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THE MEMPHIS D.A.IJL.Y .PIPEJL. FBIDAY, NOVEMBEB 15, 1S7S.
MEMPHIS APPEAL iJY A KEATISG. Terms ot wabscrtptlon. uollj A Weekly TAILY: One copy, or. renr. tT nihil One coj.j, six months, by mall Cue coi'l, one moult), by mall Olid eoij, one reek.ln city .Bl OO S OO 1 M S One rT. one yea'- .Hi Oue ooi j. t mwittit J 1H Itatea of Advertlsla. ..! OO ,nB ....... so Abtnt lines solid nonpareil make, one Muara, anu twin uiirw raw i -o imcu. Load Notices are twi.ty cents per line firs. ln Wants, etc, are ten ents it line Unit Insertion, ana Oveet-ntA r line earn subsequent Insertion. Jjefttn and MAirlmce nolle, Kuneml noUeea and Jlfe will not acuepl ai.y tutvertlnsment W follow read ing lUofclCT To Coatrlbutori and. Correspondent. We solicit letter and communications upon subjects ' of eeneral intermit, but such must always be ao- T eoinianleu by a resionslble name. v m not return reiected communications. Our mall-books are kepi by poelotlloes, and not by imimuuai names. 8i.Mnun cor Inn sent fre of eharee. 11 letters, communications, or anj thing else for.tbe Appkal. should be addressed In ordfiiiiir nArrs crutrurfHl from one DOStoffiee to another, the names of both potiCofuces should be k UALLAWAY KKATLVJ. M. C. Gaij.a wT, I 22 Beoond street. J. M. K.wT. f M-mphU. Term. A1E31PU1S APPEAL .FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 178. TBADK A SO ITH THAXSITIOSB The KDIiah telegrams received from day lo day may almost be termed calamitous Iiankrupicies occur, mills are closed, furnaces lilnMTQg,,.l!JJlU-'-' !.! ul Uiiuk" i a mutter of much interest, for under their influence the price of cotton droops lower and lower, and therefore we are naturally led lo inquire what the prospect are for our own proa perity. We have ton- through a fearful commercial experience, since lis?:. Lut during last summer there wore uomietakable signs that "the affony" was nearly over, and bet ter days rapidly'.approaching. The unsettled condition of Kurope is checking the realiza tion of those hopes, in some respects, but the bad feeling existing between England and Russia, and the unsettled state ot things all around the Black sea, pive American wheat another chance of being in demand at the ex pense of the more usual supply from the Baltic. Spite of many attempted denials of the fact, .we see continually that war may help the gTower of provisions, but it injures manufactures and is a thoiough foe to cot ten . The large c xports we have recently xn tile of our products, coupled with the econ omy entailed by mercantile disaster, which has curtailed imports, have brought "the balance of trade" in our favor, and we have been receiving caih from Kurope instead of sending it thither, as we have most ucually done. It is this inflow of specie that makes resumption a ponl'ihty. Tiiis rolling in of gold and tiilver Las pentraliy been hailed -with delight, as an irrefutable token of national prosperity. There was less reason for delight in this recurrence than is usually imagined, as is shown by the fact that bank ruptcies and bad ttade were committing their ravages upon us, with undiminished violence, notwithstanding the "balance of trade" was, as the term is, "in our favor." The notion that to have that "balance" in our "favor" is a good thing, is founded upon the errone ous notion that he who buys an article for cash is in some way a loser by the transaction, and that what be loses the seller gains. The fact is that the man who sells a crop of potatoes bujp his customer's dollars, just as much as the owner of the dollars buys the potatoes. Each party parts with something that is of less value to himself than the thing is which he requires in its stead. In a well conducted purchase and sale, therefore, each party is benefited. If a tradesman buys more of an articlo than he can make use of, then ho loses; if he has bought goods and they lie on his shelves uncalled for, his loss is evident, for his money Is lying dead. If he buy money that there is no sale for, there is equally loss, for it lies dead in the banker's vaults. So we have seen money lying in this country, while we have had "the balance of trade in our favor." It was unproductive, and, while in that condition, was as much a loss as unsalable boots and shoes. When we bring back from abroad articles that we can sell to advantage, or material that we can work up into something salable, we have made a profit on what we sent out, and another profit on what we brought in. When we get specie for what we sent out, and the specie liec uncalled for in banks, and mints. and treasuries, we have made profit only on what we exported. If this fact is reflected upou, it will readily be seen that it is possible to possess the balance of trade, and yet that balance be not in "our favor" at all. If we would prosper we must favor, in our tariff's, a free interchange of the commodities we can do without for those pro duced in other countries that we require, The mere gain of stamped gold and silver is not, of itself, any more gain than the receipt of labeled drug packages. If we decrease our importations of gold and eilver, and increase those of merchandise, we shall be gainers by the change, provided, of course, that the mer ctvntile purchases are made with sound judg. me jU There are signs of a possible change of "the balance of trade," and what we have aid will show that the change may be to our advantage, may furnish the idle with em ployment and set capital in movement, which will result in the free circulation of money from hand to hand, and when money circu lates freely there is good trade. In the cot ton districts, however, our aim should be to become independent of the contingencies of European politics and European quarrels, by manufacturing our cotton at home and selling the goods abroad, thus escaping the effects of commotions in foreign lands and the continued complications that arise between the foreign manufacturer and his employes, and of the diversion of capital and other disturbing effects of European wars, rebellions, revolutions and invasions, or at least modifying these effects. When troubles and turmoils afflict a country, a bale of do mestics and prints, that can be at once put to use, will meet with a ready eale, where a bale of raw material, such as cotton, will re ceive no attention, for it cannot be used until it is manufactured, and war interferes with manufacturers and disarranges their busi ness. If we could import into our southern cities the spindles that are now lying idle in Manchester, and the workmen who are skilled in their use, it would be infinitely bet ter than importing money of which we already have so much that brings little re turn even if their cost should constitute an import that