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Memphis daily appeal. [volume] (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, December 21, 1883, Image 2

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The Appeal, having for fortyihree yean
been recogn2td as the exponent of South
ern thought, Soutliern politic and Southern
industry, and shared the vicissitudes of til
SotUhern people, it is now participating in
their prosperity. Its increase in circulation
and business has been steady and unbroken.
Jl hat many more readers now than ever be
fore in its long history, and it will be the aim
of the management to deserve a continuation of
this patronage by the publication of a broad,
full, complete, enterprising journal, commensu
rate with tfie growth of tlie city, Vie prosperity
of Die Smith, and that shall rant -wUh tlie
large" and influential papers of other great
cities. It has and will hare correspondents at all
tlie important points contributory to Memphis;
and it will use, as it u now doing, the tele
graph freely for its own special reports of all
interesting events. The year 1884 promises to
. be one of tlie most important in this crowded
and eventful century. It w'U witness a Presi
dential election of unusual interest, and in
this grettt contest the. Appeal will be where it
has altcays been the friend and advocate of
tit Democratic party. The Appeal for 1884
will present to its readers-daily a faithful and
fall record of current erents.
Pally, one year $10 09
lltiily, six month ft 00
lailv, three months 2 fi
Weekly, one year . 1 (10
Weekly, ii inunths 00
Memphis, Tenn.
SJIO.V. Few documents reach the newspaper
editor that are of greater, present interest
to a largo portion of tlie American people
than the annual reports of the Georgia
llaiIroal Commission. That body is en
dowed with great powers, and the Coni
mifwiouerg have used those powers without
car or favor when called upon to do so.
There is much' discussion just now as to
whether railroad commissioners should be
mere advisory bodies, or should be invest
ed with executive authority, and as to
whether it is desirable that Congress
should pass the Keagan or some other bill
for the regulation of interstate railroad
traffic. At such a time the workings of the
tieorgia eommission system becomes of
importance, as aiding to solve the question
whether it is better to leave the loads and
the public to settle disputes arising
between them as well as they can,
aided by such existing provisions
f the law as are applicable
to them, or whether a body of commission
ers should be provided whose action shall
bo unincumbered with heavy legal ex
penses and unvexed by legal delays. AVe
have just received a copy of the combined
seventh and eighth'senii-annual reports of
the Georgia railroad commissioners,
Messrs. J. M. Smith, Campbell Wallace
and I,. N. Trammel. The most important
matter mentioned in the report is th de
cision of the Supreme Court of Georgia
as to the powers of the commissioners,
which the Georgia lSailroad and Banking
Company questioned and referred to tha
court. The decision was in favor of the
vommissiou. The plaintiff acquiesced in
the decision and has. conformed to the
rules and regulations of the commission on
tho points in dispute, and is now applying
the same to the business of their road.
The plaintiff objected that the act
creating the commission is unconstitu
tional and void. It was also claimed that
the charter of the company is a" contrac
with the Mate, and gives a power to
t'hargo any rate for freight or passage up
to tho limit mentioned in the charter. The
court decided that the Legislature has
authority to regulate rates and to prevent
injnst discriminations; the act creating
tlie commission was passed for those pur
poses. Tho constitution gives the Lpghiia
tare power to regulate rates and to pass
hws in pursuance of that duty; the object
H to preserve the citizen against unjust
nitcs and discriiiunHtions. The laws
ftssed must have executive offices, and
the Legislature can confer the necessary
lowers. The law cannot prescribe an in
vij iable schedule of rates, for what would
b&just atone place and time would be
unjust at another. The act creating the
Georgia commission is neither nnconstitu
tiijuul nor void. Tlie charter of the road
Jiirs n limit beyond which the road Hhall
iit charge, (.'barters urantinir exclusive
privileges must be strictly construed, and
wh it is not expressly given or necessarily
implied, is withheld."" Chief-Justice
llla It Kailioad company, page 2" of .St.
Lot Is Rep. decides that a corporation
run io what is authorized by its charter,
beyond that all its ai ts are illegal, nothing
can lie proved or disproved by inferential
reasoning. If certain privileges are claim
ed, tlie words of tho Legislature confer
ring tliem must be shown, for a doubtful
charter, dues not exist. Fertilizer Com
pany i4j Hyde l'ark, t7 United States, G5SI,
nays every reasonable doubt is to be taken
adversely, the affirmative must be shown,"
for sileitee is' negative and doubt is fatal
to the claim. In the present case the
Stato agrees that the company may build
a road and have exclusive use of it as long
as it complies with the conditions of its
charter. Tho c'tato did Mot guarantee tlm
company tho exclusive right to chargo tho
full amount of the rates, but that it should
not exceed them. The Stato has power to
regulate rates unless that right is not al
ready parted with in granting charters,
a id such a parting with must amount to
mi absolute, contract ; such an agreement
cannot bo implied. No Buch contract in
words is found in the charter in tho present
cuae,iivi ng to tho company absolute right to
regulate its rates, or to guarantee the right
up to the maximum, mentioned. The
State stipulated on certain terms not to
iatefcro with the company's exclusive
right of transiKirtation. This was all. It
nowhere stipulates not to interfere with
its rates. It is claimed that the proviso
makes a contract, but to do that "it would
bo necessary to insert words therein which
nre not used, and to make a covenant in
which no words of covenant appear."
Tho construction the plaintiff contends
for is unauthorized and violative of the
rules as to what constitutes the usual of
fice of a proviso. In conclusion, tbecourt
holds the act of tho Legislature to bo con
Htutional, and the order of tho commis
sion valid and binding, hut their powers
are not unlimited or beyond the proper
control of the .State authorities. If the
complainant had Bhowed a violation of the
chartered rights of the company, it would
have Wen the duty of the court to re
strain and enjoin the commissioners. This
decision, and the grounds of it, deserve
attention in this State, as, during the last
session of the Legislature, much mistaken
opinion as to railroad law, and Stte char
ters Iwing contracts letween two equal
parties, was expressed and received, and
further action grounded upon more correct
views may yet have to be adopted by the
State of 'lVnnoswo.
Nature's law is movement; to remain
stationary, or to move in a retrograde di
rection, is to oppose a law which is as im
perative in the case of human society as in
that of a tree. It is because the American
jH'ople are continually in advancing move
ment that they are, as a nation, prosperous
and successful. There are writers who at
tribute our success to tho rich and exten
sive natural resources at our command.
They err. It is not to the iKissession, but
to the use mado r f its resources, that the
United States owes the elevated posi
tion it has attained among the na
tions of the earth. The South .Ameri
can republics have lands and mines and a
rich and valuable vegetation, but they
have not advanced as this coun
try has. It is not 'circumstances, nor
tho mere possession of great nat
ural resources, that makes a people
great. Grcatuess can spring only from the
people themselves. If the people have
the spirit of movement and tlie impulse
of progress they will prosper, oven when
nature has ben bountiful, of which ""we
may take Scot Hind as an instance. Bu t all
parts of the moving, advancing United
states, do not move at tho tame rate.
There exists among us a retarding influ
ence which disposes to apathy, listless in
difference, and even to absolute struggle
against the world's current, a craving to
turn back the sands of time and to re
integrate the past which nature has
snatched from lis forever. This unfortun
ate condition has well understood evil
symptoms and damaging consequences,
and is known among us as "Bourbonisin,"
the social dry rot that is indicated by the
inability that "learns nothing and forgets
nothing. From complaints made in Balti
more papers from time to time, and from the
regreti expressed by the more resolute and
stirring of her merchants, we are sorry to
see that the leautiful city of Baltimore is
suffering and sinking from this destroyer
of, public prosperity, this canker that dims
the beauty of the flower and stunts the
proportions of the fruit. A resident
Balti morean, who has an eye to see the
failings and a heart to mourn over the ina
nition of the city he loves, has made a
newspaper correspondent the confident of
his observations and reflections. He says
that the influences that existed before the
war, and the evil policy that was pursued
before it broke out, are yet crashing the
city. In the early days of revolutionary
history there was life and energy ,but the life
is sinking and the energy wasted, so that
Baltimore is not keeping steps with the
advancing times, bnt is, relatively, falling
back and degenerating. The discouraged
citizen said that Boston, with its reckless
push, is taking away Baltimore's once flour
ishing leather trade, and the once busy
marts of the sugar and coffee commerce are
dwindling, and the coal trade it fading
away. The hotels have not kept pace with
modern improvements, and where some
effort has "been made in that direction
public appreciation has not sufficed to
make them pay. The city is sinking into
helplessness. Fresh blood Is warded ; the
pressure of strangers from without, "the
rush, the hum, the shock of men" who
have vigor in their veins and impulse in
their souls. But there are too many in
Baltimore who detest and shrink from
such an infusion of stimulating oxygen.
