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S MEMPHIS, T1G3ST2ST., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1879 ESTABLISHED 1840. VOIi. MEM P 4 "6 Yt r,i collet: Lirsi i.vl crtton, 5 .' hd M m. h . cnt'un. "i " .v. -VfM Orient cotton, ."' --. .'re York rnt'tm, ! t-'Jc. tvRs.Tttr-.it IMIICATIUH. Kn Dki HrtKN r. On ii rCn. &t. OrririH. I v v-mi-. .ins. ret-runry 1, 1 H-ia. f f or Tt'i-nr.-ytf ni d tin O'ifO raltty, alight- (V " ilmtinl fxtrt y (Uf-i-ig uenther .northerly u i't'lt iiii I rising barometer, potfUi'y pre- i ie t t"i It,;! '. rains in '1 unfi.tee during the i irclKIt OII-4F.KVATIO.NM. W : I'C'I, fViULSimiiBl'. H ARM T. I Fi.n-il.Ji u :l. I -7.. l'Mit p.m. f Threat. L't ralu (MoutiJ. Clear. , Kilr. 'Ci'Hidr- l. IL ii !i K. S-'lf MM. B'tli.ll C. Ip. I". i. A. f-.vi kt 1 ot!ic-r of the old city trov- fir.unT' h i'.I cut iB'i- at hi pnst until re 1 a if I iiy th (.1 ri.'-iii-'trict commissioners!. (i'i;fr i : u.- .. .J th-.ir lionlauieo may have l'KMUNii t iui'.i e&d trixit-cu'ts prowirtf cuto! cjr (h nf of overi m-nt, we trust tutu ii'C f.il ami wiil'tn? acppart will be pA.-n l),- ail r!,i-.-fM rf our people tl the O.d-TB of lh tax a d'a'rict pomtuitfi!oner. (( to I o-1: xia"d tr ct cor.imifs:oner, to b? !( -e. bv ih- i" ont''. Si bflter mao could L-! Dauied. Mr. 0.-enon has had experience in piili! c .:t!'airs, n 0J of our la'tfet prop c.ly oE(f-', .i J is lic'tt ly interested iu the fn'. nr.- t iLe i'f. I'm: niisi-ncs if the E'lKHnh workipg clai'-! ;i ir a c la'hfr tLan tlimioit-h. The ti. '. who art at woik have been r.jil.io.- d '" Ii." f'a'U ion point, 9 that they CJrmo' i -iit ill who ii'e on a strike rather toan m b uit ti. a e,;nh!i( n lirein they are li;t 1 t'.ir'i'i" ti'-'t4 of burden. The i'o :n rw- n'ay r -nd- red by Judge If in reu-i'rd to the Arlington estate pr;ic'!(..l'y ,,';'M ;e q ie-ti'jn of ownership iu f.ivcr of ii-ii"r.l Cit Lse. Jud;e .1 )' 'in' : oj rein i court id the cases of Y.i r.i, Irvfin ami f noel.t; r. Hunter. tiKSKKA'. W. 'J', f iiomthik, of theSavan Bj'i .V'".', s uu'ttiond a th" probable 6UC c '.-nor in c n.r;? ot th lamcnU'd Hartridfje. Tiie jfi-nor .1 u i n of the ab!et jo jrnalmts in tli co.in'ry, a jj-Tit enan of the hihfit lit t r iry i il ur -, mi I 8 f. 11 know n tLroiigbout t':i . .t i i. th" author of Majur Jones's Courtship a:-' k ' ImmirriH sketches. I'iik laxir.-.liMlrict government will bo cr-Uii.-ft ..-J,t- . Th"two coiuaiist-ionerg Dr. i'arr r U'. l j j r (ii: wiil Le sworn ii. an f i u i -r u, n tl." r duties They will not, it i mi, i uv unylh ii! to do with the ass U of MciiipL: , ll e back tax' or ita iccle' ted 1 :- y will b n and go on as if Mem jl. is ;iLVt-r 1 a I Pn r xt- rce. Saisn Assistant Postm asteu-Gknek-j, l JiuvKY, b, rej;n of saying he stole the tele.'r.i'.in !o k-t p a menjentoeii, has been uuiv-TSAily 'd.sbb"d ' M-meuto Urady." First Aitikiit I s uiaster-Geaeral Tyner, who ap pea.s a "Joua W njf" iu telegraphic corre Kjninil tic-.1 w.tn lludy, and by reaon of his ch.i.i'ik'! uifnu'!', imb-'en Dickaanied "John Win-.', tin? heithn Chine'-." iovF.KKOH AlAi.kH iiiutiean excellent ap poiiitment in the ptisoa of Colonel Michael U. iik' tet ii.sdcnt (i- tupt-rvisor of the luaid cf pib ic uoiks. A clear-headed, 1'oramin-i.Di inan, thoiouyhly conversant w.Ji tci.' t-OLdition ol ibecit,und withal a jjru:tical oik(.r i I i ar-i paj.acity and tkill, h" ii tii r trl.t man nth; riht place. He v;il hav? th.-tily i.ut in order und kept so, nt a .y cot of tio ;!e or anguish to hitherto di r.-Lvt cit."' ' Th:-: W.;hinjrtoa corrcpor.dnt of the N w Orb an T(ms i uutlu rity for the ht -.te-.nrwt that tin; chief er nineer of the :ir oy, v t. ) 1 a f nJ the levee mutter undfr con ' i'Tfi or, wi 1 rtc.-irnmrnd tbaf the levee. bo chi-'d atuon t tli" imp ovenients of riveis and h iibuf, or wh ch annual tipi ropriatioi s aro m th'. I: t'i: . b.- torr.'i:f, and it com'S nio-t, ie,i b v, i.o inure di b ite on the levee bill n-eJ be h i '. This is raid to be the rea son why lb.- nia'U-rlai uot yet come up in the huj:.". Tilt-: Ca ii-le tjn JY; nml Courier, treat injr of t receul aw am mr the UemocnU in tht) hju e, t-ayi that "Tue remrk of Mr. I a.'j; wir; m th wt rut po-sible ta-te, but t H ie is bon e excise lor hi reproaches In th? tu kss of th ru prefented by southern ji-fiuhers, an 1 in the trat.kiea with which ;,.y mi the !.! fl ik an l an appropria i.u. if.. I't'itir a a quie'. C mervarive D.ai cr it oi tie hihe-t cbaracter. Louisi au.i ha d!y h.u a mj.e active representative ti-.ia M . iJ.li-i. Wa'ii (!ise thre members aj,-r" it i rreity safe to usunie that the j ie-'-. it.U ou of via - i hiiuis i. a wa.'.e of time a-id iu ti", t.s well as damping to th .!'eino.ra":o purt Tin. b il iu';oci acid on ihe twenty-eighth, .- .Mr. il !-, cf Liuisiaaa, ti f-ecure the de- .tors of tifj i'ree. nian'si bank from loss, . jvub t r .1 s;eie!y .lie of a 1 the assets cf :e bank, aud th ir de;o-it in tlie tieasury, iid that in tw.-uiy iuy th-? secretary of the ej-U'-y fha'l p. y to th.: depoiitors or their il i ;.ri -out.it ve the balance djt them v Spe. tiv , . T.vo imil.on doliais is appro-riat-.'i t'-r the r-nfiO-e'. Tue theory ol the .11 i i tint ci nrc . is nior illy lesponsible .r tin ; H itutloa i.n I for t'w I. sses incurred. '.r. F. i, l i- .i I, 'ay- the W.n-Uiotfton cor iionl a", m" ib: Xc t'li-'ans Pienyitnr. iu- Ir . t d hip ut the li-'pablicaus for i iv'.oad :- i :e in a mctio J way. J r i :i:t ii y le.- irt. .1 h'.-r-1, bu on wlr.i u; : if. :nt unr. Ill it iiur'r.g the wariu -.tit. r. f I f'. w-1- t:-.i--l.ui lewr ti i-.iln iii.iiJ lti.i. r-.'.-- In M iiii'Ii.m. Ti.l- It tirub.tblf mo r t. I".'. . iff is n imwmIiI it? ot I's truth. A eotrs t.i i i. ii. "I s. '! tin- Mi-mi'Uis .ai-e. . a tew dn)s .i: . -fit .-il tin. r.-:i U at ttirt r ol.i's titflU.W'.slii- ..- -.ii: .'tii'I ili ii.i-t ft li.tf craves were sunk In. T 11 r .".-( rtl'll Hl'P.'" Ill U tt--tlll COIKlltlOIl. iii Li.-.--lumlil If i!u:n- to i-i-:"-ly ihrMruvtl. r t.i--!'.. o r.Minti.v s-ii ruif i.l.ii it I. U.tonieit. v i t 1 1 : i I ij". Iti- ?i.iiii- iiuuiuiiUi IhiU i , ",' rel 1 i-; I' -il l i f-t-r i'i ifc'? U- tteiit-ariinoa t.- i-t: fiN .it i..;niif". and e think lb Hi .wri n ii i'.-t tni.il:; oi u iloli.'U so. VV i o, t e ..b ' froto Lu Tipt jn lieeoi d, or J it,u.iry iiJ h, in ct.I.t to t onevi 0 much cf 11 a .erU the exi.-t.-nce of the yoticz-.- f;er h i.-. Ve admit, with forrow, that oar ttre-.-t aa l .ll-yi are i'i a fearfully filthy c ?::u :.:. n, lut we loi,k to the taxiti-dihtrict i in.! i:--i oters ' c-J lh..t they ire not allowed t I 1 '!... !l t O ! "IV.-. Tiil -t i. C (it tr. I'jitr and Major Guy a- t.ixi 0 J :. -ti-it t cota'Kissiocor.i by Governor I-i.uk u'ives (iene-a! tat.s at-";a. Doth are ss-:ee-!u! :! r:l acts an 1 acti business men, anlbj'.iejiy tii'.- contldecc : of the cona- .:..'y. !.-. i'i : ;er. w'n was U rn in Lt;an ;;ui., K"rit i-iy, ns J who bewail his career i:i iiie ia C a kviiie, ta? r.-al tobaico mar ki't of Tt nsii-te-, cam-i to this city ia J3'9, zud hat U!';a er stne-e f Dgacred in business a i a ;;rocoiy an J toLLca uerchant. He ij a K- :i 1 :j t 1.4 e ineaas, e thi highest in-f- )'i ru'-e a-a .1 L!an:tl.is in his Lfo, tnd a Uio.ojh; j pracl-'cat aad methodical busiuess mm. lie las beea vry active in brinfrin? aoout tbe clianga in our city government, and will, we predict, satisfy the public by a sen sible admiaisLratioa of their affairs. 3Ijor i t -i . ?'':;.("" W. BrkT I i .11. . .;) I ( i-l 1 N HrlsK I. Ms:!.-... :( :i iN.W. 1- ... . :tn I'l 42 V Krvali. N ml e .. . (i I " .V Ktesh. N iri-is :-. ...) n7 i W frresh. f i- .-:t... I'll f-1 Ji.W tietiti. .-'. i :t-t 1 1 f.'J ! ii rrenh. Guy was born in Hardeumu county, in this SUte. aad repres.-r.Ud it ia the legislature before the war. lie entered the Confederate army at tbe breskirjr out of the war, and served until its com 1uk n, when he removed to this city. Here b-en'er-.