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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, February 25, 1877, Image 2

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till IIIKT J
lO fM
f Hi
'J- --. OO
f pudoaa, and no,
r"1 slwuia be
tho people, of the constitution, of liberty.
uom with the republic, ever true to it, bear
ing it onward in its strong arms, and guiding I
it by its enlightened and patriotic counsels
for eighty years in honor, freedom, pros
perity and greatness, it is the only historical
party of Uie country; it i the only safe
guardian of the constitution; it is the only
Lope of the nation. It cannot die and the
I K- l: T-i ,
n-puuut. mey an; nound in a common
fate as they are linked ia a common history.
iNsmocrats, do not despair. As. the blood of
the martyrs was the seed of the church, so
wal the wrongs of the Democratic
nke it still stronger with the people.
For the Sunday Appeal.
W. H. H
We all must die. But. oh how young
Our friend has panned away.
Junt as the banner of Life Is Hun
To lb breeze of Hope, U 1 unstrung.
And lu folds Krapt In decay.
We all must die. WbateVr we be
ueain snarl we cannot stay;
To Azrael all shall bend the kiiee.
party i
Whether of hli
And pass from earth away.
The mortal's dead: but his soul divine
The new life Uvea fon-rer.
And la the depths of mera'ry's shr!ne
Jr'or him a Jewel bright doth shine
'or him. Just 'cress -the river."
uur mend is oi
Lives In that brighter sohere
one. We know that he
mi oo
.on square, aod
Mr tin A flraft ln
Su "nfu meat' V l Srat tnsertJoo, and
neeuu P liD.unr4 ooUees) and
STe wui o ' ,
? sollen leJSTmuIt always biai
o, irnrf m.,o.
nssiurifs, staoaoair.
Jfaroelluj exiled more true Jy feels.
Thau Urnar with the senate at his heels.-"
fcverr man who nrefem
rauier be Samuel J. Tilden, counted out,
than Returning-Board Hayes elected by
d. Indeed, the hetlnn f rjA,,, T;i
den durinsr hut short bat erentful nolitiral
wjt nas been grand. Tain have been the
" passed thrcmsh the fierr ordal.
oni reanAd gold. Hotest men are disgusted
at the means by which he Kw ,a
,.uie exalted place to which he was hon-
Prom all the Ills or alcKnes tree.
Soothed by Heaven's minstrelsy.
And resting sweetly there.
Bis best belored-tbou widowed wife
Heplne not dry your tears;
His was a true and notile life,
lUllnu. throuch suAVrliui and strife.
The measure of his years.
Farewell, dea friend. Th' (lowers this spring
" in uiuuin o er your coiu lafx;
Above you birds will sweetly s-og.
And zephyrs sweet their Incense bring
To your last resting place.
MsxfhI-h, Tax., February 21, 177.
iinuiurxuonB. . . uu w an uuu"
we win ortarn else lor tae I "7 elected ky tha American Deonle. and thr
jlettrr,"-rj (hnu .r - "
aitai- saou- v A SXATTKO. I l 4J , . Juouce superior to their po-
sA.m . . . UUUU
i aw rwwnu iurii.
i i J. Tilden, and now,
i .
SCSDAT XOEf EB -5, 1877.
From an Appeal Correspondent.
Jew York, February 23. Few novels
have had the success of tl e French etory by
Alphonse Daudet, which has reached iU
RlXtT-tltth thnmaanl ; L 1 . u
- 1 - 1 , j r iva in a nun r itiiu 1 ba iHrvtiim
ynyuuice, are now with nn n1iin 1 tnousand tiom f ho nm. L- r
tongue commending the integrity of Governor I i' fltia tale of middle life' in Paris,
Tilden. The Richmond Whin th. 1110 cluef P0' teing a twbrrtte, who. out of
this eat ,blman. " rr:" ..oo. a rick old bachelor
. " t u juuunir uiB i lur uiHifLirA nt . . .. , i i . i
. ,. , , " T ooiu Jills IUH
mo nommauon Of Hamnel I juunifer orotner. to whom k1 lia.- ,l..,l,.
. . . I haroajf P A -f . "
euice me contest ia nr.
toally over and he has been elected, although
counted oat, we are satisfied that we made
wild creature, and shaking off Rialer's grasi ,
the ruhed through the open door into tiw
silence and darkness of the night, through
the wind and the fact falling snow.
"top her!" cried Ciaiw-in an agony.
"Ruder, I'lanus, I inplore you, do not let
her go in tlmt wayl"
fun us moved to olev, but Risler caught
Lina. "Let her go," he "said sternly; "1 for
bid you to follow her! I beg your pardon,
.Madame, but we have more important mat
ters than that on hand. To your books,
I'lanus; we have much to do."
x u.j uuaracrer oi lwsiree uoiaoeue is a
lovely portraiture. Here is a picture of the
lono girl in her humble home: .
"Lame from her infancy, in consequence of
u araucui wcucn naa in no way lessened
the beauty of her refined face, she passed her
days buried in an armchair, before a table that
wan covered with faohion-plates and birds of
an tuiw, nnaing some compensation in the
eletfance of her employment for the poverty
and anxiety of her life."
She knew that those little wincrs would
fc-Iittt-r at Parisian fetes: and bv the fashion
in which she would arrange her birds and
teeUes. it was easv to divine her thonchtji.
On her sad and weary days the wings were
wiaeiy spread, as it eager lor a flight fast and
furious enoue-h to bear the little creature far
away from this poor abode with its petty
cares and trials. At other times, when she
was bappy. the tinv things themselves lonfcfv)
radiant like a very caprice of fashion."
The character of this vouni? creature ia th
finest c5neertion .in the bock, after that of
William Rister: and the sad fate of both
m.'ikea one feel almost like arraicnini? the
author for reusing in us our deepest and most
human and personal sympathies, only to tear
our heartstrings at the last. a. c. e.
IXLuaCK. aio d. WBrra.
Wljlskr mlith yellow Spa
U the fWi you ever ou
Vnt Mi I
Or Its f f aoe.
Or rone places.
to sing;
But lfJbrated
And highly-rated
Fror earth's quarters.
To tthese waters,
Floves and daughters,
id our single young menj
Forth gladden
Eattk and sad one
Alonn Baden Baden.
r than Ktsstngen.
I dc take It
Ia tew state, naked,
BuDlte rated
'1th something mild ; 4
Komttb W-9e's
Its to dagulses
Ia g.; surprises
hemerest child.
Anas tdrlnk It,
Mfrtrfh I think It
W the tames to link It
Of kose far away;
Wteveriphere In
Wthlnlof Erin.
a guhlug tear In
Theleye, to-day.
ffnt fane were It
Tt someirlgrjt spirit
Hht to thee exiles bear It.
Fronthelr hearts would draw
Arayer tLt would hallow
Cat aroun old Mallow,
Iteld an fallow;
And t fairy Spa.
rm.- i,,rnfSa the Presi-
deatial election W lat haa de
the RepMT- In Ireland
t. tA, dlxn, even before
M them Ma name of 5od,
w "Pnand's P Inland s oppor-
i;i." This haaceM lesson
Irishmen boofi through ages of
vnA-re. As "! difficulty u Ire-
bmds opportal th mis-
of ereStt to foster
the seed of M erery and
ail ikmiu wi4 b they fair
or foul, that U diffi-
oulty. Fortwc' Radical hare
,i,;'.id the s hatred to the
United States lJ tho -onthern
l-3ople. They lie4 of disloyal
ty, and as cheri11 that any dif
ficulty in the nc "oath's op
portunity. Bu'Jiitr presented
itself, and f , shown a
iyalty and twaich put to
siiame the cdxth the Re
publicans and At" of the north,
ladeed, the bed uth for four
month has drivfr-birt from the
rjoliticA of the cpm oxtinguished
the fires of seij without, which
Radicalism is rtt no longer be
aid that southire another civil
war in the hope") end in separa
tion, for the oppected itself and
oar people havetd that the true
policy of the s. J For - twelve
years past the i of the southern
States have suft' insult and de
predation froms of th party in
power; but the4ioi so bad as the
w-order, plund ind demoral
ization of war. lvi years which
ha e elapsed sic of: th conflict,
the Tandals haj gteat measure,
spelled from t ileten - States
wiath were iu tif; iad, although
tne carpetbag debts upon
liicso States f n .scarcely
' piM-'Vf " 'strr which
the south, and f wrjxW
udlarsia solidl UTte southern
.eoplearenowttcfi which they
wnmerly boug north, and . are
.iirefully husbifesources.. The
t aU-smen of ttaut coming into
ongreBa, and t ss much influ
ence upon ourf that the leaders
6i the Repute alarmed, and
eipress fears ( in future shape
the policy of tjlersnch circum
stances, whenis everything to
gain by peaceani destruction
to expect fcoitnct be the mad
ness of foHy lo again into
civil war? "j vfctories no less
renowned thao rreat vijetories
which the n ioto to gajin are
to be won by OTanshipl in the
capitol at Wai Radical Repub
lican leaden aid tremble.
The faction a isa whiclvhas so
fiercely and utpesed a fair and
peaceful settlperate partisans
who have ni-are th men
w aoy want w-ts.' Thej have
stt iven to pjrf the sooth to i
oi s of violence failed, j They
would much JJU at tie head
o.' a rebel arr him in an in
t llectual eoij of coigress.
liut there is J Tie peo
i4 of the noiQfeof the' south,
want peace aiojperity. ! Reck
css partisarant sectional
ate have ' br in parts of the
country; ndj the people u
.aco and a rtjiy intercourse.
- TO To -ZXEA"
Wo have at 3cy of
"'J-utn in y de
spondency.. q outraged by
a.e greatest cr it is nat
ural for Demo. tj0 republic,
and to be ei29jzatjaB which
will be hard ta u.jye elections.
But the DemCt y. Let
its motto be: Q Ierair It
has passed tht a than ihese.