They are people of soaring and Old World
ideas the aristocratic. Their heavy dig
nity, their solemn loftiness, their worship
of old times, old memories, old ob
servances and old families and family
traditions, all retreat with horror from the
noisy, question-asking, hurrying, eternal
business-doing men of the day. The man
ners of such are esteemed shocking, their
dash and decision and knowing business
ways are vulgar and incompatible With
that placid, formal, undertone speaking,
leisurely, measured, and condescending
way of doing things which is the gift of
good society and aristocratic habits. Daily
they hug ideas f'lch as these to their
bosoms, ideas at war with that true self-
appreciation which leads a man to con
sider the due use of the powers nature has
given him more noble than the studied
mechanism of a false cultivation, and gen
erous consideration for the feelings and
welfare of others as a more worthy dis
play of high qualities than the acquired
elegance and egotistic assumption which
selfishly demands perpetual sacrifices to
personal vanity from all around. The one
is satisfied with the stamp upon the sur
face, the other desires to be the gold that
gives value, having which "a man's a man
for a' that." That Baltimore has citizens
who are too truly ladies and gentlemen to
allow their beautiful city to be sacrificed
to empty sbow and vain appearance, is
Certain. , The darkest hour is that before
the day, and when the Bourbon influence
shows strongest, then the chftrm of what
is old that is valued merely because it is
old, will Vanish before the modern spirit
that while esteeming the old when it is
good, welcomes the new when the Hew is
improvement and advance.
Patrick Conway, tlie ait. Lent ftrenian,
Fatally Hart hj n Fail of rive Ntorlra.
St. txtt lB. December IS. The Occi
dental Hotel was burned here this after
noon. It was a brick structure, five sto
ries in bight, and located at the corner of
Fourth street and Chriutv svenne. It
covered a quarter of the block. Whan
the Fire Department reached the scene half
a dozen women had their heads poked out
Kit me wjiiuvns hiiu were screaming ior
help. The firemen brttught their Pom
pier ladders into play and rescued all.
iv one rainca vxnvav, one oi me iwr.-
filer corps, was on tlie very top of the
mildina. tvina A rttbe to a chimney, he
lost his footing and fell to the ground.
When picked up he was insensible. There
are no nones for his recovery, the shock
alone being enough to cause dealh. .Con
way was one of the Southern Hotel he
roes. It was be that elimlied to tlie tr.n
of a high ladder and then, by reaching
with a hook, swung himself into the
servants' quarters. lie had a rope around
his waist ajl the time, and he had no
sooner reached this point than the
women, frightened at tho raging of the
fire and the cracking of the timber.
caught hold of him and lagged him to
save their lives. Those below at the time
wondered where Conway was, but they
Wpro soon onliA"tened hy a woman, arrlund
whom he had tied the rope and then
lowered her to the ground. Other women
were treated in the same wav. until the
!:tst of the servant girls was rescued. Then
Conway descended, and his appee.ralli'.e
below told who had been doing the good
work above. For this noble work he re
ceived one of the medals which went to
one of the Southern Hotel heroes, and he
has held a high place in the hearts of St.
lxiuisiana until to-day, when his life work
seems at an end.
Thlrty.ElKht Nnakea Islncovorod In the
Ntomach of a Wlrrirau rW-A
Mintage Ph-nanlf non.
Dublin (Via.) Gazette; Certainly the most
remarkable snake story that we have ever
heard comes from old Pinetuckv district
in this county. It is no storv) lilt it is
vouched for by some Of Iho best men in
the comty who saw the wonderful mon
strosity. Mrs. Bryant A. Gay ordered a
beef killed and pointed out one which
was small to its age, thinking that it would
never be of any size. The cow was four
years old and its remarkably small size
had frequently been the subject of com
ment. After the beef was killed and the
disemboweling process gone through, Mr.
Cass Abbott noticed that in one of the
larger intestines something was seen to
move and keep up a constant motion;
curiosity led him to cut it open, and as
this was done a very large snake, the
coachwhip, ran on the ground some dis
tance, but was killed. By this miraculous
revelation Mr. Hover Gay and Capt. Ab
liott were almost confounded, but uro-
ceeded with the process of butchering;
imi wnen trie wmipipe was opened and
the sack covering the "lights or lungs,
they were doubly confounded to discover
tbirty-seven smaller snakes of the same
Secies. Each one of these was holding
on to the lungs, and thus, we presume.
securing life. After dressing the beef it
oniy weighed eignty r ounds. The story
iway seem improbable, but not more so
than Jonah and the whale. It may have
been a parasitical fungus, but the gentle
men who saw it a Hi r in that the parasites,
if such you may term them, were snakes,
and the old -fashioned coachwhip, a variety
in which the wirograss country aWinds.
A Very Bad Character Whs Oafht Xot
to tlo at I .art?.
From an Appeal Correspondent.
Dksoto Coi-ntv, Miss., December 15.
Having noticed several items in your paper
in regard to one Anthony Driver, colored,
of this county, who was lately acquitted in
your court on a charge of an assault upon
an otliccr, I must say that the citizens of
this neighborhood were verv much sur
prised Uiat he was not severely punished.
Three or four years ago 1 invf drew a
pistol on a deputy-sheriff of this county,
cursed and abused him fearfully, was in
dicted for the offense, fined and im
prisoned six months in the jail at Her
nando. His next appearance before the
courts was on a peace warrant Bworn out
bv his own son, whom he shot verv dan
gerously in the back and"Jloulder with a
shotgun. These are faewwhieh show the
character of this desperate negro, who. no
doubt, would have killed the policeman if
lie could nave done so. citizen.
It. ten Money Found In a Fnslle.
CmcAoo, Decemlier 15. Alfred Digby
Howard is the junior member of the firm
of Kirchoffer A Brandon, solicitors, of
Winnipeg, Man., and until about a week
ago bore an unblemished reputation. He
formerly resided at Millbrook, Canada,
w here he is w ell connected. One day last
week his firm received $15,000 cash .Voin
Smith A Corry, of Fort If ope, Canada,
with which to make payments on some
Manitoba kinds. Howard abstracted this
money from the safe, it is alleged, and ab
sconded. Jeputy-Sheritr Charles T. Lin
tock, of Denver, "was notified to look out
for him, and a telegram sent bv the officer
to Mr. Pinkerton states that ltowardwas
arrested at the Windsor Hotel, where he
was registered under the alias oi Stuart.
On searching Mrs. Howard's rooms almost
the entire amonnt of the stolen money
was fonnd carefully hidden in her bnstle.
Mr. Kirchoffer arrived here from Winni
peg yesterday, and left on the noon train
for Denver. Howard cannot be extradited
for the crime, bnt can be. kept in jail
under the absconding debtor law.
Harrtaa af Frank Walworth.
Trot, N. Y., December 20. Frank H.
Walworth, formerly of Saratoga, and Cor
inne B. Bramlette, of Louisville, were mar
ried this aiternoon at Mechaniesville, The
groom is a grandson of Chancellor Wal
worth ; the bride the daughter of Ex-Gov.
Bramlette, of Kentucky. Walworth is tlie
voung man who killed his father in a New
York hotel, seven years ago, for mistreat
ing and deserting his mother.
Tho Maori on n Bare.
IiAwrkscfj Ks., December 20. Herbert
Slade, the Maori, was arrested, to-dy by
the sheriff and chief of police and' put
behind the bars until Ibis evening, when
he was released. John L. Sullivan going
on bis bond to keep the peace. Slade was
annaing neavny all day, anu on couuuet
became unruly.
"Tm happy to say Ir. Benson's Skin Cure
haseured my eczema of the scalp of four years
Mantling. jonn A Andrews, Ataorney at
1-aw, Ashton, 111. One 1q liar at druggists.
Indorsed by physicians.
Damala's Sudden Leap Into Popularity
la "Le Maltre it Forres" Ills
Interpretation of
"Philip Derblaj" the Talk or All Park
Decidedly the Dramatic Sueoess
of the Season.
Spanish Hail Steamer Burned France
and China Agrarian Murder in Ire
land Frit at Rome.
The Case) CI en for the Oorernment by
ths Lord Advocate.
Edinburgh, December 20. In the prose
cution of AIcDermott and other Glasgow
dynamiters, the lord advocate closing for
the Crown, traced the connection of their
business with he purchase of acids, the
use and manufacture of explosives, and
urged that the evidence proved that the
prisoners conspired to bring about explo
sions as charged. Counsel for the defense
then addressed the jury.
Brutal Assassination of m Farmer In
Dublin, December 20. John Maylan, a
farmer recently returned from America,
wasshot dead at Clonbern, near Gal way. It
was an agrarian crime. Maylan had just
taken possession of a vacant farm. The
assassin confronted him With a gun and
shot him in tlie chest. Maylan fell. The
assassin again aimed at him. Maylan's
wife threw herself upon htr husband, but
the assassin dragged her off, threatening
to kill her also, lie then fired at the
wounded man lying upon the ground, kill
ing him. There is no clew to tlie mur
derer. Kerrigan's testimony in the Iluddy
family lhurder case in 1H82 convicted
three men who were hanged ; also the in
former Jgvce murder trial, which also re
sulted in the hanging of three men. For a
long time he was protected bjr the govern
ment, owing to threats against his life.
Among, the e&pedtents for his protection
Was an iron but, impervious to rifle-shots,
In which he lived.
And the Crown Prlnre Entertained by
tbe tiernian Atnbaawador.
Rome, December 20. The Crown Prince,
King and Queen, the Duke de Aosta and
Prince Paul, of Baden, were entertained
at breakfast by the German Ambassador.
Depretis was absent in consequence of an
engagement at the Chamber of Deputies.
3Vrman Pi-eas Comments.
MkBUN, December 20. The National
Gazette states that at the meeting of tlte
Crown Prince and Pope there was no allu
sion to the Culturkampf, although it is un
derstood that the Pope expected something
of the intentions ot Prussia toward the
Church. . .
