THE JMODMPJElis' DAIL1! iPEI ALWEDN'ESD A.IJRIJ1 3Q; 1879.
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Ii ordering papers ebaiiaed from one postoffloe to
itniiier, the names of. both postouices should be
given. OILLAWAY 4 KKATINS,
H C. i4au-WaT, i 2S2 Seonnd street.
i. 1. Kktiww. f Memphis. Tenn.
WEDXE4DAI, : : APRIL 80, 1S79.
The New Orleans Picayune is a moderate,
conservative paper, but it sajs: "The whole
country might as well understand the fixed
determination of the white people of Louisi
ana upon this subject now as ever. Black
supremacy will not be tolerated here. The
experiment has been tried, and the record of
its failure is the foulest and bloodiest chap
ter in the history of the State. The conclu
sion, so far as the white people are concerned,
has passed beyond the region of debate it is
on the list of fixed and stubborn facts. They
are not going to have any more of that sort
of thing-, and that is all there is about it. It
is not to be denied that these colored people
are useful laborers, or that under certain con
ditions they might become good neighbors;
but they are not yet prepared to govern us,
and we are not prepared to submit to their
government. These people clamor for man
hood suffrage, and yet, while they claim a
vast majority, they whine for Federal pro
tection, and propose to assert their manhood
by running away from the State! The war
has been over some fourteen years now, and
the black people of the country have ad
vanced so far as that."
THK IOHl'G rOUClBLY MTATED.
There can be no question as to the political
status of the New York Post. Long edited
by W. C. Bryant, this paper has secured a
reputation for candor and justice. Strong
in its advocacy of the Republican party, it
nevertheless discusses all qaestions on an
elevated plane, and with the wisdom of the
statesman. Ia discussing the probable ac
tion of the President the Post says: "The
true course for the President, is to sign the
bill. Although, with a proper reticence in
the circumataucea, he has not made known
his views on the subject, we suspect that he
aiMents to the substance of the rider. To
discontinue the use of soldiers in elections ia
in harmony with what has been called his
policy. When he came into office he ordered
the retirement of Federal troops from south
ern capitals, and so signified that in his
judgment the time for military rule to end
hid come. When martial law gives place to
civil law the polling place is the first
place horn which the soldier should dis
appear. If the practice of the military
supervisions of elec'.ions is to Btop, the
statutory authority for it may well be with
drawn, it the President is in favor of this
withdrawal he has the support of influential
members of his own party. Mr. Garfield,
who has led the opposition to the coercion
scheme in congress, has said that ho would
vote for the repeal of the military clause as a
separate measure. In the last hour of the
forty-fifth congress it was understood that
the Republicans were ready to compromise
with the Democrats by conceding this repeal.
In the present congress Mr. Conger, a lively
and stalwart representative, lately proposed
that the rider should be taken from the ap
propriation bill and the repeal be passed as a
separate measure. Such a measure, standing
by itsalf, we believe a majority of tho mem
bers of the Republican party would sustain,
as a mflj-.rity of the people of the country
certainly would.do. If the President assents
to the .repeal.Sshould hereject it because it
comes before him in the shape of a rider?
We think not. That form of legislation is
indeed irregular and objectionable, but it has
the sanction of precedent, and if the purpose
of the particular legislation is favored by all
the factors of the law-making power, no great
harm can como of it. What the President
ought to resist is the coercion of his official
person in respect to his clear and constitu
tional right as to bills passed by congress. It
is not coercion.toaok him to sign a measure
which ho really approves, although it is sent
to him ini.th irregular and objectionable
shape of a rider on an appropriation bill.
THK OKOLO.VA LUNATIC.
Editors .A rPEAi, Republican papers in
southern Ohio are Just now very-extenslvely quoting
lrom the Okolona Statts for the purpose of manu
facturing blootly-shlrt sentiment to influence the
coming election. They represent that the Okolona
bt.iit Is a true representative of southern Demo
cratic sentiment, and quoto the Apfkai. to prove it.
Uowliths? Do they not misrepresent you? An
early reply will much oblige. Bespectfully,
F. S. KEE1T.
Eltria, O., April 21, 1879".
We infer from a postscript to tho above
letter that ajreply was expected in the shape
of a private letter. But our reply shall be
made public, so that our readers can bear
witness that wo have said nelhing
not in perfect accord with the tone and posi
tion of the Appeal for the past tight yean.
In tho first place, we brand the charge that
our Ohio friend says has been made against
the Ai'i'KAL as a willful, premeditated false
hood, manufactured out of the whole cloth.
Instead ( f indorsing the absurd vagaries of
the O'.o'.ona lunatic, we have explicitly nd
unequivocally condemned them. There is
no paper published in Alabama, Mississippi,
Arkansas and Tennesee which has a larger
circulation than that of the Appeal. Our
correspondence and personal intercourse with
the Democracy of the four States named is
quite extensive, and we have no hesitancy in
8ying, without tho fear of successful contra
diction, that no! J i single Democrat can be
found in either of the fourteen southern
States whoVill indorse the sensational ravings
of the Ohio enpetbagger, who propagates his
silly gabble through the columns of the Oko
lona States. The southern Democracy have
acquiesced in all the constitutional amend
ments, and we'venturejto assert that there is
not a solitary Democrat in any of tho south
ern States that -would repeal these amend
ments if he could, save the Ohio editor of
tho Okolona States. The Appeal has
warred upon tho diabolisms called carpet
bag governments, which so long cursed and
crushed the eoutb. But it would be equally as
hostile to any effort to disturb any of the
constitutional amendments, or to revive the
issues settled by the war. In the interest of
peace the south supported Greeley upon a
plutform'constructed by .Liberal Republicans,
and would make a similar sacrifice, if by so
doing there would ba nn end to the mad
passions born in war. When the troops were
removed from Louisiana and South
Carolina, and tho people were left to the
rights of self-government, the southern
people were happy in the belief that the
fires of sectional hate were forevtr extin
guished, and that as the broken bone when
firmly set is stronger than before, so would
the Union be made stronger by the new
brotherhood. But it netms the Republicans
of the north aro determined never to eee
the south except through the murky atmos
phere of passion filled with horrid phantoms,
which have no existence save in the mad
dened b-ain of these ministers of hate. The
people of the south see with deep regret that
the Republicans have opened a new war
upon them. It seems that they are de
termined that the two sections shall never
again be united in the bonds ot living sym
pathy. In this new contest the southern
Democracy will stand by the r northern
friends and allies, and if our friend, F . S.
Reefy, of Elyria, Ohio, would Bnow h. he
am standi in pontics, ub u vu.j
to learn the position of the national Democ
racy. EMJLISI1 YS. AMERICAN HORSES.
Opinion of an American Ovvner as
tne Merits of Kngllsh Horses.
