your Joy, If chosen for her brain, and her complexion, And made a home companion, not a toy Kiigerly grasped as summer's f ragraal flowers, Then tmmpied In the mire of life's highway ; But like the pole-Uir, through your darkest hours Guarding and guiding with love's steadfast ray. Wine! a fair mirage, fading from the vision, A treacherous quicksand, lurking for its prev, ei rasping it ere it reach the fields Elysian, Wi.ere pleasure'.- mocking finger points the way; A luring devil, in an angers seeming. Blood-red the feet that trample out the vine, Blood-red the vintage-burning, glaring, gleaming, . Where heart and soul and brain are drowned in wine. Wit ! a most potent and divine elixir. Arming the right, and strong in its defense: An eniptv -ham. a cunning, servile trickste-. I raiding wroug.or ued at a friend's expense ; As sadden -iiushiuegleauilngmeadows cover, And buds and blossoms glow beneath It ray. Or, like soft summer showers, sparkling over The shine and shadow of life's changeful way. All thingsto all meu," salUi the revelation : Each creed that suits Its age is good and true: Tins salted well the "olden dispensation"' " Old things have passed away; lo, all are new,'1 . . New nim. new creeds, new plans for their tlitluslrm; Let the pt sleep it epitaph is writ For all its gloss, a snare and a delusion Was vour old watchward "Woman, Wine and Wit." He who stood firmest in the smoke of battle Still lirmest stands in desolation's dajr; I'mlaaiitatt 'mid tl-.e cannon's roar and rattle, I'mlaunted still, he works hi-s patient way; OB bloixl-stainid fields our country's brave defendants. Each grasping firm the colors of his State, To you 1 bring, for our true indejiewieticc. The new evangel Work, and Watch ant; Wail." He comes to conquer, aud our waiting eyes set This peerless monarch whom all earth shall hail, h'ise u-iuuer bears Its veal, cii, vici. Whose 'lexicon knows no such word as fall." Doing alike the works of lod or devil. Beating his sheaves to hell or heaven's gate. Matchless for good omnipotent for evll A triune deity, "Work, Watch and Y. ail, I'mler the banner of this king enlisting, strike from the day -dawn to the setting sun, strong for the right, and every wrong resist ing, Die in the battle with your armor on. Manning your battlements with truth God given, uaard w ell your ramparts, bar your jiostern Rate, Aud timgoul to the freshening breeze of heaven, Vour Isjld tricolor, Work, and Watch and Wait. Worlc with . the heart, and pulse-beat ever ready To yield its pleasure for another'sood ; Woili with the Imtid each arm strike true and stead v, That so it gain Its honest livelihood; When .hollow heart their shallow brains .-hall trouble, How best a life of sloth and waste to gain, reach ;i: in to know that it is good aud noble To work with heart, and hand, aud soul, aud brain. Work lor the weak, the lowly, and the ariaa, To lilt - hem ap, that they the light may see: Work for the lost, the hopeless, the despairing, To ltad them back to God and purity. Work for each man, as for a friend and brother, Work Kr tne true, the beautiful, the good iSlesse'l i- labor: he who sows shall gather, Keads. in oar creed, a new beatitude. Watch ! on each tower your wakeful seutrie- keeping (Know mat uo fortress is impregnable). Leal uaply one should come and find you sleeping, Scale yunrstout walls and take your cita del. Watch ! lest for soft and well-dissembled lying luu entrance give to sluooth-touguetl so phistry, AjiU from your nan parts, o'er the world sentl flying Her poisoned shafts of false philosophy. Tru-t not iu your own armor 't will betray you Your watchful foe each fleck and flaw will And, waiting the right moment, rend and slay vou The lurking demon, Ori'OKTCNiTY. The proudest heart that beats in God's crea tion, Before his power, is but common clay; Then, that ou may be guarded irom temp tation , Aud from all evil, hourly watch and pray. Wait! scorn not feeble steps and hnmble win nings Willi steadfast footstep tread the weary wav, Knowing that great ends spring from small beginnings, Seek not lo bulksaoor castle in a day ; But alowl , stoU'- ljvtoiie, your basis laying. Till wiiuls nor waters yonr strong wallsshall aaChe; No pride nor prej udiee your firm course sway ing. And let your palienca keep step with your faith. Then, having proved your truth by loyal serv ing, With low obeisance knock ye at the gate; Yomr hearts repeating, and your patience proving, T!ey also serve who only stand and wait. With lo led hands, umi head in silence bend ing. Waiting in faith, with courage undismayed, Bl-cctss, "with healing on his wings" de scending. Low whispers, "it is 1, be uot afraid. ' Work, Watch and Walt! their peerless power blending, shall wake our land to beauty from the grave ; An Easter glory from their altar weudlng, strong to regenerate, aud swift to save; With Joyful shouts the welkin shall be ring- Aad'aDthetns sweet aseeml to heaven's gate. From raufcomtd nations, their hoaanna :dng- inK Hailing the trinity, "Work, Watch and Wait." ART f.KKC'IA.V In point of strength, grandure and durability, the early Doric architecture resemhi&a the Egyptian, and plainly shows as seen in Pestum that it is an offspring of that same sober-minded peo ple. The Grecian loses the somber mys tical style of the Egyptian in the simple ami true proportions of beauty in all his arts nothing wanting in the mathe matical training of the parent, the child has added the wonderful beauty to won derful proportions. There the remains stand defying rivalry and without a peer. The arts and men of these times have stood hand iu band in every age. We have no historic knowledge of more lofty intellects than those which filled Greece at the time she gave to the world her highest type of art. Truth and self sacrificing love of country were Grecian characteristics. It was this love that caused Leonidas to say to the Persian king, "that be would rather die than rule over Greece," the idea being that they were too free to be ruled. The first kings were looked upon as fathers of the country to whom the people volunteered their service for the benefit of ail, but as the kings grew more strong, and abused their power, they were dethroned, and