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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, September 15, 1883, Image 2

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THE MEMPHIS. DAILY APPEAL-SATUEDAY, , SEPTEMBEB 15, .1883.
lEMPinS APPEAL.
SITURDAV, : WEWEMBEBJSMSS
Tue Hill Investiirat'mu Committee rec
ommend that a Board of Public Build
ings ftliould be created, similar to the
Lighthouse Board; that the Secretary
f the Treasury should heex-offirio presi-'
dent of the board, and the Supervining
Architect its secretary, and that the
board should be required to pass upon
jill plans and specifications, award all
contracts, approve all expenditures, and,
in general, exercise all administrative
powers necessary to the construction and
repair of public buildings, leaving to the
Supervising Architect only the duties
which properly belong to his office. This
ii a sensible and. timely suggestion, and
one that the Democrats should make it a
leciul duty t enact into a law without
ili-lay after the assemblage of Congress.
Mr. Hendricks, whose speech at
'ouncil Bluffs on Tuesday last we give
sin extract from this morning, is right
when he says there is a strong sentiment
in favor of a gradual and careful reduc
tion of the duties on raw materials and
of all the higher rates of duty, and if
the Republican party, in its national
platform and in the general discussion of
the current and next campaign, shall ad
here to the tariff as it is, and the Demo
cratic party shall, on the other baud,
declare in favor of a moderate but pro
gressive reduction of the tariff, then
there will unquestionably be a good many
votes lost to the Republican party. A
modification of the tariff cannot fail to
inure to the profit of the Democratic
party, hence the necessity for the election
.f ObtIbI to the Speakership of the
House. To win in the Democratic
majority in the House must revise the
existing tariff act.
O.N the 1st ef lust July the stamp tax
on matches ceased, aud a change iu the
tariff took effect, which practically re
duced the duty on matches from thirty-
five to about fifteen per cent., through
the abolition of charges and commissions
and of duty upon wrappings or covering.'!.
The importers claim that all kinds of
coverings are included iu this exemption,
and, though some points arc still iu con
troversy, they are now paying duty upon
I he clear matches only. Since the" 1st of
July one well-known Now York house
has imported from Sweden about 12.",(ltK
jtross of Miiall boxes of matches, which
had been sent to all parts of the country..
The demand for them was enormous, far
exceeding the present supply. During
the same period the price of American
matches, which had been sold at $2 (0
per gross, had been reduced to fifty cents
per gross, and many small match factories
were springing up in the Western States.
I an anything speak, more eloquently lor
tariff revision than this?
JrixiK Bond's decision as to which we
give Mr. Royal 's views in to-day's Al'
I'FAL, creates something like consterna
tion in Virginia. If it is not reversed it
will prevent the collection.ot any moro
revenue until the State provides for the
payment on the iutorcst of her debt. The
jude holds (1 ) that the tcuder of coupons
for taxes is legal tender: tiat all con
sequences which flow from any othsr
legal tender flow from this, and that this
is the effect of aSupmiuc Court decision
(2) that the officers of the State will be en
joined from lcvyingon the taxpayers' prop
erty after a tender of the coupons shall
have been made; (3) that as the questions
in these suits depend upon the constitu
tionality of the State legislation, suits
arise under tho constitution, and that the
Circuit Courts of the United States
have jurisdiction without regard to
Um f . iart.iuu. Jilduu
Bond's jurisdiction is co-extensive-with
the limits of tho State, and nothing
but a reversal of his decison by the Su
preme Court can save Virginia from a
liuaiicial flurry of a serious nature'.' L. Q.
Washington, the well-known newspaper
correspondent, in the Alexandria tiazelte
jrives it as tho opinion of every Virginian
now sojourning at the White Sulphur
Springs that Judge Boud, in rendering
his recent decision, was simply playing
into the hands of Wm. Mahonc. "That,."
says the Richnioud State, "was our opin
ion from tho first, since it is so much
like him. That game will not win."
The New York Tribune, in an editorial
on the "Danger to Corn," thinks the
whole question is as to the region in
which about 5110,000,000 bushels were
raised last year, out of 1 ,(.'17,0H),000 in
all. Assuming that the northern half of
Iudiana and Illinois, with less than 140,
(NM'1,000 bushels, aud the whole of Iowa,
may have been to some extent affected
by the recent frosts, the injury may cover
some part of 315,000,000 bushels." ont of
nearly SOO.IKKI.OOO bushels grown jn the
five great States of Kansas, Iowa. Indi
ana. Illinois and ' Missouri.'" North of
these are States which produce in all
ouly one-tenth of the entire corn crop.
These are Michigan, Wisconsin, Minne
sota and Nebraska, which produced last
year IM.300,000 bushels. Adding4,lXKI,
000 bushels grown iu Dakota, Oregou and
the intermediate northern Territories,
with Iowa and the northern part of
Indiana and Illinois, we have in all
15,000,000 bushels grown in the regions
which may have been affected by the re
cent frosts, aud it is not supposed that
even" within that region more than a
fraction of the crop has been harmed.
But even if that immense amount of corn
was totally destroyed the South would
more than make up for it. In all the
Southern States and Territories the crop
was out of harm's way before the late
frost. The Southern States produced
IS0,CX),000 bushels last year, and Cali
fornia, Colorado and the southern Terri
tories 4,500.000 bushels. The inerreei
yield at tho South is said by the bureau
report, to bo very largo. Ohio, Pennsyl
vania, New York, New Jersey and the
New England States produced last year
17i;i0O.UM bushels, of which !W,3tH(.n00
were from Ohio alone, aud it is not re
ported that the injury in these States has
been of importance. There is, there
fore, nothing to fear irom tho late frost
so far as the people, the consumers, arc
concerned.
The New York .S'mh still continues to
labor for Tilden "by indirection, so to
speak." Its latest movement in that line
has been the publication of the following-named
teu prominent Democrats
who "have been doomed worthy of the
high distinction of leading the Democ
racy in 11"
Thomas F. Bavard, Delaware.
-Benjamin F. Butler, Massachusetts.
Koswell P. Fowler, Is ew York. ; "
Abram 8. Hewitt, New York.
Allen G. Thurman, Ohio.
Thomas. A. Hendricks, Indiana.
William 8. Holraan, Indiana.
Joseph E. McDonald, Indiana. -
John M. Palmer. Illinois.
Samuel J. Randall, Pennsylvania.
Mr. Tilden's name is omitted from this
list of the Sun', "not because, as a matter
of fact, it belongs there," but because "it
is certain that he i7 refuse the nomina
tion." This is queer languago in view ef
the reiterated assurances of the Sum that
Mr. Tilden was not, would not and must
not be considered in the race. But this '
is one of its methods of indirection one '
of the ways it has adopted of keeping up
the interest in Tilden and provoking a
discussion ' of the "old ticket."' But,
coming back to the ten, we find that the
New York World is of the opinion that'
McDonald, of Indiana, is the only one of
them who can for moment be consid
ered as probable and strong candidate, j
as a man who can command great strength
in the West and Houth. In this the
Ai'PRAi. agrees with the World.. Bay
ard is too small a 'man and from too
small a State to be considered. His con
duct in preventing the election of Harris
to the jiosition of President of the Senate
has killed all the chances he ever had
for the place, ltandall is not yet rie
enough and then he has not succeeded in
reducing the Republican majority in his
State. Besides he is wanted ou the floor
of the I louse. There he is always strong
and useful. Ben Butler the Appeal
considers at present out of the question.
Mr. Koswell P. Fowler and Mr. Abram
S. Hewitt, of New York, are able Demo
crats and worthy men. But Mr. Tilden
will not allow the delegation from that
State to present the name of either, or
for that matter, of anybody else. If
Sammy cannot pick the bone he is re
solved that no one else from New
York shall. Palmer, of Illinois, is what
Andy Johnson would call a "dead
duck," and Hoi man, of Indiana,
will do to talk about. Mr. Hendricks, of
Indiana, has voluntarily killed his
chances by announcing his preference for
the old ticket, and 3Ir. Thurman, of
Ohio, has been snowed under the Hoadly
boom. .But besides theseten cf the Sun
there is Cleveland, of New York, who
stands a good chance, and Morrison, of
Illinois, who is still popular with the
masses of the nartv. But the iSnn was
writing to order when it put forth its il
lustrious ten. Its purpose was to show
that no one of those named would be ac
ceptable, ,and that the party Would, be
compelled to fall back- on Tilden, 4rh'on
it has hid out in the' woods ready for an
emergency which it is trying hard to
create. '-' - "
POLITICAL XOTES.
TriuTuscaloosa (Ala.) Timet favors llun-;
dall for Speaker. A -
The Arkansas delegation will give an-
unanimous support to the Hon. John O.
Carlisle for the Speakership. '
v ihoinia is one of the few Mates in
which the names of ojd politicians are re
newed in recent events. The names are
generally borne by their descendants, who
seem to have inherited their fathers' po
litical tendencies.
