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THIS MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-SUNDAY, MAY 8, 1881.
P-HPIHS AITEAIj Term or Snlmrripltoo. DAILY, One ipy. one your, by mall 10 OO ny. ii manihm tw nuil . One copy, one month, by mull 1 One c.y, one week, In cliy SM " WEEKLY, One row, one year oo Wuecow.Bix month .gallaway a Keating, M, Kkatino. X iecoiiu Hiri-vw Memphis. Teun. "Iiilereet mi ttir Pnatoltle plitn. Trim.. n.SrrvuiM laiu Walter. - SIMIAY MAY S, 18S1 tiiewam: ami mx-lise isj keu aux. AVith natl ami Meediug hearts, good men throughout the civilized world are brooding over the decline in religion. Xcwspaperdoni has progresseel and advanced until it has be come un overshadowing power in the land. The drama is more popular now than it hai been Bince the palmy days ol Greece and J ionic. The stage U abreast with the pro gressive spirit of the age. Woman suffrage is Bteadily marching onward and Spiritual, iniii h:is taken no step backward. A blas plieinon infidel, who, a Sew year. since, would have been hisse.1 into silence, in greet ed by large and enthusiastic auilieni, who applaud the reprobate as he bows the Heeds of inlidelity, Scienw is gloriously onward; constantly making new tUscovcries. Ameri can enterprise, after girdling the earth with telegraph wires, and weaving a network of railroads throughout the United States, has extended i(s coii'juests into Mexico, and that unfortunate republic will noon blossom as the rose under the progressive Bpirit which has given such an impetnsto everything that concerns the American people. It seems that religion is the only ranse that eblis and wanes ' and languishes. We learn by the census returns that while the population of our cities has increased Hixty per rent, our church accom modations have increased hut twelve per cent. We observe with regret, that this growing in difference to religious services is not confined to cities in the I'niled States. It .ia noted in England, as well as here. Bev. Newman Hall says that there is, throughout that coun try, a diminishing attendance on public wor ship. As a rule, he adds, that "in the larga English towns skilled artisans ignore ecclesi astical arrangements. He does not "pretend to say that they are aggressively hostile or ostensibly infidel; but that they are indifierr ent to ordinary public services; that as a class they do not goto church; that also, to a large extent, this is true among the upper ranks of fashion, wealth and intellect. He regrets, too, that a majority of English church-goers content themselves with the morning service on Sunday, leaving tike churches almost empty in the evening. He figures it that London has 4,600,000 of peo ple, of whom one-half might at one time be at church, but for these 2,000,000 there is only areommodation for one-half, and of these 1,000,000 of seats only 600,000 are at any time occupied. The state of the relig iou of any country is a true index of its en tire condition moral, civil and political. Consequently, such facts and. figures as these are by no means reassuring to the religious or even the merely patriotic citizen. On Sunday evening last the largest hall iq New York city was crowded to overflowing with people, who gladly paid the cost of . a ticket of admission to hear the lecture of Bob Ingersoll, the blasphemous infidol, while the ministers of the various-' denominations prewhed to empty benches. Good men are looking into the cause of this decline in re ligion, and the New York. Hun- attributes it to the ministers themselves. Here in Mem phis there are more dissensions, schisms, jarring, feuds, factions, quarrels and brawls in some of the churches than have ever be fore existed. This wicked and disreputable strife was inaugurated by five ministers ser vants of the living (roil who desecrated their high and holy calling by organizing an inquisition, which would have done credit to the Jacobins of France. They arraigned the Memphis ArrEAL ' and its "editors for heresy, tried, convicted and recommended the pnnishmeut without ever letting either know that they were on trial. The public has, with singular unanimity, passed its judgment- upon the atrocious "calum nies which the inquisition ul tcred agaiust the APi'EAe. We are satisfied with this verdict. This inquisi- tioa. having pronounced against the ortho doxy of the Appeal, renewed the orthodox business at ( Jcrmoiitown, where Kov. KloK olas Liong was arraigned for heresy. Each member of the inquisition came freighted to the guards with interrogatories,- loaded to the muzzle with conundrums, and for two days the accused was pumped with harsh and remorseless energy au4 severity, but from the first to the last he ' gave forth a pure stream of . thought - whose brightness sparkled ill the sun, clear and beautiful as the waters that ripple over the pebbles, and as fragrant as the over hanging Bowers. The inqnisitiou subjected fir. Long 'to a terrible ordeal, but public opinion is almost a unit in declaring that be came out refined gold. As evidence of this, we have only to refer to the fact that ten thousand dollars can be raised In twenty-four hours to build a new church for Dr. Long. Wo congratulate him on his triumph, and on the further fact that he had the privilege, of meeting his accusers face' to face, the right allowed the basest culprit, but denied the Appeal, which was secretly tried and convicted. The people of Memphis, whether sinner or saint, are grieved to hear of tiie discords which pervade sonie of the churches. They take the position that in is stalking abroad, that religion is on the decline, and that those who prate about O-r-t-h-o-d-o-x-y at such a time exhibit a religious feeling about as com mendable as the patriotism of - John Hook who rushed into the camp of famish ing soldiers during the revolution, crying "Beef! Beek!! BKEF!.'!" Orthodoxy is the mother of Intolerance the curse to re ligion. It is a black flag raised by those who neither ask nor give quarter. The talk about orthodoxy among those who (ire agreed as to the truths that are vital to spiritual life and salvation, is as much out of place as an effort would have been duriug thenar to exclude a relel soldier from his comuny because he still denied the abstract right of recession. The gospel is a message of good will, and its ministry should be one of cecon riliation instead of the prolific source of hate and discord. Nothing so completely par alyzes the moral jiower of the gosjiel as a tirade of abuse and intolerance exhibited while sitting in judgment upou the ortho doxy of others, ludeed, orthodoxy deals an grily with all digressions from her paths and meets with retaliation. Crimination is met with crimination, and each is confirmed in its own intolerance. Nearly all the conten tious iu the church of lioel to-day come from the fact that the old theological sticklers are fighting to retain their power, and heuce they are always Haunting the orthodox flag. They have ruled so long that they ha to to give up jKiwcr. Hut it is too late in the nineteenth century to turn the wheel of progress back ward. The world is investigating with the view of refining, sifting and winnowing the truth. Beyond the mind is the heart, be hind the intellect is the will, and deepest of all initial holy of holies, the conscience. Meu and women are now listening to the whisperings of this safe monitor, and are do ing much of their own thinking. No intel ligent person will deny that the peo ple are somehow drifting away from Ithe pastors of the church. Our ministers no longer do the spiritual thinking. The time was when a minister was blindly fol lowed in his interpretation of the dogmas of the church,. That time is past. The age is thinking for itself. There is a kind of inde eiidence abroad which is fatal to orthodoxy. Iks-trine once preached as the eence of or thodox religion are now rejected. God is no longer pronounced an avenger, sitting afar off and eagerly waiting with rod uplifted. The world now believes that He is as the spring sun that comes to coax the meadows and to persuade all things to grow. The ad verse, merciless (Jod is moved outof the way, and the helping, forgiving God is brought to the front. Iteligiou will continue to wane and decline so long the sectarians man ifest more zeal for orthodoxy than pure ami undefiled religion. The gross and palpable misrepresentations published in the tirade against the Appeal did more toward de stroying faith in the doctrines of christian religion and confidence in the heralds of the cross than all the secular palters of Memphis combined have doiie for years. One ungodly minister can do more harm than s thousand ojen and avowed sinners. The world now realizes that ministers are nervaiiui of the living God only as other equally good men are, and that they posses like passions and infirmities with ourselves, and are as deserving of pity and sympathy as other frail human beings. Certain it ia that jeligiou iu continue to wane and decline so long as lumLrtcrs un.tvrfake to run, nil old-fa.-himicd inquisition.-' They should teach and diiect - the way of everlasting life, instead of exercising a censorship over the secular press. God may have culled them r,r.!irli. but he never commissioned w i i tlieni to take charge of the Appeal. Of course, these comments refer solely and entirely to that class of clergymen whose fu rious diatrilies of malignity and falsehood, whose contrac.te.d.l'igotry ami sectarian little ness hnve caused the' hearts'of christians to bleed; divisions in xh arches long harmoni ous; the lowering of the religions barometer iu Memphis, with a probability of still further depression ; thrown Ihe entire public into a de cidedly unchristian state of mind; and caused good men to become sinner, and sinners to become more wicked. There are here in Memphis everywhere pure and holy min isters, who respect Uieir sacred calling, and have the respect, love and confidence of saint and sinner, and who had rather make their bed with the grave worms than become stum bling blocks to the cause- which, they have adorned and illuminated by their blameless example. All such monrn at the wane and decline of religion, and are laboring to bring order ont of disorder, to raise the standard of religion, to drive evil from the advanced positions which it lias gained.' They grieve to see the . fair garden- they have so care fully planted and lovingly cultivated choked with weeds and thorny with hram bles; that the bright flowers of virtue have wi&cred and perished in. the noxious odois of unholy blossoms. -, But tliey- see and feel and know that religion will continue to de cline so long as ministers continue to sow the seeds of strife and discord, thereby ostra cising ; members .who. have followed - the church of their adoption with the fiJelity which the sunflower follows the god of day. ' ' A I.I TU.K - COTTOX-TALK." - The large receipts of cotton this season give full proof that the acreage of last spring was underestimated. The agricultural bu reau report put the increase at seven per cent, when thirteen per cent, would have bee u nearer the mark. That a 'further in crease will take place this spring is" re garded as certain. True, winter lingered late, but the fine weather since and the ab sence of floods on the Mississippi so far are favoring indications, and, the long 'winter gave opportunity'' for Clearing and fencing lands,nd where fertilizers.,are used their use ' is' increasing. That 'with 4m average season the next crop will be still larger, than the present one, appears to be taken for granted oh all hands. How much? is the question., "It never rafrui bnt it pours," and a correspondent of the New York Bulletin, after expatiating upon the favorable weather, says: "From all the information, private ami public, we put the minimum of next crop' 7,450,000. bales, with' the possibility of its reaching 8,2o0,000." That the cotton growing business Is increasing is a settled be lief; ran we rely upon having a demand stead ily advancing in proportion with the supply? The present crop fails to overcrowd-the mar ket because activity in- the Manchester mills has sustained the demand. But with all that is taken' .there will be a considerable surplus 'carried jver into '.the-tiext season." "With that surplus and an increase of yield, ' how wilt next' season's- prospects present them selves? That depends upon what Manches ter wants, and , Manchester depends upon what India wants', for it is Indian orders that have sustained the- activity of the pres ent season, and how far can India bo de pended upon as a customer of the steady an nual increase in our cotton culture that we are looking for? . To judge of this, we must first remember that India ia herself a cotton pro ducing country, and is gradually increasing, as we are, the are of -the ground devoted to the. ealture of cotton. But, also like us, India is a cotton manufacturing conn try. Her labsr " that "W4yj except in the native hand-loom Cushion, has been for years tovinodest to excite attention. But her mer chants are ambitious, hermamifactiirers are enterprising, ami the" desire, to escape from the lime-weigh ted, size-stiffened, fraudulent