republics founded, showing the love of the highest virtues and freedom. Such names as Solon, ThemUtocles, Demostheuese, antl others of their time, left such a lasting impress upon the age, that we scarcely wonder that such great works of art crowned the effort of these artists. The character of the great men of Greece were as perfect as their sculpture uotbing has ever surpassed the beauty of one nor the grandeur of reputation ol the other. The " Laocoon " and " Ve nus " of Milo are two extremes of Greek sculpture. The former is one of those rare specimens of sculpture which ex presses the most intense physical and mental suffering, while the other repre sents sublime repose a wonder of ma jestic refinement, truth, love and purity. These two works can challenge all mod ern sculpture combined. The history of "Laocoon" ia very unsatisfac tory; it is said to have been made to commemorate a scene at the siege of Troy. Laocoon, a priest, tried to dis suade his countrymen from drawing the wooden horse into the city, and while preparing to sacrifice a bull toPossidou, two terrible serpents came out of the sea and coiled around Laocoon and bis two sons. Au I stood before this piece of statuary in the Vatican, I thought could it be possible that this was the true his tory that called into existence this one of the noblest work ever wrought by man to my eyes the marble proudly condemned any such a history as false, and to me it told a far different story. Laocoon is the central figure of the group, showing muscular powers and herculean strength ; he struggles to free himself from the coils of the serpent; his left baud grasps it near the head, while the reptile is forcing its teeth in his side in the most sensitive part of the body. The snake has wound itself first around the ankle of the eldest son, then around the legs and arms of the father, holding him bound. His expression is that of terrible consciousness of feeling the rank and poisonous bite. The body inclines to the opposite side. The stomach is drawn in, the shoulders are forced together, the head pleadingly upturned inclines in the di rection of the pain in fact, the marble expresses the combined feeling of striv ing suffering, and both physical and mental pain is wrought in the highest degree. The youngest sou is bound hand and foot by the other snake. A coil is around bis chest. His right arm indicates the attempt of freeing himself for breath. The left hand vainiy en deavors to keep the head of the serpent back so that it may not wind again around him, but it slyly avoids him, al though it does not bite. He is fainting, but not wounded. The oldest son is the least affected of the three, as the same serpent beiug coiled around the father only has wound itself partly around the right arm of the sou, which is stretched out toward the father. The tail of the snake has coiled once around his ankle, which he tries to free himself from with his left hand. His pose expresses hope, but his face fright at seeing the wound his father is receiving. This great master piece of art was cut from one block of marble, and comes along the centuries, telliug its story of a refinement of art and science. Here is shown a knowl edge of anatomy and expression iu its most minute detail; added to this, the skilled hand to execute. This never could have been a simple portrayal of a story; some higfcer moral or more ex alted truth seems to lead the mind, be yond aud out of the physical suffering of sin hope in the future while the snake, in every age of the world, has been the emblem of sin and the enemy of man. No wonder that so many men of those times were deified. We can only conjecture that the intellectual ef forts must have been by these few stray glimpses in enduring marble, that has escaped the vandal hand of the destroyer and wear of time. carl gcthekz. THE LONDON AND PARIS EXPOSITIONS. The death Is announced in Paris of M. Atiguste Jai, at the age of seventy-eight. He was formerly keeper of the archives at the ministry of marine, and occupied an auaragous post in the city of Paris before the fourth of September. The deceased was a very erudite and labori ous author. Among his beat known works are his ictionnaire Thuatral, Archeologie Navatc, Soirees du Gaillard d'Arriere, Glossaire Naulique, crowned by the institute, and the Dirfionnuire Antiyne cU Biographic et d! Historic Mr. Yates in his first letter from Vien na to the New York Herald thus recall? the opening of the London and Paris exhibitions: THE LONDON EXHIBITION 1851. We had beeu anticipating the opening day (May 1, 1851,1 for months; every print shop in London teemed with pic tures of the great exhibition building iu Hyde Park ; comic artists had been en gaged in caricatures of the wonderfui foreigners expected to visit us; comic authors had written farces and stories setting forth the miseries consequent upon the enormous influx of strangers, and now the day had come aud people eagerly seized the newspapers to see that nothing had occurred which might cause any alteration in the programme. No! all that had been set forth was to be strictly adherd to; the journals were filled with articles relating to the exhi bition, and the Times contained a May day ode, by Thackeray, the first verse of which ran thus: But yesterday a naked sod, Tne dandies sneered from rotten row. And cantered o'er it, to and fro; And see, 'tis done ! As though 'twere by a wizard's rod A blazing arch of lucid glass Leaps like a lountaln from the grass To meet the snn ! In the ode, too there was a verse full of the kindly feeling which Thackeray had for America: Our brethren cross the Atlantic tides, lioadtng the gallant decks, which once Itoaiei a defiance to our guns. With peaceful store: Symbol of peace, their vessel ridesi O'er English waves float star and Stripe, An. I Arm their friendly anchors gripe The tether shore! The weather, a most important ele ment in our sight-seeing, was anything but settled. .Between eleven auu twelve there were some smart showers, but just before noon the sun burst forth and the rest of the day was radiant. While we who had taken Dp our places inside the building were awaiting the arrival of the queen we nearu tne ireineuuous