-d up n business under very favorable aupics, and has been uoufusily successful. No man stauds higher amoug the merchants of tho cty, cud few men anywhere hive a belter reputation for administrative ability. Witn Porter and, possibly, Overton, be may le relied upoa to secure the city all the reform that has been pfotnioed by the change in eivcrnment. Thk New York lltmld t-ays cf the cipher dmpatch evidence K'vrn by S toud-Asfcistant Potitmaster-General Brady and Ex-Assistant Socretiry of the Treasury Chandler that, "it is a'totfether a very disgraceful story, and it show clearly that the Republicans bad every opportunity to pick out and lake away any dispatches which any of them remembered us compromisiou tbem cr the party. Drady, who, as assistant poi-tmastt-r-generul, ought to have had a strong sense of the sacrednrs of private correspondence, seems tj have thought nothing of opening, looking over and takicg away telegraphic dispatches. His c infcssion will certainly check the schemes to run the telegraphs by government employes." If K.'y does his duty he will dismiss a man so lost to all sense of shame as to confess himself a thief. Wk learn upon reliable authority that our Nanhville correspondent made a mistake wLcc he advised us by telegraph tLat tax payers in cities or tax-dicfricts of over twenty thousand inhabitants were to be exem.' from paying taxes from the first of February to the first of September. The contrary is the case. The amendm-nt to the bill, which was offered by Mr. Ordway, exempts all municipal corporations of net h's than twenty thousand cor more than fifty thou sand inhabitants, according to the United States census of 1870. This relieves the peo ple of the anxiety which arose from the beli. f tnat the taxing-district government would be wholly without means, aud sets at rest a 1 q lentions of the commissioners not being able to begin and continue the reforms as to our streets eFpecially, for which the new gov ernment was institu'ed. Colonel M'Cakdlk, at presant sojourn ing in Washington, has written to the New Yoik Herald defending Hon. Jefferson Davis from the aspersions of that paper in regard to a recent letter of Mr. Davis asserting: the right of instruction. The HrraUl assumed taat Mr. Davis's letter was a fling at Senator Lamar, who it will be remembered refused t) obey tbe instructions of his State nearly a year ago. Colonel M'Cardle Bays the Herald had no right to make such an assumption "first, because there was no reference ia the latter to Colonel Lamr; aud, second, because tbe attempt to array thee distinguished gen tlemen in antagonism is grossly urj istto both. Jefferson Davis never makes covert at'acks upon anyone. One of his ruo-t striking characteristics has ever been his bold and manly directness of purpose. If he had desired to make an attack on Senator Lamar your sagacity would not have been necessary to discover his design. His purpose would havo b-;en evident to all the world, and your acsouncement of what ho 'intended would have been quite eupeifljour. In the days cf his power Jefferson Davis pave to Colonel Lamar the highest evidence of bis friendship and confidence, and up to this hour neither has been withdrawn; and now when, accord ing to your editorial, Mr, Davis is in 'melan choly isolation,' it ii honorable to our distin guished senator that he speaks cf the mo?t honored of all Mississippians, living or dead, in terms of grateful affection and undisguised admiration." TKOIJHLi: Between tbe Hdtro TtniH Com stork Mine About tbe Convey ance or a Little Water A Compromise .Probable. San Francist.O, January 31. For 6ome das past a coiitiict between the managers cf the Sutro tunnel and Comdocl: mines has created much interest here. The minets lii-;e been thieatening to send water through what is known as the "lightning drift," recently completed, connectiutr t"e tunnel with the combination shaft of Hall, Norcross & Savage, and iun it ck' through the tunnel. Sutro has providt d agaiutt thia by eg-?ct:n a connection between the tunnel and Vin see, going down to the lower level of the lavage ni'nex and buildiug a partial bulk head in tbe tunnel, by which meuns any tattr pumped into the tunnel will bo re turned to the Savage mines. A number of cjtiferenci-s Ua been held between the Su tro bonai z r-eeplri with a view to finally ar range the ditlicuky, but no contlii:on has ytt been reached, though it is the geneeai iia l r-twion that a compromise will be effected. California levees assessments of fit ty cents. Merer! the Inmates Killed an 4 OlkT" Store or leifn Injured In I-.rTuri to J-lneupe from tbe Jtailalue - ana ln-orance. Locisviixk, January SI. The Louisville almshouse, situated five miles south of the city, was entiiely destroyed by fiie the ori gin of which is unknown at ten o'clock this morning. Three hundred and forty persons were in the place at the time, nearly all of whom escap?d. James Ridley, imbecile, wis burned fatally; Fred Meyer, in e-caping, broke bis nock; Uenry Jveler perished in the Mimes; Thomas 0:on -3 killed by a fal'i Nathan Cs.id well was seriously Uurt, J'-s. Johnson severely burned probably will die'. The exit scene is described as horrible in the extreme, but the most marvelous feature is the small luss of lite attending it; nta ly a 1 the inmates were aged invalids, imbeciles atul itfipples : there were more colored per sons thaa airy ethr class, and strange to say, none were senovsiy ip, cri. Their agt s ranged from fifty to oae hijnftrea oud e'ght years. The building was erected by tha tity of Louisville m ls74 at a cost of one hundred and seventy-five tbouand dollars, and was insured as tollows: Continental, of New York, I'tOOO; Commercial Union, of London, $ofX); Hart'ord, of Hertford. ;.V)0i3; Royal, 01 Lweipool, (10.000; Franklin, ot Louiiviile, "ilAHt; Karruors anil Drover, of L iuisville, "0 0; Gerium S- ciii.tr, ot Lu:sviile, 5000, Union, of Louisville, oOO&; Louisville Ger man, 5000; Western Louisville, 5003; meca. ot Liverpool, 51)06; Underwriters, of New lork. 5L)00; Western A--surauce, of Toronto, iOW; totfl. TO.O'JO. The paupers wera assigned other 411a ic-s at once. A leerat- Indian. Fokt Robissok, Neb , January ;u. At icon to day it was discovered by the sentinel guarding tbe building wherein "Wild Hog,' aHceyenne chief is confined, heavily ironed, that the e;;erfite Indian was lying on tbe gouod in bis priaon-oo; covered with blood, having stabbed himselr foui' ilei in trie region of the heart, with the intention ot ut Ung an end to his life rather than be taken soiitiu. 7"he post surgeon pronounced the wounds very Uinerous, if net fatal. Tairty-tbree squaus an.f. twenty-two chil dren left here this morning for iib Ridge agency, and will be turned over to tU tsjojix at that agency as their natural protectors. plltleal Prisoners Itatled. New Oulkw, January 31. A number of political prisoners lroa. Caddo and Tensas pr.shes have arrived, and appeirej befote Jude Wood, charged with violating the election !ws and interfering with the Ua:!.-" States supervisors in the discharge of their uutie. They were bailed out on three thousand doilau each, to appear when called. Thirtv nrisone.s iro n Natchitoches I parish, arrested on similar thag?, crn-ed i to-oigkt. H&i&1H of Honda for Europe. New York, i&nsary 31. Charles F. Co cant, ex assistant secreUu-7 of the treasury, intrusted by Secretary Sherman witn ten trillion four per cent bonds subscribed for by too new focr per cent syndicate, to bo deliv ered in London; ajao Jour million four per j cent Donas on account or tee First national bank, bought by English capitalists, sails to morrow in toe steamship Ger mania. THE PLAGUE. Tbe Same Black Death which in the Fourth Century Desolated tbe fVlobe, Continues Its Kavsgea ia the Infected Districts of ItnsHla. Extreme Measures of Precaution Againet It Importation Into Germany A Learned Physician Urjes the Uurnln; of tbe Afflicted Tillages, Etc. Beki-iv, January 31. The German gov ernment, to prevent the introduction of the plague, has prohibited the importation of all articles prohibited by the Austrian commit tee, and a'o all maoutartures of felt. The imrxrial chancellor will draw up the regula tions relative to travelers' baggage. The sanitary commis-.ioa of the Scheldt quaran tines all vessels from tbe Black sea. Ill' UN THE VILLAGES. St. Petersiidko, January 31. It is stated that Prof Balkan, physician to the czar, ad-vi-cs the burning ot Wetiianka and other villages where the epidemic has broken out, together with all the furniture in them, and the removal of the inhabitants to a healthy plHco. la spite of the h avy expense such a schcLie would involve, ths czar is said to be dipposed to follow Prof. Balken's advice. . CNItKI-AXETI PHETArnrOSISl. Berlin, January 31. It is conceded in the best-intormed quarters that the present de crease of the plague is merely due to the ex treme cold weather. Consequently precau tions against its spread are unrelaxed. THE RUSSIANS DISGUSTED. Th Russians complain of the xtir made about the plague, especially of Germany's action in making sanitary precautions a sort of international affair. They assert that all proper precautions will be taken by them, and, as proof cf the efficacy of tbe measures already employed, point to the fact that since the outbreak of the disease it has made no progress beyond the plnces where it first made its appearance. The Vienna newspapers re ply to these complaints, and say that accord ing to the understanding come to by the last international sanitary congress of Europe, the authorities of each country were at once to give notice of tbe fact to the other countries o- the appearance within their borders of any epidemic, und make regular and lui reports upon it. This rule was not obseived in the present instance until communications on the subject appearing in Russian newspapers had