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THTi MEMPHIS DAILY .A. PJ? E A.Ir-SJD .A. Y, OCTOBER IS3 .74.
VBSIPI1IS APPEAL SO.VMAV HOKXIRK, OCT. 18, 1SJ4. D&MOORATIO TICKET. , . " Jbr Omrmtr, JAMBS D. rOKTXK, JK, , Of Emm Ckmntv. JtoriOmeMM, VntkMXttrict, M. CABXY YOVKO, 00tlty Ckamly. SHELBY CO V STY TICKET. Bcnatort, JOBNQTRRTON, Jtf A.B.BAYXKS. SfprttnlaHtxt, QBO. M. rXTSBS. Qxo.B.rowxi-. UUOB D. OSESR, JOHK A. X0V8U, tlEO. It. WY2II, J. UAE.TEY MATBES1 inottriol Senator. J'ETTOK'J. SXITII, of Tiptm Onmtf. Plotrrial Smraentative, J VBA' It. OALLOWAY,f JhireUt Count TO TUX P4.0PI.K or TUB SORIB TU.r. HODIUEIU UlTrJATIOS CAUf- a."- COSSinEKKD. Witt an unfaltering faith the Mem phis Al'PBAL followed the star of the Southern OwiWrecy. me advancing m a)i nf rhn Federal troops made 'the Aweal a eeemopoliten puWicatton Buttee tke war thb paper was publish d at Metsniiis. Grenada, Jackson, UaUbs HJnntMMoerv and Atlanta. It labored from day to day in defending the "Lee OtMe," aad to fill the soldier's heart with bore and to nerve bis arm wrtk itoeactfc. But the Confederacy went down. It eueeumbed to over' whelming numbers. Nothing remain? nave he historic xeoown and the hero- !Hr tiw breve men who met dagger is every fern on the battle-field and ia4he terrific rain of Iron-haH. Since IheTcuirendT of General Robert E.Xe at Appomattox Courthouse, the Al1 rMAt h&8 oouBseleil conciliation and traiiuwitHy, knowing that it was only bypeaee ow people could recuperate their leet fortunes and advance their material interests. The large circulation of Jh Al'PKAL indicates that it repre- peote .southern peotiBients, ami as eueh it liMMwes te address a few candid, cabil'f'diaaaaaioBate words to the north- crapeepte. These words are prompted by the preeeaoerted effort of foiled and TnqnMied plunderers to malign and iui)jgMii mil the south ami her peorrf. TfkMnlt wttli sliame and regret tliat a few outrages lrave been committed in the moth, Ht as they have ooeurred In ta imrtb. There is dteeatfefactioa in the tooth, bat this is not on account of hotUHty to the government, bet tarings from real grievance legalized ra Ieiiy, lor whieh them seems to be no AM good people condemn the mt prevail in the south, hut Lbey are equally as earnest in their aeedeeaHatlon of the causes timt pronuso them. This protest has originated the charge that the south is n4evMiD to get up another rebellion. This is the ltoint upon which we wish to ptaee the south right and to disabuse the miads .of the northern people. As a MMtfeera paper, liberally patronized by Has representative southern element, the Appeal, would assure the nerth that the strife between the two sections has lernrlBated with arms forever. The charge f inaugurating another rebellion is absurdly false. "We have never seen or heard of a man whOjideaires or eeo teetplatal any further resistance to the general government. "Ve are simply pnp&fteg, through the peaceful means of toe ballot-box, to have our affiiirs honestly administered; to preserve our right sed property from fraud and phiitder. This is only exercising the right belonging to every freeman in a TepubtiaaB government. The southern people earnestly desire true peace and lasting reconciliation. They propose no rariatagoejto ooBstttuted authorities, they don ones meb violence and disorder of every Mr!. They have had enough of war. They have seen 'enough of the flames aseeatttfig from their burning houses, and have no desire to trace the progress of- an invading army by charred eWisiieys and desolating fields. They prefer'peaee ami. her emblems of pietnr and proseri(y. Fields, white -wttfa cotton and waving with golden grain, are more desirable to the southern heart than the white clouds of smoke by day and the pillar of fire by night which used to light up the southern sky. These are the desires nearest the hearts of the southern peo ple. Tneyare peaceful, law-abiding cit izens, ready to mete out justice to all. They bore been patient and forbearing in peace as tbey were brave and daring in war. Instead of getting up another roboUion, as falsely charged, the sooth era people submit patiently and sin- j ceraiy to the government against wliich they revolted. They honestly desire M Hve as aKtsens and not as enemlep, with a ivttored Union. would have abetter opportuultythan tbe late troubles of Louisiana afforded, te parade in large capitals, tho startling news of another retwllion. Suoli a UIh of affairs would not be permitUd In tbe cortb: but It i Rood enougn for lae south." The canvass for congress- In this uls trict is nearing to a close, colonel Young and Judge Ijewis for two weeks jhavebeen engaged in Joint dwcussion. We hear the most favorable accounts as to Colonel Young's success. As Judge Lewis has no paper in this district to reDK sent his interest, we will do him thejusticetosayheis making a vigor ous canvass, and has given entire sati--- factioc to his friends. He is no doubt the ablest champion of his party in tbta district, and his defeat on the fifth diy of November will forever terminate the existence of the Radical party in West Tcnnefsee. The debate between uoiouei Younc and Judge Lewis Is represented as dignified, aud characterized by a high-toned courtesy. The press every where are encouraging joint discussion? , and the avoidance of )ersonalitbr. This kind of discussion no longer ak- figures disputations between editors, aud in a few yeara -the style of ex changing epithets afid' slang whaneing on the stump will be considered disreputable and demoral izing. No better way to conduct a cam paign has ever been devised than a join discussion, and we are gratified to know that both Colonel Young and Judge Lewis in their debates recognize the proprieties of the occasion, and that, in spirit and temper, they acquit them selves worthily. It is only by these dis cussions that truth can be elicited aud tbe people enlightened. Tho especial hindrance to truth aud intellectual pro gress is theoae-sidednesswhieh prevails in consideration of the topics of the times. Men are guided in their inqui ries by prejudice, and advantage is ta ken of this fact to present distorted views. Fairness is one of the rarest of virtues. Prejudice often passes for xeal, perversion of ideas and facts for the ad vocacy of a cause. If every advocate felt that ho was to Ikj answered before the same adieuee he would be put uioii his good behavior,and kept there by the instinct of self-presei vation. If he feels no restraint of this kind he will natur ally gravitate into extravagance and dis tortion. Gbnkral Butler's renomlnatlou immpts the Boston .dtft'erfijsr lo give this entirely accurate sketch of hh char acter and puMic career: "He has made his ofllce a source of profit, not only to himself, but to a large number of follow ersdependents, who have repaid him by saeh political services as they could render whenever he has stood in need of them. Spies, detectives, revenue-job bers, salary -grabbers, every one who has drawn money out of tbe public treasury dishonestly, or has been made to believe that an opportunity for doing so might j found for him, have been among his staunch and unfailing defenders. These things alow, attesting his personal hon or aud measuring his estimate of what is becoming in a public man, afford , ground enough for opposition, and make ' him utterly unworthy of the place be holds. This is not all, nor is it tbe worst. Ou the great issues now before congress, and destined to remain there during the political life at least of those who have passed the age of fifty years, he has taken direct and defiant issue with the Republican sentiment of tbe State and tbe nation." ItUl'LY OF Jilt. 1XECCE. Emtobs Appeai. Tho general luter tiretatlonof mj letter or declination of nomination lo the senate outhe lude nendent ticket, aud your comment thereon, such a "Fleece wa toe nrst m .wrt the slukinir ship." places mo Jn an altitude towani me menus wua complimented me by their unsought in dorsement, that I am very unwilling to nccunv. and dotliem. as well as my self, great Injustice. The Independent movement, s x unuersuwu 11, in tended to be thoroughly independent nf und disconnected with national polltlos, or existing organized political parties. The measures of reform proposed cm- braced peimanenuy tne reduction ot tbenumber and pay of officers. Reform ation of tbe judiciary system, in a va riety of details which appeared to meet the demands or Justice and economical efficiency. Subordination of the bond ed debt to the p.