burst of cheering, as an old man, with snow-white hair and eagle beak walked slowly up the nave. This was the great Duke of Wellington, aud this day was the eighty-second anniversary of his birth. He stopped for an instant to sneak to another veteran wamor, tne Mar.iuis of Anglessy, who left one of his legs behind mm ou tue ueiu m aier loo. Both these old gentlemen seemed amazingly astonished at the sudden ap narane.. before them of a Chinese man darin, with a tail of fabulous length. He saluted them both in the Oriental style and with the gravest manner, and then Droeeeded to walk about with perfect composure and nonchalance speaking to no one, but apparently on the best terms with everybody. He was supposed to be a distinguished representative of the flowery land, and when the diplomatic bodv formed in order he was seized upon by the master of the ceremonies to take part in the procession. Some days af terward it was discovered that this Ori ental potentate was one or the persons engaged on a Chinese junk then being exhibited in the river Thames. Exactly at twelve o'clock a flourish of trumpets announced the entrance or tne queen, and the whole audience standing up cheered her to the echo. The little Prince of Wales, then only ten years old walked by his mother's side, while his sister, the Princess Royal, now the mother of "emperors-to-be," held her father's hand. The father, Priuee Al- ! bert not the stout, bald-beat led man he was m later days, out sum auu njuiau tic looking, like the lover in a farca was the moving spirit of the exhibition, and on him, as chairman of the royal commissioners, it devolved to read to the queen the rejort of their proceed ings. uen tins nau oeeu wut uu the hlftwinir Dronouuced, the exhibition ' was declared open to the public. There I m IT a. . I at , never was its equal: it was me urst I which was a great poiut and It was the prettiest; a result to which its very un substantiality, its bgbt aud airy fabiie or iron and glass, greatly contributed THE PARIS EXHIBITION OK 1867. Very different was the aspect of things sixteen years later, and iu another country, when on the first of April, 1867, after a hand-to-hand combat with va rious municipal authorities who object ed to everythiug and everybody, I fought my way into the Universal Ex position in the Champs tie Mars, Paris, and took up my station among the Brit ish commission. Excepting the British section, things were terribly behind hand. All the previous day, Suuday, the various nationalities were busily at work, but the result was not satislac tory. The American court was com plete in its decoration, and counters were ready, but few of the huge packing cases were emptied of their contents. Spain exhibited a cafe, and Russia a res taurant, while Italy and Portugal had literally nothing to show-. At two o'clock the drums beat to arms and the air rung with shouts of " 17te VEiatr eurV Attended by his outriders, in the imperial liveries of green and gold, Na poleon descended from his open car riage, and, with the empress leaning ou bis arm, entered the buildiug. He was in plain evening dress, with the grand cross of the legion of honor as the sole decoration. At the emperor's elbow was M. Rouher, close behind the em press stood the Princess Mathilde, then came a swarm of equerries and cham- beriaiusaml attendants, and, perhaps. the most noticeable fact in connection with the triumphal procession was the absence of military uniform. Aud it was but a poor performance at that. The imperial party made the circuit of the place and left within an hour ol their arrival, and most of the thirty-five thou sand people who, it was calculated. were present, toofc their departure im mediately afterward. The incotnple tiou of the building frightened them away, and it was not until two or three weeks afterward that the exhibition could be looked upon as in full work. Absit amen t JOSEPH Bit EN AN, THE IKD4H POET. Was a native of Cork, of Ireland, born in 1829. He acquired a superior clas sical education at the University of Dublin, which he improved upou by careful study and industrious reading. Endowed with the gift ofgenius, he, like others, unrolled the "green banner," and struck his harp with a hot band aud patriot soul. He was an active member of the Youug Ireland party in the revo lution of 1848. After there was no long er any hope for success, he fled to New York and wrote for the Citizen, then conducted by the celebrated Irish patri ot, John Mitchell. Brenan was poet, orator, journalist, wit, and a man of rare literary attainments. He subsequently moved to New Orleans and became one of the editors of the Delta. He was chiefly famed as a brilliant poet and vigorous political writer. His style waj pungent' and lucid, always exact, often eloquent or humorous. Brenan had a dauntless, generous nature, as free from the alloy of the world as was ever mor tal. Truth, bravery, devotion and char ity were always with him. The writer of this brief sketch remembers with emotion, the "attic nights," in which Laurant J. Sigur, Brenen, Alexander Walker, Joha S. Thrasher, Walter Hopkins, and other talented journalists engaged in controversy upon some po litical issue or literary topic, iu the edi torial room of the Delta, and Brenan poured forth in burning words, the gold en treasures of his radiant genius. The unfortunate poet died in May, 17, af ter having bravely battled for life, not for himself, but others. At tweuty eight years of age he was borue to his grave. A marble slab marks the hum ble spot where be sleeps, iu the shady corner of the old St. Louis cemetery in that city. It is to be regretted that the poems of Brenen, with a memoir of his life, have not been published, as he hoped antl requested ou bis deathbed in our presence to be done, by his friend and brother-editor, Walter Hopkins, Esq., a distinguished writer, who un fortunately soon followed Brenan to the frave. The following exquisite stanzas b my Wife, which reveal the author's genius, have often beeu published; but iuvaribly in an incorrect version. The following is strictly accurate: Come to me, darling, I'm lonely without thee. Day time and night time I'm dreaming wt. fl out thee; Night time