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THE MEMPHIS DAILY PPRa-SUDAY. FEBBUABY 25, 1877.
'EAL copy , ! 2", ... t till IIIKT J lO fM j f Hi I 1 III 'J- --. OO lWt: f pudoaa, and no, r"1 slwuia be tho people, of the constitution, of liberty. uom with the republic, ever true to it, bear ing it onward in its strong arms, and guiding I it by its enlightened and patriotic counsels for eighty years in honor, freedom, pros perity and greatness, it is the only historical party of Uie country; it i the only safe guardian of the constitution; it is the only Lope of the nation. It cannot die and the I K- l: T-i , n-puuut. mey an; nound in a common fate as they are linked ia a common history. iNsmocrats, do not despair. As. the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church, so wal the wrongs of the Democratic nke it still stronger with the people. For the Sunday Appeal. TO TUB HtllOKV OF A. A. JAHEH. W. H. H We all must die. But. oh how young Our friend has panned away. Junt as the banner of Life Is Hun To lb breeze of Hope, U 1 unstrung. And lu folds Krapt In decay. We all must die. WbateVr we be ueain snarl we cannot stay; To Azrael all shall bend the kiiee. party i Whether of hli And pass from earth away. The mortal's dead: but his soul divine The new life Uvea fon-rer. And la the depths of mera'ry's shr!ne Jr'or him a Jewel bright doth shine 'or him. Just 'cress -the river." uur mend is oi Lives In that brighter sohere one. We know that he mi oo .on square, aod Mr tin A flraft ln Su "nfu meat' V l Srat tnsertJoo, and neeuu P liD.unr4 ooUees) and STe wui o ' , AmiMenMss. Pirepodejti ? sollen leJSTmuIt always biai o, irnrf m.,o. nssiurifs, staoaoair. SAnCELJ.TILWEJI. Jfaroelluj exiled more true Jy feels. Thau Urnar with the senate at his heels.-" fcverr man who nrefem rauier be Samuel J. Tilden, counted out, than Returning-Board Hayes elected by d. Indeed, the hetlnn f rjA,,, T;i den durinsr hut short bat erentful nolitiral wjt nas been grand. Tain have been the " passed thrcmsh the fierr ordal. oni reanAd gold. Hotest men are disgusted at the means by which he Kw ,a ,.uie exalted place to which he was hon- Prom all the Ills or alcKnes tree. Soothed by Heaven's minstrelsy. And resting sweetly there. Bis best belored-tbou widowed wife Heplne not dry your tears; His was a true and notile life, lUllnu. throuch suAVrliui and strife. The measure of his years. Farewell, dea friend. Th' (lowers this spring " in uiuuin o er your coiu lafx; Above you birds will sweetly s-og. And zephyrs sweet their Incense bring To your last resting place. MsxfhI-h, Tax., February 21, 177. iinuiurxuonB. . . uu w an uuu" we win ortarn else lor tae I "7 elected ky tha American Deonle. and thr jlettrr,"-rj (hnu .r - " aitai- saou- v A SXATTKO. I l 4J , . Juouce superior to their po- sA.m . . . UUUU i aw rwwnu iurii. i i J. Tilden, and now, i . SCSDAT XOEf EB -5, 1877. 4 HldoDie. From an Appeal Correspondent. Jew York, February 23. Few novels have had the success of tl e French etory by Alphonse Daudet, which has reached iU RlXtT-tltth thnmaanl ; L 1 . u - 1 - 1 , j r iva in a nun r itiiu 1 ba iHrvtiim ynyuuice, are now with nn n1iin 1 tnousand tiom f ho nm. L- r tongue commending the integrity of Governor I i' fltia tale of middle life' in Paris, Tilden. The Richmond Whin th. 1110 cluef P0' teing a twbrrtte, who. out of this eat ,blman. " rr:" ..oo. a rick old bachelor . " t u juuunir uiB i lur uiHifLirA nt . . .. , i i . i . ,. , , " T ooiu Jills IUH mo nommauon Of Hamnel I juunifer orotner. to whom k1 lia.- ,l..,l,. . . . I haroajf P A -f . " euice me contest ia nr. toally over and he has been elected, although counted oat, we are satisfied that we made wild creature, and shaking off Rialer's grasi , the ruhed through the open door into tiw silence and darkness of the night, through the wind and the fact falling snow. "top her!" cried Ciaiw-in an agony. "Ruder, I'lanus, I inplore you, do not let her go in tlmt wayl" fun us moved to olev, but Risler caught Lina. "Let her go," he "said sternly; "1 for bid you to follow her! I beg your pardon, .Madame, but we have more important mat ters than that on hand. To your books, I'lanus; we have much to do." x u.j uuaracrer oi lwsiree uoiaoeue is a lovely portraiture. Here is a picture of the lono girl in her humble home: . "Lame from her infancy, in consequence of u araucui wcucn naa in no way lessened the beauty of her refined face, she passed her days buried in an armchair, before a table that wan covered with faohion-plates and birds of an tuiw, nnaing some compensation in the eletfance of her employment for the poverty and anxiety of her life." She knew that those little wincrs would fc-Iittt-r at Parisian fetes: and bv the fashion in which she would arrange her birds and teeUes. it was easv to divine her thonchtji. On her sad and weary days the wings were wiaeiy spread, as it eager lor a flight fast and furious enoue-h to bear the little creature far away from this poor abode with its petty cares and trials. At other times, when she was bappy. the tinv things themselves lonfcfv) radiant like a very caprice of fashion." The character of this vouni? creature ia th finest c5neertion .in the bock, after that of William Rister: and the sad fate of both m.'ikea one feel almost like arraicnini? the author for reusing in us our deepest and most human and personal sympathies, only to tear our heartstrings at the last. a. c. e. A'iU CHABXH UK IBIHU WATEB IXLuaCK. aio d. WBrra. Wljlskr mlith yellow Spa U the fWi you ever ou Vnt Mi I Or Its f f aoe. Or rone places. to sing; But lfJbrated Chalyl And highly-rated WaWln. Fror earth's quarters. To tthese waters, Floves and daughters, id our single young menj Forth gladden Eattk and sad one Alonn Baden Baden. r than Ktsstngen. I dc take It Ia tew state, naked, BuDlte rated '1th something mild ; 4 Komttb W-9e's Its to dagulses Ia g.; surprises hemerest child. Anas tdrlnk It, Mfrtrfh I think It W the tames to link It Of kose far away; Wteveriphere In Wthlnlof Erin. a guhlug tear In Theleye, to-day. ffnt fane were It Tt someirlgrjt spirit Hht to thee exiles bear It. Fronthelr hearts would draw Arayer tLt would hallow Cat aroun old Mallow, Iteld an fallow; And t fairy Spa. r.oVAI.nrHE SOtTTH. rm.- i,,rnfSa the Presi- deatial election W lat haa de the RepMT- In Ireland t. tA, dlxn, even before M them Ma name of 5od, w "Pnand's P Inland s oppor- i;i." This haaceM lesson Irishmen boofi through ages of vnA-re. As "! difficulty u Ire- bmds opportal th mis- of ereStt to foster the seed of M erery and ail ikmiu wi4 b they fair or foul, that U diffi- oulty. Fortwc' Radical hare ,i,;'.id the s hatred to the United States lJ tho -onthern l-3ople. They lie4 of disloyal ty, and as cheri11 that any dif ficulty in the nc "oath's op portunity. Bu'Jiitr presented itself, and f , shown a iyalty and twaich put to siiame the cdxth the Re publicans and At" of the north, ladeed, the bed uth for four month has drivfr-birt from the rjoliticA of the cpm oxtinguished the fires of seij without, which Radicalism is rtt no longer be aid that southire another civil war in the hope") end in separa tion, for the oppected itself and oar people havetd that the true policy of the s. J For - twelve years past the i of the southern States have suft' insult and de predation froms of th party in power; but the4ioi so bad as the w-order, plund ind demoral ization of war. lvi years which ha e elapsed sic of: th conflict, the Tandals haj gteat measure, spelled from t ileten - States wiath were iu tif; iad, although tne carpetbag debts upon liicso States f n .scarcely ' piM-'Vf " 'strr which the south, and f wrjxW udlarsia solidl UTte southern .eoplearenowttcfi which they wnmerly boug north, and . are .iirefully husbifesources.. The t aU-smen of ttaut coming into ongreBa, and t ss much influ ence upon ourf that the leaders 6i the Repute alarmed, and eipress fears ( in future shape the policy of tjlersnch circum stances, whenis everything to gain by peaceani destruction to expect fcoitnct be the mad ness of foHy lo again into civil war? "j vfctories no less renowned thao rreat vijetories which the n ioto to gajin are to be won by OTanshipl in the capitol at Wai Radical Repub lican leaden aid tremble. The faction a isa whiclvhas so fiercely and utpesed a fair and peaceful settlperate partisans who have ni-are th men w aoy want w-ts.' Thej have stt iven to pjrf the sooth to i oi s of violence failed, j They would much JJU at tie head o.' a rebel arr him in an in t llectual eoij of coigress. liut there is J Tie peo i4 of the noiQfeof the' south, want peace aiojperity. ! Reck css partisarant sectional ate have ' br in parts of the country; ndj the people u .aco and a rtjiy intercourse. - TO To -ZXEA" Wo have at 3cy of "'J-utn in y de spondency.. q outraged by a.e greatest cr it is nat ural for Demo. tj0 republic, and to be ei29jzatjaB which will be hard ta u.jye elections. But the DemCt y. Let its motto be: Q Ierair It has passed tht a than ihese. We teU the nor y it heed have no fears t mi integrity of tae southern goes into the Presidency fame be smirched, and 1 - to efface the disgraceful - v te gecured Pw,r. or to win affection nica a grateful r h a r il P for the no- i. u Virmir oeopic w -en Hayes was r a for their dw-truction. The proiific with cious promise! ih. but vnu be hard tie music of u JIB Tears Oi e thirstv chanlJ 1 1 the south. But pa sey must cling to tT, F 1 he distraction, the? .tvsle to cnangc vrhich for persecution . nAno this hirsfy tune, we pra, deeper, loader, intenser. T K gouth ave nouung to exa . MO cracy, mnr- oint commiosion anj Uio ie piace to 17 . ation to prepare fT Vftelniinir that- not attempt to reye? ' oe the painotic'rr1 soutuern Pery" id..-d and enjfe W vk-wofth, wasdefiu ; ntoae,403e Vsi us " veaily for batti , . arty is greater, trJfflocratic es a country to sav.,.r Ugfjn t ifceckons ik to m chains, ae over, the struggy, C3ainot Uc party, whi Demo- lantei iu tnumf'.iiO ns. atermi- 1 v vi 6 L j SB UstfC .Let it ' ibe of j . y be, ; ' Tilden T that tn broth- ; la Vh the .