New York World: Among tho recent ar
rivals from Europe was an American who,
since the formation of what was known as
the M'Daniel confederacy, has taken an act
ive interest in the thoroughbred horse, not only
as an owner in his own name, but as a dash
ing epeculator, a purchaser of yearlings
and an enthusiast generally about racing.
Indeed, his enthusiasm has taken him from
the Atlantic to the Pacific to witness what
promises to be a good race. About the be
ginning of the Jerome park meeting, last
fall, business called this gentleman to Eng
land. On his arrival he found that the New
market second October meeting was in pro
gress; he at once visited the racing metropo
lis of the world, as the English press style
Newmarket. Fortunately, perhaps, he missed
the first two days, or he might have been
induced to back Mr. Sanford's filly Start
for the Cesarewitch. But reaching New
market on the third day, he witnessed, as
he says, the first real races of his life, for
the management was perfect, being prompt
in all things and utterly devoid of fuss.
The spectators seemed to know without eil'jrt
which horses would start, and no one had
any difficulty in backing his opinions as to a
result, for money could be invested with equal
ease upon any given horse winning or getting
a place. Indeed, every ttiinir went us smoothly
as though run by magic. He said that he had
thought that things were managed as cor
rectly at Jerome park and Saratoga as was
possible, Due he was convinced that our
turfmen could go to England as to a school.
As the gentleman, who is well known
in this city, is a New Eoglander by birth,
with decided American preferences, his opin
ions on certain racing points are decidedly
worthy of attention. He says that Lord Fal
mouth has not only the best stable in Eng
land, but that Silvio is the best horse he ever
saw, ana he believes that with one hundred
and forty pounds on him last fall, he could
have beaten any American four-year-old at
fourteen pounds difiorence in weight. As
to Jannette, whom ho saw win the Cham
pion stakes at Newmarket he thought that
she was about the best filly which he ever
saw of her age. Such outspoken opinions
from such a source quickly challenged
questions which, when bifted out, leit but
one subject, and he was asked if he had
seen Peter. "Yes," said the gentleman, "J
b.iw Peter, but compare him with Wheel of
Fortune if like comparing American with
English racing. I saw Wheel of Fortune
win the Dewhurst plate at the Houghton
meeting, and the way she galloped away from
the field at the end of the race was something
to be remembered. I would rather own her
than a dczen Peters, for Peter, I think, will
turn out to be a very good horse at a mile,
or at the most a mile and a furlong,
but beyond that a very common horse
will beat him. The gentleman further eaid
he had witnessed some finishes between r ord
ham. Archer and Constance that ho will re
member as long as he lives, for the contest
was all made in the hret hundred yards.
This he declared to be thoroughly artistic.
and he felt sure that comparatively we have
nrver seen the like in this country. In regard
to Sir John Astley's two-year-old colt. Choco
late, ha said that he had seen him win
over tne Cesarewitch course (two miles, two
furlongs and twenty-eight yards), from a field
of two and three-year-olds, with seventy
seven pounds up, in a style that he did not
deem possible for a two-year-old. Other
conversation followed, in which the gentle
man expressed his warm admiration ot such
owners as the Uuiie ot Hamilton. JLiOrd ial
mouth and Lord Rosebcry, and he finished by
saving that if he had Wheel of Fortune in
this country he would bet even money that
he would beat Spendthritt or any other
American three-year-old in every race they
Treasure Trove In Texas.
The Waco Telephone gives thej following
account of the late finding of-money: Mr,
I M'l. D. M'Kissick settled on tho Brazos,
near Rock dam. some twenty-five years ago.
Mr. M'Kissick farmed, and when the war
broke out was possessed of many slaves.
herds and fertile acres of land. A bachelor,
be led a frugal life, and was known to pos
sess considerable money. The reputation of
M'Kissick's wealth proved hi- death, for one
night in 1865, just before the close
of the war, he was murdered. Sus
picion fell upon members of a battalion of
roving cavalrymen, under command of one
Colonel iieard, who were then quartered on
the Brazos, doing no good tor the Cocieder
acy or the country. In fact, they were said
to be in reality jay hawkers and thieves. How
much money, if any, the murderers secured,
was never known, but Mr. M'Kissick's slaves
always insisted that the bulk of their mas
ter's wealth was not found. Mr. M'Kissick
left a brother, William M'Kissick, and a bis
ter, who are now residing near Mount Calm,
in , Limestone county. Near Rock dam
stands an old tumble-down hut, that once
belonged to M Kipbics, being on his land
It had not been used for years. Last Friday
morning a colored man who cultivates a field
near the Rock dam, concluded he would go
to tho river to fish. He entered the dilapi
dated, uoorlcs8 shanty and bean to dig in
one corner for earthworms, to use as bait.
He presently unearthed an iron pot, cov
ered with a lid. I he darby was surprised
taking tne na on, his surprise was
turned to amazement, for there in the pot
lay a bpap of gold com, American gold, in
ten and twenty-dollar pieces, lbe whole
sum was eight thousand and sixty-five dol
lars, all in gold. The negro secured the cold.
and next day went to MarliD, where he got
to drinking. His lavish expenditure of money
excited suspicion. Whisky had loosened his
tongue, and the whole story leaked out.
The Khedive and the Two Powers.
London. April 28. The Times' Paris
dispatch says the English and French ngent9
in Egypt have been instructed to represent
their governments regard good administra
tion in Evpt aa indispensable to their inter
ests, and they therefore invite the khedive to
comply as promptly and as far as possible
with their demand, and to hand the- port
folios of finance and public works to the
Euglish and French ministers. The com
munication does not forbid the khedive
changing his European ministers without the
consent of the two governments.
The Journal des Debais says tho English
and French governments have notified the
khedive that they have reserved their liberty
ot action on the eu'tan s otter to depose him
on account of his (the khedive's) violation of
The Timet' correspondent adds that it is
thought that the khedive will yield.
An Important Hallway Bridge to be
St. Louia, April 28. H. S. Hopkins,
bridge builder of the St. Louis, Iron Moun
tain and Southern railway, left hereto-day
with sixty mechanics aud laborers, and ma
terial for a new bridge to cross Red river, in
place of the one swept away last night. The
new structure will be in place on Wednesday.
In the meantime passengers and freight will
be transferred by steamer with very little
New Hampshire Havtaxs on the Wane
Concord, April 23 The number of de
positors in the pavings institution of this
State has decreased 4294 in the past year. The
fulling otf in deposits for the same time was
$2,607,412. The number of depositors in
1878 was 87,887, and the amount of deposits
Determined to Mhnfile.
Phovidenck, R. I, April 23 Mrs.
Pearce. wife of the postmaster of Bristol,
who was mysteriously shot in bed last week,
made two attempts at suicide this morning.
Her husband will recover.
Death of eneral J. P, Urownlow.
Kkoxville, April 23. General James P.
