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1 S3 ,m T EBTABLISRED 1840. MEMPHIS, 'TENN WEDNESDAY, APEIL 12, LS76. VOL. 360 NO 89 CLOMAU KATES J'tcta-doy qt octfon and pota; JVfew Fcr:, coffow, lSJc; Memphis, 12jc. -' orX, ofoted a 113; Mom- WKATHBIl PROBABILITIES. Vab tint, Orrjcr Ch. H'o. Ojticeb.1 -.ji.wtjj, April 12. 1 J iOr IcnnciKe and the Ohio valley, fiaUonary pretmrc and temperature, x:elcTly winds, and partly oloudy tcczthcr. Bn. DkaC3E, a celtbrated pbyelcian of Birlln, la dead. TilE statement elfewhore published in le'crtnca It Blaiae, 'a denied by him and the cflleial of the Union 1'dcifio jcaJ. The California senate committee is taking testimony in San Francisco aa to tbe Chinese system of emigration. Bich tLvelopmentti. The house committee on appropria tions has agreed to recommend concur rent cn all senate amendment to the eilver currency bill. Tun people of Helena, Montana, yes terJay refined to indorse the subsidy granted the Union Pacilio railroad by the leg-filature of that Territory. In the house of representatives yea teriay the bill regulating commerceand navigation of steam vessels was amend ed in various respects and passed, A joikt committee of Republicans and Democrats has been appointed to maintain the purity of the ballot-box at the coming aldsrmanlc election in ChU caga. Correct. Senator Howe introduced a bill in the senateyesterday to provide for cheap transportation of freight between' tide water at t r ne&r the Atlantic ocean and the Ohio and MisekalppI valley rail ways. In the senate yesterday, Senator Ste venson presented a petition, which was referred, from tobacco dealers of Cincin nati, and Covington, Kentucky, asking a reduction of tax on tobacco to sixteen cents per pound. A dispatch from Galveston, yester day, is to the effect that fighting at New Ler o is all over, and that the revolu tionises are in possession, the United States forces having fourteen Mexican federals piisoners. General M'Bowell, in charge cf the United States army division Eoutb, with headquarters at Louisville, hss leen craertd to succeed General Schc ilsld in command of tbe division of the Paciu3, the change to occur in July next. The genera! council last night very qulet'y, and, as we think, very properly decided all criestiona as to H19 enforce meat of the ordinances between the mayor end the police commissioners by reaffirming ail police supervision and CDtrol.Icdged in the latter. Hon. Jefferson Davis yesterday returned to the city for a brief visit, quite recovered, we are happy to say, from recent severe indisposition. Mr. Davis speaks hopefully of the great en terprise over which ho presides, and looks for results in emigration and trade that will be beneficial to the whole Mis sissippi valley. The Republican State convention cf Sjulh Carolina was in session in Charleston, yesterday, and indulged in a stormy time and mutual recrimina tions by opponents, in which "robber," "thief," and Bimilar epithets were freely used. Governor Chamberlain led one gang, and Benalor Patterson the other. Morlou delegates were elected. The first number of the Evening Ban ner, Nashville, is.to hand. Well printed and choke-full of telegraph news, and timely, readable selections, we feel safe In predicting for it a long and useful career. In tha e&lutatory article the Banner promises that it "will be Demo ' cratic in its politics, and will oonscien " tlously labor for tuo real interests of " tfce party now struggling for saprem " acy in the nation. In saying this, it " reserves the right to expose corruption " and wrong in Its own ranks, if such " should exist; and will be at all times " untrammeled in its methods of deal " ing with publicmen and measures. It " will not der. ounce political opponents " becauso they may be Republicans, nor ' will it indiscriminately espoure the "cause of political friends simply be came they are Democrats. In the " mailer of the State credit, the Banner " can never be an advocate of repudla- tion. It requires no argument to " show that the debt of Tennessee " should oa paid. Once allow that the dett is a valid one (who donbta it?) " and ominon honesty and good filth " enjoin its paymsur." THE XAItlFP UILIi. Committer of Wyi and Jlean Ortler thnl It be Itc,ortcd To-Day. Washington, April 11. The com mittee of wsyn and means completed Morrison's tariff bill today and ordered it to be ic-pirted favorably to the house. The tax on coffee of three cents and on tea llf cen cents was stricken out Tbe concluling troviso of the free list has been amended to read as follows: "Pro vided, that alcohol to be exclusively used for the manufacture of others, chloroforms and vegetable alkaloid are made free by this act, r.nd may be with drawn from bond free of specific Intirasl revenue tax per gallon in qaactilies not exceeding one thousand gallons at any one time, under such rules, regulations and binds as the sec retary of the treasury shall prescribe." A motion was made by Mr. MorrUon in tie commltte to reduce the proposed :utin on r.