Thk Philadelphia 7j--m observes: "Juilye
Field hits made bis bid for the Presi
dency ; but bo seems to be under the im
pression that the next President will lie
elected for tho Fouth only. This was
only done for three or four years, and Mr.
Davis has never bud a chance to fill out
tho term to which Judge Field seems to
aspire.". i
The Coitriei-rjtzurnal takes the following
view of tho Ohio campaign: ."The. Ohio
mode of conducting a political campaign
is very much like Tobe Gridcr's estimate
of a play by a'company of strolling actors
at Bowling Green. 'How is theshowj
'folic ?' asked a friend who met him as he
was leaving the ball. 'Well, I'll tell you,'
saiil Tnb( dryly. 'It's so bud it's
real good.' "
( iov. I'.kkhv, of Arkansas, will have no
difficulty In making out the following
from the Hot Springs Hortethoe: "Tho
Senatorial bee sometimes has the effect of
spoiling excellent Gubernatorial timber.
But a poor quality of the latter article
article rarely materializes into an U. S. S.
The friends of our present able chief
magistrate may make a note of this."
A li. tlio lionanza Senators have bad their
costly little plays with a woman at the bot
tom of them. First, Tabor had to 'put
awuy his old w ife and figuro questionably
in a second marriage. Then Fair had to
give up several millions and his wife and
go on a sensational hunt for another part
ner, and now Ex-Senator Sharon is under
a $5000 bond to answer tho complaint of
an injured female of Son Francisco..- The
domestic life of tho bonanza kings cannot
be liclU up as a model.
The Charleston Sew and Courier sug
gests that the negroes who lost their
savings "in the Freedmau's Bank be in
demnified out of th public Treasury. The
leases to the blacks who were led into
that lieautifir) Republican confidence game
were originally about $3,000,000, but partial
payments have been made to the deposi
tors until the sum due them lias been
brought down to about $00,000. The
concern can pay no inoie dividends, and
the colored folks will lose this amount
unless it can be made up to them in some
such way as the Charleston paper proposes.
-Says the Dallas (Tex.) Herald: "The
protectionists seem determined to attack
the internal revenue system until they
have drawn nttention from the tariff, or so
reduced internal revenues that the taiiff
will remain a necessity. Judge Keller,
the great apostle' of Pennsylvania protec
tive views, who has Tieen. suffering with
cancer in the month, but is now nearly
well, has no sooner regained sjieech than
he declares be will continue to attack that
'frightful source of corruption,' the in
ternal revenue system. What a poor
man's party is the Republican! . Keep up
the tax on clothing and blankets, but-re-
move that on whisky and tobacco, is their
position
Is bis letter from Boston to the Courier
Journal, of Louisville, Joaquin Millar says
of ov. Butler: "I disliked this man be-
I fore I met him. I liked him a great deal
less after we met. Butler pressed me to
visit him, and as I was stopping with bis
friends at the time, I went with them and
spent some days at his country place.
But I ate his bread reluctantly, anil never
learned to like him from that day to this,
I never could quite get at him. He al
ways talked, to me, as if talking from be
hind himself. As for his being our next
President, that is a consummation as un-
desirablo us it is impossible. He is not
needed. He is not wanted." This is one
time that we agree with Joaquin.
Coxceknino tho free-pass system, the
Little Kock Iksmoeral savs: "The cliiuso
iu our constitution which requires tho
I.-gialntrr' trr j.rcrvnl lv law Jio grant
ing of free passes by any railroad or trans
portation company to any officer of this
State, Legislative, executive or judiciid, is
a dead letter. The legislature, instead ol
obeying this constitution, fill their pockets
with them. Even learned and venerable
judges go junketing with these passes. It
is a burning shame that the plain letter of
the constitution is tliusoienlyfmdaliainc
fully violated. Tho railroads are not to
blame in this matter, but the conduct of
the judicial and Legislative officers of the
State government, who knowingly and
willfullv disoley the explicit command of
the organic law, are very censurable."
The Franklin (Tcnn.) Review eatel Journal
appeals to Gov. Bato to call an extra ses
sion of the Legislature, and says: "Tho
complaints of our farmers and "shippers
are increasing in volume every day ag-.unst
the iniquitous and illegal discriminations
of the railroads in this Slate. They say
plainly that if our commission can do
anything in the wav of relief, that they
want it done immediately. They say if
our law js not strong enough to regulate
the railroads, they are going to get up pe
titions to the Governor to call an extra
session of the Legislature and have the
law made strong enough to stop these ex
actions. Thev are terriblv in earnest and
they know that the heart of the executive
beats in unison with their desires on this
subject. We must have relief. Keep tho
ball moving.
The Centum will in 18S4, as heretofore,
devote more or loss space to tho subjects
of art and arcrueologv. There will be
printed, early in the year, papers on
Winslow Homer, George Fuller, and Ed
ward Kemevs: also several on rrencn
artists, including Corot and Rosseau, all to
be illustrated with engravings of their
work. Papers on American and European
arehieoloffy - are in preparation -by Dr.
Charles Waldstein, of the University of
Cambridge, England, Charles Dudley
Warner, Lucy M. Mitchell, and others.
NEW ORLEANS
Now Kealizes How Inconsistent H"Bef n
thf CondHCt of the Louisiana Board
of Health in Opposing .
The National Board or Health and Its
Measures for PreTentlnt; the Intro
duction ef Yfllow-Fever.
The following editorial from tine Sep
tember'' number of the New' Orleans
Medical ami 'Snryicul Journal i a
tardy measure of justice to the "mem
ory of Dr.' Samuel Chopin, of that city,
who, as the former president of the Louis
iana State Board of Health, insisud
upon the enforcement of non-intercourse
with infected ports as the only
sure means of preventing the intro
duction of yellow-fever. -He was vio
lently "-opposed and vituperatively de-
nounced bv the Louisiana State Board of
Health and those who aided and abetted
It in opposition to the modern sanitary
methods, but Time, the great vindicator,
has at last set all things right. The Lou
isiana State Board of Health has adopted
and enforced his suggestions, and the
merchants and people of New Orleans see
and acknowledge that be was right, that
he was their friend and protector, and so
far from their commerce being affected by
it detrimentally, they have made for it. the
credit of trying to prevent yellow-fever
and not as ' hitherto, inviting it. We
make room" for this editorial with un
affected pleasure, especially for the reason
that it is a professional indorsement of
the position the Appeal has always
taken in this matter.
A Few Iaeaa ltiM lea In Public i
a OsHclal Opinlaau
Rarely has the mutability of human
opinion been more strikingly illustrated
than in'the last few vears since the dreaded
visitations of yellow-fever have become
the Di-onunent obiect of sanitary solicitude,
'Thirty years ago, they tell us, that fear of
yellow-fever was unknown among us. In
those days people rarely ran away from
tho disease. Friend visited friend, and
neighbor nursed neighbor, as in any ordi
nary eases of sickness, and the barbarities
of the shot gun quarantine (and we may
also add, the non-intervention policy now
lolloweu) would liave been deemed
disgrace to a Christian civilization.
Yet fear has become a prominent
and startling characteristic of yellow-fover
epidemics, and pnlilie sentiment in regard
to us dangers, uinusivciieHHKmi com iiuiii
cabilitv has becu completely revolution
ized since those days. The effects of a
few cases of fever suddenly thrust in the
midst of our present population would oe ;
sufficient to snap it high-strung nerves and
throw it into sucu a convulsion ot terror
that would be comparable to, if no worse
than, that which characterized the disas
trous panic of 1878. Nothing could more
aptlv exemplify the present stato of the
public mind in regard to yellow-fever dan
gers, tlian the late scarce at Pcnsaeola, and
the stirrouuuing country, ou the apiear
ance of a few cases of this disease in the
nayy-yard and iu a Ixmrdinghousc of that
city.
Immediately after the occurrence, the
wires flashed the news to all parts of the
world, and the eyes of tho whole nation
were turned with alarm and consternation
on tho ill-fated city. A wall of sanitary
guanbt at once surrounded the infected
liouse, until it was Multigated and
burnt to the ground tho patients
themselves, after a thorough disinfec
tion, were sent to a distant locality; a
house-to-liouse lnsiH-ction that Had been
ordered was continued and everything
kept in readiness to suffocate any flame of
latent infection that might light up in
any qiarter of the town. Yet, w;th all
these precautions, tne name spread, ana
tho people, unable to control their fears,
were ready to desert tliwr homes and seek
safety in immediate flight. It was reported
in our dailies that, upon the same day that
the news was ollicuilly confirmed, over
300 people had left the city. The neigh
boring towns and villages initiated quar
antines, and bail the exodus continued,
the unlucky Pcnsaaolans would no doubt
nave been quickly contronted by a glitter
ing narnor ol rcuonotuuie snotguns.
