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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, May 11, 1873, Image 2

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THE MEMPHIS APPEAL MAY 11, 1873.
MMHIS APPEAL
M HAY ORM, MAY II, 28J"
We have ever contended, ami still
c,iifcin.ti.u-ly believe, that no people
r:in le legislated into morality, and we
have, therefore, l 2cu gratified to see the
l.iird f aldcrmeu has repealed BM
ordinance closing barber-shops on Kun
dav. The same ordinance which closes
the barber-shops on Sunday would, if
enforced, prevent the publication of the
newspapers, and the people of Memphis
cannot dispense with the St may Ap
peal. We believe it is due to our phy
sical comfort as a people, as well as to
-ur profession and education as a moral
and christian nation, that the Sabbath
day should I consecrated to rest aud
observed as a holiday, especially
set apart by Divine as well as by social
law. But State lawsand city ordinance
ure frequently so unwise, impolitic,
stringent, and sweeping, that it needs
but ue step further to make them bris
tle with penalties for the crime of being
absent from church. There is great con
trariety of opinion even among profess
ors of religion as to the observance o!
the Sabbath. There has been a marked
cbange in public sentiment within the
lifetime of people who have now reached
mature yean. Twenty years ago, a
large share of the people who now con
stantly make use of the horse-cars on
Sunday would have been shocked at
K.e thought of such a desecration of tht
day as they now witness and, indeed,
participate in. It would have seemed
to them a desecration, then; it does not
seem so to them, now. Why, they
. nnnot tell. Ten years ago religious de
nominations opposed the opening oi
public libraries on Sunday. Opposition i--is
no longer made to a custom everywhere
adopted, and which is now considered at
the means of promoting morality. In
tlie city of Cincinnati nearly all the
evangelical clergy have reversed theii
former opinions upon the same matter;
whereas, some years since, they united
in opposing the opening of public libra
rics there; if these libraries should now
i closed, they would join a petition foi
their reopening. Such being the actua.
. ondition of things as respects Sabbat)
observance in the minds of christiat
people generally, they are at loss for s
principle to guide them in testing wha1
is and what is not proper to be done M
tba. Sabbath. They were sincere in thei:
dinner views in respect to the use Di
street-cars and in respect to the use oi
libraries: they are sincere in their pres
ent views, yet they cannot state upot
what principle they may justify tht
change. The same Puritaui
cal spirit which would close
barber-shojis on Sunday wouk.
also prevent the running of street
tars, steamboats, railroad-cars, ant.
would close betr-gardens, cigar-stands
ami soda-fountains. The natural pug
uaeity of the American people, whicl.
resents every unnecessary restriction
upon their jersonal liberty, causes then
to circumvent or violate above all oth
trs a law which holds the most insult
ing menaces over them, and whicl
taxes their ingenuity aud gratifies thei
vanity to evade. These laws are fre
qiiently too stringent even for a couutr
town or village, and particularly unwiw
and impolitic in their application to large
cities. Where there are large aggrega
tions of population, there must ueces
sarily be a more busy competition foi
; lie means of living, and consequently
inure abject joverty and destitution.
The poor of the country havt
seasons of rest throughout the year, auu
for a greater portion of the time can livt
at almost one-half the cost the poor o,
the city are subjected to. The city labor
er aud mechanic must toil unceasingly
to eke out a livelihood, and to them thert
is no rest save tin the days set apart h
divine decree. What innocent recreatlot
they can Indulge on those days, not at -solutely
offensive to sound morality,
snould be left free to them, as well t.
make life tolerable and the day welcome
as to preserve the sanitary conditions
e-seutial alike to the existence ami pro
gress of communities.
fill. I BOM HEALTH or TEA'S EtKEt.
We have heretofore been in the habit
of considering Missouri aud Pennsyl
auia the two great iron States of the
American I'niou, but events are daily
takiug plaoe which go to show that two
of the southern States, Alabama ana
Tennessee, are not inferior to either v'.
them in natural iron resources. Thou-i-auds
of tons of iron ore are shipped from
near Birmingham, Alabama, to Indiana
aud Ohio for the purpose of being madt
into pig iron. The Louisville, Nashville
aud Great Southern road, which passe
through Birmingham, is now doing a
heavy business in the shipment of this
ore. This fact will not appear strange
when we stale at what prices iron ore is
now selling at St. Louis, Cincinnati and
and Pittsburg. It is our purpose, bow
ever, in this article to speak more jiar
ticularly of the iron regions of Tennes
see, including those on the Tennessee
river, which are nearest Memphis. The
i.- ivt ry of iron ore in such abund
ance at the Iron mountain and Pilot
knob in Missouri, and the utilization of
these ores have done more to make St.
Louis the great manufacturing city,
which she undoubtedly is, than any
other cause. The Iron Mountain eom
jiauy sells ore this year at Caromielet
at ten dollars per ton; last year at five
dollars and fifty cents, and this ore is
worth at Pittslnirg sixteen dollars pet
ten. The average price of Lake Supe
rior ore, at Cleveland, Ohio, the great
entrtpot for their supply, were, for 1871,
eight dollars; and for Ikl 1, eight dollars
and a half; find for VU twelve dollars
per tou. The demand for ore from the
Iron mountain is greater than the sup
ply. The amount supplied by that com
pany during last y. ar was three hun
dred and seventy-one thousand four
hundred and seventy-four tons.
The demand for iron and for iron
ore is increasing constantly, and there
is every prospect that the increase will
! greater rather than ditniuished.
These facts are given to show how valu
able are iron ore banks when having
i be means of transportation. We ha v.
in tour counties in Middle Tennessee,
u: Wayne, Lawrence, Lewis aud
Hickman, ore banks fully equal to the
Iron mountain in Missouri, and suffici
ently abundant to last for centuries.
Very few of these ore banks are now
used, because of the difficulty of reach
ing thei n. They are not on the line of
any railroad, and are at some distance
from the Tennessee river. Ore is now
delivered from these ore banks at fur
naces near them at two dollars per ton,
which i eight dollars a ton less than
the Iron mountain tire is sold fur at
Carondelet. With a railroad this ore
might 1 transited even to
Carondelet at four dollars a
ton for transportation, thus mak
ing it four dollars per ton cheaper
at that ioint than the Iron mountain
ore. At Cincinnati and Pittsburg the
tuflereuce would be still more in favor of
the Tennessee ore. The ore in these
four counties, if put into market, would !
be worth more than the whole amount
of taxable property in Tennessee is at
this time. The wealth of those coun
ties in minerals is truly fabulous. Not
only iron, but marble abounds in the
Tennessee river counues. The success
of the Iron Mountain railroad U owing
to the Iron mountain ore, and the same
auses which made that a rich and pow
erful corporation, controlling many oi
the railroads in the southern and
u , tern States, will make a railroad
through the Tennessee river counties
also stroug and p.wenui. iuis ucu n
giou lies within one hundred aud twenty
miles of Memphis, and in the course Of
time will, if the people of this city ap
preciate their true interests, do as much
to build up Memphis as the Iron mouu
taiu and ten Iron Mountain railroads
are now doing and have done for St.
Louis. It has been said that "commerce
is king,'' and it may soon be said that
"iron is king of commerce' Teuuessee
may place herself in the front rank of
iron States, aud whenever she does so
tier taxable property will be computed
by billions instead of millions. The
same line of policy which has made
Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York and
other States prosperous and jww
erful may and will make Ten
nessee so, but the only question is,
will our people, and, especially, our men
of capital, adopt this policy. Providence
has placed the meaus at our disposal,
and if we do not use them the fault lies
at our own doors. To make a great city
or a prosierou8 country we must have
manufacturing establishments, and to
get these we should have cheap raw
material. We have here in Memphis
cotton of the finest quality, in abund
ance; we have shown how we can get
iron much cheaper than it is at St.
Louis, for this iron may be brought here
from Wayne and Hickman counties at
three dollars per ton for transportation ;
arrangements can be made to secure to
this city cheap coal, and if we get a
railroad to Kansas City we can get very,
very cheap provisions. When thest
things are done we may hope to see
Memphis a great manufacturing city,
aud West Tennessee a highly prosper
ous country.
OrB INDIAN POI.I1Y.
While we have ever had full faith in the
wisdom of speedy and decisive retribu
tive justice as the best policy of our gov
ernment in its dealings with the recal
citrant and rebellious dwellers of our
western wilds, we have always believed
that there was much to be said in theirde-
fense, if not in justification of their fear
ful and bloody deeds of vengeanct
aud retaliation. We give President
Grant the credit of meaning w ell In the
institution of his policy with the Indi
aus, and believe if his intentions toward
that wild, proud and barbarous race,hac
been carried out in the spirit in which
it was conceived, there would be peace
along our western frontier to-day,
and the brave General Can by would be
still a liviug man; but Genera!