-ofJVjo to to cents, and on tea lo tea cents, but this was disagreed to by vote; 5 yess, 6 nsjv. The tea and coffee clause was then struck from the till by vile; 7 yeas, 4 nays. Mr. Mor rison gave notice cf his intention to of fer In the bouse, pending the considera tion of the bill, an amendment taxing tea and coffee. The bill was ordered to be reported favorably to the house by the following vote: Yeas Morrison, Wood, Thomas, Hill, Cbapin, and Tucker, all Democrat?. Nays Blaico, Kelly, Garfield, Burchard III Repub licans, and Paddock. Democrat. Kilbcurne sued out a writ of habeas corpus yesterday, upon which the Liouse will take order to-day. TENNESSEE. A rian for Her Relief from the Oppres sion of Her Public Debt and Heavy Taxes A Jfcw Idea for the People. Small Deposits upon Stale Certificates Bearing Two Per Cent. Interest 2Iay Realize a baling of 6S0O.OO0. A Suggestion Worthy the Serious Con sideration of All Classes, by which Obligations May be Met and the State Credit be Sated. A Thorough Review of the Rosonrces of the State TYliat She Can and What She Cannot Do-Comparison with Massachu setts. In making space for the following un usually lengthy communication, and thus violating our duty to our readers to devote our available space to the gene ral news of the day, we feel that we will be sustained in so doing by all who shall give it a patient and careful reading. Able, searching and logical, It will well repay the reader for the time spent upon it. He may not, as we do not, agree with tbs writer upon all the points he makes, and he may even doubt tbe feasibility of a plan to simple, for mak ing every working citiaeu of the State a bond-holder, anil therefore more directly than he is now even interested in an economical admlnistiation of the government of the State and the main tenance of her credit the reader may not agree at all with the writer but he cannot fail to recognise the unusual abil ity he discovers, nor to confess that he treats his subject with a breadth and comprehensive!) essunusual in thesedays of flippancy and mediocrity. He cannot fail of tbia at least, even though he be wedded to other plans for the release of the people from public burdens. We ask for Colonel Phelan a delibsrate and careful reading, especially on the part of the State officials and the press of the State, confident as we are that no more able paper has yet been given to the public of Tennessee on the State debt and tax burdens. Hon. James D. Porter, Governor of Tennessee, Nashville: Sir It requires such a peculiar taste to pur sue tbe dry questions ot political economy the "dismal science" as It has been called that In presenting tbe present essay to the public, though dlgnlfltd by tbe address to 3 ourselr, I must confess I expect bat few read ers and little attention. Tbe facultios natur ally become fatigued In this as in algebra, when only the abstract relations of quantities and not tbe actual living numbers themselves are presented to 1 ho mind. - Bat I think I have observed that, -while im patient or processes, tbe people are keenly alive to the actual merits of remits; they have. It would seem, an instinctive recogni tion of the truth or lalslty of any proposition without the least regard to tbe logic by which it it as deduced. Hence It is with a profound belief that the popular J adgment will be a correct and fair testof their merits, that X venture to ofler a few suggestions upon so dull a subject asour State nuances. In the consideration of any man's business affair, bis health and strength are evidently of tbe first Importance, for upon these depend the success of his energy and brains. Before we can pretend to discuss the ques tion oi finance, therefore, we must briefly ex amine the physical geography and resources of our State. . , THlJ STATE. As It lies before us on the map, It Is an oblong-shaped figure, some one hundred and nine miles long and four hundred and thirty two broad. In geography these terms are used with reference to tbe parallels of latitude and longltudend hence we see our State is much broader than It Is long. This Is a matter of much Importance, to commence with. For It is plain, as a mere question of distances, tbat tbe consumer In any section of the State will prefer to buy and sell with the nearest mar kets and the shortest routes to these will In this case lead htm oat of the State. Again, tbe fruits of tbe soil are distributed in belts of latitude and hence the staple pro ductions oi a very broad State will probably be too few to give It tbat variety of products which Is the greatest cause of Internal trade. The farmer In tbe east cannot exchange his cotton with tbe farmer In the west on the same latitude, for the latter has only the same cotton, aDd the exchange would ba profitable to neither. For an exchange is the giving of something we have tor something we have not- It is this which makes the currents of trade run north and south, or across parallels of latitude; and, other things being equal, the greater the difference of latitude oetween two places, the greater will be the value each will place upon the products of the other. As we see that here we give a high price lor coffee and sugar, while in Brazil they give a high price for wheat or Hour. In our case the ruie does not operate absolutely, because we are situated, as it were, on the side of a great broken slope or incline, running down irom the top oi the Appalachians to the Mississippi river, und the cnange of temperature which attends this d.flerenca of elevation virtually operates as a change of latitude. In this zone the average temperature changes one degree lor every two hundred and flKy-thrte feet for tbe first tbontand yards of ascent ; or, as Hum boldt calculates It, three hundred and thirty feet equal to one degree of latitude. Thus, on the highest ridges of our eastern mountains the yearly temperature is about forty degrees, or that of SU J ohns, 'ew Bruns wick, while in Memphis It is sixty degrees, or about that of the Mediterranean coast or Afri ca. From this wo learn that as the dl- trlbu tlon of plants along parallels of latitude is due entirely to a general equality of heat, so it Is necessary to use another term to indicate those variations of latitude and temperature pro duced by seas, winds or mountain ranges. This term Is isothermal, and its lines are those passing through parts ot the earth's surface when the mean temperature Is the same. These lints are not parallels, but are even re