'And all this bluster on account of two
cases of ycllow-fevci in a boardlnghouso on
1 alalox wliarl .' We can hardly describe
the scorn and disgust that was depicted on
the countenance of a wrinkled old gentle
man, a veritable octogenarian of the "good
old Creole days, when a recent conver
sation accidentally turned on this subject
"And do you call this progress '. Are
these the workings of your boasted mod
ern sanitation 7 Mm, j aimelero.it ceri le
barbarinne, la fulie, la lachete, muti It pro-
gre jamais!
the crystallized opinion ot .New Orleans
thirty or forty years ago, had just spoken.
It finds no echo.
Tempora miitanttir et no mulamur in illi.
If we annroach to nearer enochs. the
fickleness of popular opinion cannot be
less striking.
lve years havo barely elapsed since Dr.
Samuel Chopin, then president of our
State Board ef Health, was censured, ridi
culed and vituperated because he dared to
impose a protracted quarantine at the
mouth ot the .Mississippi, and boldly
enunciated the doctrine of non-intercourse.
The press almost to unanimity condemned
his practices and views. denouncing them as
mercantile -community, staggerinsr iinder
the weight of the frightful blow that had
just leen inflicted upon it by the epidemic
of 1878, interpreted the course of the Board
of Health as an unbearable menace to its
future prosperity, and the populace, sway
ed as usual by unprincipled demagogues,
was ready to look -upon the now lamented
promulgator of the restrictive doctrines as
a malicious person and its declared enemy.
And yet, non-intercourse has become a
law established by gubernatorial decree.
The most sanguine and illusory expecta
tions of tne "extremist" sanitarian have
become facts in the history of our protec
tive system. The wildest denunciators of
the "barbarous jKilicv" are now its warm
advocates, and that w hich was repugnant
to our population five years ago has been
made palatable to our present population.
It is, indeed, difficult to realize how so radi
cal a change eould have been so calmly
effected in the publU.' sentiment.
e
Yet, if the opinions of the masses lrave
undergone such remarkable changes, no
less oscillatory have been those of
our health authorities. A few years ago,
iu 1880, tho -halls of tho Statoliouse rang
with the protesting clamor of our State
officials when the proposal of the National
Board of Health to establish a national
quarantine station at Ship Island was
discussed at the meeting of the Sanitary
Convention, held this year. It is really
cunousxo peruse ma objections raised by
the State Board in its report for 1S80, ami
compare them with the cheerful placidity,
if ikvt manifest encounieonient, with which
it has contemplated and withstood tho im
position ot the intoleraWo burden which
the scheme of the late Ir. Woodworth,
Surgeon-Uenerul of the Marine Hospital
Service, and founder of the National
Board of Health, would entail upon the
commerce of the Mississippi river and
valley," brthe Marine Hospital Service.
We read, for instance (page tiO); :
"(erantina, for purposes ef armiment. that the
Board of Health of Louisiana had absolute juris
diction over the water of the iiulf of Mexfco, to
the exclusion of the rurnta of all States and na
tions, that it had control of Ship Island, which is
the property ef the State of Mississippi, and also
the entire coast ef Mississippi : even then er
rtering of raWs rim ra mootka tsf fa JfiMMsipsM
riiwr to Skip Utond trowft tmjnit tuck caormoNs x
praat t iowooe, &mm of time, amd Tariomt ocri
Jnfi i. mtarok omd tire ot mould rlfretualtw drirte for-
eifi romaterre from tht MimUtipni rirer anmuaHw
durtmo tke mtontkm of .W,ry. Jiuw, Jmlfl, Jluoutt, .Vj-
temocr ami ttnooer. uiancs our awn.;
In a concluding paragraph (page 03), wo
find :
"Had the propositions of the National Board
of HealtWwith reference to the Shin Island nuar-
antine been accepted by the Boara of Health of
the Slate ef Louisiana tko comment of A'cw Or
Uuut would hum ketu sWnaW, wkiU tk cty would
us inn. Lteu ueolttted . ot tke SkD Itlomd oiMni.
tiut im acfircWw onnablt of proteetimm tkt coamt of
Mtuntttpp: utauu our own.j
Another member, still an incumbent
of the same board, and equally impressed
with the importance ot our summer
commerce, read a paper which was adopted
by this body, as an expression of its sense
npon the points covered by it. In it the
State Board refused to co-operate with the
National Board in ordering infected vessels
to Ship Island, lhe following extract
reveals the main basis ot tne state
rd s argumentation:
final mere on re demtroued, at it trouid turrit bt fry
tkt enforcement oj itut mmmwt una unmmturni fuur
online wkirk it touokt to bt imnoted upon as. vt
Nisal as well abundon all our rioktt, poirtrt mnd du
tiet, for Louitianu mould no lamoer need unt protto
ti.m. ft would be entirely ruined, and would toon
ditoputar from tac family of Stout. " ( .' )
The protectionist argument, as we might
style this quan anglo-philist rhapsody
over commercial rights and interests, not
withstanding the weight accorded to it
by -its exalted supporters, was not
deemed sufficient to kill the Ship Island
cause. The following additional .reason
was selected as the final roup dinlamaticrut
that would settle th veaed questiea. The
resident member of -lhe National Board el
Health received the following reply from
the president of the State Board in regard
to Louisiana s co-operation in the Mup
Island quarantine : -
"The Board of Health of theSUtcof Louisiana
poseenfteH no powtre except those i-oaierrea oy uie
a-u of the lirivlature of Ixuiian. ami anrh
power can only be enercined in attordanre with
the laws of the l uited Slates rrKOlatina: the for
eifrq.and doinc'tii- commerce of the entire eonn-
Tk. .....! ...I. AAtuhliwhiii 'unarantina
for the protection of the State of Louisiana,
.March 1"., ISM: .February , 1ST; March le, 18.U:
March 24, lfTS. and April 20, 1870, eor ao
jKinvn vnoa ( Bnard af Unltk to onlrr mmtlt Ota
of tke tratert of LtmUiama to nay oreva or to aav
tWimf or t)uratinr Waoa ad-r the jMrudictiom of
thr Unitfd Stntt." . ,
"A critical examination of the actrof Conarew
eonntituting the National Board, approved March
8, 1879, and entitled 'An act to prevent the intro
duction ol infectious ana eoniairioai aifteasen inio
the United States, and to establish a National
Board oT Health,' and the subsequent 'Acts to
prevent the introduction or eontaa-ioas ana in
fectious disease into the United States,' ap
proved J una 2. 187. confer no power, either npon
lh National Board of Health or upon the local
Boards of Health, to control foreifrn and domestic
commerce to the exteut of ordering- ships from the
porta of their destination to points beyond the
Jurisdiction of local State Boards. As the Jlonrdof
ilea' tK HI lHHUTM pommtn ao era powrr. biiu m
hm Kttinnal Roanf of Health is incompetent to
confer such power, (he negative reply to second
proposition CRUUUI o ,n. u , u I ,v . u
the Board of Health of the State of Louisiana is
nnwillint toco-operate with the National Board
Uiealth, in legal, sanitary or quarantine meas
iSs." .
Yet- this Board that endeavored to prove
so clearly and emphatically that it was
vested "with no power to order vessels out
of the waters of Louisiana," and that
feared so intensely that "sending vessels
to Ship Island from the Mississipi river
(no matter if "these vessels would
not average in number, ten per annum, as
clearly demonstrated by their own reports),
would entail such enormous expense
in towage, loss of time and various ac
cidents by storm and fire as would effectu
ally drive foreign commerce from the Mis
sissippi river" during the summer months,
had no hesitation in adopting the follow
ing-resolution at a meeting held July 24,
18S3:
- jTWW. That the Governor of Louisiana ba
and be is hereby reqaested to issue a proclama
tion of non-intercourse with porta affected with
yellow-fever, namely (list added) ami to order alt
mftrtfH 9rniwl imt of th irttler of tkm iS-laf. ns
recommended by him on the th instant, to this
Board.
We read in the minutes of this meeting.
as reported by the daily papers, that "the
resolution was put to a vote and adopted,
Mr. Booth alone voting no."
"We all know what followed these reso
lutions. All have read the board's and
the Governor's non-intercourse proclama
tion and many have felt its consequences.
June "Merchant," "Buteshire," "Gra-
cia, " n.muiano, Memo., ousan
Scranton." "Annellta." "Anna Faura."
and "Sidbury," especially bear with them
the grateful record of our sanitary gentle
ness. .
How wondrous is the effect of time.
even to the bleaching power of two short
years:
Knv in!rafnlftiifilv u ,,, t ll.i. ,u To
and the Mississippi Valley, have escaped
from the general commercial cataclysm
that threatened to annihilate us upon the
realization ot the chip Island scheme .
But even the predictions of sanitary
Talleyrands are not infallible. Hamanum
ett enure, said the ancients, and the Hate
Board is. after all. human.
