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t.. s. entkh, r,at r.ntcii, ruer a Co
(SUCCESSORS TO Wholesale Grocers, Uotton Factors And Commission Merchants, Ioh. 11 nnj 13 ynion Street, 31 em phis, Tenn. IMrOBTE3 WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS, Ko. 14 Uniort Street, ZfTenii.liis, Tenn. J. W. CLAPP, JR. A. K. Olapp & Taylor, M'C CCsoiW TO . H4TCIIKU 4X fjw.. BOOKSELLERS and STATIONERS BLANK-BOOK MANUFACTURERS AND JOB PRINTERS, Constantly on hand a Fall AnortBirt or Office and Finer Stationery, Behool and Miscellaneous Books. 315 MAIN STREET, MEMPHIS W. A. WIjLjUAMS. WILLIAMS & CO MANUFACTURERS OF Lumber, Shingles and Laih! BOOHS, SASH AND BUNDS. FRUIT AND PACKING-BOXES ! OFFICE AND YARD: Corner tiayoso and Second Sts. AXBBEW MTKWABT. AXDltKiV 1. Orleans, STEWART. G WHOLESALE GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS Nos. 350 and 358 Front St., Memphis, Tenn, ASI- Stewart Brothers & Co., Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, vvr vneuiis, i.ai.iiiLJL, "Wholesale H LI BOOTS, SHOES and HATS 322 1-2 and 324: llain St., Memphis, full Stock of NEW GOODS, which they Invite their Friends and Customers to examine. Hare a O. Xj. BYRD & GO Jewelers and Silversmiths, 2? Main Street. MEICHAM.!???! jt A. W ROBERTS i GROCERS, And Salt XO. HilOlV STliKI-T. : ATT, SR i : m i a ji . a, a n r. a n ci s eiii b ii PR TYHOI.TSSAr.E 3STotions,Hosiery MEN'S I?URNI8UOfGr OOOIS, 329 MAIN STREET - - MEMPHIS, - - 329 MAIN STREET The OnlvEN'otion Jobbinc llouno in Slemphis. JL. C PEABCE. UM0E.S Cotton Factors and CcmmissioD Merchants Nc. 25S Front street. Xemphis, Tenn PARTICriAIl ATTKXTIjV PAIE TO TI1K KAI.K Pn$TT ' K. Ii. Corhraa. H. A. iiatcber. L Cochran BASIFACTCKCkM OF Lumber, Lath and Shingles, lloorH, Muh and Itlinds. and all kind cf (Parkins Boxr. Office and Tard, foot of Washington St. Saw and riantngr SMI-S "orth end NaTj Yd. Jlpmphis, Tennefiser. IV. B. UALBBEATU, J. 91. 1'OW w . B. ialbreat Gotten Factors, 11 ( uion Street, ?femphis. Aiit.VfS iOU TU CELEIBATED4kClIA3lPIO. COTTON tlS ANJ UtXLEJll THE JAUKS If. DOIV, Beaphls. OAN fc CO FViTFS. ritrn nn i.ktes. riZER A CO.) AND DPALER IN TAYLOR. W. L. CLAPP. II. JK. JPL.AIS SAW-MILL AND YARD: North Front Street, tlH YJISK, JP. II. HATIEY, Meaaphls. Memphis WYNNE 3 CO. Louisiana. W. 11. HITCUCLU Dealers in i. B. POBTON. E. E. MEACHAM. Agents. : : MKtt IH1M. TF.X1V. 31. A. Cochran. I.KEN. W. J. CBAWrOBU. .nH f m eOTTOi FACTORS WIN & CO., k Co., MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL FOR THE WEAK. MEBVOUS MID DEBILITATED I The afflicted can now be restored to perfect health and bodily energy, at home, without the use of medicine of any kind. . I'ULVERMACIIEn'3 ELECTRIC BELTS For self-application to any part of the body, meet every requirement The most learned physicians and scientific men of Europe and this country indorse them. Thfw noted Curative Appliances have now stood the test for upward of thirty years, and are protected by Letters-Patent in all tbe principal countries of the world. They wer decreed the only Award of Merit for Klectrlc Appliances r,t the great World's KxhlbirioDfr Vans, Philadelphia, and elsewhere and have been found the most valuable, safe simple, and efficient known treatl'ncnt foj' me cure ui uiocwc r.tADER, ARE YOU AFFLICTED f aud wih to recover the same degree ol health, strength, and enercv as exnerienned in former years? Do any of the following symptoms or clas of symptoms meet your dlsea-sed condition? Are you milforlne from 111-he.ilth in any of its ma:;;-and multifari ous fornix, consequent upon a jlngerf rR. nerv ous, chronic or functional rease? Io von feel nervous, rte"!l Hated, fretful, timid, and lavk I's power of will and action ? Are vou kuoject to loss of memory, have spells of faint ing, iminessof Dioot in the nead, feel listless, ruoping, unfit for business or pleasure, and nuujcv-L lu iin yi uit'm ni:ii?i' r Are your UlU neys. stomach, or blood. l!i a disordered con dition? Do yon buffer from rheumatism, neuralgia or p.ehes and pains? Have you been indiscreet in early years and tlnd your- S"U narassea witn a uiiMtituue or Bloomy symptoms? Are yon timid, nervous, and forgetful, and your mind continually dwell ing on tlie subject? Have you lost confidence in yourself and energy for business pursuits? Are you subject to any of tle following symp toms: Heirless nights, broken sleep, night mare, dreams, palpitation of the hea-. bash ful ness, co 1 1 fusion of ideas, aversion tosoeiet y, dizziness in me iieua. aimness 01 signt, pim ples and hlotc'ues on the face and back, and oilier despondent symptoms? Thousands of young men, the middle-aged, and even the old, tmfler from nervous and physical debil ity, inousantis 01 iemaies, tovr nroKen down in health and spirits fVpra disorders peculiar to their pe, and who, from false modesty or reflect prolong their sufferings. Whv. tiien, further neglect a subject so pro ductive of health and happiness when there is at hand a means cf restoration ? PULVERMACHER'S ELECTRIC BELTS AND BAND j cure these various diseased condition:-, er all other meatrs fail, and t-e efTer tlie t convincing tettraJny direct from the liicted themselves, who have been restored HEALTH, STRENGTH, AND ENERGY, after drugging in vain for months and vears. JSend now for Dkkcbiptivk Pamphlet and Thk Klkctric yt'AKTERLY, a large Illus trated Journal, containing full particulars lllld INFORMATION WORTH THOUSANDS. 'OJ ies mailed free. Address, PULVERMACHER GALVANIC CO., Cor. Eighth and Vine Sts., CINCIEIUTI, 0. SiST Avoid bogus appliances claiming elec tric qualities. Our Pamphlet explains how to distinguish the genuine from the spurious. JEWELRY. If b IBs "JHikY' Manufacturing leweler and Dealer In FINE GOLD GOODS, WATCHES, CHAINS, Setts, rjaia and Set Kings and Spectacles, 307 MAIN ST.. Under Peabody (formerly of Second St). JIAIITZ MOUWTA1K 500 Best Singer!, At ail Main wtryi-t. AVIH h sold cheap W. P. WILSON, Attorney-at-Law, 289 Main St., (Over SUte National Bank.) Weber Pianos and other first-class PIANOS and ORGANS Tot sale Very Low fo Casb, or on easy terms to good customers. Pianos and Organs for rent. E. Witzmann & Co., Jfo. g3 Second Street. .11 em pit is. LOUIS IANGjS'S Southern Corset Manufactory, WHOLES-tLE 4 RETAILA 383 MAIJg ST. OPEN again with the lar gest stuck of Fine and Very Low-Priced Corsets New lines of Abdomen Cor-8-ti, Nursing Corsets, Inva lid's Corsets, Werley Corst ta. Mls.es' Cursets, extra stout Corfets; Improved Abdomen Supporters, Shoulder Braces and 8kirt Supporters. Best Corset Steeis in tne city; Whalebone Corset Laces and Pads HOODS SENT C. O. D. OR GOUT ACUTEOFt CHRONIC A ALICVLI CA c f i r midt m m Manufactured only undei the above Trade-Mark, by the European Salicylic Medicine Co., Of JPariK and JLeipxiff. IMMEDIATE Relief Van-anted, Permanent Ccbe (iUakantekd. No4 exclusively used by ah cel ebrated Pby.