--tid arms. ui ttlements of f.&k'a roalved tb. Action miUion, is not ie-!. l" ? W. Is glory is not &aJr UJ no nuataice m the course we pursued. In deed, the result on the seventh of November folly vindicates the wisdom of the choice made at St. Louis. From first to last Gov ernor Ti.den s personal bearing has been above reproach. Amid all the din and confusion of the canvass, the infa mous slanders of his enemies, and the im prudent utterances of some of his friends, he has, with great dignity and conscious recti tude of purpose, firmly pursued the even tenor of his way. The skirts of his garments have not been so much as soiled by the dust of the contest, but at the conclusion, as at the commencement of the canvass, he stands be fore the country, the great, incorruptible re former of his day, the calumnies of his enemies having fallen harmless at his feet, his exalted worth appears all the more con spicuous. Let others hail the rising sun, we will bow to him whose race is run." The Appeal indorses the comments of the Whig, with the exception that it does not believe the race of Governor Tilden is run. He is, no doubt, the strongest man in the Democratic party, and as he has been defeated by fraud, any future triumph of the Democratic party would be shorn of much of its glory if Mr. Tilden did not triumph with it. When Jackson was de feated by a conspiracy, he was not deserted by his friends. DefeafPonly intensified the devotion of his friends, and he rode into power on the popular wave which reacted in his favor on account of the means by which he was defeated. The sSme feeling of justice and sympathy for an honest man wrongwLas Tilden has been, will make him a formidable aspirant for the Presidency in 1880. BIS FBACDtLEXCY B B. UATEH, The initials to the name of the President declared elected R. B. stands for Re turning Board Hayes, and he will be called such dur ing his life and by history. He has been made President by usurpation, and without a claim to any single honor that attaches to the station. We do not see how a person of sen sibility or self-retpect could allow himself to thus be imposed upon a people who do not want him.. ad to exercise an elective office feated him at the ballot-dox.- io na -ur ac cept such an odious distinction indicates a lust for place and power and an insensibility to shame. It is the self-estimate of the man who coveted, as an honor, to be kicked by a long. Hayes, occupying the Presidential chair obtained by fraud and contrary to the will of the people, is no more to be envied than the culprit in the public pillory. As the creature of notorious public criminals, secur uig the Presidency by their perjury, fraud an 3 bulldozing, he will be the conspicuous object of contempt. The filth that clings to his garments will defile the Presidential chair, and for four years he will be tortured by the sneers of an outraged people, who will from day to day point to him as Fraudulently Return ing-Board Hayes. U he be capable of feeling, if his sensibilities be not entirely deadened by a consuming passion for office, he must find in the pelting and pitiless storm that will beat upon him tor tour years a sufficient pun ishment for the place he occupies by proven and confessed villainy. From the day that this Fraudulency Returning-Board Hayes enters the White House he will find himself an object of con tempt and dislike to a large majority of the American people, and an object of pity to his political friends and allies. In a short time he will be faced in both .houses of congress by political opponents, sent there by an in dignant people, to frustrate the administra tion of a man who secured power by robbing the people of their liberties. The Magyar Chief on the Ileal Mean ing or tne nun, The Pans Franeaise of January 26th pub Uhes a letter from Turin giving an account of an interview with Kossuth. Kossuth de srirvl the pastarn miRtftinn as reallv onlv the Russian question, and. as such, capable of I solution solely by the fall of tne formidable power of the czars, the restoration of Poland and the greatness of Hungary. After con trasting Russia's professions with her conduct in Poland and Hungary, and remarking that she allowed none of her own subjects the liberties she demanded from Turkey, he de fined her policy to be not immediate con quest, but the formation of small christian States which should become her docile in struments. The use by tne czar in nis aios cow speech of the phrase "Slav cause" an rinn till then confined to Panslav dic tionaries he regarded as the introduction of a fatal germ. into European policy. It meant Russian rule up to the Adriatic, the subjec tion of Hungary to the Slavs, the shutting up of Germany in an iron vice in short, the ful fillment of Napoleon's prediction. He had observed among the Mussulmans the moral qualities and social virtues constituting great peoples, and the true Turks must not be judged by those of Constantinople, which Eu ropean ambition and intrigue had made a hot bed of corruption. The constitutional sys tem would work as well in Turkey as else .lipra nerhaoa better. After blaming Eng land and France, as in his Glasgow letter, for not restoring Poland, instead of going to the Crimea, he denied that Hungary was the enemy of the Slavs. It was only the enemy of Russian domination. His idea in 18-19 was a kind of Danubian confederation, a ,-ircle of little Slav States around Hungary, independent, but allied with each other and her, and he still thought Hungary and Po land should have the southern Slavs grouped round them. With all his dislike to Count Andrassy, the author of the compact of 1867, which would eventually be the ruin of Hun gary, he should support him, had he any in fluence; for, ready to supplant him, there was the military Camarilla, which dreamed of conquest, and would be the tool of Russia. Germany might havo stopped Russia, but tor the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine, which had made France her mortal enemy and par alyzed her means of resisting Russia. 4 iu victory, its mtpv" w tiom p" art It foreign Items. Ixjntxjs. February 22. John Oxenford, a well-known dramatic critic, is dead. A Times dispatch from Rome says it in stated that the Pope has submitted all con troversial questions existing in Catholic states to the cardinals, in order that they may in duce those upon which it would be possible. uinM to Unas. -He hammlm tin what would be the means most conformable to the doctrines of the church by which the holy see could remove all causes giving rise to contests and attain the peace desired by all parties. . , . , ViEjtSA, Febmanr 22. A special says the Porte has ordered thirty thousand revolvers from the United States. Roumanian troops are going to Barbashia, as it is believed the the Turks will try to use that important rail- oad junction. . PEfiTH, i eDraary zz. ma tuuerem w tween Austria and Hungary on the bank question have been settled. The general i bank council is to consist of three Hungarians I 11 A 1 At... mmUI .. Ifi.inlflll uv j uiree jS-usuians, uus wikuh VaT v?0 to be freely elected bytheabare Th emperor nominates the gor " M S'' A.otrian od Hungarian grrvern ""Dates each deputy-governor. vuiT , ond of gewgaws and vanities trom r"lurl "cr career is admirably depicted ; - V cnanes rom squalid p .verty w ucikuioi oourgeois prosperity in Tans; a0 1 its sudden overthrow, with the traedi.'s Bucueeu it ana wnicn are wrought by it. are as finely drawn as a picture by Gcrorue or swsura. oiaonie lives with her tather and mother, in apartment?, after the custom of tnerrench people, these apartments are in a manufacturing quarter, and on the same nai mere are other occupants Madame Do laooiie and her lame daughter, who mount birds and beetles, and M.DolabolIe. an actor wnnout an engagement. Besides these, William Risler, an old bachelor who designs patterns tor wall-paper, and his young bro ther, who is a student in engineering. Wil liam Rister becomes a partner iu the house of rromont & Co.; after his mar nage with bidorue, r romont falls into her snares, leaving his young wife and child neglected, and lavisi ing money and deeds and jewels on Sidonie. till the firm totters upon bankruptcy. The old book-keeper, I'lanus, sees the course things are taking. aua leeimg convinced that Ulster is privy to Sidonie's wickedness, refuses to grasp Ulster's extended hand one evening in the counting- room, while up-stairs bidonie is holding high revel in one ot those balls so well-known, alas! to most Americans in Paris, and at which so many bogus counts, marquises, and other European adventurers figure. We do not mean to tell the story; we shall give but this dramatic picture of the culminating scene: Rister straightened himself ,up. "I offered you my hand, Sigisfiiund Planus!" "And I refused you mine, answered PlanuB, rising. A long silence ensued; neither of the two men spoke; the distant music of the ball room came as it were in bursts of melody. "Why do you reject my hand?" at last asked Risler, slowly and steadily, the iron grating, against which he leaned, shaking with the Violence of the man's repressed emotion. "Why? Because you have ruined this honorable house; because in a few hours a messenger will come from the bank, and standing just where you stand, will present to me notes which, thanks to you, I cannot pa; RL "I ruined than isler stood utterly confounded, tne house f it "YeB, you, sir! And worse taat, you have ruined it through your wife, and you have arranged between you two to profit by our disgrace; I understand your game; the money out of which your wife has caioled Georee Fromont: his diamonds, the house at Asineres, all stand in her name out of reach of danger and you will in some way manage to evade all liabilities." Risler 's lips parted, as if to speak; his features contracted as with an expression of anguish, he swayed heavily forward, drag n1;,roh3k'fm6io?A.ni .CeJLon wound on his head relieved the pressure on his brain. Sigismund helped him to the low bench, where the workmen sat on pay-day, loosened his cravat, and bathed his temples. When Risler at last opened his eyes he saw Madame Fromont, who had been summoned by Sigismund, leaning over him. "is it true, Madame, is it true?" said the poor fellow, as soon as he could speak. Claire could not an swer, and turned sadly away. ''So,' he con tinued, "it is true that the firm is ruined, and through me!" . "No, my dear old friend, not through you." "Then, through my wife! Ah! this is ter r'hl. Bid that is the way I have paid my debt of gratitude! But yuu, uiaUi...i, have not really believed me an accom plice in this villainy?" "No,-my friend; becalm. I know you to be the most honest man in the world.' He looked at her for a moment, his lips trembling and his clasped hands extended iruDlorintrly: for all his ways and exptessions were singularly .simple and childlike. "To think," he murmured:, "ihat I have brought these misfortunes upon you!" Suddenly he rose. "We must not waste our time in this way," he said; "I must settle my ac counts.' Madam Fromont was terrified, for fihe thought he meant that he must see George, her husband, and she cried in an ag onized tone, "Risler!" He turned; looking at her, he understood her fears. "Be at peace, madam; your hus band may sleep tranquilly. 