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TBI MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-SUNDAY, JANUARY lO, jipli APPEAL ttOK'I(J JX. 10, HAlOltB""4 rEmivirini. rrhe AWE and especially tbo 8BN- to inculcate tbe purest morality. It f the duty of the public press not only do this, but to promote the cause of r l.gion; or IU ;ia "An ioiiow nauiia of ; mony of c Jtr' T-.i ! Tw ouWdeUMSHphere of polltlrs disgraceful to our civilization and system nee, . VM . "UYeiment a lew win Uv in H, nf ,e.rnmnt. Sn th rwonlnf tWCUtV- soikj since theera of ieBsjniction be six Siaea have declared by overwhelru gan, has been of lncIilale service lu lug msjorltlee, nnd by the voice of the leading to solidify and ntflte the Inter-1 leading presses of the country, which ests of the northern f and south- ring with Indignation against Shell orn States. The cordial and earnest ; dan and his master, Grant. As to tbo advice of the generous Lemar, "My 1 boys at Nashville, we can only sy wo countiyiaen. know each other, and yni j await evenU. And aa to the county, we Will learn tO l0VeS On nnntair in nrnn. ' Kali.-. Ill ntriln ' Jinrrnirlnri nnw And . . lip --..... , i.j . . uciieiv .umiuj . .. ...... "-cu uay. Tuo migration tnla wiutw, despite the preslug nature of the Unit, has already been very'large. The prin cipal resorts iu Florida are crowded, aud will proau.y remain m until April. Desplto the distracted condition of Lou isiana, there are teurirf la the Teohe country and loug tie Momlug shores bordering on the Ui &lJppi; and wherever rose blossom, and tbe live oak or the palmettfbr the orange tree flourishes, reugee from north era snows may be seen " rpBAt ass f-crupnlou'ly endeav- who have m&nag ed Ymp ullve the blttorne-seH engei.deto by tbe war unt j now will goon itee tfewoi fade away. Northerner and raatberner stray to gether over battle-HsMu where In tit Rl n, terrible years wbieh now teem century past, they BtMd.ooowod as fix-; j they discuss important political and ej ciaiis,uea with ejutteej, forbearance, auu Mffimxa eymnsttv: and th gain additional ODfi leaee In each oth- uaiiy. i be, we trust they will lose no time Jn giving the facts of the case to the Ar-' j pkal, which opens Its columns freely j ; to the redrew of every pub.io grievat.ee j and the expose of every malfeasant of ficer, whether of tbe Federal, tbe State, , tbe ocunty or tho city government. : Grant and his partyfaud Loaue in po j fara-ihe muy be a supporter of either ar- j rosponaioie ior mucuoi tue emonrrasx- STANLEY OF TIIK IIEKALD AFItlCA. IN ments of the reason bo peculiarly hard The candid and impartial testi-1 upon tho working classes, as well as for i accordance with tl f the thousand of influential tho suite of things at New Orleans, ' J Mlr'" Lap i iuess. mere is certainly a Deity, acd H' glorious attributes are written in tbo ty( lbe alri the glowing suutbine, tbe ralOi the rich and plenteous fields, ad tbe changing seasons. But oven tbe strange creature who doubts the christian faith should never whisper his j labts when he eee; the influence, tbe bumme, benignant and softening pre cep s of morality and rellnion. Inde pendently of the sacrilege, tbe aad eflVcta that would najlt from weakening the frJ-idationB of this system of morals in tLe m uds of thoe who have not the ca parity to perceive its importance to the perjKstulty and happlnts of sjclety, the attempt t-hould deservedly end In die grace aud discomfiture. Entertaining the?e views, the Appkal will never lend its cumns to the encouragement of vie 1 immorality. But it has no respect for the cant and monkish severity of th ise whose rield features never relax ito a Pmile, and who discover eternal damnati m In any sort of festivities. We a'.u le to the religious fanatics who, in tj.Ir zeal to put down the Innocent anusmieubi of Hfci seem to forget thai vice, and not harmless recreation Is tbe proper oijeot of their criticism aJ condemnation, mis class or purl tan have Imbibed an Inordiuate hatred to Mardi-Gia. This carnival is to them waat the red flg Is to th Spanish bull, Ibey iuni;et It whenever it is sug g-te J. TneJ" "o doubt act from a sense cf religious doty; but It is ccrious, as it Is true, that among the aged people of Hctnuhis, whose yeare confer authority whoee wbhened locks and blamelei sod teog-establlsbed character giv safe them the right to f peak with all tho au t'lority of experience and virtue, we Q A them representing religion in tbe I: xutiful aBd allurlug garb of chaste and i::nocent vivacity. As drawn by their rericilf. she epjolna no strips or Back cl ub, nor calls for any sacrifices at her R-ine but thote of vice and immorality, But the religious exiremlata appear to thk they muat signalize themselves l y home extraordinary piety, or some tear and stricter principles than their 1 ' t ral and virtuous iieighbors entertain AVo call tbe atte tloti of this clats to au cs'ract fwm a sermon delivered by Kv, Wtn R. Alger, of Boston, a few days elne. Thin gentleman has & national n;j atwn for abl ity and religious learning, and for p'ety. But it will Lo tren frai the extract we publish that hi lut no nspect for that lu S'-'juas religion, whose cardinal ciLt I eoDfiiits in looking solemn a :1 in scolding tbe redemp- t. :'e9 tin of cheerfulness. Judging zr.ni uh utterance, experlenco has no c! uu' taught Dr Alger that mankind n;ut bave amusements, or they w.ll in uu ge in vices; that by rendering tbe y J:e .'t religion loo heavy it is apt to I e r awiy; aud that overheated or over a:i zeal is a more dangerous enemy to tLeC 'Urch than even the most inflexi ble Unbelief. His liberal views contract rr rst favorably with that other elate cf peachers who rail with a sort of ut ess impetuosity against all that aJ ;us, embellishes and Bweetens the 1. -ure hours of an existence, which, nt le. ?, Is Init a succession of labors. With an utter and monkish ignorance of I .it-) nature, they think themselves re' rnilng it, by lopping away its fl.wers and dispensing with all festivi L 3 a. .d amusements. Suoh fanaticism Is a gd deal like that which tells the c-'.z-jjs struggling to pay their honest c2 " s and to beep poverty from their c ; r, tnat they are paying too much at t. '. :i to worldly tlTilrs and too little Cj t"e church, thus attempting to ele Ti n tbi-m to that true evangelical u?e ":. which fclgiiallzts itself by neg- lz .'ig every tublunary duty, and is n:a lfetted In an affected contempt l r this world, which, were it u .vernal, would tear society asuc- u r, and cast Its dear aud aJixirable elements to the winds. Ta rnide, of New York, in his vapid r. . e'jse aud frothy war npon amuse ri . its, has filled the theaters, because tLe riilnd will have recreation. It is in t'-.J way that religion becomes tbe ally cf .gnorance and an Injury. "Whoevo Lai become acquainted with the nature f lizan, either by hU own experience, or f- ot'Hrvatinn of others, must be fully iiiced of ilia importance of giviug h n aniusemonla that aro not vicious, a 1 modes of relaxation that are inno ' - We have fewer festivals than at y pr pie on tbe globe, and the few we i.avc should be encouraged. then a trilling expenditure, are in anil economical hands .Second Tho statement cf the city debt by our corrcpondent is not quite correct. According to tho figure fur nUbed by the mayor, it Is, principal and Interest due, floating and bonded, not quite tlx million five hundred thousand dollars, the Interest on which Is nearly four hundred thousand dollars per an num a cent of which we do not see how we can pay ns things stand now. Still bad as It looks, we are unalterably op pesed to repudiation. We cannot, as a community, afford even to debate re puliation. The debt, however onerous and burdensome, and however made,has I received at least the tacit consent of tbe This, we believe, Is tbe sentiment of nine-tenths of all tbe people of Memphis, poor and rich, black as well as white, Xlepubllcau as well tn Democrat. We may bo com pelled topostpono the payment of the principal and Interest, but we must not even think of repudiating our debt. In fact, it is useless to talk about It, for our city charter prohibits It Every foot of real estate in tho city is pledged to the payment of our debt, and it is regarded as a Hi st lien. 8 that unless tbe legU laturo fehould give us relief of a repa ! illtttinc ohamnfiir which in nut Hfcpiv. it U ueeless to talk about It. Third In this paragraph onr corre spondent talks like a communist. It will not do to Ignore the rich any .more than tho poor. In this country the poor of to-day are the rich of to-morroV Wealth id the reward that waits on in dustry ; and if for no other reason, wo xhou'd all, in the hope of some day be fomlng rich, frown down any attempt to jaopardize the accumulations of prop erty whicti represents years of patient toll and honest endeavor. We, therefore, r-buke our correspondent, though wo give him ciedit for honesty in bis eenti ments and a full conviction that be is rUHOLATIO It COMIJtO. The most -visionary and sanguine rlsd has never yet comprehended the ,'u ure greatness and prosperity of the so-th. With tbe gradual emerging of the poutbern States from wretched res aid turmoil to peace and good gov ernment, there will be a constant tide of m gration, not only from foreign coun tr.us, but from the northern States. In 1.Z3 ;han twenty years from to-day the ( i n manufacturing establishment oi tho i:or h will be removed to the south, a . 1 all of our cotton will be manufac tured, jjat as it is now ginned, In eight cf tbe field in which it la grown. Ihcre is another favorable sign: The people of the south used to visit the n.zh for health during the summer tc :rtLs. 2ow, for the same reason, the -ci.Ie of tho north are visiting the! south during the winter months. Tbe tine is not far distant when tbe first I" ai wind and n'pping frost will iu o.eth Uiands of northern invalids, or pc; 'a anxious to preserve their health, to 'A ;ck to the mere congenial climate cl Ueeouth. Indeed, thia new migra tion has already commenced, and in a fV.rtliniea lare number of northern p oile will fly to tbe eouth with the r gulari y of their own migratory birds. Ai evidence of thte. we make tie fol i.