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SUNDAY HORNING, FEB. 22, 1874. SEWSPAPEU LIBEL SUITS. Mr. Hutcliins, of the St. Louis Dis ' patch, has sued tlio Times, of the eamo pity, for libel, and proposes to cure his wounded reputation with a poultice made in the shape of a "poor man's plaster," but composed of one hundred thousand dollars in greenbacks. Some ono has said that "patriotism is the last rofuge of the scoundrel," and a libel is generally the last refuge of a weak and vanquished knave. Little men, goaded to madness by the merciless casliga tions of the press, frequently re sort to libel against newspapers for the puqwse of escaping the lash, but it is seldom we see an old editor like Hutching, with a hide as impervious .as a rhinoceros, resorting to that stale de vice of worsted gladiators libel. If an honest man be unjustly assailed, he can shield his character with his own strong arm without the mockery of a trial in a court of justice. No editor ever attacked a man unjustly without suffering by the recoil. "We do not wish to be under stood as opposing the law of libel. Honest, truthful journalism should seek no unusual immunity, demand no spe cial privilege. It has a duty to perform to society and itself, and should only ask to be permitted to discharge that duty faithfully and conscientiously, without fearing or caring for libels. The interest of legiti mate journalism, and the interest of so ciety, are identical. Decent journalism does not live on slander, libel, and scandal. We are of those who believe with the New York Tribune that "who ever feels aggrieved at any publication in a newspaper should have a cheap and speedy remedy, and where there is a clear libel the recovery in damages should be ample and certain." But it should be remembered that with all this talk about reckless and libelous journalism, iis very rare, indeed, that an individual is attacked, except where the truth of history and the' public welfare of a slandered, wronged and outraged people demand an exposure of unworthiness, dishonesty or falsehood. The men who clamor most loudly against the press, and rush into courts with libels, are almost inva riably those who fear the truth, and to whom exposure by a fearless and faith ful press has brought upon their dishon ored heads, shame, scorn and disgrace. The honest public has much more to fear from muzzling the press by libel verdicts than by giving it " as large a charter as the wind to blow on whom it likes." It is most assuredly the duty of the press to bring truth before the public which may be of service to the public, thus serving the public good by correct ing abuses. It is certainly the mission of journalists to defend the commu nity in which it is published when that community is advertised to the world as engaging in and coun tenancing drunkenness, lewdness and general rowdyism. An editor who fails to defend from calumny those who sup port his paper, and to expose the calum niator, is a coward and an ingrate. "When an editor invades the sanctity of private life, and manufactures malicious aud deliberate falsehoods for the purpose of injuring his innocent neighbor, he ought to suffer the severest penalties for libel. If a journalist should wil fully injure the person of auy one, or steal his goods, the injured person sure ly has redress. Bo, if his character bo harmed, especially under the deliberate solemnity of writing and publishing of uujust allegations. But if the journalist takes goods, believing them to be his own, if he exposes the falsehoods of his neighbor in the interest of society he. violates no law. The editor who wrong fully, knowingly, unjustly aud from improper motives blackens or injures the character of any man, no doubt commits an outrage, a criminal act, and, should be punished. But, somehow or other, by Bome strange and iuexplicablo mystery, the impression has quietly crept into our mind, that a jury cannot be organized in civil society that will convict a newspaper of libel for the atrocious crime of defending a whole commuuity from detraction and posing the slanderer. ex- J1AJOK hYKES OH TEXKESSEi: JtAIL KOADS. Let all who wish to become acquaint ed with tho practical workings of tne railroad system of Tennessee procure a pamphlet copy of Major Wm. J. Sykes's Iiawrenceburg speech, and examine it carefully. The following ioteresting extracts indicate the general character of the speech. He said that "Wherever railroads are built, not only material wealth is increased, but churches, schoolhouses and charitable institutions of all kinds abound. People become more energetic, more thrifty, more public-spirited, more refined, better edu cated, aud, in a word, attain a higher degree of civilization and mental cul ture. It has been well remarked that we can judge of the progress that a na tion or a people has made in civiliza tion by the kinds of roads which they have, and, it may be added, by the number of them. The savage only needs or desires a" pathway through the wilderness, the somewhat more civilized only need ordinary roads, while the most highly cultivated and enterprising are not satisfied except with roads of tiie greatest speed, safety, and capacity. One of Tennessee's most honored sous and most distinguished statesmen, Hon. John Bell, remarked in a literary address delivered more than thirty years ago, that tho railroad would be the great educator of tho peo ple, and how well has his remark been verified. It scatters ideas as thick and fast as the sparks fly from the smoke stack of its locomotive. Tho old system has done great good, but not to be compared with what will be done under the new, if it should prove to be such a success as the most accomplished engineers and most praa tical railroad men say it must and will be. Tho cost of transportation will be rediiced much below what it now Is, traveling will be much safer and more comfortable, as well as cheaper, and'tlie terrible disasters which are now eo fre? queutly occurring, will seldom be heard of. Distant and inaccessible regions, whore the coal, the iron, and other valu able minerals most abound, which never can le penetrated by costly railroads, will become accessible by means of these cheap railways, and those portions of the country that are now considered poor, will become among the richest and most prosperous in the land. One of the grestest evils of the present system is that tho railroads are falling into the Lauds of capitalists, or pretended caul-. talists, who are making them odious monopolies, and eo using them m t the business!? but alsthe: leglslatiofjof the country. How" few of the railroads of Tennessee are. now owned and centrolledhy the people of the State, or are somanaged-as to promote their teresfci as much as they should? This has been partly caused by the war, but in a great degree by our having hullt too costly fraildsvhicrffhaa ToM dono by borrowing largo sums of money, The interest orithe'Joorrowed m'oneyjhas consumeu -thoLpronls of -the roads, and causedsthem Wfall'TFtheiands oftho men who made the loans, or of strong companies who could buvthem ata sacrl flee. To obviate this difficultv-fand to enable the men who builffitnToausj Xo ownfand control them) cheap railroads are essential. It is now, in a word, cheap railrpads or n&rafao'ddsTi J-ftlie cheap railroads shouMbaSSlureiWe musfilje -ii. i iA-.-jx a,2v;. -XS ol uumeuL louoimiyuu uii.i ,iue gnicevve can to tne present railroad monopolies, but he sincerely hoped, for the good of the country, they will succeed to the fullest extent." METi:OItOLOfJICAI.