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TEL Ki M3;rvlJfctXS DAILY APPEAL--SATUED .Y, JANUAKY 11, 1879.
ME MP HI S APPEAL BVI r jrai of Hb.Mnioa. Dull) A Weekly L AIL Y Ornooi'T, one rear, bj nrnii 10 i cut j, li months, b, mtl! M' J ie joi t, one uiomrj, Lj mail O u) cotf . one week, la ell KKKLl O le ,, one roar wr '"? O e Coi y. fix tuoulhs Itateo of Advertlalna;. IVrst Insertion, pr sgimro Jj-iiifnl liiAMttuna, imr square B it Un. solid nonpareil oiaae our squara, ana ,1 w1t llnr. make one Inch. j, C4i oiie are twenty wnti per line On. Insec- ion, rrtrwn cents lr Hue per week. W i ii. cic., are ten cents per lUie Onrt Insertion, ml ne cents ir lty each subsequent Insertion, D a ll mid iJsrrmx notions, untml rjoUce. and ' Hiliujutes, nxe cuttrged at rvgular nam. W ) HI not acorni auf advert! wmieiit to follow read ing m title. Xj Contributor and Correopoadeata. W j solicit I fitters and communications noon subjects of wieml Inteiest. Lut such must aiwftJTi be ao- c.mpanled bf a responsible name. W ill not return rejected communication! Oar mnii-Douks aie eft bf postokloes, and not by wvltvulual name. 8 i' -i mm copies sent tree of charge. 4x1 le'.tors, communications, or anything else forithe irruu should be addrmsed ordering papers cuanged from one postofnce to another, me names of both poslofuces should be ulvto. Gi.LLi.W17 A KEATlNfl, M C. Gallawat, 1 2a Second street. J M. Kutiw, Memphis. Term SirLKUAt : JASL'AKY 11, 18 19. UK1 ki;tlku ah a kasitabibt. It ia not often that General Ben Butler does anithinff worthy of imitation; but the southern peopia will profit by adopting the sanitary policy he inaugurated in New Orleans during the summer of lfi62. General Butler lias recently published a letter recounting the means by which he kept the city free from yellow-fever while he was pillaging and plnn-d-'ring the people. Butler boasts of his suc cess in preserving the city from epidemics. There is no doubt that hi preventatives con tributed to the health of New Orleans, and the same work will produce the same results. In this letter General Butler says he main tained a strict quarantine, cleaned out the new canal, kept the streets in perfect order, and cut away the trees in the swamp to the rear of the city so as to admit a current of frtah air. lie had an idle army at his com mand, and never wanted for facilities to exe cute his sanitary system. The people of New Orleans have not the resources for executing the gigantic tystein adopted by Butler, but they can do much toward preventing a repe tition of the terrible scenes of last summer. New Orleans is the gateway through which yellow-fever makes its passage up the Missis sippi river. New Orleans free from yellow fever, means freedom to the whole country from Memphis to tho gulf. New Orleans in fected with yellow-fever, and it disseminates it along the river and the railroads just as naturally as the smallpox patient infects the household and the neighborhood. TWKSTY MILLION- ISOCCIPIKD ACHES IN TF.XXESEF. Twenty million acres of land in Tennessee unoccupied and unfilled, and strong men begging from house to bouse for employ ment aro cot these two facts material for tAriiiiia r fl option 'i It nmv ulso bo asked if Teuaes?ee is a great and flourishing State with twenty milliou untilled acres, what would she be if every acre of good land bore its crop? Wo are groaning under difficulties and debts, but both would soon disappear if we could turn the tide of immigration this way, and fill up our fruitful valleys with the fruits of cultivation, and dot cur hillsides with sheep and oxpn. Tb;3 is a subject to which Tennessee should devote Bpecial atten- ' 1 ""nnij ro Ipariiutr large nunrbers of persons to emigrate from tho eastern, and often from the western State?. In the north, hard times and ecarcity of f-mrlovment are turning the attention of t!ie mare energetic portions of the peo jle to the eubject of leaviug tuo crowded portions cf tho country lor laijie aims, where men cf brains, muscle and reso lution may found towns, cultivate farms. iieily obtain the necessaries of life, and be able to leave sometbma; behind them for thirir children. We learn from the New York Tribune that, from thut city and Brooklyn very niaoy families are emigrating, and many more preparing to do so. Immigration agents from Texas, Florida aud New Mexico tre tatiaif auvautaare of the present crisis to in duce thousands to go to those States. Per sons proposing to emigrate waut to know where they can discover what they are in search of. I he btnte3 whoso agents are on the spot to give their information, and make knois-u their inducements, get the emigrants; the States without agents get none of them "Upward of two hundred lamilies," says the New York Tribune, "have gont souf.h from New York and Brooklyn within the past ix motuis," and next week a colony of twelve fatni'ies leave for Texas. The Florida agent inlorms the Tribune that the greater por tion of the emigrants are thrifty working men, who have saved some money, tnd use it to settle down with their fami lies on their own land. The next greatest class are persons in fair circumstances, but who Cud themselves crowded out and want ing in opportunity to establish themselves as tht-y wish. The complete arrangements made by Lite far-seeing leginlature of Texas for se curing emigrants is building up that State, and securing a decree of prosperity that arouses envy. Everything that can be done for the convenience of the emigrant in reach ing Lis future home, and to aid his prosperi ty when he gets there, is attended to. In some cases yearly payments aro accepted from purchasers, beginning with the second year of settlement. There is also a plan by which persons in New York are at the pres ent time paying monthly installments for farms they intend to move to. Why should people go to the sandy, pine-barrens of Floii da, when they can get such fertile lands as those cf Tennessee? Why Bhould they settle on the hot