-lcians of Europe and America, becom ing a staple, Harmless, ana neuaoie uemeay on boih coatlne.its. The highest Medical Academy of Paris report !'o cures out ot 100 cases within tbree days. Secret The only dlssolver of the poisonous Uilc Acid which exists in tbe Blood of Bheumatic and liouty Patients. SI 00 a Box, fl f oxes for So 00. Sent to ary address on receipt of prjee. Indorsed by Pbyslclaas. Sold by a 1 Iirugglsts. Address, WAS SI UK!t K &, CO., Only ImpnrlrrH'ni-iint, 7 Cliff fct . IV. V fi ,e ch rij qtaltie an i erW?OB and luMvtg ehar-a-t.- rf uncetr .i.'ff and jbwr,g. Tbe best tobacco ever mane. Ai our blue erris trdc-fnT-c Is clonely tmiiatt"! o:i inferior prxxi", ee that J nekton &m ta ot every jilut;. Sol 4 by all denlers. Send fr udi1& fnv. to C. A. Jackson k Co.. Mfrs.. Fe:er8baf. V (iivin? rules fir correct ineaurtlnieut of Scant liiiir. Hoards. Plunk, -Mi)ical Contents of Square and Round Timlxr. Ei-L:glt7E:7ls'tEi'.a. Stave and Heading liolt., AV'ooii. '1'abie.s of Wajies fcy Tnonth. Hoard or Kent lv tbe week or day. Capatv ity of Cis-teni". InUTfit Tubii-. Vc. By J. M. .LrihiHT. I'r iiiail. jtostHcre paid, mi reeeipt of 35 coins. i" !t t"I 4V :.. bll&HIS S.M St.. St. Louis. HOTICS. WE fcave reopened our "tore, and will continue biini"ss as usual, receiving daily Kresh Good. sticb as Apylei. On'ons, tot ttoes. Cfibbage, Kraut, Pickles, BIj TTEK. Egs. Cheew", Oranges, Lemons, Nuts, etc., etc., which we oiler low to the trade. Brb & Co " PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, o. 329 FRONT ST., MEMPHIS, TENN. Consignments will receive prompt attention. PRESCRIPTION FREE TTHJlt THE SPEED! COBS of Seminal Weakness, JD Lost M mho -d and all otsorders brought on by indlscrftlon of e:ew. AnrdrmfgMt hasthelcgre dlct. v D JAQUE3 4 CO., EH NO MORE B2Si s SWEET rSp NAVY CkraibfiSisToliaccii mmm mm am m soof ! IOK LOGUKiiK, J.I'M KF.lt .'HI K-fi McliantM. Farmer mul Klt'clinnicH. JOHN CHIN AM A IV MUST GO. t Ho Heads All Ilia m.tIdc. Home to t'nlaa aod ImpovrrUhca this Country. Loe Angelos Star: "One of the causes of Lard times, which, just now, when the taxes are to te paid, oucht to strike the people vy forcibly, is th;s stme 'heathen Chinee." WtrkiEKrnea are jcmetimes accused ot harp inf? ton much on this coolie string. But let us look at the sulject a little and see if it is not worth while to harp. There ore nearly one hundred thousand Chitiatcen in the State. Suppase these earn daily above their expenses an average of twenty cecta a day each. This would be just twenty thousand dollars earned daily. Now, the Chinaman makes no investments here. He does not buy or improve real estate. He builds no manufactures, no houses. He makes no per manent improvements. He sends his entire earnings to China. He does not send them in the form of commodities of commerce. He converts them into gold or tiiver dollars, and these he sends home. That i to fay, the Chinese of this coast send out of the coun try a daily average of twenlv thousand dol lar. This is. of course, but an bd- proximate estimate of the actual amount. It may be above or below. But it must be plain tn one who will etCD long enough to reflect that this cause is of itself sutiicient tf TroHlie a fi 1 - . . i ; r '...viiii iirrruic. DUl Wlist 10 worjl about it. it does not carrv within itself tne seeas ot its own core. Ordinary financial pressures cure themselves by introducing greater economy and an increased exporta tion of cemmercial corumoditif . But this cause, on the contrary, is constantly operat ing. There is no let up to it. . Kvery China man employed to labor anu eVery vegetable bought oil the Cbincso truckman represent so much money sent out of the country, and a corrtsponaing increase ot tne baancial pres sure. It we have tnaie too hich an estimate of the earnings of the Chinaman, let us re duce it one-hftlf or three-fourths. Even in the latter case, it will aggregate in the year one million eight hundred anH. twenty-five tnousana duiiat-g. ihm amount, added to that necessarily spent in the course of trade, is quite enough to keep the Pacific coast fctaus in a constant state of financial depres sion. The teader will see from tbe above bgurea that the opposition of the woikingmen to the importation of Chinese is not the out growth of an unreasoning prejudice, but, on the contrarv. it is trecit.elv the conclusion that would have been arrived at by Adam amitn, jean mptiste Say. icbn Stuart Mill; or any other1 of thb rroloundest thinkers on the subject of political economy. It lJvery piain mat tne ininaman is a very costly lux ury and we cannot afford to keep him. He must go. We, of course, do not propose that he shall be hurried Dell-mell into 6hips, with out regard to law or humanitv. But the im portation of coolies must not only be 'checked.' as senator Jtfooth hn ttj but stopped alto' gether, and those how here receiva such cen- tie hints to depart that they will soon hnd it to their general interest to go.' In the mean time, seeing the effect o Chinefe labor oa our nuances, it becomes a sort of crime against the country to emdoy them. As compared with other countries, as well as with eastern States, we have, financially speaking, the product of the whole Chinese labor arainst. us. All this labor in other countries is paid lorana circulates m tne immediate n?nhhnr- hood in which it is earned, while in California and the t'aeihc States it is sent abroad. Tf our people could be persuaded to discontinue the employment or patronage of the China man, he would. ;oon disappear. American laborers would tako thtir piacej, and the whole country be benefited by the change." Attacks on Hneen Victoria. Since that morning in June, 1S37, when the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Mar quis of Conyngham, then the lord chamber lain, reached Kensington palaci at five o clock, knocked, rang tind thumped for a considerable time b.efor they could arouse the porter at, the gnte." and finallv pht. of the Princess Victoria rising lovely and dis heveled trora such a "sweet sleep that the at tendants did not venture to disturb her," un til ine uigEitarif 8 sternly said, "We are come to the queen on business of state, and even her sleep must give way to that." her maiastv has several times been alarmed by threatened or attempted assaults, which have almost in variably been the act) of lunatics. Oa the tenth of ilay, !S;j9, when England was fever ish with bind times. Chartist and rental .imi tations and the like, a madman ere.t up to me garaen steps ci iSacKinguatn palace threatening to murder the queen because no Protestant should be allowed to sit on the throne of England. He was promptly seized by the sentinel, and afterward sent to Bride