OCR Interpretation

Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, July 06, 1875, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045160/1875-07-06/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Apr 4 I
VOX, Ho, ISTO 189
Waskim;tos, July 6, 1 a.m.
In Tameuce and the Ohio vaUcy tla
nonary or riitbtg barometer, south or cast
v mat, stigM'y eoo'er ami partly oloudy
( ither, with ocoanional rains.
'Ihe Steamer A. J. fVIil C tlie Weeue of a
liloody A Hrs yAu UM (Trudge
liriallH In b Hilling ol
Tcrby by the till vcr.
t-y ciai to Ul Apical.
Helena, Ark,, July 5 A difficulty
-furred aboard tne steamer A. J. White
brtwt-en three and four o'clock this
ii. ruiDK,after leaving St. Louis landing,
Arkansas, between II N. Yerbj, B L.
ci iver ami N. Oliver, son of li. L. Oli
v t, resulting in the death of Yerby,
f'oin piMol-stiota tired by both Oliver,
t.iy une taking efftct lir'd by young
Oi.ver -it paw-lug through the left tem
C f Yerby lived an hour, unconscious.
A''er the shooting tiiey ordered thecap
tniti to land the boat, when they escaped.
I iifius that an old grudge existed
an -ut apiece of land owned by Yerby
Thecorouer'H jury held here returned a
verdict in accoidance with the above
A negro boy named Itobert Jackson
was drowned here yesterday while in
batuing. The body was not recovered.
oui: CAFiTor
A Memorable r.vent in Fonrlti ol Jnjjr
AiihhIs lUe Cornel-4toue I but
wan Laid Thirty Team
Acu To-On jr.
N-ishvillo I Dion and American.;
Oa the Fourth of July, 1SJ5, thirty
years ago to-day, the corner-stone of the
i -ii-Aa! XYrjiiessco was laid. Iu the
fi s of the loaal press of that day we
11 id the ceremonies more graphicslly
t esc! ioed than completely reported. One
.' the oest accounts is that of the old
r. ishvdle Whig, of July 8, 1S45, writ
t -1 by our present ciiy treasurer and
fel.ow-ci dzen, Anson Nelson. Many of
tnose who ligured most prominently iu
toe demonstration still live to take a
part iu the leading public affairs of the
nre--e!it altered times. Hon Edwin H.
liwii g, fir distance, was the orator of
iiio day, and John M. Bass and Samuel
iJ. Morgan, building commissioners.
Bat there still live bumueds of people
who were present in th obscure capaci
ty of spectators. Our p.e.'eut governor
wa oe of it host of schoolboys who
proudly joined in the procession at the
start, but whose patriotic enthusiasm
was consumed under the burning rays
of the euu before the ceremonies were
The arioii3 associations in the city
took from early morn till eleven o'clock
t ct'ebrate the "gloiioua Fourth" in
their usual maimer. At the latter hour
these, with legions of tho uuuniformed
and unbadged herd, collected on the
puolic Mjuaio and marched in proces
sion to Cmiitol hill, which they covered
w.i h or,e dense mass of humanity. The
ni'Msry compabies preeedtd, then the
Btate otiicers, building commissioners,
thearchitec- (Win. tJuickkmd) and the
orator or the day; next the Masons,
haaded by abau-d or muic, and display
ing tbree hauarrp ir.t-cribcd "Beauty,"
Strength" ai.d "Wisdom," each
staged on either tide by two girls rcbed
in boowy wiit-; ntxt invited guests,
distinguished citizjns, mayor and alder
men mot of Edctityl), the professors and
societies of the University of Nashville,
and O J ct-Fellow. As ever, the rear was
brt tight up by the noble firemen.
Wust the IFWsrsaysof the extremity
of the proceafclob is worth copyiug: "An
engine and ho?c-earriage formed not the
least attractive patt of the spectacle.
These were drawn each by four horses,
splendidly caparisoned, each horse led
by a sou of AiricH, habited in an Asiatic
costume, and four boys, superbly habited
in Oriental style also, rode the hordes
harut-td lo tne hote-carrlage. Theear
riago aud eugi'ie were tastefully deco
rated with wreaths and otbtr appliances
of pomp, a-jd, by their picturesque ap
pearas ce, c utribuleJ gieatly to the gen
eral effect."
The duty of laying the corner-stone
was assigned to the M&sons. Bev. Mr.
Wheat, chaplain of the grand ledge, of
frrod prayer before Mr. Ewing's address.
This sptech was published and com
meuded with unusual encomiums at the
The regular Masonic ceremonies for
such an occasion were then carried out,
the usual amount of miscellaneous plun
der being put out of the sight of man for
ever, by disappearing in the memorial
recepta'cle of the stone.
The building commissioners were Jno.
M. Bats, cuirmau; Samuel D. Morgan,
Morgan W. Brown, Jno. F. Eiliston,
Allen A. Hall and Jaa. Woods.
The then Mtate ottlcers who were pres
ent and participated were James C.
Jones, governor; John 8. Young, secre
tary of state; Felix K. ZillicotTer, comp
t'o'.ltr of the trei-ury ; Matthew Kelson,
-treasurer; Wt H. Humphreys, nttor-ny-goneral;
and Gerard Troost, stiite
The writer, a reporter, who is not so
much of ftti sntiuuaiian us one might
suppose from this -ketch, had not then
male hi3 tirrestrial debut, but he lias a
fri -nd and an associate who had just
beguu his mundane career, and who was
j.re-ut at the dsiemouy above describ
ed ard who thinks that his faculty of
memory was brought Into action for the
iirn time on that day. His rcminie
reiice of tho d jy's jubilee is a most in-tir-stii
g one. Ii. seems to him now,
that it was one hundred years ago that
he was oivi hill, where there was a pile
f t cfcs av.d lots of cedars, and the
w n If emincnc was crowned with pe o
p, r.r wti e" igated calico, as that
f a'-iie impiinted it image on his little
fancy more permii:ntly thau aiiythiug
t-l-t- H's ncolh-ctlon is the faintest
m, i.'ul R'&ie imaginable, and he would
sti.l be in iiiorHDce as to what event it
n '. ' d, if his father had not informed
uiui Uiat he (the youngster) was present
sua participated in the laying of the
corrr-stone of the capitol on the Fourth
of Jjly, 1S75
LuylnK at the Corner-htouo or a Sen
fpUcojinl Cliurcti Interotlo?
Cr moults ttc.
NasbviUe Union and American.!
