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THE JMODMPJElis' DAIL1! iPEI ALWEDN'ESD A.IJRIJ1 3Q; 1879.
MEMPHIS APPEAL BY (i lLLUVAY A KEATIKG. rcrmt of Subscription Bally A Weekly DAILY I IO OO J'19"rcrr. one rear, by mall..- ' 5 ix) )04 fjiy, i ivomi.s, by man , wj jiU ,n. one month, by mall a 'WKls; UH:PT.O!ie """"UIIU 1 g;ie a.M'r. n months Batra of AdvcrtlatM. L '.uat per line nr.. l wVlK ""SMfSi inon. and .iveoents P' n o"11 subsequent Insertion. OUD ana Siarriage notices, Funeral notions and W, MKJtTtoUvm read uii uiaUer. I'o Contributor; and Correapoadeatsi. Yfi solicit letters andoomruurilcHtlons upon subject. Of general Interest, but sach must always be ao- j-j nuileJ by a responsible name. W j will not return rejected communications. Our in all-books are kept bj poatoaicea, ( nd not by In iitndual names. ioaHmen copies sent free of chaine. 4d letters, commimlcatluns, or anything else for the a.PP-tt should be addressed Ii ordering papers ebaiiaed from one postoffloe to itniiier, the names of. both postouices should be given. OILLAWAY 4 KKATINS, H C. i4au-WaT, i 2S2 Seonnd street. i. 1. Kktiww. f Memphis. Tenn. lEMPHiS APPEAL WEDXE4DAI, : : APRIL 80, 1S79. PLalS WOBDB. The New Orleans Picayune is a moderate, conservative paper, but it sajs: "The whole country might as well understand the fixed determination of the white people of Louisi ana upon this subject now as ever. Black supremacy will not be tolerated here. The experiment has been tried, and the record of its failure is the foulest and bloodiest chap ter in the history of the State. The conclu sion, so far as the white people are concerned, has passed beyond the region of debate it is on the list of fixed and stubborn facts. They are not going to have any more of that sort of thing-, and that is all there is about it. It is not to be denied that these colored people are useful laborers, or that under certain con ditions they might become good neighbors; but they are not yet prepared to govern us, and we are not prepared to submit to their government. These people clamor for man hood suffrage, and yet, while they claim a vast majority, they whine for Federal pro tection, and propose to assert their manhood by running away from the State! The war has been over some fourteen years now, and the black people of the country have ad vanced so far as that." THK IOHl'G rOUClBLY MTATED. There can be no question as to the political status of the New York Post. Long edited by W. C. Bryant, this paper has secured a reputation for candor and justice. Strong in its advocacy of the Republican party, it nevertheless discusses all qaestions on an elevated plane, and with the wisdom of the statesman. Ia discussing the probable ac tion of the President the Post says: "The true course for the President, is to sign the bill. Although, with a proper reticence in the circumataucea, he has not made known his views on the subject, we suspect that he aiMents to the substance of the rider. To discontinue the use of soldiers in elections ia in harmony with what has been called his policy. When he came into office he ordered the retirement of Federal troops from south ern capitals, and so signified that in his judgment the time for military rule to end hid come. When martial law gives place to civil law the polling place is the first place horn which the soldier should dis appear. If the practice of the military supervisions of elec'.ions is to Btop, the statutory authority for it may well be with drawn, it the President is in favor of this withdrawal he has the support of influential members of his own party. Mr. Garfield, who has led the opposition to the coercion scheme in congress, has said that ho would vote for the repeal of the military clause as a separate measure. In the last hour of the forty-fifth congress it was understood that the Republicans were ready to compromise with the Democrats by conceding this repeal. In the present congress Mr. Conger, a lively and stalwart representative, lately proposed that the rider should be taken from the ap propriation bill and the repeal be passed as a separate measure. Such a measure, standing by itsalf, we believe a majority of tho mem bers of the Republican party would sustain, as a mflj-.rity of the people of the country certainly would.do. If the President assents to the .repeal.Sshould hereject it because it comes before him in the shape of a rider? We think not. That form of legislation is indeed irregular and objectionable, but it has the sanction of precedent, and if the purpose of the particular legislation is favored by all the factors of the law-making power, no great harm can como of it. What the President ought to resist is the coercion of his official person in respect to his clear and constitu tional right as to bills passed by congress. It is not coercion.toaok him to sign a measure which ho really approves, although it is sent to him ini.th irregular and objectionable shape of a rider on an appropriation bill. THK OKOLO.VA LUNATIC. Editors .A rPEAi, Republican papers in southern Ohio are Just now very-extenslvely quoting lrom the Okolona Statts for the purpose of manu facturing blootly-shlrt sentiment to influence the coming election. They represent that the Okolona bt.iit Is a true representative of southern Demo cratic sentiment, and quoto the Apfkai. to prove it. Uowliths? Do they not misrepresent you? An early reply will much oblige. Bespectfully, F. S. KEE1T. Eltria, O., April 21, 1879". We infer from a postscript to tho above letter that ajreply was expected in the shape of a private letter. But our reply shall be made public, so that our readers can bear witness that wo have said nelhing not in perfect accord with the tone and posi tion of the Appeal for the past tight yean. In tho first place, we brand the charge that our Ohio friend says has been made against the Ai'i'KAL as a willful, premeditated false hood, manufactured out of the whole cloth. Instead ( f indorsing the absurd vagaries of the O'.o'.ona lunatic, we have explicitly nd unequivocally condemned them. There is no paper published in Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennesee which has a larger circulation than that of the Appeal. Our correspondence and personal intercourse with the Democracy of the four States named is quite extensive, and we have no hesitancy in 8ying, without tho fear of successful contra diction, that no! J i single Democrat can be found in either of the fourteen southern States whoVill indorse the sensational ravings of the Ohio enpetbagger, who propagates his silly gabble through the columns of the Oko lona States. The southern Democracy have acquiesced in all the constitutional amend ments, and we'venturejto assert that there is not a solitary Democrat in any of tho south ern States that -would repeal these amend ments if he could, save the Ohio editor of tho Okolona States. The Appeal has warred upon tho diabolisms called carpet bag governments, which so long cursed and crushed the eoutb. But it would be equally as hostile to any effort to disturb any of the constitutional amendments, or to revive the issues settled by the war. In the interest of peace the south supported Greeley upon a plutform'constructed by .Liberal Republicans, and would make a similar sacrifice, if by so doing there would ba nn end to the mad passions born in war. When the troops were removed from Louisiana and South Carolina, and tho people were left to the rights of self-government, the southern people were happy in the belief that the fires of sectional hate were forevtr