We teU the nor y it heed
have no fears t mi integrity
of tae southern goes into
the Presidency fame be
smirched, and 1 - to efface
the disgraceful - v te gecured
Pw,r. or to win affection
nica a grateful r
h a r il P
for the no-
u Virmir oeopic
w -en Hayes was r a for their
dw-truction. The proiific with
cious promise! ih. but
vnu be hard
tie music of u
Oi e thirstv chanlJ
1 1 the south. But
sey must cling to tT, F
1 he distraction, the? .tvsle
to cnangc
vrhich for
. nAno this
hirsfy tune, we pra, deeper,
loader, intenser. T K gouth
ave nouung to exa . MO
oint commiosion anj Uio
ie piace to 17
. ation to prepare fT
Vftelniinir that-
not attempt to reye? '
oe the painotic'rr1
soutuern Pery"
id..-d and enjfe
W vk-wofth,
wasdefiu ;
Vsi us "
veaily for batti ,
. arty is greater, trJfflocratic
es a country to sav.,.r Ugfjn
t ifceckons ik to m chains,
ae over, the struggy, C3ainot
Uc party, whi Demo-
lantei iu tnumf'.iiO
v vi
6 L j
SB UstfC
.Let it
' ibe of
j . y be,
; ' Tilden
T that
tn broth-
; la Vh the
ui ttlements of
f.&k'a roalved
miUion, is not ie-!. l" ? W.
Is glory is not &aJr UJ
no nuataice m the course we pursued. In
deed, the result on the seventh of November
folly vindicates the wisdom of the choice
made at St. Louis. From first to last Gov
ernor Ti.den s personal bearing has
been above reproach. Amid all the din
and confusion of the canvass, the infa
mous slanders of his enemies, and the im
prudent utterances of some of his friends, he
has, with great dignity and conscious recti
tude of purpose, firmly pursued the even
tenor of his way. The skirts of his garments
have not been so much as soiled by the dust
of the contest, but at the conclusion, as at the
commencement of the canvass, he stands be
fore the country, the great, incorruptible re
former of his day, the calumnies of his
enemies having fallen harmless at his feet,
his exalted worth appears all the more con
spicuous. Let others hail the rising sun, we
will bow to him whose race is run." The
Appeal indorses the comments of the
Whig, with the exception that it does
not believe the race of Governor Tilden
is run. He is, no doubt, the strongest
man in the Democratic party, and as
he has been defeated by fraud, any future
triumph of the Democratic party would be
shorn of much of its glory if Mr. Tilden did
not triumph with it. When Jackson was de
feated by a conspiracy, he was not deserted
by his friends. DefeafPonly intensified the
devotion of his friends, and he rode into power
on the popular wave which reacted in his
favor on account of the means by which he
was defeated. The sSme feeling of justice
and sympathy for an honest man wrongwLas
Tilden has been, will make him a formidable
aspirant for the Presidency in 1880.
The initials to the name of the President
declared elected R. B. stands for Re turning
Board Hayes, and he will be called such dur
ing his life and by history. He has been
made President by usurpation, and without a
claim to any single honor that attaches to the
station. We do not see how a person of sen
sibility or self-retpect could allow himself to
thus be imposed upon a people who do not
want him.. ad to exercise an elective office
feated him at the ballot-dox.- io na -ur ac
cept such an odious distinction indicates a
lust for place and power and an insensibility to
shame. It is the self-estimate of the man
who coveted, as an honor, to be kicked by a
long. Hayes, occupying the Presidential
chair obtained by fraud and contrary to the
will of the people, is no more to be envied
than the culprit in the public pillory. As the
creature of notorious public criminals, secur
uig the Presidency by their perjury,
fraud an 3 bulldozing, he will be the
conspicuous object of contempt. The
filth that clings to his garments
will defile the Presidential chair, and for four
years he will be tortured by the sneers of an
outraged people, who will from day to day
point to him as Fraudulently Return ing-Board
Hayes. U he be capable of feeling, if his
sensibilities be not entirely deadened by a
consuming passion for office, he must find in
the pelting and pitiless storm that will beat
upon him tor tour years a sufficient pun
ishment for the place he occupies
by proven and confessed villainy.
From the day that this Fraudulency
Returning-Board Hayes enters the White
House he will find himself an object of con
tempt and dislike to a large majority of the
American people, and an object of pity to his
political friends and allies. In a short time
he will be faced in both .houses of congress
by political opponents, sent there by an in
dignant people, to frustrate the administra
tion of a man who secured power by robbing
the people of their liberties.
The Magyar Chief on the Ileal Mean
ing or tne nun,
The Pans Franeaise of January 26th pub
Uhes a letter from Turin giving an account
of an interview with Kossuth. Kossuth de
srirvl the pastarn miRtftinn as reallv onlv the
Russian question, and. as such, capable of I
solution solely by the fall of tne formidable
power of the czars, the restoration of Poland
and the greatness of Hungary. After con
trasting Russia's professions with her conduct
in Poland and Hungary, and remarking that
she allowed none of her own subjects the
liberties she demanded from Turkey, he de
fined her policy to be not immediate con
quest, but the formation of small christian
States which should become her docile in
struments. The use by tne czar in nis aios
cow speech of the phrase "Slav cause" an
rinn till then confined to Panslav dic
tionaries he regarded as the introduction of
a fatal germ. into European policy. It meant
Russian rule up to the Adriatic, the subjec
tion of Hungary to the Slavs, the shutting up
of Germany in an iron vice in short, the ful
fillment of Napoleon's prediction. He had
observed among the Mussulmans the moral
qualities and social virtues constituting great
peoples, and the true Turks must not be
judged by those of Constantinople, which Eu
ropean ambition and intrigue had made a hot
bed of corruption. The constitutional sys
tem would work as well in Turkey as else
.lipra nerhaoa better. After blaming Eng
land and France, as in his Glasgow letter, for
not restoring Poland, instead of going to the
Crimea, he denied that Hungary was the
enemy of the Slavs. It was only the enemy
of Russian domination. His idea in 18-19
was a kind of Danubian confederation, a
,-ircle of little Slav States around Hungary,
independent, but allied with each other and
her, and he still thought Hungary and Po
land should have the southern Slavs grouped
round them. With all his dislike to Count
Andrassy, the author of the compact of 1867,
which would eventually be the ruin of Hun
gary, he should support him, had he any in
fluence; for, ready to supplant him, there
was the military Camarilla, which dreamed of
conquest, and would be the tool of Russia.
Germany might havo stopped Russia, but tor
the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine, which
had made France her mortal enemy and par
alyzed her means of resisting Russia.
4 iu victory, its mtpv"
w tiom p"
foreign Items.
Ixjntxjs. February 22. John Oxenford, a
well-known dramatic critic, is dead.
A Times dispatch from Rome says it in
stated that the Pope has submitted all con
troversial questions existing in Catholic states
to the cardinals, in order that they may in
duce those upon which it would be possible.
uinM to Unas. -He hammlm tin
what would be the means most conformable
to the doctrines of the church by which the
holy see could remove all causes giving rise
to contests and attain the peace desired by
all parties. . , . ,
ViEjtSA, Febmanr 22. A special says the
Porte has ordered thirty thousand revolvers
from the United States. Roumanian troops
are going to Barbashia, as it is believed the
the Turks will try to use that important rail-
oad junction. .
PEfiTH, i eDraary zz. ma tuuerem w
tween Austria and Hungary on the bank
question have been settled. The general
i bank council is to consist of three Hungarians
I 11 A 1 At... mmUI .. Ifi.inlflll
uv j uiree jS-usuians, uus wikuh
VaT v?0 to be freely elected bytheabare
Th emperor nominates the gor
" M S'' A.otrian od Hungarian grrvern
""Dates each deputy-governor.
vuiT , ond of gewgaws and vanities trom
r"lurl "cr career is admirably depicted
; - V cnanes rom squalid p .verty
w ucikuioi oourgeois prosperity in Tans;
a0 1 its sudden overthrow, with the traedi.'s
Bucueeu it ana wnicn are wrought by it.
are as finely drawn as a picture by Gcrorue or
swsura. oiaonie lives with her tather and
mother, in apartment?, after the custom of
tnerrench people, these apartments are in
a manufacturing quarter, and on the same
nai mere are other occupants Madame Do
laooiie and her lame daughter, who mount
birds and beetles, and M.DolabolIe. an actor
wnnout an engagement. Besides these,
William Risler, an old bachelor who designs
patterns tor wall-paper, and his young bro
ther, who is a student in engineering. Wil
liam Rister becomes a partner iu the
house of rromont & Co.; after his mar
nage with bidorue, r romont falls into
her snares, leaving his young wife
and child neglected, and lavisi ing money
and deeds and jewels on Sidonie. till the firm
totters upon bankruptcy. The old book-keeper,
I'lanus, sees the course things are taking.
aua leeimg convinced that Ulster is privy to
Sidonie's wickedness, refuses to grasp Ulster's
extended hand one evening in the counting-
room, while up-stairs bidonie is holding high
revel in one ot those balls so well-known,
alas! to most Americans in Paris, and at
which so many bogus counts, marquises, and
other European adventurers figure. We do
not mean to tell the story; we shall give but
this dramatic picture of the culminating
Rister straightened himself ,up. "I offered
you my hand, Sigisfiiund Planus!" "And I
refused you mine, answered PlanuB, rising.
A long silence ensued; neither of the two
men spoke; the distant music of the ball
room came as it were in bursts of melody.
"Why do you reject my hand?" at last asked
Risler, slowly and steadily, the iron grating,
against which he leaned, shaking with the
Violence of the man's repressed emotion.