-yor payment of the ne cessary expenses of tbe Slate govern ment, administered on me most eco nomical principles possible: limitation of the taxing power of the btate, cities, towns and counties, to a very low fixed rate; a searcning scrutiny Into tne his tory and character of tbe bonded debt, and its reduction to that amouut and class, which shall prove to be fairly and honestly due; protection and advance ment of the producing classes by measures deemed promotive of this end. These foregoing measures seemed tome to be more Democratic ttianiiepuoncan, and, withal, I had no reason, drawn from the measuies proposed, nor the men by whom proposed, to believe that tue new nartv wa, as uss oeen cnargeu. the Radical party in disguise. While I was considering the probable mission and destiny of the new party, with a view to niv proposed connection with it. I met several of our regular Democratic candidates, who seemed to favor tho verv measures proposed uy me new par ty, so I concluded that tbe new party and the Democratic would occupy com mon cround on questions of reform, and tbe inevitable result of a hotly-contested canvass would be an identification of the independents with the Radical par ty. Upon this theory alone, and not upon my knowledge of, or belief in, any "dark-lantern" or clandestine alli ance with Radicalism, I determined to decline the race for the senate. By tbe way. is it not hieh time that all tbe can didates on the regular Democratic tick et suoum speae out on tne practical issues of the canvass, and no longer leave their expected supporters to doubt ing speculations as to their intended specific action on the generalities of the Democratic platform? Very respect fully, GEOKGE B. FLEECE. mut.Ns Axn nKzuiiF.it. Tbe fallowing poem was written by Mrs. J. Webb, of Scotland, sixteen yeais ago, on me occasion ot tne appointment of Henry Waul Beecher to lecture at the celebration or Bums's one uundredlu an niveraary, January, 1S59' I learn the task hut fan to ynu To gle llie ban! o' Ayr Ids due; Hut Qhe til in well; And keep sweet Ctiarlty In view, K'en for the DelL Ills few sraa' fau'ts ye need na toil; Folks bay ye're no o'er guid yoa.fcel'; Bat leTil may cur; Oin ye're but half as guid as ltab. Well ask nae roam Tfteu dlnna seek to fled a llavr, ilat o'er his f&ula a mantle thraw, And leave the rent To Him nboDule and tried the heart; He kens le best. A century henoe. an' wha can tell What may befa yer eannle set'? isome lioly preacher May tak' the cudgels up forane Ca'd Harry Beecher. I ha'e no doubt you'd like to ken Wha '1M that tan's the auld quill pen To write this rhvme. The knowledge wad be little worth I'm past my prime. ltome. with tbe mild eves'of Luovlook itig up to roe, anil tho burning words of Alary ninKin," tu my Drain, j. was no Jtonger the Confederate soldier, but I wu the father of Luov and tbe Husband of Mary, and I would have passed those lines lr every kuu la 1110 oaucry uau tired noon rue. I went to my home. Alary ran out to meet me, her angel arms emuraceu me; ami sue wnispereu "Obi iidward, 1 am so nappy! lam so glad you got your furlough!" Bh must havo felt me shudder, for sh turned pale as death, and catching her breath at every word, she said, "Have you come witnoui your lariougtiv Ua .Edward, Edward, eo back! no hack Let me and mv children cn down to- gether to the grave, but oh, for heaven's sake, save the honor of our name!" And here I sm, gentlemen, not brought uere iiy muitary power, dui lr obedience to the command of Mary, to abide the sentence of your court." 1 Every officer of that court-martial felt the force of the prisoner's words. Before then stood, in beatific vision, the elo quent pleader for a husband's and father's wrongs: but thev had been trained by their great leader, Eobert E. L.ee, to treau tne patn 01 duty, though the lightning's flash scorched tbe ground beneath their feet, and each in his turn pronounced the verdict miiltv. Fortunately for humanity, fortunately for the Confederacy, the proceedings of iue ourt were reviewed oy me com manding general, and upon the record wai wniieui H r.ADQC AI1TEKS, A. N V The finding of the court Is approved. The prisoner is pardoned and will report to his wiujjwj. . iwr. LE.r ueneiai. Durine tbe second battle of Cold Hnr. bor, when shot and shell were falling iikb torrents irom uie mountain to cloud," my attention was directed the fact that one of our batteries was being silenced by the concentrated fire of the enemy. When I reached tbe battery every gun but one had been dis manned, ami uy it stood a solitary Con federate soldier, with the blood stream ing from his side. A? he recognized me he elevated his voice above the roar of battle and said: 'General, I have one shell left. Tell me, have I saved the Honor or Mary and Lucyt' I raised my hat. Once more a Confederate shell went crashing through the ranks of the enemy, and the hero sank by his gun to rise no more.' THE tt.lJiUISitt OF THE CRANE. But when a lassie young an' fair, I've wandered by the bonnle Ayr Wf iieaitssme glee; E'er fate stern aiaiidate sent me forth Far o'er the sea. SiUl iScetia'd hills and Pcotla's plaiw,, Her poets and her poet's strain To me are dear A deert spring within my heart They claim a tear. OMJ TIHUSAXI UOLLAItS. The Nashville Banner says of the delegates to the carpetbag convention at Chattanooga, that on the day of tbe reception of the news from tbe west they were much depressed and cha grined that their plans had not worked to better satisfaction. Their schemes had proven unsuccessful, they had ac complished nothing, and the conven tiou had not been given that promi nence they had so ardently desired should be done. They complain also that though every effort had been made by tbe people of Chattanooga to have The Merchants, Farmers and .Me chanics' savitgs bank will pay one thou sand dollars for tho best plan of two fire-proof buildings, subject to the fol lowing conditions: The amount will be paid upon the award of a majority of a committee to be composed of one representative each of the board of public works, board of health, underwriters building associa tion and business men. One building shall be a dwelling house, not less than eighteen feet front, with five rooms, and shall contain not less than five thou sand five hundred cubic feet; of which a complete building as per plan must be erected at the expense of the bank, by the successful competitor; also a build ing of not less than four rooms for dwelling, with store on grouud floor, of a cubic capacity of not less tban thirty thousand cubic feet, subject to the same requirements as tne foregoing. The sufr them DTonerlv entertained, vet. never- .1. - Kail luuin fTiziti ittt. s1it , cesyful competitor will be required to I shoulder, and that, too, in a Republican ' 0 ? tL. oiSbCSr tSS i city. This is very sad. It were enough to set oe to weeping. They deserve all the commiseration that may be be stowed upon them. The measure of their ambitious hopes has been filled, bank, anywhere witliiu tbe corporate ' nmiis 01 i.nicago. me model erected by tbe successful competitor shall undergo a thorough test as to its fire-proof ualitie, and also as to the action of water upon the and there is now no longer any danger mateiial when heated. All damages re- of its "siothiug'' over. Their political I eul"ns irom sucn test wui ue at tne ex- . . f , , . 1 pense of the successful competitor. Tbe career is about at au end, and eo mote j lmtpoee otthu ofyvlii to secure ! approximately lire-proof cottage: but other things being equal, preferenoe will 1 ARKANSAS IS KEKEKJllI). We congratulate the people of our near sister State on their deliverance front asnrfiation, despotism, boundiaw etUxttott, fraud and villainy. After a long tonapestaous night Arkansas 1 nitjjuf bright m the morning Hin ktove the receding Btorui-etouds. flit State Is free from corruption, free from usurpation, free from Clayton ami free from taUHary rule. All thanks to Uie noble .Baxter who lias led the p0)4e out of tne wtMerneag.' The deliverance of Arfcancas annih a thrill of joy to the heat ft Tnoncueins. No mind ean iMiu oeijl pol 1 sixl the iWwe greatuee of purHKereaniinou wealth. XewlUehns teen breathed into her disordered ki- 4fjiries. Her dewi airing agriculture, long robbed by erieUiag thieves, is iu sfaired with frwh courage. The climate of Arkansas is lienigaaiit; her teeming hoM wttt mow be made to bkswom wfth all that Make a State rieh. In a sfaott lime the bleeding wounds of this pros trate young State will be staunched, the abcttered lleabs bound tip and the peo ple Will be joyous and happy in the waee and lauastiretaws prosperity wMoh wrroltnde Uteu. The teegrajibic th. patebe of yiuterday and the day beaore tell us that the mae ity Jar Oarland and tba new caMsstMntion will reaeh twenty-Jive fAoti- u,ml.' Only think of it! y fraud, corruption and nsorp&tien tbe voice of these tenuity-live thousand voters has been aWfliL and men in a small mt nority have been deahued as elected 8ucta infemy hi enovgh to curdle the blood of every honeat man. What better argument eouki be addressed to prove that the State governments under Radical role, the manipulations of the carpetbagger are mere frauds and usurp- sUotaft. In every eleetion or yean, tbeJ tax.paying people of Arkansas have voted by huge majorities lor their own deMvemnee, and in condemnation of their nvnrpawi. Iklt Clayton and his infaBMMss band have maintained power by eomtpting the balht-box. In tbe re oent olootton, under the administratioa of Baxter, the people had a fair election ; tne whole fabric botlt up by the abuse of legislative power, fbroe and fraud eruw-, Med -J iflragte, and not a vestige of it. ia left, save the enormous debt piled up by rascality, and the bankrujitey of the Uoc-paying people, who have beeu The first indications of success iu ', 'w given to the best arranged building in Alabama come from Colbert county. , hue,m . 