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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, May 16, 1880, Image 2

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Mli-MHia APICAL
BY
tfALLAWAY &KEATINC.
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liiKBPmS A PINEAL
SI'S DAY, : . J1AY 10, 1880
m-.C'OKATIOX DAY,
This is the day selected for decorating the
craves of the Confederate soldier steeping
in Elrnwood. The memory of the heroic
dad has ever been respected in civilized
communities. It is not yet twenty yean
since these brave men oBered op their lives a
sacrifice to a cause which they believed right,
tend it is too early to forget them. It is some
tLing more than a sentiment which dictates
the observance of the day by floral gifts. It
:. a sacred duty we owe to the memory of the
heroic dead, and these ceremonies will inspire
tho ycung with devotion to any caoe they
may espouse. Many years hence, men and
women now unborn will read the story of
the stormy period which billowed ' the land
with craven, and they will revere the mem
ory of the heroes Bleeping at Elmwood, as
we do the noble martyrs cf the revolution.
It is true the soldiers whose graves
are to be decorated to-day were
the victims of a lost eaase, but
the Spartans who fell at the pass of Ther
mopy'ao deserve as much credit as the legions
that trampled them down, and the little band
of Confederate soldiers who confronted the
serried columns of overwhelming numbers,
Uen rv3 as much credit as the men who slew
them. The flowers which will to-day decorate
their graves are beautiful tributes of sorrow,
emblems of affection, testimonials of remem
brance. We deck the altars of our religion
with flowers; we garland with them the bride
and all the sanctuaries of home, and to-day
no sin will be committed by scattering Sow
ers symbols of hope and immortality over
the ." es of the loved and lost.-' The living
Confederate who performed well their part
are honored and have been elevated to exalted
positions, and with fervid hearts let us scat
ter with prodigal hands upon the graves
of the dead the significant me
mentoes of sorrow and affection. Noth
ing will be done to-day to shock the
taste of the most fastidious Puritan, unless
there be sin in singing and praying and the
solemnities which characterize a funeral oc
casion or a camp-meeting. The men whose
graves are to be decorated to-day died in a
noble effort to free themselves from the op
pression, bigotry and persecutions of the
lunatics that pursued them, and it seems that
tho grave does not protect them from the in
tolerance which makes it a sin to sing and
pray around their tombs on Sunday. No
harm can grow out of this discussion as to
whether it be a sin to sing and pray at Elm
wood on Sunday. The most valuable ser
vice which the last two centuries have per
formed for Christianity is to be found in the.
lioerty of thought and speech which they
ushered in, for, under the influence of a free
and full debate, religious doctrine rapidly
purified itself and bundles of error fell from
the back of pilgrims who had long been
journeying with the heavy load. The stag
nant pool becomes impure unless occasionally
stirred, and men's ideas grow contracted
and impure unless sometimes trundled
by the pen of a free-thinker. Wa need the
lightning and the thunder as well as th? ,un
and dew scmelhiiig to break np the dau
monotony of prejudices founded in ignor
ance and superstition. We can only refine
the good by sifting and winnowing it, by in
ventilation and a comparison of ideas. Irony
and sarcasm never destroyed a good cause,
Ministers should love an intellectual storm
lor the history of the past shows that it leaves
tho subsequent air so pure and so sweet and
the sky so blue taut the enchanted scene
uio?C, compensates for the long days of
uiunaer ana tornuLet us all learn to re
spect the voice of comac- nui, nrA
sincere, but they are often in ti wrong, not
withstanding. EvrboJ should respect
Sunday. Tb 'aw should prevent the trans
formation this day into scenes of dissipa
lr nod unlawful disorder; but as to where
and how we spend our Sundays, that is a
matter of conscience. Under the calcium
light which a discussion has thrown upon the
Sunday question, the old Puritanical ideas
about forcing an observance of Sunday have
been supplanted by more liberal views, and
tho day is not far distant when all the
cnurcues win admit that there is no sin in
singing, praying uod strewing flowers over
the graves of the dead on Sunday.
TUB latsCH HO.UAHKLY BADS.
ine menus ot woman sun rage nave se
cured another triumph in the New York leg
tslature. A bill has just passed referring the
question of the right of women to vote to
direct vote of the people. The debate in the
New York legislature on the passage of the
bill was able, exciting and acrimonious. Our
present object is merely to vindicate woman
from tho curse mania against the sex by an
ignorant and ungallant member who took the
bold pjsition that woman, intellectually, is
greatly the inferior of men. This is another
one of the old prejudices, conceived in bigotry
and ignorance which has long since exploded.
Women were maJe slaves, "hewers of wood
and drawers of water" becau-.e she was so
disparaged, misused and abused by , wicked
men, (hat she did not know her own capaci
ties. But time has demonstrated that woman,
intellectually, is tho equal of man. Less
than half a century ago, women were regard
ed as inferior, and no .pains were taken to
educate them and to develop their
intellects. Ioto a short school life of two or
three years was crammed only a smattering
of such education as was thought necessary
for an inferior being to possess, while boys
seldom graduated undor twenty-one years cf
age, and frequently much later in life.
woman did cot striva to rise above the pop'
alar opinion of infeiiority, for she was taught
to believe that sho 'waa not the peer of man.
Jshs had no incentive to learn or to use the
"Kber intellectual faculties. She was kept.
down and derided, and impressed with the
belief that
A woman's attainmetits must be rather small,
tt I tie Uteraro tow-cat set ud a auualL
But like the little wayside flower struggling
up through weeds and uncongenial soil, try
ing to catch warmth and mnshine, woman
commenced the struggle, and aow blooms in
all the purity and loveliness of her sex, the
equal of man intellectually. If men who
lacked opportunities have made them, so
have women, and through much greatur
difficulties. Every just man will admit that
the hindrances to his rise bear no comparison
to those which hamper every effort woman
can niuko. Yet in the face of all this she has
advanced until she stands before the world
eqml to mun intellectually. Girls learn more
rapidly at school than boys, and let a girl be
ever 10 ignorant of the subject discussed she
always bus an opinion, whereas the average
boy, under like circumstances, is without
'net or shrewdness. The action of the New
legislature is tho beginning of the end
Tors,
which it.
ures woman eonrsge. Men will
grant suffrage to women when
not hesitate tu w
women make np tu
the
voting popula
enough, . igno-
it. It is true that
tion is already large
without
rant and venal eaonsn
doubling the number, but enfranchw".6016"1
will come whon women demand it. Ferna
opposition to tho strong-minded women has
impresked the country with the belief that
only strong-minded women would vote. ' The
great task of tbe agitatois for woman suf
frage is persuasion oi thetr own se and ot
the conversion of man. If they can convincO
our mothers, wives and sisters that they are
not sale without the protection of the ballot,
and that women are better prepared to work
out tbe problem of republican government,
then the revolution which they seek to briag
about will naturally follow.
Ol'UCOXllEBCR AN DOCK HKAXTll
Attbeclcaa of the inspection season for
steamboats on the Mississippi river last year,
the Illinois State board of health, through its
president, Dr. Horace Wardner, made a re
port of the results of the system in restoring
jfidence and breaking down the quarantine
barriers which bad almost put a stop to
steamboat tmflio and travel from the lower
valley. Dr. Wardner, not only an emi
nent physician, but a practical, sagacious
citizen, directly interested in the commercial
and business welfare of bis community, used
tbe following language:
In transmitting the accompanying statement
the Illinois State bottru t health begs to ex
press lie Mppiwcmii ! OI lliu .IU, " "
lliursl) SUICU lue AHUUIiV IJUruu Vl '"' ii-
dered it In protecting tne tial, ponslblyuot fioinao
Invasion of y llow-ftver. Out tiiwt vvnoedly fruin
tuck iuUmptii.-n ot Inuirl md truffle a haw hither
o uniformly (xiUinnit a thrittiat tumniint v that
euni-e. hreoiseiy nat turd lftlerrmtlon amounts
.!! hmM be il ''Vo'ilt ' i" dollars xnd cents,
Lat year the commerce of the port of Cairo miring
the ruoiilli of October ".mounted toonlr 4R.9A7 tons
rioHhwlse and Malaise its well as south-Use, while
tut, rear It amounts to 87.127 tons for the same
period. DumiKthe period wtille the inspection sta
tion was In commission in s rear, l Ilia vessels of all
kinds Exclusive ot b-iiyes, lltfhters, and flits) en
tered at tun port of Cairo, as Kalnst only 707 ves
sels during the same period last year;
and notwithstanding this quarantine of
exclusion In 1H7. -ellow-fever obtained ecee-s to
the port witn atoiHl niorttlli- of 01 recorded doaths
and upward of 100 lestlmHted) cases. This I ear
iim a aiimiB case or tne a sense nas oevs sued
among ihe 8H.1S penons allowed vo eome into Cairo,
nor among tut 20.771 persons passed through the
Inspection station from below, notwithstanding
fever occurred at 2rt dlsllpct points In the valley
during the period. Intercourse with all ports below
TtubMivttle, Tennessee. 120 miles south of Cairo,
was practically surpended at the date when Inspec
tions were b-gun ; but as confidence In the system
was established py observation ot Its workings and
resulu, one by one the Interdicts were removed, un
til by the first of September the sole requirement for
entry of passengers or freight Into tbe tiuue of Illi
nois from soutuern ports was a clean bill of health
(or certificate or Inspection) from the station. A
oompsns n of the llore snows tne steady restora
tion of river business, train below: In August 5o ves
sels, with an aggfegate capacity of 44.tHtf 87 tons,
presented themselves for inspection; In Septetnner
HO vessels, with an aggregate capacity ot 57.H24 60
tons, and In October loo vessels, with an aggregate
capacity of bH,t)07 5 tons.
Stilt later in the season, at a special meet
ing of the mayor and board of aldermen of
the city of Vickaborg, a series of resolutions
were adopted - indorsing in the strongest
terms the action of the National board in
this direction; recognizing the value and
benefit which hid been conferred upon that
community, lo h in tbe protection from in
fection and lu punishing needless delay and
obstruction to commerce; and demanding
that tho iojpectiou sj stein be made a perma
nent sanitary feature in the summer trade of
the Mississippi. This demand, tepeated ; by
the communities alone the river from St.
Louis and Cutrucali to New Orleans, and
most earnestly by the steamboat interest
itself, was recognised by the National
board in its annual report; and an
appropriation of thirty-five thousand
dollars wrs aikd for to equip and main
tain three inspection stations in the
river, and a corps of inspectors at New Or
leans. Tbe columns of the Appeal, have
contained within a few days the official ten'
der, by the Taxing-District government, of
its quarantine grounds and rstablisbment for
tbe us9 oi' such a station. It was anticipated
that inspections would cave been begun on
May 1st, and some preliminary work was
done with tbw view. The legislation asked
for tbe boar', however, as well as the othsr
legislation r St nator Harris's bill, has been
postponed to naka way for (he President
makers in coog-tere. Meanwhile the danger
ous season draw on apiice; an open-port
board of health riigo in New Orleans;
very few river towns between St.
Ltnis aod the gulf: are in a reas
suring sanitary condition none, we have
reason to belie v3, so much so as Memphis;
and tbo tecsation-mootter is abroad in the
land. There may not we earnestly ; hope
and strongly believe th-ire will not be a case
of fever in tbe valley during the coming
sesson. Bub bo journalist, at least, is san
guine or silly encqgh to believe that there
will be no reports of fevet--and these will
be only less damaging than its actual pres
encdf With the first one, nnless tbe pres
ence and authority of tba National board are
felt among us, there will be tho usual pasio,
the sensaloss quarantine restrictions, tbe in
terruption of trade and travel, the disloca
tioa of business affairs and the shrinkage of
values which always follows. Senator Har
m's bill comes np in the bouse on Tuesday
next. I 's prompt passage by that body will
be a sufficient indication cf its treatment in
th senst", upon which the National board
may venture to act forthwith. No represent
ative from the Mississippi valley can ask for
an indorsement from his constituency with
out a clean record oa this measure act
merely the record of an affirmative vote, but
of earnest t ffrt and successful advocacy.
TOR IiITEBPOOIiCOTTOV MARKF.1
We have received Watts & Cj.'s Liverpool
otton Report for tbo week ending April 30th.