"Why? Because you have ruined this
honorable house; because in a few hours a
messenger will come from the bank, and
standing just where you stand, will present
to me notes which, thanks to you, I cannot
"I ruined
isler stood utterly confounded,
tne house f it
"YeB, you, sir! And worse
taat, you have ruined it through your
wife, and you have arranged between
you two to profit by our disgrace;
I understand your game; the money out of
which your wife has caioled Georee Fromont:
his diamonds, the house at Asineres, all stand
in her name out of reach of danger and
you will in some way manage to evade all
Risler 's lips parted, as if to speak; his
features contracted as with an expression of
anguish, he swayed heavily forward, drag
n1;,roh3k'fm6io?A.ni .CeJLon
wound on his head relieved the pressure on
his brain. Sigismund helped him to the low
bench, where the workmen sat on pay-day,
loosened his cravat, and bathed his temples.
When Risler at last opened his eyes he saw
Madame Fromont, who had been summoned
by Sigismund, leaning over him. "is it true,
Madame, is it true?" said the poor fellow, as
soon as he could speak. Claire could not an
swer, and turned sadly away. ''So,' he con
tinued, "it is true that the firm is ruined, and
through me!" .
"No, my dear old friend, not through you."
"Then, through my wife! Ah! this is ter
r'hl. Bid that is the way I have paid my
debt of gratitude! But yuu, uiaUi...i,
have not really believed me an accom
plice in this villainy?"
"No,-my friend; becalm. I know you to
be the most honest man in the world.'
He looked at her for a moment, his lips
trembling and his clasped hands extended
iruDlorintrly: for all his ways and exptessions
were singularly .simple and childlike. "To
think," he murmured:, "ihat I have brought
these misfortunes upon you!" Suddenly he
rose. "We must not waste our time in this
way," he said; "I must settle my ac
counts.' Madam Fromont was terrified,
for fihe thought he meant that he must see
George, her husband, and she cried in an ag
onized tone, "Risler!"
He turned; looking at her, he understood
her fears. "Be at peace, madam; your hus
band may sleep tranquilly. 1 have something
to attend to first of more importance than my
injured honor. Wait for me; I will return
He hurried up the narrow side staircase,
and Claire sat opposite Planus in silence.
Some twenty minutes elapsed, when a noise
of hurried footsteps was heard, and a rustling
of silks.
Sidonie ' came first, in ball dress, but so
deadly p-ile that her jewels sparkling on her
neck and arms seemed more alive than her
self. She was trembling with emotion of
some kind; whether of anger or fear re
mained to be seen. Risler was behind her,
laden with papers, jewel-cases, and a writing
desk. When he entered his wife's room, he
went at once to her escritoire, and emptied it
of its contents. He found jewels, the deed
oi the house at Asnieres, and some certifi
cates of stocks. Then, on the threshold of
the ball-room cailod. Us wife loudly,
"Madame ttisler!"
She ran quicklv to him, so quickly that no
one saw the tragic meaning of the summons,
and entered her boudoir with him. When
slie saw her escritoire open, the drawers on
the floor, their contente scattered here and
tkere, Bhe stood aghast.
"I know all,"-aid her husband.
She attempted a look of disdain ; but Risler
grasped her arm with such violence that the
words of his brother came back to her: "It
will kill him, perhaps, but he will kill you
She had more than ordinary leaf of death,
and made no resistance.
"Where are we going?" she asked.
Risler did not answer. She had only time
to throw over her uncovered head a ecart of
light tulle, which Bhe caught from a table as
she passed. Her husband dragged, or rather
pushed her down the narrow staircase.
"We are here," he said, as they entered
the office; "having stolen, we have come to
restore our booty. Here, Planus, you can
raise the necessary sum with this trash," and
with a movement of contempt and loathing
he tosseTl on the cashier's desk tne mass of
feminine spoils with which he was loaded.
Then, turning to his wife, he said sternly,
"Those jewels, madme, and hurry if you
please." ,
She, with the utmost calmness, and with a
lingering, caressing touch, loosened the
clasps of her necklace and bracelets, when
the initial of her name. "S.," looked like a
glittering serpent. Risler, out of all pa-t.-.
nce, broke tho frail chains, and the lewels
fed in a gUttering heap. "1 must do my
part." he cried feverishly; "where is my
-i.iu,i, o H I anvthinsr else r Ufa,
-v watch and chain! Now, fcigismund, we
i, in An- an soon as day brealts, all
these thinrs must be disposed of in time to
rr-iet .our payments I Jmow man who
wiinta to buy me uuuc, j
' Uelpoke and moved as if insane. Sigis
uund and Madam Fromont looked at him in
AS ti 31UUUci onv - " '
once only did she move, -and
in an unconscieus way.
draw more cioseiy arounu
tv tulip scarf: the air from uie aoor
o.rPrfiog into the garden made her shiver.
Was she thinking of the strange contrast of
ii.. i-..rfirinti9 A heavy hand on her
arm aroused her from her torpor. Ruder
drew her toward Claire.
"On your knees!" ,
Madame Fromont drew back. .No. no,
Risler; not that," she said, in dismaved en-
trft"mast be," Risler answered sternly.
"She shall implore your forgiveness. On
your knees, Madame!" and he compelled
Sidonie to fall on the ground at Claire feet.
"You will repeat after me, word for word,
. . . . i j tit
JUSt What 1 say: jaauamn
Sidonie, half paralysed with fear,
pared, Madam.'' . .
flf life of humility, of submission
" 'If a life of humil ' No, I will not!
ah cried, and bounding to her feet like a
AnonymoDri letters.
New York letter to the Troy Times : Anon
ymous letters also circulate extensively in
this city, and may be divided into several
classes. For instance, there are business
communications, or those at leapt which have
business object in view, and which the au
thors desire to keep secret until more direct
measures are reached. Business men desire
g.-nerally to feel their way, and often employ
anonymous messages. Others are warnings
sent in good faith, but of a nature where the
authors dire not show their hand. These are
frequently received at the coroner's office, and
always command attention. Some important
investigations Lave been occasioned bv ins
such notices. In cases of crime, anonymous
messages abound. Nearly a half dozen were
received by the police at the time the Nathan
horror was under investigation. A very cu
rious instance of this kind was furnished by
the famous Webster and Par km an murder.
After Webster had been arrested, the sheriff
receivea a letter intended to throw suspicion
m another direction. It was signed "Civea."
and jwas written in a very coarse hand.
TLeC" prosecution proved bv experts that
it was Webster's handwriting, and
it was supposed that a pomted stick
had been used instead of a ien.
A still more remarkable anonymous com
munication i3 identified with the histnrv
of New York crime. I refer tn tha lprtr r.
ceived by Sheriff Hart, of this city, while
John C. Colt was under death sentence. It
contained five thousand dollars in bank notes,
and promised a further remittance of double
that sum on condition that he should refuse
to carry out the execution. Mr. Hart handed
the money to the authorities, which was cer
tainly very honorable, and at the same time
announced his determination to hang the
prisoner; but there are those who believe that
his conduct was onlv intended to blind the
public. According to this theory Hart ac
tually connived at the prisoner's escape. The
watch-tower was fired a half hour before the
time of execution, and this led to the admis
sion of a large number of firemen. The un
dertaker's wagon was there with a coffin. The
theorists say that during this confusion Colt
was allowed to escape m a fireman's dress.
and that a corpse was, carried into the cell.
wracn was near tne entrance, this theory l
did not accept, but it found many believers.
St. Nicholas for March.
Luck doth wait, standing idly at the gate
Wishing, wishing all the diiy;
And at nlht, without a lire, without a light,
And before an empty tray,
IKith sadly say:
To-morrow something may turn up;
To-night on wishes I must sup."
Labor goes, plowing deep fertile rows
Blnglng. siuglng all the day;
And at night, before the fire, beside the light,
And with S well-ailed tray,
JUoth gladly say:
To-morrow I'll turn something up;
Railway Farei 'uWJZiW-
New York Journal of Commerce
great increase noticeable in the third
ciass fares has been the saving of the British
railways for the pant half year. The semi
annual statistics of all the companies pub
lished give a large decline in the receipts for
first and second class fares, and a greater cor
respondhig train in the third clas. This fact,
coupled with a reduction in the price of coal,
his enabled these corporations to make divi
dends for the last half year quite up to the
former mark. This is a lesson in favor of
low fares which will not be neglected in
England, whore already there is much talk
'ujlishing the distinctions in railway
classes and making the fares at once uniform
and cheap as the best way of increasing the
passenger receipts. The hard times in Eng
land have driven great numbers of travelers
to use the third class cars lately, and they
have been invited to do so by the improve
ments made for their accommodation. The
third class car now provided on the principal
hnglish lines is quite decent and comfortable.
As there is no classification of cars
in this country, we cannot exactly
compare the state of the railway pas
senger business here with that of England for
the last hali'-year. But in this country, as in
that, it has been observed that low fares,
when accouniankd by good accommodations
for traveli-re, greatly increase the gross re
ceipts of the lines. Other causes have united
to depress the railway business in the United
Whites; but the policy of low fares has, we
believe, in all cases been a sound and profit
able one. It is now an established law that
lowering of fares produces more than a cor
responding gain iu the ratio of travel, and
the; only question is to know at what point
this is more than balanced by the increased
running expenses. Combinations may bo
mailo from time to time to keep up railway
fares, but it is not probable that they will go
back to the old rates in this country at any
time, while the tendency is toward a reduc
tion lower than any before known even in the
ceatenniai year.
An Innatnral 3Iotbera Crime.
Liverpool Courier, February 8th: The
horrible suspicion that the woman Kirkbride
had improperly disposed of the bodies of no
less thau eight children of which she was the
mother, is now realized almost to the fullest
extent, another child in addition to the six
uir.;Ky traced having been added to those
that Ch be clearly accounted lor.-. Strange
to say, the latest discovery is, as in the case of
the original disclosure of the frightful story,
duo to the ureney of one of the sons of the
accused, who now resides at or near Penrith.
The publication of -the shocking discoveries
of the doings of Mrs. Kirkbride that have
from time hp time been made, has led to gos
siD and comecture and aroused
tliat still further add eidence of the fafc that
the inhuman creature has cxmrnitted the full
The w.wKpnfra of Melbourne.
