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7jwjw9?ifr,''r EVEKItfft 'T.ptrTt.AyT.PMTA. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER IE, 101. mn 7 OLD DIARY TELLS OF MAD RUSHFOR GOLD Gives Vivid Pictures of the Ar gonauts of Forty-nine, Who Crossed Continent to California. One dny In January. MW, a workman ...... .. .tln,nlnr n till TflCO Oil tllO cngngcu ... ... - ,.itm Zer.cnn n.verob.crvc..e ; yellow particles of metal guuen.. ... .... ....-. antherlnK a nunnllly ha took thorn to his Scmh" together tha two mar . aub wurt them to sonic rude tests, 'Which Mtlned them that tha ahlnlns grains ncro pure gold. Such was tho famous discovery of gold in California. The thrilling secret could not bo kept, although California was then 60 remote a place that several months passed beforn tho outsldo world becatno aware of It. Seldom has the news of a discovery been attended by inorjj dra matic consciences. It threw tho civilized Tvorld Into a fever of anticipation, It etatted throngs of fortuno seekers-cutthroats, gamblers, laborers, physicians, fanners, preachcrs-on a mad raco for California. It precipitated the great sec tional crisis of ISM, the most serious In our history between ITS? and ISM, and It compelled the Government to admit Cali fornia to Statehood before ever she had been a territory. An old diary, now in tho possession of the Wisconsin Historical Society, por trays vividly the experiences of one Wis consin band of Argonauts who crossed tho continent In tho summer of 1SI0 In search of the golden tlotco. Tho fortuno seekers, nvo In number, wcro ull real dents of Mndlson, tha capital of the youthful State. Their Drat step waB to organize a company, equipped with appro priate oflleers and taws and regulation.!. The company, to which all contributed etiuall, then purchased the equipment for tho long Journey, tho principal Items being a heavy covered wagon and a ilx-mulo team. One,. Interesting by-law provided that In add' .on to tho company propcrtv each member must equip himself with "a good rifle, pistol and knife." Krom early March until August tho toil some journey lasted. The route led over - rugged mountain ranges, and through 'burning deserts where men and horses alike were In danger of perishing from thirst. At one place "ten men and ten nudes were barely sufficient to manage an empty wagon." This place our dlar lt, with grim humor, decides to name the "Dovll's Stairs." Another time a hand of Crow Indians, bent on stamped ing the mules of the party, raided the camp by night. But tho affray passed on without loss to either party "except the imwder and lead, which was wasted profusely by both." More successful thieves were the coy otes, who stole the last pound of pork from the party "when wo wcro awake and had a good watch dog on guard, and tho pork lying within four foot of our heads." Xo less than 40,000 gold-seokers crossed the plains this summer of 1813, and as many more reached California by water, either crossing the Isthmus of Panama or rounding Cape Horn. Hardship and privation awaited them all, dazzling for tunes the few, and poverty, disease nnd death tho many. Our party of Argonauts was more fortunato than most, but listen to this picture, which Is only ono at many observed by the diarist: "A lone woman riding on a skeleton of a horse, nnd driv ing two cows that were but the shadow of what they once had been, when graz ing quietly on the prairies of Illinois. The woman's dress consisted of what might once have been a decent covering, but at this tlmo It was of a truth tho evidence of things not seen." The woman hnllcd from Illinois, nnd she, with her decrepit livestock, wns all that remained of a husband, wife nnd three children, 15 or 20 hend of cattle, a wagon and tSX). Even so, sho was not disheartened, and begged only for advice as tAl freely tho ndy result 'hftl aha should do. Thla M endcred by everyone, no two of jisers agreeing, however! Ilia only as tno helRhtnlng of the poor womanis bewilderment, until at length our, prlictlcnl-mlnded diarist suggested that lliey pasa the hat, which was promptly done. The writer concludes the incident by recording that he returned homo "one ntuiee lighter of pocket, but none the poorer nt heart," The California gold-rush was a gamble In which few won, but the stakes were high, and mon willingly took terrlblo chances. At the end of August, the diary before us records, hundreds of destitute emigrants were strolling tip and down the liver bunk In quest of gold, knowing as little about prospecting for It "as they do r.bout Ijapplness or the common com forts of life." On the other hand, the wrl lev's party less than four weeks later took out W2 worth of gold In a single day. The noxt day tho forenoon wns spent In repairing the dam; the