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V 1 THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL SUNDAY, FEBEUAEY 1, 1885. J M i 1 I i I r. II 5 j MEMPIIIS APPEAL. MXDAY FEBRUAKY 1, 1SS5 the nimurD ji uttvtB. The murder of William I. Trainor by t:io colored fiend, John McKecvor, has i:d l arallel in the history of crime, and t. conviction of the monster hag spared r-Iuntphia the humiliation of mob law, for when it was announced that the jury was hanged through the contumacf of one person theie was a breeze of discon tent in the air which threatened a storm of violence to the murdorer and the ob stinate juror. But thanVa to the better judgment of the stubborn and perti nacious juror, who finally yielded, and thus spared the community the danger of that lawlessness so repugnant to civil ization, the peril was averted. The people had sworn in their wrath that .McKeever must die. There was no doubt as to his guilt, that he had mur dered Trainor in cold blood, and he had no more chance for his life thau in plunging down Niagara Falls. The public had its own emphatic opinion, and it was determined that its voice should be heard. Hut, fortu nately, society has been victorious in die battle for the right, and McKeever was convicted and will bo hanged for the hideous wrong done to society the atrocious murder ho com muted. The impression obtains that Memphis ii lapsing back to the dark and bloody era when homicide was th. fash ion and the murderer beeame the hero of the hoar, and when the victim was hurried to his grave, and men and women who valued law and order looked on in dismay. J he gallows was then regarded ns an obsolete relic which had been con signed to the curiosity-shops, among such implements of torture as the rack and thumlscrews, and murder, in self-on-scious jauctiness, declaimed "hanging played out. In those days murder trials became shows for the exhibition of human butchers and the frothy elo quence of criminal lawyers, who did a profitable business in defending and acquitting cut-throats. Juries were selected from the slums of the city and the lowest grades of intelligence.Their de cisions were looked forward to in no alarm by the criminal, but in fear by the people who loved peace and law, and in unconcealed pleasure by the brotherhood of crime. Juries were selected by con nivance and selected to acquit, and a trial for murder was a mockery and a farce. Insecurity became a pass-word and law a hy-word. This was a terrible state of af fairs, just that condition in society in which good men feel that the law cannot be trusted to do the work of justice, and when roimh and ready honesty, in a fe ver of indignation, arrogates power to it seii and creates a terror by irresponsibly taking the law into its own hands, some thing which the man who loves his coun try deplores as much as the impunity of crime. Well ordered society dele gates its powers to officers and c-jurts specially chosen for that pur pose. Life and death is guarded by unmistakably strong restrictions; but nothing can be so demoralizing as to see these restrictions aet as insurmountable harriers between a murderer and the gallows. But the reaction came. At last a gleam of hope came by the appearance of a judge who had the nerve to grapple with crime and proclaimed that law and order must prevail, cost what it may. .Every grade of crime was inflexibly pun ished, and crime was rapidly diminished. In that condition it is the business of those who eherifh order to keep it. The conviction of McKeever is a triumph of justice, no triumph either, paradoxical as it mny seem, for he committed murder most foul and atrocious, and the fac. that one juryman could hesitate as to his conviction is not a favorable omen. But then, again, the obstinacy of this one juror showed that the people Lave resolved that murder is a crime and that murderers shall be hanged. As the sword which Brennus flung into the scale brought it down, eo will the might of the people bring down the side of law and order in spite of all the influences which have heretofore thrown up the side of murder. The con viction and execution of McKeever will preach to men's eyes and minds as the gospel of the tangible alone can preach. It will firmly and emphatically proclaim that murder is a crime, and that the peo ple have resolved to see the law enforced. large estates is growing among the South ern people, and emigrants can naw pur chase rich, cheap lands in the neighbor hood of the best citizens. IIIEfKIISillLESmUHK. Tho poor Indian needs not, like the Macedonian monarch, the admonitory voice of a slave to remind him of his doom, for it is written across the sky in letters of blood. Those who shed hypo critical tears over the wrongs of the ne gro show that they are influenced solely by party considerations, for they have no sympathy for the wrongs of the Indian, who is hunted dowu like the buffaloes ot the western prairies. The territory oc cupied by the Indian tribes is theirs by treaty. The Chickasaws, Creeks, Chero koes and Seminoles have occupied it as the reservation of the "government for their exclusive benefit, and its invasion by armed and lawless whites is a gross breach of faith with the Indians. Those who sympathize with the Oklahoma in vaders take the position that these In dians do not deserve the splendid climate and rich land assigned them; that they will never cultivate the land or de velop the country, that if the white "boomers" are permitted to steal the laud it will, in a very few years, be laid out in beautiful farms and a happy peo ple will be supported by the soil that is now running to waste. This is the logic of the brigand and the robber. The United States government is under obli gations to protect the Indians that it set tled on this reservation. If this terri tory was occupied by negroes instead of Indians, the outrages of the boomers would cause a howl of indignation throughout the whole 'country and tbe army of the United States would be sent to Oklahoma to protect the wards of the nation. After these Indians had been conquered in Georgia, Florida and other Southern States, they were forcibly removed to the Indian Territory and received a guarantee of possession of lands on which the government settled them, and by every principle of justice tho Indians are entitled to the use and enjoy of tbeir property. To take any other view of this question is unjust and dishonest, and they should not be molested. Presi dent Arthur is endeavoring to perform his duty, and he says the Oklahoma S'juatters must go; that the reservation must be cleared of invaders without de lay and at any cost. Many of the In dians have developed into a condition of civilization a condition which they will detest if one of the principles of civiii zition is to rob them of their territory. Since the discovery of America, the In dian has witnessed the usurpation of his rights and the appropriation of his domain, until he has be come an outcast from the land of his fathers, a fugitive from the rapacity of conquest, and it would be shame and a scandal to disturb him in his last refuge. A noble chief once sadly said: "You will cease to persecute us, for we shall case to exist." They have made their kt stand and if driven from this the words of the chief will be the language of prophecy. They selected a reserva tion where they thought the march of civilization would never reach, and there t!iey have subsisted like some strong mountain plant, which the rocks have nurtured in their clefts, and if again dis turbed they have no alternative but to imitate the example of the sheep which unresistingly surrender their throats to the devouring wolves. o soi rH, TOUU MAN, eo SOUTH. Horace Greeley won fortune and fame by his talents and energy. He was once the idol of the young men of the East ern .States, whs were constantly solicit ing his advice as to what they should do in commencing tha great battle of life. Greeley's invariable reply was, "Go "West, young man, go West, and gTOW up with the country." The Eastern and Northern newspapers have changed this advice by counseling the young men to go South. The Boston Globe publishes a series of interesting articles, showing the resources of the South and the in ducements offered to industrious and en terprising young men of the Northern and Eastern States. The letters which Col. A. K. McClurc has written from the South to his paper, the Philadlphia Times, during his recent visit to the South, will add millions of dol lars to the capital of the South and many thousands to its popula tion. While a lawyer was piling on the agotiy, his client burst into a flood of tears and sobl'mgly exclaimed that he never knew until then how badly he had been treated. When the people of the South read these eloquent tributes to their climate, their resources and their future possibilities, they feel like burst ing into tears of joy and exclaiming that they never knew until now the grandeur and glory of the South and that they live in the most favored section of the American Union. A new era is cer tainly dawning upon the Eouth, and the day of her redemption draweth nigh. It was the Northern and Eastern States that populated the West. The surplus population in these crowded States must have an outlet, and for the future