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THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-FEIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1883.
THE APPEAL FOR 1SS4. The Appeal, having for fortyihree yean been recogn2td as the exponent of South ern thought, Soutliern politic and Southern industry, and shared the vicissitudes of til SotUhern people, it is now participating in their prosperity. Its increase in circulation and business has been steady and unbroken. Jl hat many more readers now than ever be fore in its long history, and it will be the aim of the management to deserve a continuation of this patronage by the publication of a broad, full, complete, enterprising journal, commensu rate with tfie growth of tlie city, Vie prosperity of Die Smith, and that shall rant -wUh tlie large" and influential papers of other great cities. It has and will hare correspondents at all tlie important points contributory to Memphis; and it will use, as it u now doing, the tele graph freely for its own special reports of all interesting events. The year 1884 promises to . be one of tlie most important in this crowded and eventful century. It w'U witness a Presi dential election of unusual interest, and in this grettt contest the. Appeal will be where it has altcays been the friend and advocate of tit Democratic party. The Appeal for 1884 will present to its readers-daily a faithful and fall record of current erents. Pally, one year $10 09 lltiily, six month ft 00 lailv, three months 2 fi Weekly, one year . 1 (10 Weekly, ii inunths 00 Address UALLAWAY A KEATIN'H, Memphis, Tenn. GEORGIA STATE RAILROAD COXXI8 SJIO.V. Few documents reach the newspaper editor that are of greater, present interest to a largo portion of tlie American people than the annual reports of the Georgia llaiIroal Commission. That body is en dowed with great powers, and the Coni mifwiouerg have used those powers without car or favor when called upon to do so. There is much' discussion just now as to whether railroad commissioners should be mere advisory bodies, or should be invest ed with executive authority, and as to whether it is desirable that Congress should pass the Keagan or some other bill for the regulation of interstate railroad traffic. At such a time the workings of the tieorgia eommission system becomes of importance, as aiding to solve the question whether it is better to leave the loads and the public to settle disputes arising between them as well as they can, aided by such existing provisions f the law as are applicable to them, or whether a body of commission ers should be provided whose action shall bo unincumbered with heavy legal ex penses and unvexed by legal delays. AVe have just received a copy of the combined seventh and eighth'senii-annual reports of the Georgia railroad commissioners, Messrs. J. M. Smith, Campbell Wallace and I,. N. Trammel. The most important matter mentioned in the report is th de cision of the Supreme Court of Georgia as to the powers of the commissioners, which the Georgia lSailroad and Banking Company questioned and referred to tha court. The decision was in favor of the vommissiou. The plaintiff acquiesced in the decision and has. conformed to the rules and regulations of the commission on tho points in dispute, and is now applying the same to the business of their road. The plaintiff objected that the act creating the commission is unconstitu tional and void. It was also claimed that the charter of the company is a" contrac with the Mate, and gives a power to t'hargo any rate for freight or passage up to tho limit mentioned in the charter. The court decided that the Legislature has authority to regulate rates and to prevent injnst discriminations; the act creating tlie commission was passed for those pur poses. Tho constitution gives the Lpghiia tare power to regulate rates and to pass hws in pursuance of that duty; the object H to preserve the citizen against unjust nitcs and discriiiunHtions. The laws ftssed must have executive offices, and the Legislature can confer the necessary lowers. The law cannot prescribe an in vij iable schedule of rates, for what would b&just atone place and time would be unjust at another. The act creating the Georgia commission is neither nnconstitu tiijuul nor void. Tlie charter of the road Jiirs n limit beyond which the road Hhall iit charge, (.'barters urantinir exclusive privileges must be strictly construed, and wh it is not expressly given or necessarily implied, is withheld."" Chief-Justice llla It Kailioad company, page 2" of .St. Lot Is Rep. decides that a corporation run io what is authorized by its charter, beyond that all its ai ts are illegal, nothing can lie proved or disproved by inferential reasoning. If certain privileges are claim ed, tlie words of tho Legislature confer ring tliem must be shown, for a doubtful charter, dues not exist. Fertilizer Com pany i4j Hyde l'ark, t7 United States, G5SI, nays every reasonable doubt is to be taken adversely, the affirmative must be shown," for sileitee is' negative and doubt is fatal to the claim. In the present case the Stato agrees that the company may build a road and have exclusive use of it as long as it complies with the conditions of its charter. Tho c'tato did Mot guarantee tlm company tho exclusive right to chargo tho full amount of the rates, but that it should not exceed them. The Stato has power to regulate rates unless that right is not al ready parted with in granting charters, a id such a parting with must amount to mi absolute, contract ; such an agreement cannot bo implied. No Buch contract in words is found in the charter in tho present cuae,iivi ng to tho company absolute right to regulate its rates, or to guarantee the right up to the maximum, mentioned. The State stipulated on certain terms not to iatefcro with the company's exclusive right of transiKirtation. This was all. It nowhere stipulates not to interfere with its rates. It is claimed that the proviso makes a contract, but to do that "it would bo necessary to insert words therein which nre not used, and to make a covenant in which no words of covenant appear." Tho construction the plaintiff contends for is unauthorized and violative of the rules as to what constitutes the usual of fice of a proviso. In conclusion, tbecourt holds the act of tho Legislature to bo con Htutional, and the order of tho commis sion valid and binding, hut their powers are not unlimited or beyond the proper control of the .State authorities. If the complainant had Bhowed a violation of the chartered rights of the company, it would have Wen the duty of the court to re strain and enjoin the commissioners. This decision, and the grounds of it, deserve attention in this State, as, during the last session of the Legislature, much mistaken opinion as to railroad law, and Stte char ters Iwing contracts letween two equal parties, was expressed and received, and further action grounded upon more correct views may yet have to be adopted by the State of 'lVnnoswo. THE FAHIU AMTIIE 0IXn BAT. Nature's law is movement; to remain stationary, or to move in a retrograde di rection, is to oppose a law which is as im perative in the case of human society as in that of a tree. It is because the American jH'ople are continually in advancing move ment that they are, as a nation, prosperous and successful. There are writers who at tribute our success to tho rich and exten sive natural resources at our command. They err. It is not to the iKissession, but to the use mado r f its resources, that the United States owes the elevated posi tion it has attained among the na tions of the earth. The South .Ameri can republics have lands and mines and a rich and valuable vegetation, but they have not advanced as this coun try has. It is not 'circumstances, nor tho mere possession of great nat ural resources, that makes a people great. Grcatuess can spring only from the people themselves. If the people have the spirit of movement and tlie impulse of progress they will prosper, oven when nature has ben bountiful, of which ""we may take Scot Hind as an instance. Bu t all parts of the moving, advancing United states, do not move at tho tame rate. There exists among us a retarding influ ence which disposes to apathy, listless in difference, and even to absolute struggle against the world's current, a craving to turn back the sands of time and to re integrate the past which nature has snatched from lis forever. This unfortun ate condition has well understood evil symptoms and damaging consequences, and is known among us as "Bourbonisin," the social dry rot that is indicated by the inability that "learns nothing and forgets nothing. From complaints made in Balti more papers from time to time, and from the regreti expressed by the more resolute and stirring of her merchants, we are sorry to see that the leautiful city of Baltimore is suffering and sinking from this destroyer of, public prosperity, this canker that dims the beauty of the flower and stunts the proportions of the fruit. A resident Balti morean, who has an eye to see the failings and a heart to mourn over the ina nition of the city he loves, has made a newspaper correspondent the confident of his observations and reflections. He says that the influences that existed before the war, and the evil policy that was pursued before it broke out, are yet crashing the city. In the early days of revolutionary history there was life and energy ,but the life is sinking and the energy wasted, so that Baltimore is not keeping steps with the advancing times, bnt is, relatively, falling back and degenerating. The discouraged citizen said that Boston, with its reckless push, is taking away Baltimore's once flour ishing leather trade, and the once busy marts of the sugar and coffee commerce are dwindling, and the coal trade it fading away. The hotels have not kept pace with modern improvements, and where