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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL - WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1878. HMPins WEUMISOAY MOKMXH.OCT. The Dally Altpcnl tH n lamer circn- 1 .lion Itasui nil lb oilier McmpUU .Inlly ,v.. ?. vr a subject of deep inter o.,n,nrn nubile. Profitable . Sfnilv cultivated above rer- bans anv other agricultural product, it ... .m nf the most sensitive ana un reliable productions of the farm, ISo M - T,n matter how broad his man mu - , ... how much cotton he will raise, whether he will gather.any- ,Mnrllke a sufficiency to pay him for1 n,.nr of money, toil Tind trou tsi mtra is in bis LHe, uuiu - gin house. Even then some un expected calamity at home or abroad, may bring down the price of the great staple to a starving figure. Still, there is money in the business of cotton-plant-Ins, and the south, just now, must ueeds devote the greater part of her lime and capital to the cultivation of thefleecy commodity. Since the eman cipation of the black laborers of tlT south, speculation has been rife touching the effect of freedom upon the negro race, and the resulting influences for good or ill. vrhich that eman cipation would have upon the yearly yield of cotton in the southern States. Holding the faith as we do, that the evils resulting from the emancipation of any people from a state of slavery, are light when compared with the good that fa proper use of the blessing of freedom secures, we can share no fears that the laborers who were found profit able to the State when they were slaves, will become lees profitablenow that they are freemen. Xor can we sympathize with that theory which deduces deca dence from the freedom of a race, that waxed strong and numerous when it was in slavery. The increase in the annual yield of cotton since the war, which closed in 1865, and especially the cotton yield of the last three years, and the almost assured y Ad of the crop now being picked, prove conclu sively that emancipation has stimulated rather than checked the planting inter est of the south. The agricultural bu rm estimates the acreage planted this year at 8,649,000 acres, or 949,000 acres more than last year, and notwithstand iag panics, the cotton rates remain little changed in the marKei, anu me uemauu iHBreasinz instead of diminishing. tu. cnV increase in the demand for cotton during the last three years is proved by the amount consumed byEu rjen eetton mills during that period. t,. lfirn Hip Knells!! cotton mills con- Ktmif-l 1.052.000.000 pounds; in 1871, l.ir.0.000.000 pounds; in 1872, 1,170,000, OrtO nounds: and it is estimated that they will consume this year, 1,300,000,000 nounds. The amount required 10 buji xA v the mills on the continent of Europe J .... i . . i I has increased inanaboutequairauu.auu the conclusionis irresistible that cotton is every day enlarging its spheres of use fulness, and that its market value must increase rather than diminish. This in crease in the value of cotton does not yieW the southern planters the margin of profit it should, because oi me greaiixKi of its production. If emancipation had left the negro on the plantation, the im petus to the cotton interests of the south bv the increased foreign demand for the staple, would have been much more Irritable to the planter, because of his aWlity to procure available labor at those critical periods in the cultivation of the crop, which, if neglected at the time, render a profitable yield, and, in some cases, the gathering of any crop at all, impossible. This was one of the evils of emancipation; but even this was counteracted to a great extent by forcing the planter, who would make anything like a crop,into the field him self, and demanding from him a greater personal attention, energy and thrift than he ever exercised before; virtues which, in the long run, amply compen sated him for the loss of other things in the way of personal ease and comfort, heretofore esteemed desirable. To cheapen the cost of production is the great point with the planter, and to do that just now, in the face of what are for the present irremediable circum stances, is no easy thing. A step in this direction might be made by reliev ing the cotton interests from the incubus of the large plantation system. A very large plantation is ever at the mercy of its laborers, and white, black and brown laborers all over the world, are not slow to take advantage of tne ex ippneies of the employer to demand exorbitant wages, at a time when cir cumstances place them fortuitously in an attitude to enforce their demand. Unlimited capital may occasionally defy the efforts of labor to take advantage of suoii passing incidents; but a "strike in the cotlonfield, when the plant is "in the grass," would present the alter native of concession to its demands, or lo8 of the crop. "While it will neces sarily take time, to place upon a proflta ble and harmonious basis, to employer and employee, the system of southern IalKir, disorganized to a great extent by emancipation, yet much might be ac complished by adopting and encourag ing the small-plantation