and day time in dreams I behold thee, t uwelcome the waking which ceases to fold tbee. Come to me, darling, my sorrows to lighten; Come in thy beauty to bless and to brighten ; Come in thy womanhood, meekly and lowly ; Come in thy lovingness, queenly and holy. Swallows shall tilt round the desolate ruin. Telling of Spring and its joyous renewing. Aud thoughts of thy love and Its manifold treasure. Are circling my heart with a promise of pleasure. Oh ! Spring of my spirit, oh May of my bosom. Mime out on rny sour mi it uurtreon auu blossom : The waste of my life has a rose-root within it. And thy loudness alone to me sunlight can win it. Figure which moves like a song through the even, Fea.ures lit up with a reflex of heaven. Eyes like the skies of poor Erin, our mother. Where sunshine and shadows are chasing each other, Smites coming seldom, but child-like and simple. And opening their eyes from the heart of a (litnnie ; Oh ! thanks to the Savior that even thy seem lng Is left to the exile to brighten his dreaming. You have been glad when you knew I was eladdened : Dear, are you sail now to hear lam saddened ? our hearts ever answer in tune ana in nine love. As octave to octave, or rhyme unto rhyme, love ; I cannot smile, but your cheeks will be glow ing; You cannot weep, but my tears will be flow ing; You will not linger when I shall have died love. And I could not live without you by- my side lore. Come to me, darling, ere I die of my sorrow. Rise on mv uloom like the sun of to-morrow Strong, swift and fond as the words which 1 sneak, love. With a song at your Up, and a smile on your cheek, love; Come, lor my heart in your absence is dreary ; Haste, for my spirit is stckeml and weary ; Come to the arms which alone shall caress thee; Come to thn heart which Is throbbing to press thee. TBA IX W ( Ol KT. The New York Sun gives a report of the wonderful speech of Oeorge a rancis Train, made the other day before a New York court. The question involved was the sanity of the great man. One of the witnesses, in recalling his eccentricities, alluded to the fact that when a youth he used to drink the cider from the farm hands' jugs, and afterward tilled the jugs with water. Auotner eviuence or uis in sanity was furnished by the fact that Mr. Train owned about a million of dol lars worth of property, antl had made nearly as many speeches. But the re marks of the gentleman himself are represented as being more eloquent than any ever heard before in the court room. According to the report, when Mr. Train rose to speak the room was as siieut as the grave. Mr. Bell asked Mr. Train when and where he was born. Mr. Train replied, "In 1830, in Boston.'' "Be kind enough to tell the jury the story of your early life," said Mr. Bell. Mr. Train, turning to Justice Daly,asked whether he might tell his story in his own way. His honor said yes. There was the most breathless attention for a few moments. "The spectators and iurvmeu seemed to be entranced as they listened. His voice rose and fell. He was at times very eloquent. Never did man speak so fast, and tell so much in so little time. othme was forgotten. Dates were given for every circumstance without referring to memoranda." He said that his father, mother, and sisters died of yellow fever in New Orleans. He was brought up by his grandmother, continues the report, in the Methodist faith, and was taught not to driuk, smoke, lie, swear, or cheat, and those commandments he had religiously ob served to this day. He was told by his grandmother that if be obeyed her. in these respects be would surely become a great man, but when he went to Wash ington in after years, and saw Clay, Webster, Calhoun, and all the famous men of the day, and learned that all dis obeyed those commandments which his grandmother laid down for his guidance, be felt convinced that the good old lady bad swindled him. He had crossed the Atlantic forty-two times, and was the matter of twenty languages; bad been everywhere, seen everything, endeav ored to do right, aud was always ready to brave the whole world, and that was why be was now ou trial for insanity. Here tremendous cheering drowned his voice, and an indescribable scene of con fusion ensued. Justice Daly rapped in vain for order. The spectators stormed, clapped their hands, and cheered for fully two minutes. Mr. Train bowed repeatedly. At length his honor made himself heard and administered a scath ing rebuke to the spectators, concluding by saying that the majesty of the law must be respected, and if the slightest demonstration was again ntade he should send for a force of police to clear the room. Mr. Train apologised to Justice Daly, and said that he regretted having been the iunoeeut cause of so much con- fusiou. His honor ad vised him to speak with more moderation. Then Mr. Train resumed his story, ami told of his educa tion in a erocery in Massachusetts, his connection with the shipping interest, giviug dates of building of ships, their builders, how long be possessed them, and how much he sold them for. He said he was called an infidel, egotist and lunatic, and that, if what be had done entitled him to such distinction, be was satisfied with having those names fast ened to him. UEYIVIE OF PEKMIA. We have nreviouslv considered the political and historical significance of the visit to Europe of the shah of Persia It is, indeed, surneieutly remarkable that Nassar-ed-Din, the successor of Da rius, Cambyses and Nadir, should be the nrst sovereign ot that country since Xerxes who has ventured ou such a step. But the object of the visit invests it with peculiar interest, for it is not as a warlike conqueror that the shah goes to the west, but in the interests of civi lization and peace. The Mussulman ruler has heard the value of European ideas in promoting the prosperity of a country, aud now wishes to judge for himself of the truth of these accounts. As his neighbor, the sultan, has seen and profited by the wisdom of the infi del, the sbah thinks it both safe and ju dicious to follow his example. It is not easy for a foreigner to realize tbe import of a step like.tfiis, which is so opposed to all the trWlitiocs and tendencies of the Moslem, antlyhile the relations of