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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, April 12, 1876, Image 1

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EBTABLISRED 1840.
MEMPHIS, 'TENN WEDNESDAY, APEIL 12, LS76.
VOL. 360 NO 89
CLOMAU KATES
J'tcta-doy qt octfon and pota; JVfew
Fcr:, coffow, lSJc; Memphis, 12jc.
-' orX, ofoted a 113; Mom-
WKATHBIl PROBABILITIES.
Vab tint, Orrjcr Ch. H'o. Ojticeb.1
-.ji.wtjj, April 12. 1 J
iOr IcnnciKe and the Ohio valley,
fiaUonary pretmrc and temperature,
x:elcTly winds, and partly oloudy
tcczthcr.
Bn. DkaC3E, a celtbrated pbyelcian
of Birlln, la dead.
TilE statement elfewhore published in
le'crtnca It Blaiae, 'a denied by him
and the cflleial of the Union 1'dcifio
jcaJ.
The California senate committee is
taking testimony in San Francisco aa to
tbe Chinese system of emigration. Bich
tLvelopmentti.
The house committee on appropria
tions has agreed to recommend concur
rent cn all senate amendment to the
eilver currency bill.
Tun people of Helena, Montana, yes
terJay refined to indorse the subsidy
granted the Union Pacilio railroad by
the leg-filature of that Territory.
In the house of representatives yea
teriay the bill regulating commerceand
navigation of steam vessels was amend
ed in various respects and passed,
A joikt committee of Republicans
and Democrats has been appointed to
maintain the purity of the ballot-box at
the coming aldsrmanlc election in ChU
caga. Correct.
Senator Howe introduced a bill in
the senateyesterday to provide for cheap
transportation of freight between' tide
water at t r ne&r the Atlantic ocean and
the Ohio and MisekalppI valley rail
ways. In the senate yesterday, Senator Ste
venson presented a petition, which was
referred, from tobacco dealers of Cincin
nati, and Covington, Kentucky, asking
a reduction of tax on tobacco to sixteen
cents per pound.
A dispatch from Galveston, yester
day, is to the effect that fighting at New
Ler o is all over, and that the revolu
tionises are in possession, the United
States forces having fourteen Mexican
federals piisoners.
General M'Bowell, in charge cf
the United States army division Eoutb,
with headquarters at Louisville, hss
leen craertd to succeed General Schc
ilsld in command of tbe division of the
Paciu3, the change to occur in July
next.
The genera! council last night very
qulet'y, and, as we think, very properly
decided all criestiona as to H19 enforce
meat of the ordinances between the
mayor end the police commissioners by
reaffirming ail police supervision and
CDtrol.Icdged in the latter.
Hon. Jefferson Davis yesterday
returned to the city for a brief visit,
quite recovered, we are happy to say,
from recent severe indisposition. Mr.
Davis speaks hopefully of the great en
terprise over which ho presides, and
looks for results in emigration and trade
that will be beneficial to the whole Mis
sissippi valley.
The Republican State convention
cf Sjulh Carolina was in session in
Charleston, yesterday, and indulged
in a stormy time and mutual recrimina
tions by opponents, in which "robber,"
"thief," and Bimilar epithets were freely
used. Governor Chamberlain led one
gang, and Benalor Patterson the other.
Morlou delegates were elected.
The first number of the Evening Ban
ner, Nashville, is.to hand. Well printed
and choke-full of telegraph news, and
timely, readable selections, we feel safe
In predicting for it a long and useful
career. In tha e&lutatory article the
Banner promises that it "will be Demo
' cratic in its politics, and will oonscien
" tlously labor for tuo real interests of
" tfce party now struggling for saprem
" acy in the nation. In saying this, it
" reserves the right to expose corruption
" and wrong in Its own ranks, if such
" should exist; and will be at all times
" untrammeled in its methods of deal
" ing with publicmen and measures. It
" will not der. ounce political opponents
" becauso they may be Republicans, nor
' will it indiscriminately espoure the
"cause of political friends simply be
came they are Democrats. In the
" mailer of the State credit, the Banner
" can never be an advocate of repudla-
tion. It requires no argument to
" show that the debt of Tennessee
" should oa paid. Once allow that the
dett is a valid one (who donbta it?)
" and ominon honesty and good filth
" enjoin its paymsur."
THE XAItlFP UILIi.
Committer of Wyi and Jlean Ortler
thnl It be Itc,ortcd To-Day.
Washington, April 11. The com
mittee of wsyn and means completed
Morrison's tariff bill today and ordered
it to be ic-pirted favorably to the house.
The tax on coffee of three cents and on
tea llf cen cents was stricken out Tbe
concluling troviso of the free list has
been amended to read as follows: "Pro
vided, that alcohol to be exclusively
used for the manufacture of others,
chloroforms and vegetable alkaloid are
made free by this act, r.nd may be with
drawn from bond free of specific
Intirasl revenue tax per gallon in
qaactilies not exceeding one thousand
gallons at any one time, under such
rules, regulations and binds as the sec
retary of the treasury shall prescribe."
A motion was made by Mr. MorrUon
in tie commltte to reduce the proposed
:utin on r.-ofJVjo to to cents, and on tea
lo tea cents, but this was disagreed to
by vote; 5 yess, 6 nsjv. The tea and
coffee clause was then struck from the
till by vile; 7 yeas, 4 nays. Mr. Mor
rison gave notice cf his intention to of
fer In the bouse, pending the considera
tion of the bill, an amendment taxing
tea and coffee. The bill was ordered to
be reported favorably to the house by
the following vote: Yeas Morrison,
Wood, Thomas, Hill, Cbapin, and
Tucker, all Democrat?. Nays Blaico,
Kelly, Garfield, Burchard III Repub
licans, and Paddock. Democrat.
Kilbcurne sued out a writ of habeas
corpus yesterday, upon which the Liouse
will take order to-day.
TENNESSEE.