system. There are many planters in the south who l)Orrow large amounts of money ev ery year, at ruinous interest, in or der that they may cultivate ex tensive plantations, who are grow ing poorer year after year their profits going to pay the usuriouaintereit demanded by the lender. If these gen tlemen would dispose of one-half their1 plantations for cash, and cultivate the other half, or as much of it as could be cultivated with their own capita, mak ing it an imperative rule not to bor row a cent, the let alt in a few years would be most gratifying to themselves awl to the country. In the meantime we have the encouraging evidences multiplying on every hand, that cotton grows in importance every day. Nor are there any fears of the cotton market being glutted. The United States Economist is alarmed lest the' supply of cotton next year should reach four million five hundred thousand bales, and thus overstock the market and compel us to seek new ones. But such fears are groundless from the fact that,altbough the capacity of the south ern cotton-belt may be eight l nillions, in stead of four millions five hundred thou sand bales, the quality and tjuantity of labor necessary to raise even the latter amount cannot be forthcoming. It is not every man who can handde a hoe or run a furrow that can success fully culti vate cotton. It requires both skill and experience to bring this tender plant through all the varying stages of its growth and maturity, until it enters the gin-house. Our skilled black laborers are gradually diminishing, not that the negro is following in the wak e of the In dian, as some men believe, hut that he is finding new avenues of employment in the great world opened to him by emancipation, as well as filling life-blanks in the idleness and vicious haunts of cities, and towns. The planter has that great consolation, which Is the portion of man everywhere, and that is that, after all, self-reliance is his real hope, the best sanctuary for hin elf and family. It him kep his acres nmlpr his eve. aud wlthln the radius of his aMpy; avoiding as" much as be can thatffependeuceiuponitlie labor of oth ore, which for the nonce makes him the slave of his employee. And to do him justice, he has nobly shown since the war that he can rise above even the force of a life-long habit, and emulate the best type of the sturdy and industrial farmer. If, fresh from the lap of luxury, he has done this, what may we not hope from a generation of south ern planters who grow up into manhood free from the burdens which their fathers carried, and schooled in the art of a self- reliance which hopes nothing from ser vile labor, and dares the accomplish ment of anything suggested by necessity and indorsed by honor? THE COMISQ OF.TIIE FROST, Our predictions with regard to frost were verified, and yesterday morning the popular demonstrations In honor of the crystal-crowned king in the infected district of the city were of the most marked and joyous character. The presence of the mon arch, whose borne h amid the snow towers of the north, "All f parkllne with gems In the ne'er settln day," was unmistakable. Not alone on the housetops, as in our atmospherical vaticination we marked the de scehding limits of this most -welcome visitant, but the sidewalks, and every object exposed to the air, were, in the early gray of the autumnal morning, white with the sparkling prisms of the frost. While it was yet twilight, and ere the dappled east had opened th gates of day to the rising sun, hastily attired men and women, with semi-nude children in their arms, were out in the streets. breathinK the precious air of the purifying frost. Here, stooping down, one gathered a handful of the clitterinc hoar-frost, which, pure and beautiful, lay upon the earth, and gazing on it witn somewnat the gladdening spirit with which the Israelites gathered tne manna in the desert of Arabia exclaimed: "Ob, God! we thank thee for this blessing!" Others came and touched with reverential fingers the pure cold messenger of health, as if to satisfy themselves, like the half-believing Thomas of old, that the saviour of the city had not risen, but descended from heaven to save the people from the destroying angel of the pes Hilence. Ciroupa or men and wo- to men moved from place to place prove, by cumulative evidence, that indeed it was frost, and not some opti cal delusion; that the wished-for guest had not merely confined its visitations to one locality, but enjoyed the freedom of the city. Here a pale-faced, once handsome woman, with a tender babe at her breast, knelt down on the cold ground to thank God that the frost had come! Poor, stricken heart! she and her orphan boy were all that the pesti lecce had spared out of a once happy family. Strong men, bareheaded and bare-armed, walked excitedly hither and itber rejoicing in the fact that a physiciaJ'i d come, to who: nostrums the whole faculty must yield precedence as the only true panacea for the terrible yellow-fever. Windows and doors were thrown open, woolen and cotton garments were exposed to the disinfecting agency of the cold and rarefied air, and everywhere