Cl " rksville, July 1. Yesterday the
corui r-stone of the new Episcopal
church was laid on the site of tho old
ore on Franklic street. Amid a large
c .iicourse of citizens in thecpen air and
aficr the sLadis of the eveniLg had
1 gtheneJ s.nd the cool bieezes begau
M blow, the precession, preceded by the
rtvi retd clergy, followed by the senior
au.: junior warden and vestrymen of the
cntiK-.li, came out of th" pa'sonag? (old
Tr. nuy church having be ea pulled down
to make way for the new church i, re
citing with earnest and solemn intnna
t ion t he simple tut grand aud i mr ressive
i.tli of ihe church appropriate to the
ot-cit-iou. Proceeding to the southesst
corner, the clergy tootc position near the
. rner-ston, which had been prepared
and adju-ted in its position, with h hol
low made in it to receive strch articles as
miht be desired to be placed therein,
and by means of which iuture ges
might know the history of the edifice,
tlie condition of our people at this date,
as evidenced by the source of our re
ligion, the Holy Bible, public journals
aud periodicals, aud one of each of the
coins of the Uriled State?, bearing the
mint stamp of this year, etc , in a
word, such articles as, if found by some
sutiii'iary of a ceutury to come, would
give proper facts upon which to base an
estimate of our religion and civilization.
Upon a platform erected near by were
the choir of the church and an organ.
The organ, flayed in a inost.admimble
style by that accomplished musician
and teacher, Prof.'Biymond, accompa
nying the well-trained voices of the
choir, filled tho air with solemn and
sweet music. As the last notes of the
fcred song died away, Kev. William
Graham, of Christ church, Nashville,
with the mallet of the worker in stoue
in his hand, adjusted the first rock to bo
placed iu the wall, repeating, in doing
eo, that portion of the ritual appropriate
to tbo act. Striking the rock tliree
times, he eald: "In the name of the
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
Ghost. Amen. I lay the corner-stone
of an edifice to be here erected by the
name of Trinity churrii, and to be de
voted to the service of Almighty Gud,
agreeable to the principles of th Prot
estant Ep'.scnpel church in the Ouifed
States ot America, in its doctrines, min
istry, liturgy, rights and usg. Other
foundations 'ran no man luv than that
which is laid, even Jesus Const; who is
God over all, bleeped for evermoie, and
in whom we have redemption through
His blo-td, iDd the forgiveness cf sins.
After concluding thic" "oremouial, the
large audience was clled to order by
Hon. G. A. Henry, the senior warden,
who introduced to them the orator of
the day, Bev. Wm. Graham.
From his first sentence he-sttracted
and fixed the attention of his audience,
aud though many had ao seats, we do
not believe one single person present left
the place or faileJ to listen toevery wcrJ
tie utterel. He has just enough of the
Scottish accent to interest, win and at
tract evety ear, and when sc won, the
mind was charmed, i-ditied and elevated
with the eloquence, bearing and classical
style of the speaker.
But I will not undertake to give you
even an outline of this most appropriate
and admirable audress, as I hear a copy
hus been requested and given to the ves
try for publication in your valuable jour
nal. This much I will say, however,
that without distinction cf sects, the ad
dress was regarded as the most eloquent
and appropriate ever heard in this city,
celebrated as it was for Its cultivation,
Its taste and eloquent public speakers.
From tho fact t!. at our parish is now
without a rector, many thought it ar. ap
propriate oc -asiou to call one to iili the
position, aod some, in their enthusiasm,
proposed to elect Rev. William Graham
to the position by a unanimous vo'e
taken on the spot, and require the efli
cient and active vestry to ratify the same
in a more formal and canonical mauner.
The.writer heard many ask the orator
personally if he would not come, and it
required all tho dignity and sslf-posses-faion
for which he i eo eminently distin-
gulsueu tog-t a release from tneir press
ing importunities.
Sullice it to say, that the occasion was
eminently interesting, and iu its way as
complete a success as the church will be
in grandeur, beauty and symmetry of
architectural proportions when com
II o u ' rs UnrooJert nt Lebanon kisiI NIircIo
XrcfB mown Down A"f"rrllJls
Wator-'Spoiil la Until
crfurd Comity.
r.'.ibhvlllo 1'ani.cr.l
Nashville, July 4. Lebanon was
visited by a severe etoria of wind and
rain Friday. The courthouse was par
tially unroofed, tbo wind getting under
tho tin roof and liftirg it as easily as if
it had been paper. Tne Drifoos block
was ngain a sullerer, being stripped of
part of its rcof. This seems to be avery
unfortunate block, us it is visited by
every herd wind that blows. A great
many fine shrsdo trees weie blown down
in the various yards about town. Com
was flattened, and wheat shocks blown
dowH. Justice Baskette returned her8
Friday night from Midfijelon, Kuther
ford county, the place of Im nativity.
He says he had not been there before in
twenty years, and that its surroundings
had been no changed that he was only
enabled hero and there to discern some
old familiar landmark whioh had plainly
began to ebow the effects of tho marcn
of time. While passing from Middleton
to Fostervile, Friday, he witnessed ouo
of the severest rain storms he had ever
had the misfortune to encounter. It
was a regular water-spout. It seemed
that the bottom had dropped out of the
clouds. The water come down in great
sluices, which, forming into a gteat
body of water upon the land, swept
down the hillsides with great velocity,
washing away shocks of wheat, fences,
and filling up the roads and bottoms in
a remarkably short spaca of time. Much
of the wheat and other crops were badly
Ilnlfroail Accident.
Meridian, Miss , July 3 On Mon
day last as the western-bound freight
train was Hearing Lake, by some unac
countable freak, the caboofe car jumped
the traek and ran overthe ties a distance
of seventy-live yards or more until it
reached a small bridge, when one of the
rails was torn up and it struck the bot
tom of the car, smashing things up iu a
frightful way. In the car were Mrs.
S nith, of Lowry's Mills, Mr. Thomas
Watta of Newton, Conductor Wm.
I'eate and Mr. Frank Hill, brakesman.
All these occupants were thrown out
just after the bridge was crossed, and
before the train could be stopped, aud
all, except Mrs. Hill, were seriously iu
jore'd, though-jve learn no limb3 were
broken. In consideration of the danger
ous character of the accident, it seems
almost miraculous that some one was
not killed.
Fine Bluff Press: "A game o? cbesa
was played yesterday by telegraph be
tween Major Hunn, of this city, and
Mr. Galbreath, of Jackson, Mississippi."
Who beat?
John J. W. Rogers, biolhnr of Hon.
A. A. C Rogers, died recently near Pine
B!uf where he had resided sluce re
moving in 1850 from his native place
Sumner county, Tennessee.
Little Rock Gazette: Tiie following
named candidates for admission as ca
dets to West Point successfully passed
examination by the medical aud acade
mic board, on the third instant : W. S.
Amis, thitd district; W. H. Cravens,
fourth district; R. M. Dowdy, first dis
trict. All of Arkansas.
Fayetteville Democrat: "The presi
dent of the Arkansas press association,
Hon. John N. Smithee, in hit history of
the Arkansas pros, a3 delivered before
the association on the second of Jane,
1S75, fails in giving a correct statement
of the newsparers published in our city."
How will that aflkct the public welfare?
