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TJBL Ei frjLElylPELI DaIL JPPJEAL FJRID -VY. MARCH Ql, 1S79.
VlKM,i IS APPEAL BY IVriDNiif HuWrlpUuD Daily A Wee lily IvAtL .J O I (, one year. OJ in;i!l O ) Vj; j, !X montim, f mV.l . t . one irivnMj, ty mill O l- eo4 ;. o: r i-ek. In city I wu WEKKLV t Mi) S l". . w r.-.r U la j, ix urH,:o f vv Kate of Al vertlaln W 1 - iii.vn.on. i-r square ! OO j.juTit :nrtlon, per square J K. i i iin-i solid nonpareil makes one squara, anu , ) ! lines make one Inch. -.- .Vic- tire twenty cent per line art. U.mr- u n, Ciwii cents per line per week. Wi iv etc., are tea cents per line Dnt Insertion, and r. r cents per line each subeeutient Insertion. Duo and MnrritH-e notion, Funeral doUcm ac J tu-ults, .ire churned at n-ttular rate?. W i lli net accept anr sxivertlieinenl to tollow read- 1 1 ; o-n.U-r. Tj Con u Ibn torn and Carreapaadrata. W 1 1 illcll letters and communications upon subjects ;en-rnl ir.u-rnKt. but iieh aiunt always be ao- jt npanteil by a reaporuitbie name. W t aim not n-turn rejocunl communications Oi' rnil-too are Kept ty poslolUcea, and not by i -. avuliirtl names, d? iniri copies sent free of cbarye. Aa .tttrr. communications, or anything else for the afpv.l, .uould be addressed I.l .plriinv pairs cbautred from one postorEee to utlier, ins names of bol& poa to dices should be OALLAWAY A KEATING, M Uli-w.t, i 2f2 Secnd street, J, d. KttTiS'.. f Vemphts, Teco. MEMPHIS APPEAL MM ii 4 , MaKCH 2I.1S79 TSF HKW OKLKAkH TKOl'ULE. It U with reat r grot that we chronicle the news that reaches us from New Orleans. Our readers have seen within a few days paragraphs that we have copied from jour nal i in various parts of the Union, Bhowing that money was coming more into demand, the rate of interevt for it was improving, and bu-iaexs irentrdlly was showing encouraging sign?. Sjc'u facts were welcomed by every body, for ihey saw in them the commence ment of an ast-ured r. viv.il from the fatal era of IS73. The occurrences in New Or leans will temporarily check, it is feared, the cnuuJ toward prosperity which had begun. It becomes a question of rnucn interest un der tlieae circumstances whether the New Orleans difficulties are the result of some general trouble in the money world just now, or of merely local causes? That the latter wai the case, judging by what is made kuon, appears evident. Tne city of New Orleans prostcuted one of the most respectable institutions within its cir cumference, and obtained a verdict against it of eighty-six thousand dollars. This was followed by the bank coming to a stop on Tuesday lasf. As the Southern bank had loug couiiUHnded the most complete confi dence, by its Ligh character and upright dealing, its failure naturally produced some commotion. The Mechanics and Traders bank is stated to have been in a weak condi tion of late, and the commotion, slight as it wjs, was too much for it, to New Orleans Lad two broken banks, made so within two days. That was enough to start one of those ius.ine tumults that at t.mes Btart from the slightest causes. Those people who yester day rushed to the banks without giving warning, trampling down all rules and out raging all custom, wanted their money then and thin.1. Such people's unreasonable de mands could not be complied with in the ab sence of notice before, or of time allowed after notice. They could not be reasoned witu, or induced to act in accordance with wlia business rules and necessities require. What was lobe done? Evidently to inter pose Fonie obstacle between an excited crowd and tiitf olijpct it was madiy bent upon an object which, if accomplished, would have led to ruin and disaster. The banks took the n-fuge that was open to them, and suspended currency payments. Was not this prudence, and a measure of s.iftty? B nDg so, it is a cause for confidence, not for doubt, as slight postponement has saved present fearful loss. We Can therefore entertain confidence when "we see proof of prudent and wise action. We can also feel safer as we s;e how the madness of excite ment is deprived of its prey by the thoughtful, cool, sensible action of those to whom the oversight of the banks is intrusted. When excitable depositors discover what a refuge the banks have against their unreflecting proceeding's, they too will have to acknowl edge that deliberate prudence will do more for them than a wild rush and savage roar of "I want my money!" New Orleans has done a ftood busineBs since November; she has got good prices for cotton; she has Cone an im mense exporting trade iu wheat; the barge lines on one hand and Kids' jetties on the other have increased her commerce greatly this Beaton, and New Orleans merchants are fully able and will st tnd nobly by their banks and see them safely ou. of the excitement, with every depositor satisfied. We are cure that the solid men of New Orleans will take Buch steps as will prevent loss, and, as the whole uff.iir is due only to local causes, their aid, influence, and prudent action will allay the excitement and bring quiet again, with advancing prosperity and renewed trade. A KKULECTEU KV1L. Potato lot, the vine disease, pleura pneu ni .niu, and other epidemics to which vegeta bles and cattle are subject, have by turns ex cited much attention. Legislative commit tees have examined, aud experts, at much expense, have searched and analyzed, ancall was done that cattle and cabbages might be saved. Iu this countiy chills and fever are a curse in soma of the most pi oliSc lends we have, compared with which grasshoppers and 1'leuro-pncumouias are almost trivial. It is bad to lose a c:w cr a crop, but it is worse to lose what makes the field and the stock profitable the heads that direct and the arms that toil, the farmer and hi laborers. These are stricken down, often in the time of their busiest toils. The fever s"ps their strength, and emaciates their frames; hag gard and helpless they lie the victims of the mischievous "chills." How sad it is to see the horse browsing in the pasture, the plow standing idle in the furrow, while the family is perhaps deprived of comforts, because the farmer lies pow rless, shorn of hi strength by "chills." The loss bj these calamities is annually great, there are districts where the land is im mensely r ch, yielding crops of wondrous abundance, that are lelt almost uncultivated because the "chills" are prevalent there. Only hre and there a hollow-eyed, yellow nfcinned man, with limbs almost denuded of ttesb, is to be seen etalking with listless step among the profuse vegetation. Riches in abundance are contained in thi teejnng soil, yet it lies wa.