prairies of Texas, exposed to droughts and northers, when the well-wooded and well-watered valleys of Tennessee offer inducements so superior? Those two States have a well-su'pportud, active immigraticn agency. They make it a business to attract emigrants and have their lands cultivated and their States enriched. There is another thirg by which emigration is attracted that is not ies important than an active, energetic im migration system when an immigrant settles down be mubt be well used, kindly treated, liberally dealt with, lie is astranger, and is burdened with difficulties in his new position; he requires sympathy and neigh borly aid, and, if immigrants arc to be 60 cuied, he must have theia. If those things cannot be given from humanity, they must be supplied from policy, for it depends upon what the new settler writes to the neighbor hood he has left who will follow him. The agency starts the direction of emigration; the good reports of emigrants to those who await what they say to decide about follow ing them, are the most valuable of all ways to fill a new country. Every good, indue trious northerner who comes to the south s:tkiog employment should be taken by the farmer and m-.tde much of. lie will write to his friends aud neighbors, anI they will fol low him, and every new comer will bring two or three more after him. All that can be done to Gil up our lands Bhould be done now, the disposition to move is becoming so strong. But it is not in our own country alone that hard times are arousing a disposition to seek new borne under a more liberal government. and in a prosperous country. In England thousands of persons are cut of employment, dxititu'ion stalks through the land, and mis ery aad wretche-dceAs crowd tha streets. Th pressure is not confined to the mere toiler; it is felt severely by the class above them, a clas the most desirable ot all to attract auioiiK u. Immigration will be their re source from what threatens them with loss of position, and exposes them to the horrois of poverty. In Germany there is not only bad trade, but uUo tae crushing system mat puts every man in the army during the very "txst days of his life. Military service and bad trade are going to arouse the spirit Cf emigration among the German people to a greater extent than ever. Wh'.le Europe is pluxged into difficulties, bankruptcies, panics, strikes, socialism, and all the brood of horrors that are becoming no fearful there, the United States are emerging from the cloud that baa darkened their affairs since 1873. We shall soon be rejoicing in return ing prosperity, and present a powerful and striking contrast to the condition of the European nations. This will inevitably turn, once more, the current ot European immigra tion toward thia country. It is for Tennessee to bo prepared to gain her full share of the new comers, so as to till up her waste places, dig her minerals from the rocks, and rejoice amid waving harvests and quiet and contented homes, enriched with the yield from the cattle od a thousand hills. Now is the time for Tennessee to give a new turn to her des tiny, to equal the enterprise ot Florida and the perseversing grit of Texas, and so avail herself of the grand advantages immigration brings with it to every land and State that wins its beneficent influence. EHFABTEBOi The telegraph yesterday announced the death of one of the most noted of the rulers, statesmen and soldiers of Spain Don Baldo mero Espartero, Duke de la Victoria, mar shal and at one time regent of Spain. He was born in 1792, at Granatula, in La Man cha, and wae the youngest of the nine chil dren ot a cartwright. He was intended, on account of his feeble constitution, for the priesthood, but in 1808, when the French in vaded Spain, he enrolled himself as a volun teer id the body of students called the Sacred battalion, and was placed at a military school until his twenty-third year, when he entered upon active service as sub-lieutenant. Upon the expulsion of Napoleon from Spain, his restless spirit led him to join General Morillo in the South American colonies. He returned to Spain, and in 1833, when Ferdinand VII died, took a decided part in favor of his daughter, Isabella II, opposed Zumalacarre gui, and sustained many defeats; but the tide of victory at length turned, and in 1841 Es partero became regent of Spain, and gov erned the country with a fair share of success, although continually thwarted by intrigue. When Gtneral Narvaez entered Madrid, in 1843, General Espartero, compelled to retire, sought the protection of a British man-of-war, and sailed to England. Having re mained for some time in Lcndon, he was" in vited to return to Spain, where he resided as a private citizen until June, 1854. In July, Queen Isabella, much against her will, hav ing sent for General Espartero and commis sioned him to resume the direction of affairs, he entered the capital, and, in conjunction with General O'Donnell, bh former rival, formed a ministiy, July 19th; but his govern ment encountered great difficulties in the cor ruption of the court and of the administrative department", ia the hostility of the clergy, the restlessness of the Carlists, and the fickle ness and insubordination of its own professed supporters. At length, in the summer of ISoG, matters came to a crisis. It was impos sible that two such men as Espartero and O'Donnell could work together in harmony for any length of lime. Genertl Espartero was dismissed, and insurrections broke out in JUacina, narcriuuB ntm oniagvaco, r took no part in the quarrels made in his name, and again loot one of the most brilliant positions that fortune or military prestige could offer. In 1357 he resigned his dignity as senator, and since that time has rarely ap peared in connection with Spanish politics. After the revolution of 1S63, which ended in the expulsion of -jjeen Isabella, General Es partero gave his hearty adhesion to the pro visional government, although he took no active pait in the