extin guished, and that as the broken bone when firmly set is stronger than before, so would the Union be made stronger by the new brotherhood. But it netms the Republicans of the north aro determined never to eee the south except through the murky atmos phere of passion filled with horrid phantoms, which have no existence save in the mad dened b-ain of these ministers of hate. The people of the south see with deep regret that the Republicans have opened a new war upon them. It seems that they are de termined that the two sections shall never again be united in the bonds ot living sym pathy. In this new contest the southern Democracy will stand by the r northern friends and allies, and if our friend, F . S. Reefy, of Elyria, Ohio, would Bnow h. he am standi in pontics, ub u vu.j to learn the position of the national Democ racy. EMJLISI1 YS. AMERICAN HORSES. Opinion of an American Ovvner as tne Merits of Kngllsh Horses. to New York World: Among tho recent ar rivals from Europe was an American who, since the formation of what was known as the M'Daniel confederacy, has taken an act ive interest in the thoroughbred horse, not only as an owner in his own name, but as a dash ing epeculator, a purchaser of yearlings and an enthusiast generally about racing. Indeed, his enthusiasm has taken him from the Atlantic to the Pacific to witness what promises to be a good race. About the be ginning of the Jerome park meeting, last fall, business called this gentleman to Eng land. On his arrival he found that the New market second October meeting was in pro gress; he at once visited the racing metropo lis of the world, as the English press style Newmarket. Fortunately, perhaps, he missed the first two days, or he might have been induced to back Mr. Sanford's filly Start for the Cesarewitch. But reaching New market on the third day, he witnessed, as he says, the first real races of his life, for the management was perfect, being prompt in all things and utterly devoid of fuss. The spectators seemed to know without eil'jrt which horses would start, and no one had any difficulty in backing his opinions as to a result, for money could be invested with equal ease upon any given horse winning or getting a place. Indeed, every ttiinir went us smoothly as though run by magic. He said that he had thought that things were managed as cor rectly at Jerome park and Saratoga as was possible, Due he was convinced that our turfmen could go to England as to a school. As the gentleman, who is well known in this city, is a New Eoglander by birth, with decided American preferences, his opin ions on certain racing points are decidedly worthy of attention. He says that Lord Fal mouth has not only the best stable in Eng land, but that Silvio is the best horse he ever saw, ana he believes that with one hundred and forty pounds on him last fall, he could have beaten any American four-year-old at fourteen pounds difiorence in weight. As to Jannette, whom ho saw win the Cham pion stakes at Newmarket he thought that she was about the best filly which he ever saw of her age. Such outspoken opinions from such a source quickly challenged questions which, when bifted out, leit but one subject, and he was asked if he had seen Peter. "Yes," said the gentleman, "J b.iw Peter, but compare him with Wheel of Fortune if like comparing American with English racing. I saw Wheel of Fortune win the Dewhurst plate at the Houghton meeting, and the way she galloped away from the field at the end of the race was something to be remembered. I would rather own her than a dczen Peters, for Peter, I think, will turn out to be a very good horse at a mile, or at the most a mile and a furlong, but beyond that a very common horse will beat him. The gentleman further eaid he had witnessed some finishes between r ord ham. Archer and Constance that ho will re member as long as he lives, for the contest was all made in the hret hundred yards. This he declared to be thoroughly artistic. and he felt sure that comparatively we have nrver seen the like in this country. In regard to Sir John Astley's two-year-old colt. Choco late, ha said that he had seen him win over tne Cesarewitch course (two miles, two furlongs and twenty-eight yards), from a field of two and three-year-olds, with seventy seven pounds up, in a style that he did not deem possible for a two-year-old. Other conversation followed, in which the gentle man expressed his warm admiration ot such owners as the Uuiie ot Hamilton. JLiOrd ial mouth and Lord Rosebcry, and he finished by saving that if he had Wheel of Fortune in this country he would bet even money that he would beat Spendthritt or any other American three-year-old in every race they started ior. Treasure Trove In Texas. The Waco Telephone gives thej following account of the late finding of-money: Mr, I M'l. D. M'Kissick settled on tho Brazos, near Rock dam. some twenty-five years ago. Mr. M'Kissick farmed, and when the war broke out was possessed of many slaves. herds and fertile acres of land. A bachelor, be led a frugal life, and was known to pos sess considerable money. The reputation of M'Kissick's wealth proved hi- death, for one night in 1865, just before the close of the war, he was murdered. Sus picion fell upon members of a battalion of roving cavalrymen, under command of one Colonel iieard, who were then quartered on the Brazos, doing no good tor the Cocieder acy or the country. In fact, they were said to be in reality jay hawkers and thieves. How much money, if any, the murderers secured, was never known, but Mr. M'Kissick's slaves always insisted that the bulk of their mas ter's wealth was not found. Mr. M'Kissick left a brother, William M'Kissick, and a bis ter, who are now residing near Mount Calm, in , Limestone county. Near Rock dam stands an old tumble-down hut, that once belonged to M Kipbics, being on his land It had not been used for years. Last Friday morning a colored man who cultivates a field near the Rock dam, concluded he would go to tho river to fish. He entered the dilapi dated, uoorlcs8 shanty and bean to dig in one corner for earthworms, to use as bait. He presently unearthed an iron pot, cov ered with a lid. I he darby was surprised taking tne na on, his surprise was turned to amazement, for there in the pot lay a bpap of gold com, American gold, in ten and twenty-dollar pieces, lbe whole sum was eight thousand and sixty-five dol lars, all in gold. The negro secured the cold. and next day went to MarliD, where he got to drinking. His lavish expenditure of money excited suspicion. Whisky had loosened his tongue, and the whole story leaked out. The Khedive and the Two Powers. London. April 28. The Times' Paris dispatch says the English and French ngent9 in Egypt have been instructed to represent their governments regard good administra tion in Evpt aa indispensable to their inter ests, and they therefore invite the khedive to comply as promptly and as far as possible with their demand, and to hand the- port folios of finance and public works to the Euglish and French ministers. The com munication does not forbid the khedive changing his European ministers without the consent of the two governments. The Journal des Debais says tho English and French governments have notified the khedive that they have reserved their liberty ot action on the eu'tan s otter to depose him on account of his (the khedive's) violation of agreements. The Timet' correspondent adds that it is thought that the khedive will yield. An Important Hallway Bridge to be Keplaeed. St. Louia, April 28. H. S. Hopkins, bridge