Melbouns corresndenf of the San Fran
cisco Call In te matter ot news
papers Mfcboume a great deal bet
ter off '.ban S;&e, and their vig
orous, anc at the tame lime elevated tone,
contribute not i little to the reputation of
the city abroad. Thile the Sydney Herald
is hampered h evry direction by petty con
siderations, tie paers here speak with the
utmost freedim, ad do not hesitate to point
out abuse aid mist on their correction. The
managers, nore jarticularly of the Araus,
have adoptd the sensible plan of not allow
ing their dtora ind writers to be put on
their defene every hour in the day, as is the
case in San?raicisco, by every one who may
take objectin to a paragraph in the paper.
A stranger s lot allowed to enter the edito
rial rooms oa Melbourne paper without first
sending in Is card by a messenger boy re
tained in tb courtyard for that purpose. The
Argus, putshedon Collins street, just above
Swanston, lay be considered the leading pa
per, not on! of Victoria, but of all the colo
nics. It is dmirably managed, both finan
cially and eitorially, and its utterances are
always marsd by close thought and deep
earnestness. It is engaged at the present
time in comating the protective policy of
the Victoria; government, and although the
task appear jto be a herculean one is gradu
ally winningconverts to its liberal views re
garding a tsiff. For their positiveness and
boldness soseof the managers have come to
temporary frief occasionally. They have in
curred the uspleasure of that important body,
the Vietorin parliament, and, refusing to
answer certan questions, been imprisoned in
the parliamot building for weeks together,
paying a charge of twenty-five dollars per day
for maintenmce. Thp present efficient man
ager, Mr. Eu. George, Las suffered this po
litical martydom; but as "the blood of the
martyrs is "he seed of the church," so this
persecution for truth's sake made the paper
more and more nourishinir. Besides the
Daily Argws of which Mr. F. W. Haddon is
tho supervising editor, there are also pub
lished m ths office the Australian, a weekly,
that rivals the best publications of its class in
Europe and America, and an illustrated paper
called the Sketcher, both under the editorial
control of Dr. Gullat? On the evening I vis
ited the office 1 found eighty compositors at
work' in a well-arranged, well-lighted composing-room,
and in the press department the
latest improved Hoe's printing-machines,
paper-folders, etc. The Argus has what
may be termed an active and passive "plant,"
as the material of the business is called. A
second office and press-room, with types and
machinery, is kept in a casemated fire-proof
building, so that in the event of a fire,
there will be no interruption in the
publication of the paper. Messrs. Mac
Kinnon & Wilson, who own this fine
property, reside in England, and the business
is conducted by their representative at Mel
bourne. The profits are said to reach
thirty to forty thousand pounds a year. The
A ae. owned by Mr. David Syme, who is at
. . . . v ...... - .
I present in the U mted states purchasing ina
nition . A"weekly, tne lrii'd'der pubTTshe'cf'tn
tne omce ot one oi tne nrst named, is a very
handsome eneet indeed, and is rapidly becom
ing popular. Juot before I arrived in Mel
bourne an evening paper, called the Echo,
originally started by Mr. Dalzell. atlsresent
in san t rancisco, ceasea ty exist, alter a snort
and somewhat checkered career. It was
familiarly termed the "revolutionizing little
Echo" and was too advanced in its ideas
even for the enterprising Victorians. Like
Sydney, this city has its funny paper its
Punch whfh is very well written up for
that class of hterucare, and sharply illustrat
ed. Its chiet spirit is Mr. Josiah fickersgill.
Melbourne is- rich in accomplished journalists
and literary men, who affect the "Yorick
club," in Collins street. Perhaps the most
distinguished among these is Marcus Clarke,
the very successful novelist, who has a snug
berth as assistant librarian ot the public li
brary, at a salary of about twenty-five hun
dred dollars a year, and has, there
fore, time to turn his attention to
mere solid literary work than the mere
eihemersB of louraalism. Garnet Watch is
also a promising author, and is almost as
good a burlesque writer as clan chard or
Byron. Christmas at the Royal would be in-
complete without a fairy extravaganza from
his pen. A strong corps oi these literati,
professional and amateur, clusters around the
Melbourne Renew, a quarterly magazine,
just started with the promise of lusty life.
H. N. Rusden, Arthur P. Martin, H. G.
Turner and Charles Gavan Duffy, may be
found here as contributors of very meritorious
papers. The telegraphic editor of the Argus,
and, in fact, the general telegraphic agent
for the colonies, at Victoria, is Eugence C.
Armsinck, a very hard-working and respon
sible gentleman. Recurring to the Argus
reminds me of a new feature in the shape of
the casual business that has recently been in
troduced into that paper. A young American
journalist, named Julian Thomas, has sue
ceeded in keeping the city in a ferment by a
series of articles under the nom de plume of
"A Vagabond," relating to hospitals, insane
asylums and other public institutions. . He
adopts James Greenwood's plan, who used to
go through a personal experience of the
scenes of vice and wickedness in London,
which he afterward described so vividly in the
Times as to arrest the general public atten
tion. So, Thomas will go to the Yarra Bend
asylam or the Alfred hospital, and hire
himself out as a hall-porter or a ward
nurse, and after a month s practical experi
ence de ail it in the Argus, to the astonish
ment, and sometimes dismay, of the doctors,
nurses and other attaches of the institution,
and to the enlightenment and amusement of
the publis. Then again he may be found
making a book at Tattersall's for the races
at Flemington, and one fine morning all the
"tricks and the manners" of the bookmakers
are laid before the community, accompanied
gone out of use "bulldoze" has oflme in,
and so this part of the world wags. The doc
tors aforesaid say it should be written "boule
doze," and not "bulldoze," but how that de
tracts from its picturesqueness! It does not
look like as good a word, whether
the meaning be the same or not. It has not
the rasping severity in type that the popular
spelling gives it. It does not look as if it
pictured so dastardly an outrage as it was
made for. The nugget is purer than the
coin. It is explained that the French-speaking
negroes of New Orleans picked it up and
passed it round; boule in French meaning
i ii . i : 1 1 ,
f human head. According to it roots th new
word might mean a leaden pill, a bullet in
the brain, a whack on the head, or any other
form of deadly assault. But as it stands in
English use, it is supposed to be a dose for a
bull, and some word-mongers suggest it had
better be left just there, without any further
effort of refinement. We've got the thing,
and we've got the word to fit it; the high
court of the people has approved, and what's
the use of wasting more words on the sub
iect? Put "bulldoze" in the books and let it
An Absent-Minded Painter.
Miss Jane Stuart, daughter of Gilbert Stu
art, the painter, in her recollections of hr
father, published in Scribner's Monthlg, tells
the following anecdote of his lack of method
in business matters (Stuart once painted a
picture for Mr. Hare, of Philadelphia): "On
its completion, Mr. Hare made the requisite
payment to my father, who said : 'Excuse me,
the picture has been paid fcr. 'Excuse me
for contradicting, Mr. Stuart, but it has not,
I assure you,' replied Mr. Hare. My father
could not remember the circumstances. Mr.
Hare persisted in paving the amount due,
and handed him six hundred dollars, which
was a high price at that period. The picture
was a full-length of Mr. Hare, with his little
daughter mtroauced. This anecdote was ro
lated to me by the daughter herself, when
quite advanced in life. I write it as an in
stance of my father's inability to transact
business." It would seem that Stuait in
herited his absence of mind, for Miss Stuart,
in the same article.faavs : 'How well do I
remember listening to my grandmother's
s : ones of those dear old times; lor instance,
how thev would tro to church on a pillion.
On one occasion, my grandfather (who was
the most absent-minded of men), whde jog
ging along, lost in a reverie, dropped my
grandmother on the road. He soon became
aware of her absence, however, and turning
suddenly, rode back, exclaiming, 'God's-my-
life, are you hurt?' There she sat, enjoying
hpr an hci nation of his surnrise when he
should discover her plisrht."
series of revolting crimes she u bebeved I by piquant personal sketches of some of the
guilty of. Her son referred to now iw,Pm. more prominent of that fraterfiity. And
bers, and has so stated to the authorities J then they swear strange oaths, accompanying
Penrith, that some mree or iour yeaiu aju,
w hile he and another brother were clearing
out a lumber-room in the nouse in wnicn
they lived at Helton, they came across a par
cel tied up in dirty cloth and rags. They
threw it down stairs along with other rub
bish, but before putting it away they had the
curiosity to open it. It contained, as may be
surmised, the body of a child, which, how
ever, without saying anything more about it, j
the bovs threw into the midden. Whether
the remains have been traced further we do
not learn, but that it was the body of a child
there does not appear the least doubt, lhe
parcel was made up in exactly the same way
as those inclosing all the bodies previously
discovered, and the recollections of the boys,
as well as the circumstances, point cleany to
the conclusion named. It is not improbable
that the eighth and last body may also be
traced, and then it is hoped there will be an
end to the sickening catalogue of horrors pre
sented by this unparalleled case.