in the city, as well as in the vicin ity of the infected region, the enthu siasm was as marked, if not as fer vent and joyous. No wonder that the unfortunates of Happy Hol low rejoiced at the coming of the omnipotent healer, whose prescript tions are successful when all others fail. The fever had been in every one of their homes, had broken the magic circle around their humble firesides, had carried away the brightest and the dear est of their little flock, or the strongest stay and prop of their house; and so like the shipwrecked mariner, who sees along.the distant horizon the outline of a rescuing sail, they feel how keen is that hope and joy of salvation which riEes from the ashes of despair. Not alone to the stricken and afflicted was the frost a welcome visitor. The whole city felt the glow of returning hope when the eyes of the people looted upon the frost. It was to them the sig nal of health, the forerunner of restored business activity, the sign that the dawn was breaking from the long night of sor row and of death that for weeks wrapped the city in its bia' k and dismal folds. Surely the frost is from God; and the faith that is born of affliction, which sees wisdom in the chastisement, and loving-kindness in the meiciful and divine hand that removes it, is a certain sign that the hearts of our people still beat in unison with the grand old doc trines of the "hriatian church. Wi: ARE OF ONE ASD THE SA9L BOOT. We would have British gold sent hither to De paid lor American couon. li mis suspen sion contlnne a month, ou will see golden corneas everywhere in me souui. mcfcouin will receive lor the crop quite as much In gold ;less currency. The in tervention of countless Intermediate agents and speculators who come between the planter and British manufacturer would be avoided, and the cotton take the shortest and cheapest route Irom southern clues and seaports to Liverpool. The above is from the letter of our special correspondent writing from Columbus, Mississippi. It wts just such frothy stuff as this that used to circulate through the south during the war, and evidently our correspondent is as much demoralized as then. British gold will never within the next two generations, if ever, find its way to the south for cotton or any thing else. British buyers, like all sen sible men, follow the regular channels of trade, and as confidently look to New York as the great American center of commerce as they do to London as the center of European commerce. We do not indulge, therefore, in the rhapsodical ideas of our corre spondent There won't be any golden guineas in circulation in the south. The balance of trade is always in favor of England as against New York, and in favor of New York as against the south, and the latter will send cotton to New York, and New Ycjk to England, to pay those balances, and ihere won't be any gold about it. As to the "countless intermediate spec ulators," if ourcorrespondentwould kill them he would ruin Memphis. Ihey are tne very me oi our city, mey are men as necessary to our welfare as the daily laborer in the construction of a railroad, and we hope to see them flourish. The Appeal stands by the cotton men of Memphis as a class with out whose aid and assistance the plant ers could not get along indeed, could not exist, "Our correspondent" is wrong in theory and in fact He thinks yet that cotton rules the world. Let us tell him in confidence that that is an insane idea. The surplus produce that the we3t will send to Europe this fall and winter will amount to three hundred millions of dollars as compared to two hundred and fifty millions of dol lars for the whole cotton crop. Itis sim ply absurd to talk of British gold for cot ton. The north, the south, the east and the west are under one government, and have one destiny, and as the corre spondent of the Moblle-ff ejrwtcr says, op erate on a financial "House-that-Jack-built" system. The banks are influenced by Wall street: commerce is influenced by the banks; the merchants are infiu- enceu by commerce; interior corre ppondents depend upon the merchama; country trade depends upon the towns small store-keepers, planters, laborers, down to the lowest Held hand, nil depend upon the country trade. Had one great merchant in Memphis succumbed to the pressure, inthejate furious state of the' public pulse, it is impossible to follow the disastrous results that would have trained out from that one explosion and they would have affected us, hero at home, both deep'y and directly. Hence, it is not well for any portion of our people, nor of our press, to chuckle over the idea that the prosperous north is in the throes of a malady from which we are exempt. It is illogical as it is Indecent to shrug our Shoulders and declare with Secretary-Kichardson "Itis none of my funeral." THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER. It will be lemembered by our readers that during the sittings of the con gressional committee on transportation we called the attention of our readers to the fact that the interests of the lower Mississippi valley were wholly ignored and that the whole scope