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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-TIJESljAY, OCTOBER: 5, 188G.
MEDICAL COLLEGE. OsCntag or the Session of 1HK0-81 Be fore a Large Attcmlance of I-aes IlltadlHMi and the Col lege Faculty. A.Mross 1o the Students Dellrered bj lr. JiHn Vis- -He Bids Them Wei eome and Explains the Duties of the Profession. The owning session of the Memphis hos pital medical college, for the year 1S0-1, took place yesterdav, at the college building, on Union avenue. There was quite a large attendance of gentlemen and ladie prrsent and the museum and building were examined by them. At 1 1 o'clock the faculty and in vited guests a-wenibled in the amphitheater. Dr. E. Kile Will.tt. professor of diseves of ivonu-n, introduced Dr. Julius Wise, professor of materia ma (tea and therapeutics and lec tnrer on clfnlca medicine. That gentleman delivered the following opening address to the students: Address hi Dr. Julius Wise. GENTLEMEN OF TIIK l'l.A OK 1880 ANII 1881 -In liehalf of the faculty of the Mem phis hospital medical college, I greet you. Si v colleagues have assigned to me the pleas ing dntv of bidding you welcome to Sur midst, and in the name of the faculty, in be half of the board of trustees of this institu tion, and in behalf of the people of Memphis, 1 liiil you welcome, thrice welcome, ion have come to us-, gentlemen, to prepare your selves for admission into that high profession to which suffering humanity looks for relief and assistance. You have come to us for the purpose of qualifying yourselves as practi tioners of medicine. The faculty of this College feels that in inviting you here, it has assumed a heavv responsibility, a responsi bility for which it is answerable not alone to you," but also to the country at large, and it if with a deep sense of accountability that we, its members, i nter iixn the duties that we have been sailed upon to iierform. It may not lie out of place at this time to say a few words in regard to the motives which prompted tl e organization of a medical school in this city. Believing that the na ture and treatment of certain forms of dis ease which are constantly prevalent in this locality can be studied here better than at places where they are almost unknown, we felt it a duty owing to this and surrounding communities to educate physicians competent to engage in the investigation of those forms ..I disease, knowing our liability to the inva sions of maladies u pun the prevention of which the welfare of this section depends we have Uiought it well that medical students should receive their education from teachers whom experience has made familiar with such mal adies, and not from teachers whose knowl edge is exclusively theoretical. We natu rally consider ourselves more competent to teach students the nature of diseases with which we arc constantly in contact than arc men (no matter how learned) who rarely or never see tin se iliscascs. Appreciating the importance of investigating the etymology and natural history of those diseases to which wc here are peculiarly liable, we think it probable that students trained where those disease prevail will be better fitted for sucli inquiries than individuals who have never seen a case of the disease they pretend to study. A similar view seems to have pre vailed among some of those who were ap pointed upon investigating committees anil boards of health. It seemed as if their main qualification for the positions was their ig norance of the diseases they were empowered to investigate. We recall some of them that came to this place after the diseases they came to study had disappeared, and how they brought with them preconceived opinions, anil how -mill a respect they displayed for facts that did not harmonize with their pet theories. Believing that the diseases mostlv prevalent in this section do not at most med ical schools receive that degree of attention their importance demands, and be lieving that students . should he thor oughly familiarized with those mala dies for whose prevention and cure they will as practitioners he called upon. Be lieving all tiii-. we feel there has been goes) and sufficient reason for the establishment of a medical school in the city of Memphis. In addition to the opportunities which Memphis adonis for studying diseases peculiar to this climate, it also affi -d- to the student facili ties for the studying of nearly all other forms of disease. 1 need not call your atten tion to our clinical material the hospitals and dispensaries speak for themselves. I need not call your attention to this comfort able building, which contains every conven ience essential for pursuing the stndy of med cine, and I may say here that the verv exis tence of this structure is evidence in itself of a firm conviction on the part of its people that Memphis is well adapted for the location of a medical school, for their faith was suffi cient incentive to cause them to invest their money -and I mny parenthetically remark that Memphis men generally expect to make their investments pay. It is largely owing to the munificence of the business men of this city that we have been able to erect a building worthy of the other advantages Memphis possesses as a center for medical education. It must be a sourc c of gratifica tion to all who have the wellfare of this in stitution at heart that it opens so auspiciously. W begin with as large a class as even the most sanguine oi pa exjieeted, and I doubt if there lie a single school of medicine in this country which on the .first day of its first ses sion could boast of a larger attendance. Geu tleuieji, in entering upon the study of medi cine you have chosen a profession that is worthy of all your powers. I know that it is the common fashion to sneer at the slow progress medicine has made during the present century. It may be true that our science has not advanced rapidly, when com pared with some of the others, but the progress it has made outweighs in actual beneficence to the human race, all that has been accom plished by the other sciences combined. In the early part of this century one in every seven adnuttdd into a hospital died, and