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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, April 01, 1880, Image 2

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TELK MEMPHIS .A-I-C I?PA.L -rTBCIJJRSI.Y. APRIL 1. IS SO,
IIS APPEAL
EY
WAY KEATIHW.
Term" of liacrlott l?ally A eel-ly
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. .1- CO; , montlm, DT rR'J - ? IT;,
v mp .irr, one month, by nail .
-. Cory, one week, I" cilv
.81 no
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U 18 aC... SI Dinnl.lS
Hate ef AdvertlslAi
F;- tntoruon, por iir - -
. jut r.l inwrllour, lr uMe. . .... ...... ft
r ntn, eta., are tin a-nui t r lliie Orst Insertion, ana
weoeiita r TllwfMh jiiLmegoent Insertion.
Di'itn WHrrtmfc notices, Funeral noUoes im
r.ituwrlKH nrv chmyivl M i-sralar rate.
Wi w'li not Ki'l any oli3fUM)tem to follow read-
lg.aU. WAT 4 KKATINe,
U C. Ouj.a., t a3a Second street,
. S4. .. ( Ven-nbls, Teuu.
fVKntrrrd at tf Pontuffltt at Mcmphu, Trnn.,
ic rmM'iw M-tttrr.
IIIiill'UlOrRKAL
TKLKSLU-.
: APRIL 1, 1-SO.
THK CUISEIK (tLKMTION.
Nearly every man connected with the Ar
ieal labors from t welve to seventeea hours
each day. It ia not, therefore, surprising
(hat this paper ttuuld sympathize with the
laboring clauses. But at the eamo time it
cherishes a loathing end contempt fur the
lazy drones who are always prating about
tho wrong of the laborer. The greatest
,-neuiy to the industrial classes are just such
strolling' vagabond, as Dennis Kearney, who
rofonft to work themselves, and by itflamma-
tory appeals induce good men to become at
wort 91 ess as themselves. But it must be con-
fessed that the laboring masses have much
cause for alarm at the importation of Chinese
labor. A special dispatch to the Cincinnati
Enquirer says:
The report of the committee on the depresMon of
labor, or wulco ueiiurick u. wrtgul i chairman,
hHa been nubnillte.1 to (be house; but, owing to a de
lideiiey in tbe approprliUloii, lua not yet beeu print
ed. It will rrnika guile a voluminous document
The report sh"vs that there are one hundred and
sixty tiiousauriChlnaiiipn west of the eirrraNevadaa,
trrtide from nrieen humlred to twenty-five humlid
Chinese women of I lie vllent character, who are
slaves. Them peoole who are nearly all coolies,
and practically belong to theeSl- Coipuales pay
less taxes tlum the Chinese criminal expenses
amount to, and send one hundred thousand dollars
a day. three milium dollars a month, and foity mil
lion dollars a year to Co ma The money paid mem
In tblrtr years, the committee Und. has reached six
hundred million Hollar; and yet they buy no land,
ami spend no motiey except for a little coarse food,
because they g' l their rice from China. The testi
mony allows II: 'it they have ruined shoeinaking,
HlilrtinHklng. tun manufacture of ctirars, harness,
etc., and have almost driven out of employment ail
white plasterer, miners, and farm hands and other
laborer. In fact, soarcely a trade, an occupation or
Industry has escaped the bllKlitof their prrsenoe;
and white men tenllly I but tbey are being reduced to
Iwutjary, and win have to leave the Pacific coast un
less something is speedily done by the government.
The report ai'ises with a resolution that the Presi
dent be -untested by congress to Inform the Chinese
government Hint It Is the destre-ot our government
to abrogate and annul the clauses of the treaties be
tween the two couutrles which permit emigration.
These figures are startling and well calcu
lated to arouse discontent indirections of the
country, for if the country is to be flooded
with Chinese, a war of extermination will
bo inaugurated between the workingmen
of America and the b.ubarians who propose
to supplant and make them hungry beggars.
It is folly to talk about American labor com
peting with Lao labor of tho Chinese, who
feed on a hanilfull cf rice, a little retuse
pork, and decaying Usb. A writer in the
North American Review thus sums up the
general characteristics of this abominable
race: '.'His miserable little figure, his pinched
and wretched way of living, his slavish and
tireless industry, hit indifference to high and
costly pleruares, which our civilization al
most makes necessities, his- capacity to live
in swarms in wretched dens, where tho white
man would rot if he did not suffocate."
General Miller also ssys of him: "lie it a
man of iron, whom neither heat nor cold
teems to affect; of obtuao nerve, and of that
machine-like quality wLich never tires. Hit
range of food it tho widest of all known ani
malsembracing, as it dots, the whole veg
etable kingdom, and including every beast of
tho earth and creeping thing, and all crea
tures of the sea, (rem tho tiny shrimp to the
great leviathan of tho deep. lie can subsist
on anything, and almost npon nothing." The
American laborer will staive if forced to
compclo with a people who partake more of
tho animal than human beings. For the
take of humanity, the philanthropist would
be rrjoiced to seo the Chinese relieved
from the sulTcrings they have to endure in
their own country,- but it is cruelty to beccGt
them at the coit cf impoverishing oar own
people. An immediate barrier shold be
erected to vay th4 tide of emigration, for
the importation of five millions of Chinese
laborers will supplant the entire luboring
population of America, and who would not
rather know that there was five millio'ns cf
Chinese suffer in k at home than lo tee five
millions of Americans suffering in our midst?
This is a crave question. The Chicago
Tribunf, in discussing it, says that a popula
tion well-niij'h ten times as great as that of
the United States has been crowded into an
area about one-third as large as ours. To sua
tain human hie in that density of population
hot been a problem that is now reduced to a
science by the long study of ages. They
Lave of necessity trained their boJiet to sub
sist upon the smallest possible nutrition, and
that training, rracticed fiom age to age, has
at last become a habit of life so fixed that it
cannot be changed. lie follows it in this
country, where there is no necessity for it,
with tho same determination that he would
in China, where he must do It or perish by
the very pressure of the macs. Hence bis
marvelous rapacity for labor, joined to his
equally marvelous powers of endcrance.
That training hat cost him unspeakable mis
ery, hunger, and ceaseless debasing toil
through ages, until at last, from a physical
standard, he is the smallest leanest, and
most pinched of the human race, and lives
by preference - more after the manner
of the beast than of civilized man. There is
no hopo that he will ever change these habits,
ingrained into his very temperament and dis
position. It would be at difficult for the
leopard to change bis spots, and if that race,
which represents the debasement and misery
of centuries, should swarm here in sufficient
numbers, it is easy to bco that in competition
Vith such a race tie American people could
not survive. They could never descend to the
Chinese standard, even if they would, while
the Chinese would never ascend to tho Amer
ican standard, even if they could. The latter
would supplant white men in tlr's country,
when they had come here in tufficient num
bers, with almost as much eate as they now
supplant them in their own country."
A XKW .HATIOML HOL.lI A. Y.
Good Friday has paseed, Tout there it a
circumstance connected with it that deserves
remark, and that is the increasing number of
persons in tins country who, every year
more and more, conform to the European
custom of keeping tho day as a holiday.
Thirty years ago few people, east or west,
knew anything more about Good Friday than
we usually know to-day of the Hebrew feast
of Kippoor or the observance of tha Iiosh
haahana. Nowadays business onjthat day de-
creaees in all the principal commercial cities;
in New Yoik, for instances, exchanges close
from Thursday evening until the follow
ing Monday morning, and the banks
ara to much deserted that it is
only because cf legal obstacles that they ra
train from closing also. Ia Memphis, keep
ing open cur cotton exchange on that day ia
a muro formality, "better honored in the
breach than tho observance," for business is
at a stand, and tbe hall ot tho exchange a
mere "loafing place." Cougress itself ad
journed over Good Friday until the next Mon
day, for if they had agreed to meet it, is
doubtful whether a quorum would have as
sembled. A process of change is going on
in short, a to Good Friday, which is aisimi
lating it to Christinas day, and we find the
tame process in acliou as to Shrove Tuesday,
or Mardi-Gras, as we are becoming accus
tomed to cull it. Confining ourselves
to Gocd Friday, although the other
festival comet for the most
part under the force of the same remarks
wo ask why has this disposition lo make the
day a holiday, like Christmas day, to strongly
developed itself altar tho observance bad
long fallen out of our American habitd, and
lcooit obliterated from the American popu
lar memory. So much to, indeed, that wt
well remember when a once popular and u-
Quential journal, tho Cincinnati Chronicle,
over twenty-five years ago, during the ob
servance of Whilsantidc, wroto an editorial
to cxp'ain why that season was obGerved by
Greeks, Komau Catholics and Episcopalians.