1 have something to attend to first of more importance than my injured honor. Wait for me; I will return shortly." He hurried up the narrow side staircase, and Claire sat opposite Planus in silence. Some twenty minutes elapsed, when a noise of hurried footsteps was heard, and a rustling of silks. Sidonie ' came first, in ball dress, but so deadly p-ile that her jewels sparkling on her neck and arms seemed more alive than her self. She was trembling with emotion of some kind; whether of anger or fear re mained to be seen. Risler was behind her, laden with papers, jewel-cases, and a writing desk. When he entered his wife's room, he went at once to her escritoire, and emptied it of its contents. He found jewels, the deed oi the house at Asnieres, and some certifi cates of stocks. Then, on the threshold of the ball-room cailod. Us wife loudly, "Madame ttisler!" She ran quicklv to him, so quickly that no one saw the tragic meaning of the summons, and entered her boudoir with him. When slie saw her escritoire open, the drawers on the floor, their contente scattered here and tkere, Bhe stood aghast. "I know all,"-aid her husband. She attempted a look of disdain ; but Risler grasped her arm with such violence that the words of his brother came back to her: "It will kill him, perhaps, but he will kill you first." She had more than ordinary leaf of death, and made no resistance. "Where are we going?" she asked. Risler did not answer. She had only time to throw over her uncovered head a ecart of light tulle, which Bhe caught from a table as she passed. Her husband dragged, or rather pushed her down the narrow staircase. "We are here," he said, as they entered the office; "having stolen, we have come to restore our booty. Here, Planus, you can raise the necessary sum with this trash," and with a movement of contempt and loathing he tosseTl on the cashier's desk tne mass of feminine spoils with which he was loaded. Then, turning to his wife, he said sternly, "Those jewels, madme, and hurry if you please." , She, with the utmost calmness, and with a lingering, caressing touch, loosened the clasps of her necklace and bracelets, when the initial of her name. "S.," looked like a glittering serpent. Risler, out of all pa-t.-. nce, broke tho frail chains, and the lewels fed in a gUttering heap. "1 must do my part." he cried feverishly; "where is my -i.iu,i, o H I anvthinsr else r Ufa, -v watch and chain! Now, fcigismund, we i, in An- an soon as day brealts, all these thinrs must be disposed of in time to rr-iet .our payments I Jmow man who wiinta to buy me uuuc, j ' Uelpoke and moved as if insane. Sigis uund and Madam Fromont looked at him in AS ti 31UUUci onv - " ' once only did she move, -and in an unconscieus way. draw more cioseiy arounu tv tulip scarf: the air from uie aoor o.rPrfiog into the garden made her shiver. Was she thinking of the strange contrast of ii.. i-..rfirinti9 A heavy hand on her arm aroused her from her torpor. Ruder drew her toward Claire. "On your knees!" , Madame Fromont drew back. .No. no, Risler; not that," she said, in dismaved en- trft"mast be," Risler answered sternly. "She shall implore your forgiveness. On your knees, Madame!" and he compelled Sidonie to fall on the ground at Claire feet. "You will repeat after me, word for word, . . . . i j tit JUSt What 1 say: jaauamn Sidonie, half paralysed with fear, pared, Madam.'' . . flf life of humility, of submission " 'If a life of humil ' No, I will not! ah cried, and bounding to her feet like a AnonymoDri letters. New York letter to the Troy Times : Anon ymous letters also circulate extensively in this city, and may be divided into several classes. For instance, there are business communications, or those at leapt which have business object in view, and which the au thors desire to keep secret until more direct measures are reached. Business men desire g.-nerally to feel their way, and often employ anonymous messages. Others are warnings sent in good faith, but of a nature where the authors dire not show their hand. These are frequently received at the coroner's office, and always command attention. Some important investigations Lave been occasioned bv ins such notices. In cases of crime, anonymous messages abound. Nearly a half dozen were received by the police at the time the Nathan horror was under investigation. A very cu rious instance of this kind was furnished by the famous Webster and Par km an murder. After Webster had been arrested, the sheriff receivea a letter intended to throw suspicion m another direction. It was signed "Civea." and jwas written in a very coarse hand. TLeC" prosecution proved bv experts that it was Webster's handwriting, and it was supposed that a pomted stick had been used instead of a ien. A still more remarkable anonymous com munication i3 identified with the histnrv of New York crime. I refer tn tha lprtr r. ceived by Sheriff Hart, of this city, while John C. Colt was under death sentence. It contained five thousand dollars in bank notes, and promised a further remittance of double that sum on condition that he should refuse to carry out the execution. Mr. Hart handed the money to the authorities, which was cer tainly very honorable, and at the same time announced his determination to hang the prisoner; but there are those who believe that his conduct was onlv intended to blind the public. According to this theory Hart ac tually connived at the prisoner's escape. The watch-tower was fired a half hour before the time of execution, and this led to the admis sion of a large number of firemen. The un dertaker's wagon was there with a coffin. The theorists say that during this confusion Colt was allowed to escape m a fireman's dress. and that a corpse was, carried into the cell. wracn was near tne entrance, this theory l did not accept, but it found many believers. St. Nicholas for March. LI CK. AXD LABOR, CAROLINE A. SOULB. Luck doth wait, standing idly at the gate Wishing, wishing all the diiy; And at nlht, without a lire, without a light, And before an empty tray, IKith sadly say: To-morrow something may turn up; To-night on wishes I must sup." Labor goes, plowing deep fertile rows Blnglng. siuglng all the day; And at night, before the fire, beside the light, And with S well-ailed tray, JUoth gladly say: To-morrow I'll turn something up; Railway Farei 'uWJZiW- New York Journal of Commerce great increase noticeable in the third ciass fares has been the saving of the British railways for the pant half year. The semi annual statistics of all the companies pub lished give a large decline in the receipts for first and second class fares, and a greater cor respondhig train in the third clas. This fact, coupled with a reduction in the price of coal, his enabled these corporations to make divi dends for the last half year quite up to the former mark. This is a lesson in favor of low fares which will not be neglected in England, whore already there is much talk 'ujlishing the distinctions in railway classes and making the fares at once uniform and cheap as the best way of increasing the passenger receipts. The hard times in Eng land have driven great numbers of travelers to use the third class cars lately, and they have been invited to do so by the improve ments made for their accommodation. The third class car now provided on the principal hnglish lines is quite decent and comfortable. As there is no classification of cars in this country, we cannot exactly compare the state of the railway pas senger business here with that of England for the last hali'-year. But in this country, as in that, it has been observed that low fares, when accouniankd by good accommodations for traveli-re, greatly increase the gross re ceipts of the lines. Other causes have united to depress the railway business in the United Whites; but the policy of low fares has, we believe, in all cases been a sound and profit able one. It is now an established law that lowering of fares produces more than a cor responding gain iu the ratio of travel, and the; only question is to know at what point this is more than balanced by the increased running expenses. Combinations may bo mailo from time to time to keep up railway fares, but it is not probable that they will go back to the old rates in this country at any time, while the tendency is toward a reduc tion lower than any before known even in the ceatenniai year. An Innatnral 3Iotbera Crime. Liverpool Courier, February 8th: The horrible suspicion that the woman Kirkbride had improperly disposed of the bodies of no less thau eight children of which she was the mother, is now realized almost to the fullest extent, another child in addition to the six uir.;Ky traced having been added to those that Ch be clearly accounted lor.