(1'ua nermanent editor cf the Report is at
present m -ula cv-) learn from it that
Cjlton appeaCd tj hava drifted from its
mwrings and lost ijf control; the depression
was intensified by dr.cpiJ Prices and the
Report distinctly say s "In fa.' we have ,0
recall simo of the periods of deprv,""'011 b
which the past two or three years Ot .ba
trade were characterized, in order to find a
parallel to tbo present hopefes. dullness."
Tne arrival of cotton previously purchased
"A feature in the week's business baa again
b-en the large qunntity forwarded direct to
spinners of cotton previously purchased,
cither sfljat or for delivery or in the Ameri
can markets on orders, and which does not
entor into tho daily computation of sale.
These figures of the quantity forwarded
for weeks past .show to what; a large
extent spinners bought during tike period
of activity. The. volume of actual spot busi
ness has been by so much dimininhed, and
thus we see a great source of weakness lo
this mirket. ' For instance, thi9 week tbe
trade take 60,180 baUs, but of this1 they get
23.880 bales titect of previous purchases,
leaving only 36.300 as actuallybought on the
market duriug tho current week. As prices
n the Aruetican markets were long so much
above the parity of ours, we may conclude
that spinners mostly bought futures here,
and that forwardings cow are largely com
rjo3"d of cjttoo tendered under delivery contract-".
This U noticeable as contributing to
make tenderab'e cottoa unduly scarce as the
season adv ances. The decline in prices sicca
the eighth ultimo, whon middling upland
was quoted on tbo spot at 7jJ, has been
ll e6i per ponnd in spots acd fully d in fu
tures. This sudden and severe ' shrinkage
means that heavy differences on contracts
will hive to be met, p.cd this baa created an
undercurrent of uneasiness as to the result.
The trade demand still continues to run upon
clean cotton, and grades above low middling
have been fairly salable, considering
the limited demand. The ' low grades
have ' been in abundant ' supply
tor some time, and owing to the
abaencd of demand v-lues have been quit
nominal. The trade evidently do not yet
consider them as relatively 'cheaper than tbe
better grades, and until they do so the latter
will have tbe preference. .The Manchester,
market of lata has lost much of the hopeful
feeling it manifested during the first stages
of the downward movement in cotton. Dar
ing the past lew days there nas been icm;
depression, and very low prices for yarnB
have here and there been accepted. The
stock of cotton held by English spinners we
now estimate at 199,000 bales, against 172,-
000 last year, and 131,000 the year before at
same date.
THE JKTT1ES.
The enemies of the Euls jetties die hard.
13 at every day accumulates evidence againd
their theories and misrepresentations. The
latest furnished is that by a corps of engi
neers from tho T.xji and PaciEo and New
Orleans Pacific railroads, who have just re
ported tbo result of a thorough inspection ol
the j itlis recen'ly made by them. This re
port status that the South pass, which five
years ago was not navigable for vessels draw
ing over six feet, is now a magnificent Btream
one thousand leet in width, with a central
channel varying from two hundred and fitly
to five hundred feet in width, where twenty-
six fed it the least depth on the outer edges,
and wherj thirty-five feet is the average pro
vailing depth of the middle. ; This channel,
a'so, has projected lUelt beyond the jittit-a,
for at a distance of five hundred feet outside
tbe sea-walls there is a well-defiaed channel
one thousand feet in width, with a depth ot
twentjas:x feet on the edges and thirty-two
and thirty-seven feet in the center.
CAHEKON OX SjiKANrT.
Senator Don Cameron, who recently
returnJ to Washington from New York, ia
the course of a conversation with ' tome poli-
oal friends, insisted that he had no other
interest in the Presidential contest than to
use his efforts, with other gentlemen, " se
curing a nomination for the best interests of
the Republican portj; that he believed that
these desirable ends would be accomplished
IV the nomination of General Grant and no
civs else; that General Grant could carry the
full tfb.oneth of the Republican party at the
north, hoJ that he was satisfied he could
cirry State .ia the south; and, if no other
results wero .accomplished, the important
achieve uf-Tit ot breaking up the solid south
would meet asy objection that might be
named against bi nomination; that events
were transpiring at the south which would
not t announced i present, out wnicn
would at'omeu tbe country whenever made
public.
A VHOWISU OO.ICKHS.
1 he Atchison, Topeka and Kanta Fe rail
road, wh cars we hope to see in Memphis
eMtwcyeais have pad away, inmishea
one of I be most remarkable illustrations or
rapid icwease in railway mileage ar-f ra
ings in lbs past six years, as he - ' j uj.
flrures fiom tho annual rport i !.- .
Mil" ' irUt( . vo.
or ottit if -tornu.;;-.
60H Sl.VMI.Ml.i
' ' 711 LnmUi'iH
";' tu . a.4Mt,iia
' 't-A . ,V7,10tl
; HUH 8,W0.8W
1V7
I i o
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I77 ... ,
17
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1IH7 tJ.Br 1.44a
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TUB TROUBLE
It Hanford, California, Orer reace Re
storedTrains Running as Usual
The Government Will Not In
terfere The SettlT"""
Meeting, at Which
They Declare the Officers of the Southern
racillc Railroad Responsible for the
Bloodshed and Riot that for Days
Threatened Their Very
Existence.
San Frawcirco. Mav 15. A Hanford dis
patch says that no evidence was taken to-day
before the coroner's jury, it having been
thought best to adjourn the inquest till the
twenty-fourth instant, until the excitement
subsided. A further reason was that evidence
not here was wanted, and it could not be
secured for some days.
At the citizHS and leaguers' meeting this
forenoon several speecbei were made and
resolutions adopted. Toe principal speaker
was Msjor J. M. M'Curday, an influential
ttiieer ot the settiers' league, who advised
a legal and conservative course. The follow
ing resolutions then were unanimously
kdopted:
. Ratolved, That it s the sense of this people that
there Is not now. nor has there ever been, aBy dan
ger In tbe running ot trains or tbe forwarding 01
malls ny mis roaa . ,
tMijiurf ThHt it in ennsldered a breach of eon
tract with the United States government on the part
of the railroad autmnues in not aeiivcriuB u
malls at this time.
The settlers' league have transmitted the
following message to Washington:
To tbe Secretary of tbe United States Senate:,'
The Journals of the senate and bouse wtll show
ih.tmhuimiiiinR all In tbe case, tieven citizens
i,ave been murdered, and we pi ay that our ease be
' beard. . We bold the Southern Pacific railroad re
sponsible for that blood, and for future trouble In
tue Mussle Slough country, answer if received.
J. J. DOYLK,
T. J. M'tilDDBY,
J. W. PATUSUSON,
A. TYNOB.
Settlers' Committee,
The settlers appear jubilant over the fact
-hut. the covrrnment will not use an armed
(brae to enforce civil process, and that the
right is to be left to the railroad and the Bet
tiers alone. TeletrraDhio and railroad com
nunication has been resumed. The first
train arrived in Hanford at five o'clock this
afternoon, and nearly the whole population
of the town were at the depot to meet it.
or New York and Their Cbareh-JL Peo
pie who JLaved and Sewed the
Lord Uvder Diffieoltlea
That Medero Church People Kssw
Nothlaa- Absst-History of ISalsit
Ka-ll-e da Balat JEaprlt.
torn an Appeal Correspondent. I
New York, May 13 I attended ser
vice last Sunday at the "Eglise du Saint Es
prit," on West Twenty-second street, l
French l'rot stant Episcopal church, with i
most interesting history. The edifice stands
in the center of tbe block, and is t uilt of
6oe brown stone, but unfortunately, owing lo
the exclusion ot light, even on the brightest
day, by tbe close and seemingly jealous con
tact of the houses on both sides, several of
tbe handsome stained glass windows lose
their tinted beauty, become dull, and thus
mar an otherwise pleasing tout ensemble . I
was eirly, and the sexton, a polite old
Frencbmtn, was able in consequence to give
me seat very near tbe chancel. TLe grenmd
seemed hallowed beneath my teet as I
followed him np the aisle. Old associa
tions full ot suffering and heroism, all cluster
there; and, then, there was something very
restfut in tbe sweet lnS'ience of the place the
stillness, the calm, the chasteness and the light
all teemed symbolic of that peace which
those long-ago persecuted and self-exiled
lusitives sought to find io newer and kinder
lands than their own. I had time before the
voluntary to observe the old-tashioned gal
leries on each side and the choir, with the
organ above, in front of the chancel. The
pews are free, and, unlike most of the fre9
eats in the majority ot churches, were not
bard and bare (as if the poverty-stricken
sinner ought to suffer that as well as
other sorts of penance), bnt com
fortably cushioned. En peasant, as I
have once before remarked, relrgion in New
York is a luxury. It is to eas.v to be pious
wheu one's saitbetic taste is aDmialed to and
if one has money. However, these were not
all my n Mictions on that occasio n. They
-ere more conservative and charitable, I
b0". 1 was comfortable, you see. The con
gregation which gradually assemble Hi is net
large at present, owing to some can ae not
quite understood, but is increasing miidlv
tnrougn tne exertions or tho rector, Re'V. A.
V. Wttlmeyer, who has had charge o the
parish scarcely a year. The service is
conducted in uie French language still, its it
has been ever since its first organization, and
shows in its beautifu' simplicity that it yet
remaics untouched by retrogressive and
therfbme blank leaf between R.me
and England ritualism. After strug
gling through the stupiu mummery
at St. Albans, what a b'essed re
lief do such churches as l'Eglise a Jain'
Esprit, St. Mark's, Grace and others ord!
The choir, which is a quartette, is a paiu OD?
but like tjie organist, mediocre in ability, Jt j
needs considerable training. The baritone ha" (
a ana voice, with a few notes like Del rnente,
pne of the favorites of Mapleson's opera com
pany. . They tuug an adaptation of tho
Gloria in Exeelsis yesterday to that lovely
German ballad Gute Nteht, mein Herztns
Kind', by Abt, the soprano and baritone
taking the sole parts alternately. I confess I
regretted exceedingly that the latter did not
siag the whole thing, for the Boprano, whose
voice ia not go 3d to begin with, spoils it still
more by a most wretched method. Were the
musio better the congregation would be
larger, lor there must be something after all
to attract people generally to church, besides
the thirty-nine articles, - the creed, or the
Lord's prayer, not to mention an interesting
and lengthy sermon by a good preacher.
What so inspiring as music "heavenly maid"
to make the sinner husblo and tbe soul
devotional. Mr. Wittmeyer, the rector, whom
I met afterward, is a native of rSaar-Jnion,
France, and ia a gentleman of fine presence
and pleasing address. Though educated
ohiefly in France, he has graduated from
the theological seminary of this city. He has
traveled extensively, particularly in the east,
visiting such places of holy interest as Pales
tine and Damascus. A savant in learning,
speakioa; many languages, aad master of
as man more, ho is withal one of
the simplest tf men, speaks English wi h a
a very .slight ifrreipn accent, ana is always
fluent and easy. His wir is the daughter of
President Woolseyv of Ya e college. I am
indebted to bis kind.aess and that of Rev. C.
W. Baird, of Westchester county, for the in
formation on tbe subject before me. Dating
as tar back as the arrival of the earliest Hu
guenots on Manhattan island, this organiza
tion b2gan its existence in 1625, and during
the two hundred and fifty years since then it
has, with the exception of a short interval,
steadily continued in growth nnd prosperity.
Bat little ia definitely known of that first
nameless church, for the earliest records fail
to giv its name; but its first pastors, it seems,
were Kv. Samuel Drussius, a native of Hol
land; R?v. Daniel Bondet and Rev. Bn
rspoo, D.D., who officiated, each, oc
casional!;, : following the articles, liturgy,
discipline , and cacons according
to the usage of tba Reformed church in
Frauce. In 1688 a small French church was
built in Market-Field street, then Petticoat
lane, near the Battery. It was called "L'
Kttlise des Refugies Francais a la 7ouvelle
York," with Pierre Peiret as pastor. Five
years before the consistory of the Dutch Re
formed ctnrch had called a French pastor,
Pierre Daille, to preach in French to a con
gregation meeting in the Dutch church oa'
Sundays after the Dutch morning service.
