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THE MEMPHIS rA.IX,Y A.PPEAL - -SUKDAY. .AJPRIiL. 7, ST 8.
MEMPHIS APPEAL BT ALLAWAY A KKATlMa. ferma mt Maoaeriptiaa. Ually A Weekly . DAILY : une copy, one month, by mail Jn coDy, ot j !. by mall . w eopy, gtj monthfi. by mall "M copy, one in city "a eoyy, one month, in nir WEEKLY t Jc?? PT, one )mr tno.0op7. u nionllis . I 1 M 1U U4I s 1 IO IM . 1 s , Ratea f Advertlela. "IK insertion. pr square "I oubeuent Insertion, per wjtuire Klslit Un solid nonpareil makes one square, and twelve lines niaJte one Inch. s.'vaU Notice are twvntj cents tr line first Inser tion, fifteen cents er line l-r week. WHSts,etc,are ten cents per line II rat Insertion, and fle cents per line each subsequent Insertion. Dawih and slarrUtre notlora, Kuneral notices and Ot-ltnartes, are charged at n-irular rates. W wlil not accept any aUTerUiement to follow read ing matter. T Cantrlaatora aad Correspeadeats. We solldl letters and communications upon subjects of KHoeral Interest, but such must always be ac companied by a responsible name. We wtil not return rejected communications. Selectmen copies sent free of chanra. la ordering pars cbaneed from one pofttofBoe to am aer, ine names of both pootoOloes should be given. Our mall-books are kept by pontofooea, and not by Individual names. AO ixttnra, communications, or anything else for tbe APFKai should be addremed GALLaWAY A KEATING. M.C. OiLLAWAT, I 2H Second street, J. M. Kihth.). ( Memphis. Tenn. MEMPHIS APPEAL SUA OAT, APRIL 7, 1878. THJB OBITl'&BY BIM1XEMH OVEK DOSE. When a prominent citizen die the obse quies should be appropriate and imposing. The instincts which prompt people to pay a tribute of respect to the memory of men who have occupied high official positions with fidelity, or become eminent in any profes sion or walk of life, is creditable to human nature and to our civilization. A newspaper would be derelict in the discharge of it duty to the public by failing to pay a just tribute to the memory of a leading citizen after bis death. Such a tribute ia due the dead, and it is of service to the living, and especially to the young as eulogy upon tbe worthy dead, emphasize the value of a life of integ rity and usefulness and a career devoted to righteous aims. An obituary on the death of a prominent citizen i a public verdict of a people in favor of a generous, noble charac ter. It encourages the youth of the country to live honestly, bravely, nobly for unselfish objects. Praise of the distinguished dead is a public pronunciamento in behalf of indus try, honesty, and devotion to the public good, and a newspaper honors itself in eulogizing those whose lives while living should be made examples for others. Rever ence, respect and veneration for the noble . dead subserves useful purposes. These sen timents are the binding and cohesive ele ments of society, without which nationality and go varment are impossible,' Strike these sentiments out of the life of a community, and it would disorganize and drop into chaos. Wither and parch up these roots of cur hu manity, and men become mere pebbles roll- jmi?Jnd drifrmfr nn tha annrla uoalpaa harrl - ""TriLif -""- ana unving eacn oiuer apart. The tendency of our time is to bleach and prune all the fine old respect for station and official dignity, the veneration for emi nent worth, the reverence for transcendent greatness, out of modern life, and make men skeptical of virtue.and persuade them that ev ery man is as goodjasjany man, if not better. The result of that tendency is universal de moralization and blight. We have suffered too much from this course already, and should cherish every act and procedure calcu lated to strengthen opposite sentiments and develop the qualities that bind men together, and inspire them to look up to a virtue that ought to exist, even if it does not. Better a thousand times to reverence an excellence that is imaginary than to reverence nothing. But while encouraging a feeling of respect for the memory of the dead, and advocating an appropriate eulogy upon their useful lives, it most be confessed that the obituary business is overdone. Because a newspaper publishes an obituary on the death of a leading cili zen, some one complains that a friend or re lation has been neglected, when, in fact, neither the editor hoc Uud public knew any thing of the existence of the individal who died without- an obituary notice. Fulsome praisoof unworthy persons, after their 3ii4rrT Yaa An ininrinn influAnr'A nnnn tViA i&ing generation. Ihe young know that i certain man has lived a life of selfish sensu ality, neglecting his family and using the money which his talents coined for him pampering his own depraved appetites; they know that talents which might have been used lor the benefit of the community have been prostituted to whatever cause would pay LhA hicViMt. Bum to their imp- thev know that the man has lived without patriotism, with out public, spirit, without kindliness toward his fellow-men, without common respect for publio opinion, and has only been distin guished by mental capacity which he mis used, from the common herd which has no obituaries written for its membership. Yet, when his obituary is written, one would think that a a tar had dropped out of heaven, or ce 1 i r i: i j j oo of every man of the several classes whose one virtue or exceptional ability is made the text for glowing biographies to the exclusion of all mention of his baser traits. We would not have a man's failings and faults men tioned after death; but, at the same time, we would not have him written up as an a: eel or a demigod, when his character was that of neither one nor the other. What can the effect of such a perversion of a friend- ly" pen be on our youth? Is it not apt to make them think that if they only show an ability to earn money superior to that of their fellow-men, or misuse only to their own dam age the talents with which they are endowed, they have done all that their manhood and society requires of them, and are entitled to the homage of the latter instead of its con tempt and execration. SWltL-MIXK. Henry Bergh, the great humanitarian, while laboring to ameliorate the condition of suffering animals is not forgetful of his own species. He says: "You send a man to prison for uttering a spurious coin or bank note, which cannot damage the receiver be yond its pretended value; but here, by basely counterfeiting an indispensable article of food, and imposing it on the unsuspecting for what it is not, health is destroyed, lingering- and distressing diseases are Induced, and Ufe'iTelf destroyed with impunity, to say nothing of the torments inflicted on dumb animals." If men voluntarily drink adul terated whisky, that is no reason for forcing innocent children to drink swill-iailk. If it be true that the stomach is the most vulner able channel through which disease attacks the human system, impure milk kills more children than the whooping cough and measles. The public should entertain : respect for the dairyman, peddling out it his adulterated milk upon the streets. than for the counterfeiter who is swindling the community with his pewter dollars. In deed, the milk swindler is the most infamous of the two impostors, for he is killing his neighbors and their children while he is de frauding them. The laws in Ohio against selling adulterated milk are most stringent, and the people of Cincinnati have combined for the purpose of punishing the rascals who violate the 'law. The adulteration is prac ticed not alone by the dairymen who supply Cincinnati, but by the grocers and daily market-keepers, who purchase it from them and retail it to the general public. Thus it is that sometimes the milk has- passed through more than one adulterative process before the consumer receives it, and these processes have, by altering its chemical properties, not only lessened its value as a nutritive sub stance, but also rendered it unfit for food. Until the world is honest, there can be no hope of perfect purity in the articles which traJe and commerce supply. It is declared that the well-known tendency of all modern paint ings to fade and deteriorate is due to the in variable adulteration of some of the pig ments. If all else were pure, the oils, it is s.iid, are never wholly genuine; their adulter ation begins with tbe first steps ia their pro duction in dii-t nt dimes. Similar tricks with almost all fore; n drugs are the depa r of physician. I'v l.irge practice "' rit'nee instancy v. ', because the drugs ; ivontf of our doctors in r ! ie from his own expt-r.- human lives were lo-t .duiiuiritered were inferior in strength to what they should have been; tampered with, perhaps, before they left In dia or Peru. To a far simpler form of adul teration, practiced in all our large cities, a very considerable percentage of infant mor tality is unquestionably due; inferior milk is a chief agency in adding to the babies deatu roll. THK AlUt'HT ELECTIOSH. On to-uiorrow the Democratic executive committee for Shelby county meet in council. As this is tbe first move for inaugurating the canvass in one ot the most important elec tion ever held in Shelby county, it is essen tial that no mistake be made. Actuated solely and entirely by an ardent desire to see the Democratic party of Shelby county consol dated into an impregnable phalanx, we beg leave to offer a few suggestions for the con sideration of the Democratic executive com mittee. The State Democratic executive committee met at Nashville four weeks since. and issued a call for a State convention to nominate c.indidates for- supreme court judge, from which we make the following extract: " Chairmen of the Democratic committees ' of the respective counties are requested to " convene their committees at an early day " for the purpose of ordering the necessary "primary meetings and fixing the time for " holding the county conventions to select " delegates to the convention at Nashville." This call by the State executive committee brings before us the direct question: Shall we have, as the call intimates, primaries, and a county convention for this purpose, and another set of primaries and county conven tion for county offices and purposes? No doubt the selection of supreme judges is as important to us as any duty we owe our State. Whether we will or not, the State convention will make its nominations for tu preme judges, and the question is: Shall we have a voice in that selection? This virtu al'y determines the court of last resort for eight years. No doubt but the executive committee properly appreciates the im portance of having representative men by calling for jrimaries and county conven tions. To do otherwise would seem to re sort to questionable