Grant has been unfoituuateiu the choice
of instruments to execute his designs.
His evil genias has manifested itself in
surrounding him with bad counsellors,
who suggested the appointment to office
of corrupt and wicked men, and it
would seem that the corruption
and wickedness increased iu ratio as
the field of operation of the appointee
increased in distance from the center o!
government at Washington. It was so
iu his appointments to places of power
and responsibility in the southern States
during the r rjicrimmtiim cruris of re
construction, and when all the facts art
known we think it will be abundantly
shown that the assassination of General
Canny and the wholesale murder o!
hundreds of peaceful settlers in the west,
may well be traced to the pernicious op
eration of a policy which placed men In
office who would not keep faith wit h
the Indian, aud who coolly robbed
him whenever they had an op
portULity. We have coplea of justifica
tion and excuse to interpose in behal:
of the bloody villain Captain Jack, oi
his no less murderous band, nor iu
behalf of any tribe of Indians confeder
ated with him, but we submit that gootr
faith has not beeu kept with the Indians
by the agents of the government, and
that General Graut would act wisely h'
bringiug about a reformation in his
whole system of appointment, not only
touching this troublous Indian question,
but touching the administration of fed
eral power in the whole Union, and es
peeially iu the southern States, where
the same tieruicious policy has resulted
in the wholesale plunder of the people,
in disturbing the public peace, aud in
the bringing of the government and
republican institutions into contempt.
i: Nt SsI I I'RESH ASSOt IATIOX.
The representatives of the press of
Tennessee recently met at Lebanon, as
is their annual custom, for the purpose
of interchanging courtesies and such
views touching the practice of their pro
fession as might conduce to their wel
fare. It was a mo-; pleasant occasion,
one marked by all the generous ameni
ties of the craft, aud by much of the in
telligeuce and intellectual force fot
which it has justly credit. Burch, of the
Union and American, delivered the ora
tion, and Mr. Kirby, of the Chat
tanooga Times, made an impromptu
speech, the matter of which is of the
character that all editors and publisher
would do well to lay to heart. These
were the practical dishes of the "feast of
reason and flow of soul." Mrs. Lide
Meriwether, representing the Appeal,
and the poet of the hour, presented her
quota in verses that do her infinite credit
and that cannot fail of a wider circula
tion than even the press of Tennessee
can give them. We publish them to
day as the best production of this issue of
the Appeal. In ryhme and reason
they are not to be surpassed, aud their
logic will strik. all as a force irresistible,
to the point, pithy aud matter-of-fact as
the most prosy could ask for. "Work,
watch and wait, is the motto she has
given us. It is a good one. To work is
the God-appointed task of all, both men
and women, ami to "watch and wait"
are sound words with which to curb the
impatience of eager workers, assuming
more thai their attainments will sus
tain. But the poem is lull of other beau
ties, ami independent of its association
with the ocjasiou that called it forth,
must make its way to the hearts of all
earnest (leople as full of the philosophy
of to-day, of that which teaches inde
liendence, the dignity of labor, and all
that enriches the humanity of our era.
It is needless to say that it was well re
ceived by the members of the press and
that every pajier iu the State will pub
lish the poetical sermon, and carry it to
the remotest confines of Tennessee; and
with it will go the speech of Kirby and
the oration of Burch, to tell the world
that is daily being educated by the press,
how newspapers should lie conducted,
and what labor aud anxiety are involved
in the work.
OIB COMMERCIAL BEFOBTS.
It is well-known to all intelligent
merchants that, owing to the want of
facilities and money, such as are had
and are expended in other cities, the
chamber of commerce fails to supply to
the reporters of the press of Memphis a
uniform price-list such as the St. Louis,
the Chicago and the Cincinnati papers
publish every day upon authority of
their respective chambers of commerce
or boards of trade; and, therefore, are
compelled to go from house to house,
and rely upon such information as mer
chants may give, to make up their re
ports. Our markets appear every day,
therefore, as nearly right as it is possible
lorus to make them after consulting those
whose conflicting interests as buyers aud
sellers naturally enough induce repra-.-eiitations
according therewith, and if
any mistakes appear they are nottd?
be laid at the door of Uie commercial
editor, but must be borne by
those whose interest it is to have a
thoroughly correct report appear. Of
late, one or two of our merchants have
grumbled a little at what they considered
erroneous figures, wine of them because
the figures appeared at all in our com
mercial report, hence this reminder of
how and where we get these figures and
how we make up our reports. We print
what we get after most careful digestion
of the whole range of prices ami pecu
liar views of our merchants, and, uutil
the chamber of commerce, by reporting
actual sales, shall give us a price list
that we can rely upon, must continue to
do so.
KETIRED Jt B(ii AJD XEBGTMKJI.
After all, there is much beuevolence
and philanthropy in the world. Almost
every day we see some new develop
ment of the finer feelings of human na
ture. The recent legislature of Penn
sylvania enacted a law w hich provides
that w hen any judge shall have reached
the age of sixty years, who has served
fifteen years on the supreme bench, or
twenty years in any of the subordinate
tribunals, he may retire upou n. life pen
sion equal to one-half of the salary paid
him the year preceding his retirement.
There is much justice in such a law. A
iude la elected for a short term, aud
when that is expired he is re
moved for some new popular fa
vorite; or, if re-elected, he passes the
best years of his life in the service of the
State, and fiutls nothing but poverty or
unsuitable toil awaiting him in his old
age. In England the judges hold their
commissions during good behavior, ex
cept the Ion! chancellor, who retires
with the ministry upon a princely an
nuity. When advancing years or dis
ease renders any of the other judges un
fit for further service, such jadges are
retired upon a liberal pension. Such
should be the law of this country. No
jutige after leaving the beuch upon which
he has rendered good and faithful service
should be compelled iu his declining
years, by necessity, to return to the bar.
He has uot a fair chance in the struggle
with younger anil more pushing meu,
who have their business connections al
ready formed. The veteran ex-judge is
in a worse plight than the newly admit
ted law student. The latter has no such
dignity of place to sustain as the other,
he can engage in any case, however
small, and thus lay the foundation of a
practice; but the diguit:uy fresh irom
declaring the law can only walk in the
inner courts of the temple. The cases
he takes -must not degrade him. But
the higher walks of the profession are
well rilled, the chances of a lucrative
practice are scanty. Moreover, the lucu
brations of a judge for twenty years so
mould the niiml to weigh the fat is and
law iu the balance, that he tiuds it diffi
cult to assume the enthusiasm so neces
sary to a successful advocate.
The public press is also disc ussing the
subject of annuities to clergymen. A
!tw days since we read au able article on
this proposition in the Atlanta Herald.
The office of clergyman is the highest
which man can ever hope to attain on
e&rth. It is he who brings the oil of
balm into the households of people be
reaved, and, when physic is done, doc
tors the mind aud heart. 'Tis then his
hand is felt upon the fevered brow, nerv
ing the heart with strength aud hope.
No mau who has ever filled this reme
dial and refining office should ever be
come a mendicant. The same noble
iustiucts which wculd provide for
a superannuated juJge, should se
cure to a decrepid clergyman, who
has worn out his life in the eaue
of his Master, a regular auuuity.
Truly has it beeu said that there is noth
ing more saddening than the spectacle
of an old and broken down minister of
the gospel endeavoring to earn a liviug.
If he is too proud to live upou the
charities of relatives ami friends, or, if
he has not these aids to fall back upon ,
his condition is simply frightful. Un
fitted for commercial occupations, both
by his past calling and his present in
firmities, he finds himself forced to earn
a subsistence by a species of peddling,
which, though perfectly honorable, is
most humiliating. Clergymen a.s a rule
belong to the higher classes of society.
While in active service their posi
tion alone compels them to main
tain a certain standard of liv
ing. In only rare instances are
they able to save anything from
their salaries, and with a large majority
it requires the closest economy to keep
from getting into debt. If the pastor of
a church, with an eye to the future, was
to enter into any financial speculation,
such as obtaining subscriptions for books
or newspapers or gettiug advertisements
for religious publications, his congrega
tion w ould resent his course as au im
putation on their liberality toward him.
