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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1879.
i tf MiHlS APPEAL BY UALLMVAY & KEATING, erros of Hnhsc rWitlon Dally A Weekly UAtul I (J is oo?,, onn ,er. by mall U-li -JI Ji six irionir-s, by mall......... v a tipj, one oioulb, by mall U w co;ij, one week, tn cut WtiKLY . oopTt ore rear U04 tour, six months - 10 oo s wo .-1 Kates f Alverlialj. t fst Insertion, per scjaare SI 22 wxjuerit Insertions, per pqaare V tnts, eta, are tea eenl pev line Drst Insertion, ana ii ji onntii nr line nab lubiMimnt Insertion. Utila and HarriHKe notices, Funeral notices tad ' iiiitiin.rli are chanted at regular rate. Vti n n not accept any advertisement to follow read- tag mauer. Ti Contributors and Correspoadeata. ? j solicit letters and communications noon subject. .1 intTHl Interest, but such must always be ao- mr.aiilAd hv a rmmoiialtile name. l orlrin papers chunked from one postofBce to n- her, tbe names of botb postotlloea should by tien. W . not return relected oommnnlcottons. U if mail-boons are kept by postoKoes, and not by ir.'Kvtclual names, ni'iiiirn ooi.len sent free of charge. t t -t linos solid nonpareil makes one square, and n- mm lines make one lueb. 4, t :tu hollers are twenty cents per line ors4 loser Iioq Blteen cents per ud( per wees. uallawak a.KTraa, si C. Saixawat, J Second street, M. KBATint. Memphis, Tenn. F.IE3IPIUS APPEAL TIIUKSUAY, : t DECEMBER 4, 1879. WHAT TI1K B&DlCAliH DEMAND The sweltered venom of the Republican party has bioke out anew in the northern Stater. We hear nothing but abuse and vili fication of the south. Our people have ac cepted the situation and are quietly laboring to rebuild their desolated homes and to pro mote the great material interests of the south and of the whole country. They are making no war upon the constitutional amendments or any of the measures of reconstruction. Yet they are lied about from day to day as if they were outlaws. The "blcody- shirt" is the shibboleth, the war cry the only issue made by the Republicans, and it seems we are to have the old sectional fight over again. The Republicans do not want peace, The report of the Grant boom in the south is offensive to them, because they are deter mined to place him on an extreme platform, and will oppose the nomination of any Republican who, like Greeley, fa- Tared a fraternal brotherhood between the sections. In so many words the Radicals declare that the southern people will be har- raased and persecuted unless they join the Republican party; unlets they acknowledge the v. iadom of carpetbag and bayonet rule; unlets they prcclain their willingness to be come to the United States what Ireland is to England, a subjugated province. The Re publicans show by their utterances that so long as the south dares to vote with the party which comprises a majority of the American people, there can be no peace. In other words, if the eouthem people will g:ve up their manhood and rights as citizens, and te the Republican ticket, they will at one?, Ike Long9treet, Mosby and Key, be reconizjd as marvelous patriots There can be no peace upon such dishonor able terms. The war did not decide that the Republican party must be kept in power by the votes of the southern people. The south is not responsible for this new sectional war. J. he iiepuolicans are determined thai we shall have no repose. They are just as much determined to slander, abuse and misrepre sent us as was the wolf to devour the lamb which it met in the stream. If we celebrate the Fourth of July and strew flowets on the graves of the Federal dead, it is said by the advocates of pirpelual hate that this is hyprocritical policy. If we exercise the pre ' rotative of freemen at tha ballot-box, and vDte for our friends instead of our calumni ators, we are called unrepentent rebels and accused of disloyalty to the KOercment. We still believe with H?nry Clay, that "truth is omnipotent and public jistice certain," and that the Radical fanatics of tbe nurth cannot succeed in again en throning hatred between the sections aa a controlling isaue in tbe next Presidential eltction. The common stnse of the people, their inherent love of justice, and, above all, thoie great industrial and commercial inter ests that bind the sections together, will, in the next cooled, drive into oblivion the apos tles of hate and bring to tbe front such statesmen as Thomas F. Bayard, whose pa triotism is broad enough to embrace all sec tions of our common country. If the vote of the southern people could ba taken it would ba found that there are rot one hundred men , in the south who do not concur with Gordon J and Lamar and llampton in their views aB to the duty of the south in regard to the issues decided by the war. Yet the southern people are accused of following the lead of Robeit Toombs and the Okolona States and iudoisinz the Yazx murder. This new war upon the south has been inaugurated too soon. IS will have consumed itself before the next Presidential election. The buainets men of the north and the real patriots will oee that the policy of sectional hate is encouraged bv partisan office-seekers, aud they will vote for Thomas F. Biyard, a ftatesman of en larged patriotism, who will cot hate any sec tion of the Union or any portion of the peo ple, and who is devoted to the peace, honor and glory of the republic. TUB TUBUS SINCE TUEtlt AVAR. There ia much interest just now, in glano ing at circumstances, as they have shaped theuisalves, siuce the war between Russia and Turkey threatened a widespread dis ruption. Considering the high hand Eag land assumed when the Russians were on the verge of making Constantinople their own, and taking into account the applanseclaimed by the plenipotentiaries who participated in the final arbitrament at Berlin on the ques tions at issue in and raised by the war, those circumstances are not altogether aa pleasing as might bo wished by those who desire to see permanent peace. The Turk had for generations held various nationalities under his not always merciful grasp. Bosnians, Montenegrin?, Bulgarians, kand others, had long endured the grinding tyranny of Turkish despotism, and christian populations were continually subject to fanatical and ferocious onslaughts from ignorant and brutish Mohamedans. Peoples, far the superiors of tha Tuiks, su perior in personal habits and manners, and acquired intelligence, were held down, in sulted, and their property destroyed, and such remains the case still, notwithstanding a1 1 tho wisdom displayed at Berlin. The Greeks have been treated with shameful disregard of their rights, and with treacherous violations of engagements made with them. Tiiey were desirous of taking part in the late operations against the oppressive Turks, but it was pointed out to them that any interfer eioo from them would seriously