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THE MEMPHIS. DAILY APPEAL-SATUEDAY, , SEPTEMBEB 15, .1883.
lEMPinS APPEAL. SITURDAV, : WEWEMBEBJSMSS Tue Hill Investiirat'mu Committee rec ommend that a Board of Public Build ings ftliould be created, similar to the Lighthouse Board; that the Secretary f the Treasury should heex-offirio presi-' dent of the board, and the Supervining Architect its secretary, and that the board should be required to pass upon jill plans and specifications, award all contracts, approve all expenditures, and, in general, exercise all administrative powers necessary to the construction and repair of public buildings, leaving to the Supervising Architect only the duties which properly belong to his office. This ii a sensible and. timely suggestion, and one that the Democrats should make it a leciul duty t enact into a law without ili-lay after the assemblage of Congress. Mr. Hendricks, whose speech at 'ouncil Bluffs on Tuesday last we give sin extract from this morning, is right when he says there is a strong sentiment in favor of a gradual and careful reduc tion of the duties on raw materials and of all the higher rates of duty, and if the Republican party, in its national platform and in the general discussion of the current and next campaign, shall ad here to the tariff as it is, and the Demo cratic party shall, on the other baud, declare in favor of a moderate but pro gressive reduction of the tariff, then there will unquestionably be a good many votes lost to the Republican party. A modification of the tariff cannot fail to inure to the profit of the Democratic party, hence the necessity for the election .f ObtIbI to the Speakership of the House. To win in the Democratic majority in the House must revise the existing tariff act. O.N the 1st ef lust July the stamp tax on matches ceased, aud a change iu the tariff took effect, which practically re duced the duty on matches from thirty- five to about fifteen per cent., through the abolition of charges and commissions and of duty upon wrappings or covering.'!. The importers claim that all kinds of coverings are included iu this exemption, and, though some points arc still iu con troversy, they are now paying duty upon I he clear matches only. Since the" 1st of July one well-known Now York house has imported from Sweden about 12.",(ltK jtross of Miiall boxes of matches, which had been sent to all parts of the country.. The demand for them was enormous, far exceeding the present supply. During the same period the price of American matches, which had been sold at $2 (0 per gross, had been reduced to fifty cents per gross, and many small match factories were springing up in the Western States. I an anything speak, more eloquently lor tariff revision than this? JrixiK Bond's decision as to which we give Mr. Royal 's views in to-day's Al' I'FAL, creates something like consterna tion in Virginia. If it is not reversed it will prevent the collection.ot any moro revenue until the State provides for the payment on the iutorcst of her debt. The jude holds (1 ) that the tcuder of coupons for taxes is legal tender: tiat all con sequences which flow from any othsr legal tender flow from this, and that this is the effect of aSupmiuc Court decision (2) that the officers of the State will be en joined from lcvyingon the taxpayers' prop erty after a tender of the coupons shall have been made; (3) that as the questions in these suits depend upon the constitu tionality of the State legislation, suits arise under tho constitution, and that the Circuit Courts of the United States have jurisdiction without regard to Um f . iart.iuu. Jilduu Bond's jurisdiction is co-extensive-with the limits of tho State, and nothing but a reversal of his decison by the Su preme Court can save Virginia from a liuaiicial flurry of a serious nature'.' L. Q. Washington, the well-known newspaper correspondent, in the Alexandria tiazelte jrives it as tho opinion of every Virginian now sojourning at the White Sulphur Springs that Judge Boud, in rendering his recent decision, was simply playing into the hands of Wm. Mahonc. "That,." says the Richnioud State, "was our opin ion from tho first, since it is so much like him. That game will not win." The New York Tribune, in an editorial on the "Danger to Corn," thinks the whole question is as to the region in which about 5110,000,000 bushels were raised last year, out of 1 ,(.'17,0H),000 in all. Assuming that the northern half of Iudiana and Illinois, with less than 140, (NM'1,000 bushels, aud the whole of Iowa, may have been to some extent affected by the recent frosts, the injury may cover some part of 315,000,000 bushels." ont of nearly SOO.IKKI.OOO bushels grown jn the five great States of Kansas, Iowa. Indi ana. Illinois and ' Missouri.'" North of these are States which produce in all ouly one-tenth of the entire corn crop. These are Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne sota and Nebraska, which produced last year IM.300,000 bushels. Adding4,lXKI, 000 bushels grown iu Dakota, Oregou and the intermediate northern Territories, with Iowa and the northern part of Indiana and Illinois, we have in all 15,000,000 bushels grown in the regions which may have been affected by the re cent frosts, aud it is not supposed that even" within that region more than a fraction of the crop has been harmed. But even if that immense amount of corn was totally destroyed the South would more than make up for it. In all the Southern States and Territories the crop was out of harm's way before the late frost. The Southern States produced IS0,CX),000 bushels last year, and Cali fornia, Colorado and the southern Terri tories 4,500.000 bushels. The inerreei yield at tho South is said by the bureau report, to bo very largo. Ohio, Pennsyl vania, New York, New Jersey and the New England States produced last year 17i;i0O.UM bushels, of which !W,3tH(.n00 were from Ohio alone, aud it is not re ported that the injury in these States has been of importance. There is, there fore, nothing to fear irom tho late frost so far as the people, the consumers, arc concerned. The New York .S'mh still continues to labor for Tilden "by indirection, so to speak." Its latest movement in that line has been the publication of the following-named teu prominent Democrats who "have been doomed worthy of the high distinction of leading the Democ racy in 11" Thomas F. Bavard, Delaware. -Benjamin F. Butler, Massachusetts. Koswell P. Fowler, Is ew York. ; " Abram 8. Hewitt, New York. Allen G. Thurman, Ohio. Thomas. A. Hendricks, Indiana. William 8. Holraan, Indiana. Joseph E. McDonald, Indiana. - John M. Palmer. Illinois. Samuel J. Randall, Pennsylvania. Mr. Tilden's name is omitted from this list of the Sun', "not because, as a matter of fact, it belongs there," but because "it is certain that he i7 refuse the nomina tion." This is queer languago in view ef the reiterated assurances of the Sum that Mr. Tilden was not, would not and must not be considered in the race. But this ' is one of its methods of indirection one ' of the ways it has adopted of keeping up the interest in Tilden and provoking a discussion ' of the "old ticket."' But, coming back to the ten, we find that the New York World is of the opinion that' McDonald, of Indiana, is the only one of them who can for moment be consid ered as probable and strong candidate, j as a man who can command great strength in the West and Houth. In this the Ai'PRAi. agrees with the World.. Bay ard is too small a 'man and from too small a State to be considered. His con duct in preventing the election of Harris to the jiosition of President of the Senate has killed all the chances he ever had for the place, ltandall is not yet rie enough and then he has not succeeded in reducing the Republican majority in his State. Besides he is wanted ou the floor of the I louse. There he is always strong and useful. Ben Butler the Appeal considers at present out of the question. Mr. Koswell P. Fowler and Mr. Abram S. Hewitt, of New York, are able Demo crats and worthy men. But Mr. Tilden will not allow the delegation from that State to present the name of either, or for that matter, of anybody else. If Sammy cannot pick the bone he is re solved that no one else from New York shall. Palmer, of Illinois, is what Andy Johnson would call a "dead duck," and Hoi man, of Indiana, will do to talk about. Mr. Hendricks, of Indiana, has voluntarily killed his chances by announcing his preference for the old ticket, and 3Ir. Thurman, of Ohio, has been snowed under the Hoadly boom. .But besides theseten cf the Sun there is Cleveland, of New York, who stands a good chance, and Morrison, of Illinois, who is still popular with the masses of the nartv. But the iSnn was writing to order when it put forth its il lustrious ten. Its purpose was to show that no one of those named would be ac ceptable, ,and that the party Would, be compelled to fall back- on Tilden, 4rh'on it has hid out in the' woods ready for an emergency which it is trying hard to create. '-' - " POLITICAL XOTES. TriuTuscaloosa (Ala.) Timet favors llun-; dall for Speaker. A - The Arkansas delegation will give an- unanimous support to the Hon. John O. Carlisle for the Speakership. ' v ihoinia is one of the few Mates in which the names of ojd politicians are re newed in recent events. The names are generally borne by their descendants, who seem to have inherited their fathers' po litical tendencies. Thk Philadelphia 7j--m observes: "Juilye Field hits made bis bid for the Presi dency ; but bo seems to be under the im pression that the next President will lie elected for tho Fouth only. This was only done for three or four years, and Mr. Davis has never bud a chance to fill out tho term to which Judge Field seems to aspire.". i The Coitriei-rjtzurnal takes the following view of tho Ohio campaign: ."The. Ohio mode of conducting a political campaign is very much like Tobe Gridcr's estimate of a play by a'company of strolling actors at Bowling Green. 