There is another reason which should
prompt congregations to assure the
future of their pastors and their pastors'
families. It is that clergymen are like
ly to perform their duties far more ef
fectively. As at present their minds
must always be tilled with fear of the fu
ture. A 6evere cold, ending iu a bron
chial affection, or iu consumption, may
rentier them unfit for further pulpit ser
vice. Old age and its infirmities must
always be before them. Death, which
comes at any time, must frequently fill
their miuds w ith dread for their wives
aud children. No matter how much
faith they may have in God's blessing
and mercy, they know as well as we do
that God works his wonders through
human agencies, aud therefore, though
full of hope that all may yet be well, the
pastor cannot help fearing lest such hu
man agencies might not be employed un
til after much misery and suffering have
been endured. Besides, he daih;' witness
es the poverty of fellow-clergymen and
the sufferings of their families; he is even
compelled, out of his scanty store, to aid
them, and he cannot resist the thought
that some day their fate may be his. As
we have remarked before, it is easy to
place clergymen above the possibility of
want. Let every congregation subscribe
anuuallv an amount of money sufficient
to insure the life of their pastor for, say
five thousand dollars, and also take out
au annuity policy which will secure him
an income of several hundreds per an
num should he fortunately survive his
usefulness. It is a duty the churches
owe to their clergymen, who, as a rule,
serve them with earnestness, fidelity aud
ability.
Dr. McGikkey, whose name must
be familiar to all scholars and school
children in the Union, especially those
of the southwest, is dead. Full of years,
having almost reached the allotted
three-score years and ten, he w as gath
ered to his fathers, last Sunday, at Char
lottesville, Virginia. He was seventy
three years old.
The Weekly Appeal and Somer-
ville Falcon are both furuished sub
scribers at club rates, by applying to Dr.
I Mathes, at Somerville, or to Mr. Locke
j at this office. The same arrangement
1 can be made at Greuada or here for the
Sentinel, or for the Signet at Senatobia,
and for the Bulletin at Bolivar, or for
i the Cotton Plant at Austin.
Dr. Thomas's long-promised volume
( on centenarians is at last ready for publication.
i.oi isian .
" The condition of Louisiana is a sad
commentary on republics. It stands to
day a biting sarcasm on "the laud of the
free, and the home of the brave." In
lietter days, ere yet, the bastard states
manship of parvenues broke down the
constitution, and, selling the jewels of
the republic to the highest bidder, put
the money in their pockets, the country
would have been rouseti to clamorous in
dignation if the personal liberty of the
humblest citizen was infringed, or his
property taken from him without due
process of law. Now the people of a
whole State are trampled beneath the
feet of a tyrant, their liberty, their pro
perty aud even their lives, taken from
them without so much as the empty
form of law, and the whole country
looks ou with indifference while the out
rage is being perpetrated. And this in
the great republic of the West, the land of
Washington, the sacred soil where sleep
the ashes of Patrick Henry, John Ran
dolph and the noble company of patri
;ts, soldiers and statesmen who conse
crated then lives to the cause of popular
liberty! How dare any American citi
zen open his lips in criticism of acts of
oppression in Europe, or any other part
of the world, when the adventurer Kel
logg tramples under his feet the rights
and liberties of the people of a sovereign
state of the Union, and in doing so is
upheld and sustained by all the power
and authority of the President of the
United States? Is the spirit of republi
can li'oerty dying out iu our people?
Have we reached that point in our his
tory when "necessity, the tyrant's plea,"
will justify in our eyes any violation ol
the rights of the States, any outrage up
on the vested rights of the people? Gen
eral Grant reaped infamy enough iu
upholding the hands of Clayton, when
that Kansas jay-hawker, outraged the
people of Arkansas. Will the President
continue to re-invite the judgment of the
people in not withdrawing the moral
and material support which he yields to
Kellogg iu Louisiana? The people of
Louisiana cry out for aid against the
tyrant Kellogg ; will General Grant
hear, or will he prove to the world that
republicanism in the United States is a
delusion and a snare?
THE IHBKE R'A
BY LIDE NER I WETHER.
in ante-bellum davs, when skies were peace
ful. And suns were radiant, and blossoms gay ;
W lien men were brave, and women fair and
gracetul,
And all was lovely asaBummer's day;
When gallants wught for language euphon-
istic
To drain a bumper, or adorn "a hit,
uur dashing corps of knighthood Journal istic,
c'hoae for their watchword, 'Woman, W int
and Wit."
smoothing in sound, soft in alliteration
(Xo Jarring consonants its billows break),
Lulling in word, sweet in Interpretation
A pleading anodyne. ' not bad to take; '
A potent draught if duusol 'debts should trou
ble von,
r bosom rrtend with purse or sweetheart
flit:
Drown all your sorrows In the trtpple W ,
Aud thro'w care to the winds with w omen,
Wine and Wit."
Wotuau! a safe step, in the right direction.
To soothe vour sorrow, or Illume your Joy,
If chosen for her brain, and her complexion,
And made a home companion, not a toy
Kiigerly grasped as summer's f ragraal flowers,
Then tmmpied In the mire of life's highway ;
But like the pole-Uir, through your darkest
hours
Guarding and guiding with love's steadfast
ray.
Wine! a fair mirage, fading from the vision,
A treacherous quicksand, lurking for its
prev,
ei rasping it ere it reach the fields Elysian,
Wi.ere pleasure'.- mocking finger points the
way;
A luring devil, in an angers seeming.
Blood-red the feet that trample out the vine,
Blood-red the vintage-burning, glaring,
gleaming, .
Where heart and soul and brain are drowned
in wine.
Wit ! a most potent and divine elixir.
Arming the right, and strong in its defense:
An eniptv -ham. a cunning, servile trickste-.
I raiding wroug.or ued at a friend's expense ;
As sadden -iiushiuegleauilngmeadows cover,
And buds and blossoms glow beneath It ray.
Or, like soft summer showers, sparkling over
The shine and shadow of life's changeful
way.
All thingsto all meu," salUi the revelation :
Each creed that suits Its age is good and true:
Tins salted well the "olden dispensation"'
" Old things have passed away; lo, all are
new,'1 . .
New nim. new creeds, new plans for their
tlitluslrm;
Let the pt sleep it epitaph is writ
For all its gloss, a snare and a delusion
Was vour old watchward "Woman, Wine
and Wit."
He who stood firmest in the smoke of battle
Still lirmest stands in desolation's dajr;
I'mlaaiitatt 'mid tl-.e cannon's roar and rattle,
I'mlaunted still, he works hi-s patient way;
OB bloixl-stainid fields our country's brave
defendants.
Each grasping firm the colors of his State,
To you 1 bring, for our true indejiewieticc.
The new evangel Work, and Watch ant;
Wail."
He comes to conquer, aud our waiting eyes set
This peerless monarch whom all earth shall
hail,
h'ise u-iuuer bears Its veal, cii, vici.
Whose 'lexicon knows no such word as
fall."
Doing alike the works of lod or devil.
Beating his sheaves to hell or heaven's gate.
Matchless for good omnipotent for evll
A triune deity, "Work, Watch and Y. ail,
I'mler the banner of this king enlisting,
strike from the day -dawn to the setting sun,
strong for the right, and every wrong resist
ing, Die in the battle with your armor on.
Manning your battlements with truth God
given, uaard w ell your ramparts, bar your jiostern
Rate,
Aud timgoul to the freshening breeze of
heaven,
Vour Isjld tricolor, Work, and Watch and
Wait.
Worlc with . the heart, and pulse-beat ever
ready
To yield its pleasure for another'sood ;
Woili with the Imtid each arm strike true
and stead v,
That so it gain Its honest livelihood;
When .hollow heart their shallow brains
.-hall trouble,
How best a life of sloth and waste to gain,
reach ;i: in to know that it is good aud noble
To work with heart, and hand, aud soul,
aud brain.
Work lor the weak, the lowly, and the ariaa,
To lilt - hem ap, that they the light may see:
Work for the lost, the hopeless, the despairing,
To ltad them back to God and purity.
Work for each man, as for a friend and
brother,
Work Kr tne true, the beautiful, the good
iSlesse'l i- labor: he who sows shall gather,
Keads. in oar creed, a new beatitude.
Watch ! on each tower your wakeful seutrie-
keeping
(Know mat uo fortress is impregnable).
Leal uaply one should come and find you
sleeping,
Scale yunrstout walls and take your cita
del. Watch ! lest for soft and well-dissembled lying
luu entrance give to sluooth-touguetl so
phistry, AjiU from your nan parts, o'er the world sentl
flying
Her poisoned shafts of false philosophy.
Tru-t not iu your own armor 't will betray
you
Your watchful foe each fleck and flaw will
And, waiting the right moment, rend and slay
vou
The lurking demon, Ori'OKTCNiTY.
The proudest heart that beats in God's crea
tion, Before his power, is but common clay;
Then, that ou may be guarded irom temp
tation ,
Aud from all evil, hourly watch and pray.