the tide of emigration will be turned to the South. The effect of the kind words commending the young men of the North to go South have already been perceptibly felt. Alabama seems at present to be the lavorite State with emigrants, but this is because other Southern Sutes have not been as zealous in advertising their re sources. The Southern State that fails to make known its resources, that lags superfluous behind in enterprise cannot expect to attract immigration. The in ducements of the Southern State are varied, but all of them are rich in re sources, and need population to develop thcin. The changed tone of the North ern press cannot fail to precipitate into the South a new and enterprising popu lation. Let us give them a hearty wel come, offer them cheap homes and show that they will be citizens equal in politi cal privileges and responsibilities, and that above all we want persona e'iilled in every variety of pursuits and all the in dustries of life. What is equally wanted is capital to develop our unbounded re sources; settlers who will bring along with them means and energy to enter into business for themselves, to buy our cheap lands, become permanent residents and help to build up the prosperity of the South and thereby build up their own. An infusion of fresh blood into the South i most desirable. Feople liv ing too long among themselves and filled with the traditions of the past ars too apt to be wedded to effete methods and to cherish old prejudices. A bounte ous hospitality was never wanting among the people of the South. In the free and easy lives they once lived many of HENDISH PE.MIEMIABY OIM. The Nashville Banner has interviewed Mr. J. W. Burrow, of Bedford county, whe was for seven months a guard over tnnenitentiary convicts at the Tracy mines, lie left on account of the disa greeable nature of the duties. The bad odor and the swarming vermin, the filthy btds and filth everywhere were frightful; the walls of the sleeping place were sometimes black with crawling vermin. The beds are filled with straw about once a year, and the men have to sleep in the clothes they work in. Their condi tion is worse than that of the slaves be fore the war, and as a means of prevent iiu crime' and amending criminals the sytora is a perfect farce. Corn bread cold is the staple diet; the meat is usually bulk sides. The convicts Lave to work tasks. If they are not porformedithe men are severely and often unmercifully lashed. The lash is three pieces of harness leather tied to a stick. The men are made to lie on their faces, stripped to the skin, and a strong man applies the lah vigorously. Sometimes a heavy log-chain is welded to the ankles aal is carried day and night. Men are olion lashed when, from weakness, they cidnot possibly do their task. They f.:.ir to complain of being sick, for if the doctor fails to say the same the man is whipped and then made to do his day's task, and the weaker ones break down ami die. The men have often to wade in the water; the guards will not permit them to dry by the stoves, and they then sleep iu their wet clothiug. Mr. Bar row knew of several who were mashed to death .by the slate roof, owing to the want of proper supports, falling upon them while digging. They are sjiuetimes killed or maimed for life, when picking out blasts that failed to explode There was only one convict killed hy a yuiird during Mr. Burrow's stay. Some of the men are at work every Sunday, for which they are paid eight cents a car load. Many prefer doing so, outside of the pay inducement, because otherwise they are kept bolted in their cells all day. which shows in what condition the cells are. In conclusion Mr. Burrow says : "I have known of the vilest and most loathing practices, but details you could not afford to publish. I not only con sider the lease system as injurious to free l.ibor, but believe it wanting in every principle of reform for the criminal classes and tending only to enrich a few individuals at the expense of the public welfare." The Banner answers for the respectability of Mr. Burrow, a man "thoroughly honest and truthful, and whose word cannot be questioned.' these details require no comment: the fiendish facts tell for themselves what it cosu to gave Tennessee taxpayers $101,- HOO a year; Here and there, through open windows, he sees the cheerful light of the lamp showing the comforts of the apartment, and around the cozy fire the family sit laughing and chatting unconscious of the despairing eyes that are gazing upon them. On goes the sufferer, for the police insist that he shall "keep mov ing;" he passes a church. There is a roof and walls that keep out the storm, there are soft cushions on which none are reclining. This house, so erected, at the cost of thousands, for the worship of One who, like the agoniied man who is passing it, "had not where to lay His head," He who commanded to help the desolate and distressed, and to comfort the broken-hearted. But even there there is no shelter from the storm, no pitying glance for the woe-strioken wanderer, no helping hand, no comforting word. And so the night is spent, so the nights of many have been spent this winter in our streets, for the hope of finding work where the river improvements were go ing on or levee construction wms pro ceeding brought hundreds to this city. The morning comes, food must be had; their pride in personal appearance and exposure to the blasts are swallowed up in the unendurable pangs of hunger; first one, then another article of apparel is sold, and rags substituted. When no more remains to sell, then comes the last awful calamity the man who would give anything for a chance to work, must beg, for, oh, depth of humiliation! he has become a tramp ! As such, he is driven from doors, abused for entering yards to ask humbly at the kitchen entrance, the dog is set upon him, he is anded over to the police, he is put to work on the rock-pile, and, for a crown ing humiliation, he has a chain put upon his ankle, and cold eyes and lowering ooks are cast upon him from the passers- by; for he is on the chain-gang. Is this picture of fancy, copied from some sen sational novel? No, it is a bitter, hard, stern fact, given from our personal knowledge. "I was a hungered, and ye gave me no meat; l was tnirsty, ana ye gave me no drink ; I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; naked, and ye clothed me not; sick and in prison, and ye vis ited me not. Inasmuch as ye did it not nto one of the least of these, ye did it ot unto me. Here is something to think of this day of worship, even for those who cry Lord, Lord, and say "Be e warmed and be ye filled," and so be- n and end their religion. Few of these tifortunate and calumniated tramps are ere now, but in many a oare room tne cupboard is empty, the stove destitute of fuel, the bed scant of covering. Widows are weeping, little ones are asking for read, sick sufferers have hunger added to their sufferings. We ask of Christ less a gift than all the reful gence ot heaven, ne asKs oi us tnat wo shall compassionate the poor and give bread to the hungry. Shall we enter the ouse of prayer this morning, sing our hymns, hear divine words, and ask in- nite gifts from heaven, then go to our comfortable dinner and enjoy the gifts ith which Providence has endowed our onics, without one act oi oueaience, one manifestation ot neaveniy cnarity. ne thought, or care, or effort to relieve the poverty that is around us? Shall no i't from us come to the hungry, no con- ibution to the associative relief kind earts and ready hands have agreed upon lat help may be extended to the poor? Think of the homes without bread, the ereaved without the necessaries of life, le sick with none to care, and refuse )'ir help if you can, but, in that event, nember that "inasmuch as ye did it ot unto one of the least f these ye did not to me." WASHINGTON. The Ulver and Harbor Bill Under Dis cussion In the IIouhc Oalteslon Harbor Improvement. Reform in the Civil Service and the Original Teiinre of OITlce Act A Adverse Report. Randall Said to be Reluctant to Accept the Treasury Portfolio ia Cleve land's Cabinet. ttOWKTIIISU TO THINK OF. This is a hard winter. Morning after morning our telegraphic columns tell of fearful suffering. People are frozen to death, avalanches in the mountainous re sions destroy numerous victims. Many persons overtaken by overwhelming snow-storms are lot, and will be foun only when the thaws of spring show their dead bodies lying in deep gullies or by the rocks where they have vainly sought shelter. But these terrific catastrophes are not all. The victims perish, their sufferings are mostly short, but there are victims who do not die, but suffer agony long drawn out. This is a period of "hard times." Good, honest, industrious, God fearing citizens are deprived of work The more spirited among them seek in other quarters the employment they can not find at home. Too often their search is vain. They take to work for which their habits have unfitted them, and of ten in districts to which they are not ac climated. They fall sick and are taken to a. hospital, from which they are dis charged weakened by sickness and without a cent in their pockets. Can the reader "put himself in their place," and imagine what he should do in such circumstances? Yet