builder of the St. Louis, Iron Moun tain and Southern railway, left hereto-day with sixty mechanics aud laborers, and ma terial for a new bridge to cross Red river, in place of the one swept away last night. The new structure will be in place on Wednesday. In the meantime passengers and freight will be transferred by steamer with very little delay. New Hampshire Havtaxs on the Wane Concord, April 23 The number of de positors in the pavings institution of this State has decreased 4294 in the past year. The fulling otf in deposits for the same time was $2,607,412. The number of depositors in 1878 was 87,887, and the amount of deposits 126,282,16- Determined to Mhnfile. Phovidenck, R. I, April 23 Mrs. Pearce. wife of the postmaster of Bristol, who was mysteriously shot in bed last week, made two attempts at suicide this morning. Her husband will recover. Death of eneral J. P, Urownlow. Kkoxville, April 23. General James P. Brownlow, late a cavalry officer in the Fed eral army, and a son of Ex-Senator Brown low, died, at his mother's residence in this city, Saturday night, 1 Heally Thought the Bads were In Earn- p&t wnea tney orc .v vcumw rrstle numbers wlthThrests to starve ont the o r eroment, and Vetoes the Army Bill. Washington, Aptil 29. The following is the message of the President of the United States, returning to the house of representa tives the bill entitled "An act making ap propriations for the support of the army for tho fiscal year ending June 30, 1880, and for other purposes. To the House ot Representatives: I have maturely considered the Important ques tions presented by the bill entitled, "An Act making appropriations tor tne support ot tne army ior iue nscil year ending June 30, 1880, and for other pur poses," and I now return It to the house of represen tatives, In wulcli It originated, with my objections to " approval. The bill provides la the usual form for apprepriatlona required for ti support of the army during the next nscal year. It it contained no other provisions It would receive my prompt ap proval. It Includes, however, furtber legislation which, attached as It Is to appropriations which are requisite for the efficient performance of some of the most necessary duties of the government. Involves QUESTION! OF THK GRAYEST CHARACTER. The sixth section of the bill Is amendatory of the statute now in force In regard to the authority of per sons In the civil, military and naval service of the United States, at the place where any general or special election Is held In any Slate. This statute was adopted February 25, 1 fsi55, alter a protracted debate In the senate, and almost without opposition In the house of representatives by the concur rent votes of both of the leading political parties of the country, and became a law by the approval of President Lincoln. It was re-enacted In 1874, In the revised statutes ef the United States, sections 2002 and 5528, which are as fol lows: Section 2002 No military or naval officer, or other person engaged In th civil, military or naval service of the United States shall order, bring, keep or have under his authority or control, any troops or armed men at the place where any ?enral or spe cial election Is held In any State, unless It be neces sary to repel armed enemies of the United States, or to keep peace at the polls. 6ectlou 5528 Every officer of the army or navy, or other person In the civil, military or naval service ot the United States, who orders troops, keeps, or hss under his authority or control any troops or armed men at any place where general or special elections are held in any State, unless such force be necessary to repel armed enemies of the United States, or to keep peace at the polls, shall be lined not more than five thousand dollars, and sutler Im prisonment at nard labor not less man three mouths nor more than rive years. The amendment proposed In this statute In the bill before me omits from the bulk of the foregoing sections the words OB TO KEEP THE PEACE AT THE POLLS." The effect of the adoption of this amendment may be considered, first, upon the right ot Use United States government to use the military force to keep peace at electioi s for members of congress. and, second, upon the right of the government, by civil authorltr, to protect these elections from vio lence and fraud. In addition to the sections of the statute above quoted, the foilowlns provisions of the law relating to the USE OF MILITARY POWEB AT ELECTIONS are now In force: Section 2003. No officer of the army or navy of the Un'ted St ites shall prescribe or tlx or attempt to pre scribe or fix by proclamation, order or otherwise, the qualifications of voters In any State or in any man ner Interfere with the freedom of acy election In any State or with the exercise ot free rights of suffrage In any State. Section 5520. Every officer or other person In the military or naval service who, by force, threats. In timidation or advice or otherwise, prevents or attempts to prevent any uuallued voter of any State from freely exercising the right ot suffrage at any general or special election in such Suite, shall be lined not more tun u.e thousand dollars and Im prisoned at hard labor for not more than five years. Section 5530. Every olflcer of the army or navy who prescribes or Axes or attempts to prescribe or lix, wnetuei Dy proclamation, order or otherwise. quauncations oi voters at any election in any btate. shall be punished as provided In the precedicg sec tion. Section 5581. Every ofScer or other person In the military or naval service who by force, threats, in timidation or otherwise compels or attempts to com pel any officer boltltngan election In any State to ie- ceive tne vote rrom a person not legally qualified i vote, or who Imposes or attempts to Impose any regulations for conducting any geDeial or special election in a Mate mnerenc rrom loose pre scribed by law, or who luterleres la any manner with any officer of elecilon In the discharge of his duty, shall be punished us prescribed lu section 5229. section 5532. Every person convicted of any of tne onenses specified in tne live preceding sections, shall. In addition to the punishments therein sev erally prescribed, be disqualified from holdli g any of ilea of uonor, profit or trust under the United mates, but nothing in tnose secilons shall be coo st rued so as to prevent any oflicer, soldier, salior or ruanne from exercisit g tne ngnt ci surname in any election district to which he may belong. If other wise qualified according to the laws of the state in wnicn ne oners to vote. The foregoing enactments would seem to be suffi cient TO PREVENT MILITARY INTERFERENCE with elections, but the last congress, to remove all apprehension of such Interference, added to this body ot the law section 15 of an act entitled au act making apDrjprlatlons for the support of the aruiy for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1 879, and for other purposes, approved June 18. IS (8. watch is as follows: "Section 15- From and after the pass age of this act it shall not ba lawful to emti o? an? part of thi army of the Unltfd States as a conuiaiui, or otnerwise, lor ina purpose or executing lws, except In such cases and under such circum stances as such employment of said force mav be expressly authorized by the constitution or by act of congress, and no money appropriated by this act shall be used to psy any of the expenses incurred In the employment of any troops In violation of this section, and any person willfully violating tne provisions oi mis section snail oe ceemed