Verilv, that worthy old utterance lias
again found fit application : TrmjMira mu
lamur el not uiuutmvr in uli,
99 9 9 6
But, forgetting for the present this britl
narrative of inconsistency, let us consider
tor one moment the final outcome of the
wranglings, personal hostilities and acri
monious discussions that have character-
ized the period of sanitary reform in New
Orleans the non-intercourse policy. Now
that the leading commercial bodies of our
city appear to have recognized the compar
ative insignificance of our summer trade
with tropical and other ports, are we ready
to welcome its complete embargo? Are
we ready, as sanitarians, to say that so re
vulsive a measure is needed for tho protec
tion of the public health? Assuredly, no.
Yet we are willing enough to accept it as
a moro tranquilizing guarantee from the
dangers of yellow-fever importation than
would havo been offered to the people of
New Orleans and of the Mississippi alley,
had the functions of the Mississippi River
quarantine been allowed to continue oui"
main protection, as heretofore; and,
though fully recognizing that non-intercourse
is a medieval method of protection,
that it is of barbarous origin, that it is
retrogressive in in its tendencies, and
amounts to a virtual recognition of
the incapacity of sanitary science to
cope successfully with the prevention of
disease (though sanitary science is far from
conceding this elsewliere) yet we must
accept it as a temporary measure of pre
caution, and particularly as the most ef
fective means of allaying the uneasiness
of a nervous and easily agitated popula
tion. In view of the distrust with which
the people of the valley States contemplate
the present State Board of Health, aud of
the lack of confidence generally mani
fested in its ability to guard and protect
the valley against tho intrusions of disease,
a radical protectivo measure, such as the
one in question, is justifiable), anil xhould
be tried for such a length of time as may
tost its emcacy as a yellow-lever pre
ventive, or at least until the valley States
win nave regained suntclent confidence in
our sanitary authorities to allow of the
application of other less barbarous and
gentler methods of protection. .
FOR AXD ABOUT .VOMEX.
Dr. H. Webster Jones, a kinsman of
the -creat lexicographer, and himself
lauious physician of Chicago, has eloped
with a Mrs. Bigelow, who buried her first
husband, was divorced from the second
and has now left the third and a little girl
behind. The doctor also leaves, a wife,
who is now with friends in Connecticut.
He also left a practice valued at $30,000 a
year.. Friends of the man attribute his
escapade to emotional insanity.
A Winnebago maiden, known in Mc
Gregor, Minn., as Agness," went over to
that town from the Wisconsin side, with
other members of her.tribe recently, in a
skiff, and being detained in her shopping
tour, she was mortified on going to the
river bank to find that her friends had
taken the skiff and gone home.' Nothing
daunted, however, she 'was not to he
stopped by a trifle, and, taking off her
raiment, she pinned it in a bundle to her
head andthen swam the Mississippi river
to Her camp.
LorisviiXE Courier-Journal: '.'The whole
system of female employment in the tie-;
partments at Washington is a Corruption.
A number of the women in office are little
other than mistresses of the men to whom
they owe their places. It could not be
otherwise in the nature of the case. Hence
the post of appointment clerk, who is
bound to know and to wink at, and, in a
sense, to become a party to the rottenness
going on about him, carries with it a sort
of infamy."
It is understood that Mr. Tennyson has
obeyed the Queen's command to immor
talize the virtues of the late John Brown
in verse, and was made the recipient of
unusual royal 'hospitality when he per
sonally delivered the eulogy to her
majesty. It is said that the Queen insisted
on having Uie memorial read to her by the
laureate himself, and that she retains the
poem for the purpose of suggesting certain
changes in those portions not altogether
satisfactory to her. -
The refusal of the Queen to see the new
Duke of Marlborough is easily explained.
As Marquis of Blandford, he was notori
ously one of the most cold-blooded rakes
in existence, and his cruelty to his wife
caused her to seek and obtain a divorce a
few months before his father's death.
Queen Victoria knows that his elevation
to the dukedom has not mado him a bet
ter or more respectable man, and declines
to be more complaisant to the duke than
her sense of right permitted her to be to
the profligate marquis.
TnK mystery attendant upon the mur
der of Rose Ambler, at Stratford, Conn.,
seems as far from solution as ever.. No
other result could be expected. The
coroner lias conducted his investigations
in secret, all information lias been denied
the press, and the only people employed
to ferret out the rnurder have been the
detectives, who showed bow not to do it
in the Malley trial. "Crowner's 'quest
law" seems to be as much of an absurdity
in Connecticut to-day as it was in the
times of Shakespeare.
Kcnou'il and Stephanie, of Prussia,
seem much attached to their home, Lax
enberg, where their daughter was horn a
few davs ago, and where the Crown Prince
himself first saw light twenty-five years
ago. It is indeed a beautiful spot, aud
has been a favorite summer resort of the
Viennese public until this summer, when
the gates were necessarily closed to
strangers. It was put in its present form
by the grandfather of Francis Joseph, who
exhibited his taste for the picturesque bv
building on an island in the lake the castle
of Franzensberg, an exact counterpart of
Uie most ancient home of the Hapsburgs
in the TyroL
Katb Sotuekx, of Georgia, killed her
rival, Xarcissa Cowart, while a set for the
next dance was being made up. She was
tried, convicted and sentenced to death.
Gov. Colquitt commuted it to imprison
ment for ten years. She was sent to the
convict camp owned by a relaUve, and
kept house for him, being accompanied
by her husband. In three years the soft
hearted Governor pardoned her out en
tirely. While in the so-called peniten
tiary she had two children, one of whom
she named Alfred H. Colquitt Sothern.
This is referred to as an excellent method
of keeping up the supply of criminals in
a State, and last week another belle, Koxie
Wilson, killed Miss Smith at a dance in
Pierre county, Ga. The darling must be
pardoned, :
' "Dr. Bessox'b Celery and Chamomile
Pills for the cure of neuralgia are a suc
cess." Dr. G. P. Holman. Chriotianhurg,
Va, SO cents at druggists.
THE BLACK FLAGS
Defeated by the French Forces la En
gagement Between Hanoi and
- . Santay. .
Additional Detail of the Rioting at Can
ton The Martin Luther Qaartre
Centenary. Londox. September 14. A dispatch from
Hong Kong to-day states that a battle lias
taken plaee between the French forces and
the Black Flags, lasting eight hours. The
engagement took place between Hanoi
and Santay, near Bed river. The French
lorces are reported as having lost two offi
cers and fifty men. The loss of the Black
r lags is estimated at between 5U0 and 00X1
men. Hanoi is the town where the French
have been holding their garrison since the
previous engagements. Abou Ay awaits
reinforcements.
It is probable, from the tenor of the
above dispatch, that the Black Flags, whose
headquarters are at Bac Alum, to the
northeast of Hanoi, are determined to
recapture Santay from the French, who
have kept gunboats there for the last fort
night, and while en route from Bac Minh
across the delta, were met by the French
r- route from Hanoisto intercept them, the
above battle being the result.
THK FRENCH ACCOUNTS
of the battle with the Black Flags state that
on Saturday, September 1st, the French
forces from Hanoi advanced to within
twelve miles of Santay, where the enemy
were found in casemate forts, upon which
the fire of the French had no effect. After
three hours of hard fighting the French
troops, aided by a heavy fire from the
fleet ander-Admiral Bouet. carried the
enemy's works at the point of the bayonet,
capturing two towns and two Black Flaps'
standards. - The French loss was two offi
cers and fourteen men killed, and three
officers and forty men wounded. After
the victory Admiral Bouet withdrew his
fleet, to llauoi to awaifjreinforcements.
leaving 300 men to hold the captured
towns. The French naval force at Tonciuin.
under Admiral Bouet, comprises the iron
clads Bayard, of four guns; the Atlotie, of
twelve guns; the Triomphant of eight
guns ; the cruisers lruville and Uhateau
Henaud, the transports Anamite and
MytHo, each carrying two guns; the gun
boats Lynx aud ipere, each carrying four
ntns, aud the Fanfare and Leopard and
Surprise, each carrying two guns. There
are four sloops carrying an aggregate of
seven guns, and four dispatch-boats carry
ing an aggregate ot two guns, two tor
pedo launches are also attached to the
Heet. .
Additional letitilx of the atieUas; at
.anion.
Lonijox, September 14. The SUtndanPs
Hong Kong special gives additional details
of the rioting at Canton on .Monday last.
The riot began at 8 o'clock iu the morning.
As previously stated, the trouble was
caused by a quarrel between some Chinese
and l'ortuguese watchmen on the quav,
During the latter part of the not some of
the merchants armed themselves to de
fend their property. The party consisted
of nine Germans and three Englishmen.
iliev tired Into the mob. Killing nve Chi
nese and wounding many more, me ar
rival of the Chinese troops finally checked
the mob. J here are now two British, one
French and five Clainese gunboats moored
in the river abreast the foreign settlement.
The Chinese iosted placards on the
walls of the city, applauding the action of
tho populace, and calling upon them to
kill Europeans at the next opportunity
winch presents isself. " lhe different con
suls at Canton admit that the situation
is very serious, and the future of the Eu
ropean colony extremely gloomy. There
is almost open war between the native and
foreign elements, and it will be necessary
to havo men-ol-war in the harbor lor
long time to come as a measure of protec
tion. . The houses burned by the mob in
clude ten English, one American, two Ger
man and one French. The consuls for
warded to the viceroy an identical note
holding him answerable for the destruc
tion of projierty, because he failed prompt
ly to send troops when advised of the dis
order. Three Chinamen who were caught
in the act ot plundering property and the
Portuguese who was the immediate cause
of the outbreak are now imprisoned at the
isntisli consulate.