goods woven at Manchester is great, and cot ton manufacturing in India increases accord ingly. It is little -more than ' twenty-five years since the first cotton-mill rung its cotton-bell to summon "its Vishnoo-wsrshiping workpeople to their,' places at the loom. There are now iuthe.whole empire fifty mills, averaging 2 10 looms each, the largest mills having 100,000 spindles. .The total equip ment is; about 12,000 looms, with nearly 1,500,000 spindles; the capital invested is over 510,000,000, and the number of persons employed not far from 40,000. How all this looks as a permanent support to the Man chester market, and consequently the demand for American cotton, is a problem those en gaged in growing and dealing in cotton" will find it well to work out only let it lie worked out in time; do not let the decrease of Indian orders and of the Manchester demand find as helpless and unprepared, We. can make more money out of cotton without Liverpool than with it, if ,we onry go the riglit way to work with oaf tnrilV and other things; ' ', . , fOXU KCTIIIX 4r ' Til E M HSINSI I'l'l RIVKR "WITH CHICAGO A SID THK LAKES). It is gratifying to find that the people of this Union are-becoming thoroughly aroused lo the imjiortancc of clearing the Mississippi river; so that it shall become in living reali ty what nature has. fitted it for, the greatest and grandest internal highway of commerce in the world. Kails' jetties, by giving a permanent" and satisfactory opening to the sea, have demonstrated the capacity of the Mississippi as the path of trade transit for twenty-five million people. President Garfield struck the riglit note when he made the pub lic declaration that" has done so much to turn .attention to this subject ; he said : "The Mississippi river, with its great tributaries, is of sucb, vital importance to so many mil lions of people, that the safety of its navi gation requh-es exceptional legislation. The wisdom of congress should be invoked to de vise some plan by which that great river shall cease to be a terror to those who dwell upon its banks," and by which" the shipping can safely earry the industrial productions of twenty-five . millions, of people." So clearly does the spirited city of Chicago, and the whole of the- country around it, ercciye the prospects for enlarged trade held out by connection with its waters, that that city, and the whole State "of Illinois with it, are entering with the utmost earnest ness into the long-fostered and partly com pleted plan'of connecting Chicago with the Mississippi by obtaining the completion of the Hennepin canal, so that by that route ami by -the Illinois river "Chicago may have ready access to its navigation, aud par take of the vast advantages which arise from access to the Gulf of Mexico. Governor Culloin called the attention of the Illinois legislature to this subject iu his last annual message. He descried the improvement of the Illinois river and canal as a work of na tional importance. The general government had rejused to undertake that work liecause the State of Illinois, which collects the tolls for its repairs, is the owner. The governor therefore proposed that the whole property on which the State has expended $17,000,000 hall be entirely turned over to the United States, on condition that the work shall be Completed and made forever free to the whole country. This proposition opeus a wide prospect to the people of the Mississipi Val lvy, as it gives their trade access to the lakes. Their commerce and their manufactures can reach, by the cheapest mode . of transporta tion, a vast country, rapidly filling with pop ulation and studded with towns and cities. t)n the twenty-fifth of the present mouth a convention meets at Davenport,. Iowa, uuder the efforts of some of the most important legislators, agriculturists, ' merchants and manufacturers of the west. -Responses r ceivedinuku.il certain that this will be the largest convention ever held that was de voted to river and cunal improvements. The west is in earnest upon the subject; the atti tude of the President of the I'uited States and the interest t-Iien by the people at large in the Mississippi question will give its de liberations and their results a powerful iu llueuce. That influence, backed by the power of senators and congressmen from the vast region attecleii ny whatever is iloiie to improve the river and widen the commerce of its tributaries, cannot fail to end inpractical and effective measures. The determination of Chicago virtually to place that cjty on one of those tributaries adds further weight to whatever steps may be taken. Memphis has no small interest in this whole question, ami the approaching i)avenort convention is one in which she should be an active par ticipant,, The Cincinnati Commereiat New York corrtiqioiidctit pronounces the May musical festival at New York a deserved success, and expresses surprise, as well he may, that the Tribune said not word about it, the 1 In aid might as Well have been silent, and that all the oilier piqiers in Ahe city, except the Mai, gave ten lines to thetijitra bnujTt for one de voted to Woi k wh ich all the distinguished mu sicians iu the ciiy pronounce suiexu. The question is, "why is this?" " ' JAY uotjlds Railroad Combinations and How Mem phis In to be Affected by Them Sooner or Later She is to lie The Center of one of the Jreat Eanl and West Trunk Lines, the Half Way ; . . Between the Two Oceans. The ArPEAL, anxious to penetrate the veil behind which Jay Gould makes all his rail road movements, yesterday interviewed one of the oldest and most intelligent of the rail road men of the country, who, it will be seen, divines the statesmanlike purposes of the great combiner, who, with T. C. Hunting ton, will Bhortly own and control all the great lines of railroad of the trans-Mississippi country and many of the best east of the Mississippi river. The gentleman inter viewed was, in his time, accounted a leader anione the leaders in railroad enterprise, and though some time since retired has been an interested and close olwerver of the move ments on the railroad map of the country that have challenged the world's attention and applause. Full of admiration for the secrecy, celeritv and certainty with which Jay Gould has accomplished his wonderful achievements, he has followed him so closely as to be able to develop the ultimate of his plans almost with certainty, as will be seen from the following interview. rview wilb m Retired Railroad Man. "Well, Colonel, what do all these reoeut moves and consolidations ol raurouus iu me sou in mean? hat is Juy iiouhl ailer: ' J cannot say: 1 hnve been out of railroad mat Mrs so long. I have almost lost my a-iiaiiituce m ita the active railronu ineit ol tne preacui nay. i do not even know Mr. I ion hi lsTsouallv. My ca rver ainoiiK railroad men lasted nearly a quarter of a century, but it was with railroad men of the olden tiint-a, such as ('omimslore Yandcrbilt, Stev ns ami Jackson, of New Jersev: Amasa Ktoiif ORclen, Oslmme and Cluniedts, of the northwest; StcvtiiwoUrOi Tennessee; Kim: and Cuyler of (feor Ei, Polli of Alabama, J. EJuar Thompson, John W. Garrett and others, most of whom have leen Fathered lioutc to their fathers and their time tables closed up, and w hat few are left of these are too old-iogy to enter me new neia oi comuina tion.to.own and build mil roads on ami with pu You ftsvc not ceased to take some interest In these trreat schemes that are .to affect the country for weal or woe ; - "J have not; but my contact with the active men nt the nresent clnv Is not sultieiently frequent or lotimato- to cive me an Insight as to their inten tions, or enable Ine to tainoiu meir acnenics.- i hav, mv own ideas, but not based unon such ro liable data as to Iks worth much. I can apply the movements of stu-h mun ss Jay Could, aud others that are made public, to the map, and it works a theory that 1 mime, cieany inuicaie wnai air, f ;ould ia after: but his schemes are so eieninic, anil require so much capital, that you would scarcely credit the feasibility oi what 1 think alsiut Uieiu. You must rememlM-T that this Is an ape of progress, and is developing the energy and iiiBcmiityoi men in a manner that has never been develoned before. and Jay liould is one of the developments of the ktte iu lnen. that Is lo astonish the world by the magnitude OI Ills scneines in civil aim commercial ,lHviloiiiicnt in the carrviii trade, more than Na poleon astonished Europe iu the development of the art of war." "What do you think his movements point lo, as Jlls general pump, " "Well, as I said before, I judge only from Ins already dvelo.-d plans, bv lus lnvcslmciii: that nave been made public, ami apply ing them to - the map, and Hie (jreat in tercat in the commercial connections of tin civilized world. It Is a theory long siuee held thai all countries that have controlled the great mid valuable trade of the Fjist Indies have reas-d golden harvests ont of It. The control of that trade.together with the developing and controlling large -nortiou .of Mexican mule now in its in fancy, and almost wholly undevclojKd, and the control vt the large ana nipiaiy increasing truue of the southern Siuli-s to the Atlantic svahn.rd, in eluoing New York ss the center of their commerce and hnauccH, Is a general plan that is embraced in his schemes, aud they are iilreadv so far developed as to show that he is mauler of the situation, aud the time is near at hand when there will be no rea son for keeoing this from the public." "What portions of his plans do you allude to that have been made public, tnat indicate nis gen eral nlans?" "The cst-thlis'iinent and controlling interest In the batge lines from St. Louis to New Orleans, to control me grain iraue oi uie great west to iu nat ural outlet, tha mouth of the MisshAippi river, to foreign mnrkets by the cheapest means of tram porUition known In the world. Mr. liould is one of the lirst large capitalists of the casl that had the sagacity to see tnal tnenuc.-ess oi air. i-tns sjeiiy svstem'at the Southwest Pass was a foregone ron eYlisloti and would rcvtihitioiicB the carrvim; trade of the grain and provisions of the west to the seaboard: and, seeing this, he laid hold -and se cured control of the barge lines from tit. LonLs to New Orleans as the backbone oi his ojierattous iu Ine Mississippi valley, men ne secured me eon toil oi the Missouri, Kansas and' Texas railroad and is pushing it to completion to the Kio liraicle at LAi-eao, up-re 10 connect wnn nis more south erly lines, extending to the Pacilie at Sail Hicco. and still further south, at Cuhiuu or Mitzatlau, at the mouth of the Gulf of California, brandling lo the my ol Mexico. exi lie secures the great Iron Mountain and Southern railnaid, St. Louis to Texarcana. with branches to t.'uini. Columbus, and Memphis through the Memphis and Little Ris:k railroad regarding, as I do llie lalter us U- longing to the former, or liould ami Mtirtjiiaud as being the same as far as these Interests are frou cerncd. Next he I'ecouies the president oi Uie syndicate to build the icxasaud i'aeitic,aiMi there by becomes the controller of that interest through It stocks anil bonds; then he undertakes the building of the New Orleans and Pacilie from Mar shall, Texas, to New Orleans, and it Is understood he hus also purchased the Yicksburg aud Shrcvc port hue, aud last, but oi ' - no let importance, the great Texas International rail road, that connects all of his roads leading to 'he southwast, from Marshall, Texas, diagonally thiough the empire suite to Laredo, on the Kio t; ramie, anil there connecting with his general Jilans of roads through Mexico to thcguliof fnlt ornla, as well as lo the City of Mexico. Tln-se lines, you will aec by looking, n the map. give Mr. (ioiild thecoucrol of every practical crosMug of the Mississippi river from St. Louis to New Or leans, from tho west, securing thereby control of the carrying trade of the Mississippi river irom St. Louis to New Orleans that crosses the Missisimi river between the points named. It also givs him control of the enure Mexican trade of the whole of the southern Atlantic seaboard south of the Ohio river, as well as tlie shortest and best linen the great commercial cities of the north Atlantic sealsjard. New York, llocton, etc. The grand ad vantage of this system of his, however, goes muuu mrttier; it secures to mm ttie shurnsl and inost practical line of rail and water lo ilm Kust India trade, including China, Japan, the Indian islands projicr, Bombay, eU:. By applying my map rule, you will see thai the mil line irom New Yoi-k to Manulan is only .Mun miles ; it is also on the b e line to the haudwich Islands, where all vessels engaged in the East India trade from the I'acillc coast must stop as a coaling station; this gives the Mazatlau Om an advantage over the San Francisco line to New York of about tiou miles of rail, and fully ns miu-h more by water, or at least three to four days in time, and alsmt ;0I) miles rail, and the same of water, over the San Dhgo line, or two davs in lime between the ports of China and New York. It is n line supplied abundantly with cheup fuel, coal and timber, and the greatest abundance, of water; ita climate is unsurMUised; no obstruction at nuy seoson of the year that will prevent its being run .loTi days. It crosses diagonally over the entire continent from northeast to sonthwesi, from the Atlantic to the Hacltic, einbr.'