men in such cir cumstances have Ven passing his door daily for weeks. We are not drawing upon imagination, nor are we sentiment alizing. We have talked, within the last few weeks, with many in such cir cumstances, and we tell the simple, un Washington. Jannarvtti. Row Tho Speaker pro km., Blackburn, laid be We the House a communication from the supervising architect of the Treasury asking for an appropriation of $20,000 for the public building at Kansas City, Mo , SWOO for that at Cleveland, O., and rec ommending that, the limit of appropria tion for the building at Jeflerson City, Mo., be increased to Si:i2,000. Referred. Representative Mutchler, chairman of the House Committee on Reform in Civil Service, by instruction of his committee made an adverse report on the bill to pro hibit the removal of any hanorably dis charged Union soldier, sailor or marine or widow or dependent relative of any de ceased Koidier or marine from any office in the civil service of the United States, exceut for specified aauses. The commit tee in its report says : "The bill goes further in its control of power of removal from office other than the original tenure-of-otiice act. In that the power of removal in cases restricted by the bill could not be exercised. vn inintlv by the President and Senate. Believing that the power of removal from office wisely exercised is necessary to enable the Executive to fuliill his constitutional duty in administering the laws, vour committtM are of opinion that any legislation which so restricts that power is unconstitutional and inexpedient. Should the Executive abuse the powet of removal or use it for unworthy purposes tbe remedy is with the people, or with the House and Senate by impeachment. But should the legislative branch by restrictions upon appointments and removals so bind the hands of the Executive as practically to take away the power of administering the laws, the con stitutional functions of the Executive to see the laws faithfully executed would be seriously impelled. For in such case the administration of the laws might fall into hands of subordinates for whose appoint ments the Executive was in no wm rp- spoHKible, and who might have be come unworthy or inefficient while in office. Under the provisions of the bill the Secretary of State, w hose ideas of for eign policy might be totally opposite those of the Executive, must be retained by him, and this though the Senate should concur in the propriety ot appointing another in bia place. Under existing statutes prefer ence in appointments is given to many of me turns ui persons named in tne Dill, and the purposes of these statutes would, if liberally construed, be carried out bv re taining such persons in office when their general htness was apparent, or when the proper objects of the Executive could best oe cartieu out Dy so Uoiug. But to prov vide that the Executive shall retain ii?Ti made in the House Monday to call up the bankruptcy bill and fix a day for iu con sideration. Tbe Public Debt. It ia estimated that the forthcoming public debt statement will show a reduc tion of the debt for January of between $7,000,000 and f 8,000,000. Work Besomed at the Ai it vy-Yards. Secretary Chandler hag directed the re sumption of work at the navy-yards and stations which wag suspended January 1st on account of the failure of Congress to provide for its continuance. Another Dividend. The Comptroller of the Currency hag declared a fourth dividend of ten per cent, in favor of the creditors of the First Na tional Bank of Monmouth, 111., making eighty per cent, paid creditors. Tbe Oklahoma Invaders. Secretary Lincoln has instructed Brig. Gen. Augur to turn over to the civil aa thorities for prosecution such of the lead ers among the Oklahoma boomers as vio lated section 2148 of ths Revised Statutes relating to the subject in dispute. Assistant hief Signal Officer. Tli3 recommendation by the House Committee on Military Affairs to the Ap propriations Committee for the creation of the office of assistant chief signal officer has been withdrawn, on the ground that it U new legislation. The committee bad previously decided not to recommend new legislation of any character. The Swatoi Court-Jnarttal- The Star says: "It has been learned at the War Department that the findings in the Swaim court-martial have not been re ceived by the Secretary of War. It was further learned from unquestioned au thority that, up to this morning, the court had not even voted upon the case. It was thought, however, the duties of the court would be completed to-day, and the findings submitted. Tbe Naval Bill. The Star has the following: "Mr. Randall bas not changed his views con cerning the appropriation for the navy since his visit to Mr. Cleveland. The bill will come up for consideration next week, and Mr. Randall will exert himself to de feat the proposition to provide for a new navy at this time. There is a proposition under consideration now to give the Na ral Committee jurisdiction over naval bills hereafter. Mr. Randall has informed Mr. Cox, chairman of the Naval Commit tee, that he would not be opposed to such a proposition." LITTLE ROCK, ARE. 1'nung- Men's lurlstlan Associa tion Temperance Matters PeraoualR. CORRESPONDENCE OP THlf APPEAL.) LrrTLB Rock, January 29. The meet ing of the Young Wen's Christian Associa tion last Monday night at the residence of Col. Logan H. Roots, was well, it was a reception tendered Messrs. Coxhead and Wieting, who are here as a result of the visit of Mr. Henry Edwards Brown, last fall an international secretary about whom I wrote yon at the time. The colo nel's large double parlors were well filled by men of worth and wealth and pleating work is rapidly growing out of the meet ing. A committee of six was appointed to raise funds to establibh an association in Little Rock. Two thousanddoilars were thought necessary, and if sufficient, could bo obtained. Col. Roots offered to give one-third. At noon to-day I heard that $1100 had been contributed np to that time. Now is a good time to mention thaf tti legislature will shut up on omceany person when he may think that tne saloons kept by Jews also. Oh we oeuernueu to aa- are coming out of the wilderness. Not PLOTS IIATCUING. Letter Received by the British Home Secrntary Stating that Sew Out rages Are Contemplated. A Man J.rrested at Derby With Dyna mise in His Possession The Courts guarded. one to shoot, they knocked him down, and I "RT.nHnV TTP TiT" d 4 Q finHimr that he wan stunned, thev placed I --AJVF If 11 UJT 1) J. "JoIlO. him in irons and removed him to the I cabin, where he diod two hours afterward. Charles Jones testified that at the time of the assault noon the captain be was nfty feet away from the scene of the scntlle. Summrilyke said he held. Armstrong's I Ipim while he was being overpowered ani took his revolver from him. He could prove who struck the captain after he was down. Patterson swore he had nothing to do with the killing, and protested against th6 injustice of his arrest. The prisoners were remanded to await tne testimony oi other witnesses. Three Terrible Explosions Caused by Natural 6as at Pittsburg Tea or Twelve Houses V 3 o o OS on o 4- CS 2 The Wat In Egypt Gen. Stewart's Posi tion at Gnbat The Skye Crofters German Socialists. Mll.l.lnNAlBFN, MONOPOLISTS AND DYNAMITERS. The dynamiters have thoroughly scared e millionaires. Some time ago a very rich New Yorker built himself a hand some but modest residence in a retired rt of the city. He was asked why he id not put up a palace, as anderbilt as done, in a very public locality. He said because when trouble came he did not want a house that would attract verybody's attention, and in a place here everybody could readily find it. he feeling this rich man had, many hers are participating in to-day. They now that in a country where, in public tion, all citizens are equal, the accu mulation of vast wealth in few hands is so ut of keeping with the principles that regulate the community, and so at war with the general welfare, that in case of pular commotion they are likely to be iu danger. In the words of the Chicago K'n: "The splendor of Yanderbilt, Gould, Sage, Dillon, Field. Huntington, id the rest comes chiefly from two mrces, and tlie eople know it. First, from untold millions out of the estates of widows, orphans, and fiduciary trusts, exploited byAieans of watered tocks and Wall street wrecking; second, from an enormous annual tax which icso transportation monopolists levy minister the trust, is in our opinion nn wise and unconstitutional. Public offica must oe regarded as a trust, and not as a mrn reward for pat services, however mer itorious, and present usefulness should be tbe test for an incumbent. Your committee report the bill back adversely and recom mend it uo not pass. llie House then went into Cnmniitliw of the Whole, Mr. Hammond in the chair, on the river and harbor bill. Mr. Mills earnestly advocated an appropriation for the proposed improvement of Galveston harbor. The attempted improvements so far had resulted in failure, and the neonle of Texas had no confidence in the achieve ment ot any measure for success except by the plans proposed to be pursued by Capt. Eads. Mr. Thomas thought the bill in the main a fair and meritorious one. there were aoino items in