of the discus sion before and by the committee was engrossed by the lake and 8t. Lawrence river and the Erie canal routes. Our remarks met with some response from New Orleans and St Louis papers, but none whatever from those of Cincinnati and Chicago. It was out of the ques tion, therefore, to expect anything from any of the New York or eastern papers, and we had lost all hope of aid in our efforts for this part of the country when here comes the New York Grocer with the following cheering words. It says: "We are not local. We are not sectional. We are American. To us north, east, south and west are but boundary terms to denote the broad ex panse of our magnificent country. We can rejoice, therefore, in anything and everything that promotes the general welfare. And in this spirit we wish to do our patt in directing attention to the wonderful natural outlet for the pro ductions of the great west, provided by a munificent Providence, the Missis- sinni river. Without a single inter ruption, needing neither lock nor dam its broad, deep and fructifying cur rent sweeps through five thousand miles of territory, passing by the doors of ten or twelve States, never freezing, running into a gulf that widens into every ocean, and able to bear upon its ample bosom the products of a con tinent Why is it that so little account of all these astonishing advantages is taken by our papers and our public men in the discussion of the cheap transpor tation question? We have heard of but one reason assicned. and that is that grain cannot be transported in bulk down the Mississippi river, transferred to ships at New Orleans, and make the trans-atlantic passage, without danger of spoiling. We say not only that it can be done, but that it actually has more than once been done, with perfect safety and at much less expense." A Washington correspondent writes that the name of Colonel A. H. Mark- land is prominently before the puplic for the very responsible position of sergeant- at-arms of the house of representatives, and says: " Colonel Uarkland has very large circle of army and civil friends who would rejoice to see him oc cupying a position requiring so niucn character and integrity. For a number of years he has held offices of honor and trust under the government (being now stationed in Indianapolis), and his in tegrity and business qualifications have never been questioned. He is a proper ty-owner in this city, where he has Bpent much of his time." The colonel will be remembered by many of our citizens as, for a brief period during the war, a resident of Memphis as military postmaster, in which position he managed to give en tire satisfaction to the public, as well as to the government. To him we are iu debted tor the handsomely appointed postofHce we now have, and for many postal facilities, which have reached us only and solely through his recommend ation. We happen to know the colonel personally, and are, therefore, able to indorse him, notwithstanding we differ politically, and widely at that, for the office of sergeant-at-arms. The house may spend months in lookiDg, and will not be able to find a man who so thor oughly combines all the requisites for the high position. The Nashville Union and American wants the New York gold-room abol ished. It says that "whether or not it was ever authorized by any competent authority, or whether it is not a volun tary association of gamblers, we have never been able to hnu out precisely, But of one thing we are absolutely cer tain, and that is that itis no longer ne cessary, and is a nuisance, and as such, should be suppressed and continued closed for all time. If it had any other than a voluntary creation, whatever that authority was, should take from it its poweis and ifitneverhadanysuch cre- tion, it should be emasculated of further power, either for good or evil, by the pub licvolce of the country." Ourcotempo- rary, following its logical line of reason ing, says: "Every transaction which makes a difference in value between the government gold dollar and the govern ment paper dollar, takes the coinage out of the hands of the government, de stroys the coinage principle which at taches to it and makes it merchandise, and a subject of illegal, unconstitutional and vicious speculation. The entire scheme of buying and selling in the New York gold-room, and imitation of it by every broker in the limits of the Union, is an invasion of the exclusive powers of the government, and is a positive injury to the public at large." Keixooo Is in New York, and with the characteristic impudence of his tribe, is trying to show the people of Gotham that he is as innocent of pecculatiou as Ben Butler was of patriotism when he captured the silverware from the side boards of New Orleans housekeepers. Ne w York was fool ed by Barn u m's Fegee mermaid and Freemont's woolly horse. It was also badly sold by the Daily Graphic's balloon-trip to Europe, -which did not come off, though Donaldson did. It bore with, if it did not believe, in Jim Fisk, and it tolerated Jay Cooke & Co., until that princely swindle, the Northern Pacific railroad, tumbled down with a crash