TE-E MEMPHIS TLT 3?3?ML-SXT3Sn.Y. JtTTJRY G.l8&5I
Mutton fialljr Weekly
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""...rrj'um notices. Funeral notloea and
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y ncravt ariy advertisements follow raad-
,ine solid nntinnrell makes oh square, and
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otitee trv tvi-jiti cents rerlloeUMi inter
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'oatrtttatorsi and Correapaadeata.
f irit letters and communications noon stibleot.
hti.-r.U inierent, hut nch must alway s be ao-
Ipnntt il by a rentonnlble name,
nnn voters alianited from one poetoHfla to
lust. UiQ names ot both postctr.cee snoold by
I ll not return rejected communications.
, isll-b-oka are keut by noetnffices, and not by
I bod sop.es sent free ot charge.
eALLAWAY 4 KIlTme,
I flit-l-A AY, I aa Seonnd street,
KaATiau. yemunia, reitn.
'Euterr-l at Ihe I'mUiffire at ilemphui, Tnn.,
JiMIAK 25, 1S80.
AXI Til ft IK HALABim
much respected citizen, who
anifested much concern for our
1, nA, f it the first time during
rs wo have known bim, made a
hich, it heeded, will destroy
itions which he has so long
I up. It will be seen that our
who writes over the nom de
Old School Visitor," takes
,'uinst the election of teachers
(es bouio strong points in
olfcy adopted by the board
at present wo are not pre
lin position. There ate two
n, and wheB.onr.orre-
lurQixuer bis promised communica-
h llii! resolution electing teachers for
h he cbiects. the ArpKAi, will
is its dissent or concurrence.
hesitancy in saying now that
7 and unalterably opposed to
the salary of teachers. This
twice daring the past five
reduction now. while the
thincr in sroadilv advancinfr.
feuchers to resign and go else-
situations in other cities,
i6 properly remunerated for
' cot respondent informs us
teachers bnve bank ac
aro gratified to hear, for
ht r in enr pablio schools is
' labor of instruction is of
t xhaOhVe character, wearing alike
mud, body, beiil'.h and spirits. If it
uutndalili) in the lawyer, physician
-fVinrt t. hnwA li inV irpnillit wliv
bq a crime for a school-teacher to
for support in sickness and
3' an flioe-holder has money in
at aay reason tor reducing bis per-
The female teachers in the graded
M-tv) hixty dollars per month.
a sftnion of eight months,
fuiir hundred and eighty dollars.
g the eight months will cost two
otlur. Clothing and incidental
ill cnt two hundred dollars more.
JvetTTjiy tuachcr only eighty dollars
.penses daring the four months ofva-
if any of the teachers in the public
money deposited to their credit.
; they made it teaching in more
is eUowhere. If made here,
ecdable economy, and if the
woman, it demonstrates that
la fellow a frugal wife. In
ce-bolders receive from ten
isand dollars, yet there is
reduce the salary of the
r, which is only three
that of the teachers,
evenly-6 ve dollars per
uments of the Memphis
le positions roach near
lollars. None of them
siuull a salary as
cnt or the teachers
complaint is made at the
paid the teachers. The super-
? tic ait
i tie Memphis public schools re-
nmpensation for his services
ere. Fifteen hundred dot-
'ipensation for the labors
jility imposed upon him.
X money expended in secur
ducation is so much capital
bring as much profit as the
lot Liu knowieue, or lue nier-
wience and capital. No law-
proesion .would give his
n Hundred dollars, and the
ideut eminent in his high
oaition should be paid a lib-
n. 1 ne services ot a super-
he t'ducation and talents he
and no doubt does
ih more than fifteen
if they are worth
teachers have not before
definite field for advance-
h i louud in olhor professions,
get a salary of two or three
airs a year, they have obtained
jet prize which they can possibly
I To diminish the pay of teachers,
be to tnke away tho inducement to
., '.ohers to remain in the profession,
"vo those of less culture, less
J'Hd refinement to enter it.
ve a tendency to lower
of the educators of the rising
T and tnus l.wer the character of
j'l kUIh. The community would be
SI loser, nt the good teachers,
seek other fields of
and the loss would
liipucsnted by the saving to
s of a few dollars each year. We
"id ot the public schools of Mem-
f. But a publio school system without
i a Vi teachers is a sham and a fraud. The
nf our schools dopends on securing
""-innd thin, in turn, on our pay-
f. Jjsi'junilici'titly, which is out of
ficaljzr but a decent compensation,
tent teachers aro secured by paying a
, .iUry, aud only in that way. It is in
tchicg as in every other profession the
ut piy commands the highest order of Ul
r t and the most etLctive labor. Reduce the
y, aod the rade of scholarship among the
tthers will tiion bo lowered corresponding
,tu iUH one of the most effective educational
j n the United States. We will soon have
of teachers possessing neither ability,
'V ror information. The best teach
rf.. iouvS, and those who take their
111 - u a. fluMnn, nA , ......
j Wl.l W dulu no v. n ii in i v ( i i, Biiuniiuus
here oa account of their inefficiency.
daily transpires with professions are
, evanescent mere bubbles on
of every dty life, that Boat
Luoment, then disappear fpr.
Lor s eloquence has scarce
the cadence of hir voice.
politician is as fleeting and
the meteor that blazes athwart
iuol teacher sows seeds
j a plenteous harvest will be gath-
' d or evil, when the sower s band
i and cold ill deulh. It is their
" yxJheii, uuicken, enlighten,
iilJSSr generation that
I tt places when our hour
past. School tcach
. n sacred of all i rofessiocs, and
I ions there is none so exacting
ine that sj slk u wrinkle' the
tho head; noue that so soon
iud women down oa la: hful
( .ere is no policy more parmmo-
.-urdlv. mean aud penurious, no
rintt to the general welfare,
rt-Migbtcd and futal to educa
tion that which cuts down
fathers to a bare subsistence.
protetaion, which by reason
position or us nxaciing ue-
btaia and ability, should be
thiit of teaching the young.
LfKlitical import thousands of
in(.ly and lavishly expended,
Icution of the people s chil-
tbe question, the cus-
!o bo to secure the cheapest
I a:t money, and whenever
for ecoaomy the teachers
lat to sutfjr by reduo-
Vk for cheap lawyers to
'ation, or chesp doctors
re the demand is
Vetults, and the
skra I air
will force from the publio schools those noble
men and women of ripe intellect and warm,
sympathizing hearts, who would devote their
lives to education because they love the young
and love to teach them, because they cann"
compete with the unworthy and ',uompeten"t.
THE COSjBjjoSm or TBK MI8EB
To-day all good chrisbans will attend thir
churches, where they will acknowledge that
they are sinners, and exen miserable sinners;
that they hare erred and strayed like lost
sheep; have followed the devices nnd desires
of their own hearts; have offended against
God's holy laws; have left undone those
things which they ought to have done, and
have done those things which they ought not
to have done, so that there is no health in
them; and they will pray, "Lord have raeey
upon us miserable offenders." Thft ti rating
themselves very lor in the sight of heaven,
and those who thus see their own deficiencies
and recognize their misdeeds should be the
better, for "a knowledge of the disease is half
its cure." It would be a curious thing to know
what is included, in tho mind Of each wor
shiper, in this confession that wrong things
have been done and right things left undone.
For instance, every citizen occupies a public
and a private position; in the former, if in of
fice, he has certain duties to perform) if out
of office, ha has, among othet things, his
share of the debts to pay that are officially
incurred by the community cf whith he forms
a part, and by the ocunay at large, of which
he is a citizen. If the self-confessed sinner
had willfully refused to pay for the food that
each day appeared at his table, or the broad
cloth in which he made his respectable ap
pearance at charcb, or had eyen taken ad
vantage of a creditor having forgotten to en
ter in hii books a purchase the Confessing
penitent had made, to evade fcajment,
he would doubtless reckon these things as
being among &ose he ought to have done,
and proceed next day "to make an honest
man of himself." But if he had evaded pay
ing his share for the pavement he walks upon
when in the streets, or for the salaries of the
police who watch over his safety and the se
curity of his property, or of the judges who
administer the law, or for tho structures and
improvements necessary for carrying on the
public business and preocrrins the public
health, order And ell-being would he in
clude this evasion ot his duty to bear a share
of the public burdens among the
things he ought to have done? If he
does include them be will, of course, amend
his way after his Sunday confession, and
pay his taxes m scrupulously as he pays his
tailor or his baker. If he fail to do so, what
does he mean when he goes to church an
other Sunday and again confesses he has not
done what he ought to have done? To an
intelligent heathen who should from curiosi
ty attend church a few Sundays, it would
look as if he habitually and deliberately
evaded the performance of some of his duties
on purpose to bave grounds on the next Sun-1
day for again confessing that be had left un
done what ha ought to do; but in that case
what does he call himself a miserable sinner
for? But what would the intelligent heathen
think if he foubd some of these misorable
sinners engaged, whenever opportunity
offered, in endeavoring to prevail on
other miserable - dinners of his
church to join him and others in
a determination never to pay the public debt,
or a good prt of it, at all, and still confess
ing he had dooe what he ought not to have
done, and still going on in the effort to repu
diate the debts fae owed in his position of
citizen? And what is the motive of this in
consistency? Reluctance to part with his
money. - Money is not the harm, we have
heard the preacher say, but the love of
money. Very correct gold will lie as inno
cently in the drawer as in the mine if it is
permitted, but it is not. Everybody wants
to get the money out of his neighbor's draw
er and into his own. He does so because he
loves money, and not money, but the love of
money, is the mischief. Do- the . miserable
sinners love money less than others? Do
they toil for money and (speculate for money
when they bave enough for all their needs?
If they do, as it is not for need, it is because
they love money, whether they have need for
it or not. In this country money is the white
man's god. How he bows down to those
who own much of it, although it was ob
tained basely! Hjwhe toils and schemes,
and "ro3l8v and "rings;" how he becomes a
defaulter, misappropriates what is entrusted
in bis hands, "dabbles" in -stocks, when his
gray hairs tell that the thousands he already
has he never can unel How he sives money,
denies hitmt If for it, prevaricates and re
pudiates, and stints his charities, and violates
justice for ill Never was God served from
youth to age as the white man serves and
slaves to his money-god ! Does this idolatry
enter into tha Sunday confession of the
miserable sinner in church who is the devotee
of the money-god out of church? But is not
the same duty as incumbent on those who do
not join in tha Sunday confession as on those
who do? It is, but christians are a "peculiar
people," who do not worship false gods even
when they are made of gold. In America,
where is this peculiar people, who cease to
acquire wealth when enough is in their
treasury? Wherever they may be, that
"peculiar people" are not to be discovered
any more among those who every Sunday
confess themselves miserable sinners, than
among those who do not. These very peculiar
people, if they are in the church, belong to
that invisible church which "no man can find
HOffS WITH HOHOPOUKS1
The protest against the support of the odi
ous quinine monopoly was victorious, and
congress, by abolishing the "protective" qui
nine duty, has aided thousands of posr fami
lies in the west and south to subdue the
dreaded ague. So good was the measure, so
happy have been the result, tbat we want
"a few more of the same sort" of deeds from
the public's representatives. Just now it
looks as if a removal of the "protective" duty
on steel rails would be a good thing for the
country, and do harm to no interest ex
cept that of monopoly. The "protective"
duty is twenty-eight dollars a ton, an effort is
making to substitute a revenue duty of ten
doll ua a ton. Why is protection wanted for
an article that has advanced over fifty per
cent, and the crders for which are so numer
ous and extensive that it will take more than
twelve months to fill them all? Sa impossi
ble is it for our manufactories to supply the
demand, that some of the railroad managers
are compelled to import rails and pay the
twenty eight dollais a ton, heavy as the im
position is, because their roads can no longer
be run in safety without new rails. Let the
reader note that after all these yeais of
"protection" some of the railroads are ap
proaching a dangerous condition for want of
these rails, yet they cannot remedy the evil,
and so promote the public safety, without
paying a penalty tor that is what it amounts
to of twenty-eight dollars a ton for doing
o. This means that the safety of thejpublio
is put in jeopardy by the law in order that
the gains of the monopolist may be protected,
and this means that when safety and monop
oly both ask for protection it is the monopo
list that gets it and the publio safety that is
refused. But will not the inducements that
protection holds out causa others ta enter
into the manufacture of steel rails and so
the liiivkeU be supplied? Not at all the
monopoly is making the manufacturers so
rich that it a company outside their "ring"
begin business tbey take contracts at a low
price and so drivu them from the business.