Negotiations Profrresnlna; Favorably,
Paris, September 14. At the Cabinet
council to-day Challemel Lacour stated
that negotiations with tho Chinese Am-
haanndor wcro rrogreHainjr favorably. The
forwarding of reinforcements to Tonuuiu
was indorsed. It was agreed that F'rance
in the negotiations with China should
adopt a conciliatory policy. It is an
nounced that the government lias at
present no intention to convene the ( ham
bor of Deputies before the 22d of October.
Spirit or tho t rench
Paris, September 14. The Soir professes
to give the following as the facts of the
proposals made by Marquis Tseng, Chinese
Ambassador, to Challemel Lacour: That
France shall cease sending reinforcements
to lonquin ; that China will.recognize the
treaty of Hue, but will retain the right of
the investiture of Anam's sovereign : that
a French protectorate shall be under
Chinese control and under the direction
of military mandarins ; that China shall be
reimbursed for all expenses incurred in
tho repression of the lilack Flags.
Tho Republique Francaite, in an article
upon the Tonouin Question, takes the
ground that France cannot accept the pro
posed establishment of a neutral zone, Dut
will be satisfied if Tonciuin is withdrawn
entirely from Chinese jurisdiction. It
says if England can guarantee the agree
ment of China to these points, the whole
trouble will be speedily ended.
MARTIN LUTHER.
arv of
Refortner'a Birth.
Wittenberg, September 14. The ouar-
tre-centenary of Martin Luther's birth was
celebrated yesterday. Splendid weather
prevailed, lhe commemoration was
great success. The doorway of the Augui
tine monastery was flanked by Venetian
masts and colossal busts of Luther and
Melancthon had been placed on the bal
cony of the town hall and on stands.
1 he Kmperors bust, in front of the town,
was decorated. Portraits of Luther, and
mottoes irom his sayings and writings
were uispiayeu in many windows. The
number of visitors is estimated at 60.000.
They came principally from Thuringia,
Saxony and Brandenburg. Delegates from
Hungary, Austria and France also' took
part in the celebration. On arriving at
Wittenberg the Crown Prince Frederick
William, with iTince Albert and Herr
Von Gossler, Minister of Ecclesiastical
Affairs, drove direct to the Stadt kirche,
and attended divine service. Over
1000 clergymen rilled the church.
After the reading of the liturgy,
Superintendent-General Schultz delivered
the sermon, taking his text from St,
Matthew, chapter xxi, verses 42-43. The
royal party then proceeded to the Schloss
kirche, where the Crown Prince placed a
splendid laurel wreath upon Luther's
grave. The party afterward inspected
Uie an hives in the town hall relating to
the reformation, and meanwhile a long
procession marched to Luther's house,
vhere the Crown Prince subsequently, in
the large hall which served formerly as
Luther s lecture-room, declared it LuUier
Hall. In his address the Crown Prince
said: "May this festival serve as holv ex
hortation to uphold the great benefits of
the reformation, and to strengthen our
resolution to be ready always to defend
tho Evangelical creed, liberty of con
science and religious toleration. May
Luther's anniversary help strengthen the
Protestant feeling, preserve the German
Evangelical Church from dissension, and
lay the foundation of everlasting peace.''
Lectures on the life and work of Luther
were delivered iu the afternoon, while the
evening was devoted to banquets and fes
tive gatherings.
FOREIGN MISCELLANY.
Rr porta r Bianaarck'a IllsMa asenleal.
Berlin, September 14. It is denied that
Bismarck has been taken seriously ill, and
his physicians suddenly summoned. -
Xsjthina; liuws Relating to Uie ereelex
Kxaesltuau
Dcsdek, September 14. The captain ol
an Arctic whaling ship, which has just re
turned from a cruise in Davis's straits, re
ports that he made searching inquiries of
the natives along the coast, but learned
nothing relating to the Greeley expedition.
Funeral ar Asltnlrnl Pierre.
Marseilles, September 14. At the fun
eral of Admiral Pierre, Admiral Krantx
pronounced the oration, Paying a high
tribute to the patriotism and ability of the
deceased. The flag of the American con
sulate was at half-mast during .the cere
monies. -
The Birnalng-hnnt Traslra ITntona 1'eat-
BtRMiKOBAXeptember 1 4. -The Trades
Unions Congress adopted the original res
olution of Joseph Arch. It declares that,
considering the large amount of waste
land in the kingdom capable of cultiva
tion, radical changes in the land system
of the country are required, in order that
the land mar be put under productive
cultivation for the benefit of the commu
nity, thereby offering a check to excessive
immigration. An amendment calling upon
the government to declare the lands gov-
ernment property was rejected, and a res
olution adopted favoring paid labor repre
sentatives in farttamenu
Between rrassia mmoj the
a avasewai.
Home. Seotemlier 14. Von Schloezer.
who recently visited Bismarck at Gastein.
has returned to Borne and had an audi
ence with Cardinal Jaoobini, Papal Secre
tary of State. The basis of negotiatiations
between the v atican and .Prussia has
been agreed upon, but4heir exact nature
is not divulged. -
Conareaa of Commerce anal Iawloetry.
Amsterdam, September 14. The Con
gress of Commerce and Industry began
to-day. A resolution was adopted declar
ing that the principal cause ol the depreci
ation in silver results from the decrease of
its coinage in r-urope. a resolution was
dobted expressing tne wisn lor ine adop
tion of a common double stanaara tnrouga-
out Europe and America. ,
Will Lay ltowa Their Arms.
Paris. September 14. There is reason
to believe that Jhe recent accessions to
the Anstro-German alliance will shortly
result in Germany issuing a proposal tor
general congress ot an European pow
ers, with a view to determining upon a
general disarmament. Austria, rpam and
Italy are said to nave aireauy signinea
their willingness to participate in such a
congress.
A POOR MAX'S WEALTH.
A poor man I Yes ; I must confess
No wealth of cold do I possess :
No pastures 6ne, with craiina kine,
Nor fields of waving grain are mine;
No foot of fat or fallow land
Where rightfully niy feet may stand
The while I claim it as my own
By deed and title mine alone. .
Ah, poor indeed) perhaps yon say
But spare me your compassion, pray !
When I can't ride with you, I walk
la nature's company, and talk
With one who will not slight nor slur
' The child forever dear to her
And one who answers back, be sure.
With smile for smile, though I am poor.
And while communing thus I eoont
An inner wealth of large amount '
The wealth of honest purpose blent
With Penury's environment -The
wealth of owing naught ro-dtty
But debts that 1 would gladly pay,
Aud wealth of thanks still unexpressed
With cumulative-interest.
A wealth of patienee and content
For all my ways improvident;
A faith still fondly exercised . -
For all my plans unrealised;
A wealth of promises that still,
Howe'er I fail , 1 hope to fill ;
A wealth of charity for those -Who
pity uie my ragged clothes.
A poor man I Yes. 1 must confess
No wealth of gold do I possess;
No pastures finet with grating kine.
Nor fielda of waving grain are mine
But ah. my friends, I've wealth, no end!
And millionaires might condescend
To bend the knee and envy me
This opulence of poverty 1
j. warrcoua gii.ir.
PERSONALS.
Koiikkt Black, a vonnir man livinsr near
Jbnesboro, Ark., died from the effects of
poison a tew davs ago. As Black was an
important witness iu several ugly criminal
cases, loul play is suspected.
Here is another point in favor of the
Parwinian theory : There is a boy in Nor-
rlstown who soranu troni a monktv."
The monkey belonged to an organ-grinder,
and attempted to bite the boy.
Old pugilists are reported to be discour
aged aoout me state oi Business at pres
ent. There is not as much interest in the
ring as there used to be, good men are
scarce, and matches are interfered with.
A vouso Pole, son of CountMourdosky,
is at Potteville, Pa., seeking work in the
coal mines, lie is accompanied bv a serf.
He was educated at the University of
Warsaw, and, imbibing Nihilistic notions.
lie had to nee Uie country.
Maj. Powell, director of the United
States geological survey, has commenced
investigating the timber supply of the
I nited States. He has begun with lr-
ginia, and the work will be proceeded
with ss last as possible. It is very neces
sary to be done.
Mr. Jons Wakamaker has added one
more to ins many benefactions to the
Young Men's Christian Association, by
giving the 1 hilauelphia Association $ju,
000 to pav oT its floating debt. The en
tire amount of the debt 200,000 was
made up by other subscribers.
Darwin died too soon. Prof. Gherke, of
W illiaiua College, has discovered that the
1 olar bear is the ancestor of the English,
German, Russian and Scandinavian races.
and of the American Indians. It is a pity
the great i-nglish naturalist passed away
under the false impression that he de
scended from a monkey.