after noon yielded about $2J0 In gold. This the trensuror carried to camp In ft common washing pan, and setting It on the roof to dry, proceeded to forget about It. Some ono else was more thoughtful, how ever, for In the morning when Inquiry wns made for the gold tho pan and Its contents hud vanished. Amid such scenes as these, less than two generations ago, wcro laid the foun datlona of the Golden State. ALLIES DRAW LINES ABOUT GERMANS IN ARGONNE FOREST Hemmed in On Three Sides by Belgians, French and British, Retreat Lies Across Difficult Country. LONDON, Sept. 14. Hemmed In on three sides of tho dis trict known as the forest of Argonne, a Gorman army Is today In a serious predicament and awaits cither capture or destruction. On their front nrc the victorious squad rona of British cavalry, to their left, on tho east, arc the strong forts of Verdun, with their formidable garrisons, while on their right to tho west are tho rapidly approaching army of Belgians. Only to tho rear lies safety, and tho nature of tho country Is such that a rapid retreat means a virtual rout. Tho only source of supplies for this army Is their base of Liege nnd should tho Belgians appoar In sufllclent force oven this thin lino of communication will bo broken. The loss of tho line of communica tion will probably apply to tho German army In a dny or two's time. When It docs apply the German retreat will have become n disaster greater thnn Leipzig. Every offlclal report goes to show how sound Is General Joffrc's plan of leading the invasion further and further away from their base. Tho German army In France will bo obliged to communicate with Its base through Nnmur nnd Llego and tho Meuse nnd across Luxemburg. Thcro will then bo danger of incxtrlcablo disorder, as the German nrmy from Belgium nnd the German army from tho Olso Val ley will be obliged to convergo on tho same area nnd may bo obliged to pass through tho neck of a bottlo in north Frnnco while being attacked from all sides Their rapid retreat shows the Germans were unable to bring up reserves in sutll cient numbers. All this Is borne out by yesterday's communique referring to the general retreat between the Olse and the Marnc and Argonne. WAR TAX DISPUTE MAY RIVAL PANAMA TOLLS IN INTENSITY pplit Among Democrats On Freight Levy Promises to Grow More Bitter Many Favor Stamp Tax. WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.-Wnr revenue legislation faces a tight within tho Demo cratic ranks this week that may rival In Intensity the struggle over the repeal of tho Panama Canal tolls bill. Revolt against tho proposed 3 per cent, tnx on freight transportation charges, which developed such proportions last week that adminis tration leaders decided to await the re turn of President Wilson roni Now Hampshire before Introducing the revcntio bill, continues to grow In strength, and n. party caucus Is demanded by Democratic members of tho Houso on tho subject. Majority Leader Underwood, who with held the measure which would tax beer, wines nnd freight, plans to see President Wilson today and to ask his open espousal of a freight tax. Mr. Underwood will explain that there Is considerable op position to tho plan within the party, nnd that Its opponents propose to demand n, caucus and to tight for Its defeat. They want to substitute a heavier tax on beer, a tnx on whiskies and distilled liquors which was not contemplated In the Wnys and Means Committee bill, and perhaps stamp nnd Inheritance taxes. Officials closo to tho President have said that he would support tho freight tax, while others believe that he will advise tho committee to mako a third attempt to provide moans for Increasing the revenue without causing party strife. A decision to IuhIsI on tha freight tax will result In a party caucus, probably Tuesday night, and at IcaBt a week's de lay In getting a bill Into the Houso, but administration supporters do not believe tho opposition can rally strength enough to upset the plan. Several Democrats, Including members of the JVnys nnd Means Committee, are preparing substitutes for tho committee hill. Some of them Insist that n atamp tax will have to be accepted. Thoy show thnt nearly $10,000,000 wns rhlscd annually from this source In 18S!) nnd 1900. Another sourco of trouble for Congress Is the failure of the Senate Committee on Commerce, In Its readjustment of the rivers nnd hnrhors appropriation bill, to satisfy tho Republican members who are conducting the filibuster against It. TO FIGHT SUFFRAGE IN WEST National Association Send Cam paigners Into Seven tntes. WASHINGTON, 8ept l4. Predicting that the seveh States which will vole on woman suffrage In November will turn down the proposition to glvo the fran chise to women Mlsa Minnie Bfonson, general secretary of tho National Asso