Here Ut the reader notice that that "protec
tion" djes not encourage the production of
rails, tht limits it. That the protected do
not require protection is proved by the fact
that if they could manufacture with protec
tion when the price was low, they can now
manufacture without protection; and if they
can jifford "io ma outsiders off" they can
manufacture without protection. The same
holds good ot either manufactures of iron.
The txtra eighteen dollars above revenue
duty now p.iying for steel rails is not paid by
the raiirai!, but by the people who travel
and send freight by them. Let us demand
protection (or our safety, and protection from
the monopolies which protection creates and
perpetuates. Down with monopolies! Let
them follow the monopoly of quinine.
Tuk New York Htrald, which has put
Conkling forward as an available Republican
candidate tor the Presidency, is dealing the
third-term business some hard blows. In a
recent editorial it calls attention to the fact
that "the Republicans of New Yotk, Penn
sylvania and Ohio, and all but eighteen of the
Republicans in the house of representatives.
in-TW5, -U!4trd themselves "unalterably
f.)ni.r and asserted their
J aheun written
from; fae kookdistan. i t
ae Christians and Mussulmans Hake
an Appeal for Aid So Sore Is Their
Distress and so Jiear Starvation
are TtVey that They are rr
Ofi'erlnr Their Children for Sale In
Order to Get Money to Bay Food,
and that the Little Ones May j
be Saved from Deaths
New York i'erahl: Oa the fifteenth of
Ceceraber, 1879, an appeal reached London
from American missionaries at Ojrmiah, Per
sia, in behalf of the population of that dis
trict and Turkish Koordistan, who were said
to be starving. There had been a partial
failurefjof the wheat and raiiin crop. Unly
one-tenth part of the uual import had been
mads, so poor were the people. The govern
ment did little or nothing, and the severity
of the weather intensified the distress. The
Turkish missions aid society wrote to tha Lon
don Times confirming these facta, and sav
ing tbat unlets strenuous efforts were made
to send help trom hagland and America a
gieater part of the population must perish,
for there waB only two monlbs supply ot tood
to sti itain the in during the next seven months,
rt-toorts were also brought from Seistan, on
the irontier of Persia and Afghanistan, tbat
the people were selling their children for
food. The aeraia nas now received me ioi
lowing communication :
Wiscassxt, Mb., January 17, 1880.
To tae Editor ot the Herald:
Th niinMl latter t hum lust received, and hav
In miuiH a fjtithfnl translMtlun from tha tfyrlac 1
send It to rou. I am sure that through the EenllA
H will most effectually reach the greatest number of
peoiils. I am a poor missionary, temporarily aosem
from my field of labor In Persia and Koordlstao.atid
I cannot give much out of my salary of seven hun
dred dollars a year, but I inclose a check of twenty
five dollars toward the fund which. I believe, you will
be able to raise at once for the relief of trios- dying
poor. I nall pray Uod to increase a uousana-ioiu.
Tour obedient servant,
WILLIAM BEDFIBLD STOCKING.
DETAILS OF TBK FAMINE IN KOORDISTAN
AN" VA.L.LKX Je iti.t rieinii.
T8K SaCOMD CrtBRKt, O. S, Elevbnth, t
t i. e., November 23, 187H. f
BkuOvtjd Atfn Honored Mb Stocking My -heart
and my soul arWwerwuelmed with sorrow, and my
veins are burnlfg within me. on account ot tbe mis
erable and heamrendlng condition of. our Village of
Uvu and oua country . that Is encompassed wltn
fant'ne and high prices most severe and terrible. A
load of barley In Jezlreb (situated on the Tigris river,
one hundred ml os north ot Mosul) has risen loelgbt
toir.ans (slxteeutdollars) about eight or nine times
lis usual price and a load of wLeat to ten tomans.
These two cereals form tbe staple food In all tbat
region of country. Many of the poor of our village
and country have scattered, seeking food, and al
realy here and there we hear of those who have died
ot starvation. Anguish and fear have filled every
hesrt. Ttie ears and anxiety and conversation ot
every one Is atrut tbe h'.gh prices, and "What shall
we do that we o.e not from hunger?" Tbe laylr g In
of irovlAlons, buying and selling, bnve almost ceased.
Tbiire Is no work for day laborers; artlstins
Unci do demand for their services or wares.
NmiriT the whele rjotiulatlon are Idle. Without any
doubt. If these days stretch out more than lour or
nre mootn". tee year or namanan iwuen tun lammo
ragM so fiercely 1m 1 870-71), will be repeafc-d
In llobtan and Koordlslsn, and many hundreds will
die from starvation. Where shall we lift up our
eje, and upon whom shall we call to oome to our
help, exoept to the most high titxl, who la the mother
ot graoe and mercy, aud then to christians. His
servants ana nis sons loai are io America nuu Eu
rope those that bave bis character and his spirit,
and are ready to show mercy to the needy and the
sutl'ertnc? My beloved brother, this Is the time most
acceptable to do for the Lord, and for tue precious
souls thai are in great danger ui u ing iruui inuuiio,
Let this be four summon (message) at preset.!
among those that are spiritual and buve compas
sion. The bodies of these poor and hungry are
preclona like their souls, and both are bought with
tb great price of the blood of tbe Son of Uod; there
fore, there Is great reason that the splrltoal-mlnded
ot every nation should stretch forth the band of help
an 1 mercy to the starving ot this land, and thus
bring forth life from death. In tbt- fearful
time of famine your gifts will be effectual a hundred
fold more fir the furtherance of tbe gospel than
our preschlng. Yes! I enn even say that nuw
you can purchase tbe bodies and the Immortal souls
which will be shining Jewels In your crown In the
kingdom ot Mod. But wltn what will you gain tnern?
Perishable metal! Therefore, It Is time to make
friends with this mammon. It l time to exchange
our earthly metal for everlasting Jewels. Our people,
our nation and tbe world are bowed down beneath
our obligations to you . , christian nations spir
itually and temporally. We are most grateful. The
Lord reward you a hundred-told and Increase your
blessings a thousand-told, tbat you may bave more
to give to the needy that are calling uoto you. My
beloved brother. I know the kindness of your heart,
and tbat you will do all that you can for the saving ot
these souls that are In a condition of great wretch
edness. Whatever you do do quickly before that
from death they die. these poor. Yours.
Malt YOSEP (dT. JOSEPH),
Pastor ot the Evangelical church, Hassan, Boh-tan.
The writer of the abive letter is one of
the most intelligent and uobh men in all
ttitt land. He was formerly a bishop in tho
old Nebtorian church, and hence bis title,
Mar (St.). He had juBt returned to his home
and church alter an absence of several
months, and the state of things he describes
is a fair sample of the condition of the whole
country from Oroomiab, iu Persia, west to the
Tigris river, and south toward Mosul and
Bigdad. Hundreds must die before help
can possibly reach them. In the immediate
vicinity of Oroomiab, a careful estimate
among the christian population reveals the
fact that only ten per cent, bave a year's pro
visions laid in, fifteen per ceut. have provi
sions for six months --twenty-five per cent,
for two or three months, and the remaining
half of tbe people manage to get enough to
last two or three dnjs by finding a little work,
or begging here and there, living from day to
day. There is no help from the government.
There are no liberal minded men of wealth
among them, and those who have grain are
hoarding it up to get a still higher price for it.
All tbe civilix9d world la looking at the dis
tress in Ireland and the mighty government
of England is being aroused to come to the
relief of her own people, but these few thou
sands of christians and Moslems in Persia and
Koordistan might all die of ot starvation and
the world would hardly know it were it not
for the American missionaries. Rev. A. N.
Andrews, of the American mission, located
at Mardin, is now spending five months at
Mosul, opposite Nineveh, and a few hundred
dollars placed in his hands by telegraph
would at once reach the people for whom
Mar Yoeep in this letter plead-. Rev. Ben
jmin Labaree and three associates are
American m:mionaries in Oroomiab., Persia,
and several thousand dollars in their hands
would save hundreds of lives at once. Let us
give these starving people a taste ot practical
cbrstiamty, which, as tbe native Dastor says,
will do a hundred-fold more effectual mis
sionary work than all his and his associates'
preaching. vr. r. s.
Tom Maeki Astferesiee.
Detroit Free Press: If you hand three
pe utiles to the stamp clerk at the postorfice
be infers. He infers that you want a three
cent stamp, and be Bhoves one at you quicker
than lightning. His inference holds good oa
two cents and a single penny, and be bits it
ninety-nine times out of a hundred. He,
however, got left yesterday. A bulky. Blow
moving old woman came in with a half dc zen
things to mail, and her first move was to
hand him a three-cent piece. Ho retaliated
with a green stump, but she shoved it back,
with the remark:
"Who said I wanted a three? Give me
She licked them on with great csre, and
then handed in three pennies. Tbe clerk
this time threw out three ones, but she
rejected one of them with the indignant pro
test: "What are you trying to do? I want a
two and a one."
In due time she had licked those on as
well, and then Bhe handed in tour cents. The
clerk scratched his head, hesitated, and
threw out a three and a one.
"See here, young man, you're getting per
fectly reckless!" she exclaimed as she glanced
at the stamps. "I want a stamped envelope
for that money."
Sne got it, and the clerk made up his mind
that he would catcb her on the next sale or
resign his position. She posted several pack
ages, and then sauntered up and laid down a
penny. That could only call for a Kenny
stamp, and the young man chuckled as he
tore it off.
"What are you giving me now," snapped
the woman, as she drew herself up.
"A penny stamp.
"Who asked for a penny stamp?"
"You put down a penny."
"So 1 did. but 1 was a penny short on carrier
No. 8 yesterday, and I wanted you to hand it
For tbe next hoar when any money was
laid down tbe clerk asked what was wanted.
TranerVrtlBK m Halnt'a Kellea.
Boston Globe: "The impressive services
of the translation of a saint's relics, which
have been received, duly authenticated, trom
the Catacombs of Rome, at St. Mary's
church, Endicott street, took place yesterday
forenoon in the church. solemn high mass
was celebrated. The pastor, Rsv. Father
n..-Mn. C T ou nolul..ii.t. l?otko
1UUUIIIl U.a, I1W V.' IV UlUUt, IK a A.bU1.&
Byrne, S.J. , deacon; Mr. Zeigter, S.J., trom
boston college, sub-deacon, liev. father
Fulmer, S.J., was master of ceremonies. Af
ter the gospel was sung Kev. father O Con
nor, S J., rector cf Boston college, ascended
the pulpit and read from his text: 'Their
bodios are buried in peace and their name
1 1 vet h unto generation and generations.'