attracted the attention ot Europe. THE MARCH OF THE 8COUKGE. According to an article dated Jaouary 16th, published iD the Wiener Medieinische Woch enschrift, No. 3, it has reached Nijnunov gcrod. As far as regards the origin of the disease, it is now ascertained that it was im ported by two regiments of Cossacks who had lately returned from the war in Turkey, atd in spite of strict orders to disinfect every thing, probahly hid a pari of their booty, which, without doubt, contained tbe germs of the infection. When the disease first showed itself it was rather neglected, and looked upon merely as a variety of typhus fever, aad it w) not until the mortality began to assume alarm'ng UiuiensiODs that the local authori ties bt-gan to feel it to be their du'y to do something toward arresting its further pro gress. Accordingly a strict quarantine was enforced, but the inhabitants of Astrachan, seized with a panic, had begun to fly in differ ei t directions, scattering on their way germs of the disease, which advanced to the north over the provinces of Samara and Saratotf, and rea-hed Ziritzyn. This last-named piace ought especially to have been protected, being a very important trad ing town on the Yolga, connected by rail with almost tbe whole of Russia, aud through it with the rest of Europe. Having ence passed that place the plague went on spreading till it reached Nijnunovgorod, wbicli is but a few hours distant from Mos cow, the center of Russia. It is a curious tact that some of the Russian newspapers, among others the Vratichebuytja Yedonwsti (Medical Ketcg), persistently deny the exist ence cf the disease, and simply treat it as an outbreak of malignant typhus, while the St. 1'ttersburgher Woehemht if I, and other na pers openly speak uf it as the plague. The number tor December 23 h (January 9th) cf the Vralscheusnyga Vedomosti contains teb-grains from the governors of the infected districts f Astrachan and Saratotf) to the min ister of lirn fatprior, which report the present state of att airs a iott loneful. The mor tality ha decreased, and tLere zte very few new patients. A most euerg&tic quarantine is enforced in the in KCt'd towns and villages, which are divided into districts which are not allowed to communicate with each other, etc. ia tiouie places it is said that only five or ten persons .70 died within a week. "The M'ei er ' Meaicinhyl.e Voehen sehrift, No. 3, draws a most terrible picture ot the present state of things iu li-assia. Whatever the disease may be, whether ex anthemata typhoid fevor or a ftbrin re current, or really the plague, it is certain it would never have assuaged tLese terrible di ineusions if th government had not UealeJ it at first with uupardouable neglect. I is aimo.it too laUi now to attemot to stop ii, es pecially us the liussiiu pa.;on itueif has very vauge ideas regarding sanitae y arratgetceuts, and the misery cans d by tne last war and tbe faunue has undermined the forces of the copulation, renderiug it unfit to resist theiu Lc'uoo. Another very important thing is a want of experienced medical men in Russia. About one third of the Russian doctors died either during the war or from typhoid fever, which followed it, and a large puoaber ot young students have been sum moned f'oni hospitals and medical schools to take their piacj. The Wiener Mediein ische M'ochenschrift ' insists r: the im portance, iu the interest ot the whole of i"uiooe, ot providing Russia with doctcrs and helping bar to keep down and restrain her powerful tneuiy. jSoth Dr, Zolekauer and Prof. Botkin have declared the disease to be really the plague 'in tbo -co.-st to rn. They have drawn this conclusion from the extraordinary mortality (uiuety per centum), the rapid spread ing ot the disease and the very few cases of recovery, if any, which have come under their notice. The St. 1'etertbitrger Medi einische WvcheHsehr-ft, of December 30th (January ll'.h), merely gives a Bhort notice ou the disease, sayiog that although the government peisists in calling it epidemic, it c.tu no ion'er re doubted from the tenor of its communication).- to the cipcial papers that it is the plague." THOSE ATTACKED DIE LIKE KLIES. The black death is the same disease which, in the fourteenth century, desolated the globe, and it gets its name from the black spcti, symptomatic of a putrid decomposi tion, that show themselves at one of its stages on the skin of the sua ere r. It is thought to have had jts origin in China in l'$3ii, some fifteen yeiis befors its outbreak iu f urope, and it raged for twenty-uve yeara, while droughts, famines, floods, ear bquakes that swallowed towns an mountains, and swarms of locuats spread devastation everywhere. During the sani period Europe had as many abnormal conditions as the east. The order ot nature appeared to be reversed. The sea sons were at various times inverted; thun der storms were frequent in midwinter, and volcanoes, long considered extinct, burst forth afresh. The theory is that tbe extra ordinary activity of the earth, accompanied by decomposition of vast orgsnic masses rnyria-Js ct locusts, brutes and bodu-3 " cf ' botr.an beings pro duced some changs ic &o atmos phere inimical to life. Some writers eay that the impure air was actually visible an it ap proached with its burden of death. The pL.iu owed its extension almost wholly to infection ana conts-jion. lbree years passed from the date of its appearance at Constanti nople before it crept by a huge circle to the Russian territor es. Stat stic were not ob tainable then, but it is e.-t mated that in China alone thirteen million people died, and ia tie repiairier cf the east twenty-four mil lion, while a ' Ehroic tvecty-five million souls perished, making a grand atd temb,e total of sixty rnilUon. Although there ia little danger of the spread of the pest to western Europe for many generations it has been coaSned to the east it is not strange that the hussians should be startled by the ravages the bhek death has already wade. Perjons attacked with it are said to die like flies, Hud the ignorant and superstitious peas antry are so terrified by it that many are thought to have perished of pure fright, i ortmately, the laws of health and trie pe tvharlties cl din-ease are much better under stood iiow then ia entrjjs cne by. PLAGUE ASD Cjt7ABA5TINB. New Yoik Herald: "How far the plague in Soasia is to be apprehended as a destruct ive influence, and t?hat are the probabilities that it will advance westward, jr? noinu upon which it would be scarcely possible 10 form an intelligent judgment without a fuller eUfcemeul of the fate than has yet been sent " 1 acres the Atlantic. Some medical author. -ties in Berlin and Vienna have adopted a tine of refert-uce that might bi accepted as a basis for the gravest apprehensions; lor, while they do not recount tbe observations upon which their opinions were formed, their opinions seem to indicate that what has been seen could hardly be worse than it is. But all the allegations made are denied, not merely by the Russians, but by other German authorities not interested in the result. Rus sian lournals deny the existence in Russia of the plague proper; and, as there is no aouui that the word has been used very often to oe scribe malignant epidemics of typhus fever, it is very possible that it is so used again in the present case. It is, however, tar more likely that the di.-ease devastating the valley of tbe Volga is the true plague, and that tbe denials are made in that spirit of ignorance or indiH'ji-e-nca in which, in the early days of last summer, it was bin-nuously denied that the epidemic in the lower Mississippi valley waa jeilow-fV ver. So far as the fa'-ts are known they answer to what might bi looked for in the LiVory cf :i transmission of the plague. Soldiers le'iiming from a country in which the plague is e'tJemic brought the disease with their), rind it was devi-tcped in the warm weather in the autumn moaths in the low, marshy, miasmatic dirtric's ht or near the mouth of the Volga. Heie are the usual conditions the hardbliip, tbeexposuie, the indifference to cleanliness characteristic of loosely-governed ar:ui-s, the plague coun try, and the circumstances that favored the spread of the Oisease once brought ttt- t 1 l t -11 ? J 1 - in. winter lias not k 11 -a 11, anu uues not kill it, as it docs malarious dis eases, tor iU germ is of animal origin. Even the cholera has lived over the winter in that country on its way wcstwaid. In this re spect it may be apprehended that the plague will act in the same wy and bj rady to st.