-.te and deserted because of the "chills" mi as mi, like a fiend, cists iU deadly arms arjund all who try to settlo there, and keeps frjm man's industry the most valuable l.tnds in the country. Yet no congressional committee, no scientific ex plorers, have undertaken to grapple with the "thills," as the poUto beetle and grasshop per have been battled with. In Italy, Al giers, and several ether placea and countries, the euoalyptic tree has proved of vast benefit in banishing miasma, and render ing the rich lowland accessible to culti vation. Ia this country, especially in the southern portion, these trees might prove as ffficacioua as they have done elsewhere, but no effort has been made to introduce the ex periment. Had the loss by miasma affected cows or cabbages some-thing would have been done; but because it is only man who suffers, nn.n whose labor is curtailed and whose pros perity is interrupted, nothing has been at tempted. Man is not a marketable commod ity. Viewing the qsestiou practically, in its m're bu-iie-s attitude, we see that "chills" are annual. y the cause of great pecuniary loss, am! that the comuioneft prudence sug gests that every ii'oit the ( ublic authorities can put t'ortii is worth being tried as a mere matter of busings. There are doubts whether any of the euoalyptic group of trees will stand our v:;tiable cliiuate. Tew should be experi mentally ascertained, not with a single va riety, however, but with several, so that if any can be successfully cultivated here they may be so. It has lately been announced that the common willow, when profusely raised about a house in a "chill country," proves a protec tion. If the bafk-t willow will do the same, health aud profit would be combined by its cultivation. If public attention was given to the subject of "chills," and public measures were adopted to observe aud experiment, we should then learn whether anything will ac complish what the eucalyptus and the willow are said to do, and if so what they are. AJLl'M MS BKF..1D. A nuisance that ttonl l d Europe fifty years ago is beginning to ut'.rtc' attention her-' that is, putting alum into the bread w: cat. The bread must bp "light" that it maybe di gested; that is, it must be filled by the well known cells we are accustomed to see in it. Where beer tr ale is brewed those who un Jerstand hPalthy broad-making procure yeast, which "iigbteus" (he bread better than any substitute, and is wholesome. Where yeast is not readily to be obtained, "baking-powders" are resorted to, and out of them comes mischief. Bicarbonate of soda and cream of tartar, or tartaric acid, are the usual constitu ents of a itood bakin oTor. Crmra of tartar sells at from sixty cents to eighty-five cnts a pound. This high price has led "cheap baking-rowders" to be made of alum, as a substitute for some or all of the cream of tartar. Alum will make bread look whiter, so that bakers can make an inferior floor salable as bread by Its use; and they use it, in some places calling it "rock," so that no inadvertent expression may let "outsiders" know that alum is used. Alum is aa injuri ous article to the human constitution in large quantities, or in sinill quantities often re peated. It is the small quantities, taken every meal, that do the mischief in bread. Alum is cheap three cents a pound to the pocket, but it takes what is so saved out of the stomach, and takes it with fearful inter est. Alum is ai. astringent, aud is used by dyers and others as such. Taken fre quently on the human stomach it produces heartburn, indigestion, griping, constipation, dyspepsia, and kindred troubles resulting from irritation of the mucous membrane, produced by the astringent properties of alum. All these are nice things to be in flicted by the bread eaten morning, noon and evening. To young children, growing girls, persons of weakly frame and sedentary occu pations, tnis alum bread is poison most espe cially. If the reader wants to know some thing of alum, let him suck a lump of it, notice its effect on the mouth, which is some thing like that of an unripe persimmon; then let him reflect how it acts upon the tender, delicate coats of the stomach. Dr. Henry A. Mott, the celebrated analytical chemist, analized twenty-three of the baking powders most in use, and found alum in every one of them. It is time we took meas ures to stop this bread-poisoning that kills our little ones and perpetuates dyspepsia and cholera. TRADE WITH CAXAUA. The protective system is doing immense damage to our commerce. By that system we are taxing out of access to our markets the productions of people to whom we are trying to sell our own productions. They must admit our goods, but we will cot admit theirs, or if we do, only on payment of a heavy duty. Take our neighbor, Canada, for instance, as mentioned by the New York Bulletin: "While we are charging an aver age customs duty of thirty per cent, (includ ing free goods in tha total), they are charging an average of only ten per cent, upoa our exports to the Dominion." Canada proves its desire to do business with us on a moder ate tariff, we answer her liberal treatment by charging thirty dollars where she charges ten. Canada is becoming tired of this one sided arrangement, and her parliament is now considering the advisability of introduc ing discriminating duties by taxing certain things out of their markets. This will un favorably tffect our commerce, as can be seen by the following statement: " Within the last ive years we have exchanged places with Eogland in respect to the trade of the Domin ion. England was the chief market of sup ply for the Canadians, the United States now occupy that position, our exports thither ex ceeding hers by thirty per cent.; we were the larger purchasers of Canadian products, Eng land now holds that relation, her imports 'from Canada exceeding ours by eighty-two and one-half per cent." If congress has completed its financial reforms, mercantile affairs come next in order and a revised tariff. Many business men have an opinion that recent changes in cue financial system will ultimately bring them losses, unless they pro vide in t'me against the contingency they think they foresee. They expect that when the dollars now coined and coining are put into circulation ihy will be at a discount against gold, and bring the paper money with which they are interchangeable into the same condition. The consequence, as they apprehend, would be that goods sold on credit on one basis would be paid for on another, to the loss of the seller. As a pro tection against this possibility, it is proposed to make all long contracts cr contracts of any soit payable in gold coin of the standard of weight and fineness in use at the time of making the contract. Each party to the bargain would tbus underst nd at the outset exactly what he was to pay or receive at its fulfillment, and neither could be damaged or benefited unfairly by any change in the market value of the currency. Such a con tract would be equivalent to a contract to de liver a certain weight of bullion of specified fineness, and, it is claimed, is protected by the decisions of the supreme coutt against all legal-tender legislation. Tok senate will not make changes