The Rome correspondent 61 the TjiTAIi
states that the Crown Printe, at the recep
tion of the Cferiiian residents, stated that
he trusted his visit to the Pope would have
beneficial results every Way.
The Ontponts af HontaV Casirird Ky the
rreneh After a i6lbm Unlit.
HMirt Kbito, December 20. The French
captured the principal outposts of Sontay,
embracing five strongly fortified villages.
The enemy made a stubborn, walice.
The French lirs ftl& 0o men and fifteen
c.cSis killed and wounded. Admiral
Courbet, commanding, had 7000 men ; 4000
were engaged in action and the remainder
a reserve. The Chinese still hold tbe for
tress at Sontay ;
ITew Basil lor a Settlement Proposed by
Paris, December 20. It Is rindrstood
that, the Marquis Xeri rirbioses to France
the,Xbirv.'in2 Iresh basis for a settlement
of the Tonquin question: The delta of the
Red river, with the city of Sontay, to be
long to France, the delta of the iSoig Can
river and Bac N jnlj to be'on$ to China, the
Northern fvi Western provinces of Ton
Hulft lo be neutral, and China to renounce
her suzerainty over the kingdom of A nam.
A Kpanih Mail Slramcr Destroyed by
Fire The PaMaensrera and f i-c w Rmu
Londo, December 2d. A portion of the
crew of the Spanish mail steamer Santo
Augustine, from Monita for Liverpool, ar
rived at Dartmouth, and report that the
steamer took fire Sunday last in tlie Bav
of Biscay; Highty-two of the crew anil
passengers ,took to the boats. The first
boat ictchea an Englink bri, the eooond
returned to the burning vessel, and the
third has not been leafd from. The
fourth, whinh Contained fourteen persons,
landed at Dartmouth. When these left
the burning steamer there were thirty
people on board. It is thought they were
rescued, as a steamer was seen bearing
down toward the burning. vesrpI.
Later. A Orunna (Spain) dispatch says
that a brig landed here with a portion of
the crew of the steamer Santo Augustine.
This is probably the brig Which picked up
the people in the first boat.
St. Dsnsls's Ureat Nneeess la a Really
ttood Play What H ill Kara (njT
Paris special to the New Vofk Herald :
IjC Mailre rfp forget, in feur acts and live
tableaux, by (jeorge Ohnet, was produced
for the first time last night at the Gymnase.
It is decidL-dly the piece of the season,
full of dramatic interest admirably sus
tained. Jacques Damala. but yesterday
celebrated only RS the husband of Sara
Bernhardt, last night gained at one leap a
reputation as one of the best netors in
Paris. He evidenced the true feu sacre
in the scene of the wedding night and at
the end of the first act, when parting from
his wife to fight a duel with the "Due de
Bligny." It was a most Btirring piece of
acting. Both these scenes were as near
perfection as possible and were greeted
with the heartiest rounds of applause.
The female portion of the audience es
pecially went into raptures at Damala's
interpretation of "Philip Derblay." Of
Damala, the Ga'tlois of this morning says:
"Depuis Mario, oui, depuis ce fameux
Mano, enterre naguere a Rome, on n'avait
aoint vu apparaitre sur la scene fits de
lamille aussi accompli que Damala. lie
was admirably supported by Jane Hading,
whose beautiful face, full of expression,
won all hearts.
51. Koning, who, perhaps, is the most
intelligent and wide-awake director in '
Paris, scored a merited success. He was
the very first to appreciate Ohnet at his
true value. While Ohnet was hard at
work transforming his sovel into a drama
he retired to a cbarnting little country
house near Rouen. M. Honing kept send
ing him telegrams suchas, "Ou en etes
vous? Cela avance-t-il?"
Instead of answering allthese questions,
Ohnet, who is a passional chasseur, used
to send Koning three or for hares, which
meant, "1 am getting alig all right."
Ohnet used to send Koninga rabbit when
ho came to a difficult pointlor when the
filav was progressing slowlyl Rather un
uckily, last night th'e role olthe "Due de
Bligny" was confided to aWoung actor
hardly adequate to the task, t
"Maitre de Forges" has Averal very
clever hits and bon-mots, but Yither parts
were written in a plain, unpretentious
style and were rather feeble. n adapta
tion of "Maitre de Forges" his already
been played at the Globe Theater ,Jxmdori,
under the title of Lady Clare; bit if put
on the stage in America in the sAne ver
sion as given last night at the Gyiuiase it
would undoubtedly enioy as greatAa suc
cess as Serge Fanine, by the same itthor,
which had a success in all countries t here
it was translated.
imnet is a lesson to voungauuiors lever
to be discouraged. The first essa of
ifiinei Marine, at me uymnase, anuvcfy-
va oarpi, at ine j neater aes ii
were complete ftascos. ins hrst n
ierge j aiimf, was rejected ty laimspn
Levy, a well-known publisher, and
when finally published by Ollendon
attracted little notice till Koning,
ing its dramatic merits, persuaded Oh
to adapt it to tlie stage. The success whicl
crowned it made the young author fa
mous. Ohnet certainly realized the French
maxim, "Que e'est en fotgeant qu'on derient
mairre de forges."
One great merit of the new play is that
it is essentially respectable in the charac
ters, motive and language, and mothers
will not hesitate to take their daughters to
see it, for their tears will not be shed at
the expense of their modesty. The toilets
particularly those of Jane Hading are
supurb and in excellent taste, and can be
copied by ladies of the granite monde with
out altering a phs or a ruffle. Miss Had
ing' bridal dress of white satin, covered
with tulle brode, all embroidered in heavy
relief, with rich bouquets -and clusters of
orange blossoms, was most rapturously ad
mired. . ' '
Liverpool, December5 20. Tbe steamer
Mountoburr, from Galveston, has bees a Are;
cargo damaged.
Londox, December 20. The """short
time" system of the maaniactarerg of Xortheat
Lancashire has begun.
Canpia, December 20. The recent mur
den of Turks ia Christian villages in Crete eaaae
for excitement. Inquiry is ordered.
Pakis, Decemlier 20. Reinforcements
of &M) troops go to Tonquin ia the next fortnight.
Tlie government has ao information of Sontay be
ing occupied.
London, December 20. Wolff and
Bondurand, charged with having explosives for
unlawful parpuses, were committed for trial, bail
being refused.
Loxdox, December 20. The British
rerimenta in Kgypt will be filled to a strength rf
liu men each. Several regiments bat hesH
ordered to Kgypt. - . .
Loxdosi, Decemlier 20. Tbe police de
clare without foundation the rumors of a plot
againn lUbtone aad for the destruction of
public baUdliurs. Precautions were taken ia
eonsriuence of vagme threats.
Rom ic, Deoeniber 30. During the sitting
of the ehenber" of Peputios tn-day two meu
raaseit great iunfuioa by shouting " Vint Ooer
danll and throwine copies of liWdank's will
111 Is) the bsoy of the Chamber. The mea were ar- i
re ted. Oberdank was the man who was ban red
at Trieste for enraging in a slot to UMarinata tbo
Emperor of Anatria.
Dcbux, December 20. Dunn, In -whose
house here a quantity of arma and ammunition
were fonnd, haa been discharged, the evidence
proving him to be a loyalist and the arms used in
tus business as poulterer.
Dtbus, December 20. The friends of
0'Donnell, hanged Monday for killing Caret, the
informer, are preparina-.to erect a memorial hen.
It is reported that Kerrigan, -the informer, was
shot during a disturbance in Cong, county Mayo.
' TtmT.TV IWnmllA, 7(1 TntAMnatlnn lia.
Wist been received, that the Ctar, while hunting,
was urown ouc oi a wagon ana lis rignt shoulder
injured. (SrTe fears for the time were enter
tained, but the Kaiser received a special telegram
saving the injury was not serious.
Kisoston, Ont., December 20. At a
meeting of the Kingston Pre?byterythe Rev. Mr;
Chambers charred the Rev. Mr. (lallagher with
marrying a man todeceased wife's sister. He
gave notice that he wo'tld move against Gallagher
lor a violation of the Church discipline;
Loxdok, December 20. Lord Lorne lec-
bired upon Canada last evening, 6ir Alexander
T. (Jalt introducing him. Xbe lecturer disavowed
for the Catholic Irishmen of Canada any sym-
ralhy with the atrocious sentiments of the Fenians
n 'ew York. The Irishmen of Canada were
happy and contented as natives of England.
Tbe Bush of Travel ta the Flowery
Ijwel as Great aa Ever.
Tbe Orange Crop aa Increase af twenty
Stlllieoe Over Tnat T Last Tear-.
from an Appeal Correspondent.
Arredokdo, Fla., December 18. The
season has now arrived for picking oranges.
Our people are busy gathering the golden
fruit The season has been very good, but
it has been very dry for about two months,
and is still dry, something very unusual
for Florida, as it is a well-watered State
generally. The estimated crop this year is
70.000.000 of fruit (oranges), an increase
of 20,000,000 over last year. Large ship
ments have already been made at prices
lully equal to last yeah- llie present rate
is about $4 per bos Boxes hold about 170.