eiiIUt of a misdemeanor, and UDon con vie: ion thereof shall be punished by a tine not exceeding one thousand usuais, or imprisonment not exceeu Ing two years, or both such fine and imprisonment." This act pasea tne senate alter lull consideration without a sli'gle vote recorded against It ou its final passage, and, by a majority of.ruore than two-thirds, It was concurred in b7 the house of representatives. Toe purpose ot the section quoud was slated In the senate by one or its supporters, as follows "Theiefore, I hoye, without getting Into any contro versy about the ix'st, but acting wisely for the fu ture, that we shall take away the Idea that the army can be used by the general, or special deputy mar shal, or any marshal, merely for election purposes. or jMMtr, or doing them about Ihe polls, or ordering them anywhere elsa where there Is no election going on, to prevent disorders or suppress disturbances that should be suppressed by ieace officers of the State; or if tney must Drtng others to their aid, they should "SUMMON UNORGANIZED CITIZENS, "and not summon officers and men of the army as pcs. comi'atumo quell disorders, and thus get up a leellng which will be disastrous to peace among ihe ptople of the country." In the house of repre enta il ves the object of the act of 1878 was stated by the gentlemen who had It In charge In similar terms. He said: "But these are all minor and Insignificant points compared with the great principle whUh was lncororatd by the hou6 In the bill In reference to the use of armed men In peace. The senate bad already Included what they called, and what we might call principle, but they bad stricken out the penalty, and had stricken out the word "expressly," so that the army rulcbt be ued In all cases where Implied authority might be Inferred. The House committee planted themselves firmly upon the dodtrlne tbat rather than yield this fundamental principle, for which for three years they bad strug gled, they would allow the bill to fall, uotwiihstanu lng the great reforms that we had secured, regard ing these great reforms of but little consequence alongside the great principle that the aimyot the United States, in time of peace, should be under the control of congress and obedient to Us law. After long and protracted negotiation the senate commit tee have conceded that principle In all Its length and breadth. Including the penalty, which the senate had stricken out. We bring you back, therefore, a report with the alteration of a single word, which lawyers assure us Is proper to be made, restoring to this bill the principle for which we have contended so long, ard which Is so vital TO SECUBE THE RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES OF THE PEOPLE. Thus have we this day secured to the people of this country a great protect on against a standing army, which cost a stiuggie of two hun dred years for tne commons ot England to secure for the British peop.e. From this brief review of the subject, It f ufficieutly appears lo me ibat, under the existing laws, there can be no military Interference with the elections. No case of such Interference has. In fact, occurred since the passage of the act last re ferred to. No officer of the United States has Ap peared under orders at any place of elec Ion In any btate. No complaint even of the presence of United States troops has been made In any quarter. It may be, therefore, confidently stated that there Is no necessity for the enactment or section 0 of the bill belore me to prevent military Interference at elec tions. The laws already In force are all tbat Is re quired for that end; but tbat part of section 0 of tills bill which is significant and vitally important, Ha clause which, It adopted, will deprive the civil authorities of the United States cf all power to keep the peace at congressional elections. CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS In ever district, in every Important sense, are Justly matter of political interest and concern throughout the whole country. Jtach State, each political party, is entitled to a share of ihe political power which Is conferred by leg-U and constitution -1 suffrage. It Is the llylit ot every citizen possessing the qualifica tions prescribed by Kw, to cast one unlntlmldated ballot, aud to have bis ballot honestly counted, so long as the exercise of this power and tlieeDjoyment ot this right are common and equal, practically as well as formally, submission to suffrage will be accorded loyally and cheerfully, and the uerpatt tuents or the governments will feel the true vigor of tne popular will thus expressed. Two provisions of the constitution authorize legislation by congress for the regulation of congressional elections. Sec tion 4 of article 1 of the constitution declares that the times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives shall be presented In each State by the legislature thereof, but congress may, at any time, bylaw, make or alter such regula tions, except as lo the places of chooslug senators. THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT of th constitution Is as follows: Section 1. The right of citizens of th8 United States to vote shall nut ba denied or abridged by the United States, or by any fctate, on account or race color or pievlous condition of servitude. Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. The supreme court has held that this amendment Invests citizens of the United states with a new con stitutional right, which Is within the protecting power of congress; that right, the court declares, to be exemption from discrimination In the exercise of the elective franchise on account of race, color or nrevi- ous conditlou of servitude. The power of congress to protect ibis right by appropriate legislation Is expressly affirmed by the court. National legisla tion to provide safeguards for free and honest elec tions Is necessary, as experience has shown, not only to secure the right U vote to the enfranchised race at the south, but also to prevent fraudulent voting In the laige cities at the north. Congress has, therefore, exercised the power conferro 1 by the constitution and has enacted certain laws to prevent discrimination on account of race, color, OT previous condition ot servitude, and to punish fraud, violence and Intimidation at Kedeial elections. Attention Is called to the followins sections of the revised stat utes of the United States, viz.: Section 2004, which guarantees all citizens the rig lit TO VOTE WITHOUT DISTINCTION on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Sections 2005 and 200tl. which guaran tee to all citizens equal opportunity, without dis crimination, to perform all acts required by law as a prerequisite or qualification for voting. Section 20-2-2. which author.zes the United stt,?. .,TVJi,..i and his deputies to keep the peace anil preseive order at Federal elections. Section 2024 which ex pressly authorizes the Untied States marshal ana deputies to summon a potut coniitatux whenever they or any or tnem are forcibly resisted in the execution or iiieir duties under tne law ana prevented Iroin executing their duties by violation of section 5522, which provides for the punishment of the crime of interfering with supervisors of elec tions and deputy marsh ils in the discharge of their duties at the elections of representatives In congress. Tuese are some or tne laws on mis subject which it Is the duty ot the executive department of the gov ernment to en'oree. The intent and effect of the sixth section of this bill is to prohibit all civil