A rian for Her Relief from the Oppres
sion of Her Public Debt and Heavy
Taxes A Jfcw Idea for the
People.
Small Deposits upon Stale Certificates
Bearing Two Per Cent. Interest
2Iay Realize a baling of
6S0O.OO0.
A Suggestion Worthy the Serious Con
sideration of All Classes, by which
Obligations May be Met and
the State Credit be
Sated.
A Thorough Review of the Rosonrces of
the State TYliat She Can and
What She Cannot Do-Comparison
with Massachu
setts. In making space for the following un
usually lengthy communication, and
thus violating our duty to our readers to
devote our available space to the gene
ral news of the day, we feel that we will
be sustained in so doing by all who shall
give it a patient and careful reading.
Able, searching and logical, It will well
repay the reader for the time spent upon
it. He may not, as we do not, agree
with tbs writer upon all the points he
makes, and he may even doubt tbe
feasibility of a plan to simple, for mak
ing every working citiaeu of the State
a bond-holder, anil therefore more
directly than he is now even interested
in an economical admlnistiation of the
government of the State and the main
tenance of her credit the reader may
not agree at all with the writer but he
cannot fail to recognise the unusual abil
ity he discovers, nor to confess that he
treats his subject with a breadth and
comprehensive!) essunusual in thesedays
of flippancy and mediocrity. He cannot
fail of tbia at least, even though he be
wedded to other plans for the release of
the people from public burdens. We ask
for Colonel Phelan a delibsrate and
careful reading, especially on the part of
the State officials and the press of the
State, confident as we are that no
more able paper has yet been given to
the public of Tennessee on the State
debt and tax burdens.
Hon. James D. Porter, Governor of Tennessee,
Nashville:
Sir It requires such a peculiar taste to pur
sue tbe dry questions ot political economy
the "dismal science" as It has been called
that In presenting tbe present essay to the
public, though dlgnlfltd by tbe address to
3 ourselr, I must confess I expect bat few read
ers and little attention. Tbe facultios natur
ally become fatigued In this as in algebra,
when only the abstract relations of quantities
and not tbe actual living numbers themselves
are presented to 1 ho mind. -
Bat I think I have observed that, -while im
patient or processes, tbe people are keenly
alive to the actual merits of remits; they
have. It would seem, an instinctive recogni
tion of the truth or lalslty of any proposition
without the least regard to tbe logic by which
it it as deduced.
Hence It is with a profound belief that the
popular J adgment will be a correct and fair
testof their merits, that X venture to ofler a
few suggestions upon so dull a subject asour
State nuances.
In the consideration of any man's business
affair, bis health and strength are evidently
of tbe first Importance, for upon these depend
the success of his energy and brains.
Before we can pretend to discuss the ques
tion oi finance, therefore, we must briefly ex
amine the physical geography and resources
of our State. . ,
THlJ STATE.
As It lies before us on the map, It Is an oblong-shaped
figure, some one hundred and
nine miles long and four hundred and thirty
two broad. In geography these terms are used
with reference to tbe parallels of latitude and
longltudend hence we see our State is much
broader than It Is long. This Is a matter of
much Importance, to commence with. For It
is plain, as a mere question of distances, tbat
tbe consumer In any section of the State will
prefer to buy and sell with the nearest mar
kets and the shortest routes to these will In
this case lead htm oat of the State.
Again, tbe fruits of tbe soil are distributed
in belts of latitude and hence the staple pro
ductions oi a very broad State will probably
be too few to give It tbat variety of products
which Is the greatest cause of Internal trade.
The farmer In tbe east cannot exchange his
cotton with tbe farmer In the west on the
same latitude, for the latter has only the same
cotton, aDd the exchange would ba profitable
to neither. For an exchange is the giving of
something we have tor something we have
not- It is this which makes the currents of
trade run north and south, or across parallels
of latitude; and, other things being equal, the
greater the difference of latitude oetween
two places, the greater will be the value each
will place upon the products of the other.
As we see that here we give a high price lor
coffee and sugar, while in Brazil they give a
high price for wheat or Hour. In our case the
ruie does not operate absolutely, because we
are situated, as it were, on the side of a great
broken slope or incline, running down irom
the top oi the Appalachians to the Mississippi
river, und the cnange of temperature which
attends this d.flerenca of elevation virtually
operates as a change of latitude. In this zone
the average temperature changes one degree
lor every two hundred and flKy-thrte feet for
tbe first tbontand yards of ascent ; or, as Hum
boldt calculates It, three hundred and thirty
feet equal to one degree of latitude.
Thus, on the highest ridges of our eastern
mountains the yearly temperature is about
forty degrees, or that of SU J ohns, 'ew Bruns
wick, while in Memphis It is sixty degrees, or
about that of the Mediterranean coast or Afri
ca. From this wo learn that as the dl- trlbu
tlon of plants along parallels of latitude is due
entirely to a general equality of heat, so it Is
necessary to use another term to indicate those
variations of latitude and temperature pro
duced by seas, winds or mountain ranges.
This term Is isothermal, and its lines are those
passing through parts ot the earth's surface
when the mean temperature Is the same.
These lints are not parallels, but are even re
markable for their eccentric curvatures,
sometimes running nearly north and south
across many degrees of latitude.
ISOTHERMAL.
From an inspection of maps constructed on
this principle, It will be seen that Teunessee
lies mostly within the zone between the fifty
second degree and sixtieth degree of mean
temperature.
i he lice of the July isothermal of seventy
seven degrees also enters Tennessee about
eighty-six degrees thirty mlnulos of west
longitude, and leaves It noove Memphis some
dlktance.
The January Isothermal of forty-one de
grees approaches this near Nashville, their
point ol nearest approach being thus near the
ceDterof the Stale.
Tbe flist of these is tbe boundary ol the
zone cjlled"tno historical, irom Its remark
able fertility and resources, as well as Its pro
found Influence on me course oi nunian
affairs." The t-econd "is the axis of a zone a
few degrees wide, upon which. In Europe and
Atla, all great men have appeared." Draper.