prevented "the balance of trade being in our favor." THE CIPHElt DIMHATCHKN AXO THE OEJIOCKATIC PAUTV. What is Democratic duty under the cir cumstances? Is it not to enter upon the fullest and freest investigation of the charge at the first possible moment, to the end that if the accused parties are innocent they may be vindicated, or, if guilty, that they may be repudiated and punished, and the Democratic party, in any event, be set right before the people? Is it not equally suicidal for the Democratic party to longer rest silently and quietly and the charge of fraud, on the one hand, or to permit the Republicans to take the initiative and secure all credit for inves- tigation on the other? Daily the New York Tribune flaunts the cipher dispatches before ' the public eye, and taunts Democrats with a fear to move for their investigation and a desire to cover up the fraud they aimed at and screen the authors of the iniquity. Read its challenge : Ft has been the hope of Democrats that the revela tions made by translated cipher dispatches would cease to have Importance after the election. "Tby "were made tn order to affect the election," said Democrats, "and now will be allowed to die out ot '"memory." Tills notion will he found entirely nils taken. . or the present, the lniuudlnte necemlty Is to concentrate public opinion upon the conduct ot the Ieinocrittlc party and Its ageiits In . .Tne matter will not die out. Let no one lay hat nattering unction to his soul. C,nrrsx will be imnprUti n-f,rr U thieUl or fvrm.Uly In erpo-e tht ertmtrwfe Me shall how nuiny members are dls posed to hlueii truth because It ha pins to hurt their . t11'1''"" fvaslons of newspaper crds 111. 'i''ews" win Kive pluue to the sworn testi mony and the searching erwui examination. Men who Juwe cheaply denied Uiliig la print wUl be Invited to n-rr wh-re a fa!e d-clnration mny lead to a Jail. vihatis the conscienceless iwiruallMs who made i tx'ld to aMfrt that ,oine dlspatcdes "must be tor- . :erW-s." may have to t-s'iTy on wnai graun'i. n mi. hry are accustomed to o;ise euiumai siairuimni. i In short, the country will pr.bably have a lair p- onunlty this winter ot learning precisely wnav - rr . r,,t mAns in rwimirnillc luouths. and what le.idlna liiiicraLs are willing to -e "reform pro niotedby the bribery of oOiclals. The subject will r,.-t 1 dropped uulte as soon as many Democrats wi.uld like to have It. they may rest assured. The Democratic t arty must meet this chal- Unge promptly, boldly and lairly, the mo ment tne Democratic hou.-e ot representa tives reassembles at Washington, on the first Monday of December, by ordering and pur suing to the end a searching investigation, and following the result with whatever action justice may call for, or it might as well step cowx and out at once as a torce in tne poli ties of either State or country. This is Dera oeratic duty, and if any Democratic repre sentative in congress does not know it and If el it. he should be educated up to it be tween this time and lecenibcr by his home c n'tituency. We agree with the Rochester Union and Adrtrtintr, from which we copy the above. It is the duty of the Democratic members of congress to move, on the first day of the ses sion, for a committee to investigate these charges, with power to send for persons and p iptrs. Political parties do not exist for the purpose of aiding or abetting, still less for the screening, of roguery. The violation of any law is a crime. Crime of all kinds should be punished. We also hope that a joint committee of the house and senate will be appointed to inquire into the alleged election frauds in South Carolina and Louisiana, in St. Louis and New York, with power to send for persons and papers. The Democrats of the south do not want political success at the expense of pub lic morals, and are not willing to be eternal ly misrepresented by the New York Tribune, New York Timer, Cincinnati Commercial ami Chicago Tribune. These journals have, as to the ''SVAS saiita' anirsutentfyV as unjustly, held the people of fifteen States re sponsible for alleged crimes which they them selves admit are confined to South Carolina and Louisiana. With these papers it is a crime for a man to vote the Demo cratic tieket. The have but one test of loyalty, and that is belief in Republican principles, upholding Republican policies and voting for Republican candidates. Ex cessive and illiberal they pursue thirteen million of people as if they were collectively a band of thieves and murderers, and seek to excite the northern people against us by the cry of the "solid south." They forget that this is a free country, and that men can vote as they please. And they forget that when they threaten us with the forfeiture of our liberties, because we do not vote the Republican ticket, they are occupy ing, a place more odious than that of the foul-mouthed blatherskite Kearney, whom they so heartily condemn, for whereas he would steal the capital which represents the labor of the country, they would steal from us what is beyond prue our liberties and so blaze a path for the Kearney communists, the thugs and the tramps who are hungering for the initiation of outrage under any pretense. One wrong does not justify another. If election frauds have been perpetrated In Louisiana or South Carolina, in God's name, in the name of law and order, and public decency, let the perpe trators be tried and punished, but let us have done with this twaddle about the "solid south," and let us, above all things, have done with a sec tionalism that is brutally malignant, based as it is upon the illiberal, narrow and contracted idea of compelling conformity where con formity does not exist. As the Appeal has often said, when congress takes up and deals with the legislative functions of government, the people in the south will decide and take sides as reason or self-interest may dictate. They are like the people of the north no bet ter, no worse they want to make money and are industrious; they give themselves wholly to the affairs of life, which press upon them just now with especial weight, and they do not devote a hundredth part of the time they are credited with to politics. Above all things sectional or political they labor and pray for universal prosperity. Effect of Diet on Llqaor-Drlnltlnc. New York Graphic: "Charles Napier, an English scientific man, has been testing the truth of Liebig's theory that liquor-drinking is compatible with animal food, but not with farinaceous diet. The experiment was tried upon twenty-seven liquov-drinking persons, with results substantiating the Liebig theory. Among the more striking instances of reform brought about by a change of diet was that of a gentleman of sixty, who had been ad dicted to intemperate habits for thirty-five