offi cers of the United States, under penalty of fine and Imprisonment, from employing any adequate civil force for this purpose at tne placj where their en forcement Is most necessary, namely: at places where congressional elections are held. Among the most valuable euactmeuv vu nuuu uave rcierrea are those which protect SUPERVISORS OF FEDERAL ELECTIONS In the discharge of their duties at the polls. If the pending legislation should become a law, there Is no power vested In any officer of the government t protect from violence the officers of the United states engaged la the discharge of their outlea Their rights and duties under the law will remain, but the national government will be powerless to enforce Its own statutes. The State may employ both military and civil power to keep peace and to enforce laws at State elections. It lsfuow proposed to deny to the United States even the necessary civil authority to protect the national elec tions. No suflleleBt reason has been given for this discrimination In favor of State and against national authority. If well founded objections exist against the present national election laws, all good cltlzeus should uolt In their amendment. The laws providing safeguards of elections should be Impar tial, Just and efficient. They should, If possible, be so non-partisan and fair In their operation that the minority party out of power will have no Just grounds to complain. The present laws have. In practice, unquestionably conduced to lbe prevention of fraud and violence at elections. In several of the SMtos members of the different political parties have aoolled for the safeguards which they furnish. It is the right and duty of the national government t j enact and enforce laws which will secure free and fair congressional elections. THE LAW NOW IN FORCE should not be repealed except In connection with the enactment ot measures which will better ac complish that important end. Believing that section 6 of the bill before me will weak en. If It does not altogether lake away, the power of the national government to protect the Federal elections by the civil authorities, I am forced to the conclusion that It ought not to receive my approval. That section is, however, not pre sented to me as a separate and independent meav ure, but Is, as has been stated, attached to the bill making the usual annual appropriations. In theil .Iiuiilnn 1 a Ma nt IhoMimln thiol, la Irk nn,nAn T nected with the nse of tbe army. It prohibits, un der heavy penalties, any person engaged In the civil service of the United States from having any force at the place of any election prepared to preserve or der, to make arrests, to keep tbe peace, or In any manner to enforce the laws. This Is altogether for eign to the purpose of any army appropriation bllL Tbe practice of tacking lo the army appropriation bill measures not pertinent to such bill, did not prevail until more than forty years after the adop tion of the constitution. It has bscoms a common practice, and ail parties when la power have adopt ed It. Many abuses and JA GREAT WASTE OF PUBLIC MONEY has In this way crept Into the appropriation bills. Tbe public opinion of the country Is against It. The States which have recently adopted constitutions have generally provided . . . A UKMEDY FOR THE EVIL, by enacting that no law shall contain more than.one subject, which shall be plainly expressed la Its title. Tbe constitutions of mere than half of the States contain substantially this provision. The public welfare will be promoted In many ways by a return to the early practice ot goverament and true principle of legislation, which requires tbat every measure shall stand or fall according to lis own merits. If it were understood that to attach to au appropriation a measure Irrelevant to the general object ot tbe bill, would Imperil and pribably pre vent lta final passage and approval, a valuable re form In the parliamentary practice ol congress would be accomplished. Tbe best Justification tbat has been offered for attaching lrreltvant riders to appropriation bills is that It is DONE FOR CONVENIENCE SAKE, to facilitate the passage of measures which are deemed expedient by all branches ot tie govern ment wbch participate In legislation, it cannot be claimed tbat there is any such reason for attaching this nine dment of tne election laws to tbe army ap propriation bill. The history of tbe measjre contra uicts this assumption. A majority of tbe house of representatives in the last congress was In favor of the section to this bill. It was known that a ma jority of the senate was opposed to It, and that as a seperate measure It could not bo adopted. It was attached lothe army appropriation bill to compel tne senate to assent to It It was plainly announced to tbe s-uate that the army appropriates bill would not be allowed to pass unless the pi opened amend ments to the election laws were adopted with It. The senate refused to assent to the bill on account of this lrreievdut sec. ton. Congress thereupon adjourned without passing an appropriation bill for the army, and the present extra session of the forty-sixth con gress became necessary to furnish means to carry on the government. Tbe ground upon which the ac tion of the house ot representatives la defended has been distinctly Hated by many of lis advo cates. A week before the close o" the last tesston of congress the doctrine In - question was stated by one ot lis ablest defenders, as folloas: "It Is our duty to repeal these measures. It Is not woitb while to repeal them except unon the appro priation bills, as the Republican senate would not asrt-e to nor the Republican Piesldeut sign tbe kills for such repeal. Whatever objection to legislation upon the appropriation bills may be made In ordi nary casss does not apply where the free election and liberty of the citizen are conoernec We have the power to vote money. Let OS annex conditions to It and Insist upon the redress ot this grievance." hy another distinguished member of the house it was said? "The right of the representatives of the people to withhold supplies Is as old as English liberty. History records numerous Instances where the house of commons, feeling that the "PEOPLE WERE OPPRESSED BY LAW3 "that the house of lords would not consent to repeal by ordinary methods of legislation, obtained redress at last by refusing appioprlations unless accom panied by the relief measures.'' That question, of the gravest magnitude and new In this country, was raised by this course of proceeding, and was fully recognized also by its defenders ill tbe senate. It was said by a distinguished senator, that perhaps no greater question, in l tit foim we are brought to con sider it, was ever considered by an American con gress to lime of peace, for It involves not merely the merits BDd demerits of the laws which tbe heusa blil proposes to repeal, but Involves tie rights, the privileges, tbe powers and tbe oulles of tho two branches of congress, and of tne President of the United Stales. It Is a question whose Importance can scarcely be esti mated; It Is a question that never yet has been brought so sharply before the American oongTess and ihe American piople as it may be now; it Is a Question which, sooner or later, must be decided, uod that decision must determine what are the pow ers of the bouse ot representatives under the consti tution, and what is the duty of that house, In view ot the trainers of that constitution, according to Us let ter and Its spirit. Mr. President, I sh. uld approach this question, II I were In the best