After twenty-nine years of worship in Pet
ticoat lane, in 1744 the pastor Pierre Peiret
died, and was succeeded byJacquea Herzeu,
who received twenty founds sterling as "year
ly salary out of the revenue of the province,"
The congregation, which at this time was
large acd flourishing, built a new church in
Pine street, which they continued to occupy
tiil 1831. Rev. Louis Rou succeeded Mr. La
bnrie, whose ministry was a short one, from
1710 to 1750. Owing to some disaflecon on
the part of a few wealthy patrons towar.i Mr.
Rou for suspected lukewarmness and innova
tions introduced into the discipline, the soci
ety declined in numbers and wealth. Rou
was succeeded by Jean Carte, 1754 to 1764.
The last minister before the revolution
was Jean Pierre Tetard, from 1764
to 1768. It was during the pastorate
of Rev. Pierre Antoine Albert, which
began 1797, that a most interesting event
t'Xik place in the history of the church.
Up to th.'S time tbe French church of New
York bad adhered to tbe discipline and wor
ship of the ancient reformed churches of
France Calvinistic in doctrine, Presbyterian
in polity. But in 1802, in order to obtain
possession of a legacy, and in view of the
financial necessities ot the congregation, it
was decided by a unanimous vote to follow
the example of other primitive Huguenot
churches and adopt the Anglican liturgy.
Therefore, Mr. Albert was reordained by
Bishop Moore. The church then took the
name it now bears l'Eglise du Saint Esprit.
The old Huguenot edifioe, hallowed by the
faithful preaching and fervent prayers of
generations of worshipers, was consecrated
by Bishop Moore, June, 18011. From 1806,
when Mr. Albertdied, nil 1815, the church re
mained without a rector, at which time Rar.
Henri Penveyre took charge. Antoine Ver
ren succeeded in 1829 and it was during his
ministry that tbe Pine street church and
property was sold and a new one built at the
corner of Church and Franklin streets. It
was of white marble, and cost one hundred
thousand dollars. In 1830 this handsome edi- i
fioe was almost destroyed by a fire that broke
out in the operahouse, in the rear, but was J
restored the following year. A second fire
occurred, injuring it slightly, but a third al
most totally destroyed tnis unfortunate edi
fice, leaving it in ruins. As tbe city's growth
continued up town another removal was de
termined upon, and the present edifice of
uiown i tone on Twenty-second street
' tfd with a large and com-
r ctory attached. Mr. Verren's
more than forty-seven years,
-nistortunes fiom one cause or
a n .
I,- ui. It h is i
always been pros
v gilts horn time
' real estate, and
representatives
.. iltniest families
- rds, as f.'j bark i
t j tune, owt s ii .
umbers amort; -
?-itsome of the t
THE MEMPHIS
Gamier, Giraid, Gce'et, Humbert, Jourdan,
Launllard, tieunevaiiier. jjeteuier, iic.mo,
Nicolet, Rossel, Targe, Verplanck and Vin
cent. One of the early mttnrjers ot tnis or
ganization, a distinguished scholar and writer,
Mr. Johnl'maen, relates tne ioiiowing
ss illustrative or me iron-iiae win, t-w
tenacity of purpose, and the martyr a aevo-
tion to a beloved faith that compose-
the character of those pious people:
The holy sacrament was administered to tne
Huguenots at New Rochelle four times a
year, namely, at Christmas. Easter, Whitsun
day and tbe middle of September. During
the intermission that occurred, the commu
nicants walked to New York for that pur
pose. Prior to their departure, on a Bunaay
morning they always collected weir cniiureu,
and left them in the care of friends while
tbey set off early in tbe morning, barefooted,
carrying their shoes and stocking in their
bands. Xhey were accustomea to stop a
rock about twelve miles fiom New York to
rest and take refreshment, after which they
put on their shoes and stear
in gs. They then walked to the trench
cbnrcb, where they generally arrived
by the time service began. Ibe interval
between the morning and afternoon services
was shortened for their accommodation, as
they had to walk home again the same even
ing to their families. They continued to
worship in this manner until the American
revolution broke out, when this part of the
country became harrassed and overrun by
tbe British troops, ibey began their marcn
invariably on Sunday morning by aingingone
of the psalms of Clement Marot. The six
tieth, to appropriate to their situ
ation, was oer naps their greatest favorite."
Only think of it! The distance between New
York nnd Hew Kochelie xs twenty -Jive or
thirty mile I and in that early time must
have seemed much longer. What comiorc
loving christian of to-day could be found
anywhere inspired with such religious seal
and fervor as to be willing to undertake bo
long and wearisome a journey, walking bare'
footed nearly half of tbe distance, carrying
their shoes and stockings in their hands, as
did those pious men and women of old for a
dear Lord and savior s sakel Alas! lam
afraid many of us would faint by the wayside,
The American rrotestant .oiscoDal Draver-
book was first translated into French by Rev.
Mr. Verplanck in 1808. The second transla
tion was made by Rev. Dr. Verrein in 1830,
and is tbe one now used. Tbe hymnal, a
collection of metrical psalms and cantiques,
is a revised edition of those used by tbe early
Huguenots in France. I must not omit to
mention that Rev. Mr. Baird
preparing a history of the Hugue
not emigration to America, which
will be out in a few months, and to
which tbe Appbal readers are referred for
any further information relative to this in
terestiog church. My letter is only an avant
eourrxer ot tbe wealth, tbe mine ot intelli
gence, records, dates, genealogies and inci
dents which remain yet hidden away, except
to the diligent student who loves his task and
who seeks to know. j. k. k
ANNAL.S OF ARKANSAS.
-
State scrip, 983.
Monroe county is for Miller.
S. W. Rhodes is the new mayor of Corn
ing.
Arkansaw or Arkansas has broken out
again.
County scrip has declined since tax-paying
time passed.
Planters in the Arkansas valley are "chop
ping cotton."
Dr. J. H. S. Hopton, of Greenback, Dorsey
county, is dead.
Charley Chestoutt, of Pine Bluff, is on a
visit to New York.
The Banner is a new Daner at Clinton.
Van Bnren county.
There are eighteen prisoners awaiting trial
io. the Phillips county jail.
Mrs. Julia Greening died at Camden,
Ouachita county, last Sunday.
The best short-staple cotton in the markets
of the world is raised in Arkansas.
The stir raised in Little Rock by Dorsey's
Grant dispatch has about died out.
Another heal ia 7 mineral spring has been
discovered in B-ixter county, near Mountain
Home.
Johnny Campbell and wire, formerly of
Pine Bluff, are now living at Buena Vista,
Colorado.
Tax-collectors are making prompt settle
ments with the State auditor, and delinquents
are very few.
Jackson, a Crittenden county negro, is to
be banged at Marion on the twenty-ninth for
the murder of a negro named Jones.
The Pine Bluff Presi indignantly denies
that it iB faltering in its allegiance to the
cause of Colonel W. Porter Grace for gov
ernor. - The voters of Prairie county settled the
question as to the removal of their county
seat fio-n DesArc yesterday. Returns not yet
received.
Fred Wells, formerly of Arkansas City, has
gone into business in Monticello. His last
speculation was seven hundred dollars on the
wrong hand. .
Mrs. Breckinridge, widow of General John
C. Breckinridge, ia spending a few weeks
with her son, Major C. R. Breckinridge, in
Pine Bluff.
Judge Frank Silverman is not the onlyone
who wonders that the Pine Bluff Press
should be able to pick up so much local news
in so small a town. y
Colonel M. Q. Townsend, of Littla Rock,
has just returned from Leadville, and assures
the reporter of the Democrat that he has had
quite enough of that section.
Hon. W. F. Slemons generously declines to
enter the lists as a candidate tor congress
from the Second district. "Old Bill" is evi
dently not a third-termer.
.Frank J. Wise, Esq., was elected special
judke to complete the term of the Jefferson
circuit" court. Judge Pindall being called
away bT illness in his family.
Pine iJnff turned out for a rabbit bunt
through the streets last Tuesday, but "Brer
Rabbit" was' too smart for the hunters and
regained the 'woods in safety.
J. W. Alley, Esq., of the Witisbur.g Chron
icle, is on a s.horc pleasure trip to this city.
May he have full caeasure of enjoyment.
as he won c taae anyini ng stronger.
Moonshiners are rejoicing that there is no
money to pay deputy-marshals to look after
ihem, and socra She smoke will tsurl from the
chimneys ot many a wild-cat Anoza spring in
the mountain country.
Dr. James M. Boleotuba. of Pine BlnfF.
and a man highly esteemed wherever known,
died in that town on the Heart a instant. The
Pine Bluff Press, of the thirteenth instant,
has a feeling tribute to his m.emory.
The Democracy of At kansas county have
instructed for Churchill, tor governor; Frol
ich, for secretary of state; Crawford, for au
ditor; Woodruff, for treasurer; Lear, for
land commissioner; Dento n for superintend
ent of public instruction; Martin, for attorney-general;
English, forciiief-jusdce; Dunn,
for congress; John M. Elli ott, Ecq., tor pros
ecuting attorney of the ele renth. judicial cir
cuit Texarkana Democrat: The gubernatorial
race has narrowed down between Smithee,
Miller and Churchill, in accorda nee with our
former published predictions. We are for
Smithee first. Why? Because he is young
and vigorous his intellect at its prime be
cause he is bold and willing to stake bis rep
utation and popularity in. an honest effort to
benefit Arkansas, and because, forsooth, he is
a native Arkacsan, and a printer."
Rnfns P. Hollifield, who murdered his fa
ther in Clay county last Nov ember, has been
captured in Texas and rtttirrned to the cus
tody of the officers of the comnty in which the
crime was committed. Ha "was found in Van
Ziudt county at the house of his uncle. He
is a brother of the member of the last legit -lature
who cut sucl disgn tceful figure in the
contest far United States si nator. The ex
legislator "made a bluff" tat Deputy-Sheriff
Tanner oa his arrival at C orning with tbe
prisoner, but determination en the part of
the officer prevented anything like success in
that line.
A far-seeing Democrat er.presied the opin
ion to a reporter ot the Little Rock Gazette
that there- -would be trouble iu the Demo
cratic State- convention, givintr as his reasons:
''Several of our candidates for governor have
strong following, and a great many ot the
delegates will go to the convention as deter
mined as though they were going into a bat
tle. The northwest is strong; the south is
strong, and tbe central portion of the State
is strong. Each of these sections will settle
on a man, fight and eventually split up. a lit
tle, juggle around and combine. The dis
satisfied element will be large, and a man
made mad in a convention is the maddest
man in the world. The matter is not so per
sonal that a man feels justified in entering
into a physical action in order to avenge a
collective wrong, and on this account is made
madder. My opinion is, and I have talked
around considerably, that one of the candi
dates will bolt." Be tbe reasons weak cr
strong, they are worth heeding, as it would
be a las ting disgrace to permit the election
of a Rep ublican through Democratic bicker
ings. Worse thna Slavery.
It is painful to consider the amount of un
checked abuse children must have been sub
jected tt before there were societies lor the
prevention of cruelty to children. The San
Franciaoo society investigated twenty-six
cases in the month of April. These included
the cases of three girls between the ages ot
thirteen and sixteen, who had been thrown
into prison on false charges preferred by the
mother of t wo of them, and by an aunt. A
Chinese girl, one of two slaves, was rescued
from a Chinese woman who has imported a
species of Oriental cruelty. 1 his is to tie the
hands together, palm t- palm, and beat
against the ends or the fingers with a stick.
Over ma by Tramps.
Denver is overrun with tramps, many of
them ot a desperate character, and a vigi
lance committee for their dispersion is seri
ously contemplated. "Among these tramps,"
says the Denver Tribune, "are found all
classes of miserable mortals; the low despe
rado from San Juan, poverty-stricken rascals
from tbe east, disappointed miners from the
mountains, professional beggars, who woaid
rather steal than work, and occasionally a
once-respectable man who, having come into
the far west to seek his fortune, has encoun
tsred poor health and worse fortune, until he
has almost bnen comoelled to resort to the
footpaa proiewMuu w,o. . .
JPranesed Paulle BaUdlaars.
Wasbinmton, May 15 The senate com
mittee on public buildings and grounds agreed
to report, with a commendation for its pas
sage, the bouse bill appropriating seven hun
dred and uttylbousand dollars tor the erec
tion of a covernment building at Pittsburg.