among its officers -rashly or imprudently. The Wash ington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, who has unusual opportunities for knowing, and is generally correct in his statements, says that most ef the leading and influential Democratic senators are opposed to doing more than gradually changing the personnel of the force in the office of the secretary and of the sergeant at-arms. As to the elective officers, many are inclined to think that if a new secretary, chaplain and 6ergeant-at-arnis are elected at the coming session, it will do very well to slop there until the regu lar session in December. Senators appear to rtalizs that if all the elective officers are changed at once and the present experienced occupants made to give way in a body for raw and inexperienced hands, it would not b! long before the businesi of the senate would get into a snarl and a tangle which would be anything but pleasant and conve nient. Yet the mass of anxious expectants care nothing about this, and are very impa tient at the bare suggestion. Tiik election of Colonel John C. Burch to the important position of secretary of the senate will trratify a very large number of the citizens of Tennessee, who know him to be worthy and well qualified. A man of ability, he was the victim of a cabal as infamous in its purposes of traduction as any that history has record of. Abroad, he is better apprci- ated than at heme, and at the national capi tal finds the reward for his public services which was denitd to him here. Ills case fully illustrates the old saying, that "a prophet is cever without honor Have in his own country." We congratulate Colonel Burch, a life-long acquaintance with whom enables us to say of bim that Tennessee has no abler or more accomplished representative abroad. Every sensible Dem icrat who wishes his party well, and who desires its success in 1380, will inJorse the following from the Knexviile Tribune: "As a parliamentarian Mr. Randall has no superior, is c -ol, delib erative and corservative. His rulings dur ing the last session gave general satisfaction, and his re-election to the position will be very kindly received, although he was strongly opposed by many southern mem bers, who voted for Blackburn. At this juncture, when our political future as a party depends upon the course pursued by the party during the next session, the party is to be congratulated upon having a leader of such ability and prudence as Hon. Samuel J. Randall." The plague committee of the college of physicians of London have recommended to the Duke of niehmoud, Surpeon-M;j' r Colville, formerly of Bagdad, Dr. Frank Payne, of St. Thomas's hospital, and, if a third be sent, Dr. Cayley, of the .Middlesex and Fever hos pitals. They have recommended that these Qentlcmen should receive an honorarium of ten guineas a day, with traveling expenses and the services of a polyglot courier, and that the government should insure their lives. This reads something like an appreci ation f of valuable services in times of more than ordinary danger. How far above what ouryeliow-fever doctors were paid during the late epidemic. Americans who are interested in 'uhe ques tion of the higher education of women, says the New York Tribune, will be glad to hear that the success of the mixed classes at Uni versity college1, London, is now assured. In some classes the attendance of young women is as high as thirty per .cent, of the whole. The professors are perfectly satisfied with the result of opening the classes to women students, and the young men have not the slightest fear that the standard of education will be lowered. University college is, of course, in an exceptional position for mak ing an experiment of the kind, and it does not follow that the euccess achieved there would be attained in institutions where the conditions are not so favorable. The M'Nairy Indrpendent is the name of a new paper, the first number of which reached ns yesterday. It is published by Messrs. Nash & Sewter, and is edited by Mr. J. W. Putviance. If we are to judge by the first issue, the Independent promises to be equal to the best of the country papers of the State, and in saying that we say all that is possible, because we regard the press of Ten nessee as iu many respects; superior to that of even the more favored States of the north aud west. It is well printed, its columns are compact with news, and its editorials are pointed, clear and forcible. The Independent has our best wishes. The Montgomery Advertiser and Mail says of Judge Goldthwaite, cf Alabama, re cently deceased, that he attained the highest emtnence on the b?ncb, and it is doubtful if Alabama will ever have his superior as a cir cuit court judge. He was very warm in his attachments, though to those who did not know him well, he seemed to be cold and distant. He was exceedingly kind and char itable, and singularly just in all his traca;ic tions. His health failed him soon after his election to the United States senate, and be did not take the rank in that b idy which otherwise his cool judgment and ability would have secured for him. This is the way the New York'TVbtoie re gards the negro exodus. It says: "A pecu liarly heartless hoax Las been perpetrated at St. Louis, where between one thousand and two thousand negroes have been elrawn from various points in the Mississippi . valley by the old forty-acres-and-a-mule story in anew shape. The mayor has been compelled to is sue a proclamation to check the incoming tide. No doubt thera will be much distress a-nong these ignorant people, lut some ras1 cal will have the satisfaction of having suc ceeded in his joke." We have frequently had occision to call the attention of our readers to the superior merits of the Savannah Weekly Xeu-s. Mr. Estill, the publisher, is still adding to its at tractions and enlarging the sphere of its use fulness, until now, both in literary merit and as a complete family newspaper, it stands in the front rank wiih the best weekly publica tions in the United States, and is in truth an honor to southern journalism. We publish in the Appeal of this morri- intr an article from the Baptist which ex plains to whom the epithet "Yellow-Fever Hounds " was applied by that paper. We have no desire to do anybody injustice, and we freely open our columns to our cotempo rary for an explanation 'that will please every body but thoae who have incurred its dis- pleasme and whom it denounces in such "dog"-oned terms. "Every being that can live can do some thing; this let him do," says gruff but wise til l Thomas Carlyle. Whereupon the Golden Rule says: "The girls cannot all play the piano, but they are not therefore shut out of accomplishments. Let them sing, or sketch, or paint or embroider, or make and adorn their apparel, or lavish their art instincts on cooking." A sensible movement, and one worthy of imitation, is that of the Hebrew residents of