- OBSERVATIONS "We havQ)before;u3 4iivo cSrcuiarsone from Professor Henry, of the Smithso nian institution, the other from General Slyer,' chief signal officer, notifying the voluntary meteorological observers, who have hitherto reported to the Smith sonian institution to report hereafter to the latter at the chief, signal, office, war department, 'WasHington." ' Professor Henry in mak'ingtheannouncement of a change that can hoi; fail to. prove of-'great benefit to the country, says the " pro priety of this transfer will be evident from the fact that the institution has not the means ofpaying for printing blanks, postage, ana 'the calculations and monthly publication of the results, and that assistance which has hereto fore been rendered in this way, by the department of agriculture is now discon tinued. Furthermore General Meyer can combine;-these observations with those made with standard instruments now under, his charge, and out of the whole form a more extended and har monious system than any at present in existence." The professor will retain all the records of observations now in his possession, and continue the work of their discussion and reduction up to 1S73, copies to be distributed as usuaif gratuitously to all observers. ' "We hope all volunteer meteorological observers will respond to the change, and be as prompt with General Meyer as they have been with Professor Henry. The general says that stamped envelopes, blank forms, instructions, and?every thiug else necessary, together with whatever aidncanpOeproperly -given, will be supplied upon application to him, or given by the war department, and that, in recognition of their assist ance, it is proposed to furnish such ob servers as mayby this arrangement, become correspondents of tliis office, copies of papers from time to time pub lished by it. Before the war, when Dr. R. "W. Mitchell was health offi cer of this citysvhe used to fur nish tabnlnfn(Jtpp0bW' nnil mnnflilw statements andneteoroIogical records that we happen to know were highly appreciated at the Smithsonian insti tution, and that were the means of placing Memphis prominently oefore the scientific world. If the dootor would but resume these, observations and the compilation of meteorological statistics he would confer "a,great benefit upon the city aud place himself once more in connection with scientific men, in a branch of science that under Gen eral Meyer has been pursued to definite results, the benefits'pf which have been felt by the agriculturalist as well as the mariner. PAIiMISTKY. A Mr. Desbarrolles hascompiled an ingenius manual of palm Is try, in which he combines the results of personal ob . i ,i,. . i . nervation wun a mass oi lniormation derived from the gypsy tribes. His book. which is eutitled The Mysteries of the uana, attracted mucii attention France when first published. It eludes chirognomony, or the judging o the character by the shape of the hand and fingers, as well as palmistry, which renes cuieny on uie lines and divisions of the palm of the hand. Simple rules of interpretation are given. The left hand is regarded as the most favorable for the study. It has thiee principal lines. The line of life, which runs around tho base of the thumb, betokens eany ueatn or longevity, according to tne instance it marks toward tne wrist. The line of the head begins beside that of life, between the thumb and fore finger, and crosses the palm horizon tally. When long and well defined, it indicates intellectual power, yyuen 11 ends in the centre "of the palm, it de notes stupidity. When it extends the edge of the baud, it intimates too mucii (calculation, f. c meanness. When composed of broken lines like the link oi a cnatn, u snows lack of the pow er of concentrations -WTien bifurcated one end continuing and the other turn lug downward, it denotes double-deal ing and deceit. The line of the heart goes from the base of the first finger across tne paiin to me edge or tue little finger, parallel to the line of tho head rPlita III, A liwlinnf a r. fV.. I T i .11. . position and a good memory. It also I includes the imaginative, poetic, artistic auu otuer like qualities, wnen nale or very wide, it may signify the absence of inese qualities, or tne presence of the corresponding defect. Fingers longer man me paim uenote want or common sense. A palm longer than the fingers shows the preponderance of matter over mind, wneu equally divided, or near ly so, the spiritual and material tenden cies are jusuy Daianced. lingers are classed as pointed, square-topned and square-shaped; these last having little paus oi nesu on euner side. Artists, poets, extremely sensitive and impulsive persons, and those in whom ideality is prominent, have pointed tops. Scien tific, self-contained and practical people Lave square-topped fingers. Material natures and those who love bodily ease have the spade-shaped fingers. The possessor of pointedrfiugers may take to science, but he will invest it with a po etic cnarm. mo same nngers may take to art, but under their touch art will be vulgarized or made commonplace. In a quarlesome character, the nails turn up. In a timid character they turn down. Patience and endurance are in dicated by a hollow palm. The thumb is treated as tho most important part of l, 1. n ...I rrti. A. it r, iuowiuui auojuiui nuu uiouuu reu- a ,1, mi . . resents me win. me second division stands for the reasoning faculties. The base signifies the animal instincts. These different types of hands and fin gers are never found unalloyed, and so the cliaracter is generally pronounced "mixed." Indeed, the whole system seems to partake or tnts quality. sut Ithaslts attractions, nevertheless, for isome sensible people, many of whom will," no douutjvbe glad to avail them selves of tho brief suggestions offered here. Mr. W. J. Florencebrought.outa new play, at the"' Washington National theater, on February 5th. - It is entitled Coming Home, and it was written by Mr. G. E. Walker.,of London." and from him purchased by Mr. Florence. It is simple, domestic, and wholesome. Sir Andrew Clarke, British governor of the fctraits settlements, has formed a niuieuiurau) government in ijimnt a political resident Jiasibeen provisionally- ni.nlnloll TIiq ,.1!.,.,...'. . T ..J Hiyuiuicu. uMuin nxe oeing dis armed, aud tha piratical, nrowa hnv. surrendered. control wot ipnly For'the Sunday Appeal. P '-' ;klCII OB I'OOK ? nt lide ainniwETiiER. "" Old CroMus Is dead, the papers say, Bwlft travels pleasant news, Ills heirs have longed for many a day To step In the dead man's shoes; How gay the sight of the funeral train Ana thn hearse's nodding plumes, How bright the gleam of the costly shaft That rises anlong the tombs. i Well, his score's settled, he's got his pay, " Much good may It do him now, ' A score of millions he hoarded up, It may bo a year or so .Before H in el U in young Arderit's cup ' Or Is swept by a luckless "throw.". His dollars chink -wltli amorry clilino In the hands or his thankless helm, Hut his lawyers will have a lively Unm In (.etUinghlsairalrsf " " , For.he robbed and cheated, and Hod "and wore,j.- ' - : l And his debtors fiercely'say " They'll stand their ground and fight It through Though it was in a legal way. -. HlslegaqylsamiscrStpufsb-' To a spendthrift's mercies thrown, v Hisepltaph is the widow.'s curs6 ' Aud the Starving orphan's moan. Ills requiem Is the lonely wail From the robbed and wronged that rise, Is aught so desolate, poor, and frail As a rich man, when he dies? Did you know old neighbor True was gone? Slept like a child si way Into the rest of tlio Ureal WhiteThrono - And tlio lightoftheperfectday; The neighbors thought it a sad, sad sight For be died so lone and poor, But to my eye 'twas a glorious flight Into heaven's open door. He was poor as povert y, Morris said, And his life was a struggle sore With crosses that rained upon his head In a never ceasing pour; For foriuno mocked him, and frieuds be trayed And despair lay athls gate, . - 'Foor, honest fellow!" tlicfnelghbors said, "He deserved a better-fate." But as I stood by Ills dying bed And closed his peaceful eyes A halo seemed to surround his head From tho light beyond the skies. And a silvery voice seemed floating down On the liquid, ambient air This man is wearing the" victor's crown, And happy beyond compare. Richer far than tho man who lelt His millions foully won, Of frieuds and honor, and gold bereft When the battle of life was done: Victor In every battle fought, Faithful and tried and true, He goes to his heavenly heritage And carries his treasure, too. His legacy Is an honest name Spotless and pure as snow: -His epitaph is the fadeless fame From noble deeds that flow. His requiem is a hymn of love From grateful bosoms given, That floats through the vaulted dome above And enters the highest heaven. Gather and guard his treasures well, Heirs of his large estate Follow his footsteps, ye who dwell At his beautiful palace gate! He has left his goodly heritage To a coctntless family, Their home is tho sphere of tho wide, wide world, Tholrname Humanity. ' FQOS BEASTS.1 ... BY J. C, IN' AN-IJIAI. WORLD. Poor beasts, that every day we seo o'erdrl v'n, Plodding along their path in patient pain; No hopes of future bliss stored up in heav'n Their spirits cheer, their sinking hearts sustain. Poor beasisrwe sea them tolling on tho road, While threats and curses 'gainst them freely flow: 2fow bowed beneath the cruel, heavy load, ly blow. The dumb bruto bears no malice in his heart r or all the suiTrlnir he must undergo; 111 treated, yet he bravely plays his part, auu mt.