The explanation given was a description of
tha Eister cbservance, ana tne editor next
day frankly acknowledKed that ho did not
know the difference between the one and
the other, or even that there wero
two id ffarcnt festivals of the kind. What
has brought Good Friday into its present
prominence as a holiday in commercial cir
clet? Of course, Good i nday exists as a re
ligious observance, primarily, and idea very
peculiarly nnd very much in American fash
ion brought out by Mr. Kernan wnen aavO'
eating in the senate the adjournment, he
said: "We adjourn over a day in honor of
a great man of our own time. Let as do as
much to honor the day which a christian
world commemorates as that of the death cf
our Savicr." But the religious idea in itself
is not chanced from what it was centuries
ago in reference to the Baoie observances,
though it is true that the changes made by
Roman Catholics leaving Europe and settling;
here has aided to give it more conspicuous-
ncss. The causes that have led to Good Fri
day becoming every year more and more ob
served as a holiday, arue out of the exigea
ciet of trade. At this period of the year the
toil of the spring business has been
wearying and wearing out every one engaged
in its operations. The merchant in his count-
inghouse, the clerk in the warehouse and the
store, the porter, the drayman, and the la'
borer, are all feeling the effects of long days
of toil ahd short nights of rest. Then there
are the invitations of spring outside the lira
its of the city trees are putting on their
green robes, flowers are springing up in the
sunnv nooks, and blossoms exhaling odors
from the trees. Oh! for a day's freedom,
day to breathe the freo air of heaven and en
joy the delights of spring! Oae or both of
these aspirations it is that impels to leisure,
demands with imperious claim one day's es
cape from the sight and smell of merchan
dise and ledger, from the unbearable rou
tine a temporary release from what has be
come irksome and burdensome. Here is why
Good Friday is wanted for a hcliday; here
is what gives, year by year,
greater impulse to its observance and enjoy
ment. The Good Friday holiday is a want,
a necessity; it shonld be made a public holi
day, just as Curistmas day is; that the weary
toilers of the exchange, the desk, the coun
ter, and the factory may have a breathing
day, a chance to rush into the fields, to re
joice in the opening spring, to enjoy one
day's Bweet repose from toil and the tiresome
monotony of unbroken routine. Congress
finds Good Friday acceptable for itself; let
congress be required to recognize that stock
broker, bankeis, merchants, tradesmen,
manufacturers and laborers of every descrip
tion would find it acceptable for themeelves
also, and make Good .Friday a national holi
day, as Christmas day is, for the repose, re
lief and erjoyment ol tho people.
Old Joe Medill, one of the most bitter
of bitter haters of the south, is making a
war npon John Sherman so bitter that many
of the secretary's friends have felt called upon
to protest. The reasons assigned lor this
war, as stated by Hon. Warner M. Bateman,
of Ohio, are that "some time ago Medill called
on Secretary Sherman at the treasury depart
ment in Washington, and endeavored to in
duce him to change or modify his policy of
resumption. Mr. Medill stated that the pass
age of the resumption act would ruin busi
ness, increase bankruptcy, and break up every
national bank in the country. He stated,
further, that he himself was involved, and he
knew that resumption would bankrupt him.
Mr. Sherman replied that he was there to
perform bis duty as he saw it. It was not in
bit power to change the resumption act, if he
desired to do so, and if it was passed into a
law he could only see that its provisions were
carried out. Mr. Medill then changed hit
tactics, and threatened the secretary. He
said if his wishes were not complied with in
regard to the resumption act he would begin
an attack upon him in his newspaper that
would eventually ruin him. Mr. Sherman, in
reply to these threats, repeated that he in
tended to do his duty. Mr. Medill then re
turned to Chicago, and since that time he has
carried on a bitter and vindictive warfare
against Sherman." Purely a case of dog eat
dog.
The editor of the Chicago Tribune must
have been reading the memoirs cf Madame
De Remusat very carefully. It will be re
membered by all who have read this most in
teresting and charming of all French me
moirs that madame states, upon the author
ity of Josephine, that Napoleon declared
himself above all law, and that he was not
to be judged by the standard appointed to
ordinary mortals. This was in excuse for or
palliation of his liasions with women who
preferred an hour with him to a lifetime with
men, however great, who were less in the
scale of life. The Tribune claims the eame
exemption for Grant. His excesses, his fol
lies, iTis' political crimes or mistakes, are not
to be judged by the ordinary standards. He
is a man apart, above the crowd, removed
from the herd who conferred npon him all
the honors he has wcra. If this is no't the
toady:sm ot an obscqiions tool what is it?
Grant has good reason to cry "Bave me from
my friends!"
Eijzaueth Thompson, of New York, one
of the most sensible advocates ot temperance,
counts up the cost of rum, as compared with
that for education, with the following result:
Education.
Schools In the United States 141 .A20
Teachers.
Pupils 7.2l)!,Si:H
Annual expense for education Sl'6,402,7d
Retail liquor sellers In United States. . lCH.OOO
Coat of lliiuors In the tilates and Ter
ritories in lHiS il;,oo,uuu
Kecuidtulaiion.
Rum $7 1 Sr75,000
Education Io.402,72t5
Rum over education S020, 172,274
The rum-bloated opponents of public edu
cation will please make a note of these fig
ures. They are good for reproof. They are
irrefutable.
It is difficult to overcome established cus
tom, even when it is a bad custom. The
Roman nobles and ladies felt that he who
proposed to do away with the gladiatorial
combats was a sentimentalist; tho grandees
of Spain would think the same of him who
should protest against their bull fights; the
western cattle-driver thinks there is a good
deal or nonsense and softness in the men
who compel him to lay aside the cruel instru
ment he uses in driving his cattle, and the
mule-driver regards the man or woman in
sane who interferes to put an end to his bru
tality. '
Htato I'onventlonii.
Republican and Democratic conventions
have been called in the following States:
Dtnvieratie.
Iowa. April 7.
Louisiana. At: II 12.
Texas, April 20.
Pennsylvania. April '2.
Ntw llami shire, May 6.
Ohio, May tl.
Wisconsin, May 12.
New Jersey, Slay l'.l.
Virginia, May 11.
Missouri. May 2t(.
Kansas, May 1 tl -South
Carolina, June 1.
Alabama, June 2.
Arkansas, June 2.
Mississippi, June 2.
Tennessee, June 8.
Indiana, June t.
Illinois, June It).
Kioiida, June let.
keimu-ky, June 17.
North Carolina, June 17.
Missouri, June 21.
Connecticut, April 7.
town, April 14
Kentucky, April 14.
Missouri, April 14.
Massachusetts, April 15.
Ori?nn, April 21.
ViiKiiua, April 21.
tiiorgla, April 21.
Arkansas. April 28.
o:ilo, April 2H.
c. Lniullua, April 211.
CUUorlil.i. April 2U.
Mississippi, May 5.
Teuuessee, May 5,
Wisconsin, Mm 5.
Indiana. May (I.
Maryland, May tt.
New Hampshire, May ft.
New Jersey, Mar ft.
Nevada, Slay 1 1.
Florida. May 12.
Michigan, Mxy 1'2.
west vinjinia. may 12.
Illinois. Miy 1'.".
Alabama, May 20.
(ieorgla. May 24.
Louisiana, Mti 2d,
The Republican conventions have already
been held in Pennsylvania, Kansas, New
York, Vermont, North Carolina, Maine, In
diana, Rhode Island and Texas. Colorado
and Delaware have not yet appointed their
conventions. Rhode Island and Nebraska
have held the only Democratic conventions.
Thirteen States have not yet appointed their
conventions.
A Noble Btiiaesl.
New York, March 31.-Mr. E. D. Mor
gan hat given one hundred thousand dollars
to Union theological seminary of thw city.
A CRISIS IN METHODISM.
The General Convention of the Sort hern
Church, Soon .to licet In Conven
tion, Trill have to Confront an
Jssne that Threatens Seri
ously the Integritj
Of that Very Influential Body of Chris
tiansCan a Member be Expelled
for Heresy who is a Kellercr
in the Articles or Religion
ortheChnrch!
Cincinnati letter to New York Times:
For more than a score of years the approach
of each auadrennial session of the general
conference of the Methodist Episcopal
church has been attended by the agitation
throughout tho denomination ot some ques'
tion bo nrominent as to dwarf all Others.
Lav delegation dominated Ihe attention of
the church at the general conferences of
1860, 18S4 and leGS. L inabaa and the New
York book concern were the themes in 1872,
thouch the issue of an elective presiding el
dershiD was already forcing itself npon the
attention of episcopal Methodism and Meth
nd int. eniscoDalianism. In 1876 this ques
tion. chamDioned bv Rev. Dr. Joseph Cuvn-
mm?8. the then outgoing president of Wee-
levan university, at Middletown. Connecti
cut, and by other nestors of New England
Methodism, overshadowed the held ot agita
tion. The general conference of I860 ap
proaches amid a calm that is phenomenal, if
not portentioua. in an tne western comer
ences the delegates to the general conference
have been elected without pledges or in
structions, a proceeding without precedent
in a tcore of years. The sessions of
the eastern (apring) conferences are
now beginning, and if they should choose
delegates unpledged and uninatructed,
the wonder will be complete. . This preter
natural stillness of the denominational atmos
phere is causing comment among the leaders
and of the councils of the church as to its cause
aupurv. Why do the great, pertinent, un
settled questions of the polity ot tho church
questions that will certainly be under dis
cussion at the general conference, such as the
limitation of the pastoral term, the elective
presiding eldership, the numerical strength
and official functions of the board of bishops,
the relations of the missions of the church to
its home government why do not these ques'
tiocs attract the attention and engsge the in
terest of tbe church? Three causes have
been assigned. The first is that the church
has become apathetic by a growing worldli
ness. which has stolen the interest once given
to religious and denominational themes and
appropriated it to schemes whose ultimate
object is several miles this side of the city
that John saw. Another is that the
PRESENT METHODS OT THE DENOMINATION
are so successful and satisfactory that little
remains to be desired. The third is that the
church is face to face with an unnamed crisis
which it of such importance as to belittle
questions of mere administrative detail.