.cing a line to cen tral Mexico, enabling the people of lit'leen degrees of latitude to exchange Uie varied products of these latitudes from one to another, by rapid rail transit; enabling the northern Suites to enjoy the tropical products of the south al all seasons of the year in their freshness and purity, and opening a constant and remunerative market for these prod ucts, increasing and developing the commerce oX this vast counlryjraversed by this system of romls. Finally, it gives to this system great advantages over all other lines for the East India trade, and turning that trade over this continent to Europe, makes Europe tributary to America for that trade. This system of railroads acts as' iceile,s to the barge lines In the Mississippi river for the local as well as the foreign trade that will finally pass over it. 1 have said nothing about the eastern connections of this system, as they are all complete and only need co operation and combination to utilize them. Mr. (joulij js already master of the situation from St. Louis and l aiio cost over the Wabash line. Mem phis being the most central anil shortest line from all his southwestern connections, I cannot see how he can help hsiking to that as one of his most im portant crossings of the Mississippi river to Nor lojk and New York, it being the best and most profitable freight line that ean be adopted, and, being the shortest, can he made Ilia best anil quickest passenger line. These being facts already established, I rely upon Mr. Gould's sagacity, look ing slone lo his own Interests, to see and ndi.pt the line through your city as the leading line from the southwest lo New Yorkj thereby securing the largest portion of tho currying trade of the south ern Atlantic States, bath east and wst; nor can I believe that Mr. Wilson, who It is now understood, oontnds the line from Memphis to Nerfolk and from Ialtnn to Selma, pointing to Vicksburg, has been standing Idly by while these great movements and consid erations have liccu going on. lie is too far-seeing and shrewd, and has too strong backing Pi allow these prizes to be drawn by his comiK-tilors w ith out taking a few tickets In the lottery and trying his chance. If 1 am not mistaken, as far as east ern connections from Memphis to Vicksburg are concerned. R. T. Wilson and Jay Gould aresvnou oinous, and when the. railroad map-is made up these interests w ill, I think, l found on it, repre scntcd by one conspicuous line, without variations in sUe or conllict of interests. Theentire connec tion from Vicksburg will also he under the saiue guardianship, eince the opening of the rail lines from Texas to '.he northeast, the eastern-bound trade from New Orleans has eeaKed to la? of such vital lmirtancc to traunporUilion lines, as the largest psrt of the trade of that city is now outward-bound by sea. I think, when this map is made up, aud it is not in the far-distant future. Memphis will have one ol the bold central railroad Hues through it ami ho satisfied If she will only he true lo herself, have propel1 concert of action among her icoplc, go on perfecting her system of sewerage and good streets, adopting proper sani tary regulations, and rigid illlarantluu regulations to avoid the chances of epidemic diseases, it has a future brighter than its most sauguiue friends now claim or even hope for. TIIE VOTES OP iVOMEX BlereMsary to Clear tte Political Atmos phere and Hrrsrc Moral I.e alatlon. KniTOiis Appkal Any false practice is sure in the end to become injurious. It is wrong. A false practice is a result of a false theory and false teaching the fruit of a tree that should be rooted up. Government is what the sovereign power makes it. It is a result of (he action of the sovereign will. This will, in the beginning, is always the will of the thinking majority of the people. This ieople consists of both sexes. Meu never act totally regardless of the wishes of the women. The sexes act and react upon each other. People cannot live together without a mutually" modifviiig iutluence. The good modify the evil and the evil mod ify the good. This can scarcely be avoided. And, all the world over, the men are better for the modifying iutluence of the women. This is even so, without any modifying au thority, iu the council or "the direction of government or the church. Men with re luctance openly defy the wishes of a united community of women. Has this influence, when free and unseduced and nntempted, been found to bia anywhere bad, disconnected with bad men? lfictory and science answer no. Where the mothers are njost pure, must intelligent and most free, their sons are the most able and the most worthy for the con duct of affairs, 'o bad woman could ever have becu the mother of a Washington, and no idiot could ever have leen the mother of Ben Franklin. If, then, women everywhere are found to be promoters of purity, of good aud of righteousness, and that they only be come bad when bad meu lead them into teiuptatioUj why not open a way for their modifying influence lo exert a direct effect upon government? Why not give them the modifying power of the ballot-box? Gov ernment is Just what the majority make it, where it is republican. Can it be possible that a better iutluence could make it worse? Is not the bed-riH-k principle in every repuli lic just the faithful and holiest enforcement of the golden rule "AH things whatsover, that you would have meu do unto yuu, do you til same to them?" Or are women to I stricken front the catalogue of humanity? Or are they to be treated as mere, joys, or slaves, or cooks for Jthe men? It has been found everywhere, where thi y have been made free and emancipated from old customs, that they have ixrformed their part well and in unob jectionable good faith. In "Wyoming th.y have been tried as jurors, and the governor ot that young ana gauani ana uuerai xerri torv declares that they have uniformly acted wisely and well. It has also been found that where they have been permitted, by the men, to vote on questions of local option of the re tail of spirits they have always acted on the fate side. The pretended fear on the part of bad men that women will do some unbecom ing tiling is th fear that wrong doing or wrong judgment "always" brings upon the "tiiltv. It was said by Bob Rov that it was bad manners ever to talk of roues in a house where one of the family had been hung; and the man that the devil ought to catch is always looking out tor his coming. Women are 4s much interested in peace and good conduct as men, and they know about as well how to secure these blessings as men do if you give them the same facilities to achieve their wishes. Then, philosophy, justice and , the good resultH of practice are all on their side. They have been tried and found worthy. Then whv not clothe them with the only divine jower the power of the ballot-box to aid us in trying to regu late the progress of this great, and glorious country, br the ballot-box? tk not answer me bv o noli ne some Latin or Hebrew twad die boarv with sire. This is the best age or . that (its world has Jet seen, and its maxims are the wisest and nest to give a wise direction to our affairs and our govern ment. This is what we seek, if we seek justice and our own good, and it will be the result of our search that women ought to be allowed to vote. ""When the power to vote is given there will be no difficulty in adjusting the plaie of voting to the and our sex mixed population. Thus far it has been found that when the women come to vote the men pull oil' their hats, hide - their ciears and leave their bad manners at home. The other day, in Boston, the women sent to know of the -inspectors when they might come to the polls to vote.- There happened is be a dis tinguished I nited States senator present. He immediately rose and moved the crowd that the women should be invited to vote first. The motion passed wilhont a breath of dissent,1' The ladies were notified. They came. The men raised their hats, ceased to smoke, bowed on the rtirht and the left, stood out of the way, and the women showed that they had honestly paid their taxes, ami voieji as they pleased ami went about tneir busi ness, and everything passed -oil" as harmoni ous as a bicnic. This was a vote fdr school commissioners. It was a small thing, but it indicated a capacity to carry out with equal success even the greatest a capacity to. vote for President and to aid in carrying on all the oiierations of the government. We should never hesitate to do right. The Pagan Rouiaus said : "It right la; done though the heavens should fall." Mr. Clay said "I had rather be right than be President." That which approaches exact justice always approaches right, and for this reason ought always and everywhere to be done. The re sult will le inevitably right. "A good tree cannot-briii" forth evil fruit. 1 Matt, vi 18. It is our own fault we call 'it among children our own foolishness that we suffer evil.; " - . , ' ' "The thorns which I have reaix-d are of the tree I planted.- They have torn me, aud 1 Pleed ; I should have known w hat fruit would spring From such a lice."rf36l litran, .Besides being just to them, the nation emi uently needs tins votes of its women to l ! vi- ly its political-atmosphere and save it from the evil to conic. . , colocol. For thif Sunday Appeal.! THE OI.I HOI SE. JOHN J. BARRY. The old house, John, is falling,, fast going to-de . cav. Thoold familiar norches. too. havenasfwl away; The creaky, rusty hinges on wMch hung the old old door. ' J Is music iu the past, John, that i shall hear uo more. The fences, too, are gone. John, and there is noth imr left Lit tell Of Uie good old days tlmVs gone, John, but the mK-s grown well That stisd behind the house, John, always fresh aud cool. But the old oak-burket has disappeared Sve drank iiuiu siivi aeuooi. - . Tho chimney and the fireplace wo pnthered round ml -f The old clock on the mantel tliat told us when to leave: The chickens roosting on the porch all have passed - away,. And a sidness gathered round me, John, as I vicwcu uie rums to-uay, : Ilbroimlit to memory schoolmates dear that are scaiiercu lar to-uay. That played around the obi house, John, in youth's bright, happy way, Aud maigled in our youthful games with hearts . lK,th light and tree. But all an- gone, and none are left excepting you , buu iue. .r For our young friends, John, arc scattered, some across the deep. While some are sleeping gently, John, the ehurch- yard silent sleep. And you ami 1 are left, John, to view the ruins to day Of the old house aud its memories that are drifting fust away. Jlut when we are called away, John, to the other shore. Let ns trust to meet those brave young hearts we loved iu days of yore, Tliut played around the old house, ill youth's bright, happy day, Ero the old hours-, John, with its time-worn roof had fallen to decay. TIIE SlU AW HOXOSMjEX Hold Till Monday ou Five Tliolisnud ... Dollars Security.. Philadelphia. May 7. At noon to-dav Joseph K. Black, business partner of Alliert V. llariuer the lalter a member of congress from the fifth Pennsylvania district Joseph Funk, J. Blackmau aud W. 1C Canon, who were taken into custody yesterday for com plicity in a scheme to defraud the I'nited States government, iu pulling in straw bids to secure contracts lor carrying me mans, were arraigned for a hearing before United States Commissioner Smith in the United States courtroom. The government was rep resented by I'nited Stales Ilistrict-Attornev alentine, while each of the accused were represented by eminent inemlsersot the Phila delphia bar. A number of witnesses were examined, and it was shown that bonds had been executed iu Black's office, iu thiseity. Black made a statement, in which he ac knowledged that he was a contractor and that the other persons who had been taken into custody had bid for him in order that proper-security might be entered; and he further stated that he was able and ierfectly willing to indemnify the government for any lost they might have sustained. The testi mony previous to this statement being made was of such a conllictim; character as to the complicity of Black that the commissioner was unable to give a decision in the matter. .rinally, alter a two-hours hearing, all of the accused were held in bonds of !?o000 each for a lurther hearing Monday. a mississhti'demockat Advocates the Holding of tlie Stale Con vention as Early as Jul v. Eoitohs AprEAL In your issue of to-dav in speakiug of the meeting of the Democratic executive committee of Mississippi you say that it is to be hoped it will oe determined nol to hold tho nominating convention earlier than the first week in Scptemler. Now, be lieving you usually have some reasons which at least appear satisfactory for any advice you give or suggestions you make to the Democracy, I write this to ask you to give us in vour issue ot tsunday your reason at length why you think a short canvass