-. Strange to say, the latest discovery is, as in the case of the original disclosure of the frightful story, duo to the ureney of one of the sons of the accused, who now resides at or near Penrith. The publication of -the shocking discoveries of the doings of Mrs. Kirkbride that have from time hp time been made, has led to gos siD and comecture and aroused tliat still further add eidence of the fafc that the inhuman creature has cxmrnitted the full The w.wKpnfra of Melbourne. Melbouns corresndenf of the San Fran cisco Call In te matter ot news papers Mfcboume a great deal bet ter off '.ban S;&e, and their vig orous, anc at the tame lime elevated tone, contribute not i little to the reputation of the city abroad. Thile the Sydney Herald is hampered h evry direction by petty con siderations, tie paers here speak with the utmost freedim, ad do not hesitate to point out abuse aid mist on their correction. The managers, nore jarticularly of the Araus, have adoptd the sensible plan of not allow ing their dtora ind writers to be put on their defene every hour in the day, as is the case in San?raicisco, by every one who may take objectin to a paragraph in the paper. A stranger s lot allowed to enter the edito rial rooms oa Melbourne paper without first sending in Is card by a messenger boy re tained in tb courtyard for that purpose. The Argus, putshedon Collins street, just above Swanston, lay be considered the leading pa per, not on! of Victoria, but of all the colo nics. It is dmirably managed, both finan cially and eitorially, and its utterances are always marsd by close thought and deep earnestness. It is engaged at the present time in comating the protective policy of the Victoria; government, and although the task appear jto be a herculean one is gradu ally winningconverts to its liberal views re garding a tsiff. For their positiveness and boldness soseof the managers have come to temporary frief occasionally. They have in curred the uspleasure of that important body, the Vietorin parliament, and, refusing to answer certan questions, been imprisoned in the parliamot building for weeks together, paying a charge of twenty-five dollars per day for maintenmce. Thp present efficient man ager, Mr. Eu. George, Las suffered this po litical martydom; but as "the blood of the martyrs is "he seed of the church," so this persecution for truth's sake made the paper more and more nourishinir. Besides the Daily Argws of which Mr. F. W. Haddon is tho supervising editor, there are also pub lished m ths office the Australian, a weekly, that rivals the best publications of its class in Europe and America, and an illustrated paper called the Sketcher, both under the editorial control of Dr. Gullat? On the evening I vis ited the office 1 found eighty compositors at work' in a well-arranged, well-lighted composing-room, and in the press department the latest improved Hoe's printing-machines, paper-folders, etc. The Argus has what may be termed an active and passive "plant," as the material of the business is called. A second office and press-room, with types and machinery, is kept in a casemated fire-proof building, so that in the event of a fire, there will be no interruption in the publication of the paper. Messrs. Mac Kinnon & Wilson, who own this fine property, reside in England, and the business is conducted by their representative at Mel bourne. The profits are said to reach thirty to forty thousand pounds a year. The A ae. owned by Mr. David Syme, who is at . . . . v ...... - . I present in the U mted states purchasing ina nition . A"weekly, tne lrii'd'der pubTTshe'cf'tn tne omce ot one oi tne nrst named, is a very handsome eneet indeed, and is rapidly becom ing popular. Juot before I arrived in Mel bourne an evening paper, called the Echo, originally started by Mr. Dalzell. atlsresent in san t rancisco, ceasea ty exist, alter a snort and somewhat checkered career. It was familiarly termed the "revolutionizing little Echo" and was too advanced in its ideas even for the enterprising Victorians. Like Sydney, this city has its funny paper its Punch whfh is very well written up for that class of hterucare, and sharply illustrat ed. Its chiet spirit is Mr. Josiah fickersgill. Melbourne is- rich in accomplished journalists and literary men, who affect the "Yorick club," in Collins street. Perhaps the most distinguished among these is Marcus Clarke, the very successful novelist, who has a snug berth as assistant librarian ot the public li brary, at a salary of about twenty-five hun dred dollars a year, and has, there fore, time to turn his attention to mere solid literary work than the mere eihemersB of louraalism. Garnet Watch is also a promising author, and is almost as good a burlesque writer as clan chard or Byron. Christmas at the Royal would be in- complete without a fairy extravaganza from his pen. A strong corps oi these literati, professional and amateur, clusters around the Melbourne Renew, a quarterly magazine, just started with the promise of lusty life. H. N. Rusden, Arthur P. Martin, H. G. Turner and Charles Gavan Duffy, may be found here as contributors of very meritorious papers. The telegraphic editor of the Argus, and, in fact, the general telegraphic agent for the colonies, at Victoria, is Eugence C. Armsinck, a very hard-working and respon sible gentleman. Recurring to the Argus reminds me of a new feature in the shape of the casual business that has recently been in troduced into that paper. A young American journalist, named Julian Thomas, has sue ceeded in keeping the city in a ferment by a series of articles under the nom de plume of "A Vagabond," relating to hospitals, insane asylums and other public institutions. . He adopts James Greenwood's plan, who used to go through a personal experience of the scenes of vice and wickedness in London, which he afterward described so vividly in the Times as to arrest the general public atten tion. So, Thomas will go to the Yarra Bend asylam or the Alfred hospital, and hire himself out as a hall-porter or a ward nurse, and after a month s practical experi ence de ail it in the Argus, to the astonish ment, and sometimes dismay, of the doctors, nurses and other attaches of the institution, and to the enlightenment and amusement of the publis. Then again he may be found making a book at Tattersall's for the races at Flemington, and one fine morning all the "tricks and the manners" of the bookmakers are laid before the community, accompanied gone out of use "bulldoze" has oflme in, and so this part of the world wags. The doc tors aforesaid say it should be written "boule doze," and not "bulldoze," but how that de tracts from its picturesqueness! It does not look like as good a word, whether the meaning be the same or not. It has not the rasping severity in type that the popular spelling gives it. It does not look as if it pictured so dastardly an outrage as it was made for. The nugget is purer than the coin. It is explained that the French-speaking negroes of New Orleans picked it up and passed it round; boule in French meaning i ii . i : 1 1 , f human head. According to it roots th new word might mean a leaden pill, a bullet in the brain, a whack on the head, or any other form of deadly assault. But as it stands in English use, it is supposed to be a dose for a bull, and some word-mongers suggest it had better be left just there, without any further effort of refinement. We've got the thing, and we've got the word to fit it; the high court of the people has approved, and what's the use of wasting more words on the sub iect? Put "bulldoze" in the books and let it shine. An Absent-Minded Painter. Miss Jane Stuart, daughter of Gilbert Stu art, the painter, in her recollections of hr father, published in Scribner's Monthlg, tells the following anecdote of his lack of method in business matters (Stuart once painted a picture for Mr. Hare, of Philadelphia): "On its completion, Mr. Hare made the requisite payment to my father, who said : 'Excuse me, the picture has been paid fcr. 'Excuse me for contradicting, Mr. Stuart, but it has not, I assure you,' replied Mr. Hare. My father could not remember the circumstances. Mr. Hare persisted in paving the amount due, and handed him six hundred dollars, which was a high price at that period. The picture was a full-length of Mr. Hare, with his little daughter mtroauced. This anecdote was ro lated to me by the daughter herself, when quite advanced in life. I write it as an in stance of my father's inability to transact business." It would seem that Stuait in herited his absence of mind, for Miss Stuart, in the same article.faavs : 'How well do I remember listening to my grandmother's s : ones of those dear old times; lor instance, how thev would tro to church on a pillion. On one occasion, my grandfather (who was the most absent-minded of men), whde jog ging along, lost in a reverie, dropped my grandmother on the road. He soon became aware of her absence, however, and turning suddenly, rode back, exclaiming, 'God's-my- life, are you hurt?' There she sat, enjoying hpr an hci nation of his surnrise when he should discover her plisrht." series of revolting crimes she u bebeved I by piquant personal sketches of some of the guilty of. Her son referred to now iw,Pm. more prominent of that fraterfiity. And bers, and has so stated to the authorities J then they swear strange oaths, accompanying Penrith, that some mree or iour yeaiu aju, w hile he and another brother were clearing alienee. marble; then OUlV VJ bvr whii- out a lumber-room in the nouse in wnicn they lived at Helton, they came across a par cel tied up in dirty cloth and rags. They threw it down stairs along with other rub bish, but before putting it away they had the curiosity to open it. It contained, as may be surmised, the body of a child, which, how ever, without saying anything more about it, j the bovs threw into the midden. Whether the remains have been traced further we do not learn, but that it was the body of a child there does not appear the least doubt, lhe parcel was made up in exactly the same way as those inclosing all the bodies previously discovered, and the recollections of the boys, as well as the circumstances, point cleany to the conclusion named. It is not improbable that the eighth and last body may also be traced, and then it is hoped there will be an end to the sickening catalogue of horrors pre sented by this unparalleled case. A. French Lady Libeled. The Paris correspondent of a London paper writes: Madauie Jules Simon, wife of the prime minister, has commenced an action lor detamaUon agauist me oiyruyc y " the organ of M. Cuneo d Ornano, the Bona partist deputy. The complaint is founded on arH.