Brownlow, late a cavalry officer in the Fed
eral army, and a son of Ex-Senator Brown
low, died, at his mother's residence in this
city, Saturday night, 1
Heally Thought the Bads were In Earn-
p&t wnea tney orc .v vcumw
rrstle numbers wlthThrests
to starve ont the o r
eroment, and Vetoes
the Army Bill.
Washington, Aptil 29. The following is
the message of the President of the United
States, returning to the house of representa
tives the bill entitled "An act making ap
propriations for the support of the army for
tho fiscal year ending June 30, 1880, and for
To the House ot Representatives:
I have maturely considered the Important ques
tions presented by the bill entitled, "An Act making
appropriations tor tne support ot tne army ior iue
nscil year ending June 30, 1880, and for other pur
poses," and I now return It to the house of represen
tatives, In wulcli It originated, with my objections to
" approval. The bill provides la the usual form
for apprepriatlona required for ti support of the
army during the next nscal year. It it contained no
other provisions It would receive my prompt ap
proval. It Includes, however, furtber legislation
which, attached as It Is to appropriations which are
requisite for the efficient performance of some of the
most necessary duties of the government. Involves
QUESTION! OF THK GRAYEST CHARACTER.
The sixth section of the bill Is amendatory of the
statute now in force In regard to the authority of per
sons In the civil, military and naval service of the
United States, at the place where any general or
special election Is held In any Slate. This statute
was adopted February 25, 1 fsi55, alter a protracted
debate In the senate, and almost without opposition
In the house of representatives by the concur
rent votes of both of the leading
political parties of the country, and became a law by
the approval of President Lincoln. It was re-enacted
In 1874, In the revised statutes ef the United
States, sections 2002 and 5528, which are as fol
lows: Section 2002 No military or naval officer, or
other person engaged In th civil, military or naval
service of the United States shall order, bring, keep
or have under his authority or control, any troops or
armed men at the place where any ?enral or spe
cial election Is held In any State, unless It be neces
sary to repel armed enemies of the United States,
or to keep peace at the polls.
6ectlou 5528 Every officer of the army or navy,
or other person In the civil, military or naval service
ot the United States, who orders troops, keeps, or
hss under his authority or control any troops or
armed men at any place where general or special
elections are held in any State, unless such force be
necessary to repel armed enemies of the United
States, or to keep peace at the polls, shall be lined
not more than five thousand dollars, and sutler Im
prisonment at nard labor not less man three mouths
nor more than rive years.
The amendment proposed In this statute In the
bill before me omits from the bulk of the foregoing
sections the words
OB TO KEEP THE PEACE AT THE POLLS."
The effect of the adoption of this amendment
may be considered, first, upon the right ot Use
United States government to use the military force
to keep peace at electioi s for members of congress.
and, second, upon the right of the government, by
civil authorltr, to protect these elections from vio
lence and fraud. In addition to the sections of the
statute above quoted, the foilowlns provisions of the
law relating to the
USE OF MILITARY POWEB AT ELECTIONS
are now In force:
Section 2003. No officer of the army or navy of the
Un'ted St ites shall prescribe or tlx or attempt to pre
scribe or fix by proclamation, order or otherwise, the
qualifications of voters In any State or in any man
ner Interfere with the freedom of acy election In any
State or with the exercise ot free rights of suffrage
In any State.
Section 5520. Every officer or other person In the
military or naval service who, by force, threats. In
timidation or advice or otherwise, prevents or
attempts to prevent any uuallued voter of any State
from freely exercising the right ot suffrage at any
general or special election in such Suite, shall be
lined not more tun u.e thousand dollars and Im
prisoned at hard labor for not more than five years.
Section 5530. Every olflcer of the army or navy
who prescribes or Axes or attempts to prescribe or
lix, wnetuei Dy proclamation, order or otherwise.
quauncations oi voters at any election in any btate.
shall be punished as provided In the precedicg sec
tion. Section 5581. Every ofScer or other person In the
military or naval service who by force, threats, in
timidation or otherwise compels or attempts to com
pel any officer boltltngan election In any State to ie-
ceive tne vote rrom a person not legally qualified i
vote, or who Imposes or attempts to Impose any
regulations for conducting any geDeial or special
election in a Mate mnerenc rrom loose pre
scribed by law, or who luterleres la any manner
with any officer of elecilon In the discharge of his
duty, shall be punished us prescribed lu section
section 5532. Every person convicted of any of
tne onenses specified in tne live preceding sections,
shall. In addition to the punishments therein sev
erally prescribed, be disqualified from holdli g any
of ilea of uonor, profit or trust under the United
mates, but nothing in tnose secilons shall be coo
st rued so as to prevent any oflicer, soldier, salior or
ruanne from exercisit g tne ngnt ci surname in any
election district to which he may belong. If other
wise qualified according to the laws of the state in
wnicn ne oners to vote.
The foregoing enactments would seem to be suffi
cient TO PREVENT MILITARY INTERFERENCE
with elections, but the last congress, to remove all
apprehension of such Interference, added to this
body ot the law section 15 of an act entitled au act
making apDrjprlatlons for the support of the aruiy
for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1 879, and for
other purposes, approved June 18. IS (8. watch is
as follows: "Section 15- From and after the pass
age of this act it shall not ba lawful to emti o? an?
part of thi army of the Unltfd States as a
conuiaiui, or otnerwise, lor ina purpose or executing
lws, except In such cases and under such circum
stances as such employment of said force mav be
expressly authorized by the constitution or by act of
congress, and no money appropriated by this act
shall be used to psy any of the expenses incurred In
the employment of any troops In violation
of this section, and any person willfully violating
tne provisions oi mis section snail oe ceemed
eiiIUt of a misdemeanor, and UDon con vie: ion
thereof shall be punished by a tine not exceeding
one thousand usuais, or imprisonment not exceeu
Ing two years, or both such fine and imprisonment."
This act pasea tne senate alter lull consideration
without a sli'gle vote recorded against It ou its final
passage, and, by a majority of.ruore than two-thirds,
It was concurred in b7 the house of representatives.
Toe purpose ot the section quoud was slated In
the senate by one or its supporters, as follows
"Theiefore, I hoye, without getting Into any contro
versy about the ix'st, but acting wisely for the fu
ture, that we shall take away the Idea that the army
can be used by the general, or special deputy mar
shal, or any marshal, merely for election purposes.
or jMMtr, or doing them about Ihe polls, or ordering
them anywhere elsa where there Is no election going
on, to prevent disorders or suppress disturbances
that should be suppressed by ieace officers of the
State; or if tney must Drtng others to their aid, they
"SUMMON UNORGANIZED CITIZENS,
"and not summon officers and men of the army as
pcs. comi'atumo quell disorders, and thus get up a
leellng which will be disastrous to peace among ihe
ptople of the country." In the house of repre enta
il ves the object of the act of 1878 was stated by the
gentlemen who had It In charge In similar terms.