tbe bill which were objectionable to him. It would be better for the country, for instance, to await the action of the Harbor Board. provided tor by the bill, betoie any large appropriations were made for the im provement of the Galveston harbor. Con gress should not rush head ong into a work which was to cost $8,750,00.1 simply because Capt. Eads was brought forward as the architect of the proposed scheme. If this appropriation for the Galveston harbor had been put on an equal footing with other harbors of the same character and importance he probably would have abstained from finding fuult "with it. But when the committee had seen fit to put its foot on an engineer corps and go on wituout any estimates satistactorv to the House he for one must protest against it. He thought a halt should be cal'ed. There is another project in the bill that was de cidedly objectionable. It was one for the the establishment of a great nat;onal harbor of refuge at Sandy Bay. Mass. Engineers said this was not necessary. yet tbe committee had put it in. It in volved the expenditure of $4,000,000, and was intended to furnish a harbor of refuge for the ocean-going trade of New England. There were places where harbors to meet all requirements of commerce could be established at much less cost- Mr. Blanchard defended the bill a jninaf hrstile criti 'ism, and especially expressed nis approDauon ior tne improvement of Galveston harbor. No more meritorious proposition involving an appropriation was presented to tne douse than for the improvement ot this harbor. He pictured the benefits which would inure to Texas. to the v estern states and to the county' at large by the establishment of asaf'.anj deep harbor at Galveston, and favored tbe pi&us i iupi. r-aas. li witn r-.p MnPr,rt. iture of S6.00C j OOO or ST.WO.foo a depth of thirty feet could beprocrred at Galveston, the people of the Ur-.Vied States wonld not part with that !iult for S 1 00 000,000. Re ferring tO Tub nrnnnuJ ;.,..,. ,c upon the agriculturists, manufacturers the Mississippi river and the appointment and traders of this country, over and I a.t: i-sds as consulting engineer of 'nove what the service and a legitimate profit upon it are worth. When either ne of two or three New l'ork capitalists has "ealth nominally greater than the itire taxable valuations of two wealthy and prosperous States, and nearly the hole ot it has been acquired during the present generation from the sources udicated above, the danger of oar times lies in that condition of a nominally rep resentative government which makes sjch things possible." Here are tbe sources of fear, not the mere possession ot wealth, but the feeling that there is something in its large accumulation that'is outside of and contradictory to 'the spirit of (he time" as it exists in this republican land. Accordingly, the hangers on and flatterers of the rich are beginning to attack that spirit of freedom and love of political equality which is ingrained in every integument ot an American's composition. In New York Mr. Chauncey Dcpew, speaking before the Young Men's Christian Association said that "every element of progress car ries with it the agencies of destruction, and the very splendor of our situation is the danger of our times." As Mr. De new is the special adviser of Mr. Yan derbilt, we can seadily understand what the splendor of our situation consists of. Ihe New lork Indicator is an anologist for monopolies and a worshiper of miliionairism, and sees a dynamiter in everybody who does not join its faith. It says: "In the act of the dynamiter we see tbe matured rruit ot a feeling that exists in our midst to-day, What is the monopoly cry of to-day but the fuse ignited to explode the deadly dynamite.' A l he dynamite con suirator. yclept the anti-monopolist, siiisles out the railroad as the ob ject of his cowardly blow. He insidi ously attacks the great transportation routes of the country. He raises the cry of monomlv. and seeks to have the rail roads blown into atoms. The Ileagan in terstate commerce bill, the grander laws. the land gran t forfeiture bills are but pack- apes laden with deadly dynaraite,intendcd ouly to destroy and ruin. The reasoning that would permit the taking away from a railroad the right to earn a fair profit upon the moncy invested in it is the reasoning of dynamite." To be a millionaire, by whatever means, is not obiected to, and to object to it is dyn mitical if we may coin the word. To distort and discriminate in railroad charges nasses unmentioued. but to od pose such proceedings is to be a Com munist, and Nihilist, and a dynamitist. Monopoly has no reproot from the Indt- catirr, lor such reproot makes a man an assassin and a aestructionist. tiowever objectionable these things may be, it is naughty and wicked to say tney are ob jectionable. However wrong it may be to do these things, they must not be ue nounced, but must be humbly bowed down to: we must not call a spade a soade." Is there not something arro gant, insolent and intolerable in this claim that such sacred things as monopolies, miliionairism, and railroad extortion shall not be criticised or opposed? Evi dently, in the estimation of those of the faith of the golden calf, these things, like an English king, can do no wrong. These denunciations of all who do not doif the cap to mammon and bend the knee to power, are nreliminaries to lead uo to a demand for an extension ot mili tary strength in the United States to put down movements azaiost monopoly, ob lectors to the formation of "an upper' class, and strikes against uniust inroads upon .workmen's wages. The military policy is a Russian policy. It would take more than dynamite can do to intro- The desire for dividing I quivering wtth agony, the man walks on. 1 duce military rule here. varnished facts, facts how sad, how hcart- ihem took no care of the morrow, and I rending, only those who have come into not 'ew tem left their heirs with I actual contact with these unfortunates inrnmhered estates. The changes in I can appreciate. But suppose health does v. laVwir system also occasioned reverses I not fail, the penniless seeker for work is that were fet in every Southern State. J far from home, he is among strangers, he tw .nmbineJ causes have led, in I is fainting with hanger but has no means manv cases to the partition of large J of getting food. The night comes, the. landed estates and to putting on the frost bites keenly, the pelting sleet or the market smaller homesteads that have falling snow make darkneEB horrible, been in the possession of families for and, suffering, despairing, every nerve generations. tne Mississippi River rVimmirai, i, read a telegram from that gentleman de nying that according to Ms plans the work wonld cost $ 100,000,000, and stating that his estimate had been $;0,000,000. Mr. Bayne opposed certain features of the bill, which he declared appropriated 4,000,000 more than was lecommended by the Secretary of War. Mr. Willis called attention to the fact that the chief engineer bad stated that $o4,000,00J could be profitably expended during the next fiscal year. Mr. Bayne said that only conBrmed his opinion that Congress bad no adequate imoroiauon upon which to make these appropriations. He pointed out the ob jectionable features of the bill, specifying me esiauusnraent ot a harbor of refuge at Sandy Ray, Mass., in face of the adverse recommendation by tbe engineer. The Hennepin canal scheme, though it might. per $e, be a proper one, should not be in corporated in the river and harbor bill. tie opposed the Galveston harbor scheme because the appropriation was made in a spirit of blind laith in Capt. Eads. Con gress was asked to appropriate S750.000 without knowing how a dollar of it is to be expended. Passing on to a consideration of ths Question of tbe Mississippi river improvement, he declared the jetty system to be a failure and attacked the plans of the commission. The commission Icnew.they were a failure and the cry went up, "Hlp us, Eads, or we sin. mere was the blind faith put in Eads again. The commission thought Eads couid get it out of its difficulty. Eads was a great man but he (Bayne) doubted wnetber be was great enough for that. He thought the appropriation for the Mississippi should be about $500,000 for purposes of dredging only. irending further debate the committee rose and tee House adjourned. RA5DALL RELUCTANT To Accept Cleveland a Offer of the areaanrjr r-nrtfollo. Washington. January 30. Mr. Ranilsll nas returned train his visit to President- Elect Cleveland. His interview with him was long, and in the fullest confidence. tieveiand earnestly desires Randall to ac cept a place in his Cabinet. H h an ton. Oered him the position of Secretary of the Treasury. Whether or not Randall will ace pt is uncertain. He knows that to leave the make-up of the next House to Mr. Carlisle, with his own nam nut nf the list, is to run a risk of that body being turned over absolutely to free traders. So long as Mr. itandall remains there he is pretty sure to head the Appropriations Committee, or be in a position to control to a great extent the legislation here. He is afraid of the result to the party if he should go out of the House without some assurancea as to how the Ap propriations Committee will be made np in the next