A. French Lady Libeled.
The Paris correspondent of a London paper
writes: Madauie Jules Simon, wife of the
prime minister, has commenced an action lor
detamaUon agauist me oiyruyc y "
the organ of M. Cuneo d Ornano, the Bona
partist deputy. The complaint is founded on
arH.-ii fntidiid The National Decay,
published on the occasion of the presentation
i ,.i .r., !mon to Madame ilacilahon,
wife of the president of the republic. Asking
rinw p:in the nublic allow such people to be
come the heroes of the hour, the newspaper
in question gives a very unfavorable account
of Madauie Simon. Among other things it
recounts an incident whichit declares to have
i.tim nlai-p (lurinir the war: "One day
Wj.lnmc Inles Simon. Wning on tne arm of
Citizen Milliere, afterward a hero of the com
mune, entered one of the schools of the Sis
i r nharUv in the eleventh arrondisse-
nient One of the Sisters approached her and
complained that the children were suffering
dreadfully from cold, and that there was no
wood left to burn, .iu "
t;ncr tn a crucial on the wall.
tk.f So savinsr she tore down the
image of Christ on the cross, which she tiruit
into the stove." The journalist concludes his
article by asking whether this is a woman fit
to be introduced to Madame MacMahox In
the action, which is to be heard in the court
of Angouleme, Madame Simon claims twenty
thousand francs aam&irea.
tfm by threats of vengeance on the "Vaga-
ji i. i i. ..-aim
u 01 ?llc"uo.n.' Wwr. and hw,T, the
jr a miittii i n. -
have attracted
uiuBu vi a. uiuuui crop OI 1-.
people. It is a habit with the L:r. 5
one I suppose which they have derive 'frr
. V. -.1.-1 , 1 il.i :e .i - i I UUI
uuc uiu wuuiry, mat, u anytmng goes WTOi.a
with themselves or their business, it must
be made the subject of a letter to the
paper wheh they . 'fci?8': a conjj
ohrase for "subscribe. An T5ij,i
will threaten hia donkey-driver in trypirJ huge
a hoW-keeper in San i rancisco with "a let- 1 on v
ter to tb Times," and of course considers
the offende is crushed by the tear of it So
the colonist, t he angry or pleased, cannot
rest till he has u. print apprised the public of
. C I, . 'I'V. . . '.. 1
therefore, drew buiels of communications
more than appeared in rint. They did n
iUn t hia. Thev invoked -loser inquiry into
the management of the vanvi8 institutions
of whichhe treated, and man) oranges in
the medical and nurse department. When I
inform the reader that while I was in Mel
bourne a case came to light where a surgeon,
after operating on a female patient in one of
the hospitals, sewed up a pan oi bull-dog
forceps and a piece of sponge in the incision
made, he will agree with me that it was time
to investigate.
St. Louis Republican : The etymologists of
the press are tampering with the worn nuu
doze." They admit that it is a good, exr
rtrMtnv crrabhic. picturesque word, but they
are trying to kill it with much cherishing of
analyzauon. i ne worn is in uauger irom ui
treatment of the language doctors, and had
better be left alone to take its chances of life.
It has verv likely come to stay in American
Enclish. and it came by a natural birth.
Language gros as the needqf its expansion
is feltTlio language is ever complete while
it is spoken by a people, A new thing or a
new science, or discovery of any kind pas to
hare a name which did not exist before. A
new and previously unheard -ot crime is no
exception to the rules that govern the growth
of lancnage. Henos "bulldoze" came in for
use and recognition, and a high court of the
country has decided that there will be con
tinual use for the word, "freedom" has
A gray sky and a gray sea.
All In the wild March weather;
A wind that bore down the storm-tossed shore.
Snow-flake and spray together;
A wreck's jagged timbers, sharp and brown.
That shivered and swayed as the tide went down;
Bed roofs plied high In the quaint old town;
A. headland grim, with a castled crown,
'Mid a waste ot withered heather.
A gray sky and a gray sea.
And a bolse like rolling thunder.
As the foam Hew fast on the bitter blast
That tore the waves asunder;
A golden sand-reach, long and low;
Black rock that 'mid ages of ebb and flow
iuardtbe beautiful bay, where long ago
Came ships with the raven flag at their prow
Fer slaughter, fire and plunder.
A gray sky and a gray sea;
And two who stood together
With hands close-clasped, as hands are grasped
That parting, part forever;
Two whose pale lips quivered to say
The words the world hears every l;iy.
A9 for all we struggle and weep u:i 1 pray
Young hearts must break tn life's fever play.
Ana links are light to sever.
A gray sky and a gray sea,
WhAM whlta riUa atanned tn hover:
Their brood wings flashed as the great waves dashed
where by lover lingered lover;
Those two may nevermore meet again :
But the wild March wind, with its chafe and strain,,
Will for aye recall the passionate pabi
Of that farewell tryst by the stormy main
When First Love s dream was over.
Ireland's Vleroy.
Dublin correspondence New York Times
Since I wrote last we have had a new vice
roy. The duke of Abercorn has gone away.
and the duke of Marlborough reigns in his
etead. There is not much to choose between
them. The duke of Abercorn was courtly
and dignified, and the duke of Marlborough
serious and slow. A good deal of gossip has
lwfin amused bv the duke of Abercorn's de-
narture. and a thousand reasons have been
assigned for the step, but the gossipers ad
mit that no adequate reason has been ad
dnced. and so the mystery remains. The
facta of the case are plain enough. His grace
in a nnnr man he has eleven sons and daugh
ters and forty-one grandchildren. All his
HiuiD-hters are married save one. Lady Geor-
never been shaken on. ihree ot the sons
are in the house of commons, one of them
being under secretary of state for India.
These sons cost a good deal of money, and
the paternal estates are neither free nor
large. The duke himself is a very young
man, although ne nas seen sixty-six years,
and he carries his fancies and follies of
youth with a tight hand and an easy
mind. The estate in Ireland is pretty largely
incumbered, and tha yacht and the town
house in London and the festivities of the
s'-ason run fcrough forty thousand ponnd n
year, ann i?Tvr -".or niijr lor cicd.tois. As
has been freely remarked here, moat of the
children came into the world owing money
ajid are likely to leave it in the same condi
tion. Well, a man whose family is in this
predicament can hardly afford to throw away
twenty-one thousand pounds a year he sal
ary attachiiur to the office of lord-lieutenant
of Ireland. Besides having this direct- in
come, he escapes all the extravagance of the
London season; so that the residence in Ire
land was doubly advantageous. He had bsen
the vice formerly, and had made himself so
popular that life in Dublin, with its semi-
regal state, seemed to be very attractive. His
daughters had made the best marriages in
this generation; for although their poverty
was well known, one of them married a mar
quis, one ot them the heir to a dukedom, and
four of them married earls. For girls with--
out nothing but good looks and pretty eraces
this was not bad. I am sorry to tell you. but
the lady who married thejheirto the dukedom
is decidedly unhappy, lhe heir is a great
scamp, and an absentee husband. I hardly
know how to convey to you the exact
line of conduct he has hitherto pur
sued. But I may signify it. He effects
reconciliation, behaves himself for a
week, and then flies off. In the course of
that year the lady has a baby, and after a
time the same system is repeated. In this
wiiy the marchioness of Blandford has three
children. Her husband is the eldest son of
the duke of Marlborough, the very nobleman
who has succeeded the duke of Abercorn. As
far as rumor goes, young Blandford Is in
Spain. Certain it is he left London about
eight or ten months ago, and, at the same
time, the wife of another noble marquis was
found wanting in her ancestral home. . Alto
gether, the future -duke of Marlborosgh is
not a nice man. nor would he find a verv
popular reception if he visited Ireland just
now. I need hardly tell you that the duke of
Marlborough comes of the celebrated con
aueror. of course, in the female line. The
great captain's eldest son died of small-pox,
and there remained but daughters. The
family enjoy a pension of four thousand :
pounds a year forever, in virtue of a grant
made to the duke for having won the battle
of Blenheim. With this grant of money
came the estate of Woodstock, on which a
palace called Blenheim was erected, all out
of the public funds; so that the nation
takes an interest in the family, and wishes
to see it behave well. As I have thus shown
you, this feeling has effected considerable
disappointment within the past few years.
The duke and duchess are cold people, of
easy manners. Since their arrival here they
have suffered one or two changes, which.
however estimable in themselves, have not
given satisfaction. The changes are oddly
opposed. One relates to divine service and
the other to the manner in whick ladies are
to be presented in the drawing-rooms of the
castle. Perhaps I ought to tell you what a
drawing-room is hke. Of course everybody
is in court dress, the gentlemen in breeches,
wearing swords; the ladies with headdresses,
trains sweepins the floor. All la-
V.ii nn)allnfuJ nM 1. 1 I... 1 .
iora neutenant, and to see one man kissing
htty or sixty ladies seriatim is to see a very
ti,1z"J" Friormance. Lp to the presto
sented"naoJttfe pk r;"u,nP- an-
wnw TviP?y the lady's name
"q "irrrho chamijerlain s office. If
ths lady was objectionable on any ground
usually on the score oi want ot Kink
her cards are sent oaca her, and that
was the sign that she vas not to come.
Of late years this sfxlom happened,
for, as Dublin society is male up of persons
engaged in commerce of soie kind, the dif
ficulty of drawing the line gaduully ran Into
there being no line at i. The duke of
Marlborough has determiiil to change all
this. He has ordered solem notifications to
be inserted in all the. neipapers, laying
down in the most rigid marer the course to
be followed by all ladies deing to be pres
ent or to be represented. Tare is a consul
erable flutter again in the bftoirs ot the gen
tle, for the regulations sfca specially in
tended to exclude a cty considerable in
numbers, though not partilarV remarkable
fnr rnlhire or eWano. Tie OtW inaWT in
which the duke has shownhis iispositwn is
in directing the dean of tl CUl-'! hSn.
why "royal" nobody can fU-tohave divine
service every day, instead&f on Pr
and boys
service on aunuays, tne ouu i"; k
Vipino- nftiil These neraois mult now
three hundred and sixty-five d&ys per au
num instead of filty-two. and there u
fund from which their itipeada may d-
What matter, though my pilgrim feet
May never press the stranger's land.
Or wander lone where wild waves beat
With ceaselnss moan on ocean's strand ?
For me expands a lovelier deep.
Whose. Isles In vlsloned beautjr sleep.
And never un-au waves could Iw
Su bright as tiilue, fair Dreamland Sea.
My castle crowns the boldest M t p,
Hy warring winds and Wiiter carred.
That se.iwiird leans, and o'er lite deep
keeps evermore unceasing vt.tid.
Full-frelulibd. wht! their wings of snow,
The white ships come, the white ships go.
While In the shade of cliff unci lowers
I dream away the gliding hours.