Turkey to wratertfEurope led the sultan to anticipate his brother or fersia in this movement, its bearings upon the irov- ernment of the shah are still more in teresting and important. The court of Teheran has naturally been excited at the project, and the festivities attending New Year's day the great feast of the Persians which, as formerly in Eng land, marks the vernal equinox and the birthday of the king following soon after, were hightened by the signifi cance of the coming event. The shah availed himself of the opportunity to de liver a farewell address, in which he ex plained the objects of his journey. His desire, as it is reported to us in the Lou don Times, is to develop his relations with the sovereigns of Europe, to im prove the commercial intercourse of Persia with other countries, and to in form himself by personal experience of the institutions which it might be de sirable to engraft on the domestic ad ministration of his realm. As the nat ural advantages of the country are un surpassed there is no reason why Persia should not attain a more genuine pros perity than it ever exhibited In ancient, days. The internal resources are capa abie of indefinite expansion, and under a really good system of government there would be abundant means for vastly improving the condition of the people as well as greatly increasing their numbers. Although Mr. Eastwick'. recent prediction that Persia is "the common State," and that, af all the countries of the world, the most likely to emerge into prominency and power is this sole survivor of tbe great mon archies of antiquity, may not be fulfill ed ; yet the London Tunes admits that tbe margin for national expansion is re ally greater in Persia than in Russia itself. Its territories are still as large as when it supported twenty times its pres ent population. Tbe shah seems to be in earnest iu his desire to develop the resources of the country, and his en gagements for the construction of rail ways, roads aud tramways throughout his dominions, aud for the exploration aud working of mines, show an energy which even Yankees might envy. Thus far, Persia has no debt, and it M to be hoped that tbe sbab will avoid the dan gerous tendencies which contact with European civilizatiou may foster, of burdening his people with indebtednes for unprofitable expenditure. He may well learn a lesson from the experience of the sultan in this respect, who, since the Crimean war, has liorrowed oue hundred aud fifty million dollars, aud is now in the market for fifty million more. The Journal of the Geographies' society at Berlin estimates the popula tion of the country as follows, according to nationality : Persians, three million; Turkish Tartars, one million ; Koords, about four hundred thousand; Arabs, three buudred thousand; Toorkoaion iau-, one hundred anil twenty-five thou sand ; Armenians, twenty-six thousand j Nestoriau Chaldees, twenty-five thou sand; Jews, sixteen thousand. This es timate was made before the great fam ine which so depopulated Persia, and it probably now contains no larger a pop ulation than London. The army of the shah consists of ninety regiments of the line, each regimeut being eight hundred strong, three squadrons or regular cav alry, two hundred camel artillerymen, and thirty thousand irregular cavalry, which are only called out in cases or emergency. The infantry is armed ehierlv with Enslish rjercussion musk ets, and one-half of it is always on fur lough. Doubtless, an examination cf European methods will lead the shah b a reorganization of his military system, which is, at present, obnoxious to tbe charge of efficiency. The commanders of the regiments, oeiog enters or tne tribes from which they are raised and recruited, are disposed to favor their in terests rather than those of their master, and as their commands are obtained bv bribery, merit has no chance of adequate reward. The political revival of the Per sian monarchy, which almost disap peared after the Arab conquest, is of pe culiar significance at this time, when the movements of Russia in the east threaten to impair its integrity. Eng land is naturally anxious that a country which affords a better vantage ground for a movement against India than any- other should be able to maintain its in dependence. Persian friendship and al liauce, which, iu the last century, were valued as a security against the Afghans, are now desired to keep iu check the uower which threatens Afghanistan a oue of the approaches to India. It is natural that England should desire to retain friendly relations with the most powerful of Asiatic potentates, whose predecessor favored her interests at the expense of those of Napoleon ; but the revival of Persia may not be favorable to this end. The greater the wealth and resources of that nation, the more tempt ing is the bait which it affords to the ambition and cupidity of Russia. It is, to say the least, doubtful whether Great Britain can keep the czar from making the dominions of tbe sbah a stepping stone for the accomplishment of his scheme of Oriental ascendancy. But, in any event, the revival of the politi cal influence of Persia is of European as well as Asiatic importance. BETMV LEE. A FO'E'SLE YABS; A TIOR OF Dr-APPOINTED IXVT.. r e hf ve U8i ys the Boston Globe, the advance sheets of a somewhat remarkable poem entitled Betsy Lee-.!-, i, Yarn. The author's name is not given. It is an outgrowth of that new school of poetry in which slang and sentiment appear cheek by jowl and blasphemy and certain religious feeling are linked loviugly together Every now and then we are charmed by some tender piece of pathos, to be shocked almost at the same instant by coarse and gratuitous irreverence. This Yarn is supposed to be told by a sailor in the forecastle to his comrades, and is a story of disappointed love. The speak er, Tom Bayues, ia a rough sailor who in his youth loved Betsy Lee, whose father "Was terrible fond of flowers. And ills garden was twice as handsome n- He had roses hangtn' above his door, I'nrommon fine roses they was to be snre And the joy of mv heart was lo pull them there, And break them In pieces on Betsy s hair." Tom and Betsy have play ed together as children along tbe beach. LFor the .Sunday Appeal.) Ei'ITH AI.4H11H. To a Friend, Rn-rntly Marrierl. BY cicru, JR. Come, 3il up your glasa! And drink to the lass e poor man ; wth. That wa Knoekln' And sone And racii s a lot of as I akin' hands l- m.