methods of selecting del egates. In tl-ia way alone can the people be heard. In this way alone can the farmers and workingnien throughout the country have a voice in the selection of men to that high office. Hut it is well to note that it would be very inconvenient to have the representative machinery of the people brought into use twice in so short a period for two purposes so close akin to each other. It is almost as important to have the people select their chancellors and circuit judges and other officers by full convention as to select their supreme judges in that way. But neith er the farmers of Shelby, nor the mechanics, nor the business men can spare so much time. But would it not be well to have a full voice from the whole county in' all this important work? The people must make the selec tion. The question' is: How this can best be done? Some good citizens are willing to leave this entirely to others. And without doubt we have a few who would entirely re lieve our people of this duty. They tried to retain this by odious franchise laws. The great body of the negro race doubtless will. vote as they direct, blindly. No doubt the negro, because ot the ill-education be has re ceived, votes blindly, and in a body. No doubt certain ones would have the white race vote as blindly, under the foolish guise of in dependence. Independence is a good thing, but it should be exercised within the party. No free State can exist without united action, but blind independence is as bad as blind following. To say we will not unite with the best men, the most intelligent, the best people, is to Fay we will leave the matter to the worst. Now, the voters of Tennessee, in August, select judges for eight years. These decide all our causes. They hold in their hands- the scales of justice. They determine all manner of questions touching our lives, our liberties, and our property. They can separate man and wife. They can take children from the parents and give them to another. They can send to jail. They hold in their hands immense power. Shall the people the business men. the farm ers, the mechanics abandon this duty, and turn the selection of these and other impor tant othcers over to tnose who boast they control a large ignorant vote? Is any re spectacle portion of our people looking to that party for good judges and honest of ficials? Or will the Democratic party as- semble in convention and nomi nate the best men for office? The Re publican leaders doubtless know their strength is united; that if they can divide the Democratic party into nationalities, into grangers, and into workingu.en, they will elect every officer in Shelby county. They will then turn out old men, like J. J. Raw lings, and put in his place a negro or a white man of lower moral status and fitness for tbe place. We don't want to eee bad men in office. We want good representative men of our own party in office. We must have them We do not know how we can better express our views than by quoting the language of one of the ablest American writers on po litical science in some respects the ablest of this age: " But suppose all the better part of society, " those who have intelligence, and those who have character, to be faithful in discharg " ing their political duties; suppose them to t - . I oe neiiuer discouraged nor overawed, how are tney to act in tbe purification of oar " ties? Can the) do good by forming a new " or third party, intending to serve as a check "on the two others i It successful, this " would draw to it bad materials from the existing parties, and would soon become " corrupt itself. Can they accomplish the work oy entetmg into the other parties, ac cording to their political convictions, and insisting on Having a 6bare in all those pn " mary arrangements for office, caucuses. " conventions, and the like, of which they "complain so much? The probability is " that they would be met and worsted by " new intrigues -without gaining anything ' for the cause of political honesty. I see " no wy in which they could act so well as by acting within the existing parties." Then, can our people do better than by meeting in convention, in full delegation, from each district and ward, and selecting their best men ? Then let us all meet in con vention and select good men. Who is to be our chancellor for eight Years? Shall we have Micou, or Vance, or Wilson, or Win Chester, or shall we let the Republicans select for us? Then we assume that in the selec tion of supreme judges, and chancellors, and circuit juuges, ana oiner omcers, our r : a. - J 1 w people should meet in convention, and the whole voice of the country be heard. Now, it is urged by our fellow-citizens in the coun try that they cannot leave their farms and attend two conventions, and all agree that they can and will attend one. In matters of so great concern to us, then, let us listen to this voice from tbe f armers and business men, and have but one convention, and that a full representative one. In this way every one can be heard. In this way the work will be satisfactory to all. Our fellow-citizens, who feel so great concern in public affairs, can all be heard. Then we can all come together. If we do net, defeat is certain. No one who has any concern in the courts, and other important affairs. can fail to see our duty and our great interest Would it not bewell then that the committee, on to-morrow, call one convention of repre sentative men from tbe whole county to as semble, say on the twenty-fifth of May, just in time for the delegates to go to Nashville on the twenlh-ninth of May? Could not the primary meetings be held in each civil dis trict and ward on the twentieth of May? In this way we could harmonize, This conven tion could elect an executive committee, De lect delegates to represent the whole people at Nashville, and nominate the State and county officers for the August election. What would be the result? Every part of the county could be heard, and have its voice ia all these matters; , it would accom tbe farmers throughout the it is the only full, fair and honest making the selections and nomi- all the interests .of the people would be concentrated; it would develop the lull strength of the county, and give a surety that the ticket nominated would be elected; it would give the farmers a voice in selectiog delegates to nominate supreme judges, and in electing our executive commit tee: it would determine the choice of the people, so that tbe many gentlemen who arc candidate.", and are not nominated, could re turn to their daily pursuits in life. No plan, it seems to us, caa be devised more simple, more acceptable to all, and calculated to give more satisfaction to the whole people. The farmers are in favor of it. The candidates, so far as we have heard an expression, favor one primary in the civil district or ward and one convention. let us, then, gather expe rience from the past, unite in common coun cil, make good nominations, and thuB care' for our best interests. In this way the Demo cratic party can promote the best interests of our people, secure harmony and give general satisfaction. It is important to get the nu merous candidates' claims disposed of, and it is more important for the whole people to have sufficient time elapse after the nomination that they may thor oughly canvass the nominee. For if they are unfit, they will not be elected and this gives a check upon the convention and secures the very best nominations. Then let us have primary meetings called in the wards and districts, and one convention, to settle all these matters. The people will see to it that good men come to the convention Some are interested in the election ot dele gates to nominate supreme judges. Some take a special interest in seme candidate's aspiration for a county office. Plainly, all interests unite in having one representalivi convention do all the work select an live committee, elect delegates to go to Nash ville, and nominate county officers. This unites all interests. It secures harmony, secures a good convention. It secures good nominations to office. Let us have one vention. con CLERICAL WIT. A parson who a missionary had been, and hardships and privations oft had seen. While wandering far on lone and desert strands, A weary traveler In ben ffehted lands. Would often picture to his little flock Tbe terrors of the gibbet and tbe block; How martyrs suffered in tbe ancient times. And what men suffer now in other climes; And though his words were eloquent and deep. His bearers oft Indulged themselves in sleep; He marked with sorrow each unconscious nod Within the portals of tbe bouse ot God, And once this new expedient thought he'd take In his discourse, to keep the rogues awake 8iUd he, "While traveling in a distant State, I wltness'd scenes which I will here relate: 'Twas In a deep, uncultivated wild, Where noontide glory scarcely ever smiled: Where wolves fn hours of midnight darkness howl'd Where boars frequented, and where panthers prowled; And, on my word, mosquitoes there were found, Many of which, I think, would weigh a pound; More fierce and ravenous than the nungry shark They oft were known to climb the trees and bark!" The audience seem'd taken by surprise All started up and rubb'd their wondering eyes: At such a tale they all were much amazed. Each drooping ltd was In an Instant raised, And we must say. In keeping heads erect. It bad Its destined and desired effect. But tales like this credulity appalled; Next day tbe deacons on the pastor call'd. And begg'd to know how he could ever tell The foolish falsehoods irom his lips that fell. "Why, sir," said one, "think what a monstrous weight! Were they as large as you were pleased to state? You said they'd weigh a pound! It can't be true; We'll not believe It, though 'tis told by you." "Ah, but It Is," the parson quick replied. "In what I stated you may well confide; Many, I said, sir and the story's good Indeed. I think that many of them would." The deacon saw at once that be was caught. Yet deem'd himself relieved, on second thought. "But then the barking tblnk of that, good man! Such monstrous lies! Explnln it, if you can." "Wbv that, my friend. I can explain with ease They climbed the bark, air, when they climbed the trees." A SOJINAMHULjIST Create a Seaaatfen by Char-Kin- Him self with haviac "Killed his ttlrl" A ttlagular Dream Caused by , Heading the Aeesint mt Madame Reatella'a Maleide. New York World, 3d: As Sergeant Hag gerty was sitting at the desk in the Fifth street police station, shortly before midnight on Monday, a pale young man entered the room. "What do you want?" asked the sergeant. "I have come to give myself up." answered the young man, m a low voice. uome to trive vourseit ud e said the ser geant, half