'How is theshowj 'folic ?' asked a friend who met him as he was leaving the ball. 'Well, I'll tell you,' saiil Tnb( dryly. 'It's so bud it's real good.' " ( iov. I'.kkhv, of Arkansas, will have no difficulty In making out the following from the Hot Springs Hortethoe: "Tho Senatorial bee sometimes has the effect of spoiling excellent Gubernatorial timber. But a poor quality of the latter article article rarely materializes into an U. S. S. The friends of our present able chief magistrate may make a note of this." A li. tlio lionanza Senators have bad their costly little plays with a woman at the bot tom of them. First, Tabor had to 'put awuy his old w ife and figuro questionably in a second marriage. Then Fair had to give up several millions and his wife and go on a sensational hunt for another part ner, and now Ex-Senator Sharon is under a $5000 bond to answer tho complaint of an injured female of Son Francisco..- The domestic life of tho bonanza kings cannot be liclU up as a model. The Charleston Sew and Courier sug gests that the negroes who lost their savings "in the Freedmau's Bank be in demnified out of th public Treasury. The leases to the blacks who were led into that lieautifir) Republican confidence game were originally about $3,000,000, but partial payments have been made to the deposi tors until the sum due them lias been brought down to about $00,000. The concern can pay no inoie dividends, and the colored folks will lose this amount unless it can be made up to them in some such way as the Charleston paper proposes. -Says the Dallas (Tex.) Herald: "The protectionists seem determined to attack the internal revenue system until they have drawn nttention from the tariff, or so reduced internal revenues that the taiiff will remain a necessity. Judge Keller, the great apostle' of Pennsylvania protec tive views, who has Tieen. suffering with cancer in the month, but is now nearly well, has no sooner regained sjieech than he declares be will continue to attack that 'frightful source of corruption,' the in ternal revenue system. What a poor man's party is the Republican! . Keep up the tax on clothing and blankets, but-re- move that on whisky and tobacco, is their position Is bis letter from Boston to the Courier Journal, of Louisville, Joaquin Millar says of ov. Butler: "I disliked this man be- I fore I met him. I liked him a great deal less after we met. Butler pressed me to visit him, and as I was stopping with bis friends at the time, I went with them and spent some days at his country place. But I ate his bread reluctantly, anil never learned to like him from that day to this, I never could quite get at him. He al ways talked, to me, as if talking from be hind himself. As for his being our next President, that is a consummation as un- desirablo us it is impossible. He is not needed. He is not wanted." This is one time that we agree with Joaquin. Coxceknino tho free-pass system, the Little Kock Iksmoeral savs: "The cliiuso iu our constitution which requires tho I.-gialntrr' trr j.rcrvnl lv law Jio grant ing of free passes by any railroad or trans portation company to any officer of this State, Legislative, executive or judiciid, is a dead letter. The legislature, instead ol obeying this constitution, fill their pockets with them. Even learned and venerable judges go junketing with these passes. It is a burning shame that the plain letter of the constitution is tliusoienlyfmdaliainc fully violated. Tho railroads are not to blame in this matter, but the conduct of the judicial and Legislative officers of the State government, who knowingly and willfullv disoley the explicit command of the organic law, are very censurable." The Franklin (Tcnn.) Review eatel Journal appeals to Gov. Bato to call an extra ses sion of the Legislature, and says: "Tho complaints of our farmers and "shippers are increasing in volume every day ag-.unst the iniquitous and illegal discriminations of the railroads in this Slate. They say plainly that if our commission can do anything in the wav of relief, that they want it done immediately. They say if our law js not strong enough to regulate the railroads, they are going to get up pe titions to the Governor to call an extra session of the Legislature and have the law made strong enough to stop these ex actions. Thev are terriblv in earnest and they know that the heart of the executive beats in unison with their desires on this subject. We must have relief. Keep tho ball moving. The Centum will in 18S4, as heretofore, devote more or loss space to tho subjects of art and arcrueologv. There will be printed, early in the year, papers on Winslow Homer, George Fuller, and Ed ward Kemevs: also several on rrencn artists, including Corot and Rosseau, all to be illustrated with engravings of their work. Papers on American and European arehieoloffy - are in preparation -by Dr. Charles Waldstein, of the University of Cambridge, England, Charles Dudley Warner, Lucy M. Mitchell, and others. NEW ORLEANS Now Kealizes How Inconsistent H"Bef n thf CondHCt of the Louisiana Board of Health in Opposing . The National Board or Health and Its Measures for PreTentlnt; the Intro duction ef Yfllow-Fever. The following editorial from tine Sep tember'' number of the New' Orleans Medical ami 'Snryicul Journal i a tardy measure of justice to the "mem ory of Dr.' Samuel Chopin, of that city, who, as the former president of the Louis iana State Board of Health, insisud upon the enforcement of non-intercourse with infected ports as the only sure means of preventing the intro duction of yellow-fever. -He was vio lently "-opposed and vituperatively de- nounced bv the Louisiana State Board of Health and those who aided and abetted It in opposition to the modern sanitary methods, but Time, the great vindicator, has at last set all things right. The Lou isiana State Board of Health has adopted and enforced his suggestions, and the merchants and people of New Orleans see and acknowledge that be was right, that he was their friend and protector, and so far from their commerce being affected by it detrimentally, they have made for it. the credit of trying to prevent yellow-fever and not as ' hitherto, inviting it. We make room" for this editorial with un affected pleasure, especially for the reason that it is a professional indorsement of the position the Appeal has always taken in this matter. A Few Iaeaa ltiM lea In Public i a OsHclal Opinlaau Rarely has the mutability of human opinion been more strikingly illustrated than in'the last few vears since the dreaded visitations of yellow-fever have become the Di-onunent obiect of sanitary solicitude, 'Thirty years ago, they tell us, that fear of yellow-fever was unknown among us. In those days people rarely ran away from tho disease. Friend visited friend, and neighbor nursed neighbor, as in any ordi nary eases of sickness, and the barbarities of the shot gun quarantine (and we may also add, the non-intervention policy now lolloweu) would liave been deemed disgrace to a Christian civilization. Yet fear has become a prominent and startling characteristic of yellow-fover epidemics, and pnlilie sentiment in regard to us dangers, uinusivciieHHKmi com iiuiii cabilitv has becu completely revolution ized since those days. The effects of a few cases of fever suddenly thrust in the midst of our present population would oe ; sufficient to snap it high-strung nerves and throw it into sucu a convulsion ot terror that would be comparable to, if no worse than, that which characterized the disas trous panic of 1878. Nothing could more aptlv exemplify the present stato of the public mind in regard to yellow-fever dan gers, tlian the late scarce at Pcnsaeola, and the stirrouuuing country, ou the apiear ance of a few cases of this disease in the nayy-yard and iu a Ixmrdinghousc of that city. Immediately after the occurrence, the wires flashed the news to all parts of the world, and the eyes of tho whole nation were turned with alarm and consternation on tho ill-fated city. A wall of sanitary guanbt at once surrounded the infected liouse, until it was Multigated and burnt to the ground tho patients themselves, after a thorough disinfec tion, were sent to a distant locality; a house-to-liouse lnsiH-ction that Had been ordered was continued and everything kept in readiness to suffocate any flame of latent infection that might light up in any qiarter of the town. Yet, w;th all these precautions, tne name spread, ana tho people, unable to control their fears, were ready to desert tliwr homes and seek safety in immediate flight. It was reported in our dailies that, upon the same day that the news was ollicuilly confirmed, over 300 people had left the city. The neigh boring towns and villages initiated quar antines, and bail the exodus continued, the unlucky Pcnsaaolans would no doubt nave been quickly contronted by a glitter ing narnor ol rcuonotuuie snotguns. 