Whatever may be the force of the first two
of the above named causes, it is believed by
manv rorominent Methodists, close observers
ot the signs of the times, that the last is far
the most influential in bringing about the
present dead calm. The quadrennium just
closing has witnessed remarkable move'
tnenU in the doctrinal thought and expres
sions of the denomination. It is no secret
that some of the oldest, ablest and most boir-
ored men ot the "church privately disclaim ab
lecriance to some of the teachings of John
Wesley and Richard Watson, whose sermons
and institutes respectively are tne omcial ana
infallible standard of the orthodoxy of the
denomination. In the heroic and aggressive
days of Methodism, a slight dissent from the
views of these godly men, who were endowed
with remarkable insight into the meaning of
of scripture, and were empowered to antici
pate the results ot centuries ot research, and
with the theology for the ages, was sufficient
cause for brief trial and nnhesitating, expul
sion from the ranks ot the ministry. Metho
dism at that time had its headquarteia in the
saddle, and a disciplinary trial
would have
to divide with a preaching service the bivou
ac of a night. -
the kino's business
required haste, and it got it. In the last
quadrennium dissent has taken on a tone a
hundred times more bold tbaa ever colore in
the history of the church. Bishops, editors,
college professors and metropolitan preachers
have written, lectured and preached "strange
doctrines contrary to the standard ot
the church," and have been unrebuked. It is
significant of the growing laxity ot discip
linary interpretation that the New York
Methodist preachers' meeting, a few months
ago, raised and discussed a question settled
by halt a century ot denominational njage,
viz.: Wneiiier the discipline provided lor
the bringing to trial a ministerial heretic, no
matter how rank and blatant his heresy
might be, provided he heartily believed and
honestly preached all the doctrines contained
in the formulated articles of- the religion of
the Methodist Episcopal church i Judge b.
L. Fancher. of Mew xork city, one ot the
bet legal' minds in the denomination, was
called upon to decide the question. He de
cided, of course, that a minister can be legally
expelled for expressing an opinion contrary
to the writings ot Wesley and Watson.
Judge Faccher very correctly inserts the
word "antnors into tne pnrase, in tne
Methodist bock of discipline, "the standard
of tbe church." liy this interpolation of a
word and the erasure of the final "s" of the
word "standards," he makes the phrase refer
to the
WRITINGS OP "WESLEY AND WATSON
instead of to the articles of religion. While
it is significant of the present crisis in Meth
odism that so influential a body of Methodist
ministers as the New York Methodist preach
ers meeting should raise a question so well
settled by the plain text ot the discipline,
when properly interpreted, and by the usage
of the church, it is still more ominous that
the decisions of Judge Fancher was after
ward combated by one of the prominent wri
ters of the church, and, to crown the wonder
and confirm tbe sinister apprehensions of the
ecclesiastical soothsayers, one of the editor
of the church, an officer of tbe general con
ference, was found ready to publish the ar
ticle, which, with marked ability, labored to
6how that the Methodist chirch has no legal
neht to expel a minister ot the denomina
tion for heresy, provided that he is a hearty
believer in the articles of religion of the
church. This question has been brought into
a sort ot local prominence here by the expul
sion lest fall from the Cincinnati conference
of a young preacher of the denomination who
held and advocated some peculiar views in
regard to the nature and extent of Adam's
moral perceptions previous to the fall, sod
who had become a literalist as "everlasting
destruction" and the like. It so happens
that the articles of religion of the chhrch for
mulating a scheme of religious belief are en
tirely silent on these important subjects. The
charge against him on his trial was "holding
and disseminating doctrines contrary to the
ARTICLES OF RELIGION
of the Methodist Episcopal church, as set
forth in the writings ot John Wesley, Rich
nrd Watson, and John Fletcher." On this
charge be was expelled from the ministry
and membership ot tne church, lie imme
diately charged, through the public press of
Cincinnati, that the ecclesiastical court which
brought h'm in guilty under the above charge
set their names to what they knew to be
false, because, even if every specification
were true, neither the doctrines therein cited
nor their contraries were even alluded to in tb
articles of religion per se, nor in any setting
forth of these articles by the authors named;
that whenever these authors spoke of the
doctrines mentioned in Che specifications.
they were treating of subjects entirely extra
to the articles ot religion, it is admitted by
some of the highest officers of the church
that the verdict was not truthful; that it as
serts what is intrinsically false, and the un
answered charge of the expelled brother
leaves the court in an embarrassing position.
Tms trial illustrates not tne orthodoxy ot
WESTERN METHODISM,
but its timidity in disciplinary matters. Ia
stead of standing boldly upon Judge Fanch
er's impregnable interpolator position, and
bringing this young man to trial tor preach
ing doctrines .contrary to "the standard (9)
fauthorsl of the church" a charge which
could unauestionably have becu sustained'
it prefers to shelter the trial beneath the arte
cles of religion of the church, even though
such action logically compelled it either to
clear the heretical culprit or perpetrate a
falsehood. It may be stated upon the very
best authority, that some action will be pro
mspd at the ceneral conference, making bet
ter crovision for tnali for heresy than those
now provided, ana 11 is quite possiuio iau
Judge Fancher's interpolation! may be made
canonical. But the introduction cf any
lecriHlation looking toward a definition of
heresy for punitive purposes will as surely be
attended by a storm of debates as ' the can
non answers to the match. Some attribute
to the lndonendencv of this question the de
pression cf interest in question of merely
economio significance. It is certain that tue
church, tor years, but especially during the
lost quadrennium, has been shrinking from
the inevitable issue that the march of the'
ologic thought is forcing npon her. She has
pursued a temporizing policy. She has said
to nn-Wesleyan and un-Watsonian preach
ers: "Hold your beliefs, if you will, but be
silent about them. Preach neither my be
liefs nor yours, on these points.
Helena ilia
gospel pt
these themes if need be, but do
not force this issue upon me." It it believed
that the general conference of 1880 cannot
avoid the issues.
Cotton factories la Hortu Carolina.
Increased enterprise and activity are being
manifested in tbe business of cotton manu
facturing in North Carolina. The High
Point manufacturing company will be forced
after this month to run their factory day and
night and to increase their capital from thir
ty to fifty thousand dollars. At Charlotte
buildings are being erected tor spinning
warp and yarns. Six thousand spindles wui
be employed and a capital of seventy-five
thousand dollars invested. In Randolph two
new factories are being built and two others
in contemplation. In Alamance a new mill
will begin operations during the present
month with five thousand spindles, and ar
rangements are being made to erect another
mill m tbe time county on iiaw river; one
hundred and twenty additional looms have
been n aced in sweDson s tactory, and tne
Concord lactory have discarded their old ma
chinery, substituting the latest and best, at
the same time increasing its capacity. In
Bertie and several other counties the estab
lishment of cotton mills is looked for at an
early day.
.Learning: Hade Easy.
Some benevolent women, of Cleveland,
Ohio, have organized a day nursery for the
young children ot tue woraing women, ipe
plan being to take care of the offspring while
the mothers are away from home earning a
living. The boys and girls are taught such
kindergarten tongt as these:
" The little ball lies In my band
So quiet and so still,
I'll geotly rock It thl In sleeps.
And nurse It well, I will."
"She new turns the bed from the foot to the bead.
Then tucks In the sheet, so smooth and so neat.
To be tight at tbe side, the tnmgs must Be wide;
At tbe foot fold the clothes, for fear of cold toes.
When airing the wxi sne lays on tne spreaa,
'I lima it in at the toD. that lo you may hop:
Rn nun ut vnnr nravera. lav R&tde all your cares.
And rest your small bead, for your teacher lias said
you're a dear little gin, ana can mane a me j ueu,
Among the gifts 'sent to the day nursery
are the following-named: Blocks, one table
and two and a half dozen towel, milk and
oatmeal, chairs, toys and cradle furnished.
picture, cursary chair, soap, crackers and
corn-starch, one dozen bibs, clothing, one
rug, table cover nnd rccking-cbair, one
cradle, furnished bed clothing and children s
clothing, one dozen mugs and one dczsn
plates, one bath tab, toys and aprons, large
basket of figs, and one dczan children s shoes.
Queen Victoria has signalized the comple
tion of The Life cf the Prince Consort by
knighting the author, Mr. Iheodore Martin,
and by also conferring upon him the distinc
ti n of Knight Commander of the Bath
While republicans in general attach no spe
ciel value to these honors, they will common
ly be regarded in Europe as a gratifying re
cognition of the literary guild; and, apart
from his life ot the prince consort, about the
motives and execution of which there are va
rious opinions, Mr. Martin has done work
worthy of all the rewards he hat received
His classical translations of Horace and Ca
tullus, as well as his versions of Dante and
Goethe in the Vita 2fuovo and Faust, show
noble progress from tho lighter work of Bon
Gaultier. and tho early friend of Prof.
Aytoun, John Wilson, Jeffrey and their cir
cle, and the husband ot Helen i aucic cer
tainly established good claims to fame before
he performed the task, one reward of which
has been that of miking him air Iheodore
Martin.
"1IOU niUK ZAT E6G."
Old "Sekle" rose from off her nest,
And chuciled with muea vigor.
As If to say, "that egg's my best,
No hen can lay a bigger."
While Johnnie, standing near the gate,
In mute contempt was gazing,
As if he could not tolerate
The fuss tbe ha was raising.
Els protest took her down a peg
tie raised his voice to say it
" You fink you're smart Dod made zat egg
xou tooun i ueip out lay u:
Theories Versus Facts.