events of that period. In May, 1869, during the debates on the policy of re-establishing the monarchical form cf government, a deputy suggested that Espar tero should be chosen king of Spain, but the proposal was not favorably received by the cortes. Besides, it was known that he was opposed to any further participation in public affaire, desired repose and coveted retiracy. During the republic under Castelar, and since the restoration under Alfonso, he rigidly adhered to the silence he had imposed upon himself, and lived a quiet looker-on, almost an indifferent one. A man of more than respectable attainments, Espartero was an example of what abilities, seconded by energy and will, can accomplish in such a country as Spain. THE HOFFKT laiqfOK Uff. Our information from Nashville encour ages the belief that the legislature will ad just the State debt upon a basis satisfactory to the people and to the creditors of the State. Such a settlement will necessitate the passage of a tax bill for the purpose of raising a revenue to meet the interest on the compromise debt. How this revenue is to be raised will become a question of great importance. The merchant is already heavi ly taxed; the farmer will oppose any in creased rate of taxation; the property of the real estate owner is taxed to confiscation. Wo find the man who ia "property poor" compelled to pay his taxes, real and personal, while the rents are not equal to his interest, tnx, repairs and insurance. But etill the revenue must be had from some source. It has been suggested that we can obtain much of the needed revenue by a tax on the co- sumption of liquor, ly adopting Moffet's bell- punch. It may be possible that the tax problem can be solved by this expedient. Were the question submitted to a vote of the people whether the revenue shall be raised by a tax on property or by a tax on the consumption of liquor, the preponderance of votes in favor of the latter plan would be at least ten to one. The Mcffet register should be given a fair trial. If it succeeds it will save the honest tax-pay ers from much of the burden of taxation. If it fails it can be modified or repealed. The Slate auditor of Virginia has made a special report to the legislature on the working of the Moffet register. This system for raising revenue was adopted by the Virginia legisla ture at its last session, and the report of Auditor Taylor demonstrates that the expe riment has been most satisfactory, showing as it does that the total receipts down to the first day cf last November, under the Moffet liquor law, were $472,834, of which amouut $282,563 was registered by the bell-punch. Taking the State as a whole, these figures may be said to be those of twelve months, the registers not having been introduced in some of the counties until the past year was far advanced. Owing to a system of rebates allowed at the outset by the law, the net results of the new law were brought down to $372,957. Even this amount exceeds the results of the old liquor law of Virginia. $110,761. The cities ot the State contributed to the treasury through the little instruments as follows: Richmond, $53,789; Norfolk, $15,225; Danville, $13,551; Ports mouth, $11,544; Lynchburg, $10,731; Pe tersburg, $10,291; Alexandria, $7177; Staun ton. $5613. and Fredericksburg, $5042. The results from the firtt year's operations ot the Moffat register is considered most satisfac tory by the State auditor of Virginia. Ha is of the opinion that in view of the many difficulties and embarrassments that inevita bly attended the new and untried law, it has been eminently successful. The taxes raised by the bell-punch on the ale of liquors ex ceed the taxes derived under the old law one hundred and t- n thousand seven bundled and sixty-one dollars. Mr. Taylor is satis fied that the bell-register in the future will amount to half a million of dollars. He opposes a repeal of the law, but suggests a few changes, as follows; All rebates to be abolished; all distinctions in taxes on drinks, whether alcoholic or malt, tobe abol ished; all taxes under the law to be paid in money. There seems to be no disposition to repeal the law in Virginia, the legislature be ing perfectly satisfied that hereafter most of the State revenue will be paid by those who gratify their appetites for drink, and who, as a general thing, have heretofore contributed nothing as tax-payers. The experiment which has been 83 successful in Virginia should be tried in Tennessee. We hope to to see a bill introduced in our legislature adopting the Moffet bell-punch. 14I. IKHt AHTKX. It has been demonstrated that ignorance is the nursery of infidelity, atheism, crime and communism. This being so, it is the duty of the public; to encourage every enter prise having i's c'. ject the education of the rising general ot. The schoolhouse and the school-teacher are the safst bulwarks be tween civilization and crime and communism. Every plan, therefcr1, tending to the en couragement of e'uC'itiou deserves the foster ing care of the aoiumumty. For this pur pose Fioebel "devised his kindergarten sys tem as an intermediate step and connecting link between the child's home-life and the school." In New York, Boston, St. Louis and many of the northern cities the kinder garten system has been most successfully en grafted upon the school system, and here in Memphis Miss Clara Conway has established the kindergarten plan for teaching children, and we are gratified to learn that it is pros perous beyond the most sanguine expecta tions. An effort bus been inaugurated to adopt the system in Charleston, South Caro lina, and in favoring it the News and Courier saye: "The kindergarten is an institutionXprovidicg employment and exer cise for the healthful and harmonious devel opment of all the faculties of children from three years of age. i rcebel says: 1'lay is the work of a child.' Little children cannot, in accordance with their nature, sit still for any length of time, even to look and