This gives us about $20 per 1000. When
it is considered that a grove of fifty trees
to the acre will produce 100,000 oranges
per acre per year, the enormous profits can
be readily seen. Those who had faith
in orange-growing a lew years airo.
and planted trees, find themselves
to-day the possessors of a fortune easily
and which will increase as the years go
by for a long tune. I he basis ot our cal
culation, which is being proved each year.
is that an orange tree planted this year
will lie wortn in seven years imh as by
that time it wj!l crJulb Into bearing, and
will bear from 400 to 600 oranges, which,
at the present prices, will more than pay
six per oent. on the $100, and-what is bet
ter, the trees will increase their produc
tion annually up to from 4000 to 8000
oranges. As high as $150 has been secured
for the fruit of one year off of one tree.
Some one will ask won't the profits which
are being received so Increase the number
ot trees set out tnat tne prices win lau so
low as to reduce the profits ? I think not.
Florida is a very iarge State, but a small
part is adapted to orange culture, as only
the peninsula portion is suitable, and of
that only one-ninth part is adapted to
orange culture. A great portion of the
southern part of the State is swampy,
which unfits it for the orange tree. Many
groves are beini? set out, but the demand
for the fruit Is annually ,oh the increase.
Last year 800,000,000 of tbe fruit was im
ported iritA ttitt country. Florida, adding
ner comparatively small HiiUs oi 00,
000,000. "The people have a taste which is
best satisfied with the fruit of Florida.
The Florida orange as yet has supplied a
very limited market; many cities of our
Western border have as yet had none of
our fruit; The orange has become n.nec'es
sity ; tbe tVAde aa yet is in its infancy; the
people as yet have only tasted, they have
not begun to eat; a great demand is being
made in the West for our fxuitf ami, with
the rapid . incres! M Ctli? population
t!i3 increase of -orange groves will
hardly keep pace. With the demand and
a curious feature in the business is, that
that there is a steady increase in the price
with the increase lit production of fruit
olir ftlrii has been, and is, to furnish to the
world the best fruit that can be had. To
the man with capital, Iarg6 or small in
amount, there, is no business that offers
such sure results as orange-growing. With
a soil and climate perfectly adapted, one
has only to plant the trees and let nature
pour her bountiful stores into his store
house. This will, of course,, require hard
work and a "tt'o fertilizer; " "but the
"trown" and the golden fruit is only to
those who have pluck enough to con
tinue to the end. Florida has occupied
a very small place in former years past in
the nation. When one spoke of Florida
thoughts of alligators, negroes and snakes
presented themselves to the mind as her
only production ( but for the future she is
to hold a grattd place, both in her influence
and production. She is destined to be one
grand source of wealth to her population
and to the nation. It is estimated that
100,000 visitors will .come to Florida the
coming winter. (We have not had any
yet.) Every line of transportation,whether
railroad or steamboat, is taxed to its ut
most to accommodate the travel. Thou
sn.n ds of jMtnplo arc jiiakins; Florida their
t'inter home, and fortunate are they who
owned tracts of land, large or small, in
desirable locations, as our cities are grow
ing, and many a man who a few years ago
considered himself poor, to-day finds him
self rich in the rise of prices of land. We
have some settlers from your city, aS well
as other places. One man was Offered
$1000 on Ills bargain a few weeks after
be bought it. The oranges off the Speer
grove have been sold this fall
for $9000, and all the trees there were
was 550. An instance of what a woman
can do is copied from the Florida Dis
patch: "A widow lady now living at Wild
wood went there in 187S. At that time all
her worldly goods would not have sold for
$3011. Now her property is worth every
cent of $10,000, and would bring that sum
in cash on thirty days' notice. We have
just had an accession to our neighbor
hood of two widow ladies. We always
liked the ladies, and like to see them
come. We have yet plenty room in
Florida, and like to see people come and
settle among us, and for this reason would
be willing to give any information neces
sary, when they do not forget that it costs
a stamp to carry it." g. it. s.
Eyes Knot Oat and Cat Ont A Warning
. lo Haatjr and Careless Persons.
Davton, O., December 20. Eddie Lam
bert son, a six-year-old boy, had his eyes
ahot out a few days ago by a companion
named Willie Corns. Young Corns had a
musket, said to have been given him by
his father, and was after a rabbit. Young
Lambertson and several companions were
following him, and he threatened to shoot
them if they did not go back. lie made
the threat several times, when he raised
the trigger of the old gun and the boys
ran. Young Lambertson was knocked
down by one of tbe larger boys, when the
gun was discharged, whether accidentally
or intentionally does not appear. Most of
the load passed over young Lambertsou's
head, but thirteen No. 4 shot buried them
selves in his face, three of them penetrat
ing the right eye and one the left eye. He
may recover, but will tie blind, the right
eye being completely destroyed and the
left one nearly so. Another accident, with
similar results, occurred to Frank Ra
quath, aged nineteen, while assisting to
butcher. Ife attempted to cut down a
hanging pig, and as the thong to which it
was attached was attached was rather
tough, he gave the knife a severe jerk,
severing the thong suddenly, when the
point of the knife buried itself in his right
eye, destroying the optic.
One of tbe Murderers of Jennie Cramer
Betrayed by a tiirl.
Nkw York, December 17. John Wil
ton, son of a Brooklyn restaurant keeper,
is charged with the ruin of Julia Pedding,
aged sixteen years, and very pretty. The
mother of the girl made complaint against
Wilton, and incidentally betrayed him as
one of the murderers of Jennie Cramer at
New Haven. It seems that Wilton be
came angry with the girl, when she begged
him to marry her, and said that if she
didn't shut up he would serve her the
same way aa he helped serve Jennie
Cramer. '
"John told mo all about the murder,"
said Miss l'edding to-day. "He nsed to
five in Connecticut before" his people came
to Brooklyn, and they are going to move
back there. He told" nie he was with the
Malley boys on tlie night of the murder,
and that he got $1000 from the Mailers for
helping them murder Jennie Cramer. He
Itold me that he drove the wagon in which
u-uuie was tanen down to Uie beach, and
Uiat she was unconscious : that the Malley
boyaliad dragged her. He said he helped
Vnltr and James Malley to choke Jennie
beforehe was thrown into the water."
Miss'edding and her family lear ex
cellent nutations among their neighb rs,
and theirVtateiiients are relied upon. A
general arm has been sent out from
police heauarters to find young Wilton,
and there k a great Ilutter in detective
Wedded V phe of Parents,
Maook, Ga., Secerriber 15. The mar
riage of Af r. 15row Rilej and Miss Mattie
lioee, in Houston rnnty, vas preceded by
serious obstacles. The Widy si the danghter
of Judge Hose, and had beeq sought by
many admirers. Mr. Riley wa&the favor
ed one, and the wedding day was fjxed for
Wednesday last.' So far as 'the expectant
groom was concerned everything seemed
to be working smoothly, the parents hav
ing given full cousont that their daughter
might become his wife, and a fattened pig
was killed for the nuptials.' When Sr.
Riley reached Fort Valley on his way to
the residence of his prospective father-iii-'
law be was met by tlie announcement that
the old folks hail other plans for Iheir
daughter, and had quietly spirited her
awar the night before. The groom set to
work to find the lady, and succeeded in
locating her at the home of Mr. Cooner,
in another part of the county. Fortunate
ly lie bad iiis license witn nun, and a local
preacher was called in, who willingly made
the couple happy. After their marriage
the young people took a conveyance and
reached the home of the scheming parents
in time to enjoy the wedding meal.
RrsBwoaK, O. Dr. A. Page, says: "I
have prescribed Brown's Iron Bitters in
several instances, and in each ease ob
tained good results,"
Lively Debates In the House on the
Resolutions to Appoint Standing
Committees on .
Rlters and Harbors and Woman Suf
frage, the Former of Which Was
. i Adopted and the .
Latter Rejected Proceedings in ihe
Senate Adjournment of Both
Houses to Mondny.
Washington, December 20. House.
A long discussion was brought np over the
resolution offered by Mr. Geddies to grant
a month's extra pay to discharged em
ployes, being advocated by Messrs. tied
des and Keifer, and opposed by Mr,
Reagan, on the ground that the House had
ho "right to be so charitable with other
people's rnoney, and by Mr. Cobb on the
ground that it would include in its pro-1
visions persons put on the rolls at the close
Ot the last session.
Mr. Reagan moved that the Commis
sioner of Accounts be instructed to in
quire and report whether there were per
sons turned out of their positions at the
close of the last cession and others put in
their places who performed no duties.
Agreed to 118 to 4.
Mr. Blackburn, from the -Committee on
Rules, report! a resolution that here
after the Committee on Fostotfices and
Post-Roads consist of fifteen members;
the Uommittee on Banking and Currency.'
Foreign Affairs, Military Affairs, Territo
ries, Public Buildings and District of
Columbia, thirteen members each. He
stated that the increase of membership
fully met the views ot tne speaker.
The resolution was adopted, and Mr.
Blackburn called up the report submitted
yesterday on the appointment of a com
mittee on rivers anu iiaroors, 10 consist oi
fifteen members.
Mr. Horr opposed the resolution. .Vhy
was the Committee of Commerce singled
out for division? Why had not the over
worked Committee on ays and Means
been divided into two committees one
on ways and one on means? There could
be given one committee all the bills to
build up home industry, and the other all
to tear it down : thereby both wings of the
Democratic party would have a commit
tee, l Laughter. J I he committee on r o reign
Affairs might be divided, and to the new
committee could be relerred the whole
Irish question. This also relieves the
Sneaker of the trouble which, according to
the press, he experiences in appointing
the head ot that committee.