Nowhere in America do thee hnjs approach
save In this estate, and from tbelr point of
proximity here they rapidly and constantly
diverge.
Tcus, then, although tbe geographical con
formation ot Tennessee denies her the pros
pect of ever being knit closely together by
the lies of an Internal trade, yet unless all tho
laws regulating national progress are
changed she baa the probability of a remark
able development, both from her productions
and herclllzfcns.
For at this day no well informed person
doubts that man Is simply tho zoological as
any plant Is the bo Lay leal result of climate
and abode. "Such physical agents, continuing
their unceasing operation lor many centu
ries, bring the system ol man into what may
bo termed a haimony with themselves.
Draper.
Aialn man can not crest force ho can
only direct that furnished by nature, some
times singly, as in tbe falling stream some
times by combination, as the fire and water ot
tbe kteam-cnglne. The lorco ol gravity brings
down tbe hoe upon the soil under the direc
tion of human mnscle and tbe secret forces
lurking there produce first the biade and then
tbe full corn In the ear. Human Euccess,
therefore, In any undertaking Is measured by
tbe amount of natural force broagbt Into ac
tual operation through bis agency. Hence the
importance of finding these ready to baud in
the loll of 111, in some things this Is appar
ent to the slowest Intellect. As In the case of
minerals. Industry ana skill may by long ef
forts remedy tho sterility ot tbe soU bat only
tbe absolute gifts of nature can enrich the
depths of tbe rock.
Thus, in examining one subject, after look
ing at 1U size and shape, marked as It is by
the irregular curves of the Isothermal lines.
There Is another alvlslon below the surface
this time, no less valuable and important.
This Is the mineral deposit; the coal, iron and
copper with which nature has made rich
tbuse barren spots whose rocky crags would
forbid cultivation, The two great mlntral
staples we possess abundantly.
UISEKALS.
In coal, the great Appalachian field covers
about five thousand one hundred squara
mile, and In Iron tha btate Is ribbed
with vast belts of finest ore. In many
cakes In close proximity lo both-coal, wood
and sandstone. For these, or all other pro
ducts transportation is rendered easy by one
thousand six bundled and thlity-four mlloa
of railways und one thousand three hundred
and fifty-four miles ot navigable rivers, glv
leg transportation to every thirteen fcquaro
miles of the Slate's area.
To sum u p thtn. in brief : The average tern
peatbre of one year Is Si : tbe annual rain
lafffj.'Tortj -six Inches; the death rate Is one
titB&'iwrcent.; we have a population of 31.4
tJlirb square mile, composed of twenty-three
whites and eight blacks; our soil is fertile and
dlveisifled, our minerals abandnnt, and we
are alpn" in tbe United Slates where tbe
linpsol past greatest social and material ue
velopment approach each other.
But with a.l of this to warrant the most en
thusiastic hopes, we see the slate reduced to
an agony of taxation, sickened in It" pregres-Si
and bankrupt in lis cre'dit!
Now there must be a re&son for
thfs; all natural prosperity Is de
rived from tbe combinations ol
nature and man. The first luruisD.es the
soil, tbe rock, the forest mid tbe climate.
Man furnishes the labor required to utilize
tbeetothe neds of human progress. We
have seen nature has done more than her
piit. The fault, therefore, must fall upon
man.
It necessarily follows, therefore, that under
a system oi government such as ours the of
fenss must rest either with the citizen or the
leg stature; the blame must be east either up
on bad customs or unwlso laws.
FARMERS AND FARM PRODUCTION'S.
In reference to the first there Is much empty
declamation about our farmen raising corn
Instead ofotton, and the necessity of ' turn
ing our attention" to manufactures.
T heso are equally absurd. J n the first place,
while it is saler to avoid risking all upon one
thing lu any buslntss, yet It Is not necessarily
the more profitable.
Again, as the raising of farm products Is a
matter or Investment, It will necessarily re
spond onlr td tha touch of Interest, and tho
experience of Individuals Is worth more than
all the theorying in the world that U, the
custom proves It to be the best. To suppose
any man of ordinary Intelligence would not
be able to know whether he made or lost on
the crop Is absurd; to declare be would con
tinue to lose year after year in the same man
ner Is an outran e on common understanding.
Tbe native system of agriculture of any
country is absolutely the best. The Instinct
of self teaches during tho practice of centuries
tbe methods best adapted to the situation
and product?.
Along the Amazon, owing to the great heats,
the natives cut down tho undergrowth ana
plant maize with a small hoe among the tiash
of leaves and brandies. The foreign farmers
who introduced lmptoved systems and plowed
up the sjll only made an ash-bank, and raised
nothing bat dust.
In tbe deseits of Arizona the Finos plant
corn in boles two or thteo feet deep, made by
driving slakes Into the naknd Baud. But at
that depta they find raoisturo sufficient to
make a ciop. In Colorado eggs set to hatch
have to be molsteneJ, or they will often dry
too much ta produce. And on Its high ridges
it Is Impossible lo cook vegetables by boiling
the decline of atmohpberic pressure lowers
the boiling point of water below that neces
eary to cook food.
Superficial travelers always complain of the
natives of the tropics that they do not raise
wheat and corn, and abuse them as lazy and
Indifferent. But Humboldt calculates one
single acre of plantains "to equal the crop of
one hundred and thlrty-threu acres of wheat
and forty four acres cf potatoes."
The history of too cultivation of tho peanut
in Tennessee shows how quickly the people
will grasp at anything that pays: Introduced
to market by a larmer In Hickman county
smco the war, the production in 1S72 reached
Six hundred and eighty thousand bushels.
(Klllobiew, K. Tenn.j
And although It msy pay for a few to raise
corn, while everybody else raises cotton, j et
If all raised corn It would bo worth nothing.
In the great western corn-growing 8tate3 It
often sells lor 111 teen cents per bushel, or Is
used as fuel.