'And all this bluster on account of two cases of ycllow-fevci in a boardlnghouso on 1 alalox wliarl .' We can hardly describe the scorn and disgust that was depicted on the countenance of a wrinkled old gentle man, a veritable octogenarian of the "good old Creole days, when a recent conver sation accidentally turned on this subject "And do you call this progress '. Are these the workings of your boasted mod ern sanitation 7 Mm, j aimelero.it ceri le barbarinne, la fulie, la lachete, muti It pro- gre jamais! the crystallized opinion ot .New Orleans thirty or forty years ago, had just spoken. It finds no echo. Tempora miitanttir et no mulamur in illi. If we annroach to nearer enochs. the fickleness of popular opinion cannot be less striking. lve years havo barely elapsed since Dr. Samuel Chopin, then president of our State Board ef Health, was censured, ridi culed and vituperated because he dared to impose a protracted quarantine at the mouth ot the .Mississippi, and boldly enunciated the doctrine of non-intercourse. The press almost to unanimity condemned his practices and views. denouncing them as mercantile -community, staggerinsr iinder the weight of the frightful blow that had just leen inflicted upon it by the epidemic of 1878, interpreted the course of the Board of Health as an unbearable menace to its future prosperity, and the populace, sway ed as usual by unprincipled demagogues, was ready to look -upon the now lamented promulgator of the restrictive doctrines as a malicious person and its declared enemy. And yet, non-intercourse has become a law established by gubernatorial decree. The most sanguine and illusory expecta tions of tne "extremist" sanitarian have become facts in the history of our protec tive system. The wildest denunciators of the "barbarous jKilicv" are now its warm advocates, and that w hich was repugnant to our population five years ago has been made palatable to our present population. It is, indeed, difficult to realize how so radi cal a change eould have been so calmly effected in the publU.' sentiment. e Yet, if the opinions of the masses lrave undergone such remarkable changes, no less oscillatory have been those of our health authorities. A few years ago, iu 1880, tho -halls of tho Statoliouse rang with the protesting clamor of our State officials when the proposal of the National Board of Health to establish a national quarantine station at Ship Island was discussed at the meeting of the Sanitary Convention, held this year. It is really cunousxo peruse ma objections raised by the State Board in its report for 1S80, ami compare them with the cheerful placidity, if ikvt manifest encounieonient, with which it has contemplated and withstood tho im position ot the intoleraWo burden which the scheme of the late Ir. Woodworth, Surgeon-Uenerul of the Marine Hospital Service, and founder of the National Board of Health, would entail upon the commerce of the Mississippi river and valley," brthe Marine Hospital Service. We read, for instance (page tiO); : "(erantina, for purposes ef armiment. that the Board of Health of Louisiana had absolute juris diction over the water of the iiulf of Mexfco, to the exclusion of the rurnta of all States and na tions, that it had control of Ship Island, which is the property ef the State of Mississippi, and also the entire coast ef Mississippi : even then er rtering of raWs rim ra mootka tsf fa JfiMMsipsM riiwr to Skip Utond trowft tmjnit tuck caormoNs x praat t iowooe, &mm of time, amd Tariomt ocri Jnfi i. mtarok omd tire ot mould rlfretualtw drirte for- eifi romaterre from tht MimUtipni rirer anmuaHw durtmo tke mtontkm of .W,ry. Jiuw, Jmlfl, Jluoutt, .Vj- temocr ami ttnooer. uiancs our awn.; In a concluding paragraph (page 03), wo find : "Had the propositions of the National Board of HealtWwith reference to the Shin Island nuar- antine been accepted by the Boara of Health of the Slate ef Louisiana tko comment of A'cw Or Uuut would hum ketu sWnaW, wkiU tk cty would us inn. Lteu ueolttted . ot tke SkD Itlomd oiMni. tiut im acfircWw onnablt of proteetimm tkt coamt of Mtuntttpp: utauu our own.j Another member, still an incumbent of the same board, and equally impressed with the importance ot our summer commerce, read a paper which was adopted by this body, as an expression of its sense npon the points covered by it. In it the State Board refused to co-operate with the National Board in ordering infected vessels to Ship Island, lhe following extract reveals the main basis ot tne state rd s argumentation: final mere on re demtroued, at it trouid turrit bt fry tkt enforcement oj itut mmmwt una unmmturni fuur online wkirk it touokt to bt imnoted upon as. vt Nisal as well abundon all our rioktt, poirtrt mnd du tiet, for Louitianu mould no lamoer need unt protto ti.m. ft would be entirely ruined, and would toon ditoputar from tac family of Stout. " ( .' ) The protectionist argument, as we might style this quan anglo-philist rhapsody over commercial rights and interests, not withstanding the weight accorded to it by -its exalted supporters, was not deemed sufficient to kill the Ship Island cause. The following additional .reason was selected as the final roup dinlamaticrut that would settle th veaed questiea. The resident member of -lhe National Board el Health received the following reply from the president of the State Board in regard to Louisiana s co-operation in the Mup Island quarantine : - "The Board of Health of theSUtcof Louisiana poseenfteH no powtre except those i-oaierrea oy uie a-u of the lirivlature of Ixuiian. ami anrh power can only be enercined in attordanre with the laws of the l uited Slates rrKOlatina: the for eifrq.and doinc'tii- commerce of the entire eonn- Tk. .....! ...I. AAtuhliwhiii 'unarantina for the protection of the State of Louisiana, .March 1"., ISM: .February , 1ST; March le, 18.U: March 24, lfTS. and April 20, 1870, eor ao jKinvn vnoa ( Bnard af Unltk to onlrr mmtlt Ota of tke tratert of LtmUiama to nay oreva or to aav tWimf or t)uratinr Waoa ad-r the jMrudictiom of thr Unitfd Stntt." . , "A critical examination of the actrof Conarew eonntituting the National Board, approved March 8, 1879, and entitled 'An act to prevent the intro duction ol infectious ana eoniairioai aifteasen inio the United States, and to establish a National Board oT Health,' and the subsequent 'Acts to prevent the introduction or eontaa-ioas ana in fectious disease into the United States,' ap proved J una 2. 187. confer no power, either npon lh National Board of Health or upon the local Boards of Health, to control foreifrn and domestic commerce to the exteut of ordering- ships from the porta of their destination to points beyond the Jurisdiction of local State Boards. As the Jlonrdof ilea' tK HI lHHUTM pommtn ao era powrr. biiu m hm Kttinnal Roanf of Health is incompetent to confer such power, (he negative reply to second proposition CRUUUI o ,n. u , u I ,v . u the Board of Health of the State of Louisiana is nnwillint toco-operate with the National Board Uiealth, in legal, sanitary or quarantine meas iSs." . Yet- this Board that endeavored to prove so clearly and emphatically that it was vested "with no power to order vessels out of the waters of Louisiana," and that feared so intensely that "sending vessels to Ship Island from the Mississipi river (no matter if "these vessels would not average in number, ten per annum, as clearly demonstrated by their own reports), would entail such enormous expense in towage, loss of time and various ac cidents by storm and fire as would effectu ally drive foreign commerce from the Mis sissippi river" during the summer months, had no hesitation in adopting the follow ing-resolution at a meeting held July 24, 18S3: - jTWW. That the Governor of Louisiana ba and be is hereby reqaested to issue a proclama tion of non-intercourse with porta affected with yellow-fever, namely (list added) ami to order alt mftrtfH 9rniwl imt of th irttler of tkm iS-laf. ns recommended by him on the th instant, to this Board. We read in the minutes of this meeting. as