years, his outbursts averaging one a week. Ilia constitution was so shattered that ue had great difficulty in insuring his life. After an attack of delirium tremens, which nearly ended fatally, he was persuaded to enter upon a farinaceous diet, which we are assured cured him completely in seven months. He seemed to have been very thin at the begin ning of the experiment, but at the close of the period named had gained twenty-eight pounds, being then of about the normal weight for a person of his hight. Among the articles of food which are specified by Napier as pre-eminent for antagonism to alcohol, are macaroni, haricot beans, dried peas and lentils, all of which should be well boiled and flavored with plenty of butter or olive oil. The various garden vegetables are said to be he.'prul, but a diet mainly com posed of them would not resist the tendency to intemperance so effectually as one of maca roni and farinaceous food. From this point of view, high glutinous bread would be of great utility, but it should not be sour, such acidity being calculated to foster the habit of alcoholic drinking. A like remark may ba applied to the use of salted food. If we in quire the cause of a vegetarian's alleged dis inclination to alcoholic liquors, we find that the carbonaceous Btarch contained in the macaroni, beans, or oleaginous aliment ap pears to render unnecessary, and therefore The Printer. Grenada (Miss.) Sentinel: "Of all the callings and professions of the south none displayed such heroism, taken as a whole, as the printers. So great at times was the pressure in the great dailies of Memphis and New Orleans that it seemed as if they must suspend even the little half sheet. But no; regularly they came, through the most ap palling trials. As they fell by sickness and death, others stepped in and took their places, until the number was so reduced that few were left for the failing supply. Then thev began to do double duty one man fill ing the position of two, or perhaps three of tne trait who bad fallen before the ravages of the pestilence. So great was the pressure that we could tell from the general appear ance of the columns ot the Aralanche and Apteai., without even a mention of the fact, that one individual even had recovered suffi ciently to resume his labors at the desk or in the press-room. But for the labors of these brave, earnest, almost death-defying labor ers, what would the outside world have known of the ravages of the fever during the long months of August, September and October? Not only did they labor in the composing and press-room, but found time, in some instances, to nurse a sick friend, brother, father, mother, wife or child. Such pluck, such indomitable energy, was witness ed in no other occupation, as far as we have noticed. God bless the brave, earnest print ers, the light of the terrible darkness that reigned for three months under the dark wing of the overshadowing pestilence." Brownsville. Tenn. From an Appeal Correspondent space in your columns to say something of the hero of Memphis, Mr. R. A. Peebles, super intendent of the nurses of our city: also oth ers I shall speak of. Mr. R. A. Peebles is one of the greatest men that has ever come to our town. 1 have seen that man visit a fam ily in our city during the epidemic and find : ;M iKa familo an A nnt a trmnthfiil tn pac. UlUC 1U LUC laiuuj nuw ... . ..- v and he would not mt until all had something . 1 1 t A. .'i. 4Uv. I.A AMAH to ear, ana a uocior l j waii uu lucuij uo , cu Ua v. n Iru.l m cn vrwmon onrl nil i 1 rl rPn white and black alike. The people cf Browns- vine will never iorgei n. a. x eeuies. vjuu II l. ; nml vviao hia will) uml f hililrPn fill U1CTJS Uliu, uih; - rest in heaven when they have departed from . - ,i iiri r r rAUl A nMJ this WOnu. v Lieu lucsara. it. n.. i ceuicsouu M'ti rath left our city to visit Memphis, our hearts were sad. Mr. Willie Russell was the only man in our town to bury the dead and visit the sick of the fever. Mr. W. A. Whitemore, as a hotel-keeper, did nis duty Hi a erviilpmiiv God has never nut a better young man in our midst. God bless bim, and wnen ne marries no win uuurry a ni,i onrt livn lmrmv with her. I can- not speak of all by name, but I must say our doctors did their whole duty in waiting on thn atr.k durinsr the fever. Our Howard asso- ! ciation did everything for the people they could to neip mem. juay uoa oiesi au mat the people. The reason I write about the above gentleman is because i was wun mem room a ay and nignt as policeman. . via arviTT J I EMI Y J. LYNN'S Eloquent Memorial Addrtas on the Lire and Services or Andrew Jackson Wheeler. iat Grand Master or Mionn of the State or Tennessee. " I Hate Read that Socrates died like a Philosopher, but Jens Christ like a "Brother If heeler's Death vi as not only oble, Grand, and Heroic, It was God-like. During the ceremonies at the Lodge of Sorrow, held at .Nashville on luesaay nignt, Mr. Henrv J. Lvnn. of Memphis, delivered an address on "The Life, Masonic Character and Death ot Past Grand Master Andrew J Wheeler," as follows: ADDRESS. We are trathered together here to-night, men and brethren, at tbe instance of our Most Worshipful Grand Master, to hold a Lodge of Sorrow over our heroic and noble dead; and the pleasing, yet mournful, duty has been assigned to me of doing honor to one who was "chiefest among ten thousand," and who was taken from his poet of duty, in thp rich harvest of death, a few weeks since, in Memphis. He was one who lived a noble life and who died a heroic death. He was the brightest iewel in our Masonic crown but now, "Life's fitful fever over, he sleeps weetlv and sleens well." Andrew J.Wheeler was born February 4, l&W, in the town of Norridgewock, near Portland, in the State of Maine. His father and mother were descend: ed from the gooichLsfywWs country, and to whose sturdy honesty, industry and posi tive lorce ot character our country owes so much of its wonderful growth and prosper ity. His venerable father, who was an active Mason, as was his father befere him, died three years ago, at his home, at the age of eighty-nine full of years, indeed, and full of honors. And there is a beautiful tribute to our order, brethren, from these venerable brethren, in the form of an old Masonic apron, which has been handed down from generation to generation, which was worn in lodge by our brother, and which, please God, his surviving son hopes to wear some day, too, with equal honor. The limited means of his parents de nied Brother Wheeler the advantages of a thorough education; but he, neverthe less, through close application and the em- Eloyment of every spare moment, secured for lmseif the thorough knowledge of tbe rudi ments of an English education. His boyhood and youth were distinguished for bis uiiid and