Ecclesiastics, chapter 44, verse 14. From
this the reverend father preached his sermon,
in which, almost at the commencement, he
beautifully pictured how from out of the
shadow of one thousand years ago the relics
of the martyred Eugenia were brought by the
good angels of St. Mary's storied parish, as
was St. Catharine's body by angels, and laid
to reet on Mount Sinai. Eugenia is the
martyr's proper name; the details of her lite
we are not familiar with; her relics are cer
tainly authentic, because justified with all
the documents the Sacred congregation of
rites ever gives. There is with the bones a
vial of the martyr's blood. If the saint were
to awake now and speak she would tell us
how glad she is, amid the universal change,
to find the church the same. The relics
were deposited under the main altar, where
the beautiful and angelio face of the young
virgin martyr can be seen in its casing ot
glass. The services embraced a grand Te
Veum. which well spoke the joy ot tbe con
gregation in being now possessed of the
precious remains ot a great exemplar of re
ligious fidelity at a time when the christian
religion needed martyrs ana bad them.
If Kew York la loat. We Mwatlrftok ta
New York Sw: "Tilden, Seymour, Church,
Hancock. Bayard, M Clellan, fc.ogl.8b. Par
ker, Randolph, and other aspirants whose
hopes were founded on the theory of carrying
New I org, all go by the board at one tell
swo90SaLtbe bill to choose electors by con
gressionaTdistricts should become a law, as it
surely jbiU do. ibeir capital, like tbe ghost!
ji4piI1 then vanish into thin air
II frv 'statesmen.' in view o
kirn in tbe political situation,.
wart'.arn and If) a third term, to elect
trie nett President. The people want ret
from sectional strife-, and desire to treerve
their institutions from the threatened danger
of imperialism. They are ready to take a
sound, conservative Union man; whose record
for integrity and fairness will not be disputed,
and who is free frotn the taint of extreme
partisanship. The independent voters hold
the balance of power; - and will decide the
Presidency. They dislike Grantism, but they
detest Bourbonism. The Democrats want to
get the Republicans oat of office. This is the
first step by which they can ever get into
possession of the government. Will tbey
nave sense enough to profit by the'opportu
nity? That is the great question now, and
who can answer it wih authority?"
Indignantly Kebukea Gowa-reasj far
Heport sus to Public Lsads, Which
It Is Knows is Hot True.
Lincoln, Neb., January 24. The Ne
braska board of horticulture, now in session
here, among other subjects have considered
the preliminary report of tbe congressional
committee in favor of withdrawing all pub
lic land west of the one hundredth meridian,
amounting in aggregate to one hundred mil
lion acres, from entry by homestead and pre
emption, and giving them upon long leases
to settlers. The rsa.on tot this pro
posed change of policy is that the land west
of the one-hundredth meridian wi 1 never be
fit for farming, not even with irrigation.
The board considered this allegation in the
light of Nebraska's experience. The con
tinual westward extension of the cultivated
country and successful farming without irri
gation has been opened one hundred miles
west of the one-hundredth meridian.
Oa m ,-tion ot Prof. Wilbur it was resolved
tbat the Nebraska State horticultural society
repudiate the congressional report as untrue
and injurious to the State and nation, and or
ders that statistics be forwarded to Wash
ington in disproof of the allegation, and
with a view to save this great body of west
ern lands to the people of whom they are the
For the Sunday Appeal.l
THK DYlBiU HKKO'S BEO.UEHT.
UBS. ALKTHKA 8. M CM FORD.
Death's Icy hand Is on bis brow;
Tbe life-hue fading fast;
Not sword, nor spear, nor bayonet now
lhat seems but ot lbs past!
Not martial field, nor battle host,
Nor banner waving high ;
The quiet home be cherished most
TUti Is his place to dlel k
No flashing steel, nor shot, nor shell,'
Tbe messenger of death.
Tbe great beart beats Its own deep knell
To lever's wasting breatn.i
No comrade's arm to pillow him
'Neath some green, shady bough ;
Childhood's sweet eyes, with tear-drops dim,
Tliexe are the mourners now.
Not hi, the tender comfort he
To one beloved has given.
As down the liver, alowir. sue
Hath drilled on to heaven.
Ob! motherle8 and fatherless
Top soon, too soon, to be!
Whefe shall the dying heio leave
Bis precious legacy?
O! there are gleams that light with power
The soul's Instinctive ken
Tbat sometimes In tbe darkest hour
(itve prescience unto tnett!
And such, methlnks, tbe light nntold,
Tbat cheered tbe fevered breast.
As while tbe deep dea'h-waters rolled,
Be m tde his last bequest.
Faint was the voice, not loud command)
As when bright awards unshealh,
" Unto II le soldiers ot me tana
My children I bequeath!"
O ! sacred trust, each veteran cheek
Shall blanch with feeling true
He speak, as dying fathers sp;ak,
Yet, as a hero too.
Beloved Southland, on tbv breast,
True as Ihe stars tbat shine.
Nurseling and babes shall find their nest
Thine are Hood's children, thine!
Lilsat Ulade a Canon.
Hitherto a priest without a cure a super
numerary ecclesiastic "honoris causa''
Frar t. Liszt has at leegth become a beneficed
dignitary of the Roman church, and, should
rapid preferment be allotted to him, may yet
live to conduct one of bis own masses with
an episcopal crook instead of the conventional
baton. The chapter of Albano cathedral
having recently conferred upon him a vacant
canoury, Cardinal Prince Hohenlohe, one ot
LiszVs most intimate friends, and himself an
accomplished musical dilettante, received his
oaths of office and solemn declaration of ad
herence to the Tridentiue cried in the Bisi
Hci to which h-s new nomination attaches
him and invested him with the full c.tuonical
insignia. After this ceremony had been con
cluded he was conducted to his stall in the
choir by the t wo senior canons of Albano.
High mass was then performed, the prince
cardinal and the whole chapter of the cathed
ral being present, and in the evening his
eminence gave a epl ndid banquet in honor
cf the new canon, whose health he proposed
in an eloquent and humorous Latin oration.
In order to inaugurate his promotion in ec
clesiastical rank by a work of charity Canon
Liszt has announced his intention to give a
grand concert at the Villa d'Eite, ia Tivoli,
tor the benefit of the poor in the sees of
Albano and Tivoli, and thene fleur of Ro
man society is buying up tad tickets for this
unprecedented entertainment at extraordi
nary prices. With a reverened canon, who
is also a musical great guD, "presiding at the
piano," the concert cnnot fail to yield pe
cuniary results that should make its bentfi
eiares comfortable for the rest of tbe brief
and temperate Roman winter.
Effects of Animal and Veeetable
It should be borne in mind that scarlet
fever and dibhtberia are highly infectious
diseases, and communicable from the cloth
ing of those who come in contact with pa
tients suffering from their efforts. A. few
weeks since an employe of one of our princi
pal hotels went to hi3 home suffaring from
an apparently slight attack of diphtheria,
from which he subsequently recovered. From
him the disease was communicated to three
children in the family, all of whom had it in
its roost aggravated torm, and two of whom
died. While the children lay sick a very
estimable lady friend of the family called to
see them. She, too, on returning to her
home was taken down with the disease in its
worst type, and in a few days succumbed to
its virulence. In tbe meantime, a nurse who
had attended the children from whom the
lady took tbe disease, communicated it to
another family of children, in which it is
now doii.g its deadly work. These facts
warn us that the utmost precaution should
be taken, by fumigation or other-vUe, to pre
vent the spread ot this ratal disorder. It is
now understood by the medical pioiession
generally that diphther a is, to a great ex
tent, engendered by bal systems of sewer
age, and tbat it is a species of tbat blood-
Doisoniner which is itselt the result ot tbe
action of gases caused by organic matter,
both animal and vegetable, but principally
the former, in a state of decay. Every
householder should see to it that the prem
ises which he occupies are perfectly free of
sewer gas, that deadly modern agent in the
production of disease.
A. POEM OF MAMES.
There Isabel- we Noah well
Woo d oy a bashful feller,
For Theodora ot this belle
Adored but dared not Ella.
At last one Eve upon tbe porch
In earnest tones he pleaded -He'd
give up Paul to win her heart
Her love was Saul he needed.
" I wish that Ida beart to give,"
Unto herself she Seth
" If Pbebe Levi am a rilrt
His Si will close In death."
He'd Cesar Bandal little while
As Titus he was Abel
From bis big Uuy a tender Luke
Beamed Dora trasses sable.
No sooner Adelaide his arm
About her waist so clever.
Then up she Rose Andrew away
She wouldn't have It never !
In vain did he for Mercy Sue
This foolish swain Elijah.
" Oh, Hugo 'Ira Hall," she jeered,
" I never could ADlJah!"
He ne'er came Mary tl me again
Ann never after seen 'er
And be's grown Grace since that sad day
While she's grown Evelina,
How the Indiana are Treated.
Washington. January 24 William M.
Leeds, late chief clerk in the Itdtan office,
was before thu senate select committee to ex
amine into the circumstances connected with
the removal of the northern Cheyennes from
the Sioux reservation to the Indian territory.
He said the complaint of the Indians that
they were beinnjstarved at their agency was
true. The Indian othce was informed by
their agent of the lack of food, and Commis
sioner Hayt failed to furnish tbe agent with
the supplies which the treaty called for. The
actual quantity of tood dealt out to each
nottuern Uuejenne Icr eaen ot tbe nve wppks
preceding the outbreak in September, 1378,
was as follows: For the first week, twenty
ounces daily; second, seventeen ounces; third,
twelve ounces; fourtb, fourteen and a quarter
ounces; fifth, eighteen ounces; whereas their
treaty as well as their necessities demanded
twentv-eient ounces daily. Mr. .Leeds also
s-iid that Commissioner lLiyt's statement in
his annual report for Ibis, referring to the
food supply for these Indians, is deceptive in
several particulars, including the following:
That it states that tbe quantities wbicb were
shipped and delivered to tr.e agent were the
amounts which were issued to the Indians,
and makes no allowances for loss and shrink
age, and omits the alleged fact that for some
weeks immediately preceding the outbreak
the starvation ration upon which they had
previously ex.sted ws further decreased by
the non-delivery of ene-halt pound of Hour
per diem, to which they were each entitled.
An Aetor Vletlmlatd.
Philadelphia coirespondent of the New
York Uerald: "Last Friday night Barney
Macauley, who is playing Uncle Dan'l at the
South Broad Street theater, and who occu
pies apartments on tbe second floor of the
West End hotel, was made the victim of an
adroitly contrived robbery. While the actor
and his spouse were asleep a thief affected an
entrance to their chamber and appropriated
a pair of diamond earrings, valued at about
three hundred dollars, which Mrs. Macauley
left on her dressing-case; a gold watch and
chain, carried by Mr. Macauley as a souvenir
of the openiug of Macauley's theater in Cin
cinnati, together with about forty dollars.
in tbe pockets ot the actor a clothes.
f gained access to the room by boring
through Mi e door, immediately
1 then, by inserting a
T ifStL" I" fastening.
id thut man in even-
room adjoining that of
FR'JM TUB OTllEIi SHORE
Conies jasper Domlney's Unquiet Spirit
to Convince Scoffers tbat the Faith
he Followed Is True, anil
that of a Terlty the
Spirits of the Dead Can Make Them
selves Manifest And Kev. Dr.
Jessnp, of England, Supple
ments this Story.