New York, who are forming a society for the removal of the poor of their race to the west, and the furnishing of such assistance as m?y be needed to establish them id business in their distact location?. Hell must have been very close to Little Rock on Sunday. The Democrat, of that city, says "that section had a shower, a very heavy shower, of sulphur, and that the min eral can now be seen in all parts of the city where the water has run off or evaporated." A Hopeless task. Ben Butler is said to have entered the raee Jor the Presidency on the Greenback ticket, by opening a literary bureau in Boston, whence one hundred thou sand copies of bis biography will be dis tributed as a campiiirn document. Tub Little Hock Gazette, although it fa vored the election of a southern man speaker, is as well satisfied with Mr. Randall as any other Democrat who could have been selected from the north. Murderek8 in Ohio, and it has more than its share, are hereafter to be hanged quietly inside the penitentiary, in presence of the warden hnd bis family. A private show. The trustees of Archbishop Purcell have reported that they "are utterly at a loss to tell what has become of the money." Uueer. Isn't It. how fast all smokers are learning that "Duke's Durham" smoking tobacco is the best? Ask your dealerfor it, and take no other. A IIKVUTUI WIDOW lefnd the Chararter of Her leI II nxliand. One or the forest and Kravent. Stunt Karneat aad llooent, of the 1'nblir Men of Teawuee. Knoxvide letter in the Louisville Courier Jonmal: My . I ject m visiting Kuoxville was a threefold one, not the least of which was to learn the facts concerning certain revela tions promulgated by the report of the inves tigatir g committee on the State debt ques tion, which were published some davs since in several issues of the Courier Journal. Bearing in mind the serious charges affecting the character of the late Governor Brownlow, I thought it not only appropriate, but emi nently just, that Mrs BrowoJow and all the others of the late tovernor's family should have aa oppoituuity of tivicg the public, through the columns of the Courier Journal, which, b. it remembered, has on immense Tennessee circulation, their version of the cbai ges referred to in the committee's report, based on testimony adduced before that com mittee. To Mrs. Brownlow, therefore, my presence was made known, and a respectful request for an interview submitted. The re quest was granted without delay, and an hour named for the projected visit, at which time, in company with a distinguished gentleman and friend of the family, I was promptly on hard. We were pleasantly received by Mrs. Brownlow, Miss Annie Brownlow, Dr. D. T. Boynton, son-in-law of the Jate governor, and a distinguished phy sician of Knexviile. Mrs. Brownlow ia a weli-preserved lady of fifty-one or two, above the average hightof ladies, dignified of mien and amiable and unaffected of manner. She is evidently devoted to the memory of her husband, and is resolute in the determination to defend his good name and character as a man and as an officer. With indignant amazement she speaks of the recent attempt to blacken ?he name of her husband charges of bribery. "Please read this note, taid she to me at the beginning of the inter view. Scrutinizing the envelope, I observed on the upper left-hand corner, "If not deliv ered, etc., ets., return to the Peoples bank of Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee. Opening the envelope we took therefrom a business letter-bead, whereon was printed ''People bank of Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee." The envelope was directed to "Mrs. Wm. G. Brownlow, present." The letter contained, in addition to the printed words above re ferred to, the f llowing written ones: Knoxville, Tbss , September 2t$, 1868. Mrs. W. G. Brownlow: Please accept the compliments of Jos. A. Mabry, John K. Branner, Thomas Calloway, C. M. M'Ghee, R. T. Wilson. "Now," continued Mrs. Brownlow, after your correspondent had taken a copy of the note, "I can give you all the facts connected with the five thousand dollars alleged to have been giveD to Governor Brownlow. On Sep tember 26th, the date of the above note, I was at home, here in this house, and was in formed that several gentlemen wished to see me in my husband's room. Governor Brown low was at that time a bed-ridden invalid. Repairing to his room, I found there General Jos. A. Mabry, Colonel C. M. M'Ghee, and Messrs. John R. Branner and Thos. H. Cal loway, in fact, all of the gentlemen whose names appear appended to the note, except Major R. T. Wilson. After the customary greeting. Colonel M'Ghee addressed me, and said in substance that he and the other four geuilemen named all prominent railroad men were under treat obligations to Gover nor Brownlow for many acts of kindness to them personally, and as railroad men; that they were aware that his salary as governor was insufficient to penult him to take his family to Nashville, aud they begged me, in view of all these things, to accept a present from them. At the conclusion of a few, re murks, Colonel M'Ghee handed me the note which I have shown viia and five one thousand dollar bills. Now, you will rememter," continued Mrs. Brownlow, "that General Mabry states in his testimony that they first tendered the money to Governor Brownlow. The note shows on its face that the gentlemen meant it for me, and not for Governor Brownlow it must have been written at the Peoples bank, and brought from t!:ence to the gentlemen men tioned. I saw no impropriety io accepting the money under the circumstances. The gentlemen were all reputed wealthy at that time. I bey were, 1 believe, with one excep tion, all Democrats. They stood high as citi zens, and I knew that my husband had done them favors time aud again had rendered them valuable services with the authorities at Washington about the railroads." J'These kentlemen were under obligations, I understand, to Governor Brownlow for per sonal and not otiiiiial services i "That was my understanding most certain ly. At the close of the war the railroads of this State were all iu the hands of the gen eml government, and my husband used his iufiueuce, both before and after he became governor, t have the roads returned to the original companies, but I will get Dr. Boynton to explain that to you. The gentlemen who made the present were al ways coming t., my husband for advic about their roads. All five named were, believe, either presidents or receivers of Tennessee railroads. I am certain." con rinued Mrs. Brownlow, "that Governor Brownlow came out of his second term as governor poorer than when he was first elected. He made something out of his leo tuivs whsn he went north, and the proceeds of the sale ct his book netted him some tbiofc-. Ho also saved something from his sal.iry when in the United States senate. It ha.s been ascertained that not one bond was issued