Mr. Robinson N. Y. said that what lie
complained of was not that Congress did
not pay attention to its Irish citizens, bnt
snamelully neglected American citizens,
ana mere naa not Deen energy and patri
otism enough to condemn that as thor
oughly , as it snoald bsve been donp,
Mr. Iloair replied that no doubt this
was so, and it was owing to the fact that
the Committee on Foreign Affairs had no
time to devote to the consideration of the
great question.
Mr. Springer offered an amendment, re
ferring to the Committee on Mississippi
Levees bills making appropriations for the
improvement of the Mississippi. He rion
Bklered the improvement of this great
highway a question of sufficient import
ance to be worthy a special comrrlittee.
At present tho Mississippi appropriation
wm tlsod its a tJiick-milie to carry through
appropriations of other streams. TheMisis
sippi river should stand on its own merits
as tne great national nignway ana nave an
the fostering. csre ConeTess enuld give It.
Tlie amendment was rejected, and the
original report adopted.
Mr. Keifer called up the resolution re
ported yesterday for the appointment of a
committee on woman sunrage.
Mr. Reagan placed his opposition on
social and constitutional grounds. He
argued that the committee could not re
port a measure which any court Could en
force,, or which would not be Unconstitu
tional. He protested against kicking about
the poor old constitution, which had been
so long forgotten. Granting the right of
suffrage to woman would tend to degrade
them. Congress should not try to over
drag the social status of the world.
Mr. Belford asserted that it was compe
tent for Congress to pass a law prohibiting
a State from depriving women of partici
pating in its government. If there was
more female influence in the political ar
rangement of the country, even the House
of Representatives might be improved.
Mr. Keifer spoke in favor of the ap
pointment of a special committee) to
which will be referred all petitions or
measures pertaining td the subject 6f
woman suffrage. XI it were unconstutional
to grant the right of suffrage by law, it
was competent for Congress to itinend tbe
constitution so as to enfranchise woman,
and the progress of events pointed toward
that advanced step of civilization.
The resolution was rejected yeas, 88;
nays, 124.
Mr, Hoblitzell, from the special commit
tee having the matter in cbarge( reported
a joint resolution requesting the President
to issue a proclamation recommendingtliat
the people, either by appropriate exercises
in connection with religious services on the
23d instant , or by such public observance as
they deem proper on the 24th instant in
commemoration of the surrender by Wash
ington of his commission as commander-in-chief
of the" army. The President was
also requested to order a national salute
from the various forts of ihe country on
the 24th instant.
The joint resolution passed.
Mr. Henley asked leave to introduce a
bill to amend the act to execute certain
stipulations with the Chinese.
Mr. Weller objected, but subsequently
withdrew his objection, when it was re
newed by Mr. Skinner N. Y.
Adjourned until Monday.
Senator Cullom introduced a bill to es
tablish a board of railroad commissioners,
and regulate interstate commerce. .
Senator Van Wyck's resolution in re
gard to lands granted railroads was called
up, and Senator Ingalls said that he had
no objection to the resolution proper, but
objected to the preamble as tending to
commit the Senate to the interpretation of
the Supreme Court.
The discussion was continued at some
length, and finally closed by the insertion
in the preamble of the words, "It is al
leged," so as not to commit the Senate to
any special interpretation of the Supreme
Court decision, and as amended the reso
lution was agreed to.
The following bills were introduced and
By Senator Miller N. Y.: To authorize
the Secretary of War to erect a monument
to the late Cien. Warren.
By Senator -Brown: To authorize the
distillation of fruit without a tax by the
Federal government, leaving the question
of taxation to the States.
A message was received from the House
concurring in the Senate amendment
making the date of reassembling after the
holidays, Monday, Jannary 7th.
The "Senate tlien went into executive
session, and on the reopening of the
doors resumed consideration of the new
rules, but after a short debate the matter
was postponed until after the holiday re
cess. . The chair laid before the Senate a com
munication from the Secretary of the In
terior trnnsmiting copies of the papers re
lating to the attempted transfer of the
Taxas Pacific Railroad Company land
grant to the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company in Arizona, New Mexico and
California. The Secretary concludes his
communication with a statement that no
action was taken by the department on
the subject.
The Senate concurred in the joint reso
lution of the House relating to the cele
bration of the centenary of the surrender
by Washington of his commission as commander-in-chief
of the patriot forces of
Adjourned until Monday.
TanderMlt Ch all en (red to a Pnblle Die.
enaslon ay John Km in ton.
New Yokk, December 17. John Swin
ton, the champion heavy-weight Socialist,
has sent an open challenge to Wm. H.
Vanderbilt, in which he offers to knock
him out in four rounds of one hour each.
The mill, if Mr. Vanderbilt accepts, is to
take place at Madison Square Garden, the
rent of which Mr. Swinton agrees to pay
in advance out of his own pocket Mr.
Swinton also guarantees that ?O,000 peo
ple will be present, including Copt.
"Mr. Swinton, what in the name of good
ness does this mean?" was yesterday
asked of the Socialist heavy-weight.
"I mean just what I say ; that if Van
derbilt will meet me, I will prove inside of
four hourskthat he is not legally entitled
to the fortune of $200,000,000 that he
holds. I offer to give him the first hour to
open his defense, and lam to follow in the
next hour. Another hour will then be
given Vanderbilt for his rebuttal, after
which I will take a short hour to wind
him up."
"Are any stakes to be wagered ?"
"Yes; on my side I stake the future
welfare of the Democratic millions, who
are determined to fight some day, if I
don't do it. for them. On Vanderbilt's
side will be stakad the success of a ring of
rich speculators, armed with their points
of a, thousand million j othei million
aires strong in their millions, and the good
will of a smiling, fashionable clergy.
"Will there be anybody to take the part
of seconds, as they aVe called in the real
knocking-out business?"
"I suppose Vanderbilt will have the as
sistance of a horde of skillful pettifoggers,
hungry tor a fee, and the wily Depew, As
for me, I shall go it alone."
"Mr. Vanderbilt, do yon intend to ac
cept this challenge of Mr. Sainton's?" the
millionaire was asked.
"Oh. of course. Good Bight." .
Rent ay a Joalosta Woasass.
Ci.etilawd, O., December 20. The at
tention of the po&tal author! ties was called
several davs afro to a continual teeeipt by
Mi. and Mrs.G. J. BeA, of Mount Ver
non, Knox county, of letters and postal
cards sent them through the mails and
couched in vile and obscene language.- An
agent was sent to investigate, and he
shortly discovered that the letters were
sent by Mrs. John Montis, a resident of
Monroe township, in the same county.
The agent ordered tier arrest, and when in
custody she confessed to the offense. She
said that before Montis married her and
Bell married bis wife, Montis was a lover
of Mrs. Bell's, and that ail through their
married life Montis had expressed his
liking for Mrs. Bell, and had made fre
quent remarks that his life would have
been happier had he married her. Mrs.
Montis had become insanely jealous of
Mrs. Belli and every time Montis went to
Mount Vernon his "wife supposed he had
gone to see his former sweetheart, al
though there was ho truth in the supposi
tion. Aa a rent to her anger ehe had
written the obscenfe communications. She
was held in bail to appear before the
United States Court."
Anal a tlreen Snn the Phenomena That
Frightened Sallora at Aslen,
On the Keel Ben,
And Mtnssek AU Enroneans With Won.
der Dr. Ssslith Haa n Theory
to Aeeoant for It.
New York Herald, Tuesday: When, on
four successive days of last September, the
sun waxed weary of his golden color and
presented himself to the terrestrial world
in vivid green, meteorologists were sur
prised and puzzled; disciples of Mother
Shipton, with keen eyes for signs of the
times, shook their heads and predicted a
speedy millennium, and little children
might have hinted that his maiestv had
become jealous of the comparison that
mortals have made for centuries between
the hioon and green cheese. But, startling
as his behavior was, what will be said to the
effrontery of the moon, who, on the
nights of those self-same days, is confi
dently alleged to have discarded the hue
tfbich poets have hymned in ail ages, and
to have donned a vesture of sapphire
color f luat such a change did take place,
is stated by Dr. Llovd 11. Smith, wbo had
the best possible means of studying this
unique meteorological phenomenon.
Dr. Smith, who is a son of H. S. Smith,
ftrofessor of Aetrononyr at Hobart Col
ege, Geneva, N. Y and a naval surgeon,
returned here from Shanghai about six
weeks ago and has been, staying for some
time at liis brother s bouse, 224 Lexington
avenue, Brooklyn. In the early part of
September he chanced to be at Aden, on
his return journey, and was thus able to
see the solar phenomenon in all its clear
ness. To a Herald reporter, who asked him
for a description of what he saw, the doc
tor said : "I was coming from Shanghai to
New York on a tea steamer (the York
shire), and arrived in Aden on the 9th of
beptember. That night I was called by
the officer of the middle watch to lobV at
iuS-moon; and, on doing so, I found to
my surprise that she wa Zi l'ht sap
phire color, and quite different from her
usifal appearance, The next morning
it was too cloudy to make Jin ob
servations, bat about 2 o'clock in the
afternoon Capt. Arnold and I went ashore,
and our attention was at once attracted to
the abnormal appearance of the snn. To
describe the color is difficult, but I should
say that it was of a hue intermediate be
tween light peacock green .and a dark ap
ple green. The spots Were wonderfully
distinct and almost black. Though I had
hitherto used no teleSCcipfe, I coUltl clearly
distinguish the two largest snofs. The
ritfi of the slin was strangely definite, a
fact to 1Tmc.il the ilernm has already
(frawn attention, and stood oiit clearly
against the surrounding sky. Now, the
wonderful thing is that everyone was
able, to look at .the sun without blinking;
or, in tact, stitie'rifig fefiy Hiscbmfoft, It
was as easy as to look into a mirror, it fid
was just as if you had a green-colored
glriss. befote four eyes which was spotted
fn a few pidcCa. All the t'me i he light was
very subdued and the Shadows vfc'fy clearly
defined. The light was, in fact, such as
is seen during an eclipse of the sun.