He said: "But these are all minor and Insignificant
points compared with the great principle whUh was
lncororatd by the hou6 In the bill In reference to
the use of armed men In peace. The senate bad
already Included what they called, and what we
might call principle, but they bad stricken out the
penalty, and had stricken out the word "expressly,"
so that the army rulcbt be ued In all cases where
Implied authority might be Inferred. The
House committee planted themselves firmly upon
the dodtrlne tbat rather than yield this fundamental
principle, for which for three years they bad strug
gled, they would allow the bill to fall, uotwiihstanu
lng the great reforms that we had secured, regard
ing these great reforms of but little consequence
alongside the great principle that the aimyot the
United States, in time of peace, should be under the
control of congress and obedient to Us law. After
long and protracted negotiation the senate commit
tee have conceded that principle In all Its length and
breadth. Including the penalty, which the senate
had stricken out. We bring you back, therefore, a
report with the alteration of a single word, which
lawyers assure us Is proper to be made, restoring to
this bill the principle for which we have contended
so long, ard which Is so vital
TO SECUBE THE RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES OF
Thus have we this day secured to the people of
this country a great protect on against a standing
army, which cost a stiuggie of two hun
dred years for tne commons ot England to secure
for the British peop.e. From this brief review of the
subject, It f ufficieutly appears lo me ibat, under the
existing laws, there can be no military Interference
with the elections. No case of such Interference has.
In fact, occurred since the passage of the act last re
ferred to. No officer of the United States has Ap
peared under orders at any place of elec Ion In any
btate. No complaint even of the presence of United
States troops has been made In any quarter. It may
be, therefore, confidently stated that there Is no
necessity for the enactment or section 0 of the bill
belore me to prevent military Interference at elec
tions. The laws already In force are all tbat Is re
quired for that end; but tbat part of section 0 of tills
bill which is significant and vitally important, Ha
clause which, It adopted, will deprive the civil
authorities of the United States cf all power to keep
the peace at congressional elections.
In ever district, in every Important sense, are Justly
matter of political interest and concern throughout
the whole country. Jtach State, each political party,
is entitled to a share of ihe political power which Is
conferred by leg-U and constitution -1 suffrage. It Is
the llylit ot every citizen possessing the qualifica
tions prescribed by Kw, to cast one unlntlmldated
ballot, aud to have bis ballot honestly counted, so
long as the exercise of this power and tlieeDjoyment
ot this right are common and equal, practically
as well as formally, submission to suffrage will be
accorded loyally and cheerfully, and the uerpatt
tuents or the governments will feel the true vigor of
tne popular will thus expressed. Two provisions of
the constitution authorize legislation by congress
for the regulation of congressional elections. Sec
tion 4 of article 1 of the constitution declares that
the times, places and manner of holding elections
for senators and representatives shall be presented
In each State by the legislature thereof, but congress
may, at any time, bylaw, make or alter such regula
tions, except as lo the places of chooslug senators.
THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT
of th constitution Is as follows:
Section 1. The right of citizens of th8 United
States to vote shall nut ba denied or abridged by the
United States, or by any fctate, on account or race
color or pievlous condition of servitude.
Sec. 2. The congress shall have power to enforce
this article by appropriate legislation.
The supreme court has held that this amendment
Invests citizens of the United states with a new con
stitutional right, which Is within the protecting
power of congress; that right, the
court declares, to be exemption from
discrimination In the exercise of the
elective franchise on account of race, color or nrevi-
ous conditlou of servitude. The power of congress
to protect ibis right by appropriate legislation Is
expressly affirmed by the court. National legisla
tion to provide safeguards for free and honest elec
tions Is necessary, as experience has shown, not
only to secure the right U vote to the enfranchised
race at the south, but also to prevent fraudulent
voting In the laige cities at the north. Congress
has, therefore, exercised the power conferro 1 by the
constitution and has enacted certain laws to prevent
discrimination on account of race, color, OT previous
condition ot servitude, and to punish fraud, violence
and Intimidation at Kedeial elections. Attention Is
called to the followins sections of the revised stat
utes of the United States, viz.: Section 2004, which
guarantees all citizens the rig lit
TO VOTE WITHOUT DISTINCTION
on account of race, color, or previous condition of
servitude. Sections 2005 and 200tl. which guaran
tee to all citizens equal opportunity, without dis
crimination, to perform all acts required by law as
a prerequisite or qualification for voting. Section
20-2-2. which author.zes the United stt,?. .,TVJi,..i
and his deputies to keep the peace anil preseive
order at Federal elections. Section 2024 which ex
pressly authorizes the Untied States marshal ana
deputies to summon a potut coniitatux whenever
they or any or tnem are forcibly resisted
in the execution or iiieir duties under tne law ana
prevented Iroin executing their duties by violation
of section 5522, which provides for the punishment
of the crime of interfering with supervisors of elec
tions and deputy marsh ils in the discharge of their
duties at the elections of representatives In congress.
Tuese are some or tne laws on mis subject which it
Is the duty ot the executive department of the gov
ernment to en'oree. The intent and effect of the
sixth section of this bill is to prohibit all civil offi
cers of the United States, under penalty of fine and
Imprisonment, from employing any adequate civil
force for this purpose at tne placj where their en
forcement Is most necessary, namely: at places
where congressional elections are held. Among the
most valuable euactmeuv vu nuuu uave rcierrea
are those which protect
SUPERVISORS OF FEDERAL ELECTIONS
In the discharge of their duties at the polls. If the
pending legislation should become a law, there Is
no power vested In any officer of the government t
protect from violence the officers of the United
states engaged la the discharge of their outlea
Their rights and duties under the law will remain,
but the national government will be powerless to
enforce Its own statutes. The State may employ
both military and civil power to keep peace and to
enforce laws at State elections. It lsfuow proposed
to deny to the United States even the necessary
civil authority to protect the national elec
tions. No suflleleBt reason has been given
for this discrimination In favor of State and against
national authority. If well founded objections exist
against the present national election laws, all good
cltlzeus should uolt In their amendment. The laws
providing safeguards of elections should be Impar
tial, Just and efficient. They should, If possible, be
so non-partisan and fair In their operation that
the minority party out of power will have no Just
grounds to complain. The present laws have. In
practice, unquestionably conduced to lbe prevention
of fraud and violence at elections. In several of the
SMtos members of the different political parties
have aoolled for the safeguards which they furnish.
It is the right and duty of the national government
t j enact and enforce laws which will secure free and
fair congressional elections.