now only one in every twelve dies. In 1685 one in twenty of the inhabitants of Ixndon died, while now one in forty dies. In France the duration of life has been increasing equal to fifty-two days for each year from 1776 to to 1812, or nine-and-a-half years for the period. In midwifery practice 150 years ago one in forty died; in 1828 oulv one in 107 died and at the present time not more than one in HO dies. In surgery the saving of life at present exceeds by more than forty per ctnt. me results at tile beginning ot this een turv; besides this, the horror of surgical operaLiuns has been unspeakably mitigated. It is not so long since when an amputation leeanie necessary, the victim was tied to a table ami suffered all the torture that knife and saw could inflict; the bleeding vessels were not ligatcd as uow, and the raw stump was seared witn a red-hot iron, or dipped in hot pitch to stop the bleeding. Now now is it? When an amputation is necessary the patient takes a few whiffs of chloroform, and Ins mind is sent to wander in Klvsinn field while the operation is being performed. Smallpox, once the scourge oi the world, has been robbed of its malignancy and ranks as a preventable disease, and even the name of cholera has lost the terror it once Inspired. In the United States life lias been prolonged more than twenty-five per cent, in the last eighty years, and "the duration of treatment lessened more than one-third. The fever-thermometer, the larygascope, the stethoscope, the opthalniascopc, the aspirator,' Esmarch's bandage, the plaster jacket, and numerous other discoveries of equal importance testify that co-science and art of mcdicpie has not been standing still during the nineteenth century. Much has been done, but much more remains to be ac complished, and gentlemen to you belongs the future. You have come here to lay the foundations of your career, and I need" not tell you that the foundations must he solid if you try to erect upon it an enduring su perstructure. Bear in mind, gentlemen, that there is no substitute for hard Work there never yet was mortal that achieves eminence without it. There is no royal road to learn ing; the great genius is he who has the ge nius for hard work. Superficial and showy accomplishment may succeed for a short time, but it is the persistent, plodding, in domitable worker who carries off the priie. You must Ih inspired with a desire to Iearu, for without that all teaching will not avail. Bear in mind that all the different branches of medicine are mutually dependant upon each other, and that you cannot neglect one without rendering yourselves weak in all of the others: "No chain is stronger than its I "UK, ami each one ot the different branches is a link in the chain of medical scicuce. You must familiarize vourselves with anatomy, physiology and chemistry, for no man can knowingly pursue the study of medicine who does not understand these "fun damental branches. It i, verv fasciualiug for the student to witness the experienced surgeon performing his brilliant operations In the clinical amphitheater, but do not for get that the surgeon must be an anatomist before he can oerate, or that the physician who diagnoses an ols-cure case, i als" a stu dent physiology. The importance of clin ical instructions cannot Ik- overestimated; but diseased structure and function cannot be investigated by ue ignorant of normal con dition. You must know what the human body is in health, before you can appreciate the alterations made in ii bv disease. ientlemen, it is often said that he professions are over-crowded, and this to a certain extent is true; but bear in mind, that the crowd is at the bottom, and that there is plenty of room on top. If you re main at the bottom, the competition will be severe, and the reward small. But the high a you mount the less crowded you will be, and the greater the prize to be gained. You arc about to devote yourself to medicine, and medicine, like law, is a jealous mistress; she will endure no rival netrrthe throne; fidelity to her can only be maintained by a complete separation from all conflicting pursuits, (ientlemen, yon are young, ardent and hope ful; years "pregnant -with .mighty results are before you; science invites yon; be indus trious, be zealous, 1 earnest, andsucoess will crown your efforts. When in the course of your studies you sometimes liecome discour aged, as vou sometimes will, and the way looks dark before you, gaze upon the long list of names ujion the roll of honor, w here they are destined to remain, shinning bright er and brighter through ail coming ages, and take courage: "Lives of great men s'.l remJuil us. We an make our live sublime; And departing leeve ln-Mud us. Footprints in thesanils of time.' From the time of Jvsculapius, and ialeii, Hipocrates, sad Plato, Aristotle and a hun dred more down to the present time every age has had its great physicians and every country it great doctors. Who will be the great physicians and who will be the great doctors for the age in which you live ? The answer to this interrogation must come from future generations, but you arc permitted to enter as competitors for the place. All of you may not be able to stand in history side by side with the great fathers of the professions, orwith Hunter, and Harvey, Jenner and Cul len and others of more modern date, yet if vou shall prove true to yourselves and the pro fession yon are about to adopt when the history of your generation shall take its place in the history of the world youi- names will appear upon the record as honored nie&i'ucrs of an honorable profession, (ientlemen, again I bid you welcome. LCCtSMS T"-I.v Ir. Willett, at the close of th bove ad dress, announced that the college was regu larly ooened for lectures, which will com mence this morning with a large class much larger than was expected at the opening of the session. By the end of the mouth at least fifty students will be in attendance. All desiring'to attend the lecture course can se cure all necessary information by applying to the dean of the faculty, W. K. Rogers, M.D., No. 888 Main street. The session com mences on the first Monday in October and closes on the first of