listen their constant anxiety is to have something to do, and henco the many employments for fingers and feet, as well as eyes and ears, which Froibel arranged, meet, in an admir able manner, the wants of the child. It is evident that the principle of the kindergar ten system, which so admirably combines thinking and working, is not limited to in fant education. It gradually progresses frjm the easier to the more difficult, the child working out naturally the law of contrasts and their connections which underlies all of their occupations. From this outline it will be seen that Frcebel devised work and in struction to meet the needs of children from a veiy early ago, and the favor which kinder gartens find with them proves that ha struck the right vein, fully understanding the na ture end wants of the child, suggesting the true ilan and suDplyintr the right and best material for mental, spiritual and bodily de - velopment. Kindergarten educat on is faet gaining ground in America, a considerable number are in successful operation in New York and ether large eastern and western cities." "H TinK TO JBECJIIW WOHIi. Th question as to what is being done, by those responsible lor tbe performance of the duty towjres providing airnlnst thj recurrence ot an epi demic hi re next summer, Is one which ni ly well occupy the Httentloa of all who are lnUres ed In tbe welliire ol tbe city. The proceed, ngs of the commit ter appointed by congress lo Investigate the cames of th epidemic hre doubtless all very Instructive In their way, and may a'd much to the accumulative lore of scientists: but we doubt mueu that the In formation elicited will assist In inw slightest de gree In freeing the city from evils wMeh the aver age citizen, not a scientist, believes to have ben the prime cause of ail ourcieat troubles last sea son. There Is no use lu disguising tbe fact. Our city was Cllhy la-t summer- sufficiently to have pro duced disease Independent cf all other causes ; and that It still remains In pretty much tbe same comll llou, no one who takes tbe trouble to Inspect our streets, gut'ersand canals will have tbe hardlnood toden7. Ail, with the exceptloa of the rsalu thor oughfares, are yet reeking with tilth. Tbe garoage plies stl l remain, and the streets which were H'Caflreylzed yet contlnae in their old condition, tue canals are foul cesspools, the gutters full of rottenness, and the cemeteries wlihiu tbe Inhabited part of thd city still used for burial. Now we will aek In all good feeling those in authority: Is this a condition of things such as should be pel mil ted after the sad experiences which we have bud? Aod would it not be a wiser policy, now that tne temperature (ermlts it, to clean up all those outrag 'ous violations of the h'glenlc laws? wiiyawatt the action of committees from onijr. ss or elsewhere, to teach us the duties which common sense should Irnve taught us long ago? It Is clear that If we persist In allowing tbe city to remain In Its present and past filtuy condition that disease of some Kind win prevail nere next summer, and that our enemies wtll take advantage of the slightest un healthlness of the city to lntllct another embargo upon our business In tbe guise of a quarantine. Can we afford to be objected to this? Would It not be better to do our best to prevent It wulle there la yet time? We hope that the proper authorities will take the matter promptly into consideration and make a move. It can ba done now. In a month or two It will be too late. The above, from the New Orleans Times, ill apply with equal force to Memphis. Now is the timo for our city authorities to clean the streets and alleys and compel our citizens to clean their vaults and yards, The city must be put in good sanitary condition, and now while the weather is favorable it ought to be done. What says the board of health ? And what says Mayor Flippin? With the terrible experiences of last summer and fall before him it seems to us he should give his whole time and attention to this matter. It is true he cannot command much money, but the little that he can should be faithfully ap plied to putting the city in a good sanitary condition. The five thousand dead victims of dirt and disease silent though they lie in untimely graves, appeal eloquently for those who live, that neither ignorance, perverse- ness nor selfishness shall be permitted to pre vail against the health and the lives of the people. As Adventuress by the name of Small- man, nee Fritz, nee Maginnis, has, through her last husband, sued John V. Mackey, a bonanza king of Virginia City, for two hundred thousand dollars. The com plaint alleges that the defendant, contriving and unjustly intending to injure the plaintiff, by depriving him of the comfort, fellowship, society and assistance of his wife, Amelia H., and to alienate and destroy her affection for him. did. on the fifteenth of May. 1878, ac complish a villianous design against her character, the unlawful intimacy continuing until the twenty-third of October following. By reason of these acts of defendant, the wife of plaintiff his bc.oome and now is insane; and plaintiff is informed and beiiovei and bo charges that she will never recover her former strength and vigor. Wherefore he prays judgment against the defendant for two hundred thousand dollars and the costs of action . Mrs. Smallman is described as a woman cf remarkable personal charms whose life has been one continued adventure along the ragged edge which divides decency from degradation . Representative Patterson, of Colo rado, in an open letter in the Washington Post, charged bribery at the last election, and corrupt bargaining, to which Senator Teller was accessory, and challenges him to an investigation. The senator responds de nying the allegation and marking his con' tempt for the allegator. But we ought to have the investigation nevertheless. Teller ought to be told oa. Be cakectjl. when you r.rr!v for Dr. C M'Lane's vermifuge to see that both the doc tor's