some effort has "been made in that direction public appreciation has not sufficed to make them pay. The city is sinking into helplessness. Fresh blood Is warded ; the pressure of strangers from without, "the rush, the hum, the shock of men" who have vigor in their veins and impulse in their souls. But there are too many in Baltimore who detest and shrink from such an infusion of stimulating oxygen. They are people of soaring and Old World ideas the aristocratic. Their heavy dig nity, their solemn loftiness, their worship of old times, old memories, old ob servances and old families and family traditions, all retreat with horror from the noisy, question-asking, hurrying, eternal business-doing men of the day. The man ners of such are esteemed shocking, their dash and decision and knowing business ways are vulgar and incompatible With that placid, formal, undertone speaking, leisurely, measured, and condescending way of doing things which is the gift of good society and aristocratic habits. Daily they hug ideas f'lch as these to their bosoms, ideas at war with that true self- appreciation which leads a man to con sider the due use of the powers nature has given him more noble than the studied mechanism of a false cultivation, and gen erous consideration for the feelings and welfare of others as a more worthy dis play of high qualities than the acquired elegance and egotistic assumption which selfishly demands perpetual sacrifices to personal vanity from all around. The one is satisfied with the stamp upon the sur face, the other desires to be the gold that gives value, having which "a man's a man for a' that." That Baltimore has citizens who are too truly ladies and gentlemen to allow their beautiful city to be sacrificed to empty sbow and vain appearance, is Certain. , The darkest hour is that before the day, and when the Bourbon influence shows strongest, then the chftrm of what is old that is valued merely because it is old, will Vanish before the modern spirit that while esteeming the old when it is good, welcomes the new when the Hew is improvement and advance. A HERO'S LIFE EXDED. Patrick Conway, tlie ait. Lent ftrenian, Fatally Hart hj n Fail of rive Ntorlra. St. txtt lB. December IS. The Occi dental Hotel was burned here this after noon. It was a brick structure, five sto ries in bight, and located at the corner of Fourth street and Chriutv svenne. It covered a quarter of the block. Whan the Fire Department reached the scene half a dozen women had their heads poked out Kit me wjiiuvns hiiu were screaming ior help. The firemen brttught their Pom pier ladders into play and rescued all. iv one rainca vxnvav, one oi me iwr.- filer corps, was on tlie very top of the mildina. tvina A rttbe to a chimney, he lost his footing and fell to the ground. When picked up he was insensible. There are no nones for his recovery, the shock alone being enough to cause dealh. .Con way was one of the Southern Hotel he roes. It was be that elimlied to tlie tr.n of a high ladder and then, by reaching with a hook, swung himself into the servants' quarters. lie had a rope around his waist ajl the time, and he had no sooner reached this point than the women, frightened at tho raging of the fire and the cracking of the timber. caught hold of him and lagged him to save their lives. Those below at the time wondered where Conway was, but they Wpro soon onliA"tened hy a woman, arrlund whom he had tied the rope and then lowered her to the ground. Other women were treated in the same wav. until the !:tst of the servant girls was rescued. Then Conway descended, and his appee.ralli'.e below told who had been doing the good work above. For this noble work he re ceived one of the medals which went to one of the Southern Hotel heroes, and he has held a high place in the hearts of St. lxiuisiana until to-day, when his life work seems at an end. A IM KAMTICAL WONDER. Thlrty.ElKht Nnakea Islncovorod In the Ntomach of a Wlrrirau rW-A Mintage Ph-nanlf non. Dublin (Via.) Gazette; Certainly the most remarkable snake story that we have ever heard comes from old Pinetuckv district in this county. It is no storv) lilt it is vouched for by some Of Iho best men in the comty who saw the wonderful mon strosity. Mrs. Bryant A. Gay ordered a beef killed and pointed out one which was small to its age, thinking that it would never be of any size. The cow was four years old and its remarkably small size had frequently been the subject of com ment. After the beef was killed and the disemboweling process gone through, Mr. Cass Abbott noticed that in one of the larger intestines something was seen to move and keep up a constant motion; curiosity led him to cut it open, and as this was done a very large snake, the coachwhip, ran on the ground some dis tance, but was killed. By this miraculous revelation Mr. Hover Gay and Capt. Ab liott were almost confounded, but uro- ceeded with the process of butchering; imi wnen trie wmipipe was opened and the sack covering the "lights or lungs, they were doubly confounded to discover tbirty-seven smaller snakes of the same Secies. Each one of these was holding on to the lungs, and thus, we presume. securing life. After dressing the beef it oniy weighed eignty r ounds. The story iway seem improbable, but not more so than Jonah and the whale. It may have been a parasitical fungus, but the gentle men who saw it a Hi r in that the parasites, if such you may term them, were snakes, and the old -fashioned coachwhip, a variety in which the wirograss country aWinds. AKTIIOXY DRIVER, COLORED. A Very Bad Character Whs Oafht Xot to tlo at I .art?. From an Appeal Correspondent. Dksoto Coi-ntv, Miss., December 15. Having noticed several items in your paper in regard to one Anthony Driver, colored, of this county, who was lately acquitted in your court on a charge of an assault upon an otliccr, I must say that the citizens of this neighborhood were verv much sur prised Uiat he was not severely punished. Three or four years ago 1 invf drew a pistol on a deputy-sheriff of this county, cursed and abused him fearfully, was in dicted for the offense, fined and im prisoned six months in the jail at Her nando. His next appearance before the courts was on a peace warrant Bworn out bv his own son, whom he shot verv dan gerously in the back and"Jloulder with a shotgun. These are faewwhieh show the character of this desperate negro, who. no doubt, would have killed the policeman if lie could nave done so. citizen. It. ten Money Found In a Fnslle. CmcAoo, Decemlier 15. Alfred Digby Howard is the junior member of the firm of Kirchoffer A Brandon, solicitors, of Winnipeg, Man., and until about a week ago bore an unblemished reputation. He formerly resided at Millbrook, Canada, w here he is w ell connected. One day last week his firm received $15,000 cash .Voin Smith A Corry, of Fort If ope, Canada, with which to make payments on some Manitoba kinds. Howard abstracted this money from the safe, it is alleged, and ab sconded. Jeputy-Sheritr Charles T. Lin tock, of Denver, "was notified to look out for him, and a telegram sent bv the officer to Mr. Pinkerton states that ltowardwas arrested at the Windsor Hotel, where he was registered under the alias oi Stuart. On searching Mrs. Howard's rooms almost the entire amonnt of the stolen money was fonnd carefully hidden in her bnstle. Mr. Kirchoffer arrived here from Winni peg yesterday, and left on the noon train for Denver. Howard cannot be extradited for the crime, bnt can be. kept in jail under the absconding debtor law. Harrtaa af Frank Walworth. Trot, N. Y., December 20. Frank H. Walworth, formerly of Saratoga, and Cor inne B. Bramlette, of Louisville, were mar ried this aiternoon at Mechaniesville, The groom is a grandson of Chancellor Wal worth ; the bride the daughter of Ex-Gov. Bramlette, of Kentucky. Walworth is tlie voung man who killed his father in a New York hotel, seven years ago, for mistreat ing and deserting his mother. Tho Maori on n Bare. IiAwrkscfj Ks., December 20. Herbert Slade, the Maori, was arrested, to-dy by the sheriff and chief of police and' put behind the bars until Ibis evening, when he was released. John L. Sullivan going on bis bond to keep the peace. Slade was annaing neavny all day, anu on couuuet became unruly. "Tm happy to say Ir. Benson's Skin Cure haseured my eczema of the scalp of four years Mantling. jonn A Andrews, Ataorney at 1-aw, Ashton, 111. One 1q liar at druggists. Indorsed by physicians. WHAT WILL SABA DO Damala's Sudden Leap Into Popularity la "Le Maltre it Forres" Ills Interpretation of "Philip Derblaj" the Talk or All Park Decidedly the Dramatic Sueoess of the Season. Spanish Hail Steamer Burned France and China Agrarian Murder in Ire land Frit at Rome. TltE GLASGOW DYNAMITERS. The Case) CI en for the Oorernment by ths Lord Advocate. Edinburgh, December 20. In the prose cution of AIcDermott and other Glasgow dynamiters, the lord advocate closing for the Crown, traced the connection of their business with he purchase of acids, the use and manufacture of explosives, and urged that the evidence proved that the prisoners conspired to bring about explo sions as charged. Counsel for the defense then addressed the jury. AGRABIAJi MURDER. Brutal Assassination of m Farmer In Ireland. Dublin, December 20. John Maylan, a farmer recently returned from America, wasshot dead at Clonbern, near Gal way. It was an agrarian crime. Maylan had just taken possession of a vacant farm. The assassin confronted him With a gun and shot him in tlie chest. Maylan fell. The assassin again aimed at him. Maylan's wife threw herself upon htr husband, but the assassin dragged her off, threatening to kill her also, lie then fired at the wounded man lying upon the ground, kill ing him. There is no clew to tlie mur derer. Kerrigan's testimony in the Iluddy family lhurder case in 1H82 convicted three men who were hanged ; also the in former Jgvce murder trial, which also re sulted in the hanging of three men. For a long time he was protected bjr the govern ment, owing to threats against his life. Among, the e&pedtents for his protection Was an iron but, impervious to rifle-shots, In which he lived. KING HUMBERT And the Crown Prlnre Entertained by tbe tiernian Atnbaawador. Rome, December 20. The Crown Prince, King and Queen, the Duke de Aosta and Prince Paul, of Baden, were entertained at breakfast by the German Ambassador. Depretis was absent in consequence of an engagement at the Chamber of Deputies. 