1 mmeiry. convenience. ,. , - 1 ventuatiou, heating and drainage, and where, according to the Florence Times- , vhleh. the unr? Ia manIv Vr ti,. Journal, the white man's party has j benefit of employes, falls in price not spoken in thunder toi es. That paper : above one thousand Jollars when ready savsthataf'the 1 rimarv election held , l0T occupancy. Walks, fences and out- ou the third instant about ondthoinand four hundred votes were caS being houses must be included, and must all be fire-proof, or approximately so. The bank reserves the right to publish the nearly four bundled more than'Were cast I plaus submitted, giving credit therefor for the Democratic ticket two years ago. i '? .I'""6? Presenting tbem. Tbe ih,u j,... 11, . , -7. 1 size of lots to be eimated at not less This shows that tbereisa clear majority 1 tban twenty-five by seventy-five feet, of nearly blx hundred white men in Col- j Sealed plaus and siecltication8 will be bert. Great efforts were made by Inde- received attbe Merchants, Farmers and pendent eaudidates to prevent a large Vjff, savB,8? luk, No. 75 Soutb ., , . , ., , ' " Clark street, uutil January 1st, 1875. At poll, iMt hi spite of all their efforts I that time tho committee aforesaid will enough has lieen done to show them award the prize as soon as they reach a whateaHBadieals and their half-broth- ' decieiou. Further Information will be ere-tedejwideuiJ-will land in the : t",6'6.,10 earning election." At tttttnarpeibag convention at Chat tanooga tbe otter day, one of the Ar kansas deisgakH sakl it was the iu'ten thm of the Brosia Itepiiblieans (o disre gard the new utiuatHutlon and tjie"elec tlon uixler it, Inaugurate Itrooks-as governor, aud call on rhe Preshletit (o support him with the army. We shall see now, sinee the late election, if they are mad eaettgh for wieh au enterprise. But if they aie, we liope, with theCbat taoooga Timet, that iu such a game they will find that when it comes to powder jiersou or by circular, at the ofllce of the bank. SYDNEY MYERS, Manager, M., K. and M. savings flank. Chicago. October 1, 1SSU Pendre la mmaittm, to hang the crane, la tuerrencu expression iora couse-warmine, w lue urst party given in a new nouse.) I. The lights are out, and gone arc aU tjie gne&U That thronging came with merriment und jesw To celebrate the hanging of the crane In the new house-into the night are gone; Hut still the fire upon the hearth buiuson, Aud I uloue remain. 0 fortnnate. O happy day! When a new housebokl finds ttfi phice Among the myriad homes ol earth, lAke a new star jut sprang to blrtn And ro.Ied on Its hai monlous way 1 nto the boundless realms ot space I &oatd theguesU In speech and song, Asln Uie chimney, burning bright, Wo nu the Irou crane to-night. And n:erry was the least and long. And now I alt and muse on what may be, And in mwislon see. or seem losee. Through floating vapors Interfused with Until. Shapes Indeterminate, that gleam and fade, as suauows p&csins into ueeper snaue Sink and elude the sight. For two alone, there in the hall. Is spread tbe table round and small; Upon the polished silver shine The evening lamps, but more Ulvlne The light of love shines over all ; Of love that says not mine and thine Bet oars, for oars It thine and mine. Tbey want no guests to come between Their tender glances like a screen, And tell them tales of land and sea, And whatsoever may betide lhe great lorgotten world outside: Th-y want no guest; they needs must be Aacnosner-sown Dettcoinpany. III. Tbe pieture fades; as at a village fair A hbowman's views dissolve Into the air, To reappear transfigured on the screen. Go In my fancy this; and now once more In part disfigured, tnrocgh the open door Appears the self-same scene. Sealed I see the two again, lint not alone; they entertain A little aDgel unaware, Afith face as round as is the moon A royal guest with fiaxen hair. 9 Who, throned upon his lofty chair. Drums on the table with his spoon, Then drops it careless on the fioor, To grasp at things unseen before. Are the celestial manners? These The ways that win, the arts that please? Ah, yei ; cons' ?- well the guest. And whatsoeVr he does seems best; lie ruletli by the ught divine Of helplessness; so lately born In purple chambers of the morn. As eoverelgu-cver thee and thine; He speaketh not, and yet there lies A conversaUon In his eyes; 1 he golden silence of the Greek, The gravest wisdom of the wise, Not spoken In language, but In looks More legible than printed books, As If he could, but would not speak. And now, O ! monarch absolute, Thy power is put to proof: for lot ltestfess, fathomless and slow. The nurse comes ruiUlng like tbe sea. And pushes back thy chair and Ihee, And so good-night to King Canute. IV. As ene who. walking In the forest, sees A lovely landscape through the parted trees Tr" ti sees It not for boughs that lnterven. Orfis v e see the moon sometimes revealed T rough drifting clouds, and then again con- So J beheld the scene. There are two guests at the table now; The king, deposed, and older grown, - v luuseroccupieK W9 inrone, The crcwo Is ou hi sister's brow; A princess from the Fairy Tales, The very pattern girl of girls. All covered and embowered la curls, Itose tinted from tbe Isle or Flowers, And sailing wlm soft sllKen sails From far oil Dreamland into ours. Above their bowls wttb rims or blue Four azure eyes of deeper hue Are looking dreamy wilh delight; Limpid as planets that emerge Above th ocean's rounded verge, Soft shlnlnt through the snmmer night, Kte.dfast they gaze, yet nothing see lteyondthe honcon of their bowls; Nor care they for the world that rolls With all lu irelght of troubled souls Into tbe days that are to be. V. Again the tossing boughs shut out the scene. Again the drifting vapors Intervene, And the moon's pallid disk Is hidden quite; And now I see the table wider grown. As round s pebble Into water thrown Dilates a ring or light. I see. the table w' der grown, I see It garlanded with gnests. As IX fair Ariadne's crown COTTON.TRAXrSI'OUTATIOJf. From, the Railroad (lazette.) The cotton product and movement of me crop year enumg witu August are care f silly reported and analyzed by tbe Ctommcrchu and Financial Chronicle, an authority on this subject. This crop, though not a bulby one, Is yet one of controlling Importance to tbe transport ation interests in most of the southern States. It gives the chief freight to tidewater and the north, and according as the crop is large or small and its price high or low, are most other kinds of business governed In these States. If there is a good crop and a good price for it, there is a great deal of traveling, and a great deal of buying and shipping to the Plantations. Tf thn ornn fa vanr small or the pric9 very low, the south ern people buy very little and travel very little, and they are a people, con trary to a not uncommon ODinion. who can live ou as nearly next to nothing as any other natives of tbl ccunlry, ex cept the aborigines themselves, tho fluctuating nature of their great staple accustoming them to great variations in their yesrly incomes. Perhaps not the least interesting fact connected with tbe cotton statistics is this, that tbe cot- j ton States have fully recovered their old productiveness. The crop of last year was equaled but once before the war, and the average of tbe past five years (3,700,000 bales) exceeds that of the six 1 years before the war (3,600,000 bales) ; and this comparison is quite fair, be cause during that' period before the war cotton production was increasing very slowly, that of 1S53 56 being very nearly equal to tbe averase of tbe six years ending with 1850-61. The aver age of the four years succeeding the war, when tbe country was im rover ished and labor was utterly demoralized, was only 2,300,000 bales. Probably tnere is not so great a profit now as before tbe war; still the Increase in the rate of pro- uuction would seem 10 indicate as mucn, as it is quite as rapid now as for several years before the war. As we have said before, there has been quite a revolution in cotton transjiortatlou since tue ante war days. Tlieu the numerous naviga ble streams intersecting the cotton States maintained fleets of steamers which brought the largest part of the crop to the seaboard. Now, except ou the Mississippi and its tributaries, the steamers have mostly disappeared, and the railroads take all the traffic. It is a traffic which tbey ought to be able to command, to be sure, tbe staple being valuable in proportion to lis weight, and its distance from seaports being usu ally less tban three hundred miles. We have said that its weight did not of it self .make this an Important staple of transportation, ana 11 certainly does not. co.npareii wun many oilier agriculture products, to say nothing of minerals. Last year's crop, lor instance, had s weight of about 1,000,000 tons, which would nave maue iuu,uw iuii car-loads. Now the wheat received during the last crop year at either Chi cago or oinwauKee wcigneu very nearly as mucn as tills, wlillo wlieat is a subor dinate staple in the district which ships atone of these cities. Tho lumber re ceived at Chicago would much more than balance tbe cotton of the whole country; and these articles, as well as otner grains and ltve stocK, are earned average instances mucn greater tiiau cotton goes. As an article of export, nowever, cotton taites a uiguer ramt, 'ine statistics snow mat a little more tban two-thirds of the last crop