that shook Wall street to its center. It for years enjoyed the stu pendous humbuggery of old Tamma ny, and swallowed without winking the vagaries of George Francis Tiain; but the deglutition of this revamped and magnificent fraud, Kellogg, while tho files of the New Orleanspapera are" ac cessible, we dpem beyond the capacity of even New York. Kellogg will have to take his porcine diminutives to an other market Genebaii Hooker, in the late reunion of the army of the Cumberland, referred to the Confederate army, against which be had fought, in these terms "Search the world over and you will not Und the like of them. I have bad an op portunity of 6eelng some of the armies of Europe since then thFreuchrus sian and Austrian and I tell you it will be down hill work to fight them, compared with our late foes." NEW YORK. Fourth ATenuo Tunnel Catcd In Nar row Escape of Bailway Trains The Tnnncl in Bad Condition. i fi : ; t The Union Theological Seminary dowed Stokts Skk Scene at j Military Review Crime, Casualj, Etc. En- New York, October C. Jame3 Mer risran, of Brooklyn, who, with his wife, was arrested a short time ago on sus picion of murder and arson, and re leased on the verdict of a coroner's jury, was rearrested yesterday. esterday morning a portion of the arch of the Fourth avenue tunnel gave way, filling the tunnel with masonry and earth. Tne Albany express-train had passed only a few minutes previ ously, and another was due at the time of the accident Although five hun dred men were put immediately to work, It was five o'clock in the afternoon be fore the trains could pass. This is the second time the tunnel has caved In within a short time, and the remaining portions are said to ho cracked and .ready ror anotner ureas. iui tne trains enter ing or leaving the city pass through this tunnel. The Union theological seminary has received from Mr. James Brown, bank er, three hundred thousand dollars to complete the endowment of its profes sorships. Edward S. Stokes, owing to sickness, was unable to appear when his case was called this morning, and the trial was set down for Wednesday, Victoria W. Vail, of Newark, i3 the young woman found dead in the house of a clairvoyant in Jersey City yester day, from alleged malpractice. Alonzo E. Kimball, a married man has been ar rested, charged with taking Miss Vail to the house where she died. The third regiment of the national guard of the State of New Jersey, Colo nel J. Madison JJraKe, visited mis city to-day. and were received by theeinhty- eieh'h reeiment of New York State mi litia. They were reviewed by Mayor Havemeyer and the common council at the city hall. As Colonel Drake was out of the ranks thanking the mayor for reviewing tnem, no was arrested on a complaint of Henry Lindenmeyer & Co., paper dealers, who charge Drake with defraudlhg them out of two thou, sand and eichty-five dollars. Drake purchased paper on which to print the Elizabeth Daily Monitor, of which he editor, to tne amount or three tnousand dollars, repiesenting that be owned a large amount oi property in JMizaDetn. It was found out that the property was all in his wife's name. Of the three thousand dollars the above amount re mained unpaid, and hence the arrest. Colonel Drake was locked up. A recep tion is being given his regiment to night by the eighty-eighth New York regiment The recommendation oi mayor jaave myer, that the hospitalities of the city be extended to theEvaneelical Alliance, passed the board of aldermen to-day. Airs. UOllinoar, a woman wuo Keeps a large stationery-store in Philadelphia, was arrested there yesterday and broucht here and put in Ludlow ftreet jail, charged with sending obscene lit erature inrougn tne mans irom ruu adelphla to this city. Thesenatorial committee on privileges and elections, consisting of Hon. O. P. Morton: Hon. M. H. Carpenter, of Wisconsin: H. B. Anthony, of Rhode Island: Georee S. Boutwell, of Massa chusetts; J. H. Mitchell, of Oregon; W, T. Hamilton, of Maryland; James L, Alcorn, of Missis -ppi, and Jonn A. Losan. of Blinote, met in secret session at the Fifth avenue hotel to-day, and drafted, it was stated, an amendment to the constitution, to be submitted to the United States senate, looking to a better and more practical mode of electing the President and Vice-President, and pro viding a tribunal to adjust and decide all questions relative to Presidential elections which may be contested. Other questions of a political nature were discussed. E. If. MARTIN. A 91. MARTIN. E. Hi- MARTIN & CO.. -IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF- CUTLERY, McComI)s' Old Stand, : : : ETC., 324 Main Street, Memphis trrE OFFER to the TRADE SPECIAL I.VnECEMEXTS IX PRICES, and invite an t f vuuiimauuu ui our hwci oi guous utiiore puicu&Mes sua mauB eisewuere. SEPTEMBER 1. 1873. MJJ? WHOLESALE.! WE AKE'OW EEADY FOR THE FALL TRADE, WITH ONE OF THE'. HEAVIEST AND BEST SELECTED STOCKS OF GOODS In oar line, ever offered In this city. MERCHANTS willflnd It for their interest to call upon ns and examine goods and prices HILL, TERRY & MITCHELL, 829 H&EgaJjo. Street. 