name and .those of Fleming Biros, are insorioea inereon in imitation ot writing, Without every bottle is worthies. L.1MIK OF THE FUTURE "The Whole (South, will always have tfarh In Co msne a, la Hlaod. In H in tory, la Mrntltne-Bt, but la the Practical Usslsess or Life they Bnt Hrlft Apart." Charleston New and Courier (editorial): The opinion of the ,Yeir end Courier, given with immediate reference to the next election for President, that the permanent interesU of the south he with the eat rather than with the west, finds a striking confirmation in the letter of "A. T. C," published to day. Thjs writer goes so far as to believe that "a day is not far distant when the south, especially the seaboard southern States, will naturally look to the north rather than to the west. The union between the Atlantic Stat0?, north aud south, will then be perfected." This view has been held by the writer of this letter for many jeais, and he looks forward to the possibility that the seat of government will be transferred to the west. but. as he says, "New York will not be moved. The money of the country is there. More of its heart is there than elsewhere." This is peering into the future, and yet it mu6t strike every thoughtful observer that there ia room lor a wide divergence of interests between the south Atlantic States and the southwestern States, as there is already a large differeuce of interest between the east and the west. When the south shall grow rapidly, what will Texas and South Carolina, or Georgia and Arkansas, or North Carolina aud Louisiana have, in common, in their industrial life? The movement along the Atlantic coast will be to manufactures, to stock-raising, to the cultivation of tea, olives, jute and to other pursuits where experience and manual dex terity come into play. The southwest will then be what the south Atlantic was, a vast producer of raw material. Then the south Atlantic will be to the southwest what New England now is to the northwest. The whole south will always have much in common, in blood, m history, in sentiment, but m the practical business of lite they must drift apart. Why is it impossible that there shall be a union of the whole Atlantic coast against the Mississippi valley, obliterating even the memory of the league of tho solid ncrth against the solid south? It will not be strange it, one of these days, the old free-trade State of South Caro lina, with free-trade in all her bones, should become strongly protective in her policy. Already South Carolina is protectionist to the extent of insisting that the protective duty on foreign rice shall not be removed. When there are hundreds of factories of dif ferent kinds in South Carolina, employing thousands of persons, the State will be dis posed to take the course that New England has taken, and demand protection sgainst 4 foreign competition. All these things are in the future, but we do not live ior w-aay alone, and we must think of the years to come before taking any action that is likely to drive us from our course, and make it more difficult to reach the haven of our hopes. It is suggested by our correspondent that, if General Grant be nominated by the Republicans in 1880, the best man for the Democrats to take is a soldier like Han cock. This is proper to be considered. The elections next winter will teli the way the wind is blowing. The Grant movement has undoubtedly considerable strength, but we do not believe that he will be the coming man. The timid folk who are anxious for a strong government are not alarmed as they were a year ago, and quiet in the country and a revival of trade will put Grant out of the field. It is questionable also whether an eminent civilian would not beat Grant more easily than even so admirable a type of the soldier as General Hancock, The suggestion that both the candidates for President and Vice-President be taken by the Democrats from the east seems to us rather dangerous. We do not desire a conflict with the west. What we aim at is victory in 1880, and this victory can more readily and surely be at tained with an eastern candidate, on a hard oney platform, than with any embodiment f the Ohio idea Horry for Grant, and Horrlcr Still for b.1 St. Louis Bnmmcr and Boomer The Corknuians are Not fools, if they are Irlnh. Si. Louis KepMTican fedituiial); Last Sunday the Globe-Democrat said: "The Grant movement is booming in Ireland now. The Irish vote will be solid for Grant in 1380." Last Monday the Globe-Democrat said: The boom of the Grant movement is wafted o'er the deep blue sea." lesterdav the Globe-Democrat end: " in attempting to snub Mr. Grant the Corkonians iD Ireland have simply made themselves ridi culous, and the Corkonians in America who oppose the sentiments expressed so well in the Ues Aloines speech will hear something drop' if they undertake to carry their opposi tion into national politics. Whoever opposes the doctrine laid down there had better stund from under or he'll get hurt. Corkonians, take warning." "rhe JSew lork tun is prompt to suggest that as Grant sails away from the green shores of Ireland, he will hardly hum to himself the familiar lines of father Prout: " 'On this I ponder Where'er I wander And thus grow fonder, Sweet Coik, of thee.' " And hereafter, to the ears of Grant and the Globe-Dzmocrat, " Tbe bells of Shandon Will not sound so grand on The ilver Lea." Nor will "The roses aad posies and dafTydowndlllys That grow In the groves of Blarney" Smell quite as sweet as they did when "the Grant movement" was "bloomiug in Ire land," and "the boom of the Grant move ment was "watted o er the deep blue sea. The Irish vote is not as "solid as it was a few days ago "for Grant in 1880;" and a very pretty electioneering game has been very prettily corked by those for whose benefit it was played, W e are sorry tor Grant, ana somer still for his St. Louis bummer and boomer. The former contented himself with regretting that "the people of Cork knew so little of American