in aid of railroads after the pre sentation of the money to me, during the re mainder ot his term of office." In conclu sion, Mrs. Brownlow regretted the commit tee's course, and was deeply pained at the shipe the matter bad been made to assume in the dispatches published by certain news papers. No one can listen to the statement made by this noble woman, whose loyalty to the memory of the dead is so lasting and sin cere, without accepting implicitly the truth ot her statements. DR. D. T. ISOYSTOn's STATEMENT. I do not propose to give the exact words of this distinguished pbysiciau and cultured gentleman. His explanations and statements are so plain as to leave no necessity for short hand reporting. It seems from the doctor's answers to my inquiries and the facts nar rated by him are borne cut by history that the railroads in lennessee were in a wretched condition at the close of the war. Some of these roads cou'd not be operated at all for the lack of rotling-stotk and broken rails. A few mam trunk lines were in the hands of the Federal eovernmnt. The government claimed a lieu on these roads by reason of rolling-stock furnished and repairs done on said roads, and during Andrew Johnson's military administration these roads were un der the mauHgement of the quartermaster general of ths United States The original companies, directors and cmcerj were anx ious to have the government release its hold on said roads, and knowing Parson Brown low's influence with the administration, they sought him to use his efforts to that end. Before his election as governor, Brownlow made one or two trips to Washington to ef fect, if possible, the end desired. He also carried on a voluminous correspondence about the matter. In all that he said and did he was backed and encouraged by General George H. Thomas. Both were convinced that it would be to the interest of the State of Tennessee if the government would turn the roads over o the home companies Finally, in JS66, the government did release its grip, and the roads went into the hands of the companies, save in some instances receivers were appointed. The State held liens for vast amounts on the roads, and Brownlow, then governor, ad vocated liberal appropriations, in order that the roads might not go to waste and ruin. Hence it was that the railroad men of the State felt grateful to hici, and it was natural that five of them, his neighbors, all knowing his poverty, should, in gratitude, feel anxious to show their gratitude in some appropriate manner, knowing as they did that he was soon to take his seat in the United States senate. As to his official policy in this matter, he was actuated by a laudable desire to serve the best interests of the commonwealth, for he knew that, if the roads were to remain idle and go to ruin, the fjtate would lose every thing; whereas, if proper appropriations were made, the State would ultimately real ize all or the greater portion due from said roads. The mjustrce to Governor Brown- low's memory lay in the fact that it appeared from some of the testimony and the indefinite manner in which the majority report reads. that Governor Brownlow issued eight hun dred aud eighty-five bonds to the Tennessee and Pacific road subsequent to the present of five thousand dollars, when, in fact, the bonds referred to were issued during Senter's administration. AS TO GENERAL MABRY. I met General Mabry at Knoxville. bat he did not seem inclined to talk much. He said that his statements were being called in question by some of the parties implicated. He would, at the proper time, produce the documents to support his testimony. The nine die. general seems to enjoy guod health for one of his age, say torty-Beven cr forty-eight. He certainly knows a good deal more than he cares to tell at present. TUB UOHF.MOX MOLO. Wben I was a youth, I learnt some law. And likewise found that two and iwo make four; I studied politic with caput clear. Tnough I never went back on my whisky and my beer; I took my cocktails so regularise. That Grant made me ruler of the whole navee. In politics I made such a lilt. That soon I was called to tae eablnlt; I pocketed the dollars and made contracts. Though I never was particular in staling facts. I reported the facts so eleverlee, That soon I was the ruin of the whole navae. As Secretary I made such a name. That a millionaire I soon became; I s-ld new ships for the price of Junk, And those I repaired Invariably sunk. Or went out of sight so etlectuallee. That soon 1 demolished the whole navee. I stuck to mv post through thick and thin, Until Mr. Rutherford Hayes came In; I divided the swag with many a pal. For I'd raked In a pile out of old metal. I raked In this swag so cotnrortablee. Because I was the ruler ot the bole navee. Bow I got so rich, some could not make out, go congress Inquired what I'd been about: The minority report washed me quite white. Though others couldn't see it in just that light. They saw so little that th-y actualee Said I was the robber of the whole navee-. Now, politicians all, who'd nnt be at sea, Et'ck close to the old Republican pirrtee. And make your hay while the sun shines brlgbt, Aud don't you bother If accounts aren't right. Remember these rules, aud thus you may be The cause of the ruin of another navee. Vttorwt - Remember these rules, etc. STATE IIH.UT& And Vellow-Kever Home Plain Ynllc from a JLIvo Democratic l'aper A Perual of whlrh we Jtecoin mend to Mtrlct-Coustrac-tioa Ieniormtic Cou gre'Stmco. Vicksburg Herald: "The defeat of the yellow-fever quarantine bill by the over-zealous States rignts idiots ia the house of repre sentatives has justly met with universal con demnation in this section ot the Union. The idea that some men could go so far in pur suit of a sentiment, hardly exieted, and nothing but tho practical demonstration of the idiocy given by Messrs. Cox, Blackburn, Goode, Hooker, and others, would have beea received as sufficient evidence by tha people here. These gentlemen wiil bs astonished, no doubt, to learn that, they have gone en tirely too far, but when we tell them that General Garfield represented the people of this section on the yellow-tever bill, and that they misrepresented them, they will realize the situation. Oar people can stand a uttle States rights, tnougu we can't see anything we have gained in u aiy years by thrusting ourselves forward as tde O.d Guad of this sentiment, but they cannot and will not take States rights tloctriao if it s to be mixed with yellow-fever. In our humble opinion, the doctrine of the hide bound, bUtes-rights, anti-subsidy Democracy has cost the south already too dearly. We have to pay millions of interest annually upon the bonds spent to build up and develop the north and west; but, if the south asks anything, she is estopped by a dose ot this doctrine ad ministered by those who call themselves her I jest friends. We have thus fur remonstrated in vain, and