-ii fntidiid The National Decay, published on the occasion of the presentation i ,.i .r., !mon to Madame ilacilahon, wife of the president of the republic. Asking rinw p:in the nublic allow such people to be come the heroes of the hour, the newspaper in question gives a very unfavorable account of Madauie Simon. Among other things it recounts an incident whichit declares to have i.tim nlai-p (lurinir the war: "One day Wj.lnmc Inles Simon. Wning on tne arm of Citizen Milliere, afterward a hero of the com mune, entered one of the schools of the Sis i r nharUv in the eleventh arrondisse- nient One of the Sisters approached her and complained that the children were suffering dreadfully from cold, and that there was no wood left to burn, .iu " t;ncr tn a crucial on the wall. tk.f So savinsr she tore down the image of Christ on the cross, which she tiruit into the stove." The journalist concludes his article by asking whether this is a woman fit to be introduced to Madame MacMahox In the action, which is to be heard in the court of Angouleme, Madame Simon claims twenty thousand francs aam&irea. tfm by threats of vengeance on the "Vaga- ji i. i i. ..-aim u 01 ?llc"uo.n.' Wwr. and hw,T, the jr a miittii i n. - snve have attracted uiuBu vi a. uiuuui crop OI 1-. people. It is a habit with the L:r. 5 one I suppose which they have derive 'frr . V. -.1.-1 , 1 il.i :e .i - i I UUI uuc uiu wuuiry, mat, u anytmng goes WTOi.a with themselves or their business, it must be made the subject of a letter to the paper wheh they . 'fci?8': a conjj ohrase for "subscribe. An T5ij,i will threaten hia donkey-driver in trypirJ huge a hoW-keeper in San i rancisco with "a let- 1 on v ter to tb Times," and of course considers the offende is crushed by the tear of it So the colonist, t he angry or pleased, cannot rest till he has u. print apprised the public of . C I, . 'I'V. . . '.. 1 therefore, drew buiels of communications more than appeared in rint. They did n iUn t hia. Thev invoked -loser inquiry into the management of the vanvi8 institutions of whichhe treated, and man) oranges in the medical and nurse department. When I inform the reader that while I was in Mel bourne a case came to light where a surgeon, after operating on a female patient in one of the hospitals, sewed up a pan oi bull-dog forceps and a piece of sponge in the incision made, he will agree with me that it was time to investigate. "Bnlldore." St. Louis Republican : The etymologists of the press are tampering with the worn nuu doze." They admit that it is a good, exr rtrMtnv crrabhic. picturesque word, but they are trying to kill it with much cherishing of analyzauon. i ne worn is in uauger irom ui treatment of the language doctors, and had better be left alone to take its chances of life. It has verv likely come to stay in American Enclish. and it came by a natural birth. Language gros as the needqf its expansion is feltTlio language is ever complete while it is spoken by a people, A new thing or a new science, or discovery of any kind pas to hare a name which did not exist before. A new and previously unheard -ot crime is no exception to the rules that govern the growth of lancnage. Henos "bulldoze" came in for use and recognition, and a high court of the country has decided that there will be con tinual use for the word, "freedom" has AT 8CARBOROU6II. A gray sky and a gray sea. All In the wild March weather; A wind that bore down the storm-tossed shore. Snow-flake and spray together; A wreck's jagged timbers, sharp and brown. That shivered and swayed as the tide went down; Bed roofs plied high In the quaint old town; A. headland grim, with a castled crown, 'Mid a waste ot withered heather. A gray sky and a gray sea. And a bolse like rolling thunder. As the foam Hew fast on the bitter blast That tore the waves asunder; A golden sand-reach, long and low; Black rock that 'mid ages of ebb and flow iuardtbe beautiful bay, where long ago Came ships with the raven flag at their prow Fer slaughter, fire and plunder. A gray sky and a gray sea; And two who stood together With hands close-clasped, as hands are grasped That parting, part forever; Two whose pale lips quivered to say The words the world hears every l;iy. A9 for all we struggle and weep u:i 1 pray Young hearts must break tn life's fever play. Ana links are light to sever. A gray sky and a gray sea, WhAM whlta riUa atanned tn hover: Their brood wings flashed as the great waves dashed where by lover lingered lover; Those two may nevermore meet again : But the wild March wind, with its chafe and strain,, Will for aye recall the passionate pabi Of that farewell tryst by the stormy main When First Love s dream was over. Ireland's Vleroy. Dublin correspondence New York Times Since I wrote last we have had a new vice roy. The duke of Abercorn has gone away. and the duke of Marlborough reigns in his etead. There is not much to choose between them. The duke of Abercorn was courtly and dignified, and the duke of Marlborough serious and slow. A good deal of gossip has lwfin amused bv the duke of Abercorn's de- narture. and a thousand reasons have been assigned for the step, but the gossipers ad mit that no adequate reason has been ad dnced. and so the mystery remains. The facta of the case are plain enough. His grace in a nnnr man he has eleven sons and daugh ters and forty-one grandchildren. All his HiuiD-hters are married save one. Lady Geor- never been shaken on. ihree ot the sons are in the house of commons, one of them being under secretary of state for India. These sons cost a good deal of money, and the paternal estates are neither free nor large. The duke himself is a very young man, although ne nas seen sixty-six years, and he carries his fancies and follies of youth with a tight hand and an easy mind. The estate in Ireland is pretty largely incumbered, and tha yacht and the town house in London and the festivities of the s'-ason run fcrough forty thousand ponnd n year, ann i?Tvr -".or niijr lor cicd.tois. As has been freely remarked here, moat of the children came into the world owing money ajid are likely to leave it in the same condi tion. Well, a man whose family is in this predicament can hardly afford to throw away twenty-one thousand pounds a year he sal ary attachiiur to the office of lord-lieutenant of Ireland. Besides having this direct- in come, he escapes all the extravagance of the London season; so that the residence in Ire land was doubly advantageous. He had bsen the vice formerly, and had made himself so popular that life in Dublin, with its semi- regal state, seemed to be very attractive. His daughters had made the best marriages in this generation; for although their poverty was well known, one of them married a mar quis, one ot them the heir to a dukedom, and four of them married earls. For girls with-- out nothing but good looks and pretty eraces this was not bad. I am sorry to tell you. but the lady who married thejheirto the dukedom is decidedly unhappy, lhe heir is a great scamp, and an absentee husband. I hardly know how to convey to you the exact line of conduct he has hitherto pur sued. But I may signify it. He effects reconciliation, behaves himself for a week, and then flies off. In the course of that year the lady has a baby, and after a time the same system is repeated. In this wiiy the marchioness of Blandford has three children. Her husband is the eldest son of the duke of Marlborough, the very nobleman who has succeeded the duke of Abercorn. As far as rumor goes, young Blandford Is in Spain. Certain it is he left London about eight or ten months ago, and, at the same time, the wife of another noble marquis was found wanting in her ancestral home. . Alto gether, the future -duke of Marlborosgh is not a nice man. nor would he find a verv popular reception if he visited Ireland just now. I need hardly tell you that the duke of Marlborough comes of the celebrated con aueror. of course, in the female line. The great captain's eldest son died of small-pox, and there remained but daughters. The family enjoy a pension of four thousand : pounds a year forever, in virtue of a grant made to the duke for having won the battle of Blenheim. With this grant of money came the estate of Woodstock, on which a palace called Blenheim was erected, all out of the public funds; so that the nation takes an interest in the family, and wishes to see it behave well. As I have thus shown you, this feeling has effected considerable disappointment within the past few years. The duke and duchess are cold people, of easy manners. Since their arrival here they have suffered one or two changes, which. however estimable in themselves, have not given satisfaction. The changes are oddly opposed. One relates to divine service and the other to the manner in whick ladies are to be presented in the drawing-rooms of the castle. Perhaps I ought to tell you what a drawing-room is hke. Of course everybody is in court dress, the gentlemen in breeches, wearing swords; the ladies with headdresses, trains sweepins the floor. All la- V.ii nn)allnfuJ nM 1. 