-)ice extract from the New Yoik T.mts, under tbe suggestive and poeti Cil head of "Southern Skies:" "New EuEland, .New York, Pennayl-va-Ia, and tbe west, yearly repair to fresh aud extensive crop of invalids, who are annoyed beyond measures at the iuJt2en failure of their energies.and who tani tj the balmy breezes and equable temperature of the southern Stated and tie West India islands for healing and relief. People fly from the deadly east Wi: Ja of Boston as from tbe approach of th r .ague and crowd the trauquil sea- bca es and tbe odorous and rich forests, j Tlln CUT BRSr-TIlK RK.ir.DT, Editors appeal Tbanks to the Ap PEax, Ledger an i Avalanche, aud tbe various iuve:lgting committees for fciirtfr-lrir. .... .1... - . . t .11 ...... ft... the vile corruption aud swindling amons Ple' and U muat, PHJd om jiais ana rlug tbat lnve so long liml control of tho pubiia orit. From the general government, with Grant at iti iead, down to our own little municipal government, with John Loao at Jt9 tull, have we beeiu tuld limi and again of tbo viltalny ar d BWkidllug of theae puMIc cmh U.rs ifiew men who were &upio3-fl to navelwen elected to rnpreseui the best luterehta of their con stituents, tbe general welfare of their cmntry, etc and weerldm pick up a J urnal of our city r of the State tnat d'jes not cootalii eorae sr'icle on public pluuder, liiicti taxec. hard times, re- treuenment, reform, etc. This ftato of aiTalrn is not at all creditable to any country, and is heralded al' over oar and aud throughout the civilized world, and is certainly damaging to our inter esiH, aud, lnxtead of a cnango for the ieticr, everytbiug gets worse, times K'ow harder, money bee im-s ecarcer, a jd trade U rap.dly fallluK off Every body who oan heeat all knows thin to be rue, and every ene who road theee re ports of invalidating onmmltteefl anil -cuthing anicles of the r-ef know very j --li tliKtour r u'ilio-s well an nrlvate in- I terests are being robbed and plundered iiiy; nut now to Kop tills ana whero and when to strike U the vexing juration. Without etojiping to particu- rize any party or ring, and leaving Mr Grant to run tbo gei-eral govern ment with Phil, isheridan and bayonets o sustain him, a bvbt th-?y can uutil iext spring (or rather the worst manner hey cari, wh eh-iuld 'have bald), aud eaving Mr. Porter and thebovnat Nnsb- vHle io 1 ok after tho executive affair we trust In a manner thot will meet the xpwuatiotm of ii-lr oonMituents. and liowiug our frioud Tom Holojau, E-q , nd bis batalliou ot tonlti-H to tun Hie affiirs of the great old county of Si.e by iioiig a u-iuai, HUicb ny tno wby is Tfditable, to their iud:rmiit and abllitv. for they have so lar beea abl- to hold up tne credit of the county pretty well, oEwiiiifeuiuuiug tuev occasionally aiako io mo bj-1 Btciii and commit blunders. 'or we ad have our faults. Without pro- wing tn take these dlflarout depart neniH nff at be bundle, or to suczrst any rerneuy ior reiin, we leave them to ne sciu'iniziug gazi or the public eye md public opinion and niton into the most effective remedy that we know of o relieve Memj his from her debt and make her pat r as stood as Uncle Sam's. to revive her trade, and put new life aud vigor Into every branch of trade and in lutiry. and to have the hum aud buz of fifty thousand cotton epiudles here in itss I bail two years from AhU date. Second Now the remedy: let us dgnre a little: Our Utile Bluff Ciry, with its fifty thousand lnhao rauU'. with its thirty million dol lars worth of taxable properly fa full valuation), has a bonded debt of fqur n 111 tun dollar- an j a floating debt of three million dollar?, and incurs annu ally threo hundred thousand dollars more than she collects from all 6ourcei Chin looks frightful, yet It is true: and if every man, woman an.l child, both vbite and blacK, In the city ilajits were to pay into the city treasurer's hands me hundred dollars each it would not get the city out of debt. Moro than thia, i veiy avaiubie dollar's wrtb of bb- tSimutBor the city was mortgaged at 'b value, even four years ago or, take t at it present valuation, and tbe full valuation obtained on tid mortgage In icuiai caxu it woui'i not p.y the m eret on her debt, and piy tbe current tunuai expemunf the city government or two yearn, inoluding the anuul re 'ielp'jj from taxes, licenhes, etc. This ookb a&tomshing. yet it Is true. When we look back for the past ten years anil -ee how this vast debt has accumulate i, md how it wa created, and who are now 'he ho!i-i-rs of these "bonus, and ileiai?, With no pfrtible chance of evt-r paying? the interest on the prinolpal, and he credit of tl,e "ity hopelossly g ne; tud to io ju-!iic- to all cla-wee, and to the best interest of Memj hie, now and in fu'ure, it is certainly wi?e tud proper t tbi critical Juuoture, to repudiate every ilollsr f hr indeblednoss to wipe out and etart anew. thira rttuii ebe owes her police ud lire department, or any unpaid balances for actual current exp-uses for i he pifit year, xhontd by all meaus be paid at once, if a eecial levy of an ad ditlonal tax had to be made. The plan, of course, wouid hurt tome of the nabobs and Rothschilds of our land, but tbe great mass of our people, the laborer, the mechanic, tbemerohani and manu facturer (none and Hnew) weuld pros per; aud who cires fir these rlqh gods, uyhow. They are notpubliCjbenefac ora. They withhold their meuy from business men and meehwiee, an 1 i-liuk loto government or city bonds, and Jet them get cmubt ojuce ia awhile, it will do tin m co. li'-tour eitv xuntll. at its first tueeting, pass rwoliuions ad vocatine aod Babm:ttin thu aueetion uf Immodlate repudiation of the entire debt of the cltv of Mem phis (with the exception referrtd to above) lo tbe peopl9 of Memphis, aud let tbe election be held just Ma booh aa poeeitile, and you will se- three-fourthf t the voters of this citv vote for reim diation. fourth In a wek after the election her credit will bt A No. 1: her porio can th- n be usm! doliar ior Ooilar, aud. tth judi.'iui mauagemeot, oan be. kept at jr with any other paper otarency lu .ilroulation. We want ee 1t better hau grecub&ck; hs gol as gold; so food that it will arl'ird no OAortunlty o brokers or speculators to handle: to be tak-n in pa uieut of aM dents. You vili theu see thia city pomer in everv departms t. Filth Oblitoia all pat Uxes du? from her eitir us on real or ieriul pnperty, -xcp the patt year, 1871; make t-very one who Ikls wt paid forlfwt ye?r pay the same during tbie year t-y be firs', of May; reuie me oily taxes, iuotudiMK everytbiiig, to a ctwt aud a lourlb ;u ri-.ti dollar; atfoituh four un necessary ofllceb in tb ally; pay alder men and couucliineii no salary, atd make many other Important changes aud reduction- too numerous to men tion, but which auy eitlble mau can a e, and you will see h(py and prosper ous days again on the bluff. Sixtn I'his is no idie talk, or vision ary dream oi a minute, but the one grand idea of a large majority of tbe voter of Memphis, who demand and will have a voice oue that will forevt r settle i bk matter of the public debt of tuls city. Lietltoe a f iii mn warning to the present and all future officers aud rulers of our ctiy government, tnat ne, right. Ab we have said above, repudia tion in any kuIso aud for any re aeon is wrong, and cannot be entertained by the general council. JFburthIt repudiation were possible, ki far from her credit being A 1 it would be A nothing. It would be like the credit of Mississippi confined to our own citizens and when availed of would cost us dearly in interest. Fifth The city government has not the right to remit taxes due, and in jus tice to those who pay taxes should not exercise It if she had. To do so would be to stretch power beyond anything we have ever known in this country, ex cept tbe recent raid in the Louisiana legislature by Sheridan and his troops. As to the reduction of ofllcea, the salar ies of officers, the taxes, and the curtail ment of expenses generally, wo aro heartily in favor of such movements whenever possible. What is -more, we bellevo that tuch Is now necessary and hope tho legislature will complTand en force both before It adjourns. . Sixth Vf e do not agree with our eor respondent in bis plans, while we be lieve his purpeses to be all right. We could not punish a city legislator for the mere Introduction of a resolution, nor a city oflicer for making a debt he was au thorized to make. That is out of the question. As to the Bumuiary eale of property for taxes, we have to much of the.t 2iow- that our people of all classes are groaning under the joint exactions of the tax-gatherer and tne courts. Our correspondent means well, but his meth ods of meeting existing public difficul ties are objectionable to the last degree. Ye publish to-day a ppsr from J. J. Itawlings, entitled "The Aborigiuees of Tennessee, Alabama aud Mississippi." Mr. Bawliugs is the oldest merchant of Mempbid, having been a resident ever since 1314 when this was but a hamlet ol a lew houses and tbe country sur rounding was inhabited mainly by In dians. His paper is, we hope, one of a series which he will give to the public through tbo O.d folks' Record, and which we shall have pleasure In copy lug into the Appeal. Mr. Itawlings is the present county trustee, and we need hardly eay to the public that elected him, ia one of the purest and best of our public men. For the Appeal. AKIUlEHOEXCE. 11 V J. W. IS. 1 spoak to theie wlio cherish mo A K'ftea citizen; I Bjitat to iniu who scornfully Ignore lay humble piu. Be they o'er partial to my worth, Tusir i-hurii prize; Or y.-t tho euvious ol ilils earth, lueir ?uvy I uespiso. Korsootn this world we live npon tltn lutte Joy to .alu; A id eveiy iiapplueeg thal'd won twin ctulm lis price oX pain. Amidst the heat of bom an itrifa Tiof. w ur lonuLe'a Miille.i; Too meatferly me weal ol lire It i weary way beguiles I ask no promts U bliss to cheer ily pllgriniBge ihnugb lilt; 1 beoru uo (at, tnat g vt-s me lear, And warns the coming strlle. Bequeath me hamb'eness to meet such pleasure s I nam ; Bqueuh mo hImIoju io dtfeal Lllo'j mot excemlve paiu. For blB-d U the mind above Thouiliieof fce.r Micorss, Aiid1len d IB tbe hen ol lore Tbat rrusonx lu dlttre. Men Pills, December 1ft, 1S74. JAPANESE AT WASIII.YGTOW Chicago Tribune. The Japs.nesa minister has brought with hltu hia wife, and Intends giving line entertainments here this winter. He eaye tbe Japanese embassy hat hith erto made Itself very inconspicuous, aud he intends raising It out or the deptbn oi uuuiauuy inio wiucu it lias fallen. Hie wife is iha tiniest piece of woman hood In existence outelco of the Lilipu tlou kingdom, perhaps, moasuring only four feet eiaht or niuo inches. Hi-r f&n is not pretty at all, but her figure ia round and symmetrical, and her hands aud feet are marvels of littleness. Hhe attended the reception given King Kala kaui, in the costume worn in her coun try by a lady of rank, and of course the petite lady was gazed at and star-d at and talked at till ebe felt anything but comfortable. Her husband is deMreu- 'bat the should be clothed like tee bsllcs Americana, and has engaged a modiste, Mme Houle byname, to manu facture an outfit for his lady fashionable becoming. The Mr. Stanley has illustrated