THE LAW NOW IN FORCE
should not be repealed except In connection with
the enactment ot measures which will better ac
complish that important end. Believing that
section 6 of the bill before me will weak
en. If It does not altogether lake away,
the power of the national government to protect the
Federal elections by the civil authorities, I am
forced to the conclusion that It ought not to receive
my approval. That section is, however, not pre
sented to me as a separate and independent meav
ure, but Is, as has been stated, attached to the bill
making the usual annual appropriations. In theil
.Iiuiilnn 1 a Ma nt IhoMimln thiol, la Irk nn,nAn T
nected with the nse of tbe army. It prohibits, un
der heavy penalties, any person engaged In the civil
service of the United States from having any force
at the place of any election prepared to preserve or
der, to make arrests, to keep tbe peace, or In any
manner to enforce the laws. This Is altogether for
eign to the purpose of any army appropriation bllL
Tbe practice of tacking lo the army appropriation
bill measures not pertinent to such bill, did not
prevail until more than forty years after the adop
tion of the constitution. It has bscoms a common
practice, and ail parties when la power have adopt
ed It. Many abuses and
JA GREAT WASTE OF PUBLIC MONEY
has In this way crept Into the appropriation bills.
Tbe public opinion of the country Is against It. The
States which have recently adopted constitutions
have generally provided . . .
A UKMEDY FOR THE EVIL,
by enacting that no law shall contain more than.one
subject, which shall be plainly expressed la Its title.
Tbe constitutions of mere than half of the States
contain substantially this provision. The public
welfare will be promoted In many ways by
a return to the early practice ot goverament
and true principle of legislation, which requires tbat
every measure shall stand or fall according to lis
own merits. If it were understood that to attach to
au appropriation a measure Irrelevant to the general
object ot tbe bill, would Imperil and pribably pre
vent lta final passage and approval, a valuable re
form In the parliamentary practice ol congress
would be accomplished. Tbe best Justification tbat
has been offered for attaching lrreltvant riders to
appropriation bills is that It is
DONE FOR CONVENIENCE SAKE,
to facilitate the passage of measures which are
deemed expedient by all branches ot tie govern
ment wbch participate In legislation, it cannot be
claimed tbat there is any such reason for attaching
this nine dment of tne election laws to tbe army ap
propriation bill. The history of tbe measjre contra
uicts this assumption. A majority of tbe house of
representatives in the last congress was In favor of
the section to this bill. It was known that a ma
jority of the senate was opposed to It, and that as a
seperate measure It could not bo adopted. It was
attached lothe army appropriation bill to compel
tne senate to assent to It It was plainly announced
to tbe s-uate that the army appropriates bill would
not be allowed to pass unless the pi opened amend
ments to the election laws were adopted with It. The
senate refused to assent to the bill on account of this
lrreievdut sec. ton. Congress thereupon adjourned
without passing an appropriation bill for the army,
and the present extra session of the forty-sixth con
gress became necessary to furnish means to carry on
the government. Tbe ground upon which the ac
tion of the house ot representatives la defended has
been distinctly Hated by many of lis advo
cates. A week before the close o" the last
tesston of congress the doctrine In - question was
stated by one ot lis ablest defenders, as folloas:
"It Is our duty to repeal these measures. It Is not
woitb while to repeal them except unon the appro
priation bills, as the Republican senate would not
asrt-e to nor the Republican Piesldeut sign tbe kills
for such repeal. Whatever objection to legislation
upon the appropriation bills may be made In ordi
nary casss does not apply where the free election and
liberty of the citizen are conoernec We have the
power to vote money. Let OS annex conditions to
It and Insist upon the redress ot this grievance."
hy another distinguished member of the house it
was said? "The right of the representatives of the
people to withhold supplies Is as old as English
liberty. History records numerous Instances where
the house of commons, feeling that the
"PEOPLE WERE OPPRESSED BY LAW3
"that the house of lords would not consent to repeal
by ordinary methods of legislation, obtained redress
at last by refusing appioprlations unless accom
panied by the relief measures.'' That question, of
the gravest magnitude and new In this country, was
raised by this course of proceeding, and was fully
recognized also by its defenders ill tbe senate. It
was said by a distinguished senator, that perhaps no
greater question, in l tit foim we are brought to con
sider it, was ever considered by an American con
gress to lime of peace, for It involves not merely
the merits BDd demerits of the laws which tbe
heusa blil proposes to repeal, but Involves
tie rights, the privileges, tbe powers and tbe
oulles of tho two branches of congress, and of
tne President of the United Stales. It Is a
question whose Importance can scarcely be esti
mated; It Is a question that never yet has been
brought so sharply before the American oongTess
and ihe American piople as it may be now; it Is a
Question which, sooner or later, must be decided,
uod that decision must determine what are the pow
ers of the bouse ot representatives under the consti
tution, and what is the duty of that house, In view ot
the trainers of that constitution, according to Us let
ter and Its spirit. Mr. President, I sh. uld approach
this question, II I were In the best possible condition
to speak and to argue to It .with very great diffidence,
uq'1 certainly with the utmost anxiety, for oua can
not think over it as long and as carefully as I have
thought of it, without seeing that we are at the be
ginning, perhaps, of a
STRUGGLE THAT MAT LAST A3 LONQ IN THIS
as a similar straggle lasted la what we are acens
toinetl to call the motherland, lbs struggle lasted
for two centuries before It was ultimately decided.
It Is not likely to last so long here, but It may last
until every man In this chamber Is In his gTive. It
Is a question as to whether or not the house ot rep
resentatives has tbe right to say: 'We will grant
supplies rnly upon condition that grievances are re
dressed. We are the representatives of the tax-payers
of the republic; we, the house of represent
atlves, alone haya the right to
originate money bills; we, the bouse of repre
sentatives, have alone tbe right to originate
bills which grant the money ot tbe people. The
senate represents the States we represent the tax
payers of the republic. We, therefore, by the veiy
terms of the constitution, are charged with the duty
ot originating bills which grant the money of the
people. We claim the right which tbe houso of
commons of England established after two centu
ries ot contest, to say we will not grant the money of
the people unless there Is a redress ot grievances."
Upon the assembling of this congress, in pursuance
of the call for the extra session, which was made
necessary by the failure ct the forty-fifth congress to
MAKE NEEDFUL APPROPRIATIONS
for the support of the government, the question
fas presented whether the attempt made
in the last congress to engraft, by the con
struction of a new principle upan the
constitution, should be persisted in or not. This
ongress has ample opportunity and time to pass
appropriation bllls.'and alo to enact any political
measures which may be determined upon by separ
ate bills In the usual and orderly methods of pro
ceedings. But lbe majority of both bouses have
deemed It wise to adhere to the principle asserted
and maintained in the lsst congress by a majority of
the bouse of representatives. That principle Is that
the house of representatives has the sole right to
originate bills for the raising of revenue; and, there
fore, has a right to withhold appropriations upon
which tus existence or the government may depend,
unless the senate and President shall give their as
sent to any legislation which the house of represent
atives may see Ut to attach to tbe appropriation
bills. To establish this principle 1 to mske radical,
DANGEROUS AND UNCONSTITUTIONAL
in the character of our institutions. The various
departments of the government, navy and army, are
established by the constitution or by laws passed In
pursuance thereof. Their duties are clearly denned
and their support Is carefully provided for by law.