well. Yet another lunatic turned up after an interval at Windsor, and, climbing over the inclottures, demanded admittance to the castle as the lawful king of England, and on July 17th, in the same year, a commercial traveler was arrested and sent to prison for two months for persisting in crossing the road in Hyde Park before the queen, waving his hand and placing it on his breast. A more serious aff air was the attempt of a pot boy, h,dward uxtord, to shoot the queen and Prince Albert on the eleventh of June. Is4i). They bad left Buckingham palace in alow carriage, passing by the garden gate opening from Constitution hall, when Oxford, a youth of (seventeen, preBPnfed a pistol and fired di rectly at the queen, then drew a second pis tol with his left band from his breast, and, resting it on the one he had already dis charged, fired that also, with deliberate aim, before the byBtanders could rush upon him. At the whistle of the ball the queen rose, but was pulled down by her husband: she was composed, though exceedingly pale, and, rising again to show that she was unhurt. ordered the postilions to drive to the Duchess ot Kent s residence, J ngestre house. When. soon after, she returned, a cortege of gentle men and ladies met her in the park and es corted the carriage home. Oxford was calm and collected when arrested, and when ex amined before the privy council admitted his act. After 1 hied Ihe hrst shot, he said, Prince Albert got upas if he would jump out of the coach, and sat down again as if he thought better of it. Then I fired the second pistol, mis is an i snau say at present Powder and shot were found at his lodging. and the rules of the "Young England" se cret society, which prescribed that every member should, when ordered to meat, be armed with a brace of pistols and a sword and a black era do cap to cover his face." The Dublin Pilot charged the offense on the queen's odious uncle, afterward king of Hanover, and de clared that "as soon as her majesty was an nounced to be enceinte, Orangeism and Cum berland plotted to murder the queen." On the eighth of July, 1840, Oxford was brought to trial. He had previously written from Newgate to his counsel to ask Lord Norman by "for Jack the Giant-Killer, Jack and the Beanstalk, Jack and His Eleven ff'ires, JJu Little Tom Thumb, The Arabian Night's En tertainments, and all such books from such celebrated authors;" also, whether, as a prisoner ot war, 1 may not be allowed on a Earole of honor; and on what grounds, ask im. does he detain one of her majesty's sub jects?" In court Oxford wore a littless smile, and played with the herbs strewn in front ot the dock. The defense showed that his father and grandfather had been of weak mind, and that the threatening letters and regulations found in his possession were all written by himself. The jury found him .Not guilty, on tbe ground ol insanity, and he was given over to a lunatic aByluni for life. The affair made a great excitement at the time; we read ot members ct parliament ap plying for locks ot Oxford's hair when ic was cropped. The next, sensation was "the boy Jones" William his name was, and the wits dubbed him, ln-l-go JoneB, because of bis pertinacity who on the second of December, 1840, gained access to Buckingham palace, and continued secreted here several days till at last Mrs. Liltey, the nuss," of Thackeray's poem the prin cess royal was then two weeks old spied him under a sofa and had him dragged out. Joned gave the privy council several contra dictory accounts ot the way he got into the palace and of his intentions, and he was fia.'.l'y sent up for three months as a rogue and vagabond. On the fifteenth of Marc';, 1841, the same enterprising youth entered the palace again, but was seized almost iui me diately by a constable. The magistrate did not send him to prison, but induced him to ship on a man-of-war, and that was tbe last of Jones. Oa the thirtieth of May, 1312. John Francis, son of a machinist at Drury Line theater, lor some months out of em ployment, fired at the queen as her carriaga was dashing down Constitution hill at the rate of twelve or thirteen miles an hour Kally Constitution hill should change its name into Shooter's," Hood wrote and mi.-sed her, of course. Francis was imme diately seized by a constable and a soldier. The queen behaved with her usual calmness, and at night attended the opera, where she received an enthusiastic welcome. This time the Orangemen had their inning, and from Birmingham sent up an address of con gratulation, concluding with a prayer that Gcd would continue to protect the queen from "popish machinations." Th'i prayer tha home secretary declined to present. Frani. who bad maintained a dogged sileno? a? to hi motives, was, on the seventeenth of Jane - SUNDAY, DECEMBER 22, found guilty, and sentenced to death bv Chief- Justice Ticdal. On hearing the sentence, which was couched in the terrible old terms. and included being dragged to tbe place of execution on a hurdle, drawing and quarter ing, t rancis tainted and Had to be carried away. His sentence was commuted to trans portation for life. On the third of July a half-witted hunchback named Bean leveled a pistol at the queen as she was Dassiner to the Chapel lioyal. The pistol was loaded, but did not go off, and when the youth was caught the capital charge was abandoned and ho was punished for misdemeanor. He was not caught, however, till some time after the attempt, and in the interval the police sta tions cf London and the suburbs were filled with hump-backed boys arrested on suspicion. A tew days later Petd's "bill for the better protection of the queen's person against mi nor offenders" waa passed, which provided seven years transportation or imprisonment with whipping, as the punishment in such cases. At was effectual, for it was not till May 19, 1349, and under a severe stress of political passion, that the queen was again alarmed. This time, as her majesty was driving down Constitution hill, at the point where Sir Robert Peel thirteen months later was thrown from his borse and killed, an Irish bricklayer named Hamilton fired a pistol loaded with powder at her. The Hon. William Smith O'Brien, undo of the present Lord Inchiquin, had been epelled .rora the commons the day be fore. On the trial Hamilton pleaded guilty, ! and was puCICed to seven J"ar? transport ation. On the twenty-sevectn u7 -I av 180, as the queen with her children and" a lady-in-waiting was passing out ot the gate of the Duke of Cambridge's residence, in Piccadilly, Robert Pate, an ex-lieutenant of the Tenth Jussars, who thought himBelf in jured by tiib war oITce, struck her on the head with a cane, bruising her cheek and ciusbing her bonnet. He was promptly seized by a bystander and handed over to the police. July 11th he was