the energy and capacity of bis eharacter us an ex plorer by already sending us from Znzl br the acc-iunt of an extremely iuter ifitiug expedition which ! has per ormul aa a oreliminarv to h's Journey into tho far In-erlor. Tho i aTative.one of gn at length and very copiousdetails. bears the date of October 19ib, but we mmt as vet withhold it a little while, in tue conditions oi our having been arrang the American aud E'iclleb public are to peru-e these dis patches Hinullaueouiy. ivnuing iho s.rrival, therefore, of the duplicate of this Intter t tbe e iitorll ofllce of the New York llernld. we publish this morniug euch aeummaryof ilr. btanley'a Intel ligence as will also appear to-day In the columns oi our transatlantic cotem porary. It will be seen tbat rjtaulev has made excellent use of his time, havlnrr to thortly after arrival managed to transmit by far the mo-t complete description yet given of the Ituflji delta aud river, from per tonal investigation; aud thisf, al' hough he only started for the trip from Znuzl lisr on the last day or oeptemoer. Arm' lng and equipping tho yawl and the gig two out ot the tinea ooata witu wnicn he was provultd the traveler sailtd down from Sultan Burgiiush'u city along the African const to the delta of the RuOli. This is one of the meet lmpor taut streams debouching iuto the ocean on that portion of the ooast. It had been twico before entered, once by Dr. Kirk aud once by Dr. Elton, but neither of them proceeded very far up the chan nel, aud both had pronounced against its utility as au opening ior commerce 1'aklne his two European compaulous. Pococfe aud Francis, with tweuty or thirty native hands, Mr. Stanley thread ed two of tbe numerous mouths of tbe river, auiveyud aud mopped Its delta, and. asceurih k It for many leagues be yond tbe farthest polot rtached by the eteam launch of tbe Shearwater, uuder Mr. Elton, he has carried our knowl ede uf the s'reain to tbe towu of Kiou and even beyond This place be hai discovered to bo tbe regular ferryitg point for the great slave caravans which come overland from the south aud i-ast toDir-Saluiimaod Pemba, aud his letter contains the mosc complete suKgrfeti nit, for the ea-y onoibilatiou uf the iraillc. We m-y here mention that the Yarmouth yawi purchAeed for Mr. riiauley's u.o drew with her deep eea goine rudder an much aa five feet of water. At this dtaUjtht Mr 8tuley, nevertheless, took her up to Kisa, ami he could have gone on wlih the lighter gig as much aa to a ditauco of two bun dred aud for'y mile.-t. but for tho iieces- nity of trav-hug with a strong pvty of men. O tha yawl our c immitHioner speaks with warmest praicio. Alike at st-a aud on tbe river this a imir bly built craft has earned him magutheTjtiy, oul ntripoing tveryihlnc under sail or with Piddlee, aud proving hereelf, in the Judgment of the oflio rs on the coat. the verybts. kind of vetsel for Eisi African work. It is a feather in the cap of Yarmouth boat builders tbat the Wave hai thus opened theRuflji river so cleverly ; but her success prove- how much could be done with a steam launch drawing only twelve to eighteen Inches, and it is with such launches that Mr. Stanley believes hi r majesty's govern ment miiibt forthwith i-ompletely abol ish the caiavtius of slaves which, ti the number oi t;e'weeu ljur and live thou- Bitid, annually dots the Kuliji at the point mentioned. Wo shall, in duty bound, leave it to the ijrapijio pen of our commissioner to depict the panoramas which the crew of the W.ive ran p'Wt in the rich delta of this stream, at,d the adventures iviiich they encouutered lu (ailing up its current. Suffice it now to intimate that Mr. Stanley has laid open u wonderfully fertt o aud populous dis trict on both sides of the main cliau nel, where rice, sorgbum, maize aud fruits are abundaut." with more ivory than is fouud in tu Ugog i country, aud lireat quantities of tbe gum copal. All these can be puichased at rite- which oiler a labuloua pi oil t in the Zit.zibar and home markets, and we are mistaken if the spirit of commercial euterpri-e is not aroused wheu it peruaes these flffurea aud calculutious of our traveler. For twenty-two miles of its course, this river, the Rwaha or Rufiji, is navigable, he Bays, for the largest MbBissIppI steam boa's, and the way Is easy for smaller yet still capacious craft up to KiMi Here, however, the slave-trad- ere exeici&e their baneful influence, and but lor the speed and power of tbe Wave tbe passage of tue explorer would have been rudely difpu-ed An armed visita tion of this point aud an occas onnl cap ture of a bluvo kullla. would sueedilv paralyse tbe overland traffic, and lay the upper reaches of tho stream open to a most prolilable intercourse. Tho trip of tue wave lncronuces seosrannv to two perfectly new countries', Katanga and Kasuugu, and these embrace a vast alluviau plain, the deposit of the river, which In many features re&embles on a email scale, of cours-e the Nile. Comiug down, as it doe-, from the iutel lor, iu the vicinity of TJoyauyembe, it is obvious how great an assistance this new gateway may af ford for tbe opening of a livt-ly commerce with the natives when once the elave ferry at Ki?u is abolished. The mouth by which Mr. Htanley entered is tho Himbo-oranga Arter exploring on his leturn tbo delta, and registering his discoverie upon a chart, which we shall publish along with bis dispatch, our commissioner crossed over to the iilohd of Moil i, which lies ten miles off the mouths of the Rufiji, and found there a good harbor an-i entrepot for the trade which he cuthu-'iaottcilly anticipates. But the chief point of interest, vetbink, U the positive dircovery of the place at which the overUud eluvo traffi.j from the south aud west can be arren d as it croi-aeb tbe upper channel. Upon this important matter the letter which we have received give- tbe tno3t distiuct and useful information. Nor could Mr. eHanley have di-charged more ably aud faithfully tb-first prt of his j oint in structions, which bade blra investigate the route and character of the elave car nvant that traverse the coastline, before departing for tbe moie purely geograph ical poni n or nw enterpr-fe. Alter thus i-urveying the Rutiji. and demonstratii cr t'iai as oi;e o the adits to East Af icai b advantages nave never before been ju-tt-ly estimated, and having also visited the convenient and extensive ialaiiti of Mail, the leader of our expedition returned to Zinzibar Just ii time to narrate the luciden' of his oponiue excursion before the rter i -tuie of tbe mail. He describes himselr writing with a swarm of na tive voiuutters chatterirg around him, eager to enlist with ''the white man" fonhe ;ug march up to Livingstone's lakes. We ure convinced that when the epirited pagesof the leiter before us have been peru-ed aa they soon will he general confidence win be felt that such pluck aud euch resources as Mr. Stan ley's must conduce to ssuccesi, if success is to be obtained, upon his longer and more arduoim iiiKlt-rtakiiijr. His excur- on up the Rufiji river is, meantime, a very opportune contribution to ourstocS of information resp-ctiu2 the methods of the acrursed traffic which mut be i xtinguiphed before Africa can beopened. We entertain a very strong hope tbat its clear aud substantial revelatious will lead to u-eful action on the part of the British repressive Kmadron on tbe east ern coast, while we dare atsMre African merchants that there is material in this communication well worth their study In a few days we shall hive the gratifi cation of prtoeuting it in full to the pub lic, who, after reading it, cannot fail lo follow with enhanced interest the march of our gallant commissioner into thestill mysterious interior of the vast and suf fering continent. For the Sunday Appeal. JHINE. HT 1.UCI8. Ia it becauso yon are mine, Llttlr dnrllriR, o'i I wonder, Ab I stop lo -o nnd twine Yoarmatn-d llttln cuilt Hocndor, So Mr fm -ollilnoul the a; lil, Stc-plng down to k'KS tb- lorehead, The au-eet baby eyes that hold More of aweetae'eraungor storied. Tiny hand, all dimpled dep, Lltt e silken head, Just reaching To my knew, ud t-ye thm p-ri, Qawrlne, xtnilliig and beifcchlng; Jni becane I c'nlm yon dear Utile baby. do I loveyoa, CIp, nd kiwi, and bold yon here. Tremble lor tbe yean above you. Years to lift the biby head; Yearn tbe to'teilng fret lo strengthen; Yfant to npe-d tnlr rimer tread; Year the baby limb lengibon. Oh! my darling, aof and fair. Innocent or earth's hard wrestling, Of the crouching Paaslon'a lair . Oh, my tiny, helplftane&tilng! How sometimes thonsht will stray, Ora prayt-r, ha'f-prayed, tbat ever I Ronlu hold tou young alway, Wadlng olT youth's Qerce endeavor. When I tblnlc of bnpe' desires in oar heart thelrfl-et wlngssproadtng, Of tht-lr vain, nhin'asmal Ore On, the fearfal pain and ureadlng! Yet, my darllnsr, you ure dear, Not beoau-e my arms are b-ridlng, And tbey wl I n t atrulj ynu hore Whfn the Untterlug wings unfolding ' Wildly heal ngHlnfl my iTrant, Deem my mother love a letter To the hear where you are . renncd Oh, my child! my love li baiter. Stronger tha- all aelflsh need Tbat would hoard my precious treasure. Where your you bful Impulse leads L ivo nd t-are 1 sb.ll not measure. Better let the young King, fly, Plow the va-t un fat Homed coming; Let tbo hope and i-trlv ngs trv. All the lollies, fancies summing; Thon to bold you struggling sore, Belterlt alone n.seited Till the burning bruin explore. And tbe hop are a l nif-erted; Tuen, whe-i orrowor wheu pain Droopn yoar brow,my . hi d.my daughter, Weaiy yon will turu galn illn I Turo' all the yo.irs have brought her. Throub the gladnesi and he smiles, The dlsir-SM and ihe bpat-achluf, illne beyond all fortune's xmiins, When all Ioll)es ar forsaking. form we shall be so forever, then It means nothing; then, indeed, a religion of gloom and terror would be the true one Hut It does mean this, and the mighty arrangements wade for hnmau enjoyment show that faith exultation, Hbiuudiug joy, not foreboding and wretchedness, are what the Creator meaus for us. SKANCE IH SOCTSIEUX KAIIU. COLO (Mo.) Proarcst prints the following letter in New Y rlc Sun. CAADIDATK8 FOR New York Trlbune.l CIIKEUFUL RELIGION. BIXGULAK VEROICT. or thev. who introduces a resolutioa. or I n,i!iirin or mtkM & &nlt uFHittht the i and oecomimr. The madamo xnc.