Nlarch. Requirements for graduation. Candidates for the degree of doctor of medicine must have attended two couises of lectures, the latter in this college ; must have attained the age of twenty-one years, and must be of good moral character. Each can didate must deposit, on or before the 15th day of February of the year of graduation, with the dean of the faculty, an original thesis upon some medical subject and the graduation fee, the latter of which" "will be returned in case of rejection. And, finally, he must pass a satisfactory examination upon all branches taught in this college. The .Faculty. W. K. His. Kits, If. D., Professor ol Surgery, Clinical, Operative and Genito-Urinarv- B. O. HESMSd, Professor of Principles and Practice of Sot FT. HKBER JONES, M. !., Professor of Theory and Practice of Medi cine, and J'linieal Lecturer on Diseases of the Throat. F. u'sfM, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Children. C. MH.ES WILLETT, M. D., Professor of Diseases of Women. - O. W. OVXKALI M.1",. Professor of Physiology and Diseases of the Nervous System. .11 1 ! 1 s WINE, 1UI- Professor of Materia Metiiea and Therapeutics and Lecturer on ninlcal Medicine. W. B. RTS1ERS, M.D., Professor of Anatomy, JULIV8 FAILLES, M.D., . Professor of Chemistry and Texicology. A. O. SINCLAtB, M.I'. lTofessororOphthalmogy and Otology. A. I. EAKIN, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. W. E. ROGERS, M.D., Dean of the Faculty. A WONDEB-WOBKFJR. Tlie Exlraertllnnry dire Wrong-tat n Storer by an Italian PensaiiteM.s, Who Sees With Her Fingers. Brooklvn Union-Asms: There is a curious sequel to the legal action of Mrs. Amelia W. Stover, of Boston, against Drs. Catlin and Klmendorf, ot this city, to recover $iuu,uu Mr alleged malpractice. The suit against Ir. Elmendorf was subsequentlvdiscontinued. That against Dr. Catlin is yet pending. Mrs. Stover's injuries were caused Mav 27, 1878, by her falling from a piano stool, at the resi dence of her sister, Mrs. Thorburn, at 91 South Portland avenue, this city, while she was trying to light the hall gas. She became a cripple, and expert physicians and surgeons gave her little hope of recovery. oho came to court on crutches, moved slow I v and was evidently in pain. She is now greatlv im proved, using only Two canes and some times but one. In explanation of this she made the following statement to a reporter: "I have been the subject of one of the most wonderful cures, and I am willing to tell the story, because it will expose the lack of ac curate scientific learning among physicians. After two years of suffering, in which I was treated for fracture and for sprains, and had to encounter all the opinions about the im possibility of a bony union in an interscapu lar fracture, and about interstitial absorption of the injured part, 'I at last found out that in all the mass of learning poured over my case, the true cause of my trouble was not apparently thought of, and that, after all. I was suffering from . a dislocated thighbone, which needed to be set. Had any of the physicians I consulted discovered this and reset the displaced bone at first, I probably would have been well to-day. About a week after the trial I asked my sister, Mrs. Thor burn, to accompany me to see Signora Hegina Dal Cin, the Italian peasant, who came to this country last fall with the family of General Stewart L. Woodford, who, having heard of her won derful cures, made a pilgrimage to her home ill northern Italy to secure her lor then- crippled daughter. We hadn't much faith in Mine. Dal Cin, and had no thought that she could effect a cure for me; but wc wished to see if her opinion agreed with that of near! , all educated physicians, that the injury was an incurable fracture. She at once pro nounced the trouble a dislocation, and said that she could cure mo. When she said that I almost fainted with jor. She explained clearly, through an interpreter, because she cannot speak Knglish, all the causes of my agony, and prescribed a poultice of niarsh maHow and bran to relax the muscles pre paratory to setting the limb. I went to bed, followed her directions, aud in a few days she came, and. placing one hand upon the head of the limb which was out of place, guided it, while she gently turned it below the knee, and, by moving it to and fro, up and down, with the greatest gentleness, she at length uttered a 'Jlrant.'' clapped her hands, and 1 knew that the limb was set, for it again had a natural feeling. The whole operation was per formed without the slight, -t pain. I had awaited the time with much apprehension and with so much fear that she would not be able to do what she said that I was physically ex hausted, and was unable to leave my bed for some time to try the limb. She had ! n applying the whites of two eggs, beaten stiff ami laid open a bunch of tow, every day for forty days, ami then she hegan to annoint the hip with lard taken from a hog s kidney and a preparation of white wine and scalded bran. These remedies worked like magic in restoring the muscles to their places, and in drawing the part into a natural shape. I, however, complained of a pain at the knee. The madame, who seems to see with the tips of her lingers, felt around the knee, used a dexterous pressure at one point; and the tiain ceased. She said that, two muscles had a piled over the knee, and needed only to be pushed apart. In time I thrcwJJ aside my crutches, ami now I walk with canes, and 1 exiect to yet leave these at home. A few days ago I walked seven blocks, which wns good for an incurable cripple." I. cue nil A I hills. Jackson Xrfkiins uiiif Sun: '"Our Perry county correspondent gives a mKl account of the leniocrary of llerry. They are wise enough to foresee tbeevil and provide against it by voting the straight ticket. Those who do not foresee it will pass on and Is- pun ished, (ieueral Atkins is lsaring himself manfully in the canvass auuSioing much good for the cause of the LVmocracy, the people aud the right. Tennessee can ill afford to lose a Democratic memlier, but if she does, he cannot a (lord to loses Democratic member in the house. The integrity of the man, the jatthfn) performance oi puhlicdutics, and