3M:e33a.laJ.gi. CARRINGTON MASON, GENERAL IHSUKANCE AGENT, 'o. 9 Jladison Street, Memphis. Representing the following First-Class Fire and Marine Companies: HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, OP NEW YORK. Assat 84,408,513. IMPERIAL INSURANCE COMPANY, OF LONDON. Assets 88,000,000. NIAGARA INSURANCE COMPANY. ' Resources 84,000,000. MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY. 8303,000. PACIFIC MUTUAL INSURANCE CO. (MARINE). $1,021,000. Facilities for effecting all classes of risks are not excelled in the city. Certlllcates Issued covering cotton shipped to European ports made payable to consignee, and IN GOLD, If desired. All rates Fire, Inland and Marine adjusted to . the hazard. C. KIKTLAXD. IE. St. KIBTLAXB J. E. KIBTXAMB BEO. IHSUH AITCS. FIRE AND MARINE ESSUEASCE CO. LOCIS UAXACr.lt, I J, 31. PETTIGHEW President. Ylce-rrevldent. B. r.BOLLlXG.Serrelurjr. 3EX CI 33tE JE1 2N. CO. OF MEMPHIS, DIRECTORS: L. IIANAUERof Schoolfleld, nananer Co. II. WETTER of H. Wetter & Co. F. M. WHITE... of F. M. White & Co. -United States Marshal of Pearce, Bnggs Co. .of E. Urqubart Co. L. B. EATON M. Q. PEARCE E. URQUnART- J. W. DICKINSON.Dlclclnson.WiHlann Co. J. M. rETTIGREW Edmond,PettIgrew A Co. FINAKCE COMMITTEE: H. H. METIE of H. II. Mette & Son, Ch'rn ISAAC ECIIwAB of Schwab 4 Co W.O.HARVEY. Ely, Harvey 4 Richardson INSURE WITH THE WASHING TON FIHE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY 0iHce-51-2 MADISON ST. MEMPHIS, : : i : : TENNESSEE J. J. BDSBiT, President. 3. IV. JEFFERSON, Yice-Fres't G. W. I. CROOK, Secretary. DIRECTORS : J. J. BUSBY, of Busby, Johnson A Co. J. W. JEFFERSON, of J. W. Jefferson 6 Co, T. B. SILLABD, Cotton Factor. G. V. RAMBAUT, of E. M. Apperson & Co. CvvirDcnt; r - t.-.. . Issues policies upon Fire, Marine and In land Klsks. Losses promptly adjusted and paid. Insurance of Dwellings and Contents made a specially. aula BANKS. MANHATTAN BANK OP MEMPHIS, TENff. CHART II ED I3T 180C. Transact a General Bankluir nnd Ex change Baslne", nod executes or ders lor tne IMirclia.e nnd Bale of Coin, Stocks, Bonds and Scrips. Jfott particular care Riven to eollec tlon item, and prompt relnrns made llierefor. Correspond, ence solicited. J. LEYY, Pres't. S. R0RG, Cashier. L. LEYY, Ylce-Prei't. E. GOLDSMITH, Assistant Cashier. ESSASIISME 1359 WITKOWS WHOLESALE DEALER IN 208 MAIN STBEET. T'aronn oncLons i-r trices. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED MANILLA. AND N0YEDAD CIGARS. Fifty Brands finest Cigars In Market. Agents for Choice YlrgJnla Tobacco. JIEJlCIIAJrTS.vWtlng the city will And It to their Interest to examine ni;-Immense stock be ore purchasing elsewhere. J AS. G. BARBOUR. J as. g. siarpso BARBOUK & SHSFSOS 3 - IMPORTERS AND SEALERS IS- CUTLERY, GUNS, BUILDING MATERIALS, gricnltural Implements, J3tc. CLAY BUILDING, MEMPHIS, TBN2T HAVING removed our stock of Hardware and Cutlery to the largo and cemraedfoa store Ho. 231 Alain Street, Clay Building, we have In store and are recelvlnz a raach larger and much more complete assortment or goods In our line than heretofore, which we offer to Merchants and others visiting Memphis at rxtremely Low Figarev. A careful Inspection of our &AMFLEH and PRICES Is respectfully solicited. BARBOUR A SOIPSOX. 31. J. WICKS. J. C. TERRY. M. jL. TV I Clt3. TERRY 7 -DEALERS IX- LIM LATHS IB SHINGLES, COTTON CLAIMS. The Awards of the Court of Claims to he Appealed. Spies Sent South to Procure Testimony Agalafct Claimants. From the Savannah News. Washington, October 2. It has been ascertained, on reliable authority, that all tho cotton awards made by the court oi claims last spring for the soutli win De appealed Dy tne government, The procees will be first to try the court of claims, and if this court refuses to grant a new trial, men tne cases will be appealed to the supreme court. Every effort will be made to de feat the payment of the award made by tne court of claims, especially to cot ton claimants. As an evidence of the earnest efforts to be made in this direc tion, it may be stated that the govern ment lias sent two men to tne soutn, who will represent themselves as laim- agents, having unusual facilities for procuring the favorable consideration and settlement of claims, and who will try" to gather up all the evidence for and against the claims passed, now pending anu to oe ouereu lor consideration: nut tne reai ouieci oi tnese ieno ws is to gain the confidence of claim-holders, so that tliey may obtain all the evidence in their possession, which is to bo used by tne government in tne new trials to be asked for. These spies of the government, for they are nothing less, are armed with a list of claimants for cotton against the government, and will profess to oollect all rejected claims and to collect even subscribed Confede rate cotton. The people of the entire south should keep a sharp look-out for these fellows, anu abstain from holding any communication with tbem. One tiling tnat nas induced tne government to adopt this system of warfare against sou m era claimants, is tnat so many bo gus and preposterous claims are sent up from that section, hedged in with such plausible evidence that it cost the