sentenced to trans portation for seven years, the whipping be ing omitted in consequence of Baron Alder eon's belief in his insanity. Since then, with the exception of some mysterious rumors about a Fenian plot to assassinate the queen just before her visit to Switzerland, in 1868, there has been no public mention of any offer of violence to her majesty. IS THE PJPSTII.KKCK. MRS. B. MAKT HARLAN. Would I In loftier strains could tell The praise of heroes true and bfava Who by the fearful fever fell With those they vainly tf ld o save: 'ihelr deeds so roble anu tilvln? Are far above these tones ot mine. Perchance some or that brother band With generous souls and vigorous forms la coulllct gained tbe strength to stand Like oaks, contending with the storms. Till In the deadlier contests sway Their noble lives were borne away. Embers, who with all aboard sine Ufa's dangerous waters o'er, siiifereJ wreck and struggleo ha-d Through wind and wave to gain the shore. Sought their more lasting wealth to gain Than what was lost beneath the mala. Others from friendship unreturned. Or unrequltted love, may be. In adverse schools hard lessons learned Of purer love and sympathy. Their friends and brothers lives to save Tkelf own a willing offering gave. And lh?re were those from christian love, A Joy and healing to bestort. With better treasures safe above, Who freely ventured ail below. Where love lhat even death outbraves Vovnd recompense in martjr's graves. And one, a living martyr iiere, By ut through years so sadly known. Lies butted down In silence there. To sleep without a name or stone. Who on that burning altar laid A weary lire all that he had. Kaeli motive to the same goal led. No matter what the offering cost; flow well tbrough ttorm or contest stood. Their victories whether gained or lout; Their toblest deed of life the last A hi'lo sheds 'er all the past. Earth's blghet notes ot meiody Aud honor are not their award. Deeds done for immortality Will rise and gain their own reward; The glory of an endless day. Tbe crowa that fadeth not away. Where the Christinas From. Toys Come Few children know how many weary hands have made their Thr'slmas toys in Oermanv and France and Knland, where hands in stead of machinery are employed; and prob ably they don't care terjr much. But par ents may be surprised to learn that compara tively few of the playthings which are scat tered about so many hearths and nurseries are made in America. Nearly everything in the toy line is imported. Every year same old principle gets presented in a new form. and frequently something entirely new under the sun is offered to the toy-buying public; but as the years go by, and new children are to be amused, the old toys, the dolls of all kinds and the Noah's arks, hold their own among the new contrivances, with which it takes time to make the little ones acquainted. Dolls, from the rag waif to the waxen belle, continue to be popular above all other toys from New York to Texas, for which latter State as many toys are sold by New York houses as for the west and east. Of the doll?, the handsome wax ones come from France, and the china dolls, and those with china heads and limbs of cloth cr leather from Oennany, from whence alfo travel the composition or papier-mache toys, wooden warehouses, stables, villages, lumring-jacks, and all hand-made wooden toys; but all turned wooden toys are made in this country. Tin trumpets, jewsharps and harmonicas come from Austria. In this country are manufactured all tin, iron and pewter toys, and all toys containing clock-work, and in this line American toy-makers excel. The metalopbones and zithers which in former years were imported, and accordingly were expensive, are now made here, and are be coming common. This year they are sold in great numbers. America also excels in making tbe toy drums, in beating which the American boys also excel. This autumn and almost too late for the trade a Yankee invention of a stem-winding, self-running and loud-ticking watch was put upon the market, the price being twenty-five cents apiece. Immediately nearly fifty thousand were disposed of, and the supply was ex hausted. This is the first time that a toy watch has been made to run, even for three minutes, as this one docs. Why the South Is Hoi id. New York Herald: "The south has been so perfectly united only by resistance to a common danger. When President Hayes so cordially declared his purpose to respt local self-government in that section, he was met morn than half way by responsive southern feeling. But when it was discovered that the Republican party did not indorse his policy, and that he was reduced to a state of politi cal isolation, the south felt that its rejoicing was premature. Had Mr. liayes been sup portd by the Republican party, the south I would have abandoned its united posture of resistance, and its white citizens would have been split into opposing political factions. This would have been the best security for the political rights of the negroes. With two parties ct white men soliciting the negro vote, each side would take good care that its own colored supporters had their rights, and between the two all colored citizens would be protected. There is really nothing to unite the south and make it politically 'solid' but the attitude of the Republican party, which repudiated the generous policy with which President Hayes began his administration. The old motive the protection of property in slaves has become obsolete, and the agri cultural south would naturally unite with the agiicultural west, it tomentors ot stnte, like Senator Blaine, would keep quiet. The elec tion.of a liberal and patriotic southern citizen to the Presidency would, perhaps, do more to harmonize and strengthen the republic than anything else that could happen. The south would regard tucn an event as a full recog nition of its political equality, and, once re lieved from the badge of inferiority, it would forego its spctional narrowness and become national. If it should so happen that, in the next Presidential ejection, an eminent and universally respected southern citizen should be run on one side, and General Grant, with hi views ripened and liberalized by tima, experience, and study of foreign institutions, should be run on the other 6ide, the very con test between two such candidates, no matter which might be elpeted, would sooths and mo If rate, and go far toward extinguishing, the sectional passions which Mr. Blaine is endeavoring to stir up." Vetting Dowa to the Koota. A Virginia paper tells a story of a young Bedford man who. crossing the Blue Ridsre on foot, lost Lis way and wandered until nifcht. Afraid to sleep on the ground, ho clinbed a chestnut tree which had been broken off by the wind, and, seeing that the hollow top was