Tbe mooey required for this purpose has been col
lected from tue people, and Is now In the treasury
ready io be paid out us soon as the appropriation
bills are passed. Whether the appropriations are
made or not, the collection of taxes will go on. The
public money will accumulate In the treasury.
was not tha Intention of the f rauiers or tbe oonjtltu
tioa .that any single, branch ot the ecvat-iiiint
should have the power to dlctat-s the conditions
tiruin crh1-'ti thin trf.AfilirA chnil!! ha ..n. j 9
rrAL'aa rz r, i , zr,r. y -ne
1tiiiPV.ic. . .. .- " .vrw. V 11 J 8UCU 1 ittiTl-
tion, If It had been eutertained, would ha- wl,
plainly ex pi esed In tbe constitution. T-..; - zr"
Jarlty of the senal now concurs In the bia"im of ih
ncuse adds to the gravity of the situation hut ii
THE NEW DOCTPiNE,
if maintained, will result In the consolidation of
unchecked and despotlo power In the house or repre
sentatives. A bare majority of the house will be
come me buyci nwumit. i ue jsiecuuve wui no longer
be what the framers of the constitution intended
an equal and Independent branch of the govern
ment. It Is clearly the constitutional duty of tbe
President to exercise bis dUcretlon and Judgment
upon ail bills presented to him, without constraint
or uuress jiuui onj umer uraucu or coe government
To say that a majority of either or both bouses of
congress may insist on the approval of a bill under
penalty of stopping all of the operations ef the gov
ernment for the want of the necessary supplies, is to
deny to the Executive tbat share of tbe legislative
power which is plainly conferred by the second sec
tion of the seventh article of the constitution. It
strikes from the constitution the qualified negative
of tne President. It Is said tbat this should be doue
because It Is the peculiar function of the house ot
representatives to represent
THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE;
but no single branch or department of the govern
ment has exclusive authority to speak for the Ameri
can iieople. The most authoritative and solemn ex
pression of their will Is contained In tbe constitu
tion ot lbe Uuited States. By that constitution they
have ordained and established a government
b3! powers are distributed among co-ordinate
branches, which as far as possible, consistently with
harmonious co-operation, are absolutely Indepen
dent ot each other. Tbeihfople of the country are
unwilling to see theisupreinacy of the constitution
replaced by the omnipotence of any department of
the government Tbe enactment of this bill Into a
law will establish a precedent which will tend to
destroy the equal Independence of the several
branches of the) government. Its principle places
not merely the senate and the executive, but the Ju
diciary also, under the oerclve direction of the
house. Tbe house aloae will be the Judge of what,
and also of tha means and measures of redress.
An aot of congress to protect elections Is now tho
grievance complained of, but the house may, on the
same principle, determine that any other set of con
gress, a treaty made by the President with the ad
vice and consent ot the senate, a nomination t r ap
pointment to office; or that a decision or opinion ot
the supreme court Is a grievance, and the measure
of redress Is to withhold the appropriations re
quired for the support of tbe offending branch of
tbe government. Believing tbat this bill is a dan
gerous violation of tbe spirit and meaning of the
constitution, I am compelled to return it to the bouse
in which It originated without my approval. The
qualified negative with which the constitution in
vests the President Is a trust that Involves a duty
which I cannot decline to perform. With a firm and
conscientious purpose to do wbat I can t preserve
unimpaired the constitutional powers and
not merely ot the executive, but of every branch of
the government which will be Imperilled by the
atoptlon of tbe principle of this bill. I desire
earnestly to urge upon the house of representatives
to return to the wise and wholesome usage of the
earlier days of tbe republic, which excluded from an
appropriation till all Irrelevant legislation. Ily this
course you will Inaugurate an Important reform In
the method of congressional legislation; your action
will be in harmony with the fundamental principles
of the constitution, and tbe patriotic sentiment of
the nationality which Is their linn support, and you
will restore to the country tbat feeling of confidence
and security and repose which are so essential lo the
prosperity of all ouc fellow-citizens.
: RUTHERFORD B. HAYES.
A HI 1-13 JUKE.
How the Hexlrsu Excursionists " Ks
tablished International Trade" be
tween the United States and
91xlco-A vf Tely ' Drive " In
Chromos and Mexican
American Exporter: "The party of excur
sionists who went down to Mexico went to
establish trade between the two countries
about as much as Noah went up the moun
tain to take a bath. They went to have a
good time, and they had it. Its manager
needed money, and he made it out of the ex
cursionists, lie had an eye to trade himself,
and he came back Mexican consul at Chicago.
Some of the excursionists wanted business,
bnt a great many more of them wanted a
warm climate in cold weather, a grand time
at the expense of the Mexican government,
and plenty of Mexican whisky. They got the
warm weather' and the whisky, but ail they
got at tbe expense of tbe Mexican govern
ment you could put in your eye. As a busi
ness undertaking, the expedition was not
even a colossal iraud it was a very small
humbug. To call it the "American indus
trial deputation" was enough to make an
overworked Mexican donkey smile. 1 have
before me a list of the excursionists; ot the
eicrhtv Dersons enrolled I can pick out at a mo
ment's notice forty-four persons who had no I
business whatever, ostensibly or owerwise.
Of tbe remaining thirty-eix, not six actually
went to Mexico to rxtend their trade; and
not fonr of these did anything toward it.
The excursionists were atter riches, and they
found them in half the old idols and decay
ing 6kulls in the Mexican republic. I must
mention one of the party, one who had no
business at all, who would not have hesitated
to go into a gentleman's house and ask for a
sample of his parlor . carpet. This
gentleman brought home a car-load
of Aztec Indian skulls, and enough
roots and plants to set up a second-hand bo
tanical garden. Nothing could sati.fy his
rapacity; and he was but little worse than a
large majority of the party. Tne unlucky
Mexican who brought samples of his wares
to the hotels tor exhibition soon had to go
back to his shop for more samples. The ex
cursionists always met him half way, and
always loaded themselves down with
his samples. Anything that was free
was soon gathered in. Many of the party
were from quite rural western towns, and
were getting their first taste of rubbing
againit the outside world. lhey scattered
their satchels and bundles all over the repub
lic, leaving one or two in every town they
stopped in. The man who did the most
flourishing business was a chron" man from
Chicago, who sold cheap but gai y chromos
at high prices, just as fast aa
the Mexicans could make the
change. The exhibition in the College of
Mines, if it could be locked upon seriously as
an exhibit of American wares, would be a
standing disgrace to the country. The goods
exhibited were ot the cheapest and most or
dinary kinds, and there were-' very few of
them. There is a tenfold better display of
American goods in any pawnshop's sale store
in the Bowery than was exhibited in Mexico."
The Zola Weapon.