gov ernment a creat deal to defeat them, nence tne eiiort to Kill all claims in a body. AXatlona Carrlagc-SInkera' Convention Calico. Portland, Me., October 6. Charles P. Kimball, president of the Carriage Builders' National association issues a call for a second annual convention of the association, to meet at the St. Nicholas hotel, New York, Wednesday, Novem- oer iiun, ana invites an carriage builders in the United States to join them. Ocean TacIURace. New York, October 6. -The ocean yacht race to-day between the sloops Meta, of the Brooklyn yacht club, and vision, oi me .new xorx ciuo, nasnaa peculiar termination. The first whis tle for the flying start was given at 11:37 and the Meta crossed the line at 11 :52, Vision at l':54. Before the yacht had proceeded far the weather became very rougn. a or tnis reason, tnejuages or tne boat refused to m-company the yachts, act aa stake-f it judges. The boats returned to port did also the Bison. The Meta Bailed over the course. I'onl Jlnrdcr. Cincinnati. October 6. A special dispatch to the JZnquirer says that a most cruel muiaer iook piace in jfans, Kentucky, to-day. Parry Clay, Ed ward Current and Matt Current were in Pat O'Brien's saloon creating a disturb ance. He was unable to quell it, and sent for an officer, and Deputy-Mar shal W. A. Burton came and tried to coax them out. Ho succeeded in get ting them into the back-yard, when Ed. current snot mm several time?, two or the shots taking effect in the breast. Matt Current then eeized Burton and shot him through the head. Burton then fell and was set upon by the two Currents, who beat him over the head with their pistols, fracturing his skull, beating his nose into a jelly, and cutting his face horribly. Marshal Miller ar rested bom tne currents ana put tnem in jail. The excitement was great, and lynching was talked of, as the Currents had been boisterous before. Burton was well liked. He was twenty-six years old, and had no family. NOTICE TQIAOKMEN. 0fic Missi33i pi- i Hi veb Elk vatob Co., itl III puis, UCIUUCI u, XOiO. ) From this date, and until further notice. no hacks or carriages will be allowed iuMde the Elevator Building. You will be required to recelTe and discharge joor passengors ou the outer platform. AP. BIORM, oca Sup't Miss. River Elevator Co. DoorSjSash nnd Blinds, Moldings, Training Lumber and Lattice, lO 111 Union St., below Second, Memphis. &S-BILLS CCT TO ORDER.-E 21. L. HEACHAAf. j. b. roaTON. A. W. ROBERTS. E. E. MEACHA M, L. 1EACHA1 8c CO., WlilffllS Gum k U Ml B. C DANIEL, JH President. re s I. Fit EE HAS, Cashier. No. 9 UNION STEEEI, MeoipMs, Toim. E are ODCn'lnz the Fall Trade with a new and 7eli-selected stock which Is now complete having been Durchased before the recent advance. We offer EXTRA INDUCEMENTS AGUING. TIES RACON. SUGAR. COFFEE. 8YRUPS and TOBACCO, as well as a full line 01 oiner gooas. o is- -err LIFE Insurance Association, g Main street, Bethel ISlock, ISoom 7. OPPIOBRS : G. W. L. CROOK, VrrsIdenL TIIOS. BACON, Secretary. Dr. W. E. EOtiERS, Medical Examiner. J. E. R. RAY, Judge Probate Court. W. SI. D. WEND EL, of Wormley & Co., Cotton G. V. L. CHOOK, Secretary Washington rue r aciors. anu Marine insurance uo. rj- r cwiiiAuuiu, wjiuiulvmuu iuercuuut. C. W. KEALHOFER, of Forster, Kealhofer & Co., Grocers and Cotton Factors JO. . SI701?a"E3JS. CSroaaoral Manager WORKS 160 & 174 Adams Street, Memphis, MANUFACTURERS OF MACHINERY Steam Engines (portable and stationary). Saw Mills, Grist Mills, Bhaltlugs, Couplings, Pulleys, XAUIlgClBf iUAi;3, Al, AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. Cotton Presses (McDennott's we make a specialty), Gearing, Pinions, Gudgeons, Bolts, Etc. HOUSE AND JAIL WORK. Columns. Lintels. Bills, Gratlnss, Sash weights. Ventilators. Cast and wrought-Iron Fences, Cast and wrou?ht-lron ecus ana vaults. ALL KIXDH OF STEAMBOAT WORK DONE PKOMPTLT. Orders for Brass and Iron Castings, and all kinds Wiought-Iron Work solicited. Hlghe prices paia ior uiu warnings. J. G. LONSDALE, r. C. B. 1TELLFOIID. Lonsdale & Wellford, mtm I1URM0I MENT Ms. 39 and 41 Madison Street, Memphis, Tenn., Represent the following well known and prosperous Companies: NORTH BRITISH AND MERCANTILE INSURANCE CG OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH. Capital nnd Surplus 813,000,00O. FIRE ASSOCIATION, OF PHILADELPHIA, PA. Assets . 82,003,038. EQUITABLE FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, OP NASHYILIE.TENN. Assets . , si7,ou or Insurance upon nil classes of risks effected with facility and dispatch. Losses equitably adjusted and promptly paid. , sepj STATE NATIONAL BANE OF MEMPHIS. rriHIS bsnk, organized under the National A currency aci, wun a capiiai oi THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND dollars, li now fully prepared to carry on a general Dancing Dusiness. The accounts of merchants, manufacturers and business firms, and persons generally, wm do receivea. Its officers and directors tender the servi ces of this association to this and other com. munltles. JOHN J. FREEMAN, Cashier. DIRECTORS. R. a DANIEL, late President Merchants Na tional bank. AMOS WOODRUFF, President