Congress. II he can be assured that Uolman will be made the head of that committee, with Burnei second, he will be willing to in trust the control of the purse-strings to them, and will be willing to acctpt the Treasury portfolio, which Cleveland ear nestly desires him to have. It is to talk frankly with Carlisle about the make-up of the next House in case of hi re-election, which is now conceded, in case of Bandall 8 retirement, that Cleveland lias c died him to Albany. In case his pledges are sucn that Mr. Kandall can feel jua ti tled in leaving the House, he will accept the Treasury, which Cleveland has for months been urging upon him. He first mentioned the matter to him when Ran dall, hearing that Cleveland was to go to Chicago during Elaine's trip West, took tne nm train to Albany and advised him against it. Since that time the position has been tendered again and again, and now the result will be reached after Car lisle a trip to Albany. Mr. Randall ia extremely reticent about ma visit or what transpired. CAPITAL POXSTS. Tbe Bankruptcy Bill. Washington. January 31. In response to the 'wishes of the members of the long ago t heard one of the knowing one, say Little Rock would never tak tha place it ought to until a few of "tire od ones died oti. What we need is r ot death, but an infusion of better life into our midst. Dear Clara Morris! She came. sh seen, she conquered. To-niifht a concert bv hnm t.alpnfc , be given at the Urand Operahouse. -under the management ol Prof. Armeiliui and Mrs. r. E. Hastings, louhave bfiard of both these musicians before. Tne pro fessor's juvenile orchestra will astonish strangers. Three little ladis less than fourteen years old and one Jad a'oout that ace make music suggesting to one the time when music herself, that "heavenly maid, was young." The children all do well, but Miss Ildica Eisenmayer, who plays the comet, is a marvel to beholders as well as listeners, for she stands like a statue, motionless and beautiful, while breathing through her silver instrument. Miss De Villin, the temperance lect urer, has Ibeen hete again, and, moreover, we havt had a temperance convention in town tnis week. It adjourned to-day line die. The resolution tnat women should have the power to vote on school and tem perance matters was finally tabled, but the following were adopted: (solved, That this convention shall hereafter be a delegated body. That at all future meetings the delegates bo re quired to bring credentials and present tbe same to the Committee on Credentials, who will approve the same before the del egates shall have a voice on this floor. lictohed. That the basis of tt-nresantji- tion for each county shall be the same a?, toe present House of Representatives. ARITL. TERRIBLE ACCIDENT. A Slelgbina; Party Han Into, by n Kail road Train. Toledo, O, January 01. A sleigh Jcon taming a party of nine persons, while crossing the track of tl e Lake Shore rail way between Oak Hf.rborand Port C inton, at an early hour tJ-,jfl morning, was struck by the west boi'.nd express, and two of the number, Stephen S. Hail, of E'etroit, and Misa lennie Hopple, of Wauseon, were kiJ'.ed. Mrs. A. D. Shierwechier, ic "O11 Vogel and Mrs. Charles Yogel, ?' Oak Harbor, are probably fatally in Vared ; John Yogel is seriously Injured, but it is thought he wilt recover, the party had been to Port Clinton to attend a ball and were returning to Oak Harbor when the accident occiii red. Later. Mrs. John Vogel has died of in juries received, making three victims of tbe accident, and her husband is not ex pected to survive. Cliarie3 Vogel has a eg broken and is otheiwise injured. Tbe accident took place at a point two miles west of Port Clinton, where a wagon road crosses the track obliquely. The night was t ggy and the driver ot the sleigh did not discover the approaching train until nearly upon the track. When he at tempted to crofs in iront of it the rear nd of the sleigh was struck by the engine Three of the occupants were thrown on top of the pilot, in front of the boiler. and the others hurled into the snow at the roadside. The train was Btopped as soon as possible, when the injured per sons and the bodies of Mr. Hall and Mieg Hopple, who were killed instantly, were placed in a coach and taken to Oak Harbor. Hall was a traveling agent for a nursery at Detroit. The other parties are prominent in business and social circles in Oik Harbor, and the 6ad affair has cast a gloom over town, ft is believed that Mrs. Shierwechter and Mrs. Charles Vogel can not recover. London, January 31. Goodman, the alleged dynamiter arrested at his lodgings in the Westminster district yesterday, U still deUdned by the police. It is reported to-day that no infernal machine was found in the prisoner's room, and the detectives have not yet found anything again.it the prisonei beyond his peculiar habits and nervous disposition. A detective has occupied Goodman's lodgings since his arrest, latiently awaiting callers for the prisonei, but as yet none have appeared. It ia no ir believed the reporters were de ceived by the Scotland Yara authorities in regaid to the importance of the arrest. PLOTS HATCHING. Sir William V. Harvourt, Home Seere tary, to-lay received a letter which alleged that an extensive dynamite plot is being hatched, and mentioned a number of buildings the dynamiters intend to blow up. It also gave the names of several plottem, and places where they could be found. AHRKUTSD WITH DYNAMITE IN KIS POSSES SION. Dispatches from Derby state that a man was aristed at tbe central station of the Midland railway, in that city, with dyna mite in bis possession, the prisoner. named Newbold, was held on a charge of conspii"acy. LATER DEVELOPMENTS Later developments in the Newbold case ei:cite much attention and constantly grow more serious. It is stated that the police have discovered among the pri-on- era papers and documents which reveal a dynamite plot of considerable magnitude. The piincipal letter produced at the ex amination of the prisoner contained the details of a conspiracy to blow up the Derby Town Hail. This letter was written from Derby, not in Newbold's handwrit ing, but the envelope contained his ad' dress, penned by himself, so that the re cipient muht know where to send the an swer. During the proceedings the prisoner was much agitated. At the time the letter was written and at the time of his arrest Nowbold was employed in the Derby shops jf tne .midland railway, and regu larly wore the ordinary clothes of a work- wgmaii. During the examination of Newbold evidence was produced asainst him in the snape ot letters received lrom South England threatening to blow np tbe Town Hall in Derby. The prisoner admitted that the handwriting on the envelopes containin? those letters was his. Newbold, when asked to explain away this evidence, said he could not, although he insisted that he was innocent of any wrong. The chief constable, when he asked the magistrate to remand th,e pris oner, declared that tho detectives were in possession of other evidence against New- bold of a more serious and circumstantial character than that already produced. Newbold was remanded until February 7th. LETIEB-CARR1EB 4vLEASBl. A loi;ter-carrier was arrested yesterday on suirpicion of be'mg implicated in the dynamite conspiracies, because a dyna mite nackage was found in his mail-pouch. He was discharged to-day. His innocence was demonstrated. COURTS GOABDED. Tho new law courts at Temple Bar are closely guarded to-day in consequence of a letter received by tbe authorities that an attempt would be made to blow up the bailding3 with dynamite. PLACliD UNDER SPECIAL POLICE PROTECTION. Th'j Derby Town Hall has been placed under special police protection and the othciiils of the Midland Railway Company aie ujii:g great vigilani e to trace out all ciews o:t the discovered conspiracy, or ders have been sent from London to de tain antl search all suspicious persons found traveling over the Midland road. THE WARX EGYPT. GERM AS SOCIALISTS. Bill for tbe Protection of Worktntnra Looking After tne luiiuren. Berlin. January 31. Socialist members in the Reichstag have introduced a work ingmen'g protection bill, which they hope to have passed instead of Bismarck's bill. The introduction of this bill is due to Bis marck's speech regarding a fixed nnmber of boors for a normal working day, made dnrine debate on his bill January loth. The Socialist bill prohibits the employ ment of convicts by private parties or cor porations, and also restricts tne noun) oi labor to day time and torbids tne employ ment ot children under fourteen years. Wrecked and Twenty to Thirty Persons Injured, Fire or Six of Whom Will Die. The Destruction of Property Greater Than by Any Previous Accident Details of the Disaster. t bS V; ""5' J Mi o The Keiv Cnatoina Bill. Berlin. January 31 The new customs bill, which contains the tanU amend ments increasing the duties on cereals, was adopted by the Bundesrath as recom mitted by the committee. Tbe agitation airainst legislation favoring increasing the duty on cereals is spreading, and bids fair to assume the proportions of a popular movement. Anti-corn law leagues are being extensively organized, and meetings for making protest are being held in the larser cities, btettin, oiuugan ana ran- dau have