complicate questions already too much tangled, and it was promised them that if they would re frain, ample justice should be done to their claims when the questions at issue came up for settlement. The Berlin conference failed to do justice to thosu claims, and uttered a cold recommendation of them while provid ing a commission to settle thea. The Turk ish government can never bo brought to agree with any boundary the commission favors, and to this day the Greeks are deprived of the territory they regard aa belonging to them. A glance at the English magazines is Butlicieut to make known that there is no improvement in Turkish fpays of doing things since the -war; tho same mischievous policy that deso lates tbe farm, discourages industry, fosters ignorance, and perpetrates ibjubji-o mv,u the Turks have always practiced, is main tained still. The verdict of those conversant with the condition of eastern affairs is that Turkey is still "the sick man and he is now sick beyond restoration and must die. But England engaged herself at Berlin that she would see that the Turks made reforms; she even ordered ner neei into a position threatening to the sultan yet so far the mis government goes on, how is it? Asia com mon where weakness and wickedness are combined, the Turks can be cunning although they are unable to be wise. When England showed herself determined to have perform ance instead of promise, the sul tan and bis ministers exhibited a determination to ally their country with its enemy, Russia. This staggered England, where Russia is held in horror, and neutralized her action. And now, what is England to do? If she proceeds to use com pulsory means to make Turkey mend her ways, Turkey throws herself into the hands of Russia; if the required reforms are left uneSected, then the engagements undertaken by England at the Berlin conference are broken. Bent on having its own wretched way, blind to the consequences of its un scrupulous folly, the Turk goes on determin ately to his doom. His friends could rescue him from the grasp of a conquering army, but they find it impossible to rescue him from the consequences of his own vices and errors, An oppressor and a wrong-doer for cen turies, Turkey has become the sub ject of ' that mental and moral de terioration that constitutes the madness the gods send upon those whom they would destroy. The Turkish finances are ut terly destroyed, and its government is carried on by expedients; but the Turkish court keeps np its expensive habits, awaiting in apathetic and nnforeseeing indifference the doom of its kismtt. The inevitable fate which their prophet teaches them holds the Turks with the grasp of omnipotence, shapes their des' tinv. and. without reterenco to word or deed of theirs, exalts them to the skies, leaves them the victims of nnavoidable destruction. From one of the mightiest states in the world. Turkey has fallen by its Vices, until it lies prostrate in imbecile degra dation. Like a traveler grasped by quick sands, inch by inch it sinks, until suffocation will come, and the great kingdom of the prophet be swallowed np forever. General Joseph E. Johnston has been selected, it is said, aa the gentleman to intro duce a bill in congress to create the life-office of captain general of the army and bestow it upon Grant. He has drawn a bill and it will be introduced early in the session. Geo roe Augustus Sala, the English novelist and journalist, is going to Florida and. New Orleans to spend a few weeks of holiday. No doubt he will make some studies while on the Gulf coast, and we shall hear from him by letter or story. Parneix, the great Irish leader, ia a grandson of the late Admir.U Charles Slew art, of the United States army. He promises to be as successful as O'Connell. Canal-Boats la Trouble. Nbw York, December 3. Nearly three hundred grain-laden canal-boats have been ordered from their moorings by the harbor master. The boatmen say that the order is unjust, and that they are ordered out to make room for more profitable customers. Each canal-boat pays the lessee of the slip fifty rents a day per vessel, and seventy-five cents a day if he has the wharfage. They be lieve that they are wanted out of the way to make room for sailing-vessels and other ocean crafts which pay higher rates. One reason why the boats lie in the neighborhood is that they have grain aboard which they take on storage. It is customary for boats, on starting irom Buffalo upon their last trip, to contract to hold the grain aboard on stor age until demand. For this they get three dollars per day for tho first thirty days, and two dollars per day thereafter. As till other rendezvous are full, the latest tows from Al bany have gone into the slips. A Costly Cknreh ana Ttlntble Ureta Destroyed by JKlre. Philadelphia, December 3. A fair was held last night at the Presbyterian church, on the corner of Broad and Oxford streets, to defray the expenses of the new organ. Early this morning some decorations caught fire, and before tbe flames could be extinguished everything combustible, including the new organ, was destroyed, and nothinsr remained but the stone walls and steeple. The church cost one hundred and fifty thous tnd dollars to build about tea yecrs ago. The damage is estimated at fifty thousand dollars; fully covered by insurance. Aa Anchsr Line Steamer la Trouble. New York, December 3. The Anchor line steamer Circassia, which left yesterday for Glasgow, ia off Sandy Hook having ia tow aome lines of the steamer California, from- Iiondon, November 10th, for New York. The Circassia is the vessel which towed into Halifax harbor tbe disabled steamship City of Richmond. The California lost her pro peller November 30th, in latitude forty-four degrees, thirty-six minutes, and longitude fifty-seven degrees, forty-seven minute, and proceeded under sail until she was met by the steamship Circassia, nine miles off Sandy Hook. - Bednetloa ia Telegraph Tolls. NewYor, December 3. The Western Union telegraph company has made the fol lowing reductions in the rotes to St. Louis: A reduction from seventy-five to sixty cents for every ten words and the charge of every additional word to be four, instead of five cents. To Chicago, Indianapolis, Louisville and Cincinnati, a reduction from sixty to fifty cents for every tea words, and from five to three cents for each additional word. A further reduction will he made aa the wires are' extended. John Van Home, vice-president of the Western Union telegraph com pany, who has been in delicate health for some time, starts for Europe oo Friday next, to be absent aome months. A Poisoning Case. New York, December 3. The elimina tion into the alleged poisoning with intent to kill Charles E. Blair by Joseph Yolkener and his wifo resulted in holding the persona ac cused for tua stjon of the grand jury. Bail was fixed at five thoand dollars