filled with leaves, crawled into it. The tree proved to be holiow to the roots, and the young man went plump to tbe bottom, a distance of forty feet. The only aperture through which he could breathe was a small hole not larger than his hand. He at once began to e nlarge it by picking off tbe wood with his fingers. Shortly before drk on the following evenin? be picked his way out, TWO L.ITTI.E AVAIFS. Fatherless and Sfotherless, and Work loc their Way from Ueerzla to IlalTalo. New York Sun: "A bright, black-eyed nine iciiow.ciaa in rough but warm clothing, and looking clean and neat, entered the Tem perance dining-rooms in Market street. New ark, on Friday evening, and said to Mrs. Brothington, the proprietress: 'Missus, will you give me and Liz something to eat lor a quarter? When Mrs. ISrotbington in quired who he meant by 'Liz,' the boy brought a little girl into the room and said: 'Here she be.' She was a wee thing, and her large blue eyes and gold-cokred curly hair attracted the attention of the customers at the tables. The boy said that she was his "ister. that she was seven vears of noi and he was ten. His name was Robbie Hurd and she was Lizzie Hurd. They were born in Buffalo, but their parents moved to Savan nah, Georgia, when Lizzie was two vpnra of age. Two years afterward, their mother died, and their father, who was a porter in a store, had a hard time of it in caring for them. Robbie helped him a little after he was seven years of ase, selling papers and blacking boots. After their father died, five months ago, the children were left penniless. Robbie rememberad that he had fiienda in or near Buffalo, and he resolved to make his way to inat citj with hi? sister. "Some good" folk." said Robbie, ' thev give nlo ?pme money an' fhey give Liz some new clothes, an' we got as far as Raleigh all right. Then we got off, an' I sold fruit and blacked boots there tor a'most nothin', where we stayed until a man sent us to Baltimore on a ship. The christian women kept by us at their piece for some time, an' then we just got on the cars an' tha eonduTtor took us to Philadelphia, an' there we stayed sellin' pa pers till Turd'1'. when wo started for New ark. We begged on u'iO way, an' we was took up some ways on the raiiroad, but we had to walk trom Elizabeth. "What we gom' to do now? Why, we's a goin to New York, and I'm goin' to black boots till I get money to go to Buffalo. I've saved four dollars an' thirty cents, besides the quarter for supper. Afraid of New York! No, manv- for we'll, make our way. an' we'll be all right in Buffalo." Then the girl faid with pride that she Lad one dollar ard. forty-two cents saved, and that she would aeip "obbis. Mrs. Brothing bani gave the two wails a good 8upp:r, and told them to keep their money. A purse of two dollars and fifteen cents was made up, and the littie ones started tor New York. IMnlnx with Dnke Humphrey. The phrase of dining with Duke Hum phrey f. e. going dinnerless originated thus: "In the old S1;. Paul's cathedial, London, was a hiie-e nod conspicuous monu ment of Sir John liauohamp.buried in 1:?"8. This, by a vulgar prror, came to be called the tomb of .'iuraphrcy. duke of Gloucester, who was, in fact, buried at St Albans, where his magnificent shrine may yet be seen. The middle aisle of the cathedral, or Paul's walk, as it was called, was the most frequented public haunt in the town, and full of hungry loafers among the rest. Their practice of lounging about the tomb, supposed to be Duke Humphrey's, at dinner time, led to the expression. The Washington Female Clerks. The first female clerks in the national treasury were appointed in 1862 by Secretary Chase, who placed them in the office of the comptroller of the currency at at hundred dollars a year. Tbey cut and trimmed the United States notes issued in sheets, and did their work very well. As soon as they bad been appointed there were many other appli cants, and their number steadily increased, many of them securing places through the pecufar ener-ry and perseverance which will refuse to take no for an answer. There are now more than one thousaQii three hundred women in the depr.rttaents at Washington, the majority employed in the bureau of en graving and printing and ia the government printing-office. They excel as counters, their slender, sensitive fingers turning notes with great rapidity and exactness. They detect counterfeits, it is said, quicker than men, though they do not succeed so well in ac count, as the average feminine mind has little natural love of figures. Counters and copyists receive nine hundred dollars a year; cither women one thousand two hundred to one thousand four huudred dollars, several of one thousand six hundred dollars, and one in the internal revenue one thousand eight hundred dollars. Most of the clerks are well educated and re6ned, and many have seen more prosperous days. A number are wid ows and Daughters of army and naval of ficers who lost their lives iu the civil war. Very few of the young women or widows marry or resign, and consequently the hun dreds who are constantly Reeking places n Washington have very slender prospect of success. The most untiring, obstinate place seekers at the Federal capital are women. I'rof. Ilnxley on Psychology. London Time: "The London institute was opened with a discoutse from Prof. Hux ley, V. R. S., on 'the elements of psychology.' Starting from the trite observation that man is composed of body and m'nd, theught and emotion being referable to the latter, while to the former belong form, sensation and motion, he said that if we follow common ex perience doubt may often arise as to where the line is rightly to be drawn between what is mental and what is corporeal. There are, however, certain bread and ineffaceable dis tinctions, and we soon learn, for example, to distinguish between two kinds of pleasure and pain. Nobody would describe a tooth ache as mental distress, nor would the pleas ure derived from eating a good dinner be spoken of as an intellectual one. Though a good concert affecls the ear and a fine pic ture the eye, yet all would agree that they appeal also to the artistic sense of the mind. Language is thus found to be ambiguous, and in order to distinguish clearly between menial and bodily phenomena they must look closely to the facts, lie would suppose a man to be walking along the highway and to be thrown into con sternation by having a pistol suddenly fired. The wayfarer would say he heard a loud sound, started and felt alarm. A scien tific physiologist, whom we may suppose stone-deaf, would give a somewhat different account of the matter. He would speak of tbe air between the pistol and tbe man's ear being thrown into a state of vibration; this would affect the mechanism of the ear, causing first a finer sort of vibration