was ex ported, while nothing like so large a proportion 01 any otner leauing staple prouueeu Here ever leaves tue country. To the ocean vessels, therefore, cotton Is nearly our most Important cargo. Last year's exports of wheat exceeded it in weight largely, however, but last year's exports were unusually large. Although the railroads have succeeded so well in absorbing the transportation of cotton from the plantations to the seaboard, they have as yet made only tolerable progress in carrying it over long ran routes from tne cotton mates to tile Home consumers or tbe distribut lugeltieacear them. Nearly one-third of the last crop was consumed in this country, but the shipments direct to nortnern manufacturers, togetner with the rail recei pts reported at 15al timore aud ports further north, were but 11 per cent, of the crop, which, however, is yet 42 per cent of the northern con sumption. In view of the high value of tne article, and especially consider ing the fact that the nuU of the traffic on roads to the south is southward, it would seem that there is room for a great expansion of this traffic, as there has been of the grain traffic from the northwest to the eastern States. But the habits of trade have a great deal to do with this. The interior corn-buyer in the east is able to order a car-load of corn in central Illinois, and have it de livered at 11 13 door. Tbe cotton manu facturer, we presume, would continue to buy his stock in New York and Boston. even if all the cotton came by rail. A uniform and rigid inspection and classi fication of cotton throughout the south might change matters,pernaps, and per mit tbe making of tbe exchange be tween tbe planter and the cotton-SDin- ner with tho minimum of handling and middlemen: out tnis is a matter in which the railroads can do a very little. It is conceivable .that utton might be bougnt and neld at tbe station nearest the planter, by buyers having a central office, and that these,receivlng an order for a detinue quality from tbe In the production f, power, and the Inventor intends to adopt a fluid, such as nil or glycerine, which does not produce steam by being heated. Ua also urges tliat as these liquids develop great power Sua small spatte In the man ner described, they may be usefully ap plied to heavy machlum usually driven by seperate engines, such as presses, shears aud punches. By a further modi fieation of the same principal, SIgnor Tommast produces a reciprocating ruc tion, which, he states, can be converted into a rotary one, as in tbe common engine. The heat is applied to the oil by hot water, and as rapidly abstracted by means of cold water or other refrigera tion, thus producing a rising and falling motion of the column of oil. Tbe in vention was shown practically applied to a riveting machine, a press and a punch; and It Is dated that anfngine is being constructed to drive street-cars on tbe same principle. The force exists as tbe inventor claim?, but whetbur It can lie developed practically and controlled teadily ia a matter open to question. AUroeinf fiHivts. My life Is like the autumn leaves Now foiling fast, W hich grew of late so fresh and fair Too fair to last. The mar of earth and canker-worm The foliage bears; So my poor lir or sin and care The impress wears. As shine tbe leaves before they fall, With brighter hue. And each defect of worm and time Is lest to view, So may my lt'e. when fading, shine With brighter ray, And brighter still, at nearer to The perfect day. And as new life still springs again From fallen leaves. And richer life a thousand fold From gathered sheaves. So, God, If aught In me was good. The good repeat. And let me from my ashes breathe An Influence sweet. JIA.NXEItS OS IVIIEKLS. 'rut: i.etti:i: that jau.ni:d a iksi:ktio.. At a recent political gathering In Tus eumbia, Alabama, General Cullon A. Battle related the following touching story in the course of his speet-li: "Du ring the wiuter of 1863-64 It was mv for tune to be president of tbe coiiitsmartial of the army of rsorthern Virginia. One bleak December morning, while the snowo .vered the ground and the winds bowled around our camp, I left my bl vouae fire to attend the session of the , m ,, r-. , . ... ...... ' tuuav J ', , B court- Winding for miles along uncer- '-"" i"y hiciu more eiieeuvei ; tain itaius, 1 at lengtu arrived At tbe tban Baxter did. courtground at Bound Oak church. Dav l ; i after day It had been our duty to try tbe gallant soldiers of mat army, tHittrgeu The Jackson Okirfon saystthat Gov ernor Ames and Acting-Governor (ne gro) Davis have bad a serious dispute. It with violations of military law; but never had I on any previous occasion bten greeted by such anxious spectators j . ...TOmomct.um ingoi me court, case afier cse was of Governor Ames from the north, Act- 1 disposed of, aud at length the case of ing Governor Davis issued writs of elec tion to fill the vacancies iu the legisla ture. It is understood that Governor Ames disapproved his aetiou, and the prodaaathMi of the acting-governor, though in every sense legal and binding, was withheld from tbe ofllelal gazette. At last accounts the high contracting parties were engaged in a serious parley over the disagreement. The Helena li'orid promisee that the public debt of Arkansas will be reduced greatly withiu two years by the econ omies! provisions of the new constitu tion, and If the people of that State are only left alone aud permitted to live in contentment, free from Federal inter ference, there will be no more wealth ami no more happiness iu any State than in Arkansas. "VKhear,"seiy9 the .Dyer Courtly JVo- grctt, referring to the Paducab road, "that tbe iron ties will bo laid between The Confederate States vt. Kdivard Cooper was called charge, desertion. A low murmur rose spontaneously from the battle-scarred spectators, as a young artilleryman rose from tbe prisoners' bench, and, in response to the question, 'Guilty or not guilty?' answered, 'Not guilty.' The judge advocate was pro ceeding to open the prosecution, when the court observing that the prisoner was unattended by counsel, interposed and inquired ol tbe accused, Wbo is your counsel?' He replied, ' I have no counsel.' Supposing it was his purpose to represent himself before the court, the judge-advocate was in strueted to proceed. Every charge and specification was sustained. The pris oner was then told to introduce his witnesses- He replied, 'I have no wit nesses.' Astonished at the calmness with which he seemed to be submitting to what he regarded as inevitable fate, I said to him, ' Have you no defense ? Is It possible that you abandoned your comrades and deserted your colors In the presence of the enemy without any reason1- He replied, 'There was a rea son but it will not avail me before a military ooutt. I said. Perhans vnn are mistaken; you are charged with the .ofthelrhnlearningsbythethlev.thU jdace and Trimble station at an log bandit. The Democratic majority i early day. We do not vouch for this, .-atuVs wbk li ii lTuencd yimr actions.' in Artnuasaa hi seventy-five thousaurfli but aitauiy give It as the rVpttfs have it, Awl yet that State is made te yM fm iiiiiljwjMaor.teUs iLX' Grant and just sodi men as Clayton I and kit ringaaw proper to name. Was 1 What a soft admission this is: Lo there ever aoch a mockery of the ballot- j gau said lu his Indianapolis speech: box? The result of the recent election 1 "Tho thieves must get somewhere, and in Arkaneas the majority of seventy- I it is not surprising that some of them rive thousand against the knaves who i should get into the Bepublican party." li&d pwiBdered the people oleatly de- 1 monatevttes to any reaouable person ! that the amall minority, who have so 1 long maintained t bet u selves in position . by the aid of false registration, fraud u- lent returns, and like devices, are even Wane men than they liave been retire- Banted. And is it strange that under j mb cironmtrtauees Uie people nave ties furnished throw -considerable lieht lor the first lime his manly foim treru-1 uieu.sau uis uiueeves swam fn tun. Approachlngtlwpresrdent'oMhe courtf ne presented a letter, saying, as he did so, 'There, general, is what did it. I opened the letter, and ia a moment my eyes filled with tears. It was passed from one to another of the court until all had seen it, and those stern warriors who had passed with Stonewall Jackson through a hundred battles wept liko children. Soon as I sufllciently recov ered my self-possession, I read the let ter as the defense of the ptisoner. It was In these words: .beetl. restless awl continually seeking a I ou our early American genealogy, and iaade to relieve thenuselves of these i tlie. status of the settlers. Some of the m.i-i nshiM d fhnt fhia nrst Jawllies w" be Battered by the pMtIl , , . .. 