already bad popular demonstra tions against the proposed tariff, and there will be a monster demonstration of the same kind here next week. CABLEGRAMS. Paris. January 31. The electrical ex hibition opens March loth, next. Paris, January 31. Felix Clement, musician and composer, is oeaa; age sixty-three yea: s. Paris. January Si. Uouncda new mass will be produced at the church of St, Eustace Easter Sunday. London. January 31. The Prince of Wales to-day v isited the scene of last Sat urday 8 explosion at Westminster Hall. London, January 31. Canon King, pro fessor of theology in the university at ox ford, has accepted the bishopric of Lin coln. Paris, January 31. Victor Hugo bought a large plot oi ground upon Avenue v ic tor Hugo and intends to erect a magnifi cent residence. Paris. January 31. Gen. Gallifet. com' mander of the Twelfth Army Corps, de nies that be requested the command ol the trench army in ttiina. Brchsei, January 31. Tbe Chamber of Deo a ties passed a bill prolonging the law for the expulsion of foreigners residing within the kingdom under suspicious cir cumstances. Berlin. January 31. The Congo Con ference to-day approved of Baron Lam bermont's report laving down the formali ties to be observed by the powers in an nexing African territory. Paris, January 31. France and Eng land are exchanging notes upon the terms of the foreign enlistment act, as it is being enforced by England at Hong Kong and other free ports ot China. Rome, January 31. The Propaganda is arranging lor sending missionaries to Italian colonies along the Red sea. This is being done under the assurance of pro tection from tbe authorities. Paris. January 31. Gen. Briere de Lisle asks the War Department for a large quantity of quinine for the soldiers in lonquin. ihe rreneh lorce there con sumes tl 800 worth of quinine a month. Rome. January 31. The Vatican has ap pointed Bishop ButToeilla, oi t'bieti, Pfepul nuncio at Madrid, to supersede Mgr. Kam polla De Lindaro. This action is consid ered significant in deplomatic circles here, London, January 31. It is stated that Col. Burnabv. killed at the battle of Aba Klea. left the finished manuscript ot a political novel, said to contain such merci less and tearless criticism upon certain po litical adversaries that it is doubtful Uol. Burnaby'a executors will permit the work to be published. Paris, January 31. The municipal au- thoutieg have decided to raise a loan of 10X00,000 for the -completion of long- projected public improvements and fur- ninh work for thousands of unemployed artisans, also that the revenue may in some measure decrease the poverty which is fast driving the working people to despair, PiTTSBunc;, Pa., January 31. Three ex plosions of natural gas occurred this morn ing near Thirty-fourth street, on Penn avenue. Six people are reported killed aud twenty injured, and six to eight bouses wrecked. msi El IliLLi I mtaims: a li Irii i i Mat: i ri-iu w uui Cotton Factors and Wholesale Grocers Front St., Jlemplaia, Tenn. CCSTOHHOUSE FRAUDS TTie till nation af tien. Mewart at Gabnt i"ruballe Future movements. London, January 31. Dispatches to-day from Korti, describing tbe situation of Gen. Ste wart s forces at Oubat, make it plain that the Mahdi s men have arranged ta njhke a stubborn stand in Metemneh. Thev are so well situated there that it has beer-, deemi'd advisable to await reinforce ments befoi assaulting their stronghold. As iioon as the reinforcements now on tbeir way reach Gubat Gen. Stewart's hand will endeavor to take Metemneh by Btorn. Thu action ot the troops alter tnat will larsely depend upon Gen. Gordon. Neither Gun. Mewart nor uen. woiseiey has any idea what he is likely to decide. The plan of action favored by lien. Woseiey is to have the garrison at Khartoum brought down the Nile in steamers to Metemneh as soon as the Brit ish have secured it. This would practi cally effect the object of the expedition and end tbe war. nut it is learea mat Gen. Gordon, when success bas crowned the hard work of the expedition, may positively reiuse to be relieved or allow his faithful carrison to go. There are reasons for twlieving be will insist on re- ma.ning at Khartoum and establishing a eovernment there. If be does, thea Gen. Stewart's forces will be pushed forward and will attack the Mahdi at Omdurman. It is believed Gen. Earm s force will meet with a battle at Abu-Hamed or a short distance below it. The Madlii has assem bled a larn force at Abu-Hamed. If a battle be given there, and thu British Bhonld prove victorious, tha result will likely be to induce the en emy to evacuate Berber, especially as they know Gen. Gordon's steamers can be used to operate against them from the south. li vien. .E.ane succetftia iu miciy faaaiuK Abn-Hamed. he will be able to make m nch more rapid Droeress. as his route or. the river will be then south instead of east, as now, and he will have the benefit of north winds. Now Beiog- Inventig-atett In New York Rlcb IiM-lonrea t'onudently Kxpeeteil. A SILVER COS TOY Attached by Bandit and Captured. tbe Sliver How Silka are Imported at a Cireat Redaction on 1 heir Real Coal. City of Mexicj, January 31. A valua ble silver convoy en route between Toluca and Cuerravaca was attackd on Wednet day evening by an organized band oi bandits. The escort was overpowered and tne silver an captured, the government troops are now in pursuit of the robbers. Immigrant Rates Not II alved. New York, January 31. G'-eneral Pas senger Agent Mirett, of the West Shore road, when questioned concerning the rumor that the company advanced im migrant rates, said the ruxaor bag no foundation in fact. It it time that the Bale of orders for unlimited certificates be stopped, but we are still fending im migrants West at one rate. W ben we have obtained onr quota of passengers we shall withdraw from the present competition with other companies. Last ljr of tbe Montreal Carnival. Montreal, January 31. To-day, the last day of the carnival, was the finest of the week, the weather being almost as mild as spring. The promenade concert, in Victoria skating rin'i, and the snow shoe races this afternoon, will wind up the week's sport. The greatest portion of the v sitora have left lor home, and the city is resuming its ordinary appearnce. Cross m a Bear. Possibly it is because you have a nerv ous headache. Thousands of people have nervous headaches, which generally pro ceed from bad dig-estion. You know how cross it makes them. Mr. G. C. Patterson, of Oxford, N. C , had nervous headache one day in each week. He writes: "I have been UBing Brown's Iron Bitters and find it an excellent tonic. It entirely cured me." Western Pools to be Con&nned. Cbicaoo, January 31. At a meeting of representatives of the Colorado, Utah and t acme coast pools here to-day it was de cided to continue these pools till May 1, 1885, any road being a. lowed to retire after thirty days notice. The old rules govern ing pools are to remain in effect, percent ages after February 1st to be fixed by ar bitration, with Messrs. Bogue and Midge ly, of this city, and Mr. Fink, of St. Louis, as arbitrators. Marine JMaaater. Baltimore, January 31. The British steamship Toledo, from Shields, reports having passed the wreck of an American vessel, floating bottom np, in the track of steamers to and from Europe. The To ledo encountered a succession of gales during the entire passage. various Boards of Trade, an effort will bechandise. Bnrned to Death. Altoona. Pa., January 31. The resi dence of George Love, colored, was de stroyed by fire this morning and Love's wife and two children burned to death. The fire was accidental. Imports at New York. New Yoex, January 31. The imports for the port of New York for the week were $7,419,000, of which $2,072,000 were dry goods and $5,347,000 general mer- GEN. EARLE S AliMY. Advices from Korti state that Gen. Earle's array in proceeding to Berber by the Kile route is experiencing mncn aim- cultv in dragging its boats over the catar acts below Abu-Hamed. This delays the progress of the expedition, but otherwise it. has thus lar neen successiui. Eeyptian Finances. London, January 31. It is announced that so complete an understanding is ar rived at by the powers concerning the Egyptian financial queion that the whole matter has now resolved into a question of simple details. Ihe basis ol settle ment, it is declared, will be that furnished by England's reply to the counter-pro- : , i . i . . i l 1 -.. i: . jKisais maue uv muw iu .uj;iauu o mot proposition. When the different Cabinets have settled the details of the arrange ment, the powers will sign a collective ireatv to Kusrantee the new Egyptian ioan as a collective obligation and not oasea on the separate interest ot each power. THE SKYE CROFTERS. arrival of n Nnmber of the Arrested Rioters at Pardee. Londos, January 31. The crofters re cently arrested in the parishes of Kilmain and Glendale, Isle of Skye, on the charge of resistinc the shentl in the discharge ol his duties, arrived at Par-fee, strongly gitarded by 100 policeman and a number of marines. A large crowd ot sympa thizing friends of the prisoners gathered at the landing. For a time it looked as if they would auemt the rescue of the croft ers. From the landing to the courthouse the crowd kept up a series of yells, and several times mace