markable for their eccentric curvatures, sometimes running nearly north and south across many degrees of latitude. ISOTHERMAL. From an inspection of maps constructed on this principle, It will be seen that Teunessee lies mostly within the zone between the fifty second degree and sixtieth degree of mean temperature. i he lice of the July isothermal of seventy seven degrees also enters Tennessee about eighty-six degrees thirty mlnulos of west longitude, and leaves It noove Memphis some dlktance. The January Isothermal of forty-one de grees approaches this near Nashville, their point ol nearest approach being thus near the ceDterof the Stale. Tbe flist of these is tbe boundary ol the zone cjlled"tno historical, irom Its remark able fertility and resources, as well as Its pro found Influence on me course oi nunian affairs." The t-econd "is the axis of a zone a few degrees wide, upon which. In Europe and Atla, all great men have appeared." Draper. Nowhere in America do thee hnjs approach save In this estate, and from tbelr point of proximity here they rapidly and constantly diverge. Tcus, then, although tbe geographical con formation ot Tennessee denies her the pros pect of ever being knit closely together by the lies of an Internal trade, yet unless all tho laws regulating national progress are changed she baa the probability of a remark able development, both from her productions and herclllzfcns. For at this day no well informed person doubts that man Is simply tho zoological as any plant Is the bo Lay leal result of climate and abode. "Such physical agents, continuing their unceasing operation lor many centu ries, bring the system ol man into what may bo termed a haimony with themselves. Draper. Aialn man can not crest force ho can only direct that furnished by nature, some times singly, as in tbe falling stream some times by combination, as the fire and water ot tbe kteam-cnglne. The lorco ol gravity brings down tbe hoe upon the soil under the direc tion of human mnscle and tbe secret forces lurking there produce first the biade and then tbe full corn In the ear. Human Euccess, therefore, In any undertaking Is measured by tbe amount of natural force broagbt Into ac tual operation through bis agency. Hence the importance of finding these ready to baud in the loll of 111, in some things this Is appar ent to the slowest Intellect. As In the case of minerals. Industry ana skill may by long ef forts remedy tho sterility ot tbe soU bat only tbe absolute gifts of nature can enrich the depths of tbe rock. Thus, in examining one subject, after look ing at 1U size and shape, marked as It is by the irregular curves of the Isothermal lines. There Is another alvlslon below the surface this time, no less valuable and important. This Is the mineral deposit; the coal, iron and copper with which nature has made rich tbuse barren spots whose rocky crags would forbid cultivation, The two great mlntral staples we possess abundantly. UISEKALS. In coal, the great Appalachian field covers about five thousand one hundred squara mile, and In Iron tha btate Is ribbed with vast belts of finest ore. In many cakes In close proximity lo both-coal, wood and sandstone. For these, or all other pro ducts transportation is rendered easy by one thousand six bundled and thlity-four mlloa of railways und one thousand three hundred and fifty-four miles ot navigable rivers, glv leg transportation to every thirteen fcquaro miles of the Slate's area. To sum u p thtn. in brief : The average tern peatbre of one year Is Si : tbe annual rain lafffj.'Tortj -six Inches; the death rate Is one titB&'iwrcent.; we have a population of 31.4 tJlirb square mile, composed of twenty-three whites and eight blacks; our soil is fertile and dlveisifled, our minerals abandnnt, and we are alpn" in tbe United Slates where tbe linpsol past greatest social and material ue velopment approach each other. But with a.l of this to warrant the most en thusiastic hopes, we see the slate reduced to an agony of taxation, sickened in It" pregres-Si and bankrupt in lis cre'dit! Now there must be a re&son for thfs; all natural prosperity Is de rived from tbe combinations ol nature and man. The first luruisD.es the soil, tbe rock, the forest mid tbe climate. Man furnishes the labor required to utilize tbeetothe neds of human progress. We have seen nature has done more than her piit. The fault, therefore, must fall upon man. It necessarily follows, therefore, that under a system oi government such as ours the of fenss must rest either with the citizen or the leg stature; the blame must be east either up on bad customs or unwlso laws. FARMERS AND FARM PRODUCTION'S. In reference to the first there Is much empty declamation about our farmen raising corn Instead ofotton, and the necessity of ' turn ing our attention" to manufactures. T heso are equally absurd. J n the first place, while it is saler to avoid risking all upon one thing lu any buslntss, yet It Is not necessarily the more profitable. Again, as the raising of farm products Is a matter or Investment, It will necessarily re spond onlr td tha touch of Interest, and tho experience of Individuals Is worth more than all the theorying in the world that U, the custom proves It to be the best. To suppose any man of ordinary Intelligence would not be able to know whether he made or lost on the crop Is absurd; to declare be would con tinue to lose year after year in the same man ner Is an outran e on common understanding. Tbe native system of agriculture of any country is absolutely the best. The Instinct of self teaches during tho practice of centuries tbe methods best adapted to the situation and product?. Along the Amazon, owing to the great heats, the natives cut down tho undergrowth ana plant maize with a