-rtcn its travelR next summer. Hat an efT- ctive parr!isl q-ttratifiiie will stop it. Ptague poioOii'U ntrt ci:ird ia rnei : l.Mu ti-c, and a quarantine ag&ir-st it will, tin reto e interfere le-s with commerce than it would in regaid to many oth-T diseases. Already Germany is. it appears, riady to uiobihz-s an army for defense against ths insidious enemy; but we mu3t vol imagine that we shall be made safe by the ane-t of the land ward march of the pest, especially since Mennonitis from the S--a of Azif and other districts of southern Russia have shown a dispositiou to travel this way." Fit AN CE. Additional Kleclions by the French Legislature Tins Enjrllnh Press Congratulates) France npoa lheLKt rmt tllimiKelo Kulera. fcttr. Paris, January 31. The German press generally approves Gravy's t lection. ADDITIONAL elections. Veiis.vii.le3, January 31 M. Gambetta has brt-n el cttd president of tbe chamber of tiepuues by three hundred and tourt en votes out of a total ol tour hundred aud fivf. It is still uncertain whether M. Dufaure, tbe presideut of the couucil, will r'.aia his office. A message from President Gcevj' will be commuuicated to the chambers piobably on Tburday next. THE NEW PKESIDENT's FIKST CABINET COUNCIL. Pahis. January 31. A cibir.et council was held this urrning at President Grevy's pri vate residecc1?. Minister Te-sserene de Hovt will probibly be appointed ambassador to E viand, Gen eifll Chan.-y to H assia, and Colonel D.mJlau to Austria. There is a general feeling: cf gratification throughout France at the issue of th- crisis, and ilius are flying ia many prats of Paris. The Snir has reason to believe thai M. Du faure has coDsoutcd to retain ihe ti miership on condition of the formal abandonment cf the impeachment scheme. OTHER RESIGNATIONS. London, January 31. Tco Standard hears that M. Te s,eiei)C de Boit, minister of com meice, M. B.rdeux. minister of public in struction, and M. Waddingtou, minister ot foreign affairs, will retire from the cabiuet, and that Premier Dufaure will remain only a few weeks. A Paris dispatch says that M. Gainbetta's election to the chair of the chamber of depu ties is regarded as giving him a consultative voice in the government. Italy and Spain have received the news of M. Grevy's election without comiueut. Get inauy is only anxious that M. Wad dingtoii aud M. de St. Valier will retaio their posl.. The Post in commeutiag cn the situation in Frauce says: "Recent events have intro duced party conflict into the French army, and on this rock either the array er the re public must founder." CONGRATULATIONS BY TUB TRESS OF LON DON. I.o'DOV, JdDUary 31. The London news papers uBiUftujowiltr c-ongrut'jlcite Franco on yebtei day's proceedingi. J I !E AS:i CATTLE. The Importation of Cattle Into tins-land 'fo i! America Prohibited Con iiiteraS.Ie It.xeitement in ew York i:pni iiniE Circles. Washington. January 31. The British juinister has informed the department of s'taie tiiat pleuro pueynjonia having been de tected in the cargo or futile ou the bhip On tario, from ponland, her majesty's govern ment are considering whether they can re tai3 the United States under exemption of part. for,r of the iil,h schedule cf the act of 17. THE ONTARIO'S CASK. Liverpool, January 31. The privy coun cil department have under consideration the subiect of the future arrivals of cattle from America. Those engaged in the trade con tend that unnecessary alarm has been created out of the Ontario case, and dispute the state ment that the animals condemned suffered from pleuro pneumonia. They have retained yetenn .ry surgeons of bigh repute to act as a check upon ha privy council inspectors, EXCITEMENT IN NEW YOKK CATTLE CIRCLES. New Yokk.. January 31. The news that the British government had prohibited the iupoi'iatiwu o, ii;-a cuttji hen? Atceriea has createii cotisidtrabie excitement among ship pers of live stock, and also among ship own ers, several lines of steamers running from this and other American ports having made large contracts ahead for lo79. The Evening Post says: "DuriDg the summer mouths last year many of the large steamers of the National line were especially fitted up and wholly devoted to this business, the number of cattle shipped by a single vessel often num bering more than four hundred. The alleged decision of tbe English government was en tirely unexpected." The present is the dull est time in tee trade, but even now the-e are probably more than fifteen hnurired head cf cattle on their way to England. Two cargoes consigned by Goldsmith & TotTsy arrived at Liverpool yesterday, and Pniliips said be had received no word from their Mgent there ol pny attempt to prevent their landing. The British vice consul says he has received no cfjicial notification of any attempt on the part of the British government to prevent the im portation of jmericari cattie. A Fire Attended by a Heriea of Serious Accident). Milwaukee, January 31. A fire this evening in the large truck manufactory of Romarlka Bros., fronting on Fourth street near Wells, caused a loss of about twenty five thousand dollars cn the stock and five thousand dollars on the building. Romadka Bros, had an insurance of about fitly thou sand dollars. It is estimated that the prop erty destroyed can be covered by about twenty-three thousand dollars. The insur ance is distributed iu about equal proportions among twenty companies During the fire Assistnt-Chief-Eogmeer Foley and a truck man named fVar'tir, feil through an elevator from the top to the basement, and both were seriously hurt. The fire was caused by two boys while playing, one of whom pushed the other against a gas jet, the fl im&8 of which s -t fire to his clothing, and thence communi cated to the inflammable woodwoik of the building. The boy ran out-doors and threw himself into the snow, extinguishing the flames. A Well-Ilebaved Kail way Accident. ALLEN-iON, Pj ., January Cl The train which left South Bethlehem on the Worth Pennsylvania railroad this evening was wrecked at Iron Hill station, and the entire train, which was well filled with passengers returning from Dr. L nderman's funeral, was thrown i;om the track. Xo one was injured. The accident wss caused by a misplaced switch lock, which appears to have been broken and the switch opened with the in tention of throwing the train from the track. Mynterloas liserepaoejr. Indianapolis, January ol. A discrep ancy has been discovered in the Indiana na tional banu auiounti;g to six or seven thou sand dollars, which is claimed by the direc tors to be in the accounts of James M. Nich ols, a former teller. Mr. Nichols, on the Ul.er band, says that tbe defect occurred after lie left the bank, and that ue is not re sponsible for it. - WASHINUTON. A Morenient Toward the Restoration of the Patent-Office Buflding3 The President's Message and rher maa's Reply Concerning Cer tain Appointments A Variety of Busfnesa, Presented and DIxposed of in the Senate The Ex ecutive Session The Fairfax Seminary Bill Disponed of in tbe House, Washington, January 31. The third in stalment of the Mexican indemnity of three hundred thousand dollars has been paid to tne state department. a new patent officii building. The supervising architect of the treasurv and capitol, and the superintendent of public buildings and grounds, are reauested to make pUns and estimates for tbe restoration of the patent-otltoe building to the condition exist ing before the fire, except that the roof be made bre-proof. FOUR PER CENT TRANSACTIONS . Subscriptions to the four per cent loan in the month of January, 1879, $158,851,150. Cills ot old bonds during the same perio l, 157.000,000. OCK DEBT. . The .d'ibt statement td-rtucow will show only the aggregate of tbe cash in the treasury, instead of coin and currency as heretofore. A new feature will be added by showing the assets and liabilities of the government. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE CONCERNING CERTAIN NOMINATIONS. The following is the President's message to the senate to-day, relative to the nomina tions of Collector Arthur and Navy-Officer Cornell: To the Senate: I transmit herewith the letter ol the secre tary of the treasury in regard to the suspen sion of the late collector and naval officer of the nort of New York, with the acccmpany tng documents in addition thereto. I re spectfully submit tbe following observation, that the customhouse in New Yoik collects more than two-thirds of all the customs reve nues of the government. Its administration is a matter not of local interest merely, but it is of great importance to the people of the whole coustry. For a long period of time it has been used to manage and control po litical affairs. The officers suspended by me are, and for several years have been, engaged 10 active personal management of party poli tics of the city and State of New York. 