The Pine Biyil' Press says of Jefferson
county, "Here iu our alluvial bottom
lands from five to seven hundred
p.-unda of lint (or ginned) cotton to the
acr-, and from fifty to Eeventy-five
bushels of corn can be ga'hered each
year, and now comes Colonel Ben F.
Richardson, who is an extensive planter
near New Gascony, iu this county, aud
states that he has just harvested a crop
of wheat, about seven aires, that will
realize him sixty hu-hels to the acre.
Verily, Jollerson county is the garden
spot of the world."
Last week JtihuHogan, negro, invad
ed Mr. Russ Tucker's residence at Do
ver, and attempted to violate the person
cf his daughter, whose cries aroused the
household. The neighbors pursued the I
negro, who was caught. Tho Russell
ville Democrat says of the result: I
"Quickly and silently a rope was pro-1
cured, and after marching John to the ;
woods a few buudred yards from town, i
he was swung up, and after a few strug-1
gles the life of the reckless, desperate
man was ended, rnus, in less tuan an
hour, the devilish deed attempted by
this most unfortunate wretch brought
swift retribution upon his head, aud tho
rising sun found tho town as quiet antl
calm us though nothing had occurred,
few of tha citizens being aware of what
was going ou."
a a a5 if if g a BHiTra 3
i An Old-Fashioneil and Enthusias
I tic CeleJraliuu of tho Natal
My of the KepnWIc .
Everybody at the
Immense Crowd or Negroes at tho
Old Fair Grounds Speeches
ol Generals Pillow, For
rest and Others.
Sty'safeing at Court Square A
Great Gathering of the Peonlo
Picnics of tho Shenner
chor and St. Peter'd
Orphan Asylum.
Scenes and Incidents on the
Streets Bon Fires A Forty
eight Hour Fen de Joie
Liheral Display of
Eunting Etc.
Yesterday was intensely hot. It waa
a scorcher. Yet the streets were, all day,
filled with people, and the whole popu
latiou surrendered itself to the spirit of
tho "day we celebrate." Picnics were
in order and every park and available
place in the neighborhood of the city
was tilled with holiday-clad crowds who
seemed bent on making the most of the
occasion. The old fair ground was the
principal point of attraction on account of
the white speakers who had consented
to assist their colored fellow-citizens in
celebrating the day, and tbo largest
number of persons wera there congte
gated. The colored people had otrier
picnics, hue this was by long odd3 their
beat display. The white people enjoyed
ihemselvr-a in many ways, tho Germans
at the Mionuerchor picnic. and the Iiish
at the picnic of St. Peter's orphan asy
lum. Court square at night was a great
point of attraction with all classes, and
the speechoo of the several orators wero
well received. Firingjand the popping of
crackers was continuous for forty-eight
hours. There were quite a number of
bonfires, a few places were illuminated,
many Hags were displayed, and only
one or two accidents marred the general
loy. Wo may, therefore, vote the
Fourth a success.
At til 3 Old I'nlr GronndH.
The Fourth of July was yesterday cele
brated by the dilterent colored societies
of thin city, the turnout being large and
evidencing much interest. As early a
eight o'clock in the morning the sound
of the fife and drum indicated that the
colored organizations were assembling
at different points for the purpose of
marching iu procession to their respect
ive picnic grounds. In and around
Court square the negroes congregrated
in great numbers, for the central location
of this beautiful park renders it a kind
of rendezvous upon any public occasion
when a demonstration like that of yes
terday is to be made. Thither the
negroes congregated, and among the
crowd we noticed quite a number from
the country. While no demonstration
was made among the white citizens, in
asmuch as the Fourth was the day pre
vious, t et many were solicitous aud not
a few were anxious to know what would
become of the proposed psace-gathering
of the whites and blacks' at the Fair
grounds, to which place the Independ
ent Order of Pole-Bearers had invited a
number of prominent southern gentle
men, whose previously announced ac
ceptance (publiehed last week in the
Appkal) had become generally
kuown. There was no little anxiety
as to tho probable result of this meeting
aud conference, and it was quite nat
ural that ita approach bad aroused some
degree of interest, especially amor g the
thoughtiul of our community. . irom
the number of societies aud the display
made by them, it was evident that the
negroes intended making at least a great
jollity yesterday, for men, women and
children were Hocking about the streets
in anticipation of the procession of the
organizations. By eleven o'clock the
different processions had formed, and.
headed by bands qf music, paraded
along Second, Adams, Main, Madison,
Beale, aud other streets through the city.
From tho following may be seen what
organisations were in he
Baud of Mnsic.
Different. Societies of tb Independent Order
of l'ole-15erers, with K.ugs and Bamis.
Memphis ISap'ibt Sunday-School I'nion
Ouards, in Uniform, and bearing
Wooden (Jans,
iiurnl of Music.
Carriaje containing Officers of tho Society.
UnitolSomof Ham (tnreofaocletiee).
larriage containing tho Q,neeu of tho Day
and .Maids of nonor.
Twelve Carriages uonlaliig Female Members
of the Societies.
Band ofMu-ic.
Bsnevolpnt Sorlety No. 2.
St. John's Heliet Society.
United ons of Zlon fr o. .
Carriage containing Officers of the Organiza
were largely attended aud very much
eDjoyed. Over two thousand colored
persons werepre3eut at Humboldt park,
where the Sous of Ham cave their enter
tainment. At Alexander park the Sons
of Ham No. 2 gave their picnic, which
also attracted a very large crowd, the
principal feature Deing dancing. The
Exposition building was thronged with
coioied visitors, the attraction being an
entertainment given by Avery Chapel
benevolent organizatiau, managed by
Anderson Montgomery and Georg'o
Rash. At all of the above places, the
colored people did justice to the festivi
ties and pleasures incident to the Fourth
of July. The greatest occasion, how
ever, was thb entertainment given at
tho Fair grounds, rive miles from the
city, by the
Excursion trains on the Charleston
railroad went out several times during
the day. every car being packed. By
two o'clock there was a crowd of col
ored people present estimated at three
or four thousand. The different societies
of tho Pole-Bearers, v,iih three bands of
music, were there under charge of Pres
ident Hezekiah Henley, Grand-Marshal
John WisemaD, and Assistant-Grand-Marshal
Sam Farrish. Headed by the
Pole-Bearers' bras3 band, of which Mat
Stephens is leader, and Steve Brown
asalstant-leader,tbesoeieties formed out
side of the gate and marched Into the
inclrsure. The crowd increased with
the arrival of every train, and by three
o'clock at least live tnousand persons
were on the groundp, which presented a
real gala appearance. In one of the
long halls were spread fifteen or more
tables laden with refreshments and edi
bles too varied to mention. The north
hall of the building was devoted to
Terpsichore, whose votaries seemed
never wearied of the pleasure afforded
were General N. B. Forrest, General
Gideon J. Pillow, Colonel M. C. Galla
way, of the Appeal, Captain J. Harvey
Mathes, of the Ledger, Alderman Henry
G. Dent, Major Minor Meriwether aud
Dr. Clark. These gentlemen procured a
hack, in which they procteded from ths
city to the Fair groundp, where they
were received with much enthusiasm by
i President Henley, of the Pole-Bearers;
Grand-Marshal John Wiseman, Assist
I ant-Marshal Sam Farrish.and other ofii
1 cers of the organization. The gentle
I men were escorted to the main stand,
I where, in acordance with the pro
. cram me and invitations. General For
rest, General Pillow and Hon. Casey
Young were expected to address tao
colored people.
were opened by President Henley, who
said :
Gentlemen As representatives of
the Union, ol which we are members,
we come out to join you as tho repre
sentatives of the people. We are glad to
see you here, for we are come not to dis
cuss or to take part in politics, but to
pull down the political and to bring
about peace, joy and union. Applause.