3Vrman Pi-eas Comments. MkBUN, December 20. The National Gazette states that at the meeting of tlte Crown Prince and Pope there was no allu sion to the Culturkampf, although it is un derstood that the Pope expected something of the intentions ot Prussia toward the Church. . . The Rome correspondent 61 the TjiTAIi states that the Crown Printe, at the recep tion of the Cferiiian residents, stated that he trusted his visit to the Pope would have beneficial results every Way. JRASCE AD CMS A. The Ontponts af HontaV Casirird Ky the rreneh After a i6lbm Unlit. HMirt Kbito, December 20. The French captured the principal outposts of Sontay, embracing five strongly fortified villages. The enemy made a stubborn, walice. The French lirs ftl& 0o men and fifteen c.cSis killed and wounded. Admiral Courbet, commanding, had 7000 men ; 4000 were engaged in action and the remainder a reserve. The Chinese still hold tbe for tress at Sontay ; ITew Basil lor a Settlement Proposed by thins. Paris, December 20. It Is rindrstood that, the Marquis Xeri rirbioses to France the,Xbirv.'in2 Iresh basis for a settlement of the Tonquin question: The delta of the Red river, with the city of Sontay, to be long to France, the delta of the iSoig Can river and Bac N jnlj to be'on$ to China, the Northern fvi Western provinces of Ton Hulft lo be neutral, and China to renounce her suzerainty over the kingdom of A nam. steameiTburxed. A Kpanih Mail Slramcr Destroyed by Fire The PaMaensrera and f i-c w Rmu cued. Londo, December 2d. A portion of the crew of the Spanish mail steamer Santo Augustine, from Monita for Liverpool, ar rived at Dartmouth, and report that the steamer took fire Sunday last in tlie Bav of Biscay; Highty-two of the crew anil passengers ,took to the boats. The first boat ictchea an Englink bri, the eooond returned to the burning vessel, and the third has not been leafd from. The fourth, whinh Contained fourteen persons, landed at Dartmouth. When these left the burning steamer there were thirty people on board. It is thought they were rescued, as a steamer was seen bearing down toward the burning. vesrpI. Later. A Orunna (Spain) dispatch says that a brig landed here with a portion of the crew of the steamer Santo Augustine. This is probably the brig Which picked up the people in the first boat. "LE MAITRE DE FORGES." St. Dsnsls's Ureat Nneeess la a Really ttood Play What H ill Kara (njT Paris special to the New Vofk Herald : IjC Mailre rfp forget, in feur acts and live tableaux, by (jeorge Ohnet, was produced for the first time last night at the Gymnase. It is decidL-dly the piece of the season, full of dramatic interest admirably sus tained. Jacques Damala. but yesterday celebrated only RS the husband of Sara Bernhardt, last night gained at one leap a reputation as one of the best netors in Paris. He evidenced the true feu sacre in the scene of the wedding night and at the end of the first act, when parting from his wife to fight a duel with the "Due de Bligny." It was a most Btirring piece of acting. Both these scenes were as near perfection as possible and were greeted with the heartiest rounds of applause. The female portion of the audience es pecially went into raptures at Damala's interpretation of "Philip Derblay." Of Damala, the Ga'tlois of this morning says: "Depuis Mario, oui, depuis ce fameux Mano, enterre naguere a Rome, on n'avait aoint vu apparaitre sur la scene fits de lamille aussi accompli que Damala. lie was admirably supported by Jane Hading, whose beautiful face, full of expression, won all hearts. 51. Koning, who, perhaps, is the most intelligent and wide-awake director in ' Paris, scored a merited success. He was the very first to appreciate Ohnet at his true value. While Ohnet was hard at work transforming his sovel into a drama he retired to a cbarnting little country house near Rouen. M. Honing kept send ing him telegrams suchas, "Ou en etes vous? Cela avance-t-il?" Instead of answering allthese questions, Ohnet, who is a passional chasseur, used to send Koning three or for hares, which meant, "1 am getting alig all right." Ohnet used to send Koninga rabbit when ho came to a difficult pointlor when the filav was progressing slowlyl Rather un uckily, last night th'e role olthe "Due de Bligny" was confided to aWoung actor hardly adequate to the task, t "Maitre de Forges" has Averal very clever hits and bon-mots, but Yither parts were written in a plain, unpretentious style and were rather feeble. n adapta tion of "Maitre de Forges" his already been played at the Globe Theater ,Jxmdori, under the title of Lady Clare; bit if put on the stage in America in the sAne ver sion as given last night at the Gyiuiase it would undoubtedly enioy as greatAa suc cess as Serge Fanine, by the same itthor, which had a success in all countries t here it was translated. imnet is a lesson to voungauuiors lever to be discouraged. The first essa of ifiinei Marine, at me uymnase, anuvcfy- va oarpi, at ine j neater aes ii were complete ftascos. ins hrst n ierge j aiimf, was rejected ty laimspn Levy, a well-known publisher, and when finally published by Ollendon attracted little notice till Koning, ing its dramatic merits, persuaded Oh to adapt it to tlie stage. The success whicl crowned it made the young author fa mous. Ohnet certainly realized the French maxim, "Que e'est en fotgeant qu'on derient mairre de forges." One great merit of the new play is that it is essentially respectable in the charac ters, motive and language, and mothers will not hesitate to take their daughters to see it, for their tears will not be shed at the expense of their modesty. The toilets particularly those of Jane Hading are supurb and in excellent taste, and can be copied by ladies of the granite monde with out altering a phs or a ruffle. Miss Had ing' bridal dress of white satin, covered with tulle brode, all embroidered in heavy relief, with rich bouquets -and clusters of orange blossoms, was most rapturously ad mired. . ' ' CABLEGRAMS. ... Liverpool, December5 20. Tbe steamer Mountoburr, from Galveston, has bees a Are; cargo damaged. Londox, December 20. The """short time" system of the maaniactarerg of Xortheat Lancashire has begun. Canpia, December 20. The recent mur den of Turks ia Christian villages in Crete eaaae for excitement. Inquiry is ordered. Pakis, Decemlier 20. Reinforcements of &M) troops go to Tonquin ia the next fortnight. Tlie government has ao information of Sontay be ing occupied. London, December 20. Wolff and Bondurand, charged with having explosives for unlawful parpuses, were committed for trial, bail being refused. Loxdox, December 20. The British rerimenta in Kgypt will be filled to a strength rf liu men each. Several regiments bat hesH ordered to Kgypt. - . . Loxdosi, Decemlier 20. Tbe police de clare without foundation the rumors of a plot againn lUbtone aad for the destruction of public baUdliurs. Precautions were taken ia eonsriuence of vagme threats. Rom ic, Deoeniber 30. During the sitting of the ehenber" of Peputios tn-day two meu raaseit great iunfuioa by shouting " Vint Ooer danll and throwine copies of liWdank's will 111 Is) the bsoy of the Chamber. The mea were ar- i re ted. Oberdank was the man who was ban red at Trieste for enraging in a slot to UMarinata tbo Emperor of Anatria. Dcbux, December 20. Dunn, In -whose house here a quantity of arma and ammunition were fonnd, haa been discharged, the evidence proving him to be a loyalist and the arms used in tus business as poulterer. Dtbus, December 20. The friends of 0'Donnell, hanged Monday for killing Caret, the informer, are preparina-.to erect a memorial hen. It is reported that Kerrigan, -the informer, was shot during a disturbance in Cong, county Mayo. ' TtmT.TV IWnmllA, 7(1 TntAMnatlnn lia. Wist been received, that the Ctar, while hunting, was urown ouc oi a wagon ana lis rignt shoulder injured. (SrTe fears for the time were enter tained, but the Kaiser received a special telegram saving the injury was not serious. Kisoston, Ont., December 20. At a meeting of the Kingston Pre?byterythe Rev. Mr; Chambers charred the Rev. Mr. (lallagher with marrying a man todeceased wife's sister. He gave notice that he wo'tld move against Gallagher lor a violation of the Church discipline; Loxdok, December 20. Lord Lorne lec- bired upon Canada last evening, 6ir Alexander T. (Jalt introducing him. Xbe lecturer disavowed for the Catholic Irishmen of Canada any sym- ralhy with the atrocious sentiments of the Fenians n 'ew York. The Irishmen of Canada were happy and contented as natives of England. FLORIDA. Tbe Bush of Travel ta the Flowery Ijwel as Great aa Ever. Tbe Orange Crop aa Increase af twenty Stlllieoe Over Tnat T Last Tear-. from an Appeal Correspondent. Arredokdo, Fla., December 18. The season has now arrived for picking oranges. Our people are busy gathering the golden fruit The season has been very good, but it has been very dry for about two months, and is still dry, something very unusual for Florida, as it is a well-watered State generally. The estimated crop this year is 70.000.000 of fruit (oranges), an increase of 20,000,000 over last year. Large ship ments have already been made at prices lully equal to last yeah- llie present rate is about $4 per bos Boxes hold about 170. This gives us about $20 per 1000. When it is considered that a grove of fifty trees to the acre will produce 100,000 oranges per acre