threatening demon strationa. They were, however, held at bay by the guards. The law courts in which the prisoners are being tried are carefully guarded. Large congregations of people in tie vicinity are prohibited. CAPf. ARMSTRONG'S DEATH. Tbe Inquest and Inquiry into the Man ner OI ssis ururr. London. January 31. The inquest in the case of Capt. Armstrong, killed by his crew on board the British bark Welling ton, was resumed at Plymouth this after noon. The proceedings were delayed by a very suspicious circumstance reporieu of the Wellington just as the coroner was about to commence the hearing. Last night the bark was found stuck last in the mud at her anchorage. Tnes were pro cured and she was pulled off and anchor ed elsewhere. This morning the craft was found away from the Bite of ber sec ond anchorage and stranded upon the beach at Plymouth, between the city and the sound. She was cleared off a third time, anchored and then placed under surveillance. The police suspect that those members of the ere x who were more or less implicated in killing Arm strong, but who have managed to avoid arrest, in their anxiety to help their less fortunate comrades, by destroying all pos sible evidence against tbem, went on board during the night and elipped the ehip's cable, in the hope that she wonld float out and be wrecked and sank. The four prisoners Charles Patterson, first mate; John Summerdyke, Jirgen Jorger- Ben ana unaries Jones were present. Snmmerdvke belongs to New Jersey, in the United States, and Patterson to New Orleans. Jorgensen swore that Capt. Arm strong, at the time he met his death, had been in a state of frenzy from drink, and had been chasing the crew about the ship with a revolver. Witness and three others hid themselves below the hoop-ladder, and there awaited Armstrong, determined to seize and overpower him. When ha descended the ladder, still hunting some New Yobk. January 29. Supervising Special Aeent Martin, of the Treasury, ar rived here from Washington to-day to per sonally look into the sensational rumors regarding the general condition ol tne .New lork customhouse. Just wnat tnese rumors are, or how much of them is based on fact, no one can tell at present. Special Acent lichenor bas many secrets locaeu up, and is aching to tell the whole busi ness to the newspapers instead of wasting days and weeks overhauling a lot of old documents, wnne ne was in Europe en deavorine to compel advances in the val uations i laced upon the consignments of silk shipped to New York agents he made repeated and bitter complaints to tne Treasury .Department of the opposition encountered and the deceptions com mitted in the New lork custom house. The plans he laid with care and secrecy were mysteriously com municated to the European manufact urers, his contemplated movements were interiered with by the "bad faith shown by officials, and his euorts were in many ways interfered with. In some cases when he forwarded information of the true value of consignments he had cause to complain that his reporis were disre garded in the interest of importers. He is one of tlie last men whom the depart ment would suspect of aiding to cover up irregularities, aud as he is president o( the present investigating commission it is confidently expected that sooner or later the whole story will come out. Thus far the investigation has been secret and even the Treasury Department at Wash ington has had no information furnished regarding the proceedings. This inquiry is improperly confounded with the inves tigation of the question of undervaluations of silks also in progress, and conducted by Speeial Agents licbenor and tingle, ine former, after spending several months at the European silk-producing and ex porting ports, deemed that relorm must come mainly from this side of the ocean, and about the end of December orders were issued to Tichenor and Tingle to pro ceed to New York to conduct such inves tigations as thoy deemed necessary, these instructions briefly set forth that as, not withstanding all efforts previously made aud all precautions taken, undervalua tions were still proven to exist to a dan gerous extent on consignments of silk, virtually counteracting the objects to be attained by the duties imposed, it wag nesessary to consult New lork importers, American manufacturers and others inter ested to examine the records and methods of the New York customhouse and ap praisers, and to ascertain what means were necessary to correct existing evils, ine instructions further directed these agents to ascertain where the blame lay for these frauds on the reve nue laws, how they could be pun ished and prevented, and to report ail their proceedin s, conclusions and recom mendations to the Treasury Department, together with suggestions as to uniform regulations to govern all ports of entry. The special agents went to work at once and gathered an immense amount of in teresting, and in some cases startling in formation, which has not yet been sub mitted to the department at least not in a formal report bnt Mr. Martin under stands tbe general drift, and he is bere to authorize the special agents to lay their findings at one before the investigating commission for action. Tbeir Differences Adjusted. New York. Jaiuary 31. The dispute between Lewis May, assignee, and John G. and Mrs. U. Green, relative to the loan to the firm bv her husband, has been adjusted by Mrs. Green giving her check lor $70.',U0U, the lull amount claimed, no this settlement tbe assignee receives for the creditors about $200,000, and disposes of a large amount of unsalable securities, which Mrs. Green takes back, together with bonds the assignee retained as addi tional collateral. The assignee says I dividend of thirty-three and one-third per cent, will at once be declared. I-talis of tbe Disaster. Pittsbcbo, January 31. Natural gas is responsible for another terrible explosion, which, at this hour, seems to involve not only the wreck of houses, but serious loss ot lite and mannings, which will tollow tne victims to their craves, bhortlv be fore 12 o'clock there was an alarm on the big bell in the Municipal Hall tower, bnt it was of such an irregular character that even Chief Evans, who was in the rotunda ot tne ball at the time, was at loss to know where it cau.e from, in a moment word was transmitted bv telephones at tne mayor a ottice and at the engine- houses that a disastrous explosion of nat ural gas had occurred at the forks of the roads, otherwise known as Tbirtv-fourth and Bueler6treet,and thattherewas serious loss of life, as well as great destruction of property. The meager details which could be secured over telephone were to the effect that the explosion occurred in August Kuli s saloon. No. 33ol Penn avenue, and that the adjoining building had also been wrecked bv the explosion. The concussion caused the wildest excite ment in the immediate vicinity and hun dreds of people gathered about, as the ruins bad taken fire and rumors were cur rent that a number of persons were buried in the debris. SECOND EXr-LOSIO.V. Just a few moments after the occurrence Citizens' line car passed in front of tbe wrecked buildings filled with passengers. a second explosion occurred, and tbe car was thrown from the track by the force of the upheaval. The consternation among the passengers was more than a panic,and scarcely one of the whole number escaped wiinoiit more or less injury. The driver was blown from his position and so severe ly injured that he mav not recover. At the same time pieces of timber and flying 0bria of all kinds were hurled in the air by the second explosion, caused havoc among thos who had gathered in the vicinity, and the list of injured swelled nntil it had reached between twenty and thirty. SEVEBAI. OTHER EEfPTIONX. followed, and the number of houses em braced was increased to ten or fifteen About 12:0 o'clock a signal that the fire had been extinguished was sent in. but scarcely ten minutes bad elapsed until another alarm was sounded from the same box, and additional steamers hurried to the spot, not only to aid in extinguishing tne names, but to assist in aiding and car- leg tor the injured and in hunting for those w ho were supposed to be buried un der tlie buildings winch had been involved in tbe general destruction. In the excite ment immediately following the only names of the injured ascertained were Gibson, car-driver; Ansust Horn, an iron worker, and.inger, a baker. The injured were taken to the ottice of t lark s bolar Iron w orks, on Thirty-fourth street. WllliKE T1!K EXPLOSIONS OCCTRREB AND TBE DA II AGE DONE, The explosion occurred in three build ings, one was the iron Oity Hotel sa loon, operated bv an Englishman named George Morris. It was a low frame build ing, twelve leet front and thirty feet deep The first explosion was in the cellar of Mrs. Hammersdorter. at about 10:3o o'clock a.m. Mrs. Hammersdorfer sent her sister, Mary Smolder, into the cellar for a basket. When she reached the eel lar she struck a match, and instantly there was a loud explosion, and the lit tle building was almost shaken apart, Before the people could recover their self- possession, there was another terrible ex plosion. It came from the cellar of Mor ris's saloon and wrecked the basement- Mrs, Morris, who was getting dinner ready, was thrown against the door and badly bruised. Morris himself was in bed at the time. He was blown out on the floor, but not seriously injured. The bar-room was crowded wi.h men, who were thrown about like tenpina. Meantime a third ex plosion occurred in George Mueller's sa loon, across the street. In the saloon at the time were Annie Mueller, daughter of the proprietor, Lizzie Galmoth, a cook, Dr. Ziegler, of Allegheny, and Jack Stern, a mill-worker. Mrs. Mueller was just go ing down to the cellar when tbe explosion occurred. She fell down the stairs and caught by her feet, where she hung, screaming. Charles liutli. a bar keeper, heard her screams, and ran into the room, w.