I ho ttm;i i42jil'c,dea (to recommend
DAILY. AJPJPIClIL, STJJDlY,
MIxNEKS MASSACRED
By the Ute Indians Testimony ct an
Ere-WItness, Who Tells How the
Special Tets of the Interior De
partment, Five Hundred Strong
and Well Mounted,
Bore Down Upon a Camp at the Head
Waters of tbe Gunnison RlTer Re- -ports
from Other Feints of the
Reservation are to the Same
Effect.
Chicago. May 15. The Times, of this
morning, publishes a story from Leadville,
told by John AUendorf to a reporter of that
city, regarding a terrible massacre of the
white prospectors in in tbe U te reservation.
AUendorf says he left his home in Linn coun
ty, Kansas, seven weeks ago, with seventeen
others, equipped for an expedition in search
of mineral, which they found in the head
waters ot tjrunnison river, in rich placers,
which yielded from two to four hundred dol
lars per day. On May 3d, while the party
was widely scattered, the Indians, mounted,
and five hundred strong, galloped down upon
the camp, and massacred the whole party,
cutting their bodies to pieces. AUen
dorf witnessed the affair from a mountain,
whither he had gone huntinar. The Utes
carried off all the goid and the whole outfit.
AUendorf escaped, and walked for several
days, until he reached a settlement. ; He
gives the following as the names of the mur
dered men: Charles and John Andrews.
KU:s Morlan, James Henderson, John and
Isaac Ditmore. Martin Flemino-. Peter
Amberg, Fred and Lewis Snel EJfeard
Marion. Phillip Jackson, osiah Warner,-
jessa, jerry and Adam Hotnar and Julius
Terry. Mr. AUendorf confesses that bis
story bad been discredited bv tbe settlers to
whom he told it, and who attributed it to
disordered brain. Telegrams received at
Leadville yesterday reports that men coming
in from the reservation to Lake City report
thai a party ot twenty-nve prospectors were
corraled in Gunnison and twelve of them
were killed. This is supposed to be Brad'
bury s party, which left Del Norte three
weeks ago. General M Keczie s column is on
its way to the scene. Letters from Saquacbe
say the Utes are reported to have killed
twelve miners forty miles west of that place
and that troops irom i ort Uarland are on
their way thither. All of these stories are
subject to doubt and cannot .be verified soon.
as tne roads are in a terrible condition; but it
is believed that the Indians are making
preparations to go on the wat-path, and stir
ring news is expected soon.
GRUNT TO Jits EXfOSJKD
By JJahany H'Doaald, the Notorious
Whisky Cunvlef. la Case lie la
Nominated at Chicago.
lie haa Letters that Will Prsvs All Ae
Uinta At Me Has Been Sacrificed,
and He Wants Csmpsay,
I
St. Louis letter: "Dont you think," said
M'Douald, sharply, "I could make a sensa
tion if I were to deliver a lecture in St. Louie
on my experience while I was an efficer un
der Grant?"
Assuredly I did think so, acd admitted the
fact. "Di you think of doine it?" I asked.
"I don't know but 1 may," was the reply.
Then, turning with a nervous jetk of his
chair, he added : "People have got a wrong
idea of me, and what I have done and can
do. I don't suppose any man in the history
of this nation ever had a greater lever under
his hand than I have got to-dty if I want to
move it. I am a peculiar kind of a man, and
one of my peculiarities is that I never destroy
or lose a letter or scrap of writing that I get
from anybody. Now, then, I've got what
would make a close and clear hijtory of
urant s administration irom tbe beginning to
the end."
"What do you propose to do with it?" I
asked.
"That depends npon what other people do
entirely."
"What do you mean?"
"I mean to say this: That I've sacrificed
everything to an idea. I've been imprisoned
and lost a quarter of a million, and been os
tracised ana abused as no man ever was be
fore. Now, wbyliave 1 Buffered it all in
silence ? There are men who will tell yon I
did it because I couldn't help myself. That
shows all they know about it. I went to
prison on fen understanding and an idea, and
by going to prison I saved this country the
most frightful shame and disgrace that ever
could bave covered any country under the
sun. Do you understand me ? I walked into
court, as you might say, with the atmosphere
of the President's blue-room still in my cloth
ing. I needn't have gone any farther than
the court alone. I might have had com
pany." "Do you imply that you went to prison by
agreement and to save Grant?"
"I mean just that, in t fleet. I don't think
Vm giving anything away when I say so, be
cause there are plenty of men right here in
St. Louis that know it not as well as I do.
because they don t know the facts except
in a general way; but it is pretty com
monly understood in this neighborhood, I
guess."
" Then your intention is to let out what
you know."
"Oaly under certain circumstances. I
don't want to see myself and my sacrifies
wasted, and the same feeling of duty that
sent me to prison will compel me to tell what
I carried t here in case these men appear to
be in a fair way to get control of the govern
ment again. That's all. I'm not sure the
Chicago convention will nominate Grant; but
if it does, look out for me. I'm up and
dressed for a fight, and I can sink that crowd
under a load that would kill them bo dead
that a grave robber wouldn't waste his time
on them."
"OOD KNOWS."
H. D. URNKR.
In tbe burying ground of Dunzeness,
Where the staves of tbe shipwrecked lie.
Through tbe grass-grown loam, like Hacks of foam
Blowu In from ibe sea, hard by,
'Mid the time worn marbles, wun many a trace
Of tbe wrinkling wind o'ersoread.
Is a tab et white as an upturned face
When the spirit of life has fled.
With "God Knows I" brokenly carved thereon,
Like a sob tbat has stiffened along tbe stone.
Like a sob that Is knotted In breast and throat
Long after Its voice congeals.
Tbat mute "God Knows" amid death's windows
To the reader of tombs appeals.
'Tis a child's light body those daisies deck,
The sole one washed ashore
From the emigrant Nortbtleel's Ill-starred wreck
Ana ner wave-wneimed human store;
The only body of all tbe drowned,
Nameless and nude, that was ever found.
Tbe clergyman paused In tbe funeral rites
"The name of tbe dead?" quoth he.
"God knows," said tbe clerk of tbe parish kirk.
and tbe waif ot the dark, deep sea,
With only those words on tbe headstone gray,
Which so much to the heart express.
Was folded away till the Judgment Day,
'Neath the daisies ot Dungeness.
And ever at hand. In a cadence deep,
The winds and tbe waves then- requiem keep.
And tbe mists at mom, and the sun at noon.
And the stars when the day is done.
And tbe soft moon, too. In the shimmer of dew,
Wheel over the nameless one.
But Hod, In His infinite gooness, knows
What ethereal name and rare
From lips seraphic In music flows
When they call to our waif up there!
God knows! lu tbe earth's maternal breast
Nameless and titled find equal rest.
The Leader AbbodbT the Kepndlatlng
mate, Offers a Candidate for the
Presidency Wlndom Won't l)o.
The St. Paul Pioneer Press indulges in a
faint hope that Minnesota's Windom will
get the .Republican nomination at Coicago.
Ibe presumption of Minnesota in thus aspir
ing to give tbe country a President has been
generally ridiculed by tbertepublican organs
who have also referred to a chapter in Min
nesota history which Mr, Windom does not
care to discuss at any length. Tbey go for
windom and bis aspirations in the following
profane style:
A DISGRACEFUL CHAPTER OF HISTORY.
In April, 18R8, the State of Minnesota, by a vote
ot 25,023 to 6733 authorized the Issue ot five mil
lion dollars of the bonds of tbe State In aid of cer
tain railroads, taking from tbe railroad companies
security on their lauds, road-beds, franchises, eta
liurlng 1858 and 1859. under this vote aud on the
order ot tbe supreme court of the State, bonds were
lssu-u io me amount or S2,Z7o,uUU. and disposed
ot by tbe railroad oomomlea. In Navnmhar. 1 Kiwi
by a vote of lU,30rtio 710, tb State adopted a o-
caueu ttineuumeni io its constitution, annulling tbe
former act, and prohibiting tbe legislature from ever
paying principal or interest or the bones already is
sued without submitting the question of such pay
ment to a vote of the people. About tbe same time
iue ouue lunxuosea me mortgages, took possession
ot the property of the several railroad companies,
lncludtnglabout 250 miles of graded road and over
nuu.uuu acres oi iana, sold tne same at auction
became itself the purchaser, and finally gave the
same to certain new corporations of her own crea
tion, which have since completed the roads begun by
uo vrigiuni cumpauies. i uree or tour times since
tbe legislature bas submitted propositions to tbe
i-vuio proviuing ror a partial recognition and s
compromise settlement of the repudiated bonds,
but every time the vote bas been overwhelm
ingly against any payment. Tbe last decision was
In June, 1877, when tbe proposition to Issue new
bonds at tbe rate ot about flfty cents on the dollar
ior iue oia nones and accrued Interest was voted
down by an Immense majority. Minnesota remains
to-aaj.as sue nas Deen rur twenty years, ineone sol
itary repudiating, northern State. In December,
1871, Wm. M. Evarta wrote: No man acquainted
with legal principles or susceDtlble to moral Imnr.,.
slons can dwell upon tbe features of this scandal
ous his wry of debt repudiated and trust betrayed by
tbe Slate of Minnesota without Indignation.' In
January, itsy. juage union, or the United States
circuit court, in a decision as to tbe validity oi the
una aiveu uj mo state io ine new companies, said:
'That tbe bonds are tbe legal obligations of tbe
ouue. ana oinaingupon u in nonor, law andjnatlce,
I have no doubt.' In May. 1876, tbe supreme court
of the United States declared: 'The bonds Issued
are legal obligations. The State Is bound by every
vuuaiuvroiiuu ui uuuur ana guoa i&im vo pay tnem.
Were she amenable to the tribunals of tbe oountrv
as private Individuals are, no court of Justice would
withhold Its judgment against her In an action for
tneir eniorcement."'
Whit dersaanjr Baa Meat Is.
Germany in the last thirtv years bas lost
two million five hundred thousand of its pop
uiauon oy emigration, nearly tne wnote num
ber coming to the United States. There is a
world of meaning in this statement. It has
beea said that every able-bodied immigrant
arriving oa our shores is worth- one thousand
dollars. If this be correct UertAany has seat
us brain, bone and muscle of the value of
two billion five hundred milliotv dollars two
and a halt times as great as tie indemnity
exacted of the French in the war of 1870, aad
considerably greater than our own national
debt at this tima..,
A "Bseadlesa Prairie Mterjr. i
Burlincton Hatsktutl "One. over H raJ
Lniin.!!, jfr.,.,., ' Vf ..i..n, tJ,
ppsSBnger. "tbey call them perrarrseB,
And up in Michigan, the braseman sua,
tbey call tnem 'pairs. Ana aown in
Kentucky," the man on the woodbox re
maiked, "they call them 'perars.' " "Well,
anyhow," the sad paisenpfr resumed, "once
over these plains " "You said 'prairies'
before, said the passenger with the sandy
goatee. "Yes, and started a very profound
philological discussion by it. Wall, once
over these verdant prairies ihe hrst
time," said the cross passenger, "you said
boundless prairies. w "Well, then, over
these boundless prairies once " "Only
once?" asked tbe fat passenger. The sad
passenger sighed, but went on: "0 ace the
painted Indian roamed " "What for?"
croaked the woman who talks bass. And the
sad passenger went into his shell and said he
would tell that story yet it he had to hire a
hall to tell it in.
CiOD lUSr.F TOE POUR.
Whew They Are Net Oppressed by
Wacea-CnttlBK Ksnpleyera They
Are Belaa; Hardered by De
fective Machinery.
Lohdoh, May 15. The employers in the
Accrington district have determined, if tbe
Blackburn strike continnes. to stOD their mills
on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of each
wees.
Leek-Oat at Blackburn.
London. Mav 15 The lock-out at Black
burn to-day will make thirtv thousand opera'
tives idle. The milts will not be reopened
nntil the operatives in a body are ready to
resume work.
nllt Kxnlosloa.
London. Mav 15. A boiler explosion at
the Bircbill's hall iron-works this afternoon
killed fifteen persons. Twenty-five persons
were taken to the hospital, some in a dying
condition.