When that is done there will he a mighty
shout. Cheers I hope all who are
here to-uay will do pleased, aud cau asy
when they return to their homes, God
lldss the Pole-Bearers! Immeu3o ap
plause I will now introduce to you
Brother G. W. Lewis, cf the Pole-Bearers,
who will read my
G. W. Levis then read tho welcome
address, as follows:
Gentlemen White friends of the
city of Memphis and Shelby county, it
affwds us great pleasure on this auspi
cious day to greet ycu one and all
with heartfelt respect, ai'd bid each of
jwu, geutlemen, au aff. otiouate wel
come. We sincerely thank you, hon
ored sirs, for your presence on this mo
mentous and memorable occasion. Let
us assure you, gentlemen (I apeak for
my people), that we feel cause for re
newed encouragement, and entertain a
new and well-grounded hope for our fu
ture success. When we remembrjthat
this sacred day we haveassembled to com
memorate is sanctified and made dear
to the heart of every true citizen of this
great commonwealth by the baptism of
American liberty, eealpd by the blood of
their fathers in 1776, we earnestly pray
that our future generations may proud
ly recall this auspicious period as the
moment in which fraternal discord has
takeu its leave forever from .the manly
and intelligent hearts of united Ameri
can brotherhood, resolved that peace and
forbearance, thatstays the aDgry passions
of men, shall prevail henceforward from
oue end of this great land of ours to the
other, in which, through God's provi
dence, our colored race may be permit
ted to eDjoy a becoming and permanent
part. In our heart of hearts, gentle
men, we again reiterate our grateful
thanks for the kind consideration you
manifest, in your presence, with our
peopls to-day, which we will endeavor
to appreciate in thefuttire,and for which
we thauk pach of you, gentlemen, at
this time. Applauso.
The reading of the above addres3 was
frequently applauded, aud at its conclu
sion the baud played a quick air.
Presidenc Henley then said : "General
Forrest, allow me tc introduce to you
Miss Lou Lewis, who, as the representa
tive of the colored ladies, will present
you with a bouquet to assure you ot tho
sincerity they eutertain for the objects
of this occasion cheers aud as an offer
ii.g of peace."
Lou Luwis then advanced to where
General Forrest wa3 standing aod pre
sented the bouquet with the following
"Mr. Forrest, allow me to present you
this bouquet as a token of reconciliation
aud an ollering of peace aud good will."
General Forrest received the bouquet,
and in reipoiisa said:
Ladies and Gentlemen I accept
the flowers as a memento of reconcilia
tion between the white and colored
races ol the southern States. I accept
It more particularly as it comes from a
colored lady, tor if there is any one on
God's earth who loves the ladies I be
lieve it is myself. Immense applause
and laughter ThU day is a day that is
proud to me, having occupied the posi
tion that I did for the paBt twelve years,
and been misunderstood by your race.
This is the first opportunity 1 have had
during that time to say that I am your
friend. I am hero a representative of
the southern people, one more slandered
and maligned than any man in the na
tion. I wili say to you and to the colored
race tiiat the men who bore arms aud
followed the Hag of the Confederacy are,
with very few exceptions, your friends.
I have an opportunity of saying what I
have always felt that I am your friend,
for my interests are your interests, and
your interests are my interests. We
were bora on the samu soil, breathe the
samo air, and iivo in the same land.
Why, then, can we not Uveas brothers?
I will say that when the war broke out
I felt it my duty to stand by my people.
When tho time came I did tlie best I
cou'.d, aud I don't believe I llickered. I
came here with the jeers of some white
people, who think that I am doing
wrong. I believe that I can exert some
influence, and do much to assist the peo
ple in strengthening fraternal relations,
and shall do all in my power to bring
about peace. It has always been my
mottoe to elevate every man to depress
none. Applause. 1 want to elevate
you to take positions in law offices, iu
stores, on farms, and wherever you aro
capable of going. I have not Raid any
thing about politics to-day. I don't pro
pose to say anything about polities. You
have a right to elect whom you please;
vote for tbo matt you think best, aud I
think, when that is done, that you and
I are freemen. Do as you consider right
and honest in electing meu for office. I
did not come hero to make you a long
speech,although invited to do so by you.
I am not much of a speaker, aud my
business prevented me from preparing
myself. I came to meet you as
friends, and welcome you to the
white people. I want you
to come nearer to us. When I canscrve
you I will do so. We have but oue flag,
one country; let us stand together. We
may differ in color, but not in senti
ment. Use your beat judgment in se
lecting men for office aud vote as you
think right. Many things have been
said about mo whi h are wrong, and
which white and black persons here,
who stood by me through tbo war,
cm contradict. I have been in the heat
of battle when colored men, asked
me to protect them. I have placed my
self between thorn and the bullets of my
men, aud told them they should be kept
unharmed. Go to work, bo industrious,
live honestly and act truly, and when
you are oppressed I'll come to your re
lief. I thank you, ladies and gentle
men, for this opportunity you have af
forded me to bo with you, and to assure
you that I am with you in heart and in
fiand. Prolonged applause.
Tho Pole-Bearers' band then played a
piece, at the coudti-'ion of which Presi
dent Henley introduced General Gideon
J. Pillow who spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman, and Pr sident and Members of
the Order ot PoU-Rearer.:
By your special invitation, published
in tbe Appeal, aud iuvitiug me to be
present at your celebration of tha Fourth
of July, aud to address you such couusel
and advice as we might think best cal
culated for your advancement, and for
the promotion of tlie harmony and well
being of tbe two races of people who
dwell in ihis section of the country, I
now appear before you to comply with
that request. This I do from a sense of
duty to the couutry and a3 a proof that
tho white race feel an interest in the
welfare of your race. Allow me to eav
further that I am Lot a candidate for
any office, and that I never expect to
seek your votes. The white race of the
American people have celebrated tho
anuiversary of the nation's birthday
ever since they achieved its in
dependence. To commemorate the
event of a natiou born to free
dom is a patriotic duty. It is meet
and proper that a people so blessed
as have been the Americans should
keep these anniversaries as national
holidays, and that they should return
thanks to the Gieat Ruler of nations.