pleasant behavior, his industry, his thorough respect and obtdience to the teach ings and wishes of his parents, while his ever genial and lively disposition made him the bright light of the household and the joy of his little circle of neighborhood associates. Up to his fourteenth year he lived at home with his parents. At this early age he left the parental roof to learu the trade of a printer, and to this he applied himself with industry and unflagging z?al for four long years, until ho thoroughly mastered this use ful avocation. In lol he lett his native State and went west, and located in the town of Evansville, Indiana, where he carried on the business of bookselling with his oldest brother. Here he remained two years. In his twentieth yesr came south, locating in Memphis, where he at once secured work a3 a printer in the office of the now venerable Appeal. Here he remained several years, rising, in due season, to the position of local editor 03 that famous daily journal, then under the managment sf M'Ciannahan, Trousdale & Dill. And it was here that he learned the use of his vigorous and spicy pen. After this he secured the position of chief clerk or deputy in the office of Marcus J. Wright, clerk and master of the chancery court of Shelby county, remaining in this office for eight years. In this position he distinguished himself by his singular aptitude to the dillicult details of this complicated office, by his thorough mas tery of its various duties, as well as by his genial vand urbane deportment iu his treatment of all with whom his position Drought him in contact. He was thoroughly honest, industrious and trustworthy. While employed in this office, on the twentieth of October, 1858, he was initiated into the mys teries of ilasonry, and on March 25, 1859, he was raised to the sublime degree of Master Mason. During the late war Brother Wheeler was proprietor of a large hotel in Memphis, and for a time did a thriving and lucrative business. After this he was for a number of years the chief deputy in the sheriff's office of Shelby county. About the year li70 there were brought to public notice, in 3 practical way, two enterprises of stirring moment to the Masonic fraternity. For many years the Masons of Memphis hud entertained the hope of building a grand Masonic temple f or their use, and as a monument of the zeal and devotion of the craft in that city. Brother Wheeler was the grand mastsr-Bpint of that great enterprise, and 1 can but join the host of sorrowing friends in lamenting that tbe work on the building which was so sadly broken up by the epidemic of 187-3 was but just resumed under our brother's general care, in July last, with the brightest pros pects for the completion of this great building ere this time, when Memphis was again overtaken with the sad calamity of another epidemic. Other bands must soon complete that great work, but in all the years to come our brother's name will be linked with it with imperishable honor, and he will ever stand out before the world of men aa the undoubted father of that great enterprise. Eight years ago Brother Wheeler also entered upon the work of founding and building up a great Masonic journal, and during all these years, while attending to all the trying and vexa tious duties of "secretary of the Masonic Temple association," he has regularly pub lished and sealously puuhed forward "the idol of his heart," the Masonie Jewel. He has made it an official organ of this and several neighboring grand jurisdictions, and a standard authority oa Masonic law and usage in them all. He loved this "Jewel" with a great love, and it was his great wish and trust that it mieht fall into some good and able hands and be carried on for the good of the craft for many, many long years to come. While employed m the office of the clerk and master, Brother Wheeler became acquainted with the gentle, refined and accomplished Miss Jennie S. Chad wick, and on December J2, lis5U, they were married, iiv hi3 mar riage were born to him three children, two sons and one daughter, Harry A., Sidney Johnson and Roma J, Wheeler. The two last named survive him, with their grief stricken mother; and I pray you, brethren, not to forgetj in the years to come, thgse afflicted and Borrowing idols of Lis heart, but to remember them, brethren, remem ber this sorrowing sister of our order and her two children with brotherly, yea, even with fatherly care. Our brother's first born, a bright and beautiful little son was allowed to gladden bin borne for but three years. A se rious sickness came upon the little one, and after a few days a few short and trembling days his! parents hands gently laid him away in the cold earth, at rest forever. The little sunbeam which had shone so beautiful ly in that pleasant home for a little season faded away from their earthly vision, to brighten their glad approach to the Master's kingdom in the great hereafter. But it was a sad affliction which came so early in the married life life's golden prime of my dear friend, Standing over the little grave, there Erst came upon him the full import of these Masonic words, "the uncertainty of human life and the vanity ot all earthly pursuits." I am persuaded that this first visitation of the hand of death deeply affected the whole course and current of Brother Wheeler's life. His heart was deeply touched, his self-reliance was shaken, ap.d he turned from the passing consolations of friends to the more enduring promises which our order holds forth to those who place implicit trust and confidence in the Grand Architect of the Uni verse. It kindled a new zeal in Masonry in his heart, and from that day forward he stood forth a bright and shining light in our order. He was made a Mason in South Memphis lodge, No. 113, and in less than two years, so remarkable was his seal and so singular his mastery of the works, that by almost unanimous choice, he was made worshipful master of his lodge. It was then that his great powers as an able and accomplished Mason had full play, and shone forth with such remarkable brilliancy. The conferring of a degree by Brother Wheeler was sure to fill his lodge-room, and when he made a Mas ter Mason, standing room was always at a premium. Nor was he less pt in the thor ough mastery of the laws aud usages of our order than in his wonderful power and abil ity in conferring the degrees, Masonio books and writings were his literature, and book knowledge was of little worth to him if it did not enlighten the mind and cultivate the un derstanding in some way for the good of Ma sonry. I am a living witness, too, to the un bending and unwearying devotion and sympa thy of my dead friend and brother to the sick, the needy and the distressed. The widow's wail and the orphan's cry never reached him