-ikn crth ead the pretty bayous among the i cJfy 0 iiemphis, unjustly, untimely, or ! only Japanese, and declares hhe cannot w:ands on the culf or theeouinern u advieediy, eoaii oe esfxnieu from iiu uu win not jearu rugusn, wnereupon At it Ti,r .,,! lh KtPameis for OUJ.'e. auu in imure ue lueiijCime on - "uTuui !"lu":u,uu,uS nomuu us A remarkable verdict was recently rendered by a Boston jury. The exten sive fire in that city, in 1873, becan in the furniture establishment of Haley, Morse fc Co. The insurance on this prop erty, aggregated Bevenly thousand dol lars, distributed among d flVrent com panies, tevera! of which refused to pay on tbe ground that the firm bad invali dated their claims by the use of nan- tha, it having been expressly stipulated in tbe po icies tbat no neptha. oenziu, or other volatile oil should be nted on the premises, except by writ ten per uis-ion indorsed on the policies. - hCimllnaand Florida: they wan 4 r' eulJe-boolr. in hand, through the of Richmond, as they once did ?QSh Coblentz or Cologne. They k the ruins of the historic - avaeht that (lances oa toe rit . tine count of fraud and incompetency; and 1 ture euiilctentiy not to urge the point at A lwl CRSe was agreea upon, ineooium ,h.. , itiri.K who f.t:l to rvtv ihir tat- i nreeent. receivt-s her ?u1h with nil th I bia ineurauce company of Boston, be . . I ..,. . , L. " .. .! V...".! tuauD xcjJiCBruiauvu ui lur lliuei companies, and tried in the United . . . t u a r . n.'ds.anu snuggles up to the ladies in the a-iw circuit court, in an inveetiga- n-.t confidential and implorine lion ordered by tbe Boston city council une aay ner nuaDand iesonreul and pen-oual property at a aflViility imaginable, speaking Englihh stated time, say Dec -mbw let f ca:h i with ease, wnile his wife smiles and year; that execution shall issue Immed iately on euch properly, ana be Bold tl ai 016 blnfifo aod ,eTees of 156311 "uuin within thirty dajs tt the hiiihest bid ler: and the taxes eati-fied, tbe baia c-, if a . any, to oe pnu io ine ffngiuai owner. The'e ideas and sugeeetioDs v..le of Charleston bay; they Kaoll- they throng Jaokeon-1 Ied jn,0 eflt at onc ,ju Klve a and Ti,...' J . . lfcal r jcnd p,,. aiKM hunt in the forests tuddeu check to the downward course of "'J3 13 rec.. i tflri'rlse. or penetrate to the lDfbeirU.7n ,,DeLake Okeehonee. d houialb 7 041146 to BpriDS UP f re; whUeBn7"e f001 "nes etood be- pravement comU ,Sie' and land im tui.es ar V1' whose prtwpec- ...aoie for save modestv ... " Ior everytmug Ewcmpa. Kg ' . ont of foretB and Blol of fo' ftT Chamber3 uk Po8" ' fri. , Iev months every year. l w 2 l ,eemln8y moribund men the vfl TeD' ho BrOW tter dally M . cpoe trom racaing extremta r, I f 3 1 m . ana who acatter money pro- iu eiy around them. Matches are made a Jil sealed, and aometlmes tho Invalid wuo went south to die remains there to rear a numerous family, and to learn how to lament the fate of those -who remain behind in tbe uncertain climate of the North. Amicable inrchange of opinion bstweea political opponent, too, la (osttnd bj tht frequtst Journeys which uhzwekd politioixna make to he south'; m; tin j&sa Md woxn ruin and despair that we are now drift ing to, and place us on tbe high road to prosperity and wealth, in a very short lime. A vote by the people would put an end to all injunction and countless law fults now iu litigation. Will our aldermen and couueilmen r peak out at once, aud act on this very important matter? Nashville ouco got In us bad flxa3 Memphis is now. he got out easily, so can we. Don't a afoul tbat tbe credit oi our city wb be forever gone, and the anger oi bow j pointed at yua oy pursuing mis w'i ju win oe mtjectea ro worse "" -xqw, oy au means let us nave we "icuuan at u very atly day. vASOH btbrst. EESIAKK3. 1 ' Xrtt Tho premiss aeiumed by th wrlUr In hia nrpmratorv TJaracrrnnV, i. manner. came rushing down into tbe parlor in tbe moet excited manner, holding tbe unfinished waist of oue of his wirt's dresses aloft over his head. Running to one of theladus present, he exclaimed: "Seel thedresa- woman has spoiled tnis waist, tjee; she has cat these crooked Hues into it (pointing to tbe darts). Comeup.pleose, aud tell her what to do. She is cutting everything into ribbons; and all because we are strangers, ana snow no better." Tbe lady comforted him by telling him that the "crooked lines" werenecessary to the nroi.er fit of the waLst, and the ribbons were to be transfigured into beau tiful flounces, and that the dressmaker; was very reliable, and knew what she was about. What will the little lady do when all the mysteries of a civilized woman's toilet are displayed to her as tonished vision? A little Japanese girl of eight years of age, at school In Ger mantown, isa marvel of rapidity in ev ery atady she undertaKes. She draws ","uue u'iy, reads English aiid French la the main correct; Indeed, lt la ajto. ' rJ piano, and can repeat whole gether comet except as to RW,, hear? VtC"4 an? "etorlo by r vi aucsh itnrir.sDinTia mV.ii.i. m - . w boiuucu ,i:uiiiirHri air 2?SLW 'y ."udent. In the Xioague. Wo have never y ct heard that be was In any way responsible for the city debt under whiob. wo groan. But he may be. If he 1j, and the writer knows him to ba, or if any nwraber of the oity grmrnment, patt or pnaeut, or any of Memphis, kaowe him H "juui oiviuzatlnn . Photr lr,e.,in, em, to U keener, thalr. oomprehentlve powers more aerate, than their brother ora colder clime, Thsy oom to slt'U raofolly J4to th, groove f ptrt a auu eauy Keep psou with thoo wu aa maary a to discover the o iin of the fire, both Haley and Morse had testified that no renzlne or similar article had been used on the premises ior Killing moms or any otner purpose; but in tbe court it wa? proved that when the fire occurred the floor of tbe store wbk being sprinkled with naptha. of which a number of gallons had been bought only the day before, the object being to trill mothB. lt was proved tbut a fire had been started on the same prem ises tome months before, tbrough tbe same cause, and tbe book-keeper of the flrrti 8 wore that he had obeyed tbe io- atmc'tioiiH of Mr- Haley in era-lug from the books, after the last file, the entry showing tbe purcbaso of the naptha which destroyed two million dollars worth of property. Notwithstanding this 'testimony, the jury returned a ver dict hi favor of the claimants, which was ret aside by tbe judges aa unwarranted by the facts and evidence. ; Walkius with' God ha9 commonly been taken asa-flgurativeVxprefcslon to neonate a lite of piety; but at tne Methodist preachers' meeting Dr. Curry interpreted ic ks meaning that the physi cal act of walking Is peculiarly aocppt able to the divine being. Enoch, walked with Uou three hunureu yeT, Bay mi rndite expounder, and ho testified that ha naver has uaU a leal cause of the di vine presonco as when walking In his in th tret8. What a marvel w nu j ' &vsu w - - . - .,n,t coatory's start of of godUneta weston must wiiwAiiuug 1 a itrm oi rviMf. Rev. William it Alger, of Boston, Massachusetts, ban been called to tbe pastorate of the Church of tho Mt-9-iah in Bostou. He Is a native of Maacu i- setts, about fl'ty-ono years of age. and Id the author of never! religious worlti of which tho "History of the D ctrinb of a Future Life as it has Prevailed in all Nations and Ages" is an often quoted authority He preached in the church over which ho will soon be itistaiieo paitor, announcing his sdhject to be "A Cheerful Religion," baed on this text: 11 loice in the liord alway; and iie.n 1 say, rejoice." Philtippian- lv. . 4 What formp, be asked, tho hafils -if o cheerful relnjton. The principle lht ihe welfare of man is the will of Gol And Is not tbis a sound princ pb-? Wh" can look abroad with a wholes me mind over the great plan of tbe world and not ee that tne Ureator clearly deslgu- that his creatures f-hall bo happy and by swelling higher the tide C universal joy caunt him to b--more abundantly glorified. It is only our own antagonism with one another that nreveuts this. God has en dowed us with wonderful faculties. Ht- has filled our habitation with goodiy irt-aiures. He has surrounded us with tbe seraphic hoMs of beauty, b aziuir, rank abovo rank, to his very throne. Then he has said tous: "My love toward you is shown iu tbe immense provision made Tor the supply or your warns. On forth now, roam over my works, learn their s-crets, enjoy tho pleasure thev yield. Keep my laws, love one another. ami be happy." To do this faithfullv would be the practice of a genuine, un adulterated religion And could any thing be more cheerful? Why should the votary of such a muuiticeut faith wear a lugubrious couutenance, and g Ighlng and mourning to his grav-? Solomon expressed his belief that the happiness of mau is the will of God. iu the strikiug proverb: "A merry heart doeth good like a medicine." The aphorism Is true in a threefold aonee. In the first place, cheer fulness is an excellent prophy lactic or recipe for warding off invading ins, as well as a precious stimulant un der impending exhaustion. It is noto rious that iu the hospitals of a defeated army a far greater proportion of the wounded die than in the hospitals of the victors. Bright hopes are a flue tonic; gloomy fears act as a prison: therefore. happiness is the will of God, the help ful and inspiring law of things. Sec ondly, a happy man 13 strongest and more capable than an unhappy one. He Is fuller of vital ejergy; more accessible to the motives which are the soul of ambi ion and tbe spur of industry. He can coustquently do more work aud do it better thau a disheartened aud wretch-, ed man can. Wheu we are huppy, full of heart and life, tben wo srikeoutnew plans of usefulness and bouor, then we work with pereevering vigor But when we are sorrowful and distrustful, sad dened by theachingof unsatisfied wante, then the world loses its value and life parts with its charms; the motives which before excited us become powerless and are sunk iuto indifference. Thirdly, in the normal condition of things, enjoy ment is favorable to virtue, While wretchedness is a panderer to vice. Tbe true tendeney of happiness is to render man genial, benevolent, and grateful. An unhappy person ia apt to become cross, misanthropic, tyrannical. Tbe na tural thirst of his desires being unrati fied, he is discordant and uneasy. Many u man, enured by the disappointment of his amhitiou, peeks a miserable comfort In maliguantly depreciating those who have succeeded iu theirs. Personal jov and contentment would transform this elf-gnawing animosity into a peaceful good will. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine; therefore human hap piness, not gloom and pain, id the de sign of the Creator, aud tho truo re ligion. To love your Makr and your neighbor, do your recognized duties to the extent of your ability, and with a bounding heart eoj y the world, with out dread of a Satanic power in nature, an inherited doom iu history, or a yawn ing perdition in tbe future, this is a cheerful religion; and it is consistent with uuperverted chria tiauity namely conformity to he word of God and a perfect Lve which casts out fear. There is a raw religion of barbaric superstition, which ia a Hensatioual assimilation of the dark and portentous phenomena of nature, the faavage tiibea who bold tbia are slaves of terror, torturing them-t-elves in the rites of their worship. There is also the arhitiary religion of morbid dogma, which la a metaphysi cul assimilation ot the dark and porteu tous f.icts of life. The civilized nations who hold this are victims of anxiety, juiujtiuiug tnemseives to oe under a doom which they strive by various arti ficial means to avert. Finally, there is the healthy relLion of faith and love, which is a rational assimilaii m of th order and benignity of the uuiverse The enllghteued'aud emancipated indi viduals who hold this, trusting in the infinite p rfection of God, try to icaru his will as expressed in the constitution of his works, atd to do it; and then tiij lying every good he has placed in their power, leave results in his hsuds with mi-givings. Thefpirit of the first form of religion Is na-ural alarm; of the second, artificial anxi-ty; of the third, grateful content. The first ia the wild religion ol iguorauce; the second, the tesknical religion of disuse; the third, tbe veracious religion of hi al h The first is an instinctive growth of su perstitious imaginations; the hcyjt an elab irate product of oiorb.d intellects. hut tbe list is tbe normal corrtspondence in human experience of tbe divine plan enacted in nature and providence a true, cheerful religion. As a snrinc gurgles up from the heart of the earth, clear and fro-h, ecattering refreshments and producing verdure in summer, rear ing its crystal structures and hanging its gems in winter, ao in the center of our being God has placed an immortal soul, tbo play of wbose affection may gladden itself aud all around with the choicest delightB, and the activity of whose in telligence, winning conquest after con quest, may furnish pleasures without end. Our Maker unquestionably design ed the the conscious action of the facul ties within us to be a fountain of un falllngjoy. The eye never wearies of gazing on visions of beauty; tbe ear never clovs of listening to strains of mel ody; the heartis never surfeited in ex periencing emotions of love; tho m nd never palls in searching out truth and contemplating mystery. But faculties deprived of their proper nourishment and activity, dlssatisiled and out of fine, driving their possessois to pernicious gratifications, of course are productive of misery. Human nature cannot be expected to yield happiness if lt does not act in conformity to the intention of Its author, in harmony with tho laws of the universe; still through all it is obvi ous tbat the grand design of God is the happy fulfillment of its ofllce by every faculty, aud that every Instance of mis ery implies some violation of thia de sign. Half of our life consists in receiv ing ana returning the action of the natural objects around us. Leading from difieient parts of the globe iuto the Doeom of ancient Borne were five great high ways or natural arteries through which the known world sent its wealth, ita luxury, its art, to adorn and aggrandize the proud mistress of tbe earth, enthron ed on her seven hills. So running from the ontward creation iut the human soul are the five channels of the senses, along whose mysterious waya taste, smell, touch, Bight and. sound, form, weight ana nnmoer pour uih riches of nature in endless streams, to teach and please the rojai child of God crowned overall. inexpressible the difference net" 0" --. In a man and belnK a weed or a stone; What oa lnexplicaolo thing lt is tBOJ tho mind oan think, perceive, createaDQ aaplre; tbat we live aud move, expT,I anoe hope and fear, love and trojt, can rlie into fellowihlp with lnflBlludeI What dot ltmean? if itdoaiitmt,ul that thero is a hlesaed Spirit or Father who bnllt tho uniTerss, and who -wishes hi to b? itnjspy, aid lten.de that la One remit of the fall elections is a large crop of candidates for President on the victorious side. Considering their long exclusion from office, this prompt seizure of the first chance of a return to power is not unnatural. Political ambition is irre pressible evon under dark discourage ment. With the cheering prospects now before the Dsmocracy, It is not surpris ing that tbey ehould be elated, or that real or self- onstltuted leaders should seek to place themselves iu position for tbe highest honor. The rush 10 the front is strong and earnest. Ohio has no less thau three candidates in Hue al ready Allen, Thurman, and Pendleton. Of these three the first two stand in tbe relation of uncle aud nephew to each other, and the success 01 either would I be a triumph for the lamtiy. ihls close kindred, however, does not prevent ceiUln denreo of eharp rivalry be tweeu them. Mr Allen is now governor if Ohio, aud seventy-one years of age baviug been born In the closing days of lbo3. according to nis moet accepted 010 grapher, when there was no motive for .ulsrepresentatiou. Zealous partisans bave recently attempted to strike five years from tbe record of his life, aud they assert that he still has a voice miraculous youtbfulness, but they have not eucceeded in maKing him auy younger than be really is. lie wl hrefore be seventy-three years old in 1876, when the national convention will oa called upon to nominate a cauaiuate. L'hls fact is a positive bar to any Eeri 'us pretensions on his behalf Tbe oli irentiernau is impressed with the belie b-r-hat it is his mission to be President and be is strongly encouraged in this idea by a personal following at home sud by a faction in Ohio who use his name and position as means of disor ganizing the support of Mr. Tharmau aud of dividing opinion. When the time comes to show their hand, Mr Aneu will be dropped in the simo way that other aspirauta have ten heretofore abandoned, air. fen lleton is not now pressed rashly, but is hld in reserve by his friends as the repre-eut-itive of rag-mouey and the wild policy of inflation, of which hehs oeen the recognized champion for the last six years. Mr. Wash. M'Lean. of Ciucinuati, as he is familiarly called, is 'lis politics.! groom, aud expects to win th handicap on tue cueap currenoy nobby. A fierce war is waged against Thurman by tbe Cincinnati Enquirer im flin fsntion who ihinK their xuecu lations iu lands and stocks can be blown iuto a largo euceecs by printing more greenbacks and ifluing the fiaanclil oalloon with an unlimited quantity of gas. The bard-pan notions of the eena tor unset these vagirlcs, and henca this bitter crusade. With three prominent sxpirants from Ohio, tho delegation is likely to be split iuto factions, aod there tore to tic powerless tor any command ing influences In a national convention But ti e present year may, perhapa, change this aspect of the existing eitua tiou. when rea-on shall resume its nway and people see that a condbion of sub- Hiuiiti! prosperity is not to oe reacoeu through ehama of finance Indiana is nualiv emphatic iu her claims. Mr Hendricks is in the field for tbe third lime, which does not improve his chan ces much. As the human palate tires of tho choicest dainties daily repeated, -o the people grow weary of even so re spectable aud sound a candidate as the present goverjor of Indiana is, when urged upon their favor for a succeeeion of vear. Mr. Kerr has recently been name 1 as a candidate, founded upon the probability of his being made speaker of thu new house or representatives, jar. M'Doiiald, who will probably succeed Mr. Pratt in the senate, Is also sugget ed, because of bis great popularity iu the Stale Although this rivalry is now less pronounced than tnat in Ohio, yet if Mr. Kerr should be made speaker, lt will become keeu and angry enough from personal Jealousies to produce discord and distract the party, so that the State will hardly present the solid front that she has here tofore done for Hendricks. Between the Democratic leaders of Ohio and In diana there has long been a violent feud, which breaks out with every possibility of politicul success, and appears when ever a Presidential nomination is to be contested. Their respective followers will not be pacified or listen to the sug gestion of one prevailing over the other Heuce reflecting men outside the limits of both have held and will hold again that both Ohio and Indiana had better be set aside altogether a the best moth od of disposing of their iutea'iue quar rels. Tne resolution in this State has necessarily given Mr. Tilden peculiar prominence nationally, and his name is already adopted by thousands as the coming candidate. Judge Church bad a Urge following, and if bis friends had not blundered in regard to tbe nomina tion for governor, his strength would have beeu a good deal increased. Since Governor Seymour's voluntary renunci ation of the aenatorship, his name is for the second time suggested iu con nection with tho Presidency. So that theru may be said to be three candidates ready for the race in New York, or nt least well backed by devoted follower It is not to be disguised, however, that a strong repugnance to accept any can didate from New York exists among the western Democracy. Although dis tractcd on other po;nn, they are pretty well united in this.vopposition, which is by no means recent, t ne very strength of the State is. an element of weakness in a national convention, because the feebler States are distrustful of the nu merical as well aa the financial superior ity which dwarfs them iuto comparative InelEnmcance. Besides, it win be urge-1. and with effect, too, that New York bad the two last uomiuations in the persons of Horatio Heymour and Horace Oree ley, and therefore should now yield tbe way to some less favored competitor. Little Delaware is very decided for atu- ator Bayard, who certainly eojoyH the respect aud deserves the confidence o" the country. In the purity of hia public aud private lite, and in stern and manly resistauee to every form of t.fil iial cor ruption, be is an example worthy of hn ita ion. Two obstaclea beset bis path nt this time, which may ba removed here after. His State wields uo political in- flonncp. and he is a southern man. Con uecticut presents Eaton, English and Ingersoll as favorite boob, worthy to be considered, but would compromise for a seat m the cabinet in the event of suo- ctss. Other States have their local par- tlulitiea, so that the Democratic conven tion will have a multitude of worthy patriots to choose from, and a seen com petition to encounter. If all tbe nam8 whi'ih now engage attention were ea-t aside and a candidate wholly discon nected with the recent complications nbould be chosen, It would not excite great surprise, because the Democracy aid that very