-ub.iy ueurs uis Heritage Ol woo. I watched tho two tho man that held tho rein, Tho bridled bca.stthat.lt his bldillncr run? And asked which was thonoblerof the twain, . "a UUUIO UCiVll, UI L11U IgUUUlU lUUUi I marked a gay young horse flash prancing by. miKi wiaueu mj ixiaiie mu3o powers 01 speca my own: Nest year I saw him worn with cruelty, Alio uay ne uroppeu uown uead, a mass or lleshless uone. I count the stron man weak, that does not daro To check a wretch from lortiirinir tlinilnmli Who scoffs at mercy, and whom - naught can scare. But dread of punishment to swiftly come. Shall we'!, va whom a gracious God'beslows iieavn's nope to cheer us In me's darkest hour. Comoro impatient of our daily woes mau mey who lacic sucn nope, sucn nearl sustaiulugjKwer? TUE 2IASnUERAlE. In the Galaxjj for March wo find tho follow. Ing seasonable verses,- which express, no doubt, not a few cases in Memphis on Tuesday Gayly I went to tho masquerade, Donned my bright velvets and plaited my hair. "Look now your fairest, O face !" I said: 'Robes, bo your protUest-he will be there!" "Masks cannot hido us I" I laughed at the thought. "Laces and silks keep hiseyesfrom my face. Cavalier's plumo or the cloak of a king Turn to a stranger's his manhood and grace?" Uay flashed tho lights and around whirled tho crowd, Glittering, changing, mysterious still: Laughter aud music now low and now leud, Beauty to charm, hidden glances to thrill. 'Mid tho soft music be came to my side. " 'La Fil'.edu liegiment' you do I know, This glove tells the secret you thought It would hide. Bo mlno in this dance, now, my friend," soft and low. Swifter the wild strains swept out on the air, Boftertbo weird rhythm crept through my Linklif g hl's light words to melodies rare. Flooding my heart with love's Jubilant strain. What did I seo that my faco grew so stranzo Whon the gay maskers laid by their dis guise? Others -ame back to themsslves in the chnnge, Two masks had hidden my friend from my eyes. Both fell atonce. One was silken and white Noble tho features concealed In Its flow: Prldo in the lips and the eyes full of light, Sweetness and strength; yes, this face did I know. "The other?" I fancied that constancy, truth, Purity, honor, abode in his heart. Enough 'twas a ma-ik; it fell, and, forsooth, I, woman-like, showed my surprise In that start. Think not I turned myself sadly away; Deem me not heartless in that I still smiled. Why shonld I weep that my idol was clay? Why should I mourn over fato like a child? Yes, dear, I own there's pain 'neath the smile; Hearts won't forget all thcirtricks In nday. And mine will elude niy ski 11 once in a while, Looking back still when I'd pass on my way. A BATTIiE OF KATTIiESXAKES The formation of rattles upon the tail of a rattlesnake is a curiou3 phenom enon. The notion that ono is developed each year is incorrect. Young ones have neeu known to have six or more: sometimes two of them appear in a sin gle year, me skin ot one mat wa3 six feet long, now in the museum of the Long Island historical society of Brook lyn, lias thirteen rattles. DeKay cited, in 184, tne Vianon newspaper, publish ed at Bolton, New York, which stated that two men killed, in three days, in the town of Bolton, at Lake George, one thousand one hundred and four rat tlesnakes, some of which carried from fifteen to twenty rattles. They were killed for their oil. Tne same author states, on the authority of the Columbian Magazine for November, 1786, that a rattlesnake was killed having forty-four rattles, which seems an incredible num ber. The use of the rattles is a subject of discussion. They are evidently well developed not rudlmental merely and the conclusion is irresistable that they are of service to the creature. We cannot suppose tho organs which are constant in a class of animals could have originated, if entirely unservicable aud useless to it. Professor Aughey suggests that a whirring rattle is a call-note by the animal to its mate. That it was thus used on one occasion which ho was flvp.witnp.fts: or to naralize its victim "with fright, or to call assistance in dan ger. Jae says: "jl once witnessed an at tack by seven nogs on a rattlesnake. Immediately the snake rattled, and three others appeared; but the hogs were j victorious." A, letter from Pompeii states that the last excavations were unusually pro ductive. In bronze were found a kettle, saucepan, cup, anu a small moid for pastry; in lead, thirty weights and a cover with a bronze handle: in iron, a hammer and two vases fastened together by rust; in glass, an amphora with handles of beautiful form and in excel lent preservation; in marble, a small mortar and a balauclng weight; in terra cotta, a vessel holding two pitchers: also was discovered a large shell, strong ly resembling mother-of-pearl, besides several fragments oi coloring matter. Forjtho BundajrgAppoal. THE HEALTH OF CALIFORNIA.', BY GEORGE W. GIFT. To possess houses and lands and mines and bank stocks is a very pleasant ami comfortable sensation, if one lias a good siomacu, digests his rood, sleeps sound' lyaud is not troubled with aches and pains; or the consciousness that an in siaious enemy, aa persistent as the cereal insect, is toiling to destroy his vitais. uut let mm nave tne acnes anu Sains, the feeble stomach, impoverished lood and tomid liver and see how q uick all hispleasures vanish; how he envies the poor laborer who goes from house to House seeking a job! in ouier worus, health is above all other considerations. This will be appreciated only by the af- llicted; or,-possibly, tho poor, who are never awe to proviae meuicines anu comforts in case of sickness, or pay for the attendance of a physician, To such persons accounts of healthy countries will be interesting. Taking out a nar row strip alone the margins of the Sac ramento and San Joaquin rivers, aud that only about the lower part of thoso streams, and the remainder of the State Is as free from malarial influences as is tho highest spot in the Rocky mouu tains. In the Santa Clara valley, where vegetation in the spring is as rank as in the Mississippi bottom, or on the Pajaro (Pah-ha-ro) where one thousand bushels or potatoes pave been grown to tne acre, no man was ever known to have a chill or a bilious fever. So complete and entire is the immunity enjoyed by these people from tne ordinary ills wmcu af flict the human family in the fever and ague countries, that whenever a case of sickness occurs they are totally at a loss tojtnowwhat to do, and a wnole neign borhdod will become panic-stricken cboiit a matter which would cause but slight concern with us. My sister re lates a circumstance which occurred un der her observation, and which will forcibly illustrate the last position. She was stayinc at the house of our brother in-law, in Solano county, in the fall of laoa; tne weatner nad cnanged, anu a neighbor had contracted a violent cold and was threatened with pneumonia. His hired man was dispatched for a doc tor, and as