per year, the enormous profits can be readily seen. Those who had faith in orange-growing a lew years airo. and planted trees, find themselves to-day the possessors of a fortune easily and which will increase as the years go by for a long tune. I he basis ot our cal culation, which is being proved each year. is that an orange tree planted this year will lie wortn in seven years imh as by that time it wj!l crJulb Into bearing, and will bear from 400 to 600 oranges, which, at the present prices, will more than pay six per oent. on the $100, and-what is bet ter, the trees will increase their produc tion annually up to from 4000 to 8000 oranges. As high as $150 has been secured for the fruit of one year off of one tree. Some one will ask won't the profits which are being received so Increase the number ot trees set out tnat tne prices win lau so low as to reduce the profits ? I think not. Florida is a very iarge State, but a small part is adapted to orange culture, as only the peninsula portion is suitable, and of that only one-ninth part is adapted to orange culture. A great portion of the southern part of the State is swampy, which unfits it for the orange tree. Many groves are beini? set out, but the demand for the fruit Is annually ,oh the increase. Last year 800,000,000 of tbe fruit was im ported iritA ttitt country. Florida, adding ner comparatively small HiiUs oi 00, 000,000. "The people have a taste which is best satisfied with the fruit of Florida. The Florida orange as yet has supplied a very limited market; many cities of our Western border have as yet had none of our fruit; The orange has become n.nec'es sity ; tbe tVAde aa yet is in its infancy; the people as yet have only tasted, they have not begun to eat; a great demand is being made in the West for our fxuitf ami, with the rapid . incres! M Ctli? population t!i3 increase of -orange groves will hardly keep pace. With the demand and a curious feature in the business is, that that there is a steady increase in the price with the increase lit production of fruit olir ftlrii has been, and is, to furnish to the world the best fruit that can be had. To the man with capital, Iarg6 or small in amount, there, is no business that offers such sure results as orange-growing. With a soil and climate perfectly adapted, one has only to plant the trees and let nature pour her bountiful stores into his store house. This will, of course,, require hard work and a "tt'o fertilizer; " "but the "trown" and the golden fruit is only to those who have pluck enough to con tinue to the end. Florida has occupied a very small place in former years past in the nation. When one spoke of Florida thoughts of alligators, negroes and snakes presented themselves to the mind as her only production ( but for the future she is to hold a grattd place, both in her influence and production. She is destined to be one grand source of wealth to her population and to the nation. It is estimated that 100,000 visitors will .come to Florida the coming winter. (We have not had any yet.) Every line of transportation,whether railroad or steamboat, is taxed to its ut most to accommodate the travel. Thou sn.n ds of jMtnplo arc jiiakins; Florida their t'inter home, and fortunate are they who owned tracts of land, large or small, in desirable locations, as our cities are grow ing, and many a man who a few years ago considered himself poor, to-day finds him self rich in the rise of prices of land. We have some settlers from your city, aS well as other places. One man was Offered $1000 on Ills bargain a few weeks after be bought it. The oranges off the Speer grove have been sold this fall for $9000, and all the trees there were was 550. An instance of what a woman can do is copied from the Florida Dis patch: "A widow lady now living at Wild wood went there in 187S. At that time all her worldly goods would not have sold for $3011. Now her property is worth every cent of $10,000, and would bring that sum in cash on thirty days' notice. We have just had an accession to our neighbor hood of two widow ladies. We always liked the ladies, and like to see them come. We have yet plenty room in Florida, and like to see people come and settle among us, and for this reason would be willing to give any information neces sary, when they do not forget that it costs a stamp to carry it." g. it. s. DREADFUL ACCIDENTS. Eyes Knot Oat and Cat Ont A Warning . lo Haatjr and Careless Persons. Davton, O., December 20. Eddie Lam bert son, a six-year-old boy, had his eyes ahot out a few days ago by a companion named Willie Corns. Young Corns had a musket, said to have been given him by his father, and was after a rabbit. Young Lambertson and several companions were following him, and he threatened to shoot them if they did not go back. lie made the threat several times, when he raised the trigger of the old gun and the boys ran. Young Lambertson was knocked down by one of tbe larger boys, when the gun was discharged, whether accidentally or intentionally does not appear. Most of the load passed over young Lambertsou's head, but thirteen No. 4 shot buried them selves in his face, three of them penetrat ing the right eye and one the left eye. He may recover, but will tie blind, the right eye being completely destroyed and the left one nearly so. Another accident, with similar results, occurred to Frank Ra quath, aged nineteen, while assisting to butcher. Ife attempted to cut down a hanging pig, and as the thong to which it was attached was attached was rather tough, he gave the knife a severe jerk, severing the thong suddenly, when the point of the knife buried itself in his right eye, destroying the optic. SEXSATIOAL STORT. One of tbe Murderers of Jennie Cramer Betrayed by a tiirl. Nkw York, December 17. John Wil ton, son of a Brooklyn restaurant keeper, is charged with the ruin of Julia Pedding, aged sixteen years, and very pretty. The mother of the girl made complaint against Wilton, and incidentally betrayed him as one of the murderers of Jennie Cramer at New Haven. It seems that Wilton be came angry with the girl, when she begged him to marry her, and said that if she didn't shut up he would serve her the same way aa he helped serve Jennie Cramer. ' "John told mo all about the murder," said Miss l'edding to-day. "He nsed to five in Connecticut before" his people came to Brooklyn, and they are going to move back there. He told" nie he was with the Malley boys on tlie night of the murder, and that he got $1000 from the Mailers for helping them murder Jennie Cramer. He Itold me that he drove the wagon in which u-uuie was tanen down to Uie beach, and Uiat she was unconscious : that the Malley boyaliad dragged her. He said he helped Vnltr and James Malley to choke Jennie beforehe was thrown into the water." Miss'edding and her family lear ex cellent nutations among their neighb rs, and theirVtateiiients are relied upon. A general arm has been sent out from police heauarters to find young Wilton, and there k a great Ilutter in detective urcies. Wedded V phe of Parents, Maook, Ga., Secerriber 15. The mar riage of Af r. 15row Rilej and Miss Mattie lioee, in Houston rnnty, vas preceded by serious obstacles. The Widy si the danghter of Judge Hose, and had beeq sought by many admirers. Mr. Riley wa&the favor ed one, and the wedding day was fjxed for Wednesday last.' So far as 'the expectant groom was concerned everything seemed to be working smoothly, the parents hav ing given full cousont that their daughter might become his wife, and a fattened pig was killed for the nuptials.' When Sr. Riley reached Fort Valley on his way to the residence of his prospective father-iii-' law be was met by tlie announcement that the old folks hail other plans for Iheir daughter, and had quietly spirited her awar the night before. The groom set to work to find the lady, and succeeded in locating her at the home of Mr. Cooner, in another part of the county. Fortunate ly lie bad iiis license witn nun, and a local preacher was called in, who willingly made the couple happy. After their marriage the young people took a conveyance and reached the home of the scheming parents in time to enjoy the wedding meal. RrsBwoaK, O. Dr. A. Page, says: "I have prescribed Brown's Iron Bitters in several instances, and in each ease ob tained good results," CONGRESSIONAL. Lively Debates In the House on the Resolutions to Appoint Standing Committees on . Rlters and Harbors and Woman Suf frage, the Former of Which Was . i Adopted and the . Latter Rejected Proceedings in ihe Senate Adjournment of Both Houses to Mondny. Washington, December 20. House. A long discussion was brought np over the resolution offered by Mr. Geddies to grant a month's extra pay to discharged em ployes, being advocated by Messrs. tied des and Keifer, and opposed by Mr, Reagan, on the ground that the House had ho "right to be so charitable with other people's rnoney, and by Mr. Cobb on the ground that it would include in its pro-1 visions persons put on the rolls at the close Ot the last session. Mr. Reagan moved that the Commis sioner of Accounts be instructed to in quire and report whether there were per sons turned out of their positions at the close of the last cession and others put in their places who performed no duties. Agreed to 118 to 4. Mr. Blackburn, from the -Committee on Rules, report! a resolution that here after the Committee on Fostotfices and Post-Roads consist of fifteen members; the Uommittee on Banking and Currency.' Foreign Affairs, Military Affairs, Territo ries, Public Buildings and District of Columbia, thirteen members each. He stated that the increase of membership fully met the views ot tne speaker. The resolution was adopted, and Mr. Blackburn called up the report submitted yesterday on the appointment of a com mittee on rivers anu iiaroors, 10 consist oi fifteen members. Mr. Horr opposed the resolution. .Vhy was the Committee of Commerce singled