liest. And now, in expressing my disjeut from that view, 1 will give you the reasons for the faith within me." In the first place, then. there are in Mississippi several brandies or wings of I Vmocracy, or rather degrees of Ilemocralic faith. There is the pure Jenersonian wing, composed of. the great mass of intelligent white men of the State who are neither scrambling for office themselves or endeavor ing to secure oilioes for personal friends, even at the risk of defeating theeutire ticket. They are the men who believe that the best inter ests of the people of the State depend upon the success ol the Democratic party this hill, and who feel that ill defeat means a return to the methods and scenes of the days of ne gro domination, to throw oil' which cost our people so much inlSTo. They know there is no other political organization in the Slate which numliers among its followers sttllicieiit virtue and intelligence to control and keep out ot olhoe the worst political element in the State, and that Ieinocratic defeat means nothing lietter than the administration of the State government by a class ot men wholly wauting in capacity anil devoid of integrity and patriotism, "fhere is what is known as the "soft money," sometimes called the "in dependent," wing, who, while they are Lein ticrats, are a degree less positive in their con victions as to the necessity otivmocratic suc cess, and nianv of whom have "an ax to erind." and would not scruple to risk . the defeat of the party to secure the nomination of their friends or favorites. In addition to these, there are some three pcrsono" wings or fac tions, who would not only risk-, but would court defeat rather than yield one jot or tit tle of their peculiar liersoual creed. Among these may lie counted the code and anli-roU factions. Now, it is plain to every thinking man that all these several wings and factions must be brought together, and then all ad vanced to one "degree," before the ticket cau be elected. To do this will require time. All of the various wings can bu brought to gether if the people can be reached by the pnifx r mvn. To do this -not only reijuires time, but it appears in me thai it must lie done at a time wlieu the people are at leisure that is, during the months of July and August. 1 feel very certain that if the convention is put olF till September, at which time our people are just getting fairly into their cotton-tields, , the can didates will find it impossible to get men to come to hear thejii siieak, and 1 assure you uiai Homing snori oi n inn, lair aim iree uis cussion of the various tiiiestioui upon which our iieople are not agreed can get the full 1 democratic strength of the Slate out on elec tion day. Once explained aud understood, I feel assured that our people will not only be agreed ufxin these questions, hue will all come up to the highest degree of Democratic faith. There is uo danger of lagging, by reason of a failure to keep the canvass hot the last four or live weeks of the campaign. For these reasons I favor the holding trf the conven tion as early as the 10th of July, and as I have great confidence iu your judgment as well as your soundness in matters fleniocralic, 1 shall lie pleased to have your views at length on this subject. 1 assure you 1 have no "ax to grind," only feel interested in the success of the grand old party. L. C". b. Sakois, Miss., May 6, lssl. A jLOG-FELT WANT. Memphis Acknowledged to lie the Best Location in the JSontli west for a Large Paper-Mill. Some of the Many Inducements Offered r;-trr-l1PlUnff.Clty-to Practical - r. ? ; - iPaper-Maler.r i" --AiV3 f.i .;- V One of the most pressing needs of fTits portion of the country, and particularly of Memphis, is a thoroughly equipped naper mill. All the papers used here for printing. for blank books, for correspondence and for the thousaud-and-oue needs of a mercantile community are manufactured at a distance, largely from stock produced right at our doors, which is snipped away ami returneu to us vastly enhanced in value in its manu factured forms, and ninm which we are com pelled to pay heavy freights both ways the carrier, the manufacturer and the dealer pocketing excellent profits at each stage of the process, which ' profits come out of our pockets without, returning us any cor responding lienefit. The history of the paper business in this country is full of in struction for those who will investigate, exhibiting, as it does, the immense develop ment which, has . attended it within the past fifty years,- aud proving, by the vast capital invested in it and the universal prosiieritv of the mill owners, that it is one of the safest and most lucrative business interests on earth. As the country develwiw and newspapers and books and mercantile ope rations multiply, so also will the demand for pajwr augment, and the necessity for greater productive facilities become appa rent. There is no more inviting location anywhere for a first-class paper-mill than is presented by Meuibis, whose command ing position at the permanent head of navi gation of the Mississippi and as the termiuus of a number of long railroad lines, give lier a prominence as a distributing point eiiswed by no other city between Louisville, St. Lou and New Orleans. There can be no i uestion that an immediate "and remunerative sale would be found at once for every sheet of pa per that could be produced here, always pro vided the quality and price compared lavor ably with those offered by mills elsewhere. SOME. ADVANTAGES. . Memphis is one of the largest cotton mar kets in the world. . . Every season hundreds of bales of the staple go to waste here, which, could a convenient market be found, would be carefully saved, and which would make : very superior paper-stock. Much of the cot ton that reaches our market is iu suck bad condition from carelessness in handling, ex iiosure to the weather, damage by fire, and other incidents of transportation and storage, as to be unfit for the manufacture of goods. All of this material, together with tons of the loose waste which is encumbering all ot our cotton-sheds and oilier immense ijuantities which are left to rot in the fields. could readily be sold at the paiicr-mill and converted into high-grade book ami news and medium or low-grade writing paiers. Our swnmp lands are full of superior limber lor .the making of wood-pulp, an article ex tensively used in the manufacture of print ing paper. - We" are conveniently situated to the - great jute holds of ixitiisiana, from whence an inexhaustible supply of material for the liest wrapping; paper can be obtained. We have an abundance of water, both for power and for manufacturing purposes: labor is cheap, transirrtation is cheap, materials are cheap; the future prospects of Me-npliis are as promising as are those of any city m the country, and the demand for every de scription of southern-made goods, imple ments, supplies, eta, is increasing nt an un precedented rate. 'e therefore conclude that the establishment of an extensive paper- mill Here is, ludeed, a "lung-lelt want an enterprise that would be gladly hailed by all classes of our peopte, and that would make ample returns to its projectors. Who will be the fortunate and far-seeing man to take this suggestion in hand and give it practical shape; McCOUMICK AXD VAXDERIJILT'S Xoble lft to tho FHlversllr or Ylr- Tluin Tbiluhs of Mempllli Alnntal, Kditoe ArrEAL I inclose comes of let ters of thanks to Messrs. McCormick and Vanderbilt from the numut of the I'niversitv of Virginia residing in Memphis. Sometime ago Mr. McCormick offered to the university a telescope valued at t- sUMKI, and pronounced to be the largest refracting instriiuint in the world. The gift was conditioned on the build ing of an observatory to receive the telescope anil the raising of an endowment lund t $-"0,000 to support the same. Mr. Vander bilt agreed to give $2o,00) to put up the building reqnired, and the remaining condi tion has been recently fulfilled. This glo rious bounty, aggregating $15,000, will give to the south an observatory equal to the Harvard observatory in Uie east and to Uiat at the University of Michigan iu the west. Li OS U. TVLElf, Memphis, Tksx., April 2-1, ISM. Mr. Leauder J. McCormick. Chicago. III.; SlK We. the undersigned alumni of the I'niversi ty of Virginia, residing in Memphis, Tennessee. Pike Pleasure in conveying to you by the humble in struincutality of this letter the assurance of our proiound appreciation of your rci-cnt gilt of a rim refracting telescope lo our alma mater. This princely gift will oen new ami glorious vistas to the university, down which she mav gae into new lields of triumph. It is both right and proper that uie souin snouiu nave at least one great observa torv. The last great work of thai great statesman, Thomasrlerson, aud the lirst institution of learn ing in the i"ollutry to proclaim the ehs-iive system ot education, based uion tho broad principles of freedom sild.bouor, the I'lliversily ol Virginia is eminently a worthy object of chaiiiai-le considera tion; and we feel, iu regard to the bestowal of your telescope, the utmisit confidence that yon have made tiie most proper dispisition of it. 'As suring you your cordial esteem, we remain, truly yours. hoiuns M. Scruggs. J. P. Houston. 'Alexander Erskine, M.I)., W illiam Koikes, V. II. Williams, Lyon Q. Tyler. K. U. Maury. M. II., Thomas H. Farley, John W. 4 'urrin, lielH-r Jones, M. D., - Mkmi-his, Tesn., April 2S, lSSt. Wm. II. Vanderbilt, Esi-, Xew York: Sin The purpose of this letter is to convey to you from the undersigned alumni of the University of Virginia, residing in Memphis, Tennessee, the sense of our apprcciHiNu of the oiler you have made to erect an observatory at the university to rceeive the great refracting "teleseoiie generously donated by Mr. Leauder J. McCormick. of Chica go, Illinois The recenl triumphant success of the triends ot the university in completing the condi tions of the gift, render the nin-stioii of its aciini- siliotias no longer amenable to doubt. To you, who nave made tne compliance with those condi tions a matter so vnstlv less dillieult. are due Ihe thanks of notonlvthe friends of the Itniversily of Virginia, but olall the lovers of education through out Uiu south. The hist work of Mr. .letVcrsou, the great sUUesman, and the lirst institution of learn ing in the country to proclaim the elective system of education, now more or less adopted through the entire Lnion, the University of Virginia is eminently a worthy object of charitable consider ation. Assuring you of our cordial esteem, we re main, truly yours. Thos. M. .Scruggs, J. P. Houston, It. B. Maury, M.U., Alex. Erskine, Thos. It. Turlcy, Win. C. Koikes, hnW.Currin. I. II. Will nous. Hebcr Jones, M.D., Lyon G. Tyler. For the Sunday Appeal. 1 . LAST TEAK. l. K. I. A scarlet sweetness clings to-day To roses, clustering, gemmed with rain Far up on high there grows one spray, To kiss her hand it will not ib-ign. Last year, last year, the roses smiled, stooiH-d, and" cjiressed her face, allame With blushes, red as they, Is-guiled There when he whisc-risi her dear name. (1 roses, yon were fair anil fond last June, Hut now you're cold and proud, she is alone. To-day she gathers waxen stars ff jasmine, blooming pure and pale; The rain dros tremble, sad. like tears, And weigh down wan. white blossoms frail. Iist vear, last veur, Ihe suuiiner-tiile i if love and llowers Unwed o'er her life She loved, nor thought how flowers died ; Loved ou, nor knew that love was bri.-f . (I jasmine, w hen your daintiness is tied, A girl will sing a requiem over love and tlowers dead. XEWS F110H OUIl NEIGHBORS. ARKANSAS. At Madison, last week; a youth, T. Craw ford, went out in a dugout with his companion. John ilarum. Near tho month of the slough, nt the St. Krahcis river railroad bridge, liarton. for fun. turned over the dugout and Young Crawford was drowned. Barton, seeing he couldn't swim, tried to save him, but was unable to do so. ALABAMA. Tuesday, the tenth instant, will be Con federate memoriul day at Tuscumbio. At Moulton a store was entered by bur- lars a few nights since. They blew ox-ii the safe, but were frightened and left. There were SI2.0OU in the safe at the time and within their reach, but they did not see the money. ti:xm:si;e. Hogs are not permitted to run at large at Jackson. Strawberry festivals have opened up at Chattanooga. llurglars and thieves are annoying the res idents of Jackson. Knoxvilleis to have a number of herdics running ou the streets ere long. At Alamo, last week, part of the residence of K. li. Harris was destroyed by lire. Thursday, the twelfth instant, will be cele brated at Chaltanooga as Confederate Memorial day. Last week the residence of William l'aker, Medina, and of W. 11. Sherrill, near Henderson, were destroyed by lire. ear Knoxviile, on the . Hilton pike, a colored child w-as found dead iu an old cis ern into which il had recently lieen thrown. The cotton compress at Jackson, recently burned down, is lo be reouiii oy iue Livenuore Koiiudry and Machine company of Memphis. Confederate Memorial day will be cehs- bratud at Jackson ou Sunday uoxt, the nileenth in stant. Father Kyati, ot Mobile, will deliver the ud drtss. Over two thousand bushels of clover seed have been sold at Jackson this season. Laruenuaii tilics of clover, herd-orchard and timothy grasses have been sown. Laurel Hill schoolhoiise, near Montezuma, was burned by incendiaries a few days ago. Tills is the second lime within six months that ilie schoolhoiise has been destroyed. At Klkton, last week, John Carman went to the residence of A. M. Keeves, called him out to the gate and turaed liaise a double-laureled shot gun on him. wounding him in the ami. after which I'aruuiii tied. No cause is known lor the attempt to muruer. MIKMISSIPn. Measles still prevail somewhat at Bates- vilJe. Oue hundred aud furtv-three dollars arid liftv cents have been contributed bv cerUiiu Mem phis meichanls iu aid of building a Methodist church at Ualesville. A horticultural society has been organized hi Aiibiiu, ni uie iiuiuH ing onicers elected: . 