New Orleans Times: The New York
Times, in a recent editorial entitled "Demo
cratic rule in tb.9 South," makes the follow
ing absurdly incorrect statement: "The
Democrats bad not been a year in possession
cf the Louisiana Statehouse when the people
suddenly woke up to the tact that they had
been much better off under Republican rule
than they were under the government ot
'the native and best. To day, after nearly
tnree years ot undaunted Ujmocritic sway
in Louisiana, the credit of the State is gone.
the treasury empty, tne public school land
exhausted, and tbe taxes quite as high as
the were when the people groaned under
the Radical yoke.'" All this is very fine in
theory, but the facts tell a very different
story. The following shows the btate s
financial history since lobs. Ihe expend!
tures are in every case exclusive of the inter
est on the debt:
Sale of
Exnewlirures. Asementi.' Tax.
ISrtS... 4.242,214 50 S228.224.18d 95 5U mlllt
1KH9... 3,7y4.574 57 245,H8.:i.tli 85 lVs mills
1870... 5,'.tia,377 12 2i)5.12,i,l 03 14 milts
1871... tS.031.721 K
250.US4.82 f0 21Vs mills
22H,!41,153 62 211& mills
225.204.055 05 141-2 mills
1872... 2.K7rt,730 10
1S7:1... 2.7:j0.4(i:i 82
1874. n 2.4:j,'.t40 40
20.H.X.V2.X24 1 7 141 mills i
1875... :i,u7i.:ir.o m
187t... 2.082,!77 811
ln77... l,tS23, 15875
1U1,WH,41W 8(5 14Vj mills r
17ft,4t0.2KH Ot) 141& mlliS 3
177.259.7a2 07 13
mills'
1S7S... I,7o0,oti30
177.OOO.0UO 00 11
mills
tJjsldriS tue enormous amount in taxes wnicnTTarmnnT7 milU nk f!rhrwa. r.nntinnan. and
1 1 I , ' ' I 1 , , . J 11 1 . M
me uauicai party tiiuiLeu irom tue ycupio in -
the heyday ot its power, there were issued 5
rii . 1 - 1. . . 1 1 11. 1. .i' at.i oi:i ff
ocate oonaa 10 toe amount 01 i,o,uvu.
'
Separated. y
Great Ecandal was caused in aristocratic 1
circles in the Fauborg St. Germain a few (
montns uaca vj tne elopement 01 a ricu neir- 1
.11 1 1 .1 1 . 1 1 1 - 1
ess to Londou and her clandestine marriage '
with a gentleman bearing a name well known I
in the diplomatic world at the court of St.
James, As this adventure has now given nee
to suit, brought by the young lady's mother,
to have tbe marriage declared void on the
ground that it was contracted in a foreign
country , without the publishing of banns and
without her consent, there are no longer rea
sons for withholding the names. They are
those of Mile. d'Imecourt and Musurus Bey,
son of the Turkish ambassador in Lcpdon.
The parties were married in tbe county of
Middlesex, but, after they had cohabited for
a fortnight, friends of the two families inter
vened to put an end to the scandal. A sepa
ration, was brought about, and the iady is
now reflecting on her folly in the calm re
tirement of a convent.
JBostoat Repudiates.
The Boston Herald undertakes to defend
the base repudiation by the State of Massa
chusetts of her obligations with reference to
the Uoosac tunnel. The railroad company,
as we recently showed, made an effort to get
the state to take tbe money advanced tor tbe
construction of the woik, but the State refused
to take it and ignored the contract, which
gives the . railroad company the right to re
deem within ten years after the completion
of the road. The State has repudiated her
obligation, and has deliberately determined
to confiscate the valuable property of its citi
zens. Very "Iahy.
The spring fish story comes from Florida.
A Tallahas.ee paper relates that recently,
while a party of ladies and gentlemen were
boating on the Wakulla spring, one of the
ladies dropped a ring, and it could be seen
sinking in the clear water. A trout darted
for it and swallowed it. An ingenious young
man present immediately borrowed another
ring, fastened it to a hook, and let the line
down into the crystal water. A t the depth
cf about ninety feet a trout was seen to ap
proach the shining bait, seize and swallow it.
The h;-h was hauled up, cut open, and there
lay in i s stomach the lost ring.
A Hoik's Premonition or Death.
Portland (Me.) Argus, 2G.h: "Yesterday
the death ol II. ft. Tnaxter was announced.
His mother died a few weeks ago, and before
her decease stated that it ehe could only take
her son with her she would be happy. Mon
day atternooa young Thaxter and his father
were sitting in their room, wnen a aisunct
rap was heard at the door. Young Thaxter
opened it to admit tbe supposed visitor, when
no one was lound there, lie remarked to bis
father that bis mother was calling him. and
Wednesday he was dead.'
IIAYDKX.
A preacher, whose name It Is Hayden,
Acn'-ilUed of killing a maiden.
Has started to lecture;
" That luss, 1 conjecture,
Will make me a fortune," says Harden.
Disappointed.
The San Diego. California, people are be
ginning to suspect hard things of the Atchi
son, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company,
as they find that, after the "solemn pledge"
of the comoanv to mane San Diego their Pa
cific terminus they are negotiating with other
points to see bow much land win toe given
them. The San Diego people should have
thut terminus. The Texas Pacific promised
to run their line there, but that enterprise
has been swallowed up by Huntington's Cen
tral Pacilic.
Converted.
Lord Il'idstock, a pious Irish peer who has
been preaching Evangelical doctrine for a
loos time with singular success to the aris
tocracv of St. Petersburg, has converted Gen
eral PashkolT, who in his turn is now creating
a sensation on the banks ot the Neva by his
sermons. The general is one of tho wealthi-
. est landowners in itussia and possesses vast
estates in the Ural mountains.
A. Confidence Operator Killed.
Cincinnati, March 31. A man callieg
himself frank Howard, and who bad oper
ated in Cudrleston. West Virginia, as a con
fidence man. was shot and killed on Monday
at Tevtonia. on Coal river, West Virginia, by
. a man named Aiains, wno claims to nav
done it in self-defense.
MISS LINKUAUll
Becomes Mrs. Little Sequel to the Tra
gedy Enacted In LImbcrton, KortU
Carolina, Last Spring, when a
Masher named Hartman
Was Shot Dead by
The Girl he hauv Seduced-4 'All's Well
that Ends Well" A Bomantic Fi
nale to an Affair that Shook
Respectable Society to
the .Very Core.
A Lumberton, North Carolina, correspond
ent of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat tele
graphed that poper, that on Monday the
tragedy which last vear shook Lumberton so
ciety to its very center, was ended in a highly
romantio and sensational way. A novelist
could wish no better theme for a story than
the plain, unvarnished account ot Miss
Amelia Linkbaur, and the alfair in which she
was the heroine. Last spring Mus Linkbaur
drove up to the Argyle hotel ia Lumberton
and asked to see Mr. Edward Hsrtman. a
drummer who was stopping there. She
was ushered into the parlor, and Hartman, a
tall, handsome fellow, soon came in and held
out his hand to her. Iastead of taking it
she drew, with the quickness of a flash, a
pistol from her muff, and with the exclama
tion: "You have ruined me, now I will
ruin yon," she sent
THE "WINGED DEATH MESSENGER
into the breast of the unfortunate young
man. He fell to tbe floor without a word,
and died that rnht. Miss Linkbaur, after
catting a look at her prostrate victim, coolly
put the pistol in ber pocket, got into tne car
riage, and drove bacK come. oue was at tne
time. of tbe shooting enciente. with 111s last
breath Hartman swore that he vai innocent
of any wrong to the young lady. The trag
edy caused the wildest excitement in the
town. Miss Linkbaur was tho only daughter
of a well-to-do merchant, a young lady of
the highest respectability and refinement,
and in addition she was a loved teacher in
the Baptist Sunday-sjhool here. In culture
and refinement she was pre-eminent. These
manifold attractions drew more than one
suitor for her hand, and among them Ed
ward Hartman, the handsoma young drum
mer. It was generally understood that they
were engaged, and when she appeared in the
role of his slayer the community was dumb
founded. A few hours after the tragedy she
was arrested and taken to jail. Public sym
pathy was with her, for by her sweet disposi
tion, talents and charity to the poor, ehe had
made friends ot all classes in the community.
BIIE PERSISTENTLY DECLINED
to say anything about the shooting. During
her confinement in the jail she became a
mother, and this fact intensified tbe sympathy
for her. Evsry day flowers and kind messages
poured in from every quarter, and from peo
ple of whom she bad never heard she received
letters breathing kind wishes. The law't de
lay made her coniaement in prison a tedious
one. During that time she spent her hours
in reading. About two months ago she was
tried. The scene in the court-room was dra
matic. She was pale, but collected. She
held her child in her -arms during her testi
mony. Not only was tbe courtboise sur
rounded by an eager throng from the town,
but men from miles away were there, and
near her two of her former lovers stood sob
bing like children at the spectacle. She was
acquitted. And now comes the sequel to the
romance, as startling as was the first chapter.