in vain, bj day and by night, in season and out of season, his hand and his purse were ever stretched forth to aid and assist and relieve the distressed of our order. Whether a an omcer of his lodge or an humole, private member only, he was ever and always ready and willing to go on foot and out of his way to do an act of Masonic charity. The All-seeing Eye was ever upon him, and so quickened his con science that every Masonic injunction to re member the needy and distressed found lit eral fulfillment in brother Wheeler's daily lite. Ob, noble, heroic, seit-sacnhcing, de voted life! Oh, All-seeing Eye! let thy ser vant pray Thee to read that life by the glory with which it shines to-day in human sight. and let the immortal 6pirit of our dead brother come back unto Thee and dwell in brightness and glory in Thine own kingdom torevermore. brother W heeler was elected master ot bis lodge seven times, and during his twenty year3 membership he filled at dif ferent times every office in the lodge. While proud of preferment, no position in the lodge was too humble for him. His zeal knew no bounds. He served wherever assigned, al ways and ever anxious to be of some service to do some good. 1 have seen him in his splendid powers, as master, conferring the de crees: and I have seen him with equal zeal and pleasure filling the humbler position of tiler ot his lodge, 1 have seen him tne trusted treasurer and guardian of - the lodge funds, and the even-tempered, painstaking and forbearing secretaiv. 1 have seen him in the west, standing as a firm pillar of strength, assisting his master, and I have seen him at the south gate, with the beauty of his perfect work, doing honor to the craft. I put it here upon ever lasting record the story of the life, and the worit, anu tne periecuons 01 tuis uroiucr a Masouic character. I knew him- intimately, and long and well, indeed; and I loved him as a brother. It was at his hands I received the first lisht in Masonry in 1S60. It was at his hands I first learned of the principles and practices of Masonry and the perfect skill needful in conferring the degrees. It was his hands which laid the first foundations on which I builded as a Mason. It was he who first told me, as a Mason, of friendship, morality, and brotherly love, and instilled into mv anxious mind the full force and meaning and usefulness of those grand Masonic virtues fortitude, prudence, temper ance and justice; and I am here to-night to retd :-r tins tribute to his worth and excel lence as a teacher, to his grand and heroic character as a Mason, and to d.op the tearpf aDguieh and heartfelt sorrow. Ce'&'.oSV"" Mlruaioage 'in'1868, Brother Wheeler repVi-e-sented South Memphis lodge. No. 118; served on the committee on examinations, and was elected senior grand warden. In 1869 he was present as senior grand warden and representative of South Memphis lodge, No. 118. In 1871 he was present as past senior grand warden, and served on the committee of dispensations and by-laws. Io 1872, same as 171. At this session the Masonic Jewel was indorsed by the Grand lodge. In 1874. he was elected grand master, and delivered an eloquent eulogy on the life of Past Grand Master Brother Samuel M'Manus in a Lodge of Sorrow. In 1875 he presided as grand master, and 1866 and 1877 he attended as past grand master, and served with singular ability and influence as a mem ber ot the committee on Masonic jurispru dence. This 13 our distinguished brother's Grand lodge record, and it leaves a legacy of incalculable worth to all the brethren of the grand jurisdiction. But,brethren, you who have been in authority and engaged as teachers while officers of your lodges through out the State, need not be told of the broad and comprehensive views of our brother, his fatherly care and interest in each and every lodge in this grand jurisdiction, his thorough knowledge of the law and his will in enforc ing it, his perfect mastery of the ritual, his vast fund ot useful Masonic knowledge nor of that bright, genial and unceasing flow of sunny good humor which ever distinguished our deceased brother and marked his admin istration of Grand lodge affairs. The office of your grand master is a high, a holy, a no ble position. It is indeed worthy the ambi tion of the truest, the ablest and the best of the craft. What wonder, then, that my dead ftiend remarked to me in bright and sunny hope, one day, "I had rather be grand master of Tennessee than Governor of the State." Oh, honorable ambition! Ob, happy attainment! He battled manfully against every adverse misfortune, against every loss and trial by the late war, and re mained firm and unyielding in hU sublime devotion to Freemasonry, And when the gavel of the grand master was placed in his hands hi3 great heart swelled with just pride and enjoyed for a good season the exquisite solace and heartfelt satisfaction of a full and just reward for his long, long years of devo tion and service in the Order. Men and brethren, my labor is 0V6r; my work is done. And yet it is not done, for lo! my brother is dead, dead! Yes, dead! Oh! relentless, unyielding and all devouring death! Why could you not have spared this one, at least, to us the brightest jewel in our Masonic crown? One day, some five years ago, there stood before a store iu Memphis three men. One, who had just risen from a bed of sick ness, remarked: "Brother Wheeler, I may not live long, and when I am dead, wish yot; to bury 123 with Masonic honors. Will you promise to do it?" "I promise you, Brother Cash, but I trust it will be long years before I am called on to fulfill my promise." Then, turning to me, Brother Wneeler re marked: "Henry, when I die, I want you to perform the Masonic over ray grave, I have thought of this ' often, and I wish you to be sure and do me this honor." 