1'. Kobinsoii. pn-sident; A. L. skiileru. vice nrcsi- dent; sam McNecly, recording secrelarv; ;. P. Murrcll, corresiioudingseerouiry; M. It. Kobinson, treasurer. Isardia nas some prospect lor the erection of a Culloll set.l oil mill, l'rivnte rush ram, is given that ooooionsoi colton-tved will beiuriihhed 4 . r Tho ihirl v-ttwnml anniversary of the. mi Sigma Society of the-l'nivcrsity of Mississippi was celebrated on Thursday, njcnuivenrity-ehapel was appropriately decorated ami a large audience assembled to hear the young speaker. After the usual ceremonies Mr. r. K. twiug. oi iaiourcne, Louisiana, was introduced, and he chose for his subject a review of ostracism. A ball was given bv the Hcrmasan ana 1'ni Sigma society in uouor of the orator of the day. and it. was largely attend ed by the etite of Oxford, j 1 1 t f Some davB since, five miles east of 'Cofleo- ville, Ed tiarduer was shot and killed lu the woods by a young man named lleurv nemnig.. uaniuer, on the dav of the killing, seemed to be in trouble about hie w ii'e leaving home, during his obseiii-e, and he went over to his mother-in-law's, Mrs. Sim mons, to inquire about ner. rieming nau oecu there that evening, but had gone out to hum squirrels, though his gun was loaded with buck shot. Some time after Gardner had lvft, Fleming returned and staved all night, riexi morning ne rode, to the residence of W.- II. Slmmorls, a few miles off, and informed him that he bad killed Gardner, whom he had met In the wixids the even ing before, and had some words with him. The body was found where Fleming said it was lying. Fleming wanted to escape, but was arrested by the shcritl' and lodged iu jail at Oft'otville, aud was committed by a magistrate to answer a charge ol murder. - TEXAS. Ou the night of the second the Colorado river rose seventeen and a halt feet. Edward Thompson, the express messenger who was drowned in Trinitv river some days sinco, was the brother of Johnny Thompson, Uie variety showman. A man named Hooper was convicted last week at Mount Vernon, Franklin eoiinty, of incest with one of his owu daughters, aud condemned lo five years in the penitentiary. At Weimar, ou the thirtieth ultimo, Sam Brown, a well-known citizen, while laboring andeT temporary insanity, cut his wife's throat aud then his own with a nuor, both dying. At Hillshoro. Tuesday last, a man named Merrill and an Irishman, name unknown, engaged lu a light, during which Merrill was believed lo be fatally stubbed aud the irishman fatally shot On last Monday night at Breuham. an at tempt was mad to bnre the residence ol Ur. Gaze ley, bv placing a can of kerosene under it and ig niliiig the oil. The blaze was discovered iu lime to suve the building. The men arrested on the charge of robbing a stage near San Gabriel some daysago.aud whoare now imprisoned at San Antonio, are J. A. Anleck, son-in-law of General John J. Haylor; W. H. HiirdYiUHH, hrother-tn-law of yrtnug Baylor; V. F. W aller and Fred Berringer. In the Indian Nation a few days since a hall-breed Cherokee was murdered in order that his murderers could gel possession of two gallons of whisky he had brought into the Nation. The murderers got drunk, and whilo in that condition boasted of the murder. They were arresled. At Waxahachie, on last Tuesday, Alex CVimett. a colored harlicr. while shaving Andrew Fields, also colored, cut him across Hie head and breast with the rar, and lnen kicked htm out of tho shop. The only charge made for the shaving was that of assault wilh intent to minder, made by 1- lelds. HELL AFLOAT. : ,-. ! Minn O'Brien's Picture of the Horrors or tbc Hold ofaa EdkIIk-Ii Eiuicront Nteotner. 1 . Mruantl Women I'jic-IicmI I.Ike Herri tiff Ins Hox, "Wilhont Regard to Health or Decency. Ix)sno5f, May 7. Miss Charlotte (1. O'Brien, daughter of Smith O'Krien, of "Voting Ireland" fame, sends to the 1'all Mall (Jazctte. a letter entitled Horrors ot an fc.uii graut Ship," which creates a profound sensa tion, and will be the. subject of question in the house of commons Monday '.by O'Don nell. ' Miss (TBrien visited (iueenslown in order to examine the mode of Ufa of the emigrants on a steamer, which vessul, how ever, she does not name. The following are the main points: "Horrors of an Emigrant Kbip." It is unnecessary to say that wherever the sacred fis,t of wealth trod on this ship all was gold and silver, shining brass, cleanliness, comfort and disf-tiev. We had iron on board, however, to see eiliignints. and w-e were determined to see their quarters lirst. When we saw the quarters of Ihe single men descriptions of slave ships Hashed across mo. Itelow this piaee our guide showed in a -di-ep hole, saving: "1 could not take you down there. It is much worbB than you see." But toy business was with THE W0MEN"8 QUARTERS, -and we went there. Between tha two decks, bet ter lighted than the men's quarters, was a larger snaee onen from one side to the other. From either sidetof a long central walk tojtheouter walksof the shiiiwern slung two enormous hammocks, one sii.-ocnded alsiut three feet from the floor. What was going ou in the other hammocks above these I could not see, but I presume they were the same as those below. I supposeeach of these hammocks carry about ,. ONE HUNDRED PERSON'S. They were made of sail-cloth, and, being sus ncitded all around from bisiks. were perfectly flat. Narrow strips of sail-cloth divide this great lasl into bertha. These strlns of cloth, when the mat tresses were out, formed divisions alMiut eight inches high: when the miittresses are in it must be almost on a level. Now, in Ihcse lieds He hundreds oiwtcnand women. Any man whocomes wilh a wniiuiu w ho is. or calls herself, his wifeleeps as a mailer of right in the mulst ol HUNDREDS OF YOUNG WOMEN, who are compelled to live in his presence day aud night. If thev remove their clothes, they must do so under bis eyes. If they lie down to rest, it mmi tie iMvJrfe him. It is a shame even to spesk of these tilings, but to destroy such an evil it is ii.CKirc to 'hiUitrlit ami wlin open for ii.st.oi., tlifY are euii.iv. we, and guruiuhe.. Hut Uitiik ot the Mi ii.- iu iht dtirLiicsH of lUr u it; lit. the ship iit ii hij? in iiiMoenii, when a limmeriiiK lamp or two inake-s viMule to you tUH iunti 01 moaning unman LOOK AT THAT YOUXt; MOTH Kit, with two or throe heirless baliies. In the aiinnien J w-i.-kiu-0t uimhlf to move but over the inLruU-' Indie of hor fcllow-HUneren. Look at this inno cent Kirl-rhiM, lyintt amoni? thwsoime men ami R.miKhinett wnmeu. stmieueti with sulfiK'Htioii and seaMi'kness, auiid the curses and groanr. of hun dreds. . If she arises and nets to wivo her soul, whitherhall she go? Aaiu nhe must tread on the writhing uooiea ot men ana women, urn uie pic ture iM TOO HORItlJtLE TO BE LOOK KD AT. The sounds were too dreadful to lUton to. This is uo brutal or impure dream. It in truth. It is a livinir hoimr, menacing the live, honor and souls of hundreds aud thonsunds of our fellow country women-. The ship in which I saw these things is sup)osed to earry in this manner 1000 steerutfe pas sengers, ync eirrieti last year on one voyage i, emigrants. Mrs. M. A. Kidder, in Baldwin's Monthly. T found the loveliest si rot on erth. Where sweet and odorous bloouib had birth; I ehtpfie 1 wy bands for very gladness: ";ood-by," 1 said, "to ill and sadness," When lo, thre sprung from ont Uie icreen A hideous imp U(kii the seeue! I eried, 'Irend form, what is your name?" In mot-king tones, the answer came 'Malaria!" I fled unto the nearest town: If"rc I resolved to settle down, 'Mid dirt and grime, 'mid dust and mortar Myself, inj wife, my sou aud daughter. The (teoplu ere pt about like snails, OrlKinj; ships bereft of sail?. ' What is the matter here?" I eried, Aud many a trembling voire replied "Malaria!" From out the fated town we sped : We elimlwd the mountains; overhead, "Where the proud eale builds her nest, We pitched our tent to take our rest One morning, bright with eastern cold, I woke, and cried, "I'm hot;" "I'm rold;" ' I bum;' "1 freeze." What run it l-e? The answer came from eras and tret " Malaria!" The dnetors, now, who lack the skill To disclose earh ininand ill. To thin one thinr, they all agree, No mutter whnt their school mav 1: With "Hem!" and "Ilnwl" and 'look profound, Your toitKue they sean. your lungs they sound. And then exclaim, My friends, tirt! tut! Your case, I find, in nothing but Malaria!" I've chartered now a big balloon; I hop. to occupy it soon. If "It" comes there to ache my bones And waste my tlesh, when 'ueath the stones, I hoie. my Ik-iter part may soar To some fair laud, some golden shore. Where I may never hear the cry. That hnunis me like a ghostly sigh ' Malaria!" TEXAS CRIMES. Away with Hla Pockrls Fall A Conxtnble Sbot Ienl. AVkatherkord, Mav 7. O. Frost, presi dent of t lie France Texan Land company, has absconded, leaving heavy debts behind him. It is said he appropriated -000 of the com pany': money, and that lie owes $3500 to dif- rent parties in town and along the railroad. He left ridini! on a horse and leading an other, and was armed with a couple of hix- shootera and ttveiity-six-HhttOtuig Ji-vaim rule. it is believed lie has gous to Arizona or .New Mexico. It in also stated that he obtained $4"00 which was subscribed toward building a courthouse at hweetwater, JSolan county, and put it in his own pocket. Ihe r ranee Texan Land company has some prominent men in the State connected with it. Countable Hodges was shot and killed nt Cedar Mill while attempting to arrest a lrtuiken and disorderly man on tlie street. The murderer escaped. "J'on'rf Another." Brailr pretends to be red-hot at the impu tations cast on his honor by Postmaster-General James's demand for the keys of his of fice. He says James is just as bad an egg as he is. Here is an allegation set forth by one of Brady's understrikersin the Sun of tlie twenty-eighth ultimo: T want lo tell von tiomethinc about these swin dle" us they are culled. Juxt letine say to you I there have been more of them since Jiones came in, considering the length of his aud Brady's Jienfice, than were icrneirawHi ny nrHuy,miun i-u-ijinuiii sliced against him to be swindle a. lioii't atare at that. 1 Miy it 1 true.- I say true, if they are swin dles. A single ease under James will orlsct a whole liateh under Brady, considering- the time he hit been in. And here it is: The cost of the mail service Ix-twccn Marietta aud Zancsville. Ohio, ban la-en $:tuui a year. Urn system of doubling quite as mysterious as aiivthing Brady ever did, ihe ser vice is now costing I2,000 an increase of t'JUUO. Colonel A. K. ltone is the. lucky star man there. Whether he owes his stroke to Sherman or liartield. or whether it is onlv because he lives in Ohio, 1 don't know. I haven't given you the lwrliculars of lids case: vou might not understand them if I did. I want to toll vou, though, that if ever there was a case of swindling iu tlie Star service, this is one. So, you see, whoever is iu oflice tlie thing goes on. Talking Arrow tbe Channel. Paris, May 7. A remarkably interesting cxivriuicut has just been made at Calais and lo ver. tietwecu wnieh places conversation has ix-eii kci upeim roce bv means of a new kind of a tele phone, which has been patented under tlie name clcirophone. Not only were the words whisiiered into Uie apparatus at Calais dislinlly heard at Do ver, and ot course t ier wrsd, but Ihe listener at one end was perfectly well able to distinguish by the mere tnes of the voure the person who was shak ing at the other end. It should be observed that while the human voice was being transmitted through one of the wires tlie other wires were be ing employed for the transmission of telegraphic messages ' Moreover the experiment was con dueled between the hours of 10 and -I o'clock! that is in the busiest part of the day. when the w ires are tn unceasing renuisltion. Tlie voice of the shaker was distinctly heard as soon as the wires were joined to the apparatus, and conversa tions were carried on without Intermplion in th presence of competent specialism, kxperiinenu with the same apparatus were then continued with tlie same result, and in the midst of Ihe contusion produced by the simultaneous working ol several machine at the London terminal stativa. the voice nt the speaker was heard as plainly as though he tiad been iu the same room. There can no longer be any doubt that il is perfectly practicable to con verse across or ralher under the sea by means of any submarine cable. The inventor maintains that il is just as easy in talk across the Atlantic as irom one room to auolher.. Every young lady desires a clear com plcxinn, which is often prevented by some one of the disease's arising from torpid Liver, which can l cured by Pnrtaline, or Tahler's egetable Liver Powder, the great remedy for Sour Stomach, Biliousness, llyspepsia, etc. rot Bale by U, . Jones & Co. the miir annually. A .Memphis man has ageped lo erect the mill ou tUcscoiitlitloUSA THE CAUCASUS. 