'I he daties of the oflices held by tbem have been regarded of subordinate importance to their partisan work. Their offices have bsen con ducted as a part of the political machinery under their control. They have made tbe customhouse the center of partisan political management. The customhouse should be a business office. It should be con ducted on business principles. Colonel Jam, postmaster of New York city, writing on this subject, says: "The postoffije is a business institution, and should be run as such. It is my deliberate judgment that I and my subordinates can do more for the paity of our choice by giving ths people ot this city a good and efficient postal service than by controlling primaries or dictating nominations." The jew York customhouse Riiout't be plased on the same footjEg with the New Yoik; postofiice, but under the suspended officer's the customhouse would be one ot the principal political agencies in the Stato of New York. To change tlais they profess to believe would be, in the language of Mr. Cornell in his response, Mto surrender their personal and political rights." Convinced that the people of New York, and of tho country generally, wish the New York cus tomhouse to be- administered solely with a view to tbe public interest, it is my purpose to do all in my power to introduce into this great office the reforms which the countiy desire. With my information of the facts in tbe case, and with a deep sense of the re sponsible obligation imposed upon me by tbe constitution to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, I regarded it as my plain duty to suspend the officers in question and to make the nominations nor before the sen ate, n Older that th3 important office may be honestly and efficiently administered. B. B. HAVE3. SHERMAN'S JiEi'Lr. Secretary Sherman's letter to the President, in reply to General Arthur, is very long. He repeats that all the allegations stated in the department letter of the fifteenth instant are susceptible of the clearest proof, and says that the department is prepared to verity them if it is the pleasure of the senate bj give an opportunity, 'if.1' say tne secretary, "to secure the removal of an officer it is necessary to establish the actual commission of crime, by proof's demanded in a court of justice, then it is clear that the case against General Arthur is not made out, especially it his answer is held to be conclusive, with out reference to proofs in public records and tendered to the committee and tne senate; but if it is to be held that to procure the removal cf General Arthur it is sufficiei t to reasonably establish that gross abuses of the administration have been con tinued and increased during his incumbency; that many persons have' been regularly paid on bis rolls wbq rendered little or 140 service; that the expenses of his office have increased, while collections have been diminishing; that bribes, or gratuities in the nature of bribes, have been received by his subordinates in the several branches of the customhouse; that offers to correct these abuses have not met his support, and that he has not given to the duties of his office the requisite diligence and attention, then it is submitted that the case is made out." This is the form of proof tbe department is prepared to submit. The secret iry refers at length to the num erous reports of special agents, and notably to tLe evidence taken before the Jay com mittee, to show that the condition ot affairs above mentioned really eiisted Under General Arthur's adtutnistrai,lc.o. Witt reference to an offer to General Arthur of a foreign ap pointment, Secretary Sherman says: "Gen eral Arthur stales that the fivst notice of his intended removal was accompanied with an offer cf an important foreign appointment under another department of the govern ment. This statement is entirely incon sistent with the pretence that he was harshly treated. In September, 1377, atter the first two or three reports of the committee, Arthur freely talked of re signing; said he had private business that demanded his attention; that the pat-sage of tbe anti-moiety act had greatly reduced the compensation of the office, and that he had no great desire ta retain it; ia this connec tion 1 s'ated to him that I believed he would be necessarily embarrassed in carrying into execution the reforms he proposed; that his intimate acquaintance witlt persons employed in tbe customhouse would make it difficult fcr him to enforce new methods, and I did. with your consent, say to him that in case he resigned a position of dignity and importance in the consular service would be' tendered him. This inti mation was received by him with favor, and he subsequently declined, because, as he al leged, his resignation would be a confession of fault in the matters disclosed. In set king h s resignation I earnestly desired to avoid a controversy in the senate at the beginning of your administration. If he committed any fault in connection with this matter it was in not concurring heartily and promptly in the logic of the report, which demanded a change in the leading officers of the custom house, lou had examined these reports and were convinced that the changes should be made, and that the senate, in view of tbe facts, would advise and consent to the The secretary answers General Arthur point oy point, ana cans at:enton to tne custom bouse irregularities in a most forcible ' man ner, and continues: "The force and expenses of General Arthur's own department in creased steadily from the date of his assump tion 01 tbe duties ot collector to tbe thirtieth of June, 1874, when it numbered two hun dred and fifteen persons, and in amount three hundred and sixty-four thousand five hundred and seventy-four dollars more than in 1871, and this in the face of the fact that the receipts had fallen off in the time men tioned many million dollars. The first ' de crease in the force and expenses waa made in 1875, by order of Secretary Bristow, and amounted to one hundred and eighty-seven thousand six hundred and eighty-five dollars. In 1878 the recommendations of the Jay committee went into effect, resulting in the reduction cf the force and expense in the col lector's department to the number of one hundred and twensy-six per sons and two hundred and eighty-seven thousand eight hundred and seventy four dollars over tbe previous year." The secretary concludes as follows: "It is for the senate to determine whether the opin ion of Arthur, candidly stated, with the full advantage of access to all the public records, shall prevail, or the opinion of the Jay com mission, supported by the reports of special agents, by the officers of the department, and by the Meredith commission,' together with my well-considered opinion, based upon the business as it wan brought before nie offi cially, and your own personal examinnt'.on of the different report, s lbmitted ti vou. Charged as you :e with the execution of the lawr, it would seeui that the most impoitant officer ot the customs ser vice ought to be s.-ieetid by the executive branch of thegovei nment, upxm which the re sponsibility rests. It will be exp'C'ed by th public that you see that your officers act in harmony with y--ur policy in com cling ail abuses that are developed and in securing all possible reforms, and if thny in your opinion fail you shou'd exer.ine the power given to you by the constitution tosecure offi cers who will d 1 so." IN TBE SENATE. Tbe sc-iiate letter of the secretary of the interior regarding the increaie of the salaries of governors of Territories was referred to the committed em appropriations. Senator Voorhees, from the committee on pensions, reported a resolution instructing the secretary of the interior to report an ad ditional clerical force necessary iu the pension office, and, in the pension branch of surgeon general's office, to secure to applicants a prompt examination of th"ir claims and a speedy and itlicent transaction of the busi ness of ix-nsioners. Agreed to. Mr. Pruden. the assistant private secretary of the President, appeared in the senaie chamber with a ia-e sage fiom the Piesident He was accompanied by a messenger, bear ing a huge bun'ile of doiuments, supposed to be from Secretary Sherman, regarding the New York customs aprx.iutment, but the bancils wtg not disturbei in open ses ion. Senator Shields was appointed a member of the committee on railroads and enrolled bills in the place of his predecessor, Arm strong. Senar H.ualin, from the committee on foreign relations, report i adversely on the houso Jj-iot resolution iu relation to esocs l iturcs at the industrial exposition iu Paris, and it was indefinitely postponed. Iu expla nation, Senator Hamlin said the rcolutiou only repeated what is now law. It is tbe duty of the sccretaiy o! stato to mako that report of expenditures, end he would do so as soon as he could ascertain the amount. Senator Saunders, from the joint committee to inquire into the expediency of transferring the Indian bureau from the interior to the war department, reported that the committee had been unable to agree, and submitted a report accompanied by a bill to authorize the President teinporaril to transfer the custody, control and management of cortain Indian tribes from tbe interior to the war depart ment, and for other purposes. Liid on the table, arid Senator Saunders gave notice that he would call it up for consideration at an early day. The Vice-President laid before the senate the credentials of George G. Vest, eiec el United States senator from Missouri. Placed on file. The senate, on motion of Senator Conk hng, went into executive sesiou, aud when the doors were reopened the senate ad journed. IN EXECUTIVE 6E3t-ION. After the reading of tbe President's mes sage and Secretary Suerman:s letter regard ing the New York customhouse nominations. Senator Couklio; made a speech, closing wit'a an expiesciuu ol opinion that the senaf should proceed to consider and act upoa the pending nominations wuuout luither post ponement. Senator Mathews ottered a resolution pro viuiner, first, that the niessaue ar,.i n.