Hence the southern farmer who finds it to
pay him to raise cotton and buy corn should do
so ;snd like tho travelerln the Arabian SighU
go steadily forward toward the prize without
Delng disturbed by the senseless voices around
bim. Further comforted by the assurance of
the census of 1870 that hois lealizing thirty
seven per cent, per annum grost on his Invest
ments for farm, implements and wages, while
In Massachuset Is, tho 11 eal of the opposite sys
tem, they make only twenty-seven per cent
(Census 1670.)
MANUFACTURES.
Still more senseless is the tall: about manu
factures. It is only what may be called the
excess of agricultural labor which goes into
manufactures. It Is often said if we bad more
capital we would have factories. But th's Is
not a question of capital at all. If we bad all
the capita! in the world here, it would not In
vest In factories, when farm wages are to
high, and tbe low price of land offers such re
markable facilities to laborers for obtaining
and cultivating tbelr own land.
In no country In the world is factory labor
not paid better than farm labor, and until our
farm wages. are reduced by the number of la
borers It is useless to expect manufactures to
succeed. "When this is once done they will
spring up themselves.
The followlne figures are taken from the
special report of the bureau statistics of 1871:
In Massachusetts, the great manufacturing
Btate, the average annual wages ol laelory la
bor for lt03, was seven hundred and thirty
eight dollars and ninety-two cents. The aver
agemonthty wages of farm labor was th'rty
two dollars and five cenls;only employed from
April te November making the annual wages
for eight months two hundred and fifty-six dol
lars and forty cents. The four winter months
thoy are out of work In the hardest part of the
year; bat supposing thoy made as much as
during the summer, then lor a year of twelve
months the wages amounts to three hundred
and eighty-four dollars and sixty cents, leav
ing an excess of factory over farm wages per
annum of three hundred and fifty-four dollars
and thirty-two cents.
Here the difference between the two exactly
represents the bounty required to Induce a
farm laborer In Massachusetts to engage In
factory work ; and this bounty in round nan
bers Is just doable, or an increase of one hun
dred per cent.
WAGES.
Now In Tennessee (KiUibrew't Jlesourcet of
Tenneuee) the raotory wage per annum Is
two hundred and seventy-seven dollors.whlle
a white laborer can easily get on a farm twen-ly-flve
doliats per month, with board, the year
round; which, reckoning board at the same
price as In Massachusetts or fifteen dollars
per month Is equal to lour hundred and
eighty dollars per annum, leaving an excess
of farm over factory wages ol two hundred
and three dollars, or the reverse of the posi
tion In Massachusetts There the factory
hacd required a bounty of three hundred and
fifty-four dollars per annum, while here he
has to suffer a loss of two hundred and three
dollars. To suppose the white laborer will
work for this, as a class, is absurd. Individu
als may, but the operatives in Tennessee will
bs found to consist largely of uncertain negro
labor, tos unreliable to be valuable for facto
ry purposes; aud outside tbe large cities, of
men wandering about without fixed aims and
wllllnir to drllt along as operatives as well as
anything else. Of course, here operatives or
factory labor must not be confounded with
mechanics.
To enumerate, then, our natural advantages
for factories our wnter-power, coal, cotton,
wood, or Iron Is absurd unless the natural
advantage will amount to a higher mpney
value than the difference in tbe price of la
bor. In some cases now as notably our coal
aud iron the articles being scarce, transpor
tation heavy, and labor a comparatively small
Item. It pays to work them. But with cotton
orwool.wben transportation is light and la
bor the largest Item, it pays rather to carry
the staple to where tbe laborer and his food
are located together, and both aro cheapest.
Capital only engages In businesses which
pay, and it always will engage In a business
which will pay. No opportunity of success
ful undertaking ever remains long untaken
at this day.
SMALL FARMS.
Again, in Tennesseo the average value per
acre ot small improved farms, In 18C3, ol our
first counties, was twenty-three doUars. Of
lands half or less cleared and fenced, eight
dollars per acre. (Itep. B.Sta.1871.) This is a
high valuation. Yet, at this, a man with five
hundred dollars capital can buy twenty-five
acres of improved land, pay one-third cash
on the placH, pay cash down for everything,
live well aud pay for the whole place the first
year; clearingon his labor nlno hundred end
seventy dollars. In Massachiicts there are
no small farms for sale. The average value
for all lands is sixty-seven dollars. More
capital is lequired to commence with, and
the farmer gets less for his product. Surely
these facts snow why we are nut and cannot bo
a manufacturing State, until we have a
greater population. Here we havo only
thlrty-ouB to the square mile; in Massachu
setts they have one hundred and elehty-sir.
When we get an addition of one hundred and
fl'ty-five per square mile to our population,
then wo also may expect to rival Massachu
setts facto rlts.
TWO S0N03.
So much for the two sing songs of theoreti
cal advice to southern farmers : To quit cotton ;
raise corn, and pursue manufactures,
ideas based purely npon fine-drawn calcu
lations, like "Colonel seller's" speculations
In eye-water, without the least exactness In
tbelr terms, and expressed without tbe slight
est reverence for tbe solid mass of common
sense contained in tbe settled customs ot the
people.
I cannot too often repeat thete are always,
If not the most agreeable, csrlalnly the best
and most profitable. They are nature', tools
with which humanity Is fashioned and mold
ed. By means of lhee man has been
developed from the lowest grade of
barbarism to the highest state of civilization.
They all tend upwaid, never downward; na
ture grows toward the light In both man and
plant; individuals may fall and disappear
like babbles breaking to the wave, tut still
tho tide Uses.
it has been slow, bnt It has been very sure ;
and If civilization to Cay amounts to any
thing, It Is due to this inherent forco of the
masses continually pressing upward against
tyrants and bigotry at.d demagogues
LEGISLATION.
As we have seen the natural forces at our
disposition have not been allowed to remain
disused by any fault of tbe citizens directly;
the situation of tho btate most therefore be
ascribed to legislation; It must be our lawt
and cutlomt which aro bad.