1 I... 1 . iora neutenant, and to see one man kissing htty or sixty ladies seriatim is to see a very ti,1z"J" Friormance. Lp to the presto sented"naoJttfe pk r;"u,nP- an- wnw TviP?y the lady's name "q "irrrho chamijerlain s office. If ths lady was objectionable on any ground usually on the score oi want ot Kink her cards are sent oaca her, and that was the sign that she vas not to come. Of late years this sfxlom happened, for, as Dublin society is male up of persons engaged in commerce of soie kind, the dif ficulty of drawing the line gaduully ran Into there being no line at i. The duke of Marlborough has determiiil to change all this. He has ordered solem notifications to be inserted in all the. neipapers, laying down in the most rigid marer the course to be followed by all ladies deing to be pres ent or to be represented. Tare is a consul erable flutter again in the bftoirs ot the gen tle, for the regulations sfca specially in tended to exclude a cty considerable in numbers, though not partilarV remarkable fnr rnlhire or eWano. Tie OtW inaWT in which the duke has shownhis iispositwn is in directing the dean of tl CUl-'! hSn. why "royal" nobody can fU-tohave divine service every day, instead&f on Pr and boys service on aunuays, tne ouu i"; k Vipino- nftiil These neraois mult now three hundred and sixty-five d&ys per au num instead of filty-two. and there u fund from which their itipeada may d- creased. TUt: UBt:AMLA.l HEA. HASNIH . BKTAN. What matter, though my pilgrim feet May never press the stranger's land. Or wander lone where wild waves beat With ceaselnss moan on ocean's strand ? For me expands a lovelier deep. Whose. Isles In vlsloned beautjr sleep. And never un-au waves could Iw Su bright as tiilue, fair Dreamland Sea. My castle crowns the boldest M t p, Hy warring winds and Wiiter carred. That se.iwiird leans, and o'er lite deep keeps evermore unceasing vt.tid. Full-frelulibd. wht! their wings of snow, The white ships come, the white ships go. While In the shade of cliff unci lowers I dream away the gliding hours. With manes foam-flecked and tossing tree. The wHves, wild courser of the sea. Race swiftly to the level strand. And strugellng die upon the sand. The shells that sparkle at my feet, Strange tales of wind and wave repeat. The weird roui'ince, the mistery Of the daik caverns of the sea. My fairy fleet that long has lain Close moored in some enchanted bay. Borne by fair gales across the inulii, bails swiftly on Its homeward way. My ships, my stately ships I see! Full many a royal argosle. Like white wtngnd birds they speeding come, AnuVbrlug their gctthered treasures home. Pearls from the mermatd's watery cell. Fare gold from sunny orient lands. With many a rosy-rhanibered shell. And Jewel wrought by eltln hands. Crosses and amulets of price. Of sandal wood and sacred palm, Xmbossed with many a lair device, And odorous with tropic Dalnu A Mach-IHMputed lienor. New York IJ'or'd: Prof. A. B. Crosby, of B(;llevue, d-l vered another very intt-resting lecture, and one that recommended itself to a popular audience, in the Cooper Union free course Saturday evening, this time upon the subject of antesthesia. Defining the hrst word aniesthesia as meaning not sensibility, the lack ot sensibility, or, in plain, insensi bility. Prof. Crosby referred to what he called the first recorded instance of the use of an anesthetic, the occasion of the creation ot Fve, when Adam was plunged into a "deep sleep" pending the removal of that "deli cious spare-rib which has caused man a good part of his misery and alike of his happi ness." The sleep which Adam underwent on that occasion, the doctor had no doubt, was worked by some "neavenly anaesthetic." But in more recent times, and more strictly under scientific observation, preparation for surgical operations was originally made by the use of an opiate. The doctor recalled instances where his noted father the well known surgeon, Prof. Dixi Crosby, of Dart month worked with laudanum in New En gr and, when he had occasion to amputate a limb, and he said that what he remembered most vividly of the behavior of the patient was "that he invariably gave vent to what would be a large quarto volume of closely-written prolamty. An other of the earlier ways of bringing a patient into proper condition to bear tne pain oi tne surgeon's knife was to bleed him. "The old doctors believed." said the speaker, "that blood-letting was a panacea that healed ev ery ill but original sin, and that it had very good effects upon that; and so when they had something painful to do tliey just bled the patient till he fainted and then worked upon him. of course without his feeling it. In 1844 Dr. Colton was giving experiments with the newly discovered laugmng-gas in xiaruuru, and durincr the course ot his experiments a vnnnT man who had partaken of the gas knocked his leg quite severely against one of the chairs. The young man came uown anu trnk hi seat in the audience when the effects of the gas had passed off, and did not seem to notice that he had bruised his leg. Dr. Wells was sitting by him, and asked him to null uo the lee of his trousers to see if the i.lnw had left any marks, and, sure enough, when they looked they found the leg had been fvmaider.iblv wounded, and was bleeding. Dr. Weils then asked the young man if he had felt the shock when he struck bis leg on the chair, and the latter answered that he knew nothing whatever about the circumstance. Dr. Wells deducted from this that the effect of nitrous-oxide gas was to dead' eu feelins. and ae caused some of the gas to be administered to himself, and, while under its influence, allowed a tooth to hn drawn, which he afterward said hurt him no more than the prick of a pin, and he called what he thus leacned the greatest discovery of the nge. He took the matter up, and go inr? to Boston, after some difficulty induced Dr. Warren to consent to an experiment with the tras before his class m Harvard college, Dr. Warren had no faith in the new agent, and ridiculed it in advance in his introduction of the lecturer. Dr. Wells induced a boy to take the gas and submit to having a tooth drawn. Probably the eaa was not properly administered; at all events, the boy failed to when the tooth was drawn oeirovea'raonjY Tee audience laughed, and the students hissed, and Dr. Wells w;i3 fairly driven out or coston. Shortly alterward Lr. Wells assisted in the urst experiment ever made with sulphuric ether, but did not at the time like the effect so much as that which was produced with nitrous oxide. . He went to hurope, and on his return found that Dr. Morton had taken up his discovery and was applying it witn an success and encouragement in Uos ton. His cha-'rin was intense on discovering i-i the city wuxh had driven him forth with rMicule had now taken up his property and claimed his invention as its own. He settled in Chambers street, in this city, became very muroi-e, ana one aay became possessed witi: the idea that lie must throw some oil of vit riol on a lady s dress. He did it from the balcony of his house, was arrested and lodired i. 'i- 1. i . i . . , . . , . " . . iu tun luuius, ana mere at night in his cell ne opened a vein m his arm and bled to death tin uiscovery, however, was not destined to come to naught. JJr. u. e. Morton, a den tist of Boston, whose first notions of auh.hnrii ether had come from Wells, consulted with Dr. Jackson, a Boston chemist, and the result was the discovery of ether" which was fin used in 184(i. Dr. Morton sent out offering a bonus ot live dollars to anybody who would have a tooth pulled, submitting himself first to the ether, but tor some time no accommo dating citizen could be found. On the ninth of December, 1S46, however, a rattle-brained young music teacher named 1 rost came m to have a tooth pulled, and wished as a prf h'minary to be "mesmerized." Dr. Mor ton assured him he was capable of exer cising a new sort of mesmerrsm. trave him the ether, and the patient woke up with the tooth trone. and with out having felt the least pain from the opera tion. It was a success after that. It was in troduced into the Massachusetts general hos pital, where it was used by Dr. Warren, who autrhed at poor Wells. Morton not a tiatenf. on his discovery, but it did not prove profita ble. He had neglected his business, and was now left with almost nothini?. and after a series of disappointments in tryintr to se cure a bounty from congress hi: threw himself from a carriage one day in Central park and was killed. Jackson, who had been associ ated with him in his discovery, still lives, but is an inmate of an insane asylum. So the reward of the first men who had to da with the heaven-sent anesthesia was. madness and violent death. Dr. Crosby also narrahd th story oi tae oppiicanon oi cniorolorm as an few dollars, even in the dullest times; no snap companies poinr out for the Fourth, or playing h lew nights in the cooler country towns; but when the regular seai-on was over, the actor had to subsist until the following fall without earning a penny by his profes sion. Sol Smith was a kindly nmn, with a great deal of grim humor, and a brave en durance of the hardest fate. So tall was he that when he tossed me up in his arms I used ;o think he would throw uie into the skies. To my childish imagination he seemed many miles long. 1 hat summer his hat covered nil he owned. His pantaloons were of some soft woolen material, of light color, which caused them to soil easily, and us he was a very clean, particular man, the pants need lre quent washing, so he used to lie in bed while they were ruubt-d out in suai'Suas. il seemed to me such a strange thing mat Mr. Smith w.ould he nbed the whole, long, lovely summer's day on the plea of t-ickness, bile at the same time my lather would sit by his bedside, and tbey would crack jokes together, and laiurh till tiiev both cried. And such an omnivorous appetite! lie would rise up ui bed like a steeple, and with the suspi cion of a smile flitting over his bps, he would say: "Bring me another plate of asparagus, sissy; poor Sol's sick." It was singular, too, that the date of his recover- was invariably coincident with that of the "delivery of his pantaloons, washed, dried and ironed. Kach time he would un fold them he would exclaim with a sigh, "At least anotherinih gone this time." By the beginning of August the pantaloons had shrunk so that they no longer reached to the ankle