-wl tnings. over lite sands.'' The day at length comes when Tom discovers that he loves Betsy, and the verses, mat uescntie it are among the best in tbe poem. "We Nor Till jibt ft la Be it:. And , I never took notions on Betsy Lee, ) more did she, I suppose, ou me. eky young sprout, .bout; h till her shoulders And lie slipped the knot of her beautiful hair. And down It come a- you may ay, I ii-t Ilk.- a shower of golden stray. Blown this way and that by a gamesome breexe, nd a rlr-rip-rtppled down to her knees. 1 looked at Bebiy my gongh : how she stood : A 'jui v rin all over, and ner face like blood ! And t: r eyes, all wet witn tear-, nae nre. And her breast a swellin higher and higher; Vndshe gr.pped her sickle with a twltchy And her thumb started out like a coil of steel ; And a cloud seemed to pass from my eye. ana giory jke them you'll see painted sometimes in a story. Breathed out from her skin ; and I saw her no more Tbe child I had always thought her before. But wrapped in tne glory, and wrapped in the uair. Every inch of a woman siocd pantin there. So I ups with my flat, as I was bound, And 1 d s his eyes, and I knocks bira down. But from that day by hind aud sea. 1 loved her! oh, I loved htr: Betsy Lee!' The courtship proceeds smoothly. Aw them courtin times! Well It's uo use try in To tell what they were, and time Is tlyin But vou know how it is the father pret.-ndin He never -ees notliin.and the mhermendin. Or agrippin the Bible, and spellin a tex. And a eyin us now-and-then over her specs." One day, however, Old Anthony- Lee receives a visit from a lawyer. "And 4a good lookln man he was,' she said, 'As you might see ! and a gentleman bred ; And he's talkin that nice, and that kind, and And Leel In he's got for only Anthony AVritOXOMY Kl X MAD. Br. Trail, of Philadelphia, has made a very unpleasant discovery. Iu about seven years Jupiter, Saturn, I'ranus and Neptune Willi approach nearer the earth than they have been in eighteen hun dred years, and the result will be a pes tileuce. When cougress has the man liuess to make astronomy an indictable offense, then we shall have relief from these things, but not before. It was not a loug while since that some one predict ed that the earth would be swamped with a deluge, and you couldn't borrow an umbrella or a pair of rubbers from any one. The next idiot said a comet would strike and demolish the earth in a twinkling. Whereupon, many excel lent people tied their beds and carpets about their premises, and put cotton in their ears, and sat down on the cellar bottom in dreadful expectation of the shock. Hardly had this alarm passed off when another astronomer came around to tell the people that Niagara Falls wanld be dry in less than nineteen thousand years, and nothing would do but that people should hurry out there for a farewell look, and in less than twenty-four hours there wasn't people enough in Daubury to entertain a Japa nese hermit. And now here is Trail with four plauetsjaud no vaccine matter; all the tobacco ebewers are to be killed by these planets, and young ladies who wear stays, and men who bet on the wrong horse. If we understand the old scoundrel correctly the only people sav ed are those who drink lemonade out of a dipper and play Copenhagen with their aunts. The Golden AgK announces the issu ance of another series of sermons by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and says of them: "These productions are for those wbo like them; and the audience is large. But we have ceased to belong to it. In our opinion, Mr. Beecher is re ally as radical as Dr. Chapin, Dr. Bel lows, or Dean Stanley; but his sermons do not faithfullv represent then author's j advanced thought. Each successive : Sunday's effort t reproduced in Monday's pamphlet) is simply the conventional 1 clinging of bis hands to creeds antl dog- mas from which his head and .heart are turned almost wholly away." The lass who i Who marriei Not houses, i Nor silly sortety 's thmrmnn. Now, fill to the bum ! Let us drink to him The bless a and happy " rich poor man Though poor his estate, How rich In the fate That joined him to such a true woman ' At last i Memphis, Ime in union : in Ion. TOBACCO! This sudden accession to wealth causes Anthony to look with disfavor on Tom's suit, especially as tbe lawyer lays suit t Betsy's band. At length the mau of law intrigues so well that be causes Tom to be accused by a profligate girl of the village, as the father of her child, and tbe result is Anthony's house is forever closed to him, aud he sees Betsy no more. Tom vows to be revenged ou his rival, but is persuaded by the parson to go to give up so rash a design. He then goes to bis mother, who believes the scandal against him, and urges bim to marry Jeuny with whose ruin he has been charged. This interview is de scribed with fine power and pathos. "'Hush! mawther!" I says, aw, mawther, hush!' And she turned to the Are. and I saw her brush The tears irom her eyes, and I saw the workin or her back, and her body jerkin, jerkin: And I went, and 1 never said notion lek. But I put my arm around her neck. And flooktst !u her face, and the shape and sfrent'. And the very laceltxeir Bad went All Into one, like a sudden thaw, siished not slushed, or the way you've saw The water bubblln and swirln. around The place where a strong man hae gone down. And I look her and put her upon the bed Like a little child, and her poor onld head On tuy breast, and I hushed her, and stroked her cheek, Talkin little talk the way they speak To babies I did ! and d the shame ! Wasn it out or her I came? And I began to think or Absalun, And David cry-in 'My son, my son!' And the moon come round, and the light shone in, And crep' on ner face, and I saw the thin she was. and the wore, and her neck all dried And shrivelled up like strips of hide; And I thought or the time It was asfwarni And as soft as Betsy's, and her husband's arm Around it stroug and lovin, and me A cuddled up, and a suckln tree. And