-'ich by this time was in flames. He made his way through the falling ruins and dtbrit to the cellar-way and rescued her. JJr. Ziegler was blown airainst the wall and injured internally. Lizzie Galmoth w?.s burned about the face and t-urt. Jack Stern was S3 teiribly burned that death is only a question of a few hours. Wheo the third explosion oc curred Citizens' panger car No 29 was just passing. A beer keg blown from the soloon hit the driver, August Kotta, and knocked him senseless. By the explosion the houses of Moens and Mueller were badly wrecked, and every house within a square was more or ie$s damaged. No one was killed outright, but four or five will die. Stein, who was in -Mueller's bar-room, is now reported dead. There is intense excitement in the neighborhood, and a gang of men hag been formed among the citizens to tear up the gas-pipes to-night, the loss to ouilii- ngs and stock is lrom ?lo,uotl to -u,ooo. HILL FONTAINE" & 00. Cotton Factors, Commission Merchants, 3To. 11C South Main t.. St. LouU. S3. WITZMAWIf & GO Wbolenale Dealer nI PuWtsliera, 2EO Bole Axenti for ths followiei Firat-Cls" lntrnj-nu: - . m, .. n- .r' an u a J U USUI I a" lb n ft In, V .A- A a A si It hV.v.i.vm"k. Tri a -SkTSJ B AIM) X HAM I.IK. flAU JM A WrtR:N. FKI.Ol BET bwA NEW T-OCTAVE PIANO )-t'R l.s Write for CbUW.. o. 2J:i ! a.t M l l T..rwrHIs W. D. MOOS, edwaku moo. JOTNE WKOIXK.4XF; iEAUr;J5S ijx ; w. n. .Isb El V kiiiii Tobacco !? tin SO. 333 MAIN ST.. UnWIPHIK- TK.. fiierl noniton & Do. CottonFactors, Wholesale Grocers 1WO. SO PHOVT nrrr.F."r. Ill'rnil TFV. T..e LIVERItlORE FOUNDRY & MACHINE Co 160 TO 171 AIMMS ftTKEET Ml'.MPUIS, TKAn MASUFACTLREltS OF AND CiIIALKRS IS rn u4t RraM C&Mnarm, fnlly nnd SliArtti, frftou front, Cotu-n Pr-Tlortm Power-, Oin dearie Kailrond and tfceamhoat Work, Hiij.!"sHwiiin-. OriiiimlU, Mhm Foinph, iDNpirAion, IntH-lon, l'.r- (oois, iVJ-, pipe A Itf hk, Mnml. kfjrUrnnlN) ntl feiam-feowr l-:!mvnt4rv, f eurluic. r , tr and Crnamenuu lna Work Uoltc IUV-Tnitr Work Of.npr-,1 Hptni . fr J. K. GODWIN. I. Ir.PIIXnXK. CPo"t"to3L factor And Commission Merchants, SS front St.. Cur. Union, Tenn. R. L. COCHRAN k CO. T - -ri 25: SAW AM PLASIXCrOKILI KAVT-TABI. DOORS, SASH, BLINDS,L10LDm6,LUBER Lith and Shingles, Flooring, Ceiling and Cedar Tosts. MEMPHIS, - TEJfS USSEE. If ip Af ill m l til hunt CB hl3 COTTON FACTORS AXD COM.UISSIO 31XISCS1 tXTS, o. 3U Front Street, Corner of Monroe, : : Xemphis, Tennessee. Canse nf Annie Sheridan's Death Xjiwrence. Mass.. January 31. At the inquest in tbe cane of Annie .Sheridan's death, Margaret Kelly testified that James Sheridan, the girl's faiher, dragfred his daughter from bed and kicked her fiercely three times in the abdomen. A medical examiner stated that rnptnre of the blad der, inducing peritonitis, caused her death, Will Losk Into Senator Hill's Charge. Dekver. Col.. January 31. The House of Representatives to-day unanimously adopted the resolutions providing for an investigation ot tne (marges made Dy sen ator Hill in the recent review in Chicago, in which he states that he was defeated for the position of United States Senator by the tree use el corporate money. A Fearfnl Fall. Pittsbcbo, January 31. While walking along the Pennsylvania avenue bluff, near Sixteenth street, this morning, two boys, named Robert Sproat and John McOaigan, lost their foothold and tell to tne bottom a distance of 200 feet, fcproat s skull was fractured and he is hurt internally. He is still living, but there re no hopes of his recovery. SfcGuigan is terribly bruised and cut, but jub injuries are not latai. The gas tire is still burning in the sewers. COMPLETB LIST OF THE 1K.IUKED. The complete list of persons injured by the bus explosion to-day is as lollows: Dr. Ziegler, ol Allegheny, blown into the air. jaw badlv cnt and injured in ternally. William Kotta, conductor on the Citi zeus line, knocked on the car ana Dauiy hurt. George Morris, bar-keeper at Mueller s saloon, badlv cut and leg oronen. Jacob Nein, Dadly cut about tne neau; probablv fatallv hurt. (jus Horn, cut ana Durnea aooui ine head: not seriously hurt. tipnrtre Kinzer. a baker, ere cut and terribly lacerated about the face, left eye blown out and otherwise dangerously hurt. Nellie Orenhart, thrown into the gutter and badlv minred internally. George Kenbard, burned about the head and badlv hurt. Willie 1'atton, cut on the bead and siiehtlv iniured. Mrs. Morns, blown aeainst tne door in a cellar next to the building in which the explosion fi8t occurred and badly hurt. ter, badly cut about tbe lace and bead and iniured internal v. Georsre Gioson. driver oi car io. z. knocked off the car and badlv hurt. Mcbolas Deitier. driver lor Herb Bro., feed store, badly cut on the face, but not seriously hurt. George tlarameredoiler, cut by nying elass on the face. Mrs. Dr. Evans, cut by plate-glass in face and severely wounded. Lizzie Smolder, inj urtd about head and face. Lizzie Uammersdoifer, injured about face and head Of these Annie Muller, Jacob Stein, Dr. Zieeler. Lizzie Smolder, Nellie Oxenbart, Wiliiam Kotta and George Kinser are so badly wjured that recovery is considered very doubtful. Mrs. Mueller, mother of Annie, is missing, and the ruins are searched for her remains. MANY NARROW ESCAPES. are reported, among them that of the pas sengers on a Citizens' line car, which was passing when the explosion occurred. The windows of the car were shattered, and hricks aud aV6ri fell upon the platform. A daushter and niece of W. a Bissell, who were in the car, wers covered with a shower of dirt and broken glass, bnt pro tected their faces with teir muffs, and Ihns escaned iniurv. People were thrown down nearly a square from the scene of the explosion, and one man dodged a brick which had been hurled nearly 200 feet. Citizens who reside near where the explosion took place have been very much dissatisfied for some time, and have even threatened to tear up the pipes of the Fuel Gas Company. Last week a number of them consulted in regard to bringing lesal action against tbe company, com pelling them to make the pipe safe. Be- vond any possible doubt, action of this nat ure would have been taken in a few days. Indignation against tbe gas companies runs very high, and threats of tearing np the pipes are freely made. State Senator Upper man is engDgea in araiung a Din 10 compel the council to take measures for the safety of the people. Messrs. Bauman & Vcgle, who own buildings Nos. 3441 and 3443 Pennsylvania avenue, will at once enter suits for damages against the Pennsylvania Avenue Company, and many of those injured have already de clared tbeir intention of doing the same thing. The cause of the explosion was a big leak in the main of the Fuel Gas Com pany, which runs along Pennsylvania ave nue close to the curb. AKOTHEB EXPLOSIon. There was also an explosion of natuial gas early this morning in Mifflin town ship, opposite McKeesport, on the line of the Carpenter Gas Company, who have a line running from Murravsville well, on high pressure, to supply Wood's mill at McKeesnort. and broke some glass, but t fortunately no person was injured. LaPRADE & Co mam'fach rkkh if Saddles, Harness and Collars Nos. 301 and 303 Main Street, Memphis, Teim. . (I AtKK PtAUOlrT IIOIH.). "WTEmnke unrcialties of all kinj" of Hore and Mule CMinr Blind Bridle. Hame-, Chain . VV Back Bundo. llnme Strinin1. rmle and Lnijtle irco, h i mk In now romsi ir tii -riiif a ri-t -ruiKS nod Link, Cotittu Koi, etc. ASHTOSI TTI.KB. DKOiti: B. KLASD. TYLER. & BLAND, MANUFACTURERS OF C-'OWSEKT'f OXK Sl'OOX, AXI HISIXU Sr.X BAKING POWDER, WASH BLU1XG, Etc. Telephone o. 35 Front Strwf, Memjlil. w. T. k:h Mini ' n. I'.JMitt imi Xo. 286 Front, street IPOtOlITsSS;, Moved! Moved BROWNE, THE PLUMBER, 254 SECOND STREET, MEMPHI W Ac Gage & o. COTTON FACTOKS, No. 300 Front street, Memphis, Tenn. J.I..COCKE&C. Cotton Factors, Commission ilcrch'nts 318 FRONT STREET, MEMPHIS. BEFEKKHCE-atntn national Bank." r Liberal Cash, Advances mads aa Cotton, with lrotnff Knlm.nn ANDKEW BTEWART, Kew Orleans. ANDREW D. OWYJSKE, Memphis, MART E Y F a U I U9II.II I l UBQIISIiaU U. UUll Wholesale Grocers, Cotton Factors SO. 856 AXD 3M FBOXT ST25E15T, WTOIPUIS, TEXJU AND STEWART BR0THI5ES ft CQHPAHi COTTON FACTORS AND COJUUSSION 3LERCIIANTS, ivf.w mr,K4xs. i,onii4Tv-. IMPAKl' A DELIGHTFUL and KEFEESUISU FliAUKAMCK 'a the JiitKA't 11 W1XH dssSK 1 BITS TTT IT i til h lsr sals eTrst. ITSAVS HARK REQISTB.RSD.) CHEWING GH3I. Ihrles list in Ifrs will ne sopnllod by Wboleaals Jtrmf Cists, tlrwesrs and tfenfectloners f Heninta. nr by SOI. COI4E3XA3T, Memphis. Xeniu 1 J 1 f I f i f V 1 ?