1 gave him my promise and made the same request of him in the event of my death. Alas, breth ren, Brother Wheeler was denied tha sad privilege of redeeming his promise to Urother Frank Cash, and almost before I knew of my great-hearted friend's illness, the yellow-fever-scourge had borne him, too, away, and he was laid in his grave at rest forever. But I am here to-night at this Lodge of Sorrow by request of my esteemed and partial friend and brother, Grand-Master Warr, to redeem my pvomise under the symbolism of the or der. And it is a peculiar circumstance that Brother Warr appointed, me to fill the place to-night, in pm-tect ignorauce of Brother "Wheeler's request of five years ago. But what shall I say? How shall I now and here, and in what words redeem this prom ise? I have told you of our brother's birth, his early life, his manhood and his carper as a Mason. It now remains for me to speak of nisaea'.D. iear tne middle ot last August, Brother Wheeler came into my office aud re marked," Well, Henry.I havemovedmy fam ily to Memphis to-day," and he appeared re joiced over the fact, He had been living with his fuaiily some two miles out of the city. I expressed my utter surprise at hia re mark, especially when we both knew that thousands of brave hearts were trembling with anxious care as to how they could get their families out of the plague-stricken city. I remonstrated with our brother, but he simply 6aid and firmly olosed the con versation by remarking, "It is my duty, and it shall be done." " But your family your wife," Iurged, "how will it fare with them?" He responded, "my wife says it is her duty to come, too, that we must keep together and do all the good we caa, and so we moved into town to-day," Oh, brave-hearted, self sacrincing man! Oh, devoted, noble and matchless wite and mother! The very an gels in heaven must surely rejoice in their everlasting songs of praise over such.sublime devotion as this, which this man and this woman displayed, for the simple sake of helping our poor, plague-stricken humanity. 1 can find the main-sprirjg of the daring sol dier who launches himself headlong into the very forepart of battle, to die a hero's death; for his heroism will live in poetry and in song, and the 6tory of his daring will be told wherever a soldier's tread is heard. I can imagine how, and why, in civil life a great patriot chief can offer himself a willing sacri fice, or a hostage, to appease the deadly wrath of his country's enemy, and so save his people and his State, and how, too, such an one can yield up a proud ambition to build up the fortunes of a chosen friend and public servant, for all coming generations will keep fresh and green and glorious the story of these grand actions, and ever cherish them 03 a reward for heroic eelf-sacrifice and as a coun try's boasted heritage. But where, where will ye turn, oh ! mortal man, for a grander, more noble and glorious self-sacrifice than this of my dead friend, Andrew J. Wheeler? And where shall I find the blazing words or sounding phrase in which to write it down in fitting terms? Standing out in the dim and far-distant ages of the past there rises in the mind of every cne the grand, solemn and fearfully momentous sacrifice on Calvary's quaking hill, when the meek and lowly Hon of Man offered himself a willing sacrifice be fore the vast, seething, swaying mass of mad dened men of all Judea a willing sacrifice for the world of men, that even they who crucified him might also be saved by his atoning blood. I have read that "Socrates died like a philosopher, but Jesus Christ like a God." Behold, men and brethren. I have found the fitting word ! Brother Wheeler's death was not only noble, grand, heroic it was more. It was "Godlike." He stretched forth his strong right arm to uphold, to shield, and defend and save his brethren, well knowing that in a little season he could not save himself. Armed with his noble spirit, he threw himself right in the very face and forefront of danger, heedlesc of himself, and careful that a frioad or a brother, or a little child, perhaps, might be Baved. But you have heard the story. He, too, is fallen. He is dead. The grim and insatiate yellow-fever monster laid his deadly hand upon him, and on September 7, 1878, he yielded up his brave, heroic and manful spirit, and returned to the bosom ot his i ather and his God. He sleeps his last sleep in Elmwood, the silent city of our sacred dead. "The gentle breeze fans his verdant covering, he heeds it not; the sunshine and the storm pass over him, he is not disturbed." The stars will shine with brighter beauty, the grass will grow greener, and the flowers will bloom mare sweetly over the graves where our noble and beloved mar tji rests is this lasting sleep. The heroic, patient and forbearing life was indeed well closed and beautifully rounded up by the grand self sacrifice which brought hit glori ous death in behalf of stricken humanity. And wherever great deads are honored, and noble actions cherished, there the everlasting glory of my noble friend's life and death will thine and glow in bright and glistening beauty. In life, he feared his God he kept his faith, he loved bis brotherhood. in death, hi3 noble spirit triumphed over the great enemy, death, and with the words, I know that all will be well with me in the future," that radiant spirit rose resplendent with the highest honors which his order could confer, and which the practice ef every Masonic virtue could bring, and with the immortal honor and unfading glory of a martyr's death, it returned unto the God who gave it. Standing here under this Masonic symbolism, over our noble and heroic dead, in the awful majesty and somber silence of the very presence of death, with tbe dark shadow of his wings fitly set forth to mortal view by these somber surroundings, I dare say of my dead friend, and for him, too, in the words of the world's greatest preacher: " I have fought a good fight; I have finished my course; I have kept the faith; henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteous ness, and not to me only, but to all them also that love his appearing." There is a story which comes to ua from the bright and beau teous realm of poesy, so bright, so biautiful, and so loved by Brother Wheeler, and so perfectly fitted to his great life, that 1 must neds draw it from the columns of his beloved Masonic Jewel, and here make it his final eulogy : "Abou Ben Adhem fraayhls crime Increase:) Awoke one nleht from a deep drea n of peace, And saw within the rnootillght In bis room Making It rich and like a Illy In bloom, An angel writing In a book of gold. Exce-dtng peace bad made Ben Adhem bold. And to the Presence In the room he said: What writest thou." The vision raised Its head And. with a look made of all sweet accord, Answered: The names of those who love the Lord!' ' And Is mine one?' said Abou. 'Nay, not so,' Replied the angel. Abou spoke more low. But cheerily still: and said: 'I pray thee, then, Write me as one who loves his fellow-men.' The angel wrote and vanished. The next night It came again with a great wakening light. And showed the names whom love of God had blest. Aud lo! B.n Adheiu's name led all the rest." OPEN AIM "VTE take pleasure In Informing the public that we have reopened our Place of Business, and aie dally receiving a large and fresh stock of manufactured by our New York Arm, SIEDEN'BACH, SCHWAB 4 CO., expressly Tor this market within the last sixty days. Taking advantage of the late decline In goods, we are prepared to sell clothing at the lowest figures. SCHWAB & CO. 1T o mp li js University Hi Ncliool FOR YOUNG MEN AND IIOH. LYON G. TYLGK, M. A., t Diversity ot Va.1 t'riucipal. J. D. STEWART, Assistant. rpHE Trustees of this institution have spared nc .L pains or expense to obtain the very finest tal ent for Us mauaaement. Their object is to establish a High School of the first order, to prendre young men for college, or foi the active duties of lltf. Mr. Tyler comes among us, with the most exalted ta tlmonlals as to character, while his desree ol .uasterof Arts, from the llnive.slty of Virginia, Is In itself ample evidence of his attainments as a scholar. Of Mr. Stewart, It s scarcely necessary to speak. He lias for years conducted, with eminent rucc.