history," while the latter de nounces and abusea them for knowing too much of the great third-termer's history, aud prints the Des Moines speech in full for their enlightenment. They do not need it. The Corkonians" are not fools, and conse quently require no assistance to understand the true intent and meaning ot the speech.. Grant was after a third term then, as he is now. Biaine was his rival then as now, and a short time previous had made the educa tional question in Ohio an excuse for starting the sectarian ball. The Des Moines meeting gave Grant an opportunity, which he gladly improved, to ride Blaine's horse and steal Blaine's thunder. The third-term press hailed it as a wonderful piece of political strategy. It was sure, they thought, to "concentrate the Protestant influence on Grant," and secure him the nomination in the national convention. His enemies, as well as his friends, regarded it as a strong bid for the coveted prize; indeed, nobody with a grain of sense could question its purpose. The educational question soon died a natural death, and with it perished the sectarian issue which Grant predicted would take the place of "Mason and Dixon's line." Then he and his bummers and boomers pushed the Des Moines speech out of Bight, and. flattered themselves that it was forgotten. The ex Presidential tour was extended to Ireland, to catch the Irish in America. The ex-President proposed a trip to Cork to catch the Irish Catholics in America, and the whisky-ring hat went into the air with a shout: "The Irish vote will be solid for Grant in 1880." And then, to use the Globe-Democrat's lan guage, "something dropped." FIUIITIX- CUC14S. Tenasesnee Against Kentucky for Stake's Amounting to Nearly Ten Thousand Uollara The 31 eat Im portant Battle Keught Nlnee tiie War. Atlanta correspondence St. Louis Bepubli ean: "There is considerable excitement through sporting circles iu Georgia over the arrangement of a cocking main between this State and the States of Tenne;see and Ken tucky. This main will be the most import act fought in America since the war. Tbe stakes alone amount to nearly ten 'thonsand dollars, two hundred and fifty dollars being placed on each fight, two thousand five hun dred dollars on tbe odd, and one thousand dollars on the shake-bag fight. It is fixed for the twentieth of February at NewOrleacs and will last probably four days. Each of the contesting parties will carry several odd cocks. Many side fights will be arranged, the Georgians will be represented by a train of cocks that hua lately become famous, and they will back it to a vary heavy amount. It was developed by n Mr. Brown, ot Columbus, who for years crossed the best breeds he could get, and finally produced a heavy-set, baggy-necked, square-'.ireasted cock that he named the 'Sntwl Necks.' They have been engaged in five inter-state mains, and have been victorious in t very one, winning the shake-bag fights in every in stance. They whipped the fanirus Alabama 'Dusty Millers.' who were bandied at Atlanta, lv Colcnel Prentiss, a practical vtteran. One backer of the 'Dusky Millers' loot eleven thousand dollars besides his interest in the stakes in this contest. They then whipped the Carolina cocks in a main for five thousacd dollars at Augusta, and aftewards a walk of imported Cuban cocks. They were next pitted againxt forty Irish Reds brought down from Long Island, and were again victorious. They were pitted last summer against the 'Clang Eyes' of North Carolina, probably the most redoubtable strain of chickens ever known in the South. Although the 'Shawl Necks were fo out of order on reach ing the ground that their backers tried to have the main postponed, they went in and whipped sixteen out of tho nineteen fights in which they were engssged. In the eight years since they have been on the walk they have never lost a single stake and have now nearly fifty thousand dollars in stakes besides enormous amounts in private bets. Ia the Augusta main, a hotly-contested fight with the Carolinians, Mr. W. A. Brown, a turfman, had twenty thousand dol lars net winnings to show. The Georgians believe that they have produced a breed that is simply invincible, and they will go blind on it. The 'Shawl Necks' will bo opposed by the 'Dominiques' of Kentucky, the fighting pets cf the blue grass country. They are said to be the beBt fighters in the State, and the 'Shawl Necks' will have all they can do. Tke forfeit money was put up to day, and tbe main is made. Tbe fightintr will be done with two and three-quarter gaffs, and slash era are forbidden. 1 he weights are put at fou- and six pounds, the Georgians asking for light weights, as their chickens are small. Dr. Brown reports his chickens in the best of order, and he has about thirty new young sters to reinforce his veterans. He has nearly one hundred cocks in all from which to make the number needed for the matching. He will carry with him about forty-five cocks. It is said that a number of New Yorkers will be present at the main, ready to challenge the winuers to a ten thousand dollar main with New York cocks on Long Island. COTTON FACTOR. ichooliield, fianauer & uo. Wholesale Grocers AND COTTON FACTORS, 256 Front Street, Memphis, OFFE9 to the Trade the following goods, Just received: 1000 brls Cole's Celebrated Floor, uvuu uuus .lies, wu runs uuggiug) 700 bags Coffee, 100 packages Keir Molasses, Aud a Large and well Selected Stock ol every Article in onr Line. Thanking onr Friends for past favors, we solicit Orders for Goods and Ship ments of Cotton. MmrpHts. Tknk. November 11.1 7S. TOBACCOS. AvardM hi.jhat yirfc at Centennial Exposition for .m ehBia qualities Rn errrfltmo a Utxjiff cfnr a.tr of Miceefitina an jkawrlnff. Tb best tobaoco v.t miiJn A nnr hliiti Ktxi- iTe-mark Is ClCWlV imit rite! on Inferior prxn!, 6e that J'irA-toi. BeM ot cvfrr t pin. isoM by all dealers. ftr SHto'a f-i l A. -Mcusorc t o.