possible condition to speak and to argue to It .with very great diffidence, uq'1 certainly with the utmost anxiety, for oua can not think over it as long and as carefully as I have thought of it, without seeing that we are at the be ginning, perhaps, of a STRUGGLE THAT MAT LAST A3 LONQ IN THIS COUNTRY as a similar straggle lasted la what we are acens toinetl to call the motherland, lbs struggle lasted for two centuries before It was ultimately decided. It Is not likely to last so long here, but It may last until every man In this chamber Is In his gTive. It Is a question as to whether or not the house ot rep resentatives has tbe right to say: 'We will grant supplies rnly upon condition that grievances are re dressed. We are the representatives of the tax-payers of the republic; we, the house of represent atlves, alone haya the right to originate money bills; we, the bouse of repre sentatives, have alone tbe right to originate bills which grant the money ot tbe people. The senate represents the States we represent the tax payers of the republic. We, therefore, by the veiy terms of the constitution, are charged with the duty ot originating bills which grant the money of the people. We claim the right which tbe houso of commons of England established after two centu ries ot contest, to say we will not grant the money of the people unless there Is a redress ot grievances." Upon the assembling of this congress, in pursuance of the call for the extra session, which was made necessary by the failure ct the forty-fifth congress to MAKE NEEDFUL APPROPRIATIONS for the support of the government, the question fas presented whether the attempt made in the last congress to engraft, by the con struction of a new principle upan the constitution, should be persisted in or not. This ongress has ample opportunity and time to pass appropriation bllls.'and alo to enact any political measures which may be determined upon by separ ate bills In the usual and orderly methods of pro ceedings. But lbe majority of both bouses have deemed It wise to adhere to the principle asserted and maintained in the lsst congress by a majority of the bouse of representatives. That principle Is that the house of representatives has the sole right to originate bills for the raising of revenue; and, there fore, has a right to withhold appropriations upon which tus existence or the government may depend, unless the senate and President shall give their as sent to any legislation which the house of represent atives may see Ut to attach to tbe appropriation bills. To establish this principle 1 to mske radical, DANGEROUS AND UNCONSTITUTIONAL CUANOES in the character of our institutions. The various departments of the government, navy and army, are established by the constitution or by laws passed In pursuance thereof. Their duties are clearly denned and their support Is carefully provided for by law. Tbe mooey required for this purpose has been col lected from tue people, and Is now In the treasury ready io be paid out us soon as the appropriation bills are passed. Whether the appropriations are made or not, the collection of taxes will go on. The public money will accumulate In the treasury. was not tha Intention of the f rauiers or tbe oonjtltu tioa .that any single, branch ot the ecvat-iiiint should have the power to dlctat-s the conditions tiruin crh1-'ti thin trf.AfilirA chnil!! ha ..n. j 9 rrAL'aa rz r, i , zr,r. y -ne 1tiiiPV.ic. . .. .- " .vrw. V 11 J 8UCU 1 ittiTl- tion, If It had been eutertained, would ha- wl, plainly ex pi esed In tbe constitution. T-..; - zr" Jarlty of the senal now concurs In the bia"im of ih ncuse adds to the gravity of the situation hut ii THE NEW DOCTPiNE, if maintained, will result In the consolidation of unchecked and despotlo power In the house or repre sentatives. A bare majority of the house will be come me buyci nwumit. i ue jsiecuuve wui no longer be what the framers of the constitution intended an equal and Independent branch of the govern ment. It Is clearly the constitutional duty of tbe President to exercise bis dUcretlon and Judgment upon ail bills presented to him, without constraint or uuress jiuui onj umer uraucu or coe government To say that a majority of either or both bouses of congress may insist on the approval of a bill under penalty of stopping all of the operations ef the gov ernment for the want of the necessary supplies, is to deny to the Executive tbat share of tbe legislative power which is plainly conferred by the second sec tion of the seventh article of the constitution. It strikes from the constitution the qualified negative of tne President. It Is said tbat this should be doue because It Is the peculiar function of the house ot representatives to represent THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE; but no single branch or department of the govern ment has exclusive authority to speak for the Ameri can iieople. The most authoritative and solemn ex pression of their will Is contained In tbe constitu tion ot lbe Uuited States. By that constitution they have ordained and established a government b3! powers are distributed among co-ordinate branches, which as far as possible, consistently with harmonious co-operation, are absolutely Indepen dent ot each other. Tbeihfople of the country are unwilling to see theisupreinacy of the constitution replaced by the omnipotence of any department of the government Tbe enactment of this bill Into a law will establish a precedent which will tend to destroy the equal Independence of the several branches of the) government. Its principle places not merely the senate and the executive, but the Ju diciary also, under the oerclve direction of the house. Tbe house aloae will be the Judge of what, constitutes A GRIEVANCE, and also of tha means and measures of redress. An aot of congress to protect elections Is now tho grievance complained of, but the house may, on the same principle, determine that any other set of con gress, a treaty made by the President with the ad vice and consent ot the senate, a nomination t r ap pointment to office; or that a decision or opinion ot the supreme court Is a grievance, and the measure of redress Is to withhold the appropriations re quired for the support of tbe offending branch of tbe government. Believing tbat this bill is a dan gerous violation of tbe spirit and meaning of the constitution, I am compelled to return it to the bouse in which It originated without my approval. The qualified negative with which the constitution in vests the President Is a trust that Involves a duty which I cannot decline to perform. With a firm and conscientious purpose to do wbat I can t preserve unimpaired the constitutional powers and EQUAL INDEPENDENCE not merely ot the executive, but of every branch of the government which will be Imperilled by the atoptlon of tbe principle of this bill. I desire earnestly to urge upon the house of representatives to return to the wise and wholesome usage of the earlier days of tbe republic, which excluded from an appropriation till all Irrelevant legislation. Ily this course you will Inaugurate an Important reform In the method of congressional legislation; your action will be in harmony with the fundamental principles of the constitution, and tbe patriotic sentiment of the nationality which Is their linn support, and you will restore to the country tbat feeling of confidence and security and repose which are so essential lo the prosperity of all ouc fellow-citizens. : RUTHERFORD B. HAYES. A HI 1-13 JUKE. i : How the Hexlrsu Excursionists " Ks tablished International Trade" be tween the United States and 91xlco-A vf Tely ' Drive " In Chromos and Mexican Belies. American Exporter: "The party of excur sionists who went down to Mexico went to establish trade between the two countries about as much as Noah went up the moun tain to take a bath. They went to have a good time, and they had it. Its manager needed money, and he made it out of the ex cursionists, lie had an eye to trade himself, and he came back Mexican consul at Chicago. Some of the excursionists wanted business, bnt a great many more of them wanted a warm climate in cold weather, a grand time at the expense of the Mexican government, and plenty of Mexican whisky. They got the warm weather' and the whisky, but ail they got at tbe expense of tbe Mexican govern ment you could put in your eye. As a busi ness undertaking, the expedition was not even a colossal iraud it was a very small humbug. To call it the "American indus trial deputation" was enough to make an overworked Mexican donkey smile. 