ne passed by nurneoiy in formed Wood that Mr. Jones had gone to bed sick, they thought he had pneu monia. and he was going for the doctor! Forthwith "Wood rushed iuto the house in a state of great excitement and told his wife that Mr. Jones had gone to bed sick, tnev thought ne nad pneumonia, and had sent for the doctor! Together they came to my Tennessee sister, and went over the alarmingstory Jones had gone to bed sick, they thought he had pneumonia and had sent for a dec- tor! What is there so alarming about that? queried she who was accustomed lo see sick people? Why he is sick ! What of it? Give him a dose of lauda' uum or paregoric, aud wait for the doc tor. Iiaudanum! Paregoric! No such thing about the house! This is in no wise an exaggeration, but an accurate statement of an actual occurrence. As I told you in my first paper, the summer climate is so cool tnat summer ciotncs are forbidden, and in winter the weather is so mild that ycu hardly need winter clothes. I have before me a report of me teorological observations taken at San Francisco for the month of December last. The highest Tange of the ther mometer was sixty degrees, which oc curred in the daytime, and the lowest was forty-three degrees, which occurred at night. From the eighteenth to the twenty-ninth inclusive, the mercury reached fifty-five degrees each day as its maximum liigut during tne day time, and at night receded to forty-nine or fifty degrees. The extreme range of temperature being but six degrees in each day, and a group of twelve days In mid-winter were exactly alike! This every close observer knows is very fine spring. weather, with the temperature high enough to be balmy, but not low enough to give cold finders to the labor ing man: no matter wneiuer he is em ployed out doors or in; whether finish ing cold iron or covering a house. And it is this even temperature which is so grateful to those in declining years, or in feeble neaitn. lie does not go to bed with the wind coming hot from the south and wake up in a few hours to find it coming as sharp and piercing as a knife from the north, with tho very marrow in his bones freezing. Tho ex traordinary healthfulness of the people gives them extraordinary powers of producing wealth, and it is due to this that yon see the laboring people of San Francisco possessing an amount of mo ney equal to the public debts of Tennes see. Arkansas, ueorgia, Mississippi and Florida, wh'ch debts we all know are considered burdensome and crushing to five millions of people, strange, isn't it, that the forty thousand workers of San Francisco are able to hold the debt of Tennessee, which we consider a mill stone about the neck of a great State, having a population of a million and a quarter of people? Yes, and they can car ry the onerous debts of the other south ern States mentioned. Tnat tne work mg people or ban Francisco are more industrious or intelligent than thoso of Tennessee cannot be proven, yet we see a small number of them possessing great wealth. Where is the explanation? They do not get higner wages mere than here, but they work the entire year; they are not enervated or reduced by heat, or pincned by cold, uay after day tuey keep striking. It is rarely we find a climate friendly to the human family, which at the same time is favorable to the highest development of the vegeta me kingdom, un tne mountains we find an atmosphere congenial to life and the physical development of man, but we will also find the ground stony and sterile. In this paper 1 have endeavored to show that the ciimato of California is peculiarly friendly to the human faini iy; in my next l stiau snow mat it is also wonderfnlly favorable to the pro duction or mose tilings needed to sup port lite. P. S. A gentleman writes me from Hernando, Mississippi, under date Feb ruary 10th, as follows: "You were kind enough to answer an inquiry about San Diego in the last issue of the Sunday Appeal, will you do me the favor to consider the following: I have been suf fering with lung disease, and thecar of it, ror tnree years. J. nave been to Min nesota in summer and Florida in win ter; have given up all business and do nothing but nurse myself and think of my poor weak body. I am yet strong enougn to travel, would mere be any chance for me in California?" To au swer this I will lay down the pro gramme I would pursue, were I'm your place; m wnicn l will describe mo cli mate again as I did in the first paper in this series. Submit the matter to your physician, and let him decide. Go to California, by rail, in May; leaving Mempnls about me middle or me month. Stop in the foot-hills on the west side of the Sierra NeVadas, say at Auburn. There get a horse (not a "buck ing plug" simuar to tne one Mark Twain first owned in that country) and strike across the Sacramento valley to Napa, and up to Clear Lake, fishing and hnut ing and rambling In the mountains till me last oi cseptemoer. men travel on horseback southward to San Bernardino. where you can remain rambling in the mountains, prospecting ror gold and sil ver until the spring opens. If you can go through that programme I think you will recover your health. When you arrive at Auburn the rain will have ceased and the atmosphere will be as pure and balmy as you could wish; no sea moisture in it or mountain frost Just right. You will find Clear Lake a beautiful sheet of water one thousand two hundred and thirty feet above the sea, with a coast line sixty miles long, and waters as pure as the lakes of Switzerland. It is completely shut in by mountains, which keeps out the sea moisture. The surrounding country presents many objects to induce exer cise. There are mountains to scale, mines to discover; game to get from a grizzly bear to a quail and fish in abundance. And, as we have said previously not a drop of rain or particle of dew will fall on you. The trip south can be made through lovely valleys, sheltered by mountains. At San Ber nardino you will find the raln-fall in winter very light, and tho air Tomarka bly balmy. The theory of this trip is to secure a climate which is dry and brac ing; neither too hot nor too cold; where the party may Jenjoy outdoor exercise everyday in the year without danger or risk of taking cold. PRUSSIA'S PROSPERITY. 'From the New York World, of Saturday. Dr. A. J. Woeykow, the secretary of the Meteorological society of Husaia, read last evening before the Liberal club a paperon--2e Abolition of Serf dom in Jtmsia. This gentleman was at one time a large serf owner, and fjom his position ollicially is. thoroughly ac quainted with the subject. He. com menced by explaining what serfdom was in Russia before the emancipation took place. It was a fastening of the culti vator to the laud on which he was born, with the obligation to work three days a week for the proprietor of tho soil. He had the free use of about half of the arable land of the estate to provide for the necessaries of life, besides free pas ture and the use of the timber growing on. the estate for house-building and for fuel. Such was the condition of affairs till the beginning of 1S61 in a great part of Russia. How such a condition of things came about is a matter of some uncertainty. History records faithfully the doings of kings; it tells of battles and of treaties, but it pays but little at tention to the condition of the people. We know that from the ninth to tho sixteenth century the peasants of Rus sia were free, aud that these freemen accomplished the settlement and culti vation of a great part of Russia. In the sixteenth century there was a marked difference. An aristocracy sprang up, composed of officers and office-holders, who had received large tracts of land from the State on condition of doing military service. There was no regu lar army, and every land-owner had to appear with a stated number of follow ers, armed and equipped at his expense. Tnese office-holders gave their lands to tne peasants, tne real cultivators or tne soil, under obligations either of military service or of a small tribute in kind, or of