to be communi cated from the drum of the ear to the audi tory nerve, and at length setting up a molecu lar motion of the muscles, making the hearer start. The tidings passing to the brain would account for the emotion of alarm. This physiological series of movements was objectiV", and could be made palpable to well-trui- e.l observation. But parallel and contem :neous with these objective phe nomena l i-'rewere other subjective processes, which v.e could' know iu no other way than through the testimony of individuals experi encing them. The scientific investigation of these subjective phenomena was the province of the psychologist, just as phjsiology an ; anatomy dealt with the parallel series of oh jective facts. Of the strange obscurity thrown around the study of psychology, or the science of mental phenomena, by excessive speculation and complicated hypotheses ha would try to keep clear by sticking to the eimle terminology of Hume, who pro posed to call all phenomena of consciousness, "perceptions" or "states of m'nd." These Hume subdivided into the original impres sions made upon the senses and the repro duction of such first-hand or fres'u impres sions through the faculty of memory. Prof. Huxley would not discuss whether Hume's account of mental phenomena was an exact or exhaustive one. But there could be no doubt as to what the philosopher meant by the terms he employed, and in this respect he had a great advantage over more modern psychologists. It was clear that some ac count must now be taken of the muscular sense, in addition to the five known to the ancients, and Prof. Huxley was himself pre pared to add relational perceptions to the two subdivisions proposed by Hume. Per ceptions of relations arose from the coexist ence of seutations. For example, from the coexistence of certain sounds arose the per ception of harmony and the pleasure thus caused. So there was a harmony of color appealing to the sense of light. We could even speak of a harmony and melody of tbe palate, with which the culinary art had ta ileal. Betides the coexistence of sensations, relational perceptions comprehended their succession, and their likeness or unlikene-s. Prof. Huxley was disposed to think that the primary perceptions or states of conscious ness caused by first hand sensations might very likely be the only ones known to beings in the earliest stages of animated life. But higher up in the scale there was a power of reproducing sensations, which might be termed ideation. How many ideas, for in stance, were suggested bv the word 'rosey' He himself was wont to recall the flower's form, eobr, and even the pricking of his fin ger by the thorn. They would be astonished on trying the experiment to find how many thing might be suggested by the word which 1878. symbolized the rose. The cans called up the thing, and the thing the name, by n maple law ot association wnicn, nowever dif ficult to explain, none the less gave a true iiaiemeni oi me lacts. trot, uuxley then discused the theory of our beliefs as to both . i r l pui anu luiure events i. ., our remem brances and our expectations. It was de clared to be a fundamental and principal law ot psychology that all beliefs as to the past must rest on experience. So, too, with our belief of expectations, as when A hurned rhiM Jrea.fa thA Ura TT, lecture concluded with a comprehensive sur vey of the borderland connecting physiology and psyciology. He rejected the Cartesian nvDOtnesM wnirn inrernninrpf iiptviwn tiA objective and stiKierfive nhpnnmnno on im. material somermng without form, shape or reason for adopting Leibnitz's hypothesis of concurrence between the two upriea he. tween two clocks set by external power to Keep the same time, tie thought that, as a working hypothesis, at least, the materialistic Wftjl Ihe bewl. nlthnnorll lie ho rt maana of. firmed that it was free from serious difficul ties ot its own. Portland Press. 1 AX OPET O 31 A HE. Ctl IT AN RKDIT. Tellus o mare, de armls moftl, tellus, Cdtilce uto roor J nltor trltu? Canl disslmulatas mane mendoT Idero puppes! Nooo superbo, ne ml mare, arno, Feblllttatus. vexus anattactus. Stillaa ml stare erto radtute Ilia prehendu. Ardulscomu? nomen dare aspersu. 1111 cum s uum an beatum mite, Telum assuraa. lam nota raucus, Nouo notablL Itnplus carmensemen Titan nautoe, Ingens and asses allatus tu blrtus. Boas egregliu tener mora species, Cmtls a boi! Al!r?ce mare, fere nota a mite, Ailudo mo!!! mini opes cecit, AUldo Is to trltu plaoto niont. Cantl ml mare.' Wages and the Cost of Living. tfciextific American: "Comparing the present market prices of all the articles of necessity and luxury that go to make up tbe co:-t of living, with tbe prices that obtained whea wages were higher, it will be seen that tfaes taii'l hold their own. And if men will mnke the sanls Mraparison with regard to men's earnings and purchases twenty. City and a hundred years ago, they will see that thanks to cheaper and more rapid means of production and carriage through mechanical inventions in every element of living, in hoisinf, clothing, food, luxuries cn4 the rest, the woJrten ofto-day has infinite ad vantage over his filter, grandfather, or great-grandfather. And he eS.Vrys a multi tude oj privileges and benefits, in stable gov ernment, personal liberty and protection, gratuitous education for his children, free medical attendance, pure water, lighted streets,- find other untaxed advantages which his ancestors never dreamed of or hoped fur. His wages are higher, and big moiiey Will buy more, dollar for dollar, than his father s would. We do not eay that tbe real as well as relative cott of living is not advanced by every stop for ward in civilization. For ten days work an East India Islander, according to Wallace, can manufacture or earn sage cakes enough to last him a year; and less labor will keep him supplied with the limited clothing here, and a greater fariety of food j yet when it comes to the absolute necS'sities of men -Jiin -imum cost of living a very small portion of a man's yearly wages will keep him alive and comfortable. Thoreau built him a shanty in W aldon Woods and lived a year in it at a total cost of twenty-seven dollars, and never approaced either squalor or starvation. The experiment is of value only in that it proves it possible for a man to get as much bare living for a given amount of labor as a Poly nesian can. If one wants more and very properly most men do want more one mart woik for it; and our civilization happily tffrrs at once more opportunity lor labor, and infinitely tnore to be had for tbe proceeds of su: h labor, than have been attainable in any other land, uuder any other social or indus trial conditions. And we doubt whether there was ever a time when indstry and econ omy using the term in its true