1 have before me a list of the excursionists; ot the eicrhtv Dersons enrolled I can pick out at a mo ment's notice forty-four persons who had no I business whatever, ostensibly or owerwise. Of tbe remaining thirty-eix, not six actually went to Mexico to rxtend their trade; and not fonr of these did anything toward it. The excursionists were atter riches, and they found them in half the old idols and decay ing 6kulls in the Mexican republic. I must mention one of the party, one who had no business at all, who would not have hesitated to go into a gentleman's house and ask for a sample of his parlor . carpet. This gentleman brought home a car-load of Aztec Indian skulls, and enough roots and plants to set up a second-hand bo tanical garden. Nothing could sati.fy his rapacity; and he was but little worse than a large majority of the party. Tne unlucky Mexican who brought samples of his wares to the hotels tor exhibition soon had to go back to his shop for more samples. The ex cursionists always met him half way, and always loaded themselves down with his samples. Anything that was free was soon gathered in. Many of the party were from quite rural western towns, and were getting their first taste of rubbing againit the outside world. lhey scattered their satchels and bundles all over the repub lic, leaving one or two in every town they stopped in. The man who did the most flourishing business was a chron" man from Chicago, who sold cheap but gai y chromos at high prices, just as fast aa the Mexicans could make the change. The exhibition in the College of Mines, if it could be locked upon seriously as an exhibit of American wares, would be a standing disgrace to the country. The goods exhibited were ot the cheapest and most or dinary kinds, and there were-' very few of them. There is a tenfold better display of American goods in any pawnshop's sale store in the Bowery than was exhibited in Mexico." The Zola Weapon. Public Opinion: "There are two principal kinds of assagais, the throwing and the stab bing, the latter with a long and straight blade. To a Kaffir this weapon is liter illy the slsff of life. With it he kills his ent-ny and bisgame, slaughters and cuts up his cat tle, trains tbeir horns, shaves his own or his neighbor's head, does his carpentery and fur riery, and countless other jobs of various sorts. In it original form the assagai was essentially a missile, bat the renowned Cha ka, among other military reforms, converted it into a shorter and heavier stabbing spear, unfit for throwing, and only to be used at close quartets. The shaft, with an average length of nearly five feet, and a diameter equal to a man's little finger, is cut from the assagia tree (eur Usui jaginea ), wbich is not unlike mahogany. Tbe wood is brittle, yet elastic, the latter quality giving the spear that pe culiar vibratory motion on which its accuracy of flight so much depends. On account of the briitleness, a novice will break many shafts before he learns to throw hia assagai seeumdutn artem. Inaptly cast, the shaft, as soon aa it reaches the ground, is liable to whin forward and break off short absve tho blade. Tbe assagai heads are genera) '.y blade-bhaped, whether with or without the barb; there is invariably a raised ridge along the center of the blade, which- is cor jcal on one side and convex on the other. Tbe rea sons assigned for this peculiarity of form are that this blade acts like tha feathers of an arrow, and that, aa the heds are always made of soft iron, they ta. bo more easily sharpened when bl uuited. oy use." M.llal,lWKUlLr. P.E.HOPKINS & CO. (Successors to Stewart ft Dobettr.) IHPOKTBRM A SO DEALERS IK AND FANCY GOODS, 269 MAIM STREET, MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. ORDERS Pit O Jl 'PTIi Y ATTENDED TO tTlOOnS SENT C. O. D.l TEAS. D.F.Cavanagh&Co. DEALEB3 V, CHOICB tra TEA. AND SPICES! f ava Moeho sad Bio Coffee Boasted. Dally. No. 389 Main Street. UJIIiKUTAIiEItS. J. PIi AEERTY & CO UMIEttTAKJ2KS, And Manufacturers or Flaherty's Patent Preserying Casket or Corpse Cooler, 817 and 818 SECOND ST., MEMPHIS WE keep on band ruL lines of Metallic, Solid Walnut, Kosewood Finished Caskets Hiid Casas, trimmed In Uie highest style of art. Orders l- Mall or Tetegrnpli will b promptly fll1-1.C. O. D KK M OVAL.. TRUNK FACTORY, TO 318 ST., MEM Fill? J EICHKASKD facilities, and will sell home-mat le goods, wholesale and retail, lower than any horn . ELECTU1U ISKL.TW. ELECTRIC BELT'S. A sure cure for Nervous lability. Premature I tecay Weakness, Consumption, Liver and Kidney Uf eases General DeWllty. etc. , Tne Only Sellable Cure.. Circulars mailed free. Address J. IV Ml 5TE3 4S caaliias. street, New York. EST-EI! I C FEAKCE. n n r nkFCfn at fsS a WHOIsBSAZJS GROCERS, Cotton Fadors and Commission Merchants No. 258 Front street, Memphis, Tenn. l'ARTiriH. VK ATTKNTfOH PATO TO THK H4L P fttsTTQ J. B GODWIN. 'L. D. MULL1AS, Jr. GODWIN! CO Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants 338 Front street, corner Union, Memphis. Particular attention elven to tbe handling; of cotton while In shed l?os. 1(51, HC3, 1G5 Washington St. MANUFACTURERS OF AND DEALERS IN Flooring. Ceiling, Siding and Dressed Lumber OF all kinds. DOORS, 13 ASH BUND3, WELL CUBBING, UIN GEARING and rough Lumber of every description. SHINGLES, LATHS, ETC. XAPOLEON HILL, S, FOSTAISE, HILL FO T E Cotton Factors & Wliolesa AttEXTS FOB Ios. 28G and 298 Front A. C. TREAD WELL. A. B. Til (SUCCESSORS TO A. C. Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors, Ko. 11 Union Street, Memphig, Tenn. BSSConslgtmienU of Cotton solicited and Liberal Advances made on same. All Cotton Insured while la torn. tu well tut that consigned to iw by rl". unless otherwise. In-tnicted. B. I. Coehraa. Ha Lb . JL. HA3f CFACTCBEK8 OF Lumber, Lath and Shingles, Door, Sash and Blinds, asd all klsds of racking Boxes. Office and lard, foot of Watt Ingrton st. Saw and Planing; Mills, North end Navy Tl Memphis, Tennessee. FUL1E0, (SUCCESSORS TO "A7 rocers, Cotton Factors .And Ccniniission JkXercZiants, JSnfiU 371 and 373 Slain street, Memphis, Tenn. J, lYFARiASOJI. . " JA.MESA. HUNT. C. C.I1ELX. WHOLESALE and Cotton rocers 3S JFront ai?d 32 Clinton Sts., Memphis. HICK ASAW HANDXiE fc IXVERIilORE, Prop's, 98 Second St., opp. Market Sqnare, Memphis. House front. Wrought and Cast Fencing, all kinds Iron mod Brass Cast lacs. Cotton lrewtw. Uln-tJearlng Pulley-, Hhaftior. Bolts, Pipe and Flttlnn, Brass Wocds, Governor-. Enalnes. UenvirBl ttepairs. anil every thins-In ltneot Kosndry or MoenJne-snon Work. MKlt KOU H.LlmTKTEI CtMI.OHI W. A. VACCAKO. H. TAWAAO. A. VACCAKO & CO, UEWETEKS ASD DEALERS EST WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS, N0. 