Among those who wrote sympathetic letters
to the young lady, when she was behind the
jail-bars, was Captain Charlrs Little, a cus
tomhouse officer stationed at fcuilivan s island,
near Charleston. He
BECAME DEEPLY 4NTERESTED IN HER,?
and wrote to her repeatedly while she was in
prison. Oa the night the trial was expected
to close he wes on tho island, and in attempt
ing to reach Charleston during the preva
lence of a severe storm, that he might hear
at the earliest possible moment whether she
was to live or die, he barely escaped being
lost by the capsizing of the boat. When he
appeared in the court-room, drenched, foot
sore, his face haggard and bearing the evi
dence of his deep suspense, her woman's
heart told her that this man's love was deep,
and it touched a responsive chord in ber own
breast. He told her of his love, she accepted
him. To-day Miss Linkhaur, accompanied
by her sisters, went to i lorence, South Caro
lina, there met Captain Little, the marriage
ceremony was q'lietly performed, and the
three, mother, child and husband, left tor tho
heroine s new home. -
WAIWAB8 WEAVERS
Continue on Strike at Cobtet,
York, and Viciously Assault These
who Continue Work.
-
; t... vr r t,u ot Tka .l,;i Ikn
J .
tne weavers resolved not to resume work un
tli the demands of the spinners are granted.
-
(Jne week s idleness makes a loss in wages
of thirty tnouaand dollars. The weavera at
work were stoned last night while returning
home. This morning three hundred weavers
were in the miils and thirteen hundred looms
: . i . . i i . i
were in uperauuo. ma uuiuk uu udu win
keep that number of looms going for a week,
when, if the strikers have not returned, there
will be a general lockout, and the mills will
only be reopened f.s the men present them
selves tor work.
Andrew J.eksaa Wang.
New York Sun: Mrs. Ah L;n Wang com'
plained of her husband, a Chinese laundry
man, for assault and battery, in the 1 orfc-
ville police court yesterday. They have
laundry at First avenue, near Eighteenth
'street. Mrs. Wang is a large, powerful
woman, the very opposite of her husband.
Justice Murray looked at their discrepancy in
siz9 and said
You don't mean to say he beat you?
Why you are big enough to whip a dozen
like him."
"I am, yer honor. But he lep for me with
a hot llitiron
Justice Murray turned to Wang and asked
what be bad to sar.
"Me tellee troth. We gottee iillie Melican
babby. My wife wan tee clisten babby, allee
samee Melican man. She wantee call him
Denis Kannee, bad Melican man. Meco
likee be; you sabe her
"Oh, yes; I have heard of him," replied
theust:ca.
"He bad man. Me say no callee Denis
Kannee. Callee Yung-Yung Wansr. Good-
dee name. My wife say, 'No callee Yung.
Callee ilikee. ' Me say no callee lush, am
she thlow ilons at me. Me lun away."
"How about that, Mrs. Wane'r" aBked
Justice Murray.
"faith I diJn t want a haythun name.
The priett would never christen him. I want
a daycint came.
"Suppose you leave if to mo. Will yon let
me give him a name
Each consented.
"Call him Andrew Jackson," said the
court ; "that's a good name. Andrew Jack'
on Wang. There's a ring about that name
that 1 like.
The parents left the court-room well
pleased.
A. -ong-flved family
The sors and daughters of Uriel and Phebe
Strong, of Woodbury, Connecticut, presentia
record of remarkable longevity. All except
Asahel, who died lorty-nine years ago, are
living. Mere is the list
Stoddard Stronar 87
Cyrus Strong 84
Esther, widow of Leveret Hill 81
Solomon strong 7'J
Eunice, widow of Abel Benedict 7i
Isaac strong 74
beta btrong
All. with the exception of Cyrus (Wake
man, Ohio,) and Mrs. Hill (Tabor, Iowa), are
living within half a mile of the spot where
tbey were born. Iho average age is seventy
nine years.
New York World.l
a-Kj-ii-oirF.
Said the czu to MellkofI:
"Dear friend, now I'll b off;
You shal remain and play dictator.
While 1 taietlie rok of rustlcator."
"What! leave me alone," the General cried,
"I'll be blowed if I don't!" the czar replied.
At this poor Mel-tod looked quite blue.
But be stoutly answered, '111 be shot It you do."
Three Young liadles Drowned.
Mansfield, Mo., March 31. A reliable
report has reached here of the drowning of
three young ladies in the Niacgua, fit"
ten miles north ot here, in the edge of Dal
las county, la?t Thursday evening. Three
daughters of Silas Gaun, aged respectively
fifteen, seventeen, and nineteen years, to
gether with a young man named Robert Ray
were starting to a party in the neighborhood
Thev embarked in a skiff to cross tbe stream
just above a mill, and immediately after the
skill left the snore k sans in twelve reec ot
water, carrying down to a wntery grave the.
three voumr ladies, xoung Kay was saved
but is so ill that his recovery is despaired of,
The sad event has caused much grief in the
community, as the youne ladies belonged to
one of thd oldest and most respected families
in Dallas county. '
A Brave Little Woman
A pretty actress of New York has told a
reporter what she thinks of "mashers
"Tbey are idiots, tor no man with a symp
tom of brains can think himsi If irresistible
by reason of his pretty face. One evcrrit g I
was walking up if th avenue alone, when
suddenly became aware that some one was
following me. I did not dare to look around.
but hurried on as fast as possible. My first
impulse was to ran, but 1 did not want to
let the man know I was afraid of him.
Tramp, tramp, he followed, until I came to a
quiet block, when he came up, and raising
his hat, said. 'Good evening.' 1 made no
rerilv. bat walked on as fast m nossible.
'Beautiful evening,' continued this brilliant
young man. His persistence made me so
angry that I involuntarily tossed my head.
He evidently misunderstood me, for hit next
interrogation was, Xou don t speak i-ng-
liBh'r" This gave me a cue, and as he was a
harmless-looking, molasses-candy, side-whis
kered youth, I again shook my head.
" 'Parlez vous Francaise?' wat his next
attempt, but it was unavailing, for 1 again
gave a dissenting nod.
" 'Spreechen Sie Deutsche he queried,
looking at me curionsly. I did not know the
language, and I again shook my head. He
looked puzzled. He was evidently attempt
ing to descry my nationality, and bis lin
guistic knowledge was rapidly becoming ex
hausted. Then he saw me sign to a police
man, and lied precipitately.
Visited br a Destructive Fire Monday
aright losses and Insurance.
Fort Wayne, March 31. A fire last night
destroyed Kane & Bros.'s block, valued at
f lo.UUU; II. J. Irentman & tiros, a whole
sale crockery stock, valued at $25,000, and
JNoIl liros. & Uo. a wholesale millinery, val
ued at fCOOO. The insurance is as follows:
Qaeen, of London, f 6500; Guardian, of
Hartford, Hamburg and Bremen, of Liver
pool, Globe, of London, each $3000; Ni
agara, of New York. $2500; Commercial
and Unioo, of New lork, Heme, of Nei
York. North American, of Philadelphia,
S2UUU eacn; rncenix, ct Uroofclyn. Conti
nental, of Philadelphia, Merchants, of New
lork. Commonwealth, of Boston. S1500 each:
Lancosse General, of Paris, Northwestern, of
Miiw-aukee, fiuw each; other companies,
From the Argosy.! .
FlKSr T1MR AT CHURCH.
Just three years old! and without a thought ot a'l
the rites and envwlH:
Just thre? years old! and unconscious quite of the
soul's unbonnded heeds;
Content it should draw what life it may from the
iooa on watcn n ieeas.
Just three years old ! and brought to church to sit In
me narrow pew.
And wonder at all the mysteries that rise before her
view
The noiseless movement down the aisle; the crowd,
uu me i aces new;
The organ that peals ont magic strains, though hld-
den from the sight;
The arches, and the windows of pictured glass that
tow'rto such a belsht:
The eaule that bears the bible up; tbe choir In thelr
rcues oi wniie.
To wonder and watch with childish awe that Is more
than mere surprise.
That seems to catch In the tones of earth some echo
or ine sues.
And reflects itself In the tender face. In tbe solemn,
ttlue gray eyes .
Out of whose cloudless, dewy depths ell miners the
earliest ra?
Of the awak'nlog lore, whose dawn heralds a fuller
nay.
When, though the shadows may darker He, the mists
win men away.
When the types shall Mod their antitypes, and the
imsderies be made clear.
Thougu the deeper mysteries beyond will gather yet
more near.
Awaiting a new and brighter dawn ere they shall dis
appear.
Just three years! and brought to chnrsb, though she
In the praises rising to God's high throne, In confes
cnu ittKB in, Badra
sion or earnest pray r;
Brought but to learn the reverence due to the awful
presence mere.
Just three years old! with folded hands she kneels
wnen tne others Kneel :
And surely tbe blessing which falls on them may
aiso genuy steal
Over the innocent baby head bent down In mute
appeal.
EDISON ELECTRICS.
Beport of an Interview Iately Had
with the tiealH by a Herald
Heporter.
New York Herald: With a view to ob
tain from the scientist himself authoritative
statements in regard to his discovery a Her-
aid reporter yesterday visited JVlenlo park,
He found the great inventor in his chemical
laboratory in the midst of his labors.
bo you have branched off into the mining
business, Mr. i-dison t betran the reporter,
""Well, you can hardly call it mining-, an
twered the man of science, as he pushed
aside a bag of tailings, which he had been
handling. "It is the milliner of ores, and
quite distinct from mining. My business is
experimenting. Without experimenting I
am notning. ice devising ot economical
milling processes for working low grade ores
requires oceans of experiments. In fact, the
work it a paradise ot puzzles.
"Would you state generally the character
of your process? Do you use stamps or
simply treat the tailings with chemicals."
" W e are comg to mill, but still it hardly
can;be called a milling process, although the
material passes through a mill.