each. Blair and Mary Connelly, who intoned the police, have been committed to tho house oT deten tion. Before Blair left the. police court he was served with a writ in suit. Stormoa View at Hayes's Message. Chicago, December 3. The Ogden Feics, a Mormon church organ, says: "We don't think the expressions of the President, in hia message, will have the slightest effect toward the solution of the Mormon question or the suppression of polygamy." The Tribune says that if the nation permits that polygam iat. George Q. Cannon, to sit in congress undisturbed during the present session, it deserves the contempt of Mormons. . A ITprser Pardoned. AuBrmir. December 3. William C. Gill man, highly connected and yell-known in financial circles, and who was sentenced in 1877 to five years imprisonment on the charge of toreerv and dussmation ot trust lunds. has been pardoned, lie returns home to attend the funeral of his wite. His eldest daughter, fourteen years of age, died a few greeks ago. A Lake Xllcbisan Hehooner Ashore. Detroit. December 3. The schooner L. C. Butts, with a cargo of forty thousand bushels of corn, from Chicago lor Butlilo. went ashore at Nine-mile point, near Alpe na, during a severe snow-storm last night, and is now lying full ot water on a Banay bot tom in twelve feet of water. Crew safe. Heavy Malvaxe Claimed. St. Johns, December 3. It ia stated that the 8teauifcb:p Circassia has claimed titty thousand dollars eilvatre for to win the dis abled City of Richmond iiiio Halifax. The In man people declined to pay biore than twenty thousand dollars, and the cr.se has gone into tho admiralty courts. The Canadian Klrhlas; Aarainat Eng land's Panver KmisrstioB. Montreal, December 3. The Dominion government's agents in England are severely censured for the deceit practiced in sending emigrants out to this country. Men of thus class are objects of charity in this city. THE TWO PARTIES. Their Attitude Toward the Financial and Other Questions Now igita ilngr the Country What They Propose to do at this Ses sion of Congress. The Republicans Playing with the Financial Interests of the Country in the Hope that the Demo crats will Take the Initia tive and Commit a Blunder. New York Herald" a Washington special: The recommendations in the forthcoming message and in the report of the secretary ot the treasury, that the coinage ot suver do stopped and the greenbacks be retired, either by funding them or by paying them off and canceling them, seem likely to prove embar rassing to the Republicans in congress, Western Republicans say in private conver sation that it will not do to commit the party at this session to such a nolicv. because the west and northwest will not 'bear it. What they wish is a temporizing policy in regard to the greenbacks, promising to withdraw them at some convenient future time, declar iog that they ought to be withdrawn, but that the present is not a good time to call them in. That is to eay, these western Re publicans are "in favor of a Maine liquor law, but opposed to enforcing it." And whatever the administration may recom mend the Republicans in congress, or at least those from the west and northwest, will oppose any positive action upon. They will vote for any number of resolutions declaring that the greenbacks ought to be withdrawn at some future date, but they will not vole for any measure to bring about immediate action. Nor is it probable that the adminis tration will urce them to do so. The mes sage and treasury report will "put the party right on the record," and that will be the end of the matter until after the Presidential election. The main trouble in the matter lies in the fact that the western and northwestern States are the Republican States. On these the party depends for its votes next year, and the rie publican leadera are very tender-footed when thev come to measures which, however neces sary for the publio good, are likely to arouse strong opposition in the states where the ite- Sublican strength now lies. There is a report ere to-day which shows the real Republican sentiment on the greenback Question. It ia generally known that the legal-tender case of Butler vs. Chittenden, which involves the question whether legal-tender notes can be constitutionally issued in time of peace, is to come before the snDreme court for final ad judication. If it ia to await its turn, it will come ud betore the court about May, looi but it may be called aa a preferred or privi leged case on the calendar almost at once, Well, the story goea that the counsel in the case thought it useful to consult the attorney general on the advisability and convenience to him of calling up the case at once, aa one of privilege, and that General Davena thouzht it not advisable, on tbe general gronnd that any decision by the court might cause public excitement, and that such ex citement was likely to ir-jure the party's pros pects next year. The story is given you as it circulates here among politicians, and it is certain that it expresses the sentiments and wishes of the greater number of Republi cans, eastern aa well aa western men, though not of all, for a few eastern Republicaca say openly that they do not expect any useful ac tion from their party or horn congress. That the only way to get the legal-tender notes out of the way is by the help of the supreme court, and that the case should be brought up at once, because the longer continuance of the legal-tender circulation exposes the coun try to very grave dangers. Aa to the silver question the western Re publicans are more decided. They not only oppose the President's suggestion that the coinaee of silver be stopped, but they are de veloping a plan to force the silver dollars into circulation. It is proposed to force tbe na tional banks to take silver and silver certifi cates on deposit. By this means, it ia said, the coinage can be continued at the- present rate ot two million dollars per month for a couple of years longer without serious publio opposition. " If we can only make the banks re scind their resolution to reject silver and oblige them to take it on deposit on equal terms with gold and greenbacks, the country will carry one hundred million dollars of silver without grumbling," said a western Republican to-day. This is, of course, only another device to tide over the Presidential election, but the chief hope of the shrewder Republican leaders lies in their belief that the Democratic extremists will open the session with new 'demands for more greenbacks and the unlimited coinage of silver. . If the Republicans can spend the ses sion in opposing and debating such extreme propositions they feel that they will be ex cused by the country for doing nothing posi tive, and will be able to go into the Presiden tial canvass next year pointing to an unex ceptionable "record" of promises and state ments of