have, in preference to revolting, ub-nit ted to this treatment. But there is a point beyond which forbearance ceases to be a virtue, and when tame submission, being cowardice, only invites repealed contumely. In ouropiniou the section of the Umou threat ened by yellow-fever has reached this point. We teel that we can dispense wit i a litUx of this wouderiul doctrine, that is so precious to the old fogies, if we can have the strong arm of the government placed bet a ecu us and the terrible plague. At least our people are firmly impressed by this belief, and they don't want Mr. So-and-so quoted to prove to them that they dou'c know what they need. Tney know that it is of the very first import ance to be protected from yellow-fever, not only this year, but every year; and they never will be satisfied until the national gov ernment is clotUed with ample powers o pro ' tect them. They do not wish tne quarantine entrusted to any State, certainly not to Lou isiana. New Orleans is too touchous about her banaua and coffee trade, and there are reasons, toj numerous to mention iu this article, why the protection of the people of the various States shou'd be en trusted to Uncle Samuel. It euems to us so plain that it is the duty of the government to combat this terrible disease when it threat ens all the States in the Mississippi and Omo valleys, or the States ou (he Allan tic coast, that we have no patience to argue it with men who are monomaniacs about a senti ment. When the Emily B. Sjuler appiared off New Orleans witb yellow-fever aboard, it cannot be denied that all the States in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys were threatened. It is history that this vessel spread the yellow fever into six States, and yet these States rights lunatics tell us it would not be proper for the United States to prevent this in future. In God's name, if it is not proper for the gov ernment to do things ot this sort, what can it do? Will Colonel Hooker please answer this question for the information of his constitu ents? Will Messrs. Goode, Cox, Blackburn and others in the Democratic party please answer it also? We want it answered plain ly, for if this is pure Democratic doctrine the people of the yellow-fevjr . section prefer some other. Tally for Kuicihli. New York Star: "Although Mr. English has not been in public lite tor years past, there is no man in Indiana, probably, more popular than he is, or who could carry the State by as large a majority of votes if he were to be a candidate tor 1'resiaent, governor, or any otcer high position. He has always been a Democrat, and was an earnest Union man throughout the war. He served several terms as a representative in congress from Indiana previous to the war, and was known as a hard-working and faithful servant of the people. The 'English compromise bill. relative t) the Kansas-Nebraska difficulty, of which be was the author, and which he skillfully engineered through congress, placed him in the first rank of statesmen of that day. Since he left public life he has been well known to the financial men of the coun try as the president ot the First national bank of Indianapolis, and as the richest man. probably, in Indiana. He is as much respected personally, and tor integrity and business ability, by the Republicans ot the State as by men of his own party. He is a thorough western man, and yet might be acceptable to the east on account of bis sound financial views and ability. Who knows that but M English may be the dark horse that will be entered for the laceof 1S80?" The rnited States Henntorshlp. "Major Barksdale, of the Jackon Clarion, is mentioned by the lcksburg Herald as a worthy personage for tne position of senator, Major Barksdale lias elory enough State printer and editor of the Clarion. How wouid General J. R. Chalmers or Charles E, Hooker do i Macon Sun. Or Ruben Davis, if you pb ase? Benton countv CMiss.) Araus: "The above paragraphs, clipped from the Bates ville Blade, mention the names of verv worthy men, to be sure, in connection with the United States senatorship; but the Dro prietor of this paper has been thinking, "and does now believe no better man can be tound in the state for this very important position than General A. M. West. Possessed of a heart full of love of his country and the very nignesc oraer ot mtezrity and s atesmanshm. General West would be the peer of any man in the United States senate, and would reflect honor upon the State and the nation. Ia Oar Clvlllzatloa a Failure? Little Rock Gazette: "A scene occurred in the North Carolina house of representatives, on the last day of its session, very similar to one we saw enacted in an Arkansas legisla ture during the reign of the carpetbagters On the fourteenth, as noon, the hour of ad journment, approached, the hands of the clock were turned back naif an hour. Mr Turner, a member, then took his stand under the clock, and detied any person to Iqrn it back. He was ordered before the bar ol the house, lie threatened to kill the doorkeeper who was ordered to arrest him. and dared the speaker to come down and help do it. Ia the Ardansas case, the speaker orJerad the clock to be turned back nearly an hour, amid the protests and shouts ot dtjjance ot the mem bers." ' Irish Colonization. Chicago, March 19. The Irish national c .louizitioa conference to-day adopted reso lutions expressing satisfifctiori at the appoint ment of an executive committee to remedy the existing evil of crowding in large cities the Irish immigrant population, and recom mending that the Irish race in America and else.vbere encourage and aid this committee whenever possible; alar recommending that the committee establish a statistical bureau, for the dissemination of facts useful to immi grants who intend to sottle on lands, and, if practicable, to establish diocesan and paro chial bureaus to assist in the work. After hearing several speeches and perfecting the committees, etc., the conference adjojraed. REKCIIKi: TAL.lv INC . John Chinaman and the Iloodlam-Momethln- that Mr. ltecehtr Learn ed en his Recent We-tern Trip HIm Former Dependence on the Ilotue Slleftiooary Society. New York Kxchanqe: "Among the no tices read by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher yesterday morning was one announcing that, after the sermon a collection would be taken up lor the benefit of the Home missionary society. He th -n preached a characteristic sermon on the importance of the society for whose benefit the collection was asked, and the influence it had e-xerted, was now exert ing, and is bound to exert in the future upon the well-being of this (ireat and glorious country. Mr. B;ehtr began by a reference to the prevailing spirit among the Jews be fore the time of Christ, which was to stay at home, and spend all thr energies in work ing for their own good After the coming of Christ that fee-ling changed, and the com mand to