reported by the daily papers, that "the resolution was put to a vote and adopted, Mr. Booth alone voting no." "We all know what followed these reso lutions. All have read the board's and the Governor's non-intercourse proclama tion and many have felt its consequences. June "Merchant," "Buteshire," "Gra- cia, " n.muiano, Memo., ousan Scranton." "Annellta." "Anna Faura." and "Sidbury," especially bear with them the grateful record of our sanitary gentle ness. . How wondrous is the effect of time. even to the bleaching power of two short years: Knv in!rafnlftiifilv u ,,, t ll.i. ,u To and the Mississippi Valley, have escaped from the general commercial cataclysm that threatened to annihilate us upon the realization ot the chip Island scheme . But even the predictions of sanitary Talleyrands are not infallible. Hamanum ett enure, said the ancients, and the Hate Board is. after all. human. Verilv, that worthy old utterance lias again found fit application : TrmjMira mu lamur el not uiuutmvr in uli, 99 9 9 6 But, forgetting for the present this britl narrative of inconsistency, let us consider tor one moment the final outcome of the wranglings, personal hostilities and acri monious discussions that have character- ized the period of sanitary reform in New Orleans the non-intercourse policy. Now that the leading commercial bodies of our city appear to have recognized the compar ative insignificance of our summer trade with tropical and other ports, are we ready to welcome its complete embargo? Are we ready, as sanitarians, to say that so re vulsive a measure is needed for tho protec tion of the public health? Assuredly, no. Yet we are willing enough to accept it as a moro tranquilizing guarantee from the dangers of yellow-fever importation than would havo been offered to the people of New Orleans and of the Mississippi alley, had the functions of the Mississippi River quarantine been allowed to continue oui" main protection, as heretofore; and, though fully recognizing that non-intercourse is a medieval method of protection, that it is of barbarous origin, that it is retrogressive in in its tendencies, and amounts to a virtual recognition of the incapacity of sanitary science to cope successfully with the prevention of disease (though sanitary science is far from conceding this elsewliere) yet we must accept it as a temporary measure of pre caution, and particularly as the most ef fective means of allaying the uneasiness of a nervous and easily agitated popula tion. In view of the distrust with which the people of the valley States contemplate the present State Board of Health, aud of the lack of confidence generally mani fested in its ability to guard and protect the valley against tho intrusions of disease, a radical protectivo measure, such as the one in question, is justifiable), anil xhould be tried for such a length of time as may tost its emcacy as a yellow-lever pre ventive, or at least until the valley States win nave regained suntclent confidence in our sanitary authorities to allow of the application of other less barbarous and gentler methods of protection. . FOR AXD ABOUT .VOMEX. Dr. H. Webster Jones, a kinsman of the -creat lexicographer, and himself lauious physician of Chicago, has eloped with a Mrs. Bigelow, who buried her first husband, was divorced from the second and has now left the third and a little girl behind. The doctor also leaves, a wife, who is now with friends in Connecticut. He also left a practice valued at $30,000 a year.. Friends of the man attribute his escapade to emotional insanity. A Winnebago maiden, known in Mc Gregor, Minn., as Agness," went over to that town from the Wisconsin side, with other members of her.tribe recently, in a skiff, and being detained in her shopping tour, she was mortified on going to the river bank to find that her friends had taken the skiff and gone home.' Nothing daunted, however, she 'was not to he stopped by a trifle, and, taking off her raiment, she pinned it in a bundle to her head andthen swam the Mississippi river to Her camp. LorisviiXE Courier-Journal: '.'The whole system of female employment in the tie-; partments at Washington is a Corruption. A number of the women in office are little other than mistresses of the men to whom they owe their places. It could not be otherwise in the nature of the case. Hence the post of appointment clerk, who is bound to know and to wink at, and, in a sense, to become a party to the rottenness going on about him, carries with it a sort of infamy." It is understood that Mr. Tennyson has obeyed the Queen's command to immor talize the virtues of the late John Brown in verse, and was made the recipient of unusual royal 'hospitality when he per sonally delivered the eulogy to her majesty. It is said that the Queen insisted on having Uie memorial read to her by the laureate himself, and that she retains the poem for the purpose of suggesting certain changes in those portions not altogether satisfactory to her. - The refusal of the Queen to see the new Duke of Marlborough is easily explained. As Marquis of Blandford, he was notori ously one of the most cold-blooded rakes in existence, and his cruelty to his wife caused her to seek and obtain a divorce a few months before his father's death. Queen Victoria knows that his elevation to the dukedom has not mado him a bet ter or more respectable man, and declines to be more complaisant to the duke than her sense of right permitted her to be to the profligate marquis. TnK mystery attendant upon the mur der of Rose Ambler, at Stratford, Conn., seems as far from solution as ever.. No other result could be expected. The coroner lias conducted his investigations in secret, all information lias been denied the press, and the only people employed to ferret out the rnurder have been the detectives, who showed bow not to do it in the Malley trial. "Crowner's 'quest law" seems to be as much of an absurdity in Connecticut to-day as it was in the times of Shakespeare. Kcnou'il and Stephanie, of Prussia, seem much attached to their home, Lax enberg, where their daughter was horn a few davs ago, and where the Crown Prince himself first saw light twenty-five years ago. It is indeed a beautiful spot, aud has been a favorite summer resort of the Viennese public until this summer, when the gates were necessarily closed to strangers. It was put in its present form by the grandfather of Francis Joseph, who exhibited his taste for the picturesque bv building on an island in the lake the castle of Franzensberg, an exact counterpart of Uie most ancient home of the Hapsburgs in the TyroL Katb Sotuekx, of Georgia, killed her rival, Xarcissa Cowart, while a set for the next dance was being made up. She was tried, convicted and sentenced to death. Gov. Colquitt commuted it to imprison ment for ten years. She was sent to the convict camp owned by a relaUve, and kept house for him, being accompanied by her husband. In three years the soft hearted Governor pardoned her out en tirely. While in the so-called peniten tiary she had two children, one of whom she named Alfred H. Colquitt Sothern. This is referred to as an excellent method of keeping up the supply of criminals in a State, and last week another belle, Koxie Wilson, killed Miss Smith at a dance in Pierre county, Ga. The darling must be pardoned, : ' "Dr. Bessox'b Celery and Chamomile Pills for the cure of neuralgia are a suc cess." Dr. G. P. Holman. Chriotianhurg, Va, SO cents at druggists. THE BLACK FLAGS Defeated by the French Forces la En gagement Between Hanoi and - . Santay. . Additional Detail of the Rioting at Can ton The Martin Luther Qaartre Centenary. Londox. September 14. A dispatch from Hong Kong to-day states that a battle lias taken plaee between the French forces and the Black Flags, lasting eight hours. The engagement took place between Hanoi and Santay, near Bed river. The French lorces are reported as having lost two offi cers and fifty men. The loss of the Black r lags is estimated at between 5U0 and 00X1 men. Hanoi is the town where the French have been holding their garrison since the previous engagements. Abou Ay awaits reinforcements. It is probable, from the tenor of the above dispatch, that the Black Flags, whose headquarters are at Bac Alum, to the northeast of Hanoi, are determined to recapture Santay from the French, who have kept gunboats there for the last fort night, and while en route from Bac Minh across the delta, were met by the French r- route from Hanoisto intercept them, the above battle being the result. THK FRENCH ACCOUNTS of the battle with the Black Flags state that on Saturday, September 1st, the French forces from Hanoi advanced to within twelve miles of Santay, where the enemy were found in casemate forts, upon which the fire of the French had no effect. After three hours of hard fighting the French troops, aided by a heavy fire from the fleet ander-Admiral Bouet. carried the enemy's works at the point of the bayonet, capturing two towns and