inquiringly. "Well, what's the matter i "I've killed my girl," replied the young man, who seemed to grow paler aa he spoke Uome, now, said the sergeant, forcing a smile; "this is the first of April." "but 1 killed her, pleaded the young man; 1 poked ner neaa tnrougn a winaow and cut her throat trom ear to ear. The sergeant at first thought the young man was drunk, and then that be was an es caped lunatic, lie replied : "Where does your girl live?" "She lives at No. 516 East Fourteenth 6treet, and her name is Eliza Gleason," was the answer. The sergeant called Special-Officer Bissart, and told him to go to the house mentioned. Just as the officer went away, the young man started tor the door. "Hold on," said the sergeant sternly, "you are a prisoner. ' The young man, notheeding the command, continued toward the doorway, and the ser geant hurried from behind the desk and grasped him by the shoulder. " Where am it exclaimed the young man, snuauering and loosing aoout mm in a dazed way. There was no reply to his question, but he was locked up. The detec tive returned from the residence of the young lady saying that she was alive, and that when he informed her of the charge the young man had made against himself she thought some one was trying to make her the victim of an April fool's joke. Yester day morningthe young man was taken be fore Judge Flam mer, in theEssex Market police court, and was immediately dis charged. His friends say that he is a som nambulist, and that he was undoubtedly asleep when he entered the police station. He had been reading of Mme. Restelle's ter rible death, and, falling asleep, dreamed that he had committed a murder. His name is Peter Coby, and he is in the employ of the father of the young lady whose name he men tioned in the station. Dr. Austin Flint, sr., and Dr. Ranney think it is a very extraordi nary case of somnambulism. What la Seldom Hem-As Irish Mun chausen. An Irish Munchausen has turned up at a Boston restaurant in the humble capacity of a waiter. A guest who has been served with a small lobster " Dou you call that a lob ster, Mike?" "Faix, I believe they do be callin thim lobsters here, sur. We call 'em crabs at home." "Oh!" said the diner, "you have lobsters in Ireland?" " Is it lobsters? Begorra, the creek is full of 'em. Many a time I've seen 'em when I lepped over the sthrames." " How long do lobsters grow in Ireland?" "Well," said Mike, thoughtfully, " to sphake wid in bounds, sur. I'd say a matter of five or six feet." "What! Five or six feet? How do they get around in these creeks ?" " Bedad, sur, the creeks in Ireland are fifty or sixty feet wide," said the imperturable Mike. " But," asked the guest, "you said you had seen them when you were leaping over the streams, and lobsters here live in the sea." "Sure, I did, sur; we're powerful leppers in Ireland. As for the say, sur, I've seen it red with 'em." "But look here, ray fine fellow," said the guest, thinking he had cornered Mike at last, "lobsters are not red until they are boiled." "Don't I know that?"' said Mike, "but there are bilin' springs in the ould count hry, and they ehwim through 'em, and come out all ready for ye to crack open and ate 'em." A fatal accident occurred in an English football field the other day. A lad was run into violently by a man who jumped at him with protruding knee and struck him in the stomach. The lad died soon after, and at the inquest the man was committed for trial for manslaughter, the jury also expressing the opinion that the game "ought to be erased from the pastimes of England." "Where was BishoD Latimer burned to death?" asked a teacher, in a commanding voice. "Joshua knows," said a little girl at the bottom of the class. "Well," said the teacher, "if Joshua knows, he may tell." In tbe hre, replied Joshua. looking verv grave and wise. A poor woman, coming from a wretched garret in an inland manufacturing town for the first time to see the seashore, gazing at the ocean, said she was glad for once in her life to see something which there was enouch of. "Failed in his sermon," "caught cold," too hoarse." This new DrinciDle. Dr. J. H. M 'Lean's cough and lung-healing globules cures hoarseness, cough or cold rapidly. Trial boxes. 25c by mail. Dr. J. H. M'Lean. 314 Chestnut sL, St. Louis, Missouri. The scarcity of water in the City of Mexico u increasing. mod ate county; way of nations; AS IXTKKKST1XO LKTTEK, IMaeasMlaa: Theaters aad Theatrical Hailr aad Hattlrkaaa, Pleaatazly Interspersed with Aaeedote. Incident aad latelllseat Comment. Occasional Correspondence of the Appeal. J" Bostos. March 26. fins is a dav wht- theaters, theatricals and actors are freely and ottenumes intelligently discussed by the non professional as well as tbe professional. Juat now tbe one theme in Boston society is the drama, and the support of the highest order of performance in the histrionic art, as attested by crowded and enthusiastic houses here, night after night, goes to disprove much that has been said of the universal relish for the false, the low, the immoral. Everybody talks about hard times, the necessity for retrench ment, etc.; yet all the world, his wife and daughter, must need go to the theater and opera. The curtailing of expenses must and will come: but here in Boston we don't cut off those things that enlarge the heart and expand the brain: we therefore shorten and simplify our skirts, but never our entertain menu. One of your most popular congress' men told us, while in Washington, some months atro. a Btory that comes to mind now, The Dolitician and one of your honest yeo manry, a constituent, were standing, about four o'clock in the afternoon, on the west es planade of theCapitoI, from which a fine view is to be had ot the avenue, with its gay, rasa ing, changing multitude. The former, anx ious to entertain his visitor, dwejf in entbu siastic fervor uoon the noble vistas command' ed from this point, and set forth in glowing terms the future slorv of this "City ot Mag nificent Distances." His companion seemed distraught. In vain were bis efforts to call forth an appreciative response. Finally, the midst of a finely rounded sentence, the latter looked up and said, blowing out a sigh "Whit, can you tell me where all these peo pie cret something to eat?" I have often asked myself this question, with slight mod ifications, within the last two weeks. The theaters are particularly brilliant this season The Boston seats 2972: the Globe, 1800; the Boston Museum. 127o: Howard Atheneutn 1500: Bovleston Museum. 500: Music Hall 2585: Tremont Temple. 1942: Union hall 550; Beethoven ' hall, 1500. Evening alter evening, week after week, most, if not all these places of amusement, to say nothing of the thousand-and-one ot lesser magnitude, have been filled, often so jammed that the placard: "No standing room to be had. has been up. We repeat the good country man s query: " WHEBS DOES THE MONEY COME FROM ? We have no mind sufficiently acute to solve any financial question involving more than the price of a twelve-button kid glove and plume, with only a dream of a color to match we therefore leave all such mighty Questions for your solution. By the by, we are among those unfortunate people who must have an opinion about everything, the great as well as the small; and in order to luxuriate in such a valuable possession we try to know the whys and the wherefores of matters of general and particular interest these with the leaven of personal interest left out the right or wrong judged by its probable enect on the weal or woe of the 'nation. We were at the capital during the great excitement over the silver bill ; we tried to disabuse our mind of any prejudice; we tore ourselves away from the elegant receptions of the elect, fragrant with perpetual bloom, to sit among the multitude m the galleries ot tbe senate and the house to hear this great question that was agitating our country to its center, discussed in a tair, independent way by those two bodies which are or ought to be able to elucidate and aim plify this and many another knotty problem and thus show the people what is for their good. We listened and sat, and sat and lis tened in the heated galleries till the day died, till pulse leaped and brain throbbed, till in the heavens the ttars became to us only dollars; shut one eye, they were silver the other, gold; th-y were lar-away worlds no more only coins waiting for some ' power to decide the qual ity of the shower which kind was beet suited to us poor denizens of the earth was the only question we longed to know. We heard M'Donald, Thurman Blaine, "Silver" Jones, all and more, but this is all that lodged, and we could bring away for our trouble. Ibeeabt wants gold tbe northwest wants greenbacks, the south and west silver and gold. A single standard is best for the creditor, a double standard for the debtor. Inflation is disastrous tor the country at large. That gold 'and silver both were most probably favored by the original framers of the constitution, "only this and nothing more. Since that failure to com prehend the deeper mysteries of finance we never rack our brain with things ot more weight than this: Can our allowance be made sufficient to meet all the exigencies and necessities of our spring outfit in a city where we are a stranger and where nobody begs us to indulgle in this or that little lux ury till reckoning day, when we blandly ask for our little account with you, and stare horrified at the little nothings that amount to this mighty something. We thought we owed tens, but instead it is : hundreds. But we wonder while eating the bread of humili ty at not being able to grapple with finance, We are not alone. It is a little maliciously comforting to hnd that THE TRUE PHILOSOPHY OP THE QUESTION is about as comprehensible to the average mind as the duchess s monologue to poor lit' tie Alice, in that remarkable journey through wonderland: ".Never imagine yourselt not otherwise than what it might appear to oth era that what you were or might have been was not otherwise than what you had been would have appeared to them to be other wise. 13 ut here we talk about what we don t know, when Thomas, Booth. Barrett. Rignold, Moody and Sankey, have all been here, or are yet; and there is somewhat to tell of what we do know of some of these. To sit leisurely at breakfast, and indifferently choose from such a galaxy ot the world s la vorites whom we will allow to amuse us dur ing the evening is almost too much for the mental and emotional stability of one long accustomed to the monotony ot a residence in a Puritan community (m the south), where the levity of the stage cannot be tolerated where it is scarcely allowable to wander a step to the right or the left to gather a sweet