3S4 Front street, Memphig Z. IV. KSTEH, Iate Kates, riser Co (SUCCESSORS TO FSTES, PIZEB CO) Wholesale Grocers, Cotton Factors And Commission. Sderonants, Noa. 115 and 13 Union treet. Memphis. Tenn. W. A. WXL L.I AJ1S. WI3LILIA JLAMBFACTUBKiaS OF LUMBER, SHI DOORS. SASH AND BLINDS, FRUIT AED PACKING-BOXES! OFFICE AND YAF.D : Corner Gayoso and Second Sts. Mexn-olils. a i MACHINISTS LEWIS & THOMAS, Boiler Makers and Steamboat Blacksmiths. "DLACKSMITHINO of INO Of '-WgsJ-gyraTl Copper f-iK&is i-f:v JL all Rinas. uopper and Sheet-Iron Workers. M ti ik it AilnniN Mf.. near the river, MEMPHIS Tenn., All work done promptly, day or night. Teistscasn. BeBldenoe, Wo. MO Promenade. . Our shop will be open sally from thU data, all or ders for work wll l be promptly attended to. October 16. 1878. fcSWlfl THO MA. L. B. SCGSF. 8. M. McCALLUM JEBOXE If ILL GO. THE CELEBRATED street. Memphis, Tenn. HAD WELL, S. 8. TREAD WELL e Grocers .TREABWELL&CO. TREAD WELL A BROS.) JAatcner. H. A. Cki-aa. Cochran k Co., BURTOM & CO. SLEDGE, McKAT & CO.) Factors IRONWORKS A. B. TACC1B0. JAMEM II. D04JV, Heaiphls. BOAI & CO B. K. PliAIN MS Sd CO HGLES AND LATH SAW-MILL AND YARD North Front Street, mm TonnoBSoo' STEAMNHIl'S. I IV MAN LIXjE TJNITKf STATES AND ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS, Siew York t taeenatows A. Liverpool Every Thuraday or Saturday. City of BprTln, 6491 tons. Cilyof Monueal.4400lni City of Kichmoul, 4107 City ot BrusRels, - JI775 City of Chesoer. - 4otW City of New York. - 8500 Tbeae mailflcent steamers are among the strong est, largest and fastest on the Atlantic, and have every modem hntirovement. Including hot aud oold water and electric belts In staterooms, revolving chairs In saloons, b&tn and smo'.liiK-rooms, barber shops, etc For rales of l-eSil aud other Informa tion, apoly to JOBQI A. rntfrfitf rr"t 81 Broadway, Ham York, or lo THoa. FISHJtB, Emmet Bank, Memphis H A RS A rA It I ! I-A. V :TTiT -j ti' x- arsaiiariiia la a compound of tbe virtues of parsapnrina. stillingia, mandrake, yellow dock, with tha iodide of pota.su and iron, all powerful blood making, blood-cleansing, and life-sustaining elements. It is the purest, "afext, and in every way the most en actual r rati vc medi cine known or available to t ? public. Tho sciences of medicine and i ' imistrv have never produced so valuable remedy, nor one so potent to cure all (lit , ises resulting from impure blood. It cure, jrrof tila, and all scrofulous disease, Krysipelsis, Kose. or St, Anthony's Fire, Pimples and Kace-jrxubs, Pustules, Hlotohes, Boils, Tumors, Tetter, Humors Salt Klieunt, Scald-head, Iiin?vorm, I'lcers, Sores, Kheumatism, Mercurial Disease, Neu ralgia. Female Weaknesses and Irregu larities, Jaundice, A flections of tho Liver, Dyspepsia, lirnaciatiou, and General Debility. Bv its searching and cleansing qualities it purges out the foul corruption .vhieh contaminate the blood, and cause derange ment and decay. It stimulates and eulivens the vital functions. It promotes energy and strength. It restores and preserves health. It infuses new life and vigor throughout tho whole system. Jo sufferer from any disease which arises from impurity of the blood need despair, who will give Aver's Sarsapakii.i.a a tijir trial. Reniemlier, tbe earlier tho trial, the speedier the cure. Its recipe has heen furnished to physicians everywhere; and they, recognizing its supe rior qualities, administer it in their practice. For nearly forty years AiEit's Sarsapa ru.i.a has been widely used, and it now pos sesses the confidence" of millions of peoplo who have experienced lienetits from it3 mar vellous curative virtues. Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer 24 Co., Practical and Analytical Chemists, Lowell, Mass. SOUS IT AIX DRUGGISTS ETSBTWITJIBC MISCKIiCASiEOUS. F3EOIA3L Having made FINE WHISKIES, as well aa PUBIS HAVANA C1G1US ppecialiies lu ear business, we luye accepted tho agency of Messrs. IJoweu & Hoore.the old, reliable distillers of Sbawhan, lionrhon county, Kentucky, and we are now offering-, free and In bond, tbeir celebrated brands or SOUK and SWEET MASH WH ISKIES, embracing- ng-rs,lS3, 1874, 1875, 1876 and 1S77. Tbe Trade supplied at distillers pries, freight added. Our Line of Liquors and Cigars is com plete, covering: all grades; while in the Line of Groceries, Provisions and Planta tion Supplies, we Defy Competition in this or any other market. Ca&h and Short Time Buyers will co-suit their interests by inspecting our Stock. J. J. BUSBY A CO. eceived! FULTON MABK8T EXTBA 1IES3 BEEF IN half barrels. Kxtra Mesa Pork. Extra Prime Pork. New Patent Process Premier flour. German Millet. Missouri Millet. Tennessee Millet. Hungarian Grass. Country Hams, Sboulders and Bacon. A large stock of Sugar-cured Earns and Shoulders. Bacon. Bulk Meat-, Flour. Meal, etc Also, a well selected stock of Fancy and Staple Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Plantation Supplies. Call and examine. TAYLOR & ARNOLD H7Z FfiOST STREET. Itchingor UIcotukI thai It-BingM Pile Remedy foils to cure. V ivna iaimedi&to) relief , cure c-bes of onx stand ing in 1 ws-k.ortlin-lT ciwes ia days. ! 1 bottle. BoldbrU droristii. J. P. Mrtxxn, M.D.. . . .. C T . 1 T. Propriftor. Advice free in ! diwsx Call or writs. CAUTIO'V Wrarrr on bottle ' trtWnr prtmUd tlorB.ftnr pf-.''-ft-i Jt'onm otimr jamrfM, O. W. JONES! CO., Aeonts, i'37'Mnln street. COTTOS-SEED. tub HOPE OIL MXX.I. Advances the price for good clean O O TT 03NT-a 3ZXZZZ.ZD to Eight Dellara Per Ton, delivered at Memphis. B.!V. HALLTtR. Peretrr coTToar giu. The Brown Cotton Gin. Cteaae the See better. Bans IJchter, GIbs Faster, mmi c t. less) KHTJ than ur ether Gla la the amar ket. Etctj ssaeklme fmUr aad lrrmllr rarm-tevs. These machines are made of tho best mstcrinl-, nnd the workmanship and finish are nncxci llid. lias been awarded premiums at all the Sbte Fairs, Georgia, Alabama, Tex as, etc, etc Price List of Gins, Feeders anal Condensers. Payable during the Cotton Season. Price oTGha with Selt-Fenimg At tsrbnn rci tl. Prk. wilh S,lf. Feodtnc Atia DMO.U u4 Cwa- Elas. PrlosofGlns. 30 Saw $ 7&.U0 $ 97.50 $120.00 35 " 87.60 113.75 140.00 40 " 100.00 130.00 160.00 45 110.00 141.75 173.25 AO " 120.00 152.50 15.00 60 " 13a 00 176.00 a '2.00 70 " 140.00 1R2.00 2.11.00 80 " 180.00 203.00 256.00 Boxed ready for shipment and dellverrd at onr factory. Special terrnt to eaei purchaser. Kcud for circular containing tertlruonuiU from over two hundred live planters, who bought and used our machines last season. From 1843 to 1858 we manufactured Gins at Col wnbut, Qeorgia, undrr the firm numcofK. T. Tat IOB & Co., afterwards Clbmoss, Beown A Co., nnd made what was then known as the Tr. vlor Gin. During the year 1653 we removed to this place, where we have been excrusiv ly engaged in manu facturing Gins ever since. W lthlong experienou, the best labor saving machinery, and skilled work men, we po-sess advantage not enjoy.-d by any other manufacturer In our line for producing the bxst work for the iswi money. Frefses, Engines and complete outfit furnished when desired. Address BItOWJI t'OTTOX C1X CO.. S-w London, Conn. UMHinTAItKII, Undertaker. llOl.SKS AM IHUIiEM. W. A. FAIRES, (SUCCKSSOB TO J. B. AND W. Iealer la FAIRitS.) 3IULES nnd HOUSES, 55 I'ttlon BC, Near PcatefHre. A GOOD selection ot all classes of Horses and Mules constantly on hand. Everything sold by me guaranteed as repreaeoied- Orders soUelied Just i r