Wait! scorn not feeble steps and hnmble win
nings Willi steadfast footstep tread the weary
wav,
Knowing that great ends spring from small
beginnings,
Seek not lo bulksaoor castle in a day ;
But alowl , stoU'- ljvtoiie, your basis laying.
Till wiiuls nor waters yonr strong wallsshall
aaChe;
No pride nor prej udiee your firm course sway
ing. And let your palienca keep step with your
faith.
Then, having proved your truth by loyal serv
ing, With low obeisance knock ye at the gate;
Yomr hearts repeating, and your patience
proving,
T!ey also serve who only stand and wait.
With lo led hands, umi head in silence bend
ing. Waiting in faith, with courage undismayed,
Bl-cctss, "with healing on his wings" de
scending. Low whispers, "it is 1, be uot afraid. '
Work, Watch and Walt! their peerless power
blending,
shall wake our land to beauty from the
grave ;
An Easter glory from their altar weudlng,
strong to regenerate, aud swift to save;
With Joyful shouts the welkin shall be ring-
Aad'aDthetns sweet aseeml to heaven's gate.
From raufcomtd nations, their hoaanna :dng-
inK
Hailing the trinity, "Work, Watch and
Wait."
ART f.KKC'IA.V
In point of strength, grandure and
durability, the early Doric architecture
resemhi&a the Egyptian, and plainly
shows as seen in Pestum that it is an
offspring of that same sober-minded peo
ple. The Grecian loses the somber mys
tical style of the Egyptian in the simple
ami true proportions of beauty in all his
arts nothing wanting in the mathe
matical training of the parent, the child
has added the wonderful beauty to won
derful proportions. There the remains
stand defying rivalry and without a
peer. The arts and men of these times
have stood hand iu band in every age.
We have no historic knowledge of more
lofty intellects than those which filled
Greece at the time she gave to the world
her highest type of art. Truth and self
sacrificing love of country were Grecian
characteristics. It was this love that
caused Leonidas to say to the Persian
king, "that be would rather die than
rule over Greece," the idea being
that they were too free to be ruled.
The first kings were looked upon as
fathers of the country to whom the
people volunteered their service for the
benefit of ail, but as the kings grew
more strong, and abused their power,
they were dethroned, and republics
founded, showing the love of the highest
virtues and freedom. Such names as
Solon, ThemUtocles, Demostheuese, antl
others of their time, left such a lasting
impress upon the age, that we scarcely
wonder that such great works of art
crowned the effort of these artists. The
character of the great men of Greece
were as perfect as their sculpture
uotbing has ever surpassed the beauty
of one nor the grandeur of reputation ol
the other. The " Laocoon " and " Ve
nus " of Milo are two extremes of Greek
sculpture. The former is one of those
rare specimens of sculpture which ex
presses the most intense physical and
mental suffering, while the other repre
sents sublime repose a wonder of ma
jestic refinement, truth, love and purity.
These two works can challenge all mod
ern sculpture combined. The history
of "Laocoon" ia very unsatisfac
tory; it is said to have been made
to commemorate a scene at the siege of
Troy. Laocoon, a priest, tried to dis
suade his countrymen from drawing the
wooden horse into the city, and while
preparing to sacrifice a bull toPossidou,
two terrible serpents came out of the sea
and coiled around Laocoon and bis two
sons. Au I stood before this piece of
statuary in the Vatican, I thought could
it be possible that this was the true his
tory that called into existence this one
of the noblest work ever wrought by
man to my eyes the marble proudly
condemned any such a history as false,
and to me it told a far different story.
Laocoon is the central figure of the
group, showing muscular powers and
herculean strength ; he struggles to free
himself from the coils of the serpent;
his left baud grasps it near the head,
while the reptile is forcing its teeth in
his side in the most sensitive part of the
body. The snake has wound itself first
around the ankle of the eldest son, then
around the legs and arms of the father,
holding him bound. His expression
is that of terrible consciousness of
feeling the rank and poisonous bite.
The body inclines to the opposite
side. The stomach is drawn in, the
shoulders are forced together, the head
pleadingly upturned inclines in the di
rection of the pain in fact, the marble
expresses the combined feeling of striv
ing suffering, and both physical and
mental pain is wrought in the highest
degree. The youngest sou is bound
hand and foot by the other snake. A
coil is around bis chest. His right arm
indicates the attempt of freeing himself
for breath. The left hand vainiy en
deavors to keep the head of the serpent
back so that it may not wind again
around him, but it slyly avoids him, al
though it does not bite. He is fainting,
but not wounded. The oldest son is the
least affected of the three, as the same
serpent beiug coiled around the father
only has wound itself partly around the
right arm of the sou, which is stretched
out toward the father. The tail of the
snake has coiled once around his ankle,
which he tries to free himself from with
his left hand. His pose expresses hope,
but his face fright at seeing the wound his
father is receiving. This great master
piece of art was cut from one block of
marble, and comes along the centuries,
telliug its story of a refinement of art
and science. Here is shown a knowl
edge of anatomy and expression iu its
most minute detail; added to this, the
skilled hand to execute. This never
could have been a simple portrayal of a
story; some higfcer moral or more ex
alted truth seems to lead the mind, be
yond aud out of the physical suffering
of sin hope in the future while the
snake, in every age of the world, has
been the emblem of sin and the enemy
of man. No wonder that so many men
of those times were deified. We can
only conjecture that the intellectual ef
forts must have been by these few stray
glimpses in enduring marble, that has
escaped the vandal hand of the destroyer
and wear of time. carl gcthekz.
THE LONDON AND PARIS EXPOSITIONS.
The death Is announced in Paris of M.
Atiguste Jai, at the age of seventy-eight.
He was formerly keeper of the archives
at the ministry of marine, and occupied
an auaragous post in the city of Paris
before the fourth of September. The
deceased was a very erudite and labori
ous author. Among his beat known
works are his ictionnaire Thuatral,
Archeologie Navatc, Soirees du Gaillard
d'Arriere, Glossaire Naulique, crowned
by the institute, and the Dirfionnuire
Antiyne cU Biographic et d! Historic
Mr. Yates in his first letter from Vien
na to the New York Herald thus recall?
the opening of the London and Paris
exhibitions:
THE LONDON EXHIBITION 1851.
We had beeu anticipating the opening
day (May 1, 1851,1 for months; every
print shop in London teemed with pic
tures of the great exhibition building iu
Hyde Park ; comic artists had been en
gaged in caricatures of the wonderfui
foreigners expected to visit us; comic
authors had written farces and stories
setting forth the miseries consequent
upon the enormous influx of strangers,
and now the day had come aud people
eagerly seized the newspapers to see
that nothing had occurred which might
cause any alteration in the programme.
No! all that had been set forth was to
be strictly adherd to; the journals were
filled with articles relating to the exhi
bition, and the Times contained a May
day ode, by Thackeray, the first verse
of which ran thus:
But yesterday a naked sod,
Tne dandies sneered from rotten row.
And cantered o'er it, to and fro;
And see, 'tis done !
As though 'twere by a wizard's rod
A blazing arch of lucid glass
Leaps like a lountaln from the grass
To meet the snn !
In the ode, too there was a verse full
of the kindly feeling which Thackeray
had for America:
Our brethren cross the Atlantic tides,
lioadtng the gallant decks, which once
Itoaiei a defiance to our guns.
With peaceful store:
Symbol of peace, their vessel ridesi
O'er English waves float star and Stripe,
An. I Arm their friendly anchors gripe
The tether shore!
The weather, a most important ele
ment in our sight-seeing, was anything
but settled. .Between eleven auu twelve
there were some smart showers, but just
before noon the sun burst forth and the
rest of the day was radiant. While we
who had taken Dp our places inside the
building were awaiting the arrival of
the queen we nearu tne ireineuuous
burst of cheering, as an old man, with
snow-white hair and eagle beak walked
slowly up the nave. This was the great
Duke of Wellington, aud this day was
the eighty-second anniversary of his
birth. He stopped for an instant to
sneak to another veteran wamor, tne
Mar.iuis of Anglessy, who left one of his
legs behind mm ou tue ueiu m aier
loo. Both these old gentlemen seemed
amazingly astonished at the sudden ap
narane.. before them of a Chinese man
darin, with a tail of fabulous length. He
saluted them both in the Oriental style
and with the gravest manner, and then
Droeeeded to walk about with perfect
composure and nonchalance speaking to
no one, but apparently on the best terms
with everybody. He was supposed to
be a distinguished representative of the
flowery land, and when the diplomatic
bodv formed in order he was seized upon
by the master of the ceremonies to take
part in the procession. Some days af
terward it was discovered that this Ori
ental potentate was one or the persons
engaged on a Chinese junk then being
exhibited in the river Thames. Exactly
at twelve o'clock a flourish of trumpets
announced the entrance or tne queen,
and the whole audience standing up
cheered her to the echo. The little
Prince of Wales, then only ten years old
walked by his mother's side, while his
sister, the Princess Royal, now the
mother of "emperors-to-be," held her
father's hand. The father, Priuee Al-
! bert not the stout, bald-beat led man he
was m later days, out sum auu njuiau
tic looking, like the lover in a farca
was the moving spirit of the exhibition,
and on him, as chairman of the royal
commissioners, it devolved to read to
the queen the rejort of their proceed
ings. uen tins nau oeeu wut uu
the hlftwinir Dronouuced, the exhibition
' was declared open to the public. There
I m IT a. . I at ,
never was its equal: it was me urst
I which was a great poiut and It was the
prettiest; a result to which its very un
substantiality, its bgbt aud airy fabiie
or iron and glass, greatly contributed
THE PARIS EXHIBITION OK 1867.