1 work: ftrs will regard it as an Intnl. jdat Bt a8Wrs ionhl sometimes sive piece of genealogical impertinence. ftreak - owt in scenes of violence and Woodshed? If ueh a gov- jiakk Twain writes to a lecture ertHnenxwasroreea.oy t'eaeraiuayoneis 1 agent: -your oiler or thirty thousand .A work recently published In London bears the following comprehensive title: "The Original Lists of Persons of Quali ty; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Polit ical Rebels; Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed, and others who went MoT, 'tiSSS&ZF ! ss&ssssi ?h.Krn Iderable light crying, icaiieu ana said: "Wnal'a the mat- , , f " c- u,u uul E ' once ne 'KvDuiEnviRiwI hg, ol.... I promt of yon, and since your connection with Out of tbe sky had fallen down; Maidens within whoe tender breasts A thousand restless hopes and fears. Forth reaching to the coming years, Flutter awhile, then quiet lie, Like timid birds that rain would 11 r. But do not dare to leave their nwts; And youths, who In their strength elate Challenge the van and front of fate, Kager as champions to be in the divine knlght-errantry Of youth, that trr.velssea and laud, r-eeklng adventures, or pursuej Vurough cities and throuvh solitudes Frequented by the lyric ilue. The Dbantom with tbe beckoning bnmi. I That still allures and sttll eludes. O sweet Illusions of the brain! U sudden thrills or fire and InfitT The world is bright while ye remain. And dark and dead when ye are lost! VI. The meadow breok, that seem eth to stand still, Quickens Its carrent as It ncars th mill ; And so the stream of Time, that llngereth Inlevel rlAces.and so dull aDDears. Runs with a swifter current aslt nears The glooiry mills of Death. And now, like the magician's scroll, Tfeat In t-e owner's keeplngshrlnks With every wish he speaks or thinks, TU1 lli9 last wish consumes the whole. The table dwindles, aud again 1 see the twoalone remain. The crown of.sLars Is broken In parts; Its jewels, brighter than the day. Have one Of ore been stolen away To shine In other homes and hearts. One is a wanderer now afar 1 n Ce5 ion or in Zanzibar, Or sunny regions of Cathay; And one is In tbe boisterous camp, 'Mid clink of arms and horse's tramp, And battle's terrible array. I sea (he paStent mother read, With 1 aching heart, of wrecks that float tiaable on those seas remote, iittyt some great, heroic deed On battle-field, where thousands bleed To lift one hero Into fame. Anxious she bends her graceful head Above ihose chronicles ot pain. And trembles with a secret dread, l.wt there among the drowned or slain She find the cne beloved came. VII. After a day of clond and wind and rain sjoraeUmes the setting sun breaks out again. vnu i"ucmug an me aarasomo woods wun light. smiles ou the fields rwtll they laugh and sing, Then like a ruby from the horizon's ring iTops uown uiio iae nignt. What see I now T The night Is fair. The -torri ot 1 rtef. the clouds of care, The wind, th rp.n, have passed away; The lamps ore 'it, the fires bum bright, T-e house Is full or life and light it Is the golden wedding day. Thefmesu come thronging In once more, ttuck footsteps sound along the floor, 'the romping children crowd the xair. And In aud out and everywhere Flashes along the corridor The sunshine or their golden hair. On the round-table In the hall Another Ariadne's crown Oat of tbe sky bath fallen down; 31ore than one- monarch of the moon Is dramming with his silver spoon ; Tbe light of love shine over oil. o fortunate, O happy day ! The people sing, the people say. The ancient bridegroom and tne btlde, Merenely smiling on the scene, Befeold weU pleased on every side Their forms and features multiplied, As 1 t-.e reflection ot a light 1 u ' ea two burnished mirrors gleams. or raps upon a bridge at night - tUitori and on before the sight, 1 11 trie lung vlsia endless seems, try W langfeltvut. ItltOOKIAA LADIES lVmh'PJKK- mill in Massachusetts, would order shipped through, so that there would be but one loading and unloading of th bales between Mississippi and Massa cbusetts. The break of gauge on tbe southern border is something of au ob stacle, but in these days of transfers from trucks to trucks, not a very serious oue. The reports for the past two years show a considerable increase in the pro portion 01 tnistnrougu ran tramc in 10.2-73 it was 36 per cent, of the north ern consumption aud 9 per cent, of the total crop; the last year it wa3 42 per cent, of tne nortnern consumption and II i per cent, ot the total crop. The crop being larger last year, the increase in amouut of the cotton transported in this way was even larger than these figures indicates, the numbers of bales Demg na,zns in iS72-d and 439,534 in 1873-74, showing an increase of nearlvSO per cent. The leceipts of the different ports are iineiy to vary greatly Irom year to year with the condition of the crop in tbe districts which sunniv them. But there are no very great variations in tbe proportions-of the crops received uunug tne two years. JNew Urleans took a trifle less than 30 per cent, last year and about 31 per cent, the year be fore; Mobile less than 7 per cent, last year and more than 8 per cent, the year ueiorc; xexss ports (cnitny ualvestou and Corpus Christ!). SJ per cent, last year and Si per cent, tbe previous year, the gulf ports together receiving about 4t per cent, in 1873-74 against 4S in 1S72-73. The great bulk of Uielr receipts eo abroad. Savannah Charleston and Norfolk are the other ICUlel receiving ports, and tho report shows that lo per cent, of the receipts lu 1S73-74 aud 151 per cent, in 187L'-73 were at Georgia ports, which is a little more than two-thirds of tbe receipts last year; iu; per cent, in 1S73-74 and 9 in 1S72-73 at South Carolina norts. which exported something more tiian half of w j cat, 1- rr cent. Ot tne receipts last year and 11 percent, th year before at Virginia ports, which last year exported only 4 per cent, of its re ceipts, -mis snows mat the suppIv for domestic consumption and for export uuiu uuuunu iHjris asiue irom toe rail receipts, comes almost entirely from the Atlantic receiving port'. The exports ui uuiweiu puru) were osu.uw bales, which Is 20 per cent, of the toial ex- ports, it appears irom this that tbe gun etates sen very little of their cot ton In this country, and that thev ex port It from their own ports. It is natu ral, of course, that our mills should eet v. r if.' 1 ., . . ... .07 men cujjjmts iruui me cotton districts nearest to them. As the only part of tne country wnere cotton unxiuotinn i lncre&slm; rapidlv is in Texas mmt distant of all from the northern mills we may perhaps expect to see a larger tuiuiruci iiuiuruuu oi tne prouuet Of tbe Atlantic States to be consumed by them, as their consumption increases, which will have a tendency to destroy the exports of these States, not by diminishing their trade, but diverting tbe subjects of it from foreign to domestic consumption, while the rest of the world will more than ever go to the gulf ports for its cotton. The rail roads may modify this condition of trade somewhat, but there is not the same room for them to progr.-ss in cot ton as in grain transportation, from the fact that most of the cotton must go to the sea for export, and that the sea is hardly anywhere more than three hun dred mlleafrom it. The railroads have work-enough. before tbem In securing the carriage of cotton for domestic con- ! sumption, In which they have good chance ol success; that for exportation will always be likely to -f"k tbe nearest seaport wtere there Is good market, unless rail ttansncrtatlon 'cheap, whn a slight advantage iu a K-B.l..., .It.. . . . The New York Times has the follow ing apt words on the habit of many people in leaving their good manners at borne when they go abroad : " There are hundreds of persons who consider that jn traveling either for business or for pleasure they are privileged to throw oil what they term 'all restraint,' and be as disobliging as they please to every body else. Ou the railroad tlie repre sentatives of this class feel themselves justified in retaining possession ol two seats, while other passengers stand; in opening the doors of private sections in drawing-room cars and going through to the other end, rather tban turn to tbe right and take tbe passage common to all; In telling vulgar stories in the smoking-room loud enough to be heard in any part of the car; in conversing with each other cn 'popular' scandals from opposite sides of the sleeping-car; In whispering audibly about the occu pant of the dillerent berths and sec tions; in short, in committing any number of acts that thev would never dream of committing at home. It is no wonder uiat conductors, brakemen and porters are so often rude aud imperti nent, considering that their dailv life is passed among such company. The col ored jiortera in tho Pullman cars are ex pected to be civil-mannered and oblig ing, and they often arc; but it is strange that tbey can be so, in the face of nu merous examples of incivility, imper tinence and vulgarity which thev find among their whole white passengers. Kecently, upon a tram bound from Bos ton to Montreal, there was a verv strik ing illustration of tbe colored man's oc casional superiority. At one of tbe New Hampshire stations a 'gentleman' car rying a dog got on the Pullman car. After the train had been proceeding on its way for a few minutes, a colored porter approached the 'gentleman' and respectfully whispered to him that it was against the rules of the company to permit dogs to remain in the saloon; that there was a separate place for them, and that tney were well cared for. Tho 'gentle- mau- immediately lost temper, and de clared that hb'd be to-antl-so if he wouldn't keep his doc bv his side. The colored mau then withdrew, and when asked by another passenger