go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature was responded to with will and energy. He then passed to the more immediate consideration of the sub ject in hand, and referred to the formation, titty to eeventy years ago, of the great civiliz ing and christianizing societies of the pres ent day the American home missionary society, the American foreign missionary societ, the American bible society and the American tract society. They are all good, he said, and he had no dis position whatever to detract from any of them, but, in his opinion, the most important of all to us is the home missionary society. This country is so vist and exter.sive, and its conditions are so pecu liar, that the more a man learns of its vast ness and maguificence the more he becomes convinced of the fact that his former boasted knowledge was but the densest ignorance. If any man doubted this, le t him do as he had done, and take a trip across the continent to the Pacific coast, aud he would, no doubt, come back bumbled at his former ignorance ot what lay btyocd the Mississippi river. Mr. Eeecher caid a high tribute lo the thrift and industry and intelligence of the peo; le of these States and territories, and drew a vivid picture of what they are to be in the future, when their present meager population shall have reached something near what their pos sibilities of development will render them capable of supporting, and bliall be numbered by the tens and scoies of millions. The Pa cific States, he suid, arc yet to hold the pre ponderance ot the population ot this country, A vast Pacific empire 13 rising up on the western shores ot our vast continent, the hem of whose grment we have yet hardly touched. 'Ladies and gentlemen,' continued Mr. Beechcr, assuming that deep earnestness characteristic of him at certain times, 'you know not what problems under Providence are beiug developed there. You may smile as you read of the hoodlums chasing the pig tuiled Mongols through the streets of San Francisco, and say that they are only China men. Do you know that Chuia contains a population of 450.000,000? That the empire existed before civilization began in the East? Do you know that in China there are two thousand colleges, and that their libraries outnumber ours two to one? Do you know that in that country there ere more than 200,000 highly educated men, and that out of that vast population of 4o0,000,000 there is scarcely one who cannot read aud write? Do you know that in good manners, ior which there is an a i.ple market in this country laughter, Cbiua leads the world? We have insisted upon their coming out and they are coming laughter J, and somebody has got to r ,a. Cum par j the mob loving emigrant with the patient industry of the Chinaman, and you will find no doubt which, in the long run, will surpass. From China and Japan there are yet to come swarms which shall exart a power of which the Occidental nations have not dreamed. Our western coast is in a posi tion where it can commaud the Orient, and can tie the world together on that side, as we have on this. And all these considerations make it important that we should know what is going ou there. It is of iaterest to M.iue to know what California is doing and some of her statesmen do not seem to know how to fiud out.' Mr. Beecher then referred to his recent trip to California, and the gratification he felt at one great feature of the country, which was that, the people everywhere, whetaer they cired tor churches or not, were ail enthusiastic in regard to the schools. Ihis he considered a hopeful sigu There is a great need of ministers, he said, to go lor th and plant the gospel iu that iui portant part of the countiy, and it is the province of the Home missionary society to turnisu the means to b"na them lorth and support them. Therefore, in behalt of the Home missionary society, whose treasury furnished him tha means ot buying bis bread during the early days of his ministry, lie asked tor a liberal contribution, the bas kets were then passed, aud as they came back to the platform well filled, Mr. Beecher dropped into one of them a card upon which was indicated the amount he desired to give to the cause ot home missions. ALL UAMJION. Tammany la not Worth a Dim Ii Rational I'olltlrs, and Ttlaen Hadn't the liost of a ('nance He's an Oend as a Dead 11 uu can be. New York special to the Louisville Courier Journal: "There was great excitement among the Democratic politicians of the city to-day ovt r a Tilden coup d'etat. For some time past the bar association has been prose cuting charges against the county clerk and register for exacting illegal fees. The move ment was practically engineered by Charles b. MacLean, law partner ct Mr. iilden, and it was supposed to be in his interest, but had good support from the public, inasmuch as these officials have unquestionably violate 1 the law and robbed the public. Under the New York charter such charges m'.ist be passed upon by the governor, and Governor Kobmsou. who is a strong lilueu man. yes terday removed th 'county clerk, but declined to remove the register, on the ground that the latter had instituted re.'orms in bis ortice as soon as the grievances were made notori ous, end that the power of removal was not to be exercised capriciously. J. he govern or's action was taken yesterday. Mayor Cooper, who is also a l ilden man, at once appointed Hubert O. Thompson, present deputy commissioner of public works, and a conspicuous Tildeu Democrat, as county clerk. He took the oath at midnight, drove to the office with some of his friends and a detachment ot police, took possession abiut three o'cLck in tha morning, and when Gum bleton, the removed county clerk, appeared at his office this morning he was refused ad mission altogetner. Toe politicians discov ered to-day, as they thought, that the regis ter, Loew. hid gone over to Tilen, abandon ing John Kelly, and that he had b ea spar, d ii consideration of the transfer of allegiance. It is also said that. It.