The infant natioD, whose birthday you
now celebrate, has since grown into a
great asd powerful government, with a
population of perhaps fifty millions, and
wi'h a territory, the largest m the world,
with perhaps one exception, and with
all its laws, its powers and authority
exerted to protect the rights and liber
ties of its people. Its flag is the ac
knowledged symbol of liberty all over
the world. In every nation and clime
and tongue, wherever this flig is f eeq,
it is recognized as the emblem of rfte
great confederate republic of America,
whose powers are dedicated to the pro
tection of the liberties and to the pr. -motion
of the happiness and welfare f
Its people. The fundamental politic il
maxim of the government is that it .l
rives ita existence and powers f.)-.i
the people, and that it exists for U:-.r
benefit. It thus reverses tho pol: i ai
maxima of other governments from tho
remotest period of time; that is
that government exists for the benefit
of the ruling powers, aud that the
people, their rights and welfare, are of
secondary importance. When this na
tional government waa formed, your
fathers and mothers and ancestors were
held in slavery. This system of slavery
had been introduced into the American
provinces by tho laws and policy of the
government of Great Britain. Slavery
then existed in all the States composing
the Union, with one exception. Tho
northern States at au early day adopted
a sjiitem of gradual emancipation. Tola
resulted in tne removal of nearly all the
slaves from those States to the southern
States of the Union. Here your race
multiplied and was most prolific In
less than a century it bad increased from
some hundreds of thousands to over fmr
million of souls. The late great civil war
of the States resulted in your emancipa
tion. No nation, in ancient or modern
times, engsged iu civil war, ever mus
tered such armies, or fought such battles,
83 did the people of this great republic.
In the latter part of this war many of
your race were drawn into the Federal
armies. That government offered you
your freedom. To accept the offer was
but natural. Many of tho southern
leaders were in favor of making
you a like ofler. But that pol
icy did not prevail, and "by
your arms you helped to achieve your
own emancipation. President Lincoln's
emancipation proclamation was the first
official recognition of your rights to free
dom. That proclamation was issued on
the thirty-first of September, 1803. Tho
triumph of the Federal arms gave force
and permanency to the emancipation
proclamation of the President. The
several amendments to the Federal con
stitution, since adopted, placed your
freedom and your civil and political
lights under the protection of that instru
ment and of the Federal government.
Your rights and those of the whius race
are thus put upon the same footing. You
and I are equal bafore the law. All the
powers of that government are pledged
for your enjoyment of the liberty and
the right? guaranteed by tbe constitu
tion. The white race, in ths war of the
revolution, achieved their own inde
pendence and established this govern
ment. That government gave you your
liberties. You were taken from your
farmer owners by Ita strong arm, and at
the cost of millions of its treasure and
oceans of the blood of tho white race,
and you were made the equal before tue
law -.if the richest and greatest of tbo
w!i't9 race. No power on the earth
coul i re-enslave you. You have been
told by bad men that the white race cf
the south are your enemies, and that
they would re-enslave you. This is
false. No man of truth and honor
would tell you so. The white race of
the south are your natural friends. In
the late civil war, the. wbUe raca in the
south were engageiFift deadly c inflict
with the government, growing out of
disputed constitutional questions
questions involving tbe rights of the
States and the powers of the genera!
government. They would have pre
vented your emancipation if thoy could,
but the white race in the south was itself
overcome and conquered by the great
armies of the government. While your
former owners would have prevented
your emaucipation, yet they would uot
now re-enslave you if it were left to
their own free will. Those who tell you
otherwise utter a calumny on tho white
race, and they know it to be a calumny.
Having thus had conferred upon ycu
at a cost iu blood and treasure so great
the priceless boon of liberty, it remains
to be seen whether your raca will appre
ciate this great act of beneficence off
the part of the nation and prove your
selves worthy the liberties of Ameri
can citizenship. In the history of tho
human family there is no instance re
corded of a government, at such a cost
to its people and treasure, emancipat
ing a race of people and elevating it to
full citizenship. To fulfill your duties to
this government.you should always bear
to it true allegiauce. But this is not your
whole duty. You should obey all its
laws; you should be sober and industri
ous people, and by your energy and fru
gal habits, you should add to the aggre
gate wealth of the natiou, and acquire
for yourselves the necessaries and com
forts of life. If you should be idle aud
iudolent, or dissipated, you will become
paupers and vagabonds. Alio! that class
will prove themselves unfit for liberty.
Liberty consists in the rational enjoy
ment of equal and just laws. Liberty
is not licentiousness. It is not in the
uubridled indulgence of your own lusts
or passions. These indulgences are sure
of destroying your lives and usefulness.
No physical law is more certain in its
regults than that such habits beget di; -ease
and death. All that class of your
race will rapidly disappear. The gov
ernment has given you your liberties,
and conferred upon you the full citizen
ship which was the birthright of the
white raca. It can do no more
for you. It cannot place you in ease and
wealth. These things can be acquired
by you, as they are by tho industrious
and frugal of the white race. It is the
great law of our being that we must
live by the sweat of our brow. By in
dustry, sobriety and frugal habits, every
mau, in the enjoyment of good health,
cau acquire tne necessaries and com
forts of life. Intelligence is power, and,
when combined with frugal aud indus
trious habits, it is wealth. The value of
intelligence caunot bo overestimated.
You need most tho means of education.
The grown up of your race are advanc
ing and have advanced in intelligence
very much since your emaucipation.
The education ol the people is tho duty
ot the States in which you aro citizens.
That does not pertain to the por ers and
duty of the Federal government. The
wiiite race cf Tennessee have, by their
own free will, voted a tax upon their
property to raise the means of educating
tho rising generation of the white and
black races. While by law the Sfate
k'eps the schools for the races separate,
i . gives equal advantages to each race.
The fact that the white race thus taxes
the property owned by it to educate
your children is evidence of tbe con
viction on the mind of that race that
they a'e interested in your intelligence
as a race. It is au acknowledgment
that the two races have a common in
terest in each other and in each other's
welfare. Intelligence, with iadustrious
and virtuous habits, will certainly beget
respectability and social position. So
cial position and respectability can be
won by any of you, but these the gov
ernment cannot confer. It has not and
caunot confer these upon any of the
white race. It is the fruits of moral
worth. This is not and cannot be made
a legal right. Equal and just laws, with
a great and powerful government to en
force them, we now have. Next to theso
equal and just laws is an honest admin
istration or the laws. Honest and ca
pablo laws are essential, and the only
means of preserving the rights and lib
erties of the people. "Where the;e offi
cers are chosen by popular vote, as they
are in this government, the responsibil
ity resting on the voting populatioa is
very great. The highest duty you owe
your country, as citizens in the exer
cise of the elective franchise, is to
vote for none but honest and capable
men for any office. My advice
would bs to discard all partisan
views, to disband all colored political
organizations. It was these colored po
litical organizations in hostility to the
white race of tho south that nroduoed
! the color-line amoug the white race cf
' the south. You have seen its workings.