I cried like Peter in the Testament, When .iexus looked at him, and out be went. And cried like a fool, and the cock a crowin. But what there was in his heart there's no k now in' And I swore by the livin Ood above, I'd pay her back, and love lor love. And keep for keep, anil the w , checked. And her with a note and ail correeL. ihen I kl"sed her, and she never stirred; And I took my clothes, and without a word. I reached the door, and by break o' day I was stundin alone on Douglas quay. He goes to sea, and on bis return ieunis from his mother that the lawyer had reported he was dead, and bad be come the accepted lover of Betsy, who pined away and at length died of grief. Tuen Tom swears to have the lawyer's life, and is only restrained by the most earnest efforts of his mother and the parson. He again becomes a wanderer, and in the course of his travels, meets with the girl, who had sworn her child on him, in a low sailor's lodging-house. She is in the greatest misery and is dy ing. This meeting is very touc-hingiy described. "Tom Baynes! Tom Baynes! Ult you? is it you? Oh can it be? can it be? can it be true?" Well, I cudna speak, but just a nod Oh It'sOod that's sent yon It's Ood. i'ls Ood!' And she gasped and gasped Oh 1 wronged you, Thomas! I wronged you, I did, but he made me prom ise And here I'm now, and I know 1 11 no; live Oh Thomas, forgive me, oh Tom, forgive! Oh reach me your hand, Tom. reach me yonr hand !' And she stretched out her hand, and I think I'm a man. But I shivered all over, and down by the bed. And 'Hush! hush! Jinny ! hush!' I said; 'Foryivr ye! Yes!' and took and pressed Her poor weak band against my breast. Look, Tom,' she said. 'Took there ! look there!' And a little buudle beside a chair And the little arms and the Uttie legs And the round, round eyes as big as egs, Aud full of wonder and 'that's the child,"' she says. and. my Ood the woman smiled !" Tom forgives the wrong that had lieen done him, takes the child from the dy ing woman, and swears to become its protector. He at length sets his face homeward, and reaches his mothers house with the child. " 'Mawther!' I said Mawther!' but she was still in bed. Mawther! look here! look here!' 1 cried; And I tould her all how Jinny hud died. And this was the youngster, and what I in tended, Aud she heard me till my story was ended. Aud just like a stone aw, never a word! And me getiln angry, till this litle bird Chin-UDs up with a crow and a leap And -Mammy seepy ' Mammy as eep Just that babv way aw. then the flood Of the woman "s-life come into her blood ; And she stretched her arms, and 1 gave him to lier. And she cried till she couldn cry uo more. And she took to him grand, though of course at russ Her hand was out. ye see. to nuss. But after dinner she had him as nice And a slgin, bless ye, with her poorould vice." He pays a visit to Betsy's grave and there sees the lawyer, his enemy, bowed over it in grief. Burning for vengeance' he determines to kill him then and there. "Aw, that face ! he raised it i t wasn surprise It wasn fear that was in nls eyes; Hut the look of a man that's ralrly done With everythin that's under the sun. Ah. mates! however it was with me. He had loved her, he (omi her my Betsy Lee! Ta lor!' I said; hut he never spoke: Vou love 1 her,' I said, -and your heart is broke. And he looked aw, the look 't ome, give us yonr hand !' I says 'forgive you 1 1 can ! I can ; For the love that was so terrible strong. For the iove that made yon do that wrong.' " And here the poem ends. The moral is somewhat forced and trite, but it in culcates forgiveness of injuries, and may pass without serious challenge. It will be seen that there is much power in this poem, but it is faulty in construction and development. The rough, coarse worded sailor is lost sight of as tbe poem progresses, and we find him speaking in a manner quite foreign t) that used by bim at the commencement. The writer evidently desired to be realistic, but be came either afraid or so moved by the tenderer portions of bis theme, that he forgot consistency in the emotions that controlled bim. With many points of rare beauty tnis poem is disngured by many brutal coarse allusions, but that it will attract notice for the genuine power that marks it throughout cannot tie questioned. It is somewhat prolix at times, and there is an occasional weariness and impatieuce experienced wheu the stale trick of interrupting the interest at the most critical moment, by unnecessary diversions, is iesorted to; but on the whole it is one of the best specimemrof its peculiar school of litera ture that we have as yet had. It origi nally appeared in AfaemUlan's Maga zine, and will be published iu a few days by Macmiilan A Co. of New York. ii. ... v p Ttinrtv of Portland. Maine, . . ---- - . - - -e r - . . , menaces the press of that city with a 11- j be) suit for calling him a "clerical bum- mer." First The habit is at war with tem perance. Tobacco is intoxicant. I is a part of tbe merchandise of dram-shop-and an incentive to drunkenness. The toper rebuked by a professed teetotaler, with a mid or a cigar in his mouth, tnisht patiently respond, "Physician, heal thyself." 3 ' Second The habit is a self-indulgence in flagrant conflict with the self-denying spirit of the divine founder of Chris tianity. It numbers among its -. more than one hundred and fiftv mil lions of human beings. It hinders' moral reform, and it impedes progress. Third The habit is essentially filthy, and "cleanliness," says the proverb, "is next to geddnese.'' Ladies of re finement in voluntarily shrink from the man who chews, or snuffs, or smokes, unless custom has rendered them in different to those vile practices. Fourth Tbe lips of tbe tobacco chew er, or habitual smoker, are swelled and saturated with a disgusting poison, the gums are spongy and tender, and the whole mouth and throat affected by its use. Fifth The habit of using tobacco is inconsistent with the character of a christian gentleman. "St, Paul," Bish op Hooker tells us, "was emphatically a gentleman." Would he have poisoned tbe air with his sickening smoke, or deluged the floor with liquid filthu..