Union Cctton ComDress Association. I. B. KIRTLAND, late President Jackson In surance comnanv. J.J. BUSBY, President Washington Fire and .Marine insurance company. T. A. NELSON, President Southern Life In surance Company. T. R.TUGGLE. B. LOWENSTEIN, of B. Lowenstein t Bros. HUGH STEWART, of Stewart, Gwnne A Co H. T. LEMJION, of Joyner, Lemmon & Gale. A. J.' White, o r White, Lan KStaff A Co. JOHN P. HOFFMAN, of Mitchell, Hoflman A Co. H. CLOTH, of Cloth A Kettman. (Sneeetsorsjlo 31. J. WICKS A SOX), MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN t-.t. SIZ2S BAR EON, LIGHT RAILS, ETC. AGENTS FOR Grulett'8 ImproTed Cotton Sin ascl Press. Gnlletl's Steel Brush Gin, Deerlng's Horse Power, Cole man's Corn Mill, Utlca Steam Engines, Bed Jlonntaln Iron Fnrnac. 8, Bay Springs Cotton Factory. RAILROAD SUPPLIES, HEAVY HARDWARE, Ma oVx 1 n ory, 20" Alls, Eto,, ON MOST FAVORABLE RATES. No. 37 Union Street, Memphis, Tenn. Between Main and Second. N. MALATESTA, of L. Podesta fe Co. TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Office or Comftf.oli.eie or Tttx Cubkeicct,') Washington, Augusts?, 1S73. Whereas, by satisfactory evidence, present ed to the undersigned. It has been made to ap pear that the State National Bank of Mem phi", lu the city of Memphis, in the cormty of tihelby and Htateof Tennessee, has been duly organized under and according to the require ments of the actor Congress, entitled "An Act to provide a national currency, secured by a pledge of United States bonds, and to pro vide for the circulation and redemption thereof," approved June 3, 1861, and has com Dlied with all tho provisions of said act re quired to be cemplled with before commenc ing ine ousiness oi Dansang, unaer sain act. l rm.AA.nH. T T n 1 -n-- --.l.w n-.l-. Comptroller of the Currency, do hereby testi ly mar. me "siaie -Mauonai sans: oi -Memphis," In the city of Memphis, In the county of Shelby and State of Tennessee, is author ized to commence the business of banking under the act aforesaid. In Testimony ereof. Witness my hand and seal of offic t-9th day of Ansust, lif73. J.T. LANGWORTHY, No. -327 fL.S.1 Acting Comptroller Currency. DISSOLUTION. DISSOLUTION. THE firm of Webber & Williams la this day dissolved by mutual consent, E. B. raisr Webber bavins dissosed of his Interest In the said Arm to J. M. WILLIAMS, who assumes all liabilities, and Is alone authorized to col lect the outstanding debts due the firm. JTB'W S'XXUUC. J. M. 1YILLIAMS & CO., (Successors to Webber & Williams), COTTON FACTORS Grocers and General Commis sion merchants, 202 Front Street, Memphis. Tons, Consignments solicited, and liberal advances made on came, uraers irom ine country so licited and promptly filled, when accom. panled with the cash or city acceptance. Thankful to my friends for the catronaet extended me for the past two years, I cheer fully recommend a continuance or tne same to the new firm, where I con be found for the present. Respectfully, E. B. WEBBER. -WHOLESALE -AND DEALERS IS AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY. STEEL COTTON GIST. DEERIXG HORSE ENGIXE, with its snbstantlal Iron Pillar for a solid eentral support for the Gin-House. Send for Circular, Trith Prlee and a large Explanatory Engraiing, to ORGUL BROS. & CO., Agents. GULLETT'S STEEL BRUSH COTTON-GIN, : : : : $5 persatr HAGNOEIA LIGHT DRAFT COTTON-GIN, : : : : : 4 per saw sx 1112 Fsoira st., MEsnrais. 18421 THB OLDEST HARDWABB HODSB IN MEMPHIS 1 1873 A. J. "WHITE. A. 2J. LANGSTAFT. nVED. K. "WHITE. WHITF ANnsTAhF& oi SUCCESSORS TO A. J. WHITE & CO. IMPORTERS ATTD JOBBERS ZB CLARENCE P. HUNT. SAM'L MOSBY MOSBY, HUNT & CO., GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS -AND- 284 Front Street, Mempliis. AGENTS TOK- Dcerinsi Horse Engines, Branch, Crop areaUr 8W Henry renlarSaw. COTTON" 3-333"S, ISAAC V2?T T T3Tm TVTTXaXjSJ Laflln A Rand Powder Company. J. J l,Ji. GOODBAR. . X. COODB.U5. J. H. S. GlXtlXAXD. A. B. GOODBAR. COMMISSION MERCHA NTS, No. 304 Front f?. Hosby&Ilnnt BlocJf, Contlgtimenta aolK)ti. SAPES. FAR6AS0N & Wholesale Grocers & LAY, Cotton Fate MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS FOR And the Celebrated Brand GAMECOCK BAGGING, IN OCR NEW STORE, 369 mm? ST. AND 32JLINT0N ST COB. 6AY0S0. ear Oor stock li now large and complete In everj-respect, equaling any la the Sonlh. and wo reel prepared for a lareef all and Wlntor business. min, ana w Liberal Cash Advances on Consignments. gep2 GABE KLEH, AGENT Hosier, Bahaann & Co.'g, IRON Wo-. Irtttaia street, UEUPBIB JFBNNfo&fciftl WHOIiE!S.A T n1F5 TS and SHULi 322 1-2 AND 324 MAIN STREET, 2USBOPM3B, TENNESSEE. lonisTlUe Bolt and Cletia Works. TUG3- jHElKlX & CO.. I anafaetnrers of Erldge,Koora o!1 Mad Wrought-Iron Plow CI e vices, chenrt .r j best in Uie market; BcxeHond" A ' Strap Hinges and Vallml'a Tn...J Tr t. V. V. . I .... - WM "Wi in uva. .nacnioe loralns or al i feaU'Lnnil Monroe su., LonlsTllU, WE ARE NOT? BECE1YKBJHE LAEQEST STOCK OF fjLL AND WINTER BOOTS AND SHOES MllO ,. nfrwd to the Trade, and inTlte ALL MEKCHAHTS to v Q Xi I V. wm.- j examine our good before bnjlng elseirbei e. GOODBAR & GUilill.AND.