violet or an early crocus out of the orthodox path from the front stiles to the meeting house. Is it a wonder, then, that a rebel. who all at once became restive, broke out of such a framework of isms and creeds, aud ran off to free-thinking Boston, has felt for the past few weeks, unlike Door Glorv M'Whirk, that "ther's plenty of good times in the world, and she is in em! One of two things seems absolutely necessary "the mountain will have to go to Mahomet, or Mahomet to the mountain." Even music- loving Boston the center of the arts and sciences on this continent complains that THOMAS'S LAST CONCERTS here were almost too far-reaching for it to fully appreciate; it seemed hardly possible tor this great orchestral autocrat to stoop. that he may gradually raise the t socle to a just comprehension of the grandest and sweetest in the world ot sound. One of the chief features of his entertainment last week was the rendition, for the first time in Bos ton. over Scharwenko's concerto in B-flat op. 32, for piano-forte and orchestra. Madame Schiller performed the piano part, as she did some time ago at the fourth concert of the Cambridge course. The work is pronounced by the Bostonian critics as more eccentric than brilliant, more odd than orginai. though gaining in interest, beauty and sympathy of each repetition. Miss Wilde .and Signor Tagliapietro were the vocalists; the latter upon several recalls delighted the audience by Schubert s serenade and several Italian ballads. His harsh high notes are almost forgotten in his stage address, which in un affected simplicity and elegance is faultless. J bomas will during the summer season give New York the benefit of his music. Three weeks ago, with thirty ot his orchestra, he ran up to Poughkeepsie, New York, to assist Prof. Hitter in training the basso vocalists the art of making concerted harmony. BOOTH, it is said, will not Dlav with even a crenteel support, lest some one divide the honors with him. If this be true, verily, his heart must have realized here its bighert dream of a less than medium support. If there be a more interior stock company between the two oceans than that at tbe Boston theater, we nave never seen or heard ot it. Uongratu late yourself you are beyond the circuit of this company, which goes starring for a few weeks in this vicinage, when public endur ance is just ready to snap. I he leading lady, Mrs. Barry, is socially much esteemed here, though her most enthusiastic friends can sav nothing more of her acting than that it is reliable. I suppose this means she can and does grind out, with the accuracy of a ma chine, exactly the right words at the right time, fche always suggests Carker to us; her face is at all times, under all circum stances, in all characters, wreathed in one eternal smile, till we feel we would give a bonanza if a Bohemian spider would only ramble awhile over her neck; or worse, somebody would pinch her, only to give re laxation to those overwrought, much-taxed risible. Wheelock is well enough to look at, but his acting, oh! -. M Ginnis, tbe Irish comedian, is humorous, but does not compare with Warren, of the Museum a cousin of Joe Jefferson's, by the way and pronounced to be the best come dian in America. Booth appeared in almost all of his favorite roles, once or oitener dur ing his three weeks engagement. The world agrees that Lis "Richelieu" is by far his greatest creation; but it did not fill the Boston here as did Ilamlet, though it was less fre quently given. By the way; in Richelieu here at the Howard Atheneum in 1861, tbe three greatest American tragedian 4 ap peared Booth at the "King-Cardinal," Bar rett M "PeM&upraC' McCuUough as "King Louis XIII ." "Hamlet" never forgets him self is not able to lose his consciousness, even in his love-making, when one may rea sonably expect more of nature and leas of self. It is said ot Mrs. Booth, since bhe left the stage heraelf, that she has become ex ceedingly jealous of hitr husband. We know nothing ot the certainty of this, but just as the curtain rises on the act in which the play ers recite the "mouse-trap" and the lover re quests the privilege of reclining on "Ophe lia," Mrs. Booth makes her appearance in a proscenium box to tbe right, and follows the whole performance with steady watchfulness. She might have b pared herself any bother on that score. "Hamlet" did not care for "Ophelia;" regarded her only a sort of nec essary complement to the play, and "Ophe lia" was ugly. Booth's egotism would scarce be tolerable were it not for his exquisite act ing and bis marvelous magnetism, which is almost overpowering, making one feel some times as though it were bordering on high treason to even feel that be is not fault' less, and, therefore, above criticism. Mme LeVert tells A STOKY in her Souvenirs of Travel of what she claimed to be an actual occurrence, just be fore she went to Paris a quarter of a century ago. As nearly as we now recall it, it is this: A beautiiul, high-bred, sensitive daugh ter of Baron de Gros comes to Paris to study the art galleries. While there she becomes oblivious of all else in the wealth of the Lou vre, in her love and admiration of the"Apollo Beividere. Uay atter day she brings fresh offerings of heart and flowers to lay at the feet ot this marble-busted god; she invests him with all the ideal manly excellences of char acter, and bestows upon him a warm, tender human passion. She is missed one day, and after a long search, is found with the tears vet warm on hercheek,head resting against the statue dead; verdict, a broken heart. We were incredulous about this overwrought ro mance, and only a few months before she died, questioned Madame LeYerttbout its truth, bhe assured us it was actually true. We tried to look and feel satisfied upon her personal assurance. If the "Apollo" had only Edwin Booth's dark, deep, star lit eyes, we might believe, and not try very bard, either, It is hard to believe that the grand old car dinal, the miserly old "Shylock," the rollick ing "Petruciio" (an orthoepal war is now going on here over this word, whether the "ch should have the sound of "k or "ch as in church, the critics leaning to the latter). the melancholy Dane, or the noble "Brutus," could ever have been a common actor, in vears gone bv. about the Bowery, yet we are assured it is true. It is said that Booth, the gentleman, is exceedingly sensitive, melan choly even to moroseness, is not loved among the profession with the same personal attach' ment that is given to li trrett or Sothern There may be a sa l tn iyo-.u' Mftorythat gives this murkinesa t lus t pint we know not of. Nothing can tempt him, it is said, to aDDear on the Washington stage. Too maoy horrors cluster around the memory of THAT NIGHT IN FORD S THEATER, in the long ago a misguided, rash patriot ism that was revenged by bru tality, murder, death. This old theater was bought long ago by the government, in fact was closed forever after that night as a place of amusement, is now used that is the third floor as "surgical museum for the army and navy." All vestige of its former use has long since disappeared, the floor is tea sel a ted. and the whole room hiied with cases containing plaster cuts and preserved limbs. etc., illustrating all manner of disease and deformity, especially that resulting from gun shot wounds. The student or specialist would revel there amid such surroundings; but from association or other causes our memory of our xinit is a shudder and a chill As we entered the guide somewhat reluctant ly pointed to a spot at the further extremity on the right of tbe room, as that upon which stood the box in which sat Abraham Lancoln, from which after the pistol-shot Wilkes Booth leaped to the stage; but he somewhat ex ultinglv asked us to follow him while he showed us something that something was cervical vertebra ot Booth, through which was run a glass tube, showing the direction the ball took which ended his life. Two years ago we saw Boston Corbett, who killed him, then in Philadelphia, con nected with the exposition in some menial servitude. tie makes bis peace with man and God in Camden, where he occupies a suite ot humble rooms, gathers about him a small congregation nightly to whom, in his llhter ate way, he teaches gospel truth. His collection is very simple, what few went and most are willing to give and call it char ity cold victuals when there is a surplus in his parishioners' larder. John G. Gough says Miss rotter nor any other imitator can rid i cule him, his real self, all she does is to touch up his peculiarities. All' public men have these little knobs, whereon we catch till we laugh. Booth has those which no garb, no wig. no paint, no disguise can conceal. A certain poise of tbe head, which in lighter drama parses for a sort ot archness, in heavier, when a little more emphatic, suspi cion: a roll of his eye, a side glance, and a certain use of hia uplifted hand and in dex finger with these Booth ia Booth every where without them Booth would not be Booth anywhere. We will tell of Barrett, Rignold, Moody, and Sankey another time, if your readers do not define this letter as we do,a meringue a puffy somethingness, a touch, a sticky nothingness. UKAN VILLI! UlAlL. HOW TO FREE 1BELAKD. What General James Shields Says on the Subject. From a lecture recently delivered in New York, by General James Shields, we extract the following, which will be interesting to Irishmen, at least: "Were I dictator for the Irish race tor only three yaars 1 would form all the men of Irish blood on this side of the Atlantic into a complete military organiza tion. This I would do openly and in strict conformity to law not for the purpose of revolution or violence, but for the purpose of forming a great race into a compact body, and to teach it the habit of disciplined union. Then, with half a million of organized men at my back, and with the sympathy of forty mil lions of freemen to support me, I would, send well-chosen delegates to Ireland, some ot those who ought to be chosen I could almost lay my hand upon to-night, and by those delegates acting in concert with the leaders of Ireland, Catholic and Protestant, lay and clerical, a programme could be agreed upon which would not fail to ameliorate the country. That programme ought to be in perfect accord with the desires and aspira tions of the Irish people at home. For us who have abandoned that country to attempt to dictate any particular line of policy to the people who remain there, would be an ar rogant assumption, which would prove to the world that we had gained but little wisdom by our association with a free people. No; we must make their programme ours, and we must support that programme with all the moral and material aid which