the influential pdatUon which be has won for himself, all demonstrate tbe pain of duty to every Democrat, ami that is to vote the straight ticket all dt wn the line. All the new fron the lennesscc river coimtrv that we cvt is ol the most favorable character. Atkins w ill go in if every uiau does his whole duty.'' KING'S MOUNTAIN. The Closing Battle of the Revolution The Crowning Tietory of the Pa triots Of 1776 The Triumph that Compelled the Retreat of the British to the Searoaat. History of the Ereat The Offlcers and Men Who Signalized Their Bravery and Their Courage by a Success Not Second to that of Any Other of the War Patri otic Commemoration. Special to the Appeal ! King's Movntain, N. C, October 4. In all the history of the revolution there was, perhaps, no event of such vital importance or so great in its consequences as the victory of the Americ-ns at King's Mountain. It is a fitting oelebration that recalls in this, the one hundredth anniversary of that event, the brave deeds and names of the brave lead -ers on that memorable occasion. The battle occurred October 7, 1780, but the centennial exercises will commence to-morrow, October 5lh, and continue to the 8th. The first day is to lie reunion day, and every arrangement has been made to convey visitors to the grounds, the nearest railway station bein( ing vill five miles distant. At 11 :30 a.m. there be a grand assembly, and salvos of artillery will uwako the echoes of the surrounding hills. The reunion of States will then be organized, and Rev. Ellison Capers will lead in prayer, to be followed by representatives from South Carolina, North Carolina, Vir ginia and Tennessee, who will address the assemblage. Battle day, October 6th. will give an illus tration of the plan of the battle, showing how the indefatigable Americans surrounded and got the better of their wily foe. Oententennial day, October 7th, will witness a national salute at sunrise. Review of troops at 10 a.m. Procession to grand stand. 1'rayer by Kev. W m. Martin, and the follow ing programme: Singing of the lyric, written for the occa sion by Mrs. Clara Dargan McLean, of York- ville, S. C. Heading of the Ode, written for the occa sion by Paul H. Hayne, of Augusta, Ga. Oration Hon. John W. Daniel, of Lynch burg, Va,.' Procession to monument. Unveiling monument, with appropriate ceremonies, Dress parade at 5 p.m. Pyrotechnic display at 8 p.m. Military day, October 8th, prize drill, be ginning at 10 a.m. Award of Centennial medal to the success ful company closes the ceremonies. HISTORY OF THE BATTLE. A review -of the history of the battle of King's Mountain was in itself an interesting feature. About that time the American chances for success looked doubtful. The royalists had been everywhere successful. The Americans had no money, and no credit The people had given of their scant means until they were themselves in a state of im poverishment. Lord Cornwallis had seized Charleston, and taken possession of South Carolina. His troops, bloated with success, were making the lives of the rebels who re mained within their lines horrible with their insults and depredations, Cornwallis, sure of Ncrth Carolina and confident of Virginia, made a post at Charlotte and waited there for supplies, while Colonel Ferguson at the head of a large army, pressed onward to overrun the whole country. He arrived at the bor ders of the mountains, and there sent a paroled prisoner, named Samuel PhillipSj with a message, across the mountains, stating to the inhabitants that if they did not cease their opposition to the king he would come over and burn their villages, confiscate their prop erty and hang their leaders. This insolent message reached Colonel Shelby about the lant of August, and he immediately mounted his horse and rode sixty miles to see Colonel Sevier, and counsel witn him as to what had better be done. They remained together two days, then had agreed to raise all the rifle man they could, go across the mountains, surprise Ferguson and make his threat vs in. On his return home Colonel Shelby spoke to every one he could, and it was soon noised around of the intended expedition. Although there was hardly any danger that Ferguson could execute his threat, yet these people, who were as yet secure in their lib erties, knew that if the American cause failed thev would in time come in for their I share of persecutions and tyranical govern- I ingsl Therefore every man was not only willing, but eager to go. The 26th day of J September was named as the day for the as- sembling of all who were willing to go in quest of Ferguson. When that day arrived all the able-bodied men in the surrounding . i i 1 1 .1 . . .1 . i j xr country naa rauiea to ine biuiiuktu. aiauy 5 more were willing to go than Sevier and . Shelby thought prudent to take from the set- ttjmenis, always in oangeroi auacs '.rom nostue tnoes oi inoians. n was aeciceo ; tribes of Indians. It was decided thai at feast nan ine men must necessarily remain, and the others were prepared for the must necessarily I Uiem-many of the volunteers were unable J and how to manage it was the question. In tlfis dilemma Colonel Sevier tried to borrow , uii ..o. -"J nioney on his own responsibility, but no one had any to lend. Theonlwman in all the country worth anything Except his bare land was tne entry-taker, who held the public money. This Sevier and Shelby decided they would obtain and refund or have tbe act legalized. The cause for which it was to be used was one in which all citizens of the country were alike interested. From the " entry-taker they obtained $12,500, and with it armed and equiped their men. A letter was written to Colonel Wm. ( ampbell to join them in the expedition, xehich he nltimately did. On the day of rendezvous an excited' and, for those times, iaimense assemblage gathered at the Watau ga settlement. All who were going and all who were not going had assembled, and a spirit of determination ruled the crowd. All told, the little army numbered less than 1000 men. Colonel Shelby commanded 250 men, Colonel Sevier 240, and Colonel Campbell 100. These raw, inexperienced soldiers were going undaunted to meet a well-drilled, dis