-ss. a High School for boys In this community, where he nas oeen a mosc acceptHDie teacher. This school will be opened on Monday, Novem ber 1 fcta, on Alabama street, and will close the last of June. Ttrms-SlS per qaarter in Advance. tayiTor Circulars or other Information, address H.U. IIAI KV, M. 1. President Hoard of Trustees. Fresby terian HA.M3IAB ami HIGH Sclaool, Resumes Classes, XoTeuiVr IS 1878. "TIS JENNY M. HIGBEE, Principal, assisted -ltj. oy a tun corps of experienced Teachers. caia ogues can be obtained at all the bookstores. NOTICE. w E are now receiving a large stock of feept in storage at New York, St. Louis, and Clncln1 nati during the epidemic, and are ready to fill orders for our friends and customers. Rice, Stix & Co. J. J. 3ULIJVAJS. Flaherty & Su!!iyan, UNDERTAKERS, 317 Second S3 tree t. near SSonroe METALLIC AND WOODEN BURIAL CA8H3 and Casekts. Elegant Kooea, eents' Stilts and Collin Trimmings. Orders by telegraph sent promptlf i. km. 11. umcini RLiantwn rmin to amrmimme. hristian rothers COLLEGE, No. 282 Adams Street, Memphis. THIS Institution affords ample means for a thor ough Classical, Scientku: and Cminerlcial Edu cation. TERMS, PAYABLE g?AWmV. ' ATrVXiOK. Biard and Tuition, p r 'As inanliifl, s7 f9 Washing and mending, " " 5 09 pat ?ro!):rzs. Higher Classes, per uuiirter of 'A's Months, $1 OO Intermediate Classes, ' " 13 OO Preparatory Classes, " " 10 00 Primary Class, " 8 00 Music and Linear Drawlne form extra charges. Studies will be resumed on MONDAY, November 11, 1878. lor further ptnleulars apply to BHOTHER MAURKLIAN, President Miss Murphy's Preparatory School FOR WILL be resumed Tuesday, November 1 2th, and continued without the usual intermission of Christmas Holidays, save Christmas day. COAX AKI WOOD. J. W. ALLEY, 395 Main Street, JJAS reopened, and Is now prepared to furnish Coal and Wood at the lowest possible rates, delivered In any part of the city. Harris, F-lallory & Co. Wholesale GROCERS & COTTON FACTORS, 254 Front Street. WE now have our store open with a large stock of goods, ready to serve our friends and cus tomers. 38'ahlpinents of cotton solicited, to the handling of which our Mr. Mallory will give his personal at tention. Ukmpbib, October 23, 1878. GOOBS5 GOOBS AMRSVAIL OF FALL AND NOVELTIES LADIES' AND MISSES' CLOAKS, Ladies' and Misses' Suits, Dress Goods, Silks! Silks! We take Extreme Pleasnre In now Au...n.ini, to Uur ratrons aud the General Public or aiempnis ana vicinity, mat we will THIS WEla. oi,. . nne of Choice Xovel tles, un;uualed In attractiveness and varleiy by any on tbe Continent. In very Latest Styles, Newest and Best Material. Misses9 and Children's Suits, An Exceptionally Choice and Elegant Line. Ladies' Cloaks, Embracing all the Latest PARIS, BERLIN, VIENNA and LONDON Shapes. As among the the Leading and Most Popular of these, we Invite Special Attention to the Fifth Avenue, L'Esperance, Asie. Thiers, Milano, Marion, Calypso Garments of Extreme Beauty, Elegance and Effect. Misses' and Children's Cloaks, In Extraordinary Variety, at Popular Prices. ibo" DRESS GOODS Will be exhibited the Most Attractive and Elegant Assortment of Textile Fabrics, suited to tha Winter Wear of this climate, ever imported, aud offer them at Unconxclonsly Low Frioes. SILKS! SILKS! A Line of BLACK GROS-GBAINS. The manufactuie of the celebrated A XTOIXE a UIXET, for the sale of whose Unrivaled Fabrics we have the Sole Agency In Memphis. "FT-rcQLTxlslto Linos of Black Satin Striped Silks ! Black Moire Silks Black Moire Satin Striped BLACK DAMASSK SILKS! BLACK NATTE MATALASSfi SILKS! COLORED SATIN IN ALL THE COLORED DAMASSK SILKS, and a AT TEMPTINULY CS'-The MoHt Extensive and Varied Stock of 33UUKXIXG GOODS ever bronght . Lowenstein w. wilkeTson & CO w. Have Keuioved to their 334 MAIN Wlxore "tla-oli WHOLESALE Will be conducted on a Larger Scale than ever lyiisiciners at R. S. JONES. COTTON Jones, E AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Are now open and ready to attend to sll business intrusted to their care. Liberal Advances made on Cot. ton la Store or Transit. BAGGING, TIEd and PLANTATION SUPPLIES furnished at Lowest Market Rates SIMON FEUCHT. HOLE AGENTS FOB THE CELEBRATED "POSSI M HOLLO IV DISTILLER V.' FEUCHT & BLOCK, WHOLESALE LIQUORS AND CIGARS, ""Vt&SVSlSK'iut N0.3H FRONT STREET, MEMPHIS, TENN. -KS'n&,"Er,Trg"gig5- THE partnershlD heretofore existing between AiUttE, unuer tne name 01 Jlaoaie. ileal u dt silver more, has been dissolved by the death of Mr. J. W. HEATH. The surviving partners will continue the business under the name of Handle A Mvermore, and solicit a continuance of the patronage heretofore extended The new Una assumes all tne liabilities 01 Handle, ieain E Liverni are, ana will collect outstanding debts. chickasaw mm WORKS Randle & Livermore, Proprietor?, No. OS Second Street, Memphis, Tenn., ABE now prepared to receive orders for Cotton Presses, Horse Powers, Gin Gearing. House Fronts, Gen eral Repairs, Iron and Brass Castings, or anything In the Foundry or Machine Shop line. Promising good work and faithful attention to the wants of our customers, we solicit your continued orders. li. BAl'31, Wholesale Dealers in Xo, 356 31 a in Street, w B have re-opened our establishment with an increased stock of Wlnm, Lienor and Ijcarn, and are prepared to nil orders on short notice, and would respectfully solicit the trade of our for mer Customers and Public generally. K. C PEAKCE. lim B. SUGGS FEA1CE. SUGGS & CO.. WHOLESALE OROCEBS, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants No. 258 Front street. Memphis, Tenu, PABTICVIiAB ATTENTION PAID TO T11E MiXE OF COTTON J. C. NEELT. S. H. BROOKS. BROOKS, NEELT & CO., WHOLESALE Grocers, Cotton Factors AND COMjVLISSIOI 367 Front St., A COMPLETE GINKOUSE OUTFIT! TAYLOR, McGUIKE & CO., Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, No. 369 Front street Memphis, Tennessee. CHas, Presses, Feeders, Condemsers. aad Hsrse-Powers, embracing the celebrated Win sblp l and Presses, and Brssks's lotprsrod Press, sold and guaranteed by as. Water 01m. DEPARTMENT, Silks! Blatik Armure Silks! STliirD SULKS! NEW SHADES! Complete Line or Black and Colored Satins LOW PBICES. to Ilemphis, at JfeTT and Spacious Buifdinir, STREET, I3u.slzicss as DRUGGISTS, before. They