Plain City (Ohio) special to the Cincinnati
Enquirer: Richard lams, jr., a jyonng man
of well known integrity, attended a Metho
dist Episcopal revival meeting at this place
last night, and to-day tore up the neighbor
hood by nn astounding narrative. lams lives
one and a half miles east of town, and in
coming and going usually travels the Pan
Handle railroad track. A half mile this side
of his home, in a lonesome-looking hollow
through which creeps the murky waters of
Sugar Run, is the old Djminey place, now
occupied by strangers, the last family resi
dent, Jasper Dominey, having died, there
over two years ago. And at this point, at
about eleven o'c!ock.la9t night, young lams
struck a sensation. The night was cloudy
and dark, and on approaching Sugar Run
bridge I.tms suddenly noticed a lighted
lantern, apparently held in a man's
hand, about fifty feet in aavance of
him. He stopped, demanded' "Who's
there?" and getting no answer after twice or
thrice repeating toe question, picked up a
stone, with the remark: 'I) n you, I'll see
who you are." But no reply to this hail
came, and the light Vanished. Still armed
with the stone, lams passed cautiously over
the bridge, and had gone hut a short distance
beyond when tbe lantern's light again ap
peared, this time under a tree, some distance
ia advance of him. His hair now began to
bristle in bis hat, but he advanced to within
about fifteen feet of the light, and distinctly
saw, he now states, the form and features of
his old neighbor, Jasper Dominey, holding
an old-fashioned square lantern, apparently
as if to, light him through the darkness,
lams stood tor some time taking in the ap
pearance, without daring to go nearer, and
finally, eaid: "Jap, is that you?" Then the
light vanished acd no answer was made.
Pinching his leg-Jor assurance tbat he was
himselL substantial identity of -bone and
nerviis parsed on, acd on getting near
home, looked back and saw the lantern in a
ghostly hand glimmering acres the hollow
from the old home door-yard. It was held
up to the bight of a man's head, and after a
time gradually sank to the earth and disap
peared. After the death of Dominey, who
was a well-known epiritualist, the occupants
of tbe old home told marvelous stories of un
earthly visitations, of the building of fires at
midnight by unseen hands, the tramping of
heavy feet through the chamber and garret,
tbe opening and shutting of doors, the ap
parent c-fcih of kitchen furniture and rasping
squeaks from an bid fiddle that hung in a
dark closet; and, most unendurable of all,
the daiiy ennoyance of spiritual footsteps
outside the house, accompanied by scraping
of boots at the fetep and raps upon the door.
ANOTHER GHOST 8TORT.
Rev. Dr. Augustus Jessup, an eminent
English antiquarian, writes to the London
Athenaeum that recently, white reading late
one night in a room adjoining the library of
Lord Oxford, at Manmcgton hall, Norfolk,
he Biw a specter. He cad several small vol
umes which be was consulting and copying
from, and worked by the light of four candles.
Suddenly, he says, as I was actually writing,
I saw a large while hand within a foot of my
'elbow. Turning my head, there sat a figure
of a somewhat large man, with his back to
the fire, bending slightly over the table
and apparently examining the pile of
books that I had been at work upon.
The man's face was turned away from
me, but I saw his closely-cut reddish brown
bair, his ear acd shaved cheek, the
eyebrow, the corner of the right eye, the side
of the forehead, and the large high cheek
bone. He was dressed in what 1 can only
describe as a kind of ecclesiastical habit of
thick-corded silk or some such material,
close up to tbe throat, and a narrow rim of
edging, of about an inch broad, of satin or
velvet, serving as a stand ud collar, and fit
ting close to the chin. The right hand,
which had first attracted my attention, was
clasping without any great pressure the left
hand; both hands were in perlect repose,
and- the large blue veins of the right hand
were conspicuous. - 1 remember thinking
that the hand was like tbe hand of Valas
quez's magnificent "Dead Night" in the Na
tional gallery. I looked at my visitor for
some seconds, and was perfectly sore that he
was not a reality. A thousand thoughts
came crowding upon me, but not the leart
feeling of alarm, or even on easiness; curios
ity and a strong interest were uppermost.
For an instant I felt eager to make a sketch
of my friend, aod I looked at a tray
on my right tor a pencil; then I thought,
"Upstairs I have a sketch book-. Shall I
fetch it?" There: he sat, and I was fasci
nated; afraid, not of bis staying, but lest he
should go. Stopping in my writing, I lifted
my left hand from the paper, stretched it out
to the pile of booki and moved the top one.
I cannot explain wby I did this my arms
passed in front of the figure, and it vanished.
I was simply disappointed and nothing more.
Dr. Jessup was brave and kept on writing,
and a moment or two later the fizure reap
peared. He tried to address it, but found he
dared not speak. Again tbe ghost disap
peared, and Dr. Jessup completed his task,
carried the book be had used bick into tbe
library and then went to bed and slept
soundly. He is sure be was not-asleep. asi
was very cairn tbrouahcut -
A TJ5T CASE
Decided by tbe I'aited States Ulatrlct
Court of Philadelphia Keaponal
blllty of Freighters Dur
Philadelphia, January 23. Judge M
Kinuan, in tbe United States court tor this
district, this morning delivered an opinion in
the case ot John Sherman Hall vs. the Penn
sylvania railroad company. This is the test
case tried in 1878 to fix the responsibility for
loss by the Pittsburg riot. A jury was dis
pensed with and tbe evidence submitted to
tbe judge to ascertain tbe ftcts and apply the
law. After reviewing the testimony. Judge
M'Kinnan concluded his opinion as follows:
"Upon the whole case I am ot the opinion,
aud bo find, that tha loss complained of was
caused by fire while the plaintiff's goods
were in transit by tbe defendant, and within
the meaning of exception in the bill ot lading;
that the-defeudant is not shown to have been
guilty of any negligence by which the effi
ciency of the exception is in any way im
paired, and henceforth the plaintiff is not
entitled to recover." It was admitted at the
trial tbat the plaintiff's goods were destroyed
by fire during the riot, and tbe bill of lading
offered in evidence contained a clause except
ing the liability of the railroad company for
freight lest by fire.
New York, January 23: Arrived Scheidam,
Havana. January 23; Shocks of earthquake
were felt here last night. .
Cincinnati, January 23: Rev. Jan. J. Bent
died suddenly this afternoon lu the office ot the
Springfield, January 23: Tbe meeting at
operahouse to hear Parnell and Dillon was mod
erately well attended.
Petersburg. Va., January 23: Liberal con
tributions are being made by the Oermans for the
suffeieis In upper Silesia.
i tr York, January 23: The performance
at t!v- Grand operahouse, In aid of tbe Irish famine
relict tuud, netted seven hundred dollars.
New York. January 23: Arrived Steam
ships Elisba and Canada, from London; Switzer
land, from Antwerp, and Hheln, from Bremen.
London, January 23: Paris and Vienna
correspondents state that the proposed Increase or
the liarman army Is attracting much attention at
those capitals. . fe.
Lockport, N. Y., January 23: Daniel Bir
rett, supreme president of tbe Catholic mutual ben
efit association or the United States and Canada,
died suddenly In Medina this morning.
Lnvenworth, January 23: Major J. A.
Broadhead is expected at Fort Leavenworth to-morrow,
and will make a full report of the robbery of
bis sate between Leavenworth and Fort Beno.
Cincinnati, January 23: A special to the
Times, from Ironton, Ohio, says tbat tbe tannery of
K. S Dupuy was burned at three o'clock this morn
ing. Total loss, twenty thousand dollars; no Insur
ance. Philadelphia, January 23: The jury in the
ease of TheudoieC- M'Gurk, charged with the mur
der of James N. Ends, a colored porter, in October,
18r!5, relumed a verdict of muruerlu the first de
gree. Madrid, January 23: The minister of the
colonies Is busily preparing the Cuban budget and a
scheme of economic reforms for Cuba, so as to sub
mit them to the cortes at the earliest possible
Georgetown, D. C, January 23: Two col
ored men. William Ruflln and James O'Brien, were
engaged lu an altercation on Frederick street bridge
this evening, when both fell Into the canal aud were
Berlin. January 23: The new army bill
will be submitted to tbe relcbstag next session. It Is
thought tbat It Is certain to pass without material
modillcatlon. It axes the strength of the ainiy for
New York, January 23: At two o'clock
this morning an accident occurred on the elevated
railroad at Oue Hundred JJd Forty-fourth street, by
which a car containing workmen was wrecked, and
seven men seriously Injured.
Lisbon, January 23: Intelligence is pub
lished here tbat the exploring expedition nnder the
lead of Henry M. Stanley has established Its first
Belgian trading station in Congo, near Yall&la,
which place is claimed by both ngland and Portugal-
London, January 23: A dispatch from
Rome says tbat tbe newspapers published a letter
trom Gladstone to Prof. S. Barbara, of the Neapoli
tan peace congress, avowlug bis determination to
advocate general disarmament from bis place In
St. Louis. January 23: A special from
Delassus, St. Frands county. Missouri, to tbeiiVv
liean, says lhat Charles H. Warden was banged toere
to-day for murdering Robert Ferguson, at a locality
called Hog-ye, on the night of the twenty-elxih ot
Washington, January 23: The investiga
tion of the Star route mall service was continued this
morning. General Brady wjjjirtber examined re
lative to tbe Sau'a le end -Slt route, and was
followed by M'lsiuouiih, the contractor, and Glea
son, one of the sureties.
New York, Jyoaary 23: The government
bas commenced suK against Harrison Johnson, for
merly special agent of the treasury, to recover one
hundred thousanddollars, which Is set rorth In the
bill of complatou He Is Indebted to the treasury
for cotton sold lov5lsisslppl in lHoo.
Rome. Janulry 23: The Aurora, which
was started as an organ of ine pope, is reaii
uuder tbe control
as the parson mn
ni or iti(
pone oi in
and Merchants bank. No. 527 Broadway, which Was
robbed of thirty-eight thousand dollars by the late
took-Keeper, John F. Haws, bas closed ud business
as s Slate bank. The bank has been In existence
oiimy years, and was reorganised In Ieeember,
Washington, January 23: Mrs. Wallace,
of Indiana; Luclnda B. Chandler, of Pennsylvania;
Miss Susan B. Anthony, and other delegates to the
w omen's suffrage association, made arguments to
day before the senate commute In favor ot tbe six
teenth amendment to the oonstltaUon te enfranchise
New York, January 23: The complaint of
tbe twenty-two presbyters who dissented from tbe
decision ot tbe presbytery In refusing investigation
to Rev. Dr. Tan Dyke, Dr. Wells, and others, in re-
Sard to the allegation of moral rottenness as charged
j Key Dr. Talmage. baa been completed, signed
by tha complainants and sent Io the moderator.
London, January 23: As the dispatch boat
J4vey, with tbe prince of Wales and duke of Fdln
burgn on board, was -returning from the steamer Bar
in ai lan, whither tbey had been id bid farewall to the
Princess Louise, tbe Lively collided with the British
ship Annette Lyk, piercing theLyle's side. The
crew of the ship kept her, however, afloat, until she
Charlottesville. Va., January 23: This
morning a material train on tbe Virginia Midland
railroad at Rock fish station, eighteen miles south of
Charlottesville, ran off the track at a bridge aod
down the embankment fifty feet, killing Conductor
Duboey Wilson and two brakesmen, and seriously
Injuring Captain H. D. Luckert and six road-bands.
Six ears were completely wrecked.
St. Petersburg, January 23: The statement
that news had been received from Persia announc
ing a second defeat ot the Russians by toe Turko
mans, in consequence ot which the Russians were
compelled toevacuate Tchtkislar, Is declared (o be
unfounded. News bas been received at St.. Peters
burg from tbe husslan expedition which simply re
ports an attack by the Turkomans upon a Russian
IIKLKX OP TIKE:
HBNRT W. LONGFKLLOW.
What phantom Is this tbat appears
Through the purple mists of tbe year?,
I Well but a mist like these?