tiplined foe under the command of a skillful leader. They wore no uniforms, but in the homespun garb of tbe mountains they never theless presented a thrilling picture of true manhood and honest soldiery. Tho absorb ing idea with those hardy men was that of driving the common foe from their threshold. I m the one side of the mountain were the homes they had toiled for, on the other was the despoiler, mIio told them if they did not Ihiw the knee in subserviency these homes would be laid in waste. It was a lofty patriotism, a cool and determined courage which nerved them. Thev started on their march, obeying no laws regarding the move ment of armies, but after the fashion of the Indian warrior. No lnggage cramped their movements, no heavy artillery delayed them. They went forward si lently and rapidly. After they had traversed the mountains and were safely on the other side, additions to their number became rapid. Fragments of the army of (ieueral Gates, which had been routed, were picked up everywhere, some in large bodies others single stragglers, but all anxious to join some organized force bent on hiding and subduing the foe. Ferguson heard of this avalanche from the mountains ind immediately sent out couriers for rein forcements. He felt anxious, and retreated from point to point, thus betraying his ap prehensions. The Americans assembled in council and determined to pursue him with all possible dispatch. Two nights before the battle the officers spent the night in picking out the Is-st men, best horses and best guns; did not care to be hampered by anv likely to cripple them. Nine hundred and ten men were selected. With these Colonel Campbell, who had been placed in charge over all; hur ried forward, leaving the balance to move leisurelv. A party of unarmed men, fresh from Ferguson's camp, gave them tbe in formation that Ferguson was only three miles distant, and intended marching to the camp of ( ornwallis on the next day. Ferguson had entrenched himself on a mountain, which he named King's mountain, and considered himself impregnable. On the day of the battle it rained incessantly, but the Americans advanced steadily. They protected their arms and ammunition bv wraimin? around them their coats and blankets, while their own 'persons were left tillWMI At 12 o clock the rain ceased, and the sun came out brightlv. The American were then within a mile of the enemy, and had captured another courier with a dis patch for Cornwallis, beseeching reinforce ments, stating the number of troops be had with him. and that he considered himself ira- oregnable on his high mountain. The dis patch nerved the men on, and urged them to do it quickly in lore help could arrive. The American officers had agreed to approach the enemy ou all sides, rain? the war-whoop when within bring distance, and go in to win. 1 hey soon found, from the situation of the moun tain, that their plan was a good one. Leav ing their horses, thev made the ascent on fit, ami the battle was soon raging. The Americans poured' in a galling tire, w hile the shots of the cnciuv passed over their heads. ! Ferguson rallied his men constantly, and bv the use oi a little shrill whistle seemed to in- spire them with renewed courage. When the battle would rage on one side of the moun tain, and Ferguson would summon all his strength to that side, it gave the appearance to the opposite side of retreat, and the Amer icans were not slow to take advance ot it. Dnpoister, second in commond to Ferguson, counseled him to surrender, and ran up a white flag. The 4rave Ferguson immedi ately cut it down. The white flag was then raised at another point, and Ferguson again cut it down. Soon afterward he was killed and Dupoister surrendered, seeng re sistance was useless Ferguson preferred death to the chagrin of surrendering to a handful of mountaineers. A third time the -white flag was raised, but many of the Americans, not understanding its token, and others hav ing seen the two former -ones cut down, con tinued to fire, and it was not until the Brit ains were told to throw down their arms that all understood that the enemy had been con quered. Then it was seen that the Britain could again resume their arms, and the American officers ordered them from tbem, and the victory was complete. Not a man escaped. When the Americans began to look after the spoils they found they nad seven hundred prisoners, fifteen hundred stand of arms, many horses and loaded wagons, with prisoners, ammunition, clothing and booty cf every kind. There were killed of the British two hundred and twenty-five and one hundred eighty an 1 wounded. The loss of the Ameri cans was thirty killed and about "sixty wounded. They had more prisoners than they had men to guard them. On the night of the battle they encamped upon the battle grounds, but next day moved off to a place of security in Virginia, where a report of the roeaaasinl battle was ma le to General Gates. The victory renewed the courage of the Americans and discomfited the invaders. Lord Cornwallis heard of the defeat and death of Ferguson and began a retreat, think ing the snccessful Americans would soon be upon him. He evacuated North Carolina and continued to retreat in confusion. A DASTARDLY DEED. Attempt to Blow Up (he Court house and J" of KjtiBaMe count) . 