EUROPEAN NEWS AND VIEWS.
A tis related pa vi mint and walU colored
with fresco have been discovered in excava
ting for a cistern at Chleti. A coin of Tiber
lus which was found indicates that the build-
in g dates from that emperor's reign.
Cardinal Manning, says a Rome corre'
spondent, though living in much retirement.
is. I am assured, laboring assiduously for the
attainment of special power which would
give him in fact tbe supremacy of the Catbo
lie church in England.
More than four hundred of the inhabitants
of Perth are suffering from illness caused by
polluted water. It appears that during Borne
repairs of the town's water pipes a plug got
removed, and for a few minutes sewage water
nowed into the pipes.
Mr. Swinburne's new volume will be out
next week. As the title of one of the pieces,
"The Garden of Cvmodoc," bas puzzled
many people, the Athenceunx thinks it may
be as well to explain that it is a description
of tbe Island ot stark.
Negotiations hate been entered into for
the purchase of Saye's court, an old residence
of the bvtlyn family, near JJarttord. on be
half of the Jesuits. A number ot the brethren
are staying at Arundel as guests ot tbe duke
of Norfolk, and others in tne Island of Bute
as guests ot the marquis ot tbat l.k.
A new life of John Wesley bas been for
some time in preDaration. at tbe instance
the Christian KaowUdge society, and it will
shortly annear m one volume. Ihe author,
Mr. R. Ddnry Urlim, F. S. S , some yerrs
ago published an essay on Wesley, of which
the work now in the press is an amplihca
tion.
It is stated that M. de Brazzi, who has
gone to W.et Africa to form a station for the
French branch of the International African
association, either on the upper Ogowe or the
rUver Alima. which be aud Dr. lid II ay dis
covered, is strongly in hopes that he will
succeed in fiadiag a practical route through
the interior to the upper Ceogo before Mr.
Stanley overcomes the difficulties presented
by the cataracts with which he is cow con
tending.
The object of the Prince of Wales in cal
ting on Mr. Gladstone was, says the London
World, to ass are him that he bad no Bvm
patby with the hostility to the right honor
able gentleman which exists, or is supposed
to ex sr. in tbe highest quarter. The prince
told the premier that in the political Strug'
gles of the country the position of the court
should be one of strict neutrality, and that it
should never assume an unfriendly attitude
to any statesman. The heir apparent is a
wise man in his day.
Madame Wagner, tbe wife of the great
comDoser. is well educated and highly ac
complished. Har first husband was Von
Bulow, the pianist, whom she left in 1869,
and from whom she was afterward divorced
Her father is Liezt. Her mother was
countess. Madame Wagner says that her
present husband bas always thought that his
works could never be enioyed so well by tor
eigners as in Germany: they hold to the Ger
man soil so strongly by their roots thit tbe
act of transplanting has always appeared
bold to him.
Among tho arrivals in Berlin is a Swedish
tourist, who bas made his way to the Prus
sian capital in a very curious conveyance.
This ts no other than a carnage drawn by
three dogs, who are expected to drag tbe
man and his luggage, consisting of provisions
and clothing, acd also forearms, ail over tb
continent of Europe. The man has already
traveled in his peculiar vehicle over a great
part ot Norway, Sweden and Denmark, and
is only now ac tbe beginning ot his tour,
which he expects to last six' months and to
finish eff by getting back to the north by way
ot raris, ISrussela and the Hague.
The due de Monteleone, who died lately
in JN spies, was tbe last descendant ot iter
nando Cortes, the conqueror of Mexico. Cor'
tea only left one legitimate ison, who sue
ceeded him as mai quis of the Valley. In the
fourth generation the male line became ex
tinct, and the estate and title descended to a
female. By ber marriage the family was
united to tbat of the house of Terranova, de
scendants of the great captain, Gonsalva de
Uordova. By a subsequent marriage tbe es
tates passed into the family of tbe duo de
Monteleone, who has just died, the last ot
his line. The duke lived in Sicily, where he
owned an immense property. His fortune is
estimated at thirteen million francs.
The latest story about theiPrince of Wales
is that recently, having bathed in a public
bath-bouse in Pans, he stood looking about
him tor a man to rub him down, suddenly
he espied a tall, dark man, who, like him
self, appeared to bave nothing to do, and,
taking him for one ot tbe servants of tbe es
tablishment, the prince walked up to him
and tapping him on the shoulder, said with a
smile, "If you are the shampooer, I am your
man. Ibe dark and nuue unknown turned
angrily, and the Prince of Wales found him'
self face to face with Don Carlos. The prince
himself tells tbe story, and imitates to per
lection tne look ot wounded dignity and con
centrated horror and disgust of the Spanish
pretender.
In the Journal of the Royal Historical
and ArchcBoloqical Association of Ireland
for Ootober, 1378, there is an illustration of a
fine specimen of chain i mail found in the
Pccejix park, Dublin, consisting of a portion
of a hauberk, one sleeve, reaching to the
elbow, being entire. Tne mail is composed
ot steel rings, not quite halt an inch in diam
eter, riveted together, like the armor de
scribed by Anna Comnena in her memoirs as
being used in the north ot Europe. Addi
tional interest is conferred on this relic by the
tact of a silver-plate d broczo badgo being
touna witn it bearing ibe band or U .Neil
supported by two lions. Mr. Wakeman also
contributes an account of some lines of stones
at Cavancurragh. county Fermanach. which
he suggests may, as in a fimilar case on the
Bhorc 8 of Lough Mask, commemorate the site
ot a battle.
One of the prospects held out by politi
cians just now is that the future policy of
England will be marked by stern peace,
England will busy herself much more in ber
internal economies and industries than in the
domestic or even the intercationat affairs of
foreign States. She will not intermeddle in
any armd disputes which may arise among
either the greater or lesser powers and poten
tates of Europe; she will complacently and,
perhaps, indifferently witness displays ot re
volution or despotism; she will undisturbedly
view the outer warring world, 8s she con
tentedly counts her cocquests of peace with
in. Old and new boundaries may be ruth
lessly uprooted; France may annihilate Ger
many, or rice versa; Austria may tussle with
Italy; lorkey may collapse forever; bpain
may become a communistic republic, and
swampy Holland may swallow up bilious
Belgium; yet, liberal John Bull will neither
weep nor mourn, neither struggle ncr strut
lie will not squirm or cqueal, indulging in
what Mr. Robert Lowe calls a "harucu sea
rum, Blap-daeb, inconsiderate, inaccurate
way of dealing with things which quite un
fits a nation so business-like as England.'
He will put his own house in order, and
Hercules, Sisyphus & Co. never had harder
wotk than that. If, as I learn, the first
cleaning op is to be in the public houses, in
the gin-palaces and tap rooms, then, indeed,
John Bull will have become indifferent to
the warring outer-world to Borne good pur
pose, deserving the praise of Christendom,
though receiving tbe cutses ot plutocrats.
London Telegraph : "Berlin has just learned
to its astonishment and gratification, from a
report, ot the Polytechnic society s last meet
ing, that within its walls reposes a treasure
of almost fabulous value, the very existence
of which has been hitherto unsuspected. A
member of tbe above named society is the
enviable owner of the largest sapphire in the
world a stone weighing nearly fifteen
ounces. Pure sapphires of good color bold
so high a rank in the gem market that, were
this gigantic jewel of the first water, it would
be worth no less a sum than three million
two hundred thousand pounds. It is, bow-
ever, not absolutely iree irom impurities, a
fact which materially diminishes its practical
value, but enormous bida tor it, raaae at dif
ferent times by Gctmaa princes and wealthy
mineralogists, bave been invariably rejected
by its proprietor, who has constituted it an
heirloom, and con fid id it. in deront to the
custody of tbe etate judicial authorities. A
sapphire weighing nearly a pound may fairly
claim to rank among the wonders oL the
world. It would be interesting to learn how
so extraordinary a gem came into tbe posses
sion ot tbe Prussian savant wbo exhibited it
to the wonder-stricken gazs of his tellow
polytechniciaoa the otker evening."
A Scan Waa UnS Melml Voualltr.
At the conference of tbe colored Methodist
Episcopal church in St. Louis last week. Dr.
Turner, the editor o' newspaper for c lored
readers printed at .fhiiadelDhia. said in
the course ot a speech : "The negro will not
be satisfied till he is invited into the parlor
instead of the kitchen of - tbe white man,
when be is bis equal in intelligence and in
wealth. Poverty is not tba eaual of wealth.
nor ignorance the equAl of intelligence, but
when the poor man glows rich and the igno
rant man intelligent- then all barriers to so- '
nil li t t "T dot ot color should givo i
16, IgSO.
THUHJIAN,
The Senator from Ohio, One of tbe Most
Formidable Candidates for the Pres-
idency that the Democracy Num
bers Among its Illus
trious Names.
Tbe Kecord of a Busy Life in the Sea-
ate Battling at the Head of a Mi
nority from tbe Days of Recon
struction to tbe Days
of Peace.
PhiladelDhia Times: " When I first came
to Washington as a member of the house,"
said Hon. Mr. Felton, of Georgia, lor
many years a studious recluse and always ob
servant, ' almost every public man that I
had known by reputation stature as i
approached him intimately. There had been
an exaggeration of their proportions, which
daily association dispelled. There was one
exception to this rule, in the person of Judge
Allan hnrnrnn. cr I no. 19 toomeu uu
like a grand and steadfast mountain.' The
nearer I drew to him, the better I knew him,
the greater he seemed to me to be. I
doubt if a page ot bioerapby could more
fitly express the massive strength and greai
ni nt Jndce Thnrman's character than
these few words. It often happens that a
hinpranhv ia ct mnressed in an epigram, as
when some one taid of Senator Ransom that
he was "in love with his foot," there was
littlp plnhnrnrinn rtr detail to add to the 6Ug
mention. Yielding to demand, however, I
shall discuss some of the points of Judge
Thurman's life, giving foot-notes, as it were,
to the text presented above.
THTJBMAH A VTRGINIAU.
Judce Thurman is a Virginian ot Virgin-
iens. He was born in Lvnchburg io 181o, in
the Bixth generation of Virgmia-bcra ances
tors. For over two hundred vears the Thur-
mans had held stoat places in the Old Do
minion, discussing for more than a century
with ihe aturdmess of well-to-do farmers the
rights of the voune colr-cv and urging the
causes of to 11 plaint tliat led to the revolu
tion. Judge Tburm in 's grandfather fought
in the revolution, and his mother came oi a
distinguished revolutionary stock. Judge
Thnrman. however, has none of the charac
teristics of the Virginias. Ho left the State
of his birth when he was only years ot
age, and, growing up in the west, bas be
come a perfect type of the straightforward,
strong heartpd. dear-be. ded westerner. Un
like Pendleton, who has retained much of
the polish and daintiness of the east. Judge
Tburman is plain in dress and manner al
most to the noint of carelessness. A fine
contrast is often affjrded in the senate when
he and Roscoe Cock lie 2 take snuff from tbe
same snuff box two civiliiitlons meeting.
as it were, in a common snecz?. Barring the
red bandanna handkerchief, which has be
come a part of American history, there is
nothimr about Judue Tburman to break the
monotony of the darkish, closely-fitting
suit in which be is always atuted
Met on the avenue he would be
taken lcr the bhopkeeper, or 'squire of a
small western town, or a farmer of a rural
district of Ohio. It must not be imagined
however, tbat Judge Thurman lacks culture,
Oa the contrary, he is one ot tbe most trior
ouch scholars in oublic life in this country,
Always a student, he became early in life a
great lawyer, and since then he nas aevotea
much time to lighter study. He is a fine
French scholar, and his favorite books are the
works of the earlier French dramatists, which
ha reads in the original. He has an unuaualiy
large and well-selected library, both in
Washington and in Ohio, and there are fe
books in the range of polite literature that he
is not familiar with. He is a literal genius
for mathematics, and frequently occupies
bimself in workins out the most abstruse and
intricate problems. Hs says he is prouder of
his knowledge of mathematics than be is of
anything else. He had no collegiate train
ing and has no diploma, save the certificate
ot a grammar school.
A BCST LIFE.