A woman of cloud and of Ore;
It la she; It Is Helen ot Tyre,
Xhe town In the midst ot tbe seas!
Oh, Tyre! In tby crowded streets
The phantom eppeais and retreats,
. nd the Isra Hies, that sell
Thy lilies and Hons of brass;
Look uo as they see her pais.
And rautmu', "Jezebel!"
Then another phantom Is seen
At ber -lde. In a gray gaberdine.
With beaid that float 9 to his waist;
It Is SI moo Magu , the seer;
He specks, aud she pauses lo hear
Tbe words he utters In baste.
He says: "From this evil fame.
From ihls life of sorrow an 1 shame.
I will lift tbee and make thee mine!
Thou bast been Q Jeeu Candace
Aod Helen of Troy.- and shall be
The Intelligence Divine!"
Ob, sweet as the breath of morn,
Tj tbe fallen and forlorn
Are whispered words ot praise,
For tho t.-mlsbrd heart bellsvrs
Tae falsehood lhat tempts and deceives,
Aud ch. promise that betrays.
So she follows from land to I nd
Ihe wiz ud's beckoning band.
As a leaf is blown by the gust.
Till she vanishes Into nlgbtl
Oh, reader, stoop down and witte
With thy linger to tbe dtuL
Oh, town In tbe mldt of tbe seas,
WUU tby ratts ot cedar tree-).
Thy merchandise and tby ships)
Thou, too, art become as jiitigut,
A phantom; a shadow, a thought
A name upon men's lips.
General Skemaa's Jlobi
Philadelphia Times: "If Sherman was in
the field and he could get Bjynton within
the grasp of a military court whosa officers
Sherman could appoint bimstlr, he might
very readily convict the correspjd-int of any
offdnso preterrad against him (roni headquar
ters, but when tha to rei-pjude&t brings the
general before the civil o juris, they stand
upon equ.il footicg as lilig-tnU nui the law
is presumed to -bo blind to inequalities of
rank. These facts mat make it unpleasant
for General Sherman in defending himself
against his freedom of speeca, given to the
public defamatory ot Bjynton. General
Sherman should re&d up the history of Gen
eral Scott, who was ever dimming the luster
ot his great military fame by tbe foolish em
ployment of tbe pen to gratiiy his often hasty
passion; acd when he bas studied the follies
and sorrows of Scott, he ni'ubt note with
profit how golden siltnce has been to Grant."
New York, January 24. At one o'clock
this morning the engine of a train on the
elevated railroad was thrown from the track
by a misplaced switch and fell into the street,
a distance of twenty-five feet. Tbe four pas
senger coaches of the train remained on tbe
track. The following employes were on the
engine and fell with it: Edward Williams,
ntAt lear fractured and head seriously in
jured; John Constantino, head and face bad
ly scalded; Kichard uurkwood, r.aocis j.
Falkenburg, John C. Schoon and William
Kimball were slightly injured. The general
superintendent says the cause of the accident
was too rapid running. It was against the
rales to run over corves or switches at a faster
soeed than six miles an hour, or to run faster
than twenty-five miles an hour on a straight
away track. Tbe engineer sent his train
rushing up to a system of switches from the
east to the west track at a rate of about thir
ty miles an hour. The switches were not
Jewish Orlsla of the Afghan a.
Tbe question has been raised by the Jewish
World, of London, whether the Afghans are
not ot Jewish origin. That paper asserts
that the prevailing type of the Afghan phys
iognomy is strongly Jewish more so than
any other living race, while in their religious
customs considerable analogy can be traced
between them and orthodox Jews. In the
case of certain branches of the Afghan peo
pla this is particularly striking so much so
that one writer went so far as to conclude that
he had found in them the descendants of the
lost tribes of Israel. All tbe native Afghan
histories contain detailed accounts of the ear
ly history of the Jews from Abraham down
to the captivity; and although the bulk of
the population was converted to Islam years
and years ago, it is stated in a local history
that it su not nntil the middle of the tenth
century tbat Judaism was entirely ' given np
and IslamiBm became the prevailing religion.
The Orlgla f Speech.
The theory that primitive man first at
tempted speech by imitating natural sounds,
or tbe cries of animals, has been adopted by
M. Cainfoud, a Frenchman, who, in a small
volume recently published, contends that the
recollections and repetitions of those sounds
caused man to give to certain natural phe
nomena, and animals, and other objects their
present names. His researches into the
French language have brought to his notice
numerous examples that confirm him in his
belief, and he thinks it desirable that the
Geographical society of Paris should instruct
its travelers to obtain from individuals be
longing to the different peoples and tribes
what corroborative proof ot this theory may
be furnished by woros and sounds in the va
rious languages aod dialects, in tbat tbe
whole vocal knowledge thus gathered may
prove a great aid to tbe discovery of the ori
gin of language.
A. a rent Ohio Koad.
Cincinnati, January 24. The b-ard of
arbitration, consisting of J. D. Cox, M .
Ingalls, and Hon. Charles F. Adams, jr., of
Masschusetts, chosen to settle the question
between the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Day
ton railroad and the bondholders of tbe Cin
cinnati, Hamilton and Indianapolis company
made a report to-day. The arbitrators sug
gest the conversion of the claims of the bond
holders for unpaid coupons into the preferred
stock of the Cincinnati, Hamilton and India
napolis railroad, to be entitled to dividends
out of the earnings of the Cincinnati, Hamil
ton and Indianapolis road whenever these
more than pay the interest. The Cincinnati,
Hamilton and Dayton road to pay the ma
turing coupons hereafter at the full rate of
seven per cent. It is understood tbat the
award is satisfactory to all parties.
London World. 1
AM AN 1BISM t'HIKCHYABD.
Amongst these graves where good men lie.
Mute, orier-bound. In dreamless sleep.
Above whose beads tbe browsing sheep
And careless painted butterfly
Pastures and spoits In summer grass,
Brown as tbe blasted Dead sea fruit,
As banded to barrenness and dearth.
Behold yon patch of rusty earth.
Whereon no turf has taken root.
So summer shadows Hit and pass.
Whilst here, a garden neat and trim,
All fuchsia fringed and pansy starred.
With gilded gateways locked and barred,
And double-daisies for a rim
Surrounds a tomb, with loot and head
Guarded by angel forms that weep,
In marble from Carrara's mines.
Whilst Fame a laurel chaplet twines.
And golden letters, graven deep.
Blazon the be nors of tbe dead.
He died as clarions smote the air
To tell of vlct'ry and renown;
Tbey brought bim to his native town.
Near wblcb the lands and lordships were
That owed him fealtj In the west.
She died In those despairing days.
Bowed down by all the grief sue had.
And only tbat they deemed her mad.
They burled ber by no cross-ways.
And drove no stake Into ber breast.
She sleeps beneath yon rusty peat.
Withered as by avenging Ores;
Among tbe noblest of bis sires
He lies with angels at bis feet.
And golden gates to keep secure.
And 'twixt tbe two, all ozler-bound.
Half melted Into mother earth.
Scarce two feet long, by one In girth,
A little nameless baby-mound
Pleads lor the sins ot rich and poor.
The Debates ad the Ladle.
The ladies who 'listen to debates in congress
are said to be indebted for tbe privilege to
Mrs. Langdon. of New Hampshire, whose
husband years ago was in congrees. The
ladies bad before been excluded from the gal
leries, but when the famous Jay treaty was
brought home there were heated debates in
the house of representatives on its ratification.
One night at a party Mrs. Langdon expressed
her regret to Fisher Ames, of Massachusetts,
that she could not bear the arguments,
especially his speeches. Mr. Ames gallantly
replied that be knew of no reason why ladies
should not be permitted to hear the debates.
"Then," said Mrs. Langdon, "it you will let
me know when yon next intend to speak I
will mat e up a party of ladies, and we will
gj and hear you." It was done, and the gal
leries have always since been open to ladie.
The Ballraad rosier la Coaaetl.
Chicago, January 23. The committee on
the reorganization of the Southwestern rail
way association resumed secret session this
morning, with J. C. M'Mullen in the chair,
to hear the report of the committee, which
was madn by C. W. Smith, chairman. Tbe
report.' in substance is that the pooling ar-
ment win oa continued- in us present
settlements ot business np to date have
agreed, and the percentages of traffic
the roads will remain unchanged.
; Csw Beys sa the Wax- Path.
Louis, January 24. Tae Be publican
. special from Trinidad. Colorado, which
several hundred cow boy tepm
A die ot Texas ar- said to
?n here and Loa Va. J
Proven to be a Mean, Contemptible
Swindle by which it was Intended
to Yictlmlze the Poor Negroes
- - of North Carolina
Both Ways A Story that is a Shame
and a Disgrace to All Concerned,
and to the State Governments
that Permit the Fraud,
Washington, January 24. Tbe senate
committee on the colored exodus to-day ex
amined J. P. Duke Hart, the southern passen
ger agent of the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road company. He testified that he tad
made several visits to North Carolina in the
interest of the company, to sec are as large a
share as possible of the exodus travel, and
that he effected arrangements with the local
promoters of the movement by which the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad obtained the
transportation of all tbe colored people who
have up to this time (since last October) em
igrated from North Carolina to Indiana.
Through rates trom Goldsboro to Indianapo
lis for these emigrants was sixteen dollars
and sixty-five cents for each person above
the age of twelve years; half fare for chil
dren from five to twelve years; younger chil
dren free. In all of these arrangements the
company agreed to pay Z. Taylor Evans, of
Goldsboro, the colored man who worked np
the emigration scheme, a drawback of one
dollar per head for each full fare passenger,
aod. fifty cents fur each half ticket sold.
This was a well known standing induce
ment held out by himself and the agents
of competing railroads to men like Evans
and Perry and Williams, to get Cp as Urge
an emigration as possible. Evans told witness
he commenced working np the exodus s x
teen months ago by means of mass meetings,
secret societies, etc Witness, while in North
Carolina, had seen many of the circulars as
serting tbat the colored people would find
plenty of work in Indiana at wages of one to
one dollar and a half. Perry and Williams
also circulated a report that the emigrants
upon reaching Washington would be pro
vided with new clothes and transportation to
Indiana or St. Louis. Tha circulars were
largely made up of editorials from the Green
castle (Ind.) Banner, and also included
what purported to be certificates from a
number of North Carolina colored people
who bad aire dy gone to Indiana that tbey
had found work and advised their friends to
follow- Perry left the State suddenly dur
ing the winter, on account of an in
dictment for forging a number of
school certificates, and had not returned,
and that Evans and others were still at work.
Witness said the exodus would continue just
as long as the colored people could raise
money to pay their fare, or until checked by
unfavorable reports from their friends at the
other end of the line. Io this event he
would go out to Indiana and 'try-to secure
them as passengers back over tbe Baltimore
and Ohio lines. tUKhter. The number
of tickets sold by tha Baltimore and Ohio
railroad for tae transportation of these North
Carolina emigrants since tbe movement first
commenced is seven hundred and sixty-three
thousand two hundred and thirty-five the
whole being at half-fare rates.
Ia response to questions put by Senator
Windom, the witness estimated that fully
one hundred to one hundred and five full
fare tickets were tor women. and
at least sixty-four of the remaining two
hundred and s xty-four full fare tickets must
have been purchased for male passengers be
tween the ages of twelve and twenty years.
Senator Windom thereupon remarked that it
appeared that there were not more than
two hundred of the emigrants who conld by
any possibility vote at the next Indiana elec
tion, and it seemed therefore that two hun
dred immigrants had created "all this con
sternation in Indiana."
Senator Yoorbees Not consternation, but
Senator Windom You should not be very
indignant ovor two hundred men.