- Mirs., reierwra. PLUMBING, Gas Fitting, Chandeliers, Gns Pipe and Fittings, WATER and STEAM PIPE, botfT Pipe, Pumps, Hydrants, AT BOTTOM PBICE9. liose, J.W. X. BROWNE, ?58 Second St., Memphis, Tenn. UlSSOLUTiOX. Notice of lHHSolution. rrTHE Law Partnership of Clapp & lie ax Is this i da; disnoivea uy mutual oonseni. J. W. CLAPP, J. P. MEUX. iliMPHis, December 1, 1878. W. L. CLaPP. KE1V FIRM. J. W. CLAPP. W. D. BEARD. W. L, CLAPP, CL.API & Attorney sj-at -Law, 315 MAIN STRF.F.T. MEMPHIS. TESN. GIKM AND UIXNIXG. Foot of Kxcliangc Strset. tTAVIXQ purchased the Memphis Gins, and feel- 1 I Ing satisfied that I have the most oomplrte GINNERY In this city. I offer my services to the Dub lin, and guarantee to give satisfaction. I am using tne uiiaaipium uias and Huiiers, and a COl PLKTB COTTON CLEASKB, and am satisfied that I can do better work than any ginnery in this city, as the Champion Gins are tbe only Gins ttiatein ein nully cotton. My terms aie aa LOW as the LOWEST, and all cotton FULLY COVERED by Insurance while In transit or In Gin House Thankful for the patronage extended to the 8Ur Gin. I solicit a continuance of same for the Memphis Gins. All Seed-Cotlon In sacks, for tbe butr Gin will he ginned at tbe Memphis Gins. j, v. i at km; ii 23 'OT IE5 s COTTON GIN & MILL T"Q nAro vooslir a fln nil rnttin MttiilimAf U m COR. SECOND and JACKSON. Sacks furnished for Seed-Cotton on nprlicatlon. All cotton con signed to me will be fully insured. Thanking my t nenas ana me ruoiie ior pass luvors, i respectruuy solicit a continuance of the same, hoping to deserve the patronage heretofore so liberally extended to me. win. bekjks. THOROUGHLY CLEANS COTTON Of all IaC and Mood, Enhancing: Value of the Mtaple from One to ' the oar wrde. AlHkes Merchantable Cotton from much that Is now abandoned when veT Olrtr or beaten out by storms. Cotton garnered In ripened but unopened b?lU Is. by the use of the :. :.." prepared so that 8DT Improved gin will produce samples f good grade and ejali. The prolt from the us of tbe - ). '. -!." will pay for the maehine In tea days constant use. For tale by ALKXAJiDKU ALLISON, Agt. 86 Front Bt Memphis, Tenn, SKJh'D FOB ClHCCJLABa. SWEET pprSpi NAVY CiiewM Totaco GL O- O. AGreatEElerjfiseiBlfiliiaiiiraM AT MILLINtKY UUUUScV'v-0"-! MILLINERY G0UUS FANCY GUUUSt I L""v""M,lf f DKESS GUUUS SPLENDID HATS I GREAT BARGAINS 8000 American Felt Hats, your choice, at a Dime! 2(i(K) Beal Kelt Hals, lu bv jrv color (tbe? are worth 81 25) for 2c- him Hisses' and children's Fur cans, wortu SI 25, your choice for 25c A FIFTY CENTS HAT -COUNTER! Flnet Imported Fur Felt Hats, Real Camel's Hair Fells. Brush Brim Frit Hnts Ladles' and Misses' Heal skin Hats nnd Caps. lour Chou-e for Fifty Cent: Your cho'ce ef 500 neatly Trimmed Haw. former rrce fmra S3 to So. now SI. This lot Includes Misses' Trimmed n alking Hafs, Felt Hats, Etc. TWENTY-FIVE CENT FEATHER-COUNTES! Your choice of Bunches of Three at 25c. TIds worth SI. Kleirant Wines. God Beaded Feathers, ALL, Your Choie for Twenty-fli,eCeiUt' Our Great SaleBeginsThis Day! KREPJ3ER,HERZ0G&C0., 253-255 - - MAIN The Office and REMOVJlXo iemnms Men A REMOVED TO No. SOS Main Street, Opposite Peabody Hotel. I THERE will be found a full line ot nnr own Manufacture of JEANS, TWEEDS. LIN3KY5. BLANK V V ETjJ, KNITTING YARNS and JKANd CLOTHING, to wmcu tbe attention or Duyers is aireoieu. tS-OBIlFBS WILI. BECK1TE tPKOSIPT ASD CARKKCL ATTEXTIOXM J. K. GODWiy. L. D. MULLINS, Jr. Cotton Factors and 33S Front street, corner Union, Memphis. Piirticnlar attention triven to the J. C. NEELY. S. H. BROCKES, NEELY & CO., Grocers, Cotton Factors - AND - ooM:M.issioisr MKRcaisrTS 367 Fro-t St., Memphis, Tenia. FULMER, (SUCCESSORS TO SLEDGE, McKlY & CO.) Grocers, Cotton Factors And Commission Merchants TVns. 371 and 373 Main 265 A. J. LOYD, surviving partner of LOYD ft FRITZ, having assigned to me tor the benefit ot the Partnership Creditors the Entire Stock of Watches, Diamonds, Jewelry, NOL.II AND PliATEE SILVERWARE, will, FOR TEN DAYS, sell at Private Bale any part or all of said Stock at COST PKICFJiH W. JU CLAPP, Assignee Leyd A. Frits. 265 MAIN STREET, Cop. Court, MEMPHIS. X, C. PEAKCL. WHOtESAtE SBOCEBS, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants No. 258 Front street. Memphis, Tenn. FARTICrTIiAJS ATTEXTEOK PAID TCI THE NAJLK UFCOTTOB W. B. 6ALBBEATH. J. SI. FOWIiKEH, albreat Cotton Factors, 11 Union Street, Memphis. AGENTS FOR TIIE CELEBRATED CHAMPION COTTON filN AND HIT LITER A. C TBEABWELL. A. I. TKEADWELL. A. C. & A. B. TflEAD WELL & CC .a Jut a (SUCCESSORS TO A. C. Wholesale Grocers and No. 1 1 Union Street, Memphis, Tenn. ry Consignments of Cotton solicited and Liberal Advances made on same. All Cotton Insured while In store, as well as that consigned to us bj river, unless otherwise Instructed. Mr. Irby Bwyd has been Admitted as a Partner m onr business from Korember let. A. X. BOYD SOS. A. II. BOYD. ALSTOS BOTB. 1KB V BOYD. A. 1. BOYD & SONS, HaTe Removed to 386 Front Street, corner Union Rooms 6,7 apd 8, Magnolia Block. Ilaye never FANCY- GOUDS AUit CLUAKS; At U-m" Ikas AAaUf Vl. RIBBONS! RIBBONS! GREAT BARGAINS' 50U0 yards Gros Grain, Satin and Fvncy Ribbons, from 2 o tf Inches wide, your choice for 25c a yard. O0O yards Beautiful Ribbons, all widths, 100 a yard. lOOOyards R'bbong at a yard. CLOAK CLEARING! rs-ir, Cloaks for S12 50. 820 Cloaks new 810. J -ib lot 815 and 817 CloaHs at 87 50. Job let Assorted Cloaks at 85. 100 Children's Clonks at half-price. Dolmans be'ow cost -i 1 0. $ 1 2 50 and 5 1 R. HI ark Cashmeres, all wool, 40c. Brut Wsterprr-of. rtije. Kane Dress Goods at half price. Plaids at cost. 811k Veilings for 20c a yard. S'lk Krlnirttti at 'An. R5. 50 and 75c. 1000 Ladles' Linen Cellars, splendid quality, at 2c apiece. 3-button Kid Gloves, 45c. 2000 yards Rucblngs. 10. 15 and 20c a yard. Guipure Ties, worth 81 25, your choice for 30c STREET, - - 253-255 Salea - rooml of the 8. M. McCALLUM is WIN & CO. Commission Merchants handllns of cotton while in shed BBOOXS. H.JM. NEELY. street, Memphis, Tenn. STREET. 