two Black Flaps' standards. - The French loss was two offi cers and fourteen men killed, and three officers and forty men wounded. After the victory Admiral Bouet withdrew his fleet, to llauoi to awaifjreinforcements. leaving 300 men to hold the captured towns. The French naval force at Tonciuin. under Admiral Bouet, comprises the iron clads Bayard, of four guns; the Atlotie, of twelve guns; the Triomphant of eight guns ; the cruisers lruville and Uhateau Henaud, the transports Anamite and MytHo, each carrying two guns; the gun boats Lynx aud ipere, each carrying four ntns, aud the Fanfare and Leopard and Surprise, each carrying two guns. There are four sloops carrying an aggregate of seven guns, and four dispatch-boats carry ing an aggregate ot two guns, two tor pedo launches are also attached to the Heet. . Additional letitilx of the atieUas; at .anion. Lonijox, September 14. The SUtndanPs Hong Kong special gives additional details of the rioting at Canton on .Monday last. The riot began at 8 o'clock iu the morning. As previously stated, the trouble was caused by a quarrel between some Chinese and l'ortuguese watchmen on the quav, During the latter part of the not some of the merchants armed themselves to de fend their property. The party consisted of nine Germans and three Englishmen. iliev tired Into the mob. Killing nve Chi nese and wounding many more, me ar rival of the Chinese troops finally checked the mob. J here are now two British, one French and five Clainese gunboats moored in the river abreast the foreign settlement. The Chinese iosted placards on the walls of the city, applauding the action of tho populace, and calling upon them to kill Europeans at the next opportunity winch presents isself. " lhe different con suls at Canton admit that the situation is very serious, and the future of the Eu ropean colony extremely gloomy. There is almost open war between the native and foreign elements, and it will be necessary to havo men-ol-war in the harbor lor long time to come as a measure of protec tion. . The houses burned by the mob in clude ten English, one American, two Ger man and one French. The consuls for warded to the viceroy an identical note holding him answerable for the destruc tion of projierty, because he failed prompt ly to send troops when advised of the dis order. Three Chinamen who were caught in the act ot plundering property and the Portuguese who was the immediate cause of the outbreak are now imprisoned at the isntisli consulate. Negotiations Profrresnlna; Favorably, Paris, September 14. At the Cabinet council to-day Challemel Lacour stated that negotiations with tho Chinese Am- haanndor wcro rrogreHainjr favorably. The forwarding of reinforcements to Tonuuiu was indorsed. It was agreed that F'rance in the negotiations with China should adopt a conciliatory policy. It is an nounced that the government lias at present no intention to convene the ( ham bor of Deputies before the 22d of October. Spirit or tho t rench Paris, September 14. The Soir professes to give the following as the facts of the proposals made by Marquis Tseng, Chinese Ambassador, to Challemel Lacour: That France shall cease sending reinforcements to lonquin ; that China will.recognize the treaty of Hue, but will retain the right of the investiture of Anam's sovereign : that a French protectorate shall be under Chinese control and under the direction of military mandarins ; that China shall be reimbursed for all expenses incurred in tho repression of the lilack Flags. Tho Republique Francaite, in an article upon the Tonouin Question, takes the ground that France cannot accept the pro posed establishment of a neutral zone, Dut will be satisfied if Tonciuin is withdrawn entirely from Chinese jurisdiction. It says if England can guarantee the agree ment of China to these points, the whole trouble will be speedily ended. MARTIN LUTHER. arv of Refortner'a Birth. Wittenberg, September 14. The ouar- tre-centenary of Martin Luther's birth was celebrated yesterday. Splendid weather prevailed, lhe commemoration was great success. The doorway of the Augui tine monastery was flanked by Venetian masts and colossal busts of Luther and Melancthon had been placed on the bal cony of the town hall and on stands. 1 he Kmperors bust, in front of the town, was decorated. Portraits of Luther, and mottoes irom his sayings and writings were uispiayeu in many windows. The number of visitors is estimated at 60.000. They came principally from Thuringia, Saxony and Brandenburg. Delegates from Hungary, Austria and France also' took part in the celebration. On arriving at Wittenberg the Crown Prince Frederick William, with iTince Albert and Herr Von Gossler, Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs, drove direct to the Stadt kirche, and attended divine service. Over 1000 clergymen rilled the church. After the reading of the liturgy, Superintendent-General Schultz delivered the sermon, taking his text from St, Matthew, chapter xxi, verses 42-43. The royal party then proceeded to the Schloss kirche, where the Crown Prince placed a splendid laurel wreath upon Luther's grave. The party afterward inspected Uie an hives in the town hall relating to the reformation, and meanwhile a long procession marched to Luther's house, vhere the Crown Prince subsequently, in the large hall which served formerly as Luther s lecture-room, declared it LuUier Hall. In his address the Crown Prince said: "May this festival serve as holv ex hortation to uphold the great benefits of the reformation, and to strengthen our resolution to be ready always to defend tho Evangelical creed, liberty of con science and religious toleration. May Luther's anniversary help strengthen the Protestant feeling, preserve the German Evangelical Church from dissension, and lay the foundation of everlasting peace.'' Lectures on the life and work of Luther were delivered iu the afternoon, while the evening was devoted to banquets and fes tive gatherings. FOREIGN MISCELLANY. Rr porta r Bianaarck'a IllsMa asenleal. Berlin, September 14. It is denied that Bismarck has been taken seriously ill, and his physicians suddenly summoned. - Xsjthina; liuws Relating to Uie ereelex Kxaesltuau Dcsdek, September 14. The captain ol an Arctic whaling ship, which has just re turned from a cruise in Davis's straits, re ports that he made searching inquiries of the natives along the coast, but learned nothing relating to the Greeley expedition. Funeral ar Asltnlrnl Pierre. Marseilles, September 14. At the fun eral of Admiral Pierre, Admiral Krantx pronounced the oration, Paying a high tribute to the patriotism and ability of the deceased. The flag of the American con sulate was at half-mast during .the cere monies. - The Birnalng-hnnt Traslra ITntona 1'eat- BtRMiKOBAXeptember 1 4. -The Trades Unions Congress adopted the original res olution of Joseph Arch. It declares that, considering the large amount of waste land in the kingdom capable of cultiva tion, radical changes in the land system of the country are required, in order that the land mar be put under productive cultivation for the benefit of the commu nity, thereby offering a check to excessive immigration. An amendment calling upon the government to declare the lands gov- ernment property was rejected, and a res olution adopted favoring paid labor repre sentatives in farttamenu Between rrassia mmoj the a avasewai. Home. Seotemlier 14. Von Schloezer. who recently visited Bismarck at Gastein. has returned to Borne and had an audi ence with Cardinal Jaoobini, Papal Secre tary of State. The basis of negotiatiations between the v atican and .Prussia has been agreed upon, but4heir exact nature is not divulged. - Conareaa of Commerce anal Iawloetry. Amsterdam, September 14. The Con gress of Commerce and Industry began to-day. A resolution was adopted declar ing that the principal cause ol the depreci ation in silver results from the decrease of its coinage in r-urope. a resolution was dobted expressing tne wisn lor ine adop tion of a common double stanaara tnrouga- out Europe and America. , Will Lay ltowa Their Arms. Paris. September 14. There is reason to believe that Jhe recent accessions to the Anstro-German alliance will shortly result in Germany issuing a proposal tor general congress ot an European pow ers, with a view to determining upon a general disarmament. Austria, rpam and Italy are said to nave aireauy signinea their willingness to participate in such a congress. A POOR MAX'S WEALTH. A poor man I Yes ; I must confess No wealth of cold do I possess : No pastures 6ne, with craiina kine, Nor fields of waving grain are mine; No foot of fat or fallow land Where rightfully niy feet may stand The while I claim it as my own By deed and title mine alone. . Ah, poor indeed) perhaps yon say But spare me your compassion, pray ! When I can't ride with you, I walk la nature's company, and talk With one who will not slight nor slur ' The child forever dear to her And one who answers back, be sure. With