Secat.ir Voorhees We are indignant at
the fraud which is being practiced on weak
people, by telling them tbat they can find
plenty of employment in Indiana, when there
is really no demand for their labor.
H. W. Mendenhall, a resident of Wash
ington, testified that he assisted in organiz
ing the Emigrant aid society about a year
ago; he thought the movement would be
come quite extensive; he had stated that, if
Indiana could offer any inducements to negro
emigrants, it would be well to send them
there, as they were generally Republicans,
and they would strengthen the Republican
party; be could not tell what degree of ap
proval this movement had from his friends
in Indiana; he had received a private letter
from United States Marshal Dudley, of Indi
ana, who said that, as a political measure,
the Republican party in Indiana disclaimed
any part in the measure; but, if employment
conld be found for colored people in Indiana,
he would be glad to see them come there; he
understood from that letter that the Repub
lican party leaders in Indiana would not par
ticipate in the movement; with reference to
his connection with tbe exodus movement
from North Carolina to Indiana, the witness
said tbat about October 1st he was introduced
to Perry and Williams, from North Carolina.
They txhibited to him a paper containing the
names of one hundred and sixty-three per
sons who wanted to emigrate to Kansas, He
told them there were other States besides
Kansas tbat they could go much cheaper and
fare better, and mentioned Ohio and In
diana. Perry and Williams spoke abotR the
low wages in North Carolina, and said' they
and their people were determined .to go
somewhere. Mendenhall suggests In
diana, and wrote to Judge MarUnctale, of
that State. A few weeks afterward Ve re
ceived a postal-card from Dr. Elliot 6, In
dianapolis, to whom Jjdge Martindalehad
referred Mendenhall's letter, asking him'io-
send ferry and Williams. lie afterward
heard a North Carolina prty had emigrated
to Indiana and bad secured employment in
and around Greencastle. Witness did not
know of any Republican politicians in In
diana engaging in the movement as a politi
From Poems by Hugh Conway.
White-robed she comes, my love, my own.
Yet purer than the robe she weais;
White flowers she holds, tbe fairest known.
Yet sweeter than the bowers she bears.
So white, so sweet, yet I could seek
And rind, beneath tbat white vail bid.
Love's hue upon that gentle cheek.
Love's light beneath that long fringed Ud.
Clash out, brave bells! Blng far aod wide,
And lauttb tbe piping birds to scorn.
Fair kinsmen, kiss the bonny bride.
Sne wandeis far with me this morn;
And if her eyes were dim with tears,
I grudge tbem not their tender rain.
My love can chase tbe misty fears-
And kiss the sunshine back agatn.
A ! t ThlBje" for the Swells.
New Orleans Tinies: "A great many
young men society young men go to the
opera. Heaven knows what privations they
endure for the Bake of getting themselves np
so regardless of cost, -1 eometime wonder if
two or three of them, that are 'all of a size,'
don't club together and own one irreproacha
ble dress suit between them. Of course eve
rybody knows tbat it does not cost these
young men a cent tor opera tickets. Oh, no,
the fat papa of Miss Croesus has bought a box
lor tbe season, and here is where the utility
of the swell young man about town is most
efficient. Miss Cioeius must have ad
mirers around her, and those handsome
looking young fellows come in real handy.
So they are invited to a seat in 'our box,' and
at the appointed hour, hie themselves to the
house of the papa of Miss Ciobsus. And the;
hie' themselves thither, not with pomp and
great show, nor with lounging upon the soft
cushions of a carriage, nor with their bands
laden with camelias and violets for Miss
Croesus, and a dollar a pound package of
bonbons in their overcoat pecket. Oa, no;
the swell young man goes to the house of his
hostess for tbe evening more like a thief in
the night time, silently and on foot. He
knows as well as I do that Miss Crcema will
provide a - carriage and her own touquets;
papa will carry the bonnons, and after the
opera is over all tbat he has to do is to ride
home with his fair escort and partake of the
dainty supper spread for his special delecta
tion." SOUTUEKN ITEMS.
Narhville Banner: "More letters from emi
grants are coming Into the bureau of agriculture,
statistics and mines than for years past. The eyes
ot tbe moving population of the north are directed
to our State."
Bellville (Crockett countvl Entervrise:
"The saloons bave all been closed In Brownsville,
and now wnen one oi we citizens ot mat city want a
drink the? walk down to tbe railroad brtdmt anil
patronize the bar of tbe steamboat which lies at tbat
Somerville Falcon: "An imbecile ' well
known throughout this portion of the country on ac
count of his mini eccentricities, met a trait le death.
accidentally, at the hands of Blly Brjent on Friday
nigm, luestxieentn insiani. on me nerron I arm,
about two miles from tiallatln."
The Browsville Bee contains the following:
"The steamer Poltevenl.hat has been lying at tbe
bridge for some time, returnel to Memphis this
week. These In eonlrol of tbe boat concluded they
could make a trip to Memphis and return by tbe
time tbe draw Is completed. When the boat returns,
which will be In about ten dars. she will nasa on to
Bolivar. Work on tbe draw will begin by the middle
ot aexi weea. ine raitroaa company is doing all in
Its power to have It completed aa soon as possible-"
A gentleman from Waverly says the town
marshal at that town killed a drunken man at tbat
place last Saturday, by hitting htm on the bead with
a stick. Tbe man's skull was broken. He lived un
til Suncay morning. He Is aald to have been a
harmless fellow, even while drunk. Tbe mar.ihal
became Irritated at bis demurrrtiii to so to tbe court
house with bim, though be did nut otter an; formid
able resistance, i nn marsnai ooiaineo nrteen hun
dred dollars and left for parts unknown. His course
Is strongly condemned, as the murder was regarded
as entirely unprovoaea.
The Golden Rule Pilot says: "The electric
light wblch wai tried on tbe Reuben R. Springer, on
ber late trip, while not all that could be desired, bas
proved ver useful. Tbe top of the pilot bouse, it
baa been found. Is not tbe proper place for it, the
light striking on the hurricane roof anl blinding the
steersman. It will probably be transferred to ber
boiler deck, in wblch posblon Its use wl4 be very,
greatly Increased. With further experiment and ex
perience It will develop good results, and If Its use
is continued on me springer it win become a coin
mon thing on steamboats generally. In tact. It
promises to become a necessity."
Milan Exchange: "Last Sunday morning
as tbe accommodation train waa nearlng tiwtn's
switch, this side ot M'Kenzle, a freight train opened
the switch to let tbe accommodation side track, so
tbat they could cross each other. Although a nag
was O'-t, tbe engineer of tbe accommodation did not
sea It until be was almost at the switch, when It was
too late to check up In time, as be waa going down
grade and bad no air brakes. Tbe result was tbat
he and his fireman Jumped, bis ep
nai cars wuii siae iracK
aging bis engine son
and others. Captain Perkins, of Franklin, was Ihe
winner, E. J. Williams, of this place, being second
best. Alterward a purse of twent-odd dollars was
made up and several entered, when Mr. George
Campbell and C aptatn Perkins, of Franklin, tied
aod divided the money."
...Dresden Our Country: "Some months
months since a man named W. T. Davis came to
this coun'y and engaged In teaching school In the
neighborhood of C'leascn. A few weeks since be
procured a license, and was unfed in marriage to
Mrs. M. C. Stalcupp, awldotf residing ne.-tr eieaaon,
who bad known him but a short while. One day ast
week tbe faet leaked out that Davis bad a wife living
In nibson county, from whom he had not been di
vorced. . A State warrant was Issued against him for
bigamy, and on Sunday he was arrested and a guard
placed over bim at (xleaaon fo safe-keeping until
Monday, when bis committing trial was to be bad.
Monday morning some of the citizens, whose sympa
thies had been aroused In bis behalf, connived at
bis escape. A horse, ready saddled, was near at
band, and, while the officers, attention waa momen
tarily called away, the prisoner mounted the animal
and made good his escape."
Nashville A merican, 23d: "The people of
Memphis are to be congratulated on tbe beginning
of wori upon S sound system. Tbs most hopeful
period In tbe growth of a city Is fometlmes when It
has reached tbe very b jitters of despair and yet does
not despair. Mempbls Is to-uay engaging In a work
no man In tbe city would have regarded as possible
a year ago, and, so loug as this was the feelimr, It
was impossible. There is nothloglmposslble lo hope
and determination. Mew Memphis, taught by a
world of experience, has begun at the beginning, and
securing the services of the best engineering talent
In tbe United States, Is about to build a system ot
t ewerags which will be effective and permanent
There was no demagogue cry for home talent, bome
Industry; but simply a determination to bave the
best that could be bad, borne if It was tbe best, for
eign If that was tbe better. Tbe result Is, that while
they bave gone abroad for tbe engineer, home Indus
try will sec ore wages which must oe sadly needed by
tbe laboring classes, and the city will s-cure a per
manent system of drainage and probable Immedi
ate Immunity from epidemics "
Wheeler's Independent (Fort Smith):
"Nearly etery train brings 'a batch of new-comers to
our town. Last Wednesday night twenty-sli Immi
grants from Tennessee and Mississippi stopped
here, soCle of tbem going Into the Indian country,
and others stopping In our county. A letter re
ceived last Thursday evening from Mr. Charlie Mor
ton, of the Choctaw Nation, states tbat a few days
ago bis cotion-gln was burned, caused by the explo
sion of a lamp used by the bands In tbe gin. Eve
rything was consumed, the loss amounting to eight
On Sunday morning quite a commotion was
caused In Fort Smith by tbe report that Mr. John
Urelner, an o.d German, bad been found banging to
a tree In tbe suburbs of tbe eastern part ot the city.
On repairing to the place Indtoated, tbe rumor was
ascertained to oe a fact; and there, suspended to a
small oak tree In the bright beams ot tbe morning's
sun, was tbe ghastly corpse of what ws, a few hours
previous, a living bnman frame. A coro.ier's jury
was summoned, which returned a verdict of suicide
by banging. Tbe body waa then removed to the city
for preparation for Interment. The deceased waa
over seventy years of age. No reason U assigned for
his rash act, except being tired ot life. .
Oxford Falcon: "Two tfo-nev, T. J.
Williams and S. R. Thornton, ot Water Valley, had
a difficulty last Thursday, which resulted in Wll-
Jlams receiving a painful wrxiud In the shoulder
rora a olsU 1 in the bands of Thornton. The sboot
lst gave blmelf up at once."
Tbe New South (Grenada): "It ii sug
gested by one of our most wide awak and enterpris
ing citizens, and wltbal one wbo bas means to Invest
and Is willing to Invest them, that a small steamer,
or more than one. If need be, should be put Into the
Tallahatchie river, with Grenada as ber objective
Southern Sentinel (Ripley): "L?st Friday
evening, while tbe son of Andy Green, colored, was
drivln bis father's wnsron across tbe nubile saoare.
tbe team became I lightened and vtarted to run. Tbe
little fellow, only twelve or thirteen fears old, tried
to bold them, but finding be couldn't do so, jumped
out, and one foot, as Is supposed, striking a brick
bat, his left leg was badly broken between tbe aokls
North Alaltamian: "Last Friday night
some burglar broke Into George Black's shop by
splitting the blinds of tbe back window, and got
away with twenty dollars worth of jewelry, etc., that
George left out of bis sate. An attempt was ma te
to break into the safe, but proved fruitless. No clue
THK LltTK LEDGBB,
Onr sufferings w reckon o'er
With skill minute and formal;
Tbe cheerful ease tbat Oils tbe score
We treat ss merely normal.
Onr list of Ills, bow full, bow great!
We mourn our lot should full to.