out for division? Why had not the over worked Committee on ays and Means been divided into two committees one on ways and one on means? There could be given one committee all the bills to build up home industry, and the other all to tear it down : thereby both wings of the Democratic party would have a commit tee, l Laughter. J I he committee on r o reign Affairs might be divided, and to the new committee could be relerred the whole Irish question. This also relieves the Sneaker of the trouble which, according to the press, he experiences in appointing the head ot that committee. Mr. Robinson N. Y. said that what lie complained of was not that Congress did not pay attention to its Irish citizens, bnt snamelully neglected American citizens, ana mere naa not Deen energy and patri otism enough to condemn that as thor oughly , as it snoald bsve been donp, Mr. Iloair replied that no doubt this was so, and it was owing to the fact that the Committee on Foreign Affairs had no time to devote to the consideration of the great question. Mr. Springer offered an amendment, re ferring to the Committee on Mississippi Levees bills making appropriations for the improvement of the Mississippi. He rion Bklered the improvement of this great highway a question of sufficient import ance to be worthy a special comrrlittee. At present tho Mississippi appropriation wm tlsod its a tJiick-milie to carry through appropriations of other streams. TheMisis sippi river should stand on its own merits as tne great national nignway ana nave an the fostering. csre ConeTess enuld give It. Tlie amendment was rejected, and the original report adopted. Mr. Keifer called up the resolution re ported yesterday for the appointment of a committee on woman sunrage. Mr. Reagan placed his opposition on social and constitutional grounds. He argued that the committee could not re port a measure which any court Could en force,, or which would not be Unconstitu tional. He protested against kicking about the poor old constitution, which had been so long forgotten. Granting the right of suffrage to woman would tend to degrade them. Congress should not try to over drag the social status of the world. Mr. Belford asserted that it was compe tent for Congress to pass a law prohibiting a State from depriving women of partici pating in its government. If there was more female influence in the political ar rangement of the country, even the House of Representatives might be improved. Mr. Keifer spoke in favor of the ap pointment of a special committee) to which will be referred all petitions or measures pertaining td the subject 6f woman suffrage. XI it were unconstutional to grant the right of suffrage by law, it was competent for Congress to itinend tbe constitution so as to enfranchise woman, and the progress of events pointed toward that advanced step of civilization. The resolution was rejected yeas, 88; nays, 124. Mr, Hoblitzell, from the special commit tee having the matter in cbarge( reported a joint resolution requesting the President to issue a proclamation recommendingtliat the people, either by appropriate exercises in connection with religious services on the 23d instant , or by such public observance as they deem proper on the 24th instant in commemoration of the surrender by Wash ington of his commission as commander-in-chief of the" army. The President was also requested to order a national salute from the various forts of ihe country on the 24th instant. The joint resolution passed. Mr. Henley asked leave to introduce a bill to amend the act to execute certain stipulations with the Chinese. Mr. Weller objected, but subsequently withdrew his objection, when it was re newed by Mr. Skinner N. Y. Adjourned until Monday. ftenate. Senator Cullom introduced a bill to es tablish a board of railroad commissioners, and regulate interstate commerce. . Senator Van Wyck's resolution in re gard to lands granted railroads was called up, and Senator Ingalls said that he had no objection to the resolution proper, but objected to the preamble as tending to commit the Senate to the interpretation of the Supreme Court. The discussion was continued at some length, and finally closed by the insertion in the preamble of the words, "It is al leged," so as not to commit the Senate to any special interpretation of the Supreme Court decision, and as amended the reso lution was agreed to. The following bills were introduced and referred: By Senator Miller N. Y.: To authorize the Secretary of War to erect a monument to the late Cien. Warren. By Senator -Brown: To authorize the distillation of fruit without a tax by the Federal government, leaving the question of taxation to the States. A message was received from the House concurring in the Senate amendment making the date of reassembling after the holidays, Monday, Jannary 7th. The "Senate tlien went into executive session, and on the reopening of the doors resumed consideration of the new rules, but after a short debate the matter was postponed until after the holiday re cess. . The chair laid before the Senate a com munication from the Secretary of the In terior trnnsmiting copies of the papers re lating to the attempted transfer of the Taxas Pacific Railroad Company land grant to the Southern Pacific Railroad Company in Arizona, New Mexico and California. The Secretary concludes his communication with a statement that no action was taken by the department on the subject. The Senate concurred in the joint reso lution of the House relating to the cele bration of the centenary of the surrender by Washington of his commission as commander-in-chief of the patriot forces of America. Adjourned until Monday. SOCIALIST YS. CAPITALLST. TanderMlt Ch all en (red to a Pnblle Die. enaslon ay John Km in ton. New Yokk, December 17. John Swin ton, the champion heavy-weight Socialist, has sent an open challenge to Wm. H. Vanderbilt, in which he offers to knock him out in four rounds of one hour each. The mill, if Mr. Vanderbilt accepts, is to take place at Madison Square Garden, the rent of which Mr. Swinton agrees to pay in advance out of his own pocket Mr. Swinton also guarantees that ?O,000 peo ple will be present, including Copt. Williams. "Mr. Swinton, what in the name of good ness does this mean?" was yesterday asked of the Socialist heavy-weight. "I mean just what I say ; that if Van derbilt will meet me, I will prove inside of four hourskthat he is not legally entitled to the fortune of $200,000,000 that he holds. I offer to give him the first hour to open his defense, and lam to follow in the next hour. Another hour will then be given Vanderbilt for his rebuttal, after which I will take a short hour to wind him up." "Are any stakes to be wagered ?" "Yes; on my side I stake the future welfare of the Democratic millions, who are determined to fight some day, if I don't do it. for them. On Vanderbilt's side will be stakad the success of a ring of rich speculators, armed with their points of a, thousand million j othei million aires strong in their millions, and the good will of a smiling, fashionable clergy. "Will there be anybody to take the part of seconds, as they aVe called in the real knocking-out business?" "I suppose Vanderbilt will have the as sistance of a horde of skillful pettifoggers, hungry tor a fee, and the wily Depew, As for me, I shall go it alone." "Mr. Vanderbilt, do yon intend to ac cept this challenge of Mr. Sainton's?" the millionaire was asked. "Oh. of course. Good Bight." . Rent ay a Joalosta Woasass. Ci.etilawd, O., December 20. The at tention of the po&tal author! ties was called several davs afro to a continual teeeipt by Mi. and Mrs.G. J. BeA, of Mount Ver non, Knox county, of letters and postal cards sent them through the mails and couched in vile and obscene language.- An agent was sent to investigate, and he shortly discovered that the letters were sent by Mrs. John Montis, a resident of Monroe township, in the same county. The agent ordered tier arrest, and when in custody she confessed to the offense. She said that before Montis married her and Bell married bis wife, Montis was a lover of Mrs. Bell's, and that ail through their married life Montis had expressed his liking for Mrs. Bell, and had made fre quent remarks that his life would have been happier had he married her. Mrs. Montis had become insanely jealous of Mrs. Belli and every time Montis went to Mount Vernon his "wife supposed he had gone to see his former sweetheart, al though there was ho truth in the supposi tion. Aa a rent to her anger ehe had written the obscenfe communications. She was held in bail to appear before the United States Court." A SAPPHIRE MOON Anal a tlreen Snn the Phenomena That Frightened Sallora at Aslen, On the Keel Ben, And Mtnssek AU Enroneans With Won. der Dr. Ssslith Haa n Theory to Aeeoant for It. New York Herald, Tuesday: When, on four successive days of last September, the sun waxed weary of his golden color and presented himself to the terrestrial world in vivid green, meteorologists were sur prised and puzzled; disciples of Mother Shipton, with keen eyes for signs of the times, shook their heads and predicted a speedy millennium, and little children might have hinted that his maiestv had become jealous of the comparison that mortals have made for centuries between the hioon and green cheese. But, startling as his behavior was, what will be said to the effrontery of the moon, who, on the nights of those self-same days, is confi dently alleged to have discarded the hue tfbich poets have hymned in ail ages, and to have donned a vesture of sapphire color f luat such a change did take place, is stated by Dr. Llovd 11. Smith, wbo had the best possible means of studying this unique meteorological phenomenon. WHAT DR. SMITH 8AW. Dr. Smith, who is a son of H. S. Smith, ftrofessor of Aetrononyr at Hobart Col ege, Geneva, N. Y and a naval surgeon, returned here from Shanghai about six weeks ago