Bense ot ju dicious management would or could have cet with a surer or more generous reward than in our land to-day." The Urandear or Ancestry. Burlington Haickeye: " Speaking of relics, just before we reached Portsmouth a man entered into conversation with me. He said: " 'You ara from the west? " I murmured something about tbe vast illimitable, etc , and the man said: loursisa new country; a new coun- tiy: a n-e-w country. " l es, 1 told him it was new, out it was the only one we bad, and accordingly we wore it Sundays and week days alike, worked and went to parties in it, and it would soon look a thousand years old. " We. the man Baid, "come down trom the venerable mists of antiquity, it is a glo rious thought.' " Yes, 1 said, but it wasn't pleasant. I was in Boston tour days and it east-winded and rained three of them. It was misty enough, but it spoiled the prospect. " 'My ancestors, he said, ' came over in tbe Mayflower. Bat yours ? And he looked at me with a rising inflection. " I tried to slay him with a look of silent scorn, but she missed are. " 'Your ancestors, I take it, said the man, 'did not come over ia tne Maynowerr "And then I turned upon him. 'Sir, I remarked, 'this Mayflower, I take it, was a sailing ship?' " 'she was. be said, vainly endeavonne to stifle his emotion, 'she was a sailing ship.' " Then, 1 said, haughtily, "most assured ly my ancestors did not come over in the Mayflower. It has never been the misfor tune of my family to be compelled to take pas sage on any ship of the merchant marine. My ancestors came over in a uunard bteamer, first cabin, no steerage passengers canted, only ten days from Liverpool, and the mia ute they landed in New York they went straight ud to Mrs. Astor's tavern, and took front rooms on the parlor floor.' "1 thousht 1 had crushed that man, but may 1 be blessed if he didn't look as though he pitied me. .o More Colonels. Louisville Ecenina Xeics: "Few of the minor results of tbe late war cling more tena ciously to every-day life than the military titles, then and since acquired by numerous great and small men. Mr. Hayes, the very prince of fraud, wears no more spurious a . title than do many men in private lite to-day. There be trenerals witnout number who never set a squadron in the field, while of making colonels there seems no end. It is safe to say that not many more than one man in a hun dred who to-day answers to the latter title eve- bore an actual commission conferring such rank. It has been ironically said that the privates of the armies, which fought the battles of the north and south, were all killed, the officers alone surviving, andof them there remains no lieutenants, few captains, and only an occasional major, while upon the shoulders of the colonels and generals rest all the weighted honors won upon the tented field. Soon after General Breckinridge returned to Kentucky from his exile, he offered a motion in the Bourbon circuit court that no at torney should bo addressed ia court by a military title, and such an order wa made sind entered upon the record. 11 w happy a thought it would haie b'et lnJ the press entered a similar order to the efl'ect that no man should appear in print holding a rank to which he had never been entitled, tbe crop of would-be heroes would have been wondrously thinned out ere this, and spurious titles would have grown as scarce as real ones aro to-day. The writer of this has suffered from the 'colonel infliction through no tault of his. In actual war, when he would have been proud to wear the title, he did not gain it. row that peace has come, it is absurd to extend an empty honor, which, to a soldier, is ridiculous. The Xetcs pleads guilty to of fending, together with its brothers, in the past; it will not do so any more, save by acci dent. The press, if it follows the Xeies's plan no colonels need apply, unless they show their commissions." Longevity or the Horse. Rondout (N. Y.) Courier: "At Rochester, in this county, there died, recently, the oldest horse on record tor a number of years. He was the property of the famous Doniel D. Bell, of legal as well as gold mine notoriety. He was known by the name cf 'Gumbo,' and in his day was a noted stallion. Many citizens of Kingston and of Ulster county remember tbe horse when they were boys. At the time of his death he had attained the ripe age of forty-five years and six months. He retained a remarkable vitality to the last and for three-quarters of an hour before his demise; he stood upon his lees, proud and majestic as in his younger days. He had long been the property ot Mr. Bell, who had driven him manv thousands of miles in bis lifetime, he having owned him a periolof twenty-seven vears and a half, sinoa he was I eighteen roars old. If anybody can beat thi let him speak out." tjaUi& A TEKKIBLFi D EAT II BED SCEXE. The Fate or a Ulrl In Newark Bao Dies Caning Negro whom Mhe Charges with Her Bali. New York Herald: "In a room occupied by Mrs. Jennie Malvin, a colored laundry woman, at No. 70 Mechanic street, yesterday morning, about one o'clock, an intensely dramatic scene was enacted. There were three persons iu the room at the time Mrs. Malvin, colored, a colored man named Dick son Gardner, and a white woman". The lat ter was on her deathbed, witLin an hour of her final dissolution. She had been employed as a domestic in a boaruinghouse on Park place, one of the fashionable streets of New ark, here Gardner, also, was employed. He is a coal-black Virginia negro, and, as is al leged, betrayed the white girl over a year ago. Two weeks ago she gave birth tu a child, while stopping at a friend's house on Fair street. On Monday night, while still in a feeble condition, she was removed to Mrs. MalTin's, the object being to get her away trom prying eyes. That night it rained furi ously, and the removal, though only a few blocks distant, told heavily on the unfortu nate mother, who gradually sank, until it was manifest on Friday that death was creep ing on her slowly but eurely. That eveninir uhe sent for a priest, one of the clergymen attached to St. John's, in Mulberry street. He came and gave her the iast consolation of her religion. About ten o clock toe same night, as Aunt v Malvin states, Gardner entered tbe place and sat by the sick woman's bedside. At first she seem- d pleased at his presence, but sooo changed her looks and tone and began to talk angrily to him. Midnight passed and she seemeil to revive. She stared fiercely at Gardner, and after a long look and a long pause finally burst out at him after tms fash ion: 'lou devil: the curse ot oou on youl You're the one that brought me to this to shame, to ruin, to degradation and to death. How do you expect to be pardoned? How can vou dare sit there and look me in the face. you black devil incarnate? Oh, my poor