principle, and yet with nothing ac complished which can hurt the feelings of the greenbacker or silver man in the west. THE democrats in doleful mood. -. The friends of the late Democratic party have been dropping m from different parts of the country all day, and as they met each other in hotel corridors have been solemnly comparing notes and discussing the causes of the defeat along the whole hoe this fall. To listen to the talk of a knot of eastern, west ern and southern Democrats in the rotunda of Willard's this evening was a good deal like hearing the testimony at a coroner's in quest. There are some light-hearted and san guine men who profess to believe that the party is as the brakemen reported of the bull who had butted against the locomotive, "not dead, but spacheless." But the general dis position is to say as little as possible about the present condition of the patient, bnt a great dsal about the nature of the accident which be I ell hisu in the October and Novem ber elections. Mr, Frank Hurd, of Ohio, who is a hard-iaoae? Demo crat, thinks it was Ewing who did the mischief. Other people- think it was Tammany. Mr. Warner thinks it was the bloody 6hit. Senator Thurman absolutely refuses to say what ";t was that hit him. Some others think it was Tilden. An anxious inquirer, with zeal and strength enough to go into all the hotels and ask every accepta ble Democrat, reports to your correspondent this evening that he cannot decide whether it is a case or'paraljsis or delirium tremens, and that until Mr. Springer can be got to de clare the result of his diagnosis it is in vain for common mortals to hope for a satisfactory solution of the great conundrum, "What it was that struck the Democratic party?" Meantime there ia a general tacit admission that something has gone wrong, and a great deai cf riosity to see how the authors of the extra session vill act when they come fsca to face with their e!low Democrats on I Monday. I- i i i r t 1 1- l o H is peroaps a uupeiui aigu iase opeuer Randall ia reported to be carefully waahing his hands of the extra session blunder, and it would not be surprising if it turned out when the whole matter has been talked over that nobody was guilty of that piece of stupidity, and that it was only an unscrupulous Repub lican trick. As to policies for the f uture, al most every Democratic statesman is pre pared to show his party how to get out of the mire, and there are as many policies al most as there are members of the minority. It is barely possible that out of the present muddle may come by and by some coherent s.nd positive policy. But it is not easy to say how, Lecanse whichever way the party is turned it "is Uuxa to drop a good many of its members, and no f?.r no Demo crat appears to have brains and courage enougn to risk a defection in the hope o greater paina in other quarters. To "throw a a sprat to e&UJ; p. whale" seems to the Demo cratic chiefs a wasteful end ruinous method of fishing. The authors of the e.ixs, session pleaded last February that it was' absolutely necessary to ret up an issue fcr 1880. Un fortunately the ustie tbey got up defeated them this fall, and now they urgently need a new issue, and don't know what it snail be. To reform the larig is to split the party at once and sacrifice a numbar of districts, and probably some States. To get on the "rigid economy" horse is to alienate a great part of the southwest, which is clamorous for the old flag and an appropriation. To go for unlimited silver and more green backs would please the southwest, but would Brifice the east. To go for sound money wochj arouse a western clamor. To propose appropriation and sub sidies would be to lose both east and west, and, moreover, that is what the Republicans are ready to do. If they could catch the Democrats proposing it they would take the wind out of their sails. It results that a good many of the Democratic statesmen re call with regret the pleasant days when a small handful nf thnm in both houses had a jolly time, worried the Republicans and had no responsibility themselves tor a poncy. How long can a party hold togetner woobb members and leaders are not agreed upon any one point of policy? It is impossible to tell. The Republicans, who are no more agreed than the Democrats, hold together very well. They have the advantage of thor ough discipline, and the further advantage that they work with the brains at the top. But there is a very general impression nere among close observers of political phenome na, that while the session about to Degin may have no important results, it may per haps change the whole face of politics. Party bonds have hung very lightly on both sides. and even the triumphant Republicans admit here in private conversation that if for once the Democrats should not blunder, they might carry the country next year. "It is not probable, but it is possible," said a Re publican leader here to-day on this subject. "The country is very evenly divided after the struggle, and if the Democratic party had brains and decency, it might easily teat us next year, i ortunately it has neither. OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES Commemorates his Seventieth Birth day by a Breakfast and Recep tion, whleh the President is Sorry Can not Eojoy. Bostoji. December 3. The seventieth an niversary birthday of Oliver Wendell Holmes man nnrnmemorated to-dav by a breakfast and rMvni.iim. which waa attended by a large number of prominent essayists, poets and writers of distinction, among them Emerson and Longfellow. Letters of regrets were wad from President Haves. Carl Schurz, Henrv Watterson and others. The toiio wing ia a letter from President Hayes: Executive Mansion. I Washington, November 25, 1879. S fluuTi itM-itw. 1 am obliged to vou for in viting me to a breatfast in honor of the sev entieth birthday ot ur. noimes. iNoooay pnioved hia breakfast-table talk, some years ago, more than 1 did. oeventy years useu to seem a creat see. but 1 cannot think ot Dr. Holmea aa growing old. I am sorry I cannot eniov the breakfast with him: may he still live many years, happy himself and, as he always has done, making others happy, bin cerely, R b. hates. VIRGINIA. mTeetlna: of the General Assembly in Biennial Bessioa The ReadJ asters . Secure all the Offices la the . Organization of Both Houses. Richmond. December 3. The general assembly of Virginia met to-day in its first biennial session under the recent amendment ot the constitution, providing for a regular session once in every two years. All the senators, forty in number, were present, and in the house ninety-eight out of one hundred dole&rates answered to their names. The work of organization began at once and pro gressed auietlv to the end. the Readjustera electing all the officers in both houses. The majorities by which the officers of the house were elected