---Neverl Sixth The habit injures the voice. The smoker articulates huskily. The chewer often croaks. The snuffer speaks through his nose. Seventh The habit is costly. Official statistics show that more money wa spent for tobacco in the United States during 1ST 1, than for bread the staff if life. Three hundred and fifty million dollars for tobacco in its various forms. Two hundred million dollars for flour within the year! Eighth The habit often lowers the self-respect of those who practite it. "I love my pipe," said a clergyman, "but despise myself for using it." Ninth The habit disturbs the regular pulsation of the heart. Tobacco users are thus in c instant danger. Many fail dead suddenly. Tenth The habit weakens the mind. It enfeebles the memory, paralyzes the will, produces morbid instability, dis eases the imagination, deadens the mor al sensibilities, and is therefore an "as sault and battery" on the nervous sys tem, the intellect and the soul. Eleventh The habit is a rebellion against conscience. Those wbo indulge in it know that it wastes time, money, strength and life, and tramples on the laws of nature, which are the laws cf God. Hence it is a sin. Twelfth The habit is as contagious as tne cholera. Every mature smoker or chewer infects dozens of youths with a desire to follow his pernicious exam ple. Thus tbe evil spreads. Bondsmen of "tobacco," break your chains. After a month f abstinenet- you will not care for the poison, and within a year after your self-emancipation you will loathe it. For this reason, added to those already placed before vou, give up the use of tobacco now and forever! The present annual production or to bacco has been estimated by an eminent English writer at 4,.n, 000,000 pounds I Suppose it all made into cigars, one hun dred to the pound, it would produce 4' . 000,000,000. Four hundred billions of cigars! Allowing this tobacco, unmanufac tured, to cost, on the average, ten cents a pound, we have S400,000,0 expended every year, in producing a noxious, de leterious weed. At least one and a half times as much more is required to man ufacture it into a marketable form, and dispose of it to the consumer. If this be so, then the human family expend every year, one thousand millions of dollars in the gratification of an acquired habit, or one dollar for every man, woman, and child, upon the earth : This sum would build two railroads around the earth, at a cost of twenty thousand dollars per mile, or sixteen railroads from the Atlantic to the Pacific ! It would build one hundred thousand churches, costing ten thousand dollars each; or half a million of schoolhouses, costing two thousand dollars each ; or one million of dwellings, costing one thousand dollars each ! It would employ one million of preachers and one mil lion of teachers, giving each a salary of five hundred dollars ! It would support three and one-third millions of young men at college, giving each three hun dred dollars per annum for expenses. THE YIE.VVt 1DIL From the Springfield Republican. A good many people seem to be still a little hazy on the subject of the Vienna scandal. They can't quite make out what the row is about what our late commissioners have done to be "sus pended " by Mr. Fish and called names in the newspapers. We will try tn ciear up the matter a bit. In general terms, the suspended officials are charged with blackmailing; that is to say, with utiliz ing their position as the representatives of the United States to transfer money from other people's pockets to their own. It is asserted, probably with entire truth, that they have bled, or attempted to bleed, every one who has had anything to do with them, exacting commissions on contracts, requiring exhibitors to come down with a bonus before assign ing them places for their wares, and even thrusting their hands into the pockets of the poor stevedores on the wharves. A sample of the way in which they have transacted the business en trusted to them by the government, we are told that the job of roofing over tbe machinery court was awarded to one contractor for twenty-nine thpusand six hundred dollars with the reversion of the building at tbe end of tbe snow, al though another contractor bad ottered to do tbe job for twenty-three thousand dollars, pay a five per cent, commission to the commissioner in charge, and let the building go to tbe government. It is added that many exhibitors, upon re fusing to "come down," nave been told that there were no places for tbem, ami that this is a priucipai reason for the mea ger display niade by this country at the opening. In short, our late representa tives seem to have been as well up in "addition, division and silence," as a Pennsylvania member of the National Republican committee, or a Massachu setts congressman of the new school. KETl UEU BACH PAY. New York Tribune, April 2.j Up to the nineteenth of April, 377, 7.37 . i of the amount voted to members of Congress as "back pay" has beeu returned to the treasury, many of those making the return desiring that their names should not be made public. Of those known to have disposed of their shares otherwise than by appropriating it to their own use, the following is a complete list up to date: Senators Henry Wilson, Massachu setts; John Scott, Pennsylvania; Reu ben E. Fen ton, New York; Carl Schurz, Missouri; Oliver P. Morton, In diana; Daniel D. Pratt, Indiana; Alex ander Ramsey, Minnesota; George O. Wright, Iowa; Justiu S. Morrill, Ver mont; Thomas F. Bayard, Delaware.. Representatives W. R- Roberta, New York; C. N. Potter, New York; George F. Hoar, Massachusetts: James Munroe, Ohio: William H- Upsn, Ohio; Joseph R. Hawley, Connecticut; William A. Wheeler. New York ; Eli Perry, New York; William R. Sprague.Ohio; Phila delph Van Trump, Ohio; C. W. Willard, Vermont C. L. Merriman, New York; William M. Merrick, Maryland; J. A. Garfield, Ohio; G. A. Finkeinburg, Mis souri; H. H. Starkweather, Connecticut; John Colbura, Indiana; Samuel Sheh. barger, Ohio; W. Townaend, Penrsyl vauia; G. W. MeCrary, Iowa; Exaotus Wells, Missouri; Thomas Swann, Maryland; John F. Farusworth, Illi nois; G. W. Hazleton, Wisconsin; A. R. Colton, Iowa; J. M. Crebs, Illinois; J. U. McCormack, Missouri ; S. s. Cox, New York; J. A. Peters, Maine; C. C. Esiy, Massachusetts.