"Are there not other processes, which, it id
claimed, will get out the waste gold f
"flenty ol them, '-replied the inventor.
"The country has been overrun with process
men until, it you say 'process to a Calitor-
nian. you are likely to be pursued with a shot
gun. The trouble with process discoverers is
that tbey undertake to work all classes ot
gold ore with one proce.s. That they can
not do.
"How is it with ycurs?
"I first find the ore in large quantities, no
matter now poor it may be; tnen 1 expert
ment until I can work the ore economically.
The process which I devixed for extracting
platinum is perfect for economically extract
ing tbe gold Irom the dumps around Uro
ville.
"Does your method not embrace ores gen
erally!1
"By no means. At the present time it is
applicable only to the tailings in the section I
mentioned, lo work other tailings i will
have to experiment until I obtain the proper
conditions, r or instance, the nrocess which
now works successfully oa the tailings of
Oroville would be a total failure with the tail
ings on the i uba river."
"Will you state brie fly the result of your
experiments r
"1 have no obiection. The concentration
from tne name ot the spring Wiley mine
averaged, under my treatment, seven bun1
dred and btty dollars per ton; the black sand
ircm tne lava beds, eighty dollars per ton :
the alluvial earth from the farms around Oro
ville, one dollar and twenty-five cents per
ton, and the black sand drawn up by suction
from the bottom of the Feather river eight
dollars per ton.
"By yoifr treatment what is the cost of ex
tracting the gold i
"Not more than five dollars per ton."
"What is the highest amount per ton yon
have succeeded m obtaining
"From the Powers claim tailings, which I
found unusually rich, I got at the rate of
fourteen hundred dollars to the ton. Why,
continued Mr. Edison, growing enthusiastic,
"there are at least fifty thousand dollars in
the tailings around Oroville, which I have
already securre to be worked by my
method.
. "How do you calculate that?"
''Well, in the first place, we know how
many cubic yards there are, and we know by
assay made on samples from many sections ot
the dumps how much gold is contained in
each cubic yard. This is not a matter of sceo
nlation. We know what there is in its value,
and wnat we can get out.
"From what you say, I should imagine
that there was a vast field of experiments in
the treatment oi ore,' observed the reporter,
"An unlimited field," replied the scientist.
"Why, where there is Ohe ton of easily-worked
ore there are one thousand that cannot be
worked in the present state of the art. Tne
fact that the miners pack ore three hundred
miles to the Union i'acihs railroad, and then
ship to Swansea, Wales, for reduction, shows
tbe necessity ot at least a little experiment
ing.
"When do you expect to begin your work
ri;t---,-o o
"My agents start for there April 5th next,
Before next August our works at Oroville
will be erected and in operation."
a practical illustration.
The reporter then tEked Mr. EdiEon if he
would have any objection to make a test lor
gold in sand that would first be subjected to
close examination uncier tne microscope, lo
this a ready sentient was given and the sand
furnished. Taking about two ounces of black
sand which came from the Powers claim the
reporter placed it under the large microscope
ia tbe labratory and careiuny went througn
it to find a trace of gold. After turning the
little black neap over and over tor about
twenty minutes without catching the slight
est glimpse of the precious metal the
hunt was given up and the sand placed in
Mr. l-dison a hands lor the experiment, it
is needless to say that the reporter was
very little the wiser as to what the process
wai through which tho sand was put during
the subsequent fifteen minutes when it was
all over, but it is certain that nothing con
taining gold was placed in the apparatus
with the sand. After a tew mystic mump
ulatiocs, occupying about twenty minntes,
the sand was again placed under the micro-
scope, and with what result ! Instead of tbe
plain crystals of fine sand that were teen
during the first examination, the card was
covered with a mixture of bright gold, lus
trous platina and many sparkling crystals,
among which a very beautiful little crystal ot
glucina was very prominent. To separate
the gold from the sand Mr. Edison passed it
through another .apparatus, and the experi
ment was over.
SLlVKllY IN THE WEST.
The Special and Particular Attention of
the Radical Tress, and of the w
York Herald, is Called to the
Testimony of a Jiegro Man
T?Ii a Recently
Made His E-cape from the Ball-Pen
near Kapld City, where He Wit
nessed Severities Jieyer Heard of
fn Slave Times A Political
Trick Exposed.
Mobile (Ala.) Register: Information hav
ing reacbed our office that some of the
"exodusters" to use a prevailing American
ism had returned from the promised land of
Canaan without any unusual share of the fat
of the earth, a representative of the Register
sought tome ot the prodigals, and was re
warded in his exertions by securing the fol
lowing interview with Mr. S. H. Senar,
a respectable and gentlemanly-looking
citizen. Mr. Senar was found perfectly wil
ling to express his views and decided opinions
on the exodus movement. His Btory runs
this wise: -
A certain Mr. Martin Gladden havinc in
formed me that he had been in Cairo, where
there was a gooa opening tor tbe colored peo
pie, I thonght it might posBibly be a good
thing tor me to go where 1 could make a
fairer living. I had been out of employment
here for a good while, and hearing of the
general colored emigration Irom tbe sou' b. 1
made op my mind to fry one of the western
states. three days after 1 got to Cairo I
found work at two dollars a day, but in the
course ot the next five weeks the snowy
weather set in and all work was stopped. Be
ing idle for a while I looked around and met
Mr. la j lor Williams, who had a large num
ber of colored people coming to him from
Clarksville, Tennessee. He immediately otter
ed me free transportation if I would go with
the new immigrants to Rapid City and work
for him in the mines. I consented and left
tor Rapid City on what I thought free trans
portation. 1 kept the boarding-house for the
miners, and at first all seemed apparently to
work well, bat in the course of a few days I
ran short of provisions and applied to
Mr. Williams tor some. He in
formed me that I was already pret
ty heavily indebted to him, in the
sum of twenty-three dollars, for the trans
portation of myself and wife, and that I could
not get any more. 1 told him that my wife
had been injured on the cars, and that I
wanted a doctor. Williams then promised
to get a doctor for me, but I waited in vain.
and finally I tucceeded in securing medical
attendance through the kindness of Mr.
Tubbs. I next informed Williams that I was
sinking down nnder expenses, and that I
would have to leave, lie gave me a fifty-cent
ticket, and told ma to go to a grocery and get
some provisions, its 1 bad made np my mind
to leave, and to write borne for money, 1
went to the grocery and asked the keeper to
give me twenty-five cents of groceries and
the other quarter in change. My object was
to buy some stamps, for I knew very well
that tbe letters left at the office to be mailed
were never deposited in the posteffice. The
keer.er refused to give me a cickle. but hav
ing borrowed the necessary amount from Mr.
Rowe, the kind-hearted postmaster of Rapid
Uity, 1 wrote nome and received money
enough to take me back.
'Did Mr. Williams wish to oppose your
departure t
"Yes, sir! Ha threatened to attach m
baggage; but upon my informing him that
would see that I was treated right, he left
without carrying n.s threats into execution
Are there many colcr.d men in th&t
neighborhood?
"There wero a good many, sir: but those
that can get out of the bull-pen, leave as
soon as possible.
"What do yon mean by the bull-psn?
"The place where these colored people are
kept and watched so they won't leave. I tell
you. sir, 1 was a slave once, but what 1 saw it
worse than anything l ever knew or heard ot
in slavery times.
"Did yon hear of or see any of tho Kansas
emigrants t
'Yes. sir, about fifty of them came on their
way back as I was in Illinois. They are beg
gars, all banked up and in a starving condi
tion. Some of them have to go to the soup
houss to keep alive."
' Well, what is your opinion of this exodus
movement? Is the colored race acting freely
in tbe matter i
"JNo, sir! it is a regular political move
ment: and the colored people are duped
overheard some of tbe white foist who have
this in hand say that they wanted to get us all
out of the south if they could, and it is tor no
other purpose tnan to carry tbe election
They try and get the poor negro in debt, and
threaten to seize his things if he says he
wants to go back. 1 found out, since 1 left
her?, that this man Dick Taylor, who was
here some time ago trying to get the colored
people out of Mobile, is a partner-ot Glad
den, and they get one dollar for every colored
person they can entice out ot a southern
State.''
"So you will remain here now?
"I am going to travel through the State
and talk to the colored people about this.
want them to know that the south is the
beBt place for them, and that tbey can fare
better here than anywhere eise.
Mr. feenar also shoved ns a document
signed by seven residents of Rapid City, and
duly verihed, in which the gentlem?n assert
that H. M. Gilchrist and Taylor Williams
have been bringing negroes by the car-load
promising them six and seven dollars per
day. I hat when they arrive there they nat
urally get provisions to live on, and, conse
quently, run in debt. That they are all unan
imous in asserting that they never knew what
slavery was until they came there. The
affiants ask the people of the south to point
out tbe dupery to the colored people and res
cue them Irom the toils ot low, designing
politicians.
Mr. benar was born in Alabama, and is a
man over sixty. He talks coolly and sensibly
about the ma1 ter, and is entitled to full faith
and credit. He has made a mistake, suffered
for it, and it now willing to nse his exertions
in saving some of his brethren from the some
erroneous ways.
BEAX1KC3 TIIE BKfc.ACIl
Between the Factions the Moat Impor
tant Work Xow Before the Xew
York Democracy.