With manes foam-flecked and tossing tree.
The wHves, wild courser of the sea.
Race swiftly to the level strand.
And strugellng die upon the sand.
The shells that sparkle at my feet,
Strange tales of wind and wave repeat.
The weird roui'ince, the mistery
Of the daik caverns of the sea.
My fairy fleet that long has lain
Close moored in some enchanted bay.
Borne by fair gales across the inulii,
bails swiftly on Its homeward way.
My ships, my stately ships I see!
Full many a royal argosle.
Like white wtngnd birds they speeding come,
AnuVbrlug their gctthered treasures home.
Pearls from the mermatd's watery cell.
Fare gold from sunny orient lands.
With many a rosy-rhanibered shell.
And Jewel wrought by eltln hands.
Crosses and amulets of price.
Of sandal wood and sacred palm,
Xmbossed with many a lair device,
And odorous with tropic Dalnu
A Mach-IHMputed lienor.
New York IJ'or'd: Prof. A. B. Crosby, of
B(;llevue, d-l vered another very intt-resting
lecture, and one that recommended itself
to a popular audience, in the Cooper Union
free course Saturday evening, this time upon
the subject of antesthesia. Defining the hrst
word aniesthesia as meaning not sensibility,
the lack ot sensibility, or, in plain, insensi
bility. Prof. Crosby referred to what he
called the first recorded instance of the use of
an anesthetic, the occasion of the creation ot
Fve, when Adam was plunged into a "deep
sleep" pending the removal of that "deli
cious spare-rib which has caused man a good
part of his misery and alike of his happi
ness." The sleep which Adam underwent on
that occasion, the doctor had no doubt, was
worked by some "neavenly anaesthetic."
But in more recent times, and more strictly
under scientific observation, preparation for
surgical operations was originally made by
the use of an opiate. The doctor recalled
instances where his noted father the well
known surgeon, Prof. Dixi Crosby, of Dart
month worked with laudanum in New En gr
and, when he had occasion to amputate a
limb, and he said that what he remembered
most vividly of the behavior of the patient
was "that he invariably gave vent
to what would be a large quarto
volume of closely-written prolamty. An
other of the earlier ways of bringing a patient
into proper condition to bear tne pain oi tne
surgeon's knife was to bleed him. "The old
doctors believed." said the speaker, "that
blood-letting was a panacea that healed ev
ery ill but original sin, and that it had very
good effects upon that; and so when they had
something painful to do tliey just bled the
patient till he fainted and then worked upon
him. of course without his feeling it. In 1844
Dr. Colton was giving experiments with the
newly discovered laugmng-gas in xiaruuru,
and durincr the course ot his experiments a
vnnnT man who had partaken of the gas
knocked his leg quite severely against one of
the chairs. The young man came uown anu
trnk hi seat in the audience when the effects
of the gas had passed off, and did not seem
to notice that he had bruised his leg. Dr.
Wells was sitting by him, and asked him to
null uo the lee of his trousers to see if the
i.lnw had left any marks, and, sure enough,
when they looked they found the leg had been
fvmaider.iblv wounded, and was bleeding. Dr.
Weils then asked the young man if he had
felt the shock when he struck bis leg on the
chair, and the latter answered that he knew
nothing whatever about the circumstance.
Dr. Wells deducted from this that the effect
of nitrous-oxide gas was to dead'
eu feelins. and ae caused some
of the gas to be administered to himself, and,
while under its influence, allowed a tooth to
hn drawn, which he afterward said hurt him
no more than the prick of a pin, and he called
what he thus leacned the greatest discovery
of the nge. He took the matter up, and go
inr? to Boston, after some difficulty induced
Dr. Warren to consent to an experiment with
the tras before his class m Harvard college,
Dr. Warren had no faith in the new agent,
and ridiculed it in advance in his introduction
of the lecturer. Dr. Wells induced a boy to
take the gas and submit to having a tooth
drawn. Probably the eaa was not properly
administered; at all events, the boy failed to
when the tooth was drawn oeirovea'raonjY
Tee audience laughed, and the students
hissed, and Dr. Wells w;i3 fairly driven out
or coston. Shortly alterward Lr. Wells
assisted in the urst experiment ever made
with sulphuric ether, but did not at the time
like the effect so much as that
which was produced with nitrous
oxide. . He went to hurope, and on his
return found that Dr. Morton had
taken up his discovery and was applying it
witn an success and encouragement in Uos
ton. His cha-'rin was intense on discovering
i-i the city wuxh had driven him forth with
rMicule had now taken up his property and
claimed his invention as its own. He settled
in Chambers street, in this city, became very
muroi-e, ana one aay became possessed witi:
the idea that lie must throw some oil of vit
riol on a lady s dress. He did it from the
balcony of his house, was arrested and lodired
i. 'i- 1. i . i . . , . . , . " . .
iu tun luuius, ana mere at night in his cell
ne opened a vein m his arm and bled to death
tin uiscovery, however, was not destined to
come to naught. JJr. u. e. Morton, a den
tist of Boston, whose first notions of auh.hnrii
ether had come from Wells, consulted with
Dr. Jackson, a Boston chemist, and the result
was the discovery of ether" which was fin
used in 184(i. Dr. Morton sent out offering a
bonus ot live dollars to anybody who would
have a tooth pulled, submitting himself first
to the ether, but tor some time no accommo
dating citizen could be found. On the ninth
of December, 1S46, however, a rattle-brained
young music teacher named 1 rost came m
to have a tooth pulled, and wished as a prf
h'minary to be "mesmerized." Dr. Mor
ton assured him he was capable of exer
cising a new sort of mesmerrsm. trave
him the ether, and the patient woke
up with the tooth trone. and with
out having felt the least pain from the opera
tion. It was a success after that. It was in
troduced into the Massachusetts general hos
pital, where it was used by Dr. Warren, who
autrhed at poor Wells. Morton not a tiatenf.
on his discovery, but it did not prove profita
ble. He had neglected his business, and
was now left with almost nothini?. and after
a series of disappointments in tryintr to se
cure a bounty from congress hi: threw himself
from a carriage one day in Central park and
was killed. Jackson, who had been associ
ated with him in his discovery, still lives, but
is an inmate of an insane asylum. So the
reward of the first men who had to da with
the heaven-sent anesthesia was. madness and
violent death. Dr. Crosby also narrahd th
story oi tae oppiicanon oi cniorolorm as an
few dollars, even in the dullest times; no
snap companies poinr out for the Fourth, or
playing h lew nights in the cooler country
towns; but when the regular seai-on was over,
the actor had to subsist until the following
fall without earning a penny by his profes
sion. Sol Smith was a kindly nmn, with a
great deal of grim humor, and a brave en
durance of the hardest fate. So tall was he
that when he tossed me up in his arms I used
;o think he would throw uie into the skies.
To my childish imagination he seemed many
miles long. 1 hat summer his hat covered nil
he owned. His pantaloons were of some soft
woolen material, of light color, which caused
them to soil easily, and us he was a very
clean, particular man, the pants need lre
quent washing, so he used to lie in bed while
they were ruubt-d out in suai'Suas.
il seemed to me such a strange thing mat
Mr. Smith w.ould he nbed the whole, long,
lovely summer's day on the plea of t-ickness,
bile at the same time my lather would sit
by his bedside, and tbey would crack jokes
together, and laiurh till tiiev both cried. And
such an omnivorous appetite! lie would rise
up ui bed like a steeple, and with the suspi
cion of a smile flitting over his bps, he would
"Bring me another plate of asparagus,
sissy; poor Sol's sick."
It was singular, too, that the date of his
recover- was invariably coincident with that
of the "delivery of his pantaloons, washed,
dried and ironed. Kach time he would un
fold them he would exclaim with a sigh, "At
least anotherinih gone this time."
By the beginning of August the pantaloons
had shrunk so that they no longer reached to
the ankle bones.
"1 shall save them, Mrs. Logan," he would
say, "for a pair ot knee-breeches, Mrs. lx
gan." ,
He had a habit of repeating a person s
name. At le. gth he started out, and was
gone on some mysterious errand for nearly
three days. This caused a good deal of
a arm, as he was a domestic man, and did
not gad about.
He returned one day with a parcel under
his arm, which he untbd, and brought out a
pair of cotton pantaloons of a large check
pattern, such as were thought extremely ele
gant in those days, but would now delight
Uie heart of an end man.
"See, Mrs. Ixgan, look, Mrs. Logan I've
got em, Mrs. Logan; lieen on the go three
days, Mrs. Logan; searched the town through,
Mrs. Logan the only pair in town long
enough for me, Mrs. Logan; aint they beau
ties, Mrs. IxiganV I'm convalescent, Mrs.
Logan shan't have another sick day this
summer, Mrs. Logan."
And he hadn't. Taking us children by
the hand, he danced and sang with us a
merrily as a boy :
Ring around a rosey,
A pocket full of posey.
This is all I remember of Sol Smith.
Hard-working, persevering, temperate,
simple in his tastes and habits, without evor
making any great sums of money, Sol man
aged to leave a large patrimony to his chi
dren, who inherited his talents and his sunny
nature. Poor Mark is still regretted by the
profession and the public.
Scribner's for March.
You may tiilk of the song of the pine
When a stlfl northeaster blows,
Of the playing of Kulilnsteln,
Or Thomas's lidoles anu bows
Of the rain-drops' rythmic beat,
Or the fountain's silvery play, .
But to me no music is half so sweet
As the thunder of Broadway.
Though the landlords bully and grlnfl us.
And taxes are hard and high;
Though sleei or dust-c.ouds blind us,
Anu It's either freeze or fry;
Though we're prey to "rings" and "reformers,"
Ana living is fast and lieo.
There's a saint at dluner for every sinner.
And New York Is the city for me.
Broadway, with Its rush and roar,
Its fun and bustle and strife
One plunge In the mighty current.
Is a year of tamer life.
New York, with Its glitter and glow.