Judge Thurman's life bas been a busy and
devoted one. While his tastes have never
led him to public life, he bas nevertheless
been forced into Dosition almost constantly
He studied law with Ex Governor Allen and
Judge Swayne, and appears to bave had no
ambition except to be a good lawyer with a
tair practice. lie was nominated, nowever,
over his protest for the Twenty-ninth con
cress, and was elected after a quiet canvass.
in which there was nothing on his side but
his wise and homely speeches, reversing an
adverse msioritv of over six hun.lred votes.
He was put on the judiciary committee of the
-house, and soon became distinguished as a
great lawyer. He declined re-election at the
close of his term and rdtired, as he thought,
to private life for good and ail. But in 1S51
when th new constitution Ot (JUIO was
adopted, he was Dressed into the race for a
supreme court judgeship and was elected,
leading his ticket by over two thousand votes.
He sat upon the bench for four years, the last
two years serving as chief justice. Ia 1S67,
after a season ot rest, he was put forward as
the Democratic candidate for the governor
ship. President Hayes leading the Republican
hosts. There was clearly no chance for a
Democratic victory, the Rspublican
majority the yeer before having
been forty-threo thousand. Under
Judge Thurman's 6ledge-bammer blows,
however, this enormous mr jority was b?aten
down to a trifl; less than three thousand and
the legislature was captured by a decisive
majority, insuring the defeat of Ben Wade.
Judge Thurman was elected in Mr. Wad-'s
stead and took bis seat in tbe senate in 1869.
Then began the most remarkable term of ser
vice ever rendered, perhaps, in this country
by any man to any party. Judge Thurman
found in the Benate but a handful of Demo
crats not only a hopeless minority, but so
small a minority as to make their assump
tion of party organisation almost ridiculous.
Without a moment's hesitation he put him
self at the bead of his devoted band aod ba
gan to fight the battles of Democracy. The
period was a stormy one. The passions of
the war had not died out, and the debates of
the senate were violent acd venomous. Tbe
great leader was on his feet daily and en
gaged in a constaot struggle with the intol
erant majority. There was no rest, no res
pite, no mercy. Pressed upon all s des, with
the issue forced at all point?, almost without
counsel and with no adequate lollowing,
Judge Thurman never wavered for a moment
nor yielded one inch. With a courage
no less rare than bis wisdom he re
pelled assault, charged heme in return, de
fended the issues his party was committed
to acd formulated new ones in tho heat of
discussion. Not a mistake did be make
through all this grievous time. Ready in de
bate, pleasing and terrible by turns, he was
so thorough a Democrat and so accomplished
a statesman that he spoke unerring truth and
made his casual utterances a platform on
which his party could stand. Senator Conk
ling said ot him that he had never seen him
discomt t:d in debate; that his equipment
was without equal, and tbat when thrown by
sheer weight of numbers he could beat a cat
falling on his feet. Tbe spectacle of this old
man, patient, immovable, unassuming, wag
ing this hopeless fight through years of insult
and deteat, is one ot the most aamirabl
feints of our history, and his services then
rendered to the Democratic party appear im
measurable when contrasted with tbe showy
and flippant performance of some of the lat
ter-day leaders. ' b torn tbat period to tbe
present. Judge Taurman has been at the
head of his party in the senate. He
has teen his little band of hardly
a doz5n followers grow into a work
ing majority. U-i has seen the lacks
reinforced by able and ambitious men. He
has presumed nothing on his seniority or
greater service, but, quietly yielding the con
spicuous front to later comers, has been con
tent to enjoy from his tent-door the victory
bought with his scars and won by his courage.
Ho has never lost place as the actual leader
of his party in congress, and the graver the
crisis in anairs tbe weightier is his counsel
and the more eagerly is it sought. He occu
pies tbe post of honor in the Benate, Btandmg
at tbe head of tbe strongest judiciary com
mittee that ever sat in the capitol.
A CANDIDATE FOB TWELVE TEABS.
Judge Tbuiman has been for twelve years
a formidable candidate tor tbe presidential
nomination of his party, and there is little
doubt that if he had ever employed the ordi
nary electioneering expedients he would have
received the nomination oetore now. inere
is, however, nothing ot tne politician about
him. His entire campaigning ia the direc
tion of the White House rests in the some
what fussy but entirely sincere efforts of J. G.
Thompson. He makes no great or brilliant
speeches tor the occasion, as do so many of
his rivals. All tbat be does is great be
speaking him a grave, decorous, wise states
man. No man is so careless ot factitious
reputation. He is unable to lay his hand
on a single sketch of biB life and ccly knew
ot one place in wbich his picture was printed.
Of this he said: "It ain't my picture, at all.
1 wouldn't pay the f ellow two hondred dollais
ior it, and hejust put in the ugliest thing he
could find." His position in regard to tbe
Presidency is the same that be has held ali
his life that the nomination should not be
indecorously sought tor and could not be in
honor declined. His nomination by the
Democratic party would appeal to the better
sense ot the American people and his
election would restore the republic to its
ancient purity and glory. Judge Thurman
is not a rich man, his fortune ranging from
fifty thousand to sixty thousand dollars. He
lives quietly in Washington, his bouse being
lurn-'Ucd without ostentation and with an
eye single to comfort. His wife is a most ad
mirable woman, devoted to her homo and
husband, and heartily glad that there is a
possibility of his retirement from public life
after th next year. Touching his retire
ment there is a little thing told ot Judge
Tburman that illustrates the sincerity of his
character. A friend speaking ot his leaving
the senate said: "It will be a great loss to
the Democratic party." "Yes," said the
senator with perfect seriousness, "I believe it
wilk" In social life tbe senator is pleas
ant, a bne talker, fond ot an anecdote.
All in all he is a type of the best American
resolute, strenuous, serious when at work;
easy, sincere, straightforward when at leisure
always vigorous, clear-headed and far
seeing. H. W. ORADT,
Bob lB'-.rrolI aa ul Km y.
Further "' -4f t i-r.r
coming t- '' " 11 ' . ...., v
question: C . M, ,...,uu:..l .1 to
inherit eternal tiler"' Can 'ur.sw. iij 1,1m:
"&.eep tbe uommandme(iu. icei jcucg
man frankly put the second qtion;
"Which one t" That was tair and wuare.
Tt was a hlnnd question. Then f"
etc, He didn't tell him that he mast believe
in him as the son of God. Not even (0 keep
Sunday nor to read the bible. Neither was
it necessary to be baptized and to believe in
the atonement. It Christ was keeping this
from the young man ne was practicing de
ception and wasn't honest. But He told
him it was necessary only to keep the com
mandments. Tbo yoring man replied that all
these things he bad kept from his youth up.
I don't believe him, but Christ did, and sup
plemented it with the advice to go sell what
he had and give it to the poor, and he should
have treasure in heaven. Treasure in heaven
is what tbe church ib always holding up to
tempt their people, but I notice that they are
always willing to swop heavenly treasure;
tor cash down, jnow mis is wnat mnsc 101a
the young man, to keep the Commandments.
I don't believe he said anything about sell
ing his property and giving it to the poor.
The fellows who bave doctored the bible put
that in. being hard up. They were hard up
again and made Christ say to the young man
still further that it ia easier for a camel to go
through the eye of a needle than for a rich
man to enter the kingdom ot heaven, lhat a
a very nice doctrine for the church. But
did you ever know a rich christian to unload?
1 didn t. Ibey an mate themselves believe
that (he c8m?l by a little squeezing, might
get through, so they hold on till death comes
along, when maybe at tbe last miment they
compromise with uod at hve per cent, to
build or endow a church or theological
seminary.
II A311-TON
Answers Illll'a Speech on the Keller:-
Bpenrjrd Case, aad la SJeathlajc
Trrsaa Reada the eerlae a
bsiM-Hs will not Consent to Unseat
Kellossrtor the Keaaoa that the
eeaate has Already Decided. ,
WAnmNflToir. Mav 13. Special to the
Cincinnati Gaxttie: Ban Hill, of Georgia,
devoted much ot his two-day speech on the
Kqllocg Sooffjrd contested election case to
and impossible for any southern Democrat to
opjose bis project, and particularly aaaressea
himself to the south Uaio ina senators, nav
ing good reason to suspect that tbey were
not disposed to support his project, be
plainly intimated that if they failed to stand
bv him they would be recreant to tneir state.
and betrayers ot its own honor. This insin
uation they could not quietly brook, and
Wade Hampton at once determined that he
would be the first to reply, and claimed the
flxr immediately after Hill sat down. The
knowledge that he was going to speak drew
a great audience, perhaps the most brilliant
of the sefsion. Promptly at half-past one he
took the floor. Wheeling his chair about so
tbat he could rest the remnant of bis right
leg upon it, and dispense with his crutch, he
read from manuscript, which be bad fin
ished salv iust before the senate met.
He is a Coo looking man. and read
with a full rich voice, aad in tones which
showed er nsibility and earnestness. Nearly
ptorv Bdnfltnr waa in his seat acd raid the
clost st attention to his speech, which was
inn('ldde4 in less than an hour. He reviewed
the circumstances, of Kellogg's election, and
nfHrmed that the judgment of the senate hav
ing been once pronounced ia the case, was a
finality, and conld not be justly or favorably
reviewed. His allusion io the reluctance
vUh whirh ha differed from other senators in
this opinion were dignified and courteous, but
there was nothing tor Dim to uo out 1 j iouuw
rhA behest of his own convictions 01 uuty,
Ho alluded to his relations with the people
ot Louisiana, and his consciousness that his
course was contrary to what they would like
to have him do in this matter, w nue an nis
personal and political sympathies were en
listed in their bebaif. he. nevertheless, couia
not justify himself in deciding such a matter
as this on the grounds ot personal sentiment,
or nohtical advantasrj. hut must act as
onatrir cf the United States.
bound to obey the constitution and serve the
right, leading the consequences to Provi
dence and to time, which woniu ultimately
correct all wrongs. He made in this connec
tion an elcquent reference to tbe flag of the
country, as symbolising the glory of the
united republic, in conclusion, he referred
in a few strong and stinging sentences to tbe
attempt of Senator Hill to instruct him as to
what be ought to do to uphold the honor of
South Carolina, an attempt which he plainly
considered to be impertinent in tbe highest
degree. "I thank the senator from Georgia,"
he said, "for bis denunciation as slanders of
the whispers which seek to destroy the char
acter of tbe most highly honored State in the
Union, in the days of the past. I thank him
for the deep solicitude he manifests for the
honor of South Carolina and her senators.
I assure him that the honor of my State is as
dear to me as anyone. It has been the earn
est effort of my life to maintain it unsullied,
io peace and in war. I have fought under
her palmetto flag on bloody fields
that were shot sown and planted
thick with steel where that flag floated
side-by-side with that of Geo gia, borne by
tbe honorable senator's knightly colleague,
General Gordon, who stands before me with
the scars of battle prominent on his face. In
those dark days, when it was not my good
fortune to etj jy what I now do, the benefit
of the precept and example of the senator
from Georgia, I upheld as well as I could the
honor of my State, and I trust I shall not
prove recreant to it now. The people of
South Carolina can best judge how their
honor is guarded here, and should it ever be
my misfortune to misrepresent cr dbapiolnt
them in any way by having the courage of
my convictions, they will at heart say: "He
braved the shafts of censure and of shame."
The close of his speech was greeted with ap
plause in tbe galleries and on the fl xr, and
many senators hastened to congratulate
him.
SEASONABLE POETBY,
There was a youna man from the States;
Came to Denver on emigrant rates
Un mining Intent.
For bonanzas hell bent.
This hopeful young man from the States,
With eacb needed tool.
And a narrow-gauge mule.
Loaded down to the guards with bis "chuck,"
His spirits were gay
As be bled blm straightway
Te tbe hills for a "turn of his lurk."
But when down In his shaft thin j feet,
With common bad luck
He porphyry struck.
Then gave np. disgusted,
"Cantered" home badly "busted,"
And now my sad story's complete.
Denver Tribune.
Streak llgntnln' fo' miles long,
Borne dese dajs gwlne him him,
Ing' soil sing a nuader song
When de debbll git blm I
Delibll watch fo' slcb as blm
Ketch him in bis cellar;
Choke him back, an' bit him "blm,"
Butt him till him boiler!
Debbll stan' up dlmbo straight.