New York. March 31. The committee of
twenty-one appointed by tbe Democratic
nmon on Monday to devise the best plan for
bringing about a ution between tbe Irving
ball and Tammany Democracy, met this
afternoon and appointed a sab-committee of
five to call npon tbe two existing Democratic
organizations in this city and invite each of
them to appoint a sub committee to meet
this committee in conference for the purpose
of devising a plan to secure the election of a
United representation ot tbe Democratic
party of New York as delegates to the com
ing State convention.
THE NA11.31AK.EKS
Combining to Keep Bates Up to the
Present High standard Specula
tors to be .Entirely hnt Oat.
Pittsburg, March 31. An adjourned
meeting of the Western nail association was
held to-day. all the mills west of the Alle-
ghenies but one being represented. Discus
sion on the state of the tixde ensued, and at
the close a resolution was unanimously
adopted suspending the nail mills two weeks
longer from Monday next. It is proposed to
take the business entirely out of the hands of
speculators and confine it solely to the pro
ducers. If at the expiration of the two
weeks referred to no change is apparent, a
iurther suspension will be ordered, it is
believed, however, that there wdl not be a
suspension beyond April 19th.
WIlAT A NEWSPAPER SAYS.
A dispatch from Wheeling says that the
Intelligencer, of that town, to-morrow, in
commenting on the resolution ot tne nail
men at Pittsburg to-day to keep -their factor
ies closed two weeks longer, will say that this
action can hardly fail to produce the desired
result, which i to ease up in the production
to such an extent that the spring demand
will supply the mills with all the orders they
may want at the card price. A stop of four
weeks is euual fo not less than a reduction
in tbe supply of three hundred thousand kegs
of nails. It ia confidentially expected that
by the end of the next two weeks the large
dealers will find themselves low in stocks and
considerably pressed with orders, and in this
event there will probably be a strong pressure
on the mills for the prompt shipment of
orders.
.Electrical Kallrosd.
Tho Magntt: Among the curious ekctrical
inventions of the day, of no practical value.
as yer, is tbe electrical railway devited by
Dr. Siemens, and exhibited in Berlin IsBt
year. The engine is driven by a dynano-
eiectric machine operated by. a statiorary
dynamo machine at the end of the railway
line, a central insulated rail forming the
conductor of electricity and current returning
tbrougn the wheels ot the locomotive ani
rails of the two ordinary tracks. Power is
converted to electricity ut the end ot the lina,
carried thence to the locomotive by tbe cen
tral rail and thero converted back into
power and applied
to the driving wleels.
Eighteen passengers were carried on three
cars ot Dr. Siemens a electrical railway at a
speed of nearly eight miles per hoar. Such
a railway would be a great convenience to
passengers who habitually miss the train, as
all they wonld have to do would be to "short
circuit" the current by making a metalio
connection between the central and other
rails in order to stop the train- that had
passed them. A good many years ago Pro
fessor Charles Graf ton Page, of Washington,
propelled a car weighing eleven tons and
containing fourteen passengers on the Balti
more and Ohio railroad at the rate of nine
teen miles an hour by electro-magnetio en
gines. Still, the electrical engine it only a
toy, and must remain so for some time.
LOOK AT IOI1R TICKETS
In the Commonwealth. lottery aad
Mee How Blear Yea Came Is Draw
ing a Prise Yesteraay.
Louisville, March 31. The eighteenth
drawing of the Commonwealth distribution
company took place to-day at Macauley's
theater in the presence Ot a large and fash
ionable audience. The capital prise of $30,000
was drawn by ticket 1451; second priz,
$10,000. by ticket 16,508; third prize, $5000,
was captured by ticket 48.257. The follow
ing tickets drew $1000 each: 93,738, 70,343,
69,313, 51,03. and 11.9S9.
JUDGE H. B. BROWN,
in the circuit court of the United States, to
day filed an opinion in the suit of Commer
ford to enjoin the postmaster at Louisville
from eeiz ng and detaining lottery letters nn
der instructions from tbe department ad
dressed to the Commonwealth" distribution
company, and held that the seizure and de
tention of lottery letters was unauthorized by
any act of congress; that the postmaster was
liable to tnit for damage; that the lottery
was legal, and not fraudulent; that the
remedy was legal and was not an equitable,
and therefore perpetual injunction was denied
and the bill dismissed; that all questions of
aw was decided against tne government
cfficisls; that the remedy is by legal and not
equitable action.
FORTY-SIXTH CONGBESS.
Saylnzs and Doings of Bbth Bodies
National Wiseacres Yesterday.
Washington. March 81. Senate Sena
tor Cameron Wis., rose tt what he deemed
amounted to a question of privilege. He
stated be was surprised that the testimony of
r,. s. Weber, taken betore tbe sub-committee
of the committee on privileges and elections
at New Orleans, appeared in the printed rec
ord of the case laid on the senators' detk,
lough, owing to his failure to appear before
the committee for cross-examination, it had
agreed to strike his direct examination out.
A co'.e stating that the committee had agreed
to strike out his testimony appears on tte
very last page of the volume, but a gret-t
many who might read the evidence wonld
cot see this.
After a brief discussion. Senator Garland
said the only parliamentary way to correct
tistimony was to commit it lor that purpose
to tbe committee.
Senator Logan modified his motion so at to
recommit the evidence, and to instruct the
committee to withdraw the copies already
distributed and correct the whole edition
The motion was agreed to.
Unfinished business on the calendar being
the bill providing tor an international exhibi
tion in New York in 1883, it wat then taken
ud and passed yeas. 26; nays. 21.
Senator Carpenter, from the committee on
judiciary, reported adversely on the bill mak
ing neoruary zzj a legal noiiuay m tne Dis
trict. Indefinitely pot, t coned.
A bill was intioduced by Senator Paddock to
equalize homesteads by allowing the locations
in mors than one place where it it necessary
to make up tbe one hundred and sixty acres,
Pasted.
The morning hour expired and the imme
diate deficiency -bill was taken np.
Senator Eaton, on account of the letter he
hal received from the committee on internal
revenue showing its necessity, offered an
amendment appropriating fifty-one thousand
two hundred and eighty-three doilart for
dies, paper and stamps, being the deficiency
in the appropriation ror mat purpose.
Senator Bick advocated the amendment,
which was adopted.
The committee's amendment wat agreed
to. appropriating s'x thousand dollars for the
work of adjusting and settling the claims of
several States ter swamp land indemity.
The next amendment was to strike out the
clause of the house bill, which provides that
special deputy-marshals of elections (for
which seventy-six thousand dollars are ap
propriated) shall be appointed by United
Statesxircuit or district judges, and to inseit
a clause providing that appointments shall
be made by circuit or district courts.
Senator Edmunds called for the yeas and
nays on this amendment, and it was agreed
to bv a Toarty vote yeas 31, nays 16.
Senator Allison moved to strike out the
word "general" from the clause "for the
payment of fees and expenses of United
States marshals and general deputies earned
during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1880
six hundred thousand dollars," and insert
the word "their."
The amendment was rejected.
Senator Blaine submitted an amendment
allowing tbe employes of the government
printing ofhee holidays with pay on January
lit, i ebruary zzd, J uly 4tb, December Zotb
Thanksgiving day and other public holidays
.which was rejected.
Alter same further discussion. Senator Ed
munds moved to strike out the clause relating
to the appointment and pay of special depu
ty-marshal8, leaving the appropriation intact.
Keiected yeas, nays, o4.
The bill was then read a third time yeas,
30: navs. 24 Senator Edmunds calling for
the yeas and nays. Both these were strictly
I party votes.
senator iaton moved to go into executive
sets ton.
Senator C--ke, from the committee on In
dian affairs, obtained leave to report a tub
stitute tor the bill ratifying tn Ute agree
ment. Ordered printed and lie on tbe table.
After an executive session the senate ad
iouroed.
House ine speaker proceeded to can ma
committees for reports, when the following
bills were reported and disposed of as fol
lows:
Bv Mr. Buckner. irom the committee on
banking and currency: To prohibit engraven
signatures on national bank notes. House
calendar.
By Mr. Davis, of North Carolina, from the
same committee: Authorizing national banks
to make Icai s ca mortgages ot real estate,
House caler.rar.
By Mr. Price, f.orn the same committee
D. heirs: verification ot the returns of the
n.ir'cr.,i barks. , U.use ca.endar.
By Mr. dtl o, irom tbe committee on
coiue- weights and measures: for the re
coira:-:': ot the bait dollar. Honse calendar,
By Mr. Henderson, from the committee on
commerce: iMtablisaiog lnaianapoiu. lndi-
diana, u port of delivery. Honse calendar. Q
B? Mr. Hill. t:om tbe same ccmmittee
For tbe restoration to citizenship tuch citizens
cf the United SUtcs as have oecome natural
ized s toH -ctsof Great Britain. Placed on
houfe calendar.
Bv -Ir. Johnston, from the military com
mittee: To regulate the purchase of tobacco
for the nse of the army. Placed on house
calendar.
Mr. Money, chairman ot the committee on
postoffices and post-routes, reported back the
post-route bill, wnicn passed.
Consideration was returned of the contest
ed election case of Bradley against Slemons,
from the second district of Arkansas. After
a speech by Mr. Sawyer in behalf of the
contestee, a vote was taken r a the minority
resolution reported by Mr. Weaver declaring
the seat vacant. It was defeated yeas, 30;
nays, 152. The question then recurred on
the majority res.lution declaring Wm. F.
Slemono, the contestee, entitled to the seat.
Adopted yeas, 149; nays, 21.
Mr. Springer, chairman ot the committee
on elections, called up the Pennsylvania con
tested election case of Curtin ps. Yocum.