ciation Opposed to Woman Suffrage, left Washington last evening to asaume per sonal charge of the anti-suffrage cam paigns In Nebraaka, North Dakota. South Dakota, Montana and Nevada, Co-operating with Miss Bronaon will be these speakers and field workers! Mlaa Marjorle Dorman, of Now York Mrs. Orvllle D. Ollphnnt, of New Jersey, and Miss Markeson, of Ohio. "In addition to tho five far Western States, Missouri and Ohio will vote on the woman suffrage question In Novem ber," aald Miss Bronson, In commenting on the situation last ovenlng. We feel absolutely certain that all seven of these States will turn down the equal fran chise proposition. "This Is no time to Introduce an Inex perienced element Into tho electorate. We believe that the advocates of 'votes for women' will get the greatest setback they have suffered since they began their propaganda. "Ohio, we are Informed, will give a bigger majority than ever against wom an suffrage and Missouri la ft foregone conclusion on our sldo. Tho (Wo far Western States, nccordlng to reports w.i have had from disinterested parties, will reject the woman suffrago proposal." DREW SEMINARY TO OPEN Seventy-four Theological StudentB Enrolled for Tall Torm. MADISON, N, J Sept. 14. Drew Theological Seminary will open tho fall torm on Wednesday, September 23, with ono of tho largest classes In Its history nnd with several faculty changes. Seventy-four students have already registered nnd It Is thought this number will be In creased to 85. Tho Rev. Dr. Edmund D. Sopcr has been appointed by tho trustees to oc cupy the nowly created chair of mtstons nnd comparative religion. Profesaor Sopcr comes from tho Ohio Wcsleyan Univer sity. Professor F. Watson Hannan, a newcomer last year, who was associate professor of pastoral theology, will oc cupy tho chair of biblical theology. Pro fessor Hobort W. Rogers, who has been spending a year in Oxford, will resume as professor of Hebrew nnd Old Testa ment exegesis. President Ezra Squlcr Tipple Is expected to return home In a few days from London. Act quickly I Beechwood is almost sold out. Some of the best lots remain unsold but not many. Prices $75 to $300 just half ot last year's figures due to closing out the Wood Estate. Only 5 minutes from 69th St. Elevated Ter minal by way of the Phila. & Western. High-class improvements beautiful homes. Beechwood Sta tion on the property. Only $10 down secures your lot balance $1.25 to ?2.00 weekly. Come out and see the wonderful values that are yours if you act at once. Our representatives meet all trains. But don't delay. Wood, Harmon & Co. -p 1437 Chestnut Street B" BONWIT TELLER 6XO. Uke Specialty 5Aop of OrtyinationA CHESTNUT AT 13TK STREET ts connounce jzjpectal4ccu&ilC imported JrencA JCcuA jTvodea-Jn jJieuxxHVn jtedufaero orUAejzlxirid )iA&AeaAoru f"V (Qwuvj Ho fft4 prevent Luapiau xpem curpoeanxorukIonJ vo yptem6er- 4J45-6 call 'Jcr xAe xUtenUonf New Autumn Apparel For Women and Misses JffJHILE Bonwit Teller Sutts, Gowns, Coats, Wraps, Furs and Blouses con form to the mode in general expression, they distinctly possess those unusuafand exclu sive jeatures that make or Individuality. TAILLEUR SUITS 25.00 to 175.00 COATS & CAPES 19.50 to 150.00 FROCKS & GOWNS.... 19.50 to 150.00 WAISTS & BLOUSES. . . 5.00 to 50.00 FUR COATS 29.50 to 500.00 SCARFS & MUFFS 10.00 to 250.00 TUESDAY SPECIAL Women 's "TaJileur" Suits Five Distinctive Models 29.50 hi imported sages, diagonal chevtotst broadcloth, imported gabardine. Trim? med in velvets and braids. Copies o imported models. TUESDAY SPECIAL JVomen 's " Trotteur ' ' and Afternoon Gowns Six Distinctive Models 29.50 Developed from serge, sattn-and-serge, charmeuse and crepe de chine. All six models reveal the very newest style Jeatures. ACTIVE JERSEY CAMPAIGN FOR SEATS IN CONGRESS Lenders to StreflB Need 6t State Tnx Under Democrats. TRENTON, Sept. H. Republican lead ers forecast victory for their con gressional candidates nt the November eleollOns. Newton 8. K. Dugbcc, chair man of the Republican State Committee, hag prepared an Itinerary which will carry him Into every county during the days remaining before the primary elec tion, September 22. Mr. Hitgbee, primed for a contest which, It Is admitted, will be atrenUoui, In view of the luck that has fallen In tho path of tho Democrats with tho outbreak of the European war, has declared that there appears to be no reason why the Republicans should not return at least ceven out of the twelve mombera of the House of Representatives to bo elected. During tho last week, or since such candidates ns John Dynely Prince, pro fessor In Columbia, who Is a candidate for Congress In tho Sixth District, and Edward W. Orny, formerly secretary of the State Committee, who Is running In tho Eighth District, have opened up