smile for smile, though I am poor. And while communing thus I eoont An inner wealth of large amount ' The wealth of honest purpose blent With Penury's environment -The wealth of owing naught ro-dtty But debts that 1 would gladly pay, Aud wealth of thanks still unexpressed With cumulative-interest. A wealth of patienee and content For all my ways improvident; A faith still fondly exercised . - For all my plans unrealised; A wealth of promises that still, Howe'er I fail , 1 hope to fill ; A wealth of charity for those -Who pity uie my ragged clothes. A poor man I Yes. 1 must confess No wealth of gold do I possess; No pastures finet with grating kine. Nor fielda of waving grain are mine But ah. my friends, I've wealth, no end! And millionaires might condescend To bend the knee and envy me This opulence of poverty 1 j. warrcoua gii.ir. PERSONALS. Koiikkt Black, a vonnir man livinsr near Jbnesboro, Ark., died from the effects of poison a tew davs ago. As Black was an important witness iu several ugly criminal cases, loul play is suspected. Here is another point in favor of the Parwinian theory : There is a boy in Nor- rlstown who soranu troni a monktv." The monkey belonged to an organ-grinder, and attempted to bite the boy. Old pugilists are reported to be discour aged aoout me state oi Business at pres ent. There is not as much interest in the ring as there used to be, good men are scarce, and matches are interfered with. A vouso Pole, son of CountMourdosky, is at Potteville, Pa., seeking work in the coal mines, lie is accompanied bv a serf. He was educated at the University of Warsaw, and, imbibing Nihilistic notions. lie had to nee Uie country. Maj. Powell, director of the United States geological survey, has commenced investigating the timber supply of the I nited States. He has begun with lr- ginia, and the work will be proceeded with ss last as possible. It is very neces sary to be done. Mr. Jons Wakamaker has added one more to ins many benefactions to the Young Men's Christian Association, by giving the 1 hilauelphia Association $ju, 000 to pav oT its floating debt. The en tire amount of the debt 200,000 was made up by other subscribers. Darwin died too soon. Prof. Gherke, of W illiaiua College, has discovered that the 1 olar bear is the ancestor of the English, German, Russian and Scandinavian races. and of the American Indians. It is a pity the great i-nglish naturalist passed away under the false impression that he de scended from a monkey. Mr. Bookwalter says lie saw nothing in Africa half so brutal as the bull fights of Spain. F'or that matter he saw notliing in Spain half so brutal or degrading as a prize fight in a New York theater, where tliouuands of citixeus calling theinMdvsa? respectable assemble to fjee one slugger, pound another into a jelly. Cardinal Mannixg is promoting the emigration of children from Ireland to Canada. Places have been found for GOO. The government there gives a small boun ty to each one. For many years there was a continuous emigration of English chil dren under the superintendence of Miss Rye, an eccentric but very benevolent lady. "I' remember." savs Lord Eldon. "Mr. Justice Gould trying'a case at York, and when he had proceeded for about two hours he observed : 'Here are only eleven jurymen in tho box ; where is the twelfth ?' 'Please you, my lord,' said one of the eleven, be has gone awajr about some business, but he has left his verdict with us. George Sha.vki.in, the Washington cor respondent of the Cincinnati NemhJournat, has succeeded 11. M. . Doak as editor-in-chief of that peper. Shanklin was for merly editor of the Evansville Courier and is eminently a bgliting journalist. He will boldly attack Mi-Lean, of thcA'iwtitrfr. Doak still retains a position on the editorial stall. Jim Smith, who was released from the Tennessee State prison the other day, is a master mechanic and toolmaker, who can earn $4 a day. He worked in the machine ' shop 2836 days, and his good behavior cut two years and eleven months off his term ot ten years tor robbery on the highway. Deducting the cost of his minnort. esti mated at eighteen cents a day, tie earned iu,(4 4 net tor the state. Tue acquittal of the outlaw. Frank' James, is bad enough in and of itself, but it is worse when considered as part of an almost unbroken series of similar verdicts in all parts of the country. The cases of Dukes in Pennsylvania, Thompson in Kentucky, the Star-route robbers in Wash ington, of numerous cold-blooded murder ers in Chicago, followed by this instance in Missouri, are sufficient to occasion more or less alarm. Krasczewski. the Polish poet, who was recently arrested in Jjerlin, and alter a few weeks released, spent his whole time in imprisonment in his usual manner, writing nearly all the day, and persistently refused to leave ins room in the villa where he was confined. No explanations have been given of the cause of his arrest, though it is generally believed that he was suspected of political offenses, nor was any reasoh as signed for his sudden and unconditional release. In the British Cabinet there are three regular total abstainers, Sir William Har court, Sir Charles Dilke and Mr. Chamber Iain. Sir William Harcourt is a member of Uie lied Ribbon order. Mr. Gladstone takes little wine, Russian tea being his fa? vorite beverage. Mr. Ijibouchere is a total abstainer, and Mr. Parnell very rarely touches wine. Lord Derby is the only member of the Ministry who, like Pitt, rox, canning and the old heroes, loves good bottle. A strange story is told that one Manuel Lastayo, a Cuban, has been selling the wealthv and prominent business men of New York American-made cigars for which his customers paid double the mar ket price, under the impression that they had been smuggled. .All that was needed was to arrange with the manufacturer to put the stamps on so loosely that they could be removed. People who would not have (looked at the cigars with the stamp on bought them merely liecaune they thought they wcro cheating the gov ernment. Tub Hon. David P. Holloway died in Washington, D. C. Monday morning last. aged .eighty-two years. Mr. Holloway was born in Ohio, went to Indiana when a boy. became a journalist, and served in both branches of the State Legislature for years, la loou he was elected to congress, and was made chairman ol the Committee on Agriculture. In 18bl President lin- coln appointed him Commissioner of Pat ents, which office be held for several years. Since his retirement from official position he has been employed in Washington as a Datem attorney. Herr Lasekk, who was recently inter viewed by an American Hebrew, says: "The Jews are foremost among the brat citizens of Germany. They are not only making great strides in the intellectual pursuits, but more and more they are ad vancing from what may be called the lower grades of industry and trade to the higher and more respectable. In the legal Erofeasion they are entering in vast earn ers; in fact, they are more than propor tionately represented at the bar. They take high rank among their colleagues for ability and integrity. Ilas-aJeral' AeM ... as a KJCFRfOKRAVT DRINK lv Fxvaaa. " Dr. C H. S. Davis, Meriden, Conn., saya: "I have used it as a pleasant and cooling drink in fevers, and have been very much pleased with it," .VIRGINIA'S COUPONS J ad re Bond's Reccat Decision Creates Widespread Alarm Among the Re adjust era, and Will Hare A Tery Decided Effect en the Present State Caaraw The Force aad Effect of the Trait essee Decisions. The New York HeraliTi Richmond cor respondent telegraphs that paper the fol lowing, touching Judge Bond's decision in the Virginia coupon case. Interview with Willi aa L. KeynU. The recent decision of Judge Bond, of the United States Circuit Court, will have the effect of opening up the entire debt question in a legal way, and probably also in a political way, tor the .palpable tact that it is unsettled will bold the Readjuster party firmly together. The decision has created a profound impression here, and all classes are greatly stirred up about it, none seeming to be able to tell what the outcome of it will be. After the decision which the Supreme Court of the United States made last winter was announced. the public here settled down to the belief that the debt question was settled forever as a disturbing political element. The F'under Democrats gave ud the contest. and in their Lynchburg platform acquiesced in the settlement made by the Riddleber- ger bill. They argued that, the debt issue being buned, there was no longer a necessity for a Readjuster party, as its mission had been fulfilled, aiid all the white Readjusters were cordially invited to return to the ranks of the grand old Democratic party." This de cision will have quite a different effect. Judge Bond now decides that the collec tors of taxes cannot levy tor the taxes after the taxpayers have tendered cou pons receivable for taxes in uav ment. It is obvious that if this is the law the State