will be glad to see all their Friends and ineir new store. W. N. BROWN SILKS S LKS k Bros rown FACTORS JACOB BLOCK. JOHN E. HANDLE, J. W. HEATH and A. S. LIVER- UKX Ul KsT. Wines, Liquors, Cigars Ulenipnis, Tennesaee. H. M. NEELT. merchants, fllempliig, Tenn. " FULRIER, BURTON (SUCCESSORS TO SLEDGE, HcKAY & (0.) Grocers, Cotton Factors And Commission Merchants, 371 and 373 Main street, Memphis, Tenn. TAYLOR & ARNOLD, 27 FRONT STREET. This house has been re-opened, and will supply orders promptly. Their New Ktoek of iroi'rrfs Is complete. The Old Uoods have been disposed of. and the new stock will te replenished br c-ally receipts. A Large Lot of Bacon. Flonr, Meal, ninl Plantation Snpplie.o, Just In. J. K. DOWDY, Late of J. K. Dowdy & Co. Late of Guy", DOWDY, PARK & HORAE, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, 260 Front and IO West Court streets. Upstairs, Xemphls, Cash advances made ontconslgnnients, and orders for Bag?! ng.'Tles and Supplies died on reasonable term I. SI. HILL. HILL Ik Wholesale Dealers in BOOTS, SHOES and HATS, 322 1-2 and 324 Main St., Memphis, Have a full Stock of NEW GOODS, which they invite their Friends and Customers to txamlne. 0A6E & Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, 300 FRONT STREET. On and after this date otir Office and Warehouse will bs open. We are re3dy for business, and respect fully solicit CONSIGNMENTS OF COTTON. w nolosalo OOTS AN 319 MAIN STREET, MEMPHIS, TEM. WE have again opened our house In Memphis, and are receiving direct from Boston a lanje stock of Boots and Ehoes, fresh from the factories, and solicit the patronage of ourold customers and tha Country Trade generally. Our Boston house will now be closed until the Spring Trade opsns. All communications suou.d now be addressed to us at Memphis. Goodbar cJfc? Oo. EbObTsb! Is Ob Steam Printers, Lithographers, AND Blank Book Makers, 15 Court Street, Hem phis, Tenn. ESTOrders will receive Prompt attention. Southern Palace China Store REOPENED. yyE are now ready with a large and well assorted stock of everything pertaining to the Queens ware trade, to which we Invite the attention ot buyers Orders carefully filled at lowest pi ices. W. & 8. JACK. & CO. SS 9aln street. GREAT REDUCTION IN PBICES or LEA & PERKINS' CELEBRATED PBOHOUXCKD BT oomtoissKUBa tO SM THS 'OSLY 600D BAltK," And applicable to VKBT VIBIITT or DISH. KZTBACT of a lkttbr frem a MEDICAL SIHTLI- M ah at Madras to his brother at WoatKSTKB, May, 1851: "TellLKA Pib rins that their Sauce is highly esteemed In India, and Is In my opinion the most palatable, as well as l L-J uvr;ii V AA I vJV 1 AJ xj S Sauce that la made.' Worcestershire Sauce TBVS GITIXO THE COXSVMER NOT OXLY TBE BEST, B VT THE MOST ECOXOU lCA.Ii SAUCE. SIGNATURE Is on EVERY BOTTLE. J0H5 DC'CA'S SONS, College Place and 1 I'nlom Sqaare NKW YDKK. Undertaker, rVo. 341 Herosd Htreet. near Pontofllee. MKS, WADE'S SCHOOL.. For Young Ladies and Misses. NO. 24 MULBERRY STREET. SCHOLSTIC duties will be resumed MONDAY, November 1 X. 1 878. NOTICE. THE House of CLARKE, JOHNSON ft CO. has be come dissolved by tha death of Levin H. Coe. The business, however, will be conducted under the same stile and firm by the surviving partners until further notice Our cftlce Is do open for the sea son, and our friends may send forward their crops with tbe assurance that their Interests shall receive prompt and satisfactory attention. Clarke, Johnson. & Co. Memphis, Tkss., October 30, 1878. NOTICE. A PARTY who has a Glnhouse and Press in a locality where there Is cotton to gtn, can hearo A Mplendld Eaarlae. which will be run on shares the balan ?e of this sea son. Will also enter arrangements foranotber year. If desirable. Apply to W. H. LOCK WOOD, !iiH i-helby street New Crop Grass Seeds AND GARDEN SEEDS FOB FALL SOWING. Au?t rUt or Fru,t Trees hnd E" OTTO HCUH'f LL A CO'H 223 MAIN STREET, undef Yforshailhowe. feiatrcEj JSrTRSilij MeCleUan & Co. I. HORAX. Memphis, Tennessee W. It. M ITCH ELL. F We hare opened our Store again, and are ready to attend to any Orders our Customers may faTor us with. ATTHEIROLD STAND W. A. WHEATLEY, Real Estate Agent, JJATING survived the epidemic Is at his office, 281 Main Street, for business. Landlords and tenants please call oa house and land affairs. HALL'S Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renewer Is a scientific combination of some of the moat powerful restorative agents in the vegetable king dom. It restores gray hair to ltd original color. It makes the scalp white and clean. It cures dandruff and humors, and falllng-out of the hair. It fur nishes the nutritive principle by which the hair Is nourished and supported. It makes the hair moist, soft, and glossy, and Is unsurpassed as a halr-dress-lng. It Is the most economical preparation ever offered to the public, as Its effects remain a long time, making only an occasional application neces sary. It is recommended and used by eminent medical men, and officially indorsed by the State Assayer of Massachusetts. For Balk by all Dealers. FIRM CHANGE. THE partnership of this day dissolved from Almost 1. 1H78. ASHBROOK & WHITE is by mutual consent o date The business or the firm C. ASHBROOK or JOHN will be settled by H. vi tii i t, who alone are name In liquidation. authorized to sign the Arm C P. ASHBROOK, H. C. ASHBKOOK, JOHN WHITE. October 26, 1878. WE have this day formed a partnership under the name ot AKhbrnok at White, to date from August 1, 1h7k. We will continue the same business heretofore conducted by the late firm of ASHBROOK 4 WHITE, at the old Hand. No, 222 front street. H. C. ASHBROOK, , JOHN H HUE. October 26. 1S78. Maeicc.i stspensary, ZI S. I'.jrk St., CUicK". I'iL IR. r. KK.IIIitV ,-.-. .11 SI1I1I. A'TO IlilMIMI lll- M. hMt. .ur!. WfTivf. . ly. t-l't K I IKIM.'IHI t. s, vi ,L liHtll l. i f H''-Jl T,IK Fll I. rlr.. r- nHrii.c H WSKU'. K Gl I,1K IK NtM l. HIIHIIJPH. i vrark . S.IU .y" fi . tl.l.l STU ti n. cii!Il.o( much u- . ncvT before tut)ithed. rul f.-r 50 rt in . Bec'ird eo eot m. u I p " , p. m. J. J. MCRPHY. B. F. MURPHY. Murphy & Murpliv, E.BAL Insurance Agents, X. 5 Sladlaon atreet, Memphis. Tenn. NONE but first-class companies represented. Bisks on buildings taken for three or five year., at greatly reduced rates. filnhonseg and Conntry Store? Sper ialttfs 5J TIAIN STKEET. 239 S. HE'S NEW Clothing House THERE COMPLETE STOCK Gents', Boys' and Youths' Cloth ing and Furnishing Goods IX OXF. Having purchased the following well-known stocks at FIKTY CENTS ON THE DOLLAR? To wit: J C. WARD & CO., SPROULE & M'COW.X, And an entire New Stock dinct from tbe Eastern Factorie. 1 am prepared to offer Greater Inducements tn CLOTHING THAK AST HOUSE IN im3 SECXI0 S. VENDIGj MITCHELL, IS1EE. Pill biil., zow aaiu m., Kext Door to Meakea Bros, -" .' '4-tkviy .1 U' i I