To the average citizen this conclusion Is a
common and, sad to say, a Aral one; a sort of
general uisiiiwhioi me subject into a nmno
of lawyers and politicians. However keenly
he may have followeu nn argument througn
the mazes of IokIc. When once it hnntaum
refuge In the depths of legislation and law, It
Concluded on Second Page,
CORRUPTION.
A Chargo Against Bloody-Shirt Blaine
that Calls for Immediate Invest
igation. Babcock's Case Again Another Sad
CosoAU thclVaj- from Texas
General Meigs Again.
JUIalr ni n Urlbe Taker.
Indianapolis, April 11. The Sen
tinel of this morning asserts that J. C.
S. Harrison, a prominent banker of this
blty and for a number ,of years a govern
ment director in the Jnion Pacific roadj
is in possession of facs inculpating Ex
Speafeer Blaine in receiving sixty-four
thousand dollars previous to 1572, from
the Union Pacific railroad, for
which, worthless Arkansas bonds
were deposited as eecttrity, and
that Mr. Harrison had endeavored to
procure an investigation by a committee
of the director?, but was prevented on
the ground that such action would be
detrimental to Mr. Blaine's political
prospects. Since the publication of the
above Mr. Harrison has been asked for a
statement of the facts, but declines to
say more than that if brcught before a
congressional committee he will tell all
he knows about it without concealment.
Habcoelt'H Caso Again.
New York, April 11. A Washington
special tq the Post Cays Colonel Broad
head was before the sub-judiciary com
mittee to-day, and was examined in
reference to any possible inside history
of the trial of iJabcock. He said that
before the trial Information was brought
to him two of the detectives em
ployed in the safe-burglary case were in
St. Louis, employed by Babcock to
steal evidence out of the district-attorney's
offlie, bat their plan was discov
ered, whereupon they left the city. They
had been paid two hundred dolijrs each
for their expenses by Babcock's friends;
Broadhoad then told the committee
how the prosecution ascertained the
history of Gill, the letter carrier in con
nection with the case. The letter was
procured at witness by Parker, collector
of Colorado Territory, after consultation
with Joyca. The prosecution were
afraid to put Parker on the stand, for
fear that his testimony would be in the
interest of Babcock.
General Xeiss Wants Hair All the Time
St. Lou.'s, April 11. The Times has
interviewed Captain Joseph Labarge,
an old and well-known steamboatman,
In which he is represented as stating
that some time ago be transported
freight on the upper Missouri river for
the government, the bill for which
amounted to fourteen hundred dollars.
The account was approved by Colonel
Easton, quartermaster, and sent to
Washington, with Labarge's receipt in
full attached. Shortly afterward La
barge received a letter from General
Meigs that his account was disallowed,
subsequently General John M'Donald
called on Labarge and asked him what
he would give to have tbe account col
lected and, offered to collect it for half
its amount. Labarge agreed to this,
aud in a few days M'Donald called
again and paid him seven hundred dol
lar?. On another occasion Labarge sent
an account to VVashingtoa for six hun
dred and fifty dollars, and received
word in reply: "Take half or nothing."
Labarge wrote to Senator Bogy about
the matter, asking him to look into it
for him, and Bogy replied, advising him
to take what he could get.
Another Snd Case.
Washington, April 11. The com
mittee on military affairs continued the
investigation of General Boughton to
day. General Bonghton testified in his
own behalf, explaining the charges
against him, which he supposed were
made for blackmailing purposes, as he
was approached by General Bridgland's
clerk, who proposed to drop all esses
against him, and others indicted with
him for the fsum of ten thou
sand dollars. The clerk afterward
reduced his figures to seven thousand,
and again to livo thousand, all of which
offers were rejected. Finding that he
was illegally indicted, and believing
that tho same men that got him indict
ed would continue to persecute him, he
did offer to compromise the matter.
Mr. Moore, special agent of the treas
ury department, testified that Bridge
land had been indicted in Texas, and
that ho (Moore) had discovered irregu
larities on Bridgeland's part.
Bridgeland will be heard to-morrow.
TBLEGKABS.
The Australian submarine cable has
been laid.
The whisky-thief trials are progress
ing in Chicago.
A. T. Stewart's remains will 1)8 In
terred to-morrow.
Tho direct cable has been repaired and
telegraphic communication restored.
San Francisco is agonized over the
whisky frauJs there. The general de
tails are the same as those of St. Louis
and Chicago.
The secretary of state, secretary cf
war and the secretary of the navy will
go to iNew xorn to receive me em
peror or .Brazil.
All the prisoners before the United
States court at Baltimore, charged with
violation of the enforcement act, have
been discharged.
C. H. Barnes, who robbed the bank
at Walkinsville, New York, of eleven
hundred dollars, was arrested in San
Francisco yesterday.
The new census of Philadelphia, just
taken, shows a population of eight hun
dred and seventeen thousand four hun
dred and forty-eight.
Lieutenant Shoemaker yesterday tes
tified that the contract for fuel at Fort
Reno was awarded to the highest bidder.
The officers at the fort protested against
this, but without avail.
Max Blumenthal, formerly deputy
collector at St. Marks, Florida, was ar
rested in St. Louis yesterday for stealing
money belonging to tbe United States
collector's office at that point.
The New York Times will publish a
call for evidence regarding the Bsecher
scandal, issued by a committee ap
pointed by the New York and Brooklyn
association of Congregational ministers.
Telegrams from Bosnia state that tbe
insurrection has now spread to the cen
ter of Boanis. The country around Tre
vgaac bai joined the movement, and
the Bclavonians aro mora than ever ex
cited over the prospect of eucces3.
The trufeteesof the Cincinnati South
ern railway awarded three millions six
per cent, gold bonds to Espy, Heidelbach
& Ca , of tbat city, to-day, at a premium
of thirteen-hundrtdths of one per cent.,
and accrued interest. The bonds run
three years.