ransred from sixteen to eighteen, while in the senate they ranged from eight to thirteen, showms an average .loint major ity i of twenty-seven for the Keadjusters After the perfection of the organizition ioint committee waited on Governor Halliday to inform him of the fact, and tbe coventor immediately sent ;n his mes sage, which was almost wholly devoted to the discussion of the state debt, He fullv indorses the settlement made dur ing last session, known aa the M'Culloch bill and states that notwithstanding all the agi tation looking to the repeal of the measure which had a tendency to check tbe bringing in ot old bonds, nearly eisht and a halt mil lion dollars of old bonds had been exchanged for new. He regards the State's credit far above all other considerations, and says that nothing save inability can justify or excuse the non-payment ot the btate debt. Alter the reading of the message in the senate, resolution waa adopted, under suspension rules, fixing Friday, the fifth instant, tor tbe election of State officers, including secretary of the commonwealth, first and second audit ors, treasurer, etc.? fourteen in all. iha Read iasters's larre maiority on joint ballot justi fies the assertion mat a ciean sweep wui do made of all incumbents. In the election to day all the Republicans except four voted with the Readjustera. SUGAR-CAN IS GROWERS or the Mississippi Valley la PIrst An sail Meeting, with a Pair Attend anee The Culture of Mora hum, aa Interesting Topic, aa der Consideration. St. Louis, December 3. The first annual meeting of the Mississippi valley cane-grow ers' association met here at tbe Polytechnic buudmsr this morning, with a very lair at tendance from the western States. In the absence of Hon. John Walker, of Missouri, president of the association, C. F. Miller, of Minnesota, was called to the chair. Isaac A. Hedges, corresponding secretary, read a lengthy report, in which he stated that since the organization of the association last spnng he had been in correspondence with persons in thirty-five States and Territories regarding tha culture of sorghum cane and the manu facture of sugar therefrom. He finds that a very great interest is being taken in this mat ter throughout the country, especially in the north, and much attention is being given to the manufacture of sugar. The report is quite interesting, and contains many sug gestions and much information of value to those interested in the promotion and growth of this new industry. A report from Prof. Stewart, of Murphys ville, Iowa, was read, which cited successful cases of crystalizing sugar from sorghum and Indian corn by the use of his process. He said that the Chinese Asiatic cane was the best sugar-producing variety in this country. It can be grown wherever corn is raised. He had obtained from Indian corn from sixteen to twenty-four hundred pounds of sugar to the acre. , A discussion of the paper revealed the fact that several members had obtained very in different results from Mr. Stewart's process, and that such process ia by no means the only one by whicu sugar can be produced from sorghum. AT THE AFTERNOON SESSION the following gentlemen were elected officers of the association : President, Isaac Rhodes, of St. Louis; vice presidents, M. G. Leonard, Illinois; C. F. Miller, Minnesota; Thoi. M'Ginston, Ohio; Jus. Colgate, Indiana; Norman J. Coleman, Missouri; E. S. Jones, Tennessee; secretary, E. S. Jones, Pulaski, Tennessee; treasurer, E. W. Douglass, St, Louis; corresponding secretary and expert, G 30. C. W. Belcher, St. Louis. Several letters from members unable to at tend tha convention, giving their experience in growing cane and making sugar and syrup, were read. The discussion of seeds, variety and cul ture then came np in the regular order of business, and a number of members gave their experience. G. F. Miller, of Minnesota, thought tho Minnesota grown seed preferable for that climate, the cane from it being ear lier than from the seed raised in the more southerly States. The southern grown seed produces larger cane and more syrup, but the cane does not, as a rule, mature early enough for an extreme northern climate. The weight of the testimony seemed to be in fayor ot the early amber variety, but Hon duras, early orange, Liberian, and one or two other varieties were well spoken of. There is much enthusiasm among the cane growers, and some of them believe that in five years this country will not only have stopped importing BUKar, but will export large quantities. The secretary, in his re port, says Colorado ia specially adapted to the growth of this cane, and that Texas can raise two crops yearly, zni perhaps three. He also advocates the instruction of students for sorgum culture at the expense of tbe State, end holds that such education would much more beneut it ia the increase of taxes than the outlay would amount tc. Success or the Revolutionists la Baa DomliKO. Havana, December 3. Advices from San Domingo to' the twentieth ultimo are as fol lows: The siege of the city is now effective, the revolutionists haying completely sur rounded it pn Jand; tbe only outlet is by sea. President Guillerma bad mado a last effort to dislodge the revolutionists ca the four teenth, attacking Monteplat, but alter a hard fight was routed and obliged to take refuge in this city with a small escort, as his prmy has disbanded. President Guillerma is momentarily expected to resign. The city cannot support a long siege, as the provisions are scarce. The whole republic has joined in the revolution, j NATIONAL AFFAIRS . Congressional Proceedings Senator Baldwin Sworn In A Number of Bills and Resolutions Introduced in the Senate and House, In- ; eluding Several Relating to Currency- Matters. An . Expressed Desire to Perfect Appro prlation Bills The Morgan Bald Claims Sherman's Circular Be ; latin to -'Sixes or 1881" Long List of Nominations Other News. Washington, Decembers. Senator Fer ry presented tbe credentials of Henry P. Baldwin, and the new senator was sworn into office. - - Senator Beck introduced a bill to author ize the payment of customs duties in legal- tenders; also, a bill to amend title forty eight ot the revised statutes so aa to author ize the purchase of foreisn-built ships by citizens ot the united btates tor use in for eign carrying trade. Referred. benator ttavard introduced a uoint resolu tion that from and after the passage of this resolution treasury notes of the United States shall be receivable for all dues to the United States, excepting duties on imports, and shall not be otherwise a legal tender; and any of said notes hereafter issued shall bear this su- perdcription. Referred. benator ingalls ottered a resolution that in the opinion of the senate the present volume of United States notes should not be reduced, and that said notes ought to continue to be legal tender in