small hoe among the tiash of leaves and brandies. The foreign farmers who introduced lmptoved systems and plowed up the sjll only made an ash-bank, and raised nothing bat dust. In tbe deseits of Arizona the Finos plant corn in boles two or thteo feet deep, made by driving slakes Into the naknd Baud. But at that depta they find raoisturo sufficient to make a ciop. In Colorado eggs set to hatch have to be molsteneJ, or they will often dry too much ta produce. And on Its high ridges it Is Impossible lo cook vegetables by boiling the decline of atmohpberic pressure lowers the boiling point of water below that neces eary to cook food. Superficial travelers always complain of the natives of the tropics that they do not raise wheat and corn, and abuse them as lazy and Indifferent. But Humboldt calculates one single acre of plantains "to equal the crop of one hundred and thlrty-threu acres of wheat and forty four acres cf potatoes." The history of too cultivation of tho peanut in Tennessee shows how quickly the people will grasp at anything that pays: Introduced to market by a larmer In Hickman county smco the war, the production in 1S72 reached Six hundred and eighty thousand bushels. (Klllobiew, K. Tenn.j And although It msy pay for a few to raise corn, while everybody else raises cotton, j et If all raised corn It would bo worth nothing. In the great western corn-growing 8tate3 It often sells lor 111 teen cents per bushel, or Is used as fuel. Hence the southern farmer who finds it to pay him to raise cotton and buy corn should do so ;snd like tho travelerln the Arabian SighU go steadily forward toward the prize without Delng disturbed by the senseless voices around bim. Further comforted by the assurance of the census of 1870 that hois lealizing thirty seven per cent, per annum grost on his Invest ments for farm, implements and wages, while In Massachuset Is, tho 11 eal of the opposite sys tem, they make only twenty-seven per cent (Census 1670.) MANUFACTURES. Still more senseless is the tall: about manu factures. It is only what may be called the excess of agricultural labor which goes into manufactures. It Is often said if we bad more capital we would have factories. But th's Is not a question of capital at all. If we bad all the capita! in the world here, it would not In vest In factories, when farm wages are to high, and tbe low price of land offers such re markable facilities to laborers for obtaining and cultivating tbelr own land. In no country In the world is factory labor not paid better than farm labor, and until our farm wages. are reduced by the number of la borers It is useless to expect manufactures to succeed. "When this is once done they will spring up themselves. The followlne figures are taken from the special report of the bureau statistics of 1871: In Massachusetts, the great manufacturing Btate, the average annual wages ol laelory la bor for lt03, was seven hundred and thirty eight dollars and ninety-two cents. The aver agemonthty wages of farm labor was th'rty two dollars and five cenls;only employed from April te November making the annual wages for eight months two hundred and fifty-six dol lars and forty cents. The four winter months thoy are out of work In the hardest part of the year; bat supposing thoy made as much as during the summer, then lor a year of twelve months the wages amounts to three hundred and eighty-four dollars and sixty cents, leav ing an excess of factory over farm wages per annum of three hundred and fifty-four dollars and thirty-two cents. Here the difference between the two exactly represents the bounty required to Induce a farm laborer In Massachusetts to engage In factory work ; and this bounty in round nan bers Is just doable, or an increase of one hun dred per cent. WAGES. Now In Tennessee (KiUibrew't Jlesourcet of Tenneuee) the raotory wage per annum Is two hundred and seventy-seven dollors.whlle a white laborer can easily get on a farm twen-ly-flve doliats per month, with board, the year round; which, reckoning board at the same price as In Massachusetts or fifteen dollars per month Is equal to lour hundred and eighty dollars per annum, leaving an excess of farm over factory wages ol two hundred and three dollars, or the reverse of the posi tion In Massachusetts There the factory hacd required a bounty of three hundred and fifty-four dollars per annum, while here he has to suffer a loss of two hundred and three dollars. To suppose the white laborer will work for this, as a class, is absurd. Individu als may, but the operatives in Tennessee will bs found to consist largely of uncertain negro labor, tos unreliable to be valuable for facto ry purposes; aud outside tbe large cities, of men wandering about without fixed aims and wllllnir to drllt along as operatives as well as anything else. Of course, here operatives or factory labor must not be confounded with mechanics. To enumerate, then, our natural advantages for factories our wnter-power, coal, cotton, wood, or Iron Is absurd unless the natural advantage will amount to a higher mpney value than the difference in tbe price of la bor. In some cases now as notably our coal aud iron the articles being scarce, transpor tation heavy, and labor a comparatively small Item. It pays to work them. But with cotton orwool.wben transportation is light and la bor the largest Item, it pays rather to carry the staple to where tbe laborer and his food are located together, and both aro cheapest. Capital only engages In businesses which pay, and it always will engage In a business which will pay. No opportunity of success ful undertaking ever remains long untaken at this day. SMALL FARMS. Again, in Tennesseo the average value per acre ot small improved farms, In 18C3, ol our first counties, was