some work to be performed. Con tracts were not made, and the rights and duties of the-two classes were regu lated simply by custom. The peasant had the right to leave the estate twice a year, on St. George's day, in April, and St. George's day in October, either be fore, the beginning or after the termina tion of the field work. After alluding to the several insurrections of the peas ants, in all of which the government triumphed, the lecturer came to the be ginning of the eighteenth century, when in the reign of Peter the Great tne con dition of the peasants became worse than before, and they had scarcely any redress against injustice. They still, however, retained two advantages; the use or tne land witn tne nrm condition that it belonged to them, and the com munal system. These two features were of great advantage to the country at large. The evils of serfdom were long ago felt by the intelligent part of the nobility, lirst under the influence of the liberal ideas of the eighteenth century, while later a study of the condition of country could but strengthen this feel ing. They saw it was the first reform to undertake, and tnat without it Rus sia would always be behind other coun tries or western iiurope. At last tne ex perience of the Crimean war proved the old system founded on serfdom to be utterly untenable. The necessity of emancipation was generally admitted, and in 1858 the nobility of the different provinces declared tnattney were ready to liberate the serfs without compensa tion, and finally the emancipation law was signed on tne nineteentn or b ebru ary, 1881. Its principal features were those relating to the personal liberty and tenure of law of the peasant. The system adopted was that of fixity of tenure; the peasants retained the land they actually had and paid the proprie tor a fixed (rent, and they could easily buy the land by agreement with the proprietor with the help of tho govern ment, which then paid him in bonds bearing five per cent, interest, and the peasant thus paid in small instalments during forty-nine years. Now about two-thirds .of the former serfs are pro prietors of the land which they formerly cultivated, and tne rest have at least no fear of being ejected. The quantity of land which a family of five persons re ceived was in the northern zone about thirty-four acres, with a rent of forty five cents per acre; in the most thickly settled districts they received but twen ty acres at eighty-three cents per acre; in the most distant provinces they re ceived sixty acres at twenty-two cents per acre: in the black earth re gion the mean was twenty-seven acres with a rent of fifty-seven cents per acre; me least quantity was sixteen acres at thirty-tnree cents an acre, and the largest quantity was forty acres at thirty-five cents per acre. In the Steppes the mean was about thirty- seven acres at thirty-seven cents per acre. These prices are extremely low, not only in comparison with Western Europe but even with theUnited States, yet they were about the market price of the time. It was considered a duty to accept a position of arbiter of the peace, to leave sometimes a brilliant position at the capital, and go to some distant province to live in an old, dilapidated house, perhaps uninhabited for many years, and to he mostly in the society of men of low culture. The young nobili ty was especially well represented among the arbiters of the peace, but there was no lack of older men also. The result of emancipation has been to add many millions of real citizens men who have a stake in the land, be ing either land-owners or holding land at a small rent perpetually. Thus Russia has escaped the evils and dangers of a large class of proletarists, the curse of Western Europe. The spirit of activity and en terprise among the peasants should next bo noticed. It is no exaggeration to say that they produce nine-tenths of the grain -crop in the northern zono and about three-fourths in the zones of black earth and the Steppes, that is, as land owners or as renters of the land, the rent being produced by hired woik men on the estates of the large land-owners. The large increase in the grain export of Russia is due solely to emancipation. Even with good rail roads and the increased price of grain which resulted.from their introduction it would be impossible to raise sucn crops under the old system of forced labor. The time of the American civil war was a time of crisis to Russia, when the old system was broken up and the results of emancipation had just began to appear. Every one who has lived in the country since 1801 has noticed the great increase of wealth among the peasants. A very important question arises now: What is to como of mo government system oi land-tenure; is it to continue, or will in dividual ownership prevail? Legisla tion has wisely refrained from deciding this question. It has only enacted that if one-third of the members of the com mune wish to establish individual own ership the land should be subdivided. Now, or rather when the Polish nation resumes a national existence, it will re member the great reform of 1864, which mnrtA nitizpns of the maioritv of its peo ple, and will bear in mind that a State, auu espeviuuy u uco owa, uuiuui wui when the mass of the people are op pressed and all the privileges are for the few. Old Poland was brilliant and pow erful, but the oppressions of the people underminded the foundations of the State, and a foreign government gave to the Poliish people the rights which were denied them by their own nobility. Mme. Anna Bishop is still singing opera, anu wim great success, in me cities and towns of the Pacific coast. Two weeks ago she appeared in San Francisco in Iforma, and was listened to with every manifestation of pleasure by a crowded house. San Francisco has a well-earned reputation for cultivated musical taste; and the conclusion is, that this remarkable vocalist is one of the few female singers whose voice and style age cannot deterioate. She has been on the lyric sage over forty years, and has twice traveled round the world, giving musical entertainments wherev er there was a possibility of getting an audience together, She was shipwreck ed in the Pacific ocean, on her last trip in lS67-CS-rnear Australia, if we mistake not and endured all the trials and rig ors of several days exposure, on a bleak island, unsheltered, and with her little food, as well as the stoutest man in the party. Mme. Bishop is an accomplish ed linguist, singing in English, Italian. French, German, Danish, Swedish and Russian. She will soon leave the Pacific coast.for Australia, stopping at Hawaii to give a concert. if I gaze upoajier from afar; liat'darenot.venturenear Her beauty is so sweet and pure, It Alls my heart with fear; For what am I to dream of her A goddess robed In white; What right have I to hope to stand lltsideathingsobrigh.it . r,r Sbo comes and passes where I watch; -J I see hernoble face, Tlio gentle birth that shows itself in every nameless srace. But what am I togazeonher? How false beside ber truth! , t Oh. God! to beckon back tho vearsrf - Of wasted llfo and youth ! A sinner listening from afar, Outside a quiet church, AVhlle music from within floats out Beneath the silent porch; , ,, Bo standing by tho nameless graved, He hears the grand old sacrcdsbngs;-!,'rH cjiirangeu oy time anu sin, But dares not enter in. ' I. '! THE J! VTIIEn. BY XAniFFA. From the Now Orleans Herald. Warm from her waist her girdle she un wound, And cast it down on the insensate turf ; Then copso and cove and deep secluded vale fcho scrutinized with keen lbonh timid eyes, And stood with earintent to catch each stir Of leaf, or twig, or bird wing rustling there, Uer startled heart beat imickercveu to hear The wild bee woo the blossoms with a hymn, Or .hidden insect break Its lance of sound Against iw obdurate silence. Then she smiled, At her own fears amused, and knew herself Ood'sonly iiunge by thai bidden pool. Then from its bonds her wondrous hair she loosed, v Hairglitlerlug like spun glass and