what he proposed doing, replied that he had In formed the 'gentleman of his breach of the rules, and he did not intend to move any turtner in uie matter, lest he might be considered as 'puttine on un necessary ahs.' On -tlie popular river aud sound steamboats, that restraint to which we have before made leference fa tbrown Oirwith stdl more disagreea ble consequences. Tbe self-styled gen tleman no sooner touches the deck than he feels himself free to allow bis inclina tions to have full scone. First of all. h stands at the gangway and stares the lauy passengers out or countenance as they pass on board. At the supper-table he takes a new view of his 'rizhtH.' rivets his attention upon some particu lar lady, and gazes at her iu a most uu- wnvering mauner between every mouth ful, until she has finished her uncom fortable meal. In tho" saloon, during the evening, he gets into tbe society of others who have 'thrown oflf restraint,' and contrives, before ten o'clock, to make himself as much of a nuisance as hepDssiblycan. -Not content with hav ing played the part of a rulfian daring the evenimr. he continues the role after going to bed, should he discover that chance has given him the next room to ladies who may be traveling without niaie escort, inow uie question may be asked, why are tho intuits of such per sons not fitly resented? The answer is that ladies have a natural repugnance to 'scenes,' and prefer to put up with annoyances and insult, rattier than oc casion them. Some gentlemen allow insults to go unpunished for similar rea sons. It would be vastly better, of course, if ladies and gentlemen. In trav eling, would be more disposed to stand upon their rights, and to uy and keep in mind that the most stringent rules of railroad and. steamboat companies are jiowerless when those who sutler from the forms of blackguardism referred to are not willing to take the trouble to have them enforced." of tbe entry. He got up, however, w out aid, and seemed to have received 00 Injury except a few slight bruises, thouph Ills right hand was a little lamed. Mr. H. and myself called on hira two days after, aud, while tell ing us of tho circumstance of tbe fall, he mentioned this coincidence: He bad a letter In his band which he had just received from his eon Hen ry, living at Kansas City. His eon wrote: 'Are you well: for last night I had a dream that troubles me. I heard a crash, and, standing np, said to my wife: "Did you hear that crash? I dreamed that father had a fall and was dead." I got up and looked at my watch, aud it was two o'clock. I conlJ not sleep agaln.so vivid was the dream.' And It made him anxious to bear from home.- "Tbe blshoD said he was not supersti tious, but he thought it remarkable that iienry snouid have bad tbe dream at tbe very hour of tbe same night that the accident occurred. The difference In the time there and here is just fifteen min utes, and It was quarter past two by his watch, making it at the same moment. It was as if he actually beard the fall. And the fall finally caused the bishop' death. His band became intensely pain ful, and gangrene set in, which, -after two weeks of suffering, terminated his life. We are none of us spiritualists, as you know, but surely facts like this must go far to make us realize that there is a basis of truth for their hypothesis of spir itual faculties resiuent in man. now did Henry Lee become cognizant of the accident to hia father?" A POETS WELCOME 1 1 OUE. From the New York Tribune.) The demonstration of last week, In the Hocksesein Valley, in honor of Mr. Bayard Taylor's return, appears to have been as hearty and generous as it was de served, sir. Taylors old menus anu neighbors by hundreds came from far and near. The pavilion was splendid with flowers and autnmn leaves; pas sages from bis poems were framed In ivy, and the German and American flags were intertwined. In a brief pri vate note, received in New York by one of his literary friends, Mr. Taylor says: " The speeches, songs, and poems quite overwhelmed me. It seemed that all I once thought best and supposed (o be forgotten was revived that all the re cognition I craved in vain was poured upon me at once. For three hours I had to keep myself, by force of will, from crying like a baby." Mr. Taylor seems to have been thoroughly taken by surprise by the magnitude of the demonstration. Unsatisfied with his brief speech, he has sought to make a more careful response, which wo have the pleasure of presenting herewith : AD AMICOS. Sometimes an hour or Fate's serencst weather Strikes through our changeful sky Its com ing beams; SomewLere above us In elusive ether, - Walts the lulfillment of onr dearest dreams. !io, when the .wayward time and gift have blended. When hope beholds relinquished visions woo. The heavens are broken and a view more splendkl Holds In Its bosom an enchanted sun. Then words unguessed,ln faith's own shyness gnarded. To eons unused Ihelr welcome musle bear; Then bands helponlhatdoubtlngly retarded, And love Is Uberal aa the summer air. The thorny chaplet ot a slow probation Beeomes the laurel fate so long denied ; The form achieved smiles on the aspiration, And dream is dead, and Art Is Justified ! Ah, nevermore the dull neglect that smothers The hard's dependent being, shall return ; Forgotten lines are on the tips cf others. juudsusuhi iiiouguu, in outer spines uurn : titlll hoarded lives what seemedso spent and wasted, And echoes come from dark or empty years; Here brims the goklen cup, no more untasted; Bui fame is dim through mists or greatfnl tears. I song but as the living spirit taught me, ifeat toward the fight, perchance with wayward wing; And stld must answer, for the cheer you've brought mt: I sang becanso I could not choose but sing. From that wide air, whose greedy sUence swallows So many voices, even as mine seemed lost, I hear you spest, and sodden glory follows, A s irom a railing tongue of I'eutecost. So heard and halted by yon, that standing nearest. Make love a blessing, faith a pnrer name, I hold anew the earliest gift and dearest The happy song that cares not forlm ftfme? BAYAKD TAYLUK. Cedaecrai-t, October 11. ISTi. FICOJI COVUftiXOX. Tin Coauly Plr Tb KtMlc lad I tie frlirsKlabm Worthy or Sollr. "ilC DISCO VEltY OF AMEKICA. In a historical sketch of the discovery of America by the Norsemen, by Prof. R. B. Anderson, of tbe University of "Wisconsin (published by S. C. Griggs & Co., of Chicago), we havo very con clusive proof that as early as 9S6 the continent of America was sighted by the bold Norse navigators, and fourteen years later was visited by liief Erikseu, and repeated thereafter by his brothers and descendents; that they established a colony in what is now known as Mas sachusetts, and were familiar with the Atlantic coast as far south as the Caro linas. The Sagas gave an account of "Great Iceland," which included the Carolina, ueorgia and Florida. This country was known to Europe ss Vin land. As early as 1112, Pope Paschal II appointed Erik Unsi bishon of Ice land, Greenland and Vinland, of which j Weekly (for Clubs of Five or more), ne gives some account in a missionary X""'J':L "Jrrsi tour, inese lacri were well Known in From on Occasional Correspondent.) Covincito.v, Tejw., October 17. Thinking you would like to hear from this portion 01 tne country, i have con cluded to drop you a few lines. Coving ton is a live county town, Judging from what I have seen of it: has a popula tion of about fifteen hundred inhab itants; exhibits some signs of enter prise and prosj.ierlt.y, more so than roost places of like size. The county fair is being held here this week, commenclnf on Thursday last, anu as rar as stocs is concerned is a success. Tbe stables are already filled with fine horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, etc., from Tipton, Shelby, Haywood, Lauderdale and Fayette counties. Owing to bad weather on Tnursday and Friday, the attendance was not large, but to-day a large crowd Is expected and a fine show anticipated. The exhibition in the arena on tbe first day was for the best driver of sin gle, also double-team. Tbe premium for single-driver was awarded toMr. Sid. Douglas, of this place; best driver of double-team to Dr. Moore. A pacimr- race came off In the afternoon on the trotting-track, which was handsomely won by Mr. Wooldridge's entry, " 'Pos sum Hunter," from Kentucky. The ex hibitions yesterday were fine, consisting principally 01 saddle anu Harness horses and mares, brood mares, and the rings wee filled especially for the best saddle mares or geiarogs, mere being twelve entries. Among the number who re ceived premiums yesterday. I noticed Hall & Co.. of your city, wbo received premiums for best gelding for alt pur poses, best saddle mare or gelding, four years ana over, nest narness noise or mare, and sweepstakes for the best har ness gelding 01 mate, any age. The trottiug-ra.ee, mile heats, best two in three, for twenty dollars, was won by I. B. Carutliera'a entnT; time S.