-.-v-imna- nying documents should t"' m-itiifil am tniil on tho table; and that farther coneidei ation of the nominations should be postponed until next iu on-lay . fhe fiist branch cf this rri.iiiuion waa agreed to without a division, but the propo sition for a postponement g;:ve rise to an tx tended discussion, aud finally a vote by yeas and iisys was taken oD Senator Mathews's resolution to postpone, which resulted iu its adoption yeas, 35; nays, 26. Thu tffirma tive votes were cast mostly by Democrats, aim me negative votes oy liepublicans. Snn atcra Mathews, Hoar, Dawes, Burnbide, Win dom, Wadleigh, Mitchell and Ferry, how uoiu, rauieign, Mitchell and terry, how ever, voted ia favor of postponement, and S-miitors Easton, B.ircum, Voorhees, Davis 111. J and M 'Pnerson were recorded ia tbe d Davia negative. 1 his vote does not absolutely fore shadow favorable action on the nominations, tor several senators who voted for postpone ment are definitely known to be opposed to them, but the advocates of confirmation have been greatly encouraged by it, and to-ni" ht Ihey confidently expect siicce-t; -j ie vote ot Monday. IN THK HOITSK. Mr. Conger. I torn the committee on ju diciary, reported back the bill in reference to the proceeds of the sale cf captured and abandoned property. Printed and recom mitted. On met on of Mr. Whitthorne, the senate amendment to abolish the United Stales volunteer navy was non-concurred in. The senate bill was passed for the erection of a military post at El Pa30, Texas. The speaker theu called on committees for reports of a private nature, private bills from the committees were then considered, and later the house went into committee of the whole on ttw private calendar. Mr. Morgan, from the committee on In dian affairs, reported a bill for tho relief of settlers oa absentee Shawnee lands iu Kan sas. Passed. Tho house went into committee of the whole, Mr. Covert iu the chair, on tbe pri vate calendar, the pending bill being one known as the Fairfax seminary bill. Mr. White opposed the bill as a war claim. Mr. Hucton advocated it. Mr. Potter favored tho bill, and said it was not a war claim, and not subject 10 the ob jection that it was for proper destroyed in the enemy's couutry. The property lay with in the defensi i ot Washirg oa Citv and Eot in the insurrectionary district at all. It lay within tbe territory excluded by the procla mation of President Lincoln. After some further d-bate the motion to report, tho bill to the house was defeated yeas, 76; nays, 78. On motion of Mr. Burchard the enacting clause was stricken out, and the committee (in accordance with the rules) roe and re ported it to the house, which by a vote cf 121 yeas to 89 nays, coucuried iu that action. The following is 'the vote in detail: iEAS. Bacon, Wag m. J?afUy, Inker Und.l, Baker N. Y.J, Hayue, HiHlr. Uouc-k. Bragg, Breuuuio. brewer, Brlgns, Browne, Bunuy. Evans I Pa. ., Kvans tiiii. 1, Kurt. Fisher, Fuller. tJardner. (JarU. Iu. Hamilton, H-1I1IIH. Oliver, Ovei ton, J'Ke, P.iintson N.Y., Peddle. Pollard. Pound, Price, Fiitrb. Hiirueubinx. Kea, Harris IMass.l. Klce Mass.i. Fiamaou, hohlnson i liass. Hart, Robinson luU.l. Ha izell. Hyn, HTes. S.inifinn BuicUarU, Caiklns, Uit'bell. Sexton. Camp, Hunter, Sliimckson, Campbell, Huuiehrers, Smith Pa.. Caswell, Huiigerford. Sparks, Clatllu, Inner, Sprin -or, Ciark lowaj, James. stewait. Cable, jones (N. H., Stone llowal, C.ile, Jones Ohio, scrait. Conger, Jojee. Thompson, Covett. Kelghtley, Tipton, Cox lOhlo, Kelchum, Towmteud O.I. Crapo. Landers, Townsend tN.Y.J Camming, Lthrop, Tuwnsbend lill.f Cutler, Llnitsey, Turner, i-anfonl. Luc-kwood, vitnVorbees, DavlsfCal.l. Slar-h, at, De. lnr, MihCn. Warner, iijnuison, M'Cook, Walsou, lilckey, M'4i,wttO, W hite Pa., Dar nell, M Klnlej, White (inu 1 Dwight, Mitchell, V,',UUuis ' Wis , Kames, Monroe, Wliilams Or. Kills, Neul, Wllle.s, Ellsworth, Norcross, Wright. NAYS. Alkan. Elam, Moner, Alilrloh, kvuis. S. C Muloruw, Atkins, Feiton. Mulltr, Beebe, Fuilay, Fatt-rson, Col. Bell. Franklin, Puelps, Blckuell, iidrtn, Putter, Blsbee. GiUdlngs, fUlmy, Blackburn, Cilover, Beagan, B lss, Cioode, Rice I Ohio Blou it, liunler, kobolns, Boone. Harris, (ri.J Boss, Bridges, Harris, IVa. Scales, B.atuen, Ha-keil, Shelley, Bickner, Hatcher, Singleton, Butler, Hewitt, IN. Y.l Smalls, Cabell, Hewitt. Ala. Smith, Ga. I Caldwell, Ky.J Herbert, Steete, Randier, Hcoker, Stent r, Chalmers, H jse, Thmekmorton, Clark, N. J.l Humon. Vance, Clark, Ky Junes, I Ala. I Waddell, Clark, Lne.J Jorgenseii, Widser. Cooke. Kei.ua. Whitthorne, Cox. IN. Y.J Klmmell, Wlgglngton, Cravens. Llg-n, Wlilim-, Del. Crittenden. Mackey, Williams. fA!ai Davis. iN. C MdUb, Willis, Ky. Dlbb elL, lldunlug, wiuis, . y 1 Durham, Martin, Wilson, Eden, ll'Kenz:e, Mr. Boone submitted the report of the commission i,ppointed for the puvpose of examining the practicability of transferring the Indian bureau to the war department. The report is in favor of the transfer. Mr. Van Voorhees submitted a dissenting report upon tho same subject. The reports were ordered printed and re ferred to the committee of the whole. The house then adjourned. English Labor Troubles. London, January 31. A general strike of iron-workers, numbering three thousand five hundred men, and brass founders, will commence to-day at Liverpool. Two thou sand boiler makers and ship builders are also considering the adyisability of striking. Pksejivedlt popular. We mean Dr. Ball's cough syrup, for it never fails to cure a congh. Physicians recommend ' it. Price only twenty-five cents a bottle, STATK AFFAIRS. The Memphis Appointment (01 llrnied and Commissions Issued to Dr. Por ter, Major Guy and Colonel .Michael Bnrke Procla mation by Governor Marks Declaring- the Repeal of the Charter of the City of MeMipbU and Application or the Act Cre ating Taxing-District Gov ernments Important Aets. Special to tbe Appeal. Nashville, January 31. Senate. A mes sage was received from the governor appoint ing the following-namei gentlemen, under the seoate bill repealing tbe charter of Mem phis: Dr. D. T. Porter, fire and police com missioner and tx officio president of said police commission, tor two years trom date; Wm. W. Guy, police aud fire commissioner, fcr two years, aud M. Burkj member of tbe board of public works. Oa motion of Mr. Clapp, the senate went into executive session and unanimously confirmed the nominations. Governor Marks' commissions wert subse quently issued and delivered to the Memphis delegation, which departed from Nashville for Memphis. The governor has issued tor fill lowing jiioclamaticn: ExuruTiVB Dbpartmsnt, January 31. 187(. Albeit S. Marks. Governor ot the State of Tennes see. To all who shall see these presents Ureetlng: Whereas. An act has passed the general assem bly of the Slate of Tennessee, datea January 2tt, 187W, ent tied "An act to repeal ths charter of certain municipal arporatloas. aud to remand tbe terrt tor and Inbabltauis thereof to the government or the State," aud It Is made tbe duty ol the governor of the State, by said act, to asoerlaln and declare, by proclamation, to what corporations said act applies, now. therefore, I. Albert S. Marks, governor or the State of Ten nessee, do berehy make proclamation that 1 have ascertained, and do hereby declare, that the provision-, or said act are appLc ible to the city of Mem phis, In the county or Shelbv, alone, thU being the only municipal corporation within this State with thirty-live thousand lnhao.tants or over at tbe date of toe passage ol said act. In testimony whereor, I have hereunto set my hand and onVlal slgnatur. and have caused the sen! to be allixed at the department In Aashville, this tbe thlr.y-ltrst day of January. 