twenty-three doUars. Of lands half or less cleared and fenced, eight dollars per acre. (Itep. B.Sta.1871.) This is a high valuation. Yet, at this, a man with five hundred dollars capital can buy twenty-five acres of improved land, pay one-third cash on the placH, pay cash down for everything, live well aud pay for the whole place the first year; clearingon his labor nlno hundred end seventy dollars. In Massachiicts there are no small farms for sale. The average value for all lands is sixty-seven dollars. More capital is lequired to commence with, and the farmer gets less for his product. Surely these facts snow why we are nut and cannot bo a manufacturing State, until we have a greater population. Here we havo only thlrty-ouB to the square mile; in Massachu setts they have one hundred and elehty-sir. When we get an addition of one hundred and fl'ty-five per square mile to our population, then wo also may expect to rival Massachu setts facto rlts. TWO S0N03. So much for the two sing songs of theoreti cal advice to southern farmers : To quit cotton ; raise corn, and pursue manufactures, ideas based purely npon fine-drawn calcu lations, like "Colonel seller's" speculations In eye-water, without the least exactness In tbelr terms, and expressed without tbe slight est reverence for tbe solid mass of common sense contained in tbe settled customs ot the people. I cannot too often repeat thete are always, If not the most agreeable, csrlalnly the best and most profitable. They are nature', tools with which humanity Is fashioned and mold ed. By means of lhee man has been developed from the lowest grade of barbarism to the highest state of civilization. They all tend upwaid, never downward; na ture grows toward the light In both man and plant; individuals may fall and disappear like babbles breaking to the wave, tut still tho tide Uses. it has been slow, bnt It has been very sure ; and If civilization to Cay amounts to any thing, It Is due to this inherent forco of the masses continually pressing upward against tyrants and bigotry at.d demagogues LEGISLATION. As we have seen the natural forces at our disposition have not been allowed to remain disused by any fault of tbe citizens directly; the situation of tho btate most therefore be ascribed to legislation; It must be our lawt and cutlomt which aro bad. To the average citizen this conclusion Is a common and, sad to say, a Aral one; a sort of general uisiiiwhioi me subject into a nmno of lawyers and politicians. However keenly he may have followeu nn argument througn the mazes of IokIc. When once it hnntaum refuge In the depths of legislation and law, It Concluded on Second Page, CORRUPTION. A Chargo Against Bloody-Shirt Blaine that Calls for Immediate Invest igation. Babcock's Case Again Another Sad CosoAU thclVaj- from Texas General Meigs Again. JUIalr ni n Urlbe Taker. Indianapolis, April 11. The Sen tinel of this morning asserts that J. C. S. Harrison, a prominent banker of this blty and for a number ,of years a govern ment director in the Jnion Pacific roadj is in possession of facs inculpating Ex Speafeer Blaine in receiving sixty-four thousand dollars previous to 1572, from the Union Pacific railroad, for which, worthless Arkansas bonds were deposited as eecttrity, and that Mr. Harrison had endeavored to procure an investigation by a committee of the director?, but was prevented on the ground that such action would be detrimental to Mr. Blaine's political prospects. Since the publication of the above Mr. Harrison has been asked for a statement of the facts, but declines to say more than that if brcught before a congressional committee he will tell all he knows about it without concealment. Habcoelt'H Caso Again. New York, April 11. A Washington special tq the Post Cays Colonel Broad head was before the sub-judiciary com mittee to-day, and was examined in reference to any possible inside history of the trial of iJabcock. He said that before the trial Information was brought to him two of the detectives em ployed in the safe-burglary case were in St. Louis, employed by Babcock to steal evidence out of the district-attorney's offlie, bat their plan was discov ered, whereupon they left the city. They had been paid two hundred dolijrs each for their expenses by Babcock's friends; Broadhoad then told the committee how the prosecution ascertained the history of Gill, the letter carrier in con nection with the case. The letter was procured at witness by Parker, collector of Colorado Territory, after consultation with Joyca. The prosecution were afraid to put Parker on the stand, for fear that his testimony would be in the interest of Babcock. General Xeiss Wants Hair All the Time St. Lou.'s, April 11. The Times has interviewed Captain Joseph Labarge, an old and well-known steamboatman, In which he is represented as stating that some time ago be transported freight on the upper Missouri river for the government, the bill for which amounted to fourteen hundred dollars. The account was approved by Colonel Easton, quartermaster, and sent to Washington, with Labarge's receipt in full attached. Shortly afterward La barge received a letter from General Meigs that his account was disallowed, subsequently General John M'Donald called on Labarge and asked him what he would give to have tbe account col lected and, offered to collect it for half its amount. Labarge agreed to this, aud in a few days M'Donald called again and paid him seven hundred dol lar?. On another occasion Labarge sent an account to VVashingtoa for six hun dred and fifty dollars, and received word in reply: "Take half or nothing." Labarge wrote to Senator Bogy about the matter, asking him to look into it for him, and Bogy replied, advising him to take what he could get. Another Snd