111. Xo Cine fo i lie Perpetrators. Chicago, Ilu, . October .4. On Sunday morning a fire was found in the recorder's office at the Courthouse at Ottawa, Evi dently some scoundrel had during the night effected an entrance into the room with the purpose of destroying the books of this coun ty, the second in population in the State. Only fourteen were destroyed. The rest, val ued at $3,X0,000, were saved. When the fire was extinguished a torpedo and four cans of nytro glycerine were found on the floor in the vault, and the fire had nearly reached them. Had they exploded, as they would have done in a few minutes, not only would the building have been destroyed, with all its valuable records, but tb,e jail beneath would have been blown to atoms with its inmates. Jfo clue to the dastardly perpetrators lis as yet been found. DESPERATE AFFAIR, An Indian and a Xeg-ro at Fart ftinitn Im provise a Dnel In which tbe For mer Receives Fatal Wounds. Little Rock Gazette, 3d: "A desperate shooting affair recently occurred at Fort Smith. It was during an exhibition of Coop er & Jackson's circus. At night, while a large crow d of people were gathered around an Indian named Johnson, and a colon c mon named jtbusbe, became involved in i quarrel near the entrance of the tent. Th origin of the dispute is not known, but it was supposed to be in regard to admis sion; one party, no doubt, having promised to pay uie way ot the other. The parties became very demonstra te in ineir language, and finally, John son, the Indian, drew a large revolver and fired. Croushe was slightly wounded, but un daunted, he drew a revolver and fired. The first shot took effect in the Indian's breast, The Indian fired without effect. The colored man fired again, and the ball entered John son s breast just above the former shot. Th Indian at this juncture turned and ran. The colored man fired again, and the shot took effect in Johnson's left arm. He did not run far; the severity of his wounds brought him to the ground. When the shooting began, at least 600 pistols were drawn. It is said that the Indian cannot recover." BESTIALITY. A Mhoeklnir Cane of Depravl j -An I n natnral Parent t'angtat In ttae Aet of Raping his DanK;hter. Ptttsburg, September 30. One of the most revolting cases of gross breastiality that that ever came to the surface in this sec tion was revealed at the mayor's office here last evening. An elderly woman of respecta ble demeanor came to the mayor's office, and, asking for Mayor Liddel, stated that she had a serious charge to prefer against her son-in-law, Jacob Scnaffer, a wagon-painter fortv r,- 5! of age, who lives in Foster alley, near Sixth avenue. She then stated that she has been stop iipiugwith her daughter, who is mar- , ff , , , - ,, , . . k i, .. noon ghe hear(1 her Kranadaughter, briKhtlooking Httle girl nine years of age bufwell developed aSd seemiug'older, shriek mnts of the ghe coM , imagine I what was the matter, as SchahYr, the father of the child, was with her. She went upstair to the room, and on looking into tbe room, to her unspeakable horror, she surprised her son commuting a most revortiug and m famous crime. Suhaffer turned around con fused, and, mumbling to himself, left th house. Mayor Liddell immediately sent the cbiet ot police and Uetective ntoesner to in vestigate the matter, and the result was Un arrest and confinement of Schaffer. To add to the horror of the case, the wife of this demon in human shape is in an interesting condition, and the intelligence of the outrage having been com municated to her, she has become dangerous ly ill, but insists that her husband shall re ceive the harshest punishment. Schaffer, who is a man of a most brutal and repslsive ap pearance, is now in the lock-up, and will have a trial in the morning, the affair has heen kept quiet, as it was feared that indignant citizens would do violence to the wretch REBEL" CLAIMS. Nenator-F.lect Randall UibHon, 6t Louis iana, Heartily Inuorses Ueneral Hancock's Letter. New York World: "8enator-elect Randal iiibson, ot i.oiii-iana. who is at the JNew York hotel, said last night, in replv to World reporter's question about Genef al nan cock's letter on the alleged 'southern claims 'I cannot commend that letter too highly. indorse every word of it. Such an expression from General Hancock was called for and was properly made; but had the Republicans understood how ' absurd it was to make an ado over rebel claims, thev would have chosen some other subject I here has never been anv talk in anv part of the south, so far as I know, certainly not in Louisiana, about making any claim o anv kind against the government. The mere- idea would have been laughed to scorn. do not suppose a single .-am- ex-slaveholdi- in the south has ever indulged a hope of com pensation for the loss of his property bv the war. It was the penalty of war. If the south to-dav had the nriwilaM to determine bv vote whether or not payment should be made for the treed slaves there w ould be an overwhelm ing majority in the negative. The resul would be not merely a matter of honor but o sell-interest. I here were only AjO,000 slave owners in the south betore the war a very small proportion of the total voters. Twenty years have since passed and the negroes also are voters. Ot the. slave-owners them selves few would vote for such an unjust pay ment. the men who have grown up am acquired property since slave times would not be taxed for such a purpose, and the negroes would vote against it. Thus, it the matter were left to the decision ol the south no rebel claim would be paid, and so those people at the north who pretend to be alarmed have even less cause lor alarm than they thought thev had. When it is add that the fourteenth amendment to the consti tution effectually bars such claims; that (ien cral Hancock, if elected President, woul veto them if presented to him; and that no southern congressman who would vote for them would meet the approval of his constit ucnts, I think that the subject IB disposed of Really, the "rebel-claim" cry was so absurd that it is a sad commentary upon the degree of intelligence attributed bv some northern Republican to the people that it had to be put down. Memphis Abroad. Searcy (Ark.) Beaemi: "Memphis is ccr tainlv in a prosperous condition and her outlook bright. She expects a much large trade this fall than ever before. Consider able railroad fever prevails among the bust ncss men the contemplated road to run fron Memphis to important points in lexas. Jackson Tribune and Sun: "Her future with her own people. There must be a vigor on imblic snirit a spirit like that whu brought back her commerce and carried out vital and costly enterprises this year, and this spirit must lie as a unit and wisely di rected. First of all, Memphis houd have the mooted road to Jefferson, Texas, which will open up to her commerce all Texas, por- tions of Louisiana, and not only enable her to hold her own in Arkansas, but to bring new territory under tribute in that rich and rowing State. It is west-southwest that emphiR must mainly look lor her future. The rapid development, the vast resources and the boundless possibilities that character ize the great southwest should be sufficient stimulus to nerve the Bluff City into her enterprises in that direction. JSot only Arkansas, Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California lie that way, with their vast re sources, but also the republic of Mexico, w Inch is now upon the threshhold of a grand railroad development. The completion of the Texas Pacific will be the signal for the nauguratton of vast railroad enterprises which will penetrate all parts of the south west and the boundless wealth of Mexico to the commercial wheels of the United States. Memphis must prepare to share this grand velopment, anil to do so she must have a lirect connection with the Texas Pacific and the entire Texas Pacific system of roads." M V KB PILXS. 