And Hags to the breeze unfurled,
Willi room and to spare on Its splendid bays.
For the ships of all the world.
First lu her ait.
She wove apart.
None of them neir her;
Mtirvelous was the feathery ske'n,
I'ure us a new moon, soil us showers.
Pictured with Imiiges out of her brain.
A snnre for the soul- of the nwret young hours,
To telzetheni .ind hold them ere they cn-ild fly,
Prison them fast belore tin y nhould die.
The women with wonder looked on. troiu h!;t.
At the gladness that clothed ber light d thed a
star. , ,
While the mystical web crept o'er land and o er Ken;
But hersTtiis tlx- rupture.
Her was the vwloii.
New pulses ot life. Jo's stilly lu Mich be'lt,
Itlooin changed to gl r, grief turned U) i;lee
fouch power had her weavlutr. e'en evil seemed SWdfct,
But ever In beauty moot complete.
The web. which haunted ull beautiful tlflngn
The blessed iieace of the star-sown skim.
The there empurpled with Asian tn.
The track on the sea of the wind's jeweled ftt
Ever the web with a lovelier i-hnrm
About one lomi slowly huverr.1 and hur.,
Au tt ylleuce sweet as a song 111 it Is sung;
With a clinging grace,
Swept over an arm,
Brealhed on a face
Ob. that was a god s, In truth!
f pinning ber life in the magical kkelu.
Weaving It out of her heart and brain,
bhe slopped one day;
Sudden gusU of damp air canie.
Fitful guesses of unseen shame.
Her band lost Its cunning, her eye grew dim;
Rent by the storm. del:lcd. blown back.
The web wound Its meshes round every limb
Left Cera pn;y in the n ini-e.-rs tiack.
Hers was the rapture,
Hers was the vision;
Hers was t 'ie capture.
Hers the derision.
On every flue, below, alove,
She heard the diead mocking that ounrth l;te:
"Ah, Jes, you wove the wi b of love.
But you trod the doom of fate."
Ieatli Hate at IMflTerent AgtH.
Scrihner, for Match: Although the mathe-
matienl calculations m lite insurance are
rather intricate, nothing can be simpler than
lis lounuation principle, anuwu as iuc u vi
average. This may lie formulated thus: All
ordinary human events, such as births,
deaths. marriaces. weather phenomena.
crimes, casualties, are found to recur with a
certain average resrularitv. when observation
is extended over a wide area and a long
period. A and B might insure each other at
the schedulo rates, but they would get no
protection from average until they joined
with them a large number of others. The
Mj2.-j.'.v'tvHSu &i&vssm4 life
an individual life, nothingis more so than the
duration ot lite in the mass. That is, if we
take a large body of selected persons of the
same age, it is utterly uncertain which ones
will die in any year, but perfectly certain how
many will die on the average yearly
uoui .11 die une; ji more die in one
year than is expected, some following years
win ormg a variance tne other way and re
store the average. Of course, the rate of
mor'ality increases with age, and the "law"
undertakes to affirm merely that out of a
given number ot selected persons of one age,
say 82S will die on the average this year, MS
next year, 87S the next, and so on. To show
this progression, the following extract of a few
ages is made from the American Experience
mortall y table (the complete table starting
with 100,000 selected lives at age ten),
showing the nuru'uer living at each age,
the number of deaths during the year, and
the ratio of deaths durinir the vear to t.h
number living at that time:
o. Lining.
74. '.'H5
2 id
Mert'ty Bate.
21 l:tt)
The number of deaths rises nnnnnllu tr. nr.a
73, then sinks runidlv. the rhiss lieinrr noj
exhausted; the number surviving steadily
falls; but the ratio of deaths contimmllir in.
creases, and the rate of increase in this ratio
itself increases.
St. Nicholas for March.
With cheeks like pink roses abloom In May.
d'oi.ees o?l,e st"rs' 80 sparkling wer-i they!
W 1th breath like sweet clover, or new-mown hay.
Ah! pretty and sweet w;l Knfv ni.
And good and wise we should ond her this day.
Had It not been for hi.ri n
Jne had, whenever her mother would sar
t ome, Katy. and learn!" of cryim . "I'li
iU:7.H.u.llnuU's ruorti'' or "Uear'Mother
wait till to-morrow-1 want sotoplay!'1
The- Troth nt L.at.
Le ClanhnK: James Bennett is sped
thirty to thirty-two years lie is of tall
stature; he has a pleaant face and bine eyes.
All his bfe he has shown the most intrepid
energy and the greatest bravery. He has
traversed several times the Atlantic mi a
little yacht, and became the American cham
pion of pleasure navigation. Tho challenge
which he made to the Englii-h in a recent
transatlantic trial of speed between Liver
pool and New York still dwells in the minds
of sportsmen. The 1'anntless. beloi ging to
the proprietor of the JleraM, beat in this
terrible struggle the Henrietta, the best of
the English boats. Not content with this
success, which insured immense netonety for
his journal, James Ueiim tt placed at the
credit of one of his report- rs, Mr. Stanley,
more than a million francs, that he might
discover the famous English traveler, Liv
ingstone. He has long resided at I'aris, ami
is well known in the Hois, always riling very
handsome horses. He was one of the tir.-t
after Mons. Mocquard to exhibit trotters har
nessed in the American fashion. A great
traveler he transports himself Iron point to
point with a facility arid rapid, ty altog. ther
American. Do you think him at I'.uis, he is
at London; at London, he is at Cairo. He
recoils from no method of transporta'inn, and
if ever an aeronaut attempt.! a trip from tho
new world to the old Hennett will make one
of the partv. The toss-up was fa
vorable to Mr. May, who was to lire liit during
the ssying of the words, "One, two. three!"
Mr. Dennett was not to tire till after tho count.
Mr. May is known es a n au of great cool
ness anil an expert shot; however, it seems
that he did not justify his reputation on the
ground, for he was no sooner placed by tho
seconds than his countenance changed and a
febrile shuddering agitated all his members.
Mr. Denuett, on the contrary, bhowed the
greatest calm; one would have said that he
was there as a second rather than us an ad
versary. The combatants being placed, one
of the seconds said loudly: "Gentlemen, are
you ready?" Immediately, and without,
waiting for the signal, Mr. May fired on his
adversary. The cap snapped. Mr. Dennett
then demanded, in a very calm voice, if it was
his turn, and if he might fire; then, upon the
affirmative reply of one of the seconds, he
discharged his pistol in the air, saying to his
adversary, "I might kill you, sir, but 1 do
not wish to do so." The duel over,
the director of the Herald returned immedi
ately to New York, and ut night gained the
island of Manhattan, in New Jersey. snd
had conveyed to him by his valet, the faithful
Vogel, all that he mij;bt need lor a long ab
sence. Mr. Dennett remained hidden nine
days in the island of Manhattan. It
is more than probable that tin sojourn cf
Mr. Dennett in Europe will this time bo
sufficiently long. The thirty trunks accom
panying hiin.at least authorize the supposi
tion" He wdl return here in a few days, and
his intention is to fix himself in I'aris till the
American dueling laws shall have been re
vised. .
Lord Ilonffhton on Barns.
Lord Houghton recently presided nt the
unveiling ot a sta'ue of Robert Tiums nt
Glasgow. In his speech he said': "Among
tracted the traveler ;in Egypt, was a colossal
hgureofagod or hero muued Memnon, of
which there was a strange and beautiful tra
dition. It was believed that, by some
magical attraction and supernatural fympa
thy, the rays of the rising sun drew fo.th at
morning, from the inanimate stone, sounds of
such exquisite music as charmed and en
tranced all who had the good fortune to be
within the range of mortal ear. Now he had
a fancy that the ardor of their affections and
the light of their imaginations might almost
draw from the statue of DurnsJ a son" of
some hundred years ago a ttmin of Ix-auty
and truth that might go to their heart of
hearts. And into what words might that
music be lnternreted? Mii-ht ii n,.f
them, I whom you hav j placed here in love
and honor, I was one of vmrselvcs? Few if
any of you here have not had greater advan
tages and better chances of common life than
1 had. it pleased the Lord of the spiritual
and the material universe ti 'niiiuT mi) ii'iit.
a vivacity of fancy and power of melodious
expression which has ni.nl. nnr .i.
teliectual companions of the best and wisest
men. flnd th tr i-.., . . . ,1 ,
"v v7" soiace ana
delight of countless high and humble homes
And yet I never thought rl.ot- f!,; i '.
faculty separated me from mv fellow., r,,.
exempted me from the ordinary needs nn,l
destinies of humanity. The most prized of
771 V 777 ti-7-. 1 7i'ii j i'i. ..... .,.... . 1 i .
rr , num me wnue ioiiowld.
the n nw .tin 1 . . ,
aye. 1 never el.iiine1 n eJ. .1,1 f :.n .
- rV" 'rS'u 1
uiu'J'i or yearneu lor naught but
" 'The glorious prtvlli-
oi uemg lnneix) " .
1 Knew the value of
ness or
more. 1 eave all I eon 1,1 J "i, out, au me
my countrymen. J 4,' to.'''y country and
but, but of my v . flight ot of myself,
old song that f fi J tooK a tcrc,l,i ol"
to make it r juphed 'ne, and, I did my best
of manlr frle,c' r tne pleasure and profit
l iiit not he
with '
-ind. I aroused the
' ryray.
Now she Is old and wrinkled and gr-.
And knows no more than thev f '
-o at Cathay,
aniEsthetic by fr. Simpson, of Edinburgh.
The discovery of this agent belongs to a
American, but Dr. Simpson was the first 'o
apply it as an anaesthetic. Dr. Crosby closed
his lecture with the words of Sancho Panza,
tiod bless the man who first invented
Joe Jefferson and Hoi (Smith.