Sixteen msn were captured on board
the steamer Octavia by tne Spaniards.
and delivered at Porto Rico, on the
twenty-seventh ultimo, to tne com
mander of the British cunboat Eclipse.
which sailed immediately afterward.
The destination is unknown.
Cincinnati is to have another musical
iubilee. A larce orchestra and a full
chorus of four hundred singers have
been engaged. The solo singers engaged
at present are M. W. Whitney, basso:
H. A. Bischoff, tenor. Mr. Otto Singer
win preside as musical director.
The Franco-American union in Paris
has organized a grand operatic festival
for April l!4tu, tne proceeds to be tie
voted to tho monumont to b9 erected In
Now York harbor. The musical socle-
ties of Paris, and, it is expected, several
provincial societies, wiil take part in the
festival.
John Seals, one cf the tellers of the
Security savings bank of New York
city, is discovered to b; a defaulter for
i sixty-nine thousand dollars. The bank
is being wound up by a receiver, and the
discovery was made through the settle
ment of depositors accounts for payment
of dividends.
Tho insurrection in the province of
Constantino, Algeria, proves tc be un
important. John B. Carmon, of the banking firm
of A. Curtiss & Carmon, of Camden, in
TJtica county, that suspended a short
time ago, has been arrested upon com
plaint of twelve depositors charging him
with embezzling twenty-five thousand
dollars of the funds of the bank. Car
mon has failed to obtain ball thus far.
A portion of the trestlework of the
Dilaware, Lackawanna and Western
railway at Passaic river crossing, which
Is several hundred feet high, fell yester
day while a number of men were em
ployed strengthening it. Two men
were killed and thiea others injured,
probably fatally.
MISSISSIPPI.
ranuasc or Revenue Bill Vacant Jns
llccahlp ofthft Supreme Conrt
The I'cniteutlary.
Special to the Appeal.1
Jackson, April 11. Tho legislature
is transacting a vast quantity of busi
ness. The senots'pas'ied a revenue bill
which fixes the State tales in oil at six
and one-quarter mills. No school tax
will be levied. They have also passed the
agricultural lien law. This law gives
landlords claims preference. The con
firmation of Judge J. A. P. Campbell as
justice of the supreme court seems to
nang fire in the senate; most likely be
cause of the very general desire among
the members of that body for the ap
pointment of H. H. Chalmers, of De
Soto county. Campbell will, no doubt,
be confirmed.
Tho bouse pessed a bill leasing the
penitentiary for fifteen years to the
highest bidder. Tbe bill was in tbe in
terest of Colonel E. Richardson, and its
passage virtually gives him the lease.
The legislature visits Wesson mills to
morrow. THE OSAGE IiANDS.
Tho Settlers TVIId Over Bcccnt Decl
Mlon Congratulations and Be
jolclngu. Fort Scott, Kansas. April 10. A
special from tbe Osage Mission says that
the people there are wild over the news
of tho decision by the United States su
preme court of ihe Osage ceded land
case in favor of the settlers. This deci
sion seeures thehouaesof three thousand
families. Three hundred guns have
been fired, bells ringing, bonflrea burn
ing and fligs flying. Speeches were
made this evening by Hon. W. L. Sim
mons and other champions of the set
tlers' cause. Mayor Stoddart has Issued
a proclamation appointing Saturday of
this week as a day of general rejoicing
over the decision. It is expected that
ten thousand people will be present
Topeka, Ks., April 10. The United
Slate district court convened here to
day, but dispatches from Washington
announcing the decision of the supreme
court in favor of the 03age settlers drew
all attontion from it. United Slates
Attorney Peck received dispatches from
Senator Ingalls, Jerry Black and Judge
Lawrence, announcing the result and
congratulating him. The governor, for
many years president of the Settlers'
league, was tbe recipient of congratula
tions from all sides. "Judge Black's tel
egram concluded as follows: "Shannon
honored, Peck glorified, justice vindi
cated, truth triumphant, the settlers
protected. 'The Lord God omnipotent
reigneth.' "
Steamship Arrival.
Philadelphia, April 11. The
steamship Lord Clive, from Liverpool.
NeV York, April 11. The steamer
Idaho, from Liverpool.
San Fbancibco, April 11. The
steamer Granada, from Sidney, via
Auckland and Honolulu.
Niaqaea, April 11. The propeller 8.
Ellsworth, frem O3wego, arrived to-day.
The first arrival of the season.
London, April 11. The steamships
Polynesian, from Portland; City of
Bristol, from Philadelphia; Hecla, from
Boston, aud Euxine, from New York,
arrived out
IiAW REPORTS.
Chancery Conrt-Morgan, Judge,
rvn nf nftlnndar continued to-dav.
Courts meets at nine overy morning.
Criminal Court Adams, Jndge,
The followlne cases set for trial to-day:
140, John Holmes; 4S6, A.J. Williams;
567, Matt Newman; 669, Joe Alexander
. ' . ... mnu r rt
alias jjiancne; on, unas. wiimuui ooi,
Lizzie Martin; 579, John Mitchell; 629,
Jim Kelly; 532, Jim Johnson; 438, Ed
ward Butler.
Circuit Conrt Helsbell, Judge.
To-dav's calendar: 3442, Dea vs City
of Memphis; 3522, Key vs Glis3on;
3530, City of Memphis vs Warner; 3534,
Plain vs Lockey; 3544, Gusenbery vs
Chapman; 3547, Williams vs James,
administrator; doio, wuue w.
Eastland & Co.; 3549, Galbreath vs
T.orbin. asse. Tiicirlft va Thatcher et al:
3557, Wooldrldge vsWalters & Co.; 355?,
Adams express company vs mauguiu,
3561, Swain and wife vs Cubbings &
Gunn; 3567, Southern oil-works vs Jef
ferson; 3568, Kreukle vs Bruder; 3571,
Smith vs Mackey; 3573, Carr vs Carlile:
3573, Collier vs Berlin; 3576, Bradshaw
ifo TV,ior- 5S7R. White, executor vs Topd:
3579, Allen, administrator va Wilkerson;
oooU, SUin VS j?agan; oooi, uiocuun o
Buck; 3383, Semmes & Co. vs M'GuIre;
3SS4. fiarver. use. etc. vs Carnes; 3585,
Bmiiii tto virRrn. On and after Mon
day next this court win meet amine
o'clock.