Case. Washington, April 11. The com mittee on military affairs continued the investigation of General Boughton to day. General Bonghton testified in his own behalf, explaining the charges against him, which he supposed were made for blackmailing purposes, as he was approached by General Bridgland's clerk, who proposed to drop all esses against him, and others indicted with him for the fsum of ten thou sand dollars. The clerk afterward reduced his figures to seven thousand, and again to livo thousand, all of which offers were rejected. Finding that he was illegally indicted, and believing that tho same men that got him indict ed would continue to persecute him, he did offer to compromise the matter. Mr. Moore, special agent of the treas ury department, testified that Bridge land had been indicted in Texas, and that ho (Moore) had discovered irregu larities on Bridgeland's part. Bridgeland will be heard to-morrow. TBLEGKABS. The Australian submarine cable has been laid. The whisky-thief trials are progress ing in Chicago. A. T. Stewart's remains will 1)8 In terred to-morrow. Tho direct cable has been repaired and telegraphic communication restored. San Francisco is agonized over the whisky frauJs there. The general de tails are the same as those of St. Louis and Chicago. The secretary of state, secretary cf war and the secretary of the navy will go to iNew xorn to receive me em peror or .Brazil. All the prisoners before the United States court at Baltimore, charged with violation of the enforcement act, have been discharged. C. H. Barnes, who robbed the bank at Walkinsville, New York, of eleven hundred dollars, was arrested in San Francisco yesterday. The new census of Philadelphia, just taken, shows a population of eight hun dred and seventeen thousand four hun dred and forty-eight. Lieutenant Shoemaker yesterday tes tified that the contract for fuel at Fort Reno was awarded to the highest bidder. The officers at the fort protested against this, but without avail. Max Blumenthal, formerly deputy collector at St. Marks, Florida, was ar rested in St. Louis yesterday for stealing money belonging to tbe United States collector's office at that point. The New York Times will publish a call for evidence regarding the Bsecher scandal, issued by a committee ap pointed by the New York and Brooklyn association of Congregational ministers. Telegrams from Bosnia state that tbe insurrection has now spread to the cen ter of Boanis. The country around Tre vgaac bai joined the movement, and the Bclavonians aro mora than ever ex cited over the prospect of eucces3. The trufeteesof the Cincinnati South ern railway awarded three millions six per cent, gold bonds to Espy, Heidelbach & Ca , of tbat city, to-day, at a premium of thirteen-hundrtdths of one per cent., and accrued interest. The bonds run three years. Sixteen msn were captured on board the steamer Octavia by tne Spaniards. and delivered at Porto Rico, on the twenty-seventh ultimo, to tne com mander of the British cunboat Eclipse. which sailed immediately afterward. The destination is unknown. Cincinnati is to have another musical iubilee. A larce orchestra and a full chorus of four hundred singers have been engaged. The solo singers engaged at present are M. W. Whitney, basso: H. A. Bischoff, tenor. Mr. Otto Singer win preside as musical director. The Franco-American union in Paris has organized a grand operatic festival for April l!4tu, tne proceeds to be tie voted to tho monumont to b9 erected In Now York harbor. The musical socle- ties of Paris, and, it is expected, several provincial societies, wiil take part in the festival. John Seals, one cf the tellers of the Security savings bank of New York city, is discovered to b; a defaulter for i sixty-nine thousand dollars. The bank is being wound up by a receiver, and the discovery was made through the settle ment of depositors accounts for payment of dividends. Tho insurrection in the province of Constantino, Algeria, proves tc be un important. John B. Carmon, of the banking firm of A. Curtiss & Carmon, of Camden, in TJtica county, that suspended a short time ago, has been arrested upon com plaint of twelve depositors charging him with embezzling twenty-five thousand dollars of the funds of the bank. Car mon has failed to obtain ball thus far. A portion of the trestlework of the Dilaware, Lackawanna and Western railway at Passaic river crossing, which Is several hundred feet high, fell yester day while a number of men were em ployed strengthening it. Two men were killed and thiea others injured, probably fatally. MISSISSIPPI. ranuasc or Revenue Bill Vacant Jns llccahlp ofthft Supreme Conrt The I'cniteutlary. Special to the Appeal.1 Jackson, April 11. Tho legislature is transacting a vast quantity of busi ness. The senots'pas'ied a revenue bill which fixes the State tales in oil at six and one-quarter mills. No school tax will be levied. They have also passed the agricultural lien law. This law gives landlords claims preference. The con firmation of Judge J. A. P. Campbell as justice of the supreme court seems to nang fire in the senate; most likely be cause of the very general desire among the members of that body for the ap pointment of H. H. Chalmers, of De Soto county. Campbell will, no doubt, be confirmed. Tho bouse pessed a bill leasing the penitentiary for fifteen years to the highest bidder. Tbe bill was in tbe in terest of Colonel E. Richardson, and its passage virtually gives him the lease. The legislature visits Wesson mills to morrow. THE OSAGE IiANDS. Tho Settlers TVIId Over Bcccnt Decl Mlon Congratulations and Be jolclngu. Fort Scott, Kansas. April 10. A special from tbe Osage Mission says that the people there are wild over the news of tho decision by the United States su