1 Modes of Trarel on Routes Established bj the Imperial Government Tlie raraiiodnoj, an Instrument of Torture Which Does Its Work with Bar- barons e Inflight An ; Anslo-Saxon r'" L ' Boy Abroad'- From an Appeal Cbrrespondeut. OirtssA, RrsntA,' April lfcIn my last I wrote something pi the, Caucasus, country and people. I ought how, before proceeding on my journey, to tell something about bow one travels iu- this . country. As is known railway facilities are comparatively limited, and the general means of travel is by post route. These routes are under the supervis ion and control of the imperial government and are let as are our postal routes in Amer ica. -The contractor agrees to carrvjthe mail, for which he is paid a fixed sum. At the. same lime he obliges himself to keep a speci fied number of . horses and vehicles for the conveyance ol travelers. J. here is a mini mum fixed but be must have facilities for an increased traffic up to also a specified extent. The traveler baa the riglit to demand that he be carried at a certain named rate of s)eed, and the contractor has the privilege of a cer tain delay at each station for the pursise of resting and feeeling his animals, should fresh ones lie unobtainable. .The traveler presents himself to the governor of the town, produces his passport, and, on payment of a am all fee, receives what is called a "padoroshne" t. ., an order for horses aud vehicles. The num ber of hots is named, but if during tbe course of Ihe journey it becomes necessary, he may ileuinnd an increased number. ' For the horses he pays a Certain tax per head per mile traveled. With ibese he is entitled to a wagon aud driver, to whom he pays a small sum as drink money al each station where the animals are changed. The wagon, called "l'ARATX)INOY," most generally used is an ingenious instru ment of torture. Oue would rather fed in dined to call it a demon. It is in all its characteristics a -most cruel and malignunt enemy and persecutor ot mankind. It is something more than an instrument, or lua- -i ... t.- l i ...:.l. :- ciune, tor it appears to or einiowcu. wiiu in tellect and ingenuity which it unsparingly use tfor the torture of its unhappy victim, Certainly since Uie days of Adam no inani mate tiling has possessed such resources to render miserable those who chanced to pass within its power. As it goes groaning and howling ami-screaming on its way one fancies thai it does its inhuman work with a barbar ous delight. Four wheels boll ml together with connecting poles t still wood ns axles and couplings, a Wooden box solidly bolted on the axles, no seat, no springs, no elasticity, no merry, no compassion, no (uothing but a half savage lartar, or Cossack, driving nt a breaknerkr -speed irom tlirtH! to six Horses abreast nt the rate of ten miles an hour, changing horses every ten to fifteen miles and there is the idea iu a nutshell. If the pravers of all the generations' of agonized travelers are heard and answered, the in ventor of this paruclndnoy will have mnre than a mnurais qimn d heure. J he necessity for his proper punishment would certainly do away with any possible idea ef the cor rectness if Colonel l!:b lngersoll's theolog ical opinions. HOBSri! IS TIIW COI NTKY are almost alwwys, and post horses ever, elriven with loose reins, and thus obstructions in the road, such as stones, ruts, etc., are all available for the traveler's discomfort. If tbe traveler has baggage, this generally serves as a seat; if not, he is seated on straw or hay at the bottom of tlie box. Sometimes ropes are made fast to cither side of the box, stretching from side to side, which serves as a seat. - V hen seated on the bottom of the box the unhappy traveller goes bobbing up and down, much resembling aPunch and Judy figure, as the vehicle eoes bowline along the way, springing from rut to rut or from stone to stone. -Mounted on the rope seat, his occupation consists principally in making himself fast by clutching from side to side as occasion 'may require. In any event he must furnish his own elasticity, for none ef this is" furnished by the imperial jtjt management; Even the f:it man has no ad vantage over his lean brother, the seat of the one being as bad as the other, if not worse. The statiouhouses are generally as badly managed as possible. , In them is provided nothing to eat nor drink, except in some in stances a cup of tea. . LoBg woodeii lynches around the walls of the room are the only beds. The Bussians always travel with their bedding and eatables, and the demand is thus so small that the station agents say it does not pay them to provide anything except hot water for the purpose oi making tea. It is remarkable wilh what tenacity they cling to this habit of self-provision. Kven where the railway has been iu oeratKn for years, the general traveler comes provided with Uis bed aud clothing therefor, as well as his furniture. Tim cars are completely filled with gigantic pillows, blankets and well stull'ed dinner-baskets. ON THE TOST ROUTES these are ail actual necessity, but in the cars they are a great nuisance aud not at all neces sary, for in no part of the worid are the rail way stations generally finer or the eating ac commodations so good. Besides this, the rule is that a train stands at etery station three minutes, and at many places from ten to twenty minutes. The station masters are generally obliging, after a fashion, but al ways make it convenient to have no horses until they have received a small gratuity, when, lo! the animals appear. At one place I was told that I must wait two. hours for beasts, when a . fellow-traveler told me that if I bought a cup of tea perhaps the time might be lo suuie extent shortened. I trietl the experiment, and was at once pro vided with animals. At another time the purchase of a small curiosity, lor which 1 paid about fifty cents, secured ine a place iu a eliligenee for which I had offered ten times that sum in a regular way. There are other kind of conveyances than the paraclodnoy, but as they must 1 hired specially and taken from tlie point of de parture to the destination, and again re turned at the exinse of the traveler, they are not generally used. The paraclodnoy is the universal machine found at every statiou, and when it has reached its. limit on the route is immediately returned with the same horses and drivers, 'hen the roads are gofM.1, as they often are on the high stepjie, a ride by post is exceedingly exhilarating. The horse, one in the fills which generally trots well, and theothers outside and abreast. go at a tremendous pace, all decorated with bells of divers sounds, make the driver's song and yells an animated and exciting ride. JNow to resume my lournev. descending from the mountains to the north, as previously mentioned, our arrival at Vladikavkas, the terminus of the railwav southward from tin. east eud of the Azof sea. From this point over the mountains to TIFLIS, CO.MMEHCE is carried over by means of wheeled vehicles and many curious establishments are met. From Tillis southward into Persia trans portation is- by caravans of camels, which carry enormcm loads over the sandy plains and deserts. Only for a moment to digress, I will record that the impression made upon me bv this animal, loaded with his heavy burden, ap parently so delicate in his construction, his small, weary, languid-looking eye, so tender iu itsexprissioti, was ot the most painful nature. When struck with the driver's whip he ut ters a kind of remonstrance, which com- menc 6 with a groan and ends in a w ailimr cry t'jat is pitiful to hear. I am told that he makes this appeal valuable with people who do not know his nature well, and that often, ns his load is being placed upon him, he causes it to be lightened by his protests; when the saddle, so to speak, is being girted about him he groans and complains that it is too tight; and finally, when it has been loosened, he deliberately shakes it oil. This is a kind of intelligent cunning that I had thought was. monopolized by the young urchin when receiving his customary Hog ging to scream and pretend to be much hurt in order to stop the process. Vladi kavkas is a pretty town, lying low down in the plain beneath the towering mountains, snow-clad, which extend away as far as the eye can reach to the northwest and south east. - Ihe streets are broad anil cross each other at right angles, the houses are low but clean, well painted in many colors, and most prctureseiie in their tmii ensemble. The military warehouses and ollices are on an ex tensive scale. the hotels are not bad, and arc well filled with mili tary people and travelers, thousands of whom seek, through the city, the mineral springs and health resorts which aliound in the near vicinity. At I itiagorsk, two hours away, is a famous ami wonderful spring, the waters of which perform marvelous cures. From my window at the hotel the view of the mount tin range by moonlight was most lnvelv in its grande-tir, and Mount Kosliek offereil himself to the admirer iu a form even more imtiosing than does the "Jungfrau," with tier wonderiuiiy white and pure virgin rolsps, seek to gain the admiring gaze of the multitude at sweet and beautiful ltiterlaken. Indeed, the Caucasus mountains deserve as much admiration as those of beautiful Swit zerland, but for the presejit they are too far away and the comforts of life too scanty to make excursion in that country possible. At the hotel at Vladikavkas I found, as is to be found every place, a small boy with a curious history. He had come, at the age of eight years, Irom some place, he did not know where, with a circus, aud had been trained to athletic pertoriiiances. Ihe per won who had char ire of him had died, prav iug the landlady of the hotel to take and care for the child. He had been adopted, and hail masters in French, Kussiau and (ieruian, aud hail made irood progress, The landlady did not know from whence lie came nor to what race of iseople he belonged. I saw the child al play in the court and know in moment that he wan Anglo-Saxon. His movements were strong and vigorous and his muscles displayed such energy, his athletic play was with such zest that 1 could not lie mistaken. I called him to me and( after some words in Russian, spoke to linn in English. He looked at me with wonder aud amazement in his expression. lie com menceel to sieak first iu Kussian, then chaiureel to French, and limn to Herman, and finally his inexiH-ricuceel tongue fell upou English. He talked ou until he had occa sioii to say the word "gooae," but this he could not do until after uiuch ihiiikini; an. many trials. He described the bird, gave ihe uaue in all his available languages, but in English, he could not remember. During the j short time that I remained he acquired con-' siderable facility in his mother tongue aad 1 wasdelighted. His name had evidently been "Jack," but had been changed by Iris" kind patroness to "Vock." After A PLE .T DAY AT VLADIKAVKAS I arranged for my further progress "in a strange and unknown land. At the post station I was advised that it would be well could I have a comagnm de toyagt; that the way was long and wearisome, and not partic ularly safe for one person unpiotected by an escort. I found that a gentleman of the town had inquired for a conveyance a few hours before, and to Kim the post agent ad vised me to go. I went, aid found . him. a tireek gentleman intending to go to Petrofsk on the Caspian sea, ami thence to Astra khan. I explained why I had presented my self, and, after many questions and timid glauces at me, we arranged to make the voyage in company. The vehicle was to call at my hotel at 3 o'clock in the morning. My good friend was to prepare sucb creature comforts as were deemed necessary, and meet ine at the appointed hour at my hotel. Late in the night, after smoking a cigar with feet elevated a fAmericaine on the - window-Bill, the towering mountains white with fresh snow looming high heavenward, bathed in softest moonlight, I retired for two hours sleep, which 1 enjoyed to the utmost. At 3 o'clock the servant announced a letter for ine, and the vehicle at the door. The letter informed that unexpected duties prevented my Greek friend from making his contem plated journey, much to his re gret. 1 concluded that he saw something in my style that made him timid of me and caused him to prefer to remain at home in the bosom of his family rather than go away in a strange and dangerous country wilh a suspicious