-Oi and 2:53, good time for a muddy track; Among otner tbings we noticed on ice ground yesterday was the great number of young stock, Horses and cattle, and all of tbem very fine, which shows us mat line horses and caiuo can be raised in this portion of the State as well as ebewbere. Among the exhibitors of thoroughbreds, I noticed the stables of Mr. Monan, or tuts county, and others whose names I do not remember. An accident occurred yesterday afternoon in the arena, when the ring for horses for all purposes was being shown. A horse attached to a buggy containing two men ran away and plunged into W. Hall's buggy, knocking him, buggy and horse npside down, rendering the buggy a fit object for a carriage-shop, and the two men good subjects for a doctor. Tlie frightened horse was badly icjured; tlie other escaed unhurt. On account of bad weather, the fair will continue over until Monday. To the officers of tbe association, Dr. W. H. Hill, president; Colonel G. G. Hall, secretary, and his assistant, Mr. Barrett: also, to Messrs. Cummins, Smith and Wooldridge, we are under many obligations for favors shown. Mr. Ortos, president of the Western Union telegraph company, says in his annual report that "the duplex appar atus, by means of which two messages are sent in opposite directions on one wire at the same time, fully sustains its previous utility. This year has produced a still more wonderlui telegraph ma chine, by which means two messages can be sent in the same direction, and two others in an opposite direction. simultaneously on the same wire. This lnvenuon, called tbe quadruples, has been in successful operation between New York and Boston oh one wire. which is equal to the capacity of four wires worKeu wun uie ordinary Morse apparatus." Be not ashamed to confess that yon have been in the wrong. It is but own ing what you need not be ashamed of, that you now have more sense than you had before to see your error, more humil ity to acknowledge it, and more grace to correct it mm k urn, 241 AND 243 MAIN STREET, GOB. JEFFERSON. CIOTMG Visitors and Citizens -arc Invited to Carefully Inspect our StoGk.- Hi ip TTI EDITHS Tho stagnation in business in the Eastern markets has given -as opportunities to maize LARGE GASH PURCHASES nnder the most favorable conditions, and enables us to offer to our patrons goods at exceptionally low Prices "We have deferred announcing the arrival of NEW GOODS until our entire stock was in and arranged for exhibition. "Wo are now prepared with a large and unusually well-selected assortment, which is not excelled in any market, embracing e verv article for a gentleman's complete outfit. Our stock of Gentlemen's Clothing for Pall and "Winter in medium and fine goods, far surpasses in fit, style and make, anything offered by us heretofore. "We manufacture our own stock, nay no manufacturing profit, buy exclusively for CASH, thus enabling us to offer extra inducements in prices. LAME-SIZE CLOTHING A SPECIALTY Alexandre's, Conylsler's and Dents' Gents' Kids, at $2 per pair. Kejnier's Dog and Calf-skin Glores, at $2 per pair. English half Hose, at $2 per dozen. Estra English half Hose, at $4 per dozon. Sis good Shirts for 12. Six extra Shirts Tor $15. Six best N. Y. Muslin Shirts for $15. Shaker Flannel, Canton Flannel, Scotch, Wool and Dsmeetic SeriM Underwear, Reduced twenty per cent. Cartwright & Warner's "White and Scarlet Underwear, mh! 10-thrwMl Silk Underwear, at Greatlj Deduced Price. 200 Business Coats-of broken suite-ofEiKdiali, FrtMh and Amwf can Cassimercs, at $W, vrerth $18 to $. 100 Fall Orercoats at $12, worth $20. BPROULE & McCO WIS' HQNDFACT0RY--13 BARCLAY STREET, N. Y. ! JAS. SPEOTLLE & CO Louisville. DAILY AND WEEKLY ThePapcrsfortlioPcople SFJKOUXE -te McOQWlT Hew Orleans. i' K. Cuirkx, formerly Clarke, Ely & Co. L. II. Cot. formerly Ilasby, JoUasoQ A Co. SI.P. JOHK80H, former Lr Bvbjfvlaba oa0. Clarke, Johnson & Co. Weekly- 2 50 200 -10 00 Iceland, although communication was no longer kept np with the new world, the colony baring been abandoned at the time Columbus visited Iceland in Hi i, and he muit have become ac quainted with the main facti. More over there was a map of the Norse dis coveries in the "Vatican, procured for it from the Pinzon?. and it ia nresumnti vp. at least, that Columbus saw it. Hia HARRIS W TfFSTfir? .lr TTTRT.BY posltiveness that there was land west of "flft01i UA191ba iUnhflll the Canaries was founded as much upon ' tue Knuwieuge war. necau gained irom i his visit to Iceland as from any scientific FACTORS COM!MISSION STO Front Street, - MBKCBl'TS, Memphis, Tenn. DS. A. K. TAYLOR, (Late of JleraphU), Kosiriont liysloiazi, HOT SPRINGS. AMI. Can be iddretsed or teen personally at the Hot . Springs Ilougg. Hot Springs, Art. ISIIAM G. HARRIS. D. L. M'KISICK T. B. TURLEY. ATTORNEYS ATI.AW, A KUX O.V THE HANKS. Here Is a sensibleartictefrom theNew York Bulletin, which every sensible man must indorse: What are the means for nrflvpntinir n run oa the banks? As hanking is now conducted, no one will question theiiglit of a depositor to demaud t e return of his funds on the iuxtant. The banks have receive.! the deixisit on condition of instant payment, aud while that is me case, no one can complain against the depositor detnandinc his monnv when he chooses. But t he mistake lies in the banks havini; committed them selves to return tue deposit 'n cash at any moment when it may be demanded. Experience lias demonstrated that p rioik occur when they cannot pay all their depositors, nor even one in foar of them. It is absolutely incompatible with their business as bankers to keen an amount of cash ou hand &utlicient to liquidate their deposits ou the iuslant. if depositors insist umn that condition. the banks can have no advant.ten in holding tho deposits, for they cannot use them. If the banks accent that condition, they commit themselves to an engagement which they know they will some day be unable to fulfill. Their contract to pay deposits on demand is therefore a sham and a delusion: it in variably breaks down in times of great est ezigency, and is cousetiuentlv a compact which should not be recognized as morally lit tv com; within the t-cope of baking arrangements. It is time the banks established relations with their depositors whirl. reserved to them tho rignt, in times of cstreme exigency, of exercising their uuuicuuu ju iu me payment oi currency against deposits, and eivincr tbem ti,B option of issuing to depositors either certified checks "good at the clearing such expedients to be resorted to only on o guuciai agiteiueuiueiween me bauss, and to be continued for so lonir special occasion might, in the judgment ui me cu-aciug-uouae, appear necessary. This would be but a candid acknowl edgement of the limit to which the banks can possibly riav denositnrq nn demand ; and it would deprive panics of meir tuiei element, ot vuanty. The public would know that the banks could not be broken by a "run," and there would, therefore, be no "run" upon them; and yet there would h nn deprivation to the public of the neces sary means of eilectingsettlements, al though the kind of instruments to be used in settlements would be tempora rily changed. The banks would then present a solid front acalnst the storm of popular excitement; they would be in a conclusions to which he had arrived by siutiy or oinerwise. wnue, tnerelore, he is not to bo regarded as the original discoverer of America, he is not the les3 to be credited with tbe sagaciousnesa he made of the information he had gather ed in hia northern vovasts. We shall. therefore, have to give up Columbus anu put r-riK ineitea on me pedestal lie has so long occupied. TUE 'GEJSTItY.- From the Cincinnati Commercial. The "Blair family" belong to the "gentry" of this country, and Mont gomery Blair represents the views of the "gentry" who are looking, In a se rene and elegant way, to the Democrat ic party. This particular scion of the Blair stock fold the reporter of the New iorK urapmcuxe otner day that "his family represented the better class of southern gentry, being descended from Lord Falkland, from Archie Cary, who controlled the house of burgesses, and closely connected with the Preetow, the largest family of gentry in tbe south." It is pleasing to be told that Mr. Blair did not meat ion these facts "boasting, ly;" but yet, we should suppoee, he coujd not refrain from showing some satisfaction at the thought of them, fn speaking of polities, Mr. Blair referred to one of the heresies of modern Democ racy, which, he said, "found no favor nmontr the fine eentrv of the smith He also declired that "the gentry are not unkind to tho blacks, but are trying to pacify them, because they need their labor." These statements are encour aging, as far as they go; but we wish Mr. Blair had told us more about the gentry, and the high-toned sentiments wnlch they ente'talo, as they move soft ly over the surface of this, world. We would like, in particular, to know his opinion about oue representative of the Blair gentry who got an ofllce under Aoranam .Lincoln, tne "rau-spntter," aud about another member of it who tried to get the ofllce of the Vice-Presidency sir years ago, and about another member of it, older than either of the foregoing, who knew something about party patronage in Andrew Jackson's time. The Blair "gentry" don't object to their own lust for oiuce-uoiuing. Xo. 43 1-2 Maai3on Street, MEMPHIS TENNESSEE COMMISSION MERCHANTS IN Batter, Effgrs, CIiMse, Potatoes, Apples, Dried Fruits, Onions, Cabbage, Krant, Bennx, M-ats, Poultry, Floor, Meal, Peanuts, Texas Pecans, Orange, And all other kinds of j COUiNTRYJPEODUCE. Veutgiuuents