bright as though 8hot full of golden arrows. Down below Her supple waist tlio soft and shimmering cons Ho! led In their bright abundance, goldener Than was the golden wonder Jason sought. Her fair hands then, liko white dovesin a net, A moment fluttered 'mid the shining threads, as witn a uextrous toucn, sno nigner laid The gleaming tresses on her shapely head. Beyond the reach of rudely amorous waves. Then Irom her throat her light robo she un clasped. And dropped It downward with a blush that rose The higher as tho garment lower fell. TTi.ti clin mtcf Affkc. t-n nil oln fmm ,ar fast And paused upon the brinkof that blue lake, a Bisnt loo lair lor ciinergoasor men; An Eve untempted in her Paradise. Tho waters Into whlclrhcr young eyes looked, uave back nerimazo wun so true a irum. She blushed to look, but blushing looked again, As maidens to the mirrors oft return With bashful boldness once again to gaze Upon the crystal race that renders back Themselves unto themselves, until their eyes uonress tneir love lor meir own loveliness. Her rounded cheeks, in each of which had grown With sudden blossoming, a fresh red rose, Sha hid an instant in herdlmDled hands. Then met her nlnk nalms un above her head. And whelmed her white shape In the welcom ing wave. Around each llthesomo limb the waters twined. And with their lucent raiment robed her form; And as her hesitating bosom sank To the caresses of bewildered wavS. The foamy pearls from their own foreheads gave For her fair brow, and showered inner hair Tho evanescent diamonds ot the deep. Thus dallying with the circumfluent tide. Her lovellhess half Mdden, half revealed, An Undine with a soul; she plunged and rose, Whilst the white graces of her rounded arms. She braided with the blue of wandering waves And saw the shoulders of the billows yield Before the even strokes of her smaU hands And laughed to see, and held her crimson mouth Above the crest of each advancing surge Like a red blossom pendent o'er a pool Till done with the invigorating play Once more she gained the bank, and once again Saw her twin image in tho waters born. From the translucent wave each beauty grew To strange perfection. Never statue wrought By cunning art to fulness of all grace. And kissed to Ufe by love, could fairer seem Than she who stood npon that grassy slope Ho fresh, so human, so Immaculate!, Out from the dusky cloisters of the wood, Tho nun-like winds btole with a saintly step And dried the bright drops from her panting form, As she with hurried hands once more let down Tho golden drapery other golden hair, ThatfeU about her like some royal cloak Drooped from sunset's rare and radlent loom. For the Sunday Appeal.! SKETCHES IN THE PROVINCE OF GENOA. As our train halted at the little depot in Chiavari, daylight was just disap pearing into darkness. With my valise in hand, I hurried through the crowd, and was on theverge of passing through a gateway which led to the street, when a man wearing a moustache and a military cap ordered me to stop. "Have you any cheese, sausage, sugar or the like," inquired the officer. "Why do you ask. mo this?" 1 answered, wim a look of surprise. "For the reason that to enter goods of a certain class from one city into another, in this country, the law demands that duty be paid." Open ing my valise I laid bare to his view the contents, thus persuading him I was not engaged in the traffic of sausago or the like. Hence I was permitted to pass out. Meeting a brawling porter, I asked the way to the hotel of the Cross of Mal ta. With a bow and a touch of his long red cap, he replied, "Signor, follow me, I am the representative of tho hotel you seek." I was conducted to the Place where a room on the fourth story, look ing out upon the gulf, was assigned me. A glance at the bed justified me to in quire if people in that city reached the tops of their couches by balloon ascen siops. It was about 3ky-high, but very comfortable on the surface. Chiavari rests pleasantly on a pretty little cove of the gulf, with gentle mountains clad heavily with the olive.tho vine, and the chestnut, closing out the boreal winds and rising In the rear and at the flanks. The many orange and lemon groves in spring-time flood the city with the sweetest aroma, oftentimes causing one to imagine he walks amid the shades of an Utopian paradise. Toward the east there descends from the mountains in crvstaLnuritv the rapid stream Entella, which is mentioned by Dante in his Divina Comedia. I have seen a long line of laundresses standing in mis stream cleansing tho clothes of the neighboring inhabitants, as wasuDoaros are un known here, the muscular women lash the linen against large stones with a force that drives an echo far up the stream. Chiavari and the immediate neighborhood contain ten thousand five hundred inhabitants. Binp-ouuuing, manufactories of the most remarkably light and durable chairs of Europe, of the most superb furniture, of fine silks and of linen, the best nuailtyln the kingdom, form the principal features of industry, me streets iu meix uouatiuu tion are regular, cleanly, but rather nar row. The front portions of the houses are generally arched over the side walks, forming long arcades on each side of the streets. To almost every inch of earth around me clingwonderlullegends. In a villa which once belonged to the Franciscan order of priesthood, there is an old pine-tree, whose age is numbered by centuries and which, it is averred, was planted by the veritable hands of Saint Francis. Upon the hillside, look ing down upon the city in the rear, there stands an old castle which was reared in the year 1167, by the Fieschi, who as counts and petty warriorsruled theneigh borhood in the long ago. On the cen tral square of the city I find the prison. No one can tell its exact age; hid back in the dark vista of antiquity it is im possible to perceive its origin. The stone walls, forming a quadrangle, are of fab ulous thickness. From the centersprings an old tower on whose top a beautiful view of the surrounding country is offer ed. The first funeral cortege I ever wit nessed in this country was in this city, and under terrifying circumstances. Early one morning, as I rested peace fully upon my elevated couch, I was suddenly aroused by the rumbling notes of cadaverous voices wmcn Beemeu u rise from a throng of restless spirits. As this, is a country of so many terrible tra ditions, I began to tremble. However, I summoned up some courage and de scending from on high I directed my steps to a window which overlooked the street. Looking downward , I perceived a priest with cassock, surplice, stole and cap, singing in moumlul notes, and answered by the death-like sounds, of a dozen attendants carrying lighted can dles and clad in spotless gowns of white, with their heads concealed by hoods of the same color, containing two small apertures for the eyes. These were fol lowed by four men, similarly attired, bearing upon their shoulders a rudely shaped coffin, hid beneath a black vel vet pall. It was just six o'clock, an hour, I thought, rather early to inter the dead. But, as I was afterward in formed, it was the funeral of a poor man and little, cares the world for the.hour when poverty is milieu irom eight. At .i v i li.. For the Sunday Appeal.... IiOXDOARKS, PAIiACES, ETC. Whetlfer we consider this great city as tho metropolis of a great and mighty empire upon the dominion of whose sovereign the sun never sets, or the home of between three and four mil lions of people and the richest city in world it is an intensely interesting place to visit. The Romans after conquering tho ancient British inhabitants about A D. 61, rebuilt and Walled it In about 301. Roman remains and some frag ments of the old wall are still found when making excavations. .London, in the-Anglo-Norinan times though origi nally confined by the walls, grew up a dense mass of brick and wooden houses. me city stauas irom iweive to sixteen feet higher than it did in the early part of its history. From a city hemmed within a wall London expanded in all