thing thirty years ago, when James K. Polk was unexpectedly brought forward to reconcile divisions far less grave than those which exist at this time. There ia a great opportunity be fore the Democracy, which m y be cu tlaugeredor lost by narrow partisanship, A candidate repiesentiug tbe ideas of reform, retrenchment and honesty in tbe public service, which were bo em phatically approved in all the late elef tiotis, would sweep the country in 1870 as Oeoeral .Harrison did in is-iu judge David Dtvis of Illinois, aud others like him, fulfil these conditions, and form a connecting link between tbe large body of upright moderate Republicans who are disgusted with Grantism and the regular Democratic organization. They are only separated oy name. 1 ne votes. and the refusal to vote the machine tickets of that large and independent class, turned the scale in tuts Btato and in nearly an tne others, 'ihey may h. said to hold the balance of power in their hands, and therefore are not to be mere ly rec Kinzed by cheap compliments. The nomination of eome man occupying this position wouia ao more to win the confidence of the country and to assure a long possession of power, than a thou sand platforms, for it would give prac tical proof ol the sincerity of many pro-fes-ious and end the rule of rigid parti sanship. So tue re-election of Mr. Schuiz to tbe senate by the legislature of Missouri, would be an earnest of liberality and a source of strength in the same direction. The worst obstacle in the path of the Democracy Is the dread in the public mind of a return to the old Bourbon ways. It is said that a Testoratiou is the worst of all revolu tions, and this is the thought which now disturbs so many minds in regard to tbe future. Relieve it, and the coun try would bound with satisfaction. This fear is the 01 ly thing that gives life to the rotten remnants of Grantism. The Democratic leaders know bow deep is the di-satlsfaction of the people with the Republican party, and that Grant meaus to force himself upon tbe con vention for a third term. Hence tbey are persuaded that any pronounced Democat or good reoute ana , cai pacity may ne elected.' For this reason there is little inclination to step across the etrict line. This is a short-sighted and selfish policy which mightpossibly achieve success in 1876, owing to tbe exceptional circumstances, but would.surely be followed by defeat und exclusion from power soon after The pledges of tbe convention which, udop'ed Horaoe Oreeley at Baltimore Ktlll live, aud cannot ba discarded with out a lessor credit. If the Democracy are wlsu and look- beyond a single term, tbey wouid do well to refresh their mem ory, renew tbe platform of 1872, aad 11 lustratw It by a triumph of ndurlOK prh)Olp!o and a llberaf ttdralntrtlon. But .nob atatesman.hlpls hardly to bo eacpeattd in thes. days. Thg oUtlcal ..,rt nmn In amall eroovua. A povsi- The Saline County a receut Issue: As you know, for a fewyuars, I have been a b-llever In the philosophy of spiritualism, but bad and have never seen u professional medium. What I I am about to rel ite occurred !n a circle which I organized myself, among my pupsmi.'vr friends and acquaintances. About two rKtsiuba 1 . j weefc8 ago j fouud ont a few friends who were anxlus to investigate the euDi-ct, and a quiet, retiriug little lady friend who informed me that when a child she S assessed a mysterious power (said by er father to be the devil) which would enable her to do wondrous things, until sharply forbidden by ber parents, but until the present time she had not at tempted to exercise the power. I knew her years ago wheu a child. She was r pupil in the Christian college, in Piatt City, under Professor H. B. Todd. Well, we met and formed our cir cle. We sat arouud a table and joined hands; after singing, raps camo very loud on the table. The medium was suddenly thrown into a trance, and de scribed several Bpirits, some of which were readily recognized lu one or two instances, but not at all In others. We were told by the spirits to build a cab! net, and that they would appear aud talk to us, face to face. The next week we met ngaln, and the medium invited un into the next room to see the cabinet, We joined hands, the medium went In to the cabinet, ana we sang "shall we uatherat the -KlverV" In a few mo menta loud knocks were heard in the cabinet, and an arm and hand appeared imperiecuy materiaized,havmg an un earthly, ghastly, disagreeable appear ance. It tided away before oar eves: lt was seen by all. In a few minutes more, nam snocsa were hoard, aud an lmper- feo face appeared and quickly disappear ed. Tnis was- repeated sever! times: loud knocks warning us to expect some manifestations were heard Tue curtain opened aud a fao appeared perfect ly formed. It gilded from the cabinet about a foot, aud tbe low cr portion of tbe body and garmeuU were imperfectly formed, be fore our full gaze. The face was that of a young lady, apparently abmt twenty, with b.ack hair, black eyes, and dressed in white. Hhe attempted to talK, but we could only hear inarticulate sounds. The circle being broken by one of the ladies in fright, the apparition dissolved Into thin air before the eyes of ten different persons. The epirlts then rapped loudly for assistance for the medium. I sprang over the railing and caught her as she reeled from the cabinet almost fainting, auu coia as ice. Iiunni' these man! testations the lamp was burning nearly as ongntiy as usual; it was light enough 10 distinguish every fenture, and tne worKiug of every muscle. Our next seauce was held last night. The circle (or semi circle rather! was formed, bunds joined, and so on, as usual. In a few moments tbe raps came inside the cabinet, in which the medium sat Just opposite the black curtain hung before the door the curtain rustled, and a face appeared nt the spenure (a simple slit in thecurtalo) Ir quickly disappeared, and was followed by several indistlnotly materialized faces. Next came a more distinct form of a woman from the waist upward. She disappeared, and in a few momenta raps lauder tban before came. tbe curtaiu opend, and a face appeared. oame out of tbe cabinet, and elowly formed into a perfect 'emuleform within five feet of ua. Wheu completely form ed ibo glided np to the railing, and iu a perfectly audible, distinct voice, whis pered hurriedly. "I am Ellen Tvler: lam thirty flveyearsold; Idied in Canton ( r Camden ; we could not tell exactly what the nme of the place was): turn od the light more yet." She thetflided to tbe cabinet, raised tbe curtain in a full biaee of the lump, aud said: "See! See!" She stepped aside, holding ud tbe curtain and pointing to the medium, who sat in full view in a profound trance One of the ladies iu a fright exclaimed : 'O God, can this be true!" ard throwing up her hands she broke the circle. The apparition began to dieeoive and dropped the curtain. The rappins; summoned ua to tbe assistance of the medium, whom we fouud greatly prostrated and as cold as marble. I immediately took a lamp into the cabinet and we all examined carefully, and there was uo trace what ever of any fraud, aud every one of us would testify that no possiblo fraud could bave been practiced. Our medium being a modest, retiriug, married Iadv. she could have no machinery or appar atus to practice aeception. The spirit was much taller than tho medium. and totally uulike ber. No one recognized the spirit. I knew a Mrs. Ei- lyier, once a particular friend of mine, but she cannot be the one, as I hlnK my friend is still living. The pint was clothed in a long, white, loose. flowing robe, gathered at the wulst with a white scarf. We are promised more palpable and bettor manifestations mill. at future circles, aud I will repeat from time to time. To say that we were psychologized, or were tbe subject of; 'unconscious cerebration." is abjured. To say that It was the effect of imaglna- 1 . . 1 . 1 1 , . uou 10 Eiiupiy riuiouioua. ur our circle, three or lour were believers. In fact. our medium did not know or believe auytbiuc about spiritualism until we or ganized our circle. I will gladly auswer uy letters of inauirv addressed mo. Yours, truly, frank h. shbock. COUTH iTEBLO, COLOHtOO Fearn made a large crop of cotton, where Fort Plokering now Is. He em ployed a number of Indian squaws to pick it out. He sent a young man down fa chum of mlnel everv evening to see it weighed. I would frequently slip off and go with him. not so muon to see cotton weighed as to become acquainted with tbe Indian girls. Colonel Thomas H Person, one of the first se tiers of this country, who lived a few miles eouth of Nonoonnah, took an Indian boy, some ten or twelve years old, as an uTperimmt. to see if be could be civil Ized and raised up with white principles. As the boy progressed In years, hia wild nature began to develop Itself be greatly preferred tbe woods to tho field and the gun to his books. He became ungovernable, and tbe colonel had to send him back to his parents. Yon may make a white man an Indian, but can never make an Indian a white man example, Sam Houston. In medlcino they were but poorly skilled, They used various kinds of roots and barks quite successfully in some did eases. They considered bleeding and blistering very necessary in many eases, both of which were very excruciating operations. The remedy was worse tban the disease. To bleed apatlent tbey put about a half doien needles iu the end ol a quill, fastened and regulated to a certain depth. These were dragged up and down the legs and arms until tbe patient was thoroughly scarified, and tbe poor fellow would not be able to walk for some days. I .once witnessed an operation of blistering, when the patient was laid flat upon bis back bis stomach and bowels 'exposed when a ehovelfull or hot embers was held over him until he was completely blistered. The poor fellow stood It hero ically, but he could not suppress a wry face and an occasional grunt. They had no particular form of worship. They bad learned 'o observe tbe Sabbatb from tho example of the whites, and had some idea ora luture world, and would say that the great spirit would provide all good hunters with better buuting grounds than they had here. The 1 hicfc esaws and Choctawa were once lords of the soil that we now occupy, comprising tbe State o Missla-dppl and a part of Aiaoama ana Tennessee. They held it by natural right. Ourgovernmentrecog' nized the title, and bought trom them small portions at a time, uutil it fiually possessed It all and forced them to evacu ate. In 1838 they were driven from their homes, Use a a ics of sheep, across the iMesl slppl river to tbe western psrt 01 Arsansas, where they now live. They were naturally devoted to their homes, their old