Laugh at Ing'soll franclo ,
Stan' htm In a red-hot plate
Pat while Bob's adancln'l
A new darky ditty la Louisiana,
When Eve brought woe to all mankind
Old Adam called her wo man,
and when he found she woed so kind.
He taen pronounced ber woo-man.
But now. with smiles and artful wiles
Their husbands' pockets trtmmln'.
The women's are so full of whims,
Tbe people call them whim-men.
-Ouray (Col.) Solid Muldoon.
Hickory, diekory. dock
, Mabel bas wound up tbe clock,
She bangs up her brown hair
On tbe back ot a chair.
And yanks off her barber-pole sock.
Chicago Tribune.
A ranchman's daughter
She shot M'Whorter:
M'Whorterhe ffli
Close by an old well.
All praise to the gal.
Whose front name is Sal .
Detroit Free Press.
Very Hard oa the Meleatlata
New York World: "In answer to Mr.
irouue, who loudly declares that there is
n.r .nnl, i 'nyt.d.. I. , , " :
ww. oui-u vuuuii,b uciwccn religion anu
science' that if religion is to retain its hold
uwu luieiugeuii men ana women it must be
remodeled according to the new lights. Prof
P. G. Tail, one of the most scientific
01 living scientibo men, 6ays that in reality
,ltn-A l d- . A 1 , 1 , , . .
vucio 19 uu buui ixjnmcc at an, ana mat real
men 01 science are as devout now as ever
they 'were. This view of the matter has been
fcieauuy entertained oy the best informed
theologians, but it is refreshing to see that
it is held by men like Tait and Thomson,
who may be presumed to speak with author
ity and full knowlpaVe from a. ionfi;;.
standpoint. Prof. Tait asks who the 'scient
ists reany are wbo believe that religion and
science are incompatible and that una or the
other muBt inevitably be crowded out the
... upimvn mat wey
will on examination be found to be
busybodies who do not mind their
own DUBiness ana simply wish to
create a disturbance so that their names ma
be brought into prominence. This is rather
naru upon ur. joon w. Draper, to sav
uuiuiuk ui i rui. auaiey, wnose lectures in
this city a few years ago were more remark
able because of their hostile attitude to or
thodox cbrixtianitv Ikon .mm
jtrertling facts in biology which were brounht
:. r , --"i"- in nam aiso upon
Uaekel and Vogt and Buchner, but it mnst
be said that it ia harder upon our own Dr.
Draper than upon anybody else, seeing that
tbe crofeaor'a wnrHa ical Airan :.u u.
111 llOTir , n fLah. I. - l l ,
title of one of the most remarkable of the
doctor s books."
Breeding Chlidrea aa Physiological
Frlaelplea.
Cincinnati Gazette: Mr. Beccher preached
a sermon on children last Sunday in which
he made the following remark: "How often
do we see persons married who ought never
to be married ? The barnyard fowl has more
thought given him in regard to nature than
have children. There are ministers who
are very much embarrassed, at funerals of
children, when they see this and know that
the parents ought never to have married. I
do not think civilisation will make its real
start nntil physiological laws are taught in
this connection to fathers and mothers." No
one would think of breeding animals in the
way that children are often bred. Fathers
and mothers afflicted with constitutional
trouble transmit their weaknesses to their
children, and thus the proportion of un
healthy men and women to the whole popu
lation becomes amszingly large. This will
not be regulated by law, but it ought to be
regulated by common sense.
leterla Waeahall ta he Harried
Asala la Kazlaao.
London Lift. Aoril 24: In each of her
three English homes she Victoria Woodhnlll
ia alt that a daughter and sister should be;
and rttore long, itisunderstcod-a-nav. is even
coyly confessed she is to unite her happi
ness with tbat ot an f.ri;libman tor whom
the world hs cauer.t , r i, and we
ru t o". i t; : I t'-t .J.- l-.v.-s Mrs.
Wcouba.l Ij.ts tb:io.-!j Kcr fac-r there can
be oo temperate itx, as she is as full of a'
fect.oa as of cht raoter. With the aative im
petuosity of'a child she blends the ieep sen-
AN AVPALLIJiG CALAMITY.
The Tow njof Milton, Pa., CompleUTy
etroyed by Fire aod its Inhabitants
Left Utterly Destitute or Food, '
Clothing and the Common
est Necessaries of
Life Total Loss Estimated at One Mil
lion Six Hundred Thousand Dol
larsKeller being Sent In
Response to Urgent
Entreaties.
SuHBTjat, Pa., May 15. The cene this
UlUimu Ktj avac. , ,
Nothing remains except the blacken a and
desolate ruins of the once prosperous WB
The people spent last night in the booee-J a.nii
l-J. . t .1 . - J tUa nt.nin0.ml). .
: a n st i iMvrMM rTAhssa riutiuu.
i r 1 1, mo dui'wuiai ouu
The number of buildings destroyed is six
. ... ,T, , 1 , . J . 1 .
hundred and sixty-six. ids vaults sua uio
books of the bank are uninsured. The peo
ple of the town are almost entirely destitute,
but provisions Dave oeen pouring into tuwu
the man bnrned to death has been identified
as that of Mr. An gey. he was eignty-nvo
years old, and died while attempting to save
the stable ot the poorhouse. Airs. Sticker
died duriog the night from fright. Tbe fire
originated irom sparai iruiu a saw-iuiu at
tached to the car-works.
THE PRINCIPAL L08EBS ARB
William RuhAr tanner t13i 000: Reiner.
Scbroher fe Co., 175,000; Academy of Music,
130 000: E. hTouBer ec Cro., 3UtAJ, insurance
$3000; C. B. Krou,er. shoeman. fGOOO. ln-nrani-
t'OOO: car shons. S200 000. insur
ance $70,000; Huff hour, $35,000. insur
ance $la,JU0; United states notei, fiu.uw:
Broadway hou. $30,000; Cyros Brown,
druggist, $30,000; E L. Wagner, $SO,000,
msurenoe flU.UUU; Swanz s maroie yaia,
$15,000. insura-ce $10,000; Jfiifenian effice.
$5000, insurance $2500; Independent office,
Riinn I.iiitiiiio 7iYl. J V liinwr & Son.
YWVt, ' . .vw, - .
clothiers, $30 000, insurance $5000; Haugh,
hardware, $5000. insurance $1200; Samuel
Dnefuss, clothing, $6000, insurance $3000;
Phillip Henry, clothier, $4000. insurance
$2000: Oopenheimer, notions. $6000. insur
ance $2000; Rice, clothing, $4000. insurance
3nm- ii Rrnn. bntcher. 20 000. no in
surance; Ex Senator Bound, residence, $10,-
000.
CHURCHES DESTROYED.
Reformed, $1S,000; CtthoHc. $10,000;
Baptist, $15,000; Methodist, $13,000; Evan
gelical, $6000; Presbyterian. $10,000. The
insurance companies, represented by two
agents, lose as follows: American, of Phila
delphia, $100,000; Girard, $75,000; Pfccen.x,
of London, $50,000; Lyconing. $100,000;
Fire Association, of Philadelohis, $39,000;
Farmers, of York, $24 000; Franklin, $40.
North America. $40,000; 'n. $125,000,
and Danville Mechanics, $13,000. Tbe ag
gregate losses are estimated at $1,600,000.
Teed aad Pravlataaa A sited Cor.
Pittsburg, May 15. A message was re
poived last meht bv Mayor Liddell Irom Gov
ernor Hoyt asking aid for the sufferers by tbe
fire at Milton, Pennsylvania, yesterday. Ia
acc irdance with this tbe mayor has named
Monday next as tbe day for a meeting to take
action in relation to relief measures. The
meeting will be held in a room of the cham
ber of commerce.
The Gsverssrs Call.
Habbisburq, May 15. Toe governor is
sues the following: "Although liberal con
tributions have been made to Milton, the ad
vices are that tbey will be exhausted. Knives,
fork, coffee-pote, clothing and blankets are
most needed. Tbe emergency is very press
ing, aud they will give twice who will give
quickly. HOYT.
Philadelphia Beaaeade.
PhtLademia, May 15. t a meeting in
the mayor's clfise to day three thousand
three hundred and eighty dollars w.u con
tributed for Milton.
"J1EBE WE BEST.
J. C. Goodrich, of Madison, is a candidate
for Slate superintendent of education.
Mrs. Diyle died in Selma a short time
since. Sne was the widow of S. F. Doyle.
There are oae hundred and ten newspa
pers and periodicals published in the State.
Hon. A. A. Coleman is a candidate for
juige of the Greensboro circuit, at the next
election.
. Colonel J. W. Posey, of Greenville, is a
candidate forjudge of tbe new second judi
cial circuit.
Mr. J. W. Yarbrough has leased the Col
linsville Post, and is making a very good pa
per of it.
Mr. Daniel Crow, an old citizen of Law
rence county, died recently, aged seventy
eight years.
Selma has received to date the present sea
son 109,575 bales of cotton, against 99,218
bales same time last year.
The third annual convention of the Sundry
schools of Alabama is called to meet in Eo
faula, June 8'.h.
Colonel H. A. Herbert, the present repre
sentative ftcm the Montgomery district, is a
candidate for re election.
Hon. J. M. Carmichae', of Dale county, is
strongly urged for the State auditorehip.
Colonel Savage, of Calhoun county, is also
spoken of for the same office.
Charles H. Patton. Eq ., a son of Ex -Governor
Pattern, is the Democratic candidate for
the legislature in Liuderdale county.
Mrs. Walker, wife ot Hon. Thomas A.
Walker, of Jacksonville, Calhoun county,
died at her residence, in Jacksonville, a few
days since.
Tbe State Index is a new eight-page weekly
just started at Selma by Hardy & Norton. It
is a well edited, handscm ;ly printed j urnal,
and merits succe-' s.
The historical and monumental association
of Montgomery propose to raise sixty thou
sand dollars by one-dollar subscriptions for
the purpose of erecting a monument in that
city to the Confederate dead.
Hon. John T. Morgan, Ciptain J. F.
White, and Colonel George S. Lyon were re
cently engaged at Dayton, Marengo county,
in taking testimony in the case of Miss Lucy
Rhett Horton, of Marengo, against John H.
Morgan, for seduction, now pending in the
supreme court of the District of Columbia, at
Washington City.
Aa Aaserleaa tilrl la Paris.
An American girl in Paris writes: "We
went to the Madeleine to church this morn
ing. It is not much like church, especially
when one stops to buy things on tbe way
home. The French all do their shopping on
Sunday, but they are very particular not to
miss mass in the morning. The mus e at the
Madeleine was very fine, but the ceremony
was rather ridiculous. Soon after we came
to the pension they announced a soiree for
Sunday evening. The Eoglish girls rebelled
at first, but at last were prevailed noon to go,
and they danced nntil twelve o'clock at
night. This is not the worst of it. Soon af
terward the most prudish of the English girls
was seen going to hear Sarah Bernhardt !
play on Sunday evening. We are in tbe
queerest of hotels now. We have no fetnme
de chant bre, but instead an old man docs all
the chamber work. He is called 'garoon' in
French, and B and I call him 'the old
bey' in plain English. I shall never believe
that the French are hypocritical. I have
found them very kind, good-hearted and
frank. Of course I rench girls are very dif-
it-rcni in tneir leenng irom Americans or
Eoglish. Ihe Americans are a sort ot cross
between the Engl s i and French better
than the English and a little better than the
Drench.
A Bad Day rer AlUaratera.
Orlando (Fla.) Reporter: "Monday proved
a field day with tbe alligators. They came
uui in targe numoera to bask in tbe warm
sunlight alter the ram. Fatal recreation!
c very ooa y on board went to shoot I ncr thpm
Even the scullion would leave his dish pan to
" num. ana ic seemea nard to miss
tnem. ibe champion slayer was an old
hunter from the Granite State. Whenever
ne raised bis nne death was in the air and
its sharp report was the crack of death for
some cousin ot the crocodile. The gater
slayer expended his last cartridge in the
evening, but not until he had scored his sixty-fifth
alligator. We have killed upward
of two hundred altogether. Their vitality is
remarkable. I chopped off tbe bead of one
a few minutes after it had been shot. Sever
al minutes after tbe head was entirely sever
ed from the body I tbrust an oar at it. The
jaws opened and snapped to again I ke a
huge steel trap, driving tbe teeth three
fourths. of an inch into tbe hard oak and
splitting the oar-handle. Even twenty min
utes later tbat 'eater-head would not have
been a safe toy for children."