Very different was the aspect of things
sixteen years later, and iu another
country, when on the first of April, 1867,
after a hand-to-hand combat with va
rious municipal authorities who object
ed to everythiug and everybody, I
fought my way into the Universal Ex
position in the Champs tie Mars, Paris,
and took up my station among the Brit
ish commission. Excepting the British
section, things were terribly behind
hand. All the previous day, Suuday,
the various nationalities were busily at
work, but the result was not satislac
tory. The American court was com
plete in its decoration, and counters
were ready, but few of the huge packing
cases were emptied of their contents.
Spain exhibited a cafe, and Russia a res
taurant, while Italy and Portugal had
literally nothing to show-. At two
o'clock the drums beat to arms and the
air rung with shouts of " 17te VEiatr
eurV Attended by his outriders, in the
imperial liveries of green and gold, Na
poleon descended from his open car
riage, and, with the empress leaning ou
bis arm, entered the buildiug. He was
in plain evening dress, with the grand
cross of the legion of honor as the sole
decoration. At the emperor's elbow
was M. Rouher, close behind the em
press stood the Princess Mathilde, then
came a swarm of equerries and cham-
beriaiusaml attendants, and, perhaps.
the most noticeable fact in connection
with the triumphal procession was the
absence of military uniform. Aud it
was but a poor performance at that.
The imperial party made the circuit of
the place and left within an hour ol their
arrival, and most of the thirty-five thou
sand people who, it was calculated.
were present, toofc their departure im
mediately afterward. The incotnple
tiou of the building frightened them
away, and it was not until two or three
weeks afterward that the exhibition
could be looked upon as in full work.
Absit amen t
JOSEPH Bit EN AN, THE IKD4H
POET.
Was a native of Cork, of Ireland, born
in 1829. He acquired a superior clas
sical education at the University of
Dublin, which he improved upou by
careful study and industrious reading.
Endowed with the gift ofgenius, he, like
others, unrolled the "green banner,"
and struck his harp with a hot band aud
patriot soul. He was an active member
of the Youug Ireland party in the revo
lution of 1848. After there was no long
er any hope for success, he fled to New
York and wrote for the Citizen, then
conducted by the celebrated Irish patri
ot, John Mitchell. Brenan was poet,
orator, journalist, wit, and a man of rare
literary attainments. He subsequently
moved to New Orleans and became one
of the editors of the Delta. He was
chiefly famed as a brilliant poet and
vigorous political writer. His style waj
pungent' and lucid, always exact, often
eloquent or humorous. Brenan had a
dauntless, generous nature, as free from
the alloy of the world as was ever mor
tal. Truth, bravery, devotion and char
ity were always with him. The writer
of this brief sketch remembers with
emotion, the "attic nights," in which
Laurant J. Sigur, Brenen, Alexander
Walker, Joha S. Thrasher, Walter
Hopkins, and other talented journalists
engaged in controversy upon some po
litical issue or literary topic, iu the edi
torial room of the Delta, and Brenan
poured forth in burning words, the gold
en treasures of his radiant genius. The
unfortunate poet died in May, 17, af
ter having bravely battled for life, not
for himself, but others. At tweuty
eight years of age he was borue to his
grave. A marble slab marks the hum
ble spot where be sleeps, iu the shady
corner of the old St. Louis cemetery in
that city. It is to be regretted that the
poems of Brenen, with a memoir of his
life, have not been published, as he
hoped antl requested ou bis deathbed
in our presence to be done, by his friend
and brother-editor, Walter Hopkins,
Esq., a distinguished writer, who un
fortunately soon followed Brenan to the
frave. The following exquisite stanzas
b my Wife, which reveal the author's
genius, have often beeu published; but
iuvaribly in an incorrect version. The
following is strictly accurate:
Come to me, darling, I'm lonely without thee.
Day time and night time I'm dreaming wt. fl
out thee;
Night time and day time in dreams I behold
thee,
t uwelcome the waking which ceases to fold
tbee.
Come to me, darling, my sorrows to lighten;
Come in thy beauty to bless and to brighten ;
Come in thy womanhood, meekly and lowly ;
Come in thy lovingness, queenly and holy.
Swallows shall tilt round the desolate ruin.
Telling of Spring and its joyous renewing.
Aud thoughts of thy love and Its manifold
treasure.
Are circling my heart with a promise of
pleasure.
Oh ! Spring of my spirit, oh May of my bosom.
Mime out on rny sour mi it uurtreon auu
blossom :
The waste of my life has a rose-root within it.
And thy loudness alone to me sunlight can
win it.
Figure which moves like a song through the
even,
Fea.ures lit up with a reflex of heaven.
Eyes like the skies of poor Erin, our mother.
Where sunshine and shadows are chasing
each other,
Smites coming seldom, but child-like and
simple.
And opening their eyes from the heart of a
(litnnie ;
Oh ! thanks to the Savior that even thy seem
lng
Is left to the exile to brighten his dreaming.
You have been glad when you knew I was
eladdened :
Dear, are you sail now to hear lam saddened ?
our hearts ever answer in tune ana in nine
love.
As octave to octave, or rhyme unto rhyme,
love ;
I cannot smile, but your cheeks will be glow
ing; You cannot weep, but my tears will be flow
ing; You will not linger when I shall have died
love.
And I could not live without you by- my side
lore.
Come to me, darling, ere I die of my sorrow.
Rise on mv uloom like the sun of to-morrow
Strong, swift and fond as the words which 1
sneak, love.
With a song at your Up, and a smile on your
cheek, love;
Come, lor my heart in your absence is dreary ;
Haste, for my spirit is stckeml and weary ;
Come to the arms which alone shall caress
thee;
Come to thn heart which Is throbbing to press
thee.
TBA IX W ( Ol KT.
The New York Sun gives a report of
the wonderful speech of Oeorge a rancis
Train, made the other day before a New
York court. The question involved was
the sanity of the great man. One of the
witnesses, in recalling his eccentricities,
alluded to the fact that when a youth he
used to drink the cider from the farm
hands' jugs, and afterward tilled the jugs
with water. Auotner eviuence or uis in
sanity was furnished by the fact that
Mr. Train owned about a million of dol
lars worth of property, antl had made
nearly as many speeches. But the re
marks of the gentleman himself are
represented as being more eloquent than
any ever heard before in the court
room. According to the report, when
Mr. Train rose to speak the room was as
siieut as the grave. Mr. Bell asked Mr.
Train when and where he was born.
Mr. Train replied, "In 1830, in Boston.''
"Be kind enough to tell the jury the
story of your early life," said Mr. Bell.
Mr. Train, turning to Justice Daly,asked
whether he might tell his story in his
own way. His honor said yes. There
was the most breathless attention for a
few moments. "The spectators and
iurvmeu seemed to be entranced as they
listened. His voice rose and fell. He
was at times very eloquent. Never did
man speak so fast, and tell so much in
so little time. othme was forgotten.
Dates were given for every circumstance
without referring to memoranda." He
said that his father, mother, and sisters
died of yellow fever in New Orleans.
He was brought up by his grandmother,
continues the report, in the Methodist
faith, and was taught not to driuk,
smoke, lie, swear, or cheat, and those
commandments he had religiously ob
served to this day. He was told by his
grandmother that if be obeyed her. in
these respects be would surely become a
great man, but when he went to Wash
ington in after years, and saw Clay,
Webster, Calhoun, and all the famous
men of the day, and learned that all dis
obeyed those commandments which his
grandmother laid down for his guidance,
be felt convinced that the good old lady
bad swindled him. He had crossed the
Atlantic forty-two times, and was the
matter of twenty languages; bad been
everywhere, seen everything, endeav
ored to do right, aud was always ready
to brave the whole world, and that was
why be was now ou trial for insanity.