rVtsides and bury ing places, and 1-ft with sorrow and re luotauce. It was probably better for them, as the contact with the white race and the introduction of whisky were decimating both tribes st a rapid rate. They were perhaps tbe most nearly civ ilised of any other tribes on the North American continent, excepting the Cherokee, and were more peaceable and tractable than tbe latter. UruuKeuuess was their bane. When they came to the then village, after doiog their trad ing,the men would all get drunk iu a body, exoepiing one, whom they made sentinel, toguard their goods, thus show ing a determined purpose to deba.ich themselves. They had no religlou worship, but believe in the "Great Spirit," the immortality of the soul, and a luture state of existence. Tbls ssetcb is written from memory, based upon ac tual observation and contact with them in constant tradn intercourse for several years, commencing fitly years ago, tbat is to say. in 1821. when the writer sec tied in Memphis. . the kVtKy.iMt Dauue. She Is neither a b- auty nor genlas; And noonecoaltl call ber wloc; In a crowd of other women Hhe would draw no slraugor' eyes; Even we wh love nrr -re puzzled To Hay where her preclonsotas llos. She lsjast an everyday darling, In that hor preclousnow lies. Dntof tho roenl and foremost flro! Oat of tue ho plUI wallaa-direl fsmltte- t ur-tpe-shot and eogrene; Eighteenth battlf, and he sixteen Hpecire! .uchasjou seldom 8fe LIUlo Ulffdu.ot Tennessee. Tate him anl welome,"the nurefonsEald Little the d x-lor can heip li.e ded I 80 we t ok htm. and broiigtit hi wheio Ihe balm waHSweetlnthosummeraT; And we laid Mm down n a wholesome bed, Utter Laz trus, heel to head I And e watched the warw'th bated broath, Skeleton boy aisHlnitske'eton beam! mod tun 01 torture, how manysacul We ry wek- ol tho ntlck and crutch; And still a glint of tbe meel ulne eyo Told 01 a fcpint that wouldn't die! And didst! nay, more In death's despite The crippled skeleton learned io write; Der Jollier," at flr t. ot cour ornd then, ' Dear Captain," inquiring about the men. Cap aln'ii aimwer: "or elgnty auu nve, OllTon aad I are left alive!" Word of K'oom from tbe war one day "Johnson pressed at the front." they say Utile Gltlen was up and away I A tear his first- as he bide iroo '-bye. Dimmed the gltntorhl strel-blno e.ve: "I'll wr te.lt pared!" there was news of fight, Bat none of OlfTen he did not write! 1 sometimes ianey that were I kins Of the princely trnictitsof theKOiden rlrjg--W lib ibehonsof the mlusuel In mine ear, And the tender lexecd that trembles here I'd Klre tne best ..n nil bended knee, The wnltest houl of my chivalry, for Little Oifleu, of lenuesseo! Washington Chronicle TUE ItfJKUAU OF EDUCATION. A - PI Uiil DAILY AND WEEKLY ThePapcrs farTjiePi-fjpie Weekly postage Qe) Week ly (tor Ctabs f v mr aje tree post- Dally (six papers).. toot -THE Tbo expecsslous of opinion in favor of this bureau hve been both general and complimentary. The New York State aa-ociatlon of school commissioners passed a resolution at Syracu-e, on the 1 thirtieth or uecemoer, regremng tne "want of appreciation on tbe part of a large number of representatives In con gress, of the bureau of education," and testifying to "its great value" as learned by their "individual experience " At tbe recent meeting of the Massachusetts teachers' association, a committee was appointed to memorialize congres-i iu favor of "the contiuuanco and the liberal support of the national bureau ofedu a tiou." The national teachers' associa tion, an organization made up of the moet thoughtful, practical, and active educators in ti e country, passed a re solution at their meeting, twoyearsago, congratulating themselves and the country on the usefulness of tho bureau. At a meeting of State aud citv echool euprintendenta iu thia city, January, 1S74. the committee on "id to educa tion, "consisting of three pr-'mlrientDem- ocrata Dr. Rufflier, of Vireinia; Sir. Newell, of Maryland, and Mr Hop&iu. of Indiaua, presen'ed resolution, which were unanimously adopted, acknowl edging "the great service done to the caiise of education by congress in estab lishing and maiutainiuira department of duration," and exprsiug tbe hope that it means of useful ues-j may be increased." The Teachers' associa ion of that Democratic State, Mt-souri. also, at its annual meeting la.it mo "h, p.ied a resolution declaring that: "We rei'ogmza the great value of, an 1 most fully imlorve tbe work of General John ISaton, United S'ates commlsiiouer of education, and we respec fully a-ik our reprenentatlves in cor-gress to render the bureau of education every posiiIe fa cility in collecting aud distribmi g the lmporta.n. facts in tne annual rt ports of the commi-aioner." Tbe superintendent of public instruction for Kentucky iu his report for it74 i?ives the bureau a moat hearty indorsement. COSTAISa A Well-Digested summary or nts 8he Is sorry w"ie others are sorry. So nweelly, one likes t be M; And lr tbe people aionnd turare merry, auu almost giaaaer man giaa. Her sympathy 1h the swlites', The truest u heart ever had. She lsjustan everydty darling, Tuo deare6t that hearts ever had. Hr h -nils are so whits and little, It seemi asif lt were wrong Tbey should ever work for a moment. And yet thev are quick and strong If any dear one ne ds h Ip ng, tshe will work the whoNday long; The precious everyday darling, Everyday and all day long. Hhe Is loval aa knights were loyal, In other days when noknighislled, And for sake of love or of honor, If need be, a true knight died; Ba she dreams not she Is braver than the woman by her side, T is precious everyday darling, Who make sunshine at our side. Ah! envy her, Beauty end Gen tne. And women the world ctll wise; Tbe utmost of all your triumphs Would beemiity lu her eye-. To love and be loved in her klngdo m ; Iu this ber happiness he-, Qod bless her, tue everyday darling! In this her preciousness lies. Tbo Mount Vernon association renorts that during tbe year the colonnades of Wafhiugtin.'a home .have been com pleted at a ciu-t of nine hundred and ihir- ty-nine dollars aud sixty-one cents, aud that other renovations will be made as soon as sufficient money ia received. The bum of one hundred dollars bbs been subscribed for repairing the portico taciug me norary, tne eatimuieu expense being four hundred dollars. Vari us gifis have been received for the ornamentation of the bouse The sideboard wai repaired at the expense of the late Mrs Kobert h. Leo; a email marble bust of Wash ington was given by a Waehiugtou lady; aud a New York firm gave an antique shaped sofa and four chairs to match The members of the association desire to place mirrors, mantel-ornaments and center-tables in the banquet hall. Du ring the past year resident, of the State of New York contributed for renova tions and furniture the sum of six hun dred and seventy-six dollars and seven ty cents, and residents of New Jersey four hundred and sixty-five dollars members of the Masonic fraternity in New Jersey contributed seven huudred aud twenty-six dollara for the endow ment fund. NEWS OF THE" WEEK, A8 WIU AJj tHU LATEST NEWS 0? THE DAY AND IB y 11.1MB WITH Literary Selections Embracing Pc4Uoi, owacrt ia:. LP ary, ScieatiAb. Agricultural PuL sophioul, BollglooB, ordiuary r s and all other raitrx ef int. r to the F!ror. Mat t: tee twer, Mecba : and Merchant. BrT, l All TWO EJITI 0 k S DULY m HIE Li MISSISSIPPI TAX-PAY-RS' COM VENTI09T. large horizon Inm 1 pjlltl9lan. WITH ALu tllUU MIGHT. If you're any task to do Let me whisper, friend, to yon, Do It. If jon've anything to soy, True and needed, yea or nay, Bay It. If you've anythlnc- to lovo As a blessinglrom above, Love It, If you've anything to give That another's Joy may llvo, (Jlvelt. If you Know what toroh to light Guiding others through ihe night, Light lt. If you've any debt to nay, Ilest you neither eight wt day, Pay It, If you've any Joy to hold Hext your heart lent lt crow oold. Hold it. If you've any crlef to meet At the loving Father's ieet, Meet it. If you're given light to see What a child ol (iod should he, fcee lt. "Whether life be bright or drear. There's a mes-ge seetaud clear, Whispered down to overy ear. Hear lt. THE ABOKIUINEKH UF WEST From the Old Folks Memphis) Eoeord for January. In 1824 there were but three mercan tile firme in the uow city of Memphis Winchester & Carr, Henderson & Fearn, aud Isaac Bawliugs. Their trade was principally with the Indians, tbe Cni' kasaws aud Choctaw, that inhab ited tbe southern part of Mississippi and Alabama. This trade was valuable, and here wa3 a considerable struggle be tween the three housts for it- The Iu iliaus came in caravans, with their ponies well packed with cow-blues, leer-skins, beever, bear and otter, and an innumerable quantity of coon-skins, which were exchanged for blanket, striped dou.c3tics, tobacco and whisky etc. Railroads, nor even county roads, were known in that day. They traveled a path in single file through the wilder ness. In writing about a nation or tribes that have no history, we can only write from personal observation. The ChiobEsaws and Chociaws, in their primeval condition, were a happy set in their way. Their wants were but few, and a support was easily made. Nature bad bountifully provided for them the country Hbounded in came, such as thev thouzht the Great Spirit had provided especially for their use. It was a part of the meaus to supply their families with meat. TV'hen they started bunt- intr tbey provided themselves with a Utile bag of "tomfuller," as they called it. It was psr-hed corn, gritted into meal a epoonful or two put into a tin cup, with a little eugar and water, mad a very pslatable beverage. A small bag, tbat they could stick under their belt, would last tnem a week. Bv their lawa they were entitled to as many wives as tbey could support. Good hunters generally had three or four wives. It was their business to do the housework and cultivate ground tufll- cient for tho support of the familv. Their cultivated patches were generally sma'. and their products principally consisted of pumpklus, corn, bean, po tatoes, with a small orchard conslstine of peaches and plums; the women got aiong uappuy togeiner uaraiy ever dis agreed; tne men eappnea them with interrnnt rnolr Hun. pmees, a-s iney saiu,untu tney oecame ac quainted with white men. Although, as a nation, they were treacherous and thievish, some were high-minded and honorable, proud, and remarkably fond of dress. There is preat similarity of dres pertaining to all the different tribes of Indians. Tbe leggings and mocca sins worn by them were manufactured by themselves. Tbey drecsed the akin 'of a, .deer, .cut .oat the legging In proper .shape, and sawed-it up with tbe einewa taken