Mr. Bookwalter says lie saw nothing
in Africa half so brutal as the bull fights
of Spain. F'or that matter he saw notliing
in Spain half so brutal or degrading as a
prize fight in a New York theater, where
tliouuands of citixeus calling theinMdvsa?
respectable assemble to fjee one slugger,
pound another into a jelly.
Cardinal Mannixg is promoting the
emigration of children from Ireland to
Canada. Places have been found for GOO.
The government there gives a small boun
ty to each one. For many years there was
a continuous emigration of English chil
dren under the superintendence of Miss
Rye, an eccentric but very benevolent
lady.
"I' remember." savs Lord Eldon. "Mr.
Justice Gould trying'a case at York, and
when he had proceeded for about two
hours he observed : 'Here are only eleven
jurymen in tho box ; where is the twelfth ?'
'Please you, my lord,' said one of the
eleven, be has gone awajr about some
business, but he has left his verdict with
us.
George Sha.vki.in, the Washington cor
respondent of the Cincinnati NemhJournat,
has succeeded 11. M. . Doak as editor-in-chief
of that peper. Shanklin was for
merly editor of the Evansville Courier and
is eminently a bgliting journalist. He
will boldly attack Mi-Lean, of thcA'iwtitrfr.
Doak still retains a position on the editorial
stall.
Jim Smith, who was released from the
Tennessee State prison the other day, is a
master mechanic and toolmaker, who can
earn $4 a day. He worked in the machine
' shop 2836 days, and his good behavior cut
two years and eleven months off his term
ot ten years tor robbery on the highway.
Deducting the cost of his minnort. esti
mated at eighteen cents a day, tie earned
iu,(4 4 net tor the state.
Tue acquittal of the outlaw. Frank'
James, is bad enough in and of itself, but
it is worse when considered as part of an
almost unbroken series of similar verdicts
in all parts of the country. The cases of
Dukes in Pennsylvania, Thompson in
Kentucky, the Star-route robbers in Wash
ington, of numerous cold-blooded murder
ers in Chicago, followed by this instance
in Missouri, are sufficient to occasion more
or less alarm.
Krasczewski. the Polish poet, who was
recently arrested in Jjerlin, and alter a few
weeks released, spent his whole time in
imprisonment in his usual manner, writing
nearly all the day, and persistently refused
to leave ins room in the villa where he was
confined. No explanations have been
given of the cause of his arrest, though it
is generally believed that he was suspected
of political offenses, nor was any reasoh as
signed for his sudden and unconditional
release.
In the British Cabinet there are three
regular total abstainers, Sir William Har
court, Sir Charles Dilke and Mr. Chamber
Iain. Sir William Harcourt is a member
of Uie lied Ribbon order. Mr. Gladstone
takes little wine, Russian tea being his fa?
vorite beverage. Mr. Ijibouchere is a
total abstainer, and Mr. Parnell very rarely
touches wine. Lord Derby is the only
member of the Ministry who, like Pitt,
rox, canning and the old heroes, loves
good bottle.
A strange story is told that one Manuel
Lastayo, a Cuban, has been selling the
wealthv and prominent business men of
New York American-made cigars for
which his customers paid double the mar
ket price, under the impression that they
had been smuggled. .All that was needed
was to arrange with the manufacturer to
put the stamps on so loosely that they
could be removed. People who would
not have (looked at the cigars with the
stamp on bought them merely liecaune
they thought they wcro cheating the gov
ernment.
Tub Hon. David P. Holloway died in
Washington, D. C. Monday morning last.
aged .eighty-two years. Mr. Holloway
was born in Ohio, went to Indiana when a
boy. became a journalist, and served in
both branches of the State Legislature for
years, la loou he was elected to congress,
and was made chairman ol the Committee
on Agriculture. In 18bl President lin-
coln appointed him Commissioner of Pat
ents, which office be held for several years.
Since his retirement from official position
he has been employed in Washington as a
Datem attorney.
Herr Lasekk, who was recently inter
viewed by an American Hebrew, says:
"The Jews are foremost among the brat
citizens of Germany. They are not only
making great strides in the intellectual
pursuits, but more and more they are ad
vancing from what may be called the
lower grades of industry and trade to the
higher and more respectable. In the legal
Erofeasion they are entering in vast earn
ers; in fact, they are more than propor
tionately represented at the bar. They
take high rank among their colleagues for
ability and integrity.
Ilas-aJeral' AeM
... as a KJCFRfOKRAVT DRINK lv Fxvaaa.
" Dr. C H. S. Davis, Meriden, Conn., saya:
"I have used it as a pleasant and cooling
drink in fevers, and have been very much
pleased with it,"
.VIRGINIA'S COUPONS
J ad re Bond's Reccat Decision Creates
Widespread Alarm Among the Re
adjust era, and Will Hare
A Tery Decided Effect en the Present
State Caaraw The Force aad Effect
of the Trait essee Decisions.
The New York HeraliTi Richmond cor
respondent telegraphs that paper the fol
lowing, touching Judge Bond's decision in
the Virginia coupon case.
Interview with Willi aa L. KeynU.
The recent decision of Judge Bond, of
the United States Circuit Court, will have
the effect of opening up the entire debt
question in a legal way, and probably also
in a political way, tor the .palpable tact
that it is unsettled will bold the Readjuster
party firmly together. The decision has
created a profound impression here, and
all classes are greatly stirred up about it,
none seeming to be able to tell what the
outcome of it will be. After the decision
which the Supreme Court of the United
States made last winter was announced.
the public here settled down to the belief
that the debt question was settled forever
as a disturbing political element. The
F'under Democrats gave ud the contest.
and in their Lynchburg platform acquiesced
in the settlement made by the Riddleber-
ger bill. They argued that, the debt issue
being buned, there was no longer a
necessity for a Readjuster party, as
its mission had been fulfilled, aiid all
the white Readjusters were cordially
invited to return to the ranks of the
grand old Democratic party." This de
cision will have quite a different effect.
Judge Bond now decides that the collec
tors of taxes cannot levy tor the taxes
after the taxpayers have tendered cou
pons receivable for taxes in uav
ment. It is obvious that if this is the law
the State can collect no more revenue and
that the debt question is as far from settle
ment as it ever was. Yt lslung to get the
exact legal aspect of the question, the
lierala correspondent to-day called upon
upon Mr. Wm. L. Royall, who is the attor
ney for the State's foreign creditors in their
contest with the state.
THE BONnilOLPERs' TllTORY.
He was asked :
"How is it possible to reconcile Judge
Bond's decision with the decision which
the Supreme Court of the United States
made last winter r -
It is not only- possible to reconcile
them, but Judge Bond's decision is the
Supreme Court's decision. As soon as the
Supreme Court made its decision I an
nounced to tne public that tne bondhold
ers had won their fight.
"How was that received 7
"It was received with derision. People
preferred to judge of things by the surface
appearance rather than to make critical
examinations. I knew, however, where
the real contest in the case had occurred
and I knew that the court bad ruled with
me on that point, and I knew that the
point ruled against me was really not
vital point."
l'loase explain the case.
"The State law which was attacked in
the case of Antoni ra. Greenbow, upon
which was based the decision of the Sum-erne
Court last winter, forbade the col
lectors to receive coupons, and in addition
placed burdensome restrictions on the use
of the writ of mandamus. - The case of An
toni r. Greenbow was an application to
force the collectors to receive coupons not
withstanding tho law, according to the
practice governing mandamus before the
law was passed. The court held that this
was only a change of remedy on a con
tract, and that the State might make such
a change. But while holding that Blie
might make this change in the remedy, it
held that in DUttinz out the coupons she
bad made a contract the obligation of
which she could not impair, and that part
of the law which forbade the officers to re
ceive the coupons was void. Now as soon
as I saw this, I saw that I had gained my
case.
THE COt rON AS A LKOAL TENDER.
"How do you mean?"
"The decision amounted to this that
the coupon was a legal tender for the tax
but that I should not compel the State to
take the coupon except upon her ow
terras. In other words, that it is no part of
a taxpayer s uuty to pay nis tax. iiis obli
gation is to offer to pay it, and if the Stato
chooses to do without her revenue she
may do so. Well, if lhe coupon ia a legal
tender for the tax, it follows tlutrthe col
lector of taxes, while ho may refuse to re
ceive it if he chooses, cannot levy upon
"the taxnavcr-'s goods alter the tender, and
that if he attempts it lie will be enjoined
from so doing and held liable as a tres
passer if he do actually levy; or the tax
payer may defend his property with i
double-barreled shotgun. It was obvious
that this view of the matter was just as
effectual for making the coupons valuable
as a state of facts in which the owner of it
could force it into the treasury. If the
State could not levy for her taxes, of course
no one would pay, and she would have to
provide for redeeming all the coupons be
fore she could collect any revenue."
COLLECTORS ENJOINED.