Here tremendous cheering drowned his
voice, and an indescribable scene of con
fusion ensued. Justice Daly rapped in
vain for order. The spectators stormed,
clapped their hands, and cheered for
fully two minutes. Mr. Train bowed
repeatedly. At length his honor made
himself heard and administered a scath
ing rebuke to the spectators, concluding
by saying that the majesty of the law
must be respected, and if the slightest
demonstration was again ntade he should
send for a force of police to clear the
room. Mr. Train apologised to Justice
Daly, and said that he regretted having
been the iunoeeut cause of so much con-
fusiou. His honor ad vised him to speak
with more moderation. Then Mr. Train
resumed his story, ami told of his educa
tion in a erocery in Massachusetts, his
connection with the shipping interest,
giviug dates of building of ships, their
builders, how long be possessed them,
and how much he sold them for. He
said he was called an infidel, egotist and
lunatic, and that, if what be had done
entitled him to such distinction, be was
satisfied with having those names fast
ened to him.
UEYIVIE OF PEKMIA.
We have nreviouslv considered the
political and historical significance of
the visit to Europe of the shah of Persia
It is, indeed, surneieutly remarkable
that Nassar-ed-Din, the successor of Da
rius, Cambyses and Nadir, should be the
nrst sovereign ot that country since
Xerxes who has ventured ou such a
step. But the object of the visit invests
it with peculiar interest, for it is not as
a warlike conqueror that the shah goes
to the west, but in the interests of civi
lization and peace. The Mussulman
ruler has heard the value of European
ideas in promoting the prosperity of a
country, aud now wishes to judge for
himself of the truth of these accounts.
As his neighbor, the sultan, has seen
and profited by the wisdom of the infi
del, the sbah thinks it both safe and ju
dicious to follow his example. It is not
easy for a foreigner to realize tbe import
of a step like.tfiis, which is so opposed
to all the trWlitiocs and tendencies of
the Moslem, antlyhile the relations of
Turkey to wratertfEurope led the sultan
to anticipate his brother or fersia in this
movement, its bearings upon the irov-
ernment of the shah are still more in
teresting and important. The court of
Teheran has naturally been excited at
the project, and the festivities attending
New Year's day the great feast of the
Persians which, as formerly in Eng
land, marks the vernal equinox and
the birthday of the king following soon
after, were hightened by the signifi
cance of the coming event. The shah
availed himself of the opportunity to de
liver a farewell address, in which he ex
plained the objects of his journey. His
desire, as it is reported to us in the Lou
don Times, is to develop his relations
with the sovereigns of Europe, to im
prove the commercial intercourse of
Persia with other countries, and to in
form himself by personal experience of
the institutions which it might be de
sirable to engraft on the domestic ad
ministration of his realm. As the nat
ural advantages of the country are un
surpassed there is no reason why Persia
should not attain a more genuine pros
perity than it ever exhibited In ancient,
days. The internal resources are capa
abie of indefinite expansion, and under
a really good system of government
there would be abundant means for
vastly improving the condition of the
people as well as greatly increasing their
numbers. Although Mr. Eastwick'.
recent prediction that Persia is "the
common State," and that, af all the
countries of the world, the most likely
to emerge into prominency and power
is this sole survivor of tbe great mon
archies of antiquity, may not be fulfill
ed ; yet the London Tunes admits that
tbe margin for national expansion is re
ally greater in Persia than in Russia
itself. Its territories are still as large as
when it supported twenty times its pres
ent population. Tbe shah seems to be
in earnest iu his desire to develop the
resources of the country, and his en
gagements for the construction of rail
ways, roads aud tramways throughout
his dominions, aud for the exploration
aud working of mines, show an energy
which even Yankees might envy. Thus
far, Persia has no debt, and it M to be
hoped that tbe sbab will avoid the dan
gerous tendencies which contact with
European civilizatiou may foster, of
burdening his people with indebtednes
for unprofitable expenditure. He may
well learn a lesson from the experience
of the sultan in this respect, who, since
the Crimean war, has liorrowed oue
hundred aud fifty million dollars, aud is
now in the market for fifty million
more. The Journal of the Geographies'
society at Berlin estimates the popula
tion of the country as follows, according
to nationality : Persians, three million;
Turkish Tartars, one million ; Koords,
about four hundred thousand; Arabs,
three buudred thousand; Toorkoaion
iau-, one hundred anil twenty-five thou
sand ; Armenians, twenty-six thousand j
Nestoriau Chaldees, twenty-five thou
sand; Jews, sixteen thousand. This es
timate was made before the great fam
ine which so depopulated Persia, and it
probably now contains no larger a pop
ulation than London. The army of the
shah consists of ninety regiments of the
line, each regimeut being eight hundred
strong, three squadrons or regular cav
alry, two hundred camel artillerymen,
and thirty thousand irregular cavalry,
which are only called out in cases or
emergency. The infantry is armed
ehierlv with Enslish rjercussion musk
ets, and one-half of it is always on fur
lough. Doubtless, an examination cf
European methods will lead the shah b
a reorganization of his military system,
which is, at present, obnoxious to tbe
charge of efficiency. The commanders
of the regiments, oeiog enters or tne
tribes from which they are raised and
recruited, are disposed to favor their in
terests rather than those of their master,
and as their commands are obtained bv
bribery, merit has no chance of adequate
reward. The political revival of the Per
sian monarchy, which almost disap
peared after the Arab conquest, is of pe
culiar significance at this time, when
the movements of Russia in the east
threaten to impair its integrity. Eng
land is naturally anxious that a country
which affords a better vantage ground
for a movement against India than any-
other should be able to maintain its in
dependence. Persian friendship and al
liauce, which, iu the last century, were
valued as a security against the Afghans,
are now desired to keep iu check the
uower which threatens Afghanistan a
oue of the approaches to India. It is
natural that England should desire to
retain friendly relations with the most
powerful of Asiatic potentates, whose
predecessor favored her interests at the
expense of those of Napoleon ; but the
revival of Persia may not be favorable
to this end. The greater the wealth and
resources of that nation, the more tempt
ing is the bait which it affords to the
ambition and cupidity of Russia. It is,
to say the least, doubtful whether Great
Britain can keep the czar from making
the dominions of tbe sbah a stepping
stone for the accomplishment of his
scheme of Oriental ascendancy. But,
in any event, the revival of the politi
cal influence of Persia is of European as
well as Asiatic importance.
BETMV LEE.
A FO'E'SLE YABS; A TIOR OF Dr-APPOINTED
IXVT..
r e hf ve U8i ys the Boston
Globe, the advance sheets of a somewhat
remarkable poem entitled Betsy Lee-.!-,
i, Yarn. The author's name is
not given. It is an outgrowth of that
new school of poetry in which slang
and sentiment appear cheek by jowl
and blasphemy and certain religious
feeling are linked loviugly together
Every now and then we are charmed
by some tender piece of pathos, to be
shocked almost at the same instant by
coarse and gratuitous irreverence. This
Yarn is supposed to be told by a sailor
in the forecastle to his comrades, and is
a story of disappointed love. The speak
er, Tom Bayues, ia a rough sailor who
in his youth loved Betsy Lee, whose
father
"Was terrible fond of flowers.
And ills garden was twice as handsome n-
He had roses hangtn' above his door,
I'nrommon fine roses they was to be snre
And the joy of mv heart was lo pull them
there,
And break them In pieces on Betsy s hair."
Tom and Betsy have play ed together
as children along tbe beach.
LFor the .Sunday Appeal.)
Ei'ITH AI.4H11H.
To a Friend, Rn-rntly Marrierl.
BY cicru, JR.
Come, 3il up your glasa!
And drink to the lass
e poor man ;
wth.
That wa
Knoekln'
And sone
And racii
s a lot of as I akin' hands
l- m.-wl tnings. over lite sands.''
The day at length comes when Tom
discovers that he loves Betsy, and the
verses, mat uescntie it are among the
best in tbe poem.
"We
Nor
Till
jibt
ft la
Be it:.
And
, I never took notions on Betsy Lee,
) more did she, I suppose, ou me.
eky young sprout,
.bout;
h till her shoulders
And lie slipped the knot of her beautiful hair.
And down It come a- you may ay,
I ii-t Ilk.- a shower of golden stray.
Blown this way and that by a gamesome
breexe,
nd a rlr-rip-rtppled down to her knees.
1 looked at Bebiy my gongh : how she stood :
A 'jui v rin all over, and ner face like blood !
And t: r eyes, all wet witn tear-, nae nre.