can collect no more revenue and that the debt question is as far from settle ment as it ever was. Yt lslung to get the exact legal aspect of the question, the lierala correspondent to-day called upon upon Mr. Wm. L. Royall, who is the attor ney for the State's foreign creditors in their contest with the state. THE BONnilOLPERs' TllTORY. He was asked : "How is it possible to reconcile Judge Bond's decision with the decision which the Supreme Court of the United States made last winter r - It is not only- possible to reconcile them, but Judge Bond's decision is the Supreme Court's decision. As soon as the Supreme Court made its decision I an nounced to tne public that tne bondhold ers had won their fight. "How was that received 7 "It was received with derision. People preferred to judge of things by the surface appearance rather than to make critical examinations. I knew, however, where the real contest in the case had occurred and I knew that the court bad ruled with me on that point, and I knew that the point ruled against me was really not vital point." l'loase explain the case. "The State law which was attacked in the case of Antoni ra. Greenbow, upon which was based the decision of the Sum-erne Court last winter, forbade the col lectors to receive coupons, and in addition placed burdensome restrictions on the use of the writ of mandamus. - The case of An toni r. Greenbow was an application to force the collectors to receive coupons not withstanding tho law, according to the practice governing mandamus before the law was passed. The court held that this was only a change of remedy on a con tract, and that the State might make such a change. But while holding that Blie might make this change in the remedy, it held that in DUttinz out the coupons she bad made a contract the obligation of which she could not impair, and that part of the law which forbade the officers to re ceive the coupons was void. Now as soon as I saw this, I saw that I had gained my case. THE COt rON AS A LKOAL TENDER. "How do you mean?" "The decision amounted to this that the coupon was a legal tender for the tax but that I should not compel the State to take the coupon except upon her ow terras. In other words, that it is no part of a taxpayer s uuty to pay nis tax. iiis obli gation is to offer to pay it, and if the Stato chooses to do without her revenue she may do so. Well, if lhe coupon ia a legal tender for the tax, it follows tlutrthe col lector of taxes, while ho may refuse to re ceive it if he chooses, cannot levy upon "the taxnavcr-'s goods alter the tender, and that if he attempts it lie will be enjoined from so doing and held liable as a tres passer if he do actually levy; or the tax payer may defend his property with i double-barreled shotgun. It was obvious that this view of the matter was just as effectual for making the coupons valuable as a state of facts in which the owner of it could force it into the treasury. If the State could not levy for her taxes, of course no one would pay, and she would have to provide for redeeming all the coupons be fore she could collect any revenue." COLLECTORS ENJOINED. "This being your explanation of the Supreme Court decision, what course of proceeding did you next adopt as the at- i torney lor tne creditors t ' 1 at once nied bills in tue l nued states Circuit Court to enjoin the collectors from levying for taxes after a tender of coupons, and Judge Bond, upon careful considera tion, held that my view of the Supreme I Court's decision was correct, and he awarded the injunctions. He held a fur ther most material proposition, namely, tut as the question to be determined was. whether certain Virginia statutes were constitutional, the casee arose under the constitution, and that the United States Circuit Court had jurisdiction of such suits though all the parties were citizens of Virginia." ' THE TENNESSEE CASK. "Why did you carry Antoni m. Green how, the test case decided by the Supreme Court, to that tribunal in the form of an application for a mandamus ?" "The trouble connected with tlie subject has grown out of the decision of the Su preme Court, in the ca of Tennessee t s. Sneed, reported in Hi United States Re ports. In that case the court had sus tained the constitutionality of a Tennessee law which was substantially the same as the Virginia law. The Tennessee law con tained a provision which forbade the col lector to receive a coupon (a note in that case) althongh it was the real, genuine coupon of the State. Now the court made no special remark upon this provision of the law, but it declared the act constitu tional, and I understood, and every other lawver with whom I discussed the subject understood, that it meant to declare tliat the State might forbid the officers to re ceive a coupon as part of a scheme for changing the remedy." THE ERROR CORRECTED. ' ' "How was it in the Virginia case?" "In Antoni is. Greenbow the court de clares that any law which forbids the offi cer to receive the coupon is void. It now appears, therefore, that in sustaining the Tennessee law it did not intend to sustain that part of the law which forbade the officer to receive the coupon, but only tliat part of it which changed the remedy for lorcing the coupon into the Treasury. It has therefore stricken out of the case of Tennessee rs. Sneed what it was supposed to contain tliat was so damaging to holders of these securities, and has brought tliat case into full harmony with all its other de cisions. It was a matter of no consequence what form was adopted for attaching that feature of Tennessee ti. Sneed. So long as it remained the law it would not be possible to make the coupons of any prac tical value. If the court be brought to altfuufbn it then Uie coupons could be made valuable. I carried the case of An toni ra. Greenbow to the Supreme Court to assail that part of Tennessee ra, Sneed. It could be done as well on an application for mandamus as in any other proceeding, and there were ether reasons lor wishing to do it in that form which were controll ing, but which it is not necessary to state now." OVERTHROW or THE GOVERNMENT. "What do you think will be fbe result of Judge Bond's decision?" "Unless the Readjusters can reverse it, it must overthrow their government and all tliat they have done in respect to the debt. If what be has declared to Is the law be really the law, then the collection of revenue must end in the State, and the State must make provision for the cou pons. However, everyone will form bis own estimate of this, and any opinion that I might express would simply provoke controversy. I see my way clearly, and I propose to press along the end without the slightest regard to the clatter tliat I hear on all sides." If the above views are correct and hold good, the Readjusters will see the vital necessity of holding their party intact with a view to secure further legislation on the debt. The decision will have a telling ef fect in the present canvass. A'Xew Trk Kransrellat sresachlna; t'n aasaav New York, September 13. On Sunday evening last, a number of people assem bled at the corner of Bleecker and Mul berry streets to listen to the aervicea of the Outdoor Mission. Bootblacks, newsboys, apple-women and male hucksters jostled women in silks and men in fashionable attire to get near the truck from which the scriptures were being expounded. I Upon this vehicle stood a red-haired evangelist, whose glasses flashed like dia monds in the street lamps glare, as he thrashed around in his frai tic efforts to convert the crowd of unbelievers. The preacher was vividly comparing the glo ries of the celestial city and the horrors of hades, when cries of "Murder," "Police," rut him out. "Kill him." and like ex clamations resounded through the crowd and there was a general scattering in all directions. Hats and parasols were riving in the air, and for a few moments pande monium reigned. Above all could Tie heard the voice of the evantrelist. who seemed to consider this the one great op portunity ot ins Hie to turn sinners from their evil ways. He continued describing the torments inflicted upon those whe be come slaves to the devil s temptations, ap parently totally unconscious of the inde scribable scene about him. When he had reached the end of his address, he looked around him and became aware that of his congregation, all but a little three-year- old boy had left. The cause of the com motion was an attempt on the part of John Brady, aged twenty years, to steal the watch of Michael McLaughlin. Brady was surprised by feeling a heavy hand laid upon his shoulder,and a policeman told him he was wanted down the street. It was Brady who had uttered the screams with the intention of causing a stampede to aid his escape. He was taken to the station- Janise with the entire congregation at his heels singing We Wont Go Home Till Morning?' BAKING POWDER. Absolutely Pure. Thif itowdcr nver vane. A marvel of parity t rental and wholetotnenei. More connmiral than the nrdinarv kinds, and cannot b sold in competition with the multitude of low-twt, abort weight, alum or puothate powders. 