MARRIED.
BTEVKNSON KING At Calvary Criurch
tforterriiiv Tuesday! afternoon, by Bov. Dr.
George White, Rector, Mr. W. W. Stevenson
and Miss Lilly B. Kino, both of low city.
DIED.
MORFORD -April llta, Claude K. Mob
roED, eldest son of D. B. and 11. M. Morford,
aeed 4 years. 4 months and 27 days.
Attention, Knights Templar.
YOU are hereby ordered to attend a m
special conclave or Cyrene Com-Vy
m JIT .fT thl.WETlNKa
DAY) evening, at 8 o clock, at Asylum, for the
purpose of conferring the Orders of the Red
Cross. Visiting and resident fratera coaite-
ously invited.
By order. ED WORSHAM.E. C.
T. J. Barchus, Recorder.
Wedaeday, April 13tli. Begnlar and
important.
Knichts of Honor.
TTNITY LODGE, No. 217, Knights of Honor,
U will meet In Hall of Natoma Temple of
Honor, No. 23i Second street, this (WEDNES
DAY) evening, at 8 o'clock, for initiation and
dispatch of business. Members of Memphis
Lodge, No. 1M, are fraternally lnvitnd.
By order D. F. GOODYEAR, Dictator.
LHab. L. Pollen, Reporter. apia
rE copartnership heretofore existing be
tween Frank A. Newell and H. P. John
idon, at No. 41 Monr .e street, " Memphis Straw
Works." Is this day dissolved by mutual con
sent, Frank A. Newell assuming all liabilities
to this date, April 10. 18T6.
FRANK A. N SWELL, 41 Monroe at.
THE partnership ol Ensley & Stephenson Is
and has been dls olved hlnce tho first ot
March last. No one Is authorized lo sign or
use my name to any obligation, or In the pur
Chasing of supplies or otherwise.
April 11, ISif. ENOCH ENSLEY.
Uejicf
o
B. K. PLAIJ?.
W. A. WILLIAMS.
EADER
Mouufaoturora cx
BOOBS, SASH, BLINDS MD MOLDINGS,
Office and Factory 358 and 360 Second Street,
XbOCosxxx'?30 - Tonnosjj'eo.
and dressed; Lath and Uhlngles'. Framing Lumber sawed to order m hhort notice.
SED FO OUR MOLDIMB
OLUMBIA
(Formorly Et. Louis Llfo
3 T.A.T 23 IVX 32 ZKT 1",
ASSETS:
Real Estate owned, less incumbrance.
IMU WMw nuuu.t..-.""iiii i -"
(xmater! Loans and Bills Receivable........
Bonds and BtockR Owned -
cash on hand and Checks aod Drafts In course of
ileal Jistate loans....
Accrued interest.
Furniture and Kixtnressli 71 25. Judgment S9B 81.....; ---
Net Outstanding and Deferred Premiums and Agents' Accounts-
Total..
LIABILITIES AND RESERVES i
ueam uiairus nut yniuuu,jw. 'ww i .uv.w......,...... .. .
ah nthprrlnlmn ove'-remlltances anu unemmw xi .
Premium Ke'etAmlrTcan Experience Table of Mortality valutas Short Term,
Stock Rate and Commuted Policies at six percent. Interest; all other PoU-
. i .. v, 1 . .1.1 v .,, (ntorAlzt.
Surplus, including 5100,000 Capital Stock.....
Total ..
i.-vnr.n Poltnlea In Force.
This Company has resumed the issue of New Policies, which will be granted on the most
nnnrovBd ulaiis of lnsnrance and on Participating rates of premium.
PPNo Tpart of the I Surplus payable on Participating Pol.cles can bo appropriated for divi
dends on the Capital Stock. .
JOIIS T. OCSI.AH President. f ED. W. BBTA5T, VIce-Pre't and Act'ry
J. II. FOX, Secretary. GEO. W.M ASHING, AsJttani Secretary
H. CHHIsrOFIIEB, H.D.,MedIcnI Officer I
kw-ivt in. RAHNfixT. finaI Attent.
MlscHslppl-Offloe. Ko.O MadUon street,
B. . UENH18G, II. It. Heaicai l.xmintr.j juuouca -""
Wholesale G-E?cers
COTTON
BTo. & SVont mt.9
ifoitaHaiDls!
MENKEN BROTHERS
HATE RECEIVED THE FOLLOWING
Sanding In prloe from
-o-
Black Cashmere and Faille Silks!
Checked Silks, Striped Silks !
Grisaille Stripes and Plain!
Also, the new delicate ECRU SHADES, In solid colors.
iew and Elegant Costumes!
Just Imported, and In rarlety or desljns. CHILDREN'S and MISSES'
GARMENTS, INFANTS' DRESSES AND CAPS. Special attention Is
called to oar EMBROIDERED EDGINGS and INSERTINGS, "nhlch
are much less than former prices.
MENKBH BROTHERS
261 and 263
olesale
COTTON FACTORS
-itta gt- a. ECIXiXaXE'HS - OottOn Slos-"ia
CASH ADVANCES MADE ON CONSIGNMENTS OF COTTON TO ME9S d. BROWN
SHIPLEY & CO.. Liverpool, England.
1876
S
We are now ready for the Trade with our usual heavy stock, selected tor
3IEKCIIAHTS EXCMJaiVEIT.
OOTS and SHOES,
MEN'S AND B0YS' HATS,
233 MJlOT
FACTOBXES.
STRAWBERRY, GRAPE, JEACH,
AND GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF
IT BOXES!
A FULL LINE OF
Flooring, Ceiling, Siding,
Shingle aod Lumber en band.