And her breast a swellin higher and higher;
Vndshe gr.pped her sickle with a twltchy
And her thumb started out like a coil of steel ;
And a cloud seemed to pass from my eye.
ana giory
jke them you'll see painted sometimes in a
story.
Breathed out from her skin ; and I saw her no
more
Tbe child I had always thought her before.
But wrapped in tne glory, and wrapped in the
uair.
Every inch of a woman siocd pantin there.
So I ups with my flat, as I was bound,
And 1 d s his eyes, and I knocks bira down.
But from that day by hind aud sea.
1 loved her! oh, I loved htr: Betsy Lee!'
The courtship proceeds smoothly.
Aw them courtin times! Well It's uo use
try in
To tell what they were, and time Is tlyin
But vou know how it is the father pret.-ndin
He never -ees notliin.and the mhermendin.
Or agrippin the Bible, and spellin a tex.
And a eyin us now-and-then over her specs."
One day, however, Old Anthony- Lee
receives a visit from a lawyer.
"And 4a good lookln man he was,' she said,
'As you might see ! and a gentleman bred ;
And he's talkin that nice, and that kind, and
And
Leel
In he's got for only Anthony
AVritOXOMY Kl X MAD.
Br. Trail, of Philadelphia, has made
a very unpleasant discovery. Iu about
seven years Jupiter, Saturn, I'ranus and
Neptune Willi approach nearer the earth
than they have been in eighteen hun
dred years, and the result will be a pes
tileuce. When cougress has the man
liuess to make astronomy an indictable
offense, then we shall have relief from
these things, but not before. It was not
a loug while since that some one predict
ed that the earth would be swamped
with a deluge, and you couldn't borrow
an umbrella or a pair of rubbers from
any one. The next idiot said a comet
would strike and demolish the earth in a
twinkling. Whereupon, many excel
lent people tied their beds and carpets
about their premises, and put cotton in
their ears, and sat down on the cellar
bottom in dreadful expectation of the
shock. Hardly had this alarm passed
off when another astronomer came
around to tell the people that Niagara
Falls wanld be dry in less than nineteen
thousand years, and nothing would do
but that people should hurry out there
for a farewell look, and in less than
twenty-four hours there wasn't people
enough in Daubury to entertain a Japa
nese hermit. And now here is Trail
with four plauetsjaud no vaccine matter;
all the tobacco ebewers are to be killed
by these planets, and young ladies who
wear stays, and men who bet on the
wrong horse. If we understand the old
scoundrel correctly the only people sav
ed are those who drink lemonade out of
a dipper and play Copenhagen with their
aunts.
The Golden AgK announces the issu
ance of another series of sermons by
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and says of
them: "These productions are for those
wbo like them; and the audience is
large. But we have ceased to belong to
it. In our opinion, Mr. Beecher is re
ally as radical as Dr. Chapin, Dr. Bel
lows, or Dean Stanley; but his sermons
do not faithfullv represent then author's
j advanced thought. Each successive
: Sunday's effort t reproduced in Monday's
pamphlet) is simply the conventional
1 clinging of bis hands to creeds antl dog-
mas from which his head and .heart are
turned almost wholly away."
The lass who i
Who marriei
Not houses, i
Nor silly sortety 's thmrmnn.
Now, fill to the bum !
Let us drink to him
The bless a and happy " rich poor man
Though poor his estate,
How rich In the fate
That joined him to such a true woman '
At last i
Memphis,
Ime in union :
in Ion.
TOBACCO!
This sudden accession to wealth causes
Anthony to look with disfavor on Tom's
suit, especially as tbe lawyer lays suit
t Betsy's band. At length the mau
of law intrigues so well that be causes
Tom to be accused by a profligate girl of
the village, as the father of her child,
and tbe result is Anthony's house is
forever closed to him, aud he sees Betsy
no more. Tom vows to be revenged ou
his rival, but is persuaded by the parson
to go to give up so rash a design. He
then goes to bis mother, who believes
the scandal against him, and urges bim
to marry Jeuny with whose ruin he has
been charged. This interview is de
scribed with fine power and pathos.
"'Hush! mawther!" I says, aw, mawther,
hush!'
And she turned to the Are. and I saw her brush
The tears irom her eyes, and I saw the workin
or her back, and her body jerkin, jerkin:
And I went, and 1 never said notion lek.
But I put my arm around her neck.
And flooktst !u her face, and the shape and
sfrent'.
And the very laceltxeir Bad went
All Into one, like a sudden thaw,
siished not slushed, or the way you've saw
The water bubblln and swirln. around
The place where a strong man hae gone
down.
And I look her and put her upon the bed
Like a little child, and her poor onld head
On tuy breast, and I hushed her, and stroked
her cheek,
Talkin little talk the way they speak
To babies I did ! and d the shame !
Wasn it out or her I came?
And I began to think or Absalun,
And David cry-in 'My son, my son!'
And the moon come round, and the light
shone in,
And crep' on ner face, and I saw the thin
she was. and the wore, and her neck all dried
And shrivelled up like strips of hide;
And I thought or the time It was asfwarni
And as soft as Betsy's, and her husband's arm
Around it stroug and lovin, and me
A cuddled up, and a suckln tree.
And I cried like Peter in the Testament,
When .iexus looked at him, and out be went.
And cried like a fool, and the cock a crowin.
But what there was in his heart there's no
k now in'
And I swore by the livin Ood above,
I'd pay her back, and love lor love.
And keep for keep, anil the w , checked.
And her with a note and ail correeL.
ihen I kl"sed her, and she never stirred;
And I took my clothes, and without a word.
I reached the door, and by break o' day
I was stundin alone on Douglas quay.
He goes to sea, and on bis return
ieunis from his mother that the lawyer
had reported he was dead, and bad be
come the accepted lover of Betsy, who
pined away and at length died of grief.
Tuen Tom swears to have the lawyer's
life, and is only restrained by the most
earnest efforts of his mother and the
parson. He again becomes a wanderer,
and in the course of his travels, meets
with the girl, who had sworn her child
on him, in a low sailor's lodging-house.
She is in the greatest misery and is dy
ing. This meeting is very touc-hingiy
described.
"Tom Baynes! Tom Baynes! Ult you? is it
you?
Oh can it be? can it be? can it be true?"
Well, I cudna speak, but just a nod
Oh It'sOod that's sent yon It's Ood. i'ls Ood!'
And she gasped and gasped Oh 1 wronged
you, Thomas!
I wronged you, I did, but he made me prom
ise And here I'm now, and I know 1 11 no; live
Oh Thomas, forgive me, oh Tom, forgive!
Oh reach me your hand, Tom. reach me yonr
hand !'
And she stretched out her hand, and I think
I'm a man.
But I shivered all over, and down by the bed.
And 'Hush! hush! Jinny ! hush!' I said;
'Foryivr ye! Yes!' and took and pressed
Her poor weak band against my breast.
Look, Tom,' she said. 'Took there ! look there!'
And a little buudle beside a chair
And the little arms and the Uttie legs
And the round, round eyes as big as egs,
Aud full of wonder and 'that's the child,"'
she says. and. my Ood the woman smiled !"
Tom forgives the wrong that had lieen
done him, takes the child from the dy
ing woman, and swears to become its
protector. He at length sets his face
homeward, and reaches his mothers
house with the child.
" 'Mawther!' I said
Mawther!' but she was still in bed.
Mawther! look here! look here!' 1 cried;
And I tould her all how Jinny hud died.
And this was the youngster, and what I in
tended, Aud she heard me till my story was ended.
Aud just like a stone aw, never a word!
And me getiln angry, till this litle bird
Chin-UDs up with a crow and a leap
And -Mammy seepy ' Mammy as eep
Just that babv way aw. then the flood
Of the woman "s-life come into her blood ;
And she stretched her arms, and 1 gave him to
lier.
And she cried till she couldn cry uo more.
And she took to him grand, though of course
at russ
Her hand was out. ye see. to nuss.
But after dinner she had him as nice
And a slgin, bless ye, with her poorould vice."
He pays a visit to Betsy's grave and
there sees the lawyer, his enemy, bowed
over it in grief. Burning for vengeance'
he determines to kill him then and there.
"Aw, that face ! he raised it i t wasn surprise
It wasn fear that was in nls eyes;
Hut the look of a man that's ralrly done
With everythin that's under the sun.
Ah. mates! however it was with me.
He had loved her, he (omi her my Betsy Lee!
Ta lor!' I said; hut he never spoke:
Vou love 1 her,' I said, -and your heart is
broke.
And he looked aw, the look 't ome, give us
yonr hand !'
I says 'forgive you 1 1 can ! I can ;
For the love that was so terrible strong.