from tne deer, in tne same way were made the moccasins worn upon their feet. Tne body was always cov ered by a blanket. There were among them some very ingenious workmen in brass and sliver. Large silver rin'-rB weie worn In tho ears and nose, and silver bands around the wrists Some of the ornaments were, curiously oarved in the shape of eagles, owls, serpents, etc. Suoh an appendage, with the face paint ed with tiahahomer (red paint), and an ostrlcb-feathtr atuok in his head, was women bad u r t r v "wall Bt'oi-t-.., the prevailing arylo of dreen, xopt the Isbg-th of skirt. Tb.ey-oalri s uo Man. orriy or eood tot lo tu wastv or aloth in an ixtratrall. .Tby ivre t&dasm nn 1 and dljoossd to wort for th banm at Hi family wb.nrver they fdest From the Vioksburg Herald ot the seventh instant we compile tbe follow ing as tne result or the tax payers' con ventlon held at Jackson on the fourth: KESOLUTIONB ADOPTED Eeaolvcd, That the president of this convention appoint a committee, con sisting of threo citizens, residing in the oity of Jackt-on, together with three citizens for and residing in each con gressional diftriet of this State, whoso duty it shall be to prepare and issue, at as early a day as practicable, an address to the people of the United States, sea ting forth snch trustworthy and indu bitable statistics and information as shall be deemed right and proper to a just anu impartial conclusion respecting the ma terial interests and general prosperity of the State. Resolved, That the chairman of said ommittee appoint a secretary and treasurer, residing in the city of Jack pon. whose duty it shall be to conduct such correspondence as may be de volved on him by the chairman In tbe premisep, and also to receive and dis burse euch funds as may be contributed toward the execution of the purposes for wnicn mo ojmmittee. by the first re solution, was appointed. Beaolved, That to tho end of aiding our fellow-citizens of our common coun try toward the attainment of a true knowledge of the condition of our affairs and of whatever -"fleets the gen eral proepenty and happiness of the people of Mitslssippl, it ia hereby di rected tbat copes of t-aid address be most respectfully placed In the hanos of his excellency, the President of the United States, of each head ot tbe de partment of the government at Wash ington, of each member of congres-, of tbe governor of each State, and ot tbe leading journals of the chief cities of the Union. Resolved, That it is the sense of this convention that the tax-payers of thia c unty should be so organiz-d ub to se cure thorough concert of action in all movements looking to a reduction of taxes, and the exposure of all pe cula (ions and frauds Ly public ofil era, and that a committee sht uld oe appointed iu each couuty whose duty it shall be to investigate and Keep under constant atch tho official acts of all couuty of-flot-rB. Resolved, That the chairman of tbls conveutl n appoint a committee of five, wuose auty 11 enuu 00 to eoufer with the governor and the legislature in reference to the refoims recommended bv this convention, aud to assist in preparing bills to be pretented to the legislature. Resolved, That the legislature be re quested to so modify the scnool laws as to insure me speediest practicable dis tribution of the school-teachers' fund to tbe respective counties, and to make teacherb' warrntsrecelvableln payment of all school taxts. Reso'ved, That every speclee of legal warrants, scrip or orders, should be re ceivabie iu payment of taxes due the fund to which it belongs, and that it should be cancelled by writing there on the name of the person pay ing the aame before delivery to the tax collector. Resolved, That the legislature be re quested to repeal the law establishing the 8tato board of equalization. Resolved, Tbat tbe legislature be re quested to amend the asseesment laws so that in assessing lands in the 8tate for taxation, the assessor of each county shall go npon the lands and take the cash valuation of the ownerunder oath; and If the assessor shall be diesatbfied with the valuation, he ehall select one appraiser of said lands, and the land owner shall select another; and if tbey cannot agree, tbey shall select a third freeholder, whose decision a3to the cash vain- of the laud shall be final, and so entered upon the assessor's books. Resolved, Tbat a committee of five be appointed by this convention to prepare a plan of organization for tax-payer's Reoejt explorations in theSchuylklll coal regions of Pennsylvania have dis covered such immen-e deDosits nf n- I throcite, in addition to and underlying luuau uueauy Known, mat we may look upon the supply of coal in that region as practically inexhaustible. At a depth of nineteen hundred feet.passlng through nurnerous veiueof various eiro und qual ity, the so-called seven foot vein was reached, and was found to be thirteen and a half feet thick, and of excellent quality. Beneath this came alternate layers of slate and coal for thirty odd feet, and theu the mammoth vein, twenty-one feet thick; oeneath this again a layer of slate, aud then what la thought to be a nineteen foot vein of coal. Be low them,it is believed,is the solid rock. Altogether, there would seem to be a depth of nearly seventy feet of coal, and these veins are of eo vast extent that generations of men may dig from them before the fuel problem will seriously distress ns ThePapers for the Pcop ie WMtrly , , , Weekly (for Clubs of Five or mere , Dally (Hli pa pent) . 0 W.H.GRIDER. FIRM JSO. ii.thknowxt:. Late with G rider & LYn.e. W. ft SUBS& & CO, (Successors to Grlder Defile), ilASTJFACTIJKERS Oi? GRIDKK A CC,"S CElEC RATED AUD D" TjEBS IJf Cement, Plaster Hair, Fire Brick, F're Clay, Haj,CorntOa-s,BraB, rtc , 818 s?.owa? a&3?., Near Mob rite, Would most rap-ot'aHy solicit tbe paira. s o so lib rj-hy extended the late Arm d"' W. H GKIIJKR o. NLYPLACH In tbe city to buy tbe cheapest and b a COFFEES The American Journalist rsvh thnt I during tbe lait four weeks no leBa than two hundred daily and weeklv nowsna. pers have suspended publication iu this country alone; and it Is estimated tbat eight millions of dollars have been lost during the year in the publication busi ness. Sow many of the newsnaDera suspended because of the failure of sub scribers to promptly pay their subscrip tions, will never be known with any de gree ol certainty. The fact is the year 1874 was an unusually severe one on newspaper publishers and few anvwher ' uavo ujure tuau paiu expenses. While j ity or State. Ca l ami examine our luree-iourms or trie whole number that purcnaainic eisewir . a Boosted, Gronna r GriBBl.teil, and prepared by the latest Improved marl, n ry, is at the Memplim -team Coffee jliX Sptce Mills, mo onlv etitabll-hruea of tbo AIM SI have weathered tbe storm, have done it at considerable sacrifice. The city ad vertiFemenis, that country papers to some extent depend upon, have been either discontinued during the last six months, or materially reduced. This state of things will continue until abiut the first of March ext, when it i3 hoped we shall begin a seasou of prosperity. Europs bristles with bayonet?, although peace rains everywhere except in bpain. Germany ba an immenne army; the French army will within twelve years be increased to 1.S00.000 men, and Ru-aia will have a standing army of 750,000 md a reserve of 1,740, 000 Anuria could take the field with 500 000 men, Italy with 400 000, au i Turir.y with 200,100 Englaud has SMOOO men to def-nd her soil, and could put 7G0 000 to S00,000 men into a European war. ft. L. COCUttAfl. 8. A. HATCHKR. MM & GO. SJCCESSOKSJ TO TS. E. s J. "V7. CO CHE AH, m Ufilccs and Yards, Foot Washington St and 2io. 4 Uoward'a IJow. SawmlUq, KortA end of Savj'TarU, JT'KKP OON8TAJITLY S HAND A GEN 2. era! assortment of Building and Kram Inn Lumber, Weatherboardlne, 1; looting, Cell Shingles and Laths. Also, Doors, Mjwih, UndH, Urewed Lumber or all Hinds, etc. Are prepared to nu 'U"'o on the xbortest notice. uj LifiupelllluM nil ottr Inn. unr.i urittxi-. Hn til r .unit CotleeH ana fnrf i'rutttxt fcjr All goouo warranted as reoraaia arm rey reft-nded. V. H PO H ESOY & Cl., Pr-'p's, SG3 lain ml, f . m bin. P.8. Hriee-Urt sent I any Mhlr a -,. plication. !ec J. E. HTMPHHEXS. CIVIL EMBER. & SURVEYOR 19 MadleOD street, np stairs. IBM ARRIVAL A LARGE STOCK OF Fancy Candy, Toys, Snts, Falsing, Etc. Also, fine assortment of Cupid Leaven, Hoses, and Ornamenting Goots for Cakes, Wrapping XI vi Paper, Tor Rale CHEP AT WUOU-. HALE. Call toon aad scud In your orders at J01L B. RICARDI & CO.'S. meat, ench as bear, veniaon, tnrkey, etc. teagnes In every county in the 8tate,and I io nni,. street t s : t omphia. rn Jt'Le o was nothing to interrupt tnelr hap- ; ,or "'e consou lanon cr saia county or- mtv ganizauon. COJOOTTEES. The committee on organization in countirs and for the State Is as follows: H. M. Htreet, E. Barksdale, T. AL Grif fin, Henry Taylor, "W. C. Faulkner. The president announced as the com mittee to confer with the governor and the legislature In referenoe to the reforms recommenced by the convention: W. L. Nugent, T. J. Wharton, C. E Hook er, W B. Johnson, Wm. Palmer. The president announced the follow ing gentlemen aa the committee to pre pare an address to tbe people of the United States, ander the resolutions of fered by Walter. From City of Jackfon Wt P. Harris, chairman; E. Brksdale,George L Pot ter First Congreerlenal District D. B. Wright, tl. M. rttreet, J. M. Howry. decoud H. H. Chalmers, E. O. Wal tball.T. W. Walter. Thlrl-J. T. Harrison, Reuben Davis, IT C. Jaruaglu. 3i v. an,rd. " v"Jwal Oa motion nt XT m. .t gg5- MAGAZINES jffRry J BOUND. v PEISTIM HOUk -AJf- . C TO-OP, avw4- No. 15 Crt &rK? JUnipti ORDXiirt H Jos Printing U Booki nteed Merchants. halua.v. n..t. C . . "'.d Others, are rtwpeoi fatly rVftwlef .c call andaxamlnepvtwew aadorfre. A. VACCi&O. A. s. VAC , xxsa ozjtjtiow. ryiHK Arm of ScabrooIc & Buford is dissolved hrooK uavlng purchased the interest clTA.1 rTT .ir0 '- w, at rMona? 3 ourord cteceikKd, w-sumrs all liabilities and Is ;,. 5 -P"e ni ne anmoriEeu to tetued the bcsliicts of the lateflria. January 4,1875. 3M ew fir rwr. W, E, SEABRaOK & GO,, (Queceesors to Beabroost & Buford.) WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGISTS, So. 85 Main street, Memphis. 8. VAC0AM. c. BKnutAMa. I. J). CON A WAY, igent, ?Io. 10 ttadtton Kt., nerophl. Ten a. A Lnrn,ln intrusted to i w'!i.f?fl iSfibi2?a"'t tsutlcn. Chafes alW ' 3Z'jT,tZ. Prml.ioa to CoL T. I-Vasc. I C- A-Szi1" t-'iaMora Quak cBn5 1,1.. V- Laultls. Pmiin.n. ut.t. National iionl Fnrnfnnnri IVtllPftino So. SSi Frent Screws, s lOK'8 ClUHPAHSIt, Lynn. kJoi.tary -MjEJP 2?K. A. ix. TAlfiort, Pe of Msrap-as,, on mcraluiaM.