directions, and thus gradually, formed a connection with various clusters of dwellings in the neighborhood. It has, in fact, absorbed towns and villages for a considerable distance around. This is the main reason why it i3 so difficult to comprehend. It is an assemblage of towns, the intervening spaces having been built up. Some of the streets are very loDg and strait, being, I suppose, originally the roads between the town. "Cityroad," I presume, was one of these connecting links, but now one of the finest streets in the city. The growth of Loudon, to its present enormous size, may readily be accounted for, from the fact, that for ages it has been tne capital of England, and the seat of her court and legislature; and that since the union with Scotland and Ireland it has become a center for those two countries. It is the residence of the nobility, landed gentry, and other families of wealth. It has a fine natural position, lying, as it does, upon the banns, of what they con sider, a great river (but only about the size of White river), some sixty miles from the sea. The great central thor oughfare of "Cheapside" is one of the oldest, and most famous streets in the city, intimately associated with the mu nicipal glories of London for centuries past Many of the business houses here are magnificent. Some small plots of ground here have been sold as high as five millions of dollars per acre. On each side of Cheapside narrow streets diverge into the dense mass behind. The greater part of these back streets, with the lanes adjoining, are occupied by the offices or warehouses of whole sale dealers in cloth, silk, hosiery, lace, etc., and are resorted to by London and country shop-keepers for supplies. The Strand, so called because it lies along the bank of the river, now hidden by houses, is a long and somewhat Irregular built street. In the seventeenth century the Strand was a country road connecting the city with Westchester, and on its southern side a number of noblemen's residences with gardens toward the riv er. The eastern nan oi mo otrana is thickly surrounded by theaters and places of amusement. The residences of the nobility and gentry are chiefly in the western part of the metropolis. In this quarter there have been large ad ditions of handsome streets, squares and terraces within the past few years. Much has been done recently toward adorning the metropolis with health-giving parks and grounds, freely open to the public. St James's park was the first one I visit ed. It was near our minister's residence, whom I called to see about getting a ticket to parliament soon after our ar rival. This is a grand, picturesque, lovely place, though once a marshy waste, which was drained, and other wise improved by Henry VILL Charles II improved the gardens by planting avenues of lime-trees on the north ana south sides of the park, and by forming tho mall, which was a hollowed, smooth graveled space, half a mile long, skirted with a wooden border for playing ball. It is nearly a mile and a half in circum ference, and covers ninety acres, anu the avenues form delightfulshady prom enades. In the center is a fine lake of water, interspersed with islands and dotted with swans and water-fowl. A hridtro was built across this water in 1857. On each side are spacious lawns encircled with lofty trees and flowering Hhmbs. There are nine or ten entran ces to tho park, the queen's guard doing dutv each dav and night. A.t tho east side is a large gravelled space, called the parade, on which, about ten o'clock, every morning, the body-guards, requir ed for the day, are mustered, and here the regiment bands perform. At the western end is "Buckingham palace," around and about which we visited, with thousands of others, some hours to see the shah of Persia with the royal famiy accompanying him to the opera. Tht3 park, all things considered, is re garded as one of the greatest ornaments of the city. Green park, contains only nhnnt sixtv acres, rising with a gentle slope to the north of Buckingham pal ace, and is bounded on the east side by many mansions of the nobility. The largest equestrian statue in England, that of the duke of Wellington, stands on a triumphal arch of the reign of George rv. Hyde park ha3 three hun dred and ninety acres, part of which is considerably elevated. The whole is intersected with noble roads, paths and luxuriant trees, planted singly or in groups, presenting a very diversihed prospect of beauty and granduer. Near the southeast corner on an eievaieu pe destal stands a collosal bronze statue of Achilles, cast from the cannon taken at the battles ortsaiamance ana waterioo, weighing thirtv tons, and, as the in scription informs us, erected to the Duke of Wellington and his compan ions in arms by their countrymen, at a cost of fifty thousand dollars. The great exhibition or iool. menrst oi its Kina, was held in crystal paiace near tue . . . . , i southwest corner of this park. The ex hibition building of 1662, was beyond the limits of the park. The Albert me morial is at the Remington end ot Hydo park, of which I have written. Passing through this part one may almost sup pose they are far away from human hab itation. You can hear-the roar of the great city in the distance but see no habitation. Large flocks of sheep, are grazing; policemen are seen scattered along the roads, but you feel like you were in the woods, jnado paridaslcal by man's art and taste. We visited no place where such preparations had been made as in this vast city and its sur roundings for country recreations. All that nature, art, and genius can do seems to have been done to make these parks attractive to the millions tolling in the city for their maintenance. Near prin ces gate of Hyde park is the London in ternational exhibition of 1S73. This we visited and was much Interested. Among the many objects of interest are shown selected specimens, as follows: Pictures, oil and water color, sculpture, decora tive furniture, plate designs, Mosaics, etc.; stained glass, architecture and models, engravings, lithography, pho tography, as a fine art, porcelain, earth enware, terracotta and stoneware, ma chinery, used for pottery of all kinds, willow manufactories, machinery In motion, used in woolen and worsted manufacturers, live alpacas, scientific inventions and discoveries, horticulture, etc., etc., etc. Victoria park has -about two hundred and seventy acres. Having been formed only a few years, the trees have not yet grown to the full size, but it is becoming a pleasant place, with flower-beds, lakes, walks, 4 and shady avenues. This park Is distinguished by th most magnificent public fountain yet constructed in the metropolis. Batter sea park has about one hundred and eighty acres, on which fifteen thousand dollars have been spent. Until recently it was a miserable swamp now it is a fine park. A beautiful suspension bridge connects this park with Chelsea on the other aide or me river. There are a number of other parks but I did not visit them and have said enough to let the reader Know tnat mis great city has also immense lungs, and breaths freely from them. Besides these there are the zoological gardens, containing about two hundred acres, at the nothern ex tremity of Regent's park. Here they have the vegetable and the animal king dom well represented. Captain Deer ingand myself accepted an Invitation from a London friend to go with them to see them. I will here say, by way of parenthesis, that English people, wo men aa well as men, are tne greatest walkers I ever saw. Ask any one how far to such a place, and they will tell you so many minutes; then multiply by two or three and you will get the time it will take yon to get there. I was walked around hlthese gardens, so-call- oH..nnrnET W!t5Tt5rpI'V?nwT- Thn fnlTp" Etion oflanimalalis unquestionably the 1 times i. -laxugiauu. . xuc ea-iiou3 zuiu the sea-bears were rare specimens of the inhabitants of the briny-deep blue-sea. The Polar-bear, or Ice-bear, measures eight feet seven inches, and weighs six teen hundred pounds. The