The interests of the white and coioied
races in the south are inseparably inter
mingled, and aro dependent on ewh
other. What advances the interests of
the one advauces the interests of the
other. I purposely avoid all dUeassIou
of political questions. This is a day ded
icated to the commemoration of a nation
born to freedom. The discussion of po
litical questions would bo out of place,
and would mar the dffty cf the patriot.
we may wen speaK ci tne power, great
ness and glory of the government, and
of tho dut s of the pr.trlots, and of those
virtues, b.bi:s and pursui's which are
calculated to elevate the citizen and to
advance him in social position and iu
the scale of civilization. In all yonr
dealings with others, be honest, truthful
and just Fulfill your coutrac's in good
faith. B kind to your fellow-men, aud
be courteous and polite to all men.
These will beget the confidence and re
spect of all men. Social position i3 the
fruit of these, and will as certainly fal
low the practice of these virtues as reli
gion follows the practice cf morality and
tho christian virtues. The government
can no more confer on you social posi
tion than it cau morality and religion.
It has conferred upon you equality bs-l'-re
the law, and it will protect you in
the enjoyment of these equal rights with
all its powers; but it caunot make you
industrious and ust-ful men; it caunot
make you good christians, nor compel
others to regard your social standing.
These are beyond ita powers, but they
are as much within your own control as
are your habits of industry, frugality and
virtue. I havo said that tho white race
of the south are your natural IViends
You were misled at tho eud cf the war
by bad men cf the Republican party,
who wore seeking to use your votes to
get into power and into lucrative office.
Theio places thpy wanted for their own
selfish purposes. They pandered to your
prejudices; they told you that you should
have forty acres of land and a mulo, and
that the rebels would put you back into
slavery. By your votes ntauy of them
reached positions they were not worthy
to fill, aud they practiced frauds upon
the State governments and the
people, aud robbed the coun
try of vast amounts of money.
But they did not get for you the forty
acxe3 of land aud tho mule" If you had
not thus put yourself In tho hands of tho
enemies of southern white people, but
had placed your couiideucj in them and
had co-operated with them iu necessary
reforms in the policy of State govern
ment, they would have risen your ullies,
aud would have adopted such forms of
legislation as would have greatly ad
vanced your interests. It is the fate of
the white race in the south and of your
race to dwell in this section of country.
You wero born aud raised iu the scuth.
Your constitctiuus are suited to the
mild and genial climate of the south.
The native climate of your race was in
the tropical region of Africa. There
your ancestors havelived sines the early
settlemnnt after the Hood. The cold
climate and long winters of tho north
you will not bear. But your race can
live and prosper iu all the tat03 of the
south. No race of people have ever in
creased ao rapidly as did yours while in
a state of slavery. The gr;at want of
your race now is home.j laud to culti
vate which is your owa. We havo In
the south land in great abundance for
ten timea the whole population of the
south. We have all" the open land
which was, cultivated before your emau
cipation, We havo open laud enough
to furnish you all with good homsa and
to cultivate, if it was properly dis
tributed. It la all of good quality. An
industrious man could make a good liv
ing on any of it. Vast quantities of
these lands are now uncultivated and
are the richest in the world. This land
belongs mostly to the white race. You
arrayed yourselves and your influence
against them. You bscame active poli
ticians, and sought to rule and oppress
the southern people by yoar Yankee
friends. They have ruled aud ruined
the country since "tho war, at-d by your
support. You organized your whole
race in hostility to the southern people.
To counteract this, the white race or
ganized against you, all nationalities.
This color-line was a line to fight over
and across. Matters had nearly reached
that point. If that issue becomes gen
eral all over the south it must result ia
the destruction of your race. With tbe
assumption of your natural position of
fiiends and allies of tho southern white
people, the legislation cf the south would
becore friendly toward your people.
Left to themselves, the white race hav
ing a direct interest in your welfare and
prosperity, would seek by just laws to
advance your interests and to qualify
you for good citizens. " ithout tliH la
bor of your race the gret body ol the
land iu the south would go uncultivated.
Without this land to cultivate you could
not live There is therefore a depend
ence lietween the races tho ono
on Ui' other which makes the
prosperity of either impossible with
out the well-being of the other.
If you cease your hostility to the
white race of the south, aud fall into
the general policy and intents of the
south, and identify yourselves in inter
est with them, and vote for none but
honest and capable men forclli?e, we
would correct the abuses which have
crept iuto every department of busine a?.
The wisest statesmanship would adopt
measurea which would in the end enable
you to gei homes of your own, and land
to cultivate. There are millions of acres
of land all over tho south forfeited to
the States for non-payment of taxes.
Let congress and the States legislate in
harmony for tho disposition of these
lands. The States aro bankrupted be
cause the owners of these lauds cannot
pay their taxes. Let laws be passed
providing that after a certain period of
time within which for these lauds to be
redeemed, the States eball sell the unimproved-
lauds so forfeited to the gen
eral gA'crumsutatonediillar and twenty-live
ceuts per acre, and at two dollars
and fifty cents per aero for improved
lands, payable ia its levy bonds; pro
vided th j general government shall have
these lands laid of! into twenty and
forty-acre lots, and will resell them at
the same prices, to actual settle's. In
this way and by these means the States
would b3 greatly relieved from their
enormous debts, and iu a few years tlie
great body of industrious men, who
would save their means, would ha able
to secure to themselves and their fam
ilies comfortable honips. There is not a
man of you but could save one hundred
dollars a year if you would try ; that
would get you a home. Under such a
system, sept in force for tan or fifteen
yoars, fully two-thirds of the industrious
aud ab'e-budied men, white and black,
could procure themselves good homes.
Then, ag3in, many of the old landed
proprietors still hold large bodies of their
former estates iu theirownhaud3. There
is no sale of these lands, for there is no
marfitt tor them. They ca.iuot work
them. Let congress pses laws author
izing tho government to receive relin
quishments of such lands as owners will
convey to it, at a fixed rate, to bo paid
for in ita levy bonds, and let tht e lands
be laid off by the government into twen
ty aud forty-acre lots, and bo resold to
actual tettlers, white and black alike,
at the same prices the lands are con
veyed to it. These sales should be made
by the government on annual pay
ments. In this way and from these two
sources the great body of tbe southern
white and black races could be provided
with homes within a period of ten years.
The details of this system I do not enter
into. The Federal and State govern
ments aro equally interested in the peo
ple, who are citizeus of both, having
permanent homes, and in their prosper
ity and well-being, and in the aggregate
wealth which good citizenship, indus
try, and a thrifty and permanently fixfd
population, identified with the soil,
will be suro to beget. Liberty, with
the means of comfortable livelihood,
is a gieat blessing; liberty with pauper
Ism means the jail, the workhouse and
the penitentiary system of slavery. Lib
erty of this last kind ia but a
name a delusion. It Is a condition ol
dependence so Bearly akin to slavery as
to have but little practical value. My
colored friends, give up politics as a pur
suit. It cn'y pa3 the cfliceholders. It
does not feed aud clothe your wife and
children. That man is your best friend
who tells you how to return yourfrieudly
relation with your old friends and neigh
bora, and who points out the way to you
o' solid prosperity, and who proposes t
adopt laws friendly to your intejests.