Public Opinion: "There are two principal
kinds of assagais, the throwing and the stab
bing, the latter with a long and straight
blade. To a Kaffir this weapon is liter illy
the slsff of life. With it he kills his ent-ny
and bisgame, slaughters and cuts up his cat
tle, trains tbeir horns, shaves his own or his
neighbor's head, does his carpentery and fur
riery, and countless other jobs of various
sorts. In it original form the assagai was
essentially a missile, bat the renowned Cha
ka, among other military reforms, converted
it into a shorter and heavier stabbing spear,
unfit for throwing, and only to be used at
close quartets. The shaft, with an average
length of nearly five feet, and a diameter
equal to a man's little finger,
is cut from the assagia tree (eur
Usui jaginea ), wbich is not unlike
mahogany. Tbe wood is brittle, yet elastic,
the latter quality giving the spear that pe
culiar vibratory motion on which its accuracy
of flight so much depends. On account of
the briitleness, a novice will break many
shafts before he learns to throw hia assagai
seeumdutn artem. Inaptly cast, the shaft,
as soon aa it reaches the ground, is liable to
whin forward and break off short absve tho
blade. Tbe assagai heads are genera) '.y
blade-bhaped, whether with or without the
barb; there is invariably a raised ridge along
the center of the blade, which- is cor jcal on
one side and convex on the other. Tbe rea
sons assigned for this peculiarity of form are
that this blade acts like tha feathers of an
arrow, and that, aa the heds are always
made of soft iron, they ta. bo more easily
sharpened when bl uuited. oy use."
P.E.HOPKINS & CO.
(Successors to Stewart ft Dobettr.)
IHPOKTBRM A SO DEALERS IK
AND FANCY GOODS,
269 MAIM STREET,
ORDERS Pit O Jl 'PTIi Y ATTENDED TO
tTlOOnS SENT C. O. D.l
DEALEB3 V, CHOICB
TEA. AND SPICES!
f ava Moeho sad Bio Coffee
No. 389 Main Street.
J. PIi AEERTY & CO
And Manufacturers or Flaherty's Patent
Preserying Casket or Corpse Cooler,
817 and 818 SECOND ST., MEMPHIS
WE keep on band ruL lines of Metallic, Solid
Walnut, Kosewood Finished Caskets Hiid
Casas, trimmed In Uie highest style of art. Orders
l- Mall or Tetegrnpli will b promptly fll1-1.C. O. D
KK M OVAL..
TO 318 ST., MEM Fill? J
EICHKASKD facilities, and will sell home-mat le
goods, wholesale and retail, lower than any horn .
A sure cure for Nervous lability. Premature I tecay
Weakness, Consumption, Liver and Kidney Uf eases
General DeWllty. etc.
, Tne Only Sellable Cure..
Circulars mailed free. Address J. IV Ml 5TE3
4S caaliias. street, New York.
n n r
nkFCfn at fsS a
Cotton Fadors and Commission Merchants
No. 258 Front street, Memphis, Tenn.
l'ARTiriH. VK ATTKNTfOH PATO TO THK H4L P fttsTTQ
J. B GODWIN.
'L. D. MULL1AS, Jr.
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants
338 Front street, corner Union, Memphis.
Particular attention elven to tbe handling; of cotton while In shed
l?os. 1(51, HC3, 1G5 Washington St.
MANUFACTURERS OF AND DEALERS IN
Flooring. Ceiling, Siding and Dressed Lumber
OF all kinds. DOORS, 13 ASH BUND3, WELL CUBBING, UIN GEARING and rough Lumber of every
SHINGLES, LATHS, ETC.
HILL FO T E
Cotton Factors & Wliolesa
Ios. 28G and 298 Front
A. C. TREAD WELL.
A. B. Til
(SUCCESSORS TO A. C.
and Cotton Factors,
Ko. 11 Union Street, Memphig, Tenn.
BSSConslgtmienU of Cotton solicited and Liberal Advances made on same. All Cotton Insured while la
torn. tu well tut that consigned to iw by rl". unless otherwise. In-tnicted.
B. I. Coehraa.
HA3f CFACTCBEK8 OF
Lumber, Lath and Shingles,
Door, Sash and Blinds, asd all klsds of racking Boxes.
Office and lard, foot of Watt Ingrton st. Saw and Planing; Mills, North end Navy Tl
rocers, Cotton Factors
.And Ccniniission JkXercZiants,
JSnfiU 371 and 373 Slain street, Memphis, Tenn.
J, lYFARiASOJI. . " JA.MESA. HUNT. C. C.I1ELX.
3S JFront ai?d 32 Clinton Sts., Memphis.
HANDXiE fc IXVERIilORE, Prop's,
98 Second St., opp. Market Sqnare, Memphis.
House front. Wrought and Cast Fencing, all kinds Iron mod Brass Cast lacs. Cotton
lrewtw. Uln-tJearlng Pulley-, Hhaftior. Bolts, Pipe and Flttlnn, Brass Wocds, Governor-.
Enalnes. UenvirBl ttepairs. anil every thins-In ltneot Kosndry or MoenJne-snon
Work. MKlt KOU H.LlmTKTEI CtMI.OHI W.
A. VACCAKO & CO,
UEWETEKS ASD DEALERS EST
WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS,
N0. 3S4 Front street, Memphig
Z. IV. KSTEH, Iate Kates, riser Co
(SUCCESSORS TO FSTES, PIZEB CO)
Wholesale Grocers, Cotton Factors
And Commission. Sderonants,
Noa. 115 and 13 Union treet. Memphis. Tenn.
W. A. WXL L.I AJ1S.
DOORS. SASH AND BLINDS,
FRUIT AED PACKING-BOXES!
OFFICE AND YAF.D :
Corner Gayoso and Second Sts.
Mexn-olils. a i
LEWIS & THOMAS,
Boiler Makers and
INO Of '-WgsJ-gyraTl
Copper f-iK&is i-f:v
JL all Rinas. uopper
and Sheet-Iron Workers.
M ti ik it AilnniN Mf..
near the river, MEMPHIS Tenn., All work done
promptly, day or night. Teistscasn. BeBldenoe,
Wo. MO Promenade. .
Our shop will be open sally from thU data, all or
ders for work wll l be promptly attended to.
October 16. 1878. fcSWlfl THO MA.
L. B. SCGSF.
8. M. McCALLUM
JEBOXE If ILL
street. Memphis, Tenn.
S. 8. TREAD WELL
TREAD WELL A BROS.)
H. A. Cki-aa.
Cochran k Co.,
SLEDGE, McKAT & CO.)
A. B. TACC1B0.
JAMEM II. D04JV, Heaiphls.
BOAI & CO
B. K. PliAIN
MS Sd CO
HGLES AND LATH
SAW-MILL AND YARD
North Front Street,
I IV MAN LIXjE
TJNITKf STATES AND ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS,
Siew York t taeenatows A. Liverpool
Every Thuraday or Saturday.