their oratorical batteries, thcro haa been a marked chango In the sentiment uf the voters. The party leaders are bent upon con vincing tho voters that the Underwood tariff bill, and not the general conflict In Europe, has been as much, If not more, responsible for the efforts the Democratic Congress Is now making to get money under the pretext of a war tax to relieve the mnnufnbturlng and commercial Inter ests of tho country. Tho effect of the tariff, combined with that of tho reform corporation laws which wero enacted when President WIN son was Governor of New Jersey, ne cording to the Republican leaders, has reduced the State revenues to such an ovtAtit 1 1, -it Hi Htale tax which was threatened during the Inst session of the Legislature will this year becomo a reality unless there Is an absolute repudiation L ment nf ihn Dnmoeratlo forces It Is known thnt Washington docs not look nltogether upon the coming election with the eyes of an optimist. Of course,, nothing will be spared to re-elect those Wilson Congressmen who are on the ticket for another term, but, so far aB the White House Is concerned, there nro no predictions being made. Hecrotary Joseph P. Tumulty, who came up from Washington on Saturday, found tlmo for several conferences over tho congres sional situation. It Is understood that Mr. Tumulty learned enough of the situation In his homo county nf ltudson to lend him to regard the upportutTrfor a Wilson wnlk over In tho congrcsBlShat elections ns not altogether certain. Tho Progressives are displaying nothing morn thnn a passive Interest ID the ram palgn, and oven some of the leaders ad mit that a poor showing Is to be ex pected nt tho polls this year. STRAUS AT OYSTER BAY ' " DENIES PEACE MISSION Visit to Colonel lloooevelt Meraly Social, lie Says. orSTER HAV, Sept. H.-OsCAt" StrAUs, who has been ncllvo for the past few days for peace by mediation, called at Oyster Ray with Mrs. Straus, nnd had luncheon with Colonel and Mrs. Itooaevelt. Whllo Mr. Straus Insisted that his visit was entirely social, tho fact that he called upon tho Colonel In tho thick ot Mr. Straus' activities for peace, caused com- "Mv visit to Sagnmore Hill Is simply nnd purely n social one. Mr. Straus and myself are old frlnds of Colonel and Mrs, Rooaovett," said Mr. Straus. Asknl If the call did not have some relations with Mr. Straus' apparent efforts within tho past few days, nnd wns mads In an effort to enlist tho former President In the cause of peace mediation, he re plied: . . .. . "Absolutely not. I am not here for that purpose." , , ... Mr. Straus when asked If, Irrespective of his visit, It could he nasunied he was try ing to get Mr. Roosevelt to enter the peace movement, lie Insisted It wns not fAlr to make nny such Inference. Ho simply re fused to discuss It. rolonel Roosevelt also refused to dis cuss th Straus visit. The Kaiser has at various times shown his friendship for Colonel Roosevelt by sending him letters, autographed books and photos. Store Opens 8.30 A. M. WANAMAKER'S Store Closes 5.80 P. M. i.tp"."'Kiiiititiiiljj?-vMP'v i:i-f a '"jay4-".' "i"i 7i n flA Mn ii i iVii'il Yr'iiVWSY.i tf tiiiin. ritVAr 3 A n.:i fl u n ?i J 01 IT IJlf) II I II ohumM! ;i;!;.i.. ..,.,, m f"ij Wjfmiiil?; kH i Sl,-i-1.!ilJ.! I U I fHl'.ltl Hl.H.lTl'lllMilih-VW-P'- V?loVHIRJilUie'k fflniPt lliL MillllilS f&flniidK 1 1 ill L !W'!tl.'.!iiH !lh r;A I ffl ' II I I I I ci Grand Organ Recitals 9, 11 and 5J5 THE WANAMAKER STORE AMMraifiices for Tomorrow Exposition of new amid exclusive English tailored snnits, coats and capes for young women. (Second Floor, Chestnut) s of new CalBot gowns posed in the Gray Salomis from I to 112. 50 and from 2.30 to 4.30. (First Floor, Central) showing of the new designs in Fine Domestic Rungs. (Fourth Floor, Market) Special sale of toilet goods, perfumes and other prepara tions; also imitation ivory toilet articles. (West Aisle) Special sale off EmralbroMered Net and Shadow Flouiicisigs for Blouses at Hess thaim usuaS prices. (West Male) Speda! showing off new $5 it $9,S0 Amutusrop ipillimery. (Subway Floor, .Market) A Barge special sale off mraeira's BaSmacaaau sttyle- waterprooff coat3 similar to Ughi Overcoats at $5.75, 56.75 amsd $8.75. (Subway Floor, Market) Opening off a large slfoflpinniejit off newly imported cwrtaJns at wnrlscn pnces"C!umiy airad Marie Aotoiireette. (Fourth Floor, Chestnut) First showipg off Menu's very iSne "Redfleaff" hosiery a,u4 esagc;wc$ri new from England, at the Id prfqe. (Main Floor, Market) Extra forces ready in the Men's Hat Store So. sell the nJ 4erMes and soft hats, bmnd new horn EusQ$e.t (Mwufloor, Market) EJghi-JLnc-ti feerry hmh off cut glass smU S3mfeer-t tfe iewer- Price Store at $1,50 each, (Subu-ay Floor, Chestnut) i ua ,X! H JOHN WANAMAKER (. ') '-rfT 1 -X--- , i.