payment of all debts. Laid on the table and ordered printed. Senator Wallace offered a resolution con tinuing for the present session the standing and select committees appointed at the last session with but two changes, viz.: Senator Ferry to take the place of Senator Chandler on the committee on naval affairs, and Sena tor Baldwin to take the place of Senator Chandler on the committee - on commerce, Adopted. Senator Teller offered a resolution calling on the President for information as to whether .any money due to the Otes under the agreement of September 17, 1873, had remained unpaid as claimed by those In uians, and also as to the nature ot the in vestments made for the benefit of the Ute Indians as per agreement. Adopted. Senator Logan introduced a bill for the re het of certain persons locating homesteads on public lands. Referred. On motion of Senator Davis W. Vs. the resolution offered By him yesterday, calling on the secretary of the treasury for a detailed statement of expenditures since 1863. under permanent annual appropriations, was agreed to. Senator Paddock introduced a bill author izing the secretary of the navy to receive by donation a site for and to construct a marine hospital at Nebraska City. Referred. Adjourned until to-morrow. Ia the IIoBse. Tho States were called as on Monday for the introduction ot bills. By Mr. Wood, of New York BeittnacUd,ttc., That so much of the authority conferred upon tbfl secretary ot the treasury by the acts ot July 14, 1870, and January 20, 1 87 1 , to re fund tbe public debt to tbe extent ot one billion Dve nuncired million aouars as nasmot been exnausted and executed, the same Is hereby modlhed so as to limit tbe rate of Interest on bonds yet to be Issue as authorized by these acts to a rate ot Interest not to exceed tares and a nau per cent, per annum. By Mr. Da LaMatyr; Directing investiga tion into the removal ot the i'onca Indians By Mr. Weaver: A bill for the relief of tbe soldiers and sailors who served in the late war, and to restore to them equal rights with tbe holders ot government bonds. Mr. uoode ottered a resolution lor tbe ap pointment of a committee of seven to con sider the expediency of erecting a monument at Xorktown, Virginia, in accordance with resolution ot the continental congress adopted October 17, 1781, and to make the necessary arrangements for an appropriate celebration by the American people of the anniversary of the surrender of Cornwolhs, AdoDted. Mr. Hun ton' offered a resolution calling on the secretary of state for a copy of all the correspondence between the state department and J. S. Mosby relative to the consulate at Hong Kong. Adopted. Mr. Finley introduced a bill for the trans fer of the Indian bureau to the war depart ment. Rsierred. Mr. Harris, by reauesr. introduced a bill authorizing the Washington, Cincinnati and bt. Jbouis railroad company to construct narrow-gauge railway from tide-water to St, ljoms. Referred .- Mr. Garfield intrbduced a bill to facilitate the refunding of the national debt. Referred It provides that all existing provisions of law authorizing the refunding of the national debt shall apply to any lAnted States bonds bearing a higher rate pi interest than four per cent, which may hereafter become re deemable, and it authorizes the secretary of the treasury to exchange directly at par four per cent bonds of the description authorized by the act of July 14, 1870, for any such bonds. Without transacting any important busi ness the bouse adjourned. General News. NOMINATIONS. The President sent the following nomma tions to the senate: Charles Beardslev, of Iowa, fourth auditor of the treasury. Col lectors of internal revenues: L. B. Crooker, second aistrict ot Illinois; Alfred M.Jones third district of Illinois; Howard M. Kitchen third district of Wisconsin. Indian agents Charlea Hatton, of Michigan, for Shoshone agency, Wyoming. Postmasters: Wisconsin Thomas W, Spence, Fon du Lac; Wm. P. Forsyth, Jef ferson. Minnesota W ilder w. Harkley, Brainroads; David Day, St. Paul; Martin B Soule, Worthing ton; Charles O. Harris, Lu cerne; Luke Marwin, Duluth. Michigan Clinton Spencer, ypsilanti. Iowa Charles H. Doll, Clinton; Jonathan Maxon, West Liberty. Missouri Julius A. Wavland.Har- naonviue. Kansas Annie M. 1'ittsterag, Manhattan; James M. Caveness. Chetipahj jonn r. rvenea, jjacygre; joun u. ueatty Chanute; Wm. H. Smith, Marysville. Ar kansas Thomas M. Humphreys, Hope .Nebraska Jacob Drum, Beatrice. Ken tucky Harvey S. Park, Henderson: Elliott Kelly, Pans. Tennessee Samuel Arnell, Columbia; Samuel Rexmger, Clarksville, "sixes os- 1881." The following circular was issued (his afternoon : Treasury Department, ) Office or the Secret art. Washington, December 3. S The secretary of the treasury hereby gives notice that proposals tor the sale.to tbe govern ment, of one million dollars of any of the six per cent, interest-bearing bonds of the United states known aa "sixes of will be re ceived at the office of tbe assistant treasurer of the United States, at New York, until noon of Saturday, the sixth instant, at which time bids will be opened and awards de clared, the bonds thus purchased to be ap plied to tbe sinking fund, as pro vided in Bectiun 369 of the revised statutes of the ' United States. Pro posals should state the specific character of bonds offered, whether registered or coupon, and under what acts they were issued, and may be for any amount not less than five thousand dollars. Offers must be for the sale of bonds, with accrued interest, to and in cluding the sixth instant, and each proposal must inclose a certified check for five per cent, of the amount of tbe bonds offered. The checks of unsuccessful bidders will be returned as soon as the result is ascertained, and those of others on the following business day, when the bonds most be delivered, and payment in lawful money will be made as soon as they can be duly examined. The right is reserved to reject any or all bids and waive any defects. JNO. SHE2MAN, Secretary. THE MORGAN BAID CLAIMS. Judge New, of Indiana, has obtained the consent cf the secretary of war that the claims on file in the office of the adjutant general of Indiana, known as the Morgan raid claims, may be transferred in a balk at once to the war department here. This will prevent these claims from being barred by the statute limitations. The treasury department to-day purchased thirty thousand ounces of silver for the Phil adelphia mint. A DESIBE TO fEBFECT APPROPRIATION BILLS. The house committee on appropriations met this morning. A general interchange of views indicated without dissent tbe desire and purpose on the part of the members to per fect the appropriation bills at aa early a day as possible. The subject of a deficiency appro priation for the pay of marshals and their deputies for the current fiscal year received more