265 S & 00: w. a. CBAwroBii. S. S. TKEADWE1L TREADWELL 4 BROS.). Cotton Factor!. Closed during the Kpidemle. t, BURTON & CO imvwix;. HPLKNUIIIOPrOKTlMTYTO WIN A ir-.tRTLNK. MR3T taRAND DISTRIBUTION. CLAfS A. AT NEW OBLKAd. Tl'KaDAY. JAN UARY 14. 1M7I 104th Monthly Drawing. LOIIHIASA HTATK LOTTRKY CO. This Institution waa retrciarir Incorporated by the Legislature of theSiale fur Educational and cruiila blo purposes In lSs. with a capital of 81 .000.000. tn which It bits since added a reserve fund of ?:.. 000. lta rand Mingle Slinber UUtrl- bntlon .will take place menthly on the seoond Tuesday. It nmrr scales or pontpong. Look at the following Distribution : CAPITAL PRIZ3. $10 000. 100,000 T1CKF. I 3 AT TWO IXL AR3 EACH. HALF-T1CKLTS.OSK D 1LLAR. LIST OF I'aJZtS. 1 Capital Prize 830,000 1 Capital Krlze io.ooo 1 Capital Prize a Prizes of S2.50O 5.00O 5,ltiO 5.000 io.ooo 5 Prizes cf l.OOO... 20 Prizes of 5O0... 1 0il Prizes or UN) 10.000 M to Prizes of FO 10.0 O 500 Prizes of 20 10.000 1000 Prizes of 10 10,000 APPROUMATIOS FRITHS: 9 Approximation Prizes of 8-litO 2,700 M Approximation Prizes of 200. 1,80)1 U Approximation Prizes of 100...... DUG 1857 Prizes, amounting to. S110.4O0 Responsible correspond Ine neents wtntel at all prominent points, to whom a l.berdl compensation will be paid. Application fr rates to clubs should only be made to the Home office la New Orleans. Write, clearly statins; full addrms, for further In formation, or send orders to3t. A. WAIPH1H, P. O. Uox 692. New Origan. Ln-. or too. L. Gillespie, A Wext Court St.. Memphis. Tenn. All our Grand Esirovrtlinary Drawings art uridrr tfy nftjien'ixion find manaoemtnt of GENERALS G. T. BEaI'HEGARD nmi Jl "HL A. ERI.Y. ADDITIONAL 1 Recits. 5M Boxes Sew Raislno. 800 Faehacea Layer l lts.nllslies. lOO Brls Choice Orasxr and -'-esuits. lOOO Pluto Fsacy and Mtlek Candy. JCOO Pkxs Dslry a Creamery Batter SOO Pksra Boletmaa and Hpteed PlK feet. 50 Fkgs Oat Meal and Cracked Wheat. 400.000 Clear, all srradea and style. lOOO Pkn Chewing and Mmeklst TTohaeeav 00 Fke -Vlmsads AlTexii.Peeui, SOO Pfcfifactory and OalryCaeeoe. lOOO Pkfls Jellleannd PreHervep. SOO P3ic- Freeh Cracker and B! air. SO Rrisaoil half brio Hweet cider. tW A large ftoek of Wines and Liquors, etc., sold at Price oVelcg competition. CoTWfr front and ITnion. HORSES AXD 3l'L. W. A. F AIRES, (SUCCESSOR TO J. B. AND W. A. F AIRES.) Dealer la and HORSES, 55 Union St., Near FoatofHce. A GOOD selection of all classes ot Horses and Mules constantly on hand. Everything sold by me guaranteed a DpretintHl. Orders MOilclted. J. J. MURPHY. B. F. MURPHY. Murpliy & Murpliv, diE.VEB.4li Insurance Agents. No. 5 3Iad!son Street, Xemphis, Tenn. NONE but Flrst-Cla's Companies represented. Risks on bullnlngs taken for three or Oveiears at great I yjreouced rates. UmhoascsaadCoaa. try WMrfw Mnfiftitt. (iBOCEEIES. City and Country Mer chants, Planters, Heads of Families, and Buyers General ly, are rerrinded that one of the Largest, Freshest and Best Selected Stocks of Groceries, Family and Plantation Sup plies, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Tobaccos, Etc , in the City is to be found at J. J. BUSBY & CO.'S, 274 Front street, and at theVery Lowest Market Prices. All Classes of Buyers will do well to call. "DiaTKllUITlOX COflPAJIY. T-fcEa. Grand Distribution COMMONWEALTH Distribution Co. Bf authority of Commonwealth of Kentodrr, drawing aod details under supervision of prominent citizens of Kentucky, In the city ot Louisville, on Thursday, January 30. 1870. NO 8CAXIXQ! NO POSTPOyEMENTf PHIZES Is A ID IN FLLL! $115,400 DISTRIBUTED. Ticxrrs Onlt . Unparalleled success of the popular drawings Read the following attractive list of prizes for the JANUARY DRAWING: 1 Prize S 80.000 1 Prize 16,000 1 Prize 6.000 10 Prizes 81000 earh 10.000 20 Prizes 5O0eacb 10,000 100 Prize 1 (X) each 10,000 800 Prizes fOeach 15,000 600 Prizes 20 each 10.000 1000 Prizes 10 each 10,000 APPROXIMATION FRIZXa. fl Prizes $800 each 2,700 V Prizes 200 each. 1,800 9 Prizes 100 each voo 1WHO $l 15,400 Whole Tleketa. SX. Half Tickets, 1 27 Tickets, SoO. 65 Tickets, $100. Remit by Postoffice Money Order, Registered Let ter, Bank Draft or Express. Full list of drawlturpnb Usued In Louisville Courier-Journal and New York Herald, and mailed to all tleket-boldrrs. For Mckrt and Information address VOMMOSWEALTH DIS TKIBUTWX CO.. or T. J. COMMEKFOHD. Ser'v. OouneryJoiirnal Building:. Louisville. Kentucky. For further Information, apply to tf West Court street,. Memphis, lennewee. Aion-ISesldent Notice. No. 2774-In tho Chancery Court of Shelby county. Tennessee. R S. Jones et si vs. J. V. Brkleeforth etaL IT appearing from tbe bill In this cause, which la sworn to, that the defendant J. V. Brldtreforth Is a non-resident cf the Stale of Tennessee. It Is therefore ordered, that he make bis appear ance herein, at the courthouse In the city of Mem phis, Tennfse, on or before the nrst Monday In Fabruary, 1h79, and plead, answer or demur tocom pUlnaiit's bill, or the sa me will be taken for con feseed as to him, and set tor bearing e parte, and that a copy of this order be published once a week, for four successive weeks. In tbe Alemphls Appeal. This 18th day of December, 1S7H. A Copy: Attest. R. J. BLiCK, Clerk and Maste By E. 3. M'Hkskt, Deputy C. and II. Harrt.. M'Klnlfk fc Tune v. Sol for compl' rnf STKA MS lilies. INDIAN L.IXJU UNITED STATES AND ROT AL MAIL STEAMERS, JewlMS to qaeenatowa & Liverpool Even Ihuntdav or Rciturdav. City of Berlin, 5491 tons. Oil J of omieal.44P0rne City of Richmond. 4rto7 Citf bf Rn:a.rl . btts City of Chester. 4tW City of New York.-U600 mesa msguineent steamers are amon- the ttrona st. larmit nd fast-t on the Atlantic, arwi hun every modem Improvement, Including hot and eold water and elecma belia tn ttaterooms, revolving chairs In saloons, bal l and smo .Imr-rooms, barbel hops. to. For rales of psssge and otoer luiorma tlon, apply to JOHN 6. DALE. Agent. 81 Broadway. Bmmat Bank. Jbempbuv. Fres CiEckerlys Bros