187W. ALBERT S. j, Governor of Tennessee. CHARLES IS. GIBBd, Secretary or State. The following is the full text of an act passed by the gene ral assembly, and approved by the governor. An act to amend an act to more cueapty oolie t the State, couety und municipal revenues, passed March 23, l7s. SscriON 1. It, it enactrd by the General :,,. .. fV late of r-,.w.te. That lln- .T -(K""W.v of third or KB-tinii n wT Af ,hB sconu and mnrt-- a"u municipal revenue, be so as to read the first Monuay or the tenth .uuuiu, insmau oi tne ni-st Monday of the third month excepting all municipal corporations of not luss than twenty thousand or more than fifty thou sand inhabitants, by the last census or the Lulled elates. fctrO 2 Rt U further euactvt. That the saldecouiily trustees, before proceeding further to collect said Uuces. topther wl h ihelr seeuiltles, shall appear hetore the county courts of their respective oou ties, aud acknowledge la writing their willingness to be bound unit r ihe terms and conditions or their boring, for the collection of said taxes; and In case thej refuse to appear and acknowledge their liabili ties anew, then ihe said trustee Is to enter Into a new bond forthe faitiif..l peitormance of his duties; pro vided, however, that ir any trustee shall tall or re ruyt to renew his bond or give a new one. as herein before provided, tuen, in such case, s dd ollice or triistoe shall be declared vacant, and the county court sluiil proceed at cnoe to fill the vacancy, as re qaifed by law: provided, further, that said trustees stiMi renew their bonds, or give new ones, s herein before pmvlded, on or before the first Monday In Aiarch, 1S!7h. Sec. M. lie it further enacted. That this act take e.lect from anu alter its passage, the puollc welfare requiring It. Passed January 20, 1S7. J. H. NEAL, Speaker of the Senate. H. P. FOWi KEs, -peakerol the House. Approved January 31, 1K7H. ALBERT s. MARKS, Governor. House. The bill to transfer appeals from Perry county to the supremo court meeting in Nashville passed third reading. The feature iu the bouse was the failure of a ttriagrnt Sunday law forbidding the sale or giving away intoxicating liquors under any circumstances, save by prescription of physician, to rtu-ive the constitutional ma jority to eoubJe its passage on third reading. Its friends were over-sanguine, and were amazed at its failure. '1 hey at once gath ered about the house in knots, the consulta tions resulting in a reconsideration of the vote. The bill will come up February 11th. MISCELLANEOUS. General James A. Eakin. deputy-quartermaster-general, had seventy government tents burned in Roane furnace, Chattanooga, to-day. They were used at that point during the yellow-lever epidemic. He will destroy four thousand tents at Memphis next week, and nearly as many more at Yicksburg. It is reported here that Mainland is tbe southern State which it is proposed shall bring suit against Tennesson for fifty thou sand dollars in funded interest bonds, which will b; given to the Peabody institute, for the purpose of making a tst case in the United States supremecourt, which ht,s original juris diction in such suits between States. TIIK POTTEKt'OIlJJiTTKE Sitting In Secret MpssIod on the Cipher IHapatcb. Investigation Tentlmonj by Several lVltneMeM Mab-4 iim mitteen to be Appointed. WASin.toTON, January 31. The PotUr investigation emmittee begun to I'ay's pro ceedings with a secret session. The chair man submitted a resolution that a sub com mittee of five be appointed to go to New York to take any testimony that it might be more convenient to bear there. Mr, lliscock moved, aran amendment, that Marble, Pel ton and Vy'eed bo first examined before the whoiu committee in Washington. Lott. Mr. Cox then off-red a eubstitute to the if.fct that the whole committee should go to New York. Rejected. Also a second amendment by Mr. Hiscoek that the sub committee should consist of seven instead of five. The original motion was i;:en carried, Messrs. Hiscoek aud Cox being the only members voting against if. Mr. Potter thoa moved that Mr. M'Mahon be the chairman, and Messrs. Springer, Cox and Hiscoek, the sub committee. Recets. Mr. St. Martin was recalled and tjuestioned as to when he put the dates upon the cards which were scut Li ia by Mr. Maddox. He replied that he put them on subsequent to the interview, all at the same time. Mr. A. R. Potts, sergeant-at arms cf the sub-committee sect to New Orleans, stated that St. Murtiu4vas deputy eergeant-at-arras of that committor from the tenth to the twenty-second cf July; whatever subpenas St. Martin hud h received from witness; he received co instruction in regard to them ex cept to serve them. The chairman examined Blackburn, who testified that he had never spokon to St. Mar tin in his life, except perhaps to say good day; he had never wen him taikiog with Mr. Stenger, and never heard that a large number ot witnesses were kept in close quar ters by him and Weber. Mr. Stenger testified that the first time he saw Weber was in the committee-room at New Orleans; nver saw St. Martin until he was appointed; believed he was appointed at the suggestion of Weber, who recommended him as one who knew where to find wit nesses; never had any conversanon with Maddox, and didn't speak to Carter until the committee returned to Washington. The chairman observed that the alleged conversation between Mr. Stenger and bt Martin could not hav3 taLen pTXce on the date given. Mr. Hiscoek asked if this branch of tbe in quiry was closed. The chairman answered in the negative, and asked fi.r a short secret sesdon to con sider a proposition effered by Mr. Stinger, and also, some details connected with the appointment of a suh-committee to go to New oik. The sub-committee will leave Washington Sunday night, and commence taking testi. mony Monday afternoon. Their meetings will be held iu the postefhee builing. Among the first witnesses to be called are Marble Pelton and Weed. Mr. Tiiden will also be called upon to testify. At present the com mittee seem to have no inclination to pass a special resolution that he be allowed to have counsel present to advise with upou his testi mony. A resolution in favor of bringing back An derson to stand h s trial is indefinitely tabled, and is not likely to be heard of again. Ihe eub-committee will be away aloat ten or fatteen days, and it is understood that lit tle will be done by the committee at Wash ington before their return. JRenahavr Released. St. Louis, January 31. Morrison P,en Bhaw, the Globe Democrat reporter who waa sent to jail sbtue days ago for contempt of court, in refusing to answer certain questions asked him by the grand jury, wa takeu be- .-re that body again to-day, and in repW 'o Ihe question asking whetb r he obtained tiie information he published from any miruber if tl.eprsad j'try, be answered t-o. wl ere tipoa Le wrf" d scharged, aud if dotv :i--tl -:nif the air t-l fn'Oilom. la x TsrmtTs. I'nlteil Ktalp oarla-Juitc-n limn m ! Hnmiuouil, irriliii(. M Cairhy vs Lewis, ficarin- resumed, to he continued to-day ; Payne vs Oliver. Finnic & Co . hearing ronuied, cotitimi"d till M.-nday; Ptllliu'ii vs Puilism, argument resumed, con tinued till Mondjy; Melton vs Southern life insurance compuL.v. appeal bond filed. Judge Brown's calendar for to-day: B -c'-ter-dil. vs Priddy, Lambeth vs Ripley railroad, Grees vs Dyersburg, Apperson vs Brown, M'Carty vs Lewis. Judge B-own will hear motions te-day. Criminal C'onrt J. K. K. Kay. Judxe. Calender for Saturday, February 1st: lo6. 157, 158, 159. 160. Mrs. E Hovey; 126 and 133, Jennie Warren; ICO, 161 and 162, Bill Latimore; 285, Alex Solomon : 282, Thomas Shaver; 225, Jack Austin. Witnesses must be in attendance or forfeitures will be taken and attachment issued. Chancery Ueelalona. Chancellor M'Dawe.ll yesterday rendered his decisions and rulings in certaiu cases heretofore argued and submitted on briefs, as follows: M'yuillan vs Markey If sufficient ground are shown, amendment allowed and injunction retained; question of lond con sidered when auienduient offered. Field vs Field Being a divorce preceding, pio on-fes;-i -t a--ido, :li granting merely raising an issue State vs Bigley The saeirg out ha beas corpus improper; writ dismissed. Big ley vs 'PMalley Application to revoke jlct teri .'f ..uiKii-uebip, ni.it lootraming com pUnnu it from acting as guardian; motion to dissolve injunction overt ulud; tirjit given de fendnct to answer. Boro vs Harris Mem onin la rulings on d. rnuirer. Rosenthal vs Andeison Ir junction dissolved and bill dis missed. Sinnott vs Garrett Bill dismissed. Planters Ins. Go. Oftice in Company' liuildlng, No. i i 51 ml i o n K t reet. lemplil, 1. T. PUKTKK. Prr.icleni. i. II.JI liH. Vire l-re,idrat. . I. KAt.Nfc. Meeretary. UAP1TAI, MYtU'lt 15O,4)0 IK ICC TO KM. D. T. PORT KB, . H. JUDAH, 2- Svw0!;81 W- B- 't '-BREATH, B. KIsiiMAN, S. H. BR; .VS. JOHN OVKHTON. JR. R, L CliOlS G.V. RAM B ACT. rt re-Insiires aaalnst loss by rtre, ylrlne ma HtTel Ulnun ob rrlTBt, UwelnKm Specially mr ej-- l-slr-d. -iE Is aeent a'so for tbe following leading ..uiern and Foreign Companies. . tVorth Kerman. of Hsnhnrg,' (.ennaiiy, Manhattan, of Sew Vorlt. JHanuractaren. of Biton. Connecticut Klre. of Hartford. Kratikiin.o' Fh'ladelphia. I. O. J. F. THE officers and members rr Mem pbls Degree Loose No. .'1. are re quested to meet at their Hall tr-ls (SAT URDAY) eveolnir. FebniHrv 1st. at 7::iO o'clock, for work In the Decrees. All transient brethren ure fraternally Invited. By order C. M. CABROLL. D. M. 8. n. CiiKsoN, Secrftarr. lioyal Arcanum. TESNESSFE COUNCIL, No. MS. will bold a regu lar meetii.gHt their Hall, No. 2HH r'econd street, this (d.ArUtilJAY) ev nlng. February 1st. Ht seven o'clock. Initiation and liuptrtant nuslness. W. H. B aTlSS. Regent Js -. W. Cacfv. Se- re tiiry. TheGREAT EUROPEAN NOVELTY hdnyadTjanos, The Best Natural Aperient. THE LAXCET.