W Orders promptly executed.
W. H. BUTTS & CO.,
Saw and Plaining Mills Front street, near
UM worts,
apl IHEHJPJIIS. TENa,
FEU
W. H. BAX3EBW
r Tfi
-4 VSJP
BOOK ASP PRICE-LIST.
Ininra.no Company).
u9u3E2E5.3: li 1878.
$l,512,77 S3
.. 1,155,165 W
212,211; 20
2,6S5,eS4 S4
W.331 IS
.. 145,120 25
. 107,951 J
21,891 IS
119,561 I
t3,Oi7,401 IX)
...
collection.
.$ 163.2SS43
143,255 57
5,507,216 02
223,634 09
. 837,404 CO
Insurinrr $33,779,391.
BUS. nULllBB, jianager or Agencies
far Weilern Tennesiee and northern
Memphis. Tenn.
IjOTTIS,
Mempiais, Tenia,
SEW AND ELEGANT FABRICS :
cents to 85 cents a yard.
Main Street.
Grocers.
WOMEN'S TRIMMED HATS.
MITCHELL,
STEEET.
LIQUORS.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND LIQUOR
2o. 857 Front Street,
MEMPHIS, : : TENNESSEE.
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
FACTORS
1876
0. DieiMANN,
STOVES, ETC.
EXCELSIOR
HGTOI CO.
612, 614, 616 & 618 N. MAIN ST.
ST. LOUIS, MO.
rzzzzzLLz mini ei
-PL&YE, WIRE,
SHEET IROH
COPPER.
Have always in Stock a complete
assortment of every class or
goods nsetl or sold by
TIN AND STOVE DEALERS,
AS3 Z2Z K1S X1KZ?a:T72Z23 C? "I
A..n!.
FAMOUS WHEREVER USED OR KNOWN
FOR ECONOMY !N PRICE,
SUPERIOR CONSTRUCTION,
QUICK &. UNIFORM BAKING,
AND PERFECT OPERATION.
Orders from the trnde respectfully
solicited, guaranteeing
HEST-CLASS GOODS,
CAEEFUL PACKING,
PEOMPT SHIPMENTS, AND
LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES.
SEND FOR NEW LISTS.
ADDRESS :
MA1BJ1I CiPffi,
ST. LOUIS, mo.
SW TheJCliartftr fink ftovm aro oia
by E. Prqnlmrt A V.o. Mp"nhl.
PIANOS, ORGANS,
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS,
SHEET MDSIC, BOOKS, Etc.
AT COST PSICE!
For SO X3a.-yet Only.
Sow la your lime to boy.
STORE FOR RENT AND FIXTURES FOR
SALE, or I will sell stock. Including location,
which Is the best in the city to any one that
-wishes to continue the music bnslaess.
s:. a. mmmN9
317 Main Street, Meniphis, Tenn.
FINEST FLAY0SEB
mmm mm
OLIVER. FINNIE & CO.
MAKE no engagements till yon see onr
Saw Book. Jllntttaied. which. In
thrilling Interest, sterling merit, elegance and
cheapness, has absoluiely no equal. It la
"The Thing " for tbe Centennial period-sells
on signt. Any active manoi oukiukni capac
ity Insured laree profltH and steady work for a
year. Apply promptly to
ap8 27 Park Place. New York.
STHAWBBBEY PLANTS
FOB SALE BY
O. 3EI. 23 fix-To cj-ixx- cSs Go.
Trlsrsr Arennr. Tlniptil.
BANKRUPTCY.
SOTICE 15 BASKBBPICT.
In the District Court of the United States, for
the District or West Tennessee. in ine mat
ter nf N.I)ar In Han&rnDlcv.
THE undersigned hereby gives notice of hla
appointment as assignee of N. Dewar, of
Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee.
Memphis. April 10. IST6. apll ta
BOT1CE If HASiKauntCT.
In the District Court of the United States, for
the District or West Tennessee. in me mat
ter nr J. H. WIllrtL-In Bankruptcy.
THE undersigned hereby give notice of his
appointment an assignee of J. H. Wlllett,
of Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee.
Memphis. April 10. 1SI6. ' apll ta
KIITICI' IN BASKBOFTCI.
In the District Court of the United States, for
tne Districioi w -si leuau. "
. . T u ii..iii.l In HantrnntT.
LOtUi J, LI. iiU-t linn... - . , - -
riint. unuenugucu ueiuuj s" " ... ,
1 appolntmentasasalgnee of J. S. Rosenthal,
of Memphis, Shelby county, Tennessee.
' o. WOOLDRLDGE, Assignee.
iiemnnis-Arniiu. i3o. -" "
WOT I IV. IS IlANKBUMCYl
111 the District Court of the United State s, for
tbe District oi v. ohi j. iT'"
ter of K. H. Epperson. In Bankruptcy.
mHE undersigned hereby gives notice ol his
I appointment as asslanee of R. H. Epper
son, of Madison county, Tennewee.
80 ' ' WOOLDRIDUE, Assignee.
Mumnhls. ADrtl 10. 16 apll tu
KnTinc IV IlANKBCfTCT.
in the District Court of the United Stotes. f or
the District of West Tennesfwe.-In the mat
ter of O. H. Becker -In Bankruptcy.
rilKr, undersigned hereby gives noUee of hU
I appointment as asslguee of G. H. Beaker,
of Memphis, Shelby comity Tennewee.
F i oooLDiarJUE, Assignee.
Mumnhli. April 10, 1W. apll tu
Mirll F. IS B4NKKOSIX-?.
In the District Court of the United States, for
the District of West Tennessee, -in the mat
ter of Joseph O. Threat In Bankruptcy.
mHE undersigned hereby gives notice of h!a
1 appointment as assignee of Joseph O.
Threat, of Memphis. Shelby county, Tenn.
1 0. WOOLDRLDGE, Assignee.
Memphis, Aprii;i3. IKS. apll tu
.oa by fa.

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