45 Years Eefore tlie Public. THE GENUINE Dr. C. McLANE'S LIVER PILLS are not recommended as a remedy "for all the ills that flesh is heir to," bat in affections of the Liver, and in all Bilious Complaints, Dys pepsia, and Sick Headache, or diseases of that character, they stand without a rival. AGUE AND FEVER. No better cathartic can be used prepara tory to, or after taking quinine. As a simple purgative they are unequafed. BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. The genuine are never sugar-coated. Each box has a red-wax seal on the lid with the impression, McLANE'S LIVER PILL. Each wrapper bears the signatures of C. McLane and Fleming Bros, B5y Insist upon having the genuine Dr. C, McLANE'S LIVER PILLS, prepared by FLEMING BROS., Pittsburgh, Pa., the market being full of imitations of the name Me Lane, spelled differently but same pronunciation. The Chief Characteristics of are its agreeable qual ities, mild properties, absolute freedom from irritating cathartic ac tion, subtile efficiency, and the peculiar merit it has of exerting and permanently re-establishing constitutional regularity. It is exempt from all the usual objections , to drastic medicines in the form of pills, liquids, and powders, which are sold under different names and used for securing purga tive effects. Unlike these harsh, unwholesome, and disagreeable preparations, which not only jeopardize the health of those using them, but which gradually become wholly inert, unless taken in greatly augmented doses, Tropic-Fruit Laxative, by the rare and invaluable properties with which it is endowed, gives impetus to peristaltic action of the intes tines, imparts normal vigor to the bodily functions, and may be given in progressively diminished doses. TROPIC-FRUIT LAXATIVE is the result of careful and prolonged scientific and chemical research, and it is entirely distinct from the class of remedies known as "patent medi cines." Its use is alike safe, efficient and wholesome for both sexes, the young and old (in all countries and climates), and under all circum stances. TROPIC-FRUIT LAXATIVE is put up in bronzed tin boxes only. Avoid imita tions. Ask your druggist for Descriplive Pamphlet, or address the proprietor, J. E.. Hetheringtox, ;6 Park Place. New Yrk. Bowel Complaints! A SPEEDY AND EFFECTUAL CUBE. PERRY DAVIS'S PAIN-KILLER Has Stood the Test of Forty Years Trial. Directions with Each Bottle. FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS DISTRIBUTION COMPANY. OFFICE OF Commonwealth Distribution Co. t'OriUER-JOUKNAI. I'.I ILnrKGI Lot'tsrtU.B, KY.. September 24. In direet vfolntton of an ngrcement-it-ith Br-rVtot-master General Key, ordering the delivery of Reg istered letters and the payment of Money Orders to the undersigned, pending the litigation in the United StateR Supreme Court, the Third Assistant Postniaster-tlenernt has seen fit, in the abnence of hi iuiwriimv, to set aside said order. The grounds upon whii-h he justifies this action an-, that' all lotteries in Kentnrkv hare been repealed, and are therefore illegal, and being illegal, are necessarily fraudu lent, when, in fact, the franchise under which this Company draws, unlikr thai of th tsmisiaita hatter fomony, tuu itt irr been repealed, ami yet the Foetnfttn' XtepartwuMt diwrltniwite in fame of that Company. Comment is useless. Legal action will at once be taken by this Company, aud. until further notice, correspondents are requested to send all remit tances by plain letter or by express. IMjn't scud by Money Ontrr or Reij'otteretl httt r. POPULAR MONTHLY DRAWING OF THE Commonwealth Distribution Co. At Macauley's Theater, in the city of Louisville, on SATFBDAY, OCTOBER SO, 1sm. sT-These Drawings, authorized by the Legislature of lsTS. and sustained by the courts of Kentucky, occur regularly on the LAST DAY OK EVERY MONTH, Sundays and Fridays excepted, for the period of Five Years. The I'nitcd States Pircnit Court, on March 31st. rendered the following deci sions .- 1st I hut the fominoiiwraltti Diwtribn tion ( ninnsny In l cmI. 2d Its ilrnwintrs are fnlr. X. It. This Company has now ou hand a large reserve haul. Head ihc list of prizes for the OCTOBER DUAW1KU. 1 Prize f 30,000 1 ITize lO.flsO 1 Prize 6.000 10 Prizes 31000 each 10,000 20 Prizes ijOO each 10,000 100 Prizes loo each 10,000 200 Prizes SO each 10,000 coo Prizes 20 each l2.iioo 100l Prizes 10 each lo.ooo APPROXIMATION PRIZES. 8 Prises !00each. a 2,700 9 Prizes 200 each i.sflo 9 Prizes 100 each 900 1900 Prizes $112,400 Whole TIUet, S3 I Ilairiickcts. 81. 27 Tickets, S-V). m 56 Tickets, J100. REMIT BY MONEY IN LETTER, BY BANK DRAFT OR EXPRESS, to R. M. BOARDM AN, Conrier-Joumal Building, Louisville, Kentucky, or at Nos. HOT and S09 Broadwav. New Y ork, or to D. L. Gillespie, N'o. 6 West Court street, Memphis, Tennessee. , BOILER-MAKERS. ROBT. LEWIS. FRED W. THOMAS. LEWIS & THOMAS, BOILER-MAKERS AND STEAMBOAT BLAC'K&MII IIS. niaeksinlthine of all Kinds. Copper and Sheet Iron Workers. All work done promptly, day or night. Terms cash. Shop, Adams Street, near river, Memphis. ! RESIDENCE, NO. 202 POPLAR ST. 1 LAkVE SCHOOL CLAPP & Booksellers, Stationers, Blankbook Mf'r's 315 MAIM STREET, WE WOULD CALL THE ATTENTION OF MERCHANTS TO OUE UNUSUALLY LARGE AND well assorted stock of Blank and School Books. Ntattoncry, Etc., Etc., which we OFFER AT VERY LOW FIGURES. MAM I' trri CELEBRATED ALABAMA LIME, AUD DEALER IX Portaud Cement, LouteriUe Oment, Michigan Plaster, Fire Clay, Brick, g52 FROJTT STREET, MSMPHIS FLOMl COMFY Store, 357 Main street, Memphis, Greenhonitcs and Horticultural Gardens at tbe Sontb Gate Elm wood Cemetery, FLOWERS RARE FLOWERS For Weddings. Parties and Funerals, arranged by the most skillful artists ever in the South. We also offer an immense stock of Dutch BnlbB and Roses, Winter Blooming Plnnts, in finest condition. Wc ship safely to any point within 200 miles oi as everything in our line and guarantc.