this transat lantic Ireland can possibly furnish. And re member that this Ireland has more than double the number and quadruple the wealth of the ancient home of the race itself. This programme, thus agreed upon at the joint conference, should be presented to England and proclaimed to the world, and in the pres ent condition of Europe, Asia and the world generally, England could not safely afford to reject it. Some such plan as this, were I temporarily dictator, I would commence to prepare this present year. I would tolerate no invasions of Canada, no secret societies, no conspiracies, no tomfooleries of anv kind. for, however well meant, they are only lnttering away the hopes and wasting- the energies of -a great, gen erous, too confiding people. This is my plan, and I feel morally certain that it would be eminently successful. Let ua not for one moment anticipate the rejection of an overture so fair in itself, and preferred with such an accompaniment of moral force. But should England blindly reject it. then I refer you to the historic parallel I am running to night between the ale ot Patrick and the life of the race. Milcho was Patrick's master, but Patrick, instead of seeking to avenge the past, wisely and nobly sought him out. and did his best to convert and save him. This friendly overture Milcho rejected with scorn. Now mark the sequel: there is a terrible warning in it. Milcho, maddened at the sight of his former slave returning with power and majesty, set fire to his own home, and perished, a raging maniac, in the flames. i nis reinouuve power still exists, and still performs her terrible office in the t-overnment of this world. After the lapse of centuries in the case ol nations, she strikes imnlarahln balance. She keeps strict account between oppressors and oppressed, and then strikes her balance, and when that fatal balance is struck powerful nations are swept from the earth, like Babylon, in a nitrht. and th wnrld that bowed before them knows them no more. Let all whom this may concern take warning in time." Striken' Traable. Providence. R. I.. Aonl 5.ThA rW- tion of wages at the Sprague mills, in Kent ccunty, went into effect Monday, and there has been some manifestation of uneasiness in some of the villages since, but it was not se rious until to-day. The help at Artie were paid to-day. when a crnwrl nf ctrHrpra chiefly boys, started for Natick, where some of the help had gone out, but had returned to w?r. The mob broke open the doors of one mill, went in and drove tVi nrwraiivmi out. one man being badly hurt, and broke some machinery, cut belts, and did other damage. The police from Providence arrived in time tO Check tbe assault on hn no-rt mill and the mob started for Onidner.k. ThA on the ground, and have made some arrests. Probably the mills, at Natick, Artie and Qaidneck will not be able to run for a day or two. AANS1N.TI; AN FAIll, E,rd Lei trim aad Tw Atteadaata Mitt fraa Behlad aa Inah Cottace Hap pened tm be aa Acrarlan Harder Other lilke Tragedies Oar lac Fifty Years. Special to the New York World. Dublin, April 2. Intelligence has been received here that the Earl of Ieitrim, bis clerk and also his driver were all shot dead this morning while driving near his lordship's lodge, Manor Yaughan, county of Derry: It is most probable that the f atal shots were fired from behind a cottage from which the earl had recently evicted a widow. Eighty nine of his tenants were urder notice to quit. London, April J. ihe Earl of Lieitrim s body was found in a ditch. The left side of his head is battered in. It is thought he was also shot in the head, bat he was fatally shot through the heart. Ihe left arm is broken and the right completely shattered. 1 he driver and clerk were shot in the head The ground where the murder was committed showed traces ot a hard struggle. A fowling piece and part of another gun were found near the spot. Three or four men were seen loitering in the neighborhood before the oc currence of the murder. In the house of commons to-night Mr. Lowther, under-colonial secretary, confirmed the report of the murder, and said there was reason to suppose that the crime was one ot an agrarian char acter. The Earl of Leitrim. who was yesterday killed in Ireland, was the head of a family of English origin which settled in Ireland after the dark days of Queen Elizabeth, and which was ennobled in the person ot his grandfath er, Robert.Clements, Esq., raised to the Iriah peerage on the eleventh of October, 1783, as Baron Leitrim. and made Earl of Leitrim twelve years afterward. The murdered noble man, who was the third earl, was a man of more than seventy years of age, having been born in 1806. He was notorious throughout his life as a stern and exacting landlord on his estates of Lough Rynn, in Leitrim, and Killadoon, in Kildare. It ia said of him that his favorite phrase in dismissing any appeal made to him was to bid tbe applicaut "go to hell or America. . liis nephew, who suc ceeds bim, is the son of his brother, Hon. and Rev. Francis Clements, clergyman of the English church, vicar of Norton, in England The list of agricultural murders in Ireland may be begun with that of another Iri-h peer, LordNorbury. On New Year's day, 1839, while the earl was walking up the shrubbery of his own house, Kilbeggan, county of Meath, and pointing out certain projected improvements to his stew ard,. he was shot dead by an assassin who was seen to escape, though in the confusion he eluded pursuit. .The print of a small and well-made boot, such as no peasant would wear, was found where he had taken his stand, and this fact gave rise to much wild speculation as to the person and motives of the murderer. A reward of five thousand dollars, with an annuity for life of five hundred dollars, failed to find any clue to him, and, as the murdered nobleman was on good terms with his Catholic neighbors and tenants, and did not concern himself about politics, the cause of his taking off has ever remained a mystety. This crime, how ever, was historic. It fired the passions of the panic-stricken landlords and brought about the famous meeting of the magistrates of Kings county, whereat the phrase in the letter of Under-Secretary Thomas Drum mond refusing an increase of police for Tip- peiary, " rroperty has its duties as well as its rights," was exalted into a proverb. Lord Charleville denounced it as. though innocent enough in itself, little less than a deliberate and unfeeling insult in the circumstances un der whicu it was ottered. . lhe formal reso lutions declared that it had " the unfortu nat3 effect ol increasing the animosities entertained against the owners of the soil by its occupants, who now consti tute themselves the sole arbiters of the rights as well as of the duties of property, Three years later, in May, 1842, outrages on the persons and properties of landowners and agents began again to be common in Ireland, particularly in Tipperary and Kings county. On tbe second ot July the special comniis sion for the former county finished its work making several convictions. Patrick Byrne, tor instance, was convicted ot shooting Mr. Robert Hall, the landlord, of one Kent. who. in revenge for the ejectment of a relative by Air. iiaii, incited oyrne to the murder, iim othy (juilty was convicted of murdering Michael Laffan, a bailiff; he was dragged from his house in open day and shot on the highway in sight of several passers. The body was left on a dunghill, no one daring to admit it into the house, and an inquest had to be held upon it in the street. John Pound was convicted of firing a gun loaded with slugs through the door of his landlord's house into the room where the family was assem bled; the landlord's wife was dangerously wounded. Michael Hayes was still another man who was convicted; he and a companion lying in wait for an agent or bailitt, John Kyan, hred on him, killing the horse he rode, lhe day atter the commission rose a sun day, too another murder and attack on property took place in the townland of Dol.'a iuo ui uuuiuio uciuuubuauuu was in August, 1843, when a collision toos: place at lunougnmore tair, near Galway, between a squad of the police and peasants, ending in two men (one a magia trate) being killed and ten wounded. On the twelfth of November the dwelling of Mr. Waller, of Finnoe, Tipperary, was sur rounded by his peasant tenants, who fired on the family seated at dinner, and beat its members most shockingly in the struggle which followed, Mr. Waller and two others being killed. On the sixth of April, 1845, at Ballyranan, a gang ot "Molly Maguires beat to death on the highway, in daylight, a rate collector. 1 hough one of the murder ers was captured on the spot, no one would venture to identify him, and the coroner's jury returned a verdict ot wiitui murder against some persons unknown. May lb, 1846. took place the fatal affray ot Bird ilill Maunsell, a subtenant, barricaded himself and friends ia a house, from which the sub- sheriff of lipperary, with a body ot police, undertook to oust him on a writ ot eiectment, The police killed four of the besieged party. when the others surrendered. In the last week of October three murderous assaults were made on land agents in Longford. The same month a year later was notrble for its numerous outrages and thefts of farm pro duce. Denunciations ot unpopular .land lords from the altar now began. October 24th Father M'Dermott, ot Strokestown, said: "There is Major Mahon, absent from you all this winter, not looking alter your wants or distress, but amusing himself: and he returns and finds hia property all safe, and the return he makes to you is to burn and destroy your houses and leave your poor to starve on the road. lhe next Sunday the priest added : "Major Ma hon is worse than Cromwell, and yet he lives." "If the major lives a month after this." said a gentleman to .Lord Farnham, he is immortal. On the twenty-htth ot November the major was shot dead upon the highway, four miles from Strokestown, as he was returning trom a meeting ot the iios common board of guardians. A policeman sent to make inquiries was killed on the same spot. During this month, rieazleton, a bail iff, was stabbed near Pomeroy, Tyrone; Flynn, a farmer, was stabbed returning from the fair of Newtonhamilton ; Walsh, steward to a Mr. ) Callaghan. was shot on the high way near Scariff; Devitt. helping a family near Nenagh, whose house had been invaded by an armed gang, was slam; Mr. It ass ard. treasurer to the Fermanagh grand jury, was shot dead entering his own avenue: a woman of Murroe was shot while striving to protect ner nusband trom a bandot assailants; Kalph Hill, agent of Mr. David Fitzgerald, was shot dead while distraining the corn of a ten' ant at Rathure; the