preme court of ihe Osage ceded land case in favor of the settlers. This deci sion seeures thehouaesof three thousand families. Three hundred guns have been fired, bells ringing, bonflrea burn ing and fligs flying. Speeches were made this evening by Hon. W. L. Sim mons and other champions of the set tlers' cause. Mayor Stoddart has Issued a proclamation appointing Saturday of this week as a day of general rejoicing over the decision. It is expected that ten thousand people will be present Topeka, Ks., April 10. The United Slate district court convened here to day, but dispatches from Washington announcing the decision of the supreme court in favor of the 03age settlers drew all attontion from it. United Slates Attorney Peck received dispatches from Senator Ingalls, Jerry Black and Judge Lawrence, announcing the result and congratulating him. The governor, for many years president of the Settlers' league, was tbe recipient of congratula tions from all sides. "Judge Black's tel egram concluded as follows: "Shannon honored, Peck glorified, justice vindi cated, truth triumphant, the settlers protected. 'The Lord God omnipotent reigneth.' " Steamship Arrival. Philadelphia, April 11. The steamship Lord Clive, from Liverpool. NeV York, April 11. The steamer Idaho, from Liverpool. San Fbancibco, April 11. The steamer Granada, from Sidney, via Auckland and Honolulu. Niaqaea, April 11. The propeller 8. Ellsworth, frem O3wego, arrived to-day. The first arrival of the season. London, April 11. The steamships Polynesian, from Portland; City of Bristol, from Philadelphia; Hecla, from Boston, aud Euxine, from New York, arrived out IiAW REPORTS. Chancery Conrt-Morgan, Judge, rvn nf nftlnndar continued to-dav. Courts meets at nine overy morning. Criminal Court Adams, Jndge, The followlne cases set for trial to-day: 140, John Holmes; 4S6, A.J. Williams; 567, Matt Newman; 669, Joe Alexander . ' . ... mnu r rt alias jjiancne; on, unas. wiimuui ooi, Lizzie Martin; 579, John Mitchell; 629, Jim Kelly; 532, Jim Johnson; 438, Ed ward Butler. Circuit Conrt Helsbell, Judge. To-dav's calendar: 3442, Dea vs City of Memphis; 3522, Key vs Glis3on; 3530, City of Memphis vs Warner; 3534, Plain vs Lockey; 3544, Gusenbery vs Chapman; 3547, Williams vs James, administrator; doio, wuue w. Eastland & Co.; 3549, Galbreath vs T.orbin. asse. Tiicirlft va Thatcher et al: 3557, Wooldrldge vsWalters & Co.; 355?, Adams express company vs mauguiu, 3561, Swain and wife vs Cubbings & Gunn; 3567, Southern oil-works vs Jef ferson; 3568, Kreukle vs Bruder; 3571, Smith vs Mackey; 3573, Carr vs Carlile: 3573, Collier vs Berlin; 3576, Bradshaw ifo TV,ior- 5S7R. White, executor vs Topd: 3579, Allen, administrator va Wilkerson; oooU, SUin VS j?agan; oooi, uiocuun o Buck; 3383, Semmes & Co. vs M'GuIre; 3SS4. fiarver. use. etc. vs Carnes; 3585, Bmiiii tto virRrn. On and after Mon day next this court win meet amine o'clock. MARRIED. BTEVKNSON KING At Calvary Criurch tforterriiiv Tuesday! afternoon, by Bov. Dr. George White, Rector, Mr. W. W. Stevenson and Miss Lilly B. Kino, both of low city. DIED. MORFORD -April llta, Claude K. Mob roED, eldest son of D. B. and 11. M. Morford, aeed 4 years. 4 months and 27 days. Attention, Knights Templar. YOU are hereby ordered to attend a m special conclave or Cyrene Com-Vy m JIT .fT thl.WETlNKa DAY) evening, at 8 o clock, at Asylum, for the purpose of conferring the Orders of the Red Cross. Visiting and resident fratera coaite- ously invited. By order. ED WORSHAM.E. C. T. J. Barchus, Recorder. Wedaeday, April 13tli. Begnlar and important. Knichts of Honor. TTNITY LODGE, No. 217, Knights of Honor, U will meet In Hall of Natoma Temple of Honor, No. 23i Second street, this (WEDNES DAY) evening, at 8 o'clock, for initiation and dispatch of business. Members of Memphis Lodge, No. 1M, are fraternally lnvitnd. By order D. F. GOODYEAR, Dictator. LHab. L. Pollen, Reporter. apia rE copartnership heretofore existing be tween Frank A. Newell and H. P. John idon, at No. 41 Monr .e street, " Memphis Straw Works." Is this day dissolved by mutual con sent, Frank A. Newell assuming all liabilities to this date, April 10. 18T6. FRANK A. N SWELL, 41 Monroe at. THE partnership ol Ensley & Stephenson Is and has been dls olved hlnce tho first ot March last. No one Is authorized lo sign or use my name to any obligation, or In the pur Chasing of supplies or otherwise. April 11, ISif. ENOCH ENSLEY. Uejicf o B. K. PLAIJ?. W. A. WILLIAMS. EADER Mouufaoturora cx BOOBS, SASH, BLINDS MD MOLDINGS, Office and Factory 358 and 360 Second Street, XbOCosxxx'?30 - Tonnosjj'eo. and dressed; Lath and Uhlngles'. Framing Lumber sawed to order m hhort notice. SED FO OUR MOLDIMB OLUMBIA (Formorly Et. Louis Llfo 3 T.A.T 23 IVX 32 ZKT 1", ASSETS: Real Estate owned, less incumbrance. IMU WMw nuuu.t..-.""iiii i -" (xmater! Loans and Bills Receivable........ Bonds and BtockR Owned - cash on hand and Checks aod Drafts In course of ileal Jistate loans.... Accrued interest. Furniture and Kixtnressli 71 25. Judgment S9B 81.....; --- Net Outstanding and Deferred Premiums and Agents' Accounts- Total.. LIABILITIES AND RESERVES i ueam uiairus nut yniuuu,jw. 'ww i .uv.w......,...... .. . ah nthprrlnlmn ove'-remlltances anu unemmw xi . Premium Ke'etAmlrTcan Experience Table of Mortality valutas Short Term, Stock Rate and Commuted Policies at six percent. Interest; all other PoU- . i .. v, 1 . .1.1 v .,, (ntorAlzt. Surplus, including 5100,000 Capital Stock..... Total .. i.