The great need that you have Is 'o be
come the owner of your ov. n onme, aod
of land on which to mako a support.
The suggestions above, if carried iuto
effect by prudent laws and wi leginli
tion, would relieve the Statf s. from op
pressive dert, would great'y reduce the
taxea upon all interests and rursut s,it.d several colored gentlemeu,wi eould do
would soon provide many poor and . jIM,iw tothe occasion, wouW also ad-homele.-s
white and black citizens wi'h t .ire the crowd. The distinguished gen-
homeS. Tll'S system WOUld Uiat-lily tlmn vrr.T thor Invit..! to ttartalre of
Injure no one. iS'o man haa a right to
noiu and own property on
which ho cannot pay ths irjcm
due to the government for pro
tecting his rights of property and person.
Allegiance and protection sr erWve
duties. A man who cannot or will not
pay his taxes has forfeited his allegiance
aud cannot claim the protection
of the laws of tho govern
ment. If all tae people of Ten
nessee should cease to pay the taxes on
their lands, we should cease to have any
government. If one may never pay his
taxes, then justice requires that iioue
shall be required to do so. Upon the
principle of justice all govern
ments mu9t rest. There i1 no
juslica or equality of lights
in a government making one class ot ita
population pay taxes and of its allowiug
another class never to pay. The State
government cannot continue to exist
without its revenues. If men cannot,
or will not, pay their taxes and help ;o
support the government, pa3s the land to
those who can aud will pay the taxes. If
by this means the great body of the poor
men, white and black, can get homes,
and raise their families, and become
identified with the soil, and help to sup
port the government and make the
means necessary to her existence, and
add to tl'e great aggregite wealth of the
State and Federal governments, a wt-e
statesmanship should shape the policy of
State and the National legislation ac
cordingly. During the delivery of his address
General Pillow was frequently and most
heartil applauded.
Colonel M. C. G&Ilaway, of the Ap
peal, boiDg introduced by President
Henley, said:
My Countrymen I regret excrel
ingly T am incapacitated from speaking.
I make my living by wriiiog. I never
made a speech in my life, but I have
this to say to you: the invitation from
President Henley, of the Independent
Order of Pole-Bearers, is one of the
greatest things of tho pge it is mag
nauimous. It buried the hatchet, and
we are nw fncuds. Cheers. I have
here a letter from our congressman, Col.
Casey Youg, which my frienJ, Col.
G. P. M. Turner, will plessa read. Ap
plause. .
Colonel Turner then arose aud said:
Mr. President and Fellow-Citi-zens
At the request of Colonel Galla
way, it affords me pleasure to read in
your hearing a letter from our distin
guished representative in congress, Hon.
Casey Ycuug, who. by reason of a per
sonal miiforlune, nunable to be here,
but whoso heart is filled with patriotism,
whose words aro always just,aad whose
soul holds out the olive-branch of peaca
anu good will to his fellows. You will
listen to his words with pleasure. I will
read them. Cheers.
was then read by Colonel Turner, as
Memphis, July 5, 1ST"..
Colonel M. C. Uallaway:
Dear Sir Confined to my room by
injuries resulting from a recent unfor
tunate accident, I am unable to attend
the celebration of the Fourth of July, to
be had to-day by the colored people, and
to which, along with yourself and other
gentlemen, I was invited some days
since through tho columns of the Ap
peal. I write you this note to express
my regret that I cannot be present with
the others included in the invitation at
tho proposed celebration, and to request
you to make known to those who in
vited us the reason of my absence and
the interest I feel in the development of
the spirit which seems to prompt their
actiou. Cheers. In recent mani
festations upon the part of the
colored people I trust I eee
a gratifying evidence that they are be
ginning more clearly to perceive aud
comprehend thau heretofore the neces
sity of a more thorough Identity iu feel
ing and action with the people amoig
whom they live, and with whose inter
est aud fortunes their own destiny act!
that of their posterity must bs linked
for many generations to come. The
future relations of the two races in the
southern State3 is a subject fraught wita
the greatest interest and importance to
every thoughtful mind; for whatever
intent be the capacity of the one or the
other to work out its own destiny il left
aloup, free from geographical contact,
yet living in the same territory, raiu
gled as they are iu our social and politi
cal structure, there must of neets.-ity
exist something of mutual intere.-t and
mutual dependence. App'.ausB Wuat
those relations ought to be, is and has
been for years apparent to every one
who haa looked calmly, without parti
san zeal or individual prejudice upon
the situation of the couutry and the cir
cumstances which havo surrounded us,
but how to accomplish a result so
earnestly desired by those regardful of
the public well-being, ha been a ques
tion much nioro difficult of solu
tion. There is little or nothing iu
the past connection of the two races
whicti could be wisely evoked to aid iu
shaping their future. It were, therefore,
better to let the past be forgotten and
look alone to tho condition of the pres
ent to determine those that are to come.
It may be true, as they say, that the
colored people have, since the war, suf
fered a multitude of evi's at the hands
of those who claimed to be their best
and truest friends, but perhaps this was
what might have been expected under
the peculiar circumstances, which have
surrout led them; but, however, the
road to their delivei uice from these
evils is open, and they have only to
pursue it to escape from their influence.
Applause. Their destiny is, in a great
measure, in their own hands and under
their owu control, aud they may, by an
intelligent comprehension of the privi
leges aud duties of citizenship, and an
honest md conscientious discharge of
ita obligations, advance in process,
prosperity aud happiness, or by becom
ing blind iLstruments for the ac ,m
plishmeut of selfish purposes, i'l ihe
hands of bad men of any class, they
may bring degradation and ruin upon
their r.-e. Applause. It i3 ouly
by cuitivati: g a friendly spirit
between the two races, dealing j isily
aud fairly with each other and waiting
with patience and forbearance for the
effect of time and experience, that the
permanent interest and prosperity of
both ni3y be secured. Applause" To
assist in bringing about these ruit-i is,
iu my judgment, oue of the highest
duties of the patriot aud philanthropist.
I accept this occasion as the auspicious
beginning of a period in tbe history of
the south, when every feeling of enmity
and hostility which may have hereto
fore existed between the white and the
colored races shall have passed away,
and when every class of our people shall
havo a higher conception of the duties
and obligations which devolve upon
them in the respective positions they
occupy in our system of society and gov
ernment. I am yours, very respectfully,
At tho conclusion of the reading the
crowd gave "three cheera for Colonel
Casey Young," and this was followed by
music from the band.