Marquis of Ormonde's sub-azent. u uonneii. was shot: so was rtev John Lloyd, vicar of Aughrim, as he was riding1 home trom service. When, on the twenty- ninth, Sir George Grey introduced his bill for the repression ot crime in Ireland, he said that for the six months ending with October, ninety-six homicides had been committed, as against sixty-eight in 1846; attempts on life by firing on passers along the highway had increased from fifty-five to one hundred and twenty-six; robberies of arms from two hun dred and seven to five hundred and thirty; firing of dwellings from filtyone to one hun dred and sixteen. Of one hundred and nine ty-five crimes of these four classes during October, 1847, one hundred and thirty-nine were committed in Clare, Limerick and Tip perary. With thirteen per cent, of the pop ulation of Ireland, these three counties com mitted seventy-one per cent, of its crimes. It was at this time that Archbishop M'Hale, of Tuam, replied to the Earl of Arundel and Surrey's comments on priestly denunciations from the altar, pleading that in the peculiar circumstances of Ireland the clergy there should not be judged by an English standard; this, however, without seeking to extenuate indiscretion ' in some cases. Before the special commission at Limenck, January 4, 1848, one Ryan, alias "Puck," reputed to have been concerned in nine mur ders, was convicted and sentenced to death. He and four others were hanged; between twenty and thirty were transported. Similar results followed the sessions at Ennis and Clonmel; here there were four hundred pris oners in jail. In the exciting events of 184S in dividual outrages were lost sight of, and the next sensation case was the shooting, aa he was driving home from Dundalk, of Robert Lindsay Mauleverer, a magistrate of London derry, and agent over extensive estates in the north of Ireland. Two men strongly sus pected of the murder were tried, but the jury refused to convict. On the fourth of Decem ber, 1851, as Mr. Thomas Bateson, brother of Sir Robert Bateson. and manager of Lord Tpmpleton's estate in Monagh&n, was rr turn ing from tke model farm of Castle BLaney, three men, hidden in the shrubbery where the road ran thr mgh a hollow, fired on him: then rushed oc; and-beat hixa death with ' pistols and bludgeons. Several persons were put on trial, but the jury refused to convict. April 10. 1854. however, Coomey, luinn and Grant, the murderers, were hanged exulting. "Say anything?" said Coomey; "our Savior said nothing when he was executed." "Hell cannot now scare us," said (juinn; "the hangman's doing the best job he ever did for us; and he added: "Mary, mother of God. receive us; prepare heaven for us." The next famous murder was that of Miss Char lotte Hends, of Ballyconnell, County C'avan, who was shot and tataiiv wounded as she was driving home, October 12, l8o-. Montns before the had been doomed to death at a secret meeting of her tenants. Between the twentieth and twenty eighth of Novemler about twenty cases of murder or murderous assaults were reported. in only a few ot which could witnesses be ob tained to testify against the persons arrested. In one instance, at Ballylinan. Leinster, four women tried to bang a process-server, and failing, beat bim nearly to death with clubs. in June, itz, another special commission had to be sent to Limerick, where, during the six weeks preceding the session, several terrible crimes had been committed. Beck ham and Walsh, for shooting Mr. Francis Fitzgerald, of Kilmallork, in the presence of his wife, were convicted and hanged; so was one Dillon, an accessory before the fact. At Clonmel, Boban, on being acquitted of a charge of firing on Colonel Knox, was re ceived by the peasantry with manifestations ot joy; so was Halloran. whose trial for shoot ing and wounding M. Gustave Thiebault, of Boytonrath, failed from the unwillingness of wiLxit-bses m lesmy. a me tnirtietn oi July Mr. Broddell, a solicitor of Mallow, who had sent the 11 ayes family a notice to quit, was Bhot dead in Dobbyn s hotel, Tipperary, by young Hayes, who made his escape in the most deliberate manner and found refuge among the peasantry. On the first of May, lS&i, M. Gustave fhiebault, already mentioned, was murdered on his grounds near L-ahir, lipperary. His gun was found near him, with both barrels discharged the stock smashed in beating him about the head; a broken pitchfork and heavy stone also lay on hia face. A verdict of wilful murder was found against Thomas Halloran, also already mentioned. Un the fifteenth of April, 1868, aa Mr. Howard featoerstonhaugh, deputy' lieutenant of the county of Westmeath, was driving home with his servant from ivillacan station he had been to Dublin to welcome the Prince of Wales his carriage was stopped, and he was dragged out and shot. Mr. Featherstonhaugh was a very large pro prietor, and there had just been some evic tions on his estates. On the fourteenth of Augusf, at Ballycohey, Tipperary, Mr. W, Scully 3 bailiff and a policeman were mur dered while serving notices of eviction. May 28, 1869, a farmer named Power was beaten to death at Rathgormac,Tipperary,for taking a iarm irom which a tenant had been evict ed. Mr. Bradshaw. J. P.. of Caooagh-white. Tipperary, was shot through the head on his own lawn, and barbarously mublated. captain larieton was shot on his own grounds, at Creggan, Athlone. Mr, Cullen, justice of the peace of Drumkenn, Leitrim, was fired at, but es caped unhurt, and an attempt was made to blow up the mansion of Dr. Blunden, of Farkmore, lipperary. On the eleventh of July Captain Lambert, of Castle Lambert, uaiway, was snot at four times on his own lawn by a man named Barrett, and severely wounded. Ihe assassin had to be taken to Dublin, as no fair jury could be impaneled in Galway. On the nineteenth Mr. War-but ton, high-sheriff of Queen's county, was fired at while driving to Maryborough to swear in the grand jury. On the twenty-ninth of August James Hunter, a scotch tanner, was driving home with his wife and children from Newport, Mayo; he was shot dead; of- lense, success in a suit to prevent a neighbor named Oiseil from cutting over a piece of bog. On the fourth of October a Meath mag' istrate named Nicholson, his wife and their coachman were all dangerously wounded by .. i, C i XT I , j 1 1 , i r 1 1 - a vunejr ui xiugs. uuvemuer mn, wiuiam O'Brien, of Molhill, agent for some property in siigo, was snot at and wounded, then strangled and stabbed irom behind; then his breast and ribs were smashed in with a rock weighing thirty pounds. On the .second of November, 1870, Captain Lidwell's bailiff, one Murphy, was stoned to death at Temple more. Such were some of the most noto nous murders springing from the land question recorded down to the beginning of this decade. The latest outrage, previous to the murder of Lord Lei trim, was that on Mr. Patten Bridge, agent for a Mrs. Buckley, at Galfee Castle, Tipper ary. He was a harsh and rigorous man, and in 1874 raised rents by some twenty-five per cent, upon four hundred tenants. One of them, Ryan, refused to pay rent or give ud his farm, and when Mr. Bridge threatened to evict him, he hred on the agent as with his sister he was walking up the avenue. Mr, Bridge, though badly wounded, recovered. got one thousand dollars from the local rates tor his injuries, and went on with his work unflinchingly. Un the thirtieth of March, 1876, as he was returning from receiving the rents, his car being guarded, a volley was hred into it from the hedge, and the driver was killed, and Mr. Bridge got thirty buck' shot wounds. He got five thousand dollars damages from the local rates and his coach man's widow two thousand five hundred dol lars, and the end of the matter was a libel suit brought by the irresponsible agent against the writer of a. letter describing the grinding exactions of the landlord of Galfee. a libel suit which Mr. Bridge did not win. so powerful a picture ot misery did the witness for the defense in this cause celebre paint. LETTEKS FKOJI THE PEOPLE. i.o. O.K. Library An Incident A fctood Vmea. Editors Appeal Among the various in terests of Memphis to which you have been among the foremost to contribute aid and in fluence, we -may number the public library destined, we trust, to be of incalculable value to Memphis. Every good judgment must admit education and morals to be worth more to individuals and States than gold and silver, and a good library is no feeble aid to or sub stitute for schools. A library containing thousands of volumes furnishes stores of knowledge and information adapted to all professions and callings, in an economical way, which individuals could notprovide. It is a vast fountain from which the city may drink and never exhaust it. It is well-known that many of the most useful and eminent men that ever lived struggled hard with dif ficulties and poverty, in early life, to rise to a higher level in society, and the greatest of all their difficulties was the want ot books, lo illustrate, we will re cite two cases only of thousands and not the hardest. Among the most popular and suc cessful journalists twenty years ago, was one who in youth walked two miles in the snow. with no protection to his feet but carpet rags. to borrow a history which he read by the light of pine knots, after hia day's labor was done, yet his influence was after felt by those in high positions, and has not yet ceased. The late Vice-President Wilson was an or phan at ten years of age, was bound to a shoemaker for eleven years, receiving only one month a schooling per year. and not a dollar during the time; he then cut and hauled logs one month trom daylight till dark, for which he received only two dollars. Yet, by self culture, he rose to the second orhce in this great repub lic. What a blessing a good library would be to all such aspirants ? And may there not be 6uch youth in Memphis, whose future elo quence is destined to stir the nation to noble deeds, self-prepared by the public librarj , whom it will be proud to call son. Let all who will share in the honor and good work, visit tbe library, carrying such good books as they may, and receive a hearty welcome from the very attentive, courteous librarian, Mr. M'Clune, and you will go again. The good omen the oldest, or first library ever founded was in Memphis, the old Memphis of the Nile in the twilight of antiquity. Its hall was in the king s palace.and o er the door. in golden letters, "Medicine for the soul." Its volumes were very costly and much esteemed. but destroyed by the Persian invasions. We hope no foe will ever pass the threshold of the new Memphis, but that it may live through all the coming agea. Why not be come a name and a power in the land ? And when these wonders