- safe delivery. We invite cm rcsixmdcnce. Address. X. A. LAMP Jt Q l'royrit-lorm. CHICKASAW IRON WORKS! Handle & Livermore, Proprietors, No. 98 Second Street, Opposite Market Square, Memphis, Tenn. COTTON-PREHS Est, GIN-GEAKIHG, Shutting and Pnlleju. alt kinds Iron and rOP PET and MACHIN&ftHOP WORK. HILL FONTAINE & CO. Cotton Factors & 296-298 Front St., Memphis, Tenn. HILL, FONTAINE & GO. Cotton Factors, Commission Merch'ts Cor. Third and lioenst streets, (St. Iouis. H. 6. HOWELL. H. B. Howell fe Go GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS, AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 9To. SOS Front Street, Memphis. m-CAPTAiy RALPH WORMELEY WILL SELL OUB ('OTTON.-ec Flour! - Flour! Flour! COIYE'S 3 F. O. COLE'S 2 F. WE OFFEB TO W 2000 Barrels Above Celebrated Brands. SCHOOLFIELD, HANAUER & CO. 256 and 258 Front Street, Memphis. Q B. MOORE. Moore, Bassett & Co. DEALERS IN DOORS m BLINDS, U MBKR. LATH AID SHINGLES, XOS. 351, 353, 359 ASP 385 SECOND STREET, MEMPHIS, TEffN. A. VAOCAKO. B. VACCAKO. A. VACCARO & CO. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, NO 884 FRONT STREET, MEMPHIS. Eatstbllshesl 1848Sahss UM Barrels. JOS. SCHLITZ BREWING Co., Milwaukee. MANUFACTURERS OF THE RENOWNED MILWAUKEE EXPORT LAGER BEER, THE FINEST HALT BEVERAGE PRODUCED FN THIS t'OVXTRY. Depot ami Icehouse, corner Malm and A action streets. Office. 35 Monroe street MEMPHIS, IIGMTXNXJ noEHcnEn S. T. CAENES & CO., AGENTS, No. 2 Howard's Row, Memphis, Tenn., GENERAL AGENTS FOR STEAM ESGIXES, BOILERS, GRIST-MILLS, SAW-MILLS, C0TT0X-PRESSES, Etc. n VtHlVF.lt V AND A G R ICE I . T I T t V I , IMPLEMENTS OF ALL KINDS. x Him. f 2 tt Importer and dealer in Gnns, Rifles, Pistols, Am K munition, Fishinff Tackle, 1'owder and Shot, - No. aoo M. in si reel. Mem plus. TenuoMHee. MannfacturlnR and Repairing of Gnns a Specialty. 0The trade supplied at the lowest marketr ate. WholCHaleand Marble, Stone and Granite. Orders promptly and Satisfactorily Filled. Call and see him Corner Second and Adams Streets. ' W. A. GAGE fc BRO. COTTON FACTORS, ItOOntOXTNT.. - - - MEMPHIS, TEXX. A. M. BOYD & SONS COTTON FACTORS, 264 FRONT ST., COR. COURT, MEMPHIS. Weights of Cotton reported on receipt. TAYLOR, PRINTERS, MEMPHIS, TEXXESSEE. KKK OF THE Rosedale Cement, New York Plaster, Fire Brick, Hair, Paving Stone, Etc. MEMPHIS, XEJTJT Braaa Castlngm and Every thins; In Line oi Wholesale Grocers, JOHN H. COCKE. COliF'S EXTRA, COLE'S OB.OGE. nu ll A N TS OM.T G. T. BASSETT. A. B. VACCAKO. 1880 Sales, 160,000 Barrels. TENNESSEE. H.L.EMERY'S UNIVERSAL COTTON GIN And Condenser. THE BEST IN THE WORLD Before Buying, Call and Examine It. Retail Dealer in Mil STATE NATIONAL BANK OF MEMPHIS, TX30T. CAPITAL, rTTTT : S250,000 A. WOODRUFF, Pres't. A. D. GWYNUR, Viee-Pres't. J. A. HATES, Jr., Cash'r Accounts of Banks, Merchants and others solicited. Prompt attention given to Collections. DIRECTOR?. Amos Woodruff. J. R. Miller, Pres't Panola on and FertiUsar Co. A. D. Gwvnne. of Stewart (ivvnno & Co. J. H. Doan, of Estes. I loan A Co. B K. Plain, of Williams 4 r...' I W. M. Sliced. Jr., of Myers A Sneed. H. T. l.nmnon. of Lemnon At Oale. ) J. J. Busby, of J. J. Busby A- Co. Colton Greene, of Greene Sl Bcasley. .1 T. J. Latham, Pres't Memphis Water Co. C. P. Hunt, of C. P. Hnnt 4 Co. I R. L. Coffin, of IUlard & Coffin. J. A. Hayes. Jr. J. T. FARGASON & CO. Wholesale GROCERS A COTTON FACTORS 309 Front street, .Memphis. Tenncaticc, ami- Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, 190 Onrrier street, If ew Orleans, I. a. Cotton consigned tons at Memphis or New Orlrana will have prompt and earafnl attention. We constantly carry a large and carefully selected stock Staple ana Fancy Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Cigars at MKMPHI3. and will sell as low as the lowest We carry no stock St Maw Orlears. but for parties who desire It, will make purchases in that market. DILL. ARD & COFFIN COTTON PAOTOES And General Commission Merchants, XOS. 303 AND 304 FRONT STREET, MEMPHIS. W. B. Oalbreath. W.B.Galbreath&Co. COTTON FACTORS, No. 11 union street, : Memnhis J. H. K'DAVITT, Late of . W. Ooyrr A Co. J. H. M'D A VITT & CO WHOLESALE GROCERS, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants. 230 Front St- bet. Adama and Jefferson, Memphis, Tenn. f IBERAL ADVANCES MADE Olf COXNIUXMEXTS. WE HAVE SECrjaUtt) THE mA services of J. M. JAMES, who n ill ive bis personal attention to the Handliug and Sale of Cotton. JjidJVMJKiW)irMeteJiistteuti J. C. Nccly. 8. II. Brooks, Neely & Co. Wholesale Grocers, Cotton Factors A9TD COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 367 Front street, : : Memphis, Tenn. h i i 8 5 ri S S 01 If Fmm H. FURSTEXHEIM. I. I.. Furstenheim & Wellford WHOLESALE Grocers and Cotton Factors, JTo. 876 Front street, - W emphla, Tennewaee. Hadden & E. M. APPERSON. E. M. Apperson GROCERS, COTTON AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Nos. 238 and 238 Front and 6 JefferS&n Sts., Memphi TeJin. Keep always on Hand a Well-Selected Stock of Plantation Snpnlles COTTON A SPECIALTY. Liberal Advances Made on omlnmnu Agents Tor the role of CHAMPION BARBED WIRE, the ilu-apcst and best renetog wire known JAMES YOXCK. F. II. J.W.Caldwell&Co. tSUCCKSSOES TO WHOLESALE GROCERS, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants 88Q Front treet, Nemphift, Tennessee. Fulmer, Burton & Co WHOLESALE NO Nos. 371 and 373 I. M. Fowlkc Brooks. Mn HnC i P $ OB 3 imp 1 1 52 B it a 1 WELLFORD, I.ale Htratton Wellford. Farrington G. V. RAMBATJT. & Co., FACTORS WHITE. J. W. CALDWELL. F. M. WHITE A CO. COTTON FACTORS Main St., Memphis. s