They Iea't Waat a SJtepsaetaer.
Marion. O.. May 12. Two damsels.
known as Net aud Pet Woods, were brought
into town to day from Lime and lodcred in
jail, charged with shooting with intent to
kill tneir stepmainer.. About six weeks aco
Tip Woods, a grain merchant of Lsrue,
married his second wife, against the wishes
of his daughters. Threats were made
by the latter against tbe life of Mrs.
Woods, and lsi night, about ten o'clock.
the two girls drove in a buggy from
Kenton, armed with revolvers, it ia
alleged, wish the expiees determination of
murdering their step-mother. KeachiDo- tho
residence of Mr. Woods, tbey fired several
shots through tho windows, broke in the
front door, and repaired to the upper stcry,
where tbey began a terrible fusilade into the
bed-room of Mr. and Mrs. Woods. Mrs.
Woods escaped through a side-door on tbe
lower flower, where she took refuge in the
apartment of Mr. Hastings, a partner of Mr.
woods, and secreted herselt under the bed.
Unable to find the object of their search, the
two girls returned to Kenton. This morn
ing they were arrested, and broueht before
Justice Copeland, and, in default of seven
hundred dollars were jailed here, aa above
stated.
A saeeeasral Walkiet.
Ninety English miles separate Philadel
phia from the metropolis. A colored boot
black of the Quaker City wagered that ha
could walk tbe distance-within twenty-four
hours, and made tbe trial on Thursday and
Friday last. He arrived at tbe Commercial
ex.'hng, in Piiiladelphia, fifteen minutes
ahead ot time, and nearly tainted, but toon
revived and made a speech to the assembled
crowd.- His reward is several hundred dol-
ficiently'.large.to contain a enmmonfebam-
paghi. oottie; a nre or cnarcos t or i imui.j
glowing embers is mado witbJn tbe bole, in
to wbich til? woman about to be scented
throws a handful of drugs, bhe then takes
uff tbe cloth Ot "topV which form her dress
and crouches caked over the fumes, while
she arranges her robe to fall as a mantle
from her neck to the grout A like t tent, ene
now begins to perspire fret! in tie hot-air
U.IU ..I f Via nnm nf iVu vitf bt-.'Ug tbUS
opened and moist, the volatile pil fr"ui the
smoke ot toe Doming penumes .rawon.-
atly absorbed. By the time that ix ff a,,s
expired the scenting procesi is con.lesiJ.
and both her person and her robe are jug
lenfwith incense, with which they are ara
thoroughly impregnated that I have fre
quently smelt a party of women strongly at .
run a nnnareu yaras distance warn mo wmu ;
has been blowing from their direction.
cull.
Edaeatleaal Befersa Prapeeed ta be
Iaatltated daialna Jaaas at
ft lee Per Ceat.
Madrid, May 15. In congress Senor
Bustiilos, minister of colonies, replying to a
question by a Cuban deputy, said the gov
ernment proposed soon to introduce a re
formed system of education in Cuba and to
estabu'oh agric ultural schools there, but it was
impossible for ihe present to create a prefecr
ture and ecclesiastical reforms. In answer toj
further interpellation, Bustiilos said the gov
ernment had borro wed certain sums at nine
per cent, interest U enable then to meet,
claims pecding the issue of the prrjeoted
Cuban loan.
T11K FJIJE
frillies; ta Hake esae Caactsslsss ta
BlBBiarch for she Cathe
lie Fewer -I" raaay.
London, May 15. j Berlin correspond
ent asys: "Hoodreds cf paiUhes are without
priests, and to new oa ss can be apro nted
nntil the bihops are wit'lint to submit tbe
names of candidates to th- gt vernment. It
is therefore believed in gwa'smetit crclts
tbat the pope is willing to g tve in. a ne
tear tbe power of the papacy h Europe
might be shaken by longer deU y. lo re
establish tbia power the pope- is .ad to be
willing make, tor the momeas, a 'roe sac
rifices and also some important ooncssions.
In this policy, ho-vever, the pop ."Ui en
counter resistance irom the Jesuits.
GEOBtiE ELIOT'S
Haebaad, Br. Jeha Walter (Jreaw,
Old Sew Verk. Btsktr-Hsst
Bla Uaele has Hay ta
His Ksvor.
New York Evening Telegram: "The
marriage of Marian Evans lvwes, better -known
as George Eliot, to Mr. Ji'hn Walter
Cross, which bas been announced by cable
from London, has attracted very general at
tention in the first circles in this city, as tbe
groom was for a long period a resident1' here,
and was ten or twelve years ago a well
known society man, a member of the TJ.tion
club and prominent among Wall stivet.
b inkers. Mr. William Wood, lately lbe
president ot the board of education, aaid t'o
a reporter of the Telegram: Mr. Jobbi
Walter Cress was about ten years a member .
of tbe banking bonse of Deonistonn, Wood
& Co., at No. 22 Exchange place, which went
out ot business in 1S75. The London branch
of the bouse was Deonistoun, Cross & Co.
The Mr. Crews in this firm waa the father of
John Walter. Tho latter gentlemas left
New York in 1S71 to takd up hu residence
in London. Since 1875 he bas been a mem
ber of tbe banking-house of Cress, Bnsoo ac
Co., who are dealers in American securities,
and the successors ot Robert B;nson & Co.
of London. Mr. Cross has been successful
in business. Ha was io.-ty years of age last.
March, lie was educated at Rugby, and has.
been a writer for Eraser's aod other London
magazines. He is very intimite in tbe liter
ary society to which Georen Henry Lewes,
the late husband of George Eliot, belonged,
among whose members were Prof. Jowatt,
master ot Biliol college, Oxford; Prof, Brad
ley, master of the University college, and
Matthew Arnold. Mr. Cross was also very in
timate with Mr. L';wes, and was one of tba
m Corners at his funeral. There has been an in
timacy of laig standing between the Cross
aod Ls ps a.niiies. 1 am Mr. Crop's uncle,'
contiBoedMr, Wood; 'his mother 4 my ska
ter. His biothe,! Mr. Richard Jarues Cross,
u 2 member ot .the bankicg-touse of Mor
ton, Buss & Co., at the corner ol Nassau and
Cedar streets, in this city. This gentleman
married MaU'da UetU-uond a daughter of
the late William Redmond, formerly a well
known merchant ia this civ v. Tlie marriage
of my nephew with George Euot is some
what a matter of surprwe to me, as 1 had no
information from him in xegaxd to it. He is
a very clever man, and aha is tha brightest
woman in all England.' "
Peaple ta this Ceaatry Dylas
Denver (Col.) News: "A private Irtfe. to
an official in this city, from Franklin, 'Itx.1,
says: The R:o Grande river ;s dry agjna..
and the greatest distress prevails among tfeue
poor wretches by whom wa are surrounded".
They are absolutely starving; many are liv
ing on what we call grass nuts. These they
grind between two stones, and think them
selves fortunate it they can get a handlol of
bran to mix with them. Many have died,
from want.and it is believed that within three
months, naless relief comes from abroad,,
many more will die. A number come in from
other towns daily, demanding food. All they
ask is a little corn. As far as we can see now,
it seems there win be no corn, vegetables or
fruit. The few vegetables we now have are
eettin? dry and touh for want of water..
Don't think I am exaggerating my account.
Tbat were impossible. Imagine while hun
dreds of thousands of dollars are beicg sent
to Ireland, there are people in our own glo
rious republic dying for want o. food. "
A Herele Bather.
The Lancaster (Pa ) Intelligencer says on
Wednesday la it a sad drowning accidot,
marked by the heroic devotion of a mother,
took place in the Susquehanna river, seair
NetTs island, opposite Turkey Hill. Henryr
Shoff, leek-tender on the canal at Newr
Bridgeport, York county, went fishing on.
Neff'a island. About, noon bis wife, accom--pacied
by her two children, entered a boat to
row to tbe island, taking with her ber bus
band's dinner. The boat struck a rock and
was upset, Mrs. Shell and her children being
thrown into the water. Mrs. Shoff being a
good swimmer, seized her children, and tell
ing them to cling fast to her clothing, struck
out bravely for the shore through the swirl
ing, eddying torrent. Before reaching tha
landing the little girl, aged ten years, lost
her hold, sank beneath the water and waa
drowned. The mother and boy, after a bard
struggle, reached a place of safety.
KJsslaa- aad TeUlaat.
Mr. Eddy gave Mifs Htnfzleman a fine set
of jewelry, at Newbero, North Carolina, and
she wore it lor several weeks. Then be
brought a suit to recover it, on the ground
that be had simply lent it to her. She testi
fied that, by the terns of a mufual agree
ment, she was to pay lot the j-we(ry by kiss
ing Mr. Eddy every morning for a hundred
days. He called and got his kiss, on bis way
to work, every day for about a month. tTben
he grew bold and wanted to tike a hug aa
well as a kias. There was no provision in the
bargain for buzcinz. and she remlsed him.
even restricting bis kisses to a mere touch of
nis lips to ner cneea. ui inougoc .'J" waa
being cheated, and hence his fcfl jrt to recover.
Death la Hasty Grata.
An Italian correspondent of the Lancet.
calls attentijn to an insidious and frightfully
disease called "pellaga," of which no less
than ninety-seven thousand Italians are said
to be dying at the present time, the number
of victims representing 3.62 per 1000 of tha
whole population, and in the infected depart
ments, especially ii! Lombardy and Venice, a
higher proportion thaS ever occurred during
the worst cholera epidemic in France. The
diapnan nsnaliv mna ilnw lourse, like con
sumption. IU cause is believed to be the
exclusive consumption of man in et en
orated condition and the unhealthy State of
the hovels in which the rustics live.
A Balae Bst SJtery.
A boy in AugusU, Maine, recently found1
a nest containing twelve young rats. Tbese
he placed in a basket and presented thens to
the family cat, which is the mother of two
small kittens. Tbe cat devoured ten of the
rats at once. Then, taking the two others in
her mouth, she carried them to the basket
and tenderly placed them beside her own
young, and there they remain, living in har
mony and drawing sustenance from their
natural enemy. The cat evinces as much
solicitude for their safety and comfort ce aha
does for her own offspring.
Paaeral of Chief-Jastlee t'karrh.
Albion. N. Y.. May 15. The funeral of"
Chief-Justice Church takes otace io Christ's
church on Tuesday next. Tbe services will.
be condue'ed ty Uisbop Coxa and Rev. Mr.
Barnird. Mrs. Conrch was completely Dros-
trated by the death of her husband, ard
passed a restless nigbt. She was somewhat
better to day. Ibe courts acd bar associa
tions in the State are taking formal action.
New York Bank sttatesneat.
Niw Tnur Mao I t P .9la.
ment: Loans decrease, $2,565,500. Spec
increase, f 2 8SJ 500. Legal-tenders in
crease. 11,972,200. Deposits increase.
$2,752,900. Circulbtror decrease, $74,500.
Reserve increase. $4,170,475. Tbe banks
now ho'd 10.238.325 in excess of tho legal
requirements. I
Ceatest Over a Preeaaaaaa'a Corpse. I
Naw York, May 15. The friends of Den- I
nis Copirs, a Freemason, whose body was
refused burial in Calvary cemetery last fall,
acd which refusal has resulted in a long cob- Be
troversy, have resolved to carry tbe case info
the court of appeals. Hi
Tbe Praaeaed Prlse-Plsht. 6
Naw York. Mav 15. -It is stated that the
time and placs has beea fixrd for t h -fight
between Kooke and Donovan;-
have resumed training. Goss leaves 1 - '
for Erie. Ho meets Paddy Ryan i.
luesday next.
Mew 1rk'a Obel' .
A knoU ia front of and
ot the Metropolitan museum, ib Cn","" '
has been selected as a suitable jt'V-v
Egyptian obelisk. and the department ot x
bas eiven itu const at to the errction f
ctx-'-.k ihe-. .
Pit ti. - ,x ; - f"
;s
, . i - -
y I - A.
1 ... I .

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