and has been, staying for some time at liis brother s bouse, 224 Lexington avenue, Brooklyn. In the early part of September he chanced to be at Aden, on his return journey, and was thus able to see the solar phenomenon in all its clear ness. To a Herald reporter, who asked him for a description of what he saw, the doc tor said : "I was coming from Shanghai to New York on a tea steamer (the York shire), and arrived in Aden on the 9th of beptember. That night I was called by the officer of the middle watch to lobV at iuS-moon; and, on doing so, I found to my surprise that she wa Zi l'ht sap phire color, and quite different from her usifal appearance, The next morning it was too cloudy to make Jin ob servations, bat about 2 o'clock in the afternoon Capt. Arnold and I went ashore, and our attention was at once attracted to the abnormal appearance of the snn. To describe the color is difficult, but I should say that it was of a hue intermediate be tween light peacock green .and a dark ap ple green. The spots Were wonderfully distinct and almost black. Though I had hitherto used no teleSCcipfe, I coUltl clearly distinguish the two largest snofs. The ritfi of the slin was strangely definite, a fact to 1Tmc.il the ilernm has already (frawn attention, and stood oiit clearly against the surrounding sky. Now, the wonderful thing is that everyone was able, to look at .the sun without blinking; or, in tact, stitie'rifig fefiy Hiscbmfoft, It was as easy as to look into a mirror, it fid was just as if you had a green-colored glriss. befote four eyes which was spotted fn a few pidcCa. All the t'me i he light was very subdued and the Shadows vfc'fy clearly defined. The light was, in fact, such as is seen during an eclipse of the sun. A CREKX-COLORED SUN FOR THREE DAYS. "A little before 6 o'clock fn the evening it was almost dark on ihd water: though the sun, verging toward the horizon, Wa3 shining as clear as before. As the captain remarked, it was more like a moon rising than a sun setting. On the morning of the 11th I studied the sun through a fine telescope and saw it had still the green hue, but toward noon it resumed its usual color for the rest of that day." "Was the change gradual or instantane ous ?" asked the reporter. "Ah 1 1 cannot tell you, for, unluckily, I was called away on business. At 3 o'clock, when I went on shore, the green hue was again visible; biit at 4 o'clock the sun passed behind a back of clouds, so that I Could not watch the setting. The morning of the 12th was cloqdy, but about 2 o'clock I was able to make a careful Btudy, and I distinguished Ave spots of varying size, the largest being apparently as "broad as the palm of a man's hand and the smallest the size of a copper penny. They were like all sun-spots, particularly clearly de fined, ragged at the edges and resembling nothing so much as the craters of extinct volcanoes. . There may hate lieeil six or seven, biit I can only vouch for tlie exist ence of five. Wo left Aden that evening. "Everyone at Aden was full of excite ment at this amazing phenomenon; everyone, I mean, except the natives. They paid no more heed to it than if green were the sun's natural color. But all the foreigners in the place, and, bevond all, the ladies, spent hour after hour gasingatthe sun either w ith the naked eye or through telescopes. The sailors were terribly frightened, and nothing would persuade them but that the end of the world was at hand. This appearance of the sun was unchangeddtlring the 13th ; but on the morning of the 14th, as we were on our way to Suez, it had resumed its natural color. "But what struck me most of all was the sapphire color which the moon had during the entire nights of the 0th, 10th and 11th ultimo. There was no modifica tion of light, but simply a complete change of color, such as I have never beard of liefore and which I do not believe has hitherto attracted any public notice. ACCOUNTING FOB Till PHENOMENON. "You must understand that the spots have nothing to do with the change of color in the sun, as I noticed them at Shanghai, and had simply been struck with their great number. Besides, the ab sence of spots from the moon proves that they are unconnected with this change of color. My theory is that the green color in the gun and" tlie light blue color in the moon was caused by a sulphurous atmos phere. Now, though no one has attempted to prove that the atmosphere was at that time more heavily charged with sulphur than at other times, just as no one seems to have dreamed of using the spectroscope as a means of solving the problem, I am convinced that this theory alone cannot account for the existence at the same time of this meteorological phenomenon and of the various volcanic eruptions. Besides, it must be remembered that the change of color was seen with most clearness in the very region where those disturbances took place: "You will naturally ask. Did the sun undergo a similar change during epochs of volcanic eruptions? bnt, though I cannotJ answer that question, l can prove to ym that a sulphurous atmosphere would pro duce on a body of light exactly the same color as was-seen on the sun, and I have little doubt that, if a similar experiment were made by means of a reflected light, the change of color in the moon would be explained. These volcanic eruptions, you must note, were very violent. The Straits of Sunda, for instance, were entirely transformed bv the upheaval of rocks and other debris. There is always more or less escape of sulphur when these volcanoes begin to play, and surely it is a fair as sumption that a sufficiently large quantity of the escaped vapor would have power to affect the appearance of the sun and moon. You must understand that, accord ing to the latest theory, the spots in the sun are its true body, seen through cer tain breaks in the surrounding luminous vapor, and made especially visible when there are electrical disturbances in the at mosphere. They are held to be the effect of certain corresponding disturbances tak ing place on the surface of tlie sun. Now these spots have been noticed during al most the whole of the present year, and yon can see for yourself that there have been numerous storms and other atmos pheric ebullitions during that time." "Did you notice if any of the planets changed" their color?" "No. I did not think of doing so, but as the atmosphere must have affected them as well as the snn, I presume that they underwent a similar change. One point you might mention ia that the siui seemed to have decreased in size, owing to the absence of diverging rays, and that it looked exactly as if seen through smoked glass. Tbe moon was nnclianged except in color. I never heard of a similar phe nomenon before, nor did anyone at Aden remember to have seen one like it. Re member that I do not say positively that my theory must tie the correct one, bnt that it seems to my mind the only one that is at all feasible." Tho Ontrsuro on Sir. Benrjr Wattemon Selma (Ala.) Times: The accusation made against Mr. Wattemon of the Courier- Journal of being devoid of truth, or in plainer terms of being a bar, is greatly to be regretted. Y'et be has been posted as such by a number of journalists who at a convenient distance are not backward r in being bold and denunciatory. Mr. Wat iwi spoken for Mr. Tilden twice an thoratively,nj gajd that distinguished gentleman couw n0t go before the conven tion as a candidal for the Presidential nomination ; and stiu. these anti-Tilden newspapers continue to a.hnse and vilify the one, and charge the Either with con nivence and falsehood. The liberty of the press ia sometimes made to mean, a license to abuse without stint, and a legal authority granted to journalists to willfully misrepresent and slander. f 4 1 T and SMI thm TKanfifnl vim 4..1 Cabinet Grand Hollenberg piano, ordered expressly for one of onr most prominent and munificent merrhantn. Now on axhi oition for a davs at 1L (i. HoUenberg'a. 22) Kainatreet. ; - ' THE BOY'S STORY. Testimony of the Solitary Scholar at Kiss Bond's School oa the Day . - of the Outrage. His Conversation With the Two Mont fomerjs The Koise la the Loft Sheriff Haines, Of TaylorTllle, a Strong- Witness for the - Defense Favorable Evidence for the Prisoners. If ills boro, III., December 20. Sheriff flames, of Taylorvule, was the hrst wit ness this morning. lie testified that he and Attorney Drennan fitted the toe-nail paring to Montgomery's toe at the jail. Montgomery was perfectly willing to hae it done. The paring was thicker than Montgomery's toe-nail. It fitted one cor ner but at the other side it did not fit at all. Witness Put Clement! and Pel tus in jail. He examined Montgomery's cloth ing carefully, and it appeared to nave Deen worn three or four davs. He saw no blood or other stains. He examined dementi's clothing on the nieht of his arrest. The shirt was red and blue stripes. The red stripes had run somewhat. He was not satisfied, and examined it again next day, but found no stains on the shirt or under clothes ; he also examined Pettus's cloth ing. Neither undergarment had the ap pearance of being wet. There were no stains on any of the garments. All tlie clothes had evidently been worn several days. There was no communication be tween the prisoners that day. Cross-examined, the witness said tho prisoners Were taken to jail about sunrise, and not put in a cell till noon or In the afternoon. Clemcnti and Fettus were in the cell, while Montgomery was ortt looking for bond. Witness was not at the jail all the time, but knew the prisoners could not have been put together. He examined their clothing for his awn satisfaction. This testimony offsets that of the convict Meyer, who said the defendants Had a con veisation the morning they were jailed. Thom.ts Hart tried to put Mr. Dickerson up through the scuttle-hole of the school house the morning after the outrage. The witness was six feet two inches high, and