of the world, founded before the birth of history, near the old Memphis, shall be lost in the drifting sands of Egypt and remembered only in song, that then the new Memphis will be a young giant in the earth; the Southern i'acihe railroad passing on one side, and the great river flow ing on to meet and kiss the waters of the old Nile, and together visiting every clime, fer tilizing the valleys of earth; that then still, the new library, following the lofty soaring of our national bird to every shore that the waters of the Mississippi may wash, scatter ing its leaves for tbe healing of the nations; and in an upper, higher current, mingling its streams from every life-giving fountain, lift ing up their voices together as the sound of many waters, inviting earth s millions to drink of living waters and be healed; still ever flowing and ever spreading till lost in the unfathomed, unexplored ocean of the greet unknown future, and its mission be ended. amicus bonorum liborum. Bofcton, April 5: The legislative commit tee on railroads reported to-day on the ques tion of a futther State loan of sis million dollars to the New York and New England railroad. A majority of the committee favor tha loan. One minority report favors the consolidation of Uie New York and New England and the Boston and Providence ra.l- road3; the other opposes further aid. New York. Aoril 5: Sm-roirate Daley, of Broaklyn. to-dav refused to admit to probate the wiil of George H. Gordon, a wealthy printing press manufacturer, mainly on the rronnd nf inmil;,ini ..Unn Tha will was contested by Mary A. Gordon, the tesUAtlafcdant planet. tor's daughter. A OAUK CIIAI'TKH. Twa Kelchbora Mheat Karh Other ta Oeath A Raw lletween White Men aad Kecroe, Caused by Tot Mark Reaaiae A ffratal Meana drel at Lar Benton (Tenn.) Banner, "th: It is our painful duty to chronicle one of the mot la mentable tragedies that has ever transpired in this countv. Two neighbors living a short distance northwest of this place, of the names ot J. II. Wiseman and 1 nomas uowen. bad for some time entertained hard feelings toward each other, in regard to a small strip of land, which culminated in a fatal shooting spree last Monday morning at an early hour. They met unexpectedly and exchanged eprprnl nifitol -shots at each other, resulting in the wounding of Thomas Dowell in the groin, which proved fatal in twenty four houra, and the wounding of Wiseman in the lungs, which is thought by his attending physician will prove fatal. The parties were promptly put under arrest, and also M. C. Dowell. father, and Perry Dowell, brother of Thomas Dowell, as ac cessories. But in consequence of the death of Thomas Dowell, and the critical condition of J. H. Wiseman, no trial has yet been had, and therefore we withhold remarks until the trial is had and the facts elicited, when we will publish the facts in the case. Dowell was a single man and Wiseman a man of family. BAD BLOOD AND WORSE CONDUCT. Sardis (Panola county. Miss.) Star, 6th: We learn that a difficulty occurred at Courtland, in thia county, last Saturday, be tween Mr. Thomas Walton and a colored man called "Fiddler" Johnson; that Walton was drunk and slapped Johnson, when John son knocked him down twice. Parties then interfered, and about night or just before, all parties left for home. Included in the Wal ton crowd were several of his frienda, who, it is said, were all drinking, and somewhat threatening in their language. About nine o'clock that night some five or six persons went to Johnson's house and broke open the door, went in and raised a difficulty with Johnson's son and some one cle (Johnson himself having run out), and shot one in the thigh. The wounded parties allege that one of the party said he was Tom Wal ton, and the others they did not know, as they could not see any of them it being dark. Wo understand that Mr. Walton says he can prove that he went directly home and was there all night. Warrants have been is sued for the parties, and as the matter will be judicially investigated, we refrain from any comments upon the evidence as to who did the shooting. Whoever the guilty parties may be, they deserve to be severely punished. No sort of provocation could possibly justify an act so lawless and cowardly, and we hope the officers of the law may be able to get the right parties. OUTRAGE BY A SCOUNDltEL WHO IS STILL AT I.ilir.E. Paris (Tenn.) Intelligencer, 4th: One day during the past week, one Ed Rhea, a mar ried man and a notorious bad character, who lives in the vicinity of Conyersville, in this county, left his wife and home and started out with the intention ot eloping with a daughter of a respectable man in the same neighborhood. On his way he called at the house of another young married man. who was at the time absent from home. Finding the wife of this man alone, he attempted commit a most horrible outrage upon her person, but by her heroic efforts was pre vented from the accomplishment ot his hell ish design. Leaving the house he pursued his course toward the houae of the man whose daughter he had persuaded to elop with him. The girl, it seems, had agreed to the elopement, and to steal five hundred dollars from her father in order to pay the way of the two out of the country. In order to car ry out toe project of elopement, it seems that Rhea had procured the aid and co- ope' ration of a man and hia wife, who were ten ants upon the farm of the man whose daugh' ter he was attempting to corrupt. He went to the house of this tenant and sent both the man and his wife to the house of the girl i father, about a quarter of a mile off, in order to aid tbe eloping girl in making her escape from her father. While this man and his wife were on their errand of shame, to aid the scoundrel Rhea in procuring the escape of his intended victim from her lather i house, he (Rhea) committed a rape upon the person ot the daughter ot these tenants, girl only htteen years ot age. lhe screams of the poor unfortunate girl while in the clutches of this brute were distinctly heard by her father nnd mother, while they were at tbe house "Of tbe man where they had gone on" a most shameful mis sion. Rhea's plot had been fortunately dis covered by the father of his intended victim, just in time to prevent its accomplishment, Rhea, it is supposed, has fled the country, as , , , , , - ne nas not oeen iouna dv parties wno are in seach of him and extremely anxious to find him. The indignation of the people of that vicinity will know no bounds it this scoundrel Rhea is found. Rhea is said to be from Ohio, and has been in this county only a tew years. He married a very respectable young woman in the vicinity ot Uonyersvule, something over a year ago. For the Sunday AppeaLl The Belief lo the Iogma of HelL, Editors Appeal lo outsiders the ques tion now so freely discussed as to tbe exist ence of & literal "hell," autocratically ruled over by his majesty satanic, presents quite different phases of interest. Tbe morale of the combatants is strikingly unlike, present ing a contrast that seems to be always pres ent in contests between rational thought and conventional theology the one ia calm and di-passionate, relying upon the integrity and conclusiveness of its arguments, the other displaying the unyielding bitterness and acn mony usually indulged in by the clergy in polemical discussions, oft-n rising t the white heat of controversial passion, forget ting, or not caring, that the advantages gen erally rest with the cool and self-possessed. It is scarcely necessary to point out that this controversy has bc;en initiated by the same spirit of searching critici-m, the same de mand lor the test ot truth, that has inau gurated so many theological councils and swept bo many old, rotten and untenable dog mas to the Umbo ot the forgotten. And it is equaby plain that whenever theology has op posed itself to science, it has been completely worsted. but still has come out of the conflict, t) some extent, at least, simplified and purified so much the gainer. Nor must it be forgot ten that "Christianity and the church are no longer convertible termB. We may admit that the church, as an organization, has im mense moral power: that it builds on the so cial element, which is among the strongest lorce.8 cf human nature: that it includes measureless influences of sympathy, memory, association, and no comprehensive outlook toward the future of religion can fail to take large account of the organized church; but, after all, we shall find at the present day some of the purest and most beneficent as pects of Christianity outside the pale ot any church. The imposition ot a creed, with it attendant and rigid dogmas, at the church door seems to shut out some of the tincerest and most spiritual men and women ; but though tbe church loses them, they are not lost to the community. At the outset we wish it distinctly understood that with the radical and unreasoning (skepticism which is pervading the speculative thought of to-day that cynical materialism which holds, for one thing, that consciousness is a product of a peculiar organization of matter, and for another that consciousness cannot survive the disorganization of the material body with which it is associated, and, consequently, that mind is the product of matter, instead of matter being the pro duct of mind we have not a pa tide of sympathy. Some one has aid that the un devout astronomer ia mud; but the man who can deliberately read himself and his creator out of the universe, professing to believe in unconditional nihili3ro, is immeasurably the madder. Certainly science can have nothing to oo wim spontaneity or cnance, for her ef forts are directed toward the discovery and formulation of law, and her goal will only have been attained when she has established the unity of nature the dominion of univer sal and irreversible law. Considering the matter of a literal hell from a scientific stand point requires at least a provisional accep tance of the theory of evolution or develop ment, if we are not prepared to accept it, with Dr. Draper and leading scientists gen erally, as one of the verities of nature. How ever much tne opponents of this doctrine, offered as a substitute for all other theories in explication of the phenomena of the uni verse (among whom are included the entire body of clerus, with the exception of a frac tional liberal-minded minority and the gen eral acceptance of this doctrine has been seriously retarded, by being condemned by ecclesiastical dictum, without a comprehen sion of even its first principles, as morally reprehensible and theologically dangerous) may scoff and array their chevailde bataille of " materialism " and " atheism," there is un doubtedly underlying it a fundamental