"A little before 6 o'clock fn the evening
it was almost dark on ihd water: though
the sun, verging toward the horizon, Wa3
shining as clear as before. As the captain
remarked, it was more like a moon rising
than a sun setting. On the morning of
the 11th I studied the sun through a fine
telescope and saw it had still the green
hue, but toward noon it resumed its usual
color for the rest of that day."
"Was the change gradual or instantane
ous ?" asked the reporter.
"Ah 1 1 cannot tell you, for, unluckily, I
was called away on business. At 3 o'clock,
when I went on shore, the green hue was
again visible; biit at 4 o'clock the sun
passed behind a back of clouds, so that I
Could not watch the setting. The morning
of the 12th was cloqdy, but about 2 o'clock
I was able to make a careful Btudy, and I
distinguished Ave spots of varying size,
the largest being apparently as "broad as
the palm of a man's hand and the smallest
the size of a copper penny. They were
like all sun-spots, particularly clearly de
fined, ragged at the edges and resembling
nothing so much as the craters of extinct
volcanoes. . There may hate lieeil six or
seven, biit I can only vouch for tlie exist
ence of five. Wo left Aden that evening.
"Everyone at Aden was full of excite
ment at this amazing phenomenon;
everyone, I mean, except the natives.
They paid no more heed to it than if
green were the sun's natural color. But
all the foreigners in the place, and, bevond
all, the ladies, spent hour after hour
gasingatthe sun either w ith the naked
eye or through telescopes. The sailors
were terribly frightened, and nothing
would persuade them but that the end of
the world was at hand. This appearance
of the sun was unchangeddtlring the 13th ;
but on the morning of the 14th, as we were
on our way to Suez, it had resumed its
natural color.
"But what struck me most of all was the
sapphire color which the moon had
during the entire nights of the 0th, 10th
and 11th ultimo. There was no modifica
tion of light, but simply a complete change
of color, such as I have never beard of
liefore and which I do not believe has
hitherto attracted any public notice.
"You must understand that the spots
have nothing to do with the change of
color in the sun, as I noticed them at
Shanghai, and had simply been struck
with their great number. Besides, the ab
sence of spots from the moon proves that
they are unconnected with this change of
color. My theory is that the green color in
the gun and" tlie light blue color in the
moon was caused by a sulphurous atmos
phere. Now, though no one has attempted
to prove that the atmosphere was at that
time more heavily charged with sulphur
than at other times, just as no one seems
to have dreamed of using the spectroscope
as a means of solving the problem, I am
convinced that this theory alone cannot
account for the existence at the same time
of this meteorological phenomenon and of
the various volcanic eruptions. Besides, it
must be remembered that the change of
color was seen with most clearness in the
very region where those disturbances took
"You will naturally ask. Did the sun
undergo a similar change during epochs of
volcanic eruptions? bnt, though I cannotJ
answer that question, l can prove to ym
that a sulphurous atmosphere would pro
duce on a body of light exactly the same
color as was-seen on the sun, and I have
little doubt that, if a similar experiment
were made by means of a reflected light,
the change of color in the moon would be
explained. These volcanic eruptions, you
must note, were very violent. The Straits
of Sunda, for instance, were entirely
transformed bv the upheaval of rocks and
other debris. There is always more or less
escape of sulphur when these volcanoes
begin to play, and surely it is a fair as
sumption that a sufficiently large quantity
of the escaped vapor would have power
to affect the appearance of the sun and
moon. You must understand that, accord
ing to the latest theory, the spots in the
sun are its true body, seen through cer
tain breaks in the surrounding luminous
vapor, and made especially visible when
there are electrical disturbances in the at
mosphere. They are held to be the effect
of certain corresponding disturbances tak
ing place on the surface of tlie sun. Now
these spots have been noticed during al
most the whole of the present year, and
yon can see for yourself that there have
been numerous storms and other atmos
pheric ebullitions during that time."
"Did you notice if any of the planets
changed" their color?"
"No. I did not think of doing so, but
as the atmosphere must have affected
them as well as the snn, I presume that
they underwent a similar change. One
point you might mention ia that the siui
seemed to have decreased in size, owing to
the absence of diverging rays, and that it
looked exactly as if seen through smoked
glass. Tbe moon was nnclianged except
in color. I never heard of a similar phe
nomenon before, nor did anyone at Aden
remember to have seen one like it. Re
member that I do not say positively that
my theory must tie the correct one, bnt
that it seems to my mind the only one
that is at all feasible."
Tho Ontrsuro on Sir. Benrjr Wattemon
Selma (Ala.) Times: The accusation
made against Mr. Wattemon of the Courier-
Journal of being devoid of truth, or in
plainer terms of being a bar, is greatly to
be regretted. Y'et be has been posted as
such by a number of journalists who at a
convenient distance are not backward r in
being bold and denunciatory. Mr. Wat
iwi spoken for Mr. Tilden twice an
thoratively,nj gajd that distinguished
gentleman couw n0t go before the conven
tion as a candidal for the Presidential
nomination ; and stiu. these anti-Tilden
newspapers continue to a.hnse and vilify
the one, and charge the Either with con
nivence and falsehood. The liberty of
the press ia sometimes made to mean, a
license to abuse without stint, and a legal
authority granted to journalists to willfully
misrepresent and slander.
f 4 1 T and SMI thm TKanfifnl vim 4..1
Cabinet Grand Hollenberg piano, ordered
expressly for one of onr most prominent
and munificent merrhantn. Now on axhi
oition for a davs at 1L (i. HoUenberg'a. 22)
Kainatreet. ; - '
Testimony of the Solitary Scholar at
Kiss Bond's School oa the Day .
- of the Outrage.
His Conversation With the Two Mont
fomerjs The Koise la the Loft
Sheriff Haines,
Of TaylorTllle, a Strong- Witness for the
- Defense Favorable Evidence for
the Prisoners.
If ills boro, III., December 20. Sheriff
flames, of Taylorvule, was the hrst wit
ness this morning. lie testified that he
and Attorney Drennan fitted the toe-nail
paring to Montgomery's toe at the jail.
Montgomery was perfectly willing to hae
it done. The paring was thicker than
Montgomery's toe-nail. It fitted one cor
ner but at the other side it did not fit at
all. Witness Put Clement! and Pel tus in
jail. He examined Montgomery's cloth
ing carefully, and it appeared to nave Deen
worn three or four davs. He saw no blood
or other stains. He examined dementi's
clothing on the nieht of his arrest. The
shirt was red and blue stripes. The red
stripes had run somewhat. He was not
satisfied, and examined it again next day,
but found no stains on the shirt or under
clothes ; he also examined Pettus's cloth
ing. Neither undergarment had the ap
pearance of being wet. There were no
stains on any of the garments. All tlie
clothes had evidently been worn several
days. There was no communication be
tween the prisoners that day. Cross-examined,
the witness said tho prisoners
Were taken to jail about sunrise, and not
put in a cell till noon or In the afternoon.
Clemcnti and Fettus were in the cell,
while Montgomery was ortt looking for
bond. Witness was not at the jail all the
time, but knew the prisoners could not
have been put together. He examined
their clothing for his awn satisfaction.
This testimony offsets that of the convict
Meyer, who said the defendants Had a con
veisation the morning they were jailed.
Thom.ts Hart tried to put Mr. Dickerson
up through the scuttle-hole of the school
house the morning after the outrage. The
witness was six feet two inches high, and
weighs 175 pounds. Dickerson weighed
133 pounds. Mr. Hammel was in the loft,
and tied a shawl around Dickerson and
lifted him above my head. I stood on the
chair and held him up as high as I could,
but Dickerson did not come within two
feet of the ceiling. Hammel pulled him
tip, and I helped all I could by boosting.
Charley Masters; nine years old, who
who was in the school ttiut Fmma Bond,
and left just before she was assatflted, tes
tified : "I was the only scholar that after
noon ; Mies IVnd took dinnor at Ed Mont
gomery's, where she bwded: I ate my
dinner in the schoolhouse ailt! played
there nntil Miss Bond came back ; I was
ttrt in the schoolhouse during the noon
wuu,t?n ' I s! 1 Iammi. iftti dinnor and
llHi i-tsnv-.n "--- "J
then had a recess, drrin which Miss
Bond went to'.Pettus's house; I stayed
around the coalhouse, and did not go away
from there; I saw old John and young
John Montgomery during recess going
along the road past the schoolhouse;
young John asked me why I wasn't play
ing with the school children ; I said there
wasn't any; he said: 'Well, wait, and I'll
Come back and wrestle with you ;' when
Miss Bond came back we went in the
schoolhouse : I told her there was a noise
In the loft, and said I thought they were
tramps she said, 'No. it's rats;' the scuttle
hole was opm all day ; I saw mud that
morning on the wall nnuerme scuttie.ana
said to the teacher, 'Look at that;' Bhe
fcfid nothing." Cross-examined, witness
said he Ialil on the roof of the coalhouse
kicking up his heels. He could net see the
schoolhouse door. (
This witness was on the stand an hour
and a ftalfi and made many statements
which differed from those made at the
preliminary trial.