Aldermau Henry G. Dent being in
troduced by President Henley, said that
be was not here for the purpose of mak
ing a speech; lie never did make a
speecb, and even if he eonhi make oik
he would not do so to-day, m time b
the gentlemen who piecedett btatttn i
the letter of Colone'. Vciiug ue surUcieii t.
This was a proud l; v f r nim, xs he bad
been laboring for i: f r five yearn, a fee:
whieh many present eoold testify. His
object iu arising was merely to express
hid gratification at tbe result aod thaak
toem for .inviting iiim to be preeent
I with them. Applause
I After a lively air by the baud, rresi-
deut Henley stated that they would re
I psir to the dinner-table. After dinner
' they would resume the exercise, a--j
Msjor Minor Meriwether and Colon-!
1 rPnrntr vara Bnviua in ciom V vlti
Snra-r,,M dinner, to whish they did
fml ju.si
After dinner the crowd remb?et
in the grand stand and President Heu
hy :l"oi introduced Major Minor Meri
wtt e . 1 his gentleman infiorwd wha'
had been said by General Forrest an-l
Gmeral Pillow. He hoped that thin
occasion would realize the expectations
of ita frieuds and those who had sought
to orir.g about fraternal aud ainWble
relations between the white and the
colored people. He warmly commended
the undertaking, aud encouraged them
to carry out its purpose, the accom
plishment of which would benefit both
white and black, and promote their mu
tual interests. Major Meriwether was
applauded several times during his re
G. W. Lawis then read the following
address of President Henley
To the Colored Ladies and Gentlemen:
This day we celebrate is commemora
tive cf tbe national birth of our great
country, whk-h occurred ninety-nine
years ago. At that important period
this greit republic was born andnehete I
into existence as an independent nation.
She emerged from the heel of tyraary
aud oppression aod wadei thruugh the
gloom cf fraternal strife antl adverse
storms, proud and unscathed, full of dig
nity aud victorious, strengthened in
every well-tried nerve and mucle, and
though then iu her iiifincy and swaddling-clothes,
this infant giant etouds
boldly forth to-day in the mjisty t f na
tional poiver second in atUuenee and
ability to no other nation iu this wWe
universe, proudly challenging the admi
ration and respect cf the world, who
court her acquaintance to euiulVe her
virtues. Her vast storehouses awl fer
tile fields; her beautiful suburban pe
aces; her extensive, magnificent an,;
orderly, wtii-built ciuea, fraught with
the noie and bustle of mecharical and
lommercial industry, attest and bear in
controvertible evidence f tho inventive
geniti3, frugality and perseveienceof on'
enterprising people. Her ample and
well-timber' d terr.Toriea, pregnant wi'h
the varied and richest ore; aer promi
nent headlands and deep-indented bays,
with the watera of her inland seas and
large rivers mingling in unison with the
stormy Atlantic aud mild Pacific, ard
the sinuosities of her variegated ana uu
dtilating boundaries sweep in curved
meander their trailing forma from the
frozen regions of the far north to the
balmy shades of our own sunny south,
and in all thia bread bosom of healthy
valleys and fertile plains she Invites to a
home and freedom he oppressed, down
trodden and hoinelets, from all natiors
uuder the shilling suu. The merebtuat
inarine of our vast empire spread thtir
white wings to the breeze and dot that
vast expanse of sea; her beautiful craft,
of every size and capacity, are found
carrying our Nation's surplus products to
every clime and peoplo on the habileti
parts of the globe. The Hag of our coun
try is spread to the breeze iu every har
bor, port or roadstead where a vessel cau
euter or ride at anchor, and are found in
the mo3t remote parts of the earth; and
from tho Callirdens in Africa to the pal
ace of the mikado cf Japan, in
cluding the almoud-eyed sons of
Confuciu?, yea, even to the mighty
monarchsof Europe we repeat iu ait
those vast emplrea of the earth, from
the least to the greatest, tbe old Stars
and Stripe3 of- America are greeted with
affectionate regard, and all nations join
in wonder, adulation antl true respect
for the increasing energy and indom
itable oroweaa of the American peo
ple. My colored brethren, have you
ever seriously considered the import
ance and dignity attached to the
honored position of an American cit
zan? Have you, in your leisure
thoughts, ever carefully considered
tho dignity and value of American sov
ereignty? Or bavo you ever er j lyed the
elastic step of the fre?man who feels atd
knows he'is worthy the sanctified privi
lege of membership in the Teat Ameri
can family, proudly sheltered by the
gloriou3 flag of our Union? If you have
not carefully endeavored in the past to
realize those values, think of its Im
portance in the midnight hour, when the
Concluded on fourth jxtge.
DAVIS NiSElTT On the loth of June, In
Marshall county, Mississippi, at the rkl&nce
of the bride's ;mother, Mrs. M. NeefeUt, by
Kev. It. It. Evan?, chari.es R. Days, of
Shelby county, Tences3e, and Miss Mart M.
daughter of the late Dempsfy Neibitt.
ALhXANDEIt Died at 5i ajo., Jaly4tb.
I!kktik gray, twtn daughter of Robert H
and L. A. Alexander. Interment at Raleigh'
July 5th.
GltURBS-On t';e3d instant, by drowning.
John Morgan Ububbs, ran of w. R. ami Ma
liudaGrnbbs, aged lSyesrs 9 months and IS
Funeral fron the residence on Thornton
avenue, this (TUESDAY) afternoon at 4
O'clock. Friends of the family are respect
fully Invited to at tent.
TEMPLB OFLOVCNO.l. The members of
the Temple will meet this (TUESDAY) even
ing at 2 o'clock, at SO Second street, to atttnd
the faneral of Templar J. M. URi'im.
Visltln; brotuers are invited to attend. By
Ed. D. Coi.e. R. H.
" ..i.hwii i ,, -m awfc hbji
?To. 303 Tliird Street.
S izztaxn. o Sossiort
Dividend Notice.
1 Cerman National Itenic have tbM dav
declared a dividend of
TETf l'lt CEKT.
out or the earnings ot the past lx OKHiUM,
payable on demand.
5 MARTIN GRIFFIN, ' ashler.
Royal Havana Lottery. IS75
Class No 950.
Claw No. 961
Clas-i No.SS2
on the MMi of July.
on tbe 2Kb of July.
on the Mittof AiW.
Cla--s No. 96.1 j. on the aothof AMHM.
CI s No. Jii on th 17th ot September.
SiZ frizes and f ,tw to be dislrtbsMct eeh
This Lottery never po-tpone Mm drawl mc or
fall in anything promteed. OfflrNl Ms of
prizes sent to every purchaser of tickets. Mead
money by pontetBce order, reffniered letter.
expr or draft tfeml for circular. All prize
Odfihed at th rate of eznhaose.
Prices or Wh!e ilekote$J; Hal TJekete
JI8; Quarter Ticket fi: Fifth Ticket, Hi Ti
Ticket, t!. Addres all orders to
Ju6 168 Common btieet, New Orleans, La.

xml | txt