"This being your explanation of the
Supreme Court decision, what course of
proceeding did you next adopt as the at-
i torney lor tne creditors t
' 1 at once nied bills in tue l nued states
Circuit Court to enjoin the collectors from
levying for taxes after a tender of coupons,
and Judge Bond, upon careful considera
tion, held that my view of the Supreme
I Court's decision was correct, and he
awarded the injunctions. He held a fur
ther most material proposition, namely,
tut as the question to be determined was.
whether certain Virginia statutes were
constitutional, the casee arose under the
constitution, and that the United States
Circuit Court had jurisdiction of such
suits though all the parties were citizens
of Virginia."
' THE TENNESSEE CASK.
"Why did you carry Antoni m. Green
how, the test case decided by the Supreme
Court, to that tribunal in the form of an
application for a mandamus ?"
"The trouble connected with tlie subject
has grown out of the decision of the Su
preme Court, in the ca of Tennessee
t s. Sneed, reported in Hi United States Re
ports. In that case the court had sus
tained the constitutionality of a Tennessee
law which was substantially the same as
the Virginia law. The Tennessee law con
tained a provision which forbade the col
lector to receive a coupon (a note in that
case) althongh it was the real, genuine
coupon of the State. Now the court made
no special remark upon this provision of
the law, but it declared the act constitu
tional, and I understood, and every other
lawver with whom I discussed the subject
understood, that it meant to declare tliat
the State might forbid the officers to re
ceive a coupon as part of a scheme for
changing the remedy."
THE ERROR CORRECTED. ' '
"How was it in the Virginia case?"
"In Antoni is. Greenbow the court de
clares that any law which forbids the offi
cer to receive the coupon is void. It now
appears, therefore, that in sustaining the
Tennessee law it did not intend to sustain
that part of the law which forbade the
officer to receive the coupon, but only tliat
part of it which changed the remedy for
lorcing the coupon into the Treasury. It
has therefore stricken out of the case of
Tennessee rs. Sneed what it was supposed
to contain tliat was so damaging to holders
of these securities, and has brought tliat
case into full harmony with all its other de
cisions. It was a matter of no consequence
what form was adopted for attaching that
feature of Tennessee ti. Sneed. So long
as it remained the law it would not be
possible to make the coupons of any prac
tical value. If the court be brought to
altfuufbn it then Uie coupons could be
made valuable. I carried the case of An
toni ra. Greenbow to the Supreme Court
to assail that part of Tennessee ra, Sneed.
It could be done as well on an application
for mandamus as in any other proceeding,
and there were ether reasons lor wishing
to do it in that form which were controll
ing, but which it is not necessary to state
now."
OVERTHROW or THE GOVERNMENT.
"What do you think will be fbe result
of Judge Bond's decision?"
"Unless the Readjusters can reverse it,
it must overthrow their government and
all tliat they have done in respect to the
debt. If what be has declared to Is the
law be really the law, then the collection
of revenue must end in the State, and the
State must make provision for the cou
pons. However, everyone will form bis
own estimate of this, and any opinion that
I might express would simply provoke
controversy. I see my way clearly, and I
propose to press along the end without
the slightest regard to the clatter tliat I
hear on all sides."
If the above views are correct and hold
good, the Readjusters will see the vital
necessity of holding their party intact with
a view to secure further legislation on the
debt. The decision will have a telling ef
fect in the present canvass.
A'Xew Trk Kransrellat sresachlna; t'n
aasaav
New York, September 13. On Sunday
evening last, a number of people assem
bled at the corner of Bleecker and Mul
berry streets to listen to the aervicea of the
Outdoor Mission. Bootblacks, newsboys,
apple-women and male hucksters jostled
women in silks and men in fashionable
attire to get near the truck from which
the scriptures were being expounded. I
Upon this vehicle stood a red-haired
evangelist, whose glasses flashed like dia
monds in the street lamps glare, as he
thrashed around in his frai tic efforts to
convert the crowd of unbelievers. The
preacher was vividly comparing the glo
ries of the celestial city and the horrors of
hades, when cries of "Murder," "Police,"
rut him out. "Kill him." and like ex
clamations resounded through the crowd
and there was a general scattering in all
directions. Hats and parasols were riving
in the air, and for a few moments pande
monium reigned. Above all could Tie
heard the voice of the evantrelist. who
seemed to consider this the one great op
portunity ot ins Hie to turn sinners from
their evil ways. He continued describing
the torments inflicted upon those whe be
come slaves to the devil s temptations, ap
parently totally unconscious of the inde
scribable scene about him. When he had
reached the end of his address, he looked
around him and became aware that of his
congregation, all but a little three-year-
old boy had left. The cause of the com
motion was an attempt on the part of John
Brady, aged twenty years, to steal the
watch of Michael McLaughlin. Brady
was surprised by feeling a heavy hand
laid upon his shoulder,and a policeman told
him he was wanted down the street. It was
Brady who had uttered the screams with
the intention of causing a stampede to aid
his escape. He was taken to the station-
Janise with the entire congregation at his
heels singing We Wont Go Home Till
Morning?'
BAKING POWDER.
Absolutely Pure.
Thif itowdcr nver vane. A marvel of parity
t rental and wholetotnenei. More connmiral
than the nrdinarv kinds, and cannot b sold in
competition with the multitude of low-twt, abort
weight, alum or puothate powders.
8old only in can.
KOYAI. BAKINU P0WWCR CO.. New York
TUTTR PILL.S.
TUTTS
PILLS
TORPID BOWELS,
DISORDERED LIVER,
and MALARIA.
From these souroea arlao Uu-ea foartbs ot
the diseases of tin Imman race. Tbsae
symptoms Indicate Uioiraxutteiioe : Loaa at
.Appetite, itosrcla costive, kick llaaa
tsat, laUnesa after oatina;, avaralon to
aartlan of boar or mind, Kmetatlaa.
ef raadt IrrttalsUHr of temper, Low
aplrtts, A teeliug ot bavins; arglootrd
aom. dntr, IMMaoaa, I'lalUrisi at the
Heart, Dots before the ry. bl.bl r col
ored Urine, aiarriHATI01, and de
mand the uta of a remedy Umt actadlrectlr
entbe Liver. AaaLWor medicine TUTTMS
11 LU1 have no equal. Their action on the
Kidney, and Skin is a 'so prompt; removing
aU Impurities through ttieae three eeav
easrere of the eyateaa. Drodoelns? apue-
ttte, sound digestion, refrular stools, a clear
akin aud a vigorous body. Tl'TTS HII.1JI
canae no nausea or g-rlpins; nor Interfere
irltb dally work and are Atperfeot
ANTIDOTE TO MALARIA.
- HB FEEU LIHK A NEW MAR.'
I bar had Dyspepaia, with Constipa
tion, two years, and have tried ten different
kinds of pills, and TlT1- are tne fu-M
that bare don ma any good. They have
cleaned me oat nioely. My appetlta is
splendid, food dlg-eeta readily, and 1 now
have natural pasaajrea. I feci like a new
man. W. D. OWARDS, Palmyra, a
Boldcssi f lnr,5e. Qce.44MBTTayBt..y.T.
TUTTS HAIR DYE.
Gray EUib oa Whisxkxs changed in
" atantly to a Uiobit Black by a single ap.
plication of Uila Dra. Sold by Drntprlsta,
ot aent by express on reoelpt of 9 1,
Offioe, 44 Murray Street, Mew York,
TTTlTI MMBAl Of USEFUL tCflPT TUff.
HOP BITTEltS.
Xrfss and Gain.
CHAPTER I.
"I was taken sick a year ago
with bilious fever."
"My doctor pronounced me cured, but
pot sick apnin, witlijorrible pains in my
back and sides,- and I gut so bad I
Could not move !
I shrunk
From 228 pounds to 120! I had been
doctoring for my liver, but it did me no
irood. I did not expect to live more than
three months. I begun to live. Hop Hitters.
Directly my appetite returned, my )utins
left me, my entire system seemeid renewed
as if by magic, and after lining several bot
tles I am not only as sound ax a sovereign,
but weigh more than 1 did before. To Hop
Bittern I owe my life.
Dublin, June ti, '81. B. fitxpatrice.
CIIAPTKR II.
"Maiden, Mass., Frb. 1, 1KHU. Gentlemen
1 suffered with attacks of sick headache."
Neuralgia, female trouble, for years in
the most terrible and excruciating manner.
No medicine or doctor could give me re
lief or cure until I used Hop Bitters.
"The first bottle
Nearly cured me."
The second made me as well and strong
as when a child.
"And I have been so to this day."
"My husband was an invalid for twenty
years with a serious
"Kidney, liver and urinary complaint,
"Pronounced by Ikwton s Inwt physi
cians "Incurable!"
"Seven bottles of your Bitters cured him !
and I know of the
"Lives of eight persons
"In my neightiorhood that have been
saved by your Bitters,
"And many' more are using them with
great benefit.
"They almost
"Do miracles." Jrs. E. D. Stark.