Several other witnesses were examined,
but their evidence developed nothing new.
An Opening for EnterprUlns; and Illf
srent Yonns; Women Who Deal re
To Learn TheronB-hly JfoW t Inde
pendent aa WasreWorkera.
From an Appeal Correspondent.!
CVn LKiiK qf Buoomixgtiin, III., Decem
ber 18. I was much pleased to see in the
columns of the Appeal, not long since, an
editorial on stenography as woman's
work. Being a stenographer niyself 9hd
a very enthusiastic one, i have thought
that perhaps a few words from me on the
subject might be acceptable to the readers
of the Appeal, many of whpin I know are
interested in this beautiful art, which is
daily attracting more and more attention.
It is, 1 think, the only profession in which
woman is man's equal. There is no reason
why she should not climb to the top round
of the ladder Of stenographic success. It
requires but energy and perseverance.
Having once acquired the profession, the
field of labor is wide. The demand for
competent stenographers far exceeds the
supply. Almost every day orders for sten
ographers come to this college, and many
of them cannot be filled, as the students
are frequently engaged long before they
are competent to go. Business men are
fast learning the advantages of employing
amanuenses. The day is not for distant
when every firm of any size will want a
stenographer, and want one enough to pay
a good price for one. I am thankful to say
that in our profession the men who em
ploy us pay for the work, and not for the
person who does it- Xt a business man can
get fifty letters written by an amanuensis in
tbe time it would take him to write five,
he does not care whether that amanuensis
be man or woman, just so his letters are
correctly taken, and neatly and quickly
transcribed on a good machine. Not only
as amanuenses are women serving the busi
ness world, but in the courts, and as
verbatim reporters of lectin ea, and many
times they are scientific lectures, they are
taking prominent positions. Only a few
days ago an Order came to this college for
a reporter who conld do court report
ing. A young lady was sent, anu she
is now filling the position with great
satisfaction to the lawyers who em
ploy her. Another pupil of this
school is doing court work in Texas, and
writes that she has received as much as
$- j a day for her work. These and many
other cases that I could mention, prove
that there is a place and a welcome at the
top of the profession for women. Many
have been deterred from entering the pro
fession by a belief that it took years to
gain a knowledge sufficient to practice it.
The length of time it takes to acquire the
profession depends in a great degree upon
the system studied. I have examined
many systems myself, and. before I took
up the eclectic, studied first Pitman's an9
afterward Graham's. I now write Cross's
eclectic system, and think it by far the
simplest, most easily acquired, and swiftest
method of short-hand I have ever seen.
I have seen two-month pupils of this sys
tem fully competent to do any kind of
amanuensis work. The college is the
largest short-hand college in the United
States, and annually turns out many fine
stenographers, finding no trouble in put
ting them all into good positions. I think
the greatest trouble with women is that
they think themselves perfectly competent
w hen they are not, I have in my mind
several cases since 1 have been in this
school where ladies have come here, staid
a month, and then wanted positions. Some
of them got them, but of course not the
salary that competent stenographers com
mand. One should learn the profession
thoroughly before entering a business
office, for there is little chance of improve
ment after, and if one is not a thorough
worker little chance for advancement. jeX
all who enter the profession remember
that the crowd is very much thinner at
the top than it is anywhere else. I hope
the Appeal will continue to write able
editorials on this subject, for no field of
labor offers so great inducements to stir
ring, energetic, willing-to-work-women as
the profession of stenography.
It la Mstsra-eateo: that They he Paid hy a
Catholic Kobaerlpllom.
Cincinnati, Decemlier 1C. It was in
tended that the invest ure of Archbishop
Elder with the pallium the past week
should be followed by a meeting of the
pries! 8 of the diocese for the purpose of
discussing means for the payment, or par
tial payment, of the great debt left by
Archbishop I'urcell. For some reason the
meeting was not held. The reason given
was that time did nut remain -before the
leaving of the evening train npon which
the priests were to return to their homes.
The real reason probably was that the
priests were not yet ready to adopt any
definite plan of action. The Rev. Father
Goetx, of Davton, in a letter to
Archbishop Elder, which it was tbe
purpose to have read before tho
meeting, suggested that the churches
of the archdiocese be asked to con
tribute an average of $3 a member
for tbe extinguishment of the Purcell
debt, and the churches in all the other
dioceses of the United States be asked to
contribute for the same purpose an aver
age of fifty-eight cents per member. Esti
mating that there are in the country 850,
000 Catholics who are unable to contribute
anything, contributions made upon the
above basis would wipe out the entire
debt of $4,000,000 and build a church in
memory of the redeeming of the honor of
the Catholic people.
This letter was given to the public to
day, and has excited considerable com
ment, favorable and otherwise. The most
significant point in' the letter is the inti
mation that there is a Catholic gentleman
in Cincinnati who is willing to head the
contribution with a gift of $.VX),000. Mr.
Renbeo R. Springer is suppose i to be tbe
one referred to. It is the general opinion
that while such a plan an that suggested
would, if energetically pushed, provide
tor a part of tho debt, it would not bo pos-
to raise enough money in that Way
tinguish it entirely unless a portion
to extinguish
oi it is remitted by the creditors.
Seaaai'oas rhartros Aatnat Babbitt,
tho Wealthy Hoan.Mahe.
New York, December 7. Last night
suit was brought by Kichard W. Peck
against Ben T. Babbitt, the soap man, for
9100,000 damages. When Babbitt's clerk
was discovered to have filched $250,000,
Mrs. Ellen Peck, Babbitt says, offered her
services as a detective, representing that
she could get the money back. Thereupon
Babbitt advanced her, he says, 19J)00 for
expenses, but she failed to apply it to the
purpose. He sued her to recover it,
making her husband a party, but after
ward withdrew the suit without an ex
planation, when the husband brought the
present suit. -
The complaint against Babbitt is ot an
astonishing character. He is charged with
having formed a p'nn to seduce the vonng
and beautiful daughter of Mr. Peck. To
accomplish this he gave large sums of
money to Mrs. Peck, ostensibly to procure
her aid in recovering the money his clerk
had embezzled, but his real purpose was
to buy the mother. It is also charged that
Babbitt offered the young girl a large sum
of money if she would yield to him, which
she refused to do. He then sought to
harass the family with lawsuits.
This portion of the complaint was order
ed stricken out as scandalous by the spe
cial term of the Snpremeourt, but Chief
Justice Barnard in general term to-day re
versed the order striking ont. Jtabbitt will
be compelled to stand trial on this charge.
Mrs. Peck has been arrested several
times on criminal charges. At the present
moment there are against her thirteen un
tried indictments for grand larceny, and
twelve untried indictments for obtaining
goods under false pretense. She was tried
on one indictment for grand larceny of a
watch and acquitted.
All the above indictments were found
by the grand jury on April 17, 1879, on
charges preferred by the late John Grady,
diamond peddler. On January 19, l&tf,
she was indicted for misdemeanor indis
posing of a piano,' which it was alleged she
had hired from the complainant. The in
dictment haa not been tried.
I llRlstMlS TstEAaA'KEa.
I count my treasures o'er wllb rare
The litUe toy that baby knew
A little sock of faded hue
A little lock of (olden hair.
Lonjr years ago this Christinas time.
My little one my all to me
8at robed in while upon my knee
And beard the merry Christmas chime.
"fid I mh. m litf mldrn head.
If Sania CUo should come to-nirht.
I come to-night,
i baby bright.
t boy J I salt, .
What shall n brin my I
Vi hat treasure for niT baby I
And then he named the little toy.
While in his honest, mournful eyes.
There came a look of sweet surprise
Tuat spoke his quiet, trustful joy.
And, ss'he lisped his evening; prayer,
lie asked tlie boon with childish trace.
Then, toddling to the chimney-place,
lie buns his little stocking there. .
That nlrht, as lengthening; shadows crept.
Jsaw the white-winred angels come
With hearenly mnsic to our home
Aad kiss
mr starling as be slept.
They mast hart beard bis baby pray'r.
For in the morn with smiling face,
fie toddled to the chimney-place
And found the little treasure there.
Then mm again one Christmastide
That angal host, so fair so white
And, singing all tbe Christmas night.
They lured my darling from my side.
A little sock a little toy
A little lock of golden hair ,
The Christmas music on the air
A watching for my baby boy.
But if again that angel train
And golden head come back for me.
To bear me to eternity
My watching will not be ia rain.
ri arsg I'lKLD.
NoSafeb Remedy can lie had for coughs
and colds, or any trouble of the throat,
than "Brown's Bronchial Troalies." rrice
twenty-five cents. Sold only in Bares.
Absolutely Pure.
This powder never tbHm. A mnvrrel at parity.
IretiRlh and whol-momtsness. More economical
than the ordinary kinds nnd ennnot be Mold in
competition with the multitude of low-twit hort
weight, alum or phosphate powders.
Sold only in can.
Election of Directors.
Umiox akd Pr.AXTKia tlAftft or MBxrwis,
MKMFHm, Tknn., December K.