Mr. Blackburn raised a question of consid
eration and the house went into committee of
the whole, Mr. Scales in the chair, on the star
service deficiency bill.
After an exhaustive and scathing review of
the iniquities of the "straw bid" system by
Mr. Blackburn, the committee rose without
coming to a vote on the bill and the house
adjourned.
A. Boy Baby Hardered.
Cincinnati, March 31. Yesterday a boy
baby, whose identity is unknown, was found
dead in tha rushes on the bank of Licking
river, eight miles from Newport, Kentucky,
with a wound in his head. Ue appeared to
be about a month old and was a child of rare
beauty. Tbe jury found that the child came
to its death from a wound on the head by
some blunt instrument, but at whose hands
no evidence was presented.
Accepted rive Millions.
New York, March 31. There is a local
announcement that the treasury has accepted
fie million dollars worth otthe bonds offered
to-day.
. lUene la a JUsher Canrt.
Milwaukee, March 31. Miss Livinia
Goodell, a well-known lady lawyer of Janes
ville, died in this city to-day,aged forty-one
years.
Bis Bids Offered.
Philadelphia, March dl. lhere were
n. bids at inn LanKrupt sale to-day of Jay
Cooke & Co. 'a eute.
Cincinnati f-cnblteaa Naaalaatlen.
Cincinnati, March 31. The Republican
city convention to-day nominated Mr. t. O
Khelby lor city couii troller.
CUKED OF KEARNEYISM,
And Anxious for a Restoration ftf rnn.
fidence, the Yfcrklngmen of San
Francisco Unite wlth; the Citi
zens' Protective Union and
Tat their Foot
Down Upon the Lond-Kontbed Dema
gogues who, nnder Pretence of Con
serving Their Rights, took tbe
Bread from the Moulhs of
Their Families.
Sah Francisoo. MarrA 31. At Un
o'clock last night the vote of the city and
about two-th rds cf the county showed the
following result: Citizens' ticket, 11,760:
xrnw: rwvi i .
n uiii-Buieu, ror joint senator
Byrne. Republican, 11,612; Frend, Working
man, 7635. This may be considered as fairly
indicative of the result.
8EC0ND DISPATCH.
The latOft returns from tha vari.nu nr-
cincts show a sweeping victory for th Citi
sens' union, their ticket receiving 1G-339 votei
against 10.246 tor the Workingmen. Abont
4500 votet are yet to be counted. The result
may be accepted as evidence that a treat
number of Workingmen have become tired
of agitation and Kearneyism, and are pre
pared to unita in an effort to restore confi
dence and forward business activities. The
vote, at far ss counted, shows that the Re
publicans cast nearly a full vote as compared
with the election last September, the fulling
off having manifested itself among the Work
ingmen and their Democratic allies. A small
Democratic element undoubtedly helped to
swell the Citizens' vote. The result causes
the greatest satisfaction, and ia expected to
have a marked good effect noon the public
interests.
Kentucky Halefaetora to bo Hereafter
naogea in rrivate.
LouisvTLLK. March 31. Both hcuset of
the legislature have pas id a bill providing
that the death penalty shall hereafter be in
flicted in some inclosure close to the prbon
here the defendant is confined, in the pres
ence of not exceeding fifty persons, of whom
ten may be designated by the court rendering
judgment, and the remainder by the sheriff
executing it.
Have Paid Oat In Fall'.
Cincinnati, March 31. The Newcomb.
Bnehanan company distillers, at Louisville,
who snspended two years ago owing a mil
lion and a half of dollars, and who resumed
agreeing to pay their creditors in full, with
interest.bave this day completed the payment
ot tbe indebtedness as agreed, and tbe trus
tee hat released the record of all trust deeda
connected with their suspension.
The Blde-Bonnd Caaneks.
New York. March 31. A discatch from
Ottawa say- that Colonel Robert Ingersoll
was refnsed the pnblic ball ia Brookville to
deliver a lecture in support cf infidelity.
They Alt Wast Him.
Mobile, March 31. General Grant and
party will be invited to vistvthit port as the
guests of the Mobile cotton exchange.
Retnrned to Washing.
Nbw York, March 31. President TThvp.
and party left to-day for Washington.
45 Years Before the JPubllc
THE CEEIUIME
Dr.OHcLAHFS
LIVER PILLS
are not recommended as a remedy ' for all the
ills that flesh is heir to," but in affections of
the Liver, and ia all Bilious Complaints, Dys
pepsia, and Sick Headache, or diseases of
that character, they stand without a rival.
AGUE AND FEVER.
No better cathartic can be used prepara
tory to, or after taking quinine.
As t simple purgative they are unequaled.
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
The genuine are never sugar-coated.
Each box has a red-wax seal on the lid with
the impression, McLANE'S LIVER PILL.
Zach wrapper bears the signatures of
C. McLakb and Fleming Bros.
W& Insist npon having the genuine Dr.
C McLANE'S LIVER FILLS, prepared by
FLEMIXG BROS., Pittsburgh, Ta,
the marVet being full of imitations of the
name McLane, spelled differently but
same pronunciation.
IKTTTALIDS
A5D OTHERS EKHKIKQ
HEALTH.
STRENGTH AND ENERGY,
WITHOUT THE tJSE OF DRUGS, ARB RE
QUESTED TO SEND FOB THE ELECTRIC
REVIEW, AN ILLUSTRATED JOUR
NAL, WHICH IS PUBLISHED
FOB FREE DISTRIBUTION.
r TREATS npon HEALTH, HYGIENE, -nd Phyi
cl Culture, and to a oomnlt ncvclciMedi a f
Information for Invalid- and thorn, who iiimW from
Ker-oua, E-iuuMling and Painful Diej-. Erer
uhiMt that fanara nnoo ha-lth and faanuui n-mh-ea.
iweeirea attention in Ita patrea: and the many qom
tiona asked by -offering Invalids, who have diapalred
oi a ore, are aiuwered, and valnabie information m
volnnteered to all who are in need of medical advice.
Tne -object of Kteotrto Belta wtrmm Mediei-e, an4
tbe hundred and one ooeetiona of vital importance
to eaffering hum nrly, are dulj oomaideied and ex
plained. fy
-And other who ntr from Vervoaa and PrivMcal tie.
Kilty, Loae of Manly Vigor, Prematere KxnaueUoa
and the many gloomy eonseqoene-of early iodiacre
tion, tc, are eepecudl; beuented by conaaliing iu
content.
Tbe ELECTRIC SKVIBW expoaee tbe trmitifretrt
fraud practiced by quack, and medical lmpoHtnra who
profc-B to " practice ax-flane,' and pciota oat the
only safe, simple, and enective road to Health, Vigor
and Bodily Enenry. .
Bend your address oa postal card Ibr a copy, and
taformalion worth thousands will be sent you.
Address, tbe publishers,
PUIVERM&CHER GALVANIC CO.,
COR. EIGHTH & VINE STREETS, CINCINNATI, tt
Coughs-'Bronchitis, Consumption
What a Well-bnswn Dnnlst Ha a
absnt Allen's Lass -talaaan.
HOIH-B4, READ!
Oakland Statioh, Kt.
Gsktl-M-h Tho demand for Allen's Liec
Rslsssi la Increasing oon.otanily. The ladles
think there la bo metUcioe quM to it for Croup and
Wbooping Cough. C. 8. MABT1N, Lrugglat.
Held by all Wedieinw Pealers.
Memphis Floral Co.
Iasmense -rreenbsnses 11 BUM
rrsm City.
Store 357 Main street, Memphis, Tenn.
BEAUTIFUL ILLUBTBATKD CATALOGUE- OF
Plants, Boeea, Bu.", Flower Seeds, etc, mailed
FBKE. npon hpr'loKllcru
J.A.FORREST 8e CO
DEALERS IN
. Horses and Mules.
61 & 63 Monroe Sta. near reabody Hotel
WI are receiving dully a large a.ortment of
HORSES and MULE3. persons wanting
stock will save money by calling betore porehoNing
elsewhere. KverjUttUig sold by us fully guaranteed.
Orders solicited.
pusITIV cit.hk rot
Sc.d by all druggists.
W. J3. Hogors
WILL HUD LOTS and i BAVES
IN ELM WOOD Will do the work CHEAP, and
sntbli all who favor me with their work. Leave
order at No. 10 Haolson street, or call on meat
Klmwood (south gate), where l wiu De louna at wor
st all times.
J, EDDY & CO.,
COTTOXf
9
lH PfEAREi STREET, NIW VOBK.
Catteis on Npst ana t Arrive.
Orders executed (or tuture delivery.
Cash mlvsn.ee made on Consl nments
THIS PAPER
.MAY BR Forxnos
FII.K AT 4.-IO. .
IIUIVELL ex, l O'N
Newspaper Adv ertlslnjs liurrau (10 1-1-uriCB
I-TBKF.n, WIIKUB All
VKUI'IMNO CONTRACTS
may be made for It In
HEWYOKK.
J.FLAHERTY Ss CO
V3rD-.BTAK.--t--.
i
lad Manufacturers of Flaherty's Patent
Preserving Casket or Corpse Cooler,
S17 ted SIR BKCONIt NT., 91 KM PIMM
Wl keep on hand full lines of Metallle Solid
Walnut, Kosewood Finished Canket and
Casea, trimmed In the litx-eat style of art. Cttiera
l Mall or Tolegram will bepronip-! Ued,U UO
riLKs

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