City of BprTln, 6491 tons. Cilyof Monueal.4400lni
City of Kichmoul, 4107 City ot BrusRels, - JI775
City of Chesoer. - 4otW City of New York. - 8500
Tbeae mailflcent steamers are among the strong
est, largest and fastest on the Atlantic, and have
every modem hntirovement. Including hot aud oold
water and electric belts In staterooms, revolving
chairs In saloons, b&tn and smo'.liiK-rooms, barber
shops, etc For rales of l-eSil aud other Informa
tion, apoly to JOBQI A. rntfrfitf rr"t 81 Broadway,
Ham York, or lo THoa. FISHJtB,
Emmet Bank, Memphis
H A RS A rA It I ! I-A.
V :TTiT -j ti' x-
la a compound of tbe virtues of parsapnrina.
stillingia, mandrake, yellow dock, with tha
iodide of pota.su and iron, all powerful blood
making, blood-cleansing, and life-sustaining
elements. It is the purest, "afext, and in
every way the most en actual r rati vc medi
cine known or available to t ? public. Tho
sciences of medicine and i ' imistrv have
never produced so valuable remedy, nor
one so potent to cure all (lit , ises resulting
from impure blood. It cure, jrrof tila, and
all scrofulous disease, Krysipelsis, Kose.
or St, Anthony's Fire, Pimples and
Kace-jrxubs, Pustules, Hlotohes, Boils,
Tumors, Tetter, Humors Salt Klieunt,
Scald-head, Iiin?vorm, I'lcers, Sores,
Kheumatism, Mercurial Disease, Neu
ralgia. Female Weaknesses and Irregu
larities, Jaundice, A flections of tho
Liver, Dyspepsia, lirnaciatiou, and
Bv its searching and cleansing qualities
it purges out the foul corruption .vhieh
contaminate the blood, and cause derange
ment and decay. It stimulates and eulivens
the vital functions. It promotes energy and
strength. It restores and preserves health.
It infuses new life and vigor throughout tho
whole system. Jo sufferer from any disease
which arises from impurity of the blood need
despair, who will give Aver's Sarsapakii.i.a
a tijir trial. Reniemlier, tbe earlier tho
trial, the speedier the cure.
Its recipe has heen furnished to physicians
everywhere; and they, recognizing its supe
rior qualities, administer it in their practice.
For nearly forty years AiEit's Sarsapa
ru.i.a has been widely used, and it now pos
sesses the confidence" of millions of peoplo
who have experienced lienetits from it3 mar
vellous curative virtues.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer 24 Co.,
Practical and Analytical Chemists,
SOUS IT AIX DRUGGISTS ETSBTWITJIBC
Having made FINE WHISKIES, as well
aa PUBIS HAVANA C1G1US ppecialiies
lu ear business, we luye accepted tho
agency of Messrs. IJoweu & Hoore.the old,
reliable distillers of Sbawhan, lionrhon
county, Kentucky, and we are now offering-,
free and In bond, tbeir celebrated
brands or SOUK and SWEET MASH
WH ISKIES, embracing- ng-rs,lS3, 1874,
1875, 1876 and 1S77. Tbe Trade supplied
at distillers pries, freight added.
Our Line of Liquors and Cigars is com
plete, covering: all grades; while in the
Line of Groceries, Provisions and Planta
tion Supplies, we Defy Competition in this
or any other market. Ca&h and Short
Time Buyers will co-suit their interests
by inspecting our Stock.
J. J. BUSBY A CO.
FULTON MABK8T EXTBA 1IES3 BEEF IN
Kxtra Mesa Pork. Extra Prime Pork.
New Patent Process Premier flour.
German Millet. Missouri Millet.
Tennessee Millet. Hungarian Grass.
Country Hams, Sboulders and Bacon.
A large stock of Sugar-cured Earns and Shoulders.
Bacon. Bulk Meat-, Flour. Meal, etc
Also, a well selected stock of Fancy and Staple
Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Plantation
Supplies. Call and examine.
TAYLOR & ARNOLD
H7Z FfiOST STREET.
thai It-BingM Pile Remedy
foils to cure. V ivna iaimedi&to)
relief , cure c-bes of onx stand
ing in 1 ws-k.ortlin-lT ciwes ia
days. ! 1 bottle. BoldbrU
droristii. J. P. Mrtxxn, M.D..
. . .. C T . 1 T.
Propriftor. Advice free in ! diwsx Call or writs.
CAUTIO'V Wrarrr on bottle ' trtWnr prtmUd
tlorB.ftnr pf-.''-ft-i Jt'onm otimr jamrfM,
O. W. JONES! CO., Aeonts, i'37'Mnln street.
HOPE OIL MXX.I.
Advances the price for good clean
O O TT 03NT-a 3ZXZZZ.ZD
to Eight Dellara Per Ton, delivered at Memphis.
B.!V. HALLTtR. Peretrr
The Brown Cotton Gin.
Cteaae the See better. Bans IJchter, GIbs Faster,
mmi c t. less) KHTJ than ur ether Gla la the amar
ket. Etctj ssaeklme fmUr aad lrrmllr rarm-tevs.
These machines are made of tho best mstcrinl-,
nnd the workmanship and finish are nncxci llid.
lias been awarded premiums at all the Sbte Fairs,
Georgia, Alabama, Tex as, etc, etc
Price List of Gins, Feeders anal Condensers.
Payable during the Cotton Season.
Price oTGha with
tsrbnn rci tl.
Prk. wilh S,lf.
DMO.U u4 Cwa-
30 Saw $ 7&.U0 $ 97.50 $120.00
35 " 87.60 113.75 140.00
40 " 100.00 130.00 160.00
45 110.00 141.75 173.25
AO " 120.00 152.50 15.00
60 " 13a 00 176.00 a '2.00
70 " 140.00 1R2.00 2.11.00
80 " 180.00 203.00 256.00
Boxed ready for shipment and dellverrd at onr
factory. Special terrnt to eaei purchaser. Kcud
for circular containing tertlruonuiU from over two
hundred live planters, who bought and used our
machines last season.
From 1843 to 1858 we manufactured Gins at Col
wnbut, Qeorgia, undrr the firm numcofK. T. Tat
IOB & Co., afterwards Clbmoss, Beown A Co.,
nnd made what was then known as the Tr. vlor Gin.
During the year 1653 we removed to this place,
where we have been excrusiv ly engaged in manu
facturing Gins ever since. W lthlong experienou,
the best labor saving machinery, and skilled work
men, we po-sess advantage not enjoy.-d by any
other manufacturer In our line for producing the
bxst work for the iswi money.
Frefses, Engines and complete outfit furnished
when desired. Address
BItOWJI t'OTTOX C1X CO.. S-w London, Conn.
llOl.SKS AM IHUIiEM.
W. A. FAIRES,
(SUCCKSSOB TO J. B. AND W.
3IULES nnd HOUSES,
55 I'ttlon BC, Near PcatefHre.
A GOOD selection ot all classes of Horses and
Mules constantly on hand. Everything sold
by me guaranteed as repreaeoied- Orders soUelied
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