mother and father in heaven, what must you think of me?' At this point the distracted creature sprang up in the bed, caught the startied x.egro by the throat, and with eyes snapping and voice quiverin? with anger shneied the terrible words: 'You devil! now I've got you, and I'll drag you down with me down, down, down to the perdition you've sent me to! May the God that's in heaven shut yuU out and let you go where you belong to hell! You devil! may the curse of God forever rest upon you! The wretched woman sank back exhausted by her great exertion, and Gardner fled from the house. Soon after she was a corpse. County Physician Hewlett held a post-mortem exami nation- and found death to have resulted from natural causes, superinduced ty ex posure and ovei-exertion. i he woman s only livics relative, a brother in Newark, will take care cf the funeral. Gardner, who is a married man, coslrt not be found yesterday by the authorities, and hii wife and children are stopping with Policeman Dickerson, a colored man. A warrant has ieen issued fcr Gardner's arrest." The Small 11 or "Has Some Fan." Rochester Express: "lie was naturally cruel, and he told an acquaintance one day that he had a new trick to play on the pub lic something entirely new. He had a long string and a lrss key tied to the end of it, which he said was th instrument of torture. Over the front sidewalk maple tree Bent some pretty strong branches, making a seat hidden by leaves. Into this, af ter ibtrk, the boys cbinbed. 'Now wait,' says the prin cipal, 'till the first victim comes, and don't make a noise Pretty soon an crdina.-ily diessed woman came along, and just as she had passed he let drop the key on the hard sidewalk, immediately pulling it up again. Both now watched developments. The wo man came to a sudden stop, began fumbling: in her pocket, and wondered what it was she could have dropped. She started on, but had not gone far before she came back, im pelled by curiosity, and began a careful search of the walk. Meanwhile, the boys in the tree stuffed their fists in their mouths to keep from scaring tbe game, and dared hardly look below tor fear of laughing out. A sympathetic sister came along, and to gether they picked up stones and turned over all the chips on the sidewalk. No money, no key, nothing did they find; and so went on to their homes, perhaps to worry all night, or perhaps a giggle m the tree turned their look of disappointment to a very cheap smile, and a laugh from the same place made them have awtul wicked thoughts about boys. Oae victim found a piece of tin, and laying the cause of the noise to that, was saved from a great deal of worry. But when she picked it up and threw it down to test the sound, the boys nearly fell out of the tree. A man, when caught, would slap all his pockets, glance around a little, but it was seldom that he was brought to a hard pan search. When any one saw the trick after searching half an hour and saying all kinds cf little things for the amusement of the boys, he simply went away hurriedly. The was ua remark to make, no name to call. To get out of sight as soon as possible seemed to be most desirable. The trick is harmless; no one breaks a leg or loses an eye in its pro cess. It might be recommended to consti tutionally tird boys as a good way to sweep the walk. The victims will throw all the chips and stones into the street by curiosit power, as it were." Do Children Bead Too Much. With the Ereat development of interest in literature, the marvelous increase of book s and periodicals, the improvements in the art t ot printing and illustration and all the other influences that have so greatly extended the circle of readers and swollen the total of read ing, one result is reached beyond the limi what is to be desired. TLia is that a sroo many children have come to read tco mnch. The boys, now, who have access to libraries and there are very few, except ia sparsely settled localities, who arc not within reach of one run through "story books" and tales of adventure at a most reckless aud unpro fitable rate of speed. In a report i f the Hartford library association of recent date, it is mentioned that in six mouths one buy had taken out, and presumably read, cne hundred and two story books, while iu the s-p.me time a girl took out one hundred nni twelve novels. This was at the rate of four a week, which, with school stuJies, must be con sidered very rapid and doubtless viry in jurious woik. A large pat t of the '"series' ' books for joung folks are of the class that encourage this rapid perusal, and, f--om per sonal observation of tbe way in which they are read in our circulating libraries, we are quite convinced that most of the boys who run throuch them derive no advantage what ever from the excursion. So long as he selects books of value, the person who reads too little will be rauci better off at the end ot the year than the one who reads too much , and in the case of children, the volumes sup plied them ought to be something more than mere narratives of travel and adventure. easily and quickly skimmed over, and inca pable ot leaving any vaiuaoie impression. As we have said above, we repeat it with emphasis, the present tendency with children is to read too much, and the literature sup plied them is, to a large degree, utterly worthless. A. Convenient Laad Measure. To nid farmers to arrive at accuracy in esti mating the land in different fields under cul tivation the following is given: Five yards wide by W long contains one acre. Ten yards wide by 44 long contains one acre. Twenty yards wide by "J4a long contain e one acre. Forty yards wide by 121 kng contains one acre. Seventy jards wide by b'l'i long contains one acre. Eighty yards wide by C'?!i long contains one acre. Sixy feet wide by r2b leng contains one acre. One hundred and ten feet wide by 43 long con' ams cue acre. One h-iruired and th.rty lee. wide by Mb loaf contains cne acre. Two hundred and twenty feet wide by 181 long contains one acre. Four hundred and forty feet wid? by 99 Ion? contains one acre Ingerttoll as a Confessor. Washington correspondence ot the PLila dehihia Time: "1 have a new joke fiom Colonel Bob Ingersoil. I met iiim this loom ing and greeted him as my fatber-confessor. He told me that while in Chicago recently, a stiff-necked Presbyterian called on him for the purpose of getting into a religions dis cussion. Several gentlemen were present wb-Mi the Presbyterian accostel him. '"You are a bishop, 1 understand,' sai l the visitor. '"Yes, sir," answered Ingersoil. " 'And can forgive tin?' asked the Presby terian. " 'Yes. sir,' returned the infidel. " 'Could vou forgive my sirs?' "'Certainly,' said Ingersoil; '111 forgive your sics for one dol'ar, and I'll bet it will be the nastiest job ever undertaken for the Bionay.' "