I wonder, do we calculate
Our bapplneas also I
Were It not best to keep account
Of all days, If of any?
Perhaps the dark ones might amount
To not so very many.
Men's looks are nigh as often gay
As sad, or even solemn;
Behold, my entry for to day
Is 1-1 the "happy column."
Itratal AskhdII on aa Artlate.
Mile. Bertbe Legrand, who was to bave
taken a leading part in the Revue, at the
Paris atheuee, is at the present moment nn
der medical treatment, euff -ring from a rav
age and brutal attacc made on ber by the
concierge of the house where her mother
lives, in tbe Rue des Petits hotels. This in
estimable Cerberus, answering to the name of
Bidard, resented the late visit the actress
made to a dying sUter. The concierge had
considered that bis ttrennes were not enough
to justify any member ot Mile. Legrand'a
family in rousing him from his slumbers.
He allowed the visitor to ring bim np after
keeping her for some time at the door, but
when she had gained admittance be assailed
her wuh foul epithets and warned her that
she would not get out again ontil morning.
When she had sean hr sister she went down
stairs hoping to reach her carriage, which
was waiting for her, but tbe concierge r fused
to open the door. She grew impatient and
knocked again acd again at tbe window o!
the churl, declaring that he should not go to
sleep tilt be had let her out. He jumped
trom his bed, rushed ot ber furiousiy, end,
half killed, she was thrust out into the street.
Her coachman was able to take her up iu his
arms and drive ber on to tat nearest ronce
station. A doctor was sent for, brr wounds
were bandaged up and Bhe was taken bome,
where she now remains in - a very precaricaa
condition. Critnim! proceedings have boon
commenced against the B.dirds, and it is to
be hoped they will not escape the puuiah
ment they have go v?ry richly merited.
Killed by Ker near.
Another heartrending kerosene disaster oc
curred at Danville, Virginia, on Monday
night. A well-known lady, Mrs. May, with
her daughters, Mrs. Hercdon and Miss Kate
May, wtro the victims. The first and lest
named are dead, and Mrs. Herndon cannot,
it is feared, survive. Should sbo do so the
fact will due to her superior presence ot
mind. When the lamp exploded, which it
did at the moment Mrs.Herodon placed it on
a mantelpiece, all three ladies were instantly
wrapped in fl imes. Tne m.-ther acd young
est (laugh er, their skirts wreathed with fire,
thereupon ran frantically about, Stilly rush
ing into a yard hard by, and continuing to
run in a circle until they dropped dwn
burned and suffocated to death. But Mrs.
Herndon threw herself at once on the floor
and r iled over and over. She is frightfully
injured, but was alive when help came, and
tuny possibly recover. A tale like this with
out a word of comment ought apparently to
be tbe beet safeguard against the repetition
of so shocking calamities. Yet tbey recur
day after day, and we fear will continue to
do so nntil Mr. Edison's light or some other
improvement shall supersede the destroying
Nkernan aad Boyatss.
Akron Beacon: "General Sherman is
reckless iu his assertions. But General
Boynton bas learned by making it L-s life
business that "writing maketh an exact man,'
and if he persists, and he generally does per
sist, in bringing Sherman to book in the
civil and military courts, tbe general of the
army will wish at least tbat he had held his
slippery tongue. The trouble is that last
week in an interview he knew was to be pub
lished. General Sherman stated tbat. General
Boynton, correspondent of the Cincinnati
Gazette, waa a man entirely without charac
ter; for one thousand dollars he would slan
der his own mother; he is very persistent
and energetic in manufacturing falsehoods,
and made other similar remarks referring to
Boy n ton's attacks upon his memoirs. Thu
is false and slanderous, and Boynton is not
the man to rest nnder it."
WHEBEMHAM. t"HK BABY'S DIM
PL K UK f
Over the cradle tbe mother hung.
Softly crooning a slumber song;
And these were tbe simple worus she sung
All the evening long:
"Cheek or chin, or kouckle or knee.
Where shall tbe baby's dimple be?
Where shall tbe angel's linger rest
When be comes down to tbe baby's nest?
Where shall tbe angel's touch remain
W ben he awakens my baby again ?
Still as she bent and sung so low,
A murmur Into ber music broke.
And sbe paused to hear, but could not know
Tbe baby's angel spoke:
"Cheek or chin, or knuckle or knee.
Where sbaU tbe baby's dimple be?
Where shall my finger fall aod re-t
Wben I come down to tbe baby's nest?
Where shall my finger's touch remain
When I awake your baby again?
Silent tbe mother sat and dwelt
Long In tbe sweet delay of choice;
And thea by ber baby's side sbe knelt,
And sang with pleasant voice:
"Not on the limb, O angel oear!
For the charm with lis youth will disappear;
Not on Ihe cheek shall tbe dimple be,
For the harboring smile will fade and flee;
But touch thou tbe chin with an Impress deep.
And my baby the angel's seal shall ktup."
Sympathy for Aalmals.
Frances Power Cobbe: "The power of
feeling for animals, realizing their wants and
making their pains our owo, is one which is
most irregularly shown by human beings. A
Timon may have it, and a Howard be devoid
of t. A rough shepherd's heart may ovf r
fljw with it, and that of an exquiite tine
gentleman and distinguished man ot science
may be as utterly without it as the nether
millstone. One thing I think must be clear:
till a man has learnt to feel for all his senti
ent fellow-creatures, whether in human or
in brutal form, of his own class and MX and
country, or of another, bo ban not yet as
cended the first step toward true civilization
nor applied the first lesson from the love o!
The Freaek Debates ta Cosne,
Paris letter to the New York Evening Post:
By tbe way, I was told bv mott excellent au
thority the other evening that the debates
promise to be greatly animated, and tba
tney will constitute onlv tbe betriuninar of
campaign against Catholicism, which pr-'
ises to be the liveliest one ever kuowy-0"1"
history of France. The great numb'"a tne
publicans who support M. Ferry nT f rf'
all criticisms upon the wisdom oL e. d"' 10
acd will not for an iistant alloufclr":our8e'
ami le of America is to be ta lhak tna "
for France in this matter e KUide
here it must be a battle to- They say thai
or the other parties, and tPtnu dtfath J ?
that the church wilt neve? re conndrnt
herself in political affiiri'1- cease ta mleresi
severe lesson. until she has had a
Tbe Paris nr wspar-!r"'per"- r
circulation: Tbe J tuV thn fr"!?"16'
64.000; France, AQjSZpel. 70.000: Figaro
Z2U0U; AofKwnf, x-itt; rave, u.wv, r"
Mf6 ttli'l iUnrnrfiiuiav,
$zlsicle. 14,000; Kepub
it que rificn
"Vim bet ta s wi ). H.WU:
V000: Voltaire, 8000
TILE EPISCOPAL CllDBClt
Mast Promptly Disown the Culprit
whose Cold-Blooded Mistreatment
of Helpless Orphans is a
Great Disgrace. ;
Starved, their Little Bodies . Co?ere3
with Bleeding Sores, they were
Whipped and Stamped Upon f
and Treated Like Efntes,
New York, January 24. Tbe announce
ment that tte invt legation of the Shepherd'
Fold would be con tin tied gib is mcrning before
Judge Donahue, in the supreme court cham
bers, attra:ted a very large andience, and an
adjournment was taken to the large court
room. -Rev. Mr. Cowley, manager of the
Fold, occupied a seat by the counsel of the
Fold, Judge Fullerton, and was the observed
of all spectators. Six of the children were in
court nnder the care of an agent of the Bociety
for prevention of cruelty t children. The
return to the writ denied the allegations of
cruelty stated; no corporal punishment waa
allowed, and none of the children were so
punished. That Louis Victor, said to have
been starved, was suffering from constitu
tional rickets, and was not ill-treated or
neglected. Tbat no c7i;ldrn nnder the age
of twelve years were allowed to do any work,
and that the children had received proper in
struction and were cleanly kept. Tbe affida
vit attached to the return was sworn to by
Eev. Mr. Cowley.
Jude Donahue said 'he person who made
the allegation in return tbat the city withheld
five thousand dollars to which the institution
was entitled, knew it was not so, as the
courts bad decided that the institution was
not entitled to it.
Ziber M. Clark testiQed tbat his son, six
year ol 1, was placed in charge of tbe Shep
herd's Fold in Apnl last. acd. as far aa wit
ness knew, ho had no disease. Clark removed
his son November or December last. He was
in a filthy and emaciated condition, acd wit
ness had to carry him down stairs. His legs
were covered with pimples, he bad a sore
mouth, and when the hand was rubbed over
his body scales and scurf fell off. He had to
be treated like an infant. When witness pot
him in the institution be made an arrange
ment with Mrs. Cjwley to pay htr four dol
lars a month end provide cloihing.
Mrs. Mary n. M 'Clellan, principal of pri
mary school No. 21, whica several children
from tbe Fold atteuded, testified that two
children were dismitssd on account of the
condition ot their eyes and for taking things
not belonging to them, and tbat otbeis were
dismissed for hiving vermin; one waa dis
missed tor being unclean and having ring
worms. The children's clothing was insuf
ficient and ragged, and tbey said they were
hungry. A boy went to a neighbor's for
food, and wben spoken to about it, said he
was hungry, having been sent to school with
out his breakfast.
Emma Bowman, ased fourteen years; no
parents; no friends; testified that there was
but one bath-room in tbe house; the chil
dren large one got up at five o'clock, little
ones when the fire was made in the kitchen;
we dressedgin the bed-room; some of us used
our clothing for pillows; we washed our faces
in the bath-room; there were five towels for
twenty-four children; we all ran for first
wipe; there was but one comb ani brush for
them all, and the brush had no bair in it;
the first meal was bad ct seven o'clock, bread
and condensed milk mixed with water; no
cups were furnished, and when the biker
failed to bring bread they had Indian meal;
the older children mtide the beds and did the
scrubbing; thecookmg and washing were done
by Fannie Hawcp, aged fifteen years; witness
said that two weeks before leaving the i'oli,
Cowley punched her in the back and kicked
her so that the marks remained for a week,
and on another occasion stamped on her, on
that occasion he struck her three times and
at the same time kicking her on the legs;
Cowley found a cat-o'-nine tails on Forty
ninth street and used it on witness's hands,
giving her ten cuts on each ban '; once she
was locked up in a small room which con
tained nothing in the way of furniture; the
first night she slept on the floor; after that
she had a mattress; during the week her
food waa bread and water for dinner; they
had peas and beans made into soup, and sat
around the table on soap boxes, and as there
were only twelve plates some had to wait un
til the others had finished ; there were no
caps, and the children, after eating, went to
the hydrant with a dipper fcr water; Mr. and
Mrs. Cowley had for their dinner iot beef
or poultry, with potatoes, parsnips, beats and
sometimes ldger beer; Mr. Cowley generally
asked a bles&ms; in tbe evening Cowley said
prayer?, which generally lasted about an
hour; there was no one to overlook the .chil
dren in the sleeping placs; the door bstwetn
the girls' and bsys' rt om.as sometimes open
and sometimes 6hut. but never locked; there
was no light in tit her room, aod the boys had
for a month been in the habit ot going to the
girls' room, generally about the middle of tbe
night, dressed in c blanket and with it over
his head; there were no coverlets on the beds
except on reception days, and witness suffered
from cold; the girls' beds had two sheets
eacb, but none to replace ' them
while they were washed. Witness told Mrs.
Cowley of the boys going to the srirls' room,
but she sa d, "Nonsense." Witness and
another girl sat np with a sick child daring
tbe night; Louis Victor wat attended by
Mrs. Cowley, who gave him modioine; Bes
sie washed and dressed him.