than incidental- mention, and the opin ions expressed warrant the statement that this appropriation bill will be the first to be pro vided for. CONTESTED ELECTIONS. The honnn enmrnittee on elections met this morning, Chairman Springer presiding, and proceeded to canvas the docket oi contescea cases, of which there are sixteen to be dis posed of. lhe only casn in which any action was taken was that of M'Cabt, Democrat, vs. Orth, Republican, in the ninth district of In diana, lhe contestant has petitioned tor further time in which to obtain affidavits, and a motion was made at the meeting this morning not to allow the petition. Soma discussion ensued upon the motion, and it was finally postponed until Tuesday next. In the sixteen contested cases before the committee, four are ready to be heard, the briefs all printed, aud tbe parties in attend ance. These are-the cases of Bradley, Re publican, vs. Slemons. Democrat, second dis trict of Arkansas; Bisbee, Republican, vs. Hull, Democrat, second district of r ionda; Donnelly, Democrat rs. Washburn, Repub lican, third district of Minnesota; Curtin, Democrat, vs. Yocnm, Republican, twentieth district of Pennsylvania. In the cases of Holmes, Democrat, vs. SapD, Republican, eighth district of Iowa, and Wilson, Demo crat, rs. Carpenter. Republican, ninth district of Iowa, a majority report will ba made that the sitting membeis ore entitled to their seats. A minority report will also be made that un der tbe constitution ot tbe btate ot lowa no legal election was held, and that, therefore, neither of the contestants are entitled to seats. These cases were decided bofora the committee before the closa of the last session of congress, but no report has yet Iven made. In the cases ot liaralsoi., Republican, vs. Shelley, Democrat, fourth district of Ala bama, Hebert, Republican, vs. Acklan, Dem ocrat, third district of Louisiana, snd M'Dow ell, Republican, ra. Whittaker, Democrat, of Oregon, no briefs or evidence of any kind have been furnished by the pit ties giving the notice of contest, and they will probably be dropped by the committee. The remaining cases betore tbe committee are in aoeyance, on extension of time granted (o ore or the other of the respective parties in interest for the purpose of obtaining futtuer evidence. REPRESENTATIVE ATKINSON, OF TENNES SEE, ON THE APPROPRIATION BILLS. Washington Post: "Can you give the Pot some outline of the prospective policy of the Democrats in congress regarding ap ptopriation ?" inquired a reporter of the jouruahetio luminary above mentioned of Hon. J. D. C. A'-kins, of Tennessee, chair man of the house appropriations committee. "No and yes. I can tell you that the line of policy to be followed by the committee will be one that will have the strictest econo my consistent with the proper administration of the government for an object. Yet the reports of the committee have been so often disregarded, even by Democrats, who pre tend to desire that the government should be conducted on business principles, that it is hard to tell whether or not any especial at tention will ba piid to its recommendation?. The committee is compelled to encounter op poeit.oi at every step it takes. A bill for ag ricultural appropriations, for instance, may be reported; a bill for war and navy appro priations may be reported frm our com mittee, and if ' any reductions are made, sarj as fate it is opposed by some Democratic cember, who in other things may be strongly in favor f eccnomy, who happens to be on the committee on war, navy or agriculture. And it ia this opposition which paralyzes the efforts of the appropria tions committee. It ia compelled to sustain the onslaught of the whole combined weight of clamorers for increased appropriations, and yet when it looks to them for assistance fails to find them. It ia alm03t impossible to endeavor to bring about something like a proper reduction of the expenses of the gov ernment under the circumstances. You can form from this general statement some idea of the difficulties we are obliged to contend with in our own party. Ia these measures we cinno cf course, look for aid from the Republicans, who, as a Ijody, vote 6olidly against us and agaiust any reduciionj in the appropriations. In the matter of agricultural interests the committee made what is thought a reasonable reduction, and yet the most vio lent opposition on thoce grounds was en countered from Democrats. The appropria tions committee are laboring hard to econo mize, but to do so successfully it must have the cordial co-operation of the Democratic members, many ef whom appear strangely apathetic, miserably indifferent, or actively aggressive to certain features of the bills that strike at their pet committees." "Have you any especial grievances cf that kind to complain of 9" "Oh, yes, plenty of them. Bat I don't propose to say what they are just now. This much I will say, that I don t believe we ever came into that house with a bill that ought to have been increased, and yet a good many of them have been increased." "How does the committee propose to act during the coming session t "The present committee realize the neces sity of standing eqaare-tjed to secure an honest, frugal, decent administration, and it must be secured by Dimocr&ts. The Repub lican party cannot be relied upon. Its inter est is to swell expenditures as much as possi ble, and as a party it always votes that way, in order to throw the onus of extravagance upon the Democrats. The R 3 publicans can always be relied upon to vote solidly against any measures that bear the stamp of Democ racy upon them." "Ia there any disposition on the part of the committee," inquired the Post, "to cut down the appropriations needlessly?" "Not at all. None of us desire to cut down the bills one dollar below what the smooth running expenses ot the government require. It is argued, however, by a great many that because we are entering upon an era of prosperity the government should ba more prodigal in its expenditures. Because times are good, that ia no reason why we should throw money away and put additional burdens upon an already tax-oppressed peo ple." "There are a great many sinecures in the departments, are there not ornamental offi ces, created for pets, that might very profita bly be abolished ?" "To be sure there are," said Mr. Atkins, emphatically. "Just look at the ratio of in crease in government employes. In 1857, Bjchanan's first year, we had forty-four thousand office holders; in 1861, fitty-six thousand; in 1879 the list extends upward into one hundred and four thousand, a very remarkabla increase. It should be the pol icy of the government to make every man employed by it earn hia salary, and it may be possible that the attention of a sub-committee will be invited to this fact." "Do you think Mr. Hayes will have an other fight with congress