- "Hunyadl Janos Baron Llebeg affirms that Its richness n aperient salts surpasses that of all other known waters." THK RKITINH lIKDICtLJOlH- .AL. "Hunyadl Ja nos. The most agree ble, safest, and most efficacious aierlent wa ter." Profesnor Vlrfhow, Berlin. "Invarlablj good and prompt success; most valuable." Prefexsor Ksoibcrxer, Vienna. " I have prescribed these Waters with remarksble suc cess." ProfeKNor Nranionl, l nrr.burjr- " I pre scribe none but this." Professor l.audt-r Brunton. II. I . K.R-H., London. ' More pleasant than Us rivals, and surpasses them In eflicacy." Profnor Altken, tt.I., K.ltH., Koyal Military Honnitnl. ftetley. "Preferred to I'ulina nl KriedrichsbalL" A WlneelaHHfnl a Ioe. Independable to the Traveling Public. Every genuine bottle bearstbe name of Thk Apol LINaris Co. (limited), London. ilti-:i'k IK BtRV A CO.. 41 and 4. Warren Ht.Vw Vorfc. Agents fur United Ptatrx and Cauatn FOK SAUK BY DKALEFS. GRfHJEHU A.VD DRUGGIDTS. The Lable on everv genuine Bottle Is printed on Blue paper. SALOON AND RESTAL'KA.NT Removed to 31 2 Main, OPP03ITK PKABODY HOTEL. L.IDIEM'OYMTEK PABLOBS IX REAR. KC;X ON MONROE 9T. VALENTINES AT WIIOL.KSALF, Sold at Publishers' Prices, bv MANSFORD, 298 MAIN ST, Call and Get a Unotl Assortment. Election Notice. TH' annu-il meeting of tbe Stockholders of the Memphis Gxxliirht Comnnnv will tnbeld at the office ot the Com tinny. 42 Madison street, Memphis, leunessee. situkdav, siaren i. imv. to eieci Meven 4ireeion to se.ve the Company the en suing year. Election f om ' O a m. to 2 p.m. JOSEPH CFAiG, siecretaiy. MitiiPHr3, Tens., February 1. l7fl. XFLAHERTY & CO UJfiKRTAfi.l2KS, '-CsT Vit . ' - , I t a i r- CD 2 CD BT o 3 I t lrafi mil $ i err 0 gjg II g Vsssl ibIbbV (i Li 5 1 m g Bait (tatel's And Mannfacturers of Flaherty's Patent Preserving; Casket or Corpse Cooler, S17 and 818 SECOND ST., MEMPHIS. -T7E keep on band fuL lines of MetalUa, 8oll! VY Walnut, Rosewood Finished Caaketa aud Cvs, trimmed 1q the highest style ot art. Orders c; ai.il or l :lt;rplvrrul be promptly Oiled, C. O. D. S4 rr"t? ATARRlri A PHYSICIAN'S TESTIMONY. 30 Years a Physician. 12 Years a Sufferer. Tried Regular Remedies. Tried Patent Medicines. Perma nently cured by SANFORD'S RADICAL CURE. MESSRS. WTEKS POTTEP, - Sim : I have prs llcd incilicine fortlilrly vemrs, tnrl hmra ben a uTTcrer myse;f Inr twelve years with C tn-h In th. pMal p;.srK,.f ,nn s n, h,ryux. 1 hvo used crcry tlijiiir In tfc t.n'rri-i . e.:.r-i n-.tiinut nv permnnent reller.untll anally 1 was induced to l j n nalenr medlrln. Jfoiueiiiii.r iii.tv.-ft i.-l.ptli:! i. v-rv loth to do). I trl.-d and ! .-cm i lucre nam I pot lioia of roars. I foUowrd th- (lirve'ions to tho l iter, and m happy y 'sy havn had a pirmancnt cnr. Your IIADICA.L Crill. Is certainly a hs.pjiv rimhluatlon ror the cura of Uiai raott unple&aaiii aud dangerous of dlaeaaea. Yonrs, renrrtfa'Ty, D. W. URAT.il. Of Dr. D. W. Orav 8m., Phylc1a-a aa4 lruj.-pists. MiucoU&clowa MraOA-rrrra, Iowa, March J7, lv. The Taliiji of thia remedy must not be ovariookaa tn tne euro of tuosc SYMPATHETIC DISEASES, Affocftona cf tba Fy-. Kar. Tliroat. Lnnr and Bmn enlal Tulica whica la msnv c3-"e ac-iniiar.r a aerera case of Catarrh. 1 ne l-uttamed and 1'wriiI cnndltioa cr tbo mucous mrmbr.-.uo u ti:n rnnse cf all these troubles; and m.til t no r,t-:n l is been brons-ht properlj-nraT t:-o lnr.-;c-i"; of th KADIPAL CUEK. perfect O-vwloai froia 1..0..1 cannot bo reaaoaablr ax. poctf-d. j-i'Vi U,t ,h,"'e tl"r" PAirOTtD'S EADICAI, Ti. . i'i ,w '1"cil beiore tiio p-jblir, but In tbat abort tiico It It 1 r..nud 11s v fr.,,:i: ..i.o to California, anl J.'.'irh'"E. ckl,,' !"--d r y rr-mrlais and phyai. 1 L'-5 -(-.v-sfil 1 .-.-paratloo for tha tnoroncb trca:ni-.t .f Ha t-i c-"r rnnpounded. Tha IJCt w il 1- .- :. .1 r ); l:r.;.'-.rtaoce vibca It la copied with t'!2Mnt--r..e:,t it-.nt wrh.n live years over 850 different r - J'oior Cat :rri hnv been placed on aa.c. and torn-. iii one or tftn r xceptlora. tbtlr names e,n..t i . I ...c :....niennoT drn ri&i Aur.l--:-.3 aoecc i-1 ..i i.,rctnir a feiral. il.a.r . 6i ,,i0, rcn.'tly j . ."i-f.. mdout.tcd srec!llc m 1. AJ tirop. r-ies, .; s a'ljo.uteiy cfriiaia to fall into merited otcurin-. JaTasJ . .v. --- , - -''o -n-'-'v uirorsTri- TEH, Oeneral Aseuts a.i 1 Wui.lcu.i Druiju. lloiton yv 1 . wit trt? 1 . r. 1 COLLINS' m VOLTAIC PLASTER IS SIMPLY WONDERFUL. April S 1 . S T consWrr .i.ltn! " "j.taij PukSTrR tiic best plMtrr I rvcr mw, nml a:a rccoia uendiojc A them to all. C. McMo n bow. IlrMK, III., Aiirtl IS. n. f It hwlonc my boy miire good thaa all other meaicines. bow eoe to Rchof'l, for the Ursb tUme ir three year. IJtJtV.TLL., April 1577.? I lite the fine I cot wt'll. Thy rc the Itfst plissterB, n. donbC Id tae world. b.L. Mrt.n.i- An Grots. Mo.. Mar h 21. 1S77. f Accrrt tdv thanks for tho rood dcrivel fromthetwoCoiv i.tKs l'LAjrsTU3 Kent me soma time o. V . C. Mookju COLLINS' VOLTAIC PLASTER for local pairs, larccnt-se. forn. weakneaa. namb neaa, aad inflammation of the luntr. liver, kldDcra apleen, bowela. bladder, h-art, aad tiiuaclra. is eqaai its a arm ot doctors aad acres of plaaia aad abrtxoti Price, QI opntft. Sold by all Wholesale and Retail Drxnnrl8t3 thronjzti oat tbe United States aad Caoadua, aad by YuLiLa PoTTEIt, Proprlt tors, Uostoa. UaM. Stamped Checks ON ALL TIIE BASKS. S.C.TOOF&CO. PRINTERS, LITHOGRAPHERS BOOK-BINDERS. 15 Court Ht.. Memphis G. H. MUMM & CO.'S CHAMPAGNE IMPORTATIOX IS 1878 35,906 Cases, 7 . or 16,270 cases more than of any other brand. FUhSTEHH.tt WtLLFOKIJ. All-lit Tor WfWilil. Trai. PLUMBING, Gas Fitting, Chandeliers, Gas Pipe and Fitting:8 WATER and STEAM. PIPE, BJWr Pipe, Pum s, Hydrants, AT BOTTOM PKICE3. J. VV. X. BROWNE, If" ' '' 253 SscoprJ St.. Memphis. Term. Chanferj' Nale of Ileal Kutatc No. H.D 24&,. Hrt4 (2) R. Ciancerr Court of Shel ly CXiuriit J A. Aiioersoii.AUiuJLils rator, vs. C. C Di-'.inson et aL Bit 1rttie of an lnkrlocutorj d(rv for sale, en terwi In tbe nboe cu on th- 22d daj cf May, IH7K.M.B. 21. P HH1, aiiproved und reaffirmed. July VI, 1ST. I will sell at pub.tc auetluti. to Ue htKnest bidder. In front of th- Clerk ari Master's orttoe, Courllintuo building. Mala street. ilenipblA, Teanessee. oa Oa Matnrday, Krbrnarj 1. 1470, within lefpil hours, the following decrt'ed property, oltuaied in tbe city ot Menu . i s. Sae.liy countj, Tennessee. to-wlL: A lot of uround neglnnlng on tna corner of Vance and E-n.ols sneets; runs ihenca soma with tehol stra t 1 50 feel: w-st iO) leef; north 150 fet to Vance; east RitU Vaijce sjtl 100 feet to the beginning. Terms of dale Cash. This December 14. 1 87S. K J. BLACK. Cleric and Mater. Young A- tlalsey. Tail, rami Carroll. Altoruejsjfrl Chancery ale t f Iteal Ks'ate. No. 2418, R.-Chancery Court of Shelby County iiami-i R.H11W is. . . irueneart et al, anrtoo. 24H5 B.) Pratt bin Company vs. . W. Truer heart et al. BT virtue of an Interlocutory decree for sate. r tered Iu the abjve causes on the i:hdiyof July. 187. B. 22. PHrfe 2. '2. I will sell at p ibllo aucilon, to the blhst biduer. tu front of the t ier and Master's otnce.Courtnouje building, MaIu stieet. Memphis, Tennessee, ou tatnrday, frbroiry 1, 1S7V, .vlUilnle J hoars, the right, 'nterest snd equity of ii. W. True hem t In the iollowing-.lescrK-ed piopert', situated Id the city of M-mphls. Sh':y i-ooDty, Tennesse-, to-artt: BtvlniilriL' at the Inier cron of tbe west line of Secontl street Willi the outh line of taealiey betwe-n Poplar and Wa-hlrtn. streets; thence we-l with the said alley 14K1, ret; toenos uth !irt fe. thence I4V feet to be-oud streets; thence north rt feet to the betrtnnti.g. Terms of Sale Cash. This Jam tar 9, 1P79 B J. BLACK. Clerk nd KaaW. C W. rrjyer and Mcoias wnlimn. fio frt PBTres dertrtntt to have Carrl.i o It as 7- general Blacksiultnlnr done, 1 iii C-i It aa -tlielr interest to send their work to P. Cunr.lngUaai, . corner ot kionroe and DeSoto streets. liraa an ' Vagons ol all kinds mads to order. Ki. Canning-- .' kun has unusual facUlfe for ttu-ulng cut Rpalriug at short notice Give him a call. m MN. B. Farm and birtn4 Wagoci on hand an ' 1 101 sate very aheap. Ml t'-s? a. ll , i i , I ' i.' i 1 I e- r Sl " - i . y r4; j w 1 1 a ' .:r'