verity. I"he grand law established by the discovery and development of the correlation and conservation of forces, perhaps the great est scientific achievement of our day, is the persistence of force or energy that is, in the action and introduction of the forces of nature heat, light, electricity, magnetism, chemical affinity and mechanical force all of these forces aie transmutable into each other, back forth; but amid all these changes the amount of force remains the same, is in capable of destruction, except by the same power which created it. Perhaps the unity of nature receives its most ringing empha sis from the nebular hypothesis. In the vast clouds of incandescent vapor which shine in the heavens the astronomer discerns the em bryo, of countless systems of suns and at- trom some sucn nebula wn system, has been evolved or de- y veloped a misty vapor, then the solid earth, and some day, perhaps millions of ages hence, hew many we cannot tell, the "last man'' will stand upon a frozen, cheerless, and with himself the only exception, a lifeless earth; and million of ages, it may be, afterward the earth will be precipitated into the sun, feed tor a while bis fires, and then be dissipated jntj limitless space, to be again incorporated in systems perhaps far grander than our own. But in all these wonderful transformations not one particle ot matter ia lost. Mr. Proc tor affirms that "there cannot be a single atom throughout space which would have at taiued its present exact position and state had the history of any part of the universe, how ever insignificant, been otherwise than it has actually been, in even the minutest degree." Mr. Babbage shows that "if we had the power to follow andjdetect the minutest ef fects of any disturbance, each particle of ex isting matter must be tbe register of all that has happened." To the iLfinitely perfect consciousness of the divine mind the whole past history of the universe must be present ed in the state and position of each the minu test atom throughout infinite space. So, also, every event, however trifling, must be held to contain within itself such a hit-tory; for every event, let its importance be what it may, ia indissolubly bound up with events preceding, accompanying and following it, in endless series of causation, interaction and effect, and all thia transpires under the im mediate cognition of the Supreme and In comprehensible Intelligence. Such being the teachings of science, can it be expected that an intelligent mind can form any con ception of radical evil or total depravity? Accepting the doctrine of evolutionism, wo may traca the development of life from its first re presentation, the "monad," through its almost infinite gradations, up to man, "the crowning work." Parallel with this physical development, and always keepina step with it, there has been an intellectual development, from the merest shadow of a nervous center in the lower representative organisms, with its purely automatic activi ties, though animal instinct, up to the higher and supreme intellect of man. This intelli gence is the result of the growth of what we term mind a spiritual principle, which may be defined as energy simple. For mind is not substance, but it is the law of substance; it ia not thought, but it is the consciousness of thought. "The energies which sra dis played in the universe," says one of the teachers of evolutionism, "as well as the analogous energies of life, ouly show them selves to us, nave in rare exceptions, clothed with that uniform we call matter. A single one of these energies shows forth, stripped of this dress and bare. It rules all the others, because it knows them all without their knowing it. It ia not power merely, but con sciousness besides. It is the soul. How can we define it otherwise than as force in its purest essence, since we look upon it, as upon the marble of the antique, in splendid nakedness, which is radiont beauty too?" In accord ance with the law of the conservation of force or energy, we must arrive at tbe conclusion that tt is utterly impossible that this spiritual energy shall be lost. In some form, condi tion or state it must maintain an existence through all illimitable eternity. Another conclusion, which seems equally inevitable, is that in whatever btate or condition tha collective sum of these energies, which we term "ioul," shall exist in any of all tha infinite range of possibilities of existence, from the conscious spiritual of the christian conception to the nirwana of the Buddhist that state or condition must be in exact corre lation or correspondence trilh its develop ment that is, the soul, perhaps superadded to h'ghly complex and perfected mental con ditions, which have been developed from very humble beginning?, by the rigid conditions of the law of development, there can be no retrogression in its future stage of existence. In plain language: since there was never cre ated man nor woman in whom there was not some redeeming germ of goodness, however small, it is simply impossible that that germ shall become annihilated from the soul, and that soul become utterly lost. If the premise of evolutionism be sound, and therefore ad missible, and the conclusions, as they seem to lie, irrefragible, then" what becomes of the belief in a veritable hell? This doctrine is still conserved in popular creed, is still a cardinal tenet of orthodoxy, the average christian maintaining that morality itself hinges upon the belief in the conditions of future reward and punishment. The i.lea of using the next world to redress the imperfec tions and wrongs of thia hasexeited a prodi gious influence in human affairs. Origin ating in ages of savagery and low barbarism, and developed in periods of fierce intolerance and vindictive Eunishments, it was early seized upon y the priesthood as an effective agent in raising ecclesiastical institutions into despotic ascendancy and in holding the masses of the people in a humiliating subserviency to their merciless creeds and dogmas. But to-day, even in the pulpit, it ia only entertained in a vague and loose sort of way, and only sensa tional preachers, of the Moody and Sankey type, hold the terrors of a literal "lake of fire and brimstone" over the heada of the igno rant and the recusant. It would seem to re quire no very high grade of inductive power to forecast the fate of the dogma of a literal hell. QCADRATCS. SST. LOUIS 8TYL.E. How the Police aad the Camblers Play the fame The Preaeat Nyatem or Kaldlos the (aambltac II on sea Illastrated. St. Louis Tin es. 4th: Tne manner nf cnn ducting the police raids upon camhlinir hrmv a has grown so "farcical as to be the subject of common street talk and ridicule. Certain gamblers know when they are to be visited, and make no secret of the fact. A well known business man told rfi Times reporter yesterday, that several days ago he casually asked a colored boy, who does odd jobs for him during the day, but has some sort of connection with a keno house at night, if he wasn't afraid of being caught by the police? Bfll, MA ItAAD. 3na n . 1 4- n J 1 ... vu uv woa, UiU am L 11 LI UiUlgcr OU dab. De police done raided de oder houses laa night, but didn't touch us. Mr. , he say nebber mm , boya; jes' ten to your work. De police won't come here tell Friday night. The gentleman says he had heard the state ment made that the gamblers were "notified betorkhawd" when to expect raids, and he quietly deter mined to satisfy himself. So when the Afri can came round on Saturday his occasional employer asked, "Well. Sam. did thev raid you last night?" ua yes, he, he, he, chuckled the negro. Mr. jes tol' all de reg'larlDlavers not to come round till after 'leben o'clock, and dey kept away. We carried out de good tables aud other things into a back room, and den dey played wid ol' stuff. De police came in and 'rested a half a dozen greenhorns. Den we carried bakde tablea and de reg'lamlav- ers came in an' de game went on; he, he, he. I tol' you, boss, Mr. , he's A D N SMART MAN." The business man remarked to the renorfer that he had no doubt of the perfect veracity of the negro, and believed that he had told ust what occurred. A good one is told on Serjeant RoIIiati. bucher, to whom warrants are frequently handed lor execution. A few nights ago Rothenbucher received the document for a raid on a house which had not heretofore been visited. Thinking he had BARE OA MR to bag. Rothenbucher slioDed Hip into his pocket and started off briskly for the Kuuiioi-uuu!c. Arriving at the door which -opened out upon the pavement, he found the proprietor standing in front, and the genial gentleman remarked: "Walk up stair, ser geant, we've been expecting you for fifteen or twenty minutes." "Dog on my i-kin," says the sergeant, "I wan just thunder struck. At Jim Ames's farmhouse one night last week, the gay gambolier in charge of the room rather startled the players Ly looking at hia watch and calling to the man on guard at the door, "John, kuep a sharp lookout fur them." In response to inquiring looks he laughed, and said it would be all over in half an hour. With that the safe was opened, and - THE COSTLT BOX and ivory chips were put away, and a lead box and two or three score of cheap chips, and an old layout, were produced. The players sat around talking for twenty-five minutes, at the end of which time a police sergeant walked in and wai greeted blandly. The functionary gathered up the bogus stuff and walked out. The safe was immediately unlocked, the proper paraphernalia pro duced and the game went on merrily. Perhaps, however, the mos,t remarkable One of this grand series of jokes called gaabling raida occurred three or four nights ago at Pate's keno house on Fourth street. A good crowd was present and the pot ran as high as fourteen dollars. Suddenly the signal was given and everybody ceased play ing. The police entered and caried off two or three tables in i he center of tbe room and the urn. The tables around the sides of the room, which are FASTENED TO THE WALLS, were not interfered with, and as soon as the police had gone, cards were distributed, an old urn produced and the playing proceeded on the side tables. In a short time the police returned, gathered up the cards, took the urn and went off. In this way five visits were paid to the room between nine o'clock and midnight. As soon as the police had gone after the fifth visit, the manager of the room called out to his assistants: "Now bring on, some new tables and a good urn and we Tl go to work." After that there were no more raids that night. While the noli re ruma anil went the players gat 'trail and were not inter fered with. The gamblers are in high spirits - v vue ivmi JiUUlorj- - i 19 v V- ' 'I stria 4-v-v ar Use Fvol M