How to Grr Sick. Expose yourself day
and night; eat too much without exercise;
work too hard without rest; doctor all the
time ; take all the vile nostrums advertised.
and then you will wont to know how to get
veil, which is answered in three words
Take Hop Hitters!
HUSrS REMEDY.
THE BEST
KIDNEY and LIVER MEDICINE
NEVER KNOWN TO VAIL.
CVKEa sOl JMaaaaes ot the KMasia.
Uvar, Bladder, aad fjrlaary Orgaaa
Xsropay, Gravel, Diabetes, Bright'
Dlaeaae, Pains la the Back.
Lolas, or Side I Beteatloa or
XoawReteatioa mt I'rfase,
Kam luaa PI is a ass, Feaaala
Weaha.ssts. Baoesses, sTan.
dice. Billoueoeee, Headache, leu
HUNT'S REMEDY
CORES WEES ALL OTHER MEDICINES
FAIL, a It acta directly aad at aMa oa the
Kldaeja, Urar, unA BoweU, restoring tbesa
soaaealter aeUea. BCSTS REMEDY Is a
gale, saie, aad speedy eara,aad hundreds hare
feses eared by it wbaa phraieiaiia aad friends
aadgrrea themaptodla. Do aot delay, try at
osjoa HOTS REMEDY.
Bead Jor Paajphlet ts
HUJrrS REMEDY OOW
lialiH .B.1.
Hn.a. n eearta aad B1M. IsVSaa
the saeapast. Aak year emggiat fog BOItTV
atnotDT. Take ao
TANNERY.
CHELSEA TANNERY
. BriUHALTEB at MI,
TANXERS AND CURRIERS.
Highest case paid lot Hides.
11101
mmmt
TMVKIi: NEW XifiOll IJLOOD,
Aad will ceaplrtelj ehaec the blood In the eottiw arHem lr Utra saaatba. A if
sea vrba IU take I PHI each alght from 1 to IS aaarka, may ba restored to mmm
. health. If aach a thing he poaaibla. For ..i-rlns; rHnae Com pi Pills hare as
equal. PhyelHana Baa these Iu their oraeu
alght lelter-ataanaa. Send for circular. I.
OH N SON'S ANODYNE
K;,rm
Vu uid Lz Sack. loU vmry wacM. Hwd tor aampM
in Kttrii-ii VrtcnnarT Aarseoa -trtdt'hetnlmt.
an Iranlih Isi il.in: MuntTT. MY a Olftt antMTl
mt the Uars art tattle Ptwer her
M nr.wel.latnn Iraah. I La Ml that ShTMaa S
IfrjrovraUiAbi. Kofhirw on ana wlU taato Item
nu to 1 sua two. Sou a'n m tout kj smi j s
A. HEXKKHT V t'Q.. Tlnipliim
FRANK OXAXXK,
Late Oxanns A May,
riar.iiaT9ixrF4i n
mm Htwfl
' O.M. IsKNlNOX,
Lata with Orgill Bros. A Co.
OZANNE, DENISON & CO.
MASVPAtTl REstH OF T1SWAKK AKD DEALKIM IX
STOVES, LAMPS, OILS, REFRIGERATORS, WATER-COOLERS
ICE-BOX M, rt'TLEKT, ETC Hoofing, 0 uttering and Job Work Don to Orilar.
NO. 257 1-2 MAIN STREET.
Estes, Doan & Co.
Wholesale Grocers
No. 13 Union Ntroct, ?f empliln. Tcnn.
ALX COTTOX IXSI HF.1.
FEE
ll'l COTTOMIN!
Xos. 75-77-79-81-S3-85 Vance ntrecl.
N. W. SPEERS, Jr., PROPRIETOR.
The LARGEST and ONLY COMPLETE GIN In the city.
The best Sample and Yield Guaranteed.
P.McCABDEKT & CO.
Grocers i Cotton Factors,
No. 414 Main Street,
mrP
HoCADDEN will gira his personal attention to all Cotton consigned tp the 6rtn, and la
prepared to make lilierai advances en saine."a
1S65.
W. II. )IKOn, PHtaburg-, I'ru X. III. JO.M'.N, Meiiipliin, Toiui.
BROWI & JONES,
2S2 MAIN STREET, MEMPHIS, TEXX.,
U'holoHUle and Hot nil leler In
PITTSBURG AND SHOTWELL
MEMPHIS, TEXX., TEItKEXE, MISS., HELENA, ARK..
ARKANSAS CITY., ARK., NEW ORLEANSVJL
N.R. Our Memphis) IHparl uient Fill C'ilynntl Count rYOrtlrrn for
Pit iMbiinc, Kentucky, C'Miiiifl and Anllirneltc Coal mii1 (.um Coke.
M. (savin.
Joka N. Muuivau.
Wliolennlc Grocer, Cotton lnHor
And Commission Merchants,
232 and 234 Front St., Memphis, Tenr,
BETWF.EX AHAMft AND JErFF.RMOX.
Mr. L. N. RAINEY derotes his whole time to the Weishinr and Rale or all Cotton Intrusted to ea
chsrrs. IVttnn Wwrshon... Wwhinirton slrrot.
jso. ft. toor.
E. I MrUOVlM.
Busby.Toof & RMovan
Wholesale Grocers & Cotton Factors,
No. 274 FRONT STREET MEMPHIS, TENN.
W. VJ. PATTUMIM, I .II.B Maleaman.-IIamlling of l!otlon a Kperiully. Liberal
Cash Adraores Made on t'on.iirnm.nls.
1 - m w R. . mmSm3
I. it. cioinvi.v.
J. R. GODWIN & CO.
3ttO
And Commission Merchants, . .
3Q Front St.. Cor. Union. Mfmplilw. TVim.
BEAN & CARROLL
Wholesale & Retail Paints & Painters Supplies,
Window Shades, Window
1 MAIN NTKKirr, t
mo.
T. J. 'GRAHAM,
Sewer Pipe, Fire Brick, Tiles,
CLAY, CEJIEXT, . MME, PLANTKR,
BlILDIXG MATEKAL, YASES AXD DKIIX TILE.
43 ami 45 Mouth Court Street. emnlilw. Tfiin.
Chickasaw Iron Works
MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE.
JOITO F RAXDLE CO rilOPItlETOUM.
OEXElt AIa FOVNDEUN and MAC II I NINTH
Maaaraeteirer. aasl Deal era la Km aria, aad Ballerm. Hew aael Meeeasl-a-aael A re 111.
tccteiras, sTsuraa aasl.llaaialaa! Matrataery Mpertalttea. Wa carry la. Laraeel
Mack af Eaclara aaxl Saiiara ( fee tumm 1st the Maeufcweat,
ea a.rns, fetr Hn.oent fwrlws llifalsr.-as
PRATT GIN .COMPANY,
98 to 104 POPLAR STREET, MEMPHIS,
Have BMW la Hsaek All Hlaea mt (hair
Celebrated Revolving Head Cotton Gins
SELF-FEEDERS AXD COXDEXNEItN,
T. l.i.k ik.. il .. r pi.B.ra una
ID Ml. I r.u nia. I. Ul. IB.ir'. II. m "omr... v.
eirealare, or eall aad see the Ilia before barief.
In tke PraU Uia, is the arealest iiapravem.nt ever
nersna prinni'tly. npwnnr wif-nri.
T. B. DILLABD.
DILLARD, AltmSTEAD & LUHDEE,
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants,
16 and 18 Union tret, Memphis, Tenn.
arUaatal Aa.aass. tm aalrsal
Sold eeerrvaea at by
K lOUNSOX txv ..)j;ON,
all .or
MASS.
CROUP. ASIHMA, .ttisOftCKITIS.
JOHNSON'S NOI)Vl y.MKNTwmfi-taft-
tantMKialv ri-T WMat terriM ut mj iu .iu-Mf
I ruca bine cmb mt ten. uliruAtkii thtu U
L many M-s a aiatl- -lar a -ni
i inwrttk la aaatar cure.
LINIMENT ' I-KttS
w I- Jwoa Co., Hmn.., M.a.
MAKE HEMS LAY
lavlike AttanataVl CVMdiiVfin IHiwtfar. Tvte. 1 taatra-
ieti ii t. a jo4ui a u, uosros
enrl WIioIomwIs Agr'ntti.
GEO. a. fox.
Late with Orgill Bros. A Co.
MEMPHIS. TENNESSEE.
and Cotton Factors,
N tCKN FI'llAlKIIKI.
- -
71eniilil., Teuii.
1883
The. Clark.
M. J. t'lark.
BEM. I. Bl'MBY.
I I. MI I.MXN.
Glass, Looking Glasses, Etc.
t t lrl KM I'll IS. TI.XWNNKE.
Pnhlls Olnn.rs. The KcTomnr Head, enlr roi
enlr foe a 4
adIM le lot utu. uin. sns lot price list aaa
ist
Thar are prepared to repair Urns ia Uie best I
H. 1. UN DEB.
a-arise, aaa mm a

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