during the coming session as he did during the last one?" "I hope not. To do so would simply make the Republican party capital for the fight next year and enact a bio id farce. I believe that such restrictions upon the free use of the army at the polls, and the abolition of the useless offices of supervisors of elections wiil have a very salutary influence upon the ser vice; but 1 believe the Democratic party, so far aa is consistent' with self-respect, should put on tbe army bill word for word, letter tor letter, the same provisions exactly should be injected in that bill and made a part of it In my opinion, the Democracy cannot do less than . this. In regard to the troops at the troops at the polls," said Mr. Atkins, "the Democratic party has a higher opinion of the gentlemen who officer it than to compel them to do police duty at the polls. I wish to say, a'sj, that neither I nor my constit uency are in favor of anything like builder. ing, and have no more sympathy of feeling with those who try to prevent the negro from voting than with those New England em ployers who coerce the votes of their oper atives." REPRESENTATIVE BLOUNT'S VIEWS. Hon. J. H. Blount, of Georgia, one of the horise committee on appropriations, was also interviewed: "I suppose the principle of rigid economy will prevail on tha part of Democrats dur ing the coming session?" remarked the re porter. 'So far as possible," said Mr. Blount. "If the estimates are extravagant they will be cut down, that ia all, and you In ay rest as sured that the committee will scrutinize them with a jealous eye. Wherever it is possible to reduce the expenditures of the govern ment wi thou tjin jury to the service it will be done. It must be remembered, how ever, that we have been cutting down for three or four year?, and must have nearly reached bedrock by this time. If the estimates are based upon the appropriations of last year, they cannot go much lower. Now, the postefhe appropriations will be in creased by two or three million dollars this year, lhe f-owth of the country and nat ural spread ot the service compels that. Re ductions have been made, hut, as a general thing, they were in the salaries of postmas ters and railroad expenses." :''Will the appropriation carry with them any restrictions from using the money in par ticular directions?" "It is, of course, the policy of the Demo cratic party to prevent the use of the govern ment funds for political and partisan pur poses. A recommendation will be sent in, therefore, I've no doubt, that the army shall not be used at the polls, very much as at the extra session. No money will be appropriated , for the purpose of paying supervisors of elec tions." Garfield's views. Special to the Chicago Tribune : "In reply to tbe question, 'What will be the financial policy of the Republican party at the coming Bessioa?' General Garfield replied that he had not yet canvassed that subject. He had not seen the report cf the secretary of the treasury, except in the form of a newspaper report, and he bad not examined that. The policy, of the minority, he thought, should be watchful and conservative, rather than agres sive. What might or might not be done waa a question hereafter to be determined upon. He did not think the Democrats them selves bad as yet determined upon a policy. As to the length of the session, any opinion he might give would be at the most guess-work.- Any trivial incident might make it longer than the majority anticipate. Any attempt, however, on the part ol the majority to raise issues of the extra session will be promptly met by the minority with the utmost vigor of opposition." bcckner's ideas.' Chicago Tribune special: "Mr. Buckner, of Missouri, chairman of the house com mittee on banking and currency, sees the greatest danger to the country in the con tinued existence of the national banks. Mr. Thurman 's suggestion labout the retirement of greenbacks, he thought, would apply with far greater force to the national bank notes. There was no limit to the latter, and now with the influx of coin from abroad, and tbe general boom in business, there would come a vast inflation in the volume of the national bank circulation. He should oppose the sug gestion entirely. Mr. Buckner spoke in strong terms against any restrictions what ever upon the coinage of silver dollars. The silver industry was one which interested the whole west. In less than five years the mountains of Colorado and Nevada would teem with a population of five million. It was the province ot the Misiissippi valley to feed and clothe this vast population, and it waa, therefore, to the interest of the west to foster her silver mine industries. Any west ern representative, Democrat or Republioan, who voted against silver deserved seveis censure.' HURD, OF OHIO. Hon. Frank Hurd, of Ohio, was not pre pared to give any opinion aa to Mr. Sher man's financial suggestions. He had not had time to read the report. Generally speaking, however, he found himself in ac cord with the majority of Mr. Sherman's financial views, with the exception of national banks. He did not favor the substitution of national bank-notes for greenbacks. Tbe Bil?er foliar ought to contain ailver enough to make it equal in value to a gold dollar. That done, there could be so danger of an overissue. Mr. Hurd shares the general im pression that the session will be long, and interesting in a political sense. COKE, OF TEXAS. Senator Coke, of Texas, who introduced the resolution at the extra session to discharge the finance committee, ot which Mr. Bayard ia chairman, from the further custody of the Warner silver bilL o the cad that the same might be at once taken up and passed, sajs he is still of the same mind. He wants the bill to pass, and he expects the southern and western senators will vote for it. HE. CHITTENDEN, OF NEW TORE, thinks the cuestion of most importance before the conntry is that of the eonstitutionality cf 1 1 A. 1 TT 1 1 1 '' J - 1 . t I icgai- rentiers, no nag strongly auv.seu me secretary of the treasury to assist him ia bringing the question of their legality in time nf peace to a decision of the supreme court, fie does not believe, however, that such a de cision can be had until after tbe Presidential election, as all parties will be afraid to take bold ot such a subject for fear of the political effect. olesalB TRADE 3 a o A8SOBTEU SJTlCff CANDT-PCBK COQDS ASD aYl'lIi WEIGHT. ISTo. 37 Madison street Memphis, Tennessee RGILL HAEBWAEEj IRON, CASTINGS, CUTLERY AND GUNS, Steam Engines, Boilers, Ironpipe and Machinery Fixtures, AGRICULTURAL HHPIYE rrTENT DEPOT Belting, Hose and racking, Cotton Gfas, .Preatsest, Faught-Deering; Engines. Grist Mills. rjyOur ttock la now fresh and complete, and being added to dally bj new goods direct from the manu facturers. 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