looking stranger. I re gretted the loss of his society, but still more the loss of the iirovisiom he was to have fur nished and which 1 had not then time to have provided. With many misgivings, I arranged my baggage in the wagoii, during which time the servant put together such eatable as he found in the house, consisting of some hard-cooked eggs and a pie.ee of cheese, and mounting my tormentor, was whirled away through Ihe streets past the garden, the Mili tary barracks and into the beautiful country, covered with fresh, tlewy grass and just ripening grain, to the tune of the Cossack's whoop, the jingling bells and tbe bowling of I lie wagon w heels ou the hard pressed road I.. K. 1). For tlie Sunday Appeal.l . WHCM I AM CiOSE. Jll'lHT.E J. r. S1UMONS. When lam gone, and silent lie. Beyond the view of friendly eye. Where words of love 1 may not hear, Nor feel nor see atl'ection's tear; -Ah! I shall slumber sweetly then. For disappointment cannot come To lacerate lny heart with pain, -And o'er ine lliag a )all of gloom. When I am gone, and calmly sleep Beneath Uie turf, where willows weep, ( r u here sweet roses bloom aud fade. And symbolize the slumh'ring .dead, Tbe wit lured leaves I shall not see. As slonu-blasla strew lliem o'er Ihe ground, Ana i snau an unconscious i snail ne Of coldness and distress around. When I am gone, and dear ones who To me have steadlast been ami true. Shall with aucctiou'a tear-drops lave The liiouMeriiig sod Umii my grave. Ah ! I would then oue moment wake To calm the sorrow in each breast, A moment would denlh'ssileni-e break To tell them sweet is dreamless rest. When I am gone, and cold my brow, I happier far shall tie than uow, Kxempt from pain or doiitit eirdivad 1-1. r there ne'er wake the sleeping de-ad; 1 shall not feel uiisforl tine's wave. Which hearts so oft Willi anguish till, And though all lonely in my grave. There 1 shall slumber e-almiy sUll. When I am gone, I would that those W hom 1 shall elierUh tilt life's e-lose Miglil sometimes kindly think of me. Nor let me-quite? forgotten Ixe; Yet, should re-mem brauee waken pain, -I'd have them banish me from thought. Unwept, uiiuiourned, I would remain; Wilh love retalleel, or else forgot. Saiipis, Miss., Friday night, April 22, lssi. AXOTIIEK BKl'TAL BIVKDEIt Krortcl Iron Arkaams- Beaten Is Ientt with a Maul. Little Kk-k, May 7. News has just come in of a horrible murder at Conner's Iiend, Lee county, Arkansas. A quarrel oc curred, lollowed by a light, in which John Kichards, a white man, knocked down Isaac lireen, a colored desperado, with his fist. Isaac sprang to his feet with cat-like quick ne'ss, seized a heavy uiaul, downed Kicharels bv a quick, deadly blow ou the head, aud then continued mauling him until ltichards's head was a tl ittcneil, jellied mass.' Green was arrested, and is in great danger of being lynched. JOHN t'ALVIVN fcpirit in Marching- A Iodic Tlie Exam ination of lirolhrr Iouic nt lienniintown. Editors Appeal We wish to thank the Memphis presbytery for their recent action in the case ol ivev. Mr. L.ong, though we read with bated breath when we remembereil what would have been had we lived in Cal vin's time. He has always been regarded as oue ol the lounders ot fresbyteriaiusm, and we i j note a few good-natured words from this "salamander of divines:" "Charity is greater than faith, not as being more meri torious, but liecause it is more fruitful, more extensive, more generally serviceable and periietual in duration, whereas, the use of faith is only temjiorary." A few more of the virtues that have present values are greatly needed. Paul says, "Though I have faith, and have not charity, 1 am uothiug." That is plain and easily understood, until some one rises to explain il away by saying that it means something else in the original (ireek. It is a great comfort to dodge behind original (ireek. Our protesting pastors, to be con sistent, shoiihr leach that the great sacrifice provided only for the elect, or else change their standards, and revise the familiar hymn. Just think what false doctrine is embodied in that stirring chorus Salvation's free for yon and mc " 1'm.glad salvation's five." Our community cares but little for any formulated articles of faith, and still less for pitiful protests. Lives and .acts that accord with Christ's life are the best confessions of faith. The spirit of John Calvin still exists, but in spite of all there will be those who "enjoy the luxury of a little honest thought" and la-lieve wilh grand old Whiltier thaj 'Still the measure of our needs eutgrows lhccrampin Imuuds of creeds; And manna, galhcrvd yesterday, Alreadv savors of den-ay." J : THE MflllTOF POWER, "Allah 11 Allah! AUahu Akbnr!" Thousands on thMisauils swell the exultant cry; Through moonlit Stamboul echoing, near and far, Th solemn acclamation rolls on high ; The four great angels, gravely as of old. When christian labor raised the columns fair. And christians wrought the rich mosaic gold. Look down to-elay iqion the Moslem prayer. "Allah il Allah !" 'tis the Night of Power, The gates of Paradise are onened wide. Tlie white-robed angels hall the golden botir As mid the "true believers' ' ranks they glide; Bearing each fervent praver to Allah's throne. Bringing His gifts of bence and mercv back. Soothing tlie mourner, comforting the lone. And scattering ble'ssings on their shining track. Hush! o'er the awed world sweeps the breath dl- I he mountain forest stills its mstline nriir. The arrested sea has lost its bitter brine. The rushing river nausea on its wav; The tiger, harmless, couches by the doe. Tho falcon, gentled, iierche-s bv the dove. And in cae-h fiery human heart below Keigus lor.thal saere d instant peace and love. All glorious Sjnt' Sofia Hi's awe-spelled. a mrriau lumps gie'iim o er Ihe ailorliiK crowd. The suppliant hands of thousands are upheld. a iiiousRiiii lon-ncaua to iue earin are bowed. It passes, tho brief mighty moment given; Hack rushes motion, rapine, sin and war. While like a million trinnia'ts ja-als to heaven j lie snout ot "Allan, Aiianu Aktmr!" The passionate prayer of a long-suHering race. The creed that governs life and gladdens death, Swells in the cry. as in his holy place i ne rLsiern owns nis rmpnet anu ins lailli, Allah il Allah ! Allahu Akbar!" The vearly moment wilh its mystic dower lias gone; yet rising to each steadfast star. near, itivc, ye laitniui: lis tlie Kight Power." of WHAT IS TRUTH? Old-Time i'alvlniatlc Dorlrlne Meannr. inic tne Infanta that are In II el I. KniTOits Appkai. In the vear of our Lord lS'Jrt I went tothef'ool Spring Baptist church n lc Kalb coutite, (iiori.i, aud 1 wish to give the readers ol ihe Appeal a little his tory of that day. (Md Brother Keldy Wade was the pastor, and it was Sunday. Brother Hade was one ol those orthodox iSaiitist preaclnV of that day ; he was sound in the taith. lie believed iu the lnnitv and the loc trine of election, reprobation, a partial atonement, effectual calling, and the final lerseverauce of the saints. Brother Wade was a farmer as well as a preacher. His text was in lienesis, xli, -lo: And was the name that rhari ah called Joseph is Zaplmathpaa- nea. Brother W sde laid aside his coat, asked for a gourd of water, and, after taking a drink, proceeded to introduce his subject by saying that there was a great deal con tained in his subject, and he could profitably entertain Ins congregation until sundown. lie said there were contained in his text characters of various kinds; there were liars, thieves, murderers and whores, em phasizing tbe last class, "and," said he, "my sistery, if I should weave a cap for some of you, don't put it on your neiirhbor. While he was earnestly engaged in ihe delivery of his extemporaneous ser mon ome of the old sisters had eone to the door of the loghoiise, and with Hint, steel and tinder had lighte-d their piives and re turned to their seats to smoke. It was com mon for the Bantist ureai-hera of that elnv to criticise sharply the Methodists and others who did not believe in immersion. Brother Wade could tell who was in hell as though he had la-en there, and would measure tne leni'tli of infants there on his arm. lie would dcscrilie the blue blazes of hell and the reel sheets ol damnation with much accuracy, would Bay that all you who want to go to heaven kneel down, and yu that want to go to hell stand np. There were some Presbyte rians who would stand up. Now the object ol this communication is lu ask it the teach ing of Brother Wade was truth ami the gos- ih'I, or are we to adhere to those learned pres bvle rs who examined Mr. Ixing. That ex amination reminded me of a lot of school boys chastising an old, exM?riene'ed teacher. lhere is now. and always has been, some tu- tolcrance anione; the professed followers of the Savior. O. f. JONKa. J t. 1 1 1 k-si h it t Vb I Ud .1 udge cigars, factory VTii, 3el Collec. Hist., N. Y., are best, 3 for 26c' Prospects of the Crop in the Great Northwest, (he Granary of the Republic. it (Y t Reports from Minnesota, Kebraaka, Da-- - iou, Illinois anU BtlaMart ! - rt Ve'..lfl The Outlook. , CmcAfiO, May C The 3ii has two pages of reports of the spring wheat pros pecU.. Ita analysis says the situation of af fairs is satisfoctory; indeed, it may be said to be highly encouraging, for the fa?st reports come from localities where most of the spring wheat is raised, and for the most part at least, encouraging reports are from aeetioni where winter wheat has been found the more profitable. In Minnesota, Nebraska and Dakota, which are almost wholly given np to spring wheat, there is a .large - increase in acreage, and the prospect is thoroughly good. IN MrKJTESOTA, -"i"-' which raised over forty million bushels of wheat last year, reports . are uniformly of the most flattering character. " In some of the lower counties the acreage has doubled, aud the average increase for the State ia twenty or thirty per cent. At the same time the condition is usually stated to have been never better, and ' sometimes to have never been so good, and the prospect for an increased yield per acre. is good. IROM NEBRASKA, ! which produced alxnt one-fourth aa much wheat last year as Minnesota, bnt whose prairies are rapidly being broken up by the great army oi emigrants woo are constantly nourine into the State, retmrta are Terr simi lar. The acreage is increased and planting has been accomplished under most favorable conditions, farmers take a more cheerful view of thinks, and the probabilities are in lavor ot an exceptionally large harvest. IN DAKOTA : ! "" the area devotee! to spring ' wheat is also i. ; . . i i 1- i t. uiucn mcreaaeei, anu intiicaiions are ail fa vorable for a generous yield. FKOli KANSAS, reports are not quite so favorable as to quality, though the prospects are generally fair to good, and the acreage ia reduced. This, however, is mainly due to the fact that winter wheat is ia that Htate supplanting; spring towing. JX MISSOCBI, . also, fall sowing prevails. Not more than one-tenth of the wheat raised there this year will be spring sown. The condition of tbe spring grain is not altogether satisfactory, and iu some localities it is poor, but this is not true of all, and the small amount of spring wheat that will be rai.