ST0CK!KLltaK8 are hereby notified that an
election will be held at thin Bank on the
Kcend MeiMly In January. 14. from
lo o'clock a, in. until 1 e'clock p.m. to choose
Fifteen Directors to serre the tnuinr year.
8. P. HKAD. Canhier.
METALLIC CASES. Caskets. Coffins. Burial
Kobes, et. eto. C.0.1). Orders by Telecrajih
promptly 61led.
No. 5071, R. Chancery Court ff Shelby enuoty
Thorn a . Daly at al. va. Itoaa D. lauchtr
et al.
BY virtue of an interlocutory decree for tale en
tered in the above rauite on the 8th day of
November, M. B. 40, pare .147, and order
opening biddings of Itocember 14, 1H&1, I will eell.
at public aution. to the biahest bidder, in front
of the Clerk and Matter' office, courthouae of
Shelby county, Memphis, Tenn., on
ftatnrtlay. Decern tr 32, lftfeft,
si 12 o'clock m.v tho following deacribed prop
erty, situated in tbe Taxing-District of Shelby
county, Shelby county, Teon., to-wit:
A certain lot sold to K. T. Keel by John W.
Todd and C. W. Goyer. in ISMt, recorded in book
37, pare 86. and bounded an follows; The frac
tional third part of lot No. 76, as laid down snd
numbered on the original map of Memphis: lie
irinninrat the southwest corner of lot 75, which
is the northwent corner of lot 7fi upon Front How ;
running thence south 9 3f west with Front How
24 feet and t inches; thence enat 9s Mf ponth and
parallel with Adams street 14 '4 feet to the public
alley on the east line nf lot 76; thence north 9 .W
eact with unid alley, that being the eat boundary
line of lot 76, 21 feet 9 incho. that being tbe cor
ner of lot 75; then co west 9C 30' north along the
north boundary line of lot 76, 144 fret to the be
ginning, formerly occupied by said E. T. Keel as
his ntrehouc, and now occupied as such by Ar
buckle: Kicharditon.
Terms of 6ale Canh. This December 14, IMS.
K. J. BLACK; Clerk and Maater.
Vy Geo. Mallery Deputy Clerk and Master.
Fraywer & Pcnigs , Boston k i'oston. Solicitors.
O Mkmthib. Tkkk.. December 9, 1W,
mr A miMttinj nf th Stnokholdera of thin Han
wiii oe he I a on itfiMAi Jannary a, ihM, at
their bankinghnane, between the boars of 11
o'clock a.m. and 2 o clock p.m. for the purpose
of electing Thirteen Directors to serre the enauing
yoar. A. WCODRI KF. Preaident.
XVI. ners. Society Goods Wiga. Beards, Masks,
etc. Costume for balls and private theatricals.
Produce Merchant.
Red CIoTer, O -chard UraM,
Tlmotlijr, Herd" Graaa,
Hlne Oraas, Fall Rarley,
Seed Rye, Seed Wheat,
Red RnM-Proof Oalt,
Apple. Onions and Potatoes,
Paper aad Paper Rag.
232 Main Street, Memphis.
8. W, Corner Washington and Crawford Sta.,
viriaHBraa. mutt,
tffn reTrrvw promnpn.
IV VV aT.Vn . Hfc W w
PI aa tart allow Id wot make loans nntil they a re
iavefftiaatad oar plaa aad rates.
Rental Agents
285 Main Street.
SPECIAL attention 1tm to (ha rental derari
snt. Clan eollectioaa aad prompt satUa
asaaU wilt b car aaowa.
bv rrvj"
Plantation Loans
And will completely aana tha bloo la
person who will take 1 I'Uf each night from
health, tr each thins; bo poaalbta. For Fwmala Complaint these Pilla haoa aa oeja
rhraioiana sua them for the car of LIVKK aad K.I DJTKl' dls.aaae. Sold sinjsasi
or aeat br man for Sdo. In stamps. Circular froe. L a. jOHSaOsT a CO, Bostna, aTasa,
JOHNSON'S ANODYNE LINIMENT WiM lnnaenis, ttlrwtin, at rn rant. Wnans-
u. Harsins 4'ouKh. tvhaofima Coaxfe, Chnxilc Di.rrtMoa. Jsrnlrrr, Otulera Murtm. kidney Tllllllon. ailll
Nfua of the ftntM. 5,4d rrtrrwbcra- Circular, fr I. H. JOHNSON a X Uuttou, siau.
It is a w.n-tnnwn fact that most of the
IWm and raltl. Powibr enld la thl, conn
trjr is wnrthats: that KKn.lin', Omditloa
IVm-dTI, alnwiureKpnr.andm,ahtaMe.
Ur like Khrl.lanOmdiUoa Vow. lllaalmnnn IIhIiV sanlBB
dr. I, on. ir-..fui !. ..rxof nm manwmwsr' mil
food, tt.ill ate poitumir snmt at onto I nortiolera.o. nnM.,.MwiMH.. or sent trr mail lhc.V.ta
jininmi na nn will make Ml
arfll 1 w IV t il lynULCnAi Urcuian .. 1. a. JOHNSON IX Uostun, Via.
A. HF,KFRT V CO.. Wfiwphta. Oenerwl lVholeaale Agent.
RIdlil All I.!: GARDEN M I It A fr.fi
UrSL. Or. CFLiLIO c? OO.,
No" 361 Main Street ; ? ; ? ; t Mem-thin. Tew ti
Grocers Cotton Factors
Pearce, Suggs & Pettit
And Commission Merchants,
gOO ami 262 Front Wfroet. MemphU. Tonn.
Kl-M Till
ciiewxivo caiTjr.
-Aend aa order for a "nuifila I'arkac
or 'otttrrftonrfr. wl
MAxrFAC-rritERN. or
Doors, Sash,Blinds and Moldings
Brctetn, Scroll-Work, Rough nnd DrMtci l.nniber, .Milnglc, Lalb, Klc,
161 to 179 Washington St., Memphis, Tenn.
Poplar Street Cars Carry Sou to tha Markothuuse, One Puttara from the Mills.
BraC--. T XJll
;! ' .lit:; . L- ..
ii'fi ,,ary Diseases General I)c-
tfj&EsW m.,,,d d. i
Cijini4itLsuiiii3r, aim niu vmy remedy
W 'MlMMlh'At is beneficial in Malarial
b(Wmi canal. Atrial will convince you
' ''rrxz&tt-! Iniir nm i ar pfp hiiart rotti f
J. T. FARQAS0N. J. A. UVUT. 0. 0. HEIS. R. A. PARKER. K. h. WOObbOM
Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors.
369 Front Street. Memphis, Tenn.
CoMon oonslcned to us will hareour oareful attention. We oarrr at all titnes a ..ll-eeleeted stooko
Staple and Fancy Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Tobacco and Cigars.
And will sell as T.ow W. hsr. .n..d enr Kw AtIbbwi ftffi. :
r. k. '.
New Material, Flrel-ClaM Workmen, Promptness and Ihirablllty.
No. 44 Monroo Htroot, - - AfXezxarxhlao. Toii..
srTKLr.PIIAVK 17a. -a.
W. Is. MOOX,
Lata LaFrada Jt Moon.
rnwKi mown.
Lata with i. Tiariason A Co.
mm &
Tobacco and Cigars,
A. M. LITEMORE, HrroWrn t.
Honite Front
Building Work ' w
Railroad Work
Kfoamh'l Work
Enelnea, I
Saw Mill,
8(rm Pump,
Brass flood,
n -
Pip k Fitting. '-'
m. w .
I.Vrf. nonoral
r. W. eCABBEfi.
T-fr ' jaw
M-r'TLJ 1 j'
iorC (Slllll
4.3.-" - J-
No. 414 Slain Street. - - Memphis, Tenn
OTP. MoCADDEN will aire his aonoaal attention to all Cotton eonrlrBed U ta Ira, and if
fitpsrf1 tn mnh. liK.r.1 .drawi.. en saiwa.n
And General Commission Merchants,
xm. sol i set fboxt T nEurins, tess.
tba antlra sntsa In throe
1 to II waaka, naay bo rsttaral no
Croap. Asthma. iSroavrhltla, Nevraa
gia, Kheamailem. JOIINAOVft ano.
I V K B LI N I M K N T of mltmm4 raf KrUt nml
Cm) will Instantaneous to relieve tltew terrtit
d i aad will pntitiTvlT care nine caeee
out of ten. InformaU'in that will aava saaitr
Uvea sent free by mall. iKMTt tfelft" a aBasatwa
a iviHiowa a, vUSJT aUaVU VKTwo
fa owr MhAloaalo lrMsa:lat, U
WSemIHi. Trtin.
mm mil
greatest of all remedies.
glnrnlllblc Cure lor all I'lilmo-
For diseases of the
inroai anu jjunss 11 lias no
. 1 W II
TruJo nnpplipi! at reasonable dlm-ounl hj
Memphis, Tenn.
.Hxiuifiirtarrra and Proprietor,
. Mew York nnd ( harlexlon.
t. r. vno.
LaU with I.. ta lou a A lia
II. A. TATl'M, Motj an4 Treesanror.
..'- ?. Ola: tiearlng.
J Work,
i Iroa and BraM
4Ge.'l Krpalr.
i and
' - Mi - nTTfs tla r...
eajtaa7rtaaenalrs . J" C a t a I a; a s).
A re at ami Isallrttar.

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