Judge Donohua adjoarned further hearing
nntil Tuesday, bs he had the chamber
calendar to attend to, and thn tbe judge dis
covered that his hat had.been stolen. ;
IIOW TO BPOPILIH., ' '
The person wbo wrote the lines below under
stands buman nature, and Uie atlre displayed In
each verse Is as trenchant as It Is clever. Many per
sons become popular In the world by giving up their
own Individuality and following the suggasuoos
given In these lines. J. W. Lampton.1 '
Never get rlcb, and never very poor.
Neither drive tbe finest turnout In town
Be aa wise as Smith, but not any more.
And bave no bandsomer children than Brown,
If ycu do you'll be damned.
Politics, yea must have none ot yoor own.
Always agree wltn every oae you meet
Express opinions only when alone.
And go not against the crowd In the street.
11 you do you'll be damned.
On religions Ideas be very sure
Tbat yon don't disagree with any ene
Turn no church people away from your door
Unrequited of their beggarly dun.
If you do you'll be damned.
If Snook discourses, no odds how absurd,
fits oration you must never Ignore;
Although there may be do Idea or word
la bis whole speech that you knew not before.
If you do you'll be damned .
Tou must not pretend to be very wise.
Nor even assert tbat someone's a fool;
Other people's Idas do not despise.
And bave no mind of your own, aa a rule.
If you do you'U be damned.
Dance attendance f n eacb fool In the place,
And be very bumble, and bow very low;
Smile and grin with a hypocrite face,
Aod no Independence your acts must show.
If you do you'll be damned.
' London, 1879.
, A Great Cotk. tuaae.
London Daily Telegraph: " A great cook
has died in Fraoce. M. Cazeneuve, the chef
of conquerors end kings, having lived to be
ninety-six Hesiod's general span of human
fife and survived all his celebrated masters,
bas 'gone over to the majority,' full'ot honors
and of years. Seventy years a?o he was
cooking fo the Due d'Angouleme those soul
inspiring dishes which nerved bis-master to
hopu against hope for the throne of France;
and though for a while in the service of
Blusher, nd deserving, therefore, of some of
the honor tbat fi ll to the Prussians for their
share in Waterloo, and for a while, too, tbe
chef de cuisine to Talleyrand, and responsi
ble, there! ore, for many important events in
history, be ultimately njoined his old em
ployer. The Due d'Angouleme was now
king cf France, and, having furnished apart
ments provided tor him ij the Tuileri-s,
found a coraer down stairs for Cazeneuve.
Uh cooking must bave bcu characterised by
a sing-alar want of statesmanship, for a r ivo
!uti a sotiq ensued, and the apartments were
again to let; and, thoubh Louis Philippe took
puaseKHOn the d-.-plowH'j e absence of political
sagac.ty from Caz-ti--. uve's administration of
the kitchen led to serious events in 1843.
D.f-gut-jd with sjverevnty, Cazeneuve then
ret-n d from public hie, and by bis exquisite
mn:r:pm3bt of h-s u -iie dishes fenced
witu de-tii 8icc.-i--;u'! t irtijirty years. But
be ia tl- H'l h. Us;., ii? :n-ro of a thousand
feaeKfr.d E tr;ip5 hai if t its greatest cook."
Sew siuvd an ihi 1'rt-aldeatlal Ckess
Washington, J mutry 22. The Republi
can oppobiltoa to U nut ai'i a third term bus
taken -definite shape iu Nt w I oik. A bu
reau ia to 1 eUbliih-d immediately in Park
row, wui-rd coumenls will be distributed
and ccl.tctiocs be rtc; iv.l to assist the cam
paign a-mcst Grar!;9m. O-ie of the oldest,
if net t uio it ntij l ;l cf Republican poli
ticians in Tiij couL,trv srii: have charge ot the
bureau. John SU.-rui. a is really the bone
and fi-w ot tho te -r-4Uizat.on. lie has
prov. i. d bii ag-nt w ". I trs of ,introrfcerWrigT t, nFl
tion t t ut - ot tfc in t i fl i-nhjVaAn LTTU.a 1 aP JaJ
men .d i-..d p:--';o r t U otTeans in tbe
State, Hx-u coid al tuf material as-sisUoci-
u i xc rr'0'., j a.-e appealed to.
I b6 El
Kaniz il l- aasnnbly district in the
h.. s- .nn.in men txDect to mike
!trintot' s ui. u the strength of Conkling
Moeletlea P. C. A.
Archdeacon Baly: "'It " quixotic, ec
centric and unneatssary acuema, nor m.
giowth Ot a sentimental and spurious human
ity, nor the hobby of an over sensitive re
finement, which cannot behold he ardwary
r jui:hnfs of an ordinary world without a
shock to its highly pitched and hy.tencal
sensibility. Ii i sober-minded aud much
needed ao;UUoii, formed tor tne purpose of
checking in a very practical maot.tr a moat
r-at and uiuioub'ed, aad at the same time a
very hateful evsltbo boe by niai ot his
power over thi weaker aod more mbject por
tion of the brute creation. wh canno' pro-.-..t
themdMtvt-a airuiut the assaults of his
im.ia-icDce. bia auitr. his cUlouant-n tr his
TkaCsrpt ar Waahiaajtea Carreaaaaejiw
General Bouton in tbe Cieciunati Gazette:
The body of men, about thirty in nuaioer,
who put the events of Washuurton and tha
movements of tha wjw "f in all its
branches before tbs Jay, and
y " hT N-dir.g, at
tain mi, veoge ot
cal forgetfulness. AdminisfraticBs' chaoge,
congresses shut their majorities, and 11 their
halls witi new faces, which in tarn tcarcely
become familiar before the popular breath
changes the scene again. But the press
maintains its old representatives through it
all and after it all. Tbey are men of sober
and most active and industrious lives. They
must keeo clear heads or thev rannnt. mnin.
4 tain - themselves. Thev mast lip and
appear like, and be gentlemen.
Since they must always be ready
f ft npon a. moment's noiicp to the
White HOUS -.to cabinet, offiwn ti i-.nnfrir m-
t Ttlprnhers, and to be on soch terr.s as to be-
vecefred in their capacity ot representatives:
ox me puui.c. a moment s thour'ar tv? any
lane man will siiow that they most of aeces
sity be gentlemen, who not only observe all
the decencies of lire, but matt so ; ar tbem
lves that those directing public affairs will
rust tsBm. ihey are tor the mt rt part men
of family, many ot them hoase lden, and
theyoucger men among them arc as promis
ing a body ui heir age as can be found in
any profesi '. Th re ere, of course, men.
hanging on tbe verge of Washington journal
ism who use tbeir precarious p isitiona to im
pose on public I'mjers, and who, by their
effrontery and d shoncsty. do much toward
creating fals impressions of tbe whole corps.
But thajablic man who ia long deceived uy
them, S!"'ho takes his measure of the corps
trom its few sbvsters or the weak ones
among its beginners, are themselves unfit tor
A WlXTKtt'gt 1ALE. '
A boy onee took It Id bis bead
That he would exercise au aiedi
He took that sled Into tbe mul
Audi lord a massy! bow be aicdev.
e slid eel
un upon my sled to slide."
as be laughed, before be knewed.
from that sliding sled was alude.
Upon tbe slab where be was laid
Ibeywrrtd this Una: "This boy was Blade."
feaKepose ar a Seal.
The seventh afcnz-wtrsary of thn death of
Napoleon HI was obseivoa r Chiselhurst,.
Enilaad, on tho ninth of this month. Prince
Lncien Bonaparte, the Marqais and Marquise
de Bassano, Colonel de Ferdinand?, and a.
number of other imperialist s attended. The
ex-empress, accompanied by Prince Lucien.
and the household, were conducted to th
sacristy of the church where the knelt during
the service. The altar steps were covered
with the tapestry carpets presented by the
ladies of Paris to the pnece imperial on the
occasion of his coming of age four years sgo.
At the end of the mass the De Prof undis was
sung, and, vested in a purple cope, Monsig
nor Goddard, standing ia front of the sarco
phagus erected by tte queen over the body
of the late emperor, intoned an absolution,
incensed the tomb, and alterward sprinkled
it with holy water. Prayers for tho dead
closed the service.
Robber? by a Basked Patty.
Chicago. January 24. At Watseka, Illi
nois, on Wednesday night, four well dressed
men, apparently ordinary travelers, arrived
by train at Danforth, Iroquois county, at half
past eight o'clock, and soon after they masked
themselves and entered the lxigings of a Mr.
Webber, over sixty years of age, nd after
knocking him down and gagging him, blew
open tbe safe in hia room and secured forty-
three hundred dollars in cash and escaped,
leaving him securely fastened. He wa only
released after u n'ght of terrible sutLsriniv, tha
The River Coaamtasloaera' Report
St. Lodis. January 24. The river com
mission sojourned this coon to meet again
at Washington on February 11th. The com
missioners, appointed two or three days ago.
on a report to congress and on plans and es
timates, have nearly completed their report,
and will be able to lay them before the com
mission on its assembling at Washington.
No information o what these reports wilt
contain can be ascertained.
Chicago, Jtnuary 22. Mr. Parne
appointed John korsythe. No. 121
street, and Alexander ouluvan, no. loZ L-
Satle street, Chicago, to designate the places
at which he and Mr. Dillon will speak in the
northwestern States during tbe ten days fol
lowing the Chicago meetisg, February 25th.
Correspondence on the subject should be ad
dressed to them.
A. IPavaaaater Robbed.
Leavenworth, Kan., Januaty 22. A.
special to the Leavenworth Timra.trom lieno,
8 5 s that Mfijor Brownhead, paymaster United
States army, was robbed, en route trom Fort
Leavenworth for lieno, of tbe sum of twenty
thousand dollars. Telegraphic communica
tion bas been had with this department, tut
strict secrecy bas tbm far been k.pt regard
ing tbe robbery by the military authorities.
JJll UM1J11U11 J-VC.
FEBRUARY 10, 1880)
Under the Direction of , the
Ta his Maeh Plaak-etted aad qaaraa
tlBd fgabteeta KOSl's scads Ovect
Tou are hereby Invited-together with your Sisters!
your Cousins and your Aunts to attend the Gran
Mardl Gras Carnival, on Tuesday, February lOUl
wben high revel will be held in honor of our recei
Uon. Bedaeea Rates aa Hallroada aaif
Btraaibeats wlU permit all loyal selects
mirth and revelry to attend onr Boyal Ball. Uoc1
order and decorum Is assured.
TICKETS OSK IMHjIiA I
J. J. MTJKPHT.
Murphy & tVIurphy,
. REMOVED TO
Jo. O IVIcvcileion. J3t
(In rear of Cotton Exchange.)
21empni, ... Tennessee.
"NLT First-Class Companies. Glnhouses an
Country Store Bpc.Ai.iea. I
9Vl Miles rrom KrtnphlM. Mont b.
N PLANTS I
CITY OFFICE AND SALB"""11' I
Corner Madison and ScoiI!','mPn'a I
T. B. HAYNK.S. K If. H KRRr5Srtr. I
Formerly X. B. Hayuee St Co. llerroit, Connor x Co.
Herron, Haynes"& Co,
And i; o ui iliT k1 ri' Mercliak t .
OFFICE, 268 FKOXT STREET,
Liberal advances on consignment. Bpeelal at
UMUon tflven to fining nwin ,
JEWELER and OPTiCHfv'
Repairing of f mL -e an1 "
luloi. Pays, aud
VVif Journal 5fi -,
, 1S1.1KW; if
V, ico.o .o
a Juun.at W;
s". i:t ( re:."?. -' ' '
fi V egas Thursday "
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