bones. "1 shall save them, Mrs. Logan," he would say, "for a pair ot knee-breeches, Mrs. lx gan." , He had a habit of repeating a person s name. At le. gth he started out, and was gone on some mysterious errand for nearly three days. This caused a good deal of a arm, as he was a domestic man, and did not gad about. He returned one day with a parcel under his arm, which he untbd, and brought out a pair of cotton pantaloons of a large check pattern, such as were thought extremely ele gant in those days, but would now delight Uie heart of an end man. "See, Mrs. Ixgan, look, Mrs. Logan I've got em, Mrs. Logan; lieen on the go three days, Mrs. Logan; searched the town through, Mrs. Logan the only pair in town long enough for me, Mrs. Logan; aint they beau ties, Mrs. IxiganV I'm convalescent, Mrs. Logan shan't have another sick day this summer, Mrs. Logan." And he hadn't. Taking us children by the hand, he danced and sang with us a merrily as a boy : Ring around a rosey, A pocket full of posey. This is all I remember of Sol Smith. Hard-working, persevering, temperate, simple in his tastes and habits, without evor making any great sums of money, Sol man aged to leave a large patrimony to his chi dren, who inherited his talents and his sunny nature. Poor Mark is still regretted by the profession and the public. Scribner's for March. A OX OF THE CATV. You may tiilk of the song of the pine When a stlfl northeaster blows, Of the playing of Kulilnsteln, Or Thomas's lidoles anu bows Of the rain-drops' rythmic beat, Or the fountain's silvery play, . But to me no music is half so sweet As the thunder of Broadway. Though the landlords bully and grlnfl us. And taxes are hard and high; Though sleei or dust-c.ouds blind us, Anu It's either freeze or fry; Though we're prey to "rings" and "reformers," Ana living is fast and lieo. There's a saint at dluner for every sinner. And New York Is the city for me. Broadway, with Its rush and roar, Its fun and bustle and strife One plunge In the mighty current. Is a year of tamer life. New York, with Its glitter and glow. And Hags to the breeze unfurled, Willi room and to spare on Its splendid bays. For the ships of all the world. AUACHXEH HPlSXISii. First lu her ait. She wove apart. None of them neir her; Mtirvelous was the feathery ske'n, I'ure us a new moon, soil us showers. Pictured with Imiiges out of her brain. A snnre for the soul- of the nwret young hours, To telzetheni .ind hold them ere they cn-ild fly, Prison them fast belore tin y nhould die. The women with wonder looked on. troiu h!;t. At the gladness that clothed ber light d thed a star. , , While the mystical web crept o'er land and o er Ken; But hersTtiis tlx- rupture. Her was the vwloii. New pulses ot life. Jo's stilly lu Mich be'lt, Itlooin changed to gl r, grief turned U) i;lee fouch power had her weavlutr. e'en evil seemed SWdfct, But ever In beauty moot complete. The web. which haunted ull beautiful tlflngn The blessed iieace of the star-sown skim. The there empurpled with Asian tn. The track on the sea of the wind's jeweled ftt Ever the web with a lovelier i-hnrm About one lomi slowly huverr.1 and hur., Au tt ylleuce sweet as a song 111 it Is sung; With a clinging grace, Swept over an arm, Brealhed on a face Ob. that was a god s, In truth! f pinning ber life in the magical kkelu. Weaving It out of her heart and brain, bhe slopped one day; Sudden gusU of damp air canie. Fitful guesses of unseen shame. Her band lost Its cunning, her eye grew dim; Rent by the storm. del:lcd. blown back. The web wound Its meshes round every limb Left Cera pn;y in the n ini-e.-rs tiack. Hers was the rapture, Hers was the vision; Hers was t 'ie capture. Hers the derision. On every flue, below, alove, She heard the diead mocking that ounrth l;te: "Ah, Jes, you wove the wi b of love. But you trod the doom of fate." Ieatli Hate at IMflTerent AgtH. Scrihner, for Match: Although the mathe- matienl calculations m lite insurance are rather intricate, nothing can be simpler than lis lounuation principle, anuwu as iuc u vi average. This may lie formulated thus: All ordinary human events, such as births, deaths. marriaces. weather phenomena. crimes, casualties, are found to recur with a certain average resrularitv. when observation is extended over a wide area and a long period. A and B might insure each other at the schedulo rates, but they would get no protection from average until they joined with them a large number of others. The Mj2.-j.'.v'tvHSu &i&vssm4 life an individual life, nothingis more so than the duration ot lite in the mass. That is, if we take a large body of selected persons of the same age, it is utterly uncertain which ones will die in any year, but perfectly certain how many will die on the average yearly uoui .11 die une; ji more die in one year than is expected, some following years win ormg a variance tne other way and re store the average. Of course, the rate of mor'ality increases with age, and the "law" undertakes to affirm merely that out of a given number ot selected persons of one age, say 82S will die on the average this year, MS next year, 87S the next, and so on. To show this progression, the following extract of a few ages is made from the American Experience mortall y table (the complete table starting with 100,000 selected lives at age ten), showing the nuru'uer living at each age, the number of deaths during the year, and the ratio of deaths durinir the vear to t.h number living at that time: Age. ao an -ui fvt 4 74 In X4 bd XK HO U2 o. Lining. B4.44I M,:ntO 74. '.'H5 r..70tt Tii.L'iO 'w.7.'is lH.:itu lS.IC.fi 4,l':i 2.14't K47 2 id Dcatis. 7'i) 7-17 li 1,14:1 l.SM'.t 2,"lll 2,IH1 1.470 1.144 744 8x5 137 Mert'ty Bate. .H-13 .!!! l.dS.'J 1.740 y.iH7 H.70J 12.0N2 21 l:tt) 2H.5H7 34rlH9 45.454 o:i.4Jd The number of deaths rises nnnnnllu tr. nr.a 73, then sinks runidlv. the rhiss lieinrr noj exhausted; the number surviving steadily falls; but the ratio of deaths contimmllir in. creases, and the rate of increase in this ratio itself increases. St. Nicholas for March. POOR KATV DELAY. MAHIA W. JO.VkS. With cheeks like pink roses abloom In May. d'oi.ees o?l,e st"rs' 80 sparkling wer-i they! W 1th breath like sweet clover, or new-mown hay. Ah! pretty and sweet w;l Knfv ni. And good and wise we should ond her this day. Had It not been for hi.ri n Jne had, whenever her mother would sar t ome, Katy. and learn!" of cryim . "I'li iU:7.H.u.llnuU's ruorti'' or "Uear'Mother wait till to-morrow-1 want sotoplay!'1 The- Troth nt L.at. Le ClanhnK: James Bennett is sped thirty to thirty-two years lie is of tall stature; he has a pleaant face and bine eyes. All his bfe he has shown the most intrepid energy and the greatest bravery. He has traversed several times the Atlantic mi a little yacht, and became the American cham pion of pleasure navigation. Tho challenge which he made to the Englii-h in a recent transatlantic trial of speed between Liver pool and New York still dwells in the minds of sportsmen. The 1'anntless. beloi ging to the proprietor of the JleraM, beat in this terrible struggle the Henrietta, the best of the English boats. Not content with this success, which insured immense netonety for his journal, James Ueiim tt placed at the credit of one of his report- rs, Mr. Stanley, more than a million francs, that he might discover the famous English traveler, Liv ingstone. He has long resided at I'aris, ami is well known in the Hois, always riling very handsome horses. He was one of the tir.-t after Mons. Mocquard to exhibit trotters har nessed in the American fashion. A great traveler he transports himself Iron point to point with a facility arid rapid, ty altog. ther American. Do you think him at I'.uis, he is at London; at London, he is at Cairo. He recoils from no method of transporta'inn, and if ever an aeronaut attempt.! a trip from tho new world to the old Hennett will make one of the partv. The toss-up was fa vorable to Mr. May, who was to lire liit during the ssying of the words, "One, two. three!" Mr. Dennett was not to tire till after tho count. Mr. May is known es a n au of great cool ness anil an expert shot; however, it seems that he did not justify his reputation on the ground, for he was no sooner placed by tho seconds than his countenance changed and a febrile shuddering agitated all his members. Mr. Denuett, on the contrary, bhowed the greatest calm; one would have said that he was there as a second rather than us an ad versary. The combatants being placed, one of the seconds said loudly: "Gentlemen, are you ready?" Immediately, and without, waiting for the signal, Mr. May fired on his adversary. The cap snapped. Mr. Dennett then demanded, in a very calm voice, if it was his turn, and if he might fire; then, upon the affirmative reply of one of the seconds, he discharged his pistol in the air, saying to his adversary, "I might kill you, sir, but 1 do not wish to do so." The duel over, the director of the Herald returned immedi ately to New York, and ut night gained the island of Manhattan, in New Jersey. snd had conveyed to him by his valet, the faithful Vogel, all that he mij;bt need lor a long ab sence. Mr. Dennett remained hidden nine days in the island of Manhattan. It is more than probable that tin sojourn cf Mr. Dennett in Europe will this time bo sufficiently long. The thirty trunks accom panying hiin.at least authorize the supposi tion" He wdl return here in a few days, and his intention is to fix himself in I'aris till the American dueling laws shall have been re vised. . Lord Ilonffhton on Barns. Lord Houghton recently presided nt the unveiling ot a sta'ue of Robert Tiums nt Glasgow. In his speech he said': "Among tracted the traveler ;in Egypt, was a colossal hgureofagod or hero muued Memnon, of which there was a strange and beautiful tra dition. It was believed that, by some magical attraction and supernatural fympa thy, the rays of the rising sun drew fo.th at morning, from the inanimate stone, sounds of such exquisite music as charmed and en tranced all who had the good fortune to be within the range of mortal ear. Now he had a fancy that the ardor of their affections and the light of their imaginations might almost draw from the statue of DurnsJ a son" of some hundred years ago a ttmin of Ix-auty and truth that might go to their heart of hearts. And into what words might that music be lnternreted? Mii-ht ii n,.f them, I whom you hav j placed here in love and honor, I was one of vmrselvcs? Few if any of you here have not had greater advan tages and better chances of common life than 1 had. it pleased the Lord of the spiritual and the material universe ti 'niiiuT mi) ii'iit. a vivacity of fancy and power of melodious expression which has ni.nl. nnr .i. teliectual companions of the best and wisest men. flnd th tr i-.., . . . ,1 , "v v7" soiace ana delight of countless high and humble homes And yet I never thought rl.ot- f!,; i '. faculty separated me from mv fellow., r,,. exempted me from the ordinary needs nn,l destinies of humanity. The most prized of 771 V 777 ti-7-. 