palaces of London are places of great interest. Buckingham palace, stands at the west end of St. James's park. It doesnot pre sent a very magnificent appearance. The ground on which it stands is too low. I was not favorably impressed with the buildings for the sovereign of this great nation's residence. The park and royal gardens were grand,, but the palace fell far below my expectations as to its appearance. Marlborough house, the residence of the Prince and Princes3 of Wales, is immediately east of St. James's palace,separated only by a car riage road. It was built by Christopher Wren, for the great Duke of Marlbor ough. The house was bought from him for the Princess Charlotte., It was after ward occupied in succession by Leopold (the .late king of the Belgians.) St. James's palace is an elegant brick struc ture, built by Henry VHI in 1530, on tue8ightofwhat was once the hospital for lepers. The fine bands of the foot guards play daily at eleven in tho col our court or in another quadrangle on the east side. Lamberth palace 13 said to bo about four hundred years old. Houses of parliament. This is the name usually given to the new palace of West minister. It is close to the river. It is said to be the finest modern Gothic structure in the world, at least, for civil purposes. The entire building covers about eight acres. The chief public en trance is by Westminister hall, which forms a vestibule to the houses of par liament and their numerous committee rooms. The rooms and stair-cases are inconceivably numerous, and there are said to be two miles of passages and cor riders. The riverfront, raised upon a fine terrace of Aberdeen granite, is nine hundred feet in length and profusely adorned with statues, heraldic shields, and tracers covered with stone. It is a gorgeous structure, which has cost over ten millions of dollars. A further cost of near a million for frescoes and statu ary had been incurred up to March, I860. The two chambers, in which parliament meets,are ill-adapted for a great nation's legislature to meet. The house of peers is ninety-seven feet long, forty-five wide and forty-five high. It is profuse ly painted and gilt, and the windows are so darkened by deep tinted stained glass-that the eye can with difficulty make out the details. At the southern end is the gorgeous gilt and canopied throne. Near the center Is the wool sack on which the lord chancellor sits; at the end and sides are the galleries for the peeresses, reporters and strangers. The poorest accommodations I ever saw. Even in our statehouse they are far superior. There are some twelve or fifteen comfortable seats forreporters, and room, perhaps, for some thirty or forty more persons to sit on hard seats pacbed up at the far end. The seats re mind one of an oldfield schoolhouse long benches with not a desk or any convenience for writing, which they do not need, as they write their speeches, 1 E resume, before they come there. This ouse of lords fell greatly below my ex pectations in several respects. X heard, perhaps, some fifteen or twenty of them speak, and, with one or two exceptions, they fell, I think, below our members of our legislatures as speakers. In the house of commons it is very different. There the members are chosen by the people, and the best talent of the nation is selected to represent them. Their room is sixty-two feet long by forty-five wide and forty-five high, and is much less elaborate than the house of peers. The speaker's chair is in the north end, with galleries along the sides and ends. In a gallery behind the speaker's chair the reporters for the newspapers sit. Over them is the ladies's gallery, where the view is obstructed by the grating. One might suppose from the name that these two chambers the house of peers and commons constitute nearly the whole of the building, but they occupy only a small part of the area. There are'many large fine libraries, committee rooms, halls, lobbies, offices, corriders, princes' chamber, peers corrider, com moners lebby and corridente. The Vic toria, at the southwest angle of the en tire structure, is one of the finest in the world. It is seventy-five feet square and three hundred and forty feet high. The "clock tower," in the north end, is forty feet square, three hundred and twenty feet high, profusely gilt mantle top. The clock is hy far the largest and finest in this country. There are four dials on the face of the tower, each twenty-two and a half feet in diameter; the hour figures are two feet high, twenty-six feet apart, minute marks, fourteen inches apart; the hands weigh two hundred and forty pounds, the minute-hand sixteen feet long. There are about five hundred carved stone statues in the building. The royal gallery is being filled, illustrative of English his tory. There, among others specially noted, is a picture forty-five feet long by twelve high representing "The meeting of Wellington and Blncher" after the battle of Waterloo, and me companion frescoe, "The death of Nelson." SAMUEL "WATSON. A ST It AN GE STOKX OTOX. ABOUT AN Our old friend. James Case. 8373 the Bath County (Ky.) iteitw, tells the fol lowing strange owl story: "It seems that Mr. James Warner, residing near Mr. C's, has been doing a considerable amount of trapping for the last few months. While setting his traps some time ago, he concluded that he would bait for a large bird which he believed had been bothering his chicken-roost of late days. He accordingly did so, and upon the morning after, upon going to visit his traps, was much surprised at finding one of them gone bait and trap both gone, and no owl; but the sequel is to come. The other morning, Mrs. Bodgers, who lives ten miles aw3y from Mr. Warner's, hearingsome disturbance in the hen-house among the chickens, arose quickly, and taking a light, went out to see what was the matter with them, thinking it was probably a fox. By making a careful and sudden effort, she succeeded in catching the object, and, to her great surprise, found it was a huge owl. But the strange part is to come. Attached to the owl was Mr. Warner's trap and about ten inches of chain. It seems that two teeth were broken out of the steel trap, and just where the teeth were broken out, the jaws of me trap had firmly held the leg or the bird, cutting all around quite to the bone, but without injuring the latter. The leg, however, by this time, was recovered and well, the wound hav ing had ample time to cure during the two months that had passed since the owl first flew away with the trap. What wonderful tenacity of life was exhibited by the bird! What tortures must have torn the poor owl as he passed along his way dragging the terrible trap and chain." The elysium of malefactors has at last been discovered, and its secular name is Michigan. A new method of dealing with convicts has lately flashed upon the mind of the Mi chi gander, and he 13 going to test it practically. To begin with, he abolishes stripes not the Dela ware kind of stripes laid on by a hang man with a nine-tailed cat, but the striped jackets by which convicts are distinguished from gentlemen of rank and fashion. Writing materials are to be supplied to such prisoners as having been gifted with reading and writing by nature know how to use them and wish either to correspond with their friends outside or to occupy themselves with literary pursuits. Those who can not read and write are to be instructed In these accomplishments, and on leav ing the prison "each man is to receive a suit of clothes, ten dollars in money, and whatever he has earned by extra work." There is no statement made with regard to the bill of fare with which the Michigan malefactor is in future to be furnished. Judging from what has been already stated regarding this newtreatmentof convicts, however, it is fair to infer that the Michigan malefactor will have, three courses and a desert for dinner every day, with at least two kinds of wine. A flg for Black well's island and the tombs! Michigan is the only place in the world for a gen tleman to'be criminal in.