-eil will make its quality ol subordinate importance. - IN ILLINOIS. ' Wisconsin and Iowa spring wheat ranges all the way from good to very poor. The acre age in general is much reduced. It ia be lieved, however, that in some portion of northern Illinois tlie prospects are good, aud that in the central and southern parts ot tbe State winter wheat is rapidly crowding out spring wheat, where it has not already done it. Where the acreage of spring wheat ia largely reduced, it. is generally because far mers have found that fall is better than spring sowing. ' IN IOWA there is a substantial reduction in the acreage of spring wheat in almost every county, but in the vicinity of Storm lake the increased acreage amounts to twenty-five per cent.; Its condition was never betUr. Through out the Stale there has been considerable diminution in spring wheat acreage the re Butt, in some localities, of a preference for winter wheat. TAKINIi THE NORTHWEST AS X WHOLE, therefore, the prospect for spring wheat, in Minnesota, Nebraska, and Dakota, where spring wheat is almost exclusively raised, is all that could be desired. In Kansas and Illinois spring wheat forms but a small part of the total crop. In Wisconsin aud Iowa the decreased acreage of spring wheat is caused in a greater or less degree by the preference of farmers for winter grain, and this, it should be remetntiered, is from sixty- eight to seventy-two per cent', of tne total wheat crop ol the L nited Stalest . MISCELLANEOUS PERSONALS. . The health of Archbishop Purcell, of Ohio, 18 tailing rapiaiy. Oliver Wendell Holmes has been a profes sor at iiarvara tor uuriy-iour years. A colonelcy in the Mexican army has been onered to i.elieral urn a son, a Doy oi twenty years. l'rof. Swift, of Rochester, searches for comets every morning, when the sky and weather win permit. D. It. Locke (Petroleum V. Nasby) will soon set out for a tnp to Australia, returning by way of Europe. A Cincinnati lawver has astonished even his professional brethren by charging a t'JO.OOu fee lor collecting tt,enu. Each emperor of Austria learns the Hun garian language to show hla sympathy with those ol nis subjects wno speai u. Mr. James Gordon Bennett, it is an nounced by the U'hitfhatl Review, is engaged to marry too eiatigntcroi ue t'rince a xumienuerg, Misa Grace Chamberlain, daughter of Pres ident t'hamlicrlaiu of Howdoin, has just beeu mar ried to air. il. e. Alien, son oi lion, tuepneu at. Allen, of Boston. One of the greatest of the Whig ladies sought once to penetrate ucaconsneia a policy She talked long and learnedly, "You darling' was his only answer. Chief-Justice Appleton, of Maine, who is now seventy years of age, says that he is going to travel all over Europe in ISM, and when he returns will settle down aud go to utruung. !eneralJosepli Lane's dealh leaves only two siirvivinggeiierals of the Mexican war, Gen eral Robcit Patterson, of Philadelphia, ninety years old, and eieneral lianiey, eighty-one years old. . . , . , . Lord Lonsdale, who has been lately in America with his yacht, the Northumbria, has purchased a steamer of 10U0 tons to attempt to reach the north pole from the western European coast. Mr. Washington McLean, of Cincinnati, who has been iMken of in connection with the lH-mocrntle nomination for governor of Ohio, tele graphs from Washington that there Isn't an omce on earth he would have. Dr. Kemp, a young Massachusetts physi cian, whose services have bevn aeeutfd for the Kugby iTenn.) colonists, has a stated salary. The doctor says that ho could not live ou his fees, as there is very little sickness there. - Miss Edith Longfellow, daughter of the poet, is about twenty years of age. bhe has beem traveling in California wi 111 the families of Prof. Horsforu, of Harvard, anil of Mr. luraut, the founder of the Wellesly college for young ladies. John G. Whittier has declined an invita tion to write a poein for the celebration at New Londein, Connecticut, on account of his health, but says: "The story of the heroic Ledyard and his men is one which a peel could make noble use of." The original manuscript of the valedictory address of Jonathan Kdwardn for the class of 17&) at Yale colle-ge, written In Latin and delivered when tbe author was but sixteen years old, is In the possession of O. F, Parker, ol llarlford, Con necticut. The Princeton base-ball pine while in Washington called in a body on President Gar field on the 21st of ABril. aud were liitroduceel bv Judge Harlan, ef the United States Bupre-mecourt, whcMse two sons are students at Princeton college and members of its base-ball team. M. D. Conway writes: "I hava iust re ceived from a friend in Manchester betwaen thirty and forty unpublished letters written by Carlyle, wiiieuw iu appear oeiore loug. 1 ney represent nearly every phase of his life from earfy youth to manhood. In one of them he talks ol going to live in America." Mr. G. P. Healv, theoWnof the A merican school of painters iu I'arls.contribntes to the present iiia fine portrait of the new king of Kouiuanir. The picture excites a good de-al of interest from the somewhat romantic vicissitude through which his majesty passed before arriving at his recently created throne. Rev. Joseph Cook has decided to remain in Europe for another season. He will return by the way of India and Japan. Mr. Cook Is uow in London, and arrangements have been made for another Bern of lectures by him In that city. Mr. spiirgenn has onered the use of his tabernacle aud a iu preside at tne lirst lecture. George W. Julian writes from Texas that ' the current stories aliout Texas barbarism are larcclv mvtbical. He sars that tbe laws are aa generally enforced and life and property as safe aa iu tbe other Slates of the I'uiou. Tbe virtue of tt-mis-ranee is re-markably respe-cled. ami druukau men are more randy seen than in Indiana. Mr. Garfield has found by early exneri- ence, or perhaps he already knew, that the Presi dent's chair is not a bed of roses. It la true that he lias no tragic reverses to apprehend, for the actual injury to public Interests and Inconveni ence to himself are not of aa overwhelming character; but It is mortifying to come into imme diate collision with tlie checks and drawbacks which limit the opportunities ol a great position. Miss Kate Sanborn, professor of literature at Smith College in Massachusetts, writing to a friend says of Mr. hields's death: "Ha aave ma almost my first impulse toward a literary life by a fencrous present of books for a notice ol Mr. Tom lood's Memorial, which some friends sent him. I shall never lorget tne words he used them. And ha never failed me, I shall give each clans an hour with him the last honor X cau pay his memory." Commissioner Lo Due's pet project of American tea culture receives encouragement from South Carolina. Henry A. Middleton, who lives about twenty miles from Charleston, has leased to the commissioner a tract of about iuo acre em his estate for twenty years In consideration of one dol lar. Appropriate niiitiiings tor carrying ont uie experiment will be constructed, and John Jackson, who has been engaged In tea culture in India for sixteen years, win navo charge ot the plantauon.- Aianie- i,, eea plants will beset tills spring, anu the commissioner thinks that in three years he will have as hue a crop of lea as ever was raised In the Tforiu. Prof. Kichard A. Proctor, the eminent Kiil'IIsii astronomer ami Mm. Hallie D. Crowley, of St. Joseph, Missouri, were marrle-el in Uat city on the third Instant, and left at tuiee for the east. The bride is a daughle o Charles M. Thompson, of St. Joseph, and a niece of the late General Jeff I llolDisoll, Ol tne e onieHieraio army. -riage is the result of a meeting by chant e, amd an acquaintance formed under peculiar circum stances. rroi. iToctor wein w " Kraiicisco a year or two ago lor tne ueueutoi uis first wife's he-altll, M.- Crowley went at tlie Mine time to take care of her first husband, both the sick ones died of consumption in that distant land, but not until the four bad traveled much together and beeoiiie warm friends. The two survivors sympathized wilh each other, aud friendship warmed into love. The astro limner discovered in the bereave'd widow a star of the lirst magnitude. They cousoled each other as best they could. Whkr$ for twenty years a person had uo movement of the bowels without medicine or mechanical means, one month's use of Tutt's Pills completely res lo reel the bowels to nat ural regularity. They are composed of in nocent herbs, aud are incapable ( hurtiug the most delicate constitution, yet sure to cleanse tlie bowvls and blood oi all iinpurt ties. ' INSURANCE. J. MURPHY. a K. MURPHY MURPHY & MURPHY, (jciHTal Insurance Agents, No. O ItfiulisoH Mrcet, ADJOlNlNii COTTON EXCBA-NQK, MeuipblH Tcnacawee. sMTOuly the best comaanlea. iHnhouies and Country Store a ieclaltjpa AOTICTEX 35T O -JPJ C 33. TIIR HKNDKRJON RKIIXtK COMPANY", s corpo ration created and duly organised under a . statute of the State ol Kentucky, and aiilhori.rd xu cuuairuci a nriuge acrrsa tne umo river, extend ing from some convenient siint within theeorpev rate limits of the city of Henderson to some con venient point on the Indiana tidcof said river. obpoaitt)Altedilyo IJmtleraon, ne-ecbf atrestiei-tfee-tofehora It ttwry fnrfl. steal -it irtenils lo construct said bridge across said river al mid lor. uou, ana .mat it Jul filed wilh the Be-cretary ol War. at Washington. l. V.. a design and drawing of the bridge au4 oivra nd a map of he location, giving for tlie space Tit more" than one mile above and one mils below Uie proposed local to, the to pography of the liark of live river, the shore line at high and lovrirater, thodlreeilori ol Hi enrrent st ail atagea, amy tha surroundings, accurately snowing wie oeu oi uiesireain. K. r. ALEJUKPKK, , President ol iwe Henderson Hridge Oo. NOTICE TO DOG OWNERS. NOTICE 1 hereby given that on and alter next THCKSDAT, May Sth. tlie ordinance resissrl ing the niuninc: a large of nnmuszleet ekars will rt) rigidly enforced, and all such auimals will be d stroyvd wherever found. .. . , . W. C. DAVIS. Chief of Police. To Contractors and Builders, Offick Boakd or Trustiks Aukansas Ixsakk') ASVl.CM, . . j. Utile Rock, Arkansas, April i. Vest. I NOTK'K Is hereby given that seated presisBls ill be received at litis office until I J clock, m., June 1, lsl, to build, at the e-lty of I.ittla Kix-k, Arkansas, an insane Asylum complete, according to the plans and apccitlcatioiis to la seen or pro cured from this ntlice iinn applicatiom from any one.- inuldiug touipluled by Uie tel slay of JiUy, lata. , Also, separate Md are soliritea d the follow lug untitling material, to bedlivcrcd upon Uiegroiinds of thelnsane Asylum. to- it : ,l,r?.i,U(M brie k, 1S4.IM) fe-e-t of lumber. square of slate roofing, aad for excavating foundation, stouei silbiwah-r labh-a, lnm mantels' arm grates, gidvaiilzi-iriron ami tin work. iNtilillHg aud gDeiuiiig. plastering and stiice-o cornices. -filasterkig conrfrie-te, plumbing? rtnmplcte, cisterns aud sewers complete, heating apparatus, tanks, laundry fixtures, steam engine, lon e pumps. Also for all the carpenters' work ami all the. plas tering, and so much )ier thousand for laying brick in the wall. All 1--. Triirir nil taatorial t bo inpectce1 and basset! upon bv a siiK?rvtsiiig architee-t, and the Board of Trustee reserve to itself thej right to re ject any and all bids. . Tbe Slat Treasurer will pay as me are col lected from taxes of ls-M, and as the work pro gresses. . -. - - . .1 .... , ... ., P. O. lloed'KR, ' . . !! J . (J Kl.KTI'HER," 1 ( T- K. WELCH,. Executive e 'omniittee. I.OTTKKY. THE KEXIWHY 6TATB LOTTERY Ha been In Kxidenne over 40 Years, and nafBraw lug has ever been l'osliwnod even lor a single day, $15,000 FOR $1 THE NEXT DRAWING TAF-S l'l.ACK ON FIRST CAPITALS, 115.000, S-'aXW, tttOO. tJnOO, lIOUO. aad 1871 OTI1KR PHIZES, AMOUNTING TO $60,800. TICKETS, fcl. FOR FI'I.L PARTICU LAR APDRKSS M.J. RICHMOND, M0 BROAD WAY. NKW YORK. OR M. J. RICHMOND, COV INGTON, KY. . , . ; The next following Prawlng May SI si. IIS1KXAKY. dr.i.s;joiinsons PRIVATE m Uodical Dispensary, No. 17 Jeflereon Street. Between Kalai and Frosit, Memphis. ESTABLISHED IN 1860.J DR. JOHNXON I acknowledged by all parties In. teres ted a by far the most successful physi cian in the treatment of private or secret diseases. Quick, thorough and permanent cure guaranteed in every case, male or female. Rce-ent case of Gou orrbea and Byphlll cured tn s few days, without the ua of mercury, change ot diet or hindrance from business. Secondary Syphlli, the last vest Iks eradicated without the use qi mercury. Involuutai j loasof semen stopped In a short time, fiiifl'ereis from lmpotency or loss of ssaual perwera reMtored to free vigor In a tew weeks. VluUinaof elf-abuf and excessive venery, aufTerlng from ipertnalorrhea and lost of physical and mental power, speedily and permanently cured. Particulsratteutinn paid to tha Diseases of Women, and cure guamubeeei. Throat and Lung Disease cured by new remedies. Pile and Old Hores cured without the twe of aausila or the knife. All oonsultatiousstrualy confidential. Medicines sen t by express to al! part of the eon n try Office hours from H a.m to p.m. Monday from 8 .m. to 12 m. D.' 8. JOHNSON. M l). IMPERISHABLE PEJtFUMI? IMPERISHABLE PERFUME Murray & Lanman's FLORIDA WATER, Best for TOILET. BATH, and SICK ROOM. REWARD. $oOO IteWard. WE will iay thoHbovi reward for any chm of Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Hick. l!oftlari.p IimII gefUlon, foil ti Ml lot i oM'-oHtivrtitKH we cannot cure with Weil's Vegetable LI vox IMIM. when the dtree tioiia are strictly complied with. They am purely Vegetable, ana never fail to pive Knt.K'aHion, Kufcar-onateU. Large boxea. ronWinliiK IW piln, cent. For Hale by all .ruri;ifUi. Itenare uf timii torfelta and ImilHtion. The genuine nutmiftie inred ouly hy JOHN C. WKST A. ., "The I'ill Maker," 11 and IKi W. Mftdivm atreet.tileaKo. Free trial park age He at by until, ptepiud, ou re eeipt of a H-eent nmp. KOTIt'E. -Notice. atT Notice la hereby given to tho stockholders of tbe errhaals 4'ollwn 1'rr-ww snit Niara; ?BBpiajr that su election of Five Directors, to senrefor the enaulugye'ar, will be held at the-jltli-e of tlie.Compauy, No. 0 Madison street, ou the IMh nj mt Mmy, 11. ' ' o. M. WAT.nRAV. Secretary. UNDERTAKERS. J. II. FLAHERTY & 0. UNDERTAKERS! 317 and 318 SECOND, MENl'lIIS. A FITTjL ARSOKt MENT OP MFTAI.TC CAK1C. ET8 aud CASKri always ou - hand ; alsei Kobe and Trimmings. .Order by telennech will receiTe oar D rov Tit attention. All Rood hipied C. O. I). UNDERTAKERS! 320 Main Street, Memphis. BURIAL RORKS AND OOFKIrf HARDWAR. Order by telegraph promptly flllod, and Oasea shipped V. O. I. H. A. THOMS, UNDERTAKER, 209 MAIN ST., MEMPHIS, TENN. KKEP8 on hand a full stork of Cortina, burial Kohwi. Ktc. Order promptly filled. ROOFINU. iron-hoofing yJiuUiHnoaofallClatua. For circular aad prices ddr : J ohnManogue, Genl Agent, IM MAIN ST., MKM1H IS. TKSX. HARRY J. RICE, PRAOTIOAIi ' Tin &SMe Roofer Guttering and Repairing promptly attend ed to. bteauuuoal Work a Nis iahy, HO. U (UY0S0 STREET, MOFIUH