8old only in can. KOYAI. BAKINU P0WWCR CO.. New York TUTTR PILL.S. TUTTS PILLS TORPID BOWELS, DISORDERED LIVER, and MALARIA. From these souroea arlao Uu-ea foartbs ot the diseases of tin Imman race. Tbsae symptoms Indicate Uioiraxutteiioe : Loaa at .Appetite, itosrcla costive, kick llaaa tsat, laUnesa after oatina;, avaralon to aartlan of boar or mind, Kmetatlaa. ef raadt IrrttalsUHr of temper, Low aplrtts, A teeliug ot bavins; arglootrd aom. dntr, IMMaoaa, I'lalUrisi at the Heart, Dots before the ry. bl.bl r col ored Urine, aiarriHATI01, and de mand the uta of a remedy Umt actadlrectlr entbe Liver. AaaLWor medicine TUTTMS 11 LU1 have no equal. Their action on the Kidney, and Skin is a 'so prompt; removing aU Impurities through ttieae three eeav easrere of the eyateaa. Drodoelns? apue- ttte, sound digestion, refrular stools, a clear akin aud a vigorous body. Tl'TTS HII.1JI canae no nausea or g-rlpins; nor Interfere irltb dally work and are Atperfeot ANTIDOTE TO MALARIA. - HB FEEU LIHK A NEW MAR.' I bar had Dyspepaia, with Constipa tion, two years, and have tried ten different kinds of pills, and TlT1- are tne fu-M that bare don ma any good. They have cleaned me oat nioely. My appetlta is splendid, food dlg-eeta readily, and 1 now have natural pasaajrea. I feci like a new man. W. D. OWARDS, Palmyra, a Boldcssi f lnr,5e. Qce.44MBTTayBt..y.T. TUTTS HAIR DYE. Gray EUib oa Whisxkxs changed in " atantly to a Uiobit Black by a single ap. plication of Uila Dra. Sold by Drntprlsta, ot aent by express on reoelpt of 9 1, Offioe, 44 Murray Street, Mew York, TTTlTI MMBAl Of USEFUL tCflPT TUff. HOP BITTEltS. Xrfss and Gain. CHAPTER I. "I was taken sick a year ago with bilious fever." "My doctor pronounced me cured, but pot sick apnin, witlijorrible pains in my back and sides,- and I gut so bad I Could not move ! I shrunk From 228 pounds to 120! I had been doctoring for my liver, but it did me no irood. I did not expect to live more than three months. I begun to live. Hop Hitters. Directly my appetite returned, my )utins left me, my entire system seemeid renewed as if by magic, and after lining several bot tles I am not only as sound ax a sovereign, but weigh more than 1 did before. To Hop Bittern I owe my life. Dublin, June ti, '81. B. fitxpatrice. CIIAPTKR II. "Maiden, Mass., Frb. 1, 1KHU. Gentlemen 1 suffered with attacks of sick headache." Neuralgia, female trouble, for years in the most terrible and excruciating manner. No medicine or doctor could give me re lief or cure until I used Hop Bitters. "The first bottle Nearly cured me." The second made me as well and strong as when a child. "And I have been so to this day." "My husband was an invalid for twenty years with a serious "Kidney, liver and urinary complaint, "Pronounced by Ikwton s Inwt physi cians "Incurable!" "Seven bottles of your Bitters cured him ! and I know of the "Lives of eight persons "In my neightiorhood that have been saved by your Bitters, "And many' more are using them with great benefit. "They almost "Do miracles." Jrs. E. D. Stark. How to Grr Sick. Expose yourself day and night; eat too much without exercise; work too hard without rest; doctor all the time ; take all the vile nostrums advertised. and then you will wont to know how to get veil, which is answered in three words Take Hop Hitters! HUSrS REMEDY. THE BEST KIDNEY and LIVER MEDICINE NEVER KNOWN TO VAIL. CVKEa sOl JMaaaaes ot the KMasia. Uvar, Bladder, aad fjrlaary Orgaaa Xsropay, Gravel, Diabetes, Bright' Dlaeaae, Pains la the Back. Lolas, or Side I Beteatloa or XoawReteatioa mt I'rfase, Kam luaa PI is a ass, Feaaala Weaha.ssts. Baoesses, sTan. dice. Billoueoeee, Headache, leu HUNT'S REMEDY CORES WEES ALL OTHER MEDICINES FAIL, a It acta directly aad at aMa oa the Kldaeja, Urar, unA BoweU, restoring tbesa soaaealter aeUea. BCSTS REMEDY Is a gale, saie, aad speedy eara,aad hundreds hare feses eared by it wbaa phraieiaiia aad friends aadgrrea themaptodla. Do aot delay, try at osjoa HOTS REMEDY. Bead Jor Paajphlet ts HUJrrS REMEDY OOW lialiH .B.1. Hn.a. n eearta aad B1M. IsVSaa the saeapast. Aak year emggiat fog BOItTV atnotDT. Take ao TANNERY. CHELSEA TANNERY . BriUHALTEB at MI, TANXERS AND CURRIERS. Highest case paid lot Hides. 11101 mmmt TMVKIi: NEW XifiOll IJLOOD, Aad will ceaplrtelj ehaec the blood In the eottiw arHem lr Utra saaatba. A if sea vrba IU take I PHI each alght from 1 to IS aaarka, may ba restored to mmm . health. If aach a thing he poaaibla. For ..i-rlns; rHnae Com pi Pills hare as equal. PhyelHana Baa these Iu their oraeu alght lelter-ataanaa. Send for circular. I. OH N SON'S ANODYNE K;,rm Vu uid Lz Sack. loU vmry wacM. Hwd tor aampM in Kttrii-ii VrtcnnarT Aarseoa -trtdt'hetnlmt. an Iranlih Isi il.in: MuntTT. MY a Olftt antMTl mt the Uars art tattle Ptwer her M nr.wel.latnn Iraah. I La Ml that ShTMaa S IfrjrovraUiAbi. Kofhirw on ana wlU taato Item nu to 1 sua two. Sou a'n m tout kj smi j s A. HEXKKHT V t'Q.. Tlnipliim FRANK OXAXXK, Late Oxanns A May, riar.iiaT9ixrF4i n mm Htwfl ' O.M. IsKNlNOX, Lata with Orgill Bros. A Co. OZANNE, DENISON & CO. MASVPAtTl REstH OF T1SWAKK AKD DEALKIM IX STOVES, LAMPS, OILS, REFRIGERATORS, WATER-COOLERS ICE-BOX M, rt'TLEKT, ETC Hoofing, 0 uttering and Job Work Don to Orilar. NO. 257 1-2 MAIN STREET. Estes, Doan & Co. Wholesale Grocers No. 13 Union Ntroct, ?f empliln. Tcnn. ALX COTTOX IXSI HF.1. FEE ll'l COTTOMIN! Xos. 75-77-79-81-S3-85 Vance ntrecl. N. W. SPEERS, Jr., PROPRIETOR. The LARGEST and ONLY COMPLETE GIN In the city. The best Sample and Yield Guaranteed. P.McCABDEKT & CO. Grocers i Cotton Factors, No. 414 Main Street, mrP HoCADDEN will gira his personal attention to all Cotton consigned tp the 6rtn, and la prepared to make lilierai advances en saine."a 1S65. W. II. )IKOn, PHtaburg-, I'ru X. III. JO.M'.N, Meiiipliin, Toiui. BROWI & JONES, 2S2 MAIN STREET, MEMPHIS, TEXX., U'holoHUle and Hot nil leler In PITTSBURG AND SHOTWELL MEMPHIS, TEXX., TEItKEXE, MISS., HELENA, ARK.. ARKANSAS CITY., ARK., NEW ORLEANSVJL N.R. Our Memphis) IHparl uient Fill C'ilynntl Count rYOrtlrrn for Pit iMbiinc, Kentucky, C'Miiiifl and Anllirneltc Coal mii1 (.um Coke. M. (savin. Joka N. Muuivau. Wliolennlc Grocer, Cotton lnHor And Commission Merchants, 232 and 234 Front St., Memphis, Tenr, BETWF.EX AHAMft AND JErFF.RMOX. Mr. L. N. RAINEY derotes his whole time to the Weishinr and Rale or all Cotton Intrusted to ea chsrrs. IVttnn Wwrshon... Wwhinirton slrrot. jso. ft. toor. E. I MrUOVlM. Busby.Toof & RMovan Wholesale Grocers & Cotton Factors, No. 274 FRONT STREET MEMPHIS, TENN. W. VJ. PATTUMIM, I .II.B Maleaman.-IIamlling of l!otlon a Kperiully. Liberal Cash Adraores Made on t'on.iirnm.nls. 1 - m w R. . mmSm3 I. it. cioinvi.v. J. R. GODWIN & CO. 3ttO And Commission Merchants, . . 3Q Front St.. Cor. Union. Mfmplilw. TVim. BEAN & CARROLL Wholesale & Retail Paints & Painters Supplies, Window Shades, Window 1 MAIN NTKKirr, t mo. T. J. 'GRAHAM, Sewer Pipe, Fire Brick, Tiles, CLAY, CEJIEXT, . MME, PLANTKR, BlILDIXG MATEKAL, YASES AXD DKIIX TILE. 43 ami 45 Mouth Court Street. emnlilw. Tfiin. Chickasaw Iron Works MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. JOITO F RAXDLE CO rilOPItlETOUM. OEXElt AIa FOVNDEUN and MAC II I NINTH Maaaraeteirer. aasl Deal era la Km aria, aad Ballerm. Hew aael Meeeasl-a-aael A re 111. tccteiras, sTsuraa aasl.llaaialaa! Matrataery Mpertalttea. Wa carry la. Laraeel Mack af Eaclara aaxl Saiiara ( fee tumm 1st the Maeufcweat, ea a.rns, fetr Hn.oent fwrlws llifalsr.-as PRATT GIN .COMPANY, 98 to 104 POPLAR STREET, MEMPHIS, Have BMW la Hsaek All Hlaea mt (hair Celebrated Revolving Head Cotton Gins SELF-FEEDERS AXD COXDEXNEItN, T. l.i.k ik.. il .. r pi.B.ra una ID Ml. I r.u nia. I. Ul. IB.ir'. II. m "omr... v. eirealare, or eall aad see the Ilia before barief. In tke PraU Uia, is the arealest iiapravem.nt ever nersna prinni'tly. npwnnr wif-nri. T. B. DILLABD. DILLARD, AltmSTEAD & LUHDEE, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants, 16 and 18 Union tret, Memphis, Tenn. arUaatal Aa.aass. tm aalrsal Sold eeerrvaea at by K lOUNSOX txv ..)j;ON, all .or MASS. CROUP. ASIHMA, .ttisOftCKITIS. JOHNSON'S NOI)Vl y.MKNTwmfi-taft- tantMKialv ri-T WMat terriM ut mj iu .iu-Mf I ruca bine cmb mt ten. uliruAtkii thtu U L many M-s a aiatl- -lar a -ni i inwrttk la aaatar cure. LINIMENT ' I-KttS w I- Jwoa Co., Hmn.., M.a. MAKE HEMS LAY lavlike AttanataVl CVMdiiVfin IHiwtfar. Tvte. 1 taatra- ieti ii t. a jo4ui a u, uosros enrl WIioIomwIs Agr'ntti. GEO. a. fox. Late with Orgill Bros. A Co. MEMPHIS. TENNESSEE. and Cotton Factors, N tCKN FI'llAlKIIKI. - - 71eniilil., Teuii. 1883 The. Clark. M. J. t'lark. BEM. I. Bl'MBY. I I. MI I.MXN. Glass, Looking Glasses, Etc. t t lrl KM I'll IS. TI.XWNNKE. Pnhlls Olnn.rs. The KcTomnr Head, enlr roi enlr foe a 4 adIM le lot utu. uin. sns lot price list aaa ist Thar are prepared to repair Urns ia Uie best I H. 1. UN DEB. a-arise, aaa mm a