-illy, the sher.rf, has gone over likewis3. Tue patronage of these officers is very large, and they ail contain many mem bers of the Tammany general committee, who will no doubt have to take their choice be' ween acknowledging the rule of Tilden or losing their position. Tammany men are wild with indignation, and John Kelly's evening paper, the Express, denounces the entry into the county clerk's office, which was unusual but certainly not illegal, as a revolution. It should also be mentioned here that the police commissioners will be te mcved by the mayor iu a few days, and that the two Democrats who are to be appointed to the board are already known, and are two of Tilden 's most devoted friends. If all the gossip is correct, Tilden will practically con trol in a few days these departments o! the city government: The public works, the po lice, county clerk's office, register's office. sheriff's office, and mayor's office. This in cludes a large proportion of the city patron age. All these maneuvers are directed toward the election of the Tammany sachems in April. Politicians on all sides declare to-dav that, by the middle of next month, Tilden will be in control ot Tammany hall itself, and therefore master of the whole Democratic party of the State. This coup a'eiut, coupled with tue success of Randall at Washington. Ellti the air with predictions of Tilden's nomi nation in One IV ay or AdvertiKlu. Baltimore Gazette: "A sort of amphibious tramp named Paul Boytton fbated into Cin- ciunati tne other day in an India-rubber overcoat. It happened that Mr. Sargeant. Mr. Uayden, Mr. Ilaolin. the pui? do? and the Counters Bozent i were performing in th city at the time. Mr. Sargeant, the inventor of the palace-car system of advertising dra matic urt, saw an opening to secure a little advertising for Moojeska. He organized an excursion party to go up the river and meet the fbatinir tramp or trumping fbat. The divine Modjesk.t and all the newspaper men were along. The boat on which the rartv excurted:" came near bumc-ing ita nose against a bridge pier. This was glorious material for the newsoaDera. Whi-n H-ivntnn arrivid in ths city he was taken to see Mod jesk.e at the theater. IIj nrviiniPil n Imr ami on being cheered by the claq ie made a few hydrocephalus rem vrks. Another item for the newspapers intro Juoin the names of Countess Magenta-Bodeska and the incom parable Sargeant. Next day a reception took place which was managed by Sargeant and attended by Modjeska. Another item ior the avaricious press Meantime I lay den and Haolin carried Mr. Bynton'a shark-knife around and exhibited it in saloons. Proper mention was made of this fact m the wide awake newspapers and Sargeant's name was glorified even in this small way. Mr. Sar geant is looking for something in th? Boynton line to help him out in St. Louis this week." Harbor Improvements. The total amount appropriated by the river and harbor bill is 7,&M,100. Of this sum, fioU.UWis given to captain r.aus ior work already performed on the Mississippi jettiet. For surveys and for incidental re pairs ot harbors ior wnicn no special appro priation is made, there is an item of floO. 003. aud for improvements in the Mississippi, Missouri, St. Croix and Arkansas rivers, and the Red River of the Nf rth, there is an ap propriation of f 1,028,000. For the Ohio river the appropriation is 2-r0,000. The re mainder of the amount is divided between the States a follows: New York. Michigan s Texas California North Carolina. Ohio South Carolina. Louisiana. Delsware Illinois Kentucky Pennsylvania... Mississippi Hhode Island... Minnesota Florida Vermont New Hampshire Kansas .ViH.OOO 25 IKK) 243 000 22H.KOH 221 .Oi0 2H.0x) lX2.5iK) l'J2.rK) lHlt.OOO 1 12.0OO lOo.lXK) KUXH) HS.tXK) 45.1XM) tlT.OIX) 2ri.tXX 2O.0OO 2.exx) Tennessee . Wisconsin Virginia. 2tl!.tNH 22M.OOO 2-'2.rtoe 20a,5(K) iw.orm 175.1KH) lnO.tHKI llrt.CHN) lii.ooe) .";. ion 7X,(HK fiO.IHMt 42.1MK) . -JrUMMI . 2r,(XXI . 20.000 Oregon rieorgta west irginia. Maryland. Alabama New JerseT Connecticut .... Indiana Massachusetts Dtsu Columbia Arkansas Maine Montana. Iowa. This table is not in all cases exact, as ap propriations are so worded that several of the works for which money 13 appropriated lie within or upon the boundaries of two or more States, and the expenditure of the funds appropriated is discretionary, so far as locality is concerned, with the secretary of war. J T. FARGASOX. JAMES WHOLESALE. rocers and Cotton Factors 3G9 Front aud 32 Clinton Ki , 3ftti ,... W. B. UALBREATH. j. n. albreath O otton 11 Union Street, Memphis. AGENTS FOK THE CELEBRATED CHAMPION COTTO filN 1D HITLLEK K. C. PJSABCE.. 3T WHOLESALES GHOC&BS, Cotton Pactoic and Commission Merchants No. 25R Front street, Memphis, Tcni?, P4KTII1JIMII 4TTRVTIOHf P4IO TO THH Hi I E f JUtTTOS "lEZJL XS"g55- 2.S"7! II L it It A & U1HGELY, Merchant Tailors, o. 38 Madison Street, Take pleasure In notifying their Friends, and the Public generally, tat they are Receiving a New and Full Assortment of SPBINU and SUMMER GOODS, comprising the very latest stjles and finest Makes ot French, English and German 1' anu Tact u res. We solicit those who contemplate ordering their Spring Clothlrg to give us a call. PHICK3 MODERATE. CHICKASAWIRONWQRKS HANDLE & HTSRMORE, Prop's, 98 Second St., opp. Market Square, Memphis. IIouHe Kmnta, Wrought and Cast Fencing, all kisda Iron and Brus rutlie. Cotton 1'rtHMCB, Uin-Geailng I'alleyn, Mharilsar Bolts. Pipe and Kitting. Braaa Moods, Gov ernors, Engines, Ururmi Kepalrrt. and ever t talus In lineof t'onnory or Jlaehine-Mhop Work, iWAgerils and Manutacturera of art IVd Patent VHiter-t lrenlat in and Ntram 4eurratlae i rate-bar and Itinera 15 to 20 per cent-of fuel saved; work and performance guaranteed. The patentee. M m. H. Karris, 1 now here, and letters to our care will reach him. Parties Interested can see the Bars and Liners in operation on steamer Coahoma.rfr J. K. GODW1X. L. o. Miliarias, jr. R.G0DWN&C0 Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants 336 Front street, corner Union, Memphis. Particular attention given to the handling of cotton wfeileinshed WE HAVE THIS DAY ASSOCIATED OURSELVES UNDER THE FIRM NAME AND STYLE OF a. BA UM & CO., For the purpose of continuing the business or Wholesale l.iqa.rtnd Cisar Heilrn in this City We respectfully solicit the patronage of the former customers of Bauin k Hurst, and the trade generally 3r BATJM c3 Q r.. 356 TVTglia. Mompnia. K. la. Cochran. 8. A. Haiener. , L Cochran J1AMFACTIBEKS OF Lumber, Lath Door. Hash and Blinds, and Office and lard, foot of Wad. Ington st. Sa Memphis, L C TREAD WELL. A. B. TKEA.DWKLL , C. & A. B.TREAD WELL & CC (SUCCESSORS TO A. C. TREAD WELL 4 RROS.) Wholesale Grocers and No. 11 Union Street, Memphis, Tensi. ty-Ccnslguments of Cotton solicited and Liberal Advances made on same. All Cotton Insured while In Ntore. as well a. that conslened to 114 hy ii.r, unless otherwise lntrure1. u. '. PORTER. 7f. V. TER, TAYL COTTON AMD No. 300 Front Street. Between Sladiaou ard Jlonroe HeiupniH, TeiaaeMMee. WOQl ASP WILLUW-WABB SHERWOOD & CO. (Late Whee'er. P!eke ns Co.) WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Wood & Willow-Ware, 34M.. tiAiN K'rityr...:?4H LEWU & THOMAS, Boiler Makers and Steamboat Blacksmiths. and Sheet Iron Workers. v Hhop Adama H'.. near the river, MEMPHIS Tenn., All work done pnar.pt iy, tir or night, leimscasa. Ke:aeuoe, Ho. tx Promenade. Our shop will be open aai!y frrnn this rirtfe, all or ders for work will be promptly attended to. Vntor 1 i ,w7U I RU'H THnVIP, A. II I XT. C. C. HE1S. tontHEK. W. J. CUAVfFOKII. Factors, L. Ii. SCKSS. S. M. aicCALLUM and Shingles, all kinds of Paeklnjr Boxen. w and Planing Mills, 'orth end Savy Td Tennessee S. 8. TKEADWELJL Cotton Factor, t j TAYLOR FACTOR i Bo. On 31. A. Cocbraa. & Co., G. W. MACRAE.