Delia Logan, in the New York Dismtch:
Adleng those who live to tell the tahj of what
they have gone through, there is an utter ab
sence of false shame about it, and those who
now roll in their carriage often have a hearty
laugh over the days when they went out at
toes and elbows. Here is a btovy the erreat
Joe Jefferson tells, though it loses in print :
His father had what was then called either a
'strolling company or a gagging scheme."
They had wandered almost to the other end
of the world, namely. New Orleans, and were
there stranded in a little tavern, waiting for
some windfall to get them out of town. Joe
was a long, lean, hungry boy of thirteen or
fourteen years of age, with the ruinous, de
vastating appetite peculiar to growing lads.
Green corn rad just made its appearance, and
Joe used to devour from ten to twente-, i
one sitting, of whiclva. '-' - "
eornri -j., soul me eider Jefferson r-.t;
Joe i aside, you know our situation in regani
street 1 Cat US a" the
street. I beg of you to moderate your ap
peute foi gre.n corn. Fill up on sometaufg
Ti, attwoor.thIeeears at the outside. '
The boy promised to do so, but the watch
ful lather kept an eye on him during the be
ginning of dinner, and Joe dutifullylinfined
Wiim.ter ofears; but
aticuuua oemg called off the
boy fell upon tUe pkte, an3 devoured hi!
usua quantity of 'the succulent vegetable but
artfudy pushed the cobs nearer hi TneighWs
dsh than his own. The father, sudddj
turning, frowned ominously tN-tfof
the huge heap, tot JoppinTbl- oW
Dacic ot tne m n.n meott, inm, iwiutiainMa
perifiUMUjr 7fc.- -" V."- ,
tu.it til" laliiei s usjji-.uiii " '- .
Who would now surmise that, our great
comedian ever had satisfied his appetite by
stealth? ,
Hardship and j.Kverty were the common lot
of these our actors in those days, particularly
OOllsh and old. and never a r--.r-
ui coiuion ror her who once r '
anu f ii oecause she wou U v, .
Somehow or other, 'tis al' jH ,l!ler own w&r
She never has found. K ,,l4ya "tlV .'
Any tniorrowor;K'.,.t', y.
A 7 A.''f p,cn, Antiquities.
SchfiSp- Jour"'l'Sor March: While Dr.
tnwi n 18 en?a,'fl n following up what
urate he may of the historic truth of the Tro
JT. war, we are reminded tint, though living
.n what is sometimes called a "new'' coun
try, we hayt) ourantiquities as well as Argo
and the Iroad. Pmhui.lv n- s,t.i;
-ouiu poiiteiy demur at calling
than eight centimes
-en.V7hose olJs; habitable
L. -'i a MweiiBi inai ot iharhton.
a real
been held
-tie 'rtcots wba line wi WmII l.l
s . purine i tne oju rough oallad wiihonr.
aajnainrii' its humor or it i ..! ;..(... j
into it what was tender and true. I studied
I as far as I had the means, the masters ot the;'
great English tongue; but 1 iovel b"t aid
wrote best, the language ot my forefathers
my childhood and my people.
Indian Oivlnitien.
Applcton's Jstrnal, for March: Anion r
the rude am nncivihzed tribes of the r r.t b
west coa,.the idea of divinity was very di
verse, and in some cases obscure TJiT
null o rrmo-at .......'.) r. ' I III
el' " " ""-' ""''pving avast exruuse
of territory, rearfuog from the Arrf.e L.
onntWar,! t-. .he ll .:. 1 .rC."L
" , r: ;t Y. ' ",LU parallel ,f lati-
- 1 ' - '. "ui in tne
as they supple, formerly lived ;
, i ins ony ,,,.
made so gyat a pair of Know-shoe tl, ,i V
attracted ae atu-ntion and ridiei.le of 't
entire community where he reside ,J 1?"
came tbject of much hcartle," V, !
the par of the villagers. Dut koo t i,
came ft'"' of grr-ut scarcity- the Vim,
travel the forests i vain- theVart , 1
no fre. Still, to their' s, r,.r 'Vfc
ever "ope of suet-en, w;is ,.vi,. , .', " n
w(.rMten led to freshlv-t ,ll.,i . ... ""'J'
h moon," who
in-long tin in
m,'nous influence. I'l,..,. i. -",'-v soue
dtobe none nih-" Vi'."' 'u lor "on
the BreBtsnow-.h.-" ta P0
" i Lilt? rttrtfr-t a I
; -,i, - k kh 1 1
Though grateful to'
,. ne of plenty returned,
- 4'ca,10n to refu him a
ta i mm IA -n
anything not
antique: but
tjuildings are
in Massai.""! " 'nei.,K
whiVI. is, hiv11' lljaT' hears an inscription
Icelanders "inT, i?0 by
venerub. e navor oi
recenu - A metung nas
.v,i.v,..- o . ln noscon io consiuer
the Norse ,Uscovererthuid nt f to
Dk-htoi, rock is liehevr"1. om
ni,.:..i nave bnen leit as
Ot course it is proper to hot." ,,. in
trepid Icelandic voyagers who, 'vaturie
before I ;olurntin, followed thy ", "or
fJape Cod au.l th.; - ,..,r r" r idk , i
of preservr-ir i':eruvei. irYf." "flt st
-uiiy ue carneu out. l!: w wri to morfh
erect monuments to all the A'l,08pd discov- grown 'mar , ""',,
erers of our favored ..n'J there will i!. l0wn.,m?".,u,:!'v' 'hen-
much work for the arVhi7. freoenT ti",t lie
c lis upon the purses o patriotic rich in ,i "a"'J-,i. .-.,t
Ihereure the Welsh, foce, who claim ever, they must "mVr",t"S"""!,J,''
Hn l I i r . uit cuuic WIIIKT, aiPl Cli;v LI 1,1 I!
. 0. and who .wonderful sto-mer Th n.v.,l-.. , '". 11
ries ahnnk I,l...?nle in .. iTI"' . v' '-'umiia 1
f,e,V, i " " r ,, i " . , .,": uition oi a oenelaetor and
ou were lOVif J """einuuia that
many-consonante I v ulur whicn the Celt
certa...ily, alone in l je can either read or
speuk. Before Erii too, there were
ih all likelihood iffverers of what
to be America, trf writers mention landii
beyond t!;u wude er ters, accounts of whieh
:Were brought L&3 the venturous I'hoeni-
1 1 1 r
ty soon forgot his fx-ne a. ion, F
ro r.r .. i... . ntiattions when tha.
so much as on
a morsel f r.i
fPc-onagewho had externaTfv1
c" w 'hem i the pui. ,7f '
now Oflended. tnni, h.'j
enu in il-.o ,,"T'iur
he returned.' , . '..: """"Ver, in a
a full-
."i'joii. and
cians; and there u IMUuJliyj iwho imagine
Tlio pubuc-spirii C -t.vi..'j
w.l A W W a
.,1101 J-.ri.. : i, i.i.
tilt " "eoi
. IIKII). I. 1 .
- lur ti'iiiiir
Sol Smith, the founder of the brilliant the
drical family of that name, lived m my
father's house in Cincinnati one whole
summer. .,, .
Oh' those temoie 1UI1J ruiuuran, '-' "
were 'dreaded! Salaries during the winter
, .i .,.,! fnr the current expenses, aud
it wa alaioit; mi "u"-' i'"-
Z3LWd nghVwith the -o at the
The would enter, he could not be kept
door u no b acting, where-
Sanys demand for gt look forward to earning a
lirtir -! niiin tr-i -
AAV V, A f Dil
ticuteu uiscoverit:
Here, it Heems.
lil T 1 1
it Dlirhtor. m.h- ..-.r'??1" America in
;i..n7o t. .l """-er relics, furmsh evi-
Vu, eoa.- giortea tor over a
wwT ii niJeS l'y Icelandic broUi.rs;
w n vi 'l rftme h:rd- wed Greenland
reii 7 v 8 nd sPr terror throughout ,
121 i10niLu,ro. . fidlble their !
"."-"r "n sea. i nn th
inirr.if iie.i
f , rl III, 111
une ii!iriisiimM. i
. a fen.
fl :t77'.r i.'t.r.
peared to them a long time no. II; i-aine"
them up the sound in a canoe of copper The
paddle in his hand was copper; even hiB
clothing was of the same metal. This mvs
tenous, copper-clad old man sojourned loir a
while among them, taught them the use of
the metal which made him so conspicuous
ld them that he came from the fky. and
that nome time in the f uture, when their rm
fcbuuU be UUoyed, they would all ibe, bu
ttsi aBauj, rime ina live with him aixiv-
"j. tnev uroa,, anjTnrrrr ,,v T
Mousing tiemsidre ,.r i!:. "i
fin ijenenii rl,;,.i, ien ncus ta
ot copper. 1 her i V. Z... tlw knoxyU J
crime nlii'n ),. ,...,i.- ; ; r,J"'"te. at tln-ir
that the e, ..n.:;. ,'.t ''- hour.
(heir d. itv. -Th r Vj" ;'"''";': "on c."
ubove." In i:,T, ?J&S'1"':AU'
wrve thi tendeni-r. ..If,,,.,..) V, . J.t,s w
of fiist personifvimr the intnn.i, ."
... . . r -Mi.oMui li'-WI Jl ('f. i
llizmg influences, and tien of lieiA iiur t!,fl
The Standard's dispatch from
that Italy has refused Germany's aem
the Mtraditioii of Archbishop Ledochowata.
count hnwo-i-r. - rQHIoii i,u.- i i- ...... ." 'i vran tne great
coverer is nr... r J vmbU8; lor aais-1 w v. iu ui,-,v,e tee cieany
Uon a lund either nre, , w TTit v.. hi. fellows, ai last is a. know!, ,? r..,f , k
once known. lorOTr1
it is pretty certain that ThV """ffi ?
teenth centuryas riw-afV'
ou. of the iidfc 01 oUiT1'
factor on account of his dincov. ry of im
proved appliances for hunting. The copper
nmn ii nothing more than the introducer of
copper amODg the Nootkas.

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