weighs 175 pounds. Dickerson weighed 133 pounds. Mr. Hammel was in the loft, and tied a shawl around Dickerson and lifted him above my head. I stood on the chair and held him up as high as I could, but Dickerson did not come within two feet of the ceiling. Hammel pulled him tip, and I helped all I could by boosting. Charley Masters; nine years old, who who was in the school ttiut Fmma Bond, and left just before she was assatflted, tes tified : "I was the only scholar that after noon ; Mies IVnd took dinnor at Ed Mont gomery's, where she bwded: I ate my dinner in the schoolhouse ailt! played there nntil Miss Bond came back ; I was ttrt in the schoolhouse during the noon wuu,t?n ' I s! 1 Iammi. iftti dinnor and llHi i-tsnv-.n "--- "J then had a recess, drrin which Miss Bond went to'.Pettus's house; I stayed around the coalhouse, and did not go away from there; I saw old John and young John Montgomery during recess going along the road past the schoolhouse; young John asked me why I wasn't play ing with the school children ; I said there wasn't any; he said: 'Well, wait, and I'll Come back and wrestle with you ;' when Miss Bond came back we went in the schoolhouse : I told her there was a noise In the loft, and said I thought they were tramps she said, 'No. it's rats;' the scuttle hole was opm all day ; I saw mud that morning on the wall nnuerme scuttie.ana said to the teacher, 'Look at that;' Bhe fcfid nothing." Cross-examined, witness said he Ialil on the roof of the coalhouse kicking up his heels. He could net see the schoolhouse door. ( This witness was on the stand an hour and a ftalfi and made many statements which differed from those made at the preliminary trial. Several other witnesses were examined, but their evidence developed nothing new. "WOMAN'S W0UK. An Opening for EnterprUlns; and Illf srent Yonns; Women Who Deal re To Learn TheronB-hly JfoW t Inde pendent aa WasreWorkera. From an Appeal Correspondent.! CVn LKiiK qf Buoomixgtiin, III., Decem ber 18. I was much pleased to see in the columns of the Appeal, not long since, an editorial on stenography as woman's work. Being a stenographer niyself 9hd a very enthusiastic one, i have thought that perhaps a few words from me on the subject might be acceptable to the readers of the Appeal, many of whpin I know are interested in this beautiful art, which is daily attracting more and more attention. It is, 1 think, the only profession in which woman is man's equal. There is no reason why she should not climb to the top round of the ladder Of stenographic success. It requires but energy and perseverance. Having once acquired the profession, the field of labor is wide. The demand for competent stenographers far exceeds the supply. Almost every day orders for sten ographers come to this college, and many of them cannot be filled, as the students are frequently engaged long before they are competent to go. Business men are fast learning the advantages of employing amanuenses. The day is not for distant when every firm of any size will want a stenographer, and want one enough to pay a good price for one. I am thankful to say that in our profession the men who em ploy us pay for the work, and not for the person who does it- Xt a business man can get fifty letters written by an amanuensis in tbe time it would take him to write five, he does not care whether that amanuensis be man or woman, just so his letters are correctly taken, and neatly and quickly transcribed on a good machine. Not only as amanuenses are women serving the busi ness world, but in the courts, and as verbatim reporters of lectin ea, and many times they are scientific lectures, they are taking prominent positions. Only a few days ago an Order came to this college for a reporter who conld do court report ing. A young lady was sent, anu she is now filling the position with great satisfaction to the lawyers who em ploy her. Another pupil of this school is doing court work in Texas, and writes that she has received as much as $- j a day for her work. These and many other cases that I could mention, prove that there is a place and a welcome at the top of the profession for women. Many have been deterred from entering the pro fession by a belief that it took years to gain a knowledge sufficient to practice it. The length of time it takes to acquire the profession depends in a great degree upon the system studied. I have examined many systems myself, and. before I took up the eclectic, studied first Pitman's an9 afterward Graham's. I now write Cross's eclectic system, and think it by far the simplest, most easily acquired, and swiftest method of short-hand I have ever seen. I have seen two-month pupils of this sys tem fully competent to do any kind of amanuensis work. The college is the largest short-hand college in the United States, and annually turns out many fine stenographers, finding no trouble in put ting them all into good positions. I think the greatest trouble with women is that they think themselves perfectly competent w hen they are not, I have in my mind several cases since 1 have been in this school where ladies have come here, staid a month, and then wanted positions. Some of them got them, but of course not the salary that competent stenographers com mand. One should learn the profession thoroughly before entering a business office, for there is little chance of improve ment after, and if one is not a thorough worker little chance for advancement. jeX all who enter the profession remember that the crowd is very much thinner at the top than it is anywhere else. I hope the Appeal will continue to write able editorials on this subject, for no field of labor offers so great inducements to stir ring, energetic, willing-to-work-women as the profession of stenography. ANSIS C. PARTIAM. ARCHBISHOP PUBCELL'S DEBTS. It la Mstsra-eateo: that They he Paid hy a Catholic Kobaerlpllom. Cincinnati, Decemlier 1C. It was in tended that the invest ure of Archbishop Elder with the pallium the past week should be followed by a meeting of the pries! 8 of the diocese for the purpose of discussing means for the payment, or par tial payment, of the great debt left by Archbishop I'urcell. For some reason the meeting was not held. The reason given was that time did nut remain -before the leaving of the evening train npon which the priests were to return to their homes. The real reason probably was that the priests were not yet ready to adopt any definite plan of action. The Rev. Father Goetx, of Davton, in a letter to Archbishop Elder, which it was tbe purpose to have read before tho meeting, suggested that the churches of the archdiocese be asked to con tribute an average of $3 a member for tbe extinguishment of the Purcell debt, and the churches in all the other dioceses of the United States be asked to contribute for the same purpose an aver age of fifty-eight cents per member. Esti mating that there are in the country 850, 000 Catholics who are unable to contribute anything, contributions made upon the above basis would wipe out the entire debt of $4,000,000 and build a church in memory of the redeeming of the honor of the Catholic people. This letter was given to the public to day, and has excited considerable com ment, favorable and otherwise. The most significant point in' the letter is the inti mation that there is a Catholic gentleman in Cincinnati who is willing to head the contribution with a gift of $.VX),000. Mr. Renbeo R. Springer is suppose i to be tbe one referred to. It is the general opinion that while such a plan an that suggested would, if energetically pushed, provide tor a part of tho debt, it would not bo pos- to raise enough money in that Way tinguish it entirely unless a portion to extinguish oi it is remitted by the creditors. I3f A PECK OF TROUBLE. Seaaai'oas rhartros Aatnat Babbitt, tho Wealthy Hoan.Mahe. New York, December 7. Last night suit was brought by Kichard W. Peck against Ben T. Babbitt, the soap man, for 9100,000 damages. When Babbitt's clerk was discovered to have filched $250,000, Mrs. Ellen Peck, Babbitt says, offered her services as a detective, representing that she could get the money back. Thereupon Babbitt advanced her, he says, 19J)00 for expenses, but she failed to apply it to the purpose. He sued her to recover it, making her husband a party, but after ward withdrew the suit without an ex planation, when the husband brought the present suit. - The complaint against Babbitt is ot an astonishing character. He is charged with having formed a p'nn to seduce the vonng and beautiful daughter of Mr. Peck. To accomplish this he gave large sums of money to Mrs. Peck, ostensibly to procure her aid in recovering the money his clerk had embezzled, but his real purpose was to buy the mother. It is also charged that Babbitt offered the young girl a large sum of money if she would yield to him, which she refused to do. He then sought to harass the family with lawsuits. This portion of the complaint was order ed stricken out as scandalous by the spe cial term of the Snpremeourt, but Chief Justice Barnard in general term to-day re versed the order striking ont. Jtabbitt will be compelled to stand trial on this charge. Mrs. Peck has been arrested several times on criminal charges. At the present moment there are against her thirteen un tried indictments for grand larceny, and twelve untried indictments for obtaining goods under false pretense. She was tried on one indictment for grand larceny of a watch and acquitted. All the above indictments were found by the grand jury on April 17, 1879, on charges preferred by the late John Grady, diamond peddler. On January 19, l&tf, she was indicted for misdemeanor indis posing of a piano,' which it was alleged she had hired from the complainant. The in dictment haa not been tried. I llRlstMlS TstEAaA'KEa. I count my treasures o'er wllb rare The litUe toy that baby knew A little sock of faded hue A little lock of (olden hair. Lonjr years ago this Christinas time. My little one my all to me 8at robed in while upon my knee And beard the merry Christmas chime. "fid I mh. m litf mldrn head. If Sania CUo should come to-nirht. I come to-night, i baby bright. t boy J I salt, . What shall n brin my I Vi hat treasure for niT baby I And then he named the little toy. While in his honest, mournful eyes. There came a look of sweet surprise Tuat spoke his quiet, trustful joy. And, ss'he lisped his evening; prayer, lie asked tlie boon with childish trace. Then, toddling to the chimney-place, lie buns his little stocking there. . That nlrht, as lengthening; shadows crept. Jsaw the white-winred angels come With hearenly mnsic to our home Aad kiss mr starling as be slept. They mast hart beard bis baby pray'r. For in the morn with smiling face, fie toddled to the chimney-place And found the little treasure there. Then mm again one Christmastide That angal host, so fair so white And, singing all tbe Christmas night. They lured my darling from my side. A little sock a little toy A little lock of golden hair , The Christmas music on the air A watching for my baby boy. But if again that angel train And golden head come back for me. To bear me to eternity My watching will not be ia rain. ri arsg I'lKLD. NoSafeb Remedy can lie had for coughs and colds, or any trouble of the throat, than "Brown's Bronchial Troalies." rrice twenty-five cents. Sold only in Bares. TOOTED Absolutely Pure. This powder never tbHm. A mnvrrel at parity. IretiRlh and whol-momtsness. More economical than the ordinary kinds nnd ennnot be Mold in competition with the multitude of low-twit hort weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in can. KOYAL BAK N? POWDKR CO., NVwYnrk. Election of Directors. Umiox akd Pr.AXTKia tlAftft or MBxrwis, MKMFHm, Tknn., December K. ST0CK!KLltaK8 are hereby notified that an election will be held at thin Bank on the Kcend MeiMly In January. 14. from lo o'clock a, in. until 1 e'clock p.m. to choose Fifteen Directors to serre the tnuinr year. 8. P. HKAD. Canhier. H. A. THOMS, UJTIJEIITAKEII, SOI MAIX STREET, MEMPHIS. METALLIC CASES. Caskets. Coffins. Burial Kobes, et. eto. C.0.1). Orders by Telecrajih promptly 61led. CHANCERY SALE OF ItEAL E H TAT E ON OPENED BIDDINGS. No. 5071, R. Chancery Court ff Shelby enuoty Thorn a . Daly at al. va. Itoaa D. lauchtr et al. BY virtue of an interlocutory decree for tale en tered in the above rauite on the 8th day of November, M. B. 40, pare .147, and order opening biddings of Itocember 14, 1H&1, I will eell. at public aution. to the biahest bidder, in front of the Clerk and Matter' office, courthouae of Shelby county, Memphis, Tenn., on ftatnrtlay. Decern tr 32, lftfeft, si 12 o'clock m.v tho following deacribed prop erty, situated in tbe Taxing-District of Shelby county, Shelby county, Teon., to-wit: A certain lot sold to K. T. Keel by John W. Todd and C. W. Goyer. in ISMt, recorded in book 37, pare 86. and bounded an follows; The frac tional third part of lot No. 76, as laid down snd numbered on the original map of Memphis: lie irinninrat the southwest corner of lot 75, which is the northwent corner of lot 7fi upon Front How ; running thence south 9 3f west with Front How 24 feet and t inches; thence enat 9s Mf ponth and parallel with Adams street 14 '4 feet to the public alley on the east line nf lot 76; thence north 9 .W eact with unid alley, that being the eat boundary line of lot 76, 21 feet 9 incho. that being tbe cor ner of lot 75; then co west 9C 30' north along the north boundary line of lot 76, 144 fret to the be ginning, formerly occupied by said E. T. Keel as his ntrehouc, and now occupied as such by Ar buckle: Kicharditon. Terms of 6ale Canh. This December 14, IMS. K. J. BLACK; Clerk and Maater. Vy Geo. Mallery Deputy Clerk and Master. Fraywer & Pcnigs , Boston k i'oston. Solicitors. ElectionNotice. OTATR NATIONAL ttAN'IT. ;l O Mkmthib. Tkkk.. December 9, 1W, mr A miMttinj nf th Stnokholdera of thin Han wiii oe he I a on itfiMAi Jannary a, ihM, at their bankinghnane, between the boars of 11 o'clock a.m. and 2 o clock p.m. for the purpose of electing Thirteen Directors to serre the enauing yoar. A. WCODRI KF. Preaident. SAMUEL MAY C0STUMER, tf ANTJFACTTTRER OF REGALIAS, BAN XVI. ners. Society Goods Wiga. Beards, Masks, etc. Costume for balls and private theatricals. Ke,. MAI WTRF.FT. M r.WSU Oj OTTOSCHVILL&Co AND Produce Merchant. Red CIoTer, O -chard UraM, Tlmotlijr, Herd" Graaa, Hlne Oraas, Fall Rarley, Seed Rye, Seed Wheat, Red RnM-Proof Oalt, Apple. Onions and Potatoes, Paper aad Paper Rag. Fertlliaen. OTTO Sttl WILL & Co 232 Main Street, Memphis. QSTHE J58TALLXEXT PLAIT, KEGOTIATXD BT FRAXCIS SMITH & CO., 8. W, Corner Washington and Crawford Sta., viriaHBraa. mutt, tffn reTrrvw promnpn. IV VV aT.Vn . Hfc W w PI aa tart allow Id wot make loans nntil they a re iavefftiaatad oar plaa aad rates. O. B. FA KKR, 8. W. PARKER, 0. B. PARKER & SON Rental Agents AND REAL ESTATE BROKERS 285 Main Street. SPECIAL attention 1tm to (ha rental derari snt. Clan eollectioaa aad prompt satUa asaaU wilt b car aaowa. aible fiA0VALtWltj bv rrvj" Plantation Loans B And will completely aana tha bloo la person who will take 1 I'Uf each night from health, tr each thins; bo poaalbta. For Fwmala Complaint these Pilla haoa aa oeja rhraioiana sua them for the car of LIVKK aad K.I DJTKl' dls.aaae. Sold sinjsasi or aeat br man for Sdo. In stamps. Circular froe. L a. jOHSaOsT a CO, Bostna, aTasa, ni in JOHNSON'S ANODYNE LINIMENT WiM lnnaenis, ttlrwtin, at rn rant. Wnans- u. Harsins 4'ouKh. tvhaofima Coaxfe, Chnxilc Di.rrtMoa. Jsrnlrrr, Otulera Murtm. kidney Tllllllon. ailll Nfua of the ftntM. 5,4d rrtrrwbcra- Circular, fr I. H. JOHNSON a X Uuttou, siau. It is a w.n-tnnwn fact that most of the IWm and raltl. Powibr enld la thl, conn trjr is wnrthats: that KKn.lin', Omditloa IVm-dTI, alnwiureKpnr.andm,ahtaMe. Ur like Khrl.lanOmdiUoa Vow. lllaalmnnn IIhIiV sanlBB dr. I, on. ir-..fui !. ..rxof nm manwmwsr' mil food, tt.ill ate poitumir snmt at onto I nortiolera.o. nnM.,.MwiMH.. or sent trr mail lhc.V.ta jininmi na nn will make Ml arfll 1 w IV t il lynULCnAi Urcuian .. 1. a. JOHNSON IX Uostun, Via. A. HF,KFRT V CO.. Wfiwphta. Oenerwl lVholeaale Agent. RIdlil All I.!: GARDEN M I It A fr.fi tv IMPROVED FARMING TOOLS, FERTILIZERS, (ROMCM WANTED). UrSL. Or. CFLiLIO c? OO., No" 361 Main Street ; ? ; ? ; t Mem-thin. Tew ti J. W. CALDWELL & ED. Grocers Cotton Factors 324 FRONT STREET, MEMPHIS. Pearce, Suggs & Pettit WHOLESALE GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS And Commission Merchants, gOO ami 262 Front Wfroet. MemphU. Tonn. ASK YOUR Coleman's Kl-M Till ciiewxivo caiTjr. IT PEHFrMKN THE BREATH, Allsn XT HAS -Aend aa order for a "nuifila I'arkac or 'otttrrftonrfr. wl Mo ELCOOVER & Co MAxrFAC-rritERN. or Doors, Sash,Blinds and Moldings ALL KINDS OF DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, Brctetn, Scroll-Work, Rough nnd DrMtci l.nniber, .Milnglc, Lalb, Klc, 161 to 179 Washington St., Memphis, Tenn. Poplar Street Cars Carry Sou to tha Markothuuse, One Puttara from the Mills. BraC--. T XJll The ;! ' .lit:; . L- .. ii'fi ,,ary Diseases General I)c- tfj&EsW m.,,,d d. i Cijini4itLsuiiii3r, aim niu vmy remedy W 'MlMMlh'At is beneficial in Malarial MMSK.B, MM. mm b(Wmi canal. Atrial will convince you ' ''rrxz&tt-! Iniir nm i ar pfp hiiart rotti f ONE If J. T. FARQAS0N. J. A. UVUT. 0. 0. HEIS. R. A. PARKER. K. h. WOObbOM J. T. FARGASON & CO. Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors. 369 Front Street. Memphis, Tenn. CoMon oonslcned to us will hareour oareful attention. We oarrr at all titnes a ..ll-eeleeted stooko Staple and Fancy Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Cigars. And will sell as T.ow W. hsr. .n..d enr Kw AtIbbwi ftffi. : K. t'REIUHTOM. r. k. '. PRINTERS, BINDERS AND BLANK BOOK MANUFACTURED. New Material, Flrel-ClaM Workmen, Promptness and Ihirablllty. No. 44 Monroo Htroot, - - AfXezxarxhlao. Toii.. srTKLr.PIIAVK 17a. -a. W. Is. MOOX, Lata LaFrada Jt Moon. rnwKi mown. Lata with i. Tiariason A Co. mm & 1VIIOLKNALE Tobacco and Cigars, NO. 15 UNION ST., MEMPHIS, TENN. A. M. LITEMORE, HrroWrn t. The LIVERMORE FOUNDRY & MACHINE Co Honite Front ISO . . Building Work ' w Railroad Work Kfoamh'l Work Enelnea, I Saw Mill, 8(rm Pump, Brass flood, n - Pip k Fitting. '-' ISO TO 171 ADAXS STREET m. w . I.Vrf. nonoral r. W. eCABBEfi. T-fr ' jaw M-r'TLJ 1 j' iorC (Slllll 4.3.-" - J- W. r. KtCXAVANT. F.McCABBEKr .& CO. GR0CERS&C0TT0N FACTORS, No. 414 Slain Street. - - Memphis, Tenn OTP. MoCADDEN will aire his aonoaal attention to all Cotton eonrlrBed U ta Ira, and if fitpsrf1 tn mnh. liK.r.1 .drawi.. en saiwa.n BEEJLARB fc COFFIDJ COTTON FACTORS And General Commission Merchants, xm. sol i set fboxt T nEurins, tess. PURGATIVE tba antlra sntsa In throe 1 to II waaka, naay bo rsttaral no Croap. Asthma. iSroavrhltla, Nevraa gia, Kheamailem. JOIINAOVft ano. I V K B LI N I M K N T of mltmm4 raf KrUt nml Cm) will Instantaneous to relieve tltew terrtit d i aad will pntitiTvlT care nine caeee out of ten. InformaU'in that will aava saaitr Uvea sent free by mall. iKMTt tfelft" a aBasatwa a iviHiowa a, vUSJT aUaVU VKTwo I T DEALER FOira IWIKNTIOM AMI LEAK THE TEETH NO EQUAL. fa owr MhAloaalo lrMsa:lat, U WSemIHi. Trtin. mm mil TONIC. greatest of all remedies. glnrnlllblc Cure lor all I'lilmo- For diseases of the inroai anu jjunss 11 lias no . 1 W II DOLLAR PER QUART BOTTLE. TruJo nnpplipi! at reasonable dlm-ounl hj J- J. DUFFY fc CO Memphis, Tenn. .Hxiuifiirtarrra and Proprietor, II. ItlS IKII KA C O., . Mew York nnd ( harlexlon. nivvr.ii. t. r. vno. W. II. JOTXtR, LaU with I.. ta lou a A lia JOYtlER. UEALEIItt IS II. A. TATl'M, Motj an4 Treesanror. ..'- ?. Ola: tiearlng. PlaaUllon J Work, i Iroa and BraM Canting, 4Ge.'l Krpalr. i and ' - Mi - nTTfs tla r... eajtaa7rtaaenalrs . J" C a t a I a; a s). - MEMPHIS, TEXXEHKEB A re at ami Isallrttar. JfAMTia KELLY.