kdU Orders Rolleiieil and l'rowillj Attended to. No. 342 JPvonl Street, ME3IPOIS, TEiTO. J. W. HEATH & CO., (SUCCESSORS TO HANDLE & UEITH 5R.01R.IBT0K.S. GOB, SECOND 1ND WINCHESTER STgMEMFHIS TENN HARDWARE, COTTON FACTOR 234 Front St. and 299 Main St. mm, NEEDLE & GARTER COTTON-GINS SSelfinir, Hose. Etc. -AND- COMMISSION 258 Front Street, TENNESSEE. LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE DAMIUItY 15AILEY IS KSitiLANO. From bis Manchester Letter.l A doe show was the principal featnre to-day, and I am extravagantly fond of dogs. The afternoon x came into me citv I found two mastiffs in the depot. In the confusion I thought they were two freight-cars that had by some in scrutable means got oft the track. I was clad to find they were dog3. The larger of the two waa called the cham pion of England, and added other lau rels by carrying off the prize at the unis was me largest dog x ever show. inv: It was the largest dot' anvtwn non. position to support all needing help; pie ever saw. I thought at first I would vuy uuu,uubij;uuyiieaiuiiuuu learning Correspondents ot tlie I'blladelphla Press. Avery outrageous piece of rudeness, committed by a French olllclal toward some American ladles, look place the other day in the church of Iiealnvalides. These ladies, the wife and daughter of well-known resident of Brooklyn, were pressnt at the performance of high mass 'n the "hurjh( aud during the pro gress of tb9 ceremouies they exchanged a few remarks fu a whisper. Tho func-tiona-y who flls in France the ofllce identical Vith th&t nf CTtnn loll I. ,,m A. Ujeroa&xleraleuxmyl bve been prooder of beMil In thn V-olIah rVhnth T.ti you than ever belore. I wonld not tare rou ' oe",9 tne CSRIlsa church, at once do an vuunz wrong for tbe world: bat, before I ordered them. to. leave the chanul. and ....tti.arwise. uroa eKHer one of the nurtliera States, K wol not be lofcrat ed ft single month, ihI the loyal adher ents of the great tiiird-tcrm project dtdlara to lecture fifty nights docs not tempt me. x nave run about tlio world long enough. I mean to live and die at home, if I starve at it. I love you, but 1 rannot lecture any more." n. 1 , auuici ."U ,u MUU . ju lUAjnmil, X BO so bunery!" And Uicy Ed-ard, your dar ling i,ucy sne neyr complains, bat she la growing tninner and thinner every day. And before Clod, Edward, rules you come home wemuitdle! YOUK ilAKlV "Tornlne to the prisoner. I asked: 'What did yon do -when you received wosld era" tf'sm out bv main fnr Thev too!: the'- departure Immwli followed ty the sexton, who, on their iuuu3 a moment in me court-yard outside to look ataslatua of Napoleon x, ordered them again to be gone in the rudest and mmt ru tins letter?' He replied: Xmade an- I French nolIt...M" ..r".-J plication for furlough, and it was re- I feet and genuine articlo thou art eine Jected; again I made application and It j daily when bestowed upon indiviihiala was rejected; a third time I made ap- of the weakeraex. 1 iuuiviuuais plication, and it was rejected, and that I . ujEui. x waiiuureu uacKwaru auu i t....i.i forward in the camp, thinking of my 'AE-,B l JIUl"a,u'i A U1V MOTOR VKOMISEI). It Is well-known to professional men that by applying heat to water, or other fluid, a pressure may-be developed by the expansion of the ma3s,aud this without the production of steam. It is not uncommon to test steam-boilers in this wav. anv desired nressum twin r obtained by simply filling the boiler to the safety-valve, and maKing a fire in the furnace. SIgnor Ferdinand Tommasl recently exhibited before a body of English engineers an instrument de signed to give a practical illustration of tnts lorcu. it is simply an iron tube, three Teet long and about tnree-eii'htha ui nuuimiuiuaiacier. in 13 tune. wa3 fitted at one end with a screw-cap uvui au ujmuiug uie size oi me inte rior oore pr tne tube, and wholly closed at the other end. A leaden disc, a quar ter of an inch In diameter, waa placed between the screw-cap and the end of the tube, and the same filled with oil. Upon lighting a series of gas-jets be neath the tubo the disc oftlead waa imme diately forced out bv theexnansion of "female the 1ulJ- 11 is proposed to ulil ize the force thus shown to exist theycculd protect their cu3tomf.ra- th machinery of finance, thoueh nartiallv deranged, would be kept in running condition; panic proDer could make no progreea; anu tne public mind Iieing kept cool and ire from needless appre hension, the crisis would be dealt with discreetly and upon its merits. It Is only a false fetllng of delicacy thai would prevent the banks from thus facing the truth and acknowledging wn&tis possible to them and what im possible. In truth, however, they would set a most commendable example to the nancincr worm in tuns nuttinir rupm. selves in readiness for the next panic, ,wnenever ir, may come. -AMD GBBAT SOUTHERN RAILROAD. ECKEDTJIE: Express Train leaves dally (Sundays excented) Mall train leaves dally. 3:30 tun 12 1 nm dHly(Sundysxeepted) 4:25 pan w Jfo change of can by this line for Lonls .rflle, til. Loals or 2t mhvllle. lnuman aUce aieepinx-uars on au nig&l trains. For tickets or Information apply at Ticket OElce, 3io. 287 Mala Street, VOBIZS 21 AD ISO 3. JOBS T. JT.YNN.SaptifenjphlaDlT. Jakh kvkcd. Ticket Acent. WHAT'S IX A DKE.13I: A private letter printed In the Boston Transcript relates me louowing curious circumstances in connection with tbe death of the late Bishop Lee, of Iowa "We have been very anxious the last two weeks over the illnefs of Bishop liee, which terminated in ais ueain on eaturuay morning. Tne wnoie commu nity are saddened by the event. Some two months ago he got up in tbe night and took a bath, and on returning to his room he made a mistake and stepped oil a long flight of stairs, and landed at the foot with A tremendous crash, as he was very heavy, weighing over two hundred pounds- It aroused the whole family, and Mrs. .Leo and Carrie sprang fmm their beds. and. llghtlnc each a candle, went to see what had happened. anil found tho bishop lyiug on the floor the trice one thousand dollars and completely gave up the idea before I saw 'him out of the depot. He waa secured by a chain iu tbe bauds of an attendaut, a man who appeared to be in a chronic state of per spiration and protestation. And he was trail-Erratic dog. Ho mado violent and entirely unexpected dashes at various objects or openings, and wherever he went the perspiring and protesting indi vidual was sure to go. He snapped him off his feet every other minute, and in the Intervals hauled him over square cornered trunks, bumped him against other people with luggage in their hands, or shoved him over highly indig nant but utterly helpless little boys, wnose unrestrained curiosity iiau led them too close to the performance. The last I saw of tbe keeper (?) he was pass ing tnrougn me aoor in cnarge oi the mas tiff", a bov was running alter with bis hat, and people on the sidewalk. were appropriating elevated places with spotless alacrity. A WAKXING to physicians is contained in the verdict of a JNew Jersey lurv.who. In a suit for ten thousand dollars dam ages against aDr.BJchards, of Faterson, for malpractice in the treatment of a boy's broken arm, whereby the boy lost his arm and nearly lost his life, returned a verdict of live thousand dollars for the plaintiff. Dr. Richards, it is reported, now vows that alt the boys in New Jer sey may break all their arms; he'll have nothing to do with them. SIDE BAP PRINTS NEW AND BEAUTIFIL. Blaulicts, Flannels, ChoTiot Shirtings, Burlaps, Osnabnrss, Sheetings, Shirtings, Hosiery, Small Wares, f7Iiite Gcorphi Jeans, Shirts, Drawers, Etc., Etc Xfe also have a lew mora Slightly Damaged Goods, which ire are sellins in lob lots AT AUCTION PRICES. Call coon IX you want them. WJL B. M00EE & CO. 15 TTKION STB EST. STBVABT, D0HBHTT& THE OSTI.Tr EXCLUSIVE WHOLESALE 6 RETAIL BTIINERY ESTABLISHMENT ISO" TH U. C1T V . "WE HAVE RECEIVED A LARGER SI OCX OF FRENCH A.ND B' lit iU illinery and Fancy Goods rnfikorTcoprL0 Bonnets, Hats, Feathers, Ribbons, Flowers, Oraauieate. Silks, YelTets, Etc., Etc. The PATTERN BONNETS AND HATS are soperb, and la emHeta W.etv .ii-1,?-?fKmo2 stIees Millinery trade In the city. Oorfooatowlll rxi teadMttranl in their Itae at t toweat rwteeo. I- chearer than thev can be oarehsxi WUOLKSAIK MERCHANTS will Ami evemhln specttoa solicited and satisfaction enaranteed. STSWABT, DOHEE'fV & EfO., 338 Main Street., -cor. ITnioa D. X. PORTER. "W. F. TAYLOR. (SDCCESS0BS TO F0SD, F0BTSE i. CO.,) .Isensyex 330 aera oC COTTON FACTO WHOLESALE 6B0I And Commission MC aBd tea i six. twelvei uer so pro f cent, freex snreiM9:nea. and eqany a.' LE. C. M. SAVE YOUR MONEY. Bay your Boola and Shoes at PASSMAN'S, 853 Haln st, fbnncrlj- 5c. 10;Jefferson. F IVSXf, lar5 "Mrtraent of niyown make ot EOOUanilMhoea uhlrn I will tztl. than the j were ever offered before InMem pula. lure me a call on J J aae for yourself. I 2o. 35 STBEET, SLEJIJPMIS. tniiebte AGEZSTS FOR THE CELEBRATED " CHEEK COTTOX PP J - Uhfeloek. At the Wo. a of tieerea E5- dronejfeet aaci Honored a rut 5Unfce A. C. TREAD TfELt. A. B. TREAD WELL. K. D.TEU)W 1. 0, TREADWEL Wholesale Groc COTTON :FlOU STOSE kVAIX BLOCK, JSfo. 11 Union Street, Jleinph Tenu JfttwohMaire raSest ;presiy whJtbiJ. nUstetleWtt cwioiur aa Trustee,