1 7i'ii j i'i. ..... .,.... . 1 i . rr , num me wnue ioiiowld. the n nw .tin 1 . . , aye. 1 never el.iiine1 n eJ. .1,1 f :.n . - rV" 'rS'u 1 uiu'J'i or yearneu lor naught but " 'The glorious prtvlli- oi uemg lnneix) " . 1 Knew the value of the ness or -lent.' more. 1 eave all I eon 1,1 J "i, out, au me my countrymen. J 4,' to.'''y country and but, but of my v . flight ot of myself, old song that f fi J tooK a tcrc,l,i ol" to make it r juphed 'ne, and, I did my best of manlr frle,c' r tne pleasure and profit l iiit not he with ' -ind. I aroused the trt am sta ' ryray. Now she Is old and wrinkled and gr-. And knows no more than thev f ' -o at Cathay, aniEsthetic by fr. Simpson, of Edinburgh. The discovery of this agent belongs to a American, but Dr. Simpson was the first 'o apply it as an anaesthetic. Dr. Crosby closed his lecture with the words of Sancho Panza, tiod bless the man who first invented sleep." Joe Jefferson and Hoi (Smith. Delia Logan, in the New York Dismtch: Adleng those who live to tell the tahj of what they have gone through, there is an utter ab sence of false shame about it, and those who now roll in their carriage often have a hearty laugh over the days when they went out at toes and elbows. Here is a btovy the erreat Joe Jefferson tells, though it loses in print : His father had what was then called either a 'strolling company or a gagging scheme." They had wandered almost to the other end of the world, namely. New Orleans, and were there stranded in a little tavern, waiting for some windfall to get them out of town. Joe was a long, lean, hungry boy of thirteen or fourteen years of age, with the ruinous, de vastating appetite peculiar to growing lads. Green corn rad just made its appearance, and Joe used to devour from ten to twente-, i one sitting, of whiclva. '-' - " eornri -j., soul me eider Jefferson r-.t; Joe i aside, you know our situation in regani street 1 Cat US a" the street. I beg of you to moderate your ap peute foi gre.n corn. Fill up on sometaufg Ti, attwoor.thIeeears at the outside. ' The boy promised to do so, but the watch ful lather kept an eye on him during the be ginning of dinner, and Joe dutifullylinfined Wiim.ter ofears; but aticuuua oemg called off the boy fell upon tUe pkte, an3 devoured hi! usua quantity of 'the succulent vegetable but artfudy pushed the cobs nearer hi TneighWs dsh than his own. The father, sudddj turning, frowned ominously tN-tfof the huge heap, tot JoppinTbl- oW Dacic ot tne m n.n meott, inm, iwiutiainMa perifiUMUjr 7fc.- -" V."- , tu.it til" laliiei s usjji-.uiii " '- . Who would now surmise that, our great comedian ever had satisfied his appetite by stealth? , Hardship and j.Kverty were the common lot of these our actors in those days, particularly OOllsh and old. and never a r--.r- ui coiuion ror her who once r ' anu f ii oecause she wou U v, . Somehow or other, 'tis al' jH ,l!ler own w&r She never has found. K ,,l4ya "tlV .' Any tniorrowor;K'.,.t', y. A 7 A.''f p,cn, Antiquities. SchfiSp- Jour"'l'Sor March: While Dr. tnwi n 18 en?a,'fl n following up what urate he may of the historic truth of the Tro JT. war, we are reminded tint, though living .n what is sometimes called a "new'' coun try, we hayt) ourantiquities as well as Argo and the Iroad. Pmhui.lv n- s,t.i; -ouiu poiiteiy demur at calling than eight centimes ing old -en.V7hose olJs; habitable L. -'i a MweiiBi inai ot iharhton. a real been held -tie 'rtcots wba line wi WmII l.l s . purine i tne oju rough oallad wiihonr. aajnainrii' its humor or it i ..! ;..(... j into it what was tender and true. I studied I as far as I had the means, the masters ot the;' great English tongue; but 1 iovel b"t aid wrote best, the language ot my forefathers my childhood and my people. Indian Oivlnitien. Applcton's Jstrnal, for March: Anion r the rude am nncivihzed tribes of the r r.t b west coa,.the idea of divinity was very di verse, and in some cases obscure TJiT null o rrmo-at .......'.) r. ' I III el' " " ""-' ""''pving avast exruuse of territory, rearfuog from the Arrf.e L. onntWar,! t-. .he ll .:. 1 .rC."L " , r: ;t Y. ' ",LU parallel ,f lati- - 1 ' - '. "ui in tne as they supple, formerly lived ; , i ins ony ,,,. made so gyat a pair of Know-shoe tl, ,i V attracted ae atu-ntion and ridiei.le of 't entire community where he reside ,J 1?" came tbject of much hcartle," V, ! the par of the villagers. Dut koo t i, came ft'"' of grr-ut scarcity- the Vim, travel the forests i vain- theVart , 1 no fre. Still, to their' s, r,.r 'Vfc ever "ope of suet-en, w;is ,.vi,. , .', " n w(.rMten led to freshlv-t ,ll.,i . ... ""'J' h moon," who in-long tin in m,'nous influence. I'l,..,. i. -",'-v soue dtobe none nih-" Vi'."' 'u lor "on the BreBtsnow-.h.-" ta P0 " i Lilt? rttrtfr-t a I ; -,i, - k kh 1 1 sr t-cule. Though grateful to' ,. ne of plenty returned, - 4'ca,10n to refu him a ta i mm IA -n anything not antique: but tjuildings are in Massai.""! " 'nei.,K whiVI. is, hiv11' lljaT' hears an inscription Icelanders "inT, i?0 by venerub. e navor oi recenu - A metung nas .v,i.v,..- o . ln noscon io consiuer the Norse ,Uscovererthuid nt f to Dk-htoi, rock is liehevr"1. om ni,.:..i nave bnen leit as Ot course it is proper to hot." ,,. in trepid Icelandic voyagers who, 'vaturie before I ;olurntin, followed thy ", "or fJape Cod au.l th.; - ,..,r r" r idk , i of preservr-ir i':eruvei. irYf." "flt st -uiiy ue carneu out. l!: w wri to morfh erect monuments to all the A'l,08pd discov- grown 'mar , ""',, erers of our favored ..n'J there will i!. l0wn.,m?".,u,:!'v' 'hen- much work for the arVhi7. freoenT ti",t lie c lis upon the purses o patriotic rich in ,i "a"'J-,i. .-.,t Ihereure the Welsh, foce, who claim ever, they must "mVr",t"S"""!,J,'' Hn l I i r . uit cuuic WIIIKT, aiPl Cli;v LI 1,1 I! . 0. and who .wonderful sto-mer Th n.v.,l-.. , '". 11 ries ahnnk I,l...?nle in .. iTI"' . v' '-'umiia 1 f,e,V, i " " r ,, i " . , .,": uition oi a oenelaetor and ou were lOVif J """einuuia that many-consonante I v ulur whicn the Celt certa...ily, alone in l je can either read or speuk. Before Erii too, there were ih all likelihood iffverers of what to be America, trf writers mention landii beyond t!;u wude er ters, accounts of whieh :Were brought L&3 the venturous I'hoeni- '7 1 1 1 r ty soon forgot his fx-ne a. ion, F ro r.r .. i... . ntiattions when tha. so much as on a morsel f r.i fPc-onagewho had externaTfv1 c" w 'hem i the pui. ,7f ' now Oflended. tnni, h.'j enu in il-.o ,,"T'iur he returned.' , . '..: """"Ver, in a a full- told ."i'joii. and cians; and there u IMUuJliyj iwho imagine Tlio pubuc-spirii C -t.vi..'j w.l A W W a .,1101 J-.ri.. : i, i.i. tilt " "eoi . IIKII). I. 1 . - lur ti'iiiiir Sol Smith, the founder of the brilliant the drical family of that name, lived m my father's house in Cincinnati one whole summer. .,, . Oh' those temoie 1UI1J ruiuuran, '-' " were 'dreaded! Salaries during the winter , .i .,.,! fnr the current expenses, aud it wa alaioit; mi "u"-' i'"- Z3LWd nghVwith the -o at the The would enter, he could not be kept door u no b acting, where- Sanys demand for gt look forward to earning a lirtir -! niiin tr-i - AAV V, A f Dil ticuteu uiscoverit: Here, it Heems. lil T 1 1 it Dlirhtor. m.h- ..-.r'??1" America in ;i..n7o t. .l """-er relics, furmsh evi- Vu, eoa.- giortea tor over a wwT ii niJeS l'y Icelandic broUi.rs; w n vi 'l rftme h:rd- wed Greenland reii 7 v 8 nd sPr terror throughout , 121 i10niLu,ro. . fidlble their ! "."-"r "n sea. i nn th ..i'iii- inirr.if iie.i WOllld f , rl III, 111 une ii!iriisiimM. i ;OW- fhat lean .'"1171 . a fen. fl :t77'.r i.'t.r. peared to them a long time no. II; i-aine" them up the sound in a canoe of copper The paddle in his hand was copper; even hiB clothing was of the same metal. This mvs tenous, copper-clad old man sojourned loir a while among them, taught them the use of the metal which made him so conspicuous ld them that he came from the fky. and that nome time in the f uture, when their rm fcbuuU be UUoyed, they would all ibe, bu ttsi aBauj, rime ina live with him aixiv- "j. tnev uroa,, anjTnrrrr ,,v T Mousing tiemsidre ,.r i!:. "i fin ijenenii rl,;,.i, ien ncus ta ot copper. 1 her i V. Z... tlw knoxyU J crime nlii'n ),. ,...,i.- ; ; r,J"'"te. at tln-ir that the e, ..n.:;. ,'.t ''- hour. (heir d. itv. -Th r Vj" ;'"''";': "on c." ubove." In i:,T, ?J&S'1"':AU' wrve thi tendeni-r. ..If,,,.,..) V, . J.t,s w of fiist personifvimr the intnn.i, ." ... . . r -Mi.oMui li'-WI Jl ('f. i llizmg influences, and tien of lieiA iiur t!,fl The Standard's dispatch from that Italy has refused Germany's aem the Mtraditioii of Archbishop Ledochowata. count hnwo-i-r. - rQHIoii i,u.- i i- ...... ." 'i vran tne great coverer is nr... r J vmbU8; lor aais-1 w v. iu ui,-,v,e tee cieany Uon a lund either nre, , w TTit v.. hi. fellows, ai last is a. know!, ,? r..,f , k once known. lorOTr1 it is pretty certain that ThV """ffi ? teenth centuryas riw-afV' ou. of the iidfc 01 oUiT1' factor on account of his dincov. ry of im proved appliances for hunting. The copper nmn ii nothing more than the introducer of copper amODg the Nootkas.