For the iove that made yon do that wrong.' "
And here the poem ends. The moral
is somewhat forced and trite, but it in
culcates forgiveness of injuries, and may
pass without serious challenge. It will
be seen that there is much power in this
poem, but it is faulty in construction
and development. The rough, coarse
worded sailor is lost sight of as tbe poem
progresses, and we find him speaking in
a manner quite foreign t) that used by
bim at the commencement. The writer
evidently desired to be realistic, but be
came either afraid or so moved by the
tenderer portions of bis theme, that he
forgot consistency in the emotions that
controlled bim. With many points of
rare beauty tnis poem is disngured by
many brutal coarse allusions, but that
it will attract notice for the genuine
power that marks it throughout cannot
tie questioned. It is somewhat prolix
at times, and there is an occasional
weariness and impatieuce experienced
wheu the stale trick of interrupting the
interest at the most critical moment, by
unnecessary diversions, is iesorted to;
but on the whole it is one of the best
specimemrof its peculiar school of litera
ture that we have as yet had. It origi
nally appeared in AfaemUlan's Maga
zine, and will be published iu a few days
by Macmiilan A Co. of New York.
ii. ... v p Ttinrtv of Portland. Maine,
. . ---- - . - - -e r - . . ,
menaces the press of that city with a 11- j
be) suit for calling him a "clerical bum-
mer."
First The habit is at war with tem
perance. Tobacco is intoxicant. I is a
part of tbe merchandise of dram-shop-and
an incentive to drunkenness. The
toper rebuked by a professed teetotaler,
with a mid or a cigar in his mouth,
tnisht patiently respond, "Physician,
heal thyself." 3 '
Second The habit is a self-indulgence
in flagrant conflict with the self-denying
spirit of the divine founder of Chris
tianity. It numbers among its -.
more than one hundred and fiftv mil
lions of human beings. It hinders' moral
reform, and it impedes progress.
Third The habit is essentially filthy,
and "cleanliness," says the proverb,
"is next to geddnese.'' Ladies of re
finement in voluntarily shrink from the
man who chews, or snuffs, or smokes,
unless custom has rendered them in
different to those vile practices.
Fourth Tbe lips of tbe tobacco chew
er, or habitual smoker, are swelled and
saturated with a disgusting poison, the
gums are spongy and tender, and the
whole mouth and throat affected by its
use.
Fifth The habit of using tobacco is
inconsistent with the character of a
christian gentleman. "St, Paul," Bish
op Hooker tells us, "was emphatically a
gentleman." Would he have poisoned
tbe air with his sickening smoke, or
deluged the floor with liquid filthu..---Neverl
Sixth The habit injures the voice.
The smoker articulates huskily. The
chewer often croaks. The snuffer speaks
through his nose.
Seventh The habit is costly. Official
statistics show that more money wa
spent for tobacco in the United States
during 1ST 1, than for bread the staff if
life. Three hundred and fifty million
dollars for tobacco in its various forms.
Two hundred million dollars for flour
within the year!
Eighth The habit often lowers the
self-respect of those who practite it. "I
love my pipe," said a clergyman, "but
despise myself for using it."
Ninth The habit disturbs the regular
pulsation of the heart. Tobacco users
are thus in c instant danger. Many fail
dead suddenly.
Tenth The habit weakens the mind.
It enfeebles the memory, paralyzes the
will, produces morbid instability, dis
eases the imagination, deadens the mor
al sensibilities, and is therefore an "as
sault and battery" on the nervous sys
tem, the intellect and the soul.
Eleventh The habit is a rebellion
against conscience. Those wbo indulge
in it know that it wastes time, money,
strength and life, and tramples on the
laws of nature, which are the laws cf
God. Hence it is a sin.
Twelfth The habit is as contagious
as tne cholera. Every mature smoker
or chewer infects dozens of youths with
a desire to follow his pernicious exam
ple. Thus tbe evil spreads.
Bondsmen of "tobacco," break your
chains. After a month f abstinenet-
you will not care for the poison, and
within a year after your self-emancipation
you will loathe it. For this reason,
added to those already placed before
vou, give up the use of tobacco now and
forever!
The present annual production or to
bacco has been estimated by an eminent
English writer at 4,.n, 000,000 pounds I
Suppose it all made into cigars, one hun
dred to the pound, it would produce 4' .
000,000,000. Four hundred billions of
cigars!
Allowing this tobacco, unmanufac
tured, to cost, on the average, ten cents
a pound, we have S400,000,0 expended
every year, in producing a noxious, de
leterious weed. At least one and a half
times as much more is required to man
ufacture it into a marketable form, and
dispose of it to the consumer. If this be
so, then the human family expend every
year, one thousand millions of dollars in
the gratification of an acquired habit,
or one dollar for every man, woman,
and child, upon the earth :
This sum would build two railroads
around the earth, at a cost of twenty
thousand dollars per mile, or sixteen
railroads from the Atlantic to the Pacific !
It would build one hundred thousand
churches, costing ten thousand dollars
each; or half a million of schoolhouses,
costing two thousand dollars each ; or
one million of dwellings, costing one
thousand dollars each ! It would employ
one million of preachers and one mil
lion of teachers, giving each a salary of
five hundred dollars ! It would support
three and one-third millions of young
men at college, giving each three hun
dred dollars per annum for expenses.
THE YIE.VVt 1DIL
From the Springfield Republican.
A good many people seem to be still a
little hazy on the subject of the Vienna
scandal. They can't quite make out
what the row is about what our late
commissioners have done to be "sus
pended " by Mr. Fish and called names
in the newspapers. We will try tn ciear
up the matter a bit. In general terms,
the suspended officials are charged with
blackmailing; that is to say, with utiliz
ing their position as the representatives
of the United States to transfer money
from other people's pockets to their own.
It is asserted, probably with entire truth,
that they have bled, or attempted to
bleed, every one who has had anything
to do with them, exacting commissions
on contracts, requiring exhibitors to
come down with a bonus before assign
ing them places for their wares,
and even thrusting their hands into the
pockets of the poor stevedores on the
wharves. A sample of the way in which
they have transacted the business en
trusted to them by the government, we
are told that the job of roofing over tbe
machinery court was awarded to one
contractor for twenty-nine thpusand six
hundred dollars with the reversion of
the building at tbe end of tbe snow, al
though another contractor bad ottered
to do tbe job for twenty-three thousand
dollars, pay a five per cent, commission
to the commissioner in charge, and let
the building go to tbe government. It
is added that many exhibitors, upon re
fusing to "come down," nave been told
that there were no places for tbem, ami
that this is a priucipai reason for the mea
ger display niade by this country at the
opening. In short, our late representa
tives seem to have been as well up in
"addition, division and silence," as a
Pennsylvania member of the National
Republican committee, or a Massachu
setts congressman of the new school.
KETl UEU BACH PAY.
New York Tribune, April 2.j
Up to the nineteenth of April, 377,
7.37 . i of the amount voted to members
of Congress as "back pay" has beeu
returned to the treasury, many of those
making the return desiring that their
names should not be made public. Of
those known to have disposed of their
shares otherwise than by appropriating
it to their own use, the following is a
complete list up to date:
Senators Henry Wilson, Massachu
setts; John Scott, Pennsylvania; Reu
ben E. Fen ton, New York; Carl
Schurz, Missouri; Oliver P. Morton, In
diana; Daniel D. Pratt, Indiana; Alex
ander Ramsey, Minnesota; George O.
Wright, Iowa; Justiu S. Morrill, Ver
mont; Thomas F. Bayard, Delaware..
Representatives W. R- Roberta, New
York; C. N. Potter, New York; George
F. Hoar, Massachusetts: James Munroe,
Ohio: William H- Upsn, Ohio; Joseph
R. Hawley, Connecticut; William A.
Wheeler. New York ; Eli Perry, New
York; William R. Sprague.Ohio; Phila
delph Van Trump, Ohio; C. W. Willard,
Vermont C. L. Merriman, New York;
William M. Merrick, Maryland; J. A.
Garfield, Ohio; G. A. Finkeinburg, Mis
souri; H. H. Starkweather, Connecticut;
John Colbura, Indiana; Samuel Sheh.
barger, Ohio; W. Townaend, Penrsyl
vauia; G. W. MeCrary, Iowa; Exaotus
Wells, Missouri; Thomas Swann,
Maryland; John F. Farusworth, Illi
nois; G. W. Hazleton, Wisconsin; A.
R. Colton, Iowa; J. M. Crebs, Illinois;
J. U. McCormack, Missouri ; S. s. Cox,
New York; J. A. Peters, Maine; C. C.
Esiy, Massachusetts.

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