-vnr.n Poltnlea In Force. This Company has resumed the issue of New Policies, which will be granted on the most nnnrovBd ulaiis of lnsnrance and on Participating rates of premium. PPNo Tpart of the I Surplus payable on Participating Pol.cles can bo appropriated for divi dends on the Capital Stock. . JOIIS T. OCSI.AH President. f ED. W. BBTA5T, VIce-Pre't and Act'ry J. II. FOX, Secretary. GEO. W.M ASHING, AsJttani Secretary H. CHHIsrOFIIEB, H.D.,MedIcnI Officer I kw-ivt in. RAHNfixT. finaI Attent. MlscHslppl-Offloe. Ko.O MadUon street, B. . UENH18G, II. It. Heaicai l.xmintr.j juuouca -"" Wholesale G-E?cers COTTON BTo. & SVont mt.9 ifoitaHaiDls! MENKEN BROTHERS HATE RECEIVED THE FOLLOWING Sanding In prloe from -o- Black Cashmere and Faille Silks! Checked Silks, Striped Silks ! Grisaille Stripes and Plain! Also, the new delicate ECRU SHADES, In solid colors. iew and Elegant Costumes! Just Imported, and In rarlety or desljns. CHILDREN'S and MISSES' GARMENTS, INFANTS' DRESSES AND CAPS. Special attention Is called to oar EMBROIDERED EDGINGS and INSERTINGS, "nhlch are much less than former prices. MENKBH BROTHERS 261 and 263 olesale COTTON FACTORS -itta gt- a. ECIXiXaXE'HS - OottOn Slos-"ia CASH ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS OF COTTON TO ME9S d. BROWN SHIPLEY & CO.. Liverpool, England. 1876 S We are now ready for the Trade with our usual heavy stock, selected tor 3IEKCIIAHTS EXCMJaiVEIT. OOTS and SHOES, MEN'S AND B0YS' HATS, 233 MJlOT FACTOBXES. STRAWBERRY, GRAPE, JEACH, AND GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF IT BOXES! A FULL LINE OF Flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Shingle aod Lumber en band. W Orders promptly executed. W. H. BUTTS & CO., Saw and Plaining Mills Front street, near UM worts, apl IHEHJPJIIS. TENa, FEU W. H. BAX3EBW r Tfi -4 VSJP BOOK ASP PRICE-LIST. Ininra.no Company). u9u3E2E5.3: li 1878. $l,512,77 S3 .. 1,155,165 W 212,211; 20 2,6S5,eS4 S4 W.331 IS .. 145,120 25 . 107,951 J 21,891 IS 119,561 I t3,Oi7,401 IX) ... collection. .$ 163.2SS43 143,255 57 5,507,216 02 223,634 09 . 837,404 CO Insurinrr $33,779,391. BUS. nULllBB, jianager or Agencies far Weilern Tennesiee and northern Memphis. Tenn. IjOTTIS, Mempiais, Tenia, SEW AND ELEGANT FABRICS : cents to 85 cents a yard. Main Street. Grocers. WOMEN'S TRIMMED HATS. MITCHELL, STEEET. LIQUORS. WHOLESALE WINE AND LIQUOR 2o. 857 Front Street, MEMPHIS, : : TENNESSEE. LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY FACTORS 1876 0. DieiMANN, STOVES, ETC. EXCELSIOR HGTOI CO. 612, 614, 616 & 618 N. MAIN ST. ST. LOUIS, MO. rzzzzzLLz mini ei -PL&YE, WIRE, SHEET IROH COPPER. Have always in Stock a complete assortment of every class or goods nsetl or sold by TIN AND STOVE DEALERS, AS3 Z2Z K1S X1KZ?a:T72Z23 C? "I A..n!. FAMOUS WHEREVER USED OR KNOWN FOR ECONOMY !N PRICE, SUPERIOR CONSTRUCTION, QUICK &. UNIFORM BAKING, AND PERFECT OPERATION. Orders from the trnde respectfully solicited, guaranteeing HEST-CLASS GOODS, CAEEFUL PACKING, PEOMPT SHIPMENTS, AND LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES. SEND FOR NEW LISTS. ADDRESS : MA1BJ1I CiPffi, ST. LOUIS, mo. SW TheJCliartftr fink ftovm aro oia by E. Prqnlmrt A V.o. Mp"nhl. PIANOS, ORGANS, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, SHEET MDSIC, BOOKS, Etc. AT COST PSICE! For SO X3a.-yet Only. Sow la your lime to boy. STORE FOR RENT AND FIXTURES FOR SALE, or I will sell stock. Including location, which Is the best in the city to any one that -wishes to continue the music bnslaess. s:. a. mmmN9 317 Main Street, Meniphis, Tenn. FINEST FLAY0SEB mmm mm OLIVER. FINNIE & CO. MAKE no engagements till yon see onr Saw Book. Jllntttaied. which. In thrilling Interest, sterling merit, elegance and cheapness, has absoluiely no equal. It la "The Thing " for tbe Centennial period-sells on signt. Any active manoi oukiukni capac ity Insured laree profltH and steady work for a year. Apply promptly to ap8 27 Park Place. New York. STHAWBBBEY PLANTS FOB SALE BY O. 3EI. 23 fix-To cj-ixx- cSs Go. Trlsrsr Arennr. Tlniptil. BANKRUPTCY. SOTICE 15 BASKBBPICT. In the District Court of the United States, for the District or West Tennessee. in ine mat ter nf N.I)ar In Han&rnDlcv. THE undersigned hereby gives notice of hla appointment as assignee of N. Dewar, of Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee. Memphis. April 10. IST6. apll ta BOT1CE If HASiKauntCT. In the District Court of the United States, for the District or West Tennessee. in me mat ter nr J. H. WIllrtL-In Bankruptcy. THE undersigned hereby give notice of his appointment an assignee of J. H. Wlllett, of Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee. Memphis. April 10. 1SI6. ' apll ta KIITICI' IN BASKBOFTCI. In the District Court of the United States, for tne Districioi w -si leuau. " . . T u ii..iii.l In HantrnntT. LOtUi J, LI. iiU-t linn... - . , - - riint. unuenugucu ueiuuj s" " ... , 1 appolntmentasasalgnee of J. S. Rosenthal, of Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee. ' o. WOOLDRLDGE, Assignee. iiemnnis-Arniiu. i3o. -" " WOT I IV. IS IlANKBUMCYl 111 the District Court of the United State s, for tbe District oi v. ohi j. iT'" ter of K. H. Epperson. In Bankruptcy. mHE undersigned hereby gives notice ol his I appointment as asslanee of R. H. Epper son, of Madison county, Tennewee. 80 ' ' WOOLDRIDUE, Assignee. Mumnhls. ADrtl 10. 16 apll tu KnTinc IV IlANKBCfTCT. in the District Court of the United Stotes. f or the District of West Tennesfwe.-In the mat ter of O. H. Becker -In Bankruptcy. rilKr, undersigned hereby gives noUee of hU I appointment as asslguee of G. H. Beaker, of Memphis, Shelby comity Tennewee. F i oooLDiarJUE, Assignee. Mumnhli. April 10, 1W. apll tu Mirll F. IS B4NKKOSIX-?